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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (Virginia-North Carolina) MSA

The Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News metropolitan statistical area (MSA) includes parts of Virginia and North Carolina.

Occupational divisions in Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 2,600 $23.02 $25.11 $52,230 2.2%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 940 $23.39 $23.71 $49,310 2.6%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 600 $18.31 $20.24 $42,090 2.0%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 1,890 $21.52 $25.22 $52,460 3.8%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 1,710 $22.51 $22.87 $47,560 2.5%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 1,890 $33.90 $30.97 $64,430 2.6%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15002 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 70 $20.05 $21.09 $43,860 1.7%
    15005 Education Administrators 2,360 $26.95 $26.56 $55,240 2.9%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 840 $22.47 $24.22 $50,380 3.0%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 1,100 $13.12 $15.11 $31,430 6.5%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 590 $25.46 $26.28 $54,670 3.2%
    15017 Construction Managers 2,030 $22.13 $23.97 $49,860 2.6%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 780 $21.31 $22.41 $46,620 4.4%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 2,480 $12.24 $12.69 $26,400 2.2%
    15032 Lawn Service Managers 170 $13.41 $13.80 $28,700 6.5%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 250 $6.18 $17.16 $35,680 11.0%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 16,670 $22.90 $26.27 $54,640 1.5%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 4,960 $20.41 $22.21 $46,200 1.7%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
      Management Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters 70 $14.47 $16.57 $34,470 4.0%
    21105 Credit Analysts 60 $18.63 $19.61 $40,780 4.7%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 1,420 $16.84 $19.23 $40,000 3.1%
    21111 Tax Preparers 360 $10.62 $10.58 $22,010 10.3%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 3,550 $16.57 $17.68 $36,780 1.9%
    21117 Budget Analysts 660 $20.94 $22.05 $45,860 1.9%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 1,180 $14.61 $16.31 $33,920 1.8%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 450 $14.75 $17.93 $37,280 4.4%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 50 $12.14 $12.54 $26,090 5.1%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,840 $15.76 $17.07 $35,510 12.5%
    21505 Special Agents, Insurance 340 $14.37 $17.70 $36,810 23.8%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 2,160 $15.06 $16.11 $33,510 3.4%
    21902 Cost Estimators 900 $17.93 $18.65 $38,780 3.2%
    21905 Management Analysts 1,490 $21.95 $23.60 $49,100 2.6%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 500 $16.80 $16.79 $34,920 1.0%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 1,030 $15.63 $17.11 $35,590 1.9%
    21914 Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents 170 $20.13 $20.10 $41,800 6.9%
    21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 120 $11.32 $15.75 $32,750 14.4%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 3,460 $17.22 $18.44 $38,350 1.3%
      Engineers and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22105 Metallurgists and Metallurgical, Ceramic, and Materials Engineers 80 $28.87 $27.60 $57,410 4.3%
    22114 Chemical Engineers 170 $26.81 $29.59 $61,550 2.4%
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 1,030 $23.98 $24.81 $51,610 2.3%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 1,840 $32.13 $30.44 $63,320 4.5%
    22127 Computer Engineers 1,510 $24.66 $26.00 $54,070 2.5%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 430 $26.54 $25.51 $53,070 2.7%
    22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 100 $21.92 $22.57 $46,950 2.1%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 1,140 $24.84 $25.57 $53,190 2.5%
    22138 Marine Engineers 140 $22.87 $24.23 $50,400 5.6%
    22199 All Other Engineers 3,990 $23.85 $25.23 $52,470 1.9%
    22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 280 $31.04 $28.48 $59,240 5.8%
    22308 Landscape Architects 60 $16.30 $19.60 $40,770 12.8%
    22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 240 $14.46 $16.00 $33,280 5.3%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 550 $17.14 $17.77 $36,960 3.6%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 2,160 $18.53 $19.93 $41,440 3.0%
    22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists 130 $21.14 $23.09 $48,020 3.2%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 790 $19.36 $20.32 $42,260 2.6%
    22514 Drafters 1,470 $13.12 $13.89 $28,900 2.3%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 410 $13.59 $13.42 $27,920 2.6%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 3,040 $19.63 $19.55 $40,660 2.4%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24102 Physicists and Astronomers 60 $34.72 $31.96 $66,470 5.3%
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 180 $20.03 $21.49 $44,690 2.0%
    24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 90 $21.85 $22.44 $46,670 2.3%
