U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Highlights of women’s earnings in 2015

November 2016 | Report 1064

In 2015, women who were full-time wage and salary workers had median usual weekly earnings that were 81 percent of those of male full-time wage and salary workers. In 1979, the first year for which comparable earnings data are available, women’s earnings were 62 percent of men’s. Since 2004, the women’s-to-men’s earnings ratio has ranged from 80 to 83 percent. (See chart 1 and tables 1 and 12.)

This report presents earnings data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a national monthly survey of 60,000 eligible households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The weekly and hourly earnings estimates in Highlights of Women’s Earnings reflect information collected from one-fourth of the CPS monthly sample and averaged for the calendar year. These data are distinct from the annual earnings estimates for full-time, year-round workers collected separately in the Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) to the CPS and published by the U.S. Census Bureau.

The earnings comparisons in this report are on a broad level and do not control for many factors that can be significant in explaining earnings differences, such as job skills and responsibilities, work experience, and specialization. See the accompanying technical notes section for more information, including a description of the source of the data and an explanation of the concepts and definitions used in this report.

Earnings of full-time workers

Below are data highlights for women and men who usually work full time (35 hours or more per week) in wage and salary jobs, with sections focusing on characteristics such as age, race and ethnicity, education, occupation, and more.

Earnings by age group

In 2015, median weekly earnings were $726 for all women age 16 and older.  For men 16 and older, median weekly earnings were $895.  Women’s median weekly earnings were highest for those between the ages of 35 and 64, with relatively little difference in the earnings of 35- to 44-year-olds ($804), 45- to 54-year-olds ($799), and 55- to 64-year-olds ($784). For men, earnings were highest for 45- to 54-year-olds ($1,040) and 55- to 64-year-olds ($1,064). Young women and men age 16 to 24 had the lowest earnings ($450 and $510, respectively). (See chart 2 and table 1.)

In 2015, women’s earnings ranged from 74 to 82 percent of men’s among workers age 35 and older. For those under age 35, the earnings differences between women and men were smaller, with women earning about 88 to 90 percent of what men did. (See table 1.)

Between 1979 and 2015, women’s-to-men’s earnings ratios rose for most age groups, particularly in the prime working ages from 25 to 54. Among 25- to 34-year-olds, the ratio increased from 68 percent in 1979 to 90 percent in 2015; the ratio for 35- to 44-year-olds rose from 58 to 82 percent; and the ratio for 45- to 54-year-olds, from 57 to 77 percent. For workers age 55 to 64, the women’s-to-men’s earnings ratio rose from 61 to 74 percent over this period. For young workers age 16 to 24, the earnings ratio increased from 79 to 88 percent between 1979 and 2015, with the gains occurring primarily in the 1980s. (See table 12.)

Earnings by race and ethnicity

Asian women and men earned more than their White, Black, and Hispanic counterparts in 2015. Among women, Whites ($743) earned 85 percent as much as Asians ($877), Blacks ($615) earned 70 percent, and Hispanics ($566) earned 65 percent. In comparison, White men ($920) earned 81 percent as much as Asian men ($1,129), Black men ($680) earned 60 percent as much, and Hispanic men ($631), 56 percent. (See chart 3 and table 1.)

Earnings differences between women and men were the most pronounced for Asians and for Whites. Asian women earned 78 percent as much as Asian men in 2015, and White women earned 81 percent as much as their male counterparts. In comparison, Black and Hispanic women had median earnings that were 90 percent of those of their male counterparts. (See table 1.)

Women’s earnings have increased considerably among the major race and Hispanic ethnicity groups since 1979 (the first year for which comparable data are available), with White women experiencing the greatest earnings growth. From 1979 to 2015, inflation-adjusted earnings (also called constant-dollar earnings) have increased by 32 percent for White women, by 19 percent for Black women, and by 18 percent for Hispanic women. In recent years, however, earnings growth appears to have plateaued for White, Black, and Hispanic women. (See table 18.)

The long-term trend in men’s earnings has been quite different than that for women. Inflation-adjusted earnings for White and Black men declined during the 1980s and the first part of the 1990s, followed by a period of growth, before tapering off.  For Hispanic men, earnings also dropped until the mid-1990s, but then began to trend upward. Over the full period, 1979 through 2015, inflation-adjusted earnings for White and Black men have changed little on net (+1 percent and -2 percent, respectively), while those for Hispanic men have shown a small net decline (-6 percent). (See table 18.)

Comparable earnings data for Asians are available only back to 2003. Between 2003 and 2015, inflation-adjusted earnings grew by 14 percent for Asian women and by 13 percent for Asian men. (See table 18.)

Earnings by educational attainment

Median weekly earnings vary significantly by educational attainment. Among all workers age 25 and older, the weekly earnings of those without a high school diploma ($493) were 40 percent of those with a bachelor’s degree or higher ($1,230) in 2015.  For workers with a high school diploma who had not attended college, median earnings ($678) were 55 percent of those with a bachelor’s degree or higher. Those with some college or an associate’s degree ($762) made 62 percent of what workers with a bachelor’s degree or more made. (See table 1.)

In each educational attainment category, the long-term trend in inflation-adjusted earnings has been more favorable for women than for men. Although both women and men without a high school diploma have experienced declines in inflation-adjusted earnings since 1979, the drop for women was much smaller than that for men: a 10-percent decrease for women, compared with a 32-percent decline for men. On an inflation-adjusted basis, earnings for women with a bachelor’s degree or higher have increased by 32 percent since 1979. Earnings for men with a bachelor’s degree or higher have risen by 18 percent. (Data refer to workers age 25 and older.) (See chart 4 and table 19.)

Earnings by occupation

Women and men working full time in management, business, and financial operations occupations had higher median weekly earnings than workers in any other major occupational category in 2015 ($1,073 for women and $1,436 for men). Within management, business, and financial operations occupations, women and men who were chief executives had the highest median weekly earnings in 2015 ($1,836 and $2,251, respectively). (See table 2.)

The second-highest paying occupational category for women and men was professional and related occupations ($963 for women and $1,343 for men). Women who were pharmacists ($1,811) and lawyers ($1,717) had the highest earnings in this category. For men, those who were pharmacists ($2,117), physicians and surgeons ($1,915), and lawyers ($1,914) earned the most. (See table 2.)

The occupational distributions of female and male full-time workers differ considerably. Compared with men, relatively few women work in construction, production, or transportation occupations, and women are far more concentrated in office and administrative support jobs. Women also are more likely than men to work in professional and related occupations. In 2015, 30 percent of women worked in professional and related occupations, compared with 19 percent of men. Within this occupational category, though, the proportion of women employed in the higher paying job groups is much smaller than the proportion of men employed in them. In 2015, 9 percent of women in professional and related occupations were employed in the relatively high-paying computer and engineering fields, compared with 45 percent of men. Women in professional and related occupations were more likely to work in education and healthcare jobs, which generally pay less than computer and engineering jobs. Sixty-eight percent of women in professional occupations worked in education and healthcare jobs in 2015, compared with 30 percent of men. (See chart 5 and table 2.)

Earnings for those with and without children under 18

In 2015, a little more than one-third of full-time wage and salary workers were parents of children under age 18. (“Children” refers to "own" children and includes sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children under age 18 who live in the household.) Median weekly earnings for mothers of children under age 18 ($727) were essentially the same as earnings for women without children under 18 ($726). Earnings for fathers with children under 18 were $985, compared with $844 for men without children under 18. (See table 7.)

Earnings by state of residence

Median weekly earnings and women’s-to-men’s earnings ratios vary by state of residence. (In this report, “state” refers to the 50 states and the District of Columbia.) The differences among the states reflect, in part, variation in the occupations and industries found in each state and differences in the demographic composition of each state’s labor force. In addition, the sampling error for the state estimates is considerably larger than it is for the national estimates. Thus, earnings comparisons between states should be made with caution. Readers also should note that the state estimates are based on workers’ state of residence; their reported earnings are not necessarily from a job located in the same state. (See table 3.)

Weekly work hours of full-time workers

Among full-time workers (that is, those usually working at a job 35 hours or more per week), men are more likely than women to have a longer workweek. In 2015, 26 percent of men who usually work full time worked 41 or more hours per week, compared with 15 percent of women. Women were more likely than men to work 35 to 39 hours per week: 11 percent of women worked such hours in 2015, while 5 percent of men did. A majority of both male and female full-time workers had a 40-hour workweek. Among these workers, women earned 88 percent as much as men. (This analysis excludes people who usually work 35 or more hours per week but whose hours vary.) (See table 5.)

Earnings of part-time workers

Women are more likely than men to work part time—that is, less than 35 hours per week on a sole or main job. Women who worked part time made up 25 percent of all female wage and salary workers in 2015. In comparison, 12 percent of men in wage and salary jobs worked part time. (See tables 4 and 5.)

Median weekly earnings for female part-timers were $251 in 2015, slightly higher than the $238 median for men. (See table 4.)

Part-time workers are more likely to be under age 25 than full-time workers. Among part-timers in 2015, 30 percent of women and 45 percent of men were under age 25. Among full-time workers, 9 percent of women and 9 percent of men were under age 25. (See tables 1 and 4.)

Earnings of workers paid by the hour

In 2015, 61 percent of women and 56 percent of men in wage and salary jobs were paid by the hour. Women who were paid hourly rates had median hourly earnings of $12.56, which were 86 percent of the median hourly earnings of men ($14.67). (See tables 8 and 11.)

Among workers who were paid hourly rates in 2015, 4 percent of women and 3 percent of men had hourly earnings at or below the prevailing federal minimum wage of $7.25. (See table 10.)

Among both women and men, hourly paid workers age 16 to 19 were the most likely to have earnings at or below the minimum wage. Eleven percent of teenage workers who were paid hourly rates earned the prevailing federal minimum wage or less in 2015, compared with just 2 percent of hourly paid workers age 25 and older. Six percent of workers age 20 to 24 had earnings at or below the federal minimum wage. (See table 10.) See the technical notes section for information about BLS estimates of the number of minimum wage workers.

Statistical Tables

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 1. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by selected characteristics, 2015 annual averages
Table 1. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by selected characteristics, 2015 annual averages
CharacteristicTotalWomenMenWomen's earnings as a percentage of men's
Number of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of median
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Age

 

Total, 16 years and older

109,080$809$248,334$726$260,746$895$381.1

16 to 24 years

9,79048724,31445055,476510388.2

16 to 19 years

1,15638944953646660407589.4

20 to 24 years

8,63450133,81846854,816522489.7

25 years and older

99,291860244,020761255,270947380.4

25 to 34 years

26,611735311,538690515,073770589.6

35 to 44 years

24,917900510,802804714,114983781.8

45 to 54 years

25,577923511,572799714,0051,040876.8

55 to 64 years

18,10892768,29578479,8131,0641173.7

65 years and older

4,078873141,813740122,2651,0032473.8

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

 

White

85,443835336,698743348,746920480.8

Black or African American

13,58764157,14261556,445680890.4

Asian

6,638993122,954877153,6841,1291477.7

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

18,31160437,168566611,142631689.7

Marital status

 

Never married

31,097643313,626614317,470673591.2

Married, spouse present

60,283930324,544804535,7391,030578.1

Other marital status

17,700766410,16471257,537861882.7

Divorced

11,78081066,80974864,9719021082.9

Separated

4,157667102,06560882,0927381382.4

Widowed

1,764734141,290682144749152874.5

Union affiliation(1)

 

Members of unions(2)

13,34098055,83192887,5091,017791.2

Represented by unions(3)

14,76897556,52692178,2421,014790.8

Not represented by a union

94,313776241,808697352,504869480.2

Educational attainment

 

Total, 25 years and older

99,291860244,020761255,270947380.4

Less than a high school diploma

7,28949332,25541835,035520380.4

High school graduates, no college

25,22167839,905586315,316759477.2

Some college or associate's degree

26,801762312,692664314,109883575.2

Bachelor's degree and higher

39,9791,230519,1691,064620,8111,420874.9

(1) Differences in earnings levels between workers with and without union affiliation reflect a variety of factors in addition to coverage by a collective bargaining agreement, including the distribution of workers by occupation, industry, and geographic region.

(2) Members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.

(3) Union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

(1) Differences in earnings levels between workers with and without union affiliation reflect a variety of factors in addition to coverage by a collective bargaining agreement, including the distribution of workers by occupation, industry, and geographic region.

(2) Members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.

(3) Union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 2. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by detailed occupation, 2015 annual averages
Table 2. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by detailed occupation, 2015 annual averages
OccupationTotalWomenMenWomen's earnings as a percentage of men's
Number of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of median
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Total, full-time wage and salary workers

109,080$809$248,334$726$260,746$895$381.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

44,8441,158323,038996421,8071,383772.0

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

18,4221,25878,4041,0731010,0181,4361074.7

Management occupations

12,4801,35195,1471,13997,3321,4861776.6

Chief executives

1,0462,041712831,836817632,2518681.6

General and operations managers

8231,260222021,002946211,3474474.4

Legislators

845

Advertising and promotions managers

551,050962629

Marketing and sales managers

9481,462383781,2581085701,6038278.5

Public relations and fundraising managers

591,557803524

Administrative services managers

1701,1918973981240961,4516067.6

Computer and information systems managers

6361,728601691,563594661,81710386.0

Financial managers

1,1241,408465731,130275511,7326865.2

Compensation and benefits managers

23167

Human resources managers

2541,365411861,274106681,49516085.2

Training and development managers

372017

Industrial production managers

2671,48579452211,52852

Purchasing managers

1931,34843841,2262191091,4048187.3

Transportation, storage, and distribution managers

2769663552749792241,0064674.5

Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers

129769972310684743

Construction managers

4711,32962424291,35740

Education administrators

7781,423264961,252942821,5857679.0

Architectural and engineering managers

1101,89934101011,89233

Food service managers

76374217374680243898203182.9

Funeral service managers

13210

Gaming managers

19613

Lodging managers

123985366890255541,17110377.0

Medical and health services managers

5921,210544381,156191541,4228381.3

Natural sciences managers

241311

Postmasters and mail superintendents

201010

Property, real estate, and community association managers

40191448230823471711,1374872.4

Social and community service managers

3051,02242200965261051,14215084.5

Emergency management directors

936

Managers, all other

2,8031,408201,0851,213481,7171,5253379.5

Business and financial operations occupations

5,9421,13783,2561,004102,6861,3271875.7

Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes

271413

Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products

1129

Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products

1429265169985507388653111.2

Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products

2601,00930124986591361,0204696.7

Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators

31796327176824481411,1343272.7

Compliance officers

2351,198921091,025561261,3756274.5

Cost estimators

951,2325412831,26454

Human resources workers

5921,00222441984221511,15818385.0

Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists

6399868508989312

Training and development specialists

107990106651,0374842

Logisticians

1111,0285044661,07547

Management analysts

5291,431452371,348502911,5196488.7

Meeting, convention, and event planners

11785933908403827

Fundraisers

621,136624814

Market research analysts and marketing specialists

2031,284991181,23960851,41118187.8

Business operations specialists, all other

1861,0905511296945741,4615366.3

Accountants and auditors

1,4641,13218846988256181,3452273.5

Appraisers and assessors of real estate

422121

Budget analysts

442817

Credit analysts

1798

Financial analysts

2951,426561271,1711001681,68016569.7

Personal financial advisors

4071,419971591,033732481,73812759.4

Insurance underwriters

1061,149118639565344

Financial examiners

1789

Credit counselors and loan officers

31399750166906391461,1866976.4

Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents

591,051483920

Tax preparers

56892683719

Financial specialists, all other

661,162844025

Professional and related occupations

26,4231,112614,634963511,7891,343871.7

Computer and mathematical occupations

4,0091,428169731,245173,0361,5032382.8

Computer and information research scientists

28523

Computer systems analysts

4991,389601731,256433251,4622985.9

Information security analysts

671,5385611561,56251

Computer programmers

4501,43848931,302893571,5015986.7

Software developers, applications and systems software

1,2871,682402321,415371,0541,7512280.8

Web developers

1511,16550531,026129981,2333483.2

Computer support specialists

3961,07936105908622911,1353680.0

Database administrators

901,53624932581,829239

Network and computer systems administrators

2081,24276281791,266105

Computer network architects

1151,55281151001,57788

Computer occupations, all other

4901,227411161,145393741,2523891.5

Actuaries

24618

Mathematicians

606

Operations research analysts

1221,44187631,32554591,57417584.2

Statisticians

761,275633937

Miscellaneous mathematical science occupations

101

Architecture and engineering occupations

2,6561,424183831,257342,2721,4521886.6

Architects, except naval

1381,441110311061,49267

Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists

29623

Aerospace engineers

1401,66275181221,66896

Agricultural engineers

505

Biomedical engineers

12210

Chemical engineers

791,53211710691,58370

Civil engineers

3161,46038412751,47453

Computer hardware engineers

721,8764710621,87168

Electrical and electronics engineers

2831,77879372461,819126

Environmental engineers

35926

Industrial engineers, including health and safety

2051,44741371681,43055

Marine engineers and naval architects

909

Materials engineers

36433

Mechanical engineers

3161,53428232941,55030

Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers

15015

Nuclear engineers

523

Petroleum engineers

43339

Engineers, all other

3931,52740541,448423391,5373794.2

Drafters

11497745239197757

Engineering technicians, except drafters

35296323688271342849843284.0

Surveying and mapping technicians

581,012664541,03175

Life, physical, and social science occupations

1,1761,206395141,067296621,3793477.4

Agricultural and food scientists

221012

Biological scientists

741,233452846

Conservation scientists and foresters

23716

Medical scientists

1511,25063841,082105681,3623679.4

Life scientists, all other

101

Astronomers and physicists

14311

Atmospheric and space scientists

818

Chemists and materials scientists

931,4326833611,49695

Environmental scientists and geoscientists

901,42312525651,740102

Physical scientists, all other

1891,55356681,1701051211,77016266.1

Economists

291217

Survey researchers

000

Psychologists

1141,36767831,18911631

Sociologists

000

Urban and regional planners

22913

Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers

371919

Agricultural and food science technicians

28721

Biological technicians

201010

Chemical technicians

759441923243

Geological and petroleum technicians

22418

Nuclear technicians

202

Social science research assistants

330

Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians

157846337878047791,00116077.9

Community and social service occupations

2,143889121,367845157769732886.8

Counselors

63590421451902251849083899.3

Social workers

67787717549862191279434991.4

Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists

85967494342

Social and human service assistants

173676341496732823

Miscellaneous community and social service specialists, including health educators and community health workers

9283134637287229

Clergy

3761,00234609241533161,0215490.5

Directors, religious activities and education

62929613131

Religious workers, all other

442123

Legal occupations

1,3461,391377221,135196241,8773660.5

Lawyers

8031,886163001,717995031,9141889.7

Judicial law clerks

11101

Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers

541,9521502033

Paralegals and legal assistants

341927302949103647

Miscellaneous legal support workers

13677032977462640

Education, training, and library occupations

6,88495665,03490771,8491,1441379.3

Postsecondary teachers

9171,258214011,144205161,4055581.4

Preschool and kindergarten teachers

517616175066181711

Elementary and middle school teachers

2,80697482,26295785431,0773888.9

Secondary school teachers

1,0481,066236101,006174381,1492387.6

Special education teachers

297987222589902238

Other teachers and instructors

37889640199817281791,0249279.8

Archivists, curators, and museum technicians

382018

Librarians

130991381029664927

Library technicians

18154

Teacher assistants

614541165655301748

Other education, training, and library workers

1231,00181951,0314928

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

1,6431,00116713942209301,0885486.6

Artists and related workers

581,166412039

Designers

59399319291918363011,0998383.5

Actors

1248

Producers and directors

1201,27096531,23487671,3406992.1

Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers

147780373910881850

Dancers and choreographers

1192

Musicians, singers, and related workers

42933

Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other

14311

Announcers

25521

News analysts, reporters and correspondents

561,218412729

Public relations specialists

1201,211121719714749

Editors

1081,14845501,125265581,20515193.4

Technical writers

521,158413022

Writers and authors

791,232764236

Miscellaneous media and communication workers

463016

Broadcast and sound engineering technicians and radio operators

839542877793731

Photographers

452124

Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors

30128

Media and communication equipment workers, all other

202

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

6,5661,041104,92899181,6391,2722877.9

Chiropractors

22715

Dentists

591,656902039

Dietitians and nutritionists

798867669879759

Optometrists

19136

Pharmacists

2061,920891081,81152982,11715985.5

Physicians and surgeons

7401,8241142831,533844571,9155980.1

Physician assistants

571,3683224017

Podiatrists

945

Audiologists

861

Occupational therapists

741,21038641,1994210

Physical therapists

1781,265301231,21593561,3473790.2

Radiation therapists

1275

Recreational therapists

642

Respiratory therapists

991,00047679379932

Speech-language pathologists

1081,147291061,148291

Exercise physiologists

303

Therapists, all other

132944221019512631

Veterinarians

551,455613916

Registered nurses

2,3821,116132,1041,098142781,2224189.9

Nurse anesthetists

231211

Nurse midwives

660

Nurse practitioners

1151,532421031,52212211

Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other

220

Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians

2709012620179649691,0897473.1

Dental hygienists

8691491809531516

Diagnostic related technologists and technicians

2539647517790826761,1064982.1

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

175811494912689950

Health practitioner support technologists and technicians

4876362038963321996525197.1

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

508743164597371648

Medical records and health information technicians

174740251577233717

Opticians, dispensing

442321

Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians

9967129666422732

Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

781,1281183840

Service occupations

15,27950927,65046337,629585479.1

Healthcare support occupations

2,39549842,07449043205772084.9

Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides

1,40046771,23745761635262586.9

Occupational therapy assistants and aides

17124

Physical therapist assistants and aides

53742913518

Massage therapists

372216

Dental assistants

188531311755222114

Medical assistants

422539113875301135

Medical transcriptionists

28263

Pharmacy aides

22184

Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers

21174

Phlebotomists

9155134765343115

Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations, including medical equipment preparers

