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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Oakland, California PMSA REVISED

The 1998 OES estimates for this metropolitan area have been revised to incorporate corrections to some of the occupational wage estimates. The corrections were required because the State minimum wage over the three-year data collection period was significantly higher than the Federal minimum wage level. These corrections did not affect employment estimates.

Virtually all of the corrections to the metropolitan area estimates were within the published sampling error range for the estimate. While the majority of the changes were within a +/- 5 cents an hour range, there were some occupations with larger changes.

For further information about these changes please call the Occupational Employment Statistics information line on 202-691-6569.

Oakland is a primary metropolitan statistical area (PMSA) in California.

Occupational divisions in Oakland:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 6,900 $32.40 $32.58 $67,780 2.8%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 2,390 $29.55 $28.88 $60,080 2.7%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 1,680 $23.42 $25.98 $54,030 1.7%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 5,230 $34.35 $33.55 $69,780 2.3%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 3,750 $23.42 $25.36 $52,750 1.7%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 4,500 $43.67 $40.24 $83,690 2.3%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 3,010 $34.40 $31.91 $66,380 4.1%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 1,660 $32.34 $31.51 $65,540 5.3%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 1,020 $17.29 $21.24 $44,180 7.0%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 1,810 $31.73 $30.93 $64,340 2.0%
    15017 Construction Managers 1,880 $34.79 $33.13 $68,910 3.7%
    15021 Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Well Drilling Managers 50 $39.65 $36.74 $76,420 5.8%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 1,880 $30.65 $29.06 $60,440 3.0%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 1,760 $13.91 $15.05 $31,310 4.6%
    15031 Nursery and Greenhouse Managers 30 $12.87 $12.18 $25,330 18.9%
    15032 Lawn Service Managers (*) $9.67 $11.79 $24,520 12.9%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 200 $37.68 $31.57 $65,670 16.4%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 26,520 $38.78 $37.07 $77,100 1.5%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 9,960 $29.46 $29.24 $60,810 1.8%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters 600 $18.68 $21.23 $44,160 5.0%
    21105 Credit Analysts 340 $20.22 $22.59 $46,990 4.2%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 1,950 $18.86 $22.45 $46,690 5.8%
    21111 Tax Preparers (*) $14.93 $15.46 $32,160 3.9%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 7,720 $20.70 $21.77 $45,280 1.3%
    21117 Budget Analysts 440 $25.76 $26.04 $54,160 2.3%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 2,670 $20.68 $22.52 $46,840 4.0%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 1,310 $16.23 $17.24 $35,850 2.9%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 210 $16.05 $18.18 $37,810 2.8%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 2,190 $19.82 $20.82 $43,300 1.4%
    21505 Special Agents, Insurance 350 $21.98 $22.41 $46,610 3.7%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 700 $18.94 $21.98 $45,710 4.7%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 3,590 $22.23 $23.47 $48,820 2.2%
    21902 Cost Estimators 1,420 $26.13 $25.74 $53,540 1.8%
    21905 Management Analysts 1,070 $28.80 $27.75 $57,720 2.3%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 670 $26.40 $26.59 $55,300 2.2%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 1,280 $20.30 $21.21 $44,110 2.8%
    21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 580 $21.61 $22.52 $46,850 4.0%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 8,270 $20.49 $22.41 $46,610 2.1%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22105 Metallurgists and Metallurgical, Ceramic, and Materials Engineers 210 $33.32 $30.61 $63,670 4.4%
    22111 Petroleum Engineers 200 $37.07 $34.95 $72,700 4.4%
    22114 Chemical Engineers 470 $34.28 $31.98 $66,520 2.9%
    22117 Nuclear Engineers (*) $39.38 $37.42 $77,840 5.7%
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 2,990 $31.90 $29.84 $62,060 2.4%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 3,510 $34.15 $32.02 $66,600 1.7%
    22127 Computer Engineers 3,670 $33.81 $32.02 $66,600 2.8%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 610 $31.18 $29.27 $60,880 2.1%
    22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 290 $27.87 $26.80 $55,740 2.7%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 1,610 $31.73 $29.54 $61,430 2.3%
    22138 Marine Engineers (*) $25.14 $28.36 $58,980 4.5%
    22199 All Other Engineers 4,350 $32.54 $30.52 $63,480 2.1%
    22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 760 $25.67 $26.13 $54,350 6.7%
    22308 Landscape Architects (*) $28.72 $27.26 $56,710 7.3%
    22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 220 $29.37 $28.08 $58,410 4.2%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 600 $22.60 $23.41 $48,700 3.0%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 3,980 $19.91 $20.06 $41,730 2.2%
    22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists 300 $21.79 $22.14 $46,050 2.4%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 620 $20.32 $22.05 $45,860 3.1%
    22514 Drafters 2,280 $19.17 $19.73 $41,040 1.1%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 310 $23.91 $24.30 $50,550 4.1%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 2,220 $21.74 $22.97 $47,770 2.0%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24102 Physicists and Astronomers 130 $36.28 $34.48 $71,720 4.6%
