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Employee Benefits Survey
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Health care benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates Data Table

Table 5. Health care benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates,1 civilian workers,2 National Compensation Survey, March 2008

(All workers = 100 percent)

Characteristics

Medical care

Dental care

Vision care

Outpatient prescription drug coverage

Access

Participation

Take-up
rate

Access

Participation

Take-up
rate

Access

Participation

Take-up
rate

Access

Participation

Take-up
rate

All workers

74

56

76

48

38

80

30

23

78

71

54

76

Worker characteristics

                       

Management, professional, and related

87

70

80

60

50

84

38

30

80

84

68

80

    Management, business, and financial

94

78

83

67

56

84

39

32

82

90

75

82

    Professional and related

84

67

79

57

47

83

37

30

80

82

65

79

        Teachers

83

67

80

49

42

85

32

26

81

81

65

80

            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers

91

73

80

53

46

86

33

27

81

89

71

80

        Registered nurses

76

59

77

57

45

79

32

24

76

74

56

76

Service

52

35

67

32

24

74

22

16

73

50

34

68

Sales and office

73

53

73

48

36

76

27

20

76

69

51

73

    Sales and related

63

43

67

42

28

67

23

16

72

60

40

67

    Office and administrative support

78

60

76

52

41

80

29

23

78

75

57

76

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

78

64

81

45

39

85

32

27

84

74

60

81

    Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and
     forestry

73

59

81

39

34

87

27

23

84

69

56

81

    Installation, maintenance, and repair

84

69

82

53

45

84

38

32

84

81

66

82

Production, transportation, and material moving

78

61

79

49

40

81

30

24

79

75

59

79

    Production

83

67

81

54

45

84

32

26

81

79

64

81

    Transportation and material moving

74

56

76

45

34

77

28

22

77

70

53

76

Full time

88

68

78

57

46

81

35

28

79

84

65

78

Part time

25

15

60

16

11

68

11

7

67

24

14

60

Union

91

79

86

70

62

89

52

46

87

89

77

86

Nonunion

70

52

74

44

34

77

26

19

75

67

50

74

Average wage within the following percentiles:3

                       

    Less than 10

25

13

52

24

13

52

    10 to under 25

51

31

61

29

18

64

16

10

65

49

30

61

    25 to under 50

79

58

74

49

37

77

29

21

75

75

56

74

    50 to under 75

86

70

81

56

46

83

34

28

80

83

67

81

    75 to under 90

90

75

83

62

53

86

42

35

83

88

73

83

    90 or greater

92

76

82

71

60

85

45

37

83

90

74

83

Establishment characteristics

                       

Goods-producing industries

85

69

82

55

47

85

34

28

83

81

66

82

Service-providing industries

71

53

75

46

36

79

29

22

77

69

51

75

    Education and health services

80

60

75

49

39

80

31

23

76

78

58

75

        Educational services

86

69

81

50

42

84

33

26

80

84

68

81

            Elementary and secondary schools

88

70

80

50

42

84

33

26

79

86

69

80

            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

87

72

83

55

46

84

34

27

80

87

72

82

        Health care and social assistance

75

52

69

47

36

77

29

21

74

73

50

69

            Hospitals

88

67

76

67

52

78

43

33

77

85

64

76

    Public administration

88

76

86

59

51

86

44

35

80

86

74

86

1 to 99 workers

60

44

73

31

24

78

19

14

74

57

41

73

    1 to 49 workers

56

41

72

28

22

78

16

12

75

53

38

72

    50 to 99 workers

71

52

74

41

32

77

26

19

72

67

49

74

100 workers or more

85

67

79

62

50

81

39

32

80

83

65

79

    100 to 499 workers

81

61

76

58

44

77

34

27

79

78

59

75

    500 workers or more

89

72

81

67

56

84

45

36

81

87

71

81

Geographic areas

                       

New England

70

51

72

51

40

78

23

17

76

68

49

72

Middle Atlantic

74

58

78

48

39

81

34

27

79

70

55

78

East North Central

72

55

76

47

38

80

28

22

80

71

54

76

West North Central

72

56

78

46

37

82

19

15

83

70

55

78

South Atlantic

76

57

75

45

34

76

30

21

69

73

55

75

East South Central

78

61

78

47

38

82

76

58

77

West South Central

70

52

74

37

29

77

19

15

76

65

48

74

Mountain

72

53

73

49

39

79

30

24

79

71

51

73

Pacific

75

61

81

59

49

83

43

36

83

72

58

81

Footnotes:

1The take-up rate is an estimate of the percentage of workers with access to a plan who participate in the plan, rounded for presentation. See Technical Note for more details.

2Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government. See Technical Note for further explanation.

3The percentile groupings are based on the average wage for each occupation surveyed, which may include workers both above and below the threshold. The percentile values are based on the estimates published in the "National Compensation Survey: Occupational Earnings in the United States, 2007." See Technical Note for more details.

NOTE: Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did not meet publication criteria.