Bureau of Labor Statistics

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Employment patterns in political organizations

By Douglas Himes

The political organizations industry—which includes political parties, political action committees (PACs), political campaign organizations, and political organizations and clubs that are engaged in promoting the interests of national, state, or local political parties or candidates—employs only a small portion of the U.S. workforce. Over the 2001–14 period, political organizations employment has averaged 8,900, although it varies considerably from year to year. In recent years, when employment in political organizations has been at its highest, it made up about 0.9 percent of employment in the membership associations and organizations industry. That industry in turn accounted for about 1.0 percent of all wage and salary civilian employment. Thus, even when it was at its highest employment level in recent years, the political organizations industry still employed less than 1/100 of 1.0 percent, or less than 1 in 10,000, of all civilian wage and salary workers. (See chart 1.)1

This Beyond the Numbers article takes a look at employment and wage data for the political organizations industry from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program.2 This industry is strongly affected by the U.S. election calendar, its employment and wages varying accordingly. Anyone interested in a career in political organizations might well heed the lesson presented by these data: opportunities in this industry may be abundant one year and scarce the next.

The 4-year political cycle

Employment in many industries increases or decreases about the same time each year because of holidays, the seasonal weather of summer and winter, school and sports schedules, and even the deadline to file income tax returns. Unlike most other industries, the political organizations industry is affected by the congressional and presidential election calendar. Congressional elections occur in all even-numbered years. Presidential elections occur in even-numbered years divisible by 4. (Thus, a year with a presidential election is also a year with a Summer Olympics and is usually a leap year with an extra day at the end of February.) Odd-numbered years have no presidential elections and few, if any, congressional elections (although special elections are sometimes held to fill congressional vacancies). Elections for state, county, and municipal offices are often, but not always, held on the same day as congressional and presidential elections. National, state, and municipal elections held on the same day produce an easily discernible effect on employment in the political organizations industry at the national level. Elections scheduled for odd-numbered ("off") years, usually at the municipal level, may be discernible at the state, metropolitan area, or county level.

View Chart Data

Employment in membership associations and organizations and its component industries, annual average, 2001–14
Year Religious organizations (8131) Grantmaking and giving services (8132) Social advocacy organizations (8133) Civic and social organizations (8134) Business associations (81391) Professional organizations (81392) Labor unions and similar labor organizations (81393) Political organizations (81394) Other similar organizations (81399)

2001

159,212 123,562 153,861 411,679 121,232 69,707 142,221 5,866 85,646

2002

166,785 125,198 158,580 419,690 119,146 72,333 141,300 9,395 86,143

2003

172,669 121,813 160,326 416,569 118,583 71,708 139,149 6,196 87,481

2004

175,119 117,586 163,794 412,083 117,688 71,123 136,507 11,775 91,479

2005

177,294 118,548 165,302 414,119 118,594 70,565 133,077 6,227 92,948

2006

179,429 119,306 168,124 415,395 120,451 71,239 132,618 10,543 95,545

2007

183,678 123,271 175,719 417,069 122,141 73,364 131,386 7,808 99,138

2008

186,379 126,950 186,502 418,135 123,324 75,269 133,216 12,507 102,441

2009

184,929 126,345 188,366 395,833 119,320 75,092 127,989 7,474 102,212

2010

181,449 124,667 191,570 391,003 115,423 74,244 122,270 11,102 101,951

2011

182,896 126,638 193,506 392,171 114,557 75,794 119,394 7,067 103,443

2012

182,800 128,515 196,336 392,849 115,173 78,499 118,336 12,607 102,146

2013

186,212 131,006 198,675 394,895 116,189 79,699 115,051 7,236 102,960

2014

186,709 133,849 203,459 394,024 117,410 81,641 115,078 11,886 105,010

As shown in chart 2, employment in political organizations averaged 11,775 during the presidential election year of 2004; the average was 12,507 in 2008 and 12,607 in 2012. Employment in years with congressional elections (but no presidential elections) showed more of an increase over the 2001–14 period. Employment increased from 9,395 in 2002 to 10,543 in 2006 and then to 11,102 in 2010 and 11,886 in 2014. Average annual employment in political organizations during odd-numbered years has ranged from 5,866 in 2001 to 7,808 in 2007. Since 2007, employment in odd-numbered years has averaged 7,464 or less. In 2007, political organizations might have been especially keen to hire workers in preparation for the presidential election of 2008 (which did not have an incumbent running for reelection). Employment in 2009 and onward may have been affected by the 2007–09 recession.

View Chart Data

Employment in political organizations by type of election year, 2001–14
Year Type of election year Employment

2001

No national elections 5,866

2002

Congressional elections 9,395

2003

No national elections 6,196

2004

Congressional and presidential elections 11,775

2005

No national elections 6,227

2006

Congressional elections 10,543

2007

No national elections 7,808

2008

Congressional and presidential elections 12,507

2009

No national elections 7,474

2010

Congressional elections 11,102

2011

No national elections 7,067

2012

Congressional and presidential elections 12,607

2013

No national elections 7,236

2014

Congressional elections 11,886

The effects of the presidential and congressional election calendar are clearer in monthly and quarterly data. Presidential and (regularly scheduled) congressional elections are always held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, meaning that they always occur on November 2, November 8, or a day between those dates.

In even-numbered years over the 2001–14 period, political organizations employment has peaked in October (because most of November is after Election Day). Employment has been higher in Octobers with both presidential and congressional elections than in Octobers with only congressional elections. October employment reached 20,207 in 2008, 16,025 in 2010, 19,073 in 2012, and 17,819 in 2014. Steep decreases have occurred after these election-year peaks. Employment lows occurred during the first three months of odd-numbered years (6,148 in March 2009, 5,866 in February 2011, and 6,187 in February 2013). Employment rose during the remaining months of odd-numbered years.

Chart 3 shows that the number of establishments (the physical locations where employees work, such as offices and call centers) and the total wages paid to employees exhibit a similar pattern: peaks in the third or fourth quarter of even-numbered years, followed by sharp declines and lows in the first quarter of the following year and then gradual increases to the next election peak.

View Chart Data

Indexes of employment, establishments, and wages in political organizations, January 2001 to December 2014
Month Employment Establishments Average Weekly Wage Total wages

