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Economic News Release
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Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2021
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2021
Dec.
2020
Dec.
2021

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

101,213 100,440 41,723 41,493 59,490 58,947

Persons who currently want a job

7,088 5,524 3,388 2,759 3,699 2,765

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,197 1,671 1,151 924 1,046 747

Discouraged workers(2)

661 468 418 279 243 189

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,536 1,203 733 645 803 558

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,496 7,461 3,092 3,741 3,404 3,720

Percent of total employed

4.3 4.8 3.9 4.6 4.8 5.0

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,721 4,062 1,926 2,235 1,795 1,827

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,590 1,825 563 622 1,027 1,203

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

287 406 156 255 130 150

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

832 1,094 414 588 418 507

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: January 07, 2022