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 950 $24.75 $26.11 $54,310 2.7%
    24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 310 $25.24 $26.76 $55,650 2.9%
    24199 All Other Physical Scientists 990 $24.54 $26.14 $54,370 3.1%
    24302 Foresters and Conservation Scientists 30 $27.98 $28.10 $58,440 9.2%
    24308 Biological Scientists 1,570 $28.13 $28.13 $58,510 2.6%
    24311 Medical Scientists (*) $32.42 $32.71 $68,040 11.2%
    24399 All Other Life Scientists (*) $20.13 $22.86 $47,540 3.0%
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 620 $17.74 $19.02 $39,560 8.1%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 670 $18.01 $18.30 $38,060 3.3%
    24511 Petroleum Technicians and Technologists 140 $26.44 $26.83 $55,800 3.3%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 1,700 $17.30 $18.78 $39,060 4.1%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 5,970 $32.14 $30.25 $62,920 2.8%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 1,320 $31.42 $30.34 $63,100 3.5%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 6,620 $23.72 $24.58 $51,120 2.6%
    25105 Computer Programmers 9,380 $25.08 $29.46 $61,270 4.2%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 510 $16.17 $16.97 $35,300 4.2%
    25111 Programmers, Numerical Tool and Process Control 60 $27.58 $27.29 $56,770 4.4%
    25199 All Other Computer Scientists 950 $29.93 $29.96 $62,320 4.9%
    25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 700 $23.95 $25.95 $53,980 3.4%
    25310 Mathematical Scientists 30 $26.18 $27.93 $58,100 5.6%
    25312 Statisticians 40 $29.92 $27.50 $57,210 3.9%
    25313 Actuaries (*) $42.49 $39.29 $81,720 10.8%
    25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 340 $19.44 $22.44 $46,670 4.1%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27102 Economists, Including Market Research Analysts 420 $24.71 $27.10 $56,360 5.3%
    27105 Urban and Regional Planners 460 $27.11 $27.45 $57,110 3.4%
    27108 Psychologists 1,220 $40.66 $36.48 $75,880 3.9%
    27199 All Other Social Scientists 210 $21.28 $23.00 $47,840 2.4%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 1,260 $19.28 $21.08 $43,860 2.7%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 2,250 $15.93 $16.58 $34,490 4.5%
    27307 Residential Counselors 1,550 $9.51 $9.98 $20,770 3.2%
    27308 Human Services Workers 1,160 $11.60 $12.59 $26,190 4.3%
    27311 Recreation Workers 3,580 $9.13 $10.67 $22,200 7.8%
    27502 Clergy 120 $19.94 $22.82 $47,470 4.0%
    27505 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 40 $16.66 $16.97 $35,300 7.0%
      Law and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 2,790 $40.90 $38.84 $80,780 6.5%
    28302 Law Clerks 150 $13.88 $13.66 $28,400 4.3%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 690 $16.88 $18.28 $38,030 5.0%
    28308 Title Searchers 180 $13.63 $12.78 $26,580 5.9%
    28311 Title Examiners and Abstractors 180 $18.09 $18.78 $39,070 3.5%
    28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical 430 $21.53 $21.82 $45,390 3.0%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31111 Lecturers 100 $8.89 $8.78 $18,250 5.3%
    31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 290 * * $52,760 5.5%
    31117 Graduate Assistants, Teaching 410 * * $25,720 12.3%
    31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 350 * * $55,740 7.1%
    31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 280 * * $49,620 6.1%
    31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 1,070 * * $52,300 4.6%
    31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 980 * * $45,490 3.5%
    31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 640 * * $48,160 4.5%
    31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 330 * * $48,660 4.1%
    31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $58,420 6.8%
    31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 220 * * $37,970 9.4%
    31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 80 * * $39,590 19.2%
    31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers (*) * * $58,240 7.1%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 3,200 $9.96 $10.67 $22,200 3.2%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 1,320 * * $36,970 3.7%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 8,870 * * $42,350 2.1%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 9,720 * * $44,350 20.9%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 1,790 * * $42,660 7.0%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 4,340 $19.24 $19.32 $40,180 2.3%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 1,220 $14.41 $17.30 $35,980 7.2%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 2,940 $11.50 $13.30 $27,670 2.9%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 1,630 * * $35,130 4.2%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 650 $21.63 $23.69 $49,280 7.5%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 560 $11.60 $12.55 $26,100 1.7%
    31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 100 $13.81 $15.20 $31,610 3.6%
    31511 Curators, Archivists, Museum Technicians, and Conservators 30 $14.44 $14.31 $29,760 3.7%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 1,380 $20.39 $20.17 $41,950 7.9%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 330 $26.14 $26.08 $54,250 5.1%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 3,630 $9.31 $9.04 $18,800 4.1%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 2,570 # $52.97** $110,170** 9.0%
    32105 Dentists 680 $45.68 $40.06** $83,330** 10.6%
    32108 Optometrists 180 $32.63 $28.97 $60,260 20.6%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 240 $33.65 $32.72 $68,060 11.1%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 530 $19.58 $20.42 $42,480 1.3%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 330 $31.49 $27.66 $57,540 2.8%