Jan 2001

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Feb 2001

97.1 100.0 100.0 100.0

Mar 2001

97.3 100.0 100.0 100.0

Apr 2001

99.4 100.5 100.2 106.9

May 2001

104.7 100.5 100.2 106.9

Jun 2001

110.5 100.5 100.2 106.9

Jul 2001

114.7 103.7 97.4 116.2

Aug 2001

119.8 103.7 97.4 116.2

Sep 2001

116.9 103.7 97.4 116.2

Oct 2001

121.4 107.8 106.6 130.3

Nov 2001

120.6 107.8 106.6 130.3

Dec 2001

118.2 107.8 106.6 130.3

Jan 2002

124.0 113.2 100.5 136.2

Feb 2002

134.7 113.2 100.5 136.2

Mar 2002

141.0 113.2 100.5 136.2

Apr 2002

147.1 122.7 97.1 159.4

May 2002

157.9 122.7 97.1 159.4

Jun 2002

178.6 122.7 97.1 159.4

Jul 2002

200.5 125.7 93.0 204.9

Aug 2002

216.4 125.7 93.0 204.9

Sep 2002

232.3 125.7 93.0 204.9

Oct 2002

234.1 123.4 105.6 208.8

Nov 2002

212.2 123.4 105.6 208.8

Dec 2002

136.4 123.4 105.6 208.8

Jan 2003

98.1 107.2 112.5 112.4

Feb 2003

97.1 107.2 112.5 112.4

Mar 2003

99.3 107.2 112.5 112.4

Apr 2003

100.4 106.8 109.5 116.4

May 2003

103.9 106.8 109.5 116.4

Jun 2003

109.0 106.8 109.5 116.4

Jul 2003

114.8 105.8 107.6 131.8

Aug 2003

119.3 105.8 107.6 131.8

Sep 2003

126.9 105.8 107.6 131.8

Oct 2003

139.8 112.6 112.0 162.2

Nov 2003

142.9 112.6 112.0 162.2

Dec 2003

143.4 112.6 112.0 162.2

Jan 2004

156.4 115.6 98.6 159.1

Feb 2004

161.3 115.6 98.6 159.1

Mar 2004

157.7 115.6 98.6 159.1

Apr 2004

159.8 120.4 95.6 179.0

May 2004

177.5 120.4 95.6 179.0

Jun 2004

214.0 120.4 95.6 179.0

Jul 2004

252.1 126.5 87.8 240.7

Aug 2004

270.4 126.5 87.8 240.7

Sep 2004

285.4 126.5 87.8 240.7

Oct 2004

374.9 122.6 96.6 268.1

Nov 2004

293.5 122.6 96.6 268.1

Dec 2004

148.1 122.6 96.6 268.1

Jan 2005

101.9 105.6 116.6 121.5

Feb 2005

101.9 105.6 116.6 121.5

Mar 2005

103.2 105.6 116.6 121.5

Apr 2005

105.1 105.9 117.7 132.8

May 2005

109.3 105.9 117.7 132.8

Jun 2005

117.8 105.9 117.7 132.8

Jul 2005

121.9 109.3 118.3 149.3

Aug 2005

124.7 109.3 118.3 149.3

Sep 2005

125.3 109.3 118.3 149.3

Oct 2005

133.2 112.3 126.8 168.2

Nov 2005

130.6 112.3 126.8 168.2

Dec 2005

126.9 112.3 126.8 168.2

Jan 2006

133.3 115.9 137.3 193.8

Feb 2006

137.6 115.9 137.3 193.8

Mar 2006

144.5 115.9 137.3 193.8

Apr 2006

161.3 121.4 109.1 203.6

May 2006

175.2 121.4 109.1 203.6

Jun 2006

213.3 121.4 109.1 203.6

Jul 2006

234.4 124.8 106.3 258.5

Aug 2006

235.4 124.8 106.3 258.5

Sep 2006

246.8 124.8 106.3 258.5

Oct 2006

284.1 125.2 116.0 272.3

Nov 2006

254.9 125.2 116.0 272.3

Dec 2006

152.7 125.2 116.0 272.3

Jan 2007

119.8 114.4 140.5 175.7

Feb 2007

121.5 114.4 140.5 175.7

Mar 2007

126.8 114.4 140.5 175.7

Apr 2007

127.2 114.0 129.3 177.4

May 2007

135.9 114.0 129.3 177.4

Jun 2007

141.2 114.0 129.3 177.4

Jul 2007

152.8 117.2 130.9 208.1

Aug 2007

156.6 117.2 130.9 208.1

Sep 2007

158.7 117.2 130.9 208.1

Oct 2007

168.6 120.9 134.8 236.8

Nov 2007

170.7 120.9 134.8 236.8

Dec 2007

178.1 120.9 134.8 236.8

Jan 2008

173.2 125.0 129.0 222.0

Feb 2008

167.5 125.0 129.0 222.0

Mar 2008

166.6 125.0 129.0 222.0

Apr 2008

175.7 129.5 120.0 233.4

May 2008

192.7 129.5 120.0 233.4

Jun 2008

204.9 129.5 120.0 233.4

Jul 2008

250.6 129.9 104.7 320.9

Aug 2008

297.9 129.9 104.7 320.9

Sep 2008

353.7 129.9 104.7 320.9

Oct 2008

379.1 128.3 120.9 341.9

Nov 2008

300.5 128.3 120.9 341.9

Dec 2008

153.4 128.3 120.9 341.9

Jan 2009

130.6 110.7 137.0 171.9

Feb 2009

123.6 110.7 137.0 171.9

Mar 2009

115.3 110.7 137.0 171.9

Apr 2009

115.6 111.9 128.7 160.4

May 2009

120.7 111.9 128.7 160.4

Jun 2009

130.7 111.9 128.7 160.4

Jul 2009

145.0 116.4 124.1 186.2

Aug 2009

148.7 116.4 124.1 186.2

Sep 2009

148.4 116.4 124.1 186.2

Oct 2009

161.1 121.4 126.2 215.8

Nov 2009

172.9 121.4 126.2 215.8

Dec 2009

169.7 121.4 126.2 215.8

Jan 2010

150.5 128.0 129.7 204.9

Feb 2010

154.4 128.0 129.7 204.9

Mar 2010

160.4 128.0 129.7 204.9

Apr 2010

174.6 137.2 118.6 235.7

May 2010

190.1 137.2 118.6 235.7

Jun 2010

220.4 137.2 118.6 235.7

Jul 2010

236.8 140.7 116.6 291.4

Aug 2010

245.5 140.7 116.6 291.4

Sep 2010

253.4 140.7 116.6 291.4

Oct 2010

304.0 140.7 122.9 297.6

Nov 2010

253.2 140.7 122.9 297.6

Dec 2010

155.9 140.7 122.9 297.6

Jan 2011

114.8 121.0 141.8 163.1

Feb 2011

110.1 121.0 141.8 163.1

Mar 2011

113.9 121.0 141.8 163.1

Apr 2011

119.4 123.6 133.1 171.3

May 2011

128.9 123.6 133.1 171.3

Jun 2011

130.8 123.6 133.1 171.3

Jul 2011

135.5 128.8 135.4 195.0

Aug 2011

142.8 128.8 135.4 195.0

Sep 2011

146.3 128.8 135.4 195.0

Oct 2011

147.7 133.8 143.0 217.8

Nov 2011

156.6 133.8 143.0 217.8

Dec 2011

144.1 133.8 143.0 217.8

Jan 2012

152.5 136.4 141.5 231.2

Feb 2012

158.1 136.4 141.5 231.2

Mar 2012

171.0 136.4 141.5 231.2

Apr 2012

187.8 142.1 128.2 286.7

May 2012

220.7 142.1 128.2 286.7

Jun 2012

250.0 142.1 128.2 286.7

Jul 2012

271.3 143.0 121.5 354.1

Aug 2012

280.4 143.0 121.5 354.1

Sep 2012

307.2 143.0 121.5 354.1

Oct 2012

357.8 140.0 128.2 365.2

Nov 2012

304.3 140.0 128.2 365.2

Dec 2012

177.2 140.0 128.2 365.2

Jan 2013

125.9 120.9 147.4 180.1

Feb 2013

116.1 120.9 147.4 180.1

Mar 2013

118.2 120.9 147.4 180.1

Apr 2013

119.6 121.1 148.9 190.3

May 2013

123.8 121.1 148.9 190.3

Jun 2013

133.3 121.1 148.9 190.3

Jul 2013

144.2 125.2 141.8 212.7

Aug 2013

150.0 125.2 141.8 212.7

Sep 2013

147.7 125.2 141.8 212.7

Oct 2013

155.4 126.5 159.6 244.1

Nov 2013

154.7 126.5 159.6 244.1

Dec 2013

140.2 126.5 159.6 244.1

Jan 2014

143.5 131.2 146.3 227.5

Feb 2014

153.8 131.2 146.3 227.5

Mar 2014

160.8 131.2 146.3 227.5

Apr 2014

178.2 138.9 135.5 286.0

May 2014

209.0 138.9 135.5 286.0

Jun 2014

234.8 138.9 135.5 286.0

Jul 2014

252.9 142.1 123.9 343.1

Aug 2014

273.8 142.1 123.9 343.1

Sep 2014

289.2 142.1 123.9 343.1

Oct 2014

334.3 141.0 138.9 367.8

Nov 2014

294.2 141.0 138.9 367.8

Dec 2014

151.6 141.0 138.9 367.8

The average weekly wage in the political organizations industry did not follow this pattern. The average weekly wage reached lows around Election Day, then increased just after elections, and varied during other periods. Large numbers of temporary workers hired for relatively low wages in the months before an election caused the average to decrease. The workers who were employed during both election years and off years were relatively higher paid. When there were fewer lower paid workers, the average rose. Average wages in political organizations (like wages in most industries) have generally increased over the past dozen years. Since the 2008 election, average weekly wages have ranged from $687 to $1,047.

Employment by state

Employment in political organizations reached its recent peak (19,073) in October 2012, just before the congressional and presidential elections in November of that year. During October, only three states—Florida, Ohio, and Illinois—had employment of over 1,000 in this industry (1,571; 1,273; and 1,164, respectively, see maps 1 and 2.). Six states had employment between 750 and 999: California, Nevada, New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. More people were employed in political organizations in the District of Columbia (1,311) than in 49 of the 50 states.

Map 1. Employment in political organizations, by state, October 2012


1,000 and higher
 
750 to 999
 
500 to 749
 
250 to 499
 
249 and lower
 
Hover over a state to see data.
Hover over legend items to see states in a category.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

View Chart Data

Employment in political organizations, by state, October 2012
State Employment

Alabama

43

Alaska

23

Arizona

235

Arkansas

47

California

998

Colorado

603

Connecticut

747

Delaware

57

District of Columbia

1,311

Florida

1,571

Georgia

101

Hawaii

Idaho

30

Illinois

1,164

Indiana

270

Iowa

398

Kansas

24

Kentucky

58

Louisiana

42

Maine

100

Maryland

224

Massachusetts

823

Michigan

317

Minnesota

526

Mississippi

11

Missouri

334

Montana

297

Nebraska

283

Nevada

871

New Hampshire

315

New Jersey

198

New Mexico

162

New York

833

North Carolina

440

North Dakota

120

Ohio

1,273

Oklahoma

34

Oregon

397

Pennsylvania

803

Rhode Island

South Carolina

58

South Dakota

Tennessee

103

Texas

677

Utah

71

Vermont

65

Virginia

767

Washington

515

West Virginia

50

Wisconsin

477

Wyoming

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Just 4 months later, in February 2013, employment had declined to its postelection low (6,187), a 68-percent decrease. No state had political organizations employment over 750. Only two states, California and Florida, had employment greater than 500. New York, Texas, and Pennsylvania were the only other states with employment over 250. More than 1,000 workers (1,129, to be exact) were employed in the political organizations industry in the District of Columbia in February 2013, a comparatively small decrease of 14 percent from the October 2012 figure.

Map 2. Employment in political organizations, by state, February 2013


1,000 and higher
 
750 to 999
 
500 to 749
 
250 to 499
 
249 and lower
 
Hover over a state to see data.
Hover over legend items to see states in a category.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

View Chart Data

Employment in political organizations, by state, February 2013
State Employment

Alabama

40

Alaska

11

Arizona

36

Arkansas

17

California

684

Colorado

97

Connecticut

67

Delaware

11

District of Columbia

1,129

Florida

501

Georgia

83

Hawaii

Idaho

17

Illinois

201

Indiana

49

Iowa

36

Kansas

13

Kentucky

22

Louisiana

38

Maine

14

Maryland

67

Massachusetts

93

Michigan

123

Minnesota

128

Mississippi

11

Missouri

103

Montana

41

Nebraska

46

Nevada

33

New Hampshire

21

New Jersey

117

New Mexico

21

New York

471

North Carolina

76

North Dakota

11

Ohio

158

Oklahoma

19

Oregon

163

Pennsylvania

312

Rhode Island

17

South Carolina

34

South Dakota

20

Tennessee

59

Texas

435

Utah

21

Vermont

31

Virginia

241

Washington

134

West Virginia

6

Wisconsin

103

Wyoming

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

As shown in map 3, in many states political organizations employment often underwent extreme month-to-month variations. As political organizations responded to national, state, and municipal election schedules, it was not uncommon to see increases of over 100 percent from one month to the next and decreases of 100 percent as well.3 Recent large percent changes in political organizations employment include an increase of 147 percent in Arizona when employment rose from 43 to 106 from September to October 2013, the largest of a string of double-digit percent changes among states that year. In the same year, employment increased 200 percent (from 93 to 279) in Massachusetts from February to March. In contrast, from November to December 2012, political organizations employment decreased by more than 80 percent in both Iowa and Nebraska.

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Blue indicates increase; Gold indicates no change; Red indicates decrease.
Map 3. Employment in political organizations, percent change from previous month, January 2004 to September 2014



 
Employment in political organizations, percentage change from previous month, January 2004–September 2014
State January 2004 February 2004 March 2004 April 2004 May 2004 June 2004 July 2004 August 2004 September 2004 October 2004 November 2004 December 2004 January 2005 February 2005 March 2005 April 2005 May 2005 June 2005 July 2005 August 2005 September 2005 October 2005 November 2005 December 2005 January 2006 February 2006 March 2006 April 2006 May 2006 June 2006 July 2006 August 2006 September 2006 October 2006 November 2006 December 2006 January 2007 February 2007 March 2007 April 2007 May 2007 June 2007 July 2007 August 2007 September 2007 October 2007 November 2007 December 2007 January 2008 February 2008 March 2008 April 2008 May 2008 June 2008 July 2008 August 2008 September 2008 October 2008 November 2008 December 2008 January 2009 February 2009 March 2009 April 2009 May 2009 June 2009 July 2009 August 2009 September 2009 October 2009 November 2009 December 2009 January 2010 February 2010 March 2010 April 2010 May 2010 June 2010 July 2010 August 2010 September 2010 October 2010 November 2010 December 2010 January 2011 February 2011 March 2011 April 2011 May 2011 June 2011 July 2011 August 2011 September 2011 October 2011 November 2011 December 2011 January 2012 February 2012 March 2012 April 2012 May 2012 June 2012 July 2012 August 2012 September 2012 October 2012 November 2012 December 2012 January 2013 February 2013 March 2013 April 2013 May 2013 June 2013 July 2013 August 2013 September 2013 October 2013 November 2013 December 2013 January 2014 February 2014 March 2014 April 2014 May 2014 June 2014 July 2014 August 2014 September 2014

Alabama

-8.6 3.1 -3.0 18.8 7.9 7.3 2.3 4.4 -10.6 7.1 4.4 -23.4 16.7 -7.1 -10.3 25.7 -6.8 -2.4 -5.0 -5.3 2.8 32.4 0.0 4.1 13.7 10.3 -1.6 7.9 7.4 4.1 13.2 0.0 2.3 -2.3 -4.7 -47.6 -18.6 -5.7 12.1 5.4 -2.6 5.3 -10.0 0.0 -2.8 -2.9 26.5 -7.0 20.0 0.0 -18.8 20.5 0.0 -2.1 21.7 12.5 19.0 -14.7 -6.3 -38.3 -16.2 0.0 6.5 6.1 -2.9 11.8 15.8 13.6 4.0 25.0 1.5 -7.6 27.9 2.6 3.8 27.7 2.8 -25.7 1.2 -18.3 3.0 2.9 -1.4 -25.7 -21.2 2.4 -7.1 -17.9 3.1 12.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -2.7 2.8 8.1 15.0 4.3 4.2 -16.0 2.4 -7.0 12.5 -2.2 -2.3 0.0 0.0 -9.3 5.1 -2.4 -2.5 7.7 0.0 2.4 -7.0 -2.5 -2.6 0.0 2.6 0.0 30.8 9.8 8.9 -24.6 30.4 -3.3 -19.0 -8.5 2.3