    24199 All Other Physical Scientists 520 $19.39 $22.23 $46,230 3.1%
    24308 Biological Scientists 420 $18.89 $21.21 $44,110 3.2%
    24311 Medical Scientists 130 $28.19 $27.39 $56,980 7.0%
    24399 All Other Life Scientists 70 $19.85 $20.21 $42,040 2.0%
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health (*) $13.40 $14.16 $29,450 1.4%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 160 $11.23 $11.32 $23,540 9.7%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 660 $16.16 $15.79 $32,840 2.7%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 3,560 $22.72 $23.60 $49,090 1.9%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 480 $21.96 $23.90 $49,700 1.9%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 2,190 $12.92 $14.46 $30,080 3.5%
    25105 Computer Programmers 1,860 $19.86 $21.83 $45,400 3.2%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 410 $13.60 $13.85 $28,800 1.3%
    25199 All Other Computer Scientists 320 $21.84 $22.15 $46,080 4.6%
    25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 650 $22.82 $23.47 $48,820 2.1%
    25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 140 $21.32 $22.87 $47,560 5.2%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27102 Economists, Including Market Research Analysts 290 $22.25 $22.31 $46,410 2.1%
    27105 Urban and Regional Planners 1,090 $17.38 $18.20 $37,860 5.6%
    27108 Psychologists 490 $22.62 $24.06 $50,050 3.2%
    27199 All Other Social Scientists 300 $23.54 $23.75 $49,400 3.5%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 1,750 $15.24 $16.32 $33,950 2.8%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 2,830 $13.28 $13.67 $28,440 4.5%
    27307 Residential Counselors 660 $10.12 $11.64 $24,210 2.8%
    27308 Human Services Workers 1,470 $10.34 $11.69 $24,310 8.0%
    27311 Recreation Workers 1,050 $9.36 $9.63 $20,030 5.8%
    27502 Clergy 110 $11.65 $14.03 $29,190 5.9%
    27505 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 90 $11.14 $11.23 $23,370 6.9%
    27599 All Other Religious Workers 50 $11.45 $9.70 $20,170 11.2%
      Law and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28105 Adjudicators, Hearings Officers, and Judicial Reviewers 180 $15.83 $16.42 $34,150 0.9%
    28108 Lawyers 1,270 $35.74 $35.13 $73,080 6.4%
    28302 Law Clerks 130 $11.94 $12.86 $26,750 1.3%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 710 $12.11 $12.48 $25,950 4.3%
    28308 Title Searchers 90 $11.12 $10.46 $21,760 3.6%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31111 Lecturers 50 $9.61 $12.00 $24,950 3.9%
    31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 190 * * $41,690 9.1%
    31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 180 * * $47,470 9.7%
    31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 80 * * $48,080 10.0%
    31206 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary 60 * * $63,920 7.0%
    31209 All Other Physical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 100 * * $61,530 10.7%
    31212 Health Assessment and Treatment Teachers, Postsecondary 60 * * $46,260 6.1%
    31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $45,250 8.1%
    31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 350 * * $41,020 6.5%
    31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 120 * * $38,660 10.1%
    31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 170 * * $45,360 8.1%
    31222 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary 220 * * $60,360 12.6%
    31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 280 * * $40,700 13.4%
    31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 220 * * $53,490 9.3%
    31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 110 * * $49,080 11.3%
    31232 Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $72,740 13.0%
    31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary 80 * * $54,260 8.4%
    31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 160 * * $43,360 9.2%
    31236 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 80 * * $59,820 5.0%
    31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 160 * * $47,910 9.1%
    31239 All Other Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $24,570 19.6%
    31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 370 * * $46,920 12.3%
    31244 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $68,280 9.8%
    31246 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $41,920 10.1%
    31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 120 * * $44,070 6.0%
    31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 80 * * $35,040 9.2%
    31258 Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $43,750 6.5%
    31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers 1,260 * * $44,800 7.6%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 1,610 $7.02 $8.23 $17,110 6.9%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 480 * * $27,670 5.8%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 10,410 * * $33,370 1.0%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 8,210 * * $35,560 1.4%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 1,270 * * $31,980 0.9%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 1,140 $15.87 $16.55 $34,420 4.7%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 340 $11.35 $11.62 $24,170 5.2%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 1,330 $7.09 $8.81 $18,330 4.7%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 3,770 * * $22,590 10.3%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 1,050 $18.08 $18.56 $38,600 1.5%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 460 $11.39 $10.75 $22,360 4.6%
