Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
PRINT:Print
OEWS OEWS Program Links

1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Santa Cruz-Watsonville, California PMSA REVISED

The 1998 OES estimates for this metropolitan area have been revised to incorporate corrections to some of the occupational wage estimates. The corrections were required because the State minimum wage over the three-year data collection period was significantly higher than the Federal minimum wage level. These corrections did not affect employment estimates.

Virtually all of the corrections to the metropolitan area estimates were within the published sampling error range for the estimate. While the majority of the changes were within a +/- 5 cents an hour range, there were some occupations with larger changes.

For further information about these changes please call the Occupational Employment Statistics information line on 202-691-6569.

Santa Cruz-Watsonville is a primary metropolitan statistical area (PMSA) in California.

Occupational divisions in Santa Cruz-Watsonville:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 370 $30.03 $29.47 $61,290 3.4%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 150 $20.49 $23.05 $47,950 3.6%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 110 $22.11 $25.42 $52,870 9.4%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 370 $28.37 $30.16 $62,720 7.1%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 250 $21.53 $24.12 $50,160 4.1%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 310 $43.63 $40.95 $85,170 6.0%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 310 $29.77 $27.34 $56,860 7.4%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 110 $25.66 $25.69 $53,440 3.4%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 140 $11.35 $15.26 $31,750 16.4%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 100 $24.29 $26.06 $54,210 3.6%
    15017 Construction Managers 180 $29.20 $28.13 $58,520 3.6%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 120 $23.75 $26.54 $55,200 3.7%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 180 $15.74 $16.23 $33,760 4.1%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators 40 $37.95 $35.53 $73,900 7.2%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 2,470 $29.10 $31.23 $64,950 3.7%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 620 $22.54 $24.89 $51,770 4.3%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 100 $17.36 $21.60 $44,940 9.6%
    21111 Tax Preparers 40 $38.95 $31.48 $65,480 14.4%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 410 $19.62 $20.73 $43,110 4.2%
    21117 Budget Analysts 60 $20.95 $21.01 $43,690 2.4%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 130 $17.59 $17.76 $36,930 7.3%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 100 $12.17 $15.33 $31,890 3.0%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 40 $21.39 $22.90 $47,630 3.8%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 150 $19.23 $19.04 $39,590 2.9%
    21508 Employment Interviewers, Private or Public Employment Service (*) $23.30 $33.27** $69,200** 28.8%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 200 $17.83 $18.20 $37,860 4.0%
    21902 Cost Estimators 90 $19.74 $22.32 $46,420 4.7%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors 60 $24.07 $24.48 $50,930 4.3%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 100 $16.08 $18.67 $38,830 5.5%
    21921 Claims Examiners, Property and Casualty Insurance 30 $17.76 $17.91 $37,260 3.4%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 430 $11.98 $14.43 $30,020 5.0%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic 160 $32.69 $31.18 $64,850 5.4%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers (*) $36.24 $34.36 $71,460 6.1%
    22127 Computer Engineers 530 $34.92 $33.11 $68,860 4.4%
    22128 Industrial Engineers, Except Safety 30 $30.32 $29.42 $61,200 6.4%
    22135 Mechanical Engineers 90 $29.90 $28.04 $58,330 3.3%
    22199 All Other Engineers 430 $32.91 $30.67 $63,800 3.8%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 60 $21.40 $21.77 $45,290 5.7%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists (*) $21.09 $20.63 $42,900 3.3%
    22514 Drafters 140 $19.72 $21.20 $44,100 5.1%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists 120 $17.63 $18.69 $38,870 2.7%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24105 Chemists, Except Biochemists 110 $19.39 $20.20 $42,010 2.0%
    24111 Geologists, Geophysicists, and Oceanographers 50 $19.37 $20.71 $43,080 13.0%
    24505 Chemical Technicians and Technologists, Except Health (*) $14.46 $15.03 $31,270 5.4%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 220 $31.09 $30.05 $62,500 6.2%
    25103 Data Base Administrators 40 $28.68 $28.37 $59,020 6.2%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 330 $17.73 $21.28 $44,270 11.2%
    25105 Computer Programmers 220 $25.82 $27.03 $56,230 6.0%
    25108 Computer Programmer Aides (*) $18.13 $23.16 $48,170 6.5%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27105 Urban and Regional Planners 30 $23.24 $24.09 $50,110 5.7%
    27108 Psychologists 40 $23.91 $24.22 $50,380 5.1%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 140 $14.74 $16.37 $34,050 5.5%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric 150 $14.43 $15.20 $31,610 3.5%
    27307 Residential Counselors (*) $9.65 $10.24 $21,290 1.9%
    27308 Human Services Workers 170 $9.07 $9.80 $20,380 9.8%
    27311 Recreation Workers 520 $6.70 $7.88 $16,400 4.1%
    27502 Clergy 30 $13.97 $16.83 $35,010 16.8%
