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Employment Cost Trends
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Employment Cost Index News Release

NEWS RELEASE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED UNTIL                                      USDL-18-0152
8:30 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, January 31, 2018

Technical information:  (202) 691-6199  •  ncsinfo@bls.gov  • www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  •  pressoffice@bls.gov


				EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX – December 2017

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.6 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month period
ending in December 2017, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries (which make
up about 70 percent of compensation costs) increased 0.5 percent, and benefits (which make up the remaining
30 percent of compensation) increased 0.5 percent. (See tables A, 1, 2, and 3.)

Civilian Workers

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.6 percent for the 12-month period ending
in December 2017. In December 2016, compensation costs increased 2.2 percent. Wages and salaries increased
2.5 percent for the 12- month period ending in December 2017 and increased 2.3 percent for the 12-month
period ending in December 2016. Benefit costs increased 2.5 percent for the 12-month period ending in
December 2017. In December 2016, the increase was 2.1 percent. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Private Industry Workers

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.6 percent over the year. In December 2016, the
increase was 2.2 percent. Wages and salaries increased 2.8 percent for the current 12-month period, a larger
increase than the December 2016 increase of 2.3 percent. The cost of benefits rose 2.3 percent for the 12-
month period ending in December 2017, higher than the 1.8 percent increase in December 2016. (See tables
A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Employer costs for health benefits increased 1.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in December 2017.
(For further information, see www.bls.gov/web/eci/echealth.pdf.)

Among occupational groups, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-month period
ending in December 2017 ranged from 2.4 percent for management, professional, and related occupations to 3.1
percent for production, transportation, and material moving occupations. (See table 5.)

Among industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-month period
ending in December 2017 ranged from 2.0 percent for education and health services and financial activities to
3.6 percent for leisure and hospitality. (See table 5.)

State and Local Government

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 2.5 percent
for the 12-month period ending in December 2017. In December 2016, the increase was 2.4 percent. Wages and
salaries increased 2.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in December 2017, the same as the December 2016
increase. Benefit costs increased 3.2 percent for the 12-month period ending in December 2017. The prior
year’s increase was 3.1 percent. (See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)

Updated Seasonal Factors

The 2018 seasonal factors for directly adjusted series and revised seasonally adjusted series for the past five
years are scheduled for release with the March 2018 Employment Cost Index (ECI) on April 27, 2018 at 8:30 a.m.
(EDT), see www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectsfact.htm.
Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

0.7 0.6 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6

Wages and salaries

0.7 0.5 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.5

Benefits

0.8 0.5 2.1 2.2 2.5 2.4 2.5

Private industry

Compensation(2)

0.8 0.5 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6

Wages and salaries

0.7 0.6 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.8

Benefits

0.7 0.4 1.8 1.9 2.2 2.4 2.3

State and local government

Compensation(2)

0.6 0.8 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.5

Wages and salaries

0.5 0.6 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1

Benefits

0.8 1.0 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.0 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.


The Employment Cost Index for March 2018 is scheduled for release on Friday, April 27, 2018, at 8:30 a.m.
(EDT).

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request— Voice phone:
(202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

BLS news releases, including the ECI, are available through an email subscription service at
www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.


						TECHNICAL NOTE

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence of employment
shifts among occupations and industries. For information on survey concepts, coverage, methods, nonresponse
adjustment, and imputation see National Compensation Survey Handbook of Methods at
www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size

Data for the December 2017 reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 27,600
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,600 private industry establishments and
approximately 8,000 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local government
establishments that provided data at the initial interview.

Standard errors

To assist users in ascertaining the reliability of Employment Cost Index (ECI) series, standard errors of all
current quarter estimates except seasonally adjusted series are made available shortly after publication of the
news release, see www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectvar.htm. Standard errors provide users a measure of the precision of
an estimate to ensure that it is within an acceptable range for their intended purpose.

Historical listings

Historical listings that provide all ECI data are available at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Included among these
listings is one that provides continuous occupational and industry series. This listing uses the Standard
Industrial Classification Manual and Occupational Classification System series through 2005 and the North
American Industry Classification System and Standard Occupational Classification from 2006 to the present. It
provides the official series from the beginning of the ECI in 1975 through the current quarter. For more
information on the criteria used in defining continuous series, see the article published in the Monthly Labor
Review at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data

The costs per hour worked of compensation components are published in a separate news release titled "Employer
Costs for Employee Compensation" (ECEC). These releases are issued 3 months after the reference period. The
ECEC release dates are available at www.bls.gov/schedule/2018/home.htm. Historical ECEC data are available in
summary documents at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Since the ECEC is calculated with current employment weights
rather than the fixed weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year changes in the cost levels usually differ
from those in the ECI.

Fixed Employment Weights

For additional information on the use of fixed employment weights in computing the ECI, see
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2016/article/introducing-2012-fixed-employment-weights-for-the-employment-cost-index.htm.