    31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 70 $17.05 $18.85 $39,210 2.6%
    31511 Curators, Archivists, Museum Technicians, and Conservators 120 $14.10 $17.17 $35,710 6.1%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 1,070 $18.20 $18.93 $39,370 1.5%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 880 $19.11 $20.50 $42,640 2.7%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 3,000 $5.97 $6.67 $13,870 3.5%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 2,740 # $52.07** $108,320** 9.5%
    32105 Dentists 440 # $53.55** $111,390** 12.0%
    32108 Optometrists 130 $34.68 $31.58 $65,680 11.5%
    32111 Podiatrists 40 # $54.39** $113,140** 26.6%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 240 $21.51 $24.00 $49,930 11.5%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 400 $16.54 $16.69 $34,710 2.2%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 410 $21.62 $22.21 $46,190 2.2%
    32308 Physical Therapists 800 $29.04 $28.09 $58,430 2.7%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 510 $18.44 $21.07 $43,820 12.2%
    32317 Recreational Therapists 120 $12.56 $12.33 $25,650 2.0%
    32399 All Other Therapists 140 $14.68 $15.00 $31,190 6.8%
    32502 Registered Nurses 10,790 $18.06 $18.88 $39,270 1.1%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 4,380 $11.51 $11.57 $24,070 0.9%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 390 $10.77 $11.05 $22,980 3.1%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 360 $10.91 $11.06 $23,010 4.4%
    32517 Pharmacists 860 $34.08 $30.49 $63,410 1.5%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 800 $8.04 $8.93 $18,580 1.7%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 230 $15.43 $15.66 $32,580 2.1%
    32523 Dietetic Technicians 80 $9.13 $8.89 $18,490 5.5%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 790 $15.57 $15.54 $32,320 3.4%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 580 $11.71 $12.05 $25,070 2.4%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 760 $23.56 $23.82 $49,540 3.8%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 480 $9.88 $10.36 $21,540 2.2%
    32913 Radiation Therapists 60 $19.90 $21.10 $43,890 3.6%
    32914 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 80 $18.17 $18.15 $37,740 1.3%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 890 $14.04 $15.78 $32,820 2.9%
    32925 Cardiology Technologists 140 $17.15 $16.89 $35,130 2.0%
    32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 60 $9.86 $10.91 $22,690 2.6%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 210 $11.92 $11.91 $24,770 2.4%
    32931 Psychiatric Technicians 290 $9.24 $9.38 $19,500 1.7%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 140 $8.50 $8.94 $18,590 6.4%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 2,530 $10.94 $15.70 $32,660 9.1%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 800 $13.56 $16.52 $34,350 8.3%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 390 $12.34 $16.15 $33,590 13.2%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 370 $16.52 $17.65 $36,720 1.6%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 160 $11.40 $12.99 $27,020 7.0%
    34014 Broadcast News Analysts (*) $22.24 $26.76 $55,660 11.5%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 220 $7.94 $12.22 $25,420 16.4%
    34023 Photographers 300 $11.28 $11.92 $24,800 5.8%
    34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 70 $8.12 $8.88 $18,480 3.8%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians 140 $10.03 $10.59 $22,020 1.6%
    34032 Film Editors (*) $10.71 $12.11 $25,190 3.2%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 540 $11.59 $12.60 $26,210 2.7%
    34041 Interior Designers 180 $12.05 $12.60 $26,200 7.1%
    34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 80 $8.26 $8.53 $17,740 2.5%
    34047 Music Directors, Singers, Composers, and Related Workers 60 * * $26,200 12.4%
    34051 Musicians, Instrumental (*) * * $44,910 6.3%
    34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 730 * * $40,440 13.9%
    34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers 90 * * $22,930 5.0%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39005 Traffic Technicians 190 $18.46 $19.60 $40,760 2.4%
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 130 $15.46 $16.41 $34,130 4.2%
    39014 Embalmers (*) $11.66 $10.69 $22,230 13.1%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 5,140 $16.23 $17.31 $36,000 2.7%
    Sales and Related Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 9,360 $12.47 $14.78 $30,740 1.2%
      Sales Occupations, Services
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 1,450 $16.13 $19.10 $39,740 3.2%
    43005 Brokers, Real Estate (*) $19.61 $22.56 $46,930 5.5%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 830 $16.26 $22.02 $45,790 8.2%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 650 $21.92 $24.70 $51,370 7.0%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 1,810 $11.44 $12.18 $25,330 8.5%