    32308 Physical Therapists 1,090 $33.67 $30.06 $62,530 3.1%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 380 $25.31 $24.85 $51,680 2.9%
    32317 Recreational Therapists 100 $14.94 $15.83 $32,930 2.9%
    32399 All Other Therapists 120 $10.96 $13.70 $28,500 14.5%
    32502 Registered Nurses 12,700 $31.46 $28.70 $59,690 1.8%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 3,220 $18.08 $17.98 $37,400 1.1%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 500 $9.32 $10.46 $21,770 3.3%
    32511 Physician Assistants 480 $31.72 $26.92 $56,000 8.2%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 440 $11.24 $12.01 $24,970 3.1%
    32517 Pharmacists 1,230 $34.92 $31.98 $66,520 4.9%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 1,060 $12.28 $12.51 $26,020 2.5%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 360 $20.87 $20.70 $43,060 4.0%
    32523 Dietetic Technicians 90 $13.43 $13.49 $28,060 12.5%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 1,160 $23.96 $24.80 $51,580 2.1%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 750 $14.28 $15.34 $31,900 3.1%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 1,450 $30.73 $26.58 $55,280 6.1%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 420 $12.66 $13.56 $28,200 2.6%
    32913 Radiation Therapists (*) $30.98 $28.70 $59,690 6.3%
    32914 Nuclear Medicine Technologists 60 $24.88 $26.00 $54,070 2.5%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 860 $24.12 $24.64 $51,240 3.5%
    32925 Cardiology Technologists 150 $19.18 $19.67 $40,920 1.8%
    32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 50 $14.51 $15.38 $32,000 5.7%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 270 $17.56 $16.78 $34,900 2.9%
    32931 Psychiatric Technicians 260 $17.99 $17.23 $35,830 2.5%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 310 $11.87 $12.34 $25,680 3.3%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 2,870 $14.16 $16.56 $34,440 5.4%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 740 $17.18 $18.09 $37,620 3.1%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 520 $26.50 $27.05 $56,270 3.0%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 500 $21.10 $21.19 $44,070 2.7%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 430 $15.61 $19.57 $40,710 7.2%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 80 $6.65 $9.11 $18,940 8.3%
    34023 Photographers 390 $7.86 $9.48 $19,710 9.0%
    34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture (*) $17.41 $17.51 $36,410 11.5%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians 180 $20.07 $20.34 $42,300 14.8%
    34032 Film Editors 30 $28.03 $23.44 $48,750 21.5%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 1,010 $16.55 $16.88 $35,110 3.9%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 1,960 $18.31 $21.09 $43,860 10.2%
    34041 Interior Designers 180 $18.35 $21.82 $45,390 7.6%
    34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 290 $8.95 $10.15 $21,100 2.1%
    34047 Music Directors, Singers, Composers, and Related Workers (*) * * $33,230 2.4%
    34051 Musicians, Instrumental 400 * * $35,690 28.3%
    34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 150 * * $49,640 14.4%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39005 Traffic Technicians 100 $22.69 $22.72 $47,260 2.5%
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 70 $23.16 $23.05 $47,950 6.5%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 8,070 $21.33 $22.34 $46,470 2.9%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 12,820 $17.03 $20.47 $42,580 1.9%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 1,130 $21.78 $24.36 $50,670 5.6%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 430 $18.71 $21.07 $43,830 12.6%
    43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 190 $20.62 $22.61 $47,040 7.5%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 1,500 $24.60 $30.39 $63,200 6.9%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 2,350 $20.78 $22.59 $46,980 3.9%
    43021 Travel Agents 670 $13.30 $12.80 $26,630 4.2%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 1,020 $18.10 $21.06 $43,800 5.6%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 720 $20.13 $23.52 $48,920 6.3%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 970 $30.75 $30.14 $62,690 2.5%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 5,690 $25.45 $27.49 $57,180 6.1%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 9,670 $20.37 $23.44 $48,750 3.3%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 33,160 $8.07 $10.10 $21,000 2.2%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 2,170 $15.53 $16.21 $33,710 2.9%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 3,700 $7.41 $8.24 $17,140 1.5%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 10,000 $8.80 $10.61 $22,060 2.8%
    49023 Cashiers 22,030 $7.92 $9.55 $19,860 2.1%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 2,610 $8.99 $10.75 $22,360 6.4%
    49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 780 $8.83 $9.29 $19,330 2.3%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 4,910 $12.78 $14.78 $30,750 2.9%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 12,620 $17.57 $18.43 $38,340 1.3%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 4,450 $9.25 $9.37 $19,480 1.1%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 840 $13.94 $15.83 $32,920 7.3%
    53111 Loan Interviewers 60 $11.56 $11.78 $24,500 1.3%
    53114 Credit Authorizers 80 $14.40 $15.73 $32,710 3.2%
    53117 Credit Checkers 230 $13.68 $13.30 $27,660 3.4%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 1,710 $14.00 $15.72 $32,700 5.5%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 4,150 $13.30 $13.55 $28,190 2.4%