Table 1. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
Jun.
2016
Sep.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

Civilian workers

All workers(2)

130.6 131.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.6

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

128.3 129.0 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5

Manufacturing

128.3 129.1 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.6

Service-providing industries(4)

131.2 131.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.5

Education and health services

130.7 131.5 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6

Educational services

131.4 132.2 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6

Elementary and secondary schools

131.3 132.1 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

131.5 132.3 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.6

Health care and social assistance(5)

130.1 130.9 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.6

Hospitals

131.0 131.8 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

127.2 128.1 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7

Public administration

134.7 135.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.8

Private industry workers

All workers

130.0 130.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

129.9 130.7 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.6

Management, business, and financial

131.2 131.8 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.5

Professional and related

129.0 129.9 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.7

Sales and office

129.9 130.3 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.2 0.3 0.9 0.2 1.1 0.3

Sales and related

125.6 125.7 0.3 0.7 1.3 -0.2 -0.2 1.3 -0.2 1.5 0.1

Office and administrative support

132.9 133.6 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

130.5 131.3 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

131.0 131.5 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.8 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

130.0 131.1 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2 1.2 0.7 0.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.4 131.2 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.6

Production

128.5 129.3 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.6

Transportation and material moving

132.8 133.6 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.6

Service occupations

129.9 131.0 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.8

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

128.3 129.0 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.5

Construction

128.1 128.6 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.7 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.4

Manufacturing

128.3 129.1 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.6

Aircraft manufacturing

125.8 126.4 0.4 1.7 0.6 -0.9 1.2 1.5 0.7 8.4 0.5

Service-providing industries(6)

130.5 131.2 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

131.8 132.6 0.2 1.1 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.0 0.4 0.9 0.6

Retail trade

132.2 133.1 0.7 1.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.7

Transportation and warehousing

134.0 135.0 0.4 1.2 0.5 0.6 1.1 0.5 0.6 1.1 0.7

Utilities

140.8 141.9 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.8

Information

128.2 128.6 0.3 0.7 0.1 0.8 0.5 0.3 1.1 0.7 0.3

Financial activities

129.9 130.2 0.8 0.2 0.8 1.2 0.6 0.2 1.0 0.5 0.2

Finance and insurance

130.0 130.4 0.9 0.1 0.8 1.4 0.6 0.2 1.0 0.4 0.3

Credit intermediation and related activities

129.4 129.1 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.4 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.4 -0.2

Insurance carriers and related activities

132.4 132.9 1.3 0.4 0.7 1.2 0.2 0.9 1.2 -0.1 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

129.2 129.3 0.2 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.2 0.9 0.8 0.1

Professional and business services

131.5 132.1 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.6 1.1 0.5

Professional, scientific, and technical services

134.2 134.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.2

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

127.6 128.6 0.7 0.6 0.1 0.2 -0.5 0.7 0.5 1.2 0.8

Education and health services

129.6 130.3 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5

Educational services

130.2 130.9 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

131.7 132.3 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.5

Health care and social assistance(5)

129.4 130.2 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.6

Hospitals

130.7 131.3 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

125.7 126.6 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

129.5 130.5 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.6 1.9 0.5 0.3 0.8

Accommodations and food services

130.3 131.4 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.6 1.8 0.7 0.2 0.8

Other services, except public administration

130.8 131.5 0.5 0.1 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5

State and local government workers

All workers

133.3 134.3 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8

Industry

Education and health services

132.1 133.0 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7

Educational services

131.7 132.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.7

Schools

131.6 132.5 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7

Elementary and secondary schools

131.7 132.5 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Health care and social assistance(5)

135.1 136.0 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2 1.1 0.7

Hospitals

132.5 133.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.3 1.0 0.8

Public administration

134.7 135.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(5) Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.
(6) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 2. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
Jun.
2016
Sep.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

129.2 129.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.5

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

128.6 129.4 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.6

Manufacturing

128.7 129.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.7

Service-providing industries(3)

129.3 130.1 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.6

Education and health services

127.2 127.9 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6

Educational services

125.2 125.9 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6

Elementary and secondary schools

123.9 124.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

127.3 128.1 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.5 0.6

Health care and social assistance(4)

129.3 130.2 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.7

Hospitals

130.1 130.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

126.5 127.3 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6

Public administration

126.9 127.7 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.6

Private industry workers

All workers

129.9 130.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

130.4 131.2 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.6

Management, business, and financial

131.5 132.4 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.7

Professional and related

129.5 130.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.2 0.7

Sales and office

129.5 130.0 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.2 0.3 1.1 0.0 1.3 0.4

Sales and related

125.8 126.1 0.2 0.5 1.5 -0.5 -0.2 1.5 -0.6 1.8 0.3

Office and administrative support

132.2 133.1 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

129.7 130.5 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

129.9 130.4 0.4 0.9 0.9 0.2 1.0 1.0 0.4 1.0 0.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

129.5 130.7 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.3 1.3 0.5 0.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

130.1 130.9 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.5 1.1 0.6

Production

128.6 129.4 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.6

Transportation and material moving

131.9 132.8 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.6 1.0 1.1 0.5 1.3 0.7

Service occupations(5)

130.1 131.4 0.6 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.7 1.1 0.6 0.6 1.0

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

128.7 129.4 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.5

Construction

127.7 128.2 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.9 1.1 0.4 0.6 0.4

Manufacturing

128.7 129.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.7

Aircraft manufacturing

138.6 139.4 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6

Service-providing industries(6)

130.3 131.1 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

130.6 131.4 0.2 0.9 0.8 0.3 0.5 1.5 0.3 0.8 0.6

Retail trade

132.4 133.3 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.7 1.4 0.4 0.8 0.7

Transportation and warehousing

132.5 133.5 0.5 1.2 0.9 0.6 1.3 0.9 0.4 1.0 0.8

Utilities

137.7 138.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.7

Information

127.3 127.8 0.4 1.1 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.0 1.0 0.7 0.4

