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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Portland-Vancouver (Oregon-Washington) PMSA REVISED

The 1998 OES estimates for this metropolitan area have been revised to incorporate corrections to some of the occupational wage estimates. The corrections were required because the State minimum wage over the three-year data collection period was significantly higher than the Federal minimum wage level. These corrections did not affect employment estimates.

Virtually all of the corrections to the metropolitan area estimates were within the published sampling error range for the estimate. While the majority of the changes were within a +/- 5 cents an hour range, there were some occupations with larger changes.

For further information about these changes please call the Occupational Employment Statistics information line on 202-691-6569.

The Portland-Vancouver primary metropolitan statistical area (PMSA) includes parts of Oregon and Washington.

Occupational divisions in Portland-Vancouver:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 4,590 $25.42 $27.66 $57,530 1.2%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 1,690 $23.33 $25.70 $53,460 1.4%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 1,130 $22.48 $24.83 $51,650 2.7%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 4,550 $27.59 $29.13 $60,590 1.4%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 1,920 $22.60 $24.37 $50,690 1.2%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 3,300 $38.25 $36.63 $76,180 2.0%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15002 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 60 $27.42 $27.17 $56,510 3.3%
    15005 Education Administrators 2,410 $29.46 $26.71 $55,560 5.0%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 1,030 $22.83 $25.10 $52,200 2.7%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 4,160 $8.79 $12.65 $26,320 7.3%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 2,010 $28.43 $28.55 $59,390 1.4%
    15017 Construction Managers 3,480 $27.87 $28.04 $58,320 2.2%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 1,260 $27.77 $28.24 $58,740 2.1%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 2,050 $15.72 $17.07 $35,510 2.8%
    15032 Lawn Service Managers 130 $16.55 $17.76 $36,950 3.8%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 170 $30.79 $26.55 $55,230 13.5%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 17,870 $32.39 $32.98 $68,600 1.5%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 5,250 $24.83 $26.02 $54,130 1.2%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
      Management Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21102 Insurance Underwriters 610 $20.38 $21.82 $45,380 1.7%
    21105 Credit Analysts 210 $20.83 $22.18 $46,130 2.6%
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 3,090 $16.04 $21.34 $44,380 5.4%
    21111 Tax Preparers 280 $14.29 $15.82 $32,910 17.3%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 5,380 $18.71 $21.16 $44,020 2.5%
    21117 Budget Analysts 410 $18.93 $20.08 $41,760 1.8%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 1,820 $19.84 $22.20 $46,170 2.2%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 1,510 $15.50 $19.46 $40,490 5.6%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 160 $21.39 $24.25 $50,440 5.3%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 1,870 $18.14 $19.72 $41,020 1.4%
    21502 Claims Takers, Unemployment Benefits 80 $12.69 $13.23 $27,520 1.0%
    21505 Special Agents, Insurance 90 $29.28 $26.87 $55,880 4.7%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service 290 $12.79 $14.13 $29,400 2.3%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 3,440 $20.42 $22.34 $46,470 6.8%
    21902 Cost Estimators 1,680 $19.62 $21.40 $44,510 1.7%
    21905 Management Analysts 650 $28.39 $28.00 $58,230 4.2%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 630 $20.92 $21.69 $45,120 4.2%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 1,270 $20.65 $21.01 $43,700 1.4%
    21917 Assessors 270 $21.31 $21.25 $44,200 3.9%
    21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 160 $22.83 $23.69 $49,280 5.1%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 5,230 $17.25 $19.46 $40,480 2.6%
      Engineers and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22102 Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineers (*) $25.23 $26.63 $55,400 5.0%
    22105 Metallurgists and Metallurgical, Ceramic, and Materials Engineers (*) $27.43 $27.44 $57,070 4.0%
    22114 Chemical Engineers 150 $30.70 $28.92 $60,140 3.2%
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 2,040 $26.65 $26.32 $54,750 2.2%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 3,740 $29.61 $27.90 $58,040 2.7%
    22127 Computer Engineers 3,340 $33.06 $31.02 $64,510 3.1%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 1,050 $25.01 $25.93 $53,930 2.5%
    22132 Safety Engineers, Except Mining 170 $25.07 $25.85 $53,760 2.4%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 2,330 $28.40 $29.70 $61,780 1.5%
    22199 All Other Engineers 2,840 $34.40 $33.15 $68,940 14.7%
    22302 Architects, Except Landscape and Marine 820 $20.09 $21.91 $45,570 5.2%
    22308 Landscape Architects 140 $21.33 $21.93 $45,620 9.8%
    22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 300 $22.17 $23.00 $47,840 3.8%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 920 $18.30 $18.84 $39,190 1.2%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 2,100 $16.60 $17.19 $35,760 6.4%
    22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists 340 $19.27 $19.92 $41,430 2.0%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 710 $20.84 $22.80 $47,420 7.9%
    22514 Drafters 2,050 $15.69 $16.34 $33,980 1.2%
    22517 Estimators and Drafters, Utilities 90 $21.82 $21.64 $45,010 2.1%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 410 $16.46 $16.63 $34,600 2.0%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 2,110 $16.90 $17.67 $36,760 1.4%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 300 $20.48 $21.72 $45,180 4.1%
    24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 230 $27.43 $26.65 $55,440 3.7%
    24199 All Other Physical Scientists 220 $24.19 $24.96 $51,910 4.2%
    24302 Foresters and Conservation Scientists 260 $24.00 $25.92 $53,900 3.6%
    24305 Agricultural and Food Scientists 60 $23.79 $24.51 $50,980 3.8%
    24308 Biological Scientists 780 $23.36 $24.22 $50,370 3.5%
