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Employee Benefits Survey
EBS EBS Program Links

Standard Errors
Financial benefits: Access

Table 41. Standard errors for financial benefits: Access, State and local government workers,
March 2016
Characteristics Health
savings
account
Section 125 cafeteria benefits Savings
plans with
no employer
contribution3
Financial
planning
Flexible
benefits
Dependent
care flexible
spending
account1
Healthcare
flexible
spending
account2
All workers
1.3
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.4
1.3
Worker characteristics
           
Management, professional, and related
1.5
1.7
2.0
2.0
1.6
1.5
    Professional and related
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.1
1.6
1.6
        Teachers
1.8
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.0
1.4
            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers
1.8
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.4
1.7
Service
1.7
1.9
2.1
2.2
1.9
1.4
    Protective service
2.6
2.5
2.9
2.9
2.8
2.7
Sales and office
2.3
2.6
2.4
2.4
2.3
2.5
    Office and administrative support
2.4
2.7
2.4
2.5
2.3
2.6
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
3.0
3.2
3.7
4.0
3.9
4.0
Production, transportation, and material moving
3.7
3.5
3.9
3.8
4.9
2.2
Full time
1.4
1.7
1.9
2.0
1.5
1.5
Part time
2.1
1.7
2.1
2.2
2.3
1.5
Union
1.6
1.8
2.0
1.6
1.5
1.6
Nonunion
1.7
2.3
2.3
2.7
2.2
1.8
Average wage within the following categories:4
           
    Lowest 25 percent
1.6
2.5
2.4
2.9
2.4
1.5
        Lowest 10 percent
2.4
2.4
2.9
3.4
3.4
1.8
    Second 25 percent
1.9
1.9
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.2
    Third 25 percent
2.1
2.2
2.2
2.3
2.2
2.5
    Highest 25 percent
1.4
1.6
1.9
1.6
1.5
1.3
        Highest 10 percent
2.1
2.1
2.4
2.3
2.6
2.0
Establishment characteristics
           
Service-providing industries
1.4
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.4
1.3
    Education and health services
1.7
1.9
2.2
2.2
1.6
1.6
        Educational services
2.0
2.0
2.2
2.4
1.8
1.5
            Elementary and secondary schools
1.7
2.3
2.6
2.6
2.0
1.4
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
5.0
3.4
6.4
6.1
3.3
4.5
        Health care and social assistance
2.8
3.5
3.7
3.3
4.2
4.1
            Hospitals
4.2
4.8
4.6
3.6
5.8
5.3
    Public administration
1.8
2.1
2.3
2.2
2.3
2.3
1 to 99 workers
2.6
3.2
3.5
3.7
4.9
3.2
    1 to 49 workers
2.8
2.9
3.7
3.8
5.3
3.9
    50 to 99 workers
5.4
5.9
6.6
7.5
6.4
5.2
100 workers or more
1.4
1.5
1.7
1.7
1.4
1.4
    100 to 499 workers
2.2
2.5
2.9
3.1
3.1
2.2
    500 workers or more
1.6
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.6
1.7
State government
3.1
2.8
3.7
3.8
2.8
3.7
Local government
1.3
1.7
1.9
1.9
1.6
1.0
Geographic areas
           
Northeast
1.5
2.6
2.9
3.0
3.0
1.4
    New England
6.9
6.4
4.2
    Middle Atlantic
1.0
3.3
3.1
3.3
3.8
1.4
South
2.1
2.9
2.8
3.4
2.7
2.1
    South Atlantic
3.4
4.2
2.8
2.7
4.3
3.2
    East South Central
7.1
8.2
8.9
12.1
6.9
    West South Central
2.5
4.6
3.4
3.8
2.4
3.3
Midwest
3.0
2.7
3.0
2.1
2.9
3.7
    East North Central
3.4
2.4
2.8
2.0
3.9
2.8
    West North Central
5.8
6.4
5.8
3.7
4.0
7.9
West
3.6
4.0
4.8
4.7
2.2
2.7
    Mountain
7.1
14.2
14.4
4.5
2.6
    Pacific
4.1
2.4
3.6
2.9
2.2
3.6
1Formerly referred to as Dependent care reimbursement account.
2Formerly referred to as Healthcare reimbursement account.
3Savings plans established by the employer on behalf of the employee, but with no employer contribution. These are cash or deferred
arrangement plans or individual retirement accounts used to fund savings and retirement plans authorized by section 401(k), 403(b), or 457 of
the Internal Revenue Code. The employees’ contributions can be pre- and post-tax. Employees may authorize a payroll deduction by the
employ er to fund the established plan.
4Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the occupation, which may include workers with
earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories were formed using percentile estimates generated using wage data for March
2016.

Note: Dash indicates no workers in this category or data did not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and
related terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20152016.htm.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.