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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, California MSA REVISED

The 1998 OES estimates for this metropolitan area have been revised to incorporate corrections to some of the occupational wage estimates. The corrections were required because the State minimum wage over the three-year data collection period was significantly higher than the Federal minimum wage level. These corrections did not affect employment estimates.

Virtually all of the corrections to the metropolitan area estimates were within the published sampling error range for the estimate. While the majority of the changes were within a +/- 5 cents an hour range, there were some occupations with larger changes.

For further information about these changes please call the Occupational Employment Statistics information line on 202-691-6569.

Visalia-Tulare-Porterville is a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in California.

Occupational divisions in Visalia-Tulare-Porterville:

  • Managerial and Administrative Occupations
  • Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations
  • Sales and Related Occupations
  • Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations
  • Service Occupations
  • Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations
  • Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations
  • Due to confidentiality and quality criteria, the BLS cannot produce estimates for every occupation in every area. However, States may be able to release additional OES occupational estimates after obtaining release authorizations from establishments. To check if additional information is available from the OES program in a State, call the appropriate office on the State Contact List.

    Links to OES estimates for other metropolitan areas and States

    Click on the OES code to view that occupation's definition.

    Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
      Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    13002 Financial Managers 400 $25.87 $26.61 $55,350 2.8%
    13005 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers 180 $18.83 $20.43 $42,490 5.5%
    13008 Purchasing Managers 130 $20.01 $19.94 $41,470 4.4%
    13011 Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers 190 $22.94 $24.87 $51,720 2.8%
    13014 Administrative Services Managers 180 $20.80 $21.43 $44,570 3.2%
    13017 Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers 130 $28.45 $28.58 $59,440 3.0%
      Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    15005 Education Administrators 340 $33.42 $29.16 $60,650 3.8%
    15008 Medicine and Health Services Managers 130 $31.36 $29.99 $62,380 5.0%
    15011 Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators 70 $33.02 $28.81 $59,930 19.6%
    15014 Industrial Production Managers 110 $28.19 $29.04 $60,410 3.8%
    15017 Construction Managers 320 $22.18 $22.87 $47,570 6.3%
    15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers 70 $23.22 $23.84 $49,600 3.7%
    15026 Food Service and Lodging Managers 220 $10.67 $11.28 $23,460 3.8%
      Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    19002 Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators (*) $6.02 $8.79 $18,280 21.1%
    19005 General Managers and Top Executives 2,300 $23.99 $27.62 $57,440 2.1%
    19999 All Other Managers and Administrators 820 $22.17 $22.23 $46,240 2.2%
    Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
      Management Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    21108 Loan Officers and Counselors 150 $15.82 $19.07 $39,660 14.3%
    21114 Accountants and Auditors 450 $18.55 $20.24 $42,100 3.3%
    21117 Budget Analysts 50 $20.65 $21.77 $45,280 3.7%
    21199 All Other Financial Specialists 100 $18.98 $21.31 $44,320 3.4%
    21302 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 60 $11.22 $12.06 $25,090 1.4%
    21305 Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products 40 $18.21 $22.50 $46,800 21.9%
