Bureau of Labor Statistics

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Forty years of falling manufacturing employment

By Katelynn Harris

Despite being a leading driver of employment growth for decades, manufacturing has shed employment over the past 40 years as the U.S. economy has shifted to service-providing industries.  In June 1979, manufacturing employment reached an all-time peak of 19.6 million. In June 2019, employment was at 12.8 million, down 6.7 million or 35 perce­nt from the all-time peak.1 Since 1979, employment fell during each of five recessions, and in each case, employment never fully recovered to prerecession levels.2 This Beyond the Numbers article looks at the broad employment trends in manufacturing over the past 40 years, as well as the trends in specific industries that have been most affected, such as fabricated metals and machinery, and computer and electrical products, and apparel and textile industries.  Data are from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Employment Statistics (CES) program.

Steady, cyclical growth, 1939–79

During the 40-year buildup to the June 1979 peak, manufacturing employment experienced steady but cyclical growth. (See chart 1.) Omitting the industrialization that occurred during World War II, we find that manufacturing’s share of total nonfarm employment peaked in May 1953 at 32 percent. After World War II, employment declined with each recession, but then rebounded during each recovery. In the 1960s, manufacturing employment growth accelerated. From February 1961 to August 1969, manufacturing added 4 million jobs, a 27-percent increase. Two recessions during the early 1970s saw manufacturing lose 1.5 million and 2 million jobs, respectively, with a recovery period in between. During the period of expansion from July 1975 through June 1979, manufacturing added 3 million jobs, and employment in the industry stood at 19.6 million. 

View Chart Data

Chart 1. Employment in manufacturing, January 1939–June 2019, seasonally adjusted
Month and year Manufacturing employment

