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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Florence, Alabama MSA

Florence is a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in Alabama.

Occupational divisions in Florence:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 270 $17.83 $21.24 $44,170 5.2%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 70 $17.50 $20.93 $43,540 5.7%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 70 $19.01 $21.27 $44,240 4.9%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 120 $18.12 $20.81 $43,280 5.3%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 70 $18.21 $21.10 $43,890 7.1%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 50 $29.77 $28.57 $59,420 2.7%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 130 $29.83 $28.01 $58,260 3.9%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 90 $13.98 $18.10 $37,650 8.1%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 70 $14.48 $14.30 $29,740 10.3%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 140 $15.31 $19.28 $40,090 5.6%
    15017 Construction Managers 100 $21.13 $23.52 $48,920 6.0%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 50 $21.05 $20.37 $42,380 3.4%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 150 $11.17 $12.72 $26,450 7.5%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 1,520 $19.08 $23.84 $49,580 2.2%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 190 $20.31 $21.84 $45,430 2.5%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 90 $14.16 $16.45 $34,210 5.7%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 260 $14.13 $15.49 $32,220 3.0%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 30 $13.34 $15.23 $31,690 2.5%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 30 $13.80 $13.71 $28,520 2.9%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 40 $17.75 $17.90 $37,240 2.0%
    21902 Cost Estimators 40 $14.38 $20.27 $42,160 9.4%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22114 Chemical Engineers 50 $30.46 $29.13 $60,590 4.2%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 50 $24.39 $26.33 $54,770 3.9%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 30 $21.67 $20.55 $42,750 2.2%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 80 $21.37 $22.76 $47,350 3.6%
    22199 All Other Engineers 80 $25.99 $24.12 $50,160 4.4%
    22514 Drafters 110 $12.34 $12.94 $26,920 1.1%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 40 $10.22 $11.65 $24,220 4.8%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 40 $11.92 $13.43 $27,940 2.0%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 70 $22.38 $22.39 $46,560 4.7%
    25105 Computer Programmers 100 $17.15 $19.13 $39,800 5.7%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 90 $11.77 $12.79 $26,590 5.2%
    27308 Human Services Workers 50 $8.91 $9.85 $20,480 6.3%
    27311 Recreation Workers 50 $8.05 $8.23 $17,110 2.5%
      Law and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 70 $19.84 $25.32 $52,670 19.2%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 40 $7.62 $8.78 $18,260 8.7%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 90 * * $35,280 2.9%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 740 * * $37,680 5.4%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 580 * * $35,950 2.3%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 190 * * $36,990 2.3%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 180 $19.53 $19.26 $40,060 2.6%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 100 $14.35 $13.44 $27,960 7.0%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 60 $18.07 $18.11 $37,660 2.0%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 30 $9.29 $9.56 $19,880 1.6%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 80 $18.15 $17.60 $36,610 1.6%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 310 $5.79 $5.91 $12,280 5.0%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 160 # $55.11** $114,630** 11.9%
    32105 Dentists 30 $54.34 $48.30** $100,470** 15.5%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 50 $14.26 $14.38 $29,900 2.2%
    32308 Physical Therapists 40 $21.28 $21.99 $45,740 6.1%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 30 $18.20 $19.50 $40,560 3.8%
    32502 Registered Nurses 900 $16.27 $16.76 $34,850 2.2%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 650 $9.98 $9.86 $20,500 1.9%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 30 $11.70 $11.20 $23,290 4.7%
    32517 Pharmacists 90 $30.74 $28.35 $58,970 3.6%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 120 $7.52 $7.75 $16,110 4.8%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 40 $15.02 $15.67 $32,590 1.9%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 90 $11.13 $11.15 $23,190 1.6%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 90 $11.40 $11.78 $24,500 6.0%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 50 $7.62 $7.68 $15,970 1.8%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 60 $13.54 $14.69 $30,560 2.6%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 230 $11.02 $11.85 $24,640 5.8%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 50 $6.77 $7.50 $15,600 4.3%
    34023 Photographers (*) $8.05 $8.74 $18,180 2.7%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 50 $8.23 $9.52 $19,810 3.1%
    34041 Interior Designers 30 $8.19 $9.72 $20,220 1.9%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 660 $11.45 $14.08 $29,280 3.2%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 110 $17.25 $19.04 $39,610 9.2%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 50 $20.01 $28.61 $59,510 21.2%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 50 $13.17 $13.19 $27,440 3.2%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 70 $11.51 $13.89 $28,900 3.1%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 50 $18.72 $21.38 $44,480 4.5%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 2,180 $6.45 $7.88 $16,390 1.9%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 190 $9.06 $10.16 $21,140 5.9%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 260 $6.16 $6.66 $13,850 2.8%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 600 $6.28 $6.72 $13,980 1.5%