    53128 Brokerage Clerks 410 $14.77 $16.07 $33,430 9.8%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 1,140 $22.09 $22.97 $47,780 2.8%
    53305 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 150 $24.60 $25.55 $53,140 2.6%
    53308 Insurance Examining Clerks 50 $13.53 $14.22 $29,570 2.9%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 930 $13.36 $13.60 $28,290 2.0%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 1,320 $10.87 $11.02 $22,930 5.6%
    53505 Investigators, Clerical (*) $9.85 $9.95 $20,690 1.4%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 2,440 $13.24 $13.38 $27,830 3.3%
    53705 Municipal Clerks 40 $25.16 $25.94 $53,950 6.9%
    53802 Travel Clerks 50 $9.84 $10.80 $22,460 9.0%
    53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 810 $9.65 $10.69 $22,230 2.9%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 680 $8.25 $8.42 $17,510 2.1%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 1,000 $14.77 $14.40 $29,940 8.8%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 3,380 $9.19 $9.18 $19,100 2.5%
    53908 Advertising Clerks 130 $15.06 $14.68 $30,540 5.4%
    53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 230 $9.86 $10.81 $22,480 2.6%
    53914 Real Estate Clerks (*) $6.14 $6.71 $13,960 7.9%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 1,780 $18.87 $18.38 $38,220 8.1%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 1,620 $14.20 $14.17 $29,470 3.3%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 17,870 $14.27 $14.80 $30,790 1.0%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 180 $15.49 $16.45 $34,210 3.8%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 11,070 $10.48 $10.82 $22,500 1.4%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 3,130 $12.53 $12.95 $26,940 1.5%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 1,110 $14.55 $15.11 $31,420 1.1%
    55317 Correspondence Clerks 100 $10.96 $12.30 $25,580 2.7%
    55321 File Clerks 2,410 $9.24 $9.99 $20,790 2.2%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 4,000 $12.24 $12.72 $26,450 1.4%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 420 $12.98 $13.30 $27,660 1.9%
    55328 Statistical Clerks 370 $16.52 $15.82 $32,900 2.4%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare (*) $11.38 $11.47 $23,850 1.9%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 1,600 $18.74 $18.82 $39,150 3.6%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 14,150 $13.74 $14.24 $29,610 0.8%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 1,540 $15.33 $15.52 $32,280 1.1%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 2,820 $12.85 $13.77 $28,630 1.8%
    55347 General Office Clerks 25,550 $11.57 $12.11 $25,200 1.5%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 700 $10.87 $11.41 $23,730 1.8%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 580 $9.57 $10.55 $21,940 4.4%
    56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 250 $9.82 $10.87 $22,610 4.6%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 1,320 $13.18 $14.63 $30,440 4.5%
    56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 100 $12.37 $12.54 $26,090 1.8%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 2,840 $10.14 $10.68 $22,220 1.5%
    56021 Data Keyers, Composing 120 $11.93 $12.55 $26,100 3.1%
    56099 All Other Office Machine Operators 670 $11.60 $12.94 $26,910 3.6%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 1,200 $9.91 $10.16 $21,130 1.3%
    57199 All Other Communications Equipment Operators 260 $16.18 $14.00 $29,120 11.6%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 690 $10.55 $11.07 $23,020 2.8%
    57311 Messengers 410 $9.70 $10.20 $21,210 3.9%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 650 $18.91 $18.67 $38,840 4.2%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,360 $14.74 $15.56 $32,360 3.0%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 2,080 $16.23 $16.12 $33,530 2.4%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities (*) $15.68 $15.50 $32,250 5.2%
    58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 190 $12.76 $13.29 $27,640 2.2%
    58021 Marking Clerks 60 $8.69 $8.66 $18,000 1.7%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 7,620 $11.36 $12.30 $25,580 1.7%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 2,320 $10.77 $10.83 $22,530 1.5%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 10,070 $12.48 $12.83 $26,690 1.3%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 1,090 $11.80 $12.86 $26,740 5.0%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 5,030 $13.34 $14.43 $30,020 2.7%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 870 $37.71 $35.09 $72,990 5.4%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 930 $34.83 $32.15 $66,870 3.4%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 410 $9.78 $11.69 $24,320 3.7%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 4,430 $12.26 $13.70 $28,500 2.1%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63002 Fire Inspectors (*) $34.31 $30.56 $63,560 9.3%
    63008 Fire Fighters 2,770 $28.87 $26.47 $55,060 5.7%
    63011 Police Detectives 520 $32.18 $29.13 $60,580 4.3%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 4,530 $30.97 $28.06 $58,370 3.9%
    63017 Correction Officers and Jailers 710 $19.69 $19.58 $40,730 1.8%
    63021 Parking Enforcement Officers 160 $14.85 $14.58 $30,330 2.4%
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public (*) $16.18 $15.26 $31,740 2.2%
    63044 Crossing Guards 460 $7.27 $7.60 $15,800 2.9%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 6,100 $8.46 $9.34 $19,420 2.1%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 1,980 $11.64 $12.59 $26,190 6.2%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 2,280 $6.30 $7.06 $14,690 2.6%
    65005 Bartenders 2,880 $8.37 $8.32 $17,310 3.9%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 11,890 $6.09 $6.76 $14,050 2.1%
