State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, November 17, 2017                 USDL-17-1506

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in October in 12 states, higher in 1 state, and stable 
in 37 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. Twenty-three states had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier, 
2 states and the District had increases, and 25 states had little or no change. The 
national unemployment rate edged down to 4.1 percent in October and was
0.7 percentage point lower than a year earlier.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 9 states in October 2017, decreased in 3 
states, and was essentially unchanged in 38 states and the District of Columbia. Over 
the year, 27 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 23 states and the District were 
essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in October, 2.2 percent, followed by North 
Dakota, 2.5 percent. The rates in Alabama (3.6 percent), Hawaii (2.2 percent), and 
Texas (3.9 percent) set new series lows. (All state series begin in 1976.) Alaska 
had the highest jobless rate, 7.2 percent. In total, 14 states and the District of 
Columbia had unemployment rates higher than the U.S. figure of 4.1 percent, 13 
states had lower rates, and 23 states had rates that were not appreciably different 
from that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)


    _________________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                                 |
   |               Data for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands                  |
   |                                                                                 |
   | The Puerto Rico household survey was conducted for the October 2017 reference   |
   | period. However, the response rate was below average, in part as a result of    |
   | difficulties accessing some remote areas that were significantly affected by    |
   | Hurricanes Irma and Maria. As more information becomes available, the October   |
   | not-seasonally-adjusted estimates for Puerto Rico published in table 2 of this  |
   | news release may be subject to special revision. Furthermore, BLS was not able  |
   | to seasonally adjust the October estimates because the household survey was not |
   | conducted in September. BLS is researching how best to resume the seasonal      |
   | adjustment process for Puerto Rico's household data.                            |
   |                                                                                 |
   | Response rates for the October 2017 establishment survey were lower than average|
   | in Puerto Rico. In addition, a modification was made to the estimation process  |
   | that accounts for business births and deaths. As of this release, a sufficient  |
   | amount of establishment data was collected to produce final estimates for       |
   | September.                                                                      |
   |                                                                                 |
   | The U.S. Virgin Islands was not able to administer its establishment survey     |
   | in September or October 2017.                                                   |
   |                                                                                 |
   | More information on the effects of the recent hurricanes on BLS data collection |
   | and reporting can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm. |
   |_________________________________________________________________________________|


In October, 12 states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which was in 
Minnesota (-0.4 percentage point). The only over-the-month rate increase occurred in 
North Dakota (+0.1 percentage point). The remaining 37 states and the District of 
Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month 
earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the 
significant changes. (See table B.)

Twenty-three states had unemployment rate decreases from October 2016. The largest 
declines occurred in Alabama and Tennessee (-2.5 percentage points and -2.0 points, 
respectively). The only over-the-year rate increases were in the District of Columbia 
(+0.8 percentage point) and Alaska and South Dakota (+0.6 point each). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nine states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in October 
2017. The largest increase in employment over the month occurred in Florida (+125,300), 
followed by Texas (+71,500) and California (+31,700). In percentage terms, the largest 
increase occurred in Florida (+1.5 percent), followed by Oregon and Texas (+0.6 percent 
each). Three states had over-the-month decreases in nonfarm payroll employment in 
October: Connecticut (-6,600, or -0.4 percent), Nebraska (-6,600, or -0.6 percent),
and South Dakota (-2,400, or -0.5 percent). (See tables D and 3.)