Financial activities

130.3 131.2 0.9 0.3 1.0 1.2 0.8 -0.2 1.1 0.5 0.7

Finance and insurance

130.9 132.0 1.0 0.1 1.0 1.3 0.7 -0.2 1.1 0.4 0.8

Credit intermediation and related activities

127.9 128.3 0.5 0.6 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

131.7 132.4 1.5 0.6 1.0 1.4 0.3 0.5 1.4 -0.3 0.5

Professional and business services

131.7 132.2 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.5 1.2 0.4

Professional, scientific, and technical services

134.4 134.6 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.6 1.5 0.1

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

128.4 129.7 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.2 -0.5 0.8 0.4 1.3 1.0

Education and health services

129.2 130.1 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.7

Educational services

129.0 129.7 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

129.8 130.4 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.9 0.4

Health care and social assistance(4)

129.3 130.1 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.6

Hospitals

130.3 131.1 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

126.4 127.3 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

131.3 132.6 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.7 1.9 0.6 0.4 1.0

Accommodations and food service

131.9 133.3 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.0 0.8 1.8 0.7 0.2 1.0

Other services, except public administration

131.2 132.2 0.5 0.2 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.8 0.7

State and local government workers

All workers

125.9 126.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.6

Industry

Education and health services

125.1 125.7 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5

Educational services

124.5 125.1 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5

Schools

124.5 125.1 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5

Elementary and secondary schools

123.9 124.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4

Health care and social assistance(4)

129.7 130.5 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.6

Hospitals

128.8 129.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.5 1.0 0.6

Public administration

126.9 127.7 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(4) Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.
(5) The service occupations wages and salaries series is seasonal as of the 2017 seasonal adjustment revision. Historical data for this series are published beginning with March 2012.
(6) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 3. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
Jun.
2016
Sep.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

134.0 134.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5

Private industry workers

All workers

130.0 130.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4

Occupational Group

Management, professional, and related

128.9 129.4 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.4

Sales and office

130.9 131.1 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

132.4 133.1 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.5

Production, transportation, and material moving

131.0 131.6 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.2 0.5

Service occupations

129.3 129.9 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

127.5 128.1 0.7 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 1.3 0.5

Manufacturing

127.7 128.1 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.5 1.7 0.3

Service-providing industries(3)

131.1 131.5 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.3

State and local government workers

All workers(1)

148.2 149.7 1.2 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 4. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

All workers(2)

127.9 130.7 131.2 0.3 0.8 0.4 2.2 2.5 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)

128.2 130.9 131.5 0.4 0.7 0.5 2.3 2.5 2.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

128.1 130.7 131.2 0.3 0.6 0.4 1.9 2.3 2.4

Management, business, and financial

128.7 131.6 131.9 0.5 0.6 0.2 2.1 2.8 2.5

Professional and related

127.8 130.2 130.8 0.2 0.6 0.5 1.8 2.0 2.3

Sales and office

127.4 130.4 130.6 0.1 0.9 0.2 2.4 2.4 2.5

Sales and related

122.3 125.8 125.7 -0.4 1.3 -0.1 1.7 2.4 2.8

Office and administrative support

130.5 133.1 133.7 0.4 0.6 0.5 2.8 2.4 2.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

128.1 131.0 131.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 2.2 2.7 2.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

128.6 131.3 131.8 0.8 0.7 0.4 2.6 2.9 2.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

127.7 130.8 131.4 0.2 0.8 0.5 1.8 2.6 2.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

127.5 130.9 131.4 0.6 1.2 0.4 2.7 3.2 3.1

Production

125.7 128.8 129.4 0.6 1.1 0.5 2.5 3.0 2.9

Transportation and material moving

129.6 133.4 133.9 0.5 1.1 0.4 2.9 3.5 3.3

Service occupations

129.1 131.8 132.7 0.5 0.7 0.7 3.1 2.6 2.8

Industry

Goods-producing industries(4)

125.8 128.4 128.9 0.5 0.9 0.4 2.1 2.6 2.5

Manufacturing

125.5 128.4 128.9 0.3 1.0 0.4 2.2 2.6 2.7

Service-providing industries(5)

128.3 131.1 131.6 0.3 0.7 0.4 2.3 2.5 2.6

Education and health services

128.7 130.8 131.5 0.4 0.7 0.5 2.1 2.0 2.2

Educational services

129.2 131.6 132.2 0.5 1.2 0.5 2.4 2.3 2.3

Elementary and secondary schools

129.0 131.4 132.1 0.4 1.2 0.5 2.5 2.3 2.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

129.5 131.8 132.4 0.5 1.1 0.5 2.2 2.3 2.2

Health care and social assistance(6)

128.3 130.1 130.9 0.5 0.3 0.6 2.0 1.9 2.0

Hospitals

129.1 131.0 131.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 2.4 2.2 2.0

Nursing and residential care facilities

124.9 127.2 127.9 0.6 0.7 0.6 2.5 2.5 2.4

Public administration

132.0 134.7 135.7 0.2 0.7 0.7 2.2 2.3 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(4) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(6) Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 5. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

All workers

127.2 130.0 130.5 0.3 0.6 0.4 2.2 2.5 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

127.5 130.2 130.8 0.4 0.5 0.5 2.3 2.5 2.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