    65011 Food Servers, Outside 350 $8.27 $9.03 $18,780 7.7%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 2,410 $6.11 $6.65 $13,830 1.6%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 2,820 $6.57 $7.11 $14,790 3.1%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 1,670 $11.20 $11.35 $23,610 2.2%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 1,040 $16.02 $15.12 $31,440 1.6%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 5,540 $8.83 $9.22 $19,170 2.3%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 1,470 $10.10 $10.04 $20,880 2.8%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 3,540 $6.28 $6.83 $14,210 2.9%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 1,210 $7.64 $7.75 $16,120 4.3%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 7,720 $7.66 $8.13 $16,900 1.3%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 10,450 $6.45 $7.16 $14,900 1.7%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 1,850 $8.51 $8.92 $18,550 1.3%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 2,710 $14.69 $14.65 $30,470 3.1%
    66005 Medical Assistants 2,830 $11.59 $11.54 $24,000 2.5%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 5,730 $9.18 $9.17 $19,070 1.9%
    66011 Home Health Aides 1,220 $10.54 $10.75 $22,350 4.0%
    66014 Psychiatric Aides 220 $9.86 $10.62 $22,080 4.4%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 320 $10.36 $14.41 $29,980 7.0%
    66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 30 $17.30 $15.90 $33,070 6.0%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 610 $11.45 $11.65 $24,240 1.5%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 4,280 $7.85 $8.30 $17,270 1.4%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 12,790 $8.59 $9.55 $19,870 2.2%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants (*) $13.20 $14.64 $30,440 11.3%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 1,770 $13.46 $12.91 $26,860 3.2%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68002 Barbers 70 $8.02 $8.43 $17,540 6.6%
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 2,090 $6.78 $8.05 $16,750 6.8%
    68008 Manicurists 110 $6.18 $6.96 $14,480 7.7%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 2,600 $7.10 $7.58 $15,770 2.5%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 610 $6.17 $6.58 $13,690 2.5%
    68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 160 $6.49 $6.82 $14,180 2.2%
    68028 Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants and Baggage Porters (*) $6.15 $7.04 $14,640 9.1%
    68032 Wardrobe, and Locker and Dressing Room Attendants 50 $7.91 $8.42 $17,520 3.8%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 1,000 $7.80 $8.11 $16,870 2.2%
    68038 Child Care Workers 2,800 $8.72 $8.87 $18,440 2.6%
    68041 Funeral Attendants 50 $9.77 $13.80 $28,700 22.6%
      Other Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 2,360 $8.41 $10.14 $21,090 3.0%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 250 $16.60 $16.83 $35,000 4.5%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79002 Forest and Conservation Workers 60 $16.17 $16.48 $34,270 11.9%
    79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products (*) $6.46 $6.85 $14,250 2.2%
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 480 $7.34 $8.91 $18,540 6.1%
    79033 Pruners 310 $12.45 $12.31 $25,600 2.3%
    79036 Sprayers/Applicators (*) $9.61 $10.28 $21,380 6.1%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 9,050 $10.83 $12.56 $26,130 2.7%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 420 $9.10 $9.21 $19,160 4.3%
    79856 Farmworkers, Food and Fiber Crops 140 $6.27 $6.77 $14,090 2.8%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 450 $11.86 $12.18 $25,340 5.4%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 2,820 $23.72 $24.48 $50,920 2.3%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 2,400 $27.67 $27.05 $56,260 2.7%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 3,440 $20.04 $20.96 $43,590 2.0%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,090 $20.74 $21.29 $44,280 2.3%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,190 $18.12 $18.41 $38,290 1.4%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 2,370 $21.51 $21.56 $44,840 1.8%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 1,170 $14.18 $15.27 $31,760 4.6%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 2,950 $12.34 $13.35 $27,760 2.1%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 560 $15.00 $17.20 $35,790 6.8%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 1,740 $20.28 $19.61 $40,790 1.1%
    85116 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Marine Equipment 70 $18.11 $17.99 $37,430 5.4%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 400 $21.94 $22.44 $46,660 2.7%
    85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 530 $23.14 $23.26 $48,390 3.0%
    85123 Millwrights 1,120 $18.72 $21.69 $45,110 5.8%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 470 $17.84 $17.97 $37,370 2.5%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 6,940 $14.44 $15.25 $31,730 2.3%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 6,190 $16.88 $17.31 $36,010 2.4%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 1,180 $18.59 $18.21 $37,880 2.9%
    85308 Motorcycle Repairers 50 $14.00 $14.37 $29,890 10.3%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 1,000 $18.91 $19.06 $39,650 2.0%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists (*) $13.38 $13.55 $28,190 5.5%
    85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers (*) $19.52 $18.67 $38,830 3.4%
    85505 Frame Wirers, Central Office (*) $21.73 $21.35 $44,410 3.7%
    85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 580 $21.92 $22.15 $46,070 3.1%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 2,000 $16.70 $16.89 $35,140 4.2%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 390 $13.21 $14.52 $30,200 2.0%