    43021 Travel Agents 610 $9.76 $10.36 $21,560 3.1%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 580 $12.88 $15.25 $31,720 1.9%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 1,720 $10.73 $12.52 $26,040 6.6%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 1,710 $18.24 $21.65 $45,020 3.5%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 3,780 $16.01 $18.75 $39,010 2.6%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 26,180 $7.06 $8.15 $16,960 1.1%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 1,500 $10.40 $10.62 $22,080 1.8%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 2,810 $6.40 $6.94 $14,430 1.9%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 5,110 $6.72 $7.43 $15,450 1.3%
    49023 Cashiers 18,740 $6.12 $6.49 $13,490 1.1%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 5,350 $6.73 $6.94 $14,430 2.3%
    49034 Demonstrators and Promoters (*) $7.63 $7.83 $16,290 2.2%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 2,320 $9.11 $11.86 $24,660 2.1%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 8,430 $13.70 $14.82 $30,830 1.1%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 2,960 $8.54 $8.86 $18,420 2.3%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 450 $8.83 $9.36 $19,460 4.1%
    53108 Transit Clerks 30 $7.97 $8.13 $16,910 2.8%
    53111 Loan Interviewers 110 $8.07 $8.39 $17,460 3.8%
    53114 Credit Authorizers (*) $12.10 $11.58 $24,090 2.8%
    53117 Credit Checkers 340 $8.13 $8.52 $17,730 4.3%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 1,040 $10.14 $10.13 $21,080 3.1%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 3,390 $9.60 $9.93 $20,660 1.4%
    53128 Brokerage Clerks 320 $10.20 $10.15 $21,120 2.0%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 610 $20.72 $20.19 $42,000 7.5%
    53305 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage (*) $30.66 $27.29 $56,760 7.2%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 650 $9.80 $10.46 $21,750 2.6%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 650 $10.82 $10.52 $21,890 7.7%
    53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 860 $15.14 $15.87 $33,010 2.5%
    53505 Investigators, Clerical 40 $9.58 $12.14 $25,250 1.6%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 2,470 $9.49 $9.88 $20,540 2.0%
    53702 Court Clerks (*) $12.88 $13.86 $28,830 2.3%
    53802 Travel Clerks 120 $7.81 $8.05 $16,730 2.1%
    53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 970 $7.94 $8.75 $18,200 6.5%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 1,740 $6.51 $6.72 $13,980 1.6%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers (*) $8.70 $9.35 $19,440 2.5%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 2,660 $5.93 $6.26 $13,030 2.0%
    53908 Advertising Clerks (*) $11.51 $11.90 $24,750 6.0%
    53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (*) $8.62 $9.11 $18,950 4.5%
    53914 Real Estate Clerks 870 $7.55 $7.64 $15,890 5.0%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 1,120 $10.91 $11.06 $23,010 3.8%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 890 $9.69 $9.42 $19,590 5.2%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 13,200 $10.25 $10.42 $21,660 1.0%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 590 $11.24 $12.94 $26,920 8.4%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 7,190 $7.90 $8.12 $16,880 1.0%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 1,510 $9.60 $9.89 $20,580 2.0%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 820 $11.44 $11.35 $23,600 0.7%
    55317 Correspondence Clerks 60 $9.42 $9.49 $19,750 1.0%
    55321 File Clerks 980 $6.76 $7.25 $15,090 2.4%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 1,000 $8.80 $9.35 $19,450 1.7%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 290 $10.95 $10.92 $22,710 0.7%
    55328 Statistical Clerks 250 $10.86 $10.77 $22,390 2.4%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 1,190 $9.89 $10.02 $20,840 3.6%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 1,200 $12.49 $13.84 $28,780 5.4%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 9,000 $10.74 $11.10 $23,090 1.3%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 1,120 $11.38 $11.58 $24,080 2.0%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 2,020 $9.44 $9.71 $20,210 1.3%
    55347 General Office Clerks 13,710 $8.48 $9.48 $19,720 1.0%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators (*) $9.31 $9.44 $19,640 2.3%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 180 $7.95 $8.26 $17,170 2.2%
    56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 190 $8.48 $8.84 $18,380 1.5%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 1,700 $10.49 $11.07 $23,030 3.9%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 1,440 $8.55 $8.82 $18,350 1.4%
    56021 Data Keyers, Composing 140 $9.43 $9.58 $19,920 0.9%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 880 $7.60 $7.83 $16,290 1.0%
    57199 All Other Communications Equipment Operators 170 $14.03 $13.85 $28,800 1.2%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 480 $8.66 $8.80 $18,310 1.8%
    57305 Postal Mail Carriers 1,600 $16.95 $16.62 $34,570 1.3%