127.4 130.0 130.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 1.7 2.3 2.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

126.9 129.4 129.9 0.2 0.4 0.4 1.8 2.2 2.4

Management, business, and financial

128.4 131.3 131.7 0.5 0.5 0.3 2.1 2.8 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

127.8 130.5 130.9 0.6 0.4 0.3 2.2 2.7 2.4

Professional and related

126.7 129.1 129.6 0.0 0.3 0.4 1.4 1.9 2.3

Sales and office

126.8 129.9 130.1 0.1 0.9 0.2 2.3 2.5 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

129.2 131.9 132.4 0.5 0.6 0.4 3.0 2.6 2.5

Sales and related

122.2 125.7 125.5 -0.4 1.3 -0.2 1.7 2.4 2.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

127.0 130.0 130.5 0.4 0.6 0.4 3.3 2.8 2.8

Office and administrative support

130.2 132.8 133.3 0.5 0.5 0.4 2.8 2.5 2.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

127.7 130.6 131.2 0.5 0.7 0.5 2.2 2.8 2.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

128.4 131.1 131.6 0.9 0.7 0.4 2.6 3.0 2.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

127.1 130.2 130.9 0.2 0.8 0.5 1.8 2.6 3.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

127.0 130.4 131.0 0.5 1.1 0.5 2.7 3.2 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

127.2 130.4 131.0 0.5 0.9 0.5 2.7 3.0 3.0

Production

125.5 128.6 129.2 0.4 1.1 0.5 2.4 2.9 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

125.8 128.8 129.5 0.5 1.0 0.5 2.5 2.9 2.9

Transportation and material moving

129.1 133.0 133.4 0.5 1.2 0.3 3.0 3.6 3.3

Service occupations

127.2 130.0 130.9 0.6 0.6 0.7 3.2 2.8 2.9

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(3)

125.8 128.4 128.9 0.5 0.9 0.4 2.1 2.6 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

126.1 128.7 129.3 0.5 0.8 0.5 2.3 2.5 2.5

Management, professional, and related

124.2 126.6 127.1 0.2 0.8 0.4 1.7 2.2 2.3

Sales and office

127.3 129.7 129.4 0.4 1.2 -0.2 1.5 2.3 1.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

127.7 130.3 131.1 0.6 0.6 0.6 2.3 2.7 2.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

125.1 128.1 128.7 0.4 1.1 0.5 2.4 2.8 2.9

Construction

125.8 128.3 128.8 0.7 0.8 0.4 1.9 2.7 2.4

Manufacturing

125.5 128.4 128.9 0.3 1.0 0.4 2.2 2.6 2.7

Management, professional, and related

125.3 128.1 128.5 0.2 0.9 0.3 2.2 2.5 2.6

Sales and office occupations

128.5 130.9 131.3 0.3 0.7 0.3 1.7 2.2 2.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

127.2 129.6 130.7 0.2 1.0 0.8 2.2 2.1 2.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

124.8 127.8 128.3 0.5 1.2 0.4 2.4 2.9 2.8

Aircraft manufacturing

112.9 128.9 128.9 0.8 10.6 0.0 2.5 15.1 14.2

Service-providing industries(4)

127.7 130.6 131.0 0.3 0.6 0.3 2.2 2.6 2.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

128.0 130.8 131.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 2.3 2.5 2.6

Management, professional, and related

128.0 130.7 131.1 0.2 0.4 0.3 1.7 2.3 2.4

Sales and office

126.8 129.9 130.1 0.1 0.9 0.2 2.4 2.5 2.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

127.8 131.1 131.4 0.3 0.8 0.2 2.0 2.9 2.8

Production, transportation, and material moving

129.5 133.3 133.8 0.6 1.1 0.4 3.1 3.6 3.3

Service occupations

127.2 130.0 130.9 0.6 0.6 0.7 3.2 2.8 2.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

128.5 131.9 132.3 0.2 0.8 0.3 2.8 2.9 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

129.4 132.3 132.9 0.5 0.5 0.5 3.2 2.7 2.7

Wholesale trade

124.8 128.2 128.6 -0.2 0.7 0.3 1.1 2.6 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

128.1 130.9 131.6 0.2 0.4 0.5 2.2 2.4 2.7

Retail trade

129.1 132.3 132.8 0.5 0.7 0.4 3.7 3.0 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

128.1 131.0 131.5 0.7 0.5 0.4 4.0 3.0 2.7

Transportation and warehousing

130.7 134.2 134.6 0.6 1.1 0.3 3.5 3.3 3.0

Utilities

137.8 140.9 141.2 0.4 0.5 0.2 2.6 2.6 2.5

Information

125.4 128.3 128.4 0.3 0.5 0.1 2.2 2.6 2.4

Financial activities

127.4 129.9 129.9 0.3 0.2 0.0 2.9 2.3 2.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

127.8 130.6 130.5 0.2 0.4 -0.1 2.5 2.4 2.1

Finance and insurance

127.6 130.1 130.1 0.2 0.2 0.0 2.8 2.2 2.0

Credit intermediation and related activities

126.8 129.5 128.8 0.2 0.2 -0.5 3.0 2.4 1.6

Excluding incentive paid

130.2 133.4 132.8 0.2 0.2 -0.4 2.8 2.6 2.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

129.5 132.5 132.6 0.0 -0.2 0.1 2.7 2.3 2.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

