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Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey
JOLTS JLT Program Links

JOLTS Benchmark Article

Incorporation of March 2020 Benchmarks into Estimates for the BLS Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey

Authored by Katherine Bauer

Katherine Bauer is an economist in the Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) released its annual revisions to the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey estimates on March 11, 2021. This release includes revisions to national and regional estimates of job openings, hires, and separations for a 5-year period. The revised estimates incorporate benchmarks based on Current Employment Statistics (CES) benchmarked employment estimates and revised seasonal adjustment factors, as well as special adjustments for 2020 to incorporate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the decennial census.

Overview of the revisions

  • For job openings, the March 2020 benchmarked seasonally adjusted level is 5,769,000. This is a revision of -242,000 or -4.2 percent. The not seasonally adjusted benchmarked level for job openings is 5,734,000. This is a revision of -123,000 or -2.1 percent.
  • For hires, the March 2020 benchmarked seasonally adjusted level is 5,132,000. This is a revision of 21,000 or 0.4 percent. The not seasonally adjusted benchmarked level for hires is 4,728,000. This is a revision of 72,000 or 1.5 percent.
  • For total separations, the March 2020 benchmarked seasonally adjusted level is 16,308,000. This is a revision of 1,665,000 or 10.2 percent. The not seasonally adjusted benchmarked level for separations is 15,654,000. This is a revision of 1,655,000 or 10.6 percent.
  • For quits, the March 2020 benchmarked seasonally adjusted level is 2,902,000. This is a revision of 113,000 or 3.9 percent. The not seasonally adjusted benchmarked level for quits is 2,612,000. This is a revision of 159,000 or 6.1 percent.
  • For layoffs and discharges, the March 2020 benchmarked seasonally adjusted level is 13,046,000. This is a revision of 1,557,000 or 11.9 percent. The not seasonally adjusted benchmarked level for layoffs and discharges is 12,704,000. This is a revision of 1,497,000 or 11.8 percent.
  • For other separations, the March 2020 benchmarked seasonally adjusted level is 360,000. This is a revision of -6,000 or -1.7 percent. The not seasonally adjusted benchmarked level for other separations is 338,000. This is a revision of -2,000 or -0.6 percent.
Table 1:  Percent and level differences (in thousands) between March 2020 benchmarks and estimates by data element for total nonfarm
Data elementSeasonally adjustedNot seasonally adjusted
As revisedAs previously published Level differencePercent differenceAs revisedAs previously published Level differencePercent difference

Job openings

5,7696,011-242-4.25,7345,857-123-2.1

Hires

5,1325,111210.44,7284,656721.5

Total separations

16,30814,6431,66510.215,65413,9991,65510.6

Quits

2,9022,7891133.92,6122,4531596.1

Layoffs and discharges

13,04611,4891,55711.912,70411,2071,49711.8

Other separations

360366-6-1.7338340-2-0.6

Benchmarking & Associated Annual Processing Overview

Benchmarking Process

The JOLTS estimates are revised annually to reflect annual updates to the CES employment estimates.i  Once the CES benchmarked employment estimates are available, the JOLTS employment levels (not published) are ratio-adjusted to the CES employment levels. The resulting ratios are applied to all JOLTS data elements. This annual benchmark process results in revisions to both the not seasonally adjusted and seasonally adjusted estimates for the period since the last benchmark was established. For 2020, additional processes were implemented to incorporate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the decennial census.

Associated Annual Processing Adjustments

Pandemic-related Alignment Process Modifications

BLS modified the JOLTS estimation processes for the March 2020 preliminary through the November 2020 preliminary estimates to better reflect the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The estimation process usually aligns monthly hires minus separations with the over-the-month change in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) employment estimates. However, the alignment process was suspended during this time frame because the differing reference periods for the CES employment estimates (pay period including the 12th of the month) and the JOLTS hires and separations estimates (the entire reference month) led to different measurement outcomes. For example, hires and separations during the latter half of March 2020 were not included in the CES employment change for March, but were included in the JOLTS estimates for the month.

The alignment portion of the JOLTS estimation process was designed to correct a long-term divergence between the JOLTS hires minus separations and the CES employment change; it was not designed to address a substantial short-term divergence between the two series. While JOLTS hires minus separations and CES employment change generally approximate one another, small monthly discrepancies between the two series can build up over time. For the December 2020 preliminary and the November 2020 final JOLTS estimates, suppression of the alignment process was discontinued. The differences between the JOLTS hires minus separations and CES employment changes were no longer significantly different.