    24311 Medical Scientists 90 $23.55 $24.92 $51,830 3.5%
    24399 All Other Life Scientists 100 $22.10 $23.00 $47,830 2.0%
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 300 $13.16 $13.84 $28,790 1.5%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 240 $15.04 $14.98 $31,160 4.1%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists (*) $19.13 $19.52 $40,600 4.1%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 3,680 $25.45 $25.80 $53,660 1.7%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 430 $24.47 $24.89 $51,760 1.5%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 5,960 $16.35 $17.32 $36,030 5.0%
    25105 Computer Programmers 4,740 $26.22 $28.08 $58,400 5.9%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 350 $15.10 $16.13 $33,560 3.1%
    25111 Programmers, Numerical Tool and Process Control 210 $23.01 $23.54 $48,970 3.7%
    25199 All Other Computer Scientists 1,530 $23.58 $24.40 $50,750 3.0%
    25302 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts, Except Computer 240 $20.48 $21.74 $45,210 2.1%
    25312 Statisticians 70 $25.29 $24.77 $51,510 3.5%
    25313 Actuaries (*) $29.31 $29.87 $62,120 5.8%
    25315 Financial Analysts, Statistical 270 $24.16 $26.10 $54,290 9.8%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27102 Economists, Including Market Research Analysts 340 $21.52 $23.03 $47,900 3.3%
    27105 Urban and Regional Planners 430 $21.34 $22.16 $46,100 2.3%
    27108 Psychologists 450 $23.77 $25.94 $53,950 3.4%
    27199 All Other Social Scientists 210 $17.53 $18.84 $39,200 2.0%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 2,130 $14.83 $16.08 $33,450 2.4%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 4,210 $15.47 $15.82 $32,900 3.9%
    27307 Residential Counselors 1,680 $8.75 $9.14 $19,020 1.8%
    27308 Human Services Workers 1,590 $10.44 $11.12 $23,120 3.1%
    27311 Recreation Workers 1,700 $10.34 $11.19 $23,280 2.3%
    27502 Clergy 1,710 $11.32 $12.89 $26,810 5.8%
    27505 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 400 $13.67 $13.29 $27,640 5.3%
    27599 All Other Religious Workers 90 $6.15 $8.63 $17,940 16.3%
      Law and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28102 Judges and Magistrates 120 $33.72 $30.72 $63,890 5.8%
    28108 Lawyers 2,780 $34.61 $33.86 $70,440 4.7%
    28302 Law Clerks 140 $14.23 $14.99 $31,180 5.2%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 810 $16.14 $16.09 $33,460 2.6%
    28308 Title Searchers 140 $11.15 $11.61 $24,160 1.7%
    28311 Title Examiners and Abstractors 190 $16.46 $17.11 $35,590 2.2%
    28399 All Other Legal Assistants and Technicians, Except Clerical 460 $17.24 $18.94 $39,400 3.7%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary (*) * * $44,690 3.1%
    31117 Graduate Assistants, Teaching (*) * * $20,030 2.4%
    31201 Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $55,700 5.8%
    31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $51,270 4.6%
    31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 200 * * $51,250 4.2%
    31206 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $54,820 4.3%
    31209 All Other Physical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $39,630 11.5%
    31212 Health Assessment and Treatment Teachers, Postsecondary 370 * * $46,720 5.4%
    31213 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $42,800 3.8%
    31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 460 * * $43,980 3.3%
    31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 190 * * $45,340 3.4%
    31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 520 * * $45,680 7.3%
    31222 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $60,810 5.9%
    31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 370 * * $45,730 4.1%
    31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 130 * * $44,850 8.3%
    31231 Anthropology and Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary 120 * * $45,960 4.0%
    31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $54,550 4.4%
    31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 140 * * $48,600 3.3%
    31236 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary 110 * * $51,660 3.6%
    31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 220 * * $50,430 3.3%
    31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 370 * * $52,560 6.7%
    31244 Law Teachers, Postsecondary 130 * * $69,400 9.1%
    31246 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $43,730 4.6%
    31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 230 * * $44,000 3.6%
    31254 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary 130 * * $42,070 6.0%
    31256 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $44,670 3.9%
    31258 Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $38,240 16.8%
    31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers 1,330 * * $48,910 3.0%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 2,630 $7.97 $8.48 $17,630 2.8%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 1,350 * * $33,140 7.0%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 9,920 * * $40,730 2.6%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 8,530 * * $41,620 1.9%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 3,300 * * $41,490 2.0%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 1,400 $17.60 $18.65 $38,800 2.9%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 790 $11.93 $17.35 $36,090 14.1%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 1,970 $13.37 $14.04 $29,210 2.5%
    31323 Farm and Home Management Advisors 30 $15.16 $17.22 $35,810 9.0%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors 5,210 * * $29,990 13.1%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 960 $20.14 $20.78 $43,220 2.7%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 640 $11.22 $12.37 $25,730 5.4%
    31508 Audio-Visual Specialists 40 $14.03 $15.57 $32,390 3.0%
    31511 Curators, Archivists, Museum Technicians, and Conservators 40 $14.42 $16.58 $34,500 5.6%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 1,210 $21.02 $21.00 $43,680 3.9%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 460 $18.84 $20.61 $42,870 2.8%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 6,520 $10.03 $9.97 $20,750 1.4%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 4,230 $57.13 $49.69** $103,350** 7.3%
    32105 Dentists 510 $58.53 $48.81** $101,530** 9.1%
    32108 Optometrists 160 $24.01 $24.73 $51,430 13.3%