    85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers 140 $12.50 $13.01 $27,050 0.9%
    85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 390 $14.01 $14.70 $30,570 4.1%
    85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 60 $17.94 $17.12 $35,620 7.7%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 440 $15.04 $16.26 $33,820 4.7%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 560 $25.71 $25.79 $53,650 3.1%
    85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone (*) $18.11 $18.01 $37,460 4.3%
    85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 320 $19.61 $18.65 $38,790 4.1%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,440 $19.92 $21.36 $44,420 3.8%
    85905 Precision Instrument Repairers 370 $21.97 $22.17 $46,120 2.1%
    85921 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners (*) $13.80 $14.00 $29,110 12.9%
    85923 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 230 $15.07 $15.95 $33,180 10.8%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 500 $20.35 $21.23 $44,170 7.5%
    85928 Mechanical Control and Valve Installers and Repairers (*) $20.90 $20.97 $43,610 2.7%
    85935 Riggers 80 $17.94 $18.49 $38,460 2.2%
    85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 130 $12.69 $13.46 $28,000 4.6%
    85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers (*) $13.82 $12.95 $26,940 10.4%
    85951 Bicycle Repairers 110 $7.98 $8.42 $17,520 6.0%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 400 $10.09 $11.33 $23,570 8.7%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 2,550 $15.78 $16.20 $33,690 1.5%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 12,090 $20.53 $19.59 $40,740 2.7%
    87105 Ceiling Tile Installers and Acoustical Carpenters 190 $24.32 $23.14 $48,130 7.0%
    87108 Drywall Installers 780 $23.11 $23.24 $48,340 3.8%
    87111 Tapers 400 $21.71 $24.70 $51,380 8.0%
    87114 Lathers 310 $24.69 $24.16 $50,250 6.9%
    87202 Electricians 4,070 $22.55 $23.11 $48,060 4.1%
    87302 Brickmasons (*) $22.63 $23.88 $49,670 5.5%
    87308 Hard Tile Setters 240 $13.74 $17.52 $36,440 10.3%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 1,320 $19.26 $18.72 $38,940 4.3%
    87314 Reinforcing Metal Workers 520 $24.19 $24.49 $50,940 7.1%
    87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 520 $22.67 $22.07 $45,910 13.1%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 2,890 $16.53 $16.02 $33,320 5.2%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 2,390 $23.52 $24.16 $50,250 2.1%
    87508 Pipelayers 200 $22.26 $22.50 $46,790 2.7%
    87602 Carpet Installers 650 $11.15 $13.85 $28,800 6.8%
    87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 80 $21.31 $22.73 $47,280 5.0%
    87608 Floor Sanding Machine Operators (*) $13.08 $13.37 $27,820 19.4%
    87702 Air Hammer Operators (*) $22.43 $21.18 $44,060 3.4%
    87705 Pile-Driver Operators 100 $33.59 $29.93 $62,250 3.8%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 470 $18.01 $19.89 $41,360 3.8%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 340 $15.48 $15.93 $33,120 1.2%
    87802 Insulation Workers 150 $31.17 $26.37 $54,850 11.3%
    87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 990 $12.06 $13.06 $27,160 1.5%
    87808 Roofers 1,560 $12.56 $13.88 $28,870 9.5%
    87811 Glaziers 630 $18.37 $21.51 $44,730 8.9%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers 340 $15.66 $17.55 $36,500 3.3%
    87817 Fence Erectors (*) $11.70 $11.47 $23,850 6.9%
    87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 700 $20.37 $20.50 $42,640 4.4%
    87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 30 $13.18 $17.60 $36,620 8.6%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 950 $18.67 $18.57 $38,620 3.2%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 320 $25.50 $25.40 $52,830 2.3%
    89108 Machinists 3,700 $16.90 $17.51 $36,420 1.9%
    89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 80 $11.99 $12.84 $26,710 3.3%
    89114 Pattern and Model Makers, Metal 40 $11.82 $17.54 $36,470 20.0%
    89117 Precision Lay-Out Workers, Metal 80 $18.10 $19.51 $40,570 4.1%
    89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 80 $12.99 $15.02 $31,250 17.3%
    89126 Precision Hand Workers, Jewelry and Related Products 50 $9.35 $9.15 $19,030 4.1%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 2,070 $15.72 $17.44 $36,280 3.1%
    89308 Wood Machinists 150 $10.71 $11.21 $23,320 4.4%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 640 $11.41 $14.38 $29,910 4.6%
    89314 Furniture Finishers 310 $10.38 $11.11 $23,110 3.1%
    89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 170 $10.11 $10.93 $22,740 3.3%
    89508 Upholsterers 200 $11.83 $12.51 $26,020 5.6%
    89511 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers, Precision 60 $8.56 $8.76 $18,230 6.8%
    89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning 30 $8.68 $8.75 $18,200 7.4%
    89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics (*) $8.87 $8.62 $17,930 2.9%
    89702 Hand Compositors and Typesetters (*) $14.21 $13.28 $27,620 10.0%
    89705 Job Printers (*) $11.79 $12.32 $25,630 3.8%
    89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 130 $16.37 $17.35 $36,100 6.2%
    89715 Scanner Operators 30 $19.34 $19.00 $39,520 12.7%
    89717 Strippers 90 $20.87 $19.96 $41,530 3.9%
    89718 Platemakers 70 $16.19 $15.75 $32,770 3.0%
    89802 Slaughterers and Butchers (*) $14.93 $15.55 $32,350 1.8%
    89805 Bakers, Manufacturing 1,200 $14.63 $13.24 $27,540 5.1%
    89808 Food Batchmakers 210 $15.44 $13.83 $28,760 2.8%
    89902 Precision Foundry Mold and Coremakers 110 $10.42 $10.97 $22,820 6.8%
    89905 Precision Molders, Shapers, Casters, and Carvers, Except Jewelry and Foundry 130 $13.50 $14.77 $30,720 5.3%