An additional alignment procedure was needed for the months most greatly affected by the pandemic to reconcile the CES employment change and the JOLTS hires minus separations difference. An adjustment was made for the months from March 2020 through October 2020 that accounted for this divergence while simultaneously preserving the impact of the pandemic on the JOLTS hires and separations. The CES employment changes were distributed across the affected months by apportioning the difference between the JOLTS hires and separations levels. This approach allowed the JOLTS estimates to capture the month-to-month changes due to the pandemic while also reflecting the impacts on the CES employment estimates.

2020 Decennial Census

The U.S. Census Bureau conducts a constitutionally mandated census to count the number of people in the United States every 10 years. The most recent decennial census was conducted in 2020. The JOLTS program uses CES Census employment data to estimate levels of job openings, hires, and separations based on estimated churn. These levels are then added to the federal government estimates for job openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal Adjustment

Seasonally adjusted estimates are recalculated for the most recent 5 years for each of the JOLTS data elements in order to reflect annually updated seasonal adjustment factors. The JOLTS alignment process aligns the JOLTS seasonally adjusted estimates to the CES seasonally adjusted trend. After these estimates are aligned, the process removes the seasonal factors to obtain the not seasonally adjusted series. The seasonal adjustment process is repeated using the aligned not-seasonally-adjusted estimates. Because of this process, the series that are not seasonally adjusted are also recalculated for the most recent 5 years.ii 

Availability of revised estimates

The BLS public database contains all historical JOLTS estimates that have been revised as a result of the benchmark process. The estimates can be accessed on the JOLTS database page.

Tables

Table 2a. Revisions in job openings data January 2020 - December 2020, seasonally adjusted
2020Levels (in thousands)Rates (percent)
As revisedAs previously publishedDifferenceAs revisedAs previously publishedDifference

January

7,1547,012142 4.54.40.1

February

7,0127,0048 4.44.4.0

March

5,7696,011-242 3.73.8-.1

April

4,6304,996-366 3.43.7-.3

May

5,4475,37176 3.93.9.0

June

6,1126,001111 4.24.2.0

July

6,7176,69720 4.64.6.0

August

6,4516,35299 4.44.3.1

September

6,6116,494117 4.54.4.1

October

6,8736,632241 4.64.5.1

November

6,7666,572194 4.54.4.1

December

6,7526,646106 4.54.5.0
Table 2b. Revisions in hires data January 2020 - December 2020, seasonally adjusted
2020Levels (in thousands)Rates (percent)
As revisedAs previously publishedDifferenceAs revisedAs previously publishedDifference

January

5,9745,921533.93.90.0

February

5,9795,8641153.93.8.1

March

5,1325,111213.43.4.0

April

3,9424,047-1053.03.1-.1

May

8,2727,1991,0736.25.4.8

June

7,6976,9707275.65.1.5

July

6,2375,9033344.54.2.3

August

6,4315,9524794.64.2.4

September

5,9325,886464.24.2.0

October

6,0355,9121234.24.2.0

November

6,0195,935844.24.2.0

December

5,4115,539-1283.83.9-.1
Table 2c. Revisions in total separations data January 2020 - December 2020, seasonally adjusted
2020Levels (in thousands)Rates (percent)
As revisedAs previously publishedDifferenceAs revisedAs previously publishedDifference

January

5,7145,71313.83.80.0

February

5,7155,5951203.73.7.0

March

16,30814,6431,66510.89.71.1

April

11,7829,9751,8079.17.61.5

May

4,6184,2363823.53.2.3

June

5,1804,8992813.83.6.2

July

5,3924,9884043.93.6.3

August

4,9014,6892123.53.3.2

September

5,2354,8443913.73.4.3

October

5,4275,1422853.83.6.2

November

5,7445,5232214.03.9.1

December

5,5825,4601223.93.8.1
Table 2d. Revisions in quits data January 2020 - December 2020, seasonally adjusted
2020Levels (in thousands)Rates (percent)
As revisedAs previously publishedDifferenceAs revisedAs previously publishedDifference