    32113 Chiropractors (*) $12.45 $15.74 $32,730 19.1%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 420 $22.11 $25.73 $53,520 7.1%
    32199 All Other Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners 90 $22.19 $24.52 $51,000 4.6%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists 530 $16.46 $16.62 $34,580 1.0%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 310 $21.96 $22.26 $46,310 2.0%
    32308 Physical Therapists 600 $24.09 $25.66 $53,380 1.9%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 620 $21.42 $21.48 $44,680 1.9%
    32317 Recreational Therapists 140 $11.78 $12.53 $26,060 5.4%
    32399 All Other Therapists 470 $14.51 $16.43 $34,170 6.5%
    32502 Registered Nurses 12,060 $19.86 $21.65 $45,040 1.7%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 2,680 $14.61 $14.86 $30,910 0.7%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 720 $10.10 $10.94 $22,750 2.5%
    32511 Physician Assistants 360 $25.32 $23.71 $49,310 4.2%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 530 $11.82 $12.29 $25,560 2.8%
    32517 Pharmacists 1,170 $32.75 $29.48 $61,310 1.4%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 1,100 $11.03 $10.82 $22,520 2.1%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 210 $18.86 $19.34 $40,220 2.0%
    32523 Dietetic Technicians 90 $10.89 $11.07 $23,010 2.8%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 790 $19.07 $18.69 $38,870 3.0%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 920 $13.02 $13.59 $28,270 2.0%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 2,060 $33.45 $30.26 $62,950 5.4%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 680 $10.66 $10.73 $22,320 2.2%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 780 $16.82 $17.00 $35,350 1.9%
    32925 Cardiology Technologists 120 $17.09 $16.97 $35,300 1.6%
    32926 Electrocardiograph Technicians 100 $11.67 $12.34 $25,680 1.7%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians 400 $12.63 $12.68 $26,380 2.2%
    32931 Psychiatric Technicians (*) $14.57 $14.28 $29,700 5.5%
    32951 Veterinary Technicians and Technologists 310 $10.28 $10.19 $21,200 2.3%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 2,020 $13.50 $15.20 $31,610 2.6%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 840 $13.69 $14.59 $30,350 5.6%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 400 $23.34 $23.66 $49,210 2.6%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 650 $16.86 $18.58 $38,650 1.4%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 270 $10.03 $12.46 $25,910 9.6%
    34014 Broadcast News Analysts 70 $17.14 $22.52 $46,840 20.8%
    34017 Announcers, Radio and Television 300 $11.56 $14.01 $29,140 6.8%
    34023 Photographers 330 $11.39 $12.88 $26,780 4.8%
    34026 Camera Operators, Television and Motion Picture 210 $10.83 $14.03 $29,190 12.4%
    34028 Broadcast Technicians 270 $12.20 $13.78 $28,660 6.3%
    34032 Film Editors 70 $15.34 $16.53 $34,380 11.0%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 1,220 $15.90 $16.21 $33,710 2.2%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 1,570 $12.94 $15.21 $31,640 3.0%
    34041 Interior Designers (*) $20.13 $19.50 $40,560 2.2%
    34044 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 340 $9.74 $9.93 $20,660 1.5%
    34047 Music Directors, Singers, Composers, and Related Workers 480 * * $27,180 9.4%
    34051 Musicians, Instrumental 580 * * $28,950 7.2%
    34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers 830 * * $35,470 8.9%
    34058 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers 190 * * $52,240 12.6%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 170 $18.76 $18.84 $39,190 3.8%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 7,230 $16.82 $18.61 $38,710 1.7%
    Sales and Related Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 15,420 $16.20 $19.81 $41,190 1.7%
      Sales Occupations, Services
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 2,370 $17.92 $20.99 $43,670 8.3%
    43005 Brokers, Real Estate 210 $18.96 $22.51 $46,820 7.4%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 470 $11.81 $19.24 $40,020 11.9%
    43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 320 $23.02 $23.26 $48,390 7.5%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 1,990 $24.13 $32.28 $67,150 8.6%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 2,020 $17.90 $18.42 $38,310 1.9%
    43021 Travel Agents 1,360 $10.46 $10.85 $22,570 5.0%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 1,070 $16.54 $17.84 $37,110 3.3%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 670 $14.31 $17.55 $36,500 4.1%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 720 $27.09 $30.72 $63,900 5.3%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 5,730 $24.21 $29.07 $60,470 5.8%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 10,530 $18.04 $20.05 $41,700 1.6%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 31,110 $8.38 $10.40 $21,630 1.9%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 2,670 $12.73 $13.71 $28,520 2.2%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 4,240 $7.01 $7.90 $16,440 2.6%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 6,500 $8.67 $9.50 $19,770 1.0%
    49023 Cashiers 15,990 $7.95 $8.78 $18,260 1.1%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 1,920 $8.32 $10.25 $21,330 3.6%
    49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 1,380 $7.54 $7.66 $15,940 1.9%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 3,480 $11.98 $13.46 $28,000 2.2%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 10,360 $15.81 $17.03 $35,430 1.0%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 4,510 $8.51 $8.72 $18,130 0.9%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 980 $10.77 $11.02 $22,920 2.0%
    53111 Loan Interviewers 110 $9.87 $10.60 $22,050 1.8%
    53114 Credit Authorizers 60 $13.32 $15.18 $31,580 3.2%
    53117 Credit Checkers 180 $10.89 $11.08 $23,050 2.2%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 2,270 $13.33 $13.56 $28,210 2.1%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 4,010 $11.11 $11.99 $24,940 1.6%
    53126 Statement Clerks 140 $9.52 $9.70 $20,180 1.7%
    53128 Brokerage Clerks 330 $14.94 $14.87 $30,920 3.3%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 1,410 $18.77 $19.60 $40,770 2.0%
