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Employee Benefits Survey
EBS EBS Program Links

Healthcare benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates

Table 9. Healthcare benefits: Access, participation, and take-up rates,1 civilian workers,2 March 2016
(All workers = 100 percent)
Characteristics Healthcare3 Medical care Dental care Vision care Outpatient prescription drug
coverage
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
Access Participation Take-up
rate
All workers
71
58
81
70
52
75
44
35
79
26
20
79
69
52
75
Worker characteristics
                             
Management, professional, and related
87
75
86
87
68
78
60
49
82
34
28
80
86
67
78
    Management, business, and financial
94
81
86
94
73
78
64
53
82
37
30
82
92
72
78
    Professional and related
84
73
86
84
66
78
58
47
81
34
27
80
83
64
78
        Teachers
82
72
88
81
66
81
54
45
83
31
25
80
79
64
81
            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers
94
84
89
94
76
81
62
52
83
35
28
81
90
73
81
        Registered nurses
88
73
83
88
63
72
66
50
77
34
25
75
86
61
71
Service
45
32
71
45
29
65
27
19
73
17
13
76
43
28
65
    Protective service
69
57
83
68
52
77
47
37
80
31
24
78
64
51
79
Sales and office
69
55
80
68
49
73
40
31
77
22
17
78
67
49
73
    Sales and related
56
41
74
55
37
68
28
20
72
16
12
76
54
37
67
    Office and administrative support
77
63
82
76
57
75
48
38
79
25
20
79
74
56
75
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
75
64
85
74
60
81
41
34
83
26
22
84
73
59
81
    Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and
     forestry
69
59
86
68
56
82
34
31
89
23
21
92
67
55
82
    Installation, maintenance, and repair
81
68
85
80
64
79
47
38
80
29
23
79
78
62
79
Production, transportation, and material moving
75
60
81
74
55
75
45
36
80
26
21
80
73
55
75
    Production
81
65
81
80
61
75
49
38
78
26
20
77
79
60
76
    Transportation and material moving
69
56
81
69
51
74
42
35
82
27
22
82
68
50
74
Full time
88
73
83
88
66
76
55
44
80
32
26
80
86
65
76
Part time
20
14
67
19
12
61
12
8
68
7
5
68
19
12
61
Union
94
85
91
94
79
84
74
64
86
55
47
85
92
78
84
Nonunion
67
53
79
66
48
72
39
30
77
21
16
77
65
47
72
Average wage within the following categories:4
                             
    Lowest 25 percent
37
24
66
36
22
61
17
12
67
10
7
69
35
21
61
        Lowest 10 percent
23
12
54
22
11
49
10
6
60
6
4
67
22
11
49
    Second 25 percent
75
60
79
75
54
73
43
34
78
24
19
79
73
53
72
    Third 25 percent
87
74
85
87
68
79
56
45
81
32
26
82
86
67
79
    Highest 25 percent
93
82
88
93
74
79
68
56
82
41
33
81
92
73
79
        Highest 10 percent
94
83
88
94
74
79
72
59
82
45
36
80
93
73
79
Establishment characteristics
                             
Goods-producing industries
85
72
85
84
66
79
52
44
83
31
26
83
83
66
79
Service-providing industries
68
55
81
68
50
74
43
34
79
25
19
79
67
49
74
    Education and health services
79
66
83
79
59
75
53
42
79
27
22
79
77
57
74
        Educational services
86
75
88
85
69
80
55
45
81
32
26
80
84
68
80
            Elementary and secondary schools
87
76
87
87
70
80
55
45
81
32
26
81
85
69
80
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
88
79
89
88
71
80
58
47
82
33
25
76
87
70
80
        Health care and social assistance
75
60
80
75
53
70
51
40
78
24
19
79
72
50
69
            Hospitals
92
80
87
91
69
76
71
55
78
34
27
79
91
69
76
    Public administration
88
80
91
88
76
86
63
54
86
46
39
86
86
74
86
1 to 99 workers
56
43
76
56
40
71
30
22
75
17
13
74
54
38
71
    1 to 49 workers
52
39
74
52
37
70
25
19
76
15
11
74
50
35
70
    50 to 99 workers
68
54
79
67
49
73
42
31
73
23
17
75
65
48
73
100 workers or more
85
72
85
84
65
77
58
47
82
34
28
82
83
64
77
    100 to 499 workers
80
66
83
79
59
75
51
41
81
29
24
82
79
59
75
    500 workers or more
89
78
88
89
71
79
66
55
82
39
32
82
88
70
79
Geographic areas
                             
Northeast
71
58
82
71
53
75
47
38
81
26
21
80
69
52
75
    New England
69
55
79
69
50
73
44
34
79
13
10
76
67
48
72
    Middle Atlantic
72
60
83
71
54
76
49
39
81
30
24
80
70
53
76
South
72
57
80
71
53
74
38
29
76
20
15
75
70
51
74
    South Atlantic
71
57
80
71
52
73
42
32
78
23
17
75
68
50
74
    East South Central
76
60
79
75
56
74
32
24
75
16
12
73
75
56
74
    West South Central
71
56
79
70
52
74
35
26
74
19
14
76
69
51
74
Midwest
71
57
81
71
51
72
46
36
78
24
19
79
69
50
72
    East North Central
71
57
80
70
51
72
45
35
78
26
21
79
69
50
72
    West North Central
72
59
82
71
52
73
47
37
79
20
16
78
69
50
73
West
69
58
85
69
53
78
50
41
83
35
29
83
68
53
78
    Mountain
68
56
82
68
51
75
44
38
85
27
22
83
67
50
75
    Pacific
69
60
86
69
55
79
52
43
82
39
32
84
69
54
79
1The take-up rate is an estimate of the percentage of workers with access to a plan who participate in the plan, rounded for presentation. See Technical Note for more details.
2Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government. See Technical Note for further explanation.
3Healthcare is a collective term for the following benefits: medical, dental, and vision care benefits; and outpatient prescription drug coverage. If workers have access to or participate in at least one of these benefits, they are considered as having access to or
participating in healthcare.
4Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the occupation, which may include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories were formed using percentile estimates generated using
wage data for March 2016.

Note: For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20152016.htm.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.