Alaska

35.3 26.1 31.0 -15.8 112.5 80.9 34.1 20.6 -10.6 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 26.3 33.3 21.9 -20.5 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.1 10.0 -9.1 -10.0 0.0 -11.1 0.0 12.5 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 21.6 37.8 72.6 55.1 1.2 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -17.6 7.1 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 37.5 -9.1 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 25.0 6.7 6.3 5.9 50.0 85.2 -12.0 -2.3 25.6 -25.9 -65.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 25.0 10.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.1 -30.0 28.6 0.0 11.1 10.0 27.3 42.9 -10.0 27.8 -4.3 -13.6 -47.4 0.0 10.0 9.1 0.0 0.0 33.3 6.3 17.6 10.0 4.5 34.8 0.0 25.8 15.4 6.7 37.5 21.2 67.5 34.3 11.1 17.0

Arizona

-29.6 28.1 -32.9 -2.0 14.6 43.6 46.8 30.2 22.5 -23.2 -30.3 -50.5 -18.4 5.0 2.4 2.3 -2.3 0.0 4.7 2.2 -2.2 8.9 -4.1 12.8 3.8 21.8 11.9 12.0 7.1 21.1 16.5 15.0 37.0 10.0 5.9 -65.2 -43.2 10.9 3.9 -30.2 5.4 -12.8 0.0 2.9 20.0 19.0 6.0 -3.8 5.9 5.6 -7.0 37.7 23.3 6.7 10.4 11.3 25.4 -2.0 -22.8 -35.7 -48.6 -13.5 15.6 -5.4 8.6 0.0 0.0 15.8 -2.3 -9.3 76.9 -5.8 1.5 -25.8 44.9 60.6 32.5 -8.6 42.0 6.1 -1.4 -6.3 -16.1 -37.9 -60.0 2.5 4.9 -16.3 -13.9 19.4 0.0 16.2 2.3 56.8 -24.6 -9.6 27.7 5.0 25.4 32.9 72.4 81.8 -12.5 -30.9 5.0 16.3 22.2 -57.9 -68.8 -7.7 19.4 -9.3 17.9 2.2 -12.8 82.9 -42.7 146.5 32.1 -0.7 5.8 12.2 26.1 19.7 9.6 1.1 9.1 11.6 0.3

Arkansas

51.0 21.5 -80.1 3.8 0.0 3.6 21.1 29.0 7.9 -10.4 3.5 -68.5 -39.3 0.0 5.9 16.7 28.6 7.4 -6.9 3.7 28.6 -2.8 17.1 7.3 -9.1 5.0 26.2 26.4 0.0 7.5 26.4 19.8 3.7 -2.7 -0.9 -19.3 -71.6 12.0 17.9 9.1 8.3 17.9 -8.7 -14.3 8.3 2.6 7.5 20.9 3.8 7.4 -6.9 -44.4 -6.7 3.6 17.2 2.9 0.0 5.7 -18.9 -26.7 -9.1 10.0 0.0 -13.6 5.3 35.0 0.0 7.4 -24.1 4.5 30.4 6.7 34.4 14.0 59.2 69.2 11.4 21.8 -28.5 14.1 13.7 4.8 -12.6 -67.1 -64.0 -16.7 66.7 4.0 3.8 3.7 -3.6 3.7 -3.6 3.7 3.6 -3.4 7.1 -3.3 -3.4 39.3 2.6 -12.5 2.9 22.2 13.6 -6.0 -27.7 -20.6 -22.2 -19.0 0.0 29.4 4.5 4.3 12.5 18.5 9.4 20.0 7.1 13.3 5.9 -1.9 22.6 46.2 12.6 48.6 13.8 21.0 19.2

California

19.9 2.7 0.2 3.5 4.5 59.2 59.9 -13.6 -0.2 11.3 -2.6 -52.6 -14.6 -5.5 -7.6 8.5 12.1 21.0 -6.4 -9.0 -2.1 1.8 2.3 -5.7 -4.2 0.8 5.6 4.9 5.1 15.2 -2.6 0.8 -4.0 18.8 -14.0 -17.9 -25.4 -0.3 -2.4 -5.1 5.7 12.2 7.0 -5.2 -6.2 14.2 -12.6 11.9 -9.8 2.3 5.4 2.1 15.1 30.6 39.7 0.7 14.1 0.3 -35.4 -3.2 22.7 -7.2 -12.6 -17.9 8.7 44.5 59.6 -19.6 -20.2 -3.0 -7.4 -4.0 -3.9 -2.2 -10.1 -2.4 17.5 23.0 6.0 -14.9 -1.0 23.8 -10.6 -21.0 -14.8 -7.9 0.0 -9.5 14.9 -4.4 31.2 4.9 -1.9 0.1 -2.2 -15.1 -3.1 10.1 3.4 -4.0 63.3 -7.2 -11.2 -7.2 7.3 14.7 -9.9 -16.6 -20.6 15.2 -0.9 -0.6 17.5 15.5 -2.1 -25.0 -9.4 -0.7 -2.5 -5.1 13.0 1.4 5.0 15.3 28.1 -5.3 -8.2 12.6 6.9

Colorado

18.8 3.7 -2.4 27.7 12.3 47.1 24.0 39.6 22.1 38.4 -50.8 -56.0 -30.6 2.6 -2.5 0.0 0.0 -1.3 14.5 6.9 -2.2 12.1 -2.9 -5.1 7.4 5.9 13.1 22.3 11.5 2.4 24.3 17.6 7.7 23.7 -31.3 -49.6 -14.9 -7.2 2.2 -4.3 3.4 -4.4 3.4 18.9 -10.3 20.8 7.8 -4.8 20.2 16.8 -14.4 13.3 8.0 41.7 61.7 32.2 -0.9 20.4 0.6 -81.4 -24.6 -7.9 7.3 -3.4 0.0 1.2 10.5 -6.3 13.5 5.0 6.6 9.7 21.8 13.2 3.5 27.1 2.7 11.7 7.8 8.6 -3.3 25.0 21.4 -74.7 -25.9 16.9 -11.3 8.1 -16.1 -2.6 9.2 3.6 0.0 -1.2 2.4 0.0 5.7 8.7 18.0 29.7 26.1 22.3 26.3 26.2 25.8 27.5 -48.8 -66.0 62.9 -43.3 -5.2 -9.8 32.5 10.9 -7.4 25.7 8.5 8.4 10.8 -31.9 -18.3 7.8 8.1 23.3 22.3 69.1 161.4 -2.0 -33.0

Connecticut

-14.9 10.0 13.6 26.0 1.6 17.2 20.0 8.9 -6.1 12.0 -12.6 -17.8 -20.3 -15.3 -4.0 -2.1 -2.1 8.7 -2.0 12.2 3.6 7.0 13.1 2.9 2.8 13.7 7.2 47.2 26.0 29.1 42.3 19.8 -3.0 1.7 -36.0 -14.8 -49.2 -49.5 6.0 -7.5 0.0 16.3 -17.5 -2.1 -2.2 -2.2 13.6 -6.0 2.1 8.3 25.0 -12.3 0.0 7.0 52.5 6.5 3.0 77.5 -51.4 -38.6 -22.2 0.0 -2.4 41.5 -6.9 5.6 14.0 0.0 20.0 -1.3 9.1 22.6 4.9 9.3 15.3 23.5 13.7 14.1 27.5 5.0 -14.7 4.8 -18.8 -44.8 -50.4 1.7 5.1 -6.5 1.7 3.4 19.7 12.3 17.1 9.4 4.8 1.8 3.6 2.6 9.2 7.7 5.7 9.5 18.5 109.4 13.2 66.6 26.1 -89.2 -25.2 -13.0 0.0 -20.9 1.9 38.9 8.0 3.7 8.3 -25.3 2.9 0.0 1.4 0.0 18.3 6.0 5.6 22.3 25.2 22.2 1.1

Delaware

16.7 -14.3 8.3 7.7 -28.6 80.0 33.3 8.3 34.6 8.6 -47.4 -40.0 -25.0 -11.1 25.0 -10.0 11.1 50.0 0.0 0.0 20.0 0.0 0.0 -27.8 0.0 23.1 0.0 25.0 20.0 16.7 28.6 8.3 2.6 5.0 0.0 -28.6 40.0 -9.5 13.2 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.8 4.9 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -71.4 -7.7 -8.3 9.1 75.0 31.0 -1.8 3.7 19.6 -10.4 -31.7 -48.8 -14.3 -11.1 12.5 -5.6 11.8 -21.1 13.3 17.6 -5.0 5.3 -20.0 37.5 -4.5 33.3 35.7 15.8 18.2 7.7 8.9 8.2 -7.6 -4.9 -65.5 -20.0 -6.3 0.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.7 0.0 -6.3 26.7 10.5 -9.5 0.0 42.1 63.0 29.5 0.0 0.0 -1.8 -55.4 -40.0 -26.7 -9.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -30.0 57.1 0.0 -18.2 11.1 0.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 18.2 34.6 40.0 -2.0

District of Columbia

2.9 3.6 3.4 10.5 2.2 18.3 -2.5 7.0 1.4 10.7 10.1 -41.2 -22.8 3.6 5.9 -2.2 0.5 4.7 4.1 0.4 -0.1 2.6 0.0 1.3 -0.3 2.6 0.4 4.9 2.2 4.0 8.7 -6.0 -3.3 2.5 -0.5 -7.9 -8.7 2.6 2.0 -2.3 1.8 3.9 3.2 -4.0 -1.9 0.3 -1.2 -0.6 -1.2 6.0 -1.6 2.3 -1.0 4.4 6.4 1.7 1.8 5.7 2.2 -7.7 8.8 -16.7 -27.9 -3.1 -0.5 5.5 3.3 5.5 2.1 2.2 2.8 0.4 -2.7 3.5 0.8 2.5 1.1 3.4 -1.0 -6.0 -7.5 -1.3 1.3 -6.4 -14.2 0.2 -1.7 4.0 -1.2 0.8 -2.1 1.0 -1.9 2.5 1.7 2.1 1.6 2.4 0.5 4.0 2.5 4.8 1.9 1.3 -0.6 2.1 -5.3 -5.7 41.6 -31.7 -5.2 2.1 3.3 1.2 2.6 2.3 1.8 2.4 0.4 -2.6 -0.8 4.2 1.3 4.9 1.1 3.5 10.2 2.7 -3.6

Florida

-6.0 28.2 27.8 47.1 30.0 13.6 8.5 5.3 10.5 99.4 -12.6 -51.7 -64.9 1.1 0.4 -16.5 -3.1 2.3 11.1 5.6 6.1 2.9 4.9 2.3 50.2 2.4 3.8 -1.6 8.9 15.9 9.5 9.4 -14.7 1.1 -11.7 -14.3 -27.4 1.2 -0.3 6.3 3.5 1.3 0.5 3.3 3.2 4.3 -0.5 -1.8 14.3 -3.1 -0.2 -0.6 1.5 10.3 26.3 24.9 5.9 17.9 -16.9 -46.9 -6.1 -0.2 -0.5 3.1 1.4 0.9 4.0 2.6 1.0 5.8 1.8 1.0 -6.1 1.0 13.7 -3.4 6.6 2.7 16.5 5.3 9.9 8.3 -27.5 -13.2 -25.8 -1.0 0.2 -0.5 19.9 -7.5 2.9 7.6 4.2 2.9 -3.4 0.6 11.2 5.2 14.4 5.5 8.9 12.3 9.9 5.9 6.6 41.9 -12.2 -4.9 -62.0 0.4 -0.8 -4.4 0.6 1.3 -2.9 0.4 -0.8 16.7 -12.1 1.7 1.4 6.9 3.8 -2.2 13.4 6.6 16.8 11.5 5.4