Jan 1939

9077

Feb 1939

9175

Mar 1939

9275

Apr 1939

9309

May 1939

9299

Jun 1939

9315

Jul 1939

9231

Aug 1939

9400

Sep 1939

9604

Oct 1939

9873

Nov 1939

9896

Dec 1939

9949

Jan 1940

9927

Feb 1940

9916

Mar 1940

9884

Apr 1940

9817

May 1940

9810

Jun 1940

9832

Jul 1940

9766

Aug 1940

10048

Sep 1940

10258

Oct 1940

10471

Nov 1940

10643

Dec 1940

10847

Jan 1941

10993

Feb 1941

11211

Mar 1941

11409

Apr 1941

11698

May 1941

11957

Jun 1941

12204

Jul 1941

12382

Aug 1941

12532

Sep 1941

12683

Oct 1941

12770

Nov 1941

12810

Dec 1941

12876

Jan 1942

12965

Feb 1942

13127

Mar 1942

13311

Apr 1942

13509

May 1942

13704

Jun 1942

13842

Jul 1942

14072

Aug 1942

14339

Sep 1942

14582

Oct 1942

14772

Nov 1942

14971

Dec 1942

15288

Jan 1943

15532

Feb 1943

15685

Mar 1943

15856

Apr 1943

15961

May 1943

16044

Jun 1943

16204

Jul 1943

16306

Aug 1943

16369

Sep 1943

16366

Oct 1943

16512

Nov 1943

16598

Dec 1943

16526

Jan 1944

16439

Feb 1944

16330

Mar 1944

16170

Apr 1944

16012

May 1944

15944

Jun 1944

15890

Jul 1944

15832

Aug 1944

15781

Sep 1944

15662

Oct 1944

15630

Nov 1944

15568

Dec 1944

15659

Jan 1945

15669

Feb 1945

15581

Mar 1945

15473

Apr 1945

15335

May 1945

15201

Jun 1945

14948

Jul 1945

14599

Aug 1945

14201

Sep 1945

12486

Oct 1945

12487

Nov 1945

12537

Dec 1945

12528

Jan 1946

12719

Feb 1946

11922

Mar 1946

12545

Apr 1946

13200

May 1946

13389

Jun 1946

13598

Jul 1946

13771

Aug 1946

13981

Sep 1946

14135

Oct 1946

14182

Nov 1946

14310

Dec 1946

14301

Jan 1947

14328

Feb 1947

14278

Mar 1947

14259

Apr 1947

14240

May 1947

14189

Jun 1947

14200

Jul 1947

14076

Aug 1947

14200

Sep 1947

14315

Oct 1947

14393

Nov 1947

14414

Dec 1947

14428

Jan 1948

14438

Feb 1948

14339

Mar 1948

14364

Apr 1948

14183

May 1948

14235

Jun 1948

14318

Jul 1948

14359

Aug 1948

14353

Sep 1948

14441

Oct 1948

14390

Nov 1948

14292

Dec 1948

14086

Jan 1949

13867

Feb 1949

13734

Mar 1949

13581

Apr 1949

13439

May 1949

13269

Jun 1949

13178

Jul 1949

13067

Aug 1949

13158

Sep 1949

13225

Oct 1949

12891

Nov 1949

12882

Dec 1949

13062

Jan 1950

13161

Feb 1950

13169

Mar 1950

13290

Apr 1950

13471

May 1950

13780

Jun 1950

13923

Jul 1950

14072

Aug 1950

14461

Sep 1950

14561

Oct 1950

14737

Nov 1950

14762

Dec 1950

14782

Jan 1951

14950

Feb 1951

15076

Mar 1951

15125

Apr 1951

15166

May 1951

15164

Jun 1951

15176

Jul 1951

15110

Aug 1951

15061

Sep 1951

14996

Oct 1951

14973

Nov 1951

14999

Dec 1951

15045

Jan 1952

15067

Feb 1952

15105

Mar 1952

15127

Apr 1952

15162

May 1952

15143

Jun 1952

14828

Jul 1952

14707

Aug 1952

15279

Sep 1952

15553

Oct 1952

15690

Nov 1952

15843

Dec 1952

15973

Jan 1953

16067

Feb 1953

16158

Mar 1953

16270

Apr 1953

16293

May 1953

16341

Jun 1953

16343

Jul 1953

16353

Aug 1953

16278

Sep 1953

16151

Oct 1953

15981

Nov 1953

15728

Dec 1953

15581

Jan 1954

15440

Feb 1954

15307

Mar 1954

15197

Apr 1954

15065

May 1954

14974

Jun 1954

14910

Jul 1954

14799

Aug 1954

14772

Sep 1954

14805

Oct 1954

14841

Nov 1954

14913

Dec 1954

14967

Jan 1955

15034

Feb 1955

15138

Mar 1955

15258

Apr 1955

15375

May 1955

15493

Jun 1955

15585

Jul 1955

15614

Aug 1955

15679

Sep 1955

15668

Oct 1955

15740

Nov 1955

15813

Dec 1955

15859

Jan 1956

15882

Feb 1956

15889

Mar 1956

15829

Apr 1956

15909

May 1956

15893

Jun 1956

15835

Jul 1956

15468

Aug 1956

15893

Sep 1956

15863

Oct 1956

15937

Nov 1956

15916

Dec 1956

15957

Jan 1957

15970

Feb 1957

15998

Mar 1957

15994

Apr 1957

15970

May 1957

15931

Jun 1957

15873

Jul 1957

15854

Aug 1957

15867

Sep 1957

15710

Oct 1957

15599

Nov 1957

15466

Dec 1957

15332

Jan 1958

15130

Feb 1958

14908

Mar 1958

14670

Apr 1958

14506

May 1958

14414

Jun 1958

14408

Jul 1958

14450

Aug 1958

14524

Sep 1958

14658

Oct 1958

14503

Nov 1958

14827

Dec 1958

14877

Jan 1959

14998

Feb 1959

15115

Mar 1959

15259

Apr 1959

15385

May 1959

15487

Jun 1959

15554

Jul 1959

15623

Aug 1959

15202

Sep 1959

15254

Oct 1959

15158

Nov 1959

15300

Dec 1959

15573

Jan 1960

15687

Feb 1960

15765

Mar 1960

15707

Apr 1960

15654

May 1960

15575

Jun 1960

15466

Jul 1960

15413

Aug 1960

15360

Sep 1960

15330

Oct 1960

15231

Nov 1960

15112

Dec 1960

14947

Jan 1961

14863

Feb 1961

14801

Mar 1961

14802

Apr 1961

14825

May 1961

14932

Jun 1961

14981

Jul 1961

15029

Aug 1961

15093

Sep 1961

15080

Oct 1961

15143

Nov 1961

15259

Dec 1961

15309

Jan 1962

15322

Feb 1962

15411

Mar 1962

15451

Apr 1962

15524

May 1962

15513

Jun 1962

15518

Jul 1962

15522

Aug 1962

15517

Sep 1962

15568

Oct 1962

15569

Nov 1962

15530

Dec 1962

15520

Jan 1963

15545

Feb 1963

15542

Mar 1963

15564

Apr 1963

15602

May 1963

15641

Jun 1963

15624

Jul 1963

15646

Aug 1963

15644

Sep 1963

15674

Oct 1963

15714

Nov 1963

15675

Dec 1963

15712

Jan 1964

15715

Feb 1964

15742

Mar 1964

15770

Apr 1964

15785

May 1964

15812

Jun 1964

15839

Jul 1964

15887

Aug 1964

15948

Sep 1964

16073

Oct 1964

15821

Nov 1964

16096

Dec 1964

16176

Jan 1965

16245

Feb 1965

16291

Mar 1965

16353

Apr 1965

16418

May 1965

16477

Jun 1965

16554

Jul 1965

16669

Aug 1965

16732

Sep 1965

16802

Oct 1965

16864

Nov 1965

16962

Dec 1965

17051

Jan 1966

17143

Feb 1966

17288

Mar 1966

17400

Apr 1966

17517

May 1966

17625

Jun 1966

17733

Jul 1966

17760

Aug 1966

17882

Sep 1966

17886

Oct 1966

17956

Nov 1966

17981

Dec 1966

17998

Jan 1967

18033

Feb 1967

17978

Mar 1967

17940

Apr 1967

17878

May 1967

17832

Jun 1967

17812

Jul 1967

17784

Aug 1967

17905

Sep 1967

17794

Oct 1967

17800

Nov 1967

17985

Dec 1967

18025

Jan 1968

18040

Feb 1968

18054

Mar 1968

18067

Apr 1968

18131

May 1968

18190

Jun 1968

18228

Jul 1968

18265

Aug 1968

18254

Sep 1968

18252

Oct 1968

18293

Nov 1968

18346

Dec 1968

18410

Jan 1969

18432

Feb 1969

18502

Mar 1969

18558

Apr 1969

18554

May 1969

18588

Jun 1969

18640

Jul 1969

18642

Aug 1969

18767

Sep 1969

18620

Oct 1969

18613

Nov 1969

18467

Dec 1969

18485

Jan 1970

18424

Feb 1970

18361

Mar 1970

18360

Apr 1970

18207

May 1970

18029

Jun 1970

17930

Jul 1970

17877

Aug 1970

17779

Sep 1970

17692

Oct 1970

17173

Nov 1970

17024

Dec 1970

17309

Jan 1971

17280

Feb 1971

17216

Mar 1971

17154

Apr 1971

17149

May 1971

17225

Jun 1971

17139

Jul 1971

17126

Aug 1971

17115

Sep 1971

17154

Oct 1971

17126

Nov 1971

17166

Dec 1971

17202

Jan 1972

17283

Feb 1972

17361

Mar 1972

17447

Apr 1972

17508

May 1972

17602

Jun 1972

17641

Jul 1972

17556

Aug 1972

17741

Sep 1972

17774

Oct 1972

17893

Nov 1972

18005

Dec 1972

18158

Jan 1973

18276

Feb 1973

18410

Mar 1973

18493

Apr 1973

18530

May 1973

18564

Jun 1973

18606

Jul 1973

18598

Aug 1973

18629

Sep 1973

18609

Oct 1973

18702

Nov 1973

18773

Dec 1973

18820

Jan 1974

18788

Feb 1974

18727

Mar 1974

18700

Apr 1974

18702

May 1974

18688

Jun 1974

18690

Jul 1974

18656

Aug 1974

18570

Sep 1974

18492

Oct 1974

18364

Nov 1974

18077

Dec 1974

17693

Jan 1975

17344

Feb 1975

17004

Mar 1975

16853

Apr 1975

16759

May 1975

16746

Jun 1975

16690

Jul 1975

16678

Aug 1975

16824

Sep 1975

16904

Oct 1975

16984

Nov 1975

17025

Dec 1975

17140

Jan 1976

17287

Feb 1976

17384

Mar 1976

17470

Apr 1976

17541

May 1976

17513

Jun 1976

17521

Jul 1976

17524

Aug 1976

17596

Sep 1976

17665

Oct 1976

17548

Nov 1976

17682

Dec 1976

17719

Jan 1977

17803

Feb 1977

17843

Mar 1977

17941

Apr 1977

18024

May 1977

18107

Jun 1977

18192

Jul 1977

18259

Aug 1977

18276

Sep 1977

18334

Oct 1977

18356

Nov 1977

18419

Dec 1977

18531

Jan 1978

18593

Feb 1978

18639

Mar 1978

18699

Apr 1978

18772

May 1978

18848

Jun 1978

18919

Jul 1978

18951

Aug 1978

19006

Sep 1978

19068

Oct 1978

19142

Nov 1978

19257

Dec 1978

19334

Jan 1979

19388

Feb 1979

19409

Mar 1979

19453

Apr 1979

19450

May 1979

19509

Jun 1979

19553

Jul 1979

19531

Aug 1979

19406

Sep 1979

19442

Oct 1979

19390

Nov 1979

19299

Dec 1979

19301

Jan 1980

19282

Feb 1980

19219

Mar 1980

19217

Apr 1980

18973

May 1980

18726

Jun 1980

18490

Jul 1980

18276

Aug 1980

18414

Sep 1980

18445

Oct 1980

18506

Nov 1980

18601

Dec 1980

18640

Jan 1981

18639

Feb 1981

18613

Mar 1981

18647

Apr 1981

18711

May 1981

18766

Jun 1981

18789

Jul 1981

18785

Aug 1981

18748

Sep 1981

18712

Oct 1981

18566

Nov 1981

18409

Dec 1981

18223

Jan 1982

18047

Feb 1982

17981

Mar 1982

17857

Apr 1982

17683

May 1982

17588

Jun 1982

17430

Jul 1982

17278

Aug 1982

17160

Sep 1982

17074

Oct 1982

16853

Nov 1982

16722

Dec 1982

16690

Jan 1983

16705

Feb 1983

16706

Mar 1983

16711

Apr 1983

16794

May 1983

16885

Jun 1983

16960

Jul 1983

17059

Aug 1983

17118

Sep 1983

17255

Oct 1983

17367

Nov 1983

17479

Dec 1983

17551

Jan 1984

17630

Feb 1984

17728

Mar 1984

17806

Apr 1984

17872

May 1984

17916

Jun 1984

17967

Jul 1984

18013

Aug 1984

18034

Sep 1984

18019

Oct 1984

18024

Nov 1984

18016

Dec 1984

18023

Jan 1985

18009

Feb 1985

17966

Mar 1985

17939

Apr 1985

17886

May 1985

17855

Jun 1985

17819

Jul 1985

17776

Aug 1985

17756

Sep 1985

17718

Oct 1985

17708

Nov 1985

17697

Dec 1985

17693

Jan 1986

17686

Feb 1986

17663

Mar 1986

17624

Apr 1986

17616

May 1986

17593

Jun 1986

17530

Jul 1986

17497

Aug 1986

17489

Sep 1986

17498

Oct 1986

17477

Nov 1986

17472

Dec 1986

17478

Jan 1987

17465

Feb 1987

17499

Mar 1987

17507

Apr 1987

17525

May 1987

17542

Jun 1987

17537

Jul 1987

17593

Aug 1987

17630

Sep 1987

17691

Oct 1987

17729

Nov 1987

17775

Dec 1987

17809

Jan 1988

17790

Feb 1988

17823

Mar 1988

17844

Apr 1988

17874

May 1988

17892

Jun 1988

17916

Jul 1988

17926

Aug 1988

17891

Sep 1988

17914

Oct 1988

17966

Nov 1988

18003

Dec 1988

18025

Jan 1989

18057

Feb 1989

18055

Mar 1989

18060

Apr 1989

18055

May 1989

18040

Jun 1989

18013

Jul 1989

17980

Aug 1989

17964

Sep 1989

17922

Oct 1989

17895

Nov 1989

17886

Dec 1989

17881

Jan 1990

17797

Feb 1990

17893

Mar 1990

17868

Apr 1990

17845

May 1990

17797

Jun 1990

17776

Jul 1990

17704

Aug 1990

17649

Sep 1990

17609

Oct 1990

17577

Nov 1990

17428

Dec 1990

17395

Jan 1991

17330

Feb 1991

17211

Mar 1991

17140

Apr 1991

17093

May 1991

17070

Jun 1991

17044

Jul 1991

17015

Aug 1991

17025

Sep 1991

17010

Oct 1991

16999

Nov 1991

16961

Dec 1991

16916

Jan 1992

16839

Feb 1992

16829

Mar 1992

16805

Apr 1992

16831

May 1992

16835

Jun 1992

16826

Jul 1992

16819

Aug 1992

16783

Sep 1992

16761

Oct 1992

16751

Nov 1992

16758

Dec 1992

16769

Jan 1993

16791

Feb 1993

16805

Mar 1993

16795

Apr 1993

16772

May 1993

16766

Jun 1993

16742

Jul 1993

16739

Aug 1993

16741

Sep 1993

16769

Oct 1993

16778

Nov 1993

16800

Dec 1993

16815

Jan 1994

16855

Feb 1994

16862

Mar 1994

16897

Apr 1994

16933

May 1994

16962

Jun 1994

17010

Jul 1994

17026

Aug 1994

17081

Sep 1994

17115

Oct 1994

17144

Nov 1994

17186

Dec 1994

17217

Jan 1995

17262

Feb 1995

17265

Mar 1995

17263

Apr 1995

17278

May 1995

17259

Jun 1995

17247

Jul 1995

17218

Aug 1995

17240

Sep 1995

17247

Oct 1995

17216

Nov 1995

17209

Dec 1995

17231

Jan 1996

17208

Feb 1996

17229

Mar 1996

17193

Apr 1996

17204

May 1996

17222

Jun 1996

17226

Jul 1996

17223

Aug 1996

17255

Sep 1996

17252

Oct 1996

17268

Nov 1996

17277

Dec 1996

17284

Jan 1997

17297

Feb 1997

17316

Mar 1997

17340

Apr 1997

17349

May 1997

17362

Jun 1997

17387

Jul 1997

17389

Aug 1997

17452

Sep 1997

17465

Oct 1997

17513

Nov 1997

17556

Dec 1997

17588

Jan 1998

17619

Feb 1998

17627

Mar 1998

17637

Apr 1998

17637

May 1998

17624

Jun 1998

17608

Jul 1998

17422

Aug 1998

17563

Sep 1998

17557

Oct 1998

17512

Nov 1998

17465

Dec 1998

17449

Jan 1999

17427

Feb 1999

17395

Mar 1999

17368

Apr 1999

17344

May 1999

17333

Jun 1999

17295

Jul 1999

17308

Aug 1999

17287

Sep 1999

17281

Oct 1999

17272

Nov 1999

17282

Dec 1999

17280

Jan 2000

17284

Feb 2000

17285

Mar 2000

17302

Apr 2000

17298

May 2000

17279

Jun 2000

17296

Jul 2000

17322

Aug 2000

17287

Sep 2000

17230

Oct 2000

17217

Nov 2000

17202

Dec 2000

17181

Jan 2001

17104

Feb 2001

17028

Mar 2001

16938

Apr 2001

16802

May 2001

16661

Jun 2001

16515

Jul 2001

16382

Aug 2001

16232

Sep 2001

16117

Oct 2001

15972

Nov 2001

15825

Dec 2001

15711

Jan 2002

15587

Feb 2002

15515

Mar 2002

15443

Apr 2002

15392

May 2002

15337

Jun 2002

15298

Jul 2002

15256

Aug 2002

15171

Sep 2002

15119

Oct 2002

15060

Nov 2002

14992

Dec 2002

14912

Jan 2003

14866

Feb 2003

14781

Mar 2003

14721

Apr 2003

14609

May 2003

14557

Jun 2003

14493

Jul 2003

14402

Aug 2003

14376

Sep 2003

14347

Oct 2003

14334

Nov 2003

14316

Dec 2003

14300

Jan 2004

14290

Feb 2004

14279

Mar 2004

14287

Apr 2004

14315

May 2004

14342

Jun 2004

14332

Jul 2004

14330

Aug 2004

14345

Sep 2004

14331

Oct 2004

14332

Nov 2004

14307

Dec 2004

14287

Jan 2005

14257

Feb 2005

14273

Mar 2005

14269

Apr 2005

14250

May 2005

14256

Jun 2005

14227

Jul 2005

14226

Aug 2005

14203

Sep 2005

14175

Oct 2005

14192

Nov 2005

14187

Dec 2005

14193

Jan 2006

14210

Feb 2006

14209

Mar 2006

14214

Apr 2006

14226

May 2006

14203

Jun 2006

14213

Jul 2006

14188

Aug 2006

14159

Sep 2006

14125

Oct 2006

14075

Nov 2006

14041

Dec 2006

14015

Jan 2007

14008

Feb 2007

13997

Mar 2007

13970

Apr 2007

13945

May 2007

13929

Jun 2007

13911

Jul 2007

13889

Aug 2007

13828

Sep 2007

13790

Oct 2007

13764

Nov 2007

13757

Dec 2007

13746

Jan 2008

13725

Feb 2008

13696

Mar 2008

13659

Apr 2008

13599

May 2008

13564

Jun 2008

13504

Jul 2008

13430

Aug 2008

13358

Sep 2008

13275

Oct 2008

13147

Nov 2008

13034

Dec 2008

12850

Jan 2009

12561

Feb 2009

12380

Mar 2009

12208

Apr 2009

12030

May 2009

11862

Jun 2009

11726

Jul 2009

11668

Aug 2009

11626

Sep 2009

11591

Oct 2009

11538

Nov 2009

11509

Dec 2009

11475

Jan 2010

11460

Feb 2010

11453

Mar 2010

11453

Apr 2010

11489

May 2010

11525

Jun 2010

11545

Jul 2010

11561

Aug 2010

11553

Sep 2010

11563

Oct 2010

11562

Nov 2010

11585

Dec 2010

11595

Jan 2011

11621

Feb 2011

11654

Mar 2011

11675

Apr 2011

11704

May 2011

11713

Jun 2011

11727

Jul 2011

11746

Aug 2011

11764

Sep 2011

11769

Oct 2011

11780

Nov 2011

11770

Dec 2011

11802

Jan 2012

11838

Feb 2012

11860

Mar 2012

11898

Apr 2012

11916

May 2012

11927

Jun 2012

11936

Jul 2012

11964

Aug 2012

11960

Sep 2012

11954

Oct 2012

11961

Nov 2012

11950

Dec 2012

11960

Jan 2013

11983

Feb 2013

11996

Mar 2013

11999

Apr 2013

12000

May 2013

12000

Jun 2013

12004

Jul 2013

11984

Aug 2013

12014

Sep 2013

12032

Oct 2013

12056

Nov 2013

12079

Dec 2013

12083

Jan 2014

12081

Feb 2014

12106

Mar 2014

12120

Apr 2014

12134

May 2014

12146

Jun 2014

12170

Jul 2014

12189

Aug 2014

12208

Sep 2014

12226

Oct 2014

12259

Nov 2014

12284

Dec 2014

12292

Jan 2015

12292

Feb 2015

12301

Mar 2015

12312

Apr 2015

12318

May 2015

12333

Jun 2015

12334

Jul 2015

12349

Aug 2015

12345

Sep 2015

12354

Oct 2015

12362

Nov 2015

12357

Dec 2015

12362

Jan 2016

12379

Feb 2016

12367

Mar 2016

12345

Apr 2016

12349

May 2016

12332

Jun 2016

12351

Jul 2016

12369

Aug 2016

12348

Sep 2016

12347

Oct 2016

12347

Nov 2016

12342

Dec 2016

12356

Jan 2017

12369

Feb 2017

12384

Mar 2017

12395

Apr 2017

12400

May 2017

12406

Jun 2017

12418

Jul 2017

12417

Aug 2017

12461

Sep 2017

12470

Oct 2017

12492

Nov 2017

12514

Dec 2017

12541

Jan 2018

12558

Feb 2018

12588

Mar 2018

12611

Apr 2018

12632

May 2018

12658

Jun 2018

12687

Jul 2018

12706

Aug 2018

12719

Sep 2018

12740

Oct 2018

12764

Nov 2018

12784

Dec 2018

12805

Jan 2019

12825

Feb 2019

12830

Mar 2019

12827

Apr 2019

12829

May 2019

12829

Jun 2019

12838

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Declines after 1979

At its peak in June 1979, manufacturing employment represented 22 percent of total nonfarm employment, but that share had fallen to 9 percent by June 2019. Manufacturing’s falling share of employment coincided with job growth in service-providing industries, including professional and business services, education and health services, and leisure and hospitality. (See table 1.) 

Table 1. Employment in manufacturing and selected industries, 1979–2019, seasonally adjusted, in thousands
Industry June 1979 June 2019 Change in Employment Change in percentage of total nonfarm employment
Employment Percentage of total nonfarm Employment Employment Percentage of total nonfarm Employment

Total nonfarm

90,108 150,759 60,651

Manufacturing

19,553 22 12,838 9 -6,715 -13

Durable goods

12,320 14 8,064 5 -4,256 -8

Nondurable goods

7,233 8 4,774 3 -2,459 -5

Mining and logging

1,004 1 741 0 -263 -1

Construction

4,604 5 7,497 5 2,893 0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18,294 20 27,686 18 9,392 -2

Information

2,391 3 2,865 2 474 -1

Financial services

4,840 5 8,732 6 3,892 0

Professional and business services

7,346 8 21,294 14 13,948 6

Education and health services

6,770 8 24,131 16 17,361 8

Leisure and hospitality

6,623 7 16,526 11 9,903 4

Other services

2,638 3 5,896 4 3,258 1

Government

16,045 18 22,553 15 6,508 -3

Note: Ellipsis indicates data are not computable.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Durable and nondurable goods

By June 2019, manufacturers of both durable goods and nondurable goods lost more than one-third of jobs held in June 1979.3 Employment in durable goods fell by 4.3 million, while nondurable goods lost 2.5 million jobs over the 40-year span.

Employment in durable goods has been more sensitive to recessions than in nondurable goods. (See chart 2.) Durable goods industries lost, on average, 10 percent of jobs throughout each recession.

View Chart Data

Chart 2. Employment in durable goods and nondurable goods, 1979–2019, seasonally adjusted, in thousands
Month and year Durable goods Nondurable goods