    49023 Cashiers 2,040 $6.17 $6.49 $13,490 1.1%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers (*) $8.17 $11.77 $24,470 2.4%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 370 $14.29 $16.73 $34,800 2.1%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 410 $7.57 $7.66 $15,930 1.9%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 100 $8.00 $8.10 $16,850 1.9%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 40 $7.86 $8.09 $16,830 1.5%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 50 $9.74 $10.03 $20,860 1.0%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 40 $20.55 $19.68 $40,940 20.0%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 60 $8.84 $9.11 $18,960 3.0%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks (*) $10.43 $9.89 $20,570 4.8%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 60 $9.70 $9.50 $19,750 2.5%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 30 $5.95 $6.19 $12,870 3.1%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 100 $5.98 $6.21 $12,910 3.4%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 130 $10.99 $10.92 $22,710 1.3%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 150 $7.63 $7.64 $15,890 2.6%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 860 $9.01 $9.53 $19,810 1.1%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 40 $10.45 $10.05 $20,910 3.5%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 380 $7.46 $7.62 $15,850 1.5%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 130 $9.09 $9.51 $19,770 1.1%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 50 $10.01 $10.28 $21,390 0.9%
    55321 File Clerks 100 $6.06 $6.52 $13,560 2.2%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 90 $8.87 $9.01 $18,740 3.6%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 40 $8.22 $8.61 $17,900 1.6%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 90 $10.81 $10.92 $22,710 2.2%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 620 $9.73 $10.07 $20,950 1.5%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 70 $9.80 $10.02 $20,850 1.7%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 110 $9.08 $9.25 $19,240 1.9%
    55347 General Office Clerks 1,130 $8.14 $9.72 $20,210 1.6%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 50 $8.55 $8.76 $18,220 1.6%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 60 $9.69 $9.81 $20,400 1.9%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 50 $8.66 $8.67 $18,040 1.9%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 70 $7.33 $7.35 $15,290 1.3%
    57311 Messengers 30 $6.17 $7.34 $15,270 5.7%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 30 $8.85 $8.69 $18,080 2.5%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 30 $12.54 $13.02 $27,080 2.1%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 60 $17.64 $16.87 $35,080 1.8%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 280 $8.09 $8.69 $18,070 0.9%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 510 $8.38 $9.04 $18,810 1.7%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers (*) $9.79 $10.46 $21,750 1.1%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 240 $8.30 $9.90 $20,580 3.1%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 30 $19.11 $20.89 $43,440 6.9%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 330 $9.09 $10.18 $21,170 2.1%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 60 $14.84 $14.74 $30,670 1.6%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 80 $6.06 $6.27 $13,040 2.6%
    65005 Bartenders 70 $6.35 $6.55 $13,630 3.3%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 960 $5.91 $6.24 $12,990 3.6%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 80 $5.88 $6.09 $12,660 2.4%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 50 $5.91 $5.96 $12,390 2.4%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 40 $7.43 $7.48 $15,560 2.0%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 60 $8.94 $8.90 $18,500 4.7%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 320 $6.80 $7.05 $14,660 3.0%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 510 $6.08 $6.23 $12,950 2.6%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 460 $5.80 $5.83 $12,130 2.2%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 100 $6.71 $6.84 $14,230 9.8%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 270 $6.10 $6.24 $12,990 2.7%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 830 $6.19 $6.29 $13,070 2.8%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 70 $6.52 $6.92 $14,380 3.1%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 120 $7.34 $7.55 $15,700 3.8%
    66005 Medical Assistants 150 $7.65 $7.65 $15,900 2.6%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 690 $6.87 $7.01 $14,590 2.7%
    66011 Home Health Aides 150 $7.27 $7.40 $15,380 2.3%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 140 $12.95 $14.82 $30,830 3.2%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 290 $6.03 $6.32 $13,150 2.2%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 600 $6.69 $7.30 $15,180 1.7%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 70 $9.38 $9.38 $19,520 12.0%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 100 $7.90 $8.60 $17,890 2.4%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 210 $6.55 $7.08 $14,720 7.0%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 140 $5.74 $5.83 $12,130 2.4%
