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Economic News Release
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State Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Friday, September 17, 2021 	                      USDL-21-1648

Technical information: 
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae 
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau 

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                  STATE EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- AUGUST 2021


Unemployment rates were lower in August in 15 states and the District of Columbia
and stable in 35 states, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
Forty-nine states and the District had jobless rate decreases from a year earlier
and one state was little changed. The national unemployment rate, 5.2 percent,
declined by 0.2 percentage point over the month and was 3.2 points lower than in
August 2020.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 11 states, decreased in 3 states, and was
essentially unchanged in 36 states and the District of Columbia in August 2021.
Over the year, 49 states and the District added nonfarm payroll jobs and 1 state
was essentially unchanged.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor
force and unemployment data are modeled based largely on a survey of households.
These data pertain to individuals by where they reside. The employment data are 
from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings
by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the establishments
are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies
used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Unemployment

Nevada had the highest unemployment rate in August, 7.7 percent, followed by California 
and New York, 7.5 percent and 7.4 percent, respectively. Nebraska had the lowest 
jobless rate, 2.2 percent, which was also a new series low for the state. (All state
series begin in 1976.) In total, 22 states had unemployment rates lower than the
U.S. figure of 5.2 percent, 13 states and the District of Columbia had higher rates,
and 15 states had rates that were not appreciably different from that of the nation.
(See tables A and 1.)

In August, Arizona, Louisiana, and New Mexico had the largest over-the-month unemployment
rate decreases (-0.4 percentage point each). Thirty-five states had jobless rates that
were not notably different from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that
were at least as large numerically as the significant changes. (See table B.)

The largest unemployment rate decrease from August 2020 occurred in Hawaii (-7.1
percentage points). The next largest over-the-year jobless rate decreases were in
Nevada and Rhode Island (-6.8 percentage points each), with another six states
experiencing declines of 4.0 points or more. (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 11 states, decreased in 3 states, and was
essentially unchanged in 36 states and the District of Columbia in August 2021. The 
largest job gains occurred in California (+104,300), Texas (+39,300), and New York 
(+23,500). The largest percentage increases occurred in Kentucky (+1.1 percent), Nevada
(+0.9 percent), and New Mexico (+0.7 percent). Employment decreased in North Carolina
(-13,200, or -0.3 percent), Iowa (-6,500, or -0.4 percent), and Hawaii (-5,700, or
-1.0 percent). (See tables D and 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 49 states and the District of
Columbia and remained essentially unchanged in 1 state. The largest job increases
occurred in California (+874,300), Texas (+681,000), and New York (+411,100). The
largest percentage increases occurred in Hawaii (+9.4 percent), Nevada (+8.3 percent),
and Vermont (+6.4 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for August
is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, September 29, 2021, at 10:00 a.m.
(ET). The State Employment and Unemployment news release for September is
scheduled to be released on Friday, October 22, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).
 

  ______________________________________________________________________________________
 |											|
 |                Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on August 2021                 |
 |                       Establishment and Household Survey Data			|
 |											|
 | Data collection for both surveys was affected by the pandemic. In the establishment	|
 | survey, more data continued to be collected by web than in months prior to the	|
 | pandemic. In the household survey, for the safety of both interviewers and		|
 | respondents, in-person interviews were conducted only when telephone interviews	|
 | could not be done.									|
 |											|
 | For information on the modifications made to the Current Employment Statistics	|
 | (CES) estimation and methodological procedures due to the impact of COVID-19,	|
 | see www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.						|
 |											|
 | For the August 2021 estimates of household employment and unemployment from the	|
 | Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program, BLS continued to implement	|
 | level-shift outliers in the employment and/or unemployment inputs to the models,	|
 | based on statistical evaluation of movements in each area's inputs. These level	|
 | shifts preserved movements in the published estimates that the models otherwise	|
 | would have discounted, without requiring changes to how the models create		|
 | estimates at other points in the time series.					|
 |											|
 | The "Frequently asked questions" document at 					|
 | www.bls.gov/covid19/employment-situation-covid19-faq-august-2021.htm extensively	|
 | discusses the impact of a misclassification in the household survey on the national	|
 | estimates for August 2021. Despite the considerable decline in its degree relative	|
 | to prior months, this misclassification continued to be widespread geographically,	|
 | with BLS analysis indicating that most states again were affected to at least some	|
 | extent, which in turn affected the official LAUS estimates for August 2021.		|
 |											|
 | Household data for Puerto Rico are not modeled, but rather are derived from a	|
 | monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. The Puerto 	|
 | Rico Department of Labor has reported a misclassification in its household survey	|
 | similar in nature to the misclassification in the Current Population Survey.		|
 |______________________________________________________________________________________|
 