Twenty-seven states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in 
October. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+316,100), California (+256,800), 
and Florida (+197,500). The largest percentage gain occurred in Nevada (+2.8 percent), 
followed by Utah (+2.7 percent) and Texas (+2.6 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for October is scheduled 
to be released on Thursday, November 30, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The State Employment 
and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
December 22, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


 _____________________________________________________________________________________________
|											      |
|          Conversion to the 2017 North American Industry Classification System               |
|											      |
| With the release of January 2018 data on March 12, 2018, the Current Employment Statistics  |
| (CES) survey will revise the basis for industry classification from the 2012 North American |
| Industry Classification System (NAICS) to the 2017 NAICS for all states and metropolitan    |
| areas. The conversion to NAICS 2017 will result in minor revisions reflecting content and   |
| coding changes within the retail trade and information sectors. Several industry titles and |
| descriptions also will be updated. Details of new, discontinued, and collapsed industries   |
| as a result of the NAICS 2017 update, as well as changes due to the annual benchmarking     |
| process, will be available on March 12, 2018.                                               |
|  											      |
| For more information on NAICS 2017, see www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/.                      |
|_____________________________________________________________________________________________|


Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., October 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.1
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.2
California ..........................|           4.9
Colorado ............................|           2.7
Delaware ............................|           4.8
District of Columbia ................|           6.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.2
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Illinois ............................|           4.9
Iowa ................................|           3.0
Kentucky ............................|           5.0
                                     |
Louisiana ...........................|           4.8
Minnesota ...........................|           3.3
Mississippi .........................|           4.9
Nebraska ............................|           2.7
Nevada ..............................|           5.0
New Hampshire .......................|           2.7
New Jersey ..........................|           4.9
New Mexico ..........................|           6.1
New York ............................|           4.8
North Dakota ........................|           2.5
                                     |
Ohio ................................|           5.1
Pennsylvania ........................|           4.7
South Dakota ........................|           3.5
Tennessee ...........................|           3.0
Utah ................................|           3.3
Vermont .............................|           2.9
West Virginia .......................|           5.1
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.4
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from September 2017 to October 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              | September |  October  |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |  2017(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     3.8   |     3.6   |      -0.2
Arizona ........................|     4.7   |     4.5   |       -.2
California .....................|     5.1   |     4.9   |       -.2
Florida ........................|     3.8   |     3.6   |       -.2
Hawaii .........................|     2.5   |     2.2   |       -.3
Iowa ...........................|     3.2   |     3.0   |       -.2
Kansas .........................|     3.8   |     3.6   |       -.2
Minnesota ......................|     3.7   |     3.3   |       -.4
Missouri .......................|     3.8   |     3.5   |       -.3
North Dakota ...................|     2.4   |     2.5   |        .1
                                |           |           |
Pennsylvania ...................|     4.8   |     4.7   |       -.1
Texas ..........................|     4.0   |     3.9   |       -.1
Utah ...........................|     3.4   |     3.3   |       -.1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from October 2016 to October 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  October  |  October  |    change(p)
                                |    2016   |  2017(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     6.1   |     3.6   |      -2.5
Alaska .........................|     6.6   |     7.2   |        .6
California .....................|     5.3   |     4.9   |       -.4
District of Columbia ...........|     5.8   |     6.6   |        .8
Florida ........................|     4.9   |     3.6   |      -1.3
Georgia ........................|     5.4   |     4.3   |      -1.1
Hawaii .........................|     2.9   |     2.2   |       -.7