Jan 1979

12162 7226

Feb 1979

12196 7213

Mar 1979

12233 7220

Apr 1979

12241 7209

May 1979

12289 7220

Jun 1979

12320 7233

Jul 1979

12312 7219

Aug 1979

12200 7206

Sep 1979

12265 7177

Oct 1979

12192 7198

Nov 1979

12117 7182

Dec 1979

12126 7175

Jan 1980

12103 7179

Feb 1980

12094 7125

Mar 1980

12093 7124

Apr 1980

11874 7099

May 1980

11655 7071

Jun 1980

11465 7025

Jul 1980

11317 6959

Aug 1980

11401 7013

Sep 1980

11442 7003

Oct 1980

11496 7010

Nov 1980

11587 7014

Dec 1980

11621 7019

Jan 1981

11629 7010

Feb 1981

11601 7012

Mar 1981

11629 7018

Apr 1981

11683 7028

May 1981

11718 7048

Jun 1981

11733 7056

Jul 1981

11720 7065

Aug 1981

11696 7052

Sep 1981

11668 7044

Oct 1981

11558 7008

Nov 1981

11425 6984

Dec 1981

11275 6948

Jan 1982

11159 6888

Feb 1982

11100 6881

Mar 1982

11014 6843

Apr 1982

10880 6803

May 1982

10804 6784

Jun 1982

10682 6748

Jul 1982

10579 6699

Aug 1982

10449 6711

Sep 1982

10376 6698

Oct 1982

10172 6681

Nov 1982

10067 6655

Dec 1982

10046 6644

Jan 1983

10057 6648

Feb 1983

10062 6644

Mar 1983

10059 6652

Apr 1983

10125 6669

May 1983

10198 6687

Jun 1983

10248 6712

Jul 1983

10333 6726

Aug 1983

10378 6740

Sep 1983

10485 6770

Oct 1983

10575 6792

Nov 1983

10666 6813

Dec 1983

10727 6824

Jan 1984

10789 6841

Feb 1984

10867 6861

Mar 1984

10929 6877

Apr 1984

10980 6892

May 1984

11022 6894

Jun 1984

11074 6893

Jul 1984

11119 6894

Aug 1984

11150 6884

Sep 1984

11160 6859

Oct 1984

11165 6859

Nov 1984

11165 6851

Dec 1984

11177 6846

Jan 1985

11171 6838

Feb 1985

11142 6824

Mar 1985

11125 6814

Apr 1985

11090 6796

May 1985

11072 6783

Jun 1985

11045 6774

Jul 1985

11006 6770

Aug 1985

10987 6769

Sep 1985

10952 6766

Oct 1985

10948 6760

Nov 1985

10938 6759

Dec 1985

10928 6765

Jan 1986

10921 6765

Feb 1986

10899 6764

Mar 1986

10867 6757

Apr 1986

10863 6753

May 1986

10840 6753

Jun 1986

10778 6752

Jul 1986

10755 6742

Aug 1986

10755 6734

Sep 1986

10741 6757

Oct 1986

10713 6764

Nov 1986

10705 6767

Dec 1986

10701 6777

Jan 1987

10688 6777

Feb 1987

10714 6785

Mar 1987

10713 6794

Apr 1987

10715 6810

May 1987

10724 6818

Jun 1987

10721 6816

Jul 1987

10725 6868

Aug 1987

10781 6849

Sep 1987

10815 6876

Oct 1987

10843 6886

Nov 1987

10867 6908

Dec 1987

10895 6914

Jan 1988

10867 6923

Feb 1988

10890 6933

Mar 1988

10906 6938

Apr 1988

10936 6938

May 1988

10946 6946

Jun 1988

10969 6947

Jul 1988

10988 6938

Aug 1988

10975 6916

Sep 1988

10992 6922

Oct 1988

11026 6940

Nov 1988

11052 6951

Dec 1988

11071 6954

Jan 1989

11092 6965

Feb 1989

11083 6972

Mar 1989

11077 6983

Apr 1989

11075 6980

May 1989

11055 6985

Jun 1989

11027 6986

Jul 1989

10989 6991

Aug 1989

10983 6981

Sep 1989

10945 6977

Oct 1989

10917 6978

Nov 1989

10902 6984

Dec 1989

10893 6988

Jan 1990

10784 7013

Feb 1990

10897 6996

Mar 1990

10875 6993

Apr 1990

10854 6991

May 1990

10825 6972

Jun 1990

10807 6969

Jul 1990

10761 6943

Aug 1990

10708 6941

Sep 1990

10669 6940

Oct 1990

10645 6932

Nov 1990

10523 6905

Dec 1990

10504 6891

Jan 1991

10443 6887

Feb 1991

10347 6864

Mar 1991

10291 6849

Apr 1991

10269 6824

May 1991

10249 6821

Jun 1991

10213 6831

Jul 1991

10195 6820

Aug 1991

10179 6846

Sep 1991

10161 6849

Oct 1991

10141 6858

Nov 1991

10101 6860

Dec 1991

10059 6857

Jan 1992

9991 6848

Feb 1992

9990 6839

Mar 1992

9969 6836

Apr 1992

9977 6854

May 1992

9979 6856

Jun 1992

9966 6860

Jul 1992

9946 6873

Aug 1992

9931 6852

Sep 1992

9913 6848

Oct 1992

9898 6853

Nov 1992

9904 6854

Dec 1992

9907 6862

Jan 1993

9922 6869

Feb 1993

9927 6878

Mar 1993

9915 6880

Apr 1993

9896 6876

May 1993

9885 6881

Jun 1993

9867 6875

Jul 1993

9865 6874

Aug 1993

9872 6869

Sep 1993

9896 6873

Oct 1993

9911 6867

Nov 1993

9929 6871

Dec 1993

9950 6865

Jan 1994

9987 6868

Feb 1994

9998 6864

Mar 1994

10026 6871

Apr 1994

10058 6875

May 1994

10081 6881

Jun 1994

10121 6889

Jul 1994

10130 6896

Aug 1994

10178 6903

Sep 1994

10209 6906

Oct 1994

10236 6908

Nov 1994

10274 6912

Dec 1994

10297 6920

Jan 1995

10326 6936

Feb 1995

10348 6917

Mar 1995

10363 6900

Apr 1995

10379 6899

May 1995

10373 6886

Jun 1995

10363 6884

Jul 1995

10362 6856

Aug 1995

10382 6858

Sep 1995

10396 6851

Oct 1995

10385 6831

Nov 1995

10390 6819

Dec 1995

10432 6799

Jan 1996

10424 6784

Feb 1996

10440 6789

Mar 1996

10416 6777

Apr 1996

10450 6754

May 1996

10472 6750

Jun 1996

10485 6741

Jul 1996

10483 6740

Aug 1996

10512 6743

Sep 1996

10517 6735

Oct 1996

10531 6737

Nov 1996

10544 6733

Dec 1996

10556 6728

Jan 1997

10570 6727

Feb 1997

10589 6727

Mar 1997

10613 6727

Apr 1997

10629 6720

May 1997

10645 6717

Jun 1997

10673 6714

Jul 1997

10692 6697

Aug 1997

10749 6703

Sep 1997

10761 6704

Oct 1997

10805 6708

Nov 1997

10848 6708

Dec 1997

10879 6709

Jan 1998

10917 6702

Feb 1998

10930 6697

Mar 1998

10944 6693

Apr 1998

10953 6684

May 1998

10953 6671

Jun 1998

10949 6659

Jul 1998

10782 6640

Aug 1998

10929 6634

Sep 1998

10925 6632

Oct 1998

10907 6605

Nov 1998

10876 6589

Dec 1998

10870 6579

Jan 1999

10853 6574

Feb 1999

10846 6549

Mar 1999

10843 6525

Apr 1999

10834 6510

May 1999

10832 6501

Jun 1999

10817 6478

Jul 1999

10837 6471

Aug 1999

10820 6467

Sep 1999

10823 6458

Oct 1999

10819 6453

Nov 1999

10825 6457

Dec 1999

10831 6449

Jan 2000

10845 6439

Feb 2000

10850 6435

Mar 2000

10870 6432

Apr 2000

10867 6431

May 2000

10871 6408

Jun 2000

10907 6389

Jul 2000

10929 6393

Aug 2000

10912 6375

Sep 2000

10874 6356

Oct 2000

10874 6343

Nov 2000

10879 6323

Dec 2000

10862 6319

Jan 2001

10804 6300

Feb 2001

10763 6265

Mar 2001

10693 6245

Apr 2001

10594 6208

May 2001

10488 6173

Jun 2001

10384 6131

Jul 2001

10285 6097

Aug 2001

10194 6038

Sep 2001

10115 6002

Oct 2001

10002 5970

Nov 2001

9896 5929

Dec 2001

9811 5900

Jan 2002

9708 5879

Feb 2002

9666 5849

Mar 2002

9611 5832

Apr 2002

9578 5814

May 2002

9545 5792

Jun 2002

9513 5785

Jul 2002

9484 5772

Aug 2002

9434 5737

Sep 2002

9388 5731

Oct 2002

9346 5714

Nov 2002

9295 5697

Dec 2002

9241 5671

Jan 2003

9196 5670

Feb 2003

9134 5647

Mar 2003

9096 5625

Apr 2003

9019 5590

May 2003

8983 5574

Jun 2003

8944 5549

Jul 2003

8886 5516

Aug 2003

8869 5507

Sep 2003

8855 5492

Oct 2003

8855 5479

Nov 2003

8861 5455

Dec 2003

8857 5443

Jan 2004

8862 5428

Feb 2004

8866 5413

Mar 2004

8874 5413

Apr 2004

8900 5415

May 2004

8926 5416

Jun 2004

8932 5400

Jul 2004

8935 5395

Aug 2004

8963 5382

Sep 2004

8957 5374

Oct 2004

8968 5364

Nov 2004

8958 5349

Dec 2004

8954 5333

Jan 2005

8943 5314

Feb 2005

8965 5308

Mar 2005

8960 5309

Apr 2005

8955 5295

May 2005

8969 5287

Jun 2005

8954 5273

Jul 2005

8952 5274

Aug 2005

8948 5255

Sep 2005

8931 5244

Oct 2005

8958 5234

Nov 2005

8955 5232

Dec 2005

8965 5228

Jan 2006

8982 5228

Feb 2006

8986 5223

Mar 2006

9000 5214

Apr 2006

9020 5206

May 2006

9017 5186

Jun 2006

9028 5185

Jul 2006

9008 5180

Aug 2006

8992 5167

Sep 2006

8972 5153

Oct 2006

8945 5130

Nov 2006

8918 5123

Dec 2006

8913 5102

Jan 2007

8890 5118

Feb 2007

8889 5108

Mar 2007

8871 5099

Apr 2007

8860 5085

May 2007

8846 5083

Jun 2007

8830 5081

Jul 2007

8815 5074

Aug 2007

8778 5050

Sep 2007

8752 5038

Oct 2007

8727 5037

Nov 2007

8724 5033

Dec 2007

8707 5039

Jan 2008

8693 5032

Feb 2008

8673 5023

Mar 2008

8646 5013

Apr 2008

8597 5002

May 2008

8579 4985

Jun 2008

8542 4962

Jul 2008

8488 4942

Aug 2008

8430 4928

Sep 2008

8372 4903

Oct 2008

8275 4872

Nov 2008

8193 4841

Dec 2008

8065 4785

Jan 2009

7832 4729

Feb 2009

7699 4681

Mar 2009

7577 4631

Apr 2009

7428 4602

May 2009

7289 4573

Jun 2009

7182 4544

Jul 2009

7146 4522

Aug 2009

7113 4513

Sep 2009

7084 4507

Oct 2009

7044 4494

Nov 2009

7020 4489

Dec 2009

6999 4476

Jan 2010

6989 4471

Feb 2010

6985 4468

Mar 2010

6996 4457

Apr 2010

7026 4463

May 2010

7053 4472

Jun 2010

7072 4473

Jul 2010

7083 4478

Aug 2010

7090 4463

Sep 2010

7105 4458

Oct 2010

7109 4453

Nov 2010

7125 4460

Dec 2010

7137 4458

Jan 2011

7168 4453

Feb 2011

7195 4459

Mar 2011

7214 4461

Apr 2011

7240 4464

May 2011

7257 4456

Jun 2011

7275 4452

Jul 2011

7289 4457

Aug 2011

7303 4461

Sep 2011

7313 4456

Oct 2011

7330 4450

Nov 2011

7331 4439

Dec 2011

7368 4434

Jan 2012

7398 4440

Feb 2012

7420 4440

Mar 2012

7446 4452

Apr 2012

7461 4455

May 2012

7471 4456

Jun 2012

7480 4456

Jul 2012

7503 4461

Aug 2012

7492 4468

Sep 2012

7483 4471

Oct 2012

7485 4476

Nov 2012

7488 4462

Dec 2012

7505 4455

Jan 2013

7515 4468

Feb 2013

7523 4473

Mar 2013

7531 4468

Apr 2013

7534 4466

May 2013

7533 4467

Jun 2013

7539 4465

Jul 2013

7517 4467

Aug 2013

7547 4467

Sep 2013

7564 4468

Oct 2013

7576 4480

Nov 2013

7589 4490

Dec 2013

7591 4492

Jan 2014

7583 4498

Feb 2014

7605 4501

Mar 2014

7621 4499

Apr 2014

7632 4502

May 2014

7647 4499

Jun 2014

7669 4501

Jul 2014

7686 4503

Aug 2014

7699 4509

Sep 2014

7709 4517

Oct 2014

7732 4527

Nov 2014

7749 4535

Dec 2014

7752 4540

Jan 2015

7752 4540

Feb 2015

7760 4541

Mar 2015

7764 4548

Apr 2015

7763 4555

May 2015

7773 4560

Jun 2015

7772 4562

Jul 2015

7774 4575

Aug 2015

7774 4571

Sep 2015

7773 4581

Oct 2015

7770 4592

Nov 2015

7756 4601

Dec 2015

7750 4612

Jan 2016

7761 4618

Feb 2016

7749 4618

Mar 2016

7729 4616

Apr 2016

7729 4620

May 2016

7707 4625

Jun 2016

7704 4647

Jul 2016

7719 4650

Aug 2016

7695 4653

Sep 2016

7691 4656

Oct 2016

7693 4654

Nov 2016

7686 4656

Dec 2016

7695 4661

Jan 2017

7701 4668

Feb 2017

7698 4686

Mar 2017

7704 4691

Apr 2017

7706 4694

May 2017

7715 4691

Jun 2017

7726 4692

Jul 2017

7718 4699

Aug 2017

7750 4711

Sep 2017

7761 4709

Oct 2017

7777 4715

Nov 2017

7799 4715

Dec 2017

7822 4719

Jan 2018

7835 4723

Feb 2018

7861 4727

Mar 2018

7886 4725

Apr 2018

7904 4728

May 2018

7920 4738

Jun 2018

7944 4743

Jul 2018

7961 4745

Aug 2018

7972 4747

Sep 2018

7991 4749

Oct 2018

8011 4753

Nov 2018

8022 4762

Dec 2018

8038 4767

Jan 2019

8059 4766

Feb 2019

8062 4768

Mar 2019

8056 4771

Apr 2019

8056 4773

May 2019

8056 4773

Jun 2019

8064 4774

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditure Surveys Public-Use Microdata.

Durable goods industries also served as a good indicator that a recession was looming. With the exception of the recession in the early 1980s, durable goods employment reached a peak at least 6 months before the beginning of a recession. After each recession, durable goods employment never quite recovered before turning down again. After both recessions in the 1980s, only about half of the lost jobs returned. During the recession of 1990, durable goods experienced a long downturn; employment reached a peak 19 months before the recession began and did not turn up again until 28 months after the recession ended. Durable goods lost 2 million jobs in both the 2001 and 2007 recessions. However, since February 2010, durable goods has experienced consistent growth and had recovered 1 million jobs as of June 2019.4

Employment in nondurable goods has been much less cyclical and has experienced a general long-term downward trend that started in the mid-1990s and continued until reaching a trough in December 2011. On average, nondurable goods lost around 5 percent of employment during each recession. By June 2019, nondurable goods had recovered 340,000 jobs since its most recent employment trough.

Combining industries for analysis

Most CES employment series for manufacturing industries do not extend back to 1979 using the current industry coding structure. From 1979-90, CES classified data using the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC)-based system. Since 1990, CES has classified data using the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS).5 To best represent 40 years of history by industry, employment for one or more industries was summed or subtracted to create the employment series analyzed in this article.6 Exhibit 1 shows durable goods industries developed for the 40-year analysis.  To create the series for wood products and furniture for 1979-90, sum employment for lumber and wood products (SIC 24) and furniture and fixtures (SIC 25), then subtract employment for logging (NAICS 1133), which was removed from manufacturing with the conversion to NAICS.  To represent the series from 1990-2019, sum employment for wood products (NAICS 321) and furniture and related products (NAICS 337). In some instances, the development of a 40-year history uses employment from one SIC series and from one NAICS Series, because limited industry reclassification occurred.  For example, nonmetallic mineral products is composed of stone, clay and glass products (SIC 32) for 1979-90 and nonmetallic mineral products (NAICS 327) for 1990-2019. Exhibit 2 shows how nondurable goods manufacturing industries were developed to cover the 40-year span.

Exhibit 1. Select durable goods industries classified using the Standard Industry Classification system and North American Industry Classification System industries, 1979–2019 
Durable goods Data classified using the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system, 1979–90 Data classified using the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS), 1990–2019

Wood products and furniture

Lumber and wood products (SIC 24) + Furniture and fixtures (SIC 25) - Logging (NAICS 1133) Wood products (NAICS 321) + Furniture and related products (NAICS 337)

Nonmetallic mineral products

Stone, clay and glass products (SIC 32) Nonmetallic mineral products (NAICS 327)

Fabricated metal products and machinery

Fabricated metal products (SIC 34) + Industrial machinery and equipment (SIC 35) Fabricated metal products (NAICS 332) + Machinery (NAICS 333)

Computer and electrical products

Electronic and other electrical equipment (SIC 36) + Instruments and related products (SIC 38) Computer and electronic products (NAICS 334) + Electrical equipment and appliances (NAICS 335)

Transportation equipment

Transportation equipment (SIC 37) Transportation equipment (NAICS 336)
Exhibit 2. Select nondurable goods industries classified using the Standard Industry Classification system and North American Industry Classification System industries, 1979–2019
Nondurable goods Data classified using the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system, 1979–90 Data classified using the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS), 1990–2019

Food manufacturing

Food and kindred products (SIC 20) - beverages (SIC 208) Food manufacturing (NAICS 311)

Apparel and textile industries

Textile mill products (SIC 22) + Apparel and other textile products (SIC 23) Textile mills (NAICS 313) + Textile product mills (NAICS 314) + Apparel (NAICS 315)

Paper and paper products

Paper and allied products (SIC 26) Paper and paper products (NAICS 322)

Printing and publishing

Printing and publishing (SIC 27) Printing and related support activities (NAICS 323) + Publishing industries, except internet (NAICS 511)

Petroleum

Petroleum and coal products (SIC 29) Petroleum and coal products (NAICS 324)

Chemicals

Chemicals and allied products (SIC 28) Chemicals (NAICS 325)

Plastics and rubber

Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products (SIC 30) Plastics and rubber products (NAICS 326)

Using the series as defined in exhibits 1 and 2, we created new employment data series. For the 1979–1990 period, the employment series are constructed on data that were collected under the SIC-industry structure. For the 1990–2009 period, the series are constructed on a NAICS-industry structure. Because there is not perfect comparability between these two industry structures, we note the series breaks between the periods as the difference between the January 1990 levels for SIC-based and NAICS-based industries. In order to examine employment trends across the entire 40-year period without influence from classification structure changes, we subtract this break from the employment change over the 40 year period. (See exhibit 1.) To help show the long-term trend without series breaks, we index these data to January 1990 levels (as seen in charts 3 and 4).

Manufacturing component industries experienced widespread job losses over the past 40 years. Between June 1979 and January 1990, fabricated metals and machinery lost the largest number of jobs. The industry continued to shed jobs through the early 1990s until the mid-1990s, when hiring picked up pace again. Employment in the industry failed to fully recover with subsequent cyclical swings.

Wood products and furniture experienced cyclical job gains and losses from June 1979 until April 2000, when it reached an employment peak. Since then, the industry has lost half a million jobs, or 60 percent of the April 2000 peak.

