Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Employee Benefits Survey
EBS EBS Program Links

Defined benefit frozen retirement plans: Selected attributes

Table 6. Defined benefit frozen retirement plans:1 Selected attributes,
civilian workers,2 March 2017
(All workers participating in frozen defined benefit plans = 100 percent)
Characteristics Time since plan closed to new workers or
stopped accruing benefits3
1 year 2 to 5 years Greater than
5 years
All workers
[4]
25
75
Worker characteristics
     
Management, professional, and related
[4]
27
73
    Management, business, and financial
[4]
22
78
    Professional and related
[4]
28
72
        Teachers
69
            Primary, secondary, and special education
             school teachers
31
69
        Registered nurses
72
Service
67
    Protective service
69
Sales and office
[4]
23
77
    Sales and related
8
92
    Office and administrative support
1
25
75
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance
73
    Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and
     forestry
72
    Installation, maintenance, and repair
73
Production, transportation, and material moving
89
    Production
90
    Transportation and material moving
87
Full time
[4]
25
75
Part time
[4]
29
71
Union
1
29
70
Nonunion
[4]
22
78
Average wage within the following categories:5
     
    Lowest 25 percent
81
    Second 25 percent
76
    Third 25 percent
[4]
26
74
    Highest 25 percent
[4]
26
74
        Highest 10 percent
[4]
27
73
Establishment characteristics
     
Goods-producing industries
87
Service-providing industries
[4]
27
73
    Education and health services
69
        Educational services
[4]
30
70
            Elementary and secondary schools
30
70
            Junior colleges, colleges, and universities
1
29
70
        Health care and social assistance
67
            Hospitals
78
    Public administration
66
1 to 99 workers
69
    1 to 49 workers
66
    50 to 99 workers
27
73
100 workers or more
[4]
23
77
    100 to 499 workers
76
    500 workers or more
[4]
22
77
Geographic areas
     
Northeast
21
79
    New England
38
62
    Middle Atlantic
16
84
South
80
    South Atlantic
82
    East South Central
46
54
    West South Central
10
90
Midwest
82
    East North Central
86
    West North Central
75
West
1
42
57
    Mountain
80
    Pacific
1
49
50
1Plans closed to new workers or plans that cease accruals for some or all plan participants.
2Includes workers in private industry and state and local government. See Technical Note for further
explanation.
3The length of time is calculated based on the year the plan was modified. For example, plans frozen
after January 2016 are included in the "1 year" column. Those frozen between 2012 and 2015 are included in
the "2 to 5 years" column and plans frozen before 2012 are included in the "Greater than 5 years" column.
4Less than 0.5.
5Surveyed occupations are classified into wage categories based on the average wage for the
occupation, which may include workers with earnings both above and below the threshold. The categories
were formed using percentile estimates generated using wage data for March 2017.

Note: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dash indicates no workers in this
category or data did not meet publication criteria. For definitions of major plans, key provisions, and related
terms, see the "Glossary of Employee Benefit Terms" at www.bls.gov/ncs/ebs/glossary20162017.htm.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey.