Figure 1. Labor force participation rates by certification and licensing status and educational attainment, 2018 annual averages
Education level With a certification or license Without a certification or license

Less than a high school diploma

84.8% 44.4%

High school graduates, no college(1)

88.4 54.3

Some college, no degree

86.7 58.7

Associate degree

88.3 62.8

Bachelor’s degree only

88.5 68.8

Advanced degree(2)

87.3 65.3

(1) Includes people with a high school diploma or equivalent.

(2) Includes people with a master’s, professional, or doctoral degree.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.