Georgia

18.6 -2.5 12.7 8.3 6.9 -7.1 16.8 2.4 -4.1 -10.4 -0.7 -30.1 -20.6 2.5 7.2 -5.6 7.1 12.2 4.0 1.9 8.4 -0.9 2.6 -4.2 -1.8 5.4 3.4 16.5 9.9 21.3 -1.1 0.0 -0.5 -4.3 -5.1 -25.6 -38.4 -23.4 -16.9 -12.2 -7.0 17.5 14.9 16.7 -6.3 42.4 9.5 -3.3 3.4 2.2 -6.4 -1.1 36.8 40.3 65.9 5.8 17.1 -32.1 -12.9 -36.0 -6.9 -25.6 12.2 -10.9 8.9 12.2 27.3 -2.9 6.6 -10.3 9.2 0.7 2.1 13.0 1.2 0.6 22.6 3.4 -7.0 6.6 3.8 132.0 -1.0 -1.8 -73.1 -41.4 1.3 20.3 18.9 13.3 -6.3 -0.8 -6.7 -1.8 4.6 -10.5 -6.9 -2.1 -6.5 -2.3 8.2 2.2 9.6 5.8 -10.1 3.1 -3.0 -15.3 3.6 -3.5 3.6 -2.3 23.8 20.2 -4.0 -0.8 -2.5 6.0 4.1 0.0 14.8 8.8 6.9 18.7 4.9 3.8 4.1 8.7 6.4

Hawaii

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 57.1 9.1 16.7 0.0 7.1 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 16.7 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.2 30.8 0.0 17.6 5.0 23.8 11.5 0.0 3.4 0.0 -50.0 -46.7 0.0 0.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 63.6 38.9 -12.0 27.3 28.6 16.7 4.8 -20.5 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 40.0 0.0 14.3 75.0 21.4 0.0 11.8 0.0 0.0 5.3 -10.0

Idaho

0.0 20.7 -8.6 3.1 -9.1 -3.3 20.7 0.0 -8.6 6.3 -5.9 -25.0 -41.7 0.0 -7.1 0.0 -7.7 8.3 53.8 80.0 -38.9 0.0 9.1 0.0 -20.8 36.8 7.7 25.0 -5.7 9.1 0.0 -2.8 14.3 -2.5 -2.6 -42.1 -36.4 -7.1 7.7 -21.4 9.1 -8.3 -9.1 0.0 0.0 10.0 9.1 16.7 14.3 68.8 -11.1 29.2 16.1 8.3 20.5 4.3 -8.2 4.4 -10.6 -11.9 -64.9 0.0 7.7 14.3 -6.3 6.7 -6.3 0.0 -6.7 14.3 0.0 18.8 31.6 4.0 19.2 9.7 -2.9 12.1 2.7 23.7 25.5 0.0 -18.6 -50.0 -25.0 -5.6 -23.5 7.7 7.1 13.3 -5.9 0.0 0.0 12.5 -5.6 11.8 0.0 -21.1 6.7 31.3 47.6 -32.3 0.0 4.8 4.5 30.4 -23.3 -21.7 -11.1 6.3 -5.9 0.0 -12.5 -14.3 8.3 0.0 -7.7 50.0 27.8 -4.3 -4.5 0.0 9.5 65.2 7.9 -4.9 0.0 5.1 9.8

Illinois

12.9 59.3 7.1 -68.3 4.5 0.8 21.3 9.3 16.1 9.1 -9.5 -38.3 -32.2 -1.2 4.3 -1.8 1.8 3.0 10.3 2.1 -4.1 5.9 2.0 0.5 21.6 -8.9 19.0 -2.6 5.7 5.1 17.5 15.5 5.3 15.9 -5.6 -21.3 -38.5 14.1 13.5 0.0 9.1 7.7 -0.3 9.9 2.7 13.0 -2.6 3.4 13.8 59.0 -16.9 -15.8 -5.0 10.3 27.4 17.4 8.5 2.4 -6.9 -57.3 -30.3 -0.8 -2.7 -20.9 -1.0 4.5 11.1 3.0 4.2 19.4 10.2 3.1 4.8 -14.0 -23.2 22.0 18.0 5.1 29.1 12.6 15.5 9.7 -22.0 -38.3 -33.1 2.9 9.8 34.5 7.6 4.7 7.6 15.7 7.0 1.1 13.4 2.4 17.6 7.2 8.4 -3.0 9.2 7.2 8.0 11.1 11.9 0.5 -4.2 -23.3 -73.0 -13.0 -9.5 -17.0 -7.9 7.2 -4.7 152.8 -15.6 6.6 -46.7 -0.6 28.1 18.7 1.2 -0.4 40.1 18.0 12.5 19.7 18.5

Indiana

-0.8 12.2 -3.4 10.6 15.9 17.6 7.5 5.2 -2.1 12.2 -15.4 -50.2 -20.5 3.4 -4.3 -8.0 7.4 4.6 -5.5 1.2 -4.6 1.2 1.2 -10.6 23.7 9.6 8.7 9.8 3.3 11.8 4.9 3.4 9.1 6.0 -2.8 -34.7 -15.9 -8.4 -2.3 -2.4 26.5 17.1 -4.1 4.2 0.8 8.1 0.0 -15.7 -0.9 14.3 7.0 95.6 0.7 -31.9 60.3 18.3 13.2 14.7 15.5 -50.9 -76.3 1.6 -4.8 -3.4 8.8 6.5 -3.0 9.4 1.4 18.3 17.9 3.0 1.0 8.7 35.7 27.6 -3.6 20.3 23.6 1.8 6.4 0.7 -4.0 -62.5 1.8 -1.8 6.4 0.0 18.1 19.0 -0.6 -3.7 1.3 0.6 -3.1 -12.3 0.7 9.6 11.4 8.4 4.4 18.6 7.6 5.0 6.3 0.7 -7.0 -60.2 -38.0 -21.0 2.0 -6.0 48.9 1.4 -1.4 1.4 -18.3 3.4 0.0 0.0 11.7 9.0 2.7 9.3 18.3 15.5 6.3 16.8 7.2

Iowa

20.9 -80.5 -11.3 12.8 17.9 124.8 12.5 7.9 16.1 7.6 -34.5 -67.4 -44.0 -9.8 13.0 25.0 9.2 5.6 -1.3 13.5 2.4 7.0 2.2 3.2 12.4 1.8 7.2 7.6 13.3 77.9 6.2 13.5 -13.2 7.4 13.4 -50.2 -39.0 25.0 24.8 36.5 18.3 39.3 45.0 9.4 9.3 14.8 11.9 21.9 -37.6 -64.0 -24.3 -12.3 9.9 132.7 12.1 5.7 -9.3 1.5 -17.2 -75.3 -39.5 -2.0 -4.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 13.0 3.8 0.0 11.1 13.3 16.2 12.7 6.7 11.6 15.1 11.5 14.7 50.0 0.0 -0.9 14.7 -2.3 -68.8 -37.0 -15.7 -4.7 24.4 23.5 11.1 10.0 6.5 7.3 4.5 3.3 -5.3 6.7 -11.5 3.5 9.1 16.7 41.1 26.6 54.5 8.1 19.2 12.3 -86.4 -34.4 -10.0 -13.9 16.1 5.6 5.3 25.0 32.0 9.1 22.2 1.1 6.7 22.1 9.5 11.8 9.9 32.1 14.6 30.9 6.5 15.2

Kansas

9.1 -4.2 0.0 -8.7 4.8 22.7 51.9 31.7 18.5 0.0 -29.7 -42.2 -46.2 0.0 14.3 18.8 0.0 15.8 0.0 -9.1 0.0 15.0 4.3 4.2 0.0 24.0 0.0 19.4 10.8 14.6 51.1 11.3 17.7 -7.5 -3.5 -13.3 -55.6 -3.1 -41.9 16.7 0.0 -9.5 10.5 9.5 8.7 16.0 10.3 3.1 3.0 -2.9 -3.0 21.9 23.1 -6.3 184.4 47.7 18.0 -17.5 -49.5 -67.7 -26.7 9.1 -29.2 64.7 -28.6 15.0 17.4 7.4 13.8 21.2 -7.5 -2.7 27.8 2.2 -12.8 56.1 37.5 -30.7 77.0 1.9 -10.0 2.0 -6.9 -53.2 -34.1 -24.1 -4.5 -19.0 -5.9 -18.8 -23.1 40.0 0.0 7.1 0.0 -6.7 14.3 -12.5 -7.1 -7.7 0.0 25.0 53.3 17.4 -3.7 -7.7 -12.5 -33.3 -21.4 18.2 0.0 7.7 -7.1 7.7 0.0 21.4 -5.9 37.5 4.5 8.7 -8.0 30.4 26.7 15.8 40.9 40.3 18.4 8.7 2.7

Kentucky

-20.5 12.9 25.7 22.7 -1.9 13.2 26.7 40.8 -2.8 83.7 -72.3 -20.8 -9.5 -39.5 0.0 -13.0 0.0 5.0 14.3 4.2 -24.0 5.3 5.0 4.8 9.1 0.0 4.2 24.0 6.5 3.0 2.9 11.4 0.0 20.5 6.4 -40.0 50.0 55.6 37.1 71.9 90.9 -83.5 51.9 26.6 11.0 -1.8 -12.8 -50.5 -2.1 -10.9 14.6 25.5 132.2 -51.1 11.9 40.0 13.3 12.6 0.7 -75.6 -18.2 3.7 10.7 12.9 17.1 0.0 22.0 38.0 -26.1 76.5 -7.8 -12.0 -12.3 4.7 7.5 36.1 42.9 -3.6 -10.4 26.4 13.7 -5.7 -28.0 -67.8 18.4 -8.9 12.2 0.0 -2.2 33.3 13.3 17.6 7.5 1.2 1.1 -60.2 -8.6 -6.3 -3.3 -13.8 4.0 15.4 16.7 8.6 21.1 26.1 -8.6 -69.8 31.3 4.8 4.5 34.8 9.7 11.8 21.1 2.2 25.5 -10.2 11.3 3.4 -1.6 10.0 7.6 14.1 16.0 1.1 18.9 43.4 29.6

Louisiana

-17.6 7.1 16.7 40.0 4.1 9.8 33.9 8.0 11.1 7.8 54.6 -52.7 -42.3 -2.4 15.0 -37.0 0.0 -6.9 3.7 7.1 -6.7 -7.1 -15.4 4.5 0.0 8.7 68.0 9.5 4.3 8.3 -40.4 3.2 12.5 8.3 -5.1 -37.8 21.7 14.3 53.1 12.2 3.6 1.8 8.6 20.6 3.9 19.0 -34.0 -1.6 -41.0 13.9 36.6 19.6 16.4 11.5 9.2 4.2 15.2 2.6 -3.4 -69.0 -22.9 -3.7 3.8 -29.6 -10.5 0.0 11.8 5.3 15.0 30.4 0.0 26.7 10.5 28.6 -25.9 20.0 -8.3 4.5 8.7 28.0 -9.4 10.3 -25.0 -25.0 -19.4 3.4 56.7 53.2 9.7 12.7 47.2 20.6 7.0 -1.8 -24.1 -75.4 -6.5 10.3 -9.4 -10.3 3.8 -11.1 12.5 37.0 5.4 5.1 -4.9 -17.9 -9.4 31.0 -26.3 21.4 -5.9 -6.3 26.7 -2.6 2.7 26.3 0.0 -6.3 11.1 4.0 -5.8 26.5 37.1 2.4 58.6 25.4 7.5