    21308 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 100 $17.12 $18.57 $38,620 3.1%
    21505 Special Agents, Insurance (*) $9.80 $15.66 $32,570 26.6%
    21511 Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists 230 $15.34 $16.33 $33,960 3.5%
    21902 Cost Estimators 130 $19.60 $20.62 $42,880 4.3%
    21905 Management Analysts (*) $23.61 $24.34 $50,630 4.4%
    21908 Construction and Building Inspectors (*) $22.50 $23.19 $48,240 3.8%
    21911 Compliance Officers and Enforcement Inspectors, Except Construction 130 $14.31 $15.62 $32,480 1.2%
    21999 All Other Management Support Workers 370 $18.57 $17.94 $37,320 2.1%
      Engineers and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    22121 Civil Engineers, Including Traffic (*) $30.94 $29.98 $62,350 3.6%
    22126 Electrical and Electronic Engineers (*) $22.86 $23.71 $49,310 2.8%
    22199 All Other Engineers 140 $25.04 $25.85 $53,770 4.6%
    22502 Civil Engineering Technicians and Technologists 160 $11.96 $14.59 $30,350 2.0%
    22505 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technicians and Technologists 90 $17.77 $18.20 $37,860 4.5%
    22514 Drafters 160 $14.82 $15.38 $31,990 7.7%
    22599 All Other Engineering and Related Technicians and Technologists (*) $16.19 $16.60 $34,530 2.8%
      Natural Scientists and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    24502 Biological, Agricultural, and Food Technicians and Technologists, Except Health 90 $11.43 $13.39 $27,840 3.1%
      Computer, Mathematical, Operations Research, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    25102 Systems Analysts, Electronic Data Processing 80 $16.90 $19.35 $40,240 2.6%
    25103 Data Base Administrators (*) $24.95 $25.18 $52,370 6.4%
    25104 Computer Support Specialists 170 $16.38 $17.35 $36,080 10.5%
    25105 Computer Programmers 130 $25.41 $25.08 $52,170 7.4%
      Social Scientists and Other Social, Recreational, and Religious Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    27105 Urban and Regional Planners (*) $23.85 $24.17 $50,270 4.8%
    27108 Psychologists 70 $31.74 $29.26 $60,860 4.9%
    27302 Social Workers, Medical and Psychiatric 210 $22.61 $23.26 $48,390 6.2%
    27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric (*) $17.11 $17.44 $36,270 3.1%
    27307 Residential Counselors 160 $10.25 $10.24 $21,300 1.7%
    27308 Human Services Workers 100 $6.63 $8.44 $17,550 2.0%
    27311 Recreation Workers (*) $8.69 $9.66 $20,090 4.0%
    27502 Clergy (*) $18.49 $17.45 $36,300 11.2%
    27505 Directors, Religious Activities and Education 30 $13.47 $12.19 $25,360 6.2%
      Teachers, Educators, Librarians, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    31303 Teachers, Preschool 100 $7.85 $11.31 $23,530 10.7%
    31304 Teachers, Kindergarten 270 * * $44,420 4.0%
    31305 Teachers, Elementary School 2,200 * * $39,580 4.1%
    31308 Teachers, Secondary School 2,000 * * $41,530 6.2%
    31311 Teachers, Special Education 430 * * $46,060 4.9%
    31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training 570 $19.65 $18.10 $37,650 3.5%
    31317 Instructors, Nonvocational Education 130 $11.18 $11.06 $23,010 2.8%
    31321 Instructors and Coaches, Sports and Physical Training 310 $10.92 $10.79 $22,440 2.8%
    31399 All Other Teachers and Instructors (*) * * $27,290 2.1%
    31505 Technical Assistants, Library (*) $12.43 $12.86 $26,740 4.4%
    31514 Vocational and Educational Counselors 180 $20.84 $18.38 $38,230 5.5%
    31517 Instructional Coordinators 110 $34.57 $30.91 $64,290 4.7%
    31521 Teacher Aides, Paraprofessional 1,510 $8.13 $8.58 $17,850 8.0%
      Health Practitioners, Technologists, Technicians, and Related Health Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    32102 Physicians and Surgeons 310 # $58.11** $120,870** 16.4%
    32105 Dentists 50 # $53.98** $112,270** 22.5%
    32108 Optometrists 30 $36.59 $34.79 $72,360 26.7%
    32302 Respiratory Therapists (*) $17.81 $18.04 $37,530 2.9%
    32308 Physical Therapists 60 $33.77 $32.68 $67,980 7.7%
    32314 Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists 100 $29.47 $27.38 $56,940 3.5%