January

3,5683,575-7 2.32.30.0

February

3,4303,436-6 2.22.3-.1

March

2,9022,789113 1.91.8.1

April

2,1071,877230 1.61.4.2

May

2,2062,067139 1.71.6.1

June

2,6462,60541 1.91.9.0

July

3,1822,932250 2.32.1.2

August

2,9872,839148 2.12.0.1

September

3,3073,074233 2.32.2.1

October

3,3523,150202 2.42.2.2

November

3,2963,180116 2.32.2.1

December

3,4073,286121 2.42.3.1
Table 2e. Revisions in layoffs and discharges data January 2020 - December 2020, seasonally adjusted
2020Levels (in thousands)Rates (percent)
As revisedAs previously publishedDifferenceAs revisedAs previously publishedDifference

January

1,7881,749391.21.10.1

February

1,9531,8461071.31.2.1

March

13,04611,4891,5578.67.61.0

April

9,3077,7081,5997.25.91.3

May

2,0961,9031931.61.4.2

June

2,2041,9952091.61.4.2

July

1,8451,7451001.31.3.0

August

1,5731,533401.11.1.0

September

1,5551,4371181.11.0.1

October

1,7281,676521.21.2.0

November

2,1232,055681.51.4.1

December

1,8231,812111.31.3.0
Table 2f. Revisions in other separations data January 2020 - December 2020, seasonally adjusted
2020Levels (in thousands)Rates (percent)
As revisedAs previously publishedDifferenceAs revisedAs previously publishedDifference

January

358389-31 0.20.3-0.1

February

33231319 0.20.2.0

March

360366-6 0.20.2.0

April

368390-22 0.30.3.0

May

31626650 0.20.2.0

June

33130031 0.20.2.0

July

36531154 0.30.2.1

August

34231725 0.20.2.0

September

37333340 0.30.2.1

October

34731730 0.20.2.0

November

32528837 0.20.2.0

December

352362-10 0.20.3-.1
Tables 3a: Revisions to job openings by industry, March 2020, seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

5,7696,011-242-4.2

Total private

5,0615,284-223-4.4

Mining and logging

1612425.0

Construction

228240-12-5.3

Manufacturing

302310-8-2.6

Durable goods

170178-8-4.7

Nondurable goods

13213200.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,0501,069-19-1.8

Wholesale trade

150156-6-4.0

Retail trade

571626-55-9.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

3302864413.3

Information

12211932.5

Financial activities

352336164.5

Finance and insurance

261262-1-0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

91751617.6

Professional and business services

1,0421,192-150-14.4

Education and health services

1,1431,193-50-4.4

Educational services

101106-5-5.0

Health care and social assistance

1,0411,087-46-4.4

Leisure and hospitality

648664-16-2.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

129130-1-0.8

Accommodation and food services

519534-15-2.9

Other services

158147117.0

Government

708727-19-2.7

Federal

123131-8-6.5

State and local

585596-11-1.9

State and local education

209215-6-2.9

State and local, excluding education

377381-4-1.1

Region

Midwest

1,2051,286-81-6.7

Northeast

1,0061,102-96-9.5

South

2,1892,251-62-2.8

West

1,3701,373-3-0.2
Tables 3b: Revisions to hires by industry, March 2020, seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
Industry As revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

5,1325,111210.4

Total private

4,7514,74470.1

Mining and logging

2319417.4

Construction

403389143.5

Manufacturing

313299144.5

Durable goods

176159179.7

Nondurable goods

136140-4-2.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,1161,137-21-1.9

Wholesale trade

13613600.0

Retail trade

734764-30-4.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

24623793.7

Information

6974-5-7.2

Financial activities

230218125.2

Finance and insurance

15315121.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

7667911.8

Professional and business services

1,1161,103131.2

Education and health services

648663-15-2.3

Educational services

939211.1

Health care and social assistance

554571-17-3.1

Leisure and hospitality

67767340.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

119127-8-6.7

Accommodation and food services

558546122.2

Other services

157168-11-7.0

Government

381367143.7

Federal

585800.0

State and local

324309154.6

State and local education

167153148.4

State and local, excluding education

15615600.0

Region

Midwest

1,0721,097-25-2.3

Northeast

839869-30-3.6

South

1,9881,998-10-0.5

West

1,2341,147877.1
Tables 3c: Revisions to total separations by industry, March 2020, seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