11552438715115244

Protective service occupations

2,72979615547655202,1818511677.0

First-line supervisors of correctional officers

57856831641

First-line supervisors of police and detectives

1141,42718217971,425182

First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers

42339

First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other

72808431656825137

Firefighters

2601,03332162451,05230

Fire inspectors

18315

Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers

45375415112686213417792788.1

Detectives and criminal investigators

1411,15991411001,265202

Fish and game wardens

615

Parking enforcement workers

936

Police and sheriff's patrol officers

6551,00221861,009525691,00123100.8

Transit and railroad police

303

Animal control workers

422

Private detectives and investigators

858431293649

Security guards and gaming surveillance officers

70856713153515125555921487.0

Crossing guards

261313

Transportation security screeners

331122

Lifeguards and other recreational, and all other protective service workers

421824

Food preparation and serving related occupations

4,12444151,99141442,133481686.1

Chefs and head cooks

3406192155492282856563375.0

First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

37849814222458111566214373.8

Cooks

1,302416449440078084271093.7

Food preparation workers

3664028192388121744141193.7

Bartenders

25252116142493211105693686.6

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

1733911010738017674011294.8

Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop

56354182828

Waiters and waitresses

8684511656341183055011282.0

Food servers, nonrestaurant

9350919624851931

Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers

10740319485938933

Dishwashers

11739811199840113

Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop

664001158397118

Food preparation and serving related workers, all other

634

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

3,60548641,27541942,330517581.0

First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers

1726202064571341087006481.6

First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers

806493117965331

Janitors and building cleaners

1,5365076425429111,1115471478.4

Maids and housekeeping cleaners

876416574240751344751685.7

Pest control workers

775851937459118

Grounds maintenance workers

8624699398244739

Personal care and service occupations

2,42749851,76347576645971179.6

First-line supervisors of gaming workers

117769335268038659009775.6

First-line supervisors of personal service workers

60608353525

Animal trainers

26819

Nonfarm animal caretakers

10050514685011632

Gaming services workers

696761793930

Motion picture projectionists

303

Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers

945

Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers

69485272842

Embalmers and funeral attendants

202

Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors

23717

Barbers

461233

Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists

253461212294632423

Miscellaneous personal appearance workers

191501101594971132

Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges

7560816126360617

Tour and travel guides

21911

Childcare workers

407437143934301514

Personal care aides

68046212552441121285372282.1

Recreation and fitness workers

1855552410752620786843976.9

Residential advisors

24168

Personal care and service workers, all other

67499163235

Sales and office occupations

23,620673314,23662739,384777780.7

Sales and related occupations

9,72571674,30357865,4238801265.7

First-line supervisors of retail sales workers

2,326711131,03061491,2968252274.4

First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers

8351,02836280896265561,1402778.6

Cashiers

1,342415493140554114711986.0

Counter and rental clerks

73594463735

Parts salespersons

9260121118260024

Retail salespersons

1,9185901075949471,1596941971.2

Advertising sales agents

161925808372939781,1557463.1

Insurance sales agents

42781534232717291941,02810069.7

Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents

2111,1553765767431461,46111052.5

Travel agents

627112753685299

Sales representatives, services, all other

40696628139699532681,1472760.9

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing

1,1381,02024295917508431,0663886.0

Models, demonstrators, and product promoters

15114

Real estate brokers and sales agents

46383747266735251971,05210369.9

Sales engineers

33231

Telemarketers

392117

Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers

28189

Sales and related workers, all other

158916547072785891,08816966.8

Office and administrative support occupations

13,89465639,93364633,961693893.2

First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers

1,29781215863781164348783189.0

Switchboard operators, including answering service

17107

Telephone operators

22184

Communications equipment operators, all other

532

Bill and account collectors

1526572698648305467418696.1

Billing and posting clerks

406657143666641439

Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks

76969213682692138769028100.3

Gaming cage workers

11102

Payroll and timekeeping clerks

128757321117513317

Procurement clerks

352115

Tellers

2645149231516933

Financial clerks, all other

617671093230

Brokerage clerks

311

Correspondence clerks

321

Court, municipal, and license clerks

607556651743639

Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks

422912

Customer service representatives

1,76062171,14960476116901987.5

Eligibility interviewers, government programs

67781745080512817

File clerks

145634251206272525

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

127481216946789584862196.1

Interviewers, except eligibility and loan

10561525896173216

Library assistants, clerical

35287

Loan interviewers and clerks

134710251097222725

New accounts clerks

20173

Order clerks

74599234826

Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping

50737454011

Receptionists and information clerks

852575978156910726192491.9

Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks

9571337616804034

Information and record clerks, all other

10061815786161822

Cargo and freight agents

20912

Couriers and messengers

153752321913475037

Dispatchers

25069828141655301097594486.3

Meter readers, utilities

39434

Postal service clerks

127927665183348769743685.5

Postal service mail carriers

30295429115854391871,0213983.6

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

538282422627

Production, planning, and expediting clerks

25683855141732241169784074.8

Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks

50259113148566303546041793.7

Stock clerks and order fillers

1,027520737650696515371994.2

Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping

59629483129

Secretaries and administrative assistants

2,22368782,09968381247863586.9

Computer operators

58751513325

Data entry keyers

22361913169638245558921108.3

Word processors and typists

686503362639306

Desktop publishers

101

Insurance claims and policy processing clerks

2596891620367518567624388.6

Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service

63563493924

Office clerks, general

9296208773622915660921102.1

Office machine operators, except computer

311614

Proofreaders and copy markers

220

Statistical assistants

15105

Office and administrative support workers, all other

3917452029871827938526284.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

10,83476164535801510,381770675.3

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

8104648174437126374771291.6

First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers

421032

Agricultural inspectors

1267

Animal breeders

202

Graders and sorters, agricultural products

8348634514681932

Miscellaneous agricultural workers

61344510102398165114601286.5

Fishers and related fishing workers

11011

Hunters and trappers

000

Forest and conservation workers

15510

Logging workers

31031

Construction and extraction occupations

5,7227499137704285,586751993.7

First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

5601,04040205401,04740

Boilermakers

21021

Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons

12265246012265246

Carpenters

802687111079268712

Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers

896376118963466

Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers

44044

Construction laborers

1,18163918251,15564218

Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators

10010

Pile-driver operators

202

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

32485631631885933

Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers

12159628211959528

Electricians

651888281963289127

Glaziers

33032

Insulation workers

43341

Painters, construction and maintenance

344585161433058715

Paperhangers

000

Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

45686341245586241

Plasterers and stucco masons

20119

Reinforcing iron and rebar workers

909

Roofers

17158423217058023

Sheet metal workers

10676638610077636

Structural iron and steel workers

548693525286439

Solar photovoltaic installers

808

Helpers, construction trades

47047

Construction and building inspectors

679393795896535

Elevator installers and repairers

23023

Fence erectors

33033

Hazardous materials removal workers

39535

Highway maintenance workers

917546209175562

Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators

909

Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners

808

Miscellaneous construction and related workers

25223

Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining

28127

Earth drillers, except oil and gas

30030

Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters

505

Mining machine operators

681,106432651,09842

Roof bolters, mining

303

Roustabouts, oil and gas

707

Helpers—extraction workers

606

Other extraction workers

6190099358918140

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,30183911143761744,1598421190.4