Idaho ..........................|     3.7   |     2.9   |       -.8
Illinois .......................|     5.8   |     4.9   |       -.9
Iowa ...........................|     3.6   |     3.0   |       -.6
                                |           |           |
Kansas .........................|     4.3   |     3.6   |       -.7
Louisiana ......................|     6.1   |     4.8   |      -1.3
Minnesota ......................|     4.0   |     3.3   |       -.7
Missouri .......................|     4.6   |     3.5   |      -1.1
Nebraska .......................|     3.3   |     2.7   |       -.6
New Mexico .....................|     6.8   |     6.1   |       -.7
North Carolina .................|     5.1   |     4.1   |      -1.0
North Dakota ...................|     3.0   |     2.5   |       -.5
Pennsylvania ...................|     5.5   |     4.7   |       -.8
Rhode Island ...................|     5.1   |     4.2   |       -.9
                                |           |           |
South Dakota ...................|     2.9   |     3.5   |        .6
Tennessee ......................|     5.0   |     3.0   |      -2.0
Texas ..........................|     4.8   |     3.9   |       -.9
Washington .....................|     5.3   |     4.5   |       -.8
Wisconsin ......................|     4.2   |     3.4   |       -.8
Wyoming ........................|     5.0   |     4.2   |       -.8
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
September 2017 to October 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |  September  |   October   |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |     2017(p) |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
California ...................|  16,828,600 |  16,860,300 |      31,700 |      0.2
Connecticut ..................|   1,687,200 |   1,680,600 |      -6,600 |      -.4
Florida ......................|   8,529,800 |   8,655,100 |     125,300 |      1.5
Georgia ......................|   4,494,300 |   4,510,100 |      15,800 |       .4
Idaho ........................|     715,800 |     719,400 |       3,600 |       .5
Nebraska .....................|   1,034,000 |   1,027,400 |      -6,600 |      -.6
North Carolina ...............|   4,427,900 |   4,439,300 |      11,400 |       .3
Oregon .......................|   1,879,500 |   1,891,100 |      11,600 |       .6
South Carolina ...............|   2,092,400 |   2,102,500 |      10,100 |       .5
South Dakota .................|     437,300 |     434,900 |      -2,400 |      -.5
Texas ........................|  12,323,400 |  12,394,900 |      71,500 |       .6
Wisconsin ....................|   2,962,000 |   2,972,500 |      10,500 |       .4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
October 2016 to October 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |    October  |    October  |---------------------------
                              |     2016    |     2017(p) |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,983,000 |   2,012,200 |      29,200 |      1.5
Arizona ......................|   2,731,000 |   2,762,500 |      31,500 |      1.2
Arkansas .....................|   1,234,700 |   1,258,200 |      23,500 |      1.9
California ...................|  16,603,500 |  16,860,300 |     256,800 |      1.5
Colorado .....................|   2,621,200 |   2,659,000 |      37,800 |      1.4
Florida ......................|   8,457,600 |   8,655,100 |     197,500 |      2.3
Georgia ......................|   4,422,300 |   4,510,100 |      87,800 |      2.0
Idaho ........................|     702,700 |     719,400 |      16,700 |      2.4
Kentucky .....................|   1,920,800 |   1,949,400 |      28,600 |      1.5
Maryland .....................|   2,721,800 |   2,776,200 |      54,400 |      2.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Massachusetts ................|   3,574,500 |   3,643,500 |      69,000 |      1.9
Michigan .....................|   4,364,900 |   4,410,000 |      45,100 |      1.0
Minnesota ....................|   2,908,400 |   2,951,000 |      42,600 |      1.5
Missouri .....................|   2,860,300 |   2,891,000 |      30,700 |      1.1
Nevada .......................|   1,315,300 |   1,351,900 |      36,600 |      2.8
New Mexico ...................|     830,800 |     844,000 |      13,200 |      1.6
New York .....................|   9,420,800 |   9,523,400 |     102,600 |      1.1
North Carolina ...............|   4,364,100 |   4,439,300 |      75,200 |      1.7
Ohio .........................|   5,491,500 |   5,550,900 |      59,400 |      1.1
Oregon .......................|   1,844,800 |   1,891,100 |      46,300 |      2.5
                              |             |             |             |       
Pennsylvania .................|   5,908,000 |   5,973,800 |      65,800 |      1.1
South Carolina ...............|   2,060,000 |   2,102,500 |      42,500 |      2.1
Tennessee ....................|   2,988,600 |   3,023,400 |      34,800 |      1.2
Texas ........................|  12,078,800 |  12,394,900 |     316,100 |      2.6
Utah .........................|   1,442,700 |   1,481,700 |      39,000 |      2.7
Washington ...................|   3,274,900 |   3,343,400 |      68,500 |      2.1
Wisconsin ....................|   2,930,100 |   2,972,500 |      42,400 |      1.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



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Last Modified Date: November 17, 2017