State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, December 22, 2017			USDL-17-1668

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


              STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- NOVEMBER 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in November in 8 states, higher in 2 states, 
and stable in 40 states and the District of Columbia, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. Twenty-three states had jobless rate decreases
from a year earlier, 2 states had increases, and 25 states and the District
had little or no change. The national unemployment rate was unchanged from
October at 4.1 percent but was 0.5 percentage point lower than in November
2016.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 6 states in November 2017, decreased
in 2 states, and was essentially unchanged in 42 states and the District of
Columbia. Over the year, 27 states added nonfarm payroll jobs and 23 states
and the District were essentially unchanged.

Unemployment

Hawaii had the lowest unemployment rate in November, 2.0 percent. The rates
in Alabama (3.5 percent), California (4.6 percent), Hawaii (2.0 percent),
Mississippi (4.8 percent), and Texas (3.8 percent) set new series lows. (All
state series begin in 1976.) Alaska had the highest jobless rate, 7.2 percent.
In total, 17 states had unemployment rates lower than the U.S. figure of 4.1
percent, 9 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates, and 24 states
had rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation. (See
tables A and 1.)

 _______________________________________________________________________________________
| 											|
|     Current Employment Statistics Data for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands	|
|											|
|  Response rates for the November 2017 establishment survey were slightly lower than	|
|  average in Puerto Rico. In addition, a modification was made to the estimation	|
|  process that accounts for business births and deaths. As of this release, a		|
|  sufficient amount of establishment data was collected to produce final estimates	|
|  for October and preliminary estimates for November.					|
|											|
|  The U.S. Virgin Islands was not able to administer its establishment survey in	|
|  September, October, and November. It is unknown at this time when estimates of	|
|  employment, hours and earnings will be published for the U.S. Virgin Islands. 	|
| 											|
|  More information on the effects of the recent hurricanes on BLS data collection	|
|  and reporting can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm. 	|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|


In November, eight states had unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which
were in California, Kentucky, Minnesota, and Ohio (-0.3 percentage point each).
The only over-the-month rate increases occurred in North Carolina (+0.2 percentage
point) and North Dakota (+0.1 point). The remaining 40 states and the District of
Columbia had jobless rates that were not notably different from those of a month
earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the
significant changes. (See table B.)

Twenty-three states had unemployment rate decreases from November 2016. The largest
declines occurred in Alabama and Tennessee (-2.7 percentage points and -2.0 points,
respectively). The only over-the-year rate increases were in Alaska and South Dakota
(+0.6 percentage point each). (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Six states had over-the-month increases in nonfarm payroll employment in November
2017. The largest increase in employment over the month occurred in Texas (+54,500),
followed by California (+47,400) and New York (+24,900). In percentage terms, the
largest increases occurred in Iowa, South Carolina, and Texas (+0.4 percent each).
Two states had over-the-month decreases in nonfarm payroll employment in November:
Alaska (-3,000, or -0.9 percent) and North Dakota (-2,700, or -0.6 percent). (See
tables D and 3.)

Twenty-seven states had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment in
November. The largest job gains occurred in Texas (+330,600), California (+288,300),
and Florida (+195,000). The largest percentage gain occurred in Utah (+2.8 percent),
followed by Nevada and Texas (+2.7 percent each). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for November 2017
is scheduled to be released on Thursday, January 4, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2017 is scheduled
to be released on Tuesday, January 23, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|											|
|          Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data			|
|											|
|  Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2017 Annual Averages	|
|  on Tuesday, February 27, 2018, the civilian labor force and unemployment data for	|
|  the states, the District of Columbia, and the modeled substate areas presented in	|
|  tables 1 and 2 of this news release will be revised to incorporate updated inputs,	|
|  new population controls, reestimation of models, and adjustment to new census	|
|  division and national control totals. In addition, a new procedure for seasonally	|
|  adjusting the data will be implemented. While the not seasonally adjusted data are	|
|  subject to revision from 2013 forward, the seasonally adjusted data will be revised	|
|  back to 1976. Information on the new seasonal adjustment procedure is available at	|
|  www.bls.gov/lau/ssachanges2018.htm.							|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|