Beginning in 2001 through the end of the Great Recession, computer and electrical products suffered steep jobs losses.7 Since then, however, employment has been flat. In total, computer and electrical products lost over 1.1 million jobs from January 1990 to June 2019, more than double the jobs losses of fabricated metals and machinery combined. (See table 2.)

Table 2. Manufacturing employment by industry, seasonally adjusted, 1979–2019, in thousands
Industry SIC-based January 1990 break[1] NAICS-based
June 1979 January 1990 Change June 1979–January 1990 January 1990 June 2019 Change January 1990–June 2019

Manufacturing[2]

19553 17797 -1756 0 17797 12838 -4,959

Durable goods[2]

12320 10784 -1536 0 10784 8064 -2,720

Wood products and furniture

1,195 1,182 -13 -8 1,174 795 -379

Nonmetallic mineral products

678 568 -110 -28 540 421 -119

Fabricated metal products and machinery

4,253 3,530 -723 -487 3,043 2,622 -421

Computer and electrical products

2,814 2,718 -96 -130 2,588 1,484 -1,105

Transportation equipment

2,083 1,922 -161 144 2,066 1,738 -329

Nondurable goods[2]

7233 7013 -220 0 7013 4774 -2,239

Food manufacturing

1,492 1,478 -14 30 1,508 1,636 127

Apparel and textile industries

2,194 1,771 -423 -86 1,685 334 -1,351

Paper and paper products

700 696 -4 -49 647 365 -282

Printing and publishing

1,235 1,563 328 104 1,667 1,188 -479

Petroleum

209 156 -53 -4 152 115 -37

Chemicals

1,114 1,084 -30 -48 1,036 849 -187

Plastics and rubber

828 886 58 -62 824 737 -87

[1]Break results from significant changes in industry classification structures.

[2]NAICS is used for entire time period. Industry details do not add up to durable, nondurable, and total manufacturing because some series have been excluded.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Employment in computer and electrical products declined by 43 percent between June 1979 and June 2019, the largest relative loss in durable goods manufacturing.8 (See chart 3.) Conversely, transportation equipment experienced about half the rate of jobs loss of computer and electrical products over the same period. On average, durable goods industries shed 35 percent of jobs over the 40-year span.

View Chart Data

Chart 3. Employment in durable goods manufacturing, June 1979–June 2019, indexed to January 1990, seasonally adjusted, in thousands
Month and year Wood products and furniture Nonmetallic mineral products Transportation equipment Fabricated metals and machinery Computer and electrical products