16,30814,6431,66510.2

Total private

15,76314,2431,5209.6

Mining and logging

454236.7

Construction

784756283.6

Manufacturing

891804879.8

Durable goods

5324745810.9

Nondurable goods

358329298.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

2,7712,40836313.1

Wholesale trade

3352528324.8

Retail trade

1,8341,6541809.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

60250210016.6

Information

24610713956.5

Financial activities

383350338.6

Finance and insurance

179169105.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

2031812210.8

Professional and business services

1,9311,71421711.2

Education and health services

2,0351,74728814.2

Educational services

3713274411.9

Health care and social assistance

1,6631,42024314.6

Leisure and hospitality

5,7135,3453686.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

665599669.9

Accommodation and food services

5,0484,7463026.0

Other services

965969-4-0.4

Government

54540014526.6

Federal

423937.1

State and local

50336114228.2

State and local education

29418011438.8

State and local, excluding education

2081812713.0

Region

Midwest

3,8093,6351744.6

Northeast

3,2562,80744913.8

South

5,4044,9784267.9

West

3,8393,22261716.1
Tables 3d: Revisions to quits by industry, March 2020, seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

2,9022,7891133.9

Total private

2,6772,619582.2

Mining and logging

9900.0

Construction

13513053.7

Manufacturing

15515053.2

Durable goods

8386-3-3.6

Nondurable goods

7264811.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

618607111.8

Wholesale trade

959322.1

Retail trade

38938630.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

13512964.4

Information

4235716.7

Financial activities

109931614.7

Finance and insurance

757056.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

34231132.4

Professional and business services

583561223.8

Education and health services

452426265.8

Educational services

4750-3-6.4

Health care and social assistance

405376297.2

Leisure and hospitality

515534-19-3.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

4552-7-15.6

Accommodation and food services

470483-13-2.8

Other services

5974-15-25.4

Government

2251705524.4

Federal

2017315.0

State and local

2061525426.2

State and local education

121794234.7

State and local, excluding education

84731113.1

Region

Midwest

66165471.1

Northeast

40940451.2

South

1,1561,098585.0

West

676633436.4
Tables 3e: Revisions to layoffs and discharges by industry, March 2020, seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

13,04611,4891,55711.9

Total private

12,80111,3161,48511.6

Mining and logging

353238.6

Construction

631604274.3

Manufacturing

7136328111.4

Durable goods

4363746214.2

Nondurable goods

277257207.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

2,0881,73035817.1

Wholesale trade

2361548234.7

Retail trade

1,4091,22618313.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

4433509321.0

Information

1966413267.3

Financial activities

247228197.7

Finance and insurance

837767.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

164151137.9

Professional and business services

1,2781,08619215.0

Education and health services

1,5401,27426617.3

Educational services

3202724815.0

Health care and social assistance

1,2201,00121918.0

Leisure and hospitality

5,1784,7833957.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

6185457311.8

Accommodation and food services

4,5604,2383227.1

Other services

895884111.2

Government

2441737129.1

Federal

119218.2

State and local

2331646929.6

State and local education

137795842.3

State and local, excluding education

96851111.5

Region

Midwest

3,0632,8981655.4

Northeast

2,7942,34844616.0

South

4,1293,7473829.3

West

3,0602,49656418.4
Tables 3f: Revisions to other separations by industry, March 2020, seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

360366-6-1.7

Total private

285308-23-8.1

Mining and logging

12-1-100.0

Construction

1822-4-22.2

Manufacturing

232214.3

Durable goods

141400.0

Nondurable goods

9900.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

6571-6-9.2

Wholesale trade

45-1-25.0

Retail trade

3642-6-16.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

252414.0

Information

8800.0

Financial activities

2630-4-15.4

Finance and insurance

2122-1-4.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

57-2-40.0

Professional and business services

706734.3

Education and health services

4347-4-9.3

Educational services

4400.0

Health care and social assistance

3843-5-13.2

Leisure and hospitality

2028-8-40.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2200.0

Accommodation and food services

1826-8-44.4

Other services

111100.0

Government

75581722.7

Federal

121200.0

State and local

64461828.1

State and local education

36221438.9

State and local, excluding education

2824414.3

Region

Midwest

858322.4

Northeast

5356-3-5.7

South

119133-14-11.8

West

104931110.6
Tables 4a: Revisions to job openings by industry, March 2020, not seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
Industry As revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