    32502 Registered Nurses 1,570 $24.52 $25.18 $52,370 3.9%
    32505 Licensed Practical Nurses 510 $14.80 $15.00 $31,210 3.6%
    32508 Emergency Medical Technicians 80 $10.21 $10.58 $22,000 7.6%
    32511 Physician Assistants 50 $36.46 $34.46 $71,680 11.5%
    32514 Opticians, Dispensing and Measuring 40 $9.22 $10.58 $22,000 7.6%
    32517 Pharmacists 140 $34.81 $31.34 $65,190 3.3%
    32519 Pharmacy Technicians and Aides 170 $10.94 $11.54 $24,010 4.7%
    32902 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 110 $21.89 $22.73 $47,280 5.6%
    32908 Dental Hygienists 180 $32.30 $29.11 $60,560 11.1%
    32911 Medical Records Technicians 80 $9.52 $9.90 $20,580 3.8%
    32919 Radiologic Technologists 120 $19.41 $20.70 $43,060 2.7%
    32928 Surgical Technologists and Technicians (*) $15.26 $15.30 $31,820 2.1%
      Writers, Artists, Entertainers, Athletes, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    34002 Writers and Editors 30 $16.54 $21.11 $43,900 18.2%
    34008 Public Relations Specialists and Publicity Writers 40 $18.66 $19.03 $39,580 7.0%
    34011 Reporters and Correspondents 40 $15.00 $16.67 $34,670 17.1%
    34035 Artists and Related Workers 50 $12.82 $12.76 $26,530 3.7%
    34038 Designers, Except Interior Designers 80 $9.30 $11.14 $23,170 2.9%
      Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    39999 All Other Professional, Paraprofessional, and Technical Workers 220 $10.10 $13.52 $28,130 2.1%
    Sales and Related Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Sales Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    41002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Sales and Related Workers 1,390 $13.40 $15.09 $31,390 2.5%
      Sales Occupations, Services top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    43002 Sales Agents and Placers, Insurance 100 $18.99 $21.19 $44,080 12.5%
    43008 Sales Agents, Real Estate (*) $24.04 $23.48 $48,830 3.2%
    43011 Appraisers, Real Estate 40 $25.22 $26.35 $54,810 2.7%
    43014 Sales Agents, Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services 80 $19.87 $23.40 $48,680 16.8%
    43017 Sales Agents, Selected Business Services 120 $13.09 $18.74 $38,980 11.0%
    43023 Sales Agents, Advertising 60 $12.63 $18.59 $38,660 6.7%
    43099 All Other Sales Representatives and Salespersons, Services 30 $16.81 $18.16 $37,780 8.4%
      Merchandise, Products, and Other Sales and Sales Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    49002 Sales Engineers 30 $23.04 $24.89 $51,760 5.0%
    49005 Sales Representatives, Scientific and Related Products and Services, Except Retail 170 $18.95 $23.25 $48,360 4.7%
    49008 Sales Representatives, Except Retail and Scientific and Related Products and Services 570 $17.03 $19.28 $40,110 3.2%
    49011 Salespersons, Retail 3,700 $6.85 $8.47 $17,610 2.0%
    49014 Salespersons, Parts 370 $9.84 $10.65 $22,150 3.6%
    49017 Counter and Rental Clerks 410 $6.62 $8.31 $17,290 3.9%
    49021 Stock Clerks, Sales Floor 1,540 $6.99 $7.91 $16,440 1.6%
    49023 Cashiers 3,770 $6.67 $7.51 $15,610 1.3%
    49026 Telemarketers, Door-To-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Other Related Workers 50 $7.44 $8.01 $16,660 2.2%
    49999 All Other Sales and Related Workers 200 $9.17 $11.64 $24,210 2.2%
    Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
      First Line Supervisors and Manager/Supervisors - Clerical Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    51002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 950 $14.81 $15.97 $33,220 1.8%
      Industry Specific Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    53102 Tellers 530 $8.56 $8.78 $18,260 1.3%
    53105 New Accounts Clerks 60 $10.60 $10.97 $22,810 4.2%
    53121 Loan and Credit Clerks 60 $10.30 $11.19 $23,270 2.0%
    53123 Adjustment Clerks 170 $8.86 $10.42 $21,680 2.4%
    53311 Insurance Claims Clerks 140 $11.25 $11.11 $23,100 3.3%
    53314 Insurance Policy Processing Clerks 130 $12.55 $12.89 $26,820 3.2%