128.4 131.3 131.5 0.1 0.3 0.2 2.0 2.3 2.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

126.7 129.2 129.3 0.6 0.7 0.1 3.3 2.6 2.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

129.8 132.2 132.3 0.4 0.6 0.1 2.9 2.2 1.9

Professional and business services

128.0 131.5 131.9 0.0 0.9 0.3 1.2 2.7 3.0

Professional, scientific, and technical services

130.2 134.0 134.1 0.2 0.9 0.1 1.5 3.1 3.0

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

124.6 127.8 128.5 -0.6 1.3 0.5 0.5 1.9 3.1

Education and health services

127.8 129.6 130.4 0.5 0.3 0.6 1.9 1.9 2.0

Educational services

128.6 130.5 131.1 0.6 0.9 0.5 2.1 2.1 1.9

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

129.6 132.0 132.5 0.6 1.3 0.4 2.0 2.5 2.2

Health care and social assistance(5)

127.6 129.5 130.2 0.4 0.2 0.5 1.8 1.9 2.0

Hospitals

128.7 130.7 131.3 0.7 0.3 0.5 2.3 2.3 2.0

Nursing and residential care facilities

123.5 125.7 126.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 2.7 2.4 2.4

Nursing care facilities(2)

123.6 125.6 126.3 0.7 0.6 0.6 2.3 2.4 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

125.8 129.6 130.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 3.3 3.4 3.6

Accommodations and food service

126.6 130.4 131.2 0.3 0.3 0.6 3.7 3.3 3.6

Other services, except public administration

128.2 131.1 131.3 0.2 0.9 0.2 2.6 2.5 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(5) Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.


SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 6. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

Bargaining status

Union

130.6 133.7 134.5 0.2 0.8 0.6 1.5 2.5 3.0

Goods-producing industries(2)

128.0 131.2 131.8 0.7 1.4 0.5 2.1 3.2 3.0

Manufacturing

122.8 126.8 127.2 0.7 2.3 0.3 2.0 4.0 3.6

Service-providing industries(3)

133.1 136.1 137.1 -0.1 0.4 0.7 1.3 2.2 3.0

Nonunion

126.6 129.5 129.9 0.2 0.7 0.3 2.3 2.5 2.6

Goods-producing industries(2)

125.1 127.6 128.1 0.4 0.8 0.4 2.1 2.4 2.4

Manufacturing

126.3 129.0 129.5 0.2 0.8 0.4 2.3 2.4 2.5

Service-providing industries(3)

127.1 130.0 130.4 0.3 0.6 0.3 2.3 2.6 2.6

Census region and division(4)

Northeast

128.7 131.8 132.0 0.4 0.5 0.2 2.5 2.8 2.6

New England

131.1 134.9 135.3 0.7 0.8 0.3 2.7 3.6 3.2

Middle Atlantic

127.8 130.7 130.9 0.3 0.4 0.2 2.4 2.6 2.4

South

126.2 128.7 129.2 0.0 0.6 0.4 1.3 2.0 2.4

South Atlantic

127.8 130.4 131.1 0.3 0.5 0.5 1.8 2.4 2.6

East South Central

125.5 128.8 128.4 0.3 1.4 -0.3 2.5 3.0 2.3

West South Central

123.8 125.9 126.4 -0.6 0.5 0.4 0.2 1.0 2.1

Midwest

125.7 128.0 128.5 0.3 0.5 0.4 2.6 2.2 2.2

East North Central

124.1 126.5 127.0 0.4 0.4 0.4 2.5 2.3 2.3

West North Central

129.8 131.7 132.1 0.2 0.6 0.3 3.2 1.7 1.8

West

128.6 132.3 132.9 0.5 1.0 0.5 2.6 3.4 3.3

Mountain

126.4 129.4 130.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 1.9 2.9 2.8

Pacific

129.6 133.6 134.2 0.6 1.2 0.4 2.9 3.7 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 7. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

All workers(2)

130.9 133.4 134.2 0.5 1.1 0.6 2.4 2.4 2.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

129.8 132.3 133.0 0.4 1.1 0.5 2.4 2.3 2.5

Professional and related

129.7 132.1 132.8 0.5 1.1 0.5 2.4 2.3 2.4

Sales and office

132.4 134.8 135.7 0.1 0.9 0.7 2.5 1.9 2.5

Office and administrative support

132.4 134.9 135.7 0.0 1.0 0.6 2.4 1.9 2.5

Service occupations

133.5 136.1 137.0 0.5 1.0 0.7 2.7 2.4 2.6

Industry

Education and health services

129.8 132.2 132.9 0.4 1.2 0.5 2.4 2.2 2.4

Educational services

129.4 131.9 132.5 0.4 1.2 0.5 2.5 2.3 2.4

Schools(2)

129.4 131.8 132.4 0.5 1.2 0.5 2.5 2.3 2.3

Elementary and secondary schools

129.3 131.8 132.5 0.4 1.3 0.5 2.5 2.3 2.5

Health care and social assistance(3)

132.8 135.0 135.8 0.5 1.1 0.6 2.2 2.1 2.3

Hospitals

130.5 132.6 133.4 0.5 1.1 0.6 2.4 2.2 2.2

Public administration

132.0 134.7 135.7 0.2 0.7 0.7 2.2 2.3 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes elementary and secondary schools; junior colleges; colleges, universities, and professional schools.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 8. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