Maine

-5.9 62.5 -42.3 0.0 30.0 35.9 34.0 21.1 15.1 27.3 -24.6 -50.5 -51.1 -8.7 4.8 -4.5 4.8 22.7 11.1 -13.3 0.0 -7.7 0.0 -4.2 21.7 7.1 3.3 19.4 29.7 33.3 14.1 17.8 -8.1 7.6 -5.9 -1.3 -75.9 -5.3 -5.6 0.0 29.4 22.7 7.4 24.1 33.3 18.8 -1.8 -3.6 11.1 51.7 -23.1 21.4 24.7 18.9 5.6 -4.5 19.7 5.9 -11.2 -73.4 -68.4 0.0 -33.3 -12.5 42.9 20.0 33.3 93.8 -48.4 187.5 102.2 -75.3 21.7 21.4 32.4 17.8 0.0 -15.1 88.9 7.1 5.5 -3.1 -1.1 -20.7 -52.1 0.0 -5.7 -48.5 5.9 22.2 4.5 0.0 8.7 8.0 -7.4 16.0 10.3 3.1 18.2 41.0 20.0 3.0 27.9 9.2 3.2 1.0 -13.1 -14.0 -79.7 -6.7 64.3 26.1 -31.0 -5.0 63.2 -3.2 6.7 18.8 2.6 5.1 26.8 15.4 23.3 14.9 17.6 36.0 15.4 12.1 14.8

Maryland

0.0 10.8 -6.9 1.5 -2.9 12.1 8.1 7.5 8.1 18.3 -11.8 -30.9 -26.9 14.3 1.8 5.3 -1.7 6.8 9.5 7.2 4.1 22.1 5.3 0.0 30.3 4.7 4.4 16.3 12.8 10.8 21.0 4.4 3.5 0.4 3.3 -59.7 -11.6 1.0 -3.0 -3.1 6.4 -6.0 -10.6 -2.4 -3.7 12.7 4.5 -4.3 -11.2 7.6 -4.7 -6.2 0.0 1.3 3.9 -6.3 12.0 3.6 1.1 -10.2 -15.2 1.5 1.5 4.3 -4.2 4.3 -13.9 -1.6 9.8 4.5 -4.3 1.5 -22.1 5.7 0.0 17.9 6.1 31.4 40.2 22.5 13.9 12.8 25.1 -74.0 -10.6 -10.2 1.9 1.9 9.1 8.3 6.2 7.2 1.4 -17.3 9.7 -2.9 95.5 30.2 12.5 -21.2 -39.6 -10.0 33.3 10.2 16.0 62.3 -17.0 -21.0 -54.4 0.0 3.0 -4.3 28.8 -28.2 37.7 2.4 4.7 11.1 11.0 4.5 3.4 17.5 3.5 14.4 63.5 7.3 -38.6 -5.0 51.5

Massachusetts

7.9 5.9 15.3 -2.4 2.5 18.1 27.6 -17.6 -2.9 3.0 -10.7 -30.4 -1.6 9.5 11.6 1.3 -1.3 23.4 2.1 6.2 -2.9 4.0 -2.9 14.9 12.9 9.9 5.6 13.8 4.6 14.9 4.3 1.4 4.1 16.2 -14.3 -31.1 -3.2 19.1 7.7 11.8 1.8 14.4 3.1 2.7 -4.5 -6.2 -0.8 2.5 -1.6 2.1 -47.6 7.8 -6.5 3.8 -0.7 0.0 2.2 0.0 -2.9 -12.8 -5.2 -1.8 0.9 -3.7 1.0 0.9 -0.9 0.0 1.9 29.6 10.7 -1.3 4.6 -4.4 11.8 7.6 9.8 6.9 8.3 0.9 1.3 -16.7 7.5 -46.3 -12.2 -8.9 9.8 20.8 7.4 6.1 15.1 1.9 2.5 6.6 3.4 -3.8 10.7 7.7 0.5 27.4 25.6 28.9 14.2 16.0 25.7 12.9 -17.8 -81.1 -22.7 -6.1 200.0 46.6 -53.8 18.0 -6.3 11.0 -9.5 6.2 0.9 -10.7 -1.5 20.2 8.8 7.7 3.2 4.9 12.9 6.7 12.4

Michigan

-3.0 38.8 -30.1 -6.8 3.4 40.4 26.1 8.0 7.4 51.3 -39.9 -37.7 -17.8 -2.3 2.3 -12.6 3.9 7.5 0.0 0.6 12.2 105.7 -42.1 -18.7 19.3 6.3 -8.4 24.9 16.6 12.7 9.3 22.1 10.5 16.4 -26.0 -38.7 -22.7 10.7 -1.3 -5.6 8.6 0.0 10.0 -11.0 5.5 0.0 -8.5 10.1 6.8 -7.9 6.5 10.3 1.4 4.1 40.0 30.2 51.6 -20.2 -24.4 -49.7 -24.2 -0.5 0.5 7.2 4.8 0.5 -9.1 14.1 6.6 34.7 -5.2 -16.8 -1.2 -3.5 8.6 17.3 8.7 9.1 7.6 4.0 -1.7 10.1 -19.4 -47.6 -10.1 0.6 -4.7 2.5 3.6 -18.5 -3.5 5.9 -6.3 23.7 -2.4 -7.4 -7.3 5.0 17.7 24.9 13.4 11.8 46.7 -0.2 -2.7 -18.7 -6.3 -50.5 -14.3 -2.4 3.3 4.7 -6.8 -1.6 27.9 6.4 6.0 0.6 0.6 -7.3 -3.0 10.0 4.5 16.3 12.6 24.5 18.7 12.1 15.8

Minnesota

2.2 0.7 6.4 7.4 8.8 19.5 22.6 20.0 19.0 37.9 -18.5 -50.4 -23.2 -7.1 2.8 24.2 5.4 14.4 -4.5 -6.1 -1.5 5.6 1.0 -4.3 -1.5 3.0 8.8 7.7 2.9 36.2 34.3 15.8 1.2 -6.5 2.0 -53.9 -19.8 -9.1 6.5 -12.2 -3.8 11.8 10.0 -0.5 -5.4 -1.1 12.1 13.8 5.4 -3.4 4.9 9.3 -13.9 26.0 42.7 20.4 16.8 8.9 1.5 -51.2 -38.8 -1.6 -8.7 0.0 4.8 3.4 0.6 4.4 -2.1 5.4 0.0 -6.6 45.9 12.0 6.4 4.4 0.3 24.9 11.3 14.7 -22.6 13.6 -15.4 -40.8 -50.4 2.6 3.4 4.9 6.2 4.4 2.8 1.4 1.3 0.0 -4.0 0.7 3.4 15.9 14.3 20.0 12.9 33.6 10.8 13.2 3.5 11.3 -17.6 -68.0 -9.4 2.4 -6.3 10.8 5.3 12.1 1.9 10.0 -2.8 6.4 -4.9 -12.1 9.9 5.4 7.4 11.1 17.1 40.2 31.3 6.0 0.0

Mississippi

1.8 -32.1 -5.3 -50.0 0.0 11.1 -10.0 -5.6 -5.9 6.3 -5.9 -12.5 7.1 0.0 13.3 -17.6 21.4 -5.9 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.1 10.0 9.1 0.0 25.0 13.3 0.0 0.0 11.8 -15.8 6.3 11.8 26.3 4.2 -44.0 142.9 17.6 7.5 11.6 6.3 0.0 -19.6 -56.1 66.7 46.7 0.0 -27.3 15.6 32.4 12.2 10.9 18.0 15.3 -13.3 -68.1 -52.2 -18.2 11.1 -10.0 0.0 22.2 0.0 9.1 -8.3 0.0 18.2 -7.7 0.0 0.0 -8.3 18.2 -7.7 8.3 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 55.6 7.1 0.0 -3.3 44.8 2.4 -9.3 -28.2 3.6 -51.7 -7.1 -15.4 9.1 8.3 -7.7 0.0 -8.3 0.0 9.1 -8.3 0.0 0.0 -9.1 10.0 -9.1 10.0 0.0 -9.1 10.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.2 7.7 35.7 36.8 -7.7 12.5 0.0 3.7 -28.6 25.0 -4.0

Missouri

88.5 -1.9 3.9 0.0 24.0 17.2 35.3 28.6 3.7 17.0 -24.8 -69.0 -75.9 17.4 -7.4 0.0 2.0 7.8 9.1 -3.3 5.2 19.7 15.1 -11.9 16.2 -2.3 15.5 12.4 21.1 37.1 51.9 20.0 8.2 16.0 27.3 -72.1 -54.4 -7.5 0.0 -19.4 6.0 22.6 3.1 6.0 2.8 28.8 3.2 6.2 12.6 14.7 -6.8 13.7 2.8 24.8 59.1 31.3 44.2 19.8 -25.4 -42.3 -74.7 -4.2 4.4 2.8 0.0 1.4 5.4 -2.6 2.6 9.0 2.4 6.9 2.2 12.6 3.7 12.6 24.0 27.7 41.4 -10.0 13.5 34.3 -52.3 -37.7 -28.1 2.4 46.4 20.3 13.5 7.1 -52.8 3.5 0.0 2.3 -4.4 5.8 6.6 12.4 12.8 13.8 43.6 35.8 25.6 11.4 -21.2 11.0 -7.8 -70.1 8.7 3.0 -27.2 -22.7 19.0 -4.3 -24.2 8.0 -9.3 0.0 2.0 -2.0 -6.1 6.5 4.1 39.2 46.5 25.0 55.4 -23.3 -20.6

Montana

15.9 1.3 -8.6 10.8 11.0 8.8 24.2 13.0 0.0 3.6 -4.2 -54.3 -38.1 2.6 -2.5 -5.1 10.8 14.6 10.6 -3.8 -4.0 6.3 9.8 -3.6 -3.7 53.8 12.5 15.6 2.9 49.5 5.6 11.2 -6.4 1.1 -2.8 -72.3 -20.8 13.2 -9.3 20.5 -6.4 4.5 23.9 -1.8 3.6 3.4 1.7 0.0 8.2 30.3 8.1 7.5 13.0 85.8 -14.8 13.4 -5.4 4.2 -5.0 -74.2 -26.5 5.6 -5.3 -8.3 18.2 2.6 -5.0 -13.2 6.1 -2.9 5.9 -16.7 36.7 4.9 7.0 6.5 8.2 15.1 23.0 9.3 3.7 -12.9 -12.2 -20.0 -42.3 13.3 2.9 2.9 22.2 34.1 13.6 4.5 -14.3 8.3 4.6 8.8 4.1 6.5 2.4 17.9 27.3 8.7 43.1 13.8 8.1 23.2 -53.2 -69.1 0.0 -4.7 0.0 9.8 2.2 2.2 -23.4 -5.6 29.4 2.3 11.1 6.0 26.4 23.9 1.2 -2.4 43.9 22.9 6.9 2.6 3.8