    53508 Bill and Account Collectors 130 $9.58 $10.37 $21,580 3.2%
    53808 Hotel Desk Clerks 70 $5.98 $6.21 $12,910 3.6%
    53902 Library Assistants and Bookmobile Drivers 110 $10.56 $9.86 $20,500 4.8%
    53905 Teacher Aides and Educational Assistants, Clerical 340 $9.93 $9.40 $19,540 8.1%
    53911 Proofreaders and Copy Markers (*) $8.72 $10.00 $20,800 1.8%
      Secretarial and General Office Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    55102 Legal Secretaries 130 $13.12 $12.62 $26,250 8.0%
    55105 Medical Secretaries 140 $11.27 $10.90 $22,680 5.8%
    55108 Secretaries, Except Legal and Medical 1,660 $10.77 $10.78 $22,430 2.6%
    55305 Receptionists and Information Clerks 780 $8.00 $8.32 $17,300 1.4%
    55307 Typists, Including Word Processing 230 $11.70 $11.39 $23,700 2.9%
    55314 Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 110 $12.21 $13.48 $28,030 8.5%
    55317 Correspondence Clerks (*) $10.60 $12.14 $25,250 1.5%
    55321 File Clerks 170 $6.40 $6.94 $14,440 2.1%
    55323 Order Clerks, Materials, Merchandise, and Service 200 $10.32 $10.72 $22,310 1.6%
    55332 Interviewing Clerks, Except Personnel and Social Welfare (*) $11.55 $12.21 $25,390 4.3%
    55335 Customer Service Representatives, Utilities 290 $16.08 $16.61 $34,550 2.0%
    55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,770 $11.18 $11.24 $23,380 1.9%
    55341 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 130 $10.18 $11.41 $23,740 3.5%
    55344 Billing, Cost, and Rate Clerks 260 $11.01 $11.28 $23,460 2.2%
    55347 General Office Clerks 2,860 $9.18 $9.80 $20,390 1.7%
      Electronic Data Processing and Other Office Machine Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    56002 Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators 110 $9.05 $9.28 $19,300 2.8%
    56011 Computer Operators, Except Peripheral Equipment 120 $8.85 $10.18 $21,170 3.4%
    56017 Data Entry Keyers, Except Composing 590 $10.21 $10.20 $21,220 2.4%
      Communications, Mail, and Message Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    57102 Switchboard Operators 80 $8.18 $8.74 $18,170 2.7%
    57302 Mail Clerks, Except Mail Machine Operators and Postal Service 60 $6.93 $7.86 $16,340 2.8%
      Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    58002 Dispatchers, Police, Fire, and Ambulance 130 $13.76 $15.18 $31,570 6.0%
    58005 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 70 $15.66 $15.62 $32,490 4.6%
    58008 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 120 $14.53 $14.36 $29,870 1.6%
    58014 Meter Readers, Utilities (*) $15.85 $16.28 $33,850 2.4%
    58017 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 50 $11.08 $12.55 $26,100 9.9%
    58023 Stock Clerks - Stockroom, Warehouse or Storage Yard 690 $7.73 $9.26 $19,250 8.7%
    58026 Order Fillers, Wholesale and Retail Sales 50 $9.62 $9.63 $20,030 1.9%
    58028 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 890 $9.27 $10.43 $21,690 2.3%
    58099 All Other Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Workers 160 $7.83 $8.56 $17,810 4.6%
      Other Clerical and Administrative Support Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    59999 All Other Clerical and Administrative Support Workers 270 $8.76 $8.70 $18,090 4.6%
    Service Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    61002 Fire Fighting and Prevention Supervisors 150 $23.43 $27.32 $56,830 9.2%
    61005 Police and Detective Supervisors 130 $27.79 $27.59 $57,380 8.0%
    61008 Housekeeping Supervisors 30 $9.53 $10.55 $21,950 6.4%
    61099 All Other Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Service Workers 730 $9.79 $12.51 $26,030 7.2%
      Protective Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    63008 Fire Fighters (*) $17.72 $17.25 $35,890 2.3%
    63011 Police Detectives (*) $28.65 $27.45 $57,110 8.3%
    63014 Police Patrol Officers 500 $21.82 $23.05 $47,940 5.7%
    63035 Detectives and Investigators, Except Public 30 $9.48 $11.24 $23,380 3.4%
    63047 Guards and Watch Guards 690 $6.46 $7.55 $15,700 3.2%
