American Time Use Survey Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, June 28, 2018                         USDL-18-1058

Technical information: (202) 691-6339  *  atusinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/tus
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                        AMERICAN TIME USE SURVEY -- 2017 RESULTS


In 2017, 82 percent of employed persons worked on an average weekday, compared with 33
percent on an average weekend day, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Multiple jobholders were more likely to work on an average weekend day than were single
jobholders--57 percent, compared with 30 percent.

These and other results from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) were released today.
These data include the average amount of time per day in 2017 that individuals worked,
did household activities, and engaged in leisure and sports activities. Additionally,
measures of the average time per day spent providing childcare--both as a primary (or
main) activity and while doing other things--for the combined years 2013-17 are provided.
For a detailed description of ATUS data and methodology, see the Technical Note.

Working (by Employed Persons) in 2017

   --Many more people worked on weekdays than on weekend days: 82 percent of employed
     persons worked on an average weekday, compared with 33 percent on an average
     weekend day. (See table 4.)

   --Multiple jobholders were more likely to work on an average weekday than were
     single jobholders--92 percent, compared with 81 percent. They were also more
     likely to work on an average weekend day--57 percent, compared with 30 percent.
     (See table 4.)

   --On the days they worked, 83 percent of employed persons did some or all of
     their work at their workplace and 23 percent did some or all of their work
     at home. Employed persons spent more time working at the workplace than at
     home--8.0 hours, compared with 3.1 hours. (See table 6.)

   --Among workers age 25 and over, those with an advanced degree were more
     likely to work at home than were persons with lower levels of educational
     attainment--46 percent of those with an advanced degree performed some work
     at home on days worked, compared with 12 percent of those with a high school
     diploma. Workers with an advanced degree also were more likely to work on
     an average day than were those with a high school diploma--73 percent,
     compared with 68 percent. (See table 6.)

   --On an average day in 2017, 24 percent of full-time employed workers spent
     some time working while at home. The share of full-time employed workers
     performing work at home rose from 18 percent per day in 2003 to 24 percent
     in 2009, and remained relatively flat from 2009 to 2017. (See table 6.)

   --Employed women living with a child under age 6 worked an average of 4.3
     hours per day (about 30 hours per week). They performed 29 minutes per day
     less work for pay than employed women living in households with older
     children. (See table 8B.)

   --On the days they worked, employed men worked 49 minutes more than employed
     women. This difference partly reflects women's greater likelihood of
     working part time. However, even among full-time workers (those usually
     working 35 hours or more per week), men worked more per day than women--
     8.4 hours, compared with 7.9 hours. (See table 4.)

Household Activities in 2017

   --On an average day, 84 percent of women and 68 percent of men spent some
     time doing household activities such as housework, cooking, lawn care,
     or financial and other household management. (See table 1.)

   --On the days they did household activities, women spent an average of
     2.6 hours on these activities, while men spent 2.1 hours. (See
     table 1.)

   --On an average day, 19 percent of men did housework--such as cleaning or
     laundry--compared with 49 percent of women. Forty-six percent of men
     did food preparation or cleanup, compared with 69 percent of women. Men
     were slightly more likely to engage in lawn and garden care than were
     women--11 percent, compared with 8 percent. (See table 1.)

   --From 2003 to 2017, the share of men doing food preparation and cleanup
     on an average day increased from 35 percent to 46 percent. (See table 1.)

   --On average, in households with children under age 6, men spent 1.1 hours
     per day less in household activities (1.3 hours) compared with women
     (2.4 hours). (See table 8A.)

Leisure Activities in 2017

   --On an average day, nearly everyone age 15 and over (96 percent) engaged
     in some sort of leisure activity, such as watching TV, socializing, or
     exercising. Men spent 33 minutes per day more in these activities than
     did women (5.5 hours, compared with 5.0 hours). (See table 1.)

   --Watching TV was the leisure activity that occupied the most time (2.8
     hours per day), accounting for just over half of all leisure time, on
     average. The amount of time people spent watching TV varied by age.
     Those ages 15 to 44 spent the least amount of time watching TV,
     averaging around 2.0 hours per day, and those ages 65 and over spent
     the most time watching TV, averaging over 4.0 hours per day. (See
     table 11A.)

   --Socializing and communicating, such as visiting with friends or attending
     or hosting social events, accounted for an average of 39 minutes per day,
     and was the next most common leisure activity after watching TV. People
     spent about twice as much time socializing on weekend days (58 minutes)
     as on weekdays (31 minutes). (See tables 11A and 11B.)

   --Time spent reading for personal interest varied greatly by age. Individuals
     age 75 and over averaged 51 minutes of reading per day whereas individuals
     ages 15 to 44 read for an average of 10 minutes or less per day. (See
     table 11A.)

   --On average, individuals ages 15 to 24 spent the most time playing games
     or using a computer for leisure--about one hour per day. Conversely,
     individuals ages 35 to 44 spent the least amount of time playing games or
     using a computer for leisure--13 minutes per day. (See table 11A.)

   --Employed adults living in households with no children under age 18 engaged
     in leisure and sports activities for 4.5 hours per day, 1.2 hours more
     than employed adults living with a child under age 6. (See table 8B.)

Care of Household Children for the period 2013-17

   --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent an average
     of 2.1 hours per day providing primary childcare to household children.
     Adults living in households where the youngest child was between the
     ages of 6 and 17 spent less than half as much time providing primary
     childcare to household children--50 minutes per day. Primary childcare
     is childcare that is done as a main activity, such as providing physical
     care or reading to children. (See table 9.)

   --On an average day, among adults living in households with children under
     age 6, women spent 1.1 hours providing physical care (such as bathing or
     feeding a child) to household children; by contrast, men spent 26 minutes
     providing physical care. (See table 9.)

   --Adults living in households with at least one child under age 6 spent an
     average of 5.4 hours per day providing secondary childcare--that is, they
     had at least one child in their care while doing activities other than
     primary childcare. Secondary childcare provided by adults living in
     households with children under age 6 was most commonly provided while
     doing leisure activities (2.0 hours) or household activities (1.4 hours).
     (See table 10.)

   --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent more time
     providing primary childcare on an average weekday (2.2 hours) than on an
     average weekend day (2.0 hours). However, they spent less time providing
     secondary childcare on weekdays than on weekend days--4.5 hours, compared
     with 7.5 hours. (See tables 9 and 10.)

Additional Data 

ATUS 2017 data files are available for users to do their own tabulations and analyses.
In accordance with BLS and Census Bureau policies that protect the privacy of survey
respondents, identifying information does not appear on the data files. The 2017 data
files are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/tus/data.htm.



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Last Modified Date: June 28, 2018