 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|           										|
|            Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data			|
|											|
|  Effective with the release of January 2018 estimates on March 12, 2018, all nonfarm	|
|  payroll employment estimates for states and areas presented in tables 3 and 4 of	|
|  this news release will be adjusted to 2017 benchmark levels.  			|
|										        |
|  Also effective with the release of January 2018 estimates, the Current Employment	|
|  Statistics (CES) program will convert to concurrent seasonal adjustment, which uses	|
|  all available estimates, including those for the current month, in developing	|
|  seasonal factors. Currently, the CES program develops seasonal factors once a year	|
|  during the annual benchmark process. For more information on concurrent seasonal	|
|  adjustment in the CES State and Area program, see www.bls.gov/sae/saeconcurrent.htm. |
|											|
|  Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2016 and seasonally adjusted data	|
|  beginning with January 2013 are subject to revision. Some seasonally adjusted	|
|  series may be revised back to 1990. 						        |
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|



 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|											|
|        Conversion to the 2017 North American Industry Classification System		|
|											|
|  With the release of January 2018 data on March 12, 2018, the Current Employment	|
|  Statistics (CES) survey will revise the basis for industry classification from the	|
|  2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) to the 2017 NAICS for	|
|  all states and metropolitan areas. 							|
|											|
|  The conversion to the 2017 NAICS will result in minor revisions reflecting content	|	
|  and coding changes within the retail trade and information sectors. Several		|
|  industry titles and descriptions also will be updated. Details of new, discontinued, |
|  and combined industries due to the 2017 NAICS updates, as well as changes due	|
|  to the annual benchmarking process, will be available on March 12, 2018.		|
|											|
|  For more information on 2017 NAICS, see www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/.		|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|
											



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., November 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           4.1
                                     |
Alaska ..............................|           7.2
California ..........................|           4.6
Colorado ............................|           2.9
District of Columbia ................|           6.4
Florida .............................|           3.6
Hawaii ..............................|           2.0
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
Illinois ............................|           4.9
Iowa ................................|           2.9
Kansas ..............................|           3.5
                                     |
Maine ...............................|           3.3
Minnesota ...........................|           3.1
Missouri ............................|           3.4
Nebraska ............................|           2.7
Nevada ..............................|           5.0
New Hampshire .......................|           2.7
New Jersey ..........................|           5.1
New Mexico ..........................|           6.1
New York ............................|           4.7
North Dakota ........................|           2.6
                                     |
Ohio ................................|           4.8
South Dakota ........................|           3.5
Tennessee ...........................|           3.1
Utah ................................|           3.2
Vermont .............................|           2.9
West Virginia .......................|           5.3
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.2
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.



Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from October 2017 to November 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |  October  |  November |    change(p)
                                |    2017   |  2017(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
California .....................|     4.9   |     4.6   |      -0.3
Hawaii .........................|     2.2   |     2.0   |       -.2
Kentucky .......................|     5.0   |     4.7   |       -.3
Maine ..........................|     3.5   |     3.3   |       -.2
Minnesota ......................|     3.4   |     3.1   |       -.3
North Carolina .................|     4.1   |     4.3   |        .2
North Dakota ...................|     2.5   |     2.6   |        .1
Ohio ...........................|     5.1   |     4.8   |       -.3
Oklahoma .......................|     4.4   |     4.2   |       -.2
Wisconsin ......................|     3.4   |     3.2   |       -.2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from November 2016 to November 2017, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  November |  November |    change(p)
                                |    2016   |  2017(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     6.2   |     3.5   |      -2.7
Alaska .........................|     6.6   |     7.2   |        .6
California .....................|     5.3   |     4.6   |       -.7
Florida ........................|     4.9   |     3.6   |      -1.3
Georgia ........................|     5.5   |     4.3   |      -1.2
Hawaii .........................|     2.9   |     2.0   |       -.9
Idaho ..........................|     3.7   |     2.9   |       -.8
Illinois .......................|     5.8   |     4.9   |       -.9
Iowa ...........................|     3.5   |     2.9   |       -.6
Kansas .........................|     4.3   |     3.5   |       -.8
                                |           |           |
Louisiana ......................|     6.0   |     4.7   |      -1.3
Minnesota ......................|     4.0   |     3.1   |       -.9
Missouri .......................|     4.5   |     3.4   |      -1.1
Nebraska .......................|     3.3   |     2.7   |       -.6
New Mexico .....................|     6.7   |     6.1   |       -.6
North Carolina .................|     5.2   |     4.3   |       -.9
North Dakota ...................|     3.0   |     2.6   |       -.4
Oklahoma .......................|     4.9   |     4.2   |       -.7
Pennsylvania ...................|     5.5   |     4.6   |       -.9
South Dakota ...................|     2.9   |     3.5   |        .6
                                |           |           |
Tennessee ......................|     5.1   |     3.1   |      -2.0
Texas ..........................|     4.8   |     3.8   |      -1.0
Washington .....................|     5.2   |     4.5   |       -.7
Wisconsin ......................|     4.1   |     3.2   |       -.9
Wyoming ........................|     4.9   |     4.3   |       -.6
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
October 2017 to November 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |   October   |   November  |---------------------------
                              |     2017    |    2017(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .......................|     330,400 |     327,400 |      -3,000 |     -0.9
California ...................|  16,874,000 |  16,921,400 |      47,400 |       .3
Iowa .........................|   1,586,600 |   1,592,900 |       6,300 |       .4
New York .....................|   9,527,700 |   9,552,600 |      24,900 |       .3
North Dakota .................|     438,500 |     435,800 |      -2,700 |      -.6
South Carolina ...............|   2,105,700 |   2,113,600 |       7,900 |       .4
Texas ........................|  12,390,700 |  12,445,200 |      54,500 |       .4
Washington ...................|   3,342,800 |   3,352,600 |       9,800 |       .3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
November 2016 to November 2017, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |  November   |   November  |---------------------------
                              |    2016     |    2017(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,983,500 |   2,016,900 |      33,400 |      1.7
Arizona ......................|   2,728,200 |   2,769,500 |      41,300 |      1.5
Arkansas .....................|   1,233,500 |   1,254,100 |      20,600 |      1.7
California ...................|  16,633,100 |  16,921,400 |     288,300 |      1.7
Colorado .....................|   2,618,000 |   2,663,300 |      45,300 |      1.7
Florida ......................|   8,481,400 |   8,676,400 |     195,000 |      2.3
Georgia ......................|   4,428,100 |   4,513,300 |      85,200 |      1.9
Idaho ........................|     705,200 |     721,400 |      16,200 |      2.3
Iowa .........................|   1,570,200 |   1,592,900 |      22,700 |      1.4
Kentucky .....................|   1,927,400 |   1,953,000 |      25,600 |      1.3
                              |             |             |             |       
Maryland .....................|   2,722,200 |   2,782,900 |      60,700 |      2.2
Massachusetts ................|   3,583,400 |   3,648,600 |      65,200 |      1.8
Michigan .....................|   4,368,000 |   4,414,300 |      46,300 |      1.1
Minnesota ....................|   2,915,600 |   2,949,100 |      33,500 |      1.1
Missouri .....................|   2,864,200 |   2,894,400 |      30,200 |      1.1
Nevada .......................|   1,318,800 |   1,353,900 |      35,100 |      2.7
New Jersey ...................|   4,094,800 |   4,136,700 |      41,900 |      1.0
New York .....................|   9,435,800 |   9,552,600 |     116,800 |      1.2
North Carolina ...............|   4,375,000 |   4,446,500 |      71,500 |      1.6
Oregon .......................|   1,849,300 |   1,885,600 |      36,300 |      2.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Pennsylvania .................|   5,913,400 |   5,976,000 |      62,600 |      1.1
South Carolina ...............|   2,068,800 |   2,113,600 |      44,800 |      2.2
Tennessee ....................|   2,990,600 |   3,026,800 |      36,200 |      1.2
Texas ........................|  12,114,600 |  12,445,200 |     330,600 |      2.7
Utah .........................|   1,446,300 |   1,487,500 |      41,200 |      2.8
Washington ...................|   3,283,500 |   3,352,600 |      69,100 |      2.1
Wisconsin ....................|   2,933,800 |   2,974,400 |      40,600 |      1.4
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



The PDF version of the news release

News release charts

Supplemental Files Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: December 22, 2017