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OCCUPATION ENTRY-LEVEL
EDUCATION     Help
ON-THE-JOB
TRAINING     Help
PROJECTED NUMBER
OF NEW JOBS     Help
PROJECTED
GROWTH RATE     Help
2019 MEDIAN PAY     Help
Veterinarians Doctoral or professional degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Crematory operators and personal care and service workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
First-line supervisors of gambling services workers High school diploma or equivalent None 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Veterinary technologists and technicians Associate’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Occupational therapists Master’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Industrial machinery mechanics High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Registered nurses Bachelor’s degree None 50,000 or more Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Media and communication workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Recreational therapists Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Archivists Master’s degree None 0 to 999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Gambling dealers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Meeting, convention, and event planners Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Health information technologists, medical registrars, surgical assistants, and healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other Postsecondary nondegree award None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Dietitians and nutritionists Bachelor’s degree Internship/residency 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Environmental scientists and specialists, including health Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Actuaries Bachelor’s degree Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Physical therapists Doctoral or professional degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Market research analysts and marketing specialists Bachelor’s degree None 50,000 or more Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Computer user support specialists Some college, no degree None 50,000 or more Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Loan interviewers and clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers High school diploma or equivalent None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Educational, guidance, and career counselors and advisors Master’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Medical dosimetrists, medical records specialists, and health technologists and technicians, all other Postsecondary nondegree award None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Web developers and digital interface designers Associate’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Electricians High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 50,000 or more Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Nursing assistants Postsecondary nondegree award None 50,000 or more Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Construction managers Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Orthotists and prosthetists Master’s degree Internship/residency 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Mental health and substance abuse social workers Master’s degree Internship/residency 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Flight attendants High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Phlebotomists Postsecondary nondegree award None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Social and community service managers Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Diagnostic medical sonographers Associate’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Skincare specialists Postsecondary nondegree award None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Social and human service assistants High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Training and development specialists Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Refuse and recyclable material collectors No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Pest control workers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Public relations and fundraising managers Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Tile and stone setters No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Biological science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Marriage and family therapists Master’s degree Internship/residency 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Film and video editors Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Software developers and software quality assurance analysts and testers Bachelor’s degree None 50,000 or more Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Financial clerks, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Underground mining machine operators and extraction workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Court reporters and simultaneous captioners Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Gambling managers High school diploma or equivalent None 0 to 999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Communications equipment operators, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Dental laboratory technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Engineering teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Commercial pilots High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Psychology teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Physical therapist aides High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Computer numerically controlled tool programmers Postsecondary nondegree award Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Environmental science and protection technicians, including health Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Private detectives and investigators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Special education teachers, all other Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Hazardous materials removal workers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Education administrators, all other Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Umpires, referees, and other sports officials High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Special education teachers, preschool Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Earth drillers, except oil and gas; and explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Ophthalmic laboratory technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Credit counselors Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses Postsecondary nondegree award None 50,000 or more Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Respiratory therapists Associate’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Manicurists and pedicurists Postsecondary nondegree award None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Medical assistants Postsecondary nondegree award None 50,000 or more Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Occupational therapy aides High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Helpers--extraction workers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Interpreters and translators Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Genetic counselors Master’s degree None 0 to 999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Massage therapists Postsecondary nondegree award None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Health specialties teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 50,000 or more Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Bus drivers, transit and intercity High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Service unit operators, oil and gas No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Cooks, restaurant No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Animal caretakers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Security and fire alarm systems installers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Athletes and sports competitors No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Rotary drill operators, oil and gas No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Political scientists Master’s degree None 0 to 999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Animal scientists Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Project management specialists and business operations specialists, all other Bachelor’s degree None 50,000 or more Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
General and operations managers Bachelor’s degree None 50,000 or more Faster than average $80,000 or more
Computer occupations, all other Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Bartenders No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Hearing aid specialists High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Farm labor contractors No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Fast food and counter workers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Landscaping and groundskeeping workers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Industrial engineers Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Paralegals and legal assistants Associate’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Amusement and recreation attendants No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Self-enrichment teachers High school diploma or equivalent None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Recreation workers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Computer and information systems managers Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Medical secretaries and administrative assistants High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Rehabilitation counselors Master’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Database administrators and architects Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Producers and directors Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Roustabouts, oil and gas No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Operations research analysts Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Substance abuse, behavioral disorder, and mental health counselors Bachelor’s degree None 50,000 or more Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Speech-language pathologists Master’s degree Internship/residency 