Jun-1979

101.1 119.4 108.4 120.5 103.5

Jul-1979

100.9 118.8 107.5 120.7 103.6

Aug-1979

100.8 118.8 103.9 120.4 102.7

Sep-1979

100.1 118.0 106.0 120.4 103.7

Oct-1979

100.6 118.0 105.5 119.3 104.1

Nov-1979

99.7 117.1 103.6 118.9 104.1

Dec-1979

98.7 117.1 105.6 118.8 104.5

Jan-1980

98.5 117.1 102.0 120.4 104.1

Feb-1980

98.3 117.4 101.6 120.3 104.6

Mar-1980

97.7 116.5 102.1 120.3 105.2

Apr-1980

93.1 113.6 97.9 119.0 104.5

May-1980

88.8 110.7 94.9 117.5 103.2

Jun-1980

87.5 108.3 94.6 115.7 101.6

Jul-1980

86.3 106.7 93.7 114.1 100.9

Aug-1980

88.1 107.2 96.1 114.2 101.3

Sep-1980

89.1 107.6 96.6 114.4 101.3

Oct-1980

89.9 107.6 97.5 115.0 101.7

Nov-1980

90.9 108.5 98.5 115.7 102.3

Dec-1980

91.6 108.6 98.8 116.1 102.5

Jan-1981

92.2 109.2 98.6 116.6 103.1

Feb-1981

92.0 109.2 97.1 116.3 102.9

Mar-1981

91.8 108.5 98.6 116.5 103.2

Apr-1981

91.8 108.3 99.6 116.7 103.5

May-1981

92.1 107.6 99.2 116.8 103.6

Jun-1981

91.1 107.4 99.4 117.0 103.8

Jul-1981

90.8 106.9 98.4 117.0 103.9

Aug-1981

89.7 106.5 97.4 116.7 104.0

Sep-1981

89.1 105.6 97.7 117.0 104.3

Oct-1981

87.3 104.8 97.6 116.3 104.4

Nov-1981

85.8 104.0 95.9 115.4 103.5

Dec-1981

84.7 103.0 93.7 113.9 102.6

Jan-1982

83.8 100.4 92.4 112.6 102.5

Feb-1982

83.7 100.4 91.8 111.9 102.2

Mar-1982

82.8 99.1 92.1 110.9 101.7

Apr-1982

82.2 97.9 90.8 109.0 101.2

May-1982

81.8 97.5 90.7 107.7 100.9

Jun-1982

81.2 96.5 90.0 105.4 100.5

Jul-1982

80.5 96.0 90.2 103.7 99.7

Aug-1982

81.0 95.1 88.0 101.6 99.0

Sep-1982

81.3 94.7 88.6 100.7 98.6

Oct-1982

80.7 93.8 86.8 98.0 97.8

Nov-1982

81.2 93.3 84.9 96.7 97.4

Dec-1982

81.6 92.8 86.1 95.9 96.7

Jan-1983

82.3 93.0 86.3 95.5 97.1

Feb-1983

82.5 93.0 87.2 95.1 97.1

Mar-1983

83.4 93.0 87.3 94.8 97.2

Apr-1983

84.7 93.8 88.0 95.0 97.5

May-1983

86.1 94.4 88.8 95.9 97.8

Jun-1983

87.2 94.7 89.2 96.0 98.3

Jul-1983

88.6 95.2 90.4 96.7 98.9

Aug-1983

89.5 96.0 90.7 97.2 98.7

Sep-1983

90.7 96.7 91.6 97.9 100.5

Oct-1983

91.4 97.4 93.1 98.7 101.4

Nov-1983

92.1 97.7 93.7 99.8 102.2

Dec-1983

92.5 97.7 94.1 100.5 102.8

Jan-1984

93.1 97.5 95.3 101.2 103.8

Feb-1984

93.9 99.5 96.1 101.8 104.5

Mar-1984

94.6 99.1 96.9 102.5 105.4

Apr-1984

94.7 98.9 97.0 103.1 106.0

May-1984

94.6 98.9 97.2 103.8 106.6

Jun-1984

94.8 99.1 97.7 104.4 107.1

Jul-1984

94.5 99.1 98.3 105.3 107.8

Aug-1984

94.4 98.8 99.2 105.5 108.2

Sep-1984

94.3 98.8 99.1 105.6 108.5

Oct-1984

94.7 98.9 99.3 105.9 108.7

Nov-1984

95.1 98.9 99.2 105.9 108.7

Dec-1984

95.2 99.3 100.3 105.9 108.8

Jan-1985

95.1 98.9 100.9 105.7 108.9

Feb-1985

94.8 98.4 100.6 105.4 108.7

Mar-1985

94.8 98.6 100.7 105.2 108.6

Apr-1985

94.3 98.1 101.1 104.7 107.9

May-1985

94.2 97.9 101.6 104.4 107.5

Jun-1985

94.3 97.7 101.9 103.9 107.1

Jul-1985

94.2 97.9 102.0 103.4 106.5

Aug-1985

95.0 98.1 102.2 103.0 106.3

Sep-1985

94.8 97.9 102.2 102.4 105.6

Oct-1985

95.0 98.1 103.2 102.2 105.3

Nov-1985

95.1 97.9 103.4 101.9 105.0

Dec-1985

95.1 97.9 103.7 101.5 104.9

Jan-1986

95.3 98.1 104.2 101.5 104.5

Feb-1986

95.3 98.2 104.0 101.0 104.3

Mar-1986

95.5 97.7 103.8 100.7 104.2

Apr-1986

95.7 97.9 104.0 100.3 104.0

May-1986

96.0 98.1 103.6 99.8 103.8

Jun-1986

96.2 97.9 104.0 99.3 102.6

Jul-1986

95.8 97.4 103.7 98.6 103.3

Aug-1986

96.6 97.4 104.0 98.4 103.1

Sep-1986

96.8 97.4 104.4 97.8 102.9

Oct-1986

97.1 97.0 104.4 97.3 102.7

Nov-1986

97.2 96.7 105.0 97.0 102.4

Dec-1986

97.6 97.0 105.0 96.7 102.2

Jan-1987

97.9 97.0 105.2 96.6 102.0

Feb-1987

98.4 97.5 105.8 96.8 101.8

Mar-1987

98.7 97.0 105.9 96.6 101.5

Apr-1987

99.0 97.0 105.3 96.7 101.2

May-1987

99.6 97.2 105.2 96.7 101.1

Jun-1987

99.7 97.0 105.2 96.7 100.8

Jul-1987

100.3 97.2 104.3 96.7 101.1

Aug-1987

100.6 97.5 105.8 97.0 101.3

Sep-1987

101.1 97.5 105.8 97.3 101.5

Oct-1987

101.5 98.2 105.7 97.6 101.9

Nov-1987

101.8 98.6 105.6 98.0 102.2

Dec-1987

102.2 99.3 105.8 98.3 102.4

Jan-1988

102.1 98.8 105.3 98.0 102.2

Feb-1988

102.0 99.1 105.4 98.5 102.5

Mar-1988

102.1 99.5 105.3 98.8 102.6

Apr-1988

102.2 99.8 105.7 99.0 102.7

May-1988

102.1 99.8 105.7 99.2 102.7

Jun-1988

101.8 100.2 105.9 99.6 102.9

Jul-1988

101.8 100.4 106.2 99.9 103.0

Aug-1988

101.6 100.2 105.2 100.0 103.0

Sep-1988

102.3 100.2 105.8 100.1 103.0

Oct-1988

102.2 100.2 106.3 100.5 103.0

Nov-1988

102.2 100.4 107.0 100.8 103.1

Dec-1988

102.3 100.5 107.5 101.1 103.2

Jan-1989

102.3 100.5 108.2 101.3 103.1

Feb-1989

102.2 100.5 108.0 101.6 102.9

Mar-1989

101.9 100.5 108.1 101.6 102.8

Apr-1989

101.8 100.5 107.9 101.6 102.8

May-1989

101.3 100.4 107.8 101.5 102.5

Jun-1989

101.1 100.2 107.0 101.4 102.1

Jul-1989

100.8 100.2 106.1 101.1 102.0

Aug-1989

100.4 99.8 106.3 101.0 101.8

Sep-1989

100.3 99.5 105.8 100.8 101.4

Oct-1989

100.1 99.5 105.2 100.5 101.0

Nov-1989

100.2 99.6 105.0 100.7 100.8

Dec-1989

100.1 99.3 105.2 100.7 100.1

Jan-1990

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Jan-1990

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Feb-1990

100.1 100.1 105.6 100.1 99.6

Mar-1990

99.9 99.9 105.3 99.9 99.2

Apr-1990

99.3 99.4 105.3 99.9 98.8

May-1990

98.7 98.9 104.9 99.8 98.5

Jun-1990

98.1 98.4 105.1 99.6 98.2

Jul-1990

97.7 97.5 104.1 99.5 97.8

Aug-1990

96.9 96.9 103.4 99.0 97.4

Sep-1990

96.4 96.4 103.2 98.5 97.0

Oct-1990

95.5 96.0 103.0 98.5 96.8

Nov-1990

94.1 95.4 99.6 98.1 96.3

Dec-1990

93.4 95.0 100.3 97.8 96.0

Jan-1991

92.7 93.8 99.2 97.6 95.4

Feb-1991

91.0 93.3 98.0 96.8 95.0

Mar-1991

90.3 92.1 97.2 96.3 94.6

Apr-1991

90.4 92.1 97.9 95.6 94.1

May-1991

90.5 91.1 98.5 95.2 93.6

Jun-1991

90.5 91.2 98.0 94.8 93.2

Jul-1991

90.3 91.1 98.4 94.5 92.7

Aug-1991

90.2 91.1 98.5 94.2 92.3

Sep-1991

90.3 90.9 98.6 94.0 91.9

Oct-1991

90.0 91.0 98.5 93.9 91.5

Nov-1991

90.0 90.6 98.1 93.4 91.1

Dec-1991

89.7 90.5 97.8 92.9 90.5

Jan-1992

89.7 90.5 95.8 92.5 90.1

Feb-1992

89.7 90.2 97.1 92.2 89.5

Mar-1992

90.1 89.9 97.1 92.0 89.0

Apr-1992

90.6 90.2 97.1 92.1 88.8

May-1992

90.6 90.3 96.7 92.5 88.7

Jun-1992

90.8 90.4 96.3 92.4 88.4

Jul-1992

91.0 90.5 95.8 92.2 88.2

Aug-1992

91.2 90.3 95.3 92.3 87.9

Sep-1992

91.2 90.3 94.7 92.3 87.7

Oct-1992

91.5 90.2 94.3 92.3 87.5

Nov-1992

91.8 90.4 94.5 92.3 87.2

Dec-1992

92.2 90.6 94.5 92.4 87.0

Jan-1993

92.5 90.6 94.7 92.7 86.9

Feb-1993

92.8 91.6 94.3 92.8 86.9

Mar-1993

93.2 90.7 93.6 92.9 86.8

Apr-1993

93.2 90.4 93.1 92.9 86.6

May-1993

93.3 90.6 92.5 93.0 86.4

Jun-1993

93.3 90.6 92.1 93.1 86.1

Jul-1993

93.4 90.8 91.9 93.3 85.8

Aug-1993

93.9 90.9 91.9 93.3 85.8

Sep-1993

94.5 91.2 92.0 93.7 85.8

Oct-1993

94.9 91.3 92.0 93.9 85.8

Nov-1993

95.3 91.5 92.0 94.2 85.9

Dec-1993

96.0 91.8 92.1 94.5 85.9

Jan-1994

96.9 92.1 92.6 94.8 85.9

Feb-1994

96.8 92.4 92.4 95.1 86.1

Mar-1994

97.3 92.5 92.6 95.5 86.2

Apr-1994

97.9 93.4 92.8 95.9 86.4

May-1994

98.4 93.3 93.1 96.3 86.3

Jun-1994

99.0 93.5 93.4 96.8 86.5

Jul-1994

99.7 93.7 93.1 96.9 86.4

Aug-1994

100.0 94.0 94.0 97.4 86.8

Sep-1994

100.3 94.1 94.6 97.7 86.9

Oct-1994

100.7 94.3 95.1 98.1 86.7

Nov-1994

101.1 94.6 95.6 98.5 87.0

Dec-1994

101.2 94.7 95.9 98.9 87.1

Jan-1995

101.7 94.7 96.2 99.3 87.3

Feb-1995

101.6 95.1 96.3 99.8 87.4

Mar-1995

101.5 95.3 96.5 100.1 87.4

Apr-1995

101.1 95.6 96.5 100.5 87.6

May-1995

100.7 95.1 96.4 100.6 87.7

Jun-1995

100.2 95.2 95.8 100.7 87.9

Jul-1995

99.9 94.9 95.9 100.9 88.0

Aug-1995

100.3 94.9 95.8 101.1 88.3

Sep-1995

100.5 94.9 95.7 101.2 88.7

Oct-1995

100.6 94.8 94.6 101.4 88.9

Nov-1995

100.6 94.9 93.8 101.6 89.2

Dec-1995

100.9 94.7 95.3 101.8 89.4

Jan-1996

100.5 94.1 95.1 101.9 89.6

Feb-1996

100.7 94.9 95.3 101.9 89.8

Mar-1996

100.4 95.0 93.9 102.0 89.9

Apr-1996

100.6 95.1 95.5 101.9 90.1

May-1996

100.9 95.5 95.7 102.1 90.3

Jun-1996

101.3 95.7 95.6 102.3 90.3

Jul-1996

101.4 95.7 95.6 102.4 90.4

Aug-1996

101.7 96.1 95.9 102.6 90.5

Sep-1996

101.8 96.4 96.0 102.7 90.5

Oct-1996

102.0 96.7 96.0 102.8 90.7

Nov-1996

102.2 96.8 96.1 103.0 90.9

Dec-1996

102.1 97.0 96.4 103.2 90.9

Jan-1997

102.1 97.1 96.7 103.4 90.9

Feb-1997

102.2 97.1 96.9 103.6 91.1

Mar-1997

102.6 97.1 97.1 103.9 91.3

Apr-1997

102.8 97.1 97.1 104.1 91.5

May-1997

103.1 97.2 97.2 104.3 91.7

Jun-1997

103.2 97.1 97.6 104.6 92.1

Jul-1997

103.3 97.3 97.8 104.7 92.5

Aug-1997

103.5 97.5 98.9 105.2 92.8

Sep-1997

103.6 97.6 98.7 105.5 93.0

Oct-1997

104.0 97.9 99.2 105.9 93.4

Nov-1997

104.3 97.7 100.1 106.4 93.6

Dec-1997

104.8 97.8 100.3 106.7 93.9

Jan-1998

105.3 99.1 100.4 107.1 94.2

Feb-1998

105.6 98.8 100.7 107.2 94.2

Mar-1998

106.0 98.5 100.8 107.4 94.4

Apr-1998

106.4 98.9 101.0 107.4 94.3

May-1998

106.6 98.9 101.0 107.4 94.2

Jun-1998

106.6 99.3 100.9 107.3 94.1

Jul-1998

106.7 98.8 94.7 106.8 93.6

Aug-1998

106.9 99.4 101.2 107.0 93.5

Sep-1998

107.1 99.4 101.5 106.8 93.3

Oct-1998

107.3 99.6 101.7 106.6 92.8

Nov-1998

107.6 99.7 101.5 106.1 92.4

Dec-1998

108.1 100.0 101.5 105.9 92.1

Jan-1999

108.5 99.5 101.6 105.7 91.6

Feb-1999

108.7 99.8 101.3 105.6 91.6

Mar-1999

108.9 99.4 101.6 105.4 91.5

Apr-1999

109.1 99.4 101.2 105.3 91.6

May-1999

109.3 99.6 101.0 105.2 91.6

Jun-1999

109.3 99.7 100.9 104.8 91.6

Jul-1999

109.8 100.3 101.3 105.1 91.5

Aug-1999

110.1 100.1 101.2 104.8 91.2

Sep-1999

110.4 100.6 101.1 104.7 91.4

Oct-1999

110.6 100.9 100.7 104.6 91.4

Nov-1999

110.7 101.3 100.5 104.6 91.5

Dec-1999

110.8 101.8 100.5 104.6 91.6

Jan-2000

110.9 102.2 100.8 104.6 91.7

Feb-2000

111.1 102.4 100.2 104.8 91.9

Mar-2000

111.1 103.0 100.7 105.1 91.8

Apr-2000

111.3 102.6 100.4 105.2 91.9

May-2000

110.8 102.8 100.5 105.3 92.1

Jun-2000

110.9 102.9 100.8 105.7 92.6

Jul-2000

110.8 103.0 99.7 106.1 93.8

Aug-2000

110.4 102.8 98.9 105.9 94.2

Sep-2000

110.0 102.6 98.1 105.7 94.2

Oct-2000