First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers

2701,03237182521,03337

Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers

194856732816686561

Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers

139862381312687953

Avionics technicians

404

Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers

22120

Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment

202

Electrical and electronics repairers, industrial and utility

18017

Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles

17017

Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers

30228

Security and fire alarm systems installers

679116826591366

Aircraft mechanics and service technicians

1331,0253071251,03231

Automotive body and related repairers

12084643211884942

Automotive glass installers and repairers

21120

Automotive service technicians and mechanics

710722181669472419

Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists

32783135032783034

Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics

20692835020692836

Small engine mechanics

39039

Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

665922916559132

Control and valve installers and repairers

23023

Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers

34180632433781031

Home appliance repairers

36036

Industrial and refractory machinery mechanics

394895221138389422

Maintenance and repair workers, general

469773231045977123

Maintenance workers, machinery

31130

Millwrights

49148

Electrical power-line installers and repairers

1131,1055501121,10555

Telecommunications line installers and repairers

15788246914888049

Precision instrument and equipment repairers

64996724601,00970

Wind turbine service technicians

303

Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers

38434

Commercial divers

101

Locksmiths and safe repairers

12012

Manufactured building and mobile home installers

414

Riggers

707

Signal and track switch repairers

909

Helpers—installation, maintenance, and repair workers

17017

Other installation, maintenance, and repair workers

15079264614481062

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

14,50465642,958512411,546704472.7

Production occupations

7,55166362,00351955,548729671.2

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

78387519133623316509242467.4

Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers

15411

Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers

123554376454448595665396.1

Engine and other machine assemblers

14212

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

31328

Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators

95058110377512115736372280.4

Bakers

150505168047524695704083.3

Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers

2475422360463241875821779.6

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

917

Food batchmakers

7950018544892325

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

725

Food processing workers, all other

132594245050848826795374.8

Computer control programmers and operators

838339728185797

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

817

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

606

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

15312

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

7863336156267440

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

515

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

41339

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

12111

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

101

Machinists

338834171732084017

Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters

29128

Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic

633

Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

47939

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

101

Tool and die makers

49049

Welding, soldering, and brazing workers

568760172354576718

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

404

Layout workers, metal and plastic

414

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

24024

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

707

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

3516392372581192786782385.7

Prepress technicians and workers

14212

Printing press operators

160707392613472919

Print binding and finishing workers

1669

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

133466228046022534875994.5

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

21129

Sewing machine operators

147493141054761642

Shoe and leather workers and repairers

514

Shoe machine operators and tenders

110

Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers

37279

Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders

202

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

927

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

843

Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders

725

Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers

000

Fabric and apparel patternmakers

413

Upholsterers

29721

Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other

16412

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

40238

Furniture finishers

606

Model makers and patternmakers, wood

000

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

26422

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

23121

Woodworkers, all other

17314

Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers

35134

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

84996693811,01268

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

828804237986837

Miscellaneous plant and system operators

35333

Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders

621,0521415571,08233

Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers

826525177566848

Cutting workers

5168544941

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

31625

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

605

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

70171017260583154408442869.1

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

19711

Medical, dental, and ophthalmic laboratory technicians

86648284244

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

23951815120482171186054779.7

Painting workers

129708341811073330

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

261412

Semiconductor processors

101

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

945

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

412

Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders

403

Etchers and engravers

1248

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

14212

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

27522

Tire builders

808

Helpers—production workers

24718

Production workers, all other

84662512203501166436661475.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

6,953646795549495,998679672.8

Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers

186894353315389843

Aircraft pilots and flight engineers

1141,73524391041,830265

Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists

32824

Flight attendants

63846644320

Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians

18414

Bus drivers

32361514138572261846812484.0

Driver/sales workers and truck drivers

2,6877479105632532,582751984.2

Taxi drivers and chauffeurs

253585153821660014

Motor vehicle operators, all other

21318

Locomotive engineers and operators

44242

Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators

505

Railroad conductors and yardmasters

551,117674521,13738

Subway, streetcar, and other rail transportation workers

15312

Sailors and marine oilers

1009

Ship and boat captains and operators

29128

Ship engineers

514

Bridge and lock tenders

404

Parking lot attendants

5749225849

Automotive and watercraft service attendants

634524855847044

Transportation inspectors

21714

Transportation attendants, except flight attendants

1789

Other transportation workers

39435

Conveyor operators and tenders

707

Crane and tower operators

75988724711,01673

Dredge, excavating, and loading machine operators

25025

Hoist and winch operators

505

Industrial truck and tractor operators

579609113754161212

Cleaners of vehicles and equipment

222485192220049819

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

1,4335269219455161,2145471283.2

Machine feeders and offbearers

30921

Packers and packagers, hand

38543813227424121584622391.8

Pumping station operators

18117

Refuse and recyclable material collectors

725012366649624

Mine shuttle car operators

000

Tank car, truck, and ship loaders

606

Material moving workers, all other

37532

Note: Median earnings are not shown where employment is less than 50,000. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's are not shown where employment for either women or men is less than 50,000. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: Median earnings are not shown where employment is less than 50,000. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's are not shown where employment for either women or men is less than 50,000. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 3. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by state, 2015 annual averages
Table 3. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by state, 2015 annual averages
StateTotalWomenMenWomen's earnings as a percentage of men's
Number of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of median
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