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Light truck drivers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers High school diploma or equivalent None 50,000 or more Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Sales representatives of services, except advertising, insurance, financial services, and travel High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics Postsecondary nondegree award None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Firefighters Postsecondary nondegree award Long-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Administrative services and facilities managers Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Medical scientists, except epidemiologists Doctoral or professional degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Coaches and scouts Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Child, family, and school social workers Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Community and social service specialists, all other Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Business teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Residential advisors High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Medical and health services managers Bachelor’s degree None 50,000 or more Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Physical therapist assistants Associate’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Home health and personal care aides High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Occupational therapy assistants Associate’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Chefs and head cooks High school diploma or equivalent None 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Human resources managers Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Shampooers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average Less than $30,000
Exercise physiologists Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Makeup artists, theatrical and performance Postsecondary nondegree award None 0 to 999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Management analysts Bachelor’s degree None 50,000 or more Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Passenger vehicle drivers, except bus drivers, transit and intercity No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
First-line supervisors of personal service and entertainment and recreation workers, except gambling services High school diploma or equivalent None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers High school diploma or equivalent None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Agricultural equipment operators No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Urban and regional planners Master’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Psychiatric aides High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Tree trimmers and pruners High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Health education specialists Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Derrick operators, oil and gas No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Information security analysts Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Physician assistants Master’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Data scientists and mathematical science occupations, all other Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Police and sheriff’s patrol officers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Instructional coordinators Master’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Computer network support specialists Associate’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Dental hygienists Associate’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Cargo and freight agents High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Public safety telecommunicators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary Master’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Family medicine physicians Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Sales engineers Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
First-line supervisors of firefighting and prevention workers Postsecondary nondegree award Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Wind turbine service technicians Postsecondary nondegree award Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Psychiatric technicians Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Animal trainers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Counselors, all other Master’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Gambling service workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Maintenance workers, machinery High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Crossing guards and flaggers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Audio and video technicians Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Psychiatrists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Museum technicians and conservators Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Medical appliance technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Nurse midwives Master’s degree None 0 to 999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Statisticians Master’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Solar photovoltaic installers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Nurse practitioners Master’s degree None 50,000 or more Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Radiation therapists Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Concierges High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Economists Master’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Choreographers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Therapists, all other Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Computer and information research scientists Master’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Human resources specialists Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Environmental engineering technologists and technicians Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Law teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Elevator and escalator installers and repairers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Magnetic resonance imaging technologists Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Aerospace engineering and operations technologists and technicians Associate’s degree None 0 to 999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Animal control workers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Grounds maintenance workers, all other No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Soil and plant scientists Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Physicists Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Audiologists Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Curators Master’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Healthcare social workers Master’s degree Internship/residency 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Fundraisers Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Ophthalmic medical technicians Postsecondary nondegree award None 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Nurse anesthetists Master’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Camera operators, television, video, and film Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Forensic science technicians Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Security guards High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average Less than $30,000
Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Driver/sales workers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average Less than $30,000
Substitute teachers, short-term Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average Less than $30,000
Industrial truck and tractor operators No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Loan officers Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Training and development managers Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Millwrights High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Technical writers Bachelor’s degree Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Financial examiners Bachelor’s degree Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Barbers Postsecondary nondegree award None 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Food preparation and serving related workers, all other No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Healthcare support workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent None 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Surgical technologists Postsecondary nondegree award None 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Community health workers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Exercise trainers and group fitness instructors High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Financial managers Bachelor’s degree None 50,000 or more Much faster than average $80,000 or more
Athletic trainers Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Much faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Parking attendants No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Radiologic technologists and technicians Associate’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Marketing managers Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Food servers, nonrestaurant No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Public relations specialists Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Helpers--production workers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Dental assistants Postsecondary nondegree award None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Tutors and teachers and instructors, all other Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Computer systems analysts Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Bill and account collectors High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks Some college, no degree Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers High school diploma or equivalent None Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators and locomotive firers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Rail transportation workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Dentists, general Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Construction and building inspectors High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Automotive body and related repairers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Special education teachers, secondary school Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average Less than $30,000