Nebraska

0.0 3.4 13.3 14.7 7.7 14.3 20.8 17.2 8.8 -18.9 -6.7 -16.1 -36.2 23.3 5.4 28.2 26.0 -9.5 -31.6 10.3 23.3 13.2 11.7 0.0 4.5 11.4 15.4 6.7 12.5 13.9 20.3 32.4 23.0 20.7 -8.6 -75.9 -56.3 7.1 6.7 -9.4 -13.8 -12.0 27.3 0.0 -10.7 48.0 -8.1 -8.8 9.7 61.8 -30.9 21.1 19.6 40.0 2.6 24.1 0.0 -3.1 -21.1 -20.0 -40.0 0.0 5.6 -5.3 2.8 -10.8 -15.2 3.6 0.0 31.0 -5.3 -5.6 -2.9 6.1 8.6 -5.3 -11.1 46.9 2.1 2.1 -22.4 13.2 41.9 -37.7 92.1 -47.9 0.0 -2.6 5.4 10.3 14.0 -8.2 22.2 -1.8 20.4 1.5 -6.1 3.2 3.1 19.7 16.5 37.0 17.5 10.1 10.4 57.2 -4.9 -87.4 14.7 17.9 23.9 -19.3 4.3 -39.6 13.8 9.1 41.7 17.6 8.3 -12.3 26.3 41.7 0.0 9.8 8.0 126.4 -60.2 -1.8 30.8

Nevada

1.6 14.5 1.4 5.6 23.7 39.4 19.1 13.5 1.1 48.6 -39.8 -41.9 -60.2 2.7 0.0 2.6 10.3 14.0 -4.1 0.0 0.0 -19.1 5.3 -2.5 23.1 27.1 23.0 32.0 25.3 21.0 10.7 4.8 32.2 21.7 -34.3 -65.8 -50.8 -3.2 36.7 34.1 21.8 74.6 24.8 11.6 14.7 8.0 12.9 3.9 21.9 -78.2 -30.2 43.2 9.5 11.6 53.2 84.7 87.6 -10.8 -74.2 -48.9 -31.3 -3.0 112.5 -22.1 0.0 11.3 -33.9 10.3 7.0 26.1 13.8 10.6 20.5 25.0 20.0 10.6 8.9 15.1 12.6 51.5 17.0 64.4 -49.8 -60.1 -60.8 -8.5 2.3 31.8 3.4 18.3 -2.8 24.6 -11.6 3.9 0.0 12.7 14.6 6.9 10.1 15.8 36.7 59.5 11.6 8.0 30.7 82.6 -65.6 -68.3 -62.1 -8.3 -3.0 12.5 5.6 -13.2 0.0 0.0 24.2 0.0 -2.4 0.0 -5.0 18.4 2.2 17.4 105.6 16.2 31.0 3.0 57.5

New Hampshire

0.3 -49.2 -57.9 -21.7 -22.2 88.1 58.2 8.0 3.0 9.4 -4.6 -70.3 -69.8 15.4 -26.7 45.5 -25.0 -25.0 33.3 -8.3 18.2 -7.7 8.3 7.7 -7.1 0.0 23.1 0.0 25.0 80.0 63.9 27.1 -5.3 11.3 5.1 -47.0 -15.9 21.6 28.9 58.6 43.5 51.5 33.0 9.8 7.5 2.9 8.4 10.3 6.5 -65.7 -31.9 -49.0 79.6 21.6 35.5 55.9 20.4 3.3 -48.8 -81.3 -40.7 6.3 29.4 0.0 9.1 8.3 -3.8 12.0 7.1 16.7 25.7 4.5 6.5 16.3 14.0 23.1 18.8 14.7 29.4 13.5 7.5 -5.8 -10.5 -66.9 -58.3 5.0 4.8 13.6 36.0 11.8 42.1 16.7 -1.6 1.6 50.8 -1.1 0.0 -34.0 17.7 6.8 2.6 28.8 43.7 25.0 24.9 36.4 -19.4 -89.0 -17.9 -8.7 -4.8 0.0 5.0 4.8 -4.5 0.0 9.5 8.7 0.0 12.0 17.9 18.2 -2.6 73.7 15.2 42.1 18.5 26.6 11.7

New Jersey

-0.9 -7.5 3.1 8.9 0.9 7.2 13.4 -7.4 -0.8 0.0 3.2 -9.4 3.4 2.5 5.7 24.6 7.4 11.5 19.6 18.1 -7.7 5.9 1.5 -44.1 14.5 -22.4 -9.6 19.7 3.4 0.0 21.9 -5.4 62.6 97.9 -59.8 -36.0 -18.1 2.5 2.5 -6.5 12.1 6.9 2.9 9.8 -2.5 0.7 -4.5 -20.4 -2.6 11.4 -8.7 15.5 311.2 -71.1 -0.6 45.6 18.3 48.2 -51.1 -37.1 -15.3 3.8 2.8 19.6 8.2 6.9 29.7 18.4 38.7 7.0 -36.8 -33.6 -34.5 1.0 -4.1 12.8 12.3 -3.4 7.0 7.3 0.0 60.6 -37.7 -27.3 6.3 -12.7 0.0 -4.5 2.4 12.6 -5.1 16.1 -13.9 45.2 -33.3 -7.8 -2.4 3.7 2.4 11.6 7.3 4.9 16.7 4.0 4.6 35.8 -3.2 -48.9 7.6 18.2 10.3 11.6 7.6 9.7 111.8 11.1 -44.5 24.8 -28.5 -32.3 -15.7 0.0 2.7 31.9 10.5 24.9 -13.3 -0.5 -3.3

New Mexico

19.6 18.2 -41.5 18.4 64.4 31.1 113.4 0.5 23.1 4.7 -41.0 -75.3 -17.9 3.1 3.0 -23.5 3.8 3.7 17.9 9.1 -2.8 -11.4 22.6 5.3 10.0 6.8 10.6 138.5 1.6 -0.8 -16.0 78.1 21.4 38.3 8.9 -85.7 -18.4 5.0 26.2 1.9 0.0 18.5 15.6 9.5 -3.7 12.8 0.0 6.8 -11.7 19.3 -1.0 20.4 5.1 29.8 20.5 54.1 49.8 34.4 -5.1 -90.4 -38.2 11.8 -7.9 -25.7 3.8 -3.7 38.5 8.3 0.0 5.1 2.4 -2.4 22.0 10.0 1.8 0.0 -3.6 31.5 25.4 106.7 25.0 89.1 -38.2 -78.8 36.8 -2.6 9.2 -3.6 -38.8 30.6 -6.3 1.7 27.9 5.1 -12.2 9.7 13.9 2.2 -2.2 22.2 2.7 9.7 -2.4 15.7 5.0 10.9 -1.2 -54.7 -64.4 -19.2 4.8 -13.6 -10.5 5.9 33.3 0.0 4.2 12.0 0.0 -7.1 65.4 9.3 6.4 12.0 5.4 3.4 44.3 17.0 83.5

New York

0.0 5.0 1.0 4.7 1.8 35.0 -1.6 -5.7 3.5 -7.2 -8.3 -13.8 6.7 -5.4 -1.4 2.8 4.5 15.4 12.2 5.9 1.3 -13.6 -1.3 0.6 -6.2 -5.1 -3.1 11.4 3.8 14.4 23.2 -10.1 9.5 3.8 4.3 -36.4 6.3 5.2 3.4 1.8 0.8 2.3 -9.0 0.3 -2.8 1.2 -1.6 0.4 4.6 -8.5 -5.6 0.4 1.0 8.5 2.9 16.5 2.8 7.4 -12.1 -25.0 -0.8 3.9 5.0 4.5 11.4 18.8 12.0 12.4 2.9 3.9 62.9 11.5 -67.7 -11.2 1.2 9.4 -3.3 16.7 10.6 5.8 6.5 13.1 -18.2 -23.5 -16.8 -3.6 1.1 -1.5 22.3 -11.2 -11.8 10.9 48.1 -32.3 81.7 -49.3 -1.8 14.0 10.1 -4.6 3.8 6.1 5.4 8.9 9.0 15.7 -13.4 -34.6 -7.9 8.5 0.6 3.6 0.8 46.9 -7.0 8.4 3.4 -21.8 18.4 -22.4 -12.3 0.8 2.1 13.8 -4.3 5.0 12.4 14.1 14.7

North Carolina

6.8 0.0 0.6 -3.2 7.9 18.3 15.5 7.6 12.4 2.6 -28.1 -38.0 -66.1 -7.1 -2.6 -7.9 2.9 0.0 8.3 7.7 2.4 0.0 7.0 -2.2 4.4 2.1 8.3 5.8 1.8 0.0 16.1 13.8 4.1 11.7 -11.6 -35.5 -6.1 0.0 13.0 23.1 0.0 9.4 4.3 2.7 2.7 6.5 4.9 2.3 20.5 14.2 12.4 121.3 30.9 -45.7 -5.6 92.6 58.1 -14.8 -53.2 -65.7 -46.4 4.4 2.1 8.3 3.8 1.9 -1.8 9.3 1.7 -5.0 7.0 -1.6 31.7 13.9 16.7 12.4 -11.0 -1.9 6.8 11.8 15.4 121.8 -60.3 -27.2 -42.9 0.0 0.0 -1.9 21.6 40.3 13.8 3.0 2.0 0.0 -10.6 0.0 22.6 19.3 12.5 40.5 21.4 -2.3 24.7 29.9 3.1 4.5 -3.6 -77.2 -17.3 -6.2 -1.3 -2.7 31.5 21.9 -9.4 0.0 9.4 3.4 5.8 -11.0 17.7 -3.8 0.0 55.5 25.6 15.2 8.0 10.6 30.2

North Dakota

0.0 19.2 0.0 -3.2 20.0 0.0 25.0 28.9 13.8 42.4 -1.1 -76.3 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -9.1 15.0 -4.3 -13.6 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -5.6 29.4 -4.5 14.3 58.3 5.3 -15.0 17.6 22.5 -20.4 -69.2 -8.3 0.0 18.2 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -6.7 7.1 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 13.6 -12.0 0.0 27.3 135.7 48.5 25.5 -22.0 7.3 -27.2 -81.3 14.3 -12.5 0.0 0.0 -7.1 0.0 0.0 7.7 0.0 78.6 12.0 -3.6 3.7 10.7 16.1 -2.8 25.7 56.8 36.2 9.6 0.0 34.0 -2.2 -17.0 -85.7 -31.3 9.1 16.7 0.0 7.1 6.7 -12.5 7.1 -13.3 46.2 21.1 17.4 25.9 5.9 30.6 36.2 15.6 33.8 6.1 4.8 9.1 -43.3 -60.3 -48.1 -21.4 18.2 -15.4 18.2 0.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 36.4 66.7 -100.0 0.0 0.0