All workers(1)

126.6 129.3 129.8 0.4 0.8 0.4 2.3 2.5 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

126.7 129.2 129.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 2.5 2.5 2.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

126.8 129.1 129.6 0.3 0.5 0.4 2.0 2.1 2.2

Management, business, and financial

128.7 131.2 131.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 2.4 2.6 2.3

Professional and related

125.7 128.0 128.5 0.1 0.5 0.4 1.7 1.9 2.2

Sales and office

126.0 129.2 129.5 0.1 1.0 0.2 2.1 2.6 2.8

Sales and related

122.1 126.0 125.8 -0.5 1.6 -0.2 1.2 2.7 3.0

Office and administrative support

128.8 131.4 132.0 0.5 0.6 0.5 3.0 2.6 2.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

126.6 129.6 130.3 0.6 0.8 0.5 2.5 2.9 2.9

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

126.6 129.6 130.2 1.0 0.8 0.5 3.0 3.3 2.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

126.7 129.8 130.5 0.2 0.9 0.5 2.0 2.7 3.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

126.7 130.2 130.8 0.7 1.1 0.5 3.2 3.5 3.2

Production

125.7 128.8 129.5 0.7 0.9 0.5 2.9 3.2 3.0

Transportation and material moving

127.9 131.8 132.3 0.6 1.2 0.4 3.4 3.7 3.4

Service occupations

127.0 129.8 130.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 3.3 2.8 3.0

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

126.1 128.7 129.3 0.5 0.7 0.5 2.4 2.5 2.5

Manufacturing

126.2 128.7 129.3 0.4 0.6 0.5 2.6 2.4 2.5

Service-providing industries(4)

126.6 129.4 129.9 0.3 0.7 0.4 2.3 2.5 2.6

Education and health services

125.4 127.4 128.0 0.4 0.7 0.5 2.0 2.0 2.1

Educational services

123.7 125.6 126.0 0.4 1.0 0.3 2.1 1.9 1.9

Elementary and secondary schools

122.4 124.3 124.6 0.2 1.1 0.2 1.9 1.8 1.8

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

125.5 127.6 128.2 0.5 1.0 0.5 2.1 2.2 2.2

Health care and social assistance(5)

127.4 129.4 130.2 0.5 0.3 0.6 2.1 2.1 2.2

Hospitals

128.0 130.1 130.9 0.7 0.5 0.6 2.5 2.4 2.3

Nursing and residential care facilities

123.9 126.5 127.3 0.7 0.6 0.6 2.7 2.8 2.7

Public administration

124.9 127.0 127.7 0.4 0.7 0.6 2.1 2.1 2.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(5) Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 9. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Index value (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

All workers(1)

127.1 130.0 130.6 0.3 0.7 0.5 2.3 2.6 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

127.3 130.0 130.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.5 2.6 2.7

Occupational Group

Management, professional, and related

128.1 130.5 131.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 2.0 2.2 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

127.2 129.5 130.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 2.0 2.1 2.3

Management, business, and financial

129.2 131.8 132.3 0.6 0.6 0.4 2.4 2.6 2.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.0 130.3 130.8 0.6 0.4 0.4 2.6 2.4 2.2

Professional and related

127.2 129.6 130.2 0.0 0.2 0.5 1.6 1.9 2.4

Sales and office

126.2 129.5 129.8 0.1 1.0 0.2 2.2 2.7 2.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.5 131.5 132.2 0.5 0.7 0.5 3.0 2.9 2.9

Sales and related

122.2 126.0 125.9 -0.5 1.5 -0.1 1.2 2.6 3.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

127.0 130.5 131.0 0.5 0.8 0.4 3.0 3.2 3.1

Office and administrative support

129.5 132.2 132.9 0.6 0.6 0.5 3.1 2.7 2.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

126.7 129.8 130.4 0.6 0.8 0.5 2.6 3.0 2.9

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

126.9 129.9 130.4 1.0 0.9 0.4 3.1 3.4 2.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

126.6 129.7 130.5 0.2 0.7 0.6 2.0 2.6 3.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

126.6 130.1 130.7 0.6 1.0 0.5 3.1 3.3 3.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

126.9 130.2 130.8 0.6 0.9 0.5 3.1 3.3 3.1

Production

125.4 128.6 129.3 0.5 0.9 0.5 2.8 3.0 3.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

125.6 128.8 129.5 0.5 0.9 0.5 2.8 3.0 3.1

Transportation and material moving

128.1 132.1 132.6 0.7 1.3 0.4 3.5 3.9 3.5

Service occupations

127.1 130.2 131.3 0.6 0.7 0.8 3.5 3.0 3.3

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

126.2 128.8 129.3 0.6 0.7 0.4 2.4 2.6 2.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

126.6 129.2 129.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 2.6 2.7 2.5

Management, professional, and related

126.7 128.5 129.0 0.3 0.2 0.4 2.1 1.7 1.8

Sales and office occupations

127.5 130.2 129.9 0.6 1.6 -0.2 1.6 2.7 1.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

126.6 129.5 130.4 0.8 0.6 0.7 2.7 3.1 3.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

125.1 128.1 128.8 0.6 0.9 0.5 2.8 3.0 3.0

Construction

125.3 127.9 128.4 0.9 0.9 0.4 2.1 3.0 2.5

Manufacturing

126.2 128.7 129.3 0.4 0.6 0.5 2.6 2.4 2.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