Interviewers, except eligibility and loan High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Information and record clerks, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Architectural and engineering managers Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Baggage porters and bellhops High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Graders and sorters, agricultural products No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Little or no change Less than $30,000
Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Little or no change $40,000 to $59,999
Motorboat operators Postsecondary nondegree award None 0 to 999 Little or no change $40,000 to $59,999
Machine feeders and offbearers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Little or no change $30,000 to $39,999
Conveyor operators and tenders No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Little or no change $30,000 to $39,999
Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Little or no change $40,000 to $59,999
Tire builders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Little or no change $40,000 to $59,999
First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers High school diploma or equivalent None 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Teaching assistants, postsecondary Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Commercial divers Postsecondary nondegree award Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Chemists Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Biological technicians Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Orderlies High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Medical equipment repairers Associate’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Cardiovascular technologists and technicians Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Tour and travel guides High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Social workers, all other Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Natural sciences managers Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Insurance underwriters Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Brickmasons and blockmasons High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Advertising sales agents High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Pipelayers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Nuclear medicine technologists Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Political science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Bioengineers and biomedical engineers Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Construction laborers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
First-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving workers, except aircraft cargo handling supervisors High school diploma or equivalent None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Financial and investment analysts, financial risk specialists, and financial specialists, all other Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Bailiffs High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Little or no change $40,000 to $59,999
Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Environmental engineers Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Civil engineering technologists and technicians Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Computer science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates Doctoral or professional degree Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Petroleum engineers Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Communications teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators, surface mining High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Insurance sales agents High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers High school diploma or equivalent None 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Carpenters High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship Declining Little or no change $40,000 to $59,999
Maids and housekeeping cleaners No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Little or no change Less than $30,000
First-line supervisors of production and operating workers High school diploma or equivalent None Declining Little or no change $60,000 to $79,999
Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Little or no change $60,000 to $79,999
Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other Doctoral or professional degree None Declining Little or no change $60,000 to $79,999
Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels Postsecondary nondegree award None Declining Little or no change $60,000 to $79,999
Acupuncturists and healthcare diagnosing or treating practitioners, all other Master’s degree None Declining Little or no change $60,000 to $79,999
Anesthesiologists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 Little or no change $80,000 or more
Drywall and ceiling tile installers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Little or no change $40,000 to $59,999
Laundry and dry-cleaning workers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Little or no change Less than $30,000
Property, real estate, and community association managers High school diploma or equivalent None 0 to 999 Little or no change $40,000 to $59,999
Painters, construction and maintenance No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Little or no change $40,000 to $59,999
Dishwashers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Little or no change Less than $30,000
Directors, religious activities and education Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Slaughterers and meat packers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average Less than $30,000
Real estate brokers High school diploma or equivalent None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Demonstrators and product promoters No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Aerospace engineers Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Budget analysts Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Chemical technicians Associate’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Motor vehicle operators, all other No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Purchasing managers Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Actors Some college, no degree Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average The annual wage is not available.
Religious workers, all other Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Special education teachers, middle school Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Property appraisers and assessors Bachelor’s degree Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Riggers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Conservation scientists Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Insulation workers, mechanical High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Lighting technicians and media and communication equipment workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Judicial law clerks Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Agricultural workers, all other No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average Less than $30,000
Electro-mechanical and mechatronics technologists and technicians Associate’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Career/technical education teachers, middle school Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Aircraft mechanics and service technicians Postsecondary nondegree award None 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
First-line supervisors of police and detectives High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Artists and related workers, all other No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Little or no change $60,000 to $79,999
Ship engineers Postsecondary nondegree award None 0 to 999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Boilermakers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 0 to 999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Helpers--roofers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Materials scientists Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Librarians and media collections specialists Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Highway maintenance workers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Court, municipal, and license clerks High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Computer network architects Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Structural iron and steel workers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Education teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Legislators Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Medical equipment preparers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Dietetic technicians Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Compliance officers Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Electrical engineers Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Bakers No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Automotive glass installers and repairers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Little or no change $30,000 to $39,999
Food processing workers, all other No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Little or no change Less than $30,000
Forest and conservation workers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Little or no change $30,000 to $39,999
Podiatrists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 Little or no change $80,000 or more
Dentists, all other specialists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 Little or no change $80,000 or more
Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers Doctoral or professional degree Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Little or no change $80,000 or more
Plant and system operators, all other High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Little or no change $40,000 to $59,999
Model makers, wood High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Little or no change $40,000 to $59,999