 
 
Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., August 2021, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           5.2
                                     |              
Alabama .............................|           3.1
Alaska ..............................|           6.4
Arizona .............................|           6.2
Arkansas ............................|           4.2
California ..........................|           7.5
Connecticut .........................|           7.2
District of Columbia ................|           6.5
Georgia .............................|           3.5
Hawaii ..............................|           7.0
Idaho ...............................|           2.9
                                     |              
Illinois ............................|           7.0
Indiana .............................|           4.1
Iowa ................................|           4.1
Kansas ..............................|           3.8
Kentucky ............................|           4.3
Louisiana ...........................|           6.2
Minnesota ...........................|           3.8
Missouri ............................|           4.0
Montana .............................|           3.5
Nebraska ............................|           2.2
                                     |              
Nevada ..............................|           7.7
New Hampshire .......................|           3.0
New Jersey ..........................|           7.2
New Mexico ..........................|           7.2
New York ............................|           7.4
North Carolina ......................|           4.3
North Dakota ........................|           3.6
Oklahoma ............................|           3.2
Pennsylvania ........................|           6.4
South Carolina ......................|           4.2
                                     |              
South Dakota ........................|           2.9
Texas ...............................|           5.9
Utah ................................|           2.6
Vermont .............................|           3.0
Virginia ............................|           4.0
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.9
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from July 2021 to August 2021, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |    July   |   August  |    change(p)
                                |    2021   |   2021(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Arizona ........................|     6.6   |     6.2   |      -0.4
Colorado .......................|     6.1   |     5.9   |       -.2
District of Columbia ...........|     6.7   |     6.5   |       -.2
Georgia ........................|     3.7   |     3.5   |       -.2
Hawaii .........................|     7.3   |     7.0   |       -.3
Louisiana ......................|     6.6   |     6.2   |       -.4
Missouri .......................|     4.2   |     4.0   |       -.2
Nebraska .......................|     2.3   |     2.2   |       -.1
New Mexico .....................|     7.6   |     7.2   |       -.4
North Dakota ...................|     3.9   |     3.6   |       -.3
                                |           |           |          
Oklahoma .......................|     3.5   |     3.2   |       -.3
Oregon .........................|     5.2   |     4.9   |       -.3
Texas ..........................|     6.2   |     5.9   |       -.3
Virginia .......................|     4.2   |     4.0   |       -.2
West Virginia ..................|     5.0   |     4.8   |       -.2
Wyoming ........................|     5.2   |     4.9   |       -.3
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from August 2020 to August 2021, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |   August  |   August  |    change(p)
                                |    2020   |   2021(p) |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     7.1   |     3.1   |      -4.0
Alaska .........................|     7.2   |     6.4   |       -.8
Arizona ........................|     7.0   |     6.2   |       -.8
Arkansas .......................|     6.5   |     4.2   |      -2.3
California .....................|    12.3   |     7.5   |      -4.8
Colorado .......................|     7.1   |     5.9   |      -1.2
Connecticut ....................|     8.4   |     7.2   |      -1.2
Delaware .......................|     7.9   |     5.4   |      -2.5
District of Columbia ...........|     8.8   |     6.5   |      -2.3
Florida ........................|     7.9   |     5.0   |      -2.9
                                |           |           |          