    63099 All Other Protective Service Workers (*) $10.88 $11.74 $24,430 5.5%
      Food and Beverage Preparation and Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    65002 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, or Coffee Shop 130 $6.18 $6.89 $14,340 5.6%
    65005 Bartenders 490 $7.67 $7.77 $16,160 6.2%
    65008 Waiters and Waitresses 1,160 $5.99 $6.38 $13,270 3.0%
    65014 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 270 $6.03 $6.44 $13,400 4.1%
    65017 Counter Attendants - Lunchroom, Coffee Shop, or Cafeteria 220 $6.81 $7.35 $15,300 1.6%
    65021 Bakers, Bread and Pastry 130 $8.69 $8.37 $17,400 5.3%
    65023 Butchers and Meat Cutters 200 $9.12 $10.08 $20,970 4.2%
    65026 Cooks, Restaurant 310 $7.44 $7.69 $15,990 3.8%
    65028 Cooks, Institution or Cafeteria 200 $10.86 $10.42 $21,680 3.0%
    65032 Cooks, Fast Food 540 $5.93 $6.29 $13,090 2.7%
    65035 Cooks, Short Order 160 $6.58 $7.11 $14,780 5.3%
    65038 Food Preparation Workers 810 $6.97 $7.54 $15,670 3.1%
    65041 Combined Food Preparation and Service Workers 1,050 $6.00 $6.33 $13,180 2.2%
    65099 All Other Food Service Workers 200 $6.21 $6.80 $14,150 1.5%
      Health Service and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    66002 Dental Assistants 230 $12.18 $11.74 $24,420 3.6%
    66005 Medical Assistants 460 $8.90 $9.30 $19,340 5.0%
    66008 Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants 1,390 $8.24 $8.58 $17,840 3.3%
    66011 Home Health Aides 190 $8.03 $9.02 $18,760 6.3%
    66014 Psychiatric Aides (*) $10.09 $10.04 $20,890 1.1%
    66017 Physical and Corrective Therapy Assistants and Aides 100 $9.36 $10.82 $22,500 9.5%
    66099 All Other Health Service Workers 150 $9.03 $9.72 $20,220 7.2%
      Cleaning and Building Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    67002 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 400 $6.13 $6.96 $14,480 4.0%
    67005 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,420 $6.67 $8.06 $16,770 2.8%
    67008 Pest Controllers and Assistants 110 $10.88 $11.22 $23,350 10.4%
    67099 All Other Cleaning and Building Service Workers 100 $7.50 $8.09 $16,830 2.7%
      Personal Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    68005 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 100 $7.23 $7.37 $15,320 5.3%
    68014 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 70 $6.01 $6.31 $13,130 4.0%
    68035 Personal and Home Care Aides 150 $6.23 $6.51 $13,550 3.3%
    68038 Child Care Workers 430 $8.00 $8.62 $17,920 5.2%
    68041 Funeral Attendants 30 $7.96 $8.55 $17,790 6.8%
      Other Service Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    69999 All Other Service Workers 80 $7.71 $8.14 $16,930 1.1%
    Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    72002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 450 $10.39 $11.83 $24,610 3.9%
      Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    79011 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 2,030 $6.21 $6.56 $13,640 1.6%
    79017 Animal Caretakers, Except Farm 30 $6.20 $7.57 $15,750 2.6%
    79021 Farm Equipment Operators 790 $7.61 $8.66 $18,020 9.0%
    79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping 1,240 $8.28 $9.63 $20,020 6.0%
    79806 Veterinary Assistants (*) $5.93 $7.79 $16,210 8.7%
    79856 Farmworkers, Food and Fiber Crops 15,890 $6.07 $6.43 $13,380 2.2%
    79858 Farmworkers, Farm and Ranch Animals (*) $8.41 $9.14 $19,010 9.7%
    79999 All Other Agricultural, Forestry, Fishing, and Related Workers 380 $7.61 $10.29 $21,400 1.8%
    Production, Construction, Operating, Maintenance, and Material Handling Occupations top
      First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    81002 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 260 $17.99 $18.87 $39,240 2.5%
    81005 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Construction Trades and Extractive Workers 170 $18.09 $19.16 $39,840 4.4%
    81008 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production and Operating Workers 420 $17.43 $18.97 $39,460 2.2%