Cooks, all other No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Broadcast technicians Associate’s degree Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Compensation and benefits managers Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Microbiologists Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Library science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Mathematicians Master’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Geography teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Camera and photographic equipment repairers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Historians Master’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Social science research assistants Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Rock splitters, quarry No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Transit and railroad police High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Dredge operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Travel agents High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Data entry keyers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Broadcast announcers and radio disc jockeys Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Tool and die makers Postsecondary nondegree award Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Interior designers Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Credit analysts Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping Associate’s degree None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Packers and packagers, hand No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Office clerks, general High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
First-line supervisors of retail sales workers High school diploma or equivalent None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Patternmakers, wood High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Forest and conservation technicians Associate’s degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Biochemists and biophysicists Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Miscellaneous construction and related workers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Aircraft service attendants and transportation workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Parking enforcement workers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Word processors and typists High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Nuclear power reactor operators High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Watch and clock repairers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Cutters and trimmers, hand No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Telephone operators High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Sound engineering technicians Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Social work teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Statistical assistants Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Fire inspectors and investigators Postsecondary nondegree award Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Gambling cage workers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average Less than $30,000
Traffic technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Gambling surveillance officers and gambling investigators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Atmospheric and space scientists Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Airfield operations specialists High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Hoist and winch operators No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Etchers and engravers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Woodworkers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Fiberglass laminators and fabricators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Set and exhibit designers Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Sailors and marine oilers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Social scientists and related workers, all other Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators Bachelor’s degree Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Semiconductor processing technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Motorboat mechanics and service technicians High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Food cooking machine operators and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Marine engineers and naval architects Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Electrical and electronics drafters Associate’s degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Drafters, all other Associate’s degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Fish and game wardens Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Industrial-organizational psychologists Master’s degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Postmasters and mail superintendents High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Legal secretaries and administrative assistants High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Manufactured building and mobile home installers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Prepress technicians and workers Postsecondary nondegree award None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants High school diploma or equivalent None Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Floral designers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Nuclear technicians Associate’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Photographic process workers and processing machine operators High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Library assistants, clerical High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Cooks, short order No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Payroll and timekeeping clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Stockers and order fillers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Slower than average Less than $30,000
Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and scientific products High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders, tapers, and finishers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Counter and rental clerks No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average Less than $30,000
Electronics engineers, except computer Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Food batchmakers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Engineers, all other Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Food service managers High school diploma or equivalent None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Musicians and singers No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average The annual wage is not available.
Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Industrial production managers Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Motorcycle mechanics Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Gambling and sports book writers and runners High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average Less than $30,000
Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Commercial and industrial designers Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Upholsterers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Fashion designers Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Photographers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Library technicians Postsecondary nondegree award None Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Air traffic controllers Associate’s degree Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Family and consumer sciences teachers, postsecondary Master’s degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Models No formal educational credential None 0 to 999 Slower than average Less than $30,000
Bridge and lock tenders High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Avionics technicians Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Chemistry teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Plasterers and stucco masons No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Helpers, construction trades, all other No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Passenger attendants High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average Less than $30,000
Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Physics teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Zoologists and wildlife biologists Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Mechanical door repairers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
History teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Agricultural and food science technicians Associate’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Cartographers and photogrammetrists Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Sociology teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Food scientists and technologists Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Wellhead pumpers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairers Associate’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Switchboard operators, including answering service High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Timing device assemblers and adjusters High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Foresters Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Emergency management directors Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Pile driver operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Environmental science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Sociologists Master’s degree None 0 to 999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Sheet metal workers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Industrial engineering technologists and technicians Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Architects, except landscape and naval Bachelor’s degree Internship/residency 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Detectives and criminal investigators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Career/technical education teachers, postsecondary Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Education and childcare administrators, preschool and daycare Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Eligibility interviewers, government programs High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Educational instruction and library workers, all other Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