Ohio

5.4 16.7 29.1 19.8 21.8 2.8 17.5 5.9 -10.1 30.5 -43.1 -58.7 -36.1 -9.8 1.1 -13.1 0.7 8.4 3.0 7.0 3.3 3.2 -4.1 2.1 7.8 11.6 19.9 4.0 -1.0 226.3 -4.7 -49.1 -5.1 144.2 -13.8 -75.8 -14.2 -27.3 -9.6 5.7 1.5 3.8 6.6 3.4 -4.6 4.2 6.0 6.9 1.8 54.3 15.7 -34.6 9.4 16.3 76.3 50.1 54.1 11.5 -32.8 -75.8 -7.9 -6.3 4.3 5.3 9.4 6.1 10.0 -1.3 16.3 36.7 -32.1 3.7 2.0 13.1 0.0 19.8 9.7 14.5 17.2 5.6 5.7 8.8 -6.1 -17.5 -65.3 -22.5 -1.5 0.0 -3.1 7.2 6.0 4.2 11.5 17.6 6.2 -6.8 19.8 11.3 22.7 22.6 41.6 90.6 34.0 -39.9 44.9 4.9 -48.3 12.2 -76.7 -8.1 0.0 -10.8 6.4 2.0 106.5 11.4 6.0 6.2 -34.1 -15.3 -21.3 14.4 4.0 16.9 6.6 17.8 3.9 6.6 1.8

Oklahoma

41.3 3.1 -34.3 40.9 48.4 34.8 21.0 -0.7 -0.7 17.6 -12.1 -60.1 -55.7 -7.4 16.0 -3.4 3.6 6.9 -25.8 17.4 3.7 32.1 16.2 0.0 -14.0 10.8 19.5 4.1 33.3 19.1 7.4 -18.4 -1.4 -2.9 1.5 -33.3 -41.3 -7.4 -4.0 0.0 8.3 0.0 -7.7 4.2 12.0 3.6 0.0 6.9 -32.3 14.3 -4.2 8.7 -4.0 29.2 12.9 17.1 17.1 -4.2 -15.2 -48.7 -40.0 0.0 -8.3 -9.1 -10.0 11.1 30.0 38.5 5.6 5.3 5.0 4.8 36.4 3.3 0.0 -3.2 16.7 20.0 11.9 0.0 10.6 -1.9 -13.7 -13.6 -47.4 -30.0 -14.3 0.0 33.3 6.3 -41.2 20.0 8.3 0.0 7.7 0.0 -7.1 7.7 7.1 40.0 9.5 26.1 -13.8 28.0 -12.5 21.4 -5.9 -43.8 -11.1 18.8 5.3 35.0 18.5 12.5 -8.3 9.1 -8.3 21.2 10.0 -45.5 33.3 25.0 17.5 12.8 18.9 74.6 1.8 -41.1 -10.6

Oregon

-4.2 17.6 93.5 38.2 22.7 33.6 30.9 -6.7 21.5 144.4 -71.1 -70.9 -63.6 -9.6 25.5 5.1 30.6 -24.7 13.1 5.8 15.1 15.5 38.1 50.7 -7.4 0.5 8.5 56.9 53.8 26.2 -7.7 -57.6 15.6 9.6 -19.5 -47.2 -37.4 0.0 20.7 -40.4 27.1 13.3 64.7 4.3 6.8 6.4 -16.3 1.4 6.4 18.7 8.4 47.2 24.6 -21.5 12.6 8.0 27.2 2.3 -34.8 -42.2 -4.8 -11.4 -9.3 24.4 12.7 -3.4 23.8 -5.6 -10.9 10.1 33.0 -9.2 1.7 -7.4 2.7 7.4 76.1 150.8 -38.7 -52.2 20.0 27.6 -36.3 -47.8 -5.5 3.2 -1.3 16.6 2.2 4.3 10.3 -4.7 9.3 14.3 0.4 19.1 1.0 4.9 17.6 45.4 28.7 -7.9 -21.2 -26.3 -0.8 4.5 -21.2 -35.6 -18.9 0.0 -7.4 4.6 27.2 -1.0 20.1 -13.4 -5.8 21.5 25.7 -16.1 -4.8 3.4 9.8 34.4 92.8 17.3 -56.5 0.0 0.0

Pennsylvania

11.2 0.7 8.0 6.5 -1.4 19.1 24.4 11.3 3.4 24.5 -16.3 -41.7 -31.8 1.3 -3.7 8.1 9.9 -2.2 13.2 -0.6 7.5 6.7 -0.6 -7.4 10.8 7.0 5.7 19.5 10.5 1.3 10.9 9.2 15.4 5.9 -15.6 -44.5 -24.2 15.1 10.7 -0.8 -5.0 -9.9 0.0 -1.3 10.9 4.5 -3.1 -0.6 1.8 2.3 0.3 69.5 -31.3 24.5 14.4 43.6 42.8 -3.5 -18.6 -68.0 -11.9 -3.4 -11.2 17.5 21.9 -2.7 -1.6 0.3 1.6 12.8 3.0 -4.0 16.0 4.8 6.2 4.6 10.4 -0.4 8.5 13.2 6.1 32.9 -4.9 -56.7 -10.3 -4.7 2.2 0.9 15.0 2.9 -5.6 -3.5 0.3 3.1 -2.4 0.0 0.8 1.9 9.7 25.0 17.8 6.7 -8.0 3.2 16.9 11.9 -24.0 -46.5 -9.0 5.8 -6.7 -1.7 25.2 -2.2 -1.7 -7.8 10.1 4.6 -1.1 -7.5 6.0 10.2 8.5 11.6 25.4 -17.1 15.9 0.7 -5.6

Rhode Island

9.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.3 138.5 51.6 6.4 -44.0 -7.1 11.5 -51.7 14.3 12.5 0.0 -5.6 11.8 21.1 21.7 3.6 3.4 6.7 3.1 9.1 30.6 2.1 -2.1 19.1 5.4 64.4 15.5 49.1 64.1 19.0 -45.7 -81.4 -45.5 -22.2 -7.1 -23.1 10.0 -9.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 190.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 36.4 13.3 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.3 -7.7 41.7 0.0 -11.8 33.3 15.0 8.7 28.0 6.3 0.0 17.6 15.0 41.3 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -4.8 -5.0 -21.1 6.7 0.0 6.3 -29.4 -16.7 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 13.3 0.0 5.9 27.8 65.2 57.9 21.7 30.1 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -10.5 -5.9 -12.5 21.4 -5.9 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 21.2 15.0 43.5 12.1 67.6 -100.0 0.0 0.0

South Carolina

38.7 13.4 -29.2 -5.8 36.9 -9.6 30.4 16.2 0.8 -1.2 -0.4 -41.7 -46.1 5.3 2.5 17.1 -22.9 16.2 -8.1 -5.1 9.3 1.2 1.2 -3.6 2.5 14.5 -8.4 12.6 64.3 -11.8 -33.1 29.5 13.8 17.1 -10.4 -37.4 -10.9 3.7 29.4 -9.1 21.0 35.5 18.9 -7.2 10.5 28.0 7.4 41.1 -14.7 -63.7 -27.5 28.7 23.2 2.2 -41.1 37.3 -7.9 58.1 -31.9 -48.7 -32.8 7.7 2.4 34.9 -22.4 -2.2 31.8 -5.2 0.0 36.4 8.0 -4.9 28.6 -3.0 -4.2 23.9 18.4 8.1 -37.7 28.6 24.8 11.6 -29.4 -48.7 -28.8 4.8 0.0 -11.4 15.4 -6.7 2.4 -7.0 17.5 34.0 -3.2 4.9 -3.1 -14.5 0.0 -3.8 3.9 0.0 0.0 -5.7 14.0 1.8 1.7 -28.8 -21.4 3.0 47.1 -4.0 -8.3 2.3 2.2 0.0 0.0 4.3 8.3 1.9 5.7 10.7 6.5 3.0 7.4 19.2 -3.4 0.0 10.7

South Dakota

-5.0 26.3 47.9 53.5 58.7 -16.8 13.2 6.1 54.3 87.6 3.6 -76.1 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -4.3 4.5 0.0 -13.0 -5.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.2 0.0 0.0 12.0 32.1 54.1 3.5 47.5 3.4 0.0 -55.6 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -5.6 17.6 25.0 -4.0 -8.3 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.3 3.1 9.1 58.3 93.0 -27.3 23.8 4.0 3.9 -12.1 -76.6 18.2 -3.8 -12.0 0.0 4.5 13.0 11.5 24.1 0.0 -13.9 3.2 -3.1 12.9 8.6 13.2 48.8 -29.7 0.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 23.5 -4.8 -5.0 21.1 17.4 -33.3 0.0 16.7 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.0 3.7 3.6 6.9 12.9 14.3 5.0 0.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -13.0 10.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -18.4 3.2 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 29.4 4.5 -100.0 0.0 0.0

Tennessee

-5.7 2.0 -13.7 -22.7 47.1 16.0 -1.7 7.0 8.2 -1.5 -20.0 -19.2 -7.1 0.0 2.6 5.0 9.5 -4.3 38.6 -6.6 1.8 3.4 0.0 5.0 33.3 -1.2 0.0 43.4 2.5 22.1 24.8 7.5 10.5 8.1 -2.9 -41.8 -41.5 -17.7 -15.4 0.0 3.6 5.3 18.3 14.1 -14.8 -17.4 -7.0 -1.9 -1.9 -5.9 -4.2 23.9 14.0 10.8 5.6 30.3 -7.1 0.0 -17.4 -13.2 -47.0 14.3 10.0 -2.3 18.6 13.7 -8.6 3.8 21.8 9.0 0.0 15.1 7.1 6.7 2.1 7.1 2.9 0.0 8.3 14.5 -3.7 -4.7 0.8 -9.7 -37.5 -27.1 25.5 -26.6 21.3 33.3 -7.9 11.4 -10.3 -17.1 6.9 3.2 -17.2 3.8 21.8 -9.0 32.8 30.9 -5.7 18.0 3.4 -13.9 -16.2 -3.4 -36.5 9.3 10.2 -20.0 0.0 0.0 -3.8 -2.0 6.1 -9.6 8.5 -2.0 -6.0 8.5 3.9 1.9 -3.7 -5.8 0.0 8.2 5.7

Texas

2.8 3.4 2.0 -17.4 -10.0 4.4 3.1 14.2 12.6 98.1 -43.0 -34.0 -23.0 1.8 5.1 -3.1 7.1 -1.0 -9.7 5.2 4.2 2.4 1.7 16.6 15.9 1.0 7.2 -6.0 -12.6 8.1 5.0 5.3 2.5 3.8 -10.7 -7.2 -20.1 -11.9 8.0 4.4 1.9 2.5 -11.8 10.9 0.6 1.6 3.1 29.7 -1.9 8.3 64.7 -25.1 -6.7 1.1 -25.3 9.3 17.4 9.0 -1.4 -34.4 -29.4 5.5 -2.6 16.0 4.3 -12.0 11.5 5.1 2.4 6.3 1.4 19.1 7.2 7.2 10.5 -12.8 -11.6 1.9 12.8 11.0 5.2 29.4 -20.1 -38.7 -0.8 0.0 1.4 9.7 20.3 -11.6 -4.3 11.2 5.1 6.2 11.2 2.7 -3.3 -8.7 0.2 11.7 17.2 -11.5 -6.8 1.1 0.5 19.5 -17.2 -19.9 -1.6 0.9 4.4 -4.2 4.8 -2.0 17.0 6.9 7.0 4.8 15.9 0.0 1.4 5.4 -1.5 4.8 8.5 3.4 -2.2 3.4 9.8