    57311 Messengers 340 $7.24 $7.45 $15,490 2.0%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 130 $10.54 $10.97 $22,810 2.4%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,050 $10.08 $11.48 $23,870 2.2%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 1,240 $15.51 $16.11 $33,510 1.7%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 180 $14.32 $13.71 $28,510 5.1%
    58021 Marking Clerks 120 $8.82 $8.66 $18,010 3.3%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 4,530 $9.53 $9.95 $20,700 1.1%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 1,000 $8.11 $8.38 $17,430 4.6%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 3,400 $9.48 $10.82 $22,510 1.9%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 1,200 $13.15 $12.62 $26,250 2.2%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 4,520 $10.78 $11.04 $22,970 1.7%
    Service Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 270 $17.88 $19.43 $40,410 2.5%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 480 $8.31 $8.83 $18,370 1.8%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 4,290 $9.58 $10.71 $22,270 2.0%
      Protective Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63008 Fire Fighters 650 $14.13 $14.56 $30,270 3.5%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 980 $13.52 $13.93 $28,970 2.0%
    63032 Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs (*) $13.17 $14.73 $30,640 3.4%
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 100 $10.61 $13.13 $27,300 13.2%
    63044 Crossing Guards 70 $8.75 $9.18 $19,090 1.4%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 5,560 $6.78 $7.59 $15,780 2.2%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 1,380 $6.14 $7.57 $15,740 5.7%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 1,710 $6.04 $6.23 $12,950 2.0%
    65005 Bartenders 1,250 $5.83 $5.97 $12,410 1.8%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 12,860 $5.82 $5.89 $12,250 1.2%
    65011 Food Servers, Outside 560 $6.05 $6.23 $12,960 1.9%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 1,780 $5.77 $5.81 $12,080 1.3%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 860 $5.92 $6.25 $13,000 1.4%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 780 $6.95 $7.24 $15,060 2.0%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 550 $10.16 $9.98 $20,770 2.0%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 4,590 $7.06 $7.23 $15,030 1.4%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 1,530 $7.97 $9.04 $18,810 1.8%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 4,350 $5.84 $6.02 $12,530 2.1%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 840 $5.88 $6.32 $13,140 2.5%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 6,340 $6.09 $6.41 $13,330 2.9%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 9,710 $5.86 $6.04 $12,560 1.6%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 2,050 $6.33 $7.12 $14,820 1.6%
      Health Service and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 1,320 $10.13 $10.06 $20,920 2.7%
    66005 Medical Assistants 1,670 $9.61 $9.53 $19,820 2.2%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 7,130 $7.21 $7.61 $15,840 3.8%
    66011 Home Health Aides 1,520 $6.55 $7.39 $15,370 5.3%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 370 $14.88 $14.34 $29,840 5.4%
    66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides (*) $12.93 $14.86 $30,900 3.3%
    66023 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 130 $8.29 $8.98 $18,670 3.8%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 1,180 $11.12 $11.09 $23,060 3.8%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 5,860 $6.07 $6.37 $13,260 1.0%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 10,460 $6.79 $7.31 $15,200 2.0%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 470 $8.01 $8.48 $17,640 7.9%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 1,150 $8.51 $9.75 $20,270 2.1%
      Personal Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68002 Barbers 100 $6.32 $7.90 $16,430 13.3%
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 2,420 $6.65 $8.18 $17,020 5.6%
    68008 Manicurists 100 $5.88 $6.47 $13,460 6.5%
    68011 Shampooers 240 $6.03 $6.74 $14,030 4.6%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 1,280 $5.85 $6.44 $13,390 4.7%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 90 $5.79 $6.11 $12,710 2.0%
    68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 120 $6.05 $6.21 $12,910 2.0%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 1,240 $6.31 $6.57 $13,670 3.2%
    68038 Child Care Workers 1,310 $5.93 $6.08 $12,640 1.9%
    68041 Funeral Attendants 200 $6.94 $7.70 $16,010 4.7%
      Other Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 1,410 $6.70 $8.92 $18,550 5.4%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 250 $11.51 $12.75 $26,520 5.6%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 500 $5.88 $6.53 $13,590 2.7%
    79033 Pruners (*) $8.02 $8.73 $18,160 10.4%