5,7345,857-123-2.1

Total private

5,0195,145-126-2.5

Mining and logging

1512320.0

Construction

238240-2-0.8

Manufacturing

302310-8-2.6

Durable goods

169178-9-5.3

Nondurable goods

13413221.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

98097370.7

Wholesale trade

145149-4-2.8

Retail trade

496538-42-8.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

3392865315.6

Information

117119-2-1.7

Financial activities

334321133.9

Finance and insurance

24724610.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

87751213.8

Professional and business services

1,0531,160-107-10.2

Education and health services

1,1251,178-53-4.7

Educational services

96106-10-10.4

Health care and social assistance

1,0291,072-43-4.2

Leisure and hospitality

68467591.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

14214200.0

Accommodation and food services

54253391.7

Other services

172156169.3

Government

71471220.3

Federal

13213110.8

State and local

58358120.3

State and local education

20019910.5

State and local, excluding education

38338120.5

Region

Midwest

1,2181,271-53-4.4

Northeast

1,0011,065-64-6.4

South

2,1752,203-28-1.3

West

1,3401,317231.7
Tables 4b: Revisions to hires by industry, March 2020, not seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

4,7284,656721.5

Total private

4,4334,386471.1

Mining and logging

2419520.8

Construction

384362225.7

Manufacturing

292279134.5

Durable goods

1671491810.8

Nondurable goods

126131-5-4.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,0321,054-22-2.1

Wholesale trade

13913632.2

Retail trade

704738-34-4.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

190180105.3

Information

6163-2-3.3

Financial activities

213200136.1

Finance and insurance

14414042.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

6960913.0

Professional and business services

1,0541,038161.5

Education and health services

589592-3-0.5

Educational services

5558-3-5.5

Health care and social assistance

534535-1-0.2

Leisure and hospitality

66065371.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

120123-3-2.5

Accommodation and food services

540530101.9

Other services

125127-2-1.6

Government

295269268.8

Federal

5758-1-1.8

State and local

2382122610.9

State and local education

105792624.8

State and local, excluding education

13313210.8

Region

Midwest

1,0191,001181.8

Northeast

749758-9-1.2

South

1,8541,869-15-0.8

West

1,1061,028787.1
Tables 4c: Revisions to total separations by industry, March 2020, not seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

15,65413,9991,65510.6

Total private

15,20913,7101,4999.9

Mining and logging

454148.9

Construction

733739-6-0.8

Manufacturing

880806748.4

Durable goods

525487387.2

Nondurable goods

3553193610.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

2,6392,28135813.6

Wholesale trade

3282527623.2

Retail trade

1,7421,55918310.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

5694709917.4

Information

2389614259.7

Financial activities

363333308.3

Finance and insurance

170157137.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

192176168.3

Professional and business services

1,8571,62922812.3

Education and health services

1,9881,69229614.9

Educational services

3372875014.8

Health care and social assistance

1,6511,40524614.9

Leisure and hospitality

5,5325,1553776.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

6145476710.9

Accommodation and food services

4,9184,6083106.3

Other services

935937-2-0.2

Government

44528915635.1

Federal

4035512.5

State and local

40525415137.3

State and local education

22210611652.3

State and local, excluding education

1841493519.0

Region

Midwest

3,6573,4821754.8

Northeast

3,1082,65445414.6

South

5,2004,7784228.1

West

3,6893,08660316.3
Tables 4d: Revisions to quits by industry, March 2020, not seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

2,6122,4531596.1

Total private

2,4232,327964.0

Mining and logging

7700.0

Construction

10610600.0

Manufacturing

153140138.5

Durable goods

817922.5

Nondurable goods

72601216.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

574561132.3

Wholesale trade

959322.1

Retail trade

34934541.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

12912364.7

Information

3628822.2

Financial activities

95811414.7

Finance and insurance

6758913.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

2823517.9

Professional and business services

547519285.1

Education and health services

427395327.5

Educational services

313100.0

Health care and social assistance

395364317.8

Leisure and hospitality

424429-5-1.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3435-1-2.9

Accommodation and food services

390394-4-1.0

Other services

5461-7-13.0

Government

1891266333.3

Federal

1916315.8

State and local

1701106035.3

State and local education

88434551.1

State and local, excluding education

82671518.3

Region

Midwest

601576254.2

Northeast

348336123.4

South

1,064989757.0

West

600552488.0
Tables 4e: Revisions to layoffs and discharges by industry, March 2020, not seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
Industry As revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