      Law and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    28108 Lawyers 150 $24.53 $27.95 $58,130 14.4%
    28305 Paralegal Personnel (*) $12.28 $12.73 $26,480 4.2%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 240 $9.92 $10.00 $20,800 1.5%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten (*) * * $36,490 2.9%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 1,060 * * $44,410 3.4%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 690 * * $43,680 7.6%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training (*) $27.89 $24.79 $51,570 6.7%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education (*) $11.56 $13.75 $28,590 3.2%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 470 $10.37 $11.47 $23,860 6.9%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors (*) * * $28,260 1.6%
    31502 Librarians, Professional 90 $21.85 $22.55 $46,900 7.1%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library (*) $12.36 $12.79 $26,610 2.4%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 90 $23.06 $28.76 $59,810 22.3%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 40 $22.47 $23.19 $48,230 5.6%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 830 $10.08 $9.83 $20,450 1.5%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 110 # $52.86** $109,940** 15.9%
    32114 Veterinarians and Veterinary Inspectors 50 $29.51 $28.43 $59,140 5.5%
    32308 Physical Therapists 60 $35.51 $32.64 $67,900 4.9%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 40 $26.43 $25.55 $53,140 7.0%
    32502 Registered Nurses 1,190 $31.41 $28.23 $58,710 4.9%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 390 $15.19 $15.15 $31,510 1.4%
    32511 Physician Assistants 40 $12.70 $18.37 $38,210 12.8%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring (*) $11.64 $11.82 $24,590 1.3%
    32517 Pharmacists 100 $34.90 $31.42 $65,350 3.3%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 110 $11.79 $13.80 $28,700 6.5%
    32521 Dietitians and Nutritionists 30 $20.82 $21.12 $43,930 3.6%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 50 $31.20 $28.58 $59,450 5.1%
    32905 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 100 $14.90 $15.87 $33,020 3.8%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 200 $34.35 $30.67 $63,800 4.1%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 120 $10.53 $10.88 $22,630 5.5%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 90 $21.62 $22.42 $46,630 5.0%
    32999 All Other Health Professionals, Paraprofessionals, and Technicians (*) $8.32 $11.90 $24,760 2.5%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 80 $11.89 $14.30 $29,750 3.3%
    34005 Technical Writers and Editors 90 $21.51 $22.46 $46,710 5.6%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 150 $11.76 $12.44 $25,880 7.2%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 120 $14.41 $15.29 $31,800 1.8%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 90 $19.33 $19.79 $41,170 7.8%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 660 $17.49 $19.54 $40,640 4.2%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 1,480 $14.82 $16.95 $35,260 2.3%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 60 $19.34 $19.94 $41,480 7.6%
    43005 Brokers, Real Estate (*) $37.33 $32.75 $68,130 7.1%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate (*) $37.91 $33.72 $70,130 8.9%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 80 $41.50 $36.56 $76,050 14.2%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 110 $23.56 $24.12 $50,160 7.9%
    43021 Travel Agents 120 $11.33 $11.01 $22,890 3.5%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 60 $15.22 $17.26 $35,890 1.5%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 40 $35.72 $33.86 $70,430 3.9%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 210 $21.37 $23.89 $49,680 4.2%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 680 $18.75 $21.73 $45,190 4.4%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 4,190 $7.77 $8.59 $17,870 1.4%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 320 $8.98 $10.59 $22,030 3.0%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 380 $7.19 $8.25 $17,170 4.1%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 1,050 $8.62 $10.20 $21,210 2.6%
    49023 Cashiers 2,510 $7.61 $8.70 $18,090 2.2%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 120 $8.72 $11.76 $24,470 3.5%
    49034 Demonstrators and Promoters 40 $9.72 $10.24 $21,300 2.4%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 500 $8.52 $11.51 $23,930 5.9%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 1,130 $14.63 $15.87 $33,020 1.9%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 440 $8.97 $9.14 $19,020 1.3%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 60 $11.84 $12.12 $25,210 1.2%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 130 $14.65 $14.18 $29,500 7.0%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 240 $11.70 $12.08 $25,130 1.0%
    53302 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 50 $26.96 $25.18 $52,370 5.6%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 40 $11.73 $10.97 $22,820 3.2%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 60 $16.56 $15.59 $32,430 7.4%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 110 $11.08 $11.97 $24,890 0.9%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 140 $7.39 $7.78 $16,180 5.5%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 100 $11.96 $11.97 $24,900 9.7%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 320 $9.04 $10.82 $22,510 2.7%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 150 $9.62 $12.68 $26,370 26.1%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 80 $11.73 $12.52 $26,050 2.2%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 1,210 $12.23 $13.25 $27,570 2.6%
