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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Cumberland (Maryland-West Virginia) MSA

The Cumberland metropolitan statistical area (MSA) includes parts of Maryland and West Virginia.

Occupational divisions in Cumberland:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 130 $17.92 $19.42 $40,400 3.9%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 40 $20.24 $20.84 $43,360 2.9%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 30 $13.80 $15.20 $31,610 2.2%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 60 $16.26 $18.83 $39,160 2.7%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 50 $18.80 $21.94 $45,640 8.9%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 40 $23.14 $24.95 $51,890 4.3%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 130 $20.04 $20.29 $42,200 10.7%
    15017 Construction Managers 50 $18.70 $20.59 $42,830 3.7%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 40 $21.19 $21.22 $44,150 3.7%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 170 $10.68 $11.22 $23,330 4.0%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 60 $19.50 $19.55 $40,660 2.5%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 1,010 $17.60 $20.70 $43,060 2.8%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 240 $19.62 $22.95 $47,740 6.0%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 50 $13.19 $17.61 $36,620 12.3%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 110 $17.34 $21.28 $44,250 8.4%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 40 $15.99 $17.01 $35,380 3.5%
    21902 Cost Estimators 30 $13.99 $16.06 $33,400 4.2%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 30 $11.72 $12.82 $26,670 2.1%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 70 $17.67 $19.42 $40,400 2.4%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 50 $20.19 $20.79 $43,230 5.7%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 30 $24.19 $25.13 $52,280 3.4%
    22514 Drafters 50 $14.92 $14.66 $30,490 2.2%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 30 $10.70 $10.74 $22,330 12.6%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 30 $16.19 $18.77 $39,040 4.1%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 40 $12.48 $14.29 $29,720 5.5%
    25105 Computer Programmers 30 $18.03 $18.88 $39,270 2.5%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27108 Psychologists (*) $11.11 $17.19 $35,750 4.0%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 100 $14.75 $16.81 $34,970 9.3%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 90 $11.91 $12.52 $26,040 3.2%
    27307 Residential Counselors 90 $8.01 $8.44 $17,560 6.6%
    27308 Human Services Workers 320 $11.37 $10.15 $21,100 5.5%
    27311 Recreation Workers 150 $6.52 $7.27 $15,120 3.2%
      Law and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 50 $25.48 $28.77 $59,840 18.3%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 60 $8.56 $8.93 $18,570 5.4%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 50 * * $25,030 18.2%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 530 * * $38,840 9.8%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School (*) * * $40,030 5.8%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education (*) * * $41,630 8.9%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 40 $18.61 $19.55 $40,670 7.5%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors (*) $20.71 $21.27 $44,230 8.6%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 70 $15.26 $19.14 $39,810 10.9%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 130 $9.68 $9.29 $19,330 9.2%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 160 # $56.63** $117,800** 14.9%
    32105 Dentists (*) $45.33 $44.82** $93,230** 27.4%
    32308 Physical Therapists 30 $22.44 $25.77 $53,600 7.9%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists (*) $48.93 $37.95 $78,930 5.2%
    32502 Registered Nurses 970 $16.20 $16.94 $35,240 3.6%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 260 $11.30 $11.90 $24,750 3.6%
    32517 Pharmacists 90 $32.82 $29.31 $60,960 5.3%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 90 $7.89 $8.76 $18,230 7.1%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 70 $17.01 $16.73 $34,800 6.7%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 40 $14.89 $14.75 $30,690 3.4%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 30 $10.47 $10.67 $22,180 4.3%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 90 $14.32 $14.81 $30,810 5.8%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 40 $11.86 $12.41 $25,800 4.6%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 140 $9.05 $11.59 $24,110 4.0%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 30 $14.07 $15.82 $32,900 10.2%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 30 $5.84 $8.62 $17,920 21.4%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 50 $6.64 $7.51 $15,630 4.1%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 40 $17.09 $18.93 $39,370 10.3%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 40 $13.79 $15.91 $33,100 2.6%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 490 $11.82 $12.94 $26,910 2.1%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 40 $9.82 $9.94 $20,670 14.0%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 40 $13.03 $15.62 $32,490 13.1%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 150 $15.41 $18.09 $37,620 4.2%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 1,520 $6.34 $7.25 $15,080 1.6%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 90 $8.52 $9.10 $18,920 4.4%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 150 $6.03 $6.61 $13,760 2.5%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 450 $6.23 $6.74 $14,010 3.0%
    49023 Cashiers 1,030 $6.18 $6.50 $13,520 1.3%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 210 $7.26 $7.66 $15,930 2.9%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 330 $11.48 $12.86 $26,750 1.8%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 150 $7.83 $7.99 $16,630 2.4%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 30 $9.67 $10.09 $20,980 2.5%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 30 $9.55 $9.98 $20,760 1.9%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 120 $7.73 $8.39 $17,440 4.9%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 120 $9.68 $10.59 $22,030 4.1%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 80 $5.90 $6.04 $12,560 3.5%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers (*) $8.85 $9.52 $19,810 1.3%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical (*) $7.77 $7.84 $16,320 1.5%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 100 $8.73 $9.49 $19,750 7.0%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 230 $8.74 $8.67 $18,040 3.3%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 760 $8.66 $9.30 $19,340 2.9%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 240 $7.31 $7.66 $15,940 1.5%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 70 $8.33 $8.72 $18,150 2.5%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 30 $11.72 $12.00 $24,970 1.2%