Georgia ........................|     7.0   |     3.5   |      -3.5
Hawaii .........................|    14.1   |     7.0   |      -7.1
Idaho ..........................|     4.9   |     2.9   |      -2.0
Illinois .......................|    11.1   |     7.0   |      -4.1
Indiana ........................|     7.3   |     4.1   |      -3.2
Iowa ...........................|     5.3   |     4.1   |      -1.2
Kansas .........................|     6.2   |     3.8   |      -2.4
Kentucky .......................|     5.5   |     4.3   |      -1.2
Louisiana ......................|     8.2   |     6.2   |      -2.0
Maryland .......................|     8.6   |     5.9   |      -2.7
                                |           |           |          
Massachusetts ..................|     9.3   |     5.0   |      -4.3
Michigan .......................|     8.5   |     4.7   |      -3.8
Minnesota ......................|     6.6   |     3.8   |      -2.8
Mississippi ....................|     7.8   |     6.0   |      -1.8
Missouri .......................|     6.0   |     4.0   |      -2.0
Montana ........................|     5.8   |     3.5   |      -2.3
Nebraska .......................|     4.0   |     2.2   |      -1.8
Nevada .........................|    14.5   |     7.7   |      -6.8
New Hampshire ..................|     6.6   |     3.0   |      -3.6
New Jersey .....................|    11.0   |     7.2   |      -3.8
                                |           |           |          
New Mexico .....................|     9.3   |     7.2   |      -2.1
New York .......................|    11.7   |     7.4   |      -4.3
North Carolina .................|     6.8   |     4.3   |      -2.5
North Dakota ...................|     6.1   |     3.6   |      -2.5
Ohio ...........................|     9.0   |     5.4   |      -3.6
Oklahoma .......................|     6.3   |     3.2   |      -3.1
Oregon .........................|     8.4   |     4.9   |      -3.5
Pennsylvania ...................|    10.2   |     6.4   |      -3.8
Rhode Island ...................|    12.6   |     5.8   |      -6.8
South Carolina .................|     5.4   |     4.2   |      -1.2
                                |           |           |          
South Dakota ...................|     4.7   |     2.9   |      -1.8
Tennessee ......................|     8.1   |     4.6   |      -3.5
Texas ..........................|     6.9   |     5.9   |      -1.0
Utah ...........................|     4.8   |     2.6   |      -2.2
Vermont ........................|     5.4   |     3.0   |      -2.4
Virginia .......................|     7.0   |     4.0   |      -3.0
Washington .....................|     9.1   |     5.1   |      -4.0
West Virginia ..................|     8.5   |     4.8   |      -3.7
Wisconsin ......................|     6.1   |     3.9   |      -2.2
Wyoming ........................|     6.2   |     4.9   |      -1.3
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
July 2021 to August 2021, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
            State             |    July     |   August    |---------------------------
                              |    2021     |   2021(p)   |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
California ...................|  16,527,800 |  16,632,100 |     104,300 |      0.6
Hawaii .......................|     582,100 |     576,400 |      -5,700 |     -1.0
Iowa .........................|   1,534,900 |   1,528,400 |      -6,500 |      -.4
Kentucky .....................|   1,860,400 |   1,881,200 |      20,800 |      1.1
Maryland .....................|   2,657,900 |   2,669,800 |      11,900 |       .4
Nevada .......................|   1,338,500 |   1,350,400 |      11,900 |       .9
New Jersey ...................|   3,960,700 |   3,981,000 |      20,300 |       .5
New Mexico ...................|     806,100 |     811,500 |       5,400 |       .7
New York .....................|   8,936,100 |   8,959,600 |      23,500 |       .3
North Carolina ...............|   4,530,900 |   4,517,700 |     -13,200 |      -.3
                              |             |             |             |       
Oregon .......................|   1,871,900 |   1,879,800 |       7,900 |       .4
Texas ........................|  12,721,000 |  12,760,300 |      39,300 |       .3
Utah .........................|   1,613,300 |   1,620,300 |       7,000 |       .4
Washington ...................|   3,400,700 |   3,417,500 |      16,800 |       .5
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
August 2020 to August 2021, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             |  Over-the-year change(p)
            State             |   August    |   August    |---------------------------