    55302 Stenographers and/or Court Reporters 50 $15.62 $15.87 $33,010 1.4%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 1,120 $10.22 $10.43 $21,700 1.8%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 170 $10.84 $11.06 $23,000 1.4%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 60 $14.78 $14.29 $29,720 3.0%
    55321 File Clerks 90 $6.75 $7.69 $16,000 2.2%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 230 $12.25 $12.35 $25,690 2.0%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 100 $15.60 $17.86 $37,150 2.6%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,500 $12.06 $12.84 $26,710 2.1%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 100 $15.77 $15.36 $31,950 3.0%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 210 $13.82 $13.41 $27,890 1.9%
    55347 General Office Clerks 2,130 $10.22 $10.58 $22,010 1.7%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56005 Duplicating Machine Operators (*) $9.11 $9.02 $18,760 2.8%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 70 $12.88 $14.13 $29,380 1.3%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 160 $9.32 $9.37 $19,480 1.9%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 70 $10.83 $11.06 $23,000 1.7%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 40 $7.98 $8.48 $17,650 4.1%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 120 $12.41 $13.03 $27,100 3.0%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 60 $17.04 $17.50 $36,390 3.9%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities 80 $18.72 $18.23 $37,920 2.9%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 900 $9.64 $10.26 $21,340 1.2%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 200 $8.39 $8.73 $18,170 2.6%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 760 $10.53 $11.29 $23,470 1.6%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 50 $11.66 $14.22 $29,580 2.0%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 410 $14.43 $14.29 $29,720 4.5%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 100 $23.77 $24.71 $51,390 15.9%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 80 $34.04 $30.31 $63,040 6.5%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 60 $8.43 $9.43 $19,620 2.7%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 560 $11.85 $14.24 $29,610 6.1%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63008 Fire Fighters 290 $20.83 $20.65 $42,960 17.3%
    63011 Police Detectives (*) $31.30 $28.81 $59,920 6.9%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 310 $23.95 $24.87 $51,730 3.2%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 770 $7.60 $7.84 $16,300 1.4%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers 120 $13.19 $14.38 $29,910 8.2%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 300 $6.00 $6.42 $13,360 2.5%
    65005 Bartenders 370 $7.09 $7.31 $15,210 2.2%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 1,980 $6.01 $6.32 $13,140 2.0%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 450 $6.20 $6.63 $13,780 4.2%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 340 $6.39 $6.81 $14,160 1.6%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 310 $9.30 $9.82 $20,420 2.6%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 160 $16.23 $14.39 $29,930 2.1%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 780 $8.76 $8.66 $18,010 6.6%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 130 $8.61 $9.62 $20,010 2.3%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 410 $6.86 $7.29 $15,160 4.7%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 160 $8.28 $8.44 $17,560 3.9%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 1,150 $6.71 $7.24 $15,060 1.7%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 1,230 $6.15 $6.83 $14,210 3.1%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 370 $6.66 $7.22 $15,010 1.6%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 280 $14.64 $14.17 $29,470 6.6%
    66005 Medical Assistants 360 $11.86 $12.66 $26,330 2.8%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 770 $7.73 $7.94 $16,520 1.3%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 130 $12.82 $14.07 $29,270 2.9%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 780 $7.09 $7.60 $15,800 2.1%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 930 $8.24 $9.22 $19,170 3.2%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 90 $9.46 $10.63 $22,110 7.9%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 230 $9.84 $10.75 $22,350 12.8%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 280 $5.89 $6.68 $13,890 3.2%
    68021 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 80 $6.18 $6.43 $13,370 3.1%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 250 $7.84 $7.89 $16,420 1.7%
    68038 Child Care Workers 330 $7.58 $7.94 $16,500 2.5%
      Other Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 290 $6.59 $7.27 $15,120 2.2%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 80 $18.79 $17.67 $36,760 3.9%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 100 $7.86 $8.82 $18,340 4.8%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 1,170 $8.29 $9.13 $18,990 2.4%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants 70 $8.78 $9.03 $18,780 4.5%