109.4 102.3 98.2 105.6 94.5

Nov-2000

109.1 102.5 98.1 105.9 94.6

Dec-2000

108.5 102.6 98.0 105.7 94.7

Jan-2001

107.6 103.0 95.9 105.5 94.9

Feb-2001

106.8 102.9 96.3 104.7 94.6

Mar-2001

106.4 102.8 95.7 103.8 94.0

Apr-2001

105.4 102.5 95.2 102.8 92.7

May-2001

104.8 101.8 94.5 101.7 91.4

Jun-2001

104.1 101.1 94.0 100.6 89.8

Jul-2001

103.3 100.6 93.7 99.7 88.2

Aug-2001

102.7 100.0 93.4 98.7 87.0

Sep-2001

102.5 99.4 93.3 97.6 85.8

Oct-2001

101.5 98.9 91.9 96.5 84.7

Nov-2001

100.8 98.6 91.4 95.3 83.5

Dec-2001

100.4 98.3 90.8 94.4 82.3

Jan-2002

100.2 97.5 89.0 93.6 81.3

Feb-2002

100.1 97.2 89.5 93.0 80.3

Mar-2002

99.9 96.7 89.1 92.4 79.6

Apr-2002

99.8 96.1 88.8 92.1 79.1

May-2002

99.5 95.5 88.9 91.9 78.5

Jun-2002

99.5 95.1 88.8 91.6 77.8

Jul-2002

99.1 95.4 88.9 91.3 77.2

Aug-2002

99.2 95.1 88.5 90.8 76.3

Sep-2002

98.3 95.0 88.2 90.5 75.6

Oct-2002

97.9 94.8 88.0 90.1 75.1

Nov-2002

97.4 94.1 87.6 89.6 74.4

Dec-2002

96.5 93.6 87.5 89.2 73.7

Jan-2003

96.4 93.1 87.4 88.8 72.9

Feb-2003

95.8 92.5 87.1 88.1 72.3

Mar-2003

95.6 92.2 86.7 87.7 71.8

Apr-2003

94.9 91.4 85.6 87.1 71.2

May-2003

94.5 91.6 86.1 86.6 70.5

Jun-2003

94.3 91.4 85.9 86.1 70.0

Jul-2003

94.2 90.8 85.4 85.5 69.4

Aug-2003

93.9 91.2 85.3 85.4 69.0

Sep-2003

94.1 90.9 85.4 85.3 68.8

Oct-2003

94.4 91.0 85.4 85.3 68.6

Nov-2003

94.7 91.2 85.4 85.6 68.4

Dec-2003

94.7 91.1 85.2 85.7 68.4

Jan-2004

94.8 92.9 85.2 85.7 68.2

Feb-2004

95.0 91.8 85.2 85.9 68.2

Mar-2004

95.3 92.2 85.3 85.9 68.2

Apr-2004

95.7 92.8 85.2 86.4 68.2

May-2004

96.0 93.8 85.3 86.8 68.4

Jun-2004

96.0 94.0 85.4 86.9 68.4

Jul-2004

96.2 94.3 84.8 87.0 68.5

Aug-2004

96.3 94.2 85.9 87.3 68.5

Sep-2004

96.0 94.5 85.7 87.3 68.5

Oct-2004

96.5 94.5 86.0 87.4 68.3

Nov-2004

96.5 94.3 85.9 87.4 68.1

Dec-2004

96.5 94.1 86.0 87.4 67.9

Jan-2005

96.4 93.2 85.5 87.6 68.0

Feb-2005

96.3 93.4 86.4 87.7 67.9

Mar-2005

96.3 93.2 86.2 87.9 67.8

Apr-2005

95.8 93.9 86.1 88.1 67.7

May-2005

95.4 93.6 86.4 88.4 67.7

Jun-2005

95.7 93.8 85.7 88.3 67.6

Jul-2005

95.6 93.4 85.6 88.3 67.6

Aug-2005

95.9 93.4 85.5 88.4 67.6

Sep-2005

96.0 93.7 84.7 88.4 67.4

Oct-2005

96.0 93.7 85.5 88.8 67.4

Nov-2005

96.4 93.5 85.7 88.6 67.3

Dec-2005

96.8 93.6 85.8 88.7 67.3

Jan-2006

96.9 94.5 86.3 88.9 67.1

Feb-2006

97.0 94.9 85.7 89.2 67.3

Mar-2006

97.0 95.3 85.6 89.5 67.4

Apr-2006

96.8 95.5 86.1 89.8 67.5

May-2006

96.6 94.5 86.0 90.0 67.5

Jun-2006

96.2 94.1 86.5 90.0 67.7

Jul-2006

95.7 94.5 85.8 90.2 67.4

Aug-2006

95.1 94.3 85.5 90.3 67.4

Sep-2006

94.5 93.5 85.4 90.3 67.2

Oct-2006

93.4 93.9 85.2 90.1 67.0

Nov-2006

92.6 93.8 84.6 90.2 66.7

Dec-2006

92.2 94.1 84.6 90.1 66.7

Jan-2007

91.5 94.2 83.8 90.3 66.6

Feb-2007

91.1 94.0 83.9 90.4 66.4

Mar-2007

90.8 94.1 83.6 90.4 66.2

Apr-2007

90.5 93.5 83.4 90.5 66.0

May-2007

90.2 93.5 83.1 90.5 65.9

Jun-2007

89.7 93.2 82.9 90.7 65.8

Jul-2007

89.6 92.9 82.6 90.6 65.7

Aug-2007

88.6 91.8 82.6 90.2 65.5

Sep-2007

87.7 91.7 82.5 90.1 65.3

Oct-2007

87.1 91.5 82.0 90.1 65.2

Nov-2007

86.7 91.2 82.0 90.1 65.3

Dec-2007

86.1 90.5 81.7 90.1 65.1

Jan-2008

85.5 90.6 81.3 90.2 65.1

Feb-2008

84.6 90.1 81.2 90.3 64.9

Mar-2008

83.7 89.2 80.1 90.5 65.1

Apr-2008

82.7 88.4 79.2 90.2 65.1

May-2008

81.6 87.4 79.6 90.2 65.0

Jun-2008

80.6 86.6 79.5 89.9 64.8

Jul-2008

79.7 85.7 78.4 89.6 64.6

Aug-2008

78.6 85.3 76.8 89.4 64.5

Sep-2008

77.5 84.3 76.1 88.8 64.3

Oct-2008

75.9 84.1 74.1 88.2 63.9

Nov-2008

74.0 82.2 74.4 87.2 63.4

Dec-2008

72.0 80.4 73.0 86.0 62.8

Jan-2009

69.8 78.8 68.2 84.1 62.1

Feb-2009

66.8 76.8 68.9 82.3 61.1

Mar-2009

66.2 75.0 68.1 80.4 60.5

Apr-2009

65.0 74.6 66.4 78.5 59.4

May-2009

63.7 73.4 64.5 77.1 58.6

Jun-2009

62.7 72.5 63.3 75.9 58.0

Jul-2009

62.0 72.3 64.2 75.0 57.5

Aug-2009

61.5 72.1 64.1 74.6 57.1

Sep-2009

61.2 71.5 64.0 74.2 56.9

Oct-2009

60.9 70.2 63.9 73.8 56.5

Nov-2009

60.8 69.7 63.5 73.7 56.3

Dec-2009

60.4 69.6 63.6 73.4 56.0

Jan-2010

59.8 68.8 63.8 73.4 56.0

Feb-2010

59.6 68.7 63.7 73.3 56.0

Mar-2010

59.5 68.4 63.6 73.6 56.1

Apr-2010

59.9 68.8 64.0 74.1 56.0

May-2010

60.0 69.1 64.5 74.4 56.1

Jun-2010

60.5 69.0 64.5 74.8 56.1

Jul-2010

59.7 68.6 64.7 75.2 56.2

Aug-2010

59.5 68.7 64.9 75.3 56.2

Sep-2010

59.2 69.2 65.1 75.7 56.3

Oct-2010

58.9 68.7 65.0 75.9 56.3

Nov-2010

58.9 68.5 65.2 76.2 56.3

Dec-2010

58.9 67.7 65.1 76.5 56.5

Jan-2011

59.0 67.4 65.6 77.0 56.7

Feb-2011

59.0 67.6 65.9 77.3 56.7

Mar-2011

59.0 67.6 66.1 77.8 56.6

Apr-2011

58.9 67.9 66.4 78.3 56.8

May-2011

59.0 68.2 66.3 78.7 56.8

Jun-2011

58.9 68.3 66.5 79.1 56.8

Jul-2011

58.7 68.3 66.7 79.3 56.9

Aug-2011

58.8 68.0 66.9 79.6 56.9

Sep-2011

58.7 67.8 67.3 79.8 56.9

Oct-2011

58.6 67.7 67.9 80.0 56.8

Nov-2011

58.4 67.7 68.1 80.1 56.7

Dec-2011

58.4 68.0 68.5 80.9 56.6

Jan-2012

58.5 68.2 68.9 81.3 56.7

Feb-2012

58.5 68.3 69.2 81.7 56.8

Mar-2012

58.7 68.2 69.9 82.0 56.8

Apr-2012

58.9 68.0 70.2 82.2 56.7

May-2012

58.6 67.4 70.3 82.6 56.8

Jun-2012

58.6 67.3 70.6 82.7 56.7

Jul-2012

58.7 67.3 71.5 82.8 56.6

Aug-2012

58.7 67.1 71.3 82.8 56.4

Sep-2012

58.8 67.2 71.4 82.7 56.1

Oct-2012

59.0 67.4 71.3 82.7 56.2

Nov-2012

59.2 67.4 71.8 82.7 56.0

Dec-2012

59.5 68.1 72.0 82.8 56.1

Jan-2013

59.6 68.5 72.2 82.9 56.0

Feb-2013

60.0 68.8 72.5 82.9 55.8

Mar-2013

60.1 69.0 72.7 83.1 55.8

Apr-2013

60.1 68.7 72.7 83.3 55.8

May-2013

60.3 68.8 72.9 83.1 55.7

Jun-2013

60.6 68.9 73.2 83.1 55.6

Jul-2013

60.8 69.0 72.1 83.2 55.6

Aug-2013

61.0 69.3 73.1 83.3 55.5

Sep-2013

61.0 69.5 73.3 83.6 55.5

Oct-2013

61.5 69.4 73.6 83.8 55.4

Nov-2013

61.8 69.9 73.8 83.8 55.4

Dec-2013

61.8 69.6 74.1 83.8 55.3

Jan-2014

62.0 69.8 73.7 83.9 55.1

Feb-2014

62.2 69.7 74.4 84.0 55.1

Mar-2014

62.5 69.9 74.7 84.1 55.1

Apr-2014

62.7 70.3 74.7 84.4 55.0

May-2014

63.0 70.7 75.1 84.6 55.0

Jun-2014

63.2 71.1 75.7 84.7 55.0

Jul-2014

63.5 71.0 76.1 84.8 55.0

Aug-2014

63.7 71.7 75.9 85.1 55.1

Sep-2014

63.7 72.0 75.9 85.2 55.2

Oct-2014

64.0 72.3 76.0 85.6 55.2

Nov-2014

64.2 72.5 76.5 85.7 55.3

Dec-2014

63.8 72.5 76.6 85.8 55.3

Jan-2015

64.1 72.4 76.5 85.7 55.4

Feb-2015

64.1 72.6 76.9 85.7 55.5

Mar-2015

64.2 72.6 77.1 85.5 55.5

Apr-2015

64.4 73.2 77.1 85.3 55.5

May-2015

64.5 73.5 77.6 85.1 55.6

Jun-2015

64.6 73.6 77.5 85.0 55.6

Jul-2015

64.9 73.9 77.9 84.7 55.6

Aug-2015

65.2 74.2 78.0 84.4 55.6

Sep-2015

65.7 74.3 78.4 84.2 55.6

Oct-2015

65.9 74.6 78.4 83.9 55.6

Nov-2015

66.2 74.9 78.3 83.7 55.2

Dec-2015

66.3 74.8 78.3 83.4 55.3

Jan-2016

66.3 74.8 78.5 83.4 55.7

Feb-2016

66.5 74.9 78.6 83.0 55.6

Mar-2016

66.4 75.0 78.5 82.7 55.5

Apr-2016

66.4 75.0 79.0 82.5 55.5

May-2016

66.4 75.2 78.7 82.0 55.4

Jun-2016

66.8 75.3 78.6 81.8 55.4

Jul-2016

66.7 75.3 79.8 81.8 55.2

Aug-2016

66.8 74.8 79.1 81.7 55.1

Sep-2016

66.7 75.4 78.9 81.6 55.1

Oct-2016

66.8 75.6 79.0 81.5 55.0

Nov-2016

67.0 75.6 79.0 81.4 55.0

Dec-2016

67.3 75.7 79.0 81.5 55.0

Jan-2017

67.8 75.8 79.2 81.5 54.8

Feb-2017

67.4 75.9 78.9 81.7 54.9

Mar-2017

67.4 75.9 79.0 81.7 55.0

Apr-2017

67.5 75.9 79.0 81.7 54.9

May-2017

67.4 75.8 79.3 81.9 54.8

Jun-2017

67.5 75.7 79.4 82.0 54.9

Jul-2017

67.4 75.9 78.6 82.3 54.9

Aug-2017

67.5 75.9 79.8 82.4 55.0

Sep-2017

67.2 75.8 80.0 82.6 55.1

Oct-2017

67.5 75.7 80.0 82.8 55.3

Nov-2017

67.4 75.9 80.4 83.1 55.4

Dec-2017

67.6 76.1 80.7 83.4 55.6

Jan-2018

67.7 76.3 80.9 83.6 55.5

Feb-2018

67.9 76.6 81.3 83.8 55.6

Mar-2018

68.2 76.9 81.6 84.1 55.8

Apr-2018

68.0 77.0 81.8 84.4 55.9

May-2018

68.2 76.8 81.7 84.8 56.1

Jun-2018

68.3 77.0 82.2 85.1 56.1

Jul-2018

68.2 77.0 82.4 85.3 56.3

Aug-2018

68.0 77.0 82.7 85.5 56.3

Sep-2018

68.1 77.6 83.0 85.7 56.4

Oct-2018

68.1 77.5 83.5 85.7 56.5

Nov-2018

68.0 77.6 83.7 85.8 56.6

Dec-2018

67.7 77.9 83.8 86.0 56.8

Jan-2019

67.9 78.8 84.0 86.2 56.9

Feb-2019

68.0 77.7 84.2 86.2 57.0

Mar-2019

67.8 77.6 83.9 86.2 57.0

Apr-2019

67.9 77.7 83.9 86.1 57.1

May-2019

67.7 77.7 84.0 86.1 57.2

Jun-2019

67.7 77.9 84.1 86.2 57.3

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Employment in nondurable goods manufacturing remained relatively flat from June 1979 to January 1990, largely because of offsetting movements in apparel and textile products and in printing and publishing. (See chart 4.) Apparel and textile products suffered the largest employment loss (about 423,000 jobs) of nondurable goods manufacturing industries, while printing and publishing added the most jobs (about 328,000) during the time period. The job losses in apparel and textile products continued from January 1990 until June 2019, with the industry cutting 1.4 million jobs, or 55 percent of all job losses in nondurable goods. Printing and publishing continued to add jobs until reaching an employment peak of 1.9 million in August 2000. By June 2019, employment in printing and publishing was down 36 percent from the August 2000 peak. Of all the manufacturing component industries, food manufacturing was the only industry to add jobs from January 1990 to June 2019. (See table 2.)

In relative terms, apparel and textile industries lost an astonishing 81 percent of jobs from June 1979 to June 2019.9 (See chart 4.) In contrast, food manufacturing employment rose by about 8 percent and represented the only manufacturing component industry to add jobs. Both printing and publishing (-12 percent) and plastics and rubber (-4 percent) experienced smaller job losses over the 40-year span.

View Chart Data

Chart 4. Employment in nondurable goods manufacturing, June 1979–June 2019, indexed to January 1990, seasonally adjusted, in thousands
Month and year Apparel and textile industries Food manufacturing Paper and paper products Printing and publishing Petroleum Chemicals Plastics and rubber