United States

109,080$809$248,334$726$260,746$895$381.1

Alabama

1,580

711

14

724

615128568153275.5

Alaska

25590315110787211451,0342476.1

Arizona

2,18074511960674131,2198162082.6

Arkansas

98368214459607125247611979.8

California

12,555849115,315775107,2419141284.8

Colorado

1,89586316821779171,0749412082.8

Connecticut

1,2451,01231586874296591,1392376.7

Delaware

34578817165740171808482287.3

District of Columbia

2951,148151471,070441491,2244187.4

Florida

6,60174773,04169993,5598001687.4

Georgia

3,402751121,552692151,8508161884.8

Hawaii

47077520215729212558293087.9

Idaho

53072611217654123128062281.1

Illinois

4,479846102,009760112,4709111483.4

Indiana

2,28476915997687231,2878612779.8

Iowa

1,12277415510684166128702578.6

Kansas

1,02376513456667175678702176.7

Kentucky

1,39275616637685177558492580.7

Louisiana

1,55972715716630178438282776.1

Maine

42379019194711192298893180.0

Maryland

2,325974211,117884431,2081,0552883.8

Massachusetts

2,4231,001151,076907211,3471,1123981.6

Michigan

3,205823121,389715141,8159311976.8

Minnesota

2,02088716897786261,1239542682.4

Mississippi

92366817438591144857722076.6

Missouri

2,168768151,006667141,1628632277.3

Montana

32973011147660171827942483.1

Nebraska

71475410322652163928561976.2

Nevada

1,01073012437660135738092381.6

New Hampshire

50386523219746182849652577.3

New Jersey

3,208969131,396874181,8121,0503083.2

New Mexico

62472217286638163388123178.6

New York

6,83488893,147816183,6879391386.9

North Carolina

3,399723111,515664111,8847741785.8

North Dakota

29079714123682161669121874.8

Ohio

3,888800121,723716132,1658821481.2

Oklahoma

1,31373912579640197348312677.0

Oregon

1,23582619527734217088842283.0

Pennsylvania

4,461833111,960723132,5019221578.4

Rhode Island

37682722174737202029262879.6

South Carolina

1,63869615756642118817621784.3

South Dakota

3197059152624101677881879.2

Tennessee

2,19670513938647151,2577561985.6

Texas

9,55677074,094683115,4628641479.1

Utah

99378713366660196268782375.2

Vermont

22383117102752171209022383.4

Virginia

3,039937191,364825291,6751,0312980.0

Washington

2,403909161,005797221,3981,0253077.8

West Virginia

55272414247640173058031879.7

Wisconsin

2,08282414909707161,1739202476.8

Wyoming

2177971989654151289482569.0

Note: In general, the sampling error for the state estimates is considerably larger than it is for the national estimates; thus, comparisons of state estimates should be made with caution. Data shown are based on workers' state of residence; workers' reported earnings, however, may or may not be from a job located in the same state.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: In general, the sampling error for the state estimates is considerably larger than it is for the national estimates; thus, comparisons of state estimates should be made with caution. Data shown are based on workers' state of residence; workers' reported earnings, however, may or may not be from a job located in the same state.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 4. Median usual weekly earnings of part-time wage and salary workers, by selected demographic characteristics, 2015 annual averages
Table 4. Median usual weekly earnings of part-time wage and salary workers, by selected demographic characteristics, 2015 annual averages
CharacteristicTotalWomenMenWomen's earnings as a percentage of men's
Number of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of median
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Age

 

Total, 16 years and older

24,445$246$116,022$251$18,423$238$2105.5

16 to 24 years

8,49619014,73518923,760192298.4

16 to 19 years

3,47815321,84815231,630154398.7

20 to 24 years

5,01821522,88721232,131218397.2

25 years and older

15,949287211,28728624,663287399.7

25 to 34 years

4,21027932,76627541,444287595.8

35 to 44 years

3,13430552,43330757012979103.4

45 to 54 years

3,14630142,48030356662967102.4

55 to 64 years

3,14129042,2772895863293798.6

65 years and older

2,31825251,3312376988270787.8

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

 

White

19,368249112,81825526,5512392106.7

Black or African American

2,94422731,84422931,1002224103.2

Asian

1,2392656814267742526210101.9

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

4,01724222,50423831,514247496.4

Marital status

 

Never married

11,83221016,55620825,277211298.6

Married, spouse present

9,18030536,83430732,3473004102.3

Other marital status

3,43326232,6332614800266798.1

Divorced

1,98227241,489272549327010100.7

Separated

7892556586256720325210101.6

Widowed

663241855823681042861882.5

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 5. Median usual weekly earnings of wage and salary workers, by hours usually worked, 2015 annual averages
Table 5. Median usual weekly earnings of wage and salary workers, by hours usually worked, 2015 annual averages
Hours of workTotalWomenMenWomen's earnings as a percentage of men's
Number of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of median
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Total, 16 years and older

133,743$695$264,445$603$269,298$799$375.5

0 to 34 hours

22,171249114,59925417,5722392106.3

0 to 4 hours

47263331761315568689.7

5 to 9 hours

1,168793769833399733113.7

10 to 14 hours

1,87811411,25211516261132101.8

15 to 19 hours

2,63916411,76416828761572107.0

20 to 24 hours

6,42922314,15923332,2712142108.9

25 to 29 hours

3,51027222,33227531,1782673103.0

30 to 34 hours

6,07634734,00835842,0673264109.8

35 hours and over

103,944813246,256732257,688898381.5

35 to 39 hours

7,93651955,25053762,6864908109.6

40 hours

74,389752234,280705340,109801388.0

41 hours and over

21,6191,23176,7251,1111114,8941,2891286.2

41 to 44 hours

1,17490921452824267229642585.5

45 to 48 hours

5,8441,074132,1211,002153,7231,1261389.0

49 to 59 hours

9,8721,321142,9861,189236,8861,3711386.7

60 hours and over

4,7281,384161,1661,199403,5621,4422283.1

Hours vary

7,62848373,59036574,0386231458.6

Usually less than 35 hours

2,27421841,4232165851221697.7

Usually 35 or more hours

5,137704142,078537193,0588171765.7

Note: Data are for the sole or principal job of full-time and part-time workers. Estimates for the "hours vary" groups do not sum to totals because data are not presented for a small number of multiple jobholders whose usual number of hours on the principal job is not identifiable.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: Data are for the sole or principal job of full-time and part-time workers. Estimates for the "hours vary" groups do not sum to totals because data are not presented for a small number of multiple jobholders whose usual number of hours on the principal job is not identifiable.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 6. Distribution of full-time wage and salary workers, by usual weekly earnings and selected demographic characteristics, 2015 annual averages (in thousands)
Table 6. Distribution of full-time wage and salary workers, by usual weekly earnings and selected demographic characteristics, 2015 annual averages (in thousands)
CharacteristicTotal employedNumber of workers with usual weekly earnings of—
Under $350.00$350.00 to $499.99$500.00 to $599.99$600.00 to $749.99$750.00 to $999.99$1,000.00 to $1,199.99$1,200.00 to $1,999.99$2,000.00 or more
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Age

 