    79856 Farmworkers, Food and Fiber Crops 140 $7.38 $7.51 $15,620 2.8%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 150 $9.99 $11.32 $23,550 1.4%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 210 $21.54 $22.39 $46,560 3.7%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 130 $18.70 $20.99 $43,660 4.1%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 350 $18.43 $19.09 $39,710 3.3%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 70 $21.29 $21.97 $45,700 9.3%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand (*) $16.78 $18.00 $37,440 2.2%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 250 $19.43 $20.26 $42,150 4.8%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders (*) $12.15 $13.18 $27,420 1.2%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers (*) $12.95 $14.36 $29,860 2.9%
    83099 All Other Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers (*) $9.26 $13.00 $27,050 16.9%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 180 $14.92 $16.65 $34,640 5.5%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 710 $11.37 $12.35 $25,680 2.4%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 490 $15.56 $16.32 $33,940 3.3%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 200 $10.82 $12.64 $26,280 7.0%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 130 $17.13 $16.15 $33,590 11.8%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 30 $19.53 $21.77 $45,280 3.4%
    85702 Telephone and Cable Television Line Installers and Repairers 270 $19.43 $20.61 $42,870 11.8%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers (*) $18.52 $22.30 $46,390 12.2%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 80 $8.60 $8.69 $18,080 5.4%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 870 $20.05 $19.00 $39,530 11.9%
    87202 Electricians 200 $18.70 $18.41 $38,300 7.7%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 60 $14.38 $13.21 $27,490 11.1%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 230 $13.59 $14.08 $29,290 5.7%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 260 $18.49 $19.65 $40,860 10.3%
    87708 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 80 $18.03 $20.27 $42,170 4.4%
    87711 Highway Maintenance Workers (*) $16.44 $17.12 $35,610 2.2%
    87808 Roofers 110 $11.81 $13.35 $27,760 16.1%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 50 $19.48 $19.48 $40,520 3.0%
    89108 Machinists 180 $16.84 $17.36 $36,100 2.7%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 120 $13.02 $16.57 $34,460 3.8%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 110 $14.82 $14.72 $30,620 7.0%
    89808 Food Batchmakers 40 $9.55 $9.73 $20,230 1.8%
      Machine Setters, Set-Up Operators, Operators, and Tenders top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    91905 Plastic Molding and Casting Machine Operators and Tenders 50 $6.19 $7.16 $14,900 3.9%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 40 $14.54 $15.29 $31,800 1.3%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 70 $7.84 $9.13 $18,980 5.4%
    92728 Pressing Machine Operators and Tenders, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 40 $7.06 $7.08 $14,720 6.5%
    92953 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $11.00 $10.99 $22,860 1.3%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 30 $15.58 $15.33 $31,880 5.0%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 330 $9.79 $10.45 $21,730 5.5%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93111 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers, Precision 30 $13.09 $13.19 $27,440 1.4%
    93114 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers, Precision (*) $16.40 $15.44 $32,110 3.8%
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers (*) $12.12 $11.92 $24,800 2.4%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 110 $13.53 $14.53 $30,210 1.1%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 370 $8.60 $9.37 $19,490 3.1%
    93999 All Other Hand Workers 390 $8.49 $9.38 $19,510 1.7%
      Plant and System Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 290 $19.41 $19.67 $40,900 2.1%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 890 $15.79 $15.63 $32,510 3.6%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 920 $9.21 $10.24 $21,300 3.4%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School (*) $12.77 $12.84 $26,700 5.2%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 380 $14.11 $12.90 $26,840 4.3%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 70 $6.45 $6.92 $14,400 6.7%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 50 $14.77 $15.47 $32,180 3.6%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 270 $10.58 $10.68 $22,220 2.1%
    97956 Operating Engineers 80 $19.07 $20.89 $43,460 4.5%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 120 $13.88 $15.96 $33,200 3.9%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 130 $7.51 $8.65 $17,990 3.5%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 90 $10.70 $10.91 $22,700 3.1%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers (*) $8.63 $10.94 $22,760 8.1%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 40 $12.51 $13.80 $28,710 9.4%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 380 $9.91 $10.67 $22,190 2.4%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 650 $6.71 $7.10 $14,760 1.4%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 200 $6.35 $7.62 $15,840 5.6%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 510 $9.93 $9.89 $20,580 1.6%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    top

    Statewide estimates for California

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001