Jun-1979

123.9 100.9 100.6 79.0 134.0 102.8 93.5

Jul-1979

124.0 100.3 100.7 79.4 134.6 102.6 94.2

Aug-1979

122.7 100.5 100.7 79.3 134.6 102.5 93.2

Sep-1979

121.6 100.6 100.4 79.2 135.3 102.3 91.9

Oct-1979

122.2 101.0 100.6 79.7 135.3 102.7 91.9

Nov-1979

121.9 100.8 100.3 80.0 135.9 102.8 91.4

Dec-1979

121.7 101.0 100.3 79.9 135.9 102.8 90.9

Jan-1980

122.0 101.1 99.9 80.4 136.5 103.0 90.9

Feb-1980

122.1 101.0 100.1 80.4 102.6 102.8 90.9

Mar-1980

122.4 100.4 100.0 80.4 99.4 102.9 91.0

Apr-1980

121.3 99.6 99.6 80.2 111.5 103.1 89.3

May-1980

119.8 99.5 98.9 80.1 130.1 102.7 85.7

Jun-1980

118.2 98.8 98.0 80.0 132.1 102.1 83.2

Jul-1980

116.9 98.7 96.7 79.9 134.0 101.4 81.6

Aug-1980

118.1 100.3 97.4 79.8 134.6 101.2 82.4

Sep-1980

117.4 99.8 97.4 79.8 134.6 101.5 83.4

Oct-1980

117.4 99.2 97.6 79.9 135.3 101.7 84.8

Nov-1980

117.4 98.9 97.4 80.1 135.9 101.8 85.7

Dec-1980

117.3 98.9 97.6 80.3 135.9 101.9 86.1

Jan-1981

116.7 99.0 97.7 80.3 137.8 102.2 86.6

Feb-1981

116.7 98.9 98.0 80.4 137.2 102.2 86.8

Mar-1981

117.1 98.6 97.8 80.4 137.8 102.2 86.8

Apr-1981

117.3 98.2 98.0 80.6 137.8 102.3 87.1

May-1981

117.4 97.8 98.1 80.7 138.5 102.5 87.4

Jun-1981

117.7 96.6 98.1 80.9 137.8 102.8 87.7

Jul-1981

118.0 96.5 98.1 81.3 137.8 102.5 87.8

Aug-1981

117.4 96.3 98.3 81.3 137.2 102.3 88.1

Sep-1981

117.4 96.4 98.6 81.5 136.5 102.4 88.4

Oct-1981

115.9 96.6 97.4 81.6 136.5 102.3 87.1

Nov-1981

115.3 96.5 97.0 81.6 135.9 102.0 86.6

Dec-1981

114.1 96.5 96.4 81.7 135.3 101.8 85.8

Jan-1982

111.6 96.2 96.0 81.6 131.4 101.6 85.3

Feb-1982

112.0 96.5 95.5 81.7 130.1 101.3 84.7

Mar-1982

110.3 96.4 95.4 81.7 129.5 100.9 83.4

Apr-1982

109.9 94.7 95.0 81.4 128.2 100.3 83.4

May-1982

108.9 94.9 94.4 81.4 128.2 99.9 83.0

Jun-1982

107.8 93.9 94.0 81.2 127.6 99.4 82.5

Jul-1982

105.5 94.5 93.7 81.2 127.6 98.6 81.7

Aug-1982

106.2 94.8 93.2 81.2 127.6 98.6 81.5

Sep-1982

106.2 95.0 93.7 81.3 129.5 98.1 81.8

Oct-1982

105.9 95.4 93.0 81.3 128.8 97.6 80.6

Nov-1982

105.3 94.6 93.2 81.1 128.2 97.3 80.0

Dec-1982

105.1 94.3 93.0 81.4 127.6 96.8 80.0

Jan-1983

105.1 94.4 93.0 81.6 127.6 96.7 80.1

Feb-1983

105.3 94.2 92.8 81.6 127.6 96.4 80.4

Mar-1983

105.3 94.1 93.0 81.9 126.9 96.4 80.8

Apr-1983

105.8 94.1 93.4 82.2 126.9 96.4 81.6

May-1983

106.5 94.1 93.5 82.5 125.6 96.3 82.4

Jun-1983

107.4 94.0 93.5 82.8 125.6 96.2 83.1

Jul-1983

108.1 94.0 93.8 83.0 125.0 96.0 84.1

Aug-1983

108.4 93.5 94.1 83.4 125.0 95.9 85.0

Sep-1983

109.0 94.2 94.5 83.7 125.0 95.9 86.2

Oct-1983

109.6 94.4 95.0 84.2 123.7 96.0 86.8

Nov-1983

110.1 94.6 95.3 84.6 123.1 96.0 87.6

Dec-1983

110.1 94.4 95.7 85.1 123.1 96.0 88.4

Jan-1984

110.1 95.2 96.0 85.5 122.4 96.1 89.3

Feb-1984

110.8 94.9 96.4 86.0 122.4 96.2 89.8

Mar-1984

111.3 94.7 96.6 86.4 122.4 96.1 90.5

Apr-1984

111.3 94.9 96.7 87.0 121.8 96.4 91.1

May-1984

110.8 94.6 96.7 87.5 121.2 96.6 91.8

Jun-1984

110.1 94.1 97.1 88.0 121.2 96.9 92.1

Jul-1984

109.3 95.1 97.3 88.3 121.2 97.0 92.4

Aug-1984

108.8 94.1 97.4 88.7 120.5 97.2 92.6

Sep-1984

107.6 93.8 96.7 89.2 120.5 97.0 92.7

Oct-1984

106.8 94.3 97.1 89.5 120.5 97.1 92.9

Nov-1984

106.1 94.1 97.0 89.8 120.5 97.3 93.2

Dec-1984

105.8 94.5 97.0 90.0 119.2 97.4 93.3

Jan-1985

105.1 94.5 97.0 90.4 119.2 97.2 93.0

Feb-1985

104.6 94.3 96.8 90.6 118.6 97.2 93.0

Mar-1985

103.8 94.3 96.8 90.9 117.3 97.1 92.8

Apr-1985

103.5 93.8 96.7 90.9 117.3 97.0 92.4

May-1985

102.7 93.6 96.7 91.0 116.0 96.6 92.2

Jun-1985

102.0 93.6 96.6 91.2 116.0 96.4 92.0

Jul-1985

102.3 93.3 96.4 91.4 115.4 96.1 91.6

Aug-1985

102.0 93.7 96.3 91.6 114.7 95.9 92.3

Sep-1985

102.3 93.7 95.8 91.4 110.9 95.8 92.2

Oct-1985

102.2 93.7 95.8 91.6 111.5 95.6 92.2

Nov-1985

102.2 93.4 96.3 91.9 111.5 95.2 92.2

Dec-1985

102.5 94.1 95.8 92.0 111.5 95.1 92.3

Jan-1986

102.4 94.3 95.8 92.1 110.9 94.9 92.7

Feb-1986

102.2 94.7 95.7 92.3 110.9 94.8 92.6

Mar-1986

101.9 94.6 95.7 92.3 110.9 94.6 92.6

Apr-1986

101.9 94.4 95.7 92.5 110.3 94.5 92.6

May-1986

101.8 94.6 95.7 92.7 109.6 94.1 92.4

Jun-1986

101.6 94.5 95.8 93.0 108.3 94.2 92.6

Jul-1986

101.4 94.0 95.5 93.3 108.3 94.1 92.1

Aug-1986

101.5 93.8 95.4 93.5 107.7 93.9 92.7

Sep-1986

101.6 94.4 95.8 93.7 106.4 94.0 93.2

Oct-1986

101.6 94.7 96.3 94.0 105.8 93.8 93.3

Nov-1986

101.5 95.1 96.3 94.2 105.8 93.8 93.6

Dec-1986

102.0 95.5 96.4 94.3 104.5 93.5 93.8

Jan-1987

101.8 95.1 96.3 94.6 105.8 93.6 94.4

Feb-1987

101.8 95.3 96.3 94.9 105.8 93.6 94.7

Mar-1987

101.9 95.6 96.3 95.1 105.8 93.5 95.0

Apr-1987

102.1 95.8 96.6 95.5 105.8 93.7 95.0

May-1987

102.4 95.4 96.6 95.8 105.1 93.9 94.8

Jun-1987

102.8 95.1 96.6 96.0 105.1 93.4 94.5

Jul-1987

103.9 95.7 96.4 96.4 104.5 94.6 94.7

Aug-1987

103.0 95.6 97.0 96.5 104.5 94.8 94.9

Sep-1987

103.5 95.5 97.4 96.8 104.5 95.1 95.0

Oct-1987

103.7 95.6 97.4 97.1 104.5 95.6 95.5

Nov-1987

104.0 96.3 97.7 97.4 104.5 96.0 95.8

Dec-1987

103.7 96.4 97.7 97.5 104.5 96.4 96.2

Jan-1988

103.6 96.7 98.1 98.0 104.5 96.4 96.0

Feb-1988

103.6 96.9 98.3 98.2 103.8 96.6 96.0

Mar-1988

103.6 96.9 98.4 98.5 103.2 97.0 96.2

Apr-1988

103.1 96.6 98.6 98.6 102.6 97.2 96.7

May-1988

103.0 96.6 98.9 98.7 103.2 97.4 97.4

Jun-1988

102.7 96.3 99.1 98.7 102.6 97.7 97.9

Jul-1988

102.1 95.5 99.0 98.8 102.6 97.9 98.5

Aug-1988

101.4 95.8 99.1 98.8 101.9 98.0 98.2

Sep-1988

101.6 95.8 99.3 98.9 101.9 98.0 98.0

Oct-1988

101.4 96.7 99.6 99.0 101.9 98.1 98.8

Nov-1988

101.5 97.3 99.6 99.1 101.3 98.1 99.2

Dec-1988

101.6 97.3 99.7 99.2 100.6 97.9 99.8

Jan-1989

101.8 97.5 99.7 99.3 100.6 98.3 100.0

Feb-1989

102.0 97.6 99.7 99.3 100.0 98.3 100.5

Mar-1989

102.3 97.8 100.0 99.4 100.0 98.5 100.8

Apr-1989

102.0 97.8 99.9 99.4 100.0 98.7 100.5

May-1989

101.9 97.8 100.0 99.4 100.0 99.2 100.5

Jun-1989

101.6 97.8 100.0 99.6 100.0 99.2 100.2

Jul-1989

101.4 98.3 100.1 99.6 100.0 99.0 100.1

Aug-1989

101.2 98.4 100.3 99.6 100.0 99.4 100.1

Sep-1989

100.8 99.0 100.0 99.5 100.0 99.3 99.9

Oct-1989

100.7 99.3 99.9 99.6 100.0 99.4 100.0

Nov-1989

100.5 99.6 100.0 99.8 100.0 99.6 100.1

Dec-1989

100.3 99.5 100.1 99.9 100.0 99.8 100.0

Jan-1990

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Jan-1990

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Feb-1990

98.9 99.6 100.2 100.3 100.2 100.1 100.1

Mar-1990

98.4 99.6 100.2 100.5 100.3 100.5 100.5

Apr-1990

98.0 99.8 100.3 100.6 100.1 100.3 100.8

May-1990

97.2 99.6 100.2 100.8 100.2 100.4 100.5

Jun-1990

96.7 99.6 100.3 101.0 100.5 100.3 100.8

Jul-1990

95.7 99.6 100.2 101.0 100.8 100.4 100.4

Aug-1990

96.1 99.5 100.0 101.0 100.9 100.0 100.2

Sep-1990

95.7 100.1 99.8 101.0 100.9 99.9 100.3

Oct-1990

95.3 100.3 99.7 101.0 101.1 99.6 100.1

Nov-1990

94.5 100.5 99.5 100.9 101.4 99.4 99.1

Dec-1990

94.2 100.5 99.3 100.7 101.5 99.4 98.7

Jan-1991

94.4 100.5 99.3 100.6 101.0 99.2 98.3

Feb-1991

93.5 100.6 99.2 100.3 100.9 99.0 97.9

Mar-1991

93.5 100.5 99.0 100.2 100.9 98.9 97.0

Apr-1991

93.0 100.1 98.7 99.9 101.4 98.7 96.5

May-1991

93.1 100.1 98.4 99.6 101.3 98.7 96.7

Jun-1991

93.4 100.6 98.4 99.3 102.1 98.7 96.7

Jul-1991

93.6 99.5 98.3 99.1 102.4 98.7 96.8

Aug-1991

93.9 100.8 98.5 98.8 102.6 98.9 97.0

Sep-1991

93.8 100.9 98.4 98.8 102.7 99.0 97.5

Oct-1991

94.6 100.5 98.5 98.6 102.6 99.1 97.8

Nov-1991

94.6 100.5 98.5 98.5 102.7 99.2 98.0

Dec-1991

94.8 100.4 98.5 98.3 102.7 98.9 97.9

Jan-1992

94.5 100.2 98.5 98.1 102.4 99.2 97.9

Feb-1992

94.5 99.9 98.1 97.7 102.5 99.3 98.0

Mar-1992

94.4 99.9 98.4 97.8 102.2 99.3 98.2

Apr-1992

94.4 100.6 98.7 97.9 101.8 99.5 98.6

May-1992

94.3 100.6 98.9 98.0 101.4 99.5 98.9

Jun-1992

94.2 100.8 98.9 98.1 100.7 99.6 99.3

Jul-1992

94.3 101.7 98.9 98.1 99.9 99.4 99.5

Aug-1992

93.8 100.6 99.0 97.9 99.3 99.5 99.8

Sep-1992

93.6 100.7 99.4 98.1 98.7 99.3 99.9

Oct-1992

93.6 101.0 99.2 98.2 98.3 99.3 100.2

Nov-1992

93.7 101.0 99.2 98.2 97.8 99.3 100.4

Dec-1992

93.8 101.1 99.2 98.4 97.6 99.3 100.8

Jan-1993

93.8 101.5 99.1 98.5 97.6 99.3 101.2

Feb-1993

94.0 101.5 99.0 98.8 97.7 99.2 101.6

Mar-1993

93.8 101.5 99.1 98.9 96.8 99.2 102.1

Apr-1993

93.7 101.5 99.0 99.1 96.6 99.0 102.3

May-1993

93.7 101.6 99.1 99.4 96.4 99.2 102.6

Jun-1993

93.3 101.6 99.0 99.4 96.2 99.0 102.8

Jul-1993

92.8 101.8 99.0 99.5 95.8 99.2 103.2

Aug-1993

92.6 102.0 98.8 99.7 95.5 98.9 103.3

Sep-1993

92.6 102.0 99.0 99.8 95.6 98.9 103.5

Oct-1993

92.3 102.2 98.5 100.0 95.3 98.6 103.5

Nov-1993

92.2 102.1 98.5 100.1 96.1 98.5 104.2

Dec-1993

92.0 102.1 98.5 100.2 94.8 98.4 104.7

Jan-1994

92.0 101.9 98.6 100.6 94.9 98.1 105.2

Feb-1994

91.8 101.8 98.7 100.8 94.3 97.9 105.6

Mar-1994

91.8 101.8 98.7 101.0 94.2 97.7 106.2

Apr-1994

91.9 101.8 98.6 101.1 94.3 97.5 106.8

May-1994

92.0 101.8 98.6 101.3 94.5 97.3 107.3

Jun-1994

92.1 102.1 98.7 101.3 94.3 97.2 107.9

Jul-1994

92.2 102.2 98.9 101.6 94.5 97.0 108.2

Aug-1994

92.4 102.3 98.9 101.8 95.3 96.8 108.4

Sep-1994

92.4 102.4 98.7 102.0 95.3 96.5 108.8

Oct-1994

92.6 102.1 99.0 102.2 95.4 96.2 109.4

Nov-1994

92.4 102.5 99.2 102.1 95.1 96.0 110.0

Dec-1994

92.4 102.6 99.1 102.8 95.3 95.9 110.4

Jan-1995

92.3 103.1 99.1 102.9 94.0 96.0 111.3

Feb-1995

91.8 102.6 99.1 103.2 94.1 95.8 111.3

Mar-1995

91.3 102.5 99.1 103.3 94.1 95.6 111.2

Apr-1995

91.1 102.8 99.2 103.4 93.6 95.4 111.2

May-1995

90.3 102.9 99.1 103.5 93.3 95.4 111.2

Jun-1995

89.5 104.0 99.0 103.7 92.8 95.3 110.9

Jul-1995

88.7 103.6 99.0 103.8 92.3 95.2 110.4

Aug-1995

88.3 103.8 99.1 103.8 91.6 95.2 110.6

Sep-1995

87.8 104.2 98.7 103.9 91.2 95.2 110.7

Oct-1995

86.8 104.1 98.5 103.8 91.4 95.2 110.8

Nov-1995

86.2 104.1 98.2 104.2 90.5 95.2 110.8

Dec-1995

85.5 104.0 98.1 104.2 90.5 95.0 110.8

Jan-1996

84.7 103.9 98.0 104.1 91.0 95.2 110.5

Feb-1996

85.0 104.1 97.8 104.2 91.1 95.1 110.5

Mar-1996

84.2 104.1 97.6 104.4 90.8 95.3 110.6

Apr-1996

83.7 103.7 97.2 104.2 90.4 95.1 110.7

May-1996

83.5 103.6 97.4 104.2 90.4 95.1 111.0

Jun-1996

83.2 103.2 97.4 104.2 90.7 95.0 111.4

Jul-1996

83.0 103.2 97.3 104.4 90.7 95.1 111.7

Aug-1996

82.7 103.4 97.4 104.7 90.6 95.2 112.1

Sep-1996

82.4 103.2 97.5 104.8 90.3 95.0 112.1

Oct-1996

82.4 103.4 97.5 105.1 89.7 94.9 112.2

Nov-1996

82.1 103.3 97.7 105.2 89.9 94.9 112.6

Dec-1996

81.9 103.3 97.8 105.2 89.2 94.9 112.4

Jan-1997

81.7 103.4 97.7 105.3 89.3 95.0 112.4

Feb-1997

81.7 103.3 97.7 105.5 89.1 94.9 112.6

Mar-1997

81.3 103.4 97.7 105.8 88.9 95.1 112.8

Apr-1997

81.0 103.3 97.6 106.2 89.0 95.1 112.9

May-1997

80.7 103.2 97.5 106.5 89.3 95.2 113.0

Jun-1997

80.4 103.2 97.4 106.8 89.0 95.3 113.1

Jul-1997

79.8 103.1 97.4 106.7 89.3 95.1 112.9

Aug-1997

79.9 103.1 97.3 106.8 89.8 95.3 113.4

Sep-1997

79.5 103.2 97.2 107.0 89.9 95.5 113.5

Oct-1997

79.4 103.2 97.3 107.2 89.9 95.7 113.8

Nov-1997

79.2 103.3 97.4 107.3 90.0 95.7 113.9

Dec-1997

79.0 103.3 97.2 107.7 90.2 95.7 114.1

Jan-1998

78.7 103.1 97.4 108.0 89.3 95.7 114.5

Feb-1998

78.3 103.1 97.2 108.1 89.1 95.8 114.5

Mar-1998

77.8 103.0 97.2 108.2 89.4 95.8 115.1

Apr-1998

77.3 103.2 97.0 108.5 89.6 95.9 114.6

May-1998

76.8 103.1 96.8 108.6 89.2 95.9 114.4

Jun-1998

76.3 103.2 96.6 108.8 89.5 96.0 114.3

Jul-1998

75.6 103.3 96.4 108.9 88.3 96.1 113.8

Aug-1998

75.2 103.2 96.5 108.8 88.0 96.1 114.0

Sep-1998

75.0 103.3 96.3 108.7 88.0 96.0 114.2

Oct-1998

74.1 102.9 96.1 108.8 87.6 95.8 113.9

Nov-1998

73.4 103.0 95.8 108.8 87.4 95.7 113.9

Dec-1998

73.1 103.0 95.7 108.7 87.4 95.5 114.0

Jan-1999

72.7 103.0 95.6 109.0 86.6 95.3 114.4

Feb-1999

71.7 102.9 95.6 109.0 86.4 95.3 114.2

Mar-1999

71.0 102.7 95.5 109.0 85.6 95.0 114.3

Apr-1999

70.5 102.4 95.5 108.9 84.7 94.8 114.6

May-1999

70.0 102.4 95.7 108.9 84.2 94.9 114.8

Jun-1999

69.5 102.3 95.4 109.0 83.7 94.8 114.1

Jul-1999

68.9 102.4 95.5 108.9 84.1 94.6 114.9

Aug-1999

68.6 102.4 95.1 109.2 83.5 94.7 115.2

Sep-1999

68.1 102.7 95.0 109.3 83.1 94.7 115.1

Oct-1999

67.7 103.1 94.3 109.4 82.8 94.8 115.5

Nov-1999

67.4 103.5 94.2 109.4 82.4 95.0 115.9

Dec-1999

67.0 103.6 94.3 109.3 81.9 94.7 116.1

Jan-2000

66.4 103.5 94.1 109.4 80.9 95.1 116.2

Feb-2000

66.3 103.2 94.1 109.7 80.1 95.1 116.4

Mar-2000

66.2 103.1 94.1 109.9 82.4 95.0 116.2

Apr-2000

65.8 103.4 93.8 110.4 82.2 95.0 116.2

May-2000

65.3 103.1 93.6 110.2 82.0 94.8 115.9

Jun-2000

65.0 102.3 93.5 110.6 82.0 94.7 116.0

Jul-2000

64.8 103.3 93.5 111.0 81.2 94.3 115.6

Aug-2000

64.4 103.0 93.2 111.0 81.0 94.4 115.1

Sep-2000

63.9 102.7 93.1 110.9 80.8 94.5 114.8

Oct-2000

63.5 102.7 93.1 110.8 80.0 94.5 114.4

Nov-2000

63.0 102.4 92.7 110.8 80.2 94.3 114.2

Dec-2000

62.6 103.0 92.7 110.7 80.3 94.2 113.9

Jan-2001

62.1 103.0 92.5 110.6 79.9 94.3 113.2

Feb-2001

61.0 103.2 91.8 110.3 79.8 93.9 112.4

Mar-2001

60.6 103.3 91.3 110.0 79.4 93.8 111.6

Apr-2001

59.7 103.3 90.7 109.3 80.3 93.4 110.7

May-2001

58.8 103.2 90.1 108.7 79.9 93.0 110.1

Jun-2001

57.9 103.3 89.6 107.7 79.7 92.6 109.1

Jul-2001

57.2 102.8 88.9 106.8 79.8 92.4 108.7

Aug-2001

55.5 102.4 88.2 106.2 79.7 92.1 107.7

Sep-2001

54.9 102.3 87.6 105.7 79.6 91.8 106.8

Oct-2001

54.0 102.3 87.3 104.9 80.1 91.5 106.0

Nov-2001

52.9 102.3 87.0 104.0 79.4 91.3 105.0