    79036 Sprayers/Applicators 80 $10.99 $10.71 $22,280 5.4%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 5,170 $7.45 $7.75 $16,120 1.2%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 240 $7.54 $7.61 $15,830 2.1%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 250 $10.16 $11.34 $23,580 2.4%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 2,650 $18.42 $19.41 $40,380 1.6%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 2,950 $17.34 $18.16 $37,780 1.9%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 2,640 $19.16 $19.09 $39,710 1.7%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 870 $17.46 $18.40 $38,270 2.3%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 880 $13.38 $14.01 $29,150 2.4%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 1,410 $19.98 $21.04 $43,770 4.0%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 950 $15.01 $14.66 $30,490 2.4%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 1,410 $14.12 $13.64 $28,370 3.8%
    83008 Transportation Inspectors (*) $8.25 $9.98 $20,750 5.2%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 480 $10.76 $11.96 $24,880 4.7%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 1,130 $13.47 $14.08 $29,290 2.5%
    85116 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Marine Equipment 580 $17.15 $17.22 $35,810 1.7%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant (*) $15.09 $15.89 $33,060 5.7%
    85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 280 $15.04 $15.16 $31,530 2.6%
    85123 Millwrights (*) $20.17 $19.67 $40,920 4.8%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 550 $13.15 $13.84 $28,780 3.8%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 6,240 $10.74 $11.25 $23,410 1.5%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 4,550 $12.35 $12.56 $26,130 2.0%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 950 $13.53 $13.79 $28,680 3.9%
    85308 Motorcycle Repairers 30 $10.39 $10.50 $21,850 8.0%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 930 $12.91 $13.46 $28,000 2.1%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 530 $13.31 $14.08 $29,280 1.4%
    85323 Aircraft Mechanics 440 $16.97 $17.40 $36,200 6.0%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 210 $10.44 $10.41 $21,660 1.5%
    85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers (*) $22.01 $21.09 $43,870 4.5%
    85514 Radio Mechanics 90 $13.85 $13.54 $28,160 3.2%
    85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 60 $15.90 $16.73 $34,790 4.0%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 640 $13.39 $13.99 $29,100 4.3%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 170 $14.11 $15.10 $31,400 3.2%
    85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers (*) $10.98 $10.86 $22,590 11.7%
    85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 130 $9.74 $10.66 $22,180 1.2%
    85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 130 $15.34 $15.94 $33,160 1.4%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 500 $15.92 $15.03 $31,260 1.4%
    85721 Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay Electricians 30 $21.75 $21.67 $45,070 2.8%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 370 $20.55 $19.82 $41,220 1.6%
    85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone (*) $21.34 $20.13 $41,860 3.9%
    85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 170 $12.46 $14.82 $30,820 7.7%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,580 $13.44 $13.64 $28,380 2.4%
    85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 150 $15.50 $15.51 $32,250 1.3%
    85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers 90 $15.55 $15.43 $32,090 1.5%
    85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers 80 $16.30 $16.09 $33,470 1.9%
    85921 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners (*) $9.47 $9.50 $19,750 10.5%
    85923 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 190 $11.81 $11.90 $24,740 7.2%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 440 $12.62 $12.84 $26,700 4.1%
    85928 Mechanical Control and Valve Installers and Repairers 180 $18.05 $17.90 $37,240 1.6%
    85932 Elevator Installers and Repairers 60 $13.27 $14.68 $30,540 4.4%
    85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers (*) $10.73 $10.12 $21,060 2.8%
    85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 120 $11.94 $12.04 $25,040 2.1%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 420 $6.20 $6.88 $14,320 10.1%
    85956 Menders, Garments, Linens, and Related 30 $6.26 $6.69 $13,910 4.1%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 2,480 $11.21 $12.09 $25,150 1.9%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 3,720 $12.74 $12.89 $26,820 1.3%
    87105 Ceiling Tile Installers and Acoustical Carpenters 50 $12.68 $12.65 $26,320 2.6%
    87108 Drywall Installers 610 $12.55 $12.57 $26,150 4.5%
    87111 Tapers 60 $14.41 $14.05 $29,220 2.2%
    87202 Electricians 4,400 $14.71 $14.95 $31,100 4.4%
    87302 Brickmasons 1,020 $15.16 $14.75 $30,690 4.1%
    87305 Stonemasons 50 $12.83 $14.03 $29,190 10.8%
    87308 Hard Tile Setters 80 $16.56 $15.94 $33,160 5.6%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 640 $11.61 $11.66 $24,250 3.1%
    87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 240 $12.02 $11.91 $24,760 2.8%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 2,170 $11.10 $11.08 $23,060 1.3%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 3,850 $14.99 $14.80 $30,780 1.7%
    87508 Pipelayers 380 $10.34 $10.71 $22,280 4.1%
    87602 Carpet Installers 60 $15.36 $19.52 $40,590 13.1%
    87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 60 $11.53 $12.08 $25,130 2.1%