School bus monitors and protective service workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Education administrators, postsecondary Master’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Logisticians Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Occupational health and safety specialists Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Structural metal fabricators and fitters High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Tellers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Engine and other machine assemblers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Print binding and finishing workers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
New accounts clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Power plant operators High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $80,000 or more
File clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Logging workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Shoe machine operators and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Helpers--carpenters No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Office and administrative support workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Clergy Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Education administrators, kindergarten through secondary Master’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Personal financial advisors Bachelor’s degree Long-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Mechanical engineers Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Coil winders, tapers, and finishers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Desktop publishers Associate’s degree Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Grinding and polishing workers, hand No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Fallers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Roof bolters, mining High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Pharmacy aides High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Graphic designers Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Automotive service technicians and mechanics Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Floor sanders and finishers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Kindergarten teachers, except special education Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Transportation, storage, and distribution managers High school diploma or equivalent None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Special effects artists and animators Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Opticians, dispensing High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists Bachelor’s degree Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Optometrists Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Logging equipment operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Printing press operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Cooks, fast food No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Meter readers, utilities High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Lodging managers High school diploma or equivalent None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Correspondence clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Proofreaders and copy markers Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Animal breeders High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Stonemasons High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Funeral attendants High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Locomotive engineers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Chemical plant and system operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Brokerage clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Glaziers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Chiropractors Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Loading and moving machine operators, underground mining No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Nuclear engineers Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Office machine operators, except computer High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Postal service clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Telemarketers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Postal service mail carriers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Furniture finishers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Insurance appraisers, auto damage Postsecondary nondegree award Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Survey researchers Master’s degree None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Farm and home management educators Master’s degree None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Tapers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Surveying and mapping technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment Postsecondary nondegree award Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Dancers No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average The annual wage is not available.
Continuous mining machine operators No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Agricultural inspectors Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Rail car repairers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Audiovisual equipment installers and repairers Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Physical scientists, all other Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay Postsecondary nondegree award Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Orthodontists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Layout workers, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Shoe and leather workers and repairers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Transportation security screeners High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Architectural and civil drafters Associate’s degree None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Merchandise displayers and window trimmers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers Postsecondary nondegree award Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Calibration technologists and technicians and engineering technologists and technicians, except drafters, all other Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Chemical equipment operators and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
English language and literature teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Career/technical education teachers, secondary school Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Biological scientists, all other Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Computer hardware engineers Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Teaching assistants, except postsecondary Some college, no degree None 50,000 or more As fast as average Less than $30,000
Elementary school teachers, except special education Bachelor’s degree None 50,000 or more As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Accountants and auditors Bachelor’s degree None 50,000 or more As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Maintenance and repair workers, general High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Cleaners of vehicles and equipment No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average Less than $30,000
Production, planning, and expediting clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers Postsecondary nondegree award Long-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Pharmacy technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Pharmacists Doctoral or professional degree None Declining Decline $80,000 or more
First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers High school diploma or equivalent None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Agricultural engineers Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Astronomers Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Prosthodontists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Miscellaneous entertainers and performers, sports and related workers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average The annual wage is not available.
Chemical engineers Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Waiters and waitresses No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more As fast as average Less than $30,000
Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more As fast as average Less than $30,000
Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 50,000 or more As fast as average Less than $30,000
Lawyers Doctoral or professional degree None 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Receptionists and information clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $30,000 to $39,999
Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Order clerks Some college, no degree Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Log graders and scalers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Motion picture projectionists No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Fabric and apparel patternmakers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
News analysts, reporters, and journalists Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Surgeons, except ophthalmologists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Railroad conductors and yardmasters High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Art directors Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Medical transcriptionists Postsecondary nondegree award None Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Couriers and messengers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Telecommunications line installers and repairers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Transportation inspectors High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Materials engineers Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Psychologists, all other Master’s degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers Postsecondary nondegree award Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Childcare workers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 Slower than average Less than $30,000
Cooks, institution and cafeteria No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Slower than average Less than $30,000