Utah

69.0 18.4 12.1 21.5 8.9 -19.8 10.1 5.3 6.3 -2.4 -4.8 1.3 -40.0 -20.8 -10.5 -29.4 -12.5 -4.8 -5.0 -15.8 6.3 -5.9 6.3 0.0 5.9 33.3 -8.3 18.2 -3.8 8.0 -11.1 -12.5 42.9 76.7 -15.1 -66.7 20.0 5.6 -5.3 -11.1 6.3 5.9 11.1 30.0 23.1 12.5 5.6 7.9 4.9 32.6 -12.3 12.0 1.8 -7.0 0.0 0.0 5.7 -17.9 2.2 -42.6 -33.3 11.1 10.0 -40.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.7 21.4 11.8 5.3 -5.0 42.1 22.2 -18.2 44.4 0.0 -7.7 16.7 -4.8 10.0 -9.1 -30.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 11.8 28.9 16.3 1.8 -5.2 -14.5 17.0 20.0 -3.0 -1.6 12.7 -4.2 -61.8 -19.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.8 -45.5 66.7 10.0 -18.2 5.6 5.3 5.0 33.3 -10.7 -8.0 4.3 -12.5 23.8 23.1 0.0 3.1

Vermont

10.0 -7.6 -65.6 -4.8 12.5 31.1 13.6 1.5 0.0 4.4 -23.9 -35.2 -40.0 4.8 -13.6 0.0 5.3 15.0 13.0 -7.7 12.5 11.1 23.3 2.7 10.5 16.7 4.1 7.8 10.9 111.5 24.8 3.7 -24.6 16.7 -21.1 -61.2 -42.2 -19.2 4.8 -18.2 22.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 -9.1 10.0 -4.5 0.0 -52.4 10.0 45.5 0.0 6.3 23.5 61.9 5.9 11.1 25.0 -6.0 -70.2 -21.4 -18.2 0.0 0.0 22.2 -9.1 10.0 0.0 0.0 63.6 11.1 0.0 5.0 9.5 -4.3 36.4 16.7 5.7 70.3 12.7 -12.7 -17.7 -11.8 -68.9 -14.3 8.3 0.0 7.7 0.0 21.4 -23.5 7.7 -14.3 16.7 21.4 -17.6 150.0 0.0 2.9 -16.7 16.7 42.9 34.0 7.5 -12.5 9.5 0.0 -44.9 -15.8 -3.1 -12.9 3.7 0.0 7.1 10.0 3.0 -23.5 -3.8 4.0 11.5 -24.1 18.2 -11.5 4.3 0.0 37.5 3.0 23.5 -4.8

Virginia

6.7 4.1 -2.4 -10.5 3.6 2.0 8.2 6.5 1.7 0.2 -4.3 -44.6 -10.9 18.9 3.4 27.4 8.1 21.1 7.2 3.2 4.0 14.7 -16.2 -26.7 -38.7 -8.5 5.5 10.4 6.6 12.8 5.9 8.5 4.1 1.6 -2.6 -17.2 -4.0 11.2 5.2 -7.4 4.6 -1.1 54.4 0.2 8.4 9.9 11.2 0.2 -17.8 21.3 -4.5 3.8 18.8 7.8 13.5 15.4 16.8 4.7 -26.8 -60.1 -7.0 17.3 14.2 14.9 0.2 5.5 -19.1 23.3 2.2 5.5 -0.9 -38.0 -24.0 4.8 3.4 -8.9 5.7 7.3 7.1 4.7 0.6 15.8 -4.1 -29.3 -2.4 -0.8 -0.8 -2.1 1.7 11.4 15.9 5.9 11.4 7.8 -1.0 -18.4 12.1 2.8 0.6 8.5 10.9 17.4 4.3 21.6 8.7 7.9 5.8 -67.7 -9.2 1.7 3.3 -1.2 4.9 -0.8 44.1 3.8 12.5 18.6 0.0 -43.1 6.2 -12.6 7.4 -7.2 5.2 11.3 9.5 2.6 -0.3

Washington

15.9 13.1 -5.2 19.5 36.2 21.0 18.3 20.2 9.4 -11.8 -24.4 -46.3 -28.3 -12.4 -12.4 8.1 11.2 -12.6 -9.6 0.0 6.4 3.0 -2.9 -7.0 0.0 24.7 6.9 16.1 27.8 33.2 13.1 9.4 3.0 17.0 -1.9 -45.8 -33.0 5.4 -6.6 -10.2 5.2 2.5 2.4 2.4 -6.2 0.8 17.9 -13.1 12.7 2.8 41.8 2.4 6.1 32.9 38.5 2.7 9.6 4.5 -5.7 -58.2 -46.9 -5.9 9.4 -3.8 5.9 23.4 -3.0 2.3 -3.1 9.4 -2.9 -11.1 6.7 0.8 2.3 31.1 14.5 44.9 17.8 9.2 5.1 13.7 28.8 -72.5 1.9 -2.5 3.2 11.3 6.7 1.1 1.6 6.7 5.3 3.2 -4.9 -7.0 -2.0 5.6 11.1 18.7 22.7 17.6 14.2 6.0 -3.4 11.9 13.0 -68.6 -23.0 -5.0 1.5 1.5 -8.0 28.3 4.3 7.1 -9.3 11.5 -3.3 -19.1 -9.0 36.6 0.6 -16.7 8.7 21.5 15.2 11.4 -3.1

West Virginia

19.2 32.3 9.8 15.6 15.4 -15.0 15.7 3.4 77.0 9.3 -7.6 -78.9 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.3 0.0 -25.0 33.3 0.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 20.0 50.0 33.3 4.2 0.0 28.0 18.8 18.4 0.0 -20.0 -33.3 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.3 0.0 -12.5 14.3 25.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 30.8 5.9 33.3 287.5 -71.0 14.8 9.7 76.5 10.0 0.0 -71.2 -31.6 -15.4 9.1 -33.3 0.0 12.5 0.0 -22.2 28.6 11.1 0.0 -10.0 0.0 11.1 40.0 14.3 0.0 -6.3 26.7 57.9 46.7 13.6 -14.0 -69.8 0.0 15.4 66.7 20.0 0.0 -16.7 -16.0 23.8 3.8 0.0 -63.0 10.0 18.2 23.1 6.3 35.3 13.0 3.8 22.2 24.2 9.8 11.1 -4.0 -75.0 -41.7 -14.3 66.7 -20.0 0.0 12.5 0.0 22.2 27.3 0.0 50.0 -4.8 0.0 25.0 8.0 7.4 27.6 32.4 42.9 11.4 33.3

Wisconsin

26.1 62.2 -36.7 14.0 9.2 76.1 6.4 38.0 -3.8 149.9 -26.4 -74.3 -34.1 17.3 -16.3 15.7 -7.2 25.9 -4.1 17.9 -33.9 13.8 -12.1 -4.6 15.4 3.3 -0.8 15.4 2.1 22.8 12.4 28.5 10.1 23.3 -11.7 -59.4 -20.0 0.0 -1.0 9.1 -6.5 -4.0 4.1 27.7 -27.9 6.5 5.1 -4.8 -7.1 42.4 -3.1 0.0 -6.3 52.1 176.2 5.4 36.2 69.5 -58.7 -74.2 -25.4 4.1 7.9 -10.1 2.0 0.0 8.0 23.1 -24.8 12.0 0.0 1.8 14.9 11.5 1.4 40.5 13.5 10.2 23.8 38.8 12.5 70.8 -58.1 -58.3 -31.3 2.9 64.2 47.1 -7.8 0.4 31.6 4.8 -59.0 5.2 40.4 21.7 26.1 -29.6 31.3 13.5 10.3 -0.3 1.4 2.0 17.1 12.2 -17.6 -69.2 -12.4 -2.8 0.0 3.9 0.0 1.9 11.9 -7.4 5.3 7.6 8.6 2.9 -1.4 7.8 7.2 7.4 0.0 18.3 11.6 8.2 11.2

Wyoming

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 25.0 0.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.5 3.4 3.3 12.9 -14.3 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -13.3 7.7 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 22.2 54.5 29.4 0.0 22.7 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -10.0 -11.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 12.5 11.1 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 45.5 0.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 53.8 -5.0 -100.0 0.0 0.0

View Chart Data

Employment in political organizations, by state
State Click link for data

Alabama 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU0100010581394

Alaska 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU0200010581394

Arizona 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU0400010581394

Arkansas 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU0500010581394

California 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU0600010581394

Colorado 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU0800010581394

Connecticut 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU0900010581394

Delaware 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU1000010581394

District of Columbia 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU1100010581394

Florida 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU1200010581394

Georgia 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU1300010581394

Hawaii 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU1500010581394

Idaho 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU1600010581394

Illinois 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU1700010581394

Indiana 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU1800010581394

Iowa 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU1900010581394

Kansas 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU2000010581394

Kentucky 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU2000010581394

Louisiana 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU2200010581394

Maine 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU2300010581394

Maryland 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU2400010581394

Massachusetts 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU2500010581394

Michigan 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU2600010581394

Minnesota 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU2700010581394

Mississippi 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU2800010581394

Missouri 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU2900010581394

Montana 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU3000010581394

Nebraska 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU3100010581394

Nevada 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU3200010581394

New Hampshire 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU3300010581394

New Jersey 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU3400010581394

New Mexico 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU3500010581394

New York 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU3600010581394

North Carolina 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU3700010581394

North Dakota 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU3800010581394

Ohio 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU3900010581394

Oklahoma 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU4000010581394

Oregon 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU4100010581394

Pennsylvania 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU4200010581394

Rhode Island 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU4400010581394

South Carolina 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU4500010581394

South Dakota 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU4600010581394

Tennessee 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU4700010581394

Texas 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU4800010581394

Utah 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU4900010581394

Vermont 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU5000010581394

Virginia 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU5100010581394

Washington 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU5300010581394

West Virginia 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU5400010581394

Wisconsin 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU5500010581394

Wyoming 

 

https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/ENU5600010581394

Although political organizations employment in the District of Columbia has also varied quite a bit, it rarely fell below 1,000. Political organizations employment in the District of Columbia has been under 1,000 in only about a dozen months since 1990 (mostly in the early 1990s) and has averaged around 1,200 for several years. Since a decline after an unusually high peak before the 2004 election, it has ranged from 999 to 1,882.

Knowing the employment patterns of the political organizations industry could be useful for jobseekers interested in this field because some areas in the country and certain times during the political calendar are more likely to present opportunities than others. The District of Columbia, location of the headquarters of both major political parties and many political organizations, may be a good place for those seeking employment or advancement in this industry. Jobseekers may face strong competition in the D.C. area, and education and work experience at the municipal or state level may be essential.

This Beyond the Numbers article was prepared by Douglas Himes, Technical Writer-Editor in the Division of New Media, Office of Publications and Special Studies, Email:himes.douglas@bls.gov, Telephone: (202) 691-6503.

Upon request, the information in this article will be made available to individuals who are sensory impaired. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200. Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339. This article is in the public domain and may be reproduced without permission.

Notes

1 During the 2004, 2008, and 2012 presidential election years, employment in political organizations averaged about 12,300. Membership associations and organizations employment over the 2001–14 period averaged 1,314,000. Total U.S. employment over this period averaged about 131,000,000.

2 See "Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages" (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics), https://www.bls.gov/cew.

3 A decrease of 100 percent in a given state might mean that there is no employment remaining in the political organizations industry in that state, or it might indicate that the QCEW program is unable to publish data because those data do not meet standards of confidentiality or reliability.

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Publish Date: Friday, May 13, 2016

Suggested citation:

Douglas Himes,   “Employment patterns in political organizations,” Beyond the Numbers, vol. 5, no. 7 (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2016), https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-5/employment-patterns-in-political-organizations.htm (visited October 25, 2021).

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