Dec-2001

52.6 102.0 86.5 103.6 79.1 90.8 104.3

Jan-2002

52.0 102.1 86.1 103.1 79.9 90.4 104.0

Feb-2002

51.4 101.9 85.6 102.3 78.0 90.4 103.4

Mar-2002

51.1 101.8 85.4 101.5 77.8 90.0 103.6

Apr-2002

50.7 101.6 85.2 101.1 77.7 89.8 103.4

May-2002

50.5 101.2 85.0 100.5 77.4 89.6 103.1

Jun-2002

50.4 101.2 84.7 100.1 77.2 89.6 103.0

Jul-2002

50.3 100.7 84.4 100.0 77.3 89.3 103.7

Aug-2002

49.8 100.1 84.3 99.5 77.2 89.1 102.6

Sep-2002

49.5 100.3 84.0 99.2 77.5 89.4 102.2

Oct-2002

49.1 100.6 83.4 99.0 77.1 89.0 101.8

Nov-2002

48.7 100.8 83.1 98.5 77.2 88.9 101.4

Dec-2002

48.2 100.8 82.6 97.9 77.2 89.0 100.8

Jan-2003

47.6 101.3 82.0 97.7 77.4 89.2 100.9

Feb-2003

47.2 100.9 81.6 97.5 77.1 88.8 100.6

Mar-2003

46.7 100.7 81.1 97.3 76.8 88.5 100.3

Apr-2003

46.0 100.4 80.7 96.9 75.9 88.1 99.5

May-2003

45.5 100.4 80.4 96.7 75.8 87.9 99.2

Jun-2003

45.0 100.4 80.0 96.3 75.4 87.5 98.6

Jul-2003

43.8 100.4 79.2 96.0 75.1 87.4 98.2

Aug-2003

43.3 100.8 79.0 95.9 74.5 87.1 98.0

Sep-2003

43.0 101.0 78.8 95.6 74.0 86.6 97.8

Oct-2003

42.9 100.8 78.5 95.4 73.9 86.4 97.7

Nov-2003

42.7 100.1 78.3 95.2 73.7 86.2 97.4

Dec-2003

42.3 100.0 78.0 95.1 73.6 86.1 97.6

Jan-2004

42.2 99.4 77.6 95.0 74.3 85.9 97.5

Feb-2004

42.0 99.4 77.1 94.6 73.7 86.0 97.4

Mar-2004

42.2 99.2 77.1 94.5 73.8 85.9 97.5

Apr-2004

42.1 99.5 76.9 94.5 73.2 86.0 97.6

May-2004

42.1 99.5 76.6 94.6 73.3 86.0 97.9

Jun-2004

41.7 98.9 76.3 94.7 73.6 85.9 97.9

Jul-2004

41.4 99.2 76.4 94.3 73.1 85.7 97.9

Aug-2004

41.2 98.9 76.6 94.2 73.2 85.5 97.7

Sep-2004

41.1 98.9 76.4 93.9 73.3 85.5 97.8

Oct-2004

40.7 98.9 76.3 93.8 73.3 85.4 97.7

Nov-2004

40.3 98.4 75.9 93.7 73.5 85.2 97.7

Dec-2004

40.1 98.3 75.8 93.5 73.3 85.0 97.5

Jan-2005

39.7 98.2 75.6 93.2 73.8 84.6 97.2

Feb-2005

39.4 98.2 75.7 93.3 73.9 84.6 97.0

Mar-2005

39.2 98.4 75.8 93.2 73.5 84.8 97.5

Apr-2005

39.0 98.0 75.4 93.1 74.5 84.7 97.2

May-2005

38.8 98.1 75.1 92.9 74.6 84.5 97.1

Jun-2005

38.4 98.0 74.9 93.0 73.9 84.3 97.0

Jul-2005

38.1 98.5 74.8 93.1 74.1 84.2 97.2

Aug-2005

37.9 97.9 74.7 92.9 73.9 83.9 97.3

Sep-2005

37.6 97.3 74.4 93.0 73.5 84.0 97.6

Oct-2005

37.3 97.4 74.0 92.8 73.5 83.8 97.6

Nov-2005

37.0 97.7 73.9 92.7 73.3 83.7 97.7

Dec-2005

36.8 97.9 73.6 92.5 73.1 83.7 97.7

Jan-2006

36.8 97.9 73.6 92.3 72.4 83.9 97.6

Feb-2006

36.6 97.9 73.7 92.4 73.3 83.5 97.6

Mar-2006

36.2 98.0 73.5 92.5 73.5 83.6 97.5

Apr-2006

35.9 98.3 73.0 92.5 73.9 83.5 97.1

May-2006

35.6 98.0 73.0 92.2 73.9 83.4 96.3

Jun-2006

35.4 98.2 72.8 92.1 74.5 83.5 96.3

Jul-2006

35.3 98.3 72.8 92.0 75.1 83.7 95.8

Aug-2006

34.9 98.0 72.3 92.1 75.4 84.0 95.2

Sep-2006

34.5 98.4 72.2 91.7 75.5 83.7 94.5

Oct-2006

34.2 98.1 71.9 91.8 75.5 83.7 92.5

Nov-2006

33.9 98.3 71.9 92.1 75.5 83.7 92.3

Dec-2006

33.8 97.5 71.8 92.0 75.6 83.5 91.7

Jan-2007

33.5 98.1 71.9 92.0 75.9 83.5 93.2

Feb-2007

33.2 98.0 71.7 92.1 75.5 83.5 92.8

Mar-2007

33.0 98.2 71.4 91.9 75.7 83.3 92.5

Apr-2007

32.7 98.1 71.3 91.6 75.6 83.1 92.5

May-2007

32.4 98.3 71.1 91.6 76.5 83.1 92.4

Jun-2007

32.2 98.7 70.9 91.5 75.6 83.2 92.0

Jul-2007

32.0 99.2 70.6 91.4 74.3 83.1 91.6

Aug-2007

31.6 98.4 70.3 91.0 74.7 83.3 91.4

Sep-2007

31.4 97.8 70.2 90.8 74.9 83.3 91.1

Oct-2007

31.3 98.4 70.2 90.9 75.0 82.8 91.1

Nov-2007

31.3 98.4 69.9 90.8 75.2 82.7 90.9

Dec-2007

31.1 98.9 70.1 90.5 75.4 82.8 91.1

Jan-2008

30.9 98.9 69.9 90.7 76.2 82.7 90.9

Feb-2008

30.7 99.0 69.6 90.3 76.6 82.7 90.9

Mar-2008

30.6 98.7 69.6 90.0 76.8 82.5 90.7

Apr-2008

30.3 98.4 69.7 89.9 76.5 82.5 90.4

May-2008

30.0 98.2 69.6 89.4 77.2 82.4 90.0

Jun-2008

29.6 97.9 69.3 88.9 77.4 82.2 89.7

Jul-2008

29.4 97.6 69.1 88.4 78.0 81.9 89.2

Aug-2008

29.5 97.7 68.6 88.0 77.8 81.6 88.4

Sep-2008

29.2 97.6 68.0 87.5 77.7 81.2 87.6

Oct-2008

28.7 97.8 67.7 86.9 77.6 80.9 86.3

Nov-2008

28.0 98.4 67.2 86.0 77.3 80.6 84.5

Dec-2008

27.4 97.5 66.8 85.1 77.3 80.0 82.9

Jan-2009

26.6 97.2 65.7 83.8 76.8 79.6 80.8

Feb-2009

26.2 96.7 64.6 82.7 76.6 79.1 79.6

Mar-2009

25.6 96.2 64.1 81.7 76.2 78.6 78.0

Apr-2009

25.1 96.6 63.5 80.7 76.0 78.2 76.8

May-2009

24.9 96.5 62.9 79.7 76.2 77.9 75.6

Jun-2009

24.4 96.4 62.7 78.9 76.2 77.6 74.9

Jul-2009

24.3 96.3 62.4 78.1 76.2 77.2 74.1

Aug-2009

24.3 96.6 62.1 77.4 76.4 76.7 73.9

Sep-2009

24.2 96.7 62.1 77.2 76.2 76.6 73.9

Oct-2009

23.9 96.6 61.7 76.5 75.6 76.7 73.7

Nov-2009

23.8 96.5 61.5 76.2 75.7 77.0 74.1

Dec-2009

23.8 96.3 61.3 76.0 73.4 76.7 74.2

Jan-2010

23.8 96.0 61.3 75.8 74.7 76.5 74.7

Feb-2010

23.7 95.9 61.4 75.5 74.7 76.2 74.7

Mar-2010

23.5 95.9 61.0 75.2 74.4 75.9 74.9

Apr-2010

23.5 96.0 61.2 75.1 75.3 75.9 75.6

May-2010

23.5 96.3 61.3 75.1 74.9 76.1 75.9

Jun-2010

23.5 96.4 61.1 75.0 75.4 75.9 76.1

Jul-2010

23.5 96.7 60.9 74.8 75.4 75.9 76.5

Aug-2010

23.3 96.4 60.8 74.7 75.3 75.8 76.4

Sep-2010

23.2 96.2 60.7 74.3 75.3 75.8 76.3

Oct-2010

23.2 95.7 60.8 74.2 75.2 75.7 76.5

Nov-2010

23.1 96.4 60.6 74.2 74.9 75.6 76.5

Dec-2010

23.2 96.4 60.5 73.8 74.1 75.7 76.5

Jan-2011

23.2 96.9 60.4 73.6 71.8 75.4 77.1

Feb-2011

23.2 96.9 60.4 73.7 73.3 75.5 76.9

Mar-2011

23.2 96.9 60.3 73.6 73.5 75.7 77.0

Apr-2011

23.3 97.1 60.2 73.5 73.5 75.8 76.8

May-2011

23.3 96.9 59.8 73.3 73.9 75.6 77.0

Jun-2011

23.2 96.6 59.8 73.2 73.9 75.6 76.8

Jul-2011

23.2 97.0 59.7 73.1 73.8 75.7 77.0

Aug-2011

23.2 96.6 59.8 73.3 73.3 75.9 77.2

Sep-2011

23.1 96.5 59.7 73.0 73.7 76.0 77.4

Oct-2011

23.0 96.8 59.4 72.9 74.2 75.8 77.2

Nov-2011

22.9 96.4 59.3 72.6 74.3 75.4 77.4

Dec-2011

22.7 96.1 59.2 72.6 74.3 75.5 77.5

Jan-2012

22.7 96.5 59.0 72.4 74.0 75.6 77.5

Feb-2012

22.8 96.6 58.6 72.4 74.3 75.5 77.6

Mar-2012

22.8 96.9 59.0 72.2 74.1 75.7 78.0

Apr-2012

22.9 97.1 58.8 72.3 74.7 75.5 78.0

May-2012

22.9 97.3 58.8 72.3 73.7 75.4 77.9

Jun-2012

22.7 97.4 58.8 72.1 72.9 75.5 78.4

Jul-2012

22.7 97.7 58.7 72.1 72.9 75.5 78.5

Aug-2012

22.6 98.0 58.5 72.1 72.9 75.6 78.8

Sep-2012

22.7 98.2 58.6 71.9 73.2 75.9 78.8

Oct-2012

22.6 98.3 58.7 71.9 74.0 76.0 78.9

Nov-2012

22.5 97.7 58.6 71.5 73.8 75.9 78.9

Dec-2012

22.6 97.0 58.6 71.3 74.0 75.9 78.9

Jan-2013

22.6 97.3 58.7 71.4 74.9 76.2 79.2

Feb-2013

22.6 97.4 58.7 71.4 73.8 76.5 79.4

Mar-2013

22.4 97.5 58.6 71.4 73.5 76.5 79.5

Apr-2013

22.2 97.5 58.5 71.3 73.2 76.6 79.7

May-2013

22.3 97.5 58.4 71.2 72.5 76.7 79.9

Jun-2013

22.3 97.5 58.5 71.0 72.4 76.5 79.9

Jul-2013

22.2 97.4 58.5 71.0 72.3 76.7 80.2

Aug-2013

22.3 97.5 58.4 70.8 72.2 76.5 80.1

Sep-2013

22.2 97.7 58.2 70.7 72.2 76.4 80.4

Oct-2013

22.3 98.1 58.1 70.8 71.4 76.5 80.6

Nov-2013

22.3 98.4 58.1 70.9 71.5 76.8 80.7

Dec-2013

22.3 98.6 58.1 70.8 71.6 76.7 80.9

Jan-2014

22.2 98.6 58.1 70.8 72.9 76.9 81.1

Feb-2014

22.1 98.7 57.9 70.8 72.8 76.9 81.4

Mar-2014

22.2 98.4 57.7 70.8 72.7 77.1 81.2

Apr-2014

22.1 98.4 57.8 70.9 72.7 77.1 81.4

May-2014

22.0 98.1 57.9 70.8 73.1 77.3 81.4

Jun-2014

21.9 97.7 58.0 70.9 73.9 77.5 81.6

Jul-2014

22.1 97.9 57.7 70.8 73.8 77.5 81.6

Aug-2014

22.1 98.2 57.6 70.8 73.9 77.7 81.8

Sep-2014

22.1 98.5 57.4 70.8 73.8 77.8 81.8

Oct-2014

22.1 98.7 57.5 70.7 74.1 78.1 82.2

Nov-2014

22.1 98.8 57.6 70.8 73.3 78.0 83.2

Dec-2014

22.1 99.1 57.6 70.7 75.2 78.1 82.7

Jan-2015

22.1 99.4 57.4 70.5 75.3 77.8 82.8

Feb-2015

22.0 99.5 57.4 70.6 72.1 77.9 82.9

Mar-2015

21.9 99.8 57.6 70.6 71.4 77.8 83.0

Apr-2015

21.9 99.8 57.5 70.6 73.8 78.0 83.2

May-2015

21.9 99.9 57.5 70.5 74.1 78.0 83.4

Jun-2015

21.9 100.0 57.3 70.5 74.3 78.0 83.5

Jul-2015

21.9 100.3 57.6 70.5 75.2 78.0 83.8

Aug-2015

21.9 100.0 57.6 70.5 74.9 77.9 83.7

Sep-2015

21.8 100.5 57.8 70.5 75.0 77.9 84.0

Oct-2015

21.8 100.9 57.7 70.6 75.0 77.8 84.1

Nov-2015

21.8 101.3 57.8 70.6 75.0 77.9 84.3

Dec-2015

21.8 101.6 57.7 70.7 74.9 78.1 84.4

Jan-2016

21.8 102.0 57.7 70.8 74.3 78.1 84.5

Feb-2016

21.7 102.0 57.6 70.8 73.8 78.2 84.7

Mar-2016

21.6 102.2 57.4 70.7 73.7 78.2 84.9

Apr-2016

21.5 102.3 57.4 70.8 73.9 78.2 85.0

May-2016

21.5 102.3 57.4 70.7 73.9 78.4 85.5

Jun-2016

21.5 103.6 57.5 70.6 73.9 78.3 85.5

Jul-2016

21.3 103.9 57.3 70.6 73.8 78.4 85.6

Aug-2016

21.3 104.0 57.2 70.7 74.2 78.6 85.4

Sep-2016

21.4 103.9 57.0 70.6 74.4 78.5 85.6

Oct-2016

21.3 104.0 57.0 70.4 74.1 78.5 85.6

Nov-2016

21.3 104.0 56.9 70.3 74.4 78.6 85.4

Dec-2016

21.2 104.2 56.9 70.5 74.7 78.5 85.7

Jan-2017

21.1 104.7 57.0 70.5 74.7 78.6 86.0

Feb-2017

21.0 105.5 57.0 70.4 74.3 78.9 86.3

Mar-2017

20.9 105.4 57.0 70.3 75.4 79.1 86.7

Apr-2017

20.7 105.8 57.1 70.2 75.5 79.3 86.6

May-2017

20.7 105.8 56.7 70.0 75.2 79.3 86.5

Jun-2017

20.6 105.7 56.4 70.0 75.6 79.5 86.7

Jul-2017

20.6 105.9 56.4 70.1 75.6 79.7 86.9

Aug-2017

20.5 106.6 56.3 70.1 76.0 79.6 87.3

Sep-2017

20.5 106.6 56.3 69.9 76.0 79.7 87.6

Oct-2017

20.4 106.3 56.3 70.0 76.3 80.3 87.8

Nov-2017

20.4 106.4 56.4 70.0 76.0 80.1 88.0

Dec-2017

20.4 106.7 56.1 69.9 75.2 80.5 88.1

Jan-2018

20.4 106.7 56.2 69.9 75.3 80.4 88.3

Feb-2018

20.4 106.8 56.3 70.0 76.7 80.2 88.3

Mar-2018

20.5 106.9 56.3 70.0 75.3 80.0 88.4

Apr-2018

20.4 106.7 56.4 69.9 75.4 80.3 88.6

May-2018

20.3 107.2 56.4 70.0 75.7 80.4 88.7

Jun-2018

20.2 107.6 56.5 70.1 75.9 80.5 88.7

Jul-2018

20.3 107.7 56.4 70.2 76.2 80.5 88.7

Aug-2018

20.3 107.7 56.6 70.3 76.3 80.9 88.4

Sep-2018

20.2 107.8 56.8 70.4 76.0 80.9 88.7

Oct-2018

20.1 108.0 56.6 70.5 75.9 81.0 88.9

Nov-2018

20.0 108.1 56.6 70.6 75.0 81.5 89.1

Dec-2018

20.0 108.2 56.7 70.6 76.0 81.4 89.3

Jan-2019

20.0 108.3 56.5 70.7 76.0 81.5 89.1

Feb-2019

19.8 108.3 56.5 70.7 76.2 82.2 89.1

Mar-2019

19.9 108.5 56.6 70.8 75.8 81.8 89.1

Apr-2019

20.0 108.5 56.5 70.9 75.8 81.9 89.1

May-2019

19.9 108.5 56.5 71.0 76.2 81.9 89.2

Jun-2019

19.8 108.4 56.4 71.3 75.4 82.0 89.4

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Conclusion

In the 40 years since manufacturing employment peaked, the industry has struggled to regain the prominence it once had. Notable job losses occurred within durable goods manufacturing, especially fabricated metals and machinery, and computer and electrical products. Within nondurable goods manufacturing, apparel and textile industries suffered dramatic jobs losses, while food manufacturing was the only component industry to add jobs. Although there were more recessions (seven) during the 40 years prior to peak employment, compared with the number (five) after the peak, manufacturing employment failed to fully recover from any of the cyclical losses after June 1979 and resulted in a 34-percent net loss over the 40 years following the peak.

This Beyond the Numbers article was prepared by Katelynn Harris, economist, Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Telephone: (202) 691-6219. Email: harris.katelynn@bls.gov

Information in this article will be made available upon request to individuals with sensory impairments. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200. Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339. This article is in the public domain and may be reproduced without permission.

Notes

1 Employment data are from the Current Employment Statistics program of the Bureau of Labor Statistics. https://www.bls.gov/ces

2 Recessions are defined by the National Bureau of Economic Research.

3 Nondurable goods products are able to be used only for a relatively short time (life expectancy of less than 3 years) before deteriorating. Nondurable goods include textiles, food, clothing, petroleum, and chemical products. Durable goods are products with a longer life expectancy. Durable goods include automobiles, home appliances, and furniture.

4 Durable goods employment trough following the 2007–09 recession.

5 NAICS and SIC data must be accessed from two separate databases. NAICS can be found here: https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/dsrv?ce and SIC here: https://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/dsrv?ee

6 Miscellaneous durable goods and miscellaneous nondurable goods have been excluded from analysis because those series could not be reliably reconstructed. 

7 The Great Recession occurred from December 2007 until June 2009 according to the National Bureau of Economic Research.

8 The relative employment over the entire period excludes effects of the employment breaks that resulted from the SIC to NAICS reclassification where some employment may have been reclassified into or out of the series analyzed.

9 The relative employment over the entire period excludes effects of the employment breaks that resulted from the SIC to NAICS reclassification where some employment may have been reclassified into or out of the series analyzed.

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Publish Date: Friday, November 20, 2020

Suggested citation:

Katelynn Harris,   “Forty years of falling manufacturing employment,” Beyond the Numbers, vol. 9, no. 16 (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Nov 2020), https://www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-9/forty-years-of-falling-manufacturing-employment.htm (visited October 25, 2021).

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