    87608 Floor Sanding Machine Operators (*) $9.36 $9.42 $19,590 3.4%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 460 $10.15 $10.13 $21,070 2.6%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 380 $9.86 $10.23 $21,290 1.7%
    87802 Insulation Workers 910 $13.11 $13.11 $27,260 1.2%
    87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 120 $11.07 $11.48 $23,870 2.3%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 100 $11.24 $11.78 $24,510 4.9%
    87808 Roofers 760 $11.40 $13.05 $27,140 10.3%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers 210 $12.69 $13.69 $28,460 4.2%
    87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 470 $10.45 $10.61 $22,070 1.4%
    87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 90 $10.94 $12.27 $25,520 9.1%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 350 $12.58 $12.14 $25,260 1.3%
      Precision Production Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 550 $16.12 $16.00 $33,280 2.3%
    89108 Machinists 2,540 $14.59 $14.45 $30,050 1.1%
    89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 30 $9.88 $10.93 $22,740 3.7%
    89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 90 $14.67 $14.84 $30,860 3.0%
    89128 Precision Etchers and Engravers, Hand or Machine (*) $7.76 $7.87 $16,380 3.0%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 2,380 $13.76 $13.13 $27,300 1.5%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 850 $10.60 $10.83 $22,530 3.2%
    89314 Furniture Finishers 110 $9.85 $11.08 $23,040 12.1%
    89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 100 $9.92 $10.00 $20,800 4.3%
    89508 Upholsterers 240 $7.38 $8.10 $16,850 7.1%
    89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning (*) $7.63 $7.82 $16,260 2.9%
    89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 50 $7.81 $7.90 $16,430 2.6%
    89702 Hand Compositors and Typesetters (*) $8.45 $9.24 $19,230 3.9%
    89705 Job Printers 70 $9.85 $10.14 $21,080 6.4%
    89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 60 $10.80 $11.14 $23,180 4.9%
    89717 Strippers 80 $12.79 $13.41 $27,900 6.9%
    89802 Slaughterers and Butchers (*) $9.08 $9.35 $19,450 12.9%
    89805 Bakers, Manufacturing 170 $6.74 $6.68 $13,900 2.1%
    89808 Food Batchmakers (*) $7.85 $8.41 $17,490 2.5%
    89914 Precision Photographic Process Workers 60 $6.62 $6.79 $14,120 5.6%
    89917 Precision Optical Goods Workers (*) $9.74 $10.27 $21,360 8.3%
    89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 230 $10.73 $12.47 $25,950 5.0%
    89999 All Other Precision Workers 410 $10.57 $11.32 $23,550 1.5%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 90 $9.33 $9.30 $19,340 1.4%
    91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 50 $9.63 $9.95 $20,690 3.4%
    91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 80 $12.59 $11.77 $24,490 1.9%
    91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 60 $10.45 $10.28 $21,380 1.8%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 90 $8.50 $9.53 $19,820 2.8%
    91317 Forging Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $11.90 $11.81 $24,560 2.2%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $6.79 $7.54 $15,690 7.8%
    91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 330 $12.96 $13.23 $27,520 2.6%
    91505 Combination Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 50 $12.85 $12.53 $26,070 1.1%
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 200 $13.07 $12.79 $26,590 1.4%
    91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 230 $9.00 $9.38 $19,500 4.5%
    91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 80 $10.93 $12.34 $25,660 8.0%
    91911 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $10.07 $10.30 $21,420 2.7%
    91917 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 60 $8.89 $8.28 $17,230 2.4%
    91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 90 $9.75 $10.56 $21,960 3.4%
    92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $7.28 $7.43 $15,460 2.5%
    92311 Woodworking Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Except Sawing (*) $11.36 $11.39 $23,690 3.9%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 240 $10.53 $11.44 $23,790 4.2%
    92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 90 $8.44 $8.40 $17,470 2.0%
    92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 30 $8.93 $9.18 $19,090 4.4%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 330 $9.77 $9.81 $20,390 7.4%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 170 $7.97 $9.27 $19,290 2.5%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 450 $6.54 $6.82 $14,180 2.0%
    92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 250 $7.05 $8.12 $16,880 2.9%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 1,510 $6.38 $6.61 $13,750 3.6%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 290 $7.09 $7.35 $15,280 3.9%
    92905 Motion Picture Projectionists 40 $6.42 $6.59 $13,710 6.8%
    92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 240 $10.86 $10.40 $21,620 6.9%
    92917 Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 50 $9.19 $9.41 $19,570 6.3%
    92921 Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco (*) $7.97 $8.07 $16,780 5.1%
    92935 Chemical Equipment Controllers and Operators 60 $14.97 $16.44 $34,190 1.5%