    81011 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 60 $18.06 $18.59 $38,670 4.4%
    81017 First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 70 $13.31 $14.06 $29,240 3.7%
    81099 All Other First-Line Supervisors and Managers/Supervisors - Production, Construction, Maintenance, and Related Workers 290 $12.98 $14.78 $30,730 1.9%
      Inspectors and Related Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    83002 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Graders 40 $9.88 $10.61 $22,070 3.2%
    83005 Production Inspectors, Testers, Graders, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 380 $7.80 $8.46 $17,590 1.6%
      Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    85110 Machinery Maintenance Mechanics 340 $16.18 $15.67 $32,590 3.0%
    85123 Millwrights 40 $17.29 $16.25 $33,810 6.4%
    85132 Maintenance Repairers, General Utility 970 $11.19 $11.61 $24,140 3.4%
    85302 Automotive Mechanics 520 $13.75 $14.22 $29,570 3.3%
    85305 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 200 $10.63 $11.52 $23,960 10.1%
    85311 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 250 $14.60 $14.23 $29,600 3.0%
    85314 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 40 $16.14 $16.71 $34,760 2.8%
    85321 Farm Equipment Mechanics 150 $13.39 $13.66 $28,400 1.6%
    85323 Aircraft Mechanics 30 $10.50 $11.18 $23,250 7.1%
    85714 Electric Motor, Transformer, and Related Repairers 50 $15.38 $14.85 $30,890 10.3%
    85726 Station Installers and Repairers, Telephone 30 $18.05 $16.87 $35,090 4.1%
    85902 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 200 $15.34 $15.77 $32,790 6.4%
    85926 Office Machine and Cash Register Servicers (*) $17.80 $18.37 $38,210 4.1%
    85953 Tire Repairers and Changers 140 $7.85 $7.95 $16,540 2.0%
    85999 All Other Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 150 $10.88 $11.81 $24,560 1.4%
      Construction Trades and Extractive Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    87102 Carpenters 560 $11.48 $12.32 $25,630 3.6%
    87108 Drywall Installers 70 $11.74 $12.74 $26,490 20.5%
    87202 Electricians 310 $14.80 $15.20 $31,620 2.8%
    87308 Hard Tile Setters 50 $16.86 $18.95 $39,420 10.4%
    87311 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers 270 $10.78 $11.29 $23,490 6.0%
    87402 Painters and Paperhangers, Construction and Maintenance 200 $11.18 $10.73 $22,310 6.8%
    87502 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 290 $13.70 $15.13 $31,460 4.5%
    87602 Carpet Installers 50 $11.85 $13.13 $27,310 7.7%
    87808 Roofers 60 $11.70 $11.46 $23,840 4.6%
    87811 Glaziers (*) $12.06 $12.05 $25,060 2.2%
    87814 Structural Metal Workers 40 $14.20 $13.25 $27,570 6.5%
    87899 All Other Construction Trades Workers 60 $9.11 $10.51 $21,860 2.4%
    87999 All Other Construction and Extractive Workers, Except Helpers 120 $14.80 $15.80 $32,870 4.9%
      Precision Production Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    89102 Tool and Die Makers 30 $12.76 $13.89 $28,890 2.6%
    89108 Machinists 250 $11.76 $11.64 $24,210 1.0%
    89132 Sheet Metal Workers 100 $8.97 $11.08 $23,050 1.7%
    89311 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 90 $13.19 $12.36 $25,710 4.4%
    92308 Sawing Machine Operators and Tenders 50 $9.98 $10.35 $21,520 1.3%
    92314 Woodworking Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Sawing 50 $8.65 $9.19 $19,120 2.6%
    92512 Offset Lithographic Press Setters and Set-Up Operators (*) $14.99 $15.59 $32,420 7.1%
    92543 Printing Press Machine Operators and Tenders 130 $14.48 $15.24 $31,690 3.1%
    92546 Bindery Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $11.40 $11.81 $24,570 2.7%
    92726 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Machine Operators and Tenders, Except Pressing 90 $6.66 $7.32 $15,210 2.6%
    92914 Paper Goods Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 110 $12.27 $12.15 $25,270 1.5%
    92917 Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders, Food and Tobacco 50 $14.32 $12.96 $26,950 2.8%