127.3 129.2 129.6 0.2 0.2 0.3 2.6 1.7 1.8

Sales and office occupations

128.1 130.8 131.6 0.4 0.8 0.6 2.0 2.5 2.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

127.5 129.8 131.0 0.3 0.8 0.9 2.4 2.1 2.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

124.8 127.8 128.5 0.6 0.9 0.5 2.8 3.0 3.0

Aircraft manufacturing

134.7 138.5 138.4 0.1 0.4 -0.1 2.6 3.0 2.7

Service-providing industries(3)

127.4 130.4 131.0 0.2 0.7 0.5 2.3 2.6 2.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

127.6 130.3 131.0 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.6 2.6 2.7

Management, professional, and related

128.3 130.9 131.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 1.9 2.3 2.4

Sales and office

126.1 129.4 129.8 0.0 0.9 0.3 2.3 2.6 2.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

126.8 130.2 130.5 0.2 1.0 0.2 2.3 2.9 2.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

128.3 132.3 132.9 0.6 1.1 0.5 3.4 3.8 3.6

Service occupations

127.1 130.2 131.2 0.6 0.7 0.8 3.5 3.0 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

127.1 130.8 131.2 0.3 0.9 0.3 2.6 3.2 3.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

127.7 130.8 131.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 3.2 3.1 2.9

Wholesale trade

121.9 125.7 126.0 -0.3 1.0 0.2 0.7 2.8 3.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

124.6 127.6 128.2 0.2 0.5 0.5 2.1 2.7 2.9

Retail trade

128.9 132.6 133.2 0.5 0.8 0.5 3.2 3.4 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

127.5 130.8 131.4 0.8 0.5 0.5 3.4 3.4 3.1

Transportation and warehousing

129.1 132.8 133.1 0.7 1.1 0.2 3.9 3.6 3.1

Utilities

135.0 137.9 138.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 2.7 2.5 2.4

Information

124.9 127.4 127.5 0.4 0.6 0.1 3.2 2.4 2.1

Financial activities

128.2 130.5 130.9 0.5 0.3 0.3 3.3 2.3 2.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.2 130.7 130.9 0.4 0.4 0.2 2.8 2.3 2.1

Finance and insurance

128.8 131.1 131.6 0.3 0.2 0.4 3.1 2.1 2.2

Credit intermediation and related activities

125.2 127.9 128.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 2.8 2.5 2.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.7 131.8 132.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 2.7 2.7 2.6

Insurance carriers and related activities

129.4 131.8 132.1 0.0 -0.5 0.2 3.4 1.9 2.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

127.4 129.6 129.8 0.2 0.3 0.2 2.5 1.9 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

125.4 128.0 128.2 0.8 0.9 0.2 3.8 2.9 2.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

128.6 131.0 131.3 0.4 0.7 0.2 3.2 2.3 2.1

Professional and business services

128.3 131.6 132.0 0.0 1.1 0.3 1.3 2.6 2.9

Professional, scientific, and technical services

130.4 134.1 134.2 0.2 1.1 0.1 1.6 3.0 2.9

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

125.3 128.7 129.6 -0.7 1.4 0.7 0.6 2.0 3.4

Education and health services

127.3 129.3 130.1 0.5 0.4 0.6 2.1 2.1 2.2

Educational services

127.4 129.4 130.0 0.7 1.1 0.5 2.3 2.3 2.0

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

127.7 130.1 130.7 0.8 1.5 0.5 2.2 2.7 2.3

Health care and social assistance(4)

127.3 129.3 130.2 0.4 0.2 0.7 2.1 2.0 2.3

Hospitals

128.3 130.3 131.1 0.7 0.3 0.6 2.5 2.3 2.2

Nursing and residential care facilities

123.8 126.4 127.3 0.7 0.6 0.7 2.8 2.8 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

127.4 131.4 132.3 0.4 0.5 0.7 3.7 3.5 3.8

Accommodation and food service

128.2 132.1 133.0 0.4 0.4 0.7 4.1 3.4 3.7

Other services, except public administration

128.7 131.5 131.8 0.2 1.0 0.2 2.8 2.4 2.4

Footnotes
(1) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.


SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 10. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for-
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

Bargaining status

Union

127.3 129.9 130.9 0.1 0.5 0.8 1.4 2.1 2.8

Goods-producing industries(1)

124.7 126.8 127.6 0.8 0.6 0.6 2.3 2.5 2.3

Manufacturing

122.3 124.5 125.2 0.7 0.7 0.6 2.3 2.6 2.4

Service-providing industries(2)

129.4 132.2 133.3 -0.3 0.5 0.8 1.1 1.8 3.0

Nonunion

127.1 130.0 130.6 0.4 0.7 0.5 2.5 2.7 2.8

Goods-producing industries(1)

126.6 129.3 129.8 0.6 0.8 0.4 2.5 2.7 2.5

Manufacturing

127.1 129.7 130.3 0.4 0.6 0.5 2.7 2.4 2.5

Service-providing industries(2)

127.3 130.3 130.8 0.4 0.8 0.4 2.5 2.8 2.7

Census region and division(3)