    89917 Precision Optical Goods Workers 120 $10.98 $12.19 $25,350 3.4%
    89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 640 $13.00 $14.00 $29,120 2.2%
    89999 All Other Precision Workers 830 $13.51 $14.07 $29,260 4.0%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 120 $12.69 $12.57 $26,140 2.4%
    91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 150 $12.64 $13.99 $29,100 2.1%
    91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 140 $12.27 $12.18 $25,340 2.0%
    91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $19.71 $18.98 $39,470 1.7%
    91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 290 $11.12 $11.93 $24,810 4.0%
    91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 710 $9.50 $10.49 $21,830 3.2%
    91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 280 $11.99 $12.23 $25,440 3.2%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $14.50 $14.71 $30,600 1.6%
    91308 Shear and Slitter Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 190 $12.66 $13.60 $28,290 1.6%
    91311 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $6.09 $10.27 $21,370 23.5%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $7.71 $8.70 $18,100 8.7%
    91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 340 $15.00 $15.83 $32,920 4.9%
    91508 Combination Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $10.74 $11.72 $24,380 1.1%
    91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 120 $16.47 $15.43 $32,090 2.5%
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 300 $15.82 $17.45 $36,300 6.4%
    91711 Soldering and Brazing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $8.05 $8.34 $17,340 3.0%
    91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 640 $15.39 $16.34 $33,980 2.7%
    91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 110 $13.23 $12.87 $26,780 7.0%
    91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 300 $9.27 $10.21 $21,240 7.3%
    91911 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 130 $14.18 $13.72 $28,540 2.6%
    91914 Foundry Mold Assembly and Shake-Out Workers 70 $12.76 $11.59 $24,100 6.2%
    91917 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 60 $12.35 $13.14 $27,330 6.5%
    91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 180 $9.56 $10.82 $22,510 10.1%
    91926 Nonelectrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 30 $14.14 $13.30 $27,660 11.9%
    91932 Heat Treating, Annealing, and Tempering Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 80 $17.15 $16.03 $33,350 3.5%
    91935 Furnace Operators and Tenders 160 $15.63 $15.67 $32,600 1.9%
    92197 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 130 $10.11 $10.87 $22,610 2.4%
    92198 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Operators and Tenders 270 $12.32 $13.14 $27,340 0.9%
    92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $6.00 $7.25 $15,080 5.3%
    92311 Woodworking Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Except Sawing 30 $10.31 $11.30 $23,510 13.0%
    92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 80 $7.76 $8.33 $17,330 1.8%
    92510 Printing Press Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $21.86 $19.73 $41,040 6.9%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 200 $18.32 $20.31 $42,250 6.3%
    92519 All Other Printing Press Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $17.38 $17.18 $35,740 3.8%
    92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 160 $8.22 $9.13 $18,990 3.5%
    92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 80 $15.42 $16.98 $35,330 13.1%
    92529 All Other Printing Related Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 50 $12.82 $13.56 $28,210 1.7%
    92541 Typesetting and Composing Machine Operators and Tenders 50 $16.31 $17.91 $37,250 1.9%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 700 $16.59 $16.79 $34,920 1.7%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 260 $10.32 $11.43 $23,770 2.9%
    92549 All Other Printing, Binding, and Related Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $9.47 $9.22 $19,170 1.6%
    92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting 220 $6.04 $7.01 $14,590 2.6%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 1,490 $6.07 $6.76 $14,060 1.6%
    92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 510 $7.82 $8.56 $17,800 3.0%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 630 $7.80 $8.69 $18,080 6.3%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 480 $7.63 $8.05 $16,740 3.0%
    92902 Electronic Semiconductor Processors 390 $14.35 $15.65 $32,540 6.9%
    92905 Motion Picture Projectionists 50 $13.85 $13.00 $27,040 5.7%
    92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $9.43 $9.47 $19,700 4.0%
    92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 270 $14.99 $14.49 $30,140 2.5%
    92917 Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 90 $11.47 $11.64 $24,220 7.9%
    92921 Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 90 $14.07 $13.72 $28,540 1.9%
    92923 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, or Kettle Operators and Tenders 100 $15.39 $15.33 $31,900 3.4%
    92932 Dairy Processing Equipment Operators, Including Setters 130 $16.56 $16.15 $33,600 8.8%
    92935 Chemical Equipment Controllers and Operators 250 $16.85 $17.17 $35,720 1.7%
    92941 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 120 $13.64 $13.75 $28,600 2.7%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 340 $11.54 $11.35 $23,610 3.3%
    92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 150 $15.17 $15.52 $32,280 2.3%
    92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 380 $12.45 $12.65 $26,310 5.4%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $14.37 $13.28 $27,620 4.2%
    92956 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 60 $8.73 $9.26 $19,270 3.1%