    55321 File Clerks 50 $5.91 $6.65 $13,830 3.2%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 130 $6.45 $7.16 $14,900 2.9%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 30 $9.89 $10.18 $21,170 2.3%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 440 $8.58 $9.15 $19,030 1.7%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 40 $10.16 $10.85 $22,570 2.7%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 100 $9.55 $9.63 $20,030 2.1%
    55347 General Office Clerks 740 $7.80 $8.52 $17,720 1.8%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 40 $9.81 $9.99 $20,780 2.9%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 50 $7.79 $8.70 $18,100 2.3%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 50 $8.60 $8.60 $17,880 1.7%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 30 $10.94 $11.04 $22,950 2.9%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 50 $9.80 $12.09 $25,160 2.1%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 210 $8.30 $9.01 $18,740 1.0%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 30 $7.98 $8.53 $17,750 4.1%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 270 $9.60 $10.99 $22,850 3.0%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 70 $10.84 $11.80 $24,540 1.3%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 30 $10.15 $10.13 $21,060 7.6%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 170 $9.53 $11.42 $23,760 2.6%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 150 $6.62 $9.02 $18,760 3.3%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 50 $6.04 $6.25 $13,010 4.0%
    65005 Bartenders 320 $5.87 $6.19 $12,880 4.8%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 650 $5.82 $5.86 $12,180 3.7%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 70 $5.94 $6.00 $12,490 2.8%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 40 $6.09 $6.64 $13,820 3.0%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 30 $9.13 $9.20 $19,130 4.0%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 230 $6.34 $6.61 $13,740 2.8%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 170 $7.89 $8.74 $18,180 1.6%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 340 $6.06 $6.24 $12,980 4.0%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order (*) $5.90 $5.80 $12,070 3.6%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 330 $5.95 $6.33 $13,170 3.5%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 460 $5.81 $5.95 $12,370 3.1%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 50 $10.65 $11.42 $23,760 5.3%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 800 $8.09 $8.10 $16,840 2.4%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 40 $10.07 $10.95 $22,780 5.1%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 50 $9.45 $9.73 $20,240 2.1%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 340 $6.21 $6.55 $13,610 2.6%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 670 $6.66 $7.69 $15,990 4.1%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 150 $5.89 $6.65 $13,840 5.2%
    68041 Funeral Attendants 40 $7.81 $9.13 $18,990 18.5%
      Other Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 40 $8.00 $8.55 $17,780 1.5%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 130 $7.59 $8.14 $16,930 1.5%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 100 $16.60 $17.50 $36,390 3.1%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 40 $17.14 $16.91 $35,180 2.6%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 100 $15.45 $16.89 $35,120 1.6%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 40 $16.37 $16.98 $35,310 1.8%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 50 $14.84 $14.77 $30,710 1.5%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 100 $14.89 $14.05 $29,210 2.5%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 70 $12.52 $15.19 $31,590 5.2%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 410 $10.24 $11.17 $23,230 2.6%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 190 $9.62 $10.42 $21,670 3.2%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 120 $9.40 $9.72 $20,220 5.8%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 70 $11.06 $11.13 $23,160 2.2%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 30 $13.69 $13.84 $28,800 2.0%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 30 $11.39 $11.96 $24,870 1.3%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 100 $12.87 $13.06 $27,160 2.9%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 190 $13.68 $14.05 $29,230 4.4%
    87202 Electricians 170 $19.06 $18.02 $37,480 3.8%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 40 $13.68 $13.57 $28,220 1.9%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89108 Machinists 60 $10.33 $11.30 $23,500 1.3%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 30 $14.36 $15.68 $32,610 6.1%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $12.66 $12.82 $26,670 4.4%
    92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $7.33 $7.80 $16,230 1.8%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 70 $7.27 $7.33 $15,240 5.1%
    92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $10.59 $10.11 $21,030 14.8%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93914 Welders and Cutters 90 $20.34 $17.03 $35,420 6.5%
      Plant and System Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 40 $13.87 $13.78 $28,670 4.7%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 90 $11.50 $12.07 $25,110 1.8%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 410 $11.15 $11.38 $23,680 2.5%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 410 $9.62 $10.16 $21,140 3.2%
    97108 Bus Drivers 30 $10.49 $9.27 $19,290 10.8%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 170 $9.17 $9.17 $19,070 6.7%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 230 $6.87 $7.94 $16,520 2.7%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 50 $5.75 $6.12 $12,740 8.5%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 50 $8.44 $9.10 $18,920 1.8%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 40 $11.86 $13.01 $27,070 4.2%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 40 $13.92 $13.39 $27,850 3.2%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 180 $13.70 $12.95 $26,940 1.4%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 80 $10.89 $10.36 $21,550 1.1%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 50 $6.94 $7.56 $15,720 3.3%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 50 $9.42 $10.33 $21,480 8.5%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 50 $7.75 $8.27 $17,190 3.7%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors (*) $7.58 $7.72 $16,050 9.5%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 110 $9.21 $10.23 $21,280 1.6%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 260 $6.81 $6.86 $14,260 1.7%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 60 $6.49 $6.70 $13,940 1.9%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 560 $11.51 $11.72 $24,380 2.1%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

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    Statewide estimates for:

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001