    53305 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 40 $21.24 $22.19 $46,160 5.3%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 1,000 $11.98 $12.31 $25,610 1.7%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 1,400 $12.16 $12.33 $25,650 6.7%
    53502 Welfare Eligibility Workers and Interviewers 540 $14.76 $15.53 $32,300 1.8%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 2,070 $12.06 $12.58 $26,180 1.1%
    53702 Court Clerks 410 $12.44 $12.43 $25,840 1.2%
    53705 Municipal Clerks 60 $12.92 $14.07 $29,260 5.1%
    53708 License Clerks 200 $12.36 $12.71 $26,430 1.4%
    53802 Travel Clerks 40 $8.80 $8.39 $17,460 3.0%
    53805 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents 1,180 $11.25 $12.53 $26,050 6.0%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 1,110 $7.75 $7.78 $16,180 0.8%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 850 $10.04 $9.89 $20,570 2.9%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 1,910 $8.35 $8.20 $17,060 2.6%
    53908 Advertising Clerks 30 $10.00 $10.09 $20,990 2.2%
    53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers 130 $8.13 $8.62 $17,930 2.0%
    53914 Real Estate Clerks 300 $11.50 $11.11 $23,120 5.5%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 2,860 $15.12 $15.38 $31,980 1.6%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 890 $11.73 $11.93 $24,820 3.5%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 13,630 $11.75 $12.17 $25,310 0.6%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 370 $13.21 $15.67 $32,580 5.7%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 10,460 $9.79 $10.27 $21,360 1.4%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 1,850 $11.77 $11.90 $24,750 1.4%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 750 $12.82 $13.04 $27,130 1.1%
    55317 Correspondence Clerks (*) $10.50 $10.93 $22,730 1.5%
    55321 File Clerks 1,660 $8.64 $9.06 $18,840 1.0%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 3,990 $11.00 $11.55 $24,020 1.3%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 480 $12.33 $13.01 $27,060 1.3%
    55328 Statistical Clerks 320 $11.05 $11.40 $23,710 2.9%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 1,520 $8.60 $8.75 $18,210 1.3%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 1,500 $12.91 $12.75 $26,520 2.1%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 14,870 $11.73 $12.47 $25,930 1.3%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 1,010 $13.11 $13.46 $28,000 0.8%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 2,840 $11.97 $12.52 $26,040 0.9%
    55347 General Office Clerks 22,670 $10.52 $10.78 $22,410 0.7%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 650 $8.90 $9.27 $19,290 2.2%
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators 610 $9.76 $10.25 $21,330 6.0%
    56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 220 $9.46 $10.08 $20,970 0.9%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 1,330 $12.11 $13.04 $27,130 1.1%
    56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 180 $14.36 $14.44 $30,040 1.9%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 2,880 $9.51 $9.77 $20,320 1.1%
    56021 Data Keyers, Composing 80 $9.54 $9.53 $19,820 1.6%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 1,170 $9.57 $9.67 $20,120 2.0%
    57199 All Other Communications Equipment Operators 50 $8.05 $8.61 $17,910 1.8%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 810 $8.04 $8.39 $17,460 2.4%
    57311 Messengers 950 $7.88 $8.74 $18,170 1.1%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 470 $16.26 $16.70 $34,730 6.8%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 1,470 $13.45 $15.17 $31,560 2.7%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 2,160 $14.92 $15.20 $31,610 1.4%
    58011 Transportation Agents 120 $10.70 $11.95 $24,860 7.8%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 200 $14.83 $15.40 $32,030 2.4%
    58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 330 $11.83 $12.86 $26,750 10.2%
    58021 Marking Clerks 260 $7.56 $7.98 $16,600 1.8%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 6,220 $9.62 $10.44 $21,710 1.7%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 2,960 $10.01 $10.42 $21,660 1.5%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 8,000 $11.18 $11.94 $24,840 1.1%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 680 $11.46 $12.11 $25,200 0.9%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 5,040 $11.45 $11.86 $24,680 0.9%
    Service Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 600 $24.55 $25.53 $53,110 3.9%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 980 $31.69 $29.48 $61,320 5.0%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 460 $9.06 $9.70 $20,170 1.8%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 6,430 $11.77 $12.42 $25,830 1.8%
      Protective Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63002 Fire Inspectors 120 $27.23 $26.52 $55,170 6.2%
    63008 Fire Fighters 1,360 $17.80 $17.99 $37,420 5.2%
    63011 Police Detectives 80 $22.16 $22.11 $45,980 1.9%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 2,020 $22.82 $23.10 $48,050 6.3%
    63017 Correction Officers and Jailers 1,260 $18.55 $18.19 $37,830 4.2%
    63032 Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs 700 $20.76 $20.12 $41,850 3.6%
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 370 $12.11 $12.46 $25,910 2.6%
    63044 Crossing Guards 470 $16.35 $13.63 $28,350 12.6%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 4,830 $8.21 $9.08 $18,900 2.7%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 770 $11.27 $11.63 $24,190 3.5%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 1,760 $6.78 $7.05 $14,660 1.5%
    65005 Bartenders 4,320 $7.23 $7.38 $15,340 1.5%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 12,630 $6.27 $6.70 $13,940 1.2%
    65011 Food Servers, Outside 420 $6.67 $7.11 $14,780 2.2%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 2,320 $6.17 $6.61 $13,750 1.1%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 1,500 $6.44 $6.81 $14,160 3.0%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 1,110 $9.37 $9.74 $20,250 1.5%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 940 $14.71 $13.86 $28,830 1.6%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 6,650 $8.30 $8.51 $17,710 1.4%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 2,240 $8.52 $8.81 $18,330 1.0%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 2,210 $6.46 $6.85 $14,250 2.0%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 540 $7.35 $7.37 $15,330 2.3%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 8,220 $7.27 $7.51 $15,630 1.3%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 18,720 $6.50 $6.90 $14,350 1.1%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 1,680 $7.68 $8.24 $17,130 1.6%
      Health Service and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 2,360 $14.12 $14.04 $29,210 3.4%
    66005 Medical Assistants 2,000 $11.02 $11.35 $23,610 2.1%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 7,000 $8.35 $8.43 $17,540 1.1%
    66011 Home Health Aides 1,310 $7.95 $8.40 $17,480 1.8%
    66014 Psychiatric Aides 200 $10.67 $10.60 $22,040 1.6%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 320 $13.66 $13.67 $28,430 3.0%
    66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 110 $15.33 $15.69 $32,630 2.4%
    66023 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians (*) $6.66 $8.62 $17,940 3.6%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 720 $10.56 $10.74 $22,330 1.2%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 4,970 $7.39 $7.71 $16,030 1.7%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 12,910 $8.05 $8.71 $18,110 2.1%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants (*) $11.27 $11.42 $23,750 2.0%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 1,130 $8.32 $8.33 $17,330 2.8%
      Personal Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 2,010 $8.03 $8.69 $18,080 2.8%
    68008 Manicurists 200 $6.12 $7.10 $14,760 6.5%
    68011 Shampooers 30 $6.31 $7.10 $14,770 7.5%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 2,160 $6.43 $6.93 $14,420 1.6%
    68017 Guides 130 $7.74 $8.79 $18,290 2.9%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 460 $6.57 $6.94 $14,440 2.2%
    68023 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 240 $6.14 $6.72 $13,980 2.1%
    68026 Flight Attendants 1,230 * * $37,230 11.2%
    68032 Wardrobe, and Locker and Dressing Room Attendants 50 $7.31 $8.30 $17,270 1.6%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 2,640 $7.69 $7.85 $16,320 1.6%
    68038 Child Care Workers 2,950 $6.75 $7.23 $15,040 1.8%
      Other Service Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 3,830 $7.28 $8.26 $17,180 3.0%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 490 $16.56 $17.54 $36,480 2.9%
      Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    73002 Fallers and Buckers 100 $17.52 $18.39 $38,250 6.0%
    73005 Choke Setters 70 $13.48 $13.33 $27,720 1.7%
    73008 Log-Handling Equipment Operators 170 $13.74 $14.21 $29,550 4.9%
    73011 Logging Tractor Operators 100 $16.11 $16.20 $33,700 1.9%
    73099 All Other Timber Cutting and Related Logging Workers 60 $14.40 $15.14 $31,490 1.9%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79002 Forest and Conservation Workers 100 $15.07 $15.34 $31,910 1.7%
    79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 410 $7.56 $7.66 $15,920 1.9%
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 770 $6.78 $7.27 $15,120 2.6%
    79021 Farm Equipment Operators 50 $9.22 $9.65 $20,070 4.3%
    79033 Pruners 180 $13.70 $13.22 $27,500 5.5%
    79036 Sprayers/Applicators 120 $13.64 $13.45 $27,980 3.8%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 5,780 $9.21 $10.32 $21,470 3.2%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 500 $9.23 $8.95 $18,620 2.3%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 270 $8.62 $10.30 $21,420 3.4%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 2,410 $21.88 $22.94 $47,700 1.6%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 2,290 $24.18 $25.03 $52,070 2.1%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 5,900 $18.82 $20.64 $42,920 1.9%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 1,280 $19.19 $19.77 $41,130 3.8%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 850 $15.91 $16.51 $34,340 1.2%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 1,120 $18.15 $19.64 $40,860 1.6%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 1,210 $13.94 $15.31 $31,850 2.9%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 2,880 $11.55 $12.06 $25,080 1.7%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 330 $13.03 $14.30 $29,740 2.6%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 3,130 $16.76 $17.17 $35,720 1.4%
    85112 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Textile Machines 30 $20.15 $18.29 $38,040 8.1%
    85113 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Sewing Machines 50 $11.21 $11.51 $23,930 3.2%
    85116 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Marine Equipment 60 $17.92 $17.40 $36,200 1.8%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant 140 $18.58 $18.60 $38,690 5.6%
    85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 230 $17.65 $18.94 $39,390 2.3%
    85123 Millwrights 630 $19.96 $19.28 $40,110 5.4%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 420 $16.34 $16.41 $34,130 1.8%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 6,010 $11.45 $12.40 $25,800 1.9%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 4,140 $15.84 $16.23 $33,760 2.1%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 1,310 $15.52 $17.47 $36,340 4.0%
    85308 Motorcycle Repairers 80 $12.06 $12.60 $26,220 3.5%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 2,430 $16.39 $16.35 $34,010 1.2%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 890 $16.80 $17.06 $35,480 1.3%
    85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 90 $12.02 $12.22 $25,420 2.9%
    85323 Aircraft Mechanics 830 $18.47 $19.33 $40,210 7.2%
    85326 Aircraft Engine Specialists 90 $18.02 $18.30 $38,060 2.1%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 160 $11.37 $11.32 $23,550 2.7%
    85502 Central Office and PBX Installers and Repairers 590 $21.49 $20.54 $42,720 2.0%
    85505 Frame Wirers, Central Office 60 $14.04 $13.76 $28,620 5.7%
    85514 Radio Mechanics 210 $13.39 $14.28 $29,710 1.3%
    85599 All Other Communications Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,290 $21.74 $20.43 $42,490 2.6%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 1,370 $17.53 $17.18 $35,740 2.7%
    85705 Data Processing Equipment Repairers 1,150 $13.81 $15.27 $31,760 4.2%
    85708 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Repairers 290 $12.43 $12.99 $27,020 2.6%
    85711 Electric Home Appliance and Power Tool Repairers 170 $10.41 $11.41 $23,730 3.8%
    85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 230 $12.75 $13.10 $27,240 4.4%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 430 $17.31 $17.79 $37,010 1.8%
    85721 Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay Electricians 140 $26.33 $26.64 $55,410 4.2%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 800 $28.33 $27.27 $56,710 2.0%
    85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone (*) $19.80 $19.65 $40,860 2.4%
    85728 Electrical Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 80 $13.25 $14.40 $29,950 1.3%
    85799 All Other Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 360 $16.69 $17.66 $36,720 1.9%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 1,440 $16.72 $17.75 $36,920 4.2%
    85905 Precision Instrument Repairers (*) $18.62 $19.41 $40,360 2.9%
    85908 Electromedical and Biomedical Equipment Repairers 50 $17.06 $17.03 $35,430 2.3%
    85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers (*) $30.90 $28.50 $59,290 4.1%
    85923 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 180 $10.74 $11.03 $22,950 6.3%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 410 $14.58 $14.54 $30,250 8.2%
    85928 Mechanical Control and Valve Installers and Repairers 40 $18.40 $18.25 $37,960 2.9%
    85932 Elevator Installers and Repairers 210 $31.76 $28.70 $59,690 3.2%
    85935 Riggers 50 $15.32 $16.05 $33,370 7.1%
    85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 270 $14.73 $15.60 $32,460 2.4%
    85944 Gas Appliance Repairers (*) $13.09 $13.44 $27,960 1.9%
    85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers (*) $14.33 $13.30 $27,660 2.3%
    85951 Bicycle Repairers 70 $7.81 $8.03 $16,700 3.2%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 940 $10.44 $10.36 $21,550 2.2%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 1,850 $13.63 $14.52 $30,200 1.9%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 7,610 $15.79 $16.43 $34,170 1.9%
    87105 Ceiling Tile Installers and Acoustical Carpenters 90 $20.16 $19.45 $40,460 2.9%
    87108 Drywall Installers 890 $16.70 $16.60 $34,540 4.3%
    87111 Tapers 490 $18.79 $18.78 $39,060 4.0%
    87114 Lathers 60 $14.81 $16.25 $33,800 6.6%
    87202 Electricians 5,240 $23.73 $24.01 $49,950 2.5%
    87302 Brickmasons 230 $20.91 $21.07 $43,830 4.8%
    87305 Stonemasons (*) $27.83 $23.80 $49,510 15.0%
    87308 Hard Tile Setters (*) $15.45 $15.62 $32,480 5.8%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 1,110 $18.57 $19.06 $39,640 2.9%
    87314 Reinforcing Metal Workers 250 $22.50 $22.24 $46,260 2.7%
    87317 Plasterers and Stucco Masons 270 $17.93 $17.83 $37,080 4.8%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 2,210 $13.83 $13.39 $27,850 3.2%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 3,170 $22.54 $23.06 $47,970 3.0%
    87508 Pipelayers 430 $18.37 $18.28 $38,020 3.8%
    87511 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 220 $12.94 $14.30 $29,740 3.1%
    87602 Carpet Installers 510 $12.24 $13.18 $27,410 9.5%
    87605 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 120 $20.59 $18.17 $37,780 5.2%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 360 $15.73 $16.56 $34,440 3.4%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 1,190 $15.60 $15.66 $32,580 1.6%
    87802 Insulation Workers 470 $11.12 $14.33 $29,800 7.9%
    87803 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 160 $15.33 $17.49 $36,380 7.1%
    87805 Sheet Metal Duct Installers 610 $20.16 $19.66 $40,880 10.9%
    87808 Roofers 1,550 $16.27 $16.27 $33,840 3.3%
    87811 Glaziers 590 $22.90 $22.57 $46,940 9.2%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers 450 $21.94 $21.46 $44,640 2.2%
    87817 Fence Erectors 270 $11.33 $12.83 $26,690 14.4%
    87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 1,570 $12.79 $14.62 $30,420 2.2%
    87902 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 160 $16.23 $18.37 $38,220 7.5%
    87905 Blasters and Explosives Workers (*) $14.93 $15.09 $31,390 1.7%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 480 $14.72 $14.57 $30,300 2.8%
      Precision Production Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 790 $18.70 $20.05 $41,710 2.5%
    89108 Machinists 3,390 $15.46 $14.80 $30,780 2.6%
    89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 450 $12.41 $14.01 $29,130 5.1%
    89114 Pattern and Model Makers, Metal (*) $13.97 $15.54 $32,320 5.1%
    89117 Precision Lay-Out Workers, Metal 200 $19.46 $21.11 $43,910 4.9%
    89121 Shipfitters 160 $14.90 $14.97 $31,140 4.8%
    89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths 140 $10.61 $11.91 $24,770 9.2%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 1,640 $17.68 $17.74 $36,900 3.0%
    89135 Boilermakers 180 $17.94 $17.28 $35,950 2.2%
    89199 All Other Precision Metal Workers 180 $15.11 $14.80 $30,780 1.3%
    89302 Pattern and Model Makers, Wood 60 $19.79 $20.52 $42,670 7.1%
    89308 Wood Machinists 290 $12.61 $13.90 $28,910 3.9%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 1,380 $12.87 $13.45 $27,970 2.8%
    89314 Furniture Finishers 70 $12.26 $13.11 $27,270 3.7%
    89502 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers and Lay-Out Workers 90 $9.01 $9.92 $20,620 5.1%
    89505 Custom Tailors and Sewers 180 $9.62 $10.55 $21,950 6.6%
    89508 Upholsterers 150 $11.12 $11.93 $24,810 3.7%
    89511 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers, Precision 50 $10.10 $10.02 $20,840 3.6%
    89514 Spotters, Dry-Cleaning 60 $10.05 $9.92 $20,640 6.9%
    89517 Pressers, Delicate Fabrics 150 $8.90 $8.91 $18,540 7.1%
    89599 All Other Precision Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers 40 $15.83 $14.24 $29,620 5.5%
    89702 Hand Compositors and Typesetters 30 $10.71 $10.99 $22,850 1.2%
    89705 Job Printers 70 $15.23 $14.76 $30,690 2.3%
    89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 410 $12.29 $14.21 $29,560 6.3%
    89712 Photoengravers (*) $15.21 $16.02 $33,320 3.9%
    89713 Camera Operators 40 $7.86 $9.52 $19,790 11.7%
    89715 Scanner Operators 80 $19.84 $22.11 $45,990 6.4%
    89717 Strippers 140 $16.12 $17.37 $36,120 3.6%
    89718 Platemakers 100 $13.33 $13.71 $28,510 6.6%
    89719 All Other Lithography and Photoengraving Workers 40 $15.10 $16.42 $34,140 4.8%
    89799 All Other Precision Printing Workers 230 $10.61 $11.29 $23,480 2.1%
    89802 Slaughterers and Butchers (*) $12.65 $12.75 $26,530 2.4%
    89805 Bakers, Manufacturing 460 $11.14 $11.62 $24,160 3.3%
    89808 Food Batchmakers 190 $13.79 $13.27 $27,600 1.3%
    89899 All Other Precision Food and Tobacco Workers 40 $11.93 $12.56 $26,130 1.1%
    89902 Precision Foundry Mold and Coremakers (*) $11.57 $12.41 $25,810 2.2%
    89905 Precision Molders, Shapers, Casters, and Carvers, Except Jewelry and Foundry 150 $9.80 $12.05 $25,070 5.1%
    89911 Precision Detail Design Decorators and Painters 100 $12.41 $11.95 $24,860 2.2%
    89914 Precision Photographic Process Workers 100 $9.91 $10.89 $22,660 2.9%
    89917 Precision Optical Goods Workers 390 $11.40 $11.61 $24,140 3.5%
    89921 Precision Dental Laboratory Technicians 340 $13.77 $14.20 $29,540 3.9%
    89923 Medical Appliance Makers (*) $14.08 $17.80 $37,030 9.7%
    89999 All Other Precision Workers 1,300 $8.84 $10.47 $21,780 8.6%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 160 $11.70 $12.32 $25,630 1.8%
    91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 500 $13.60 $15.34 $31,900 2.4%
    91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 250 $14.29 $16.77 $34,880 3.9%
    91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 160 $16.76 $19.16 $39,850 3.6%
    91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 540 $11.52 $12.48 $25,960 2.1%
    91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 490 $9.75 $10.53 $21,900 1.9%
    91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 230 $14.61 $14.34 $29,820 2.3%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $12.76 $13.21 $27,480 1.6%
    91308 Shear and Slitter Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 120 $12.85 $12.71 $26,430 2.1%
    91311 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 230 $11.15 $11.56 $24,050 2.9%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 780 $11.78 $12.05 $25,070 2.9%
    91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 660 $13.46 $14.73 $30,640 2.6%
    91505 Combination Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 390 $13.49 $13.48 $28,030 1.1%
    91508 Combination Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $9.99 $10.43 $21,680 2.3%
    91702 Welding Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 100 $15.22 $15.65 $32,560 1.7%
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 260 $11.09 $11.97 $24,900 1.7%
    91714 Metal Fabricators, Structural Metal Products 360 $16.21 $14.93 $31,050 3.8%
    91902 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 260 $13.17 $13.74 $28,570 5.0%
    91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 1,580 $9.16 $9.07 $18,870 2.3%
    91908 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 200 $14.16 $13.56 $28,210 3.9%
    91911 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 240 $13.28 $13.99 $29,090 3.8%
    91914 Foundry Mold Assembly and Shake-Out Workers 330 $11.31 $12.40 $25,800 5.0%
    91917 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 50 $13.31 $12.67 $26,350 2.7%
    91921 Electrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $9.14 $9.92 $20,640 4.0%
    91926 Nonelectrolytic Plating and Coating Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 80 $8.28 $9.09 $18,910 1.8%
    91928 Heating Equipment Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 40 $12.19 $12.19 $25,350 2.3%
    91932 Heat Treating, Annealing, and Tempering Machine Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 130 $10.12 $12.72 $26,460 2.6%
    91935 Furnace Operators and Tenders 200 $14.22 $13.99 $29,110 2.5%
    92197 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 130 $12.13 $12.56 $26,120 3.3%
    92198 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Operators and Tenders 610 $8.26 $9.15 $19,020 3.5%
    92302 Sawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $10.88 $11.57 $24,060 2.3%
    92305 Head Sawyers 70 $15.66 $15.56 $32,370 1.8%
    92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 590 $11.06 $11.49 $23,900 2.7%
    92311 Woodworking Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Except Sawing (*) $10.71 $11.85 $24,650 2.5%
    92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 450 $11.01 $11.10 $23,090 5.3%
    92510 Printing Press Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 30 $15.47 $15.29 $31,810 1.7%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 430 $17.08 $16.19 $33,670 3.1%
    92515 Letterpress Setters and Set-Up Operators 150 $15.54 $14.68 $30,530 4.4%
    92519 All Other Printing Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 130 $11.60 $13.18 $27,420 3.0%
    92522 Specialty Materials Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 80 $14.59 $14.64 $30,450 1.2%
    92524 Screen Printing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 90 $8.45 $8.80 $18,300 1.3%
    92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 290 $16.41 $16.27 $33,850 8.4%
    92541 Typesetting and Composing Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $10.80 $10.88 $22,640 1.9%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 880 $14.18 $14.26 $29,670 2.4%
    92545 Photoengraving and Lithographing Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $11.27 $11.63 $24,190 3.4%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 680 $8.35 $10.33 $21,480 10.3%
    92549 All Other Printing, Binding, and Related Machine Operators and Tenders (*) $11.53 $12.69 $26,390 1.3%
    92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting (*) $9.47 $11.00 $22,870 9.6%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 1,170 $7.63 $7.82 $16,270 1.5%
    92721 Sewing Machine Operators, Nongarment 660 $8.38 $8.83 $18,370 3.0%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 740 $7.72 $7.85 $16,340 1.3%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 270 $9.19 $8.96 $18,640 1.6%
    92902 Electronic Semiconductor Processors 4,990 $10.73 $11.30 $23,510 4.0%
    92905 Motion Picture Projectionists 100 $6.72 $9.41 $19,570 8.3%
    92908 Photographic Processing Machine Operators and Tenders 480 $7.61 $8.20 $17,060 9.6%
    92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 540 $15.20 $14.99 $31,190 4.3%
    92917 Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 80 $11.21 $10.62 $22,090 3.3%
    92921 Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 90 $15.11 $14.83 $30,850 2.8%
    92923 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, or Kettle Operators and Tenders 200 $13.19 $13.44 $27,950 1.9%
    92926 Boiler Operators and Tenders, Low Pressure 60 $17.00 $16.66 $34,650 1.9%
    92932 Dairy Processing Equipment Operators, Including Setters 100 $14.94 $15.27 $31,760 4.2%
    92935 Chemical Equipment Controllers and Operators 130 $17.44 $17.73 $36,870 2.2%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 360 $10.11 $10.34 $21,500 1.4%
    92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment 470 $15.21 $16.79 $34,920 4.1%
    92951 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 240 $10.22 $11.59 $24,100 1.6%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 620 $12.94 $14.91 $31,010 2.4%
    92956 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators and Tenders 110 $14.56 $14.33 $29,810 2.1%
    92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 60 $10.23 $10.53 $21,900 1.3%
    92962 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Operators and Tenders 250 $12.72 $12.28 $25,550 2.5%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 770 $13.35 $13.31 $27,680 2.4%
    92968 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 130 $10.88 $11.07 $23,030 2.7%
    92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 270 $9.72 $11.67 $24,270 6.5%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 2,220 $10.87 $10.85 $22,570 1.8%
    92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 600 $9.87 $11.32 $23,540 1.6%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 5,050 $10.73 $11.50 $23,930 1.9%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93105 Machine Builders and Other Precision Machine Assemblers 490 $11.63 $12.34 $25,670 3.3%
    93108 Fitters, Structural Metal, Precision (*) $15.07 $15.70 $32,660 5.8%
    93111 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers, Precision (*) $10.68 $10.91 $22,680 0.8%
    93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 4,150 $10.65 $11.28 $23,460 2.6%
    93197 All Other Precision Assemblers 240 $9.71 $10.67 $22,190 2.0%
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 3,300 $8.88 $9.25 $19,240 1.8%
    93911 Glaziers, Manufacturing 40 $11.05 $11.63 $24,190 1.4%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 3,900 $13.77 $14.12 $29,370 0.9%
    93917 Solderers and Brazers 250 $7.73 $8.00 $16,630 2.1%
    93921 Pressers, Hand 90 $7.56 $7.59 $15,790 3.0%
    93926 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 210 $8.77 $9.02 $18,770 2.0%
    93928 Portable Machine Cutters 40 $9.39 $9.17 $19,060 1.5%
    93935 Cannery Workers 590 $7.31 $7.81 $16,240 2.9%
    93938 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 120 $8.35 $9.08 $18,890 6.2%
    93941 Metal Pourers and Casters, Basic Shapes 100 $11.88 $12.31 $25,610 3.6%
    93944 Molders and Casters, Hand 120 $8.03 $8.43 $17,530 3.5%
    93947 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers, Hand 480 $13.56 $11.97 $24,890 2.5%
    93951 Engraving and Printing Workers, Hand (*) $7.76 $7.90 $16,440 2.8%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 1,070 $8.33 $8.91 $18,520 3.8%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 9,420 $8.62 $9.49 $19,730 1.5%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 3,890 $8.36 $9.37 $19,490 4.1%
      Plant and System Occupations
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 390 $16.03 $16.84 $35,030 3.5%
    95008 Chemical Plant and System Operators 70 $19.29 $19.00 $39,530 2.2%
    95028 Power Distributors and Dispatchers 120 $29.37 $27.15 $56,470 3.2%
    95032 Stationary Engineers 70 $18.54 $19.73 $41,030 2.3%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 410 $16.38 $15.44 $32,110 1.5%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 12,470 $13.80 $14.17 $29,460 0.9%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 9,450 $9.79 $10.87 $22,600 2.4%
    97108 Bus Drivers 970 $9.61 $10.58 $22,010 6.3%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 2,490 $10.10 $10.45 $21,730 2.5%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 930 $6.87 $7.32 $15,230 2.7%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 2,040 $11.29 $11.95 $24,860 2.6%
    97199 All Other Motor Vehicle Operators 250 $9.48 $11.06 $23,000 2.1%
    97308 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers 40 $18.04 $18.05 $37,540 2.9%
    97502 Captains, Water Vessel (*) $22.97 $24.92 $51,840 5.4%
    97517 Ordinary Seamen and Marine Oilers 180 $19.27 $18.41 $38,290 2.8%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 3,500 $7.16 $7.44 $15,480 1.4%
    97899 All Other Transportation and Related Workers 280 $13.18 $13.50 $28,070 2.1%
    97905 Tank Car and Truck Loaders 30 $14.46 $14.59 $30,350 1.7%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 920 $18.96 $19.23 $40,000 3.0%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 470 $17.64 $17.91 $37,240 1.9%
    97941 Hoist and Winch Operators 110 $16.13 $17.16 $35,700 2.5%
    97944 Crane and Tower Operators 360 $15.52 $16.56 $34,440 2.0%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 3,450 $12.24 $12.56 $26,120 0.9%
    97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 300 $11.04 $11.56 $24,050 5.1%
    97956 Operating Engineers 860 $20.09 $19.59 $40,740 3.6%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 650 $13.15 $13.66 $28,410 1.8%
    97999 All Other Transportation and Material-Moving Equipment Operators 320 $10.47 $11.92 $24,780 1.5%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 1,220 $9.53 $10.19 $21,200 2.4%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 230 $14.71 $14.27 $29,670 6.4%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 1,350 $9.49 $10.13 $21,060 3.8%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 150 $13.77 $13.84 $28,780 1.5%
    98314 Helpers, Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 400 $9.78 $10.74 $22,330 2.8%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 230 $10.37 $11.17 $23,240 3.3%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 200 $9.06 $9.26 $19,270 4.6%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 360 $10.93 $11.33 $23,570 2.9%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 3,580 $10.72 $12.15 $25,270 2.6%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 1,160 $15.19 $15.07 $31,340 3.1%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 6,090 $9.82 $10.33 $21,490 1.8%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 6,300 $7.50 $8.10 $16,850 1.4%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 2,110 $8.33 $9.72 $20,210 4.3%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 13,170 $9.22 $10.62 $22,090 2.0%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    Statewide estimates for:

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001