    92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 140 $10.30 $10.93 $22,730 7.0%
    92962 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Operators and Tenders 140 $18.52 $17.84 $37,110 2.2%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 1,330 $10.93 $12.47 $25,940 1.6%
    92968 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 180 $7.46 $9.59 $19,950 5.2%
    92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 420 $10.53 $10.91 $22,690 3.0%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 2,290 $11.63 $12.20 $25,370 3.1%
    92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 530 $11.62 $12.33 $25,650 3.9%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 8,210 $11.03 $13.19 $27,440 7.3%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 120 $12.46 $12.68 $26,380 1.0%
    93108 Fitters, Structural Metal, Precision 150 $13.47 $13.63 $28,360 2.2%
    93111 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers, Precision 1,200 $11.58 $11.55 $24,030 3.9%
    93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 1,630 $9.83 $10.92 $22,710 3.1%
    93197 All Other Precision Assemblers 910 $11.14 $11.93 $24,810 2.4%
    93902 Machine Assemblers (*) $11.46 $12.11 $25,190 1.6%
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 2,150 $9.56 $9.98 $20,760 1.4%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 1,790 $16.70 $17.05 $35,460 1.8%
    93917 Solderers and Brazers 230 $9.43 $9.37 $19,490 1.6%
    93921 Pressers, Hand 80 $7.83 $7.93 $16,490 2.3%
    93923 Sewers, Hand 120 $6.12 $7.37 $15,330 2.5%
    93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 220 $8.45 $9.47 $19,690 2.9%
    93941 Metal Pourers and Casters, Basic Shapes 40 $13.68 $12.89 $26,800 4.6%
    93947 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers, Hand 180 $9.21 $9.23 $19,190 1.3%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 490 $10.68 $11.45 $23,820 1.3%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 6,400 $9.38 $10.40 $21,630 2.0%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 4,060 $8.69 $9.86 $20,500 1.9%
      Plant and System Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators (*) $25.03 $25.42 $52,880 3.2%
    95008 Chemical Plant and System Operators 600 $19.32 $18.04 $37,530 2.6%
    95014 Petroleum Refinery and Control Panel Operators 1,680 $22.60 $22.48 $46,760 2.5%
    95021 Power-Generating Plant Operators, Except Auxiliary Equipment Operators 220 $32.76 $29.14 $60,620 4.9%
    95023 Auxiliary Equipment Operators, Power (*) $21.01 $21.23 $44,150 2.8%
    95032 Stationary Engineers 200 $23.63 $25.17 $52,350 2.5%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 1,300 $15.86 $15.59 $32,430 5.1%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 8,730 $15.88 $16.15 $33,580 1.9%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 11,780 $10.94 $11.78 $24,500 2.4%
    97108 Bus Drivers 2,100 $10.47 $11.17 $23,230 6.0%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 950 $11.11 $11.24 $23,380 1.9%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs (*) $6.72 $7.41 $15,410 5.7%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 2,100 $11.10 $12.81 $26,640 2.9%
    97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 370 $9.44 $10.47 $21,780 1.7%
    97502 Captains, Water Vessel 50 $20.57 $21.92 $45,600 2.8%
    97505 Mates, Ship, Boat, and Barge 70 $15.14 $17.41 $36,220 2.9%
    97514 Able Seamen 90 $14.71 $16.42 $34,150 14.5%
    97521 Ship Engineers 80 $20.86 $21.50 $44,720 4.9%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 1,060 $7.68 $7.97 $16,580 2.0%
    97808 Parking Lot Attendants 390 $6.31 $6.83 $14,210 1.9%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 1,390 $9.10 $10.95 $22,770 5.9%
    97902 Longshore Equipment Operators 170 $19.10 $19.98 $41,550 3.3%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 240 $28.62 $26.55 $55,230 2.6%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 130 $20.38 $22.34 $46,460 6.0%
    97944 Crane and Tower Operators 250 $22.55 $22.69 $47,200 7.4%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 2,190 $13.48 $13.67 $28,430 1.9%
    97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 160 $8.47 $11.61 $24,140 2.2%
    97956 Operating Engineers 1,880 $23.98 $24.82 $51,620 3.5%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 1,510 $15.22 $15.27 $31,760 3.4%
    97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 310 $14.24 $12.94 $26,920 4.9%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 1,550 $10.12 $11.19 $23,270 4.3%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters (*) $16.86 $16.31 $33,920 4.0%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 1,000 $11.22 $12.48 $25,950 5.1%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 600 $12.88 $14.39 $29,930 8.5%
    98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 270 $12.64 $13.81 $28,730 10.5%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 350 $13.72 $13.81 $28,720 1.9%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 310 $8.03 $8.56 $17,800 4.4%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 1,590 $20.01 $17.54 $36,490 4.1%
    98323 Helpers, Extractive Workers 170 $16.04 $15.43 $32,090 9.8%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 1,150 $9.48 $11.19 $23,270 1.9%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 1,220 $15.94 $16.26 $33,830 10.2%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 5,990 $9.60 $11.10 $23,080 3.8%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 7,610 $7.58 $8.42 $17,510 3.0%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 2,210 $6.51 $7.87 $16,370 3.7%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 15,220 $10.09 $10.30 $21,430 1.7%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    top

    Statewide estimates for California

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001