    92932 Dairy Processing Equipment Operators, Including Setters 120 $15.45 $15.51 $32,270 2.3%
    92944 Cutting and Slicing Machine Operators and Tenders 70 $7.28 $8.51 $17,690 3.2%
    92965 Crushing, Grinding, Mixing, and Blending Machine Operators and Tenders 140 $8.32 $11.99 $24,940 7.7%
    92974 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 420 $11.51 $10.96 $22,790 4.0%
    92997 All Other Machine Setters and Set-Up Operators 140 $12.77 $12.09 $25,140 1.4%
    92998 All Other Machine Operators and Tenders 130 $8.65 $9.05 $18,820 1.2%
      Hand Occupations, Including Assemblers and Fabricators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    93905 Electrical and Electronic Assemblers 150 $10.11 $9.80 $20,380 2.6%
    93914 Welders and Cutters 200 $10.42 $10.82 $22,500 2.5%
    93956 Assemblers and Fabricators, Except Machine, Electrical, Electronic, and Precision 680 $7.70 $8.13 $16,910 1.3%
      Plant and System Occupations top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    95002 Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant and System Operators 100 $14.87 $14.70 $30,570 3.0%
    95099 All Other Plant and System Operators (*) $11.81 $12.89 $26,810 3.3%
      Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    97102 Truck Drivers, Heavy or Tractor-Trailer 1,770 $11.95 $12.59 $26,190 4.1%
    97105 Truck Drivers, Light, Include Delivery and Route Workers 940 $11.36 $11.73 $24,390 1.7%
    97111 Bus Drivers, School 480 $8.25 $9.20 $19,140 7.9%
    97117 Driver/Sales Workers 260 $8.48 $9.88 $20,540 2.6%
    97805 Service Station Attendants 50 $8.12 $8.16 $16,980 2.4%
    97923 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators 70 $14.79 $15.46 $32,150 13.7%
    97938 Grader, Bulldozer, and Scraper Operators 160 $12.11 $12.28 $25,550 4.7%
    97947 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 640 $8.00 $9.11 $18,960 4.0%
    97951 Conveyor Operators and Tenders 50 $7.62 $8.37 $17,410 1.9%
    97956 Operating Engineers 120 $18.63 $19.45 $40,460 2.9%
    97989 All Other Material-Moving Equipment Operators 230 $8.30 $9.53 $19,820 11.0%
      Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand top
    Wage Estimates
    OES Code Occupation Title Employment Median Hourly Mean Hourly Mean Annual Mean RSE (1)
    98102 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers 350 $7.64 $8.24 $17,140 3.4%
    98312 Helpers, Carpenters and Related Workers 140 $7.85 $8.10 $16,860 3.2%
    98313 Helpers, Electricians and Power-Line Transmission Installers 30 $7.47 $7.56 $15,710 3.0%
    98315 Helpers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 70 $6.69 $8.57 $17,820 15.1%
    98316 Helpers, Roofers 40 $7.91 $8.00 $16,650 4.3%
    98319 Helpers, All Other Construction Trades Workers 50 $9.97 $10.02 $20,840 3.3%
    98502 Machine Feeders and Offbearers 100 $8.23 $8.97 $18,670 2.3%
    98799 All Other Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 700 $7.82 $8.53 $17,750 2.4%
    98902 Hand Packers and Packagers 2,520 $6.39 $7.33 $15,250 2.3%
    98905 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners 280 $5.93 $6.75 $14,030 2.8%
    98999 All Other Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 1,130 $8.24 $8.84 $18,390 0.9%

    (1) = Relative standard error (RSE) of the mean wage. The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

    (*) = Employment estimate is not available.

    * = Hourly wage estimate is not available.

    # = Median hourly wage is over $60.01.

    ** = This mean wage estimate may be understated because 25% or more of the employment was estimated as earning more than $60.01 per hour. The larger the share of employment estimated in the upper open-ended interval ($60.01 and over), the more likely it is that the mean wage is underestimated.

    top

    Statewide estimates for California

    1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

    Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates

    Last modified: October 16, 2001