Northeast

128.3 131.5 131.7 0.5 0.6 0.2 2.9 3.0 2.7

New England

132.1 136.4 136.8 0.8 0.9 0.3 2.9 4.0 3.6

Middle Atlantic

126.9 129.6 129.8 0.5 0.4 0.2 2.9 2.6 2.3

South

126.7 129.5 130.1 -0.1 0.7 0.5 1.4 2.1 2.7

South Atlantic

128.3 131.1 132.0 0.3 0.6 0.7 1.8 2.5 2.9

East South Central

125.5 129.1 128.6 0.2 1.5 -0.4 2.4 3.1 2.5

West South Central

124.5 127.1 127.5 -0.8 0.6 0.3 0.2 1.3 2.4

Midwest

125.3 127.5 128.1 0.4 0.5 0.5 2.9 2.2 2.2

East North Central

123.4 125.9 126.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 2.7 2.5 2.5

West North Central

129.8 131.6 132.1 0.3 0.7 0.4 3.2 1.7 1.8

West

128.7 132.2 132.9 0.6 1.0 0.5 2.8 3.4 3.3

Mountain

127.0 130.0 130.8 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.7 2.8 3.0

Pacific

129.5 133.2 133.8 0.7 1.1 0.5 3.3 3.6 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(2) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(3) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 11. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

All workers

124.1 126.1 126.7 0.4 0.9 0.5 2.1 2.0 2.1

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

123.4 125.4 125.9 0.3 0.9 0.4 1.9 2.0 2.0

Professional and related

123.3 125.2 125.7 0.3 0.9 0.4 1.9 1.9 1.9

Sales and office

123.8 125.5 126.2 0.2 0.6 0.6 1.9 1.5 1.9

Office and administrative support

124.2 125.9 126.6 0.2 0.6 0.6 1.9 1.5 1.9

Service occupations

126.5 128.6 129.3 0.6 0.9 0.5 2.3 2.2 2.2

Industry

Education and health services

123.4 125.4 125.8 0.2 1.0 0.3 2.0 1.9 1.9

Educational services

122.9 124.9 125.2 0.2 1.1 0.2 1.9 1.9 1.9

Schools(1)

122.9 124.8 125.2 0.2 1.0 0.3 2.0 1.8 1.9

Elementary and secondary schools

122.3 124.3 124.6 0.2 1.1 0.2 1.9 1.8 1.9

Health care and social assistance(2)

127.6 129.7 130.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 1.9 2.3 2.4

Hospitals

126.6 128.8 129.7 0.7 1.0 0.7 2.2 2.5 2.4

Public administration

124.9 127.0 127.7 0.4 0.7 0.6 2.1 2.1 2.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes elementary and secondary schools; junior colleges; colleges, universities, and professional schools.
(2) Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 12. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group, industry, and bargaining status Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

131.1 134.0 134.4 0.2 0.8 0.3 2.1 2.4 2.5

Private industry workers

All workers(1)

127.3 130.0 130.2 0.2 0.5 0.2 1.8 2.4 2.3

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

126.0 128.9 129.1 0.2 0.5 0.2 1.2 2.5 2.5

Sales and office

128.4 130.8 130.8 0.1 0.5 0.0 2.7 1.9 1.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

129.9 132.4 132.9 0.4 0.5 0.4 1.6 2.3 2.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

127.9 131.0 131.4 0.4 1.1 0.3 2.0 2.8 2.7

Service occupations

127.1 129.2 129.7 0.4 0.5 0.4 2.3 2.1 2.0

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

124.9 127.6 128.0 0.2 1.2 0.3 1.5 2.4 2.5

Manufacturing

124.3 127.7 128.0 0.2 1.7 0.2 1.5 2.9 3.0

Aircraft manufacturing

89.6 118.2 118.3 1.8 26.6 0.1 2.5 34.3 32.0

Service-providing industries(3)

128.3 131.0 131.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 1.9 2.3 2.3

Bargaining status

Union

136.1 139.9 140.6 0.4 1.1 0.5 1.6 3.2 3.3

Nonunion

125.5 128.0 128.2 0.2 0.5 0.2 1.8 2.2 2.2

State and local government workers

All workers

145.0 148.6 149.7 0.5 1.5 0.7 3.1 3.0 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation and wages and salaries, for private industry workers by area [Not seasonally adjusted]
Census region and metropolitan area(1) 12-month percent changes -
Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017

Northeast

Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH CSA

2.3 3.0 2.4 2.9 2.8 2.2

New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

2.3 2.9 2.4 3.3 3.2 2.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

2.2 2.1 2.7 2.4 1.8 2.4

South

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, GA-AL CSA

3.5 2.2 1.4 4.2 2.7 1.5

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CSA

1.4 1.4 2.4 1.5 1.9 3.2

Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX CSA

1.7 2.1 1.7 2.3 2.6 2.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL MSA

3.4 3.7 2.2 3.6 3.9 2.3

Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV CSA

2.4 2.5 2.2 2.8 3.3 3.0

Midwest

Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, IL-IN-WI CSA

2.9 2.4 2.4 3.0 2.3 2.6

Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI CSA

1.8 2.5 2.8 2.3 2.8 3.2

Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI CSA

0.7 1.1 1.4 -0.2 1.0 1.1

West

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA CSA

2.6 3.6 3.7 3.1 3.2 3.3

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

3.0 2.8 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.1

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

2.6 2.9 3.4 2.9 2.9 3.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA CSA

2.8 7.6 6.9 3.7 3.8 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Note that some of these areas are Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and others are Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). For more information on metropolitan area definitions, visit the U.S. Census Bureau's Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas page at www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey