Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
PRINT:Print
OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Reading, Pennsylvania MSA

Reading is a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in Pennsylvania.

Occupational divisions in Reading:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 940 $20.66 $22.08 $45,920 2.4%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 320 $19.52 $20.66 $42,970 3.1%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 230 $19.21 $21.74 $45,220 2.3%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 530 $23.20 $24.73 $51,430 2.6%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 390 $20.70 $22.45 $46,700 2.6%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 300 $31.72 $28.56 $59,400 1.8%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 520 $30.51 $27.28 $56,740 3.7%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 210 $28.05 $27.99 $58,230 6.8%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 50 $16.86 $19.00 $39,530 6.6%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 440 $25.93 $26.99 $56,150 2.3%
    15017 Construction Managers 220 $20.10 $22.96 $47,760 8.3%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 180 $27.54 $25.89 $53,850 5.7%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 270 $12.57 $14.03 $29,190 2.9%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 150 $5.83 $8.63 $17,950 11.5%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 3,760 $27.64 $30.24 $62,890 2.1%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 1,010 $19.14 $21.01 $43,710 3.1%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 180 $15.86 $19.81 $41,200 6.4%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 820 $19.14 $20.92 $43,510 1.4%
    21117 Budget Analysts 40 $20.68 $21.11 $43,900 5.2%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 160 $15.56 $17.88 $37,180 3.7%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 140 $12.76 $15.14 $31,490 3.0%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 250 $18.44 $19.42 $40,390 1.9%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service (*) $13.92 $14.61 $30,390 4.8%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 450 $11.67 $13.63 $28,340 5.0%
    21902 Cost Estimators 220 $18.80 $20.73 $43,130 2.3%
    21905 Management Analysts 80 $27.17 $26.59 $55,310 3.3%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 90 $15.00 $13.25 $27,560 13.1%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 80 $17.08 $19.52 $40,610 3.0%
    21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 50 $16.07 $17.07 $35,500 4.3%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 830 $17.46 $18.39 $38,250 3.9%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 120 $20.53 $22.51 $46,830 5.0%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers 390 $26.76 $26.37 $54,850 6.5%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 240 $26.43 $26.58 $55,290 2.8%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 220 $25.66 $26.09 $54,270 2.1%
    22311 Surveyors and Mapping Scientists 50 $15.99 $17.56 $36,520 7.3%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 30 $17.52 $18.97 $39,470 12.0%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 260 $15.74 $15.73 $32,730 1.3%
    22508 Industrial Engineering Technicians and Technologists 30 $19.39 $20.53 $42,710 2.3%
    22511 Mechanical Engineering Technicians and Technologists 110 $14.12 $15.17 $31,550 1.0%
    22514 Drafters 310 $14.25 $15.62 $32,490 2.0%
    22521 Surveying and Mapping Technicians 50 $14.42 $14.21 $29,560 2.1%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 300 $19.65 $20.56 $42,770 1.6%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 120 $25.20 $25.95 $53,980 3.1%
    24199 All Other Physical Scientists 50 $14.50 $18.70 $38,900 2.2%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 160 $14.26 $15.34 $31,910 0.9%
    24599 All Other Physical and Life Science Technicians and Technologists 50 $14.26 $15.32 $31,870 3.3%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 300 $25.91 $26.10 $54,290 2.4%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 40 $19.10 $21.58 $44,880 3.2%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 250 $15.20 $16.69 $34,710 2.2%
    25105 Computer Programmers 270 $21.62 $24.08 $50,080 8.9%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides 60 $8.61 $9.74 $20,260 2.1%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27108 Psychologists 60 $26.06 $25.33 $52,680 3.6%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 190 $13.63 $15.33 $31,880 2.0%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 380 $12.08 $13.61 $28,310 2.6%
    27307 Residential Counselors 340 $8.37 $8.64 $17,970 2.8%
    27308 Human Services Workers 250 $9.08 $9.49 $19,740 4.2%
    27311 Recreation Workers 260 $7.30 $7.68 $15,980 3.1%
    27502 Clergy 30 $16.90 $14.97 $31,130 3.7%
      Law and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 310 $24.11 $32.23 $67,050 10.7%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel 100 $14.71 $14.43 $30,010 6.7%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31114 Nursing Instructors, Postsecondary 80 * * $48,160 5.3%
    31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $47,720 10.9%
    31204 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $55,700 6.0%
    31214 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 90 * * $47,860 8.0%
    31215 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $49,200 7.6%
    31218 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary 100 * * $31,890 19.2%
    31224 Mathematical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary 50 * * $47,710 12.6%
    31226 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary 30 * * $59,890 9.8%
    31233 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary (*) * * $60,090 6.1%
    31235 History Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $54,810 9.3%
    31237 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary 40 * * $52,060 5.2%
    31242 Business Teachers, Postsecondary 70 * * $50,070 7.8%
    31252 Education Teachers, Postsecondary 80 * * $45,270 5.0%
    31299 All Other Postsecondary Teachers (*) * * $58,250 9.2%
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 180 $8.06 $8.76 $18,220 4.0%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 140 * * $44,230 8.4%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 1,980 * * $45,330 3.9%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 2,130 * * $47,380 1.6%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 350 * * $47,340 3.2%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 270 $21.87 $23.24 $48,340 3.7%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 60 $10.53 $11.68 $24,290 6.6%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 450 $9.14 $9.37 $19,480 9.8%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors (*) * * $22,390 1.5%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 170 $20.75 $21.38 $44,470 4.7%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library 90 $8.18 $8.85 $18,410 4.9%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 220 $21.57 $21.28 $44,260 3.6%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 30 $22.41 $22.45 $46,690 6.7%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 660 $9.13 $8.85 $18,420 4.3%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 720 $58.79 $50.25** $104,520** 9.0%
    32105 Dentists 110 $54.19 $45.35** $94,330** 14.2%
    32108 Optometrists 50 $22.41 $22.75 $47,330 3.1%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 70 $22.26 $25.45 $52,940 8.5%
    32305 Occupational Therapists 130 $29.10 $29.60 $61,560 4.3%
    32308 Physical Therapists 250 $34.35 $32.86 $68,340 4.2%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 120 $28.08 $27.18 $56,540 4.0%
    32502 Registered Nurses 2,370 $19.17 $19.23 $39,990 1.6%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 870 $13.64 $13.83 $28,760 1.3%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 240 $9.61 $9.21 $19,150 5.4%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 160 $12.17 $11.87 $24,700 1.9%
    32517 Pharmacists 140 $31.88 $29.33 $61,000 3.6%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 130 $7.19 $7.60 $15,820 5.4%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 50 $11.77 $12.97 $26,970 2.2%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 120 $17.36 $17.04 $35,450 1.5%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 170 $21.39 $21.07 $43,820 2.3%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 70 $11.73 $12.79 $26,600 2.3%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 160 $12.75 $12.95 $26,940 1.5%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians 380 $10.15 $12.19 $25,350 2.5%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 100 $17.62 $17.99 $37,420 2.1%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 40 $20.02 $19.46 $40,480 3.2%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 40 $14.25 $15.91 $33,090 2.2%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 130 $16.36 $16.40 $34,110 2.2%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 220 $9.46 $11.85 $24,650 5.0%
    34056 Producers, Directors, Actors, and Other Entertainers (*) * * $27,070 8.3%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39011 Funeral Directors and Morticians 40 $23.12 $27.10 $56,360 10.6%
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 480 $12.53 $14.38 $29,920 2.7%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 2,630 $13.12 $15.84 $32,940 4.8%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 220 $19.28 $26.78 $55,700 9.2%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate 50 $12.21 $13.81 $28,710 9.3%
    43011 Appraisers, Real Estate (*) $12.30 $12.96 $26,950 5.5%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 180 $17.94 $24.29 $50,530 28.8%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 250 $13.85 $16.26 $33,820 5.7%
    43021 Travel Agents 330 $10.82 $11.11 $23,110 5.7%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 110 $14.11 $15.59 $32,430 4.5%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 80 $15.23 $19.15 $39,820 2.4%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers (*) $22.82 $25.23 $52,470 5.1%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 450 $22.82 $23.72 $49,330 3.5%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 1,180 $17.53 $20.39 $42,410 2.6%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 7,120 $7.57 $8.46 $17,600 1.9%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 280 $10.68 $11.43 $23,780 2.5%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 950 $6.21 $7.09 $14,740 3.2%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 2,670 $7.30 $7.45 $15,500 1.2%
    49023 Cashiers 3,840 $6.27 $6.62 $13,770 1.1%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 520 $7.71 $8.25 $17,160 1.4%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 340 $13.78 $14.97 $31,130 2.7%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,430 $15.01 $16.22 $33,740 1.3%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 1,120 $8.15 $8.32 $17,310 2.2%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 330 $10.94 $10.88 $22,640 1.0%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 110 $11.34 $12.22 $25,420 2.0%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 710 $9.74 $10.27 $21,370 1.2%
    53128 Brokerage Clerks 40 $10.02 $10.50 $21,850 7.7%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 160 $11.41 $11.90 $24,760 1.7%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 200 $11.44 $11.53 $23,980 1.7%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 250 $11.62 $11.98 $24,910 1.1%
    53705 Municipal Clerks 30 $11.88 $12.75 $26,530 6.2%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 80 $7.54 $7.65 $15,920 2.6%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 80 $9.80 $10.04 $20,880 2.9%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 490 $6.87 $7.12 $14,800 2.3%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 280 $13.64 $13.47 $28,020 2.8%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 360 $10.76 $11.16 $23,210 3.1%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 3,110 $10.49 $10.74 $22,340 0.9%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 120 $11.43 $11.43 $23,770 2.6%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,230 $8.72 $8.64 $17,970 1.3%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 130 $12.34 $13.15 $27,350 1.2%
    55321 File Clerks 380 $8.52 $8.90 $18,510 1.7%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 450 $10.00 $10.59 $22,030 1.2%
    55326 Procurement Clerks 60 $11.19 $11.56 $24,050 1.3%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare 70 $7.92 $9.63 $20,030 5.0%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 340 $9.10 $10.15 $21,110 1.4%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,710 $10.97 $11.00 $22,890 0.8%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 240 $11.03 $11.81 $24,570 0.8%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 690 $11.85 $11.99 $24,940 1.5%
    55347 General Office Clerks 3,310 $8.69 $9.01 $18,740 1.2%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 120 $9.69 $9.93 $20,660 3.2%
    56008 Mail Machine Operators, Preparation and Handling 370 $8.26 $8.43 $17,540 4.4%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 180 $13.99 $14.64 $30,440 1.3%
    56014 Peripheral EDP Equipment Operators 40 $19.86 $16.33 $33,960 1.9%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 430 $8.26 $8.64 $17,980 1.8%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 210 $8.86 $9.02 $18,760 2.1%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 150 $8.26 $8.45 $17,580 2.9%
    57311 Messengers 120 $7.45 $7.57 $15,740 1.4%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 200 $12.75 $14.34 $29,830 3.0%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 490 $16.13 $20.17 $41,940 5.2%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 40 $15.13 $13.82 $28,750 5.4%
    58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 70 $11.91 $11.56 $24,050 1.2%
    58021 Marking Clerks (*) $7.27 $7.45 $15,490 2.4%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 1,330 $7.99 $9.12 $18,960 2.3%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 330 $7.86 $8.28 $17,210 1.8%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 1,440 $11.65 $12.30 $25,590 1.7%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 80 $10.40 $11.78 $24,510 3.7%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 410 $11.02 $10.93 $22,730 1.7%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 110 $21.48 $21.41 $44,530 2.7%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 30 $10.93 $12.79 $26,610 3.2%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 760 $11.52 $12.64 $26,290 4.6%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 410 $18.01 $18.40 $38,280 3.2%
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 50 $9.26 $9.68 $20,130 1.6%
    63044 Crossing Guards 40 $9.19 $8.80 $18,310 3.7%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 540 $7.41 $8.23 $17,120 1.7%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 140 $13.38 $11.93 $24,820 4.5%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 340 $6.12 $6.42 $13,350 3.6%
    65005 Bartenders 880 $6.72 $7.10 $14,770 4.7%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 2,680 $5.81 $5.84 $12,160 1.5%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 380 $6.03 $6.29 $13,080 2.5%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 480 $6.06 $6.24 $12,970 2.0%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 120 $8.20 $8.42 $17,510 2.7%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 100 $11.77 $11.79 $24,520 1.5%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 810 $7.51 $7.99 $16,610 3.7%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 390 $9.59 $9.45 $19,650 2.7%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 720 $5.73 $5.84 $12,140 4.6%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 350 $7.51 $7.56 $15,710 6.3%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 1,960 $6.62 $7.11 $14,780 1.9%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 890 $5.99 $6.30 $13,100 2.2%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 440 $6.12 $6.67 $13,860 2.7%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 270 $9.85 $9.90 $20,600 5.5%
    66005 Medical Assistants 250 $9.79 $10.50 $21,830 3.3%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 2,170 $9.01 $9.45 $19,650 1.8%
    66011 Home Health Aides 180 $8.00 $8.33 $17,320 1.9%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 90 $13.13 $13.84 $28,780 2.4%
    66021 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides 40 $16.79 $16.03 $33,350 3.0%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers (*) $10.58 $10.74 $22,350 1.7%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 830 $6.98 $7.07 $14,720 2.2%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 2,410 $8.43 $8.85 $18,400 2.1%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 240 $8.31 $8.80 $18,310 1.9%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 540 $6.17 $7.60 $15,810 5.9%
    68008 Manicurists 100 $5.91 $6.57 $13,670 6.9%
    68011 Shampooers 60 $5.87 $5.85 $12,160 5.1%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 550 $6.04 $6.45 $13,410 2.0%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 230 $7.32 $7.32 $15,230 6.0%
    68038 Child Care Workers 360 $6.14 $6.68 $13,890 2.4%
    68041 Funeral Attendants 30 $12.27 $12.52 $26,030 23.4%
      Other Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 240 $6.06 $6.90 $14,340 1.5%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 50 $17.39 $17.77 $36,950 2.5%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products (*) $14.59 $12.91 $26,850 4.2%
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 80 $6.75 $7.29 $15,160 4.8%
    79033 Pruners (*) $9.03 $9.58 $19,930 5.3%
    79036 Sprayers/Applicators 30 $10.98 $10.70 $22,250 5.7%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 900 $9.00 $9.41 $19,570 2.5%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants (*) $7.86 $8.09 $16,820 2.2%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 660 $18.48 $19.59 $40,750 1.6%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 250 $18.14 $19.08 $39,680 1.9%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 1,300 $21.42 $21.61 $44,950 2.8%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 180 $17.84 $20.08 $41,770 3.5%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 170 $15.61 $16.19 $33,670 1.5%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 310 $19.41 $23.00 $47,850 19.8%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 220 $11.58 $12.90 $26,830 1.4%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 1,200 $15.16 $14.70 $30,570 1.7%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers 50 $8.76 $10.47 $21,790 2.6%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 1,030 $16.01 $17.63 $36,670 4.4%
    85112 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Textile Machines 30 $11.52 $11.09 $23,060 1.5%
    85118 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics, Water or Power Generation Plant (*) $23.72 $23.73 $49,350 6.4%
    85119 All Other Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 80 $16.26 $16.21 $33,720 1.7%
    85123 Millwrights 180 $16.57 $16.68 $34,690 2.6%
    85128 Machinery Maintenance Workers 180 $12.32 $13.29 $27,650 4.2%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 1,390 $12.51 $12.82 $26,660 1.8%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 1,150 $13.77 $13.76 $28,620 2.8%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 280 $13.10 $12.96 $26,970 2.4%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 500 $14.79 $14.73 $30,650 1.8%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 70 $13.31 $14.19 $29,510 1.0%
    85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 40 $10.71 $10.85 $22,560 4.1%
    85328 Small Engine Specialists 60 $8.81 $9.42 $19,590 5.0%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 170 $18.24 $17.96 $37,360 2.3%
    85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers (*) $15.10 $15.27 $31,760 2.8%
    85717 Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 150 $12.51 $12.90 $26,830 5.2%
    85723 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 180 $23.36 $24.42 $50,800 3.2%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 430 $14.56 $15.58 $32,410 3.0%
    85911 Electric Meter Installers and Repairers (*) $19.64 $19.43 $40,410 3.6%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers 60 $12.28 $12.04 $25,040 1.0%
    85938 Installers and Repairers, Manufactured Buildings, Mobile Homes, and Travel Trailers 50 $9.62 $10.94 $22,750 4.4%
    85947 Coin and Vending Machine Servicers and Repairers 40 $11.92 $12.31 $25,600 2.4%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 80 $9.67 $9.79 $20,370 1.8%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 360 $12.49 $13.16 $27,360 0.7%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 830 $12.89 $13.08 $27,200 3.2%
    87202 Electricians 910 $17.53 $17.04 $35,440 3.1%
    87302 Brickmasons 200 $16.61 $17.93 $37,300 6.0%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 180 $13.31 $13.27 $27,590 1.7%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 250 $12.42 $12.86 $26,740 3.9%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 640 $17.83 $17.93 $37,290 4.4%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 50 $16.89 $15.99 $33,250 4.1%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers 220 $13.17 $13.80 $28,710 3.3%
    87802 Insulation Workers 40 $13.46 $16.99 $35,330 23.0%
    87808 Roofers 100 $16.43 $17.92 $37,270 10.3%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 270 $19.20 $20.46 $42,560 2.2%
    89108 Machinists 680 $15.11 $16.18 $33,660 3.1%
    89111 Tool Grinders, Filers, Sharpeners, and Other Precision Grinders 60 $17.49 $16.83 $35,010 4.5%
    89114 Pattern and Model Makers, Metal (*) $12.10 $12.61 $26,230 2.4%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 340 $16.34 $17.33 $36,050 2.5%
    89302 Pattern and Model Makers, Wood 60 $14.65 $14.31 $29,760 3.8%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 90 $14.11 $14.11 $29,350 2.5%
    89502 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers and Lay-Out Workers 30 $7.61 $8.39 $17,460 6.2%
    89511 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers, Precision (*) $7.14 $7.49 $15,570 2.3%
    89707 Electronic Pagination System Operators 60 $16.47 $15.17 $31,550 1.9%
    89715 Scanner Operators 30 $16.37 $17.25 $35,880 4.9%
    89717 Strippers 90 $15.82 $16.97 $35,300 4.5%
    89718 Platemakers 60 $12.09 $13.16 $27,360 4.1%
    89805 Bakers, Manufacturing 130 $9.44 $9.23 $19,200 3.7%
    89808 Food Batchmakers 80 $10.96 $10.08 $20,970 12.8%
    89902 Precision Foundry Mold and Coremakers 110 $11.40 $11.40 $23,700 1.2%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91102 Sawing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 60 $13.59 $13.00 $27,030 2.4%
    91105 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 170 $17.25 $16.73 $34,800 2.8%
    91108 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 60 $13.47 $13.69 $28,470 1.5%
    91111 Milling and Planing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 30 $14.38 $15.08 $31,370 4.9%
    91114 Grinding, Lapping, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 160 $11.47 $11.96 $24,880 2.2%
    91117 Machine Tool Cutting Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic (*) $13.90 $14.47 $30,090 2.2%
    91302 Punching Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 60 $11.59 $11.74 $24,410 1.7%
    91305 Press and Press-Brake Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 60 $12.79 $12.73 $26,470 1.8%
    91308 Shear and Slitter Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 80 $14.05 $14.37 $29,880 6.3%
    91311 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic (*) $14.57 $14.17 $29,480 5.4%
    91314 Rolling Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators, Metal and Plastic 210 $13.02 $14.57 $30,300 1.4%
    91321 Machine Forming Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 260 $11.41 $11.53 $23,990 2.4%
    91502 Numerical Control Machine Tool Operators and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 40 $15.71 $15.77 $32,800 2.4%
    91705 Welding Machine Operators and Tenders 120 $11.60 $12.20 $25,380 3.7%
    91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 220 $8.06 $8.68 $18,050 2.5%
    91908 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 200 $11.41 $11.02 $22,920 9.7%
    91911 Metal Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 160 $9.89 $10.19 $21,200 1.5%
    91914 Foundry Mold Assembly and Shake-Out Workers 90 $11.24 $11.08 $23,040 1.3%
    92197 All Other Metal and Plastic (Cutting, Forming, Fabricating, or Processing) Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 70 $16.04 $15.95 $33,170 2.0%
    92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing (*) $10.12 $10.10 $21,010 2.9%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators 100 $15.64 $16.36 $34,030 6.2%
    92525 Bindery Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 60 $14.83 $14.21 $29,550 6.6%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 320 $12.89 $13.07 $27,180 2.3%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $11.48 $12.22 $25,420 2.1%
    92705 Textile Machine Operators and Tenders, Winding, Twisting, Knitting, Weaving, and Cutting 380 $9.25 $9.54 $19,830 7.7%
    92717 Sewing Machine Operators, Garment 1,120 $7.59 $7.78 $16,170 1.6%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 110 $8.16 $8.27 $17,210 4.3%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 90 $7.82 $8.26 $17,170 3.4%
    92921 Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco (*) $10.13 $10.53 $21,900 2.4%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 170 $8.96 $9.70 $20,180 1.3%
    92947 Painters, Transportation Equipment (*) $10.43 $10.92 $22,710 7.8%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 190 $12.00 $13.71 $28,520 8.0%
    92958 Cleaning, Washing, and Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 170 $12.43 $13.20 $27,450 8.3%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 280 $11.57 $11.59 $24,110 0.8%
    92968 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $13.54 $13.21 $27,480 5.5%
    92971 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Operators and Tenders 190 $14.77 $14.09 $29,310 2.0%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 1,290 $11.34 $11.77 $24,480 2.4%
    92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $15.05 $14.56 $30,280 2.8%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 630 $10.72 $11.49 $23,890 0.9%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93108 Fitters, Structural Metal, Precision 110 $14.29 $14.34 $29,830 8.3%
    93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision 140 $9.61 $11.05 $22,980 2.8%
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers (*) $12.71 $12.40 $25,780 3.2%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 540 $13.61 $13.27 $27,600 2.1%
    93941 Metal Pourers and Casters, Basic Shapes 50 $12.20 $12.17 $25,320 6.5%
    93953 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 380 $10.40 $10.83 $22,530 2.2%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 3,060 $11.25 $11.81 $24,570 2.5%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 790 $8.40 $8.77 $18,250 1.3%
      Plant and System Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 140 $15.36 $15.52 $32,280 1.9%
    95032 Stationary Engineers (*) $20.95 $19.79 $41,160 3.2%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators 200 $11.20 $11.27 $23,440 1.5%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 2,380 $13.85 $14.04 $29,200 2.5%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 1,500 $10.53 $10.96 $22,790 1.7%
    97108 Bus Drivers 440 $10.60 $10.48 $21,800 1.5%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 590 $11.09 $11.29 $23,480 1.9%
    97114 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 70 $7.72 $7.85 $16,340 1.6%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 330 $7.02 $10.20 $21,220 4.0%
    97702 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers 40 * * $42,460 4.3%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 180 $7.25 $7.61 $15,830 2.7%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 120 $13.29 $13.55 $28,180 3.6%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 210 $13.27 $12.69 $26,400 2.8%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 860 $13.28 $13.05 $27,150 2.5%
    97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 100 $10.32 $10.13 $21,060 1.7%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 290 $12.51 $13.64 $28,380 1.7%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 330 $8.65 $9.76 $20,310 1.4%
    98311 Helpers, Brick and Stonemasons and Hard Tile Setters 160 $12.40 $12.67 $26,350 7.9%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers (*) $10.86 $11.46 $23,830 1.9%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 110 $12.43 $12.84 $26,700 8.5%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 70 $8.12 $8.96 $18,640 3.1%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 40 $9.60 $9.32 $19,400 4.9%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 50 $9.97 $10.54 $21,930 3.0%
    98323 Helpers, Extractive Workers 170 $11.08 $11.01 $22,900 3.5%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 510 $12.03 $11.55 $24,030 1.5%
    98705 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 80 $8.59 $9.19 $19,110 5.1%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 1,980 $12.00 $11.71 $24,350 3.4%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 2,780 $10.24 $9.27 $19,270 4.4%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 260 $8.20 $8.70 $18,100 3.6%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 2,750 $8.50 $9.34 $19,420 2.6%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    top

    Statewide estimates for Pennsylvania

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001