Real estate sales agents High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Billing and posting clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Recreational vehicle service technicians High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Building cleaning workers, all other No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Economics teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Reinforcing iron and rebar workers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 0 to 999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Geological and hydrologic technicians Associate’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Occupational health and safety technicians High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Aircraft cargo handling supervisors High school diploma or equivalent None 0 to 999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Subway and streetcar operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Bicycle repairers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average $30,000 to $39,999
Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Mechanical drafters Associate’s degree None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
First-line supervisors of correctional officers High school diploma or equivalent None Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Musical instrument repairers and tuners High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Home appliance repairers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Cement masons and concrete finishers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Writers and authors Bachelor’s degree Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Retail salespersons No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Geographers Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 Decline $80,000 or more
Signal and track switch repairers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Paperhangers No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Painting, coating, and decorating workers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Craft artists No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Advertising and promotions managers Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $80,000 or more
General internal medicine physicians Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Preschool teachers, except special education Associate’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Parts salespersons No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Civil engineers Bachelor’s degree None 5,000 to 9,999 Slower than average $80,000 or more
Roofers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Postsecondary teachers, all other Doctoral or professional degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Production workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 5,000 to 9,999 Slower than average Less than $30,000
Butchers and meat cutters No formal educational credential Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Sales managers Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Network and computer systems administrators Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Machinists High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Adult basic education, adult secondary education, and English as a Second Language instructors Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Hydrologists Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Architecture teachers, postsecondary Doctoral or professional degree None 0 to 999 Faster than average $80,000 or more
Epidemiologists Master’s degree None 0 to 999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Anthropologists and archeologists Master’s degree None 0 to 999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Costume attendants High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Faster than average $40,000 to $59,999
Life scientists, all other Bachelor’s degree None 0 to 999 Faster than average $60,000 to $79,999
Chief executives Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Terrazzo workers and finishers High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Buyers and purchasing agents Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Pourers and casters, metal High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Metal workers and plastic workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Plating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Carpet installers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Sewing machine operators No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Labor relations specialists Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Procurement clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Computer numerically controlled tool operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Editors Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Correctional officers and jailers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Insurance claims and policy processing clerks High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Personal service managers, all other; entertainment and recreation managers, except gambling; and managers, all other Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists Postsecondary nondegree award None Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Customer service representatives High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Tank car, truck, and ship loaders No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Cashiers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Foundry mold and coremakers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Gas plant operators High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Funeral home managers Associate’s degree None Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Cooks, private household Postsecondary nondegree award None Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Obstetricians and gynecologists Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Designers, all other Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment Postsecondary nondegree award Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Helpers--electricians High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Miscellaneous first-line supervisors, protective service workers High school diploma or equivalent None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Surveyors Bachelor’s degree Internship/residency 0 to 999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Stationary engineers and boiler operators High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Legal support workers, all other Associate’s degree None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers High school diploma or equivalent None Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Tax preparers High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers Some college, no degree Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Crane and tower operators High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Fence erectors No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Music directors and composers Bachelor’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $40,000 to $59,999
Gambling change persons and booth cashiers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average Less than $30,000
Material moving workers, all other No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 0 to 999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $60,000 to $79,999
Physicians, all other; and ophthalmologists, except pediatric Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $80,000 or more
Cost estimators Bachelor’s degree Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Food preparation workers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Tire repairers and changers High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average Less than $30,000
Sales and related workers, all other High school diploma or equivalent None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average Less than $30,000
Automotive and watercraft service attendants No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average Less than $30,000
Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $30,000 to $39,999
Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters High school diploma or equivalent Apprenticeship 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse No formal educational credential Short-term on-the-job training 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average Less than $30,000
Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education Bachelor’s degree None 10,000 to 49,999 As fast as average $40,000 to $59,999
Electrical and electronic engineering technologists and technicians Associate’s degree None 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Electrical power-line installers and repairers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training 1,000 to 4,999 Slower than average $60,000 to $79,999
Computer programmers Bachelor’s degree None Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Shipping, receiving, and inventory clerks High school diploma or equivalent Short-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $30,000 to $39,999
First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers High school diploma or equivalent None Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Patternmakers, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Embalmers Associate’s degree Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Sewers, hand No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline Less than $30,000
Model makers, metal and plastic High school diploma or equivalent Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Power distributors and dispatchers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Locksmiths and safe repairers High school diploma or equivalent Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999
Fishing and hunting workers No formal educational credential Moderate-term on-the-job training Declining Decline The annual wage is not available.
Landscape architects Bachelor’s degree Internship/residency Declining Decline $60,000 to $79,999
Pediatricians, general Doctoral or professional degree Internship/residency Declining Decline $80,000 or more
Morticians, undertakers, and funeral arrangers Associate’s degree Long-term on-the-job training Declining Decline $40,000 to $59,999