    92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 60 $8.25 $9.25 $19,250 4.0%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 90 $8.14 $8.82 $18,350 1.1%
    92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 100 $15.98 $16.86 $35,070 1.8%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 110 $7.83 $7.97 $16,570 1.6%
    92956 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 50 $9.06 $9.23 $19,200 3.4%
    92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 90 $14.07 $13.95 $29,010 3.9%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 490 $14.32 $13.49 $28,050 1.4%
    92968 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 70 $14.97 $13.92 $28,950 2.3%
    92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $9.81 $9.95 $20,700 1.7%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 1,770 $7.78 $9.01 $18,740 6.9%
    92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 110 $13.20 $12.70 $26,410 3.1%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 1,430 $9.27 $9.89 $20,580 1.1%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 360 $13.03 $12.89 $26,810 1.4%
    93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 1,050 $7.33 $7.21 $15,000 2.3%
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 290 $7.39 $7.92 $16,470 13.7%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 3,100 $14.93 $14.43 $30,020 1.8%
    93917 Solderers and Brazers (*) $7.76 $7.96 $16,550 2.9%
    93938 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers, Hand (*) $7.02 $7.02 $14,600 5.4%
    93947 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers, Hand 80 $6.54 $7.82 $16,260 4.4%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 90 $9.38 $9.84 $20,480 9.2%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 4,070 $8.19 $8.69 $18,070 1.7%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 2,010 $6.82 $8.25 $17,150 2.9%
      Plant and System Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 310 $17.91 $17.47 $36,340 2.7%
    95021 Power-Generating Plant Operators, Except Auxiliary Equipment Operators (*) $16.98 $18.20 $37,860 2.8%
    95028 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 60 $17.04 $16.88 $35,120 2.2%
    95032 Stationary Engineers 230 $15.37 $15.92 $33,100 1.9%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 480 $9.89 $10.88 $22,640 7.8%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 6,090 $10.33 $11.14 $23,170 2.7%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 8,160 $7.83 $8.73 $18,160 2.8%
    97108 Bus Drivers 1,250 $8.35 $9.05 $18,830 4.3%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 2,900 $6.43 $7.34 $15,260 6.4%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 370 $5.96 $6.21 $12,920 2.9%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 2,720 $8.18 $9.47 $19,700 3.9%
    97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 370 $10.78 $10.75 $22,360 4.7%
    97502 Captains, Water Vessel 370 $24.44 $27.65 $57,500 3.7%
    97508 Pilots, Ship 30 $16.51 $27.47 $57,140 3.7%
    97805 Service Station Attendants (*) $8.94 $8.36 $17,380 6.0%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers (*) $10.27 $11.70 $24,340 2.8%
    97902 Longshore Equipment Operators 450 $27.47 $25.50 $53,050 7.3%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 610 $11.81 $12.20 $25,370 1.3%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 380 $10.91 $11.71 $24,350 2.2%
    97944 Crane and Tower Operators 510 $15.62 $15.67 $32,600 2.4%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 1,690 $9.92 $10.54 $21,930 2.5%
    97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 120 $8.88 $9.55 $19,860 1.5%
    97956 Operating Engineers 350 $12.81 $13.39 $27,840 3.5%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 780 $14.54 $14.31 $29,760 1.4%
    97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 300 $10.22 $10.91 $22,690 1.2%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 1,010 $7.56 $8.56 $17,810 6.0%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 910 $8.57 $8.55 $17,780 2.2%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 1,210 $8.99 $8.74 $18,180 1.5%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 770 $9.16 $8.86 $18,430 4.8%
    98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 220 $7.90 $7.91 $16,450 2.6%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 960 $8.01 $7.99 $16,620 3.7%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 310 $6.98 $7.06 $14,680 5.2%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 410 $9.25 $9.32 $19,390 2.3%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 300 $7.96 $8.83 $18,370 4.9%
    98702 Stevedores, Except Equipment Operators 1,410 $21.78 $21.35 $44,410 2.9%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 60 $10.36 $9.93 $20,660 1.5%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 3,620 $8.07 $9.04 $18,800 2.0%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 4,190 $5.98 $6.41 $13,330 1.1%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 1,280 $6.82 $7.80 $16,210 2.1%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 12,260 $7.75 $8.44 $17,550 3.1%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    Statewide estimates for:

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001