Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Employee Benefits Survey
EBS EBS Program Links

Defined benefit retirement plans: Open, soft and hard frozen plans

Table 5. Defined benefit retirement plans: Open, soft and hard freeze plans, civilian
workers,1 National Compensation Survey, March 2014

(All workers participating in defined benefit plans = 100 percent)

Characteristics

Open plans2

Soft freeze3

Hard freeze4

All
participants
still accruing
benefits

Some
participants
still accruing
benefits

All workers

56

38

1

5

Worker characteristics

       

Management, professional, and related

50

45

1

5

    Management, business, and financial

52

38

1

9

    Professional and related

49

47

[5]

3

        Teachers

45

55

            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers

45

54

        Registered nurses

64

29

Service

57

42

    Protective service

47

53

Sales and office

55

34

2

10

    Sales and related

59

23

3

15

    Office and administrative support

54

36

1

9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

70

26

1

3

    Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and
     forestry

78

21

    Installation, maintenance, and repair

61

31

2

6

Production, transportation, and material moving

67

25

1

6

    Production

62

28

    Transportation and material moving

71

23

1

5

Full time

55

38

1

5

Part time

63

34

Union

60

39

[5]

1

Nonunion

53

38

1

8

Average wage within the following categories6:

       

    Lowest 25 percent

59

35

[5]

6

        Lowest 10 percent

71

27

    Second 25 percent

56

37

1

6

    Third 25 percent

57

36

1

6

    Highest 25 percent

54

41

1

4

        Highest 10 percent

51

42

1

6

Establishment characteristics

       

Goods-producing industries

66

25

2

7

Service-providing industries

54

40

1

5

    Education and health services

50

48

[5]

2

        Educational services

41

58

            Elementary and secondary schools

42

58

            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

40

59

        Health care and social assistance

68

26

            Hospitals

65

29

    Public administration

40

59

1 to 99 workers

67

24

2

8

    1 to 49 workers

65

22

3

10

    50 to 99 workers

70

25

100 workers or more

53

41

1

5

    100 to 499 workers

56

37

1

6

    500 workers or more

52

43

1

4

Geographic areas

       

Northeast

57

35

2

6

    New England

48

42

1

9

    Middle Atlantic

60

33

2

5

South

52

43

1

4

    South Atlantic

53

42

1

4

    East South Central

51

45

    West South Central

50

45

1

3

Midwest

59

34

    East North Central

61

32

    West North Central

55

38

West

56

38

1

5

    Mountain

54

36

    Pacific

57

39

1Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector,
except the federal government. See Technical Note for further explanation.

2Plans open to new participants.

3New employees are not allowed in the plan. Benefit accruals may continue for existing participants.

4Participants in these plans stop accruing benefits on the date the plan is frozen. The benefit the employee receives is
calculated as of the day the plan was frozen.

5Less than 0.5.

6Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the occupation, which may
include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold.  The categories were formed using percentile estimates
generated using ECEC data for March 2014.


Note: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did
not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee
Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20132014.htm.