Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, August 6, 2019	USDL-19-1431

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                            JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JUNE 2019

The number of job openings was little changed at 7.3 million on the last business day of June, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the month, hires and separations were little changed at 
5.7 million and 5.5 million, respectively. Within separations, the quits rate was unchanged at 2.3 
percent, and the layoffs and discharges rate was little changed at 1.1 percent. This release includes 
estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by 
industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

On the last business day of June, the job openings level was little changed at 7.3 million. The job 
openings rate was 4.6 percent. The number of job openings was little changed for total private and for 
government. The job openings level increased in real estate and rental and leasing (+38,000) as well as 
state and local government education (+20,000). The number of job openings was little changed in all 
four regions. (See table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires was little changed at 5.7 million in June. The hires rate was 3.8 percent. The 
number of hires was little changed for total private and for government.  Hires increased in 
accommodation and food services (+76,000). The number of hires was little changed in all four regions. 
(See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.

The number of total separations was little changed at 5.5 million in June. The total separations rate was 
3.6 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and for government. The 
total separations level increased in accommodation and food services (+101,000). The number of total 
separations was little changed in all four regions. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was little changed in June at 3.4 million. The quits rate was 2.3 percent. The quits 
level was little changed for total private and decreased for government (-19,000). Quits decreased in 
transportation, warehousing, and utilities (-35,000) and state and local government, excluding education 
(-14,000), but increased in construction (+34,000). The number of quits was little changed in all four 
regions. (See table 4.)

The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in June at 1.7 million. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.1 percent. The layoffs and discharges level was little changed for total private and 
for government. The number of layoffs and discharges decreased in professional and business services 
(-89,000) as well as arts, entertainment, and recreation (-38,000), but increased in accommodation and 
food services (+74,000). The layoffs and discharges level decreased in the Northeast region. (See table 
5.)

The number of other separations was little changed in June. The other separations level edged up for 
total private (+43,000) and was little changed for government. Other separations increased in other 
services (+18,000), accommodation and food services (+14,000), and information (+6,000). The number 
of other separations was little changed in all four regions. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in June, hires totaled 69.4 million and 
separations totaled 66.9 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.5 million. These totals include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
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The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey estimates for July 2019 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, September 10, 2019 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

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Last Modified Date: August 06, 2019