    68038 Child Care Workers 190 $5.78 $5.92 $12,320 2.5%
      Other Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 120 $7.85 $9.23 $19,200 2.6%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    73008 Log-Handling Equipment Operators 60 $12.58 $12.07 $25,110 2.4%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 260 $7.09 $7.52 $15,640 2.7%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 40 $6.67 $6.85 $14,250 4.3%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 170 $17.98 $18.26 $37,990 1.6%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 130 $15.85 $16.94 $35,240 2.5%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 340 $13.29 $14.96 $31,110 2.6%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 40 $15.91 $16.31 $33,920 1.5%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 70 $13.63 $14.20 $29,540 1.2%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 60 $13.98 $17.10 $35,580 1.8%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 80 $10.86 $11.40 $23,720 1.1%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 280 $10.58 $9.83 $20,440 1.6%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 150 $11.92 $13.68 $28,450 1.6%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 90 $11.74 $13.35 $27,780 1.4%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 370 $10.28 $11.71 $24,360 3.0%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 250 $11.70 $12.84 $26,710 2.4%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 210 $11.84 $11.77 $24,470 4.3%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 70 $12.74 $12.28 $25,530 2.1%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 30 $13.39 $13.64 $28,360 1.6%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 80 $16.22 $16.05 $33,380 13.9%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 40 $12.67 $12.94 $26,900 13.1%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 30 $15.39 $19.56 $40,680 5.4%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 100 $11.78 $11.62 $24,180 3.3%
    85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 30 $9.46 $9.03 $18,780 6.2%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 50 $8.77 $9.05 $18,830 8.5%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 100 $10.55 $10.93 $22,730 2.3%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 270 $11.96 $12.80 $26,630 6.7%
    87202 Electricians 610 $13.02 $14.11 $29,340 2.9%
    87302 Brickmasons 80 $16.96 $16.04 $33,370 2.0%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 70 $11.17 $10.88 $22,630 2.1%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 140 $12.65 $12.93 $26,890 5.5%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 350 $18.22 $18.42 $38,320 2.2%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 90 $12.05 $11.55 $24,020 8.7%
    87808 Roofers 40 $9.49 $9.43 $19,620 2.2%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers 130 $10.88 $11.64 $24,210 7.6%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 160 $12.91 $12.72 $26,450 4.1%
    89108 Machinists 610 $13.07 $14.67 $30,510 3.1%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 250 $13.08 $14.05 $29,230 2.7%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters (*) $11.77 $11.55 $24,030 5.0%
    89508 Upholsterers (*) $10.07 $9.63 $20,040 1.4%
    89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 50 $9.31 $11.91 $24,770 4.9%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $11.05 $12.28 $25,550 9.8%
    92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 40 $8.19 $8.34 $17,340 4.6%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 1,920 $9.18 $9.22 $19,180 2.0%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 90 $6.85 $6.94 $14,440 2.1%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 80 $6.68 $7.54 $15,680 3.9%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 90 $11.16 $11.23 $23,360 1.0%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93914 Welders and Cutters 90 $10.98 $11.62 $24,170 2.0%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 950 $7.87 $7.94 $16,520 1.4%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 460 $8.05 $8.41 $17,480 2.2%
      Plant and System Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 80 $19.40 $19.31 $40,160 1.9%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 750 $12.46 $12.91 $26,860 2.0%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 580 $8.35 $8.95 $18,620 1.5%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 290 $5.65 $5.56 $11,560 2.9%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 200 $6.52 $8.24 $17,130 6.6%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 40 $8.05 $9.09 $18,910 10.8%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 30 $8.67 $9.73 $20,230 8.5%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 210 $11.12 $11.07 $23,030 1.3%
    97956 Operating Engineers 160 $9.13 $11.10 $23,090 1.8%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 60 $14.68 $14.42 $29,990 3.3%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 140 $8.31 $8.69 $18,070 2.0%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 50 $8.90 $8.61 $17,910 1.8%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 50 $7.85 $7.78 $16,190 3.8%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 80 $10.33 $12.16 $25,300 5.0%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 370 $7.83 $8.34 $17,350 1.8%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 620 $7.45 $7.66 $15,930 1.8%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 110 $6.11 $6.79 $14,110 6.0%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,580 $10.74 $9.91 $20,620 1.4%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

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    Statewide estimates for Alabama

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001