What They Do

The What They Do tab describes the typical duties and responsibilities of workers in the occupation, including what tools and equipment they use and how closely they are supervised. This tab also covers different types of occupational specialties.

Work Environment

The Work Environment tab includes the number of jobs held in the occupation and describes the workplace, the level of physical activity expected, and typical hours worked. It may also discuss the major industries that employed the occupation. This tab may also describe opportunities for part-time work, the amount and type of travel required, any safety equipment that is used, and the risk of injury that workers may face.

How to Become One

The How to Become One tab describes how to prepare for a job in the occupation. This tab can include information on education, training, work experience, licensing and certification, and important qualities that are required or helpful for entering or working in the occupation.

Pay

The Pay tab describes typical earnings and how workers in the occupation are compensated—annual salaries, hourly wages, commissions, tips, or bonuses. Within every occupation, earnings vary by experience, responsibility, performance, tenure, and geographic area. For most profiles, this tab has a table with wages in the major industries employing the occupation. It does not include pay for self-employed workers, agriculture workers, or workers in private households because these data are not collected by the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, the source of BLS wage data in the OOH.

State & Area Data

The State and Area Data tab provides links to state and area occupational data from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program, state projections data from Projections Central, and occupational information from the Department of Labor's CareerOneStop.

Job Outlook

The Job Outlook tab describes the factors that affect employment growth or decline in the occupation, and in some instances, describes the relationship between the number of job seekers and the number of job openings.

Similar Occupations

The Similar Occupations tab describes occupations that share similar duties, skills, interests, education, or training with the occupation covered in the profile.

Contacts for More Information

The More Information tab provides the Internet addresses of associations, government agencies, unions, and other organizations that can provide additional information on the occupation. This tab also includes links to relevant occupational information from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET).

2019 Median Pay

The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2019, the median annual wage for all workers was $39,810.

On-the-job Training

Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation.

Entry-level Education

Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation.

Work experience in a related occupation

Work experience that is commonly considered necessary by employers, or is a commonly accepted substitute for more formal types of training or education.

Number of Jobs, 2019

The employment, or size, of this occupation in 2019, which is the base year of the 2019-29 employment projections.

Job Outlook, 2019-29

The projected percent change in employment from 2019 to 2029. The average growth rate for all occupations is 4 percent.

Employment Change, 2019-29

The projected numeric change in employment from 2019 to 2029.

Entry-level Education

Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation.

On-the-job Training

Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation.

Employment Change, projected 2019-29

The projected numeric change in employment from 2019 to 2029.

Growth Rate (Projected)

The percent change of employment for each occupation from 2019 to 2029.

Projected Number of New Jobs

The projected numeric change in employment from 2019 to 2029.

Projected Growth Rate

The projected percent change in employment from 2019 to 2029.

2019 Median Pay

The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. In May 2019, the median annual wage for all workers was $39,810.

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 1, 2020