12,70411,2071,49711.8

Total private

12,51111,0861,42511.4

Mining and logging

3632411.1

Construction

604611-7-1.2

Manufacturing

703645588.3

Durable goods

431394378.6

Nondurable goods

272251217.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

2,0081,66134717.3

Wholesale trade

2291547532.8

Retail trade

1,3641,18418013.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

4143239122.0

Information

1936013368.9

Financial activities

240221197.9

Finance and insurance

827667.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

157145127.6

Professional and business services

1,2391,04019916.1

Education and health services

1,5231,25227117.8

Educational services

3042545016.4

Health care and social assistance

1,22099822218.2

Leisure and hospitality

5,0944,6983967.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

5795106911.9

Accommodation and food services

4,5154,1883277.2

Other services

87286570.8

Government

1931217237.3

Federal

108220.0

State and local

1831137038.3

State and local education

108545450.0

State and local, excluding education

75601520.0

Region

Midwest

2,9772,8311464.9

Northeast

2,7102,27044016.2

South

4,0353,6663699.1

West

2,9822,44054218.2
Tables 4f: Revisions to other separations by industry, March 2020, not seasonally adjusted (in thousands)
IndustryAs revisedAs previously published Differences
AmountPercent

Total nonfarm

338340-2-0.6

Total private

276297-21-7.6

Mining and logging

12-1-100.0

Construction

232214.3

Manufacturing

242228.3

Durable goods

131300.0

Nondurable goods

119218.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

5859-1-1.7

Wholesale trade

4400.0

Retail trade

2831-3-10.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

262427.7

Information

8800.0

Financial activities

2831-3-10.7

Finance and insurance

2123-2-9.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

7700.0

Professional and business services

707000.0

Education and health services

3844-6-15.8

Educational services

21150.0

Health care and social assistance

3643-7-19.4

Leisure and hospitality

1528-13-86.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

12-1-100.0

Accommodation and food services

1326-13-100.0

Other services

1011-1-10.0

Government

62422032.3

Federal

1011-1-10.0

State and local

52322038.5

State and local education

2591664.0

State and local, excluding education

2722518.5

Region

Midwest

807556.3

Northeast

4547-2-4.4

South

105123-18-17.1

West

108941413.0
Table 5:  Percent and level differences (in thousands) between benchmarks and estimates by data element for total nonfarm March 2010 - March 2020, not seasonally adjusted
Data elementType20102011201220132014201520162017201820192020

Job openings

Percent-0.7%-1.2%2.1%-0.9%0.2%1.7%3.2%-4.5%4.3%-1.1%-2.1%
Level- 20- 37 80- 33 7 85 186- 247 294- 81- 123

Hires

Percent-1.2%0.0%2.0%1.6%-0.4%0.9%-0.4%-0.9%3.0%0.0%1.5%
Level-5018364-1844-20-46161072

Total separations

Percent-2.5%1.9%1.6%0.3%0.3%-0.6%-0.9%-0.7%1.8%0.5%10.6%
Level-8162561212-28-38-3085261,655

Quits

Percent-4.1%0.6%1.4%-1.7%-1.6%-0.6%-0.7%0.7%-3.3%2.0%6.1%
Level- 65 11 27- 32- 36- 15- 19 19- 99 63 159

Layoffs and discharges

Percent0.1%3.9%4.1%3.2%3.1%1.2%-1.5%-0.7%13.5%-0.7%11.8%
Level15255444118-22-10197-101,497

Other separations

Percent-6.0%-0.7%-9.2%0.0%1.8%-10.1%0.6%-11.8%-3.8%-8.9%-0.6%
Level-17-2-2606-322-38-13-27-2

Table of figures

Tables


i Battista, Victoria and Shane Haley.  “CES National Benchmark Article.” 5 February 2021. Current Employment Statistics – CES National. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 18 March 2021.

ii Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey.  "Handbook of Methods." 13 Jul 2020. Publications. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Last Modified Date: April 2, 2021