                              |    2020     |   2021(p)   |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   1,969,900 |   2,030,400 |      60,500 |      3.1
Alaska .......................|     290,800 |     304,400 |      13,600 |      4.7
Arizona ......................|   2,825,900 |   2,983,500 |     157,600 |      5.6
Arkansas .....................|   1,236,400 |   1,268,800 |      32,400 |      2.6
California ...................|  15,757,800 |  16,632,100 |     874,300 |      5.5
Colorado .....................|   2,619,200 |   2,736,600 |     117,400 |      4.5
Connecticut ..................|   1,549,500 |   1,605,300 |      55,800 |      3.6
Delaware .....................|     437,800 |     452,500 |      14,700 |      3.4
District of Columbia .........|     734,000 |     749,700 |      15,700 |      2.1
Florida ......................|   8,399,500 |   8,777,200 |     377,700 |      4.5
                              |             |             |             |       
Georgia ......................|   4,360,100 |   4,559,600 |     199,500 |      4.6
Hawaii .......................|     527,100 |     576,400 |      49,300 |      9.4
Idaho ........................|     760,200 |     788,800 |      28,600 |      3.8
Illinois .....................|   5,635,600 |   5,799,300 |     163,700 |      2.9
Indiana ......................|   2,992,300 |   3,059,800 |      67,500 |      2.3
Iowa .........................|   1,491,000 |   1,528,400 |      37,400 |      2.5
Kansas .......................|   1,358,600 |   1,381,100 |      22,500 |      1.7
Kentucky .....................|   1,834,200 |   1,881,200 |      47,000 |      2.6
Louisiana ....................|   1,807,300 |   1,849,100 |      41,800 |      2.3
Maine ........................|     585,700 |     617,200 |      31,500 |      5.4
                              |             |             |             |       
Maryland .....................|   2,542,800 |   2,669,800 |     127,000 |      5.0
Massachusetts ................|   3,318,800 |   3,503,500 |     184,700 |      5.6
Michigan .....................|   4,043,500 |   4,172,000 |     128,500 |      3.2
Minnesota ....................|   2,751,600 |   2,852,700 |     101,100 |      3.7
Mississippi ..................|   1,104,900 |   1,132,500 |      27,600 |      2.5
Missouri .....................|   2,766,000 |   2,839,400 |      73,400 |      2.7
Montana ......................|     468,500 |     481,700 |      13,200 |      2.8
Nebraska .....................|     985,900 |   1,017,900 |      32,000 |      3.2
Nevada .......................|   1,247,100 |   1,350,400 |     103,300 |      8.3
New Hampshire ................|     636,700 |     659,500 |      22,800 |      3.6
                              |             |             |             |       
New Jersey ...................|   3,775,200 |   3,981,000 |     205,800 |      5.5
New Mexico ...................|     778,900 |     811,500 |      32,600 |      4.2
New York .....................|   8,548,500 |   8,959,600 |     411,100 |      4.8
North Carolina ...............|   4,356,300 |   4,517,700 |     161,400 |      3.7
North Dakota .................|     407,200 |     417,500 |      10,300 |      2.5
Ohio .........................|   5,232,400 |   5,345,900 |     113,500 |      2.2
Oklahoma .....................|   1,607,700 |   1,636,200 |      28,500 |      1.8
Oregon .......................|   1,811,400 |   1,879,800 |      68,400 |      3.8
Pennsylvania .................|   5,551,900 |   5,743,000 |     191,100 |      3.4
Rhode Island .................|     457,300 |     477,900 |      20,600 |      4.5
                              |             |             |             |       
South Carolina ...............|   2,069,300 |   2,137,800 |      68,500 |      3.3
South Dakota .................|     424,800 |     437,800 |      13,000 |      3.1
Tennessee ....................|   2,973,200 |   3,094,800 |     121,600 |      4.1
Texas ........................|  12,079,300 |  12,760,300 |     681,000 |      5.6
Utah .........................|   1,538,900 |   1,620,300 |      81,400 |      5.3
Vermont ......................|     281,700 |     299,600 |      17,900 |      6.4
Virginia .....................|   3,830,700 |   3,913,200 |      82,500 |      2.2
Washington ...................|   3,245,800 |   3,417,500 |     171,700 |      5.3
West Virginia ................|     665,900 |     690,000 |      24,100 |      3.6
Wisconsin ....................|   2,813,600 |   2,876,800 |      63,200 |      2.2
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.



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Last Modified Date: September 17, 2021