Total, 16 years and older

109,0806,72416,46810,42614,75818,60210,94520,58110,576

16 to 24 years

9,7901,7363,3991,3361,4421,06636037081

16 to 19 years

1,156404468103885717152

20 to 24 years

8,6341,3312,9301,2331,3531,00934335579

25 years and older

99,2914,98813,0699,09013,31717,53610,58520,21110,495

25 to 34 years

26,6111,6334,4303,0784,2394,9932,7344,1511,355

35 to 44 years

24,9171,1273,1012,0803,1884,3252,7305,4922,873

45 to 54 years

25,5771,1122,9652,0353,1744,5032,7775,6573,356

55 to 64 years

18,1088021,9891,5512,2803,0871,9504,0732,376

65 years and older

4,078315584347437628394838536

Women, 16 years and older

48,3343,8398,5105,2327,1148,4834,5527,5523,052

16 to 24 years

4,3149531,6065616003809710116

16 to 19 years

495211199402418022

20 to 24 years

3,8187421,407521576362979914

25 years and older

44,0202,8866,9044,6716,5148,1034,4557,4513,036

25 to 34 years

11,5388642,0971,4751,8732,2321,1041,465428

35 to 44 years

10,8026681,5801,0241,5341,9711,1462,041838

45 to 54 years

11,5727061,6821,1121,6642,1391,1832,127959

55 to 64 years

8,2954851,2168701,2301,4628331,519680

65 years and older

1,813162330189214299190299130

Men, 16 years and older

60,7462,8857,9585,1957,64410,1196,39313,0297,524

16 to 24 years

5,4767831,79377584268626426965

16 to 19 years

66019327063644017130

20 to 24 years

4,8165901,52471277764724725665

25 years and older

55,2702,1026,1654,4196,8029,4336,12912,7607,460

25 to 34 years

15,0737682,3331,6032,3662,7611,6302,686927

35 to 44 years

14,1144581,5211,0561,6542,3551,5843,4512,035

45 to 54 years

14,0054061,2839221,5102,3641,5943,5292,397

55 to 64 years

9,8133167736811,0501,6251,1172,5541,696

65 years and older

2,265153254157222329204540406

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

 

White

85,4434,73212,1347,79411,58014,9198,87216,7028,711

Women

36,6982,6606,1093,8735,5096,6723,5895,9112,374

Men

48,7462,0726,0253,9216,0708,2475,28310,7906,337

Black or African American

13,5871,3732,8921,7191,9802,2111,0441,789579

Women

7,1428441,6668871,0251,111507832271

Men

6,4455291,2258329551,100537957309

Asian

6,6383487565207299266991,5881,072

Women

2,954192386281370449323624329

Men

3,684155371239359477376964743

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

18,3111,7794,6872,2992,8312,6951,3181,933769

Women

7,1689411,9819271,075993443584225

Men

11,1428382,7061,3721,7561,7028751,350544

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 7. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by marital status and presence and age of own children under 18 years old, 2015 annual averages
Table 7. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by marital status and presence and age of own children under 18 years old, 2015 annual averages
CharacteristicNumber of workers (thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of median
 
 
 
 

Women

 

Total, all marital statuses

48,334$726$2

With children under 18 years old

17,3257274

With children 6 to 17, none younger

10,5177485

With children under 6 years old

6,8086898

With no children under 18 years old

31,0097263

Total, married, spouse present

24,5448045

With children under 18 years old

11,3668277

With children 6 to 17, none younger

6,8548239

With children under 6 years old

4,51283411

With no children under 18 years old

13,1787866

Total, other marital statuses(1)

23,7906523

With children under 18 years old

5,9595874

With children 6 to 17, none younger

3,6646398

With children under 6 years old

2,2965066

With no children under 18 years old

17,8316794

Men

 

Total, all marital statuses

60,7468953

With children under 18 years old

21,9329856

With children 6 to 17, none younger

11,9151,0379

With children under 6 years old

10,0189168

With no children under 18 years old

38,8148444

Total, married, spouse present

35,7391,0305

With children under 18 years old

19,3071,0287

With children 6 to 17, none younger

10,6451,07512

With children under 6 years old

8,6629849

With no children under 18 years old

16,4321,0328

Total, other marital statuses(1)

25,0077264

With children under 18 years old

2,62571411

With children 6 to 17, none younger

1,27083019

With children under 6 years old

1,35662412

With no children under 18 years old

22,3827274

(1) Includes never-married, divorced, separated, and widowed people.

Note: "Children" refers to "own" children and includes sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children under age 18 who live in the household. Not included are other related children, such as grandchildren, nieces, nephews, and cousins, as well as unrelated children in the household.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

(1) Includes never-married, divorced, separated, and widowed people.

Note: "Children" refers to "own" children and includes sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children under age 18 who live in the household. Not included are other related children, such as grandchildren, nieces, nephews, and cousins, as well as unrelated children in the household.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 8. Median hourly earnings of wage and salary workers paid hourly rates, by selected characteristics, 2015 annual averages
Table 8. Median hourly earnings of wage and salary workers paid hourly rates, by selected characteristics, 2015 annual averages
CharacteristicTotalWomenMenWomen's earnings as a percentage of men's
Number of workers (thousands)Median hourly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workers (thousands)Median hourly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workers (thousands)Median hourly earningsStandard error of median
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Age

 

Total, 16 years and older

78,232$13.44$.0539,500$12.56$.0638,732$14.67$.0785.6

16 to 24 years

15,5629.85.017,7849.54.057,77810.03.0295.1

16 to 19 years

4,3558.85.022,2318.75.042,1248.97.0497.5

20 to 24 years

11,20710.14.025,5539.95.025,65410.64.1193.5

25 years and older

62,67014.91.0231,71613.92.0430,95415.86.0587.8

25 to 34 years

18,30213.60.098,61312.89.079,68914.17.0991.0

35 to 44 years

14,53015.16.057,22214.13.097,30816.48.1985.7

45 to 54 years

14,91715.84.097,86614.80.087,05117.55.1984.3

55 to 64 years

11,40015.91.096,09314.77.125,30717.99.1182.1

65 years and older

3,52013.08.101,92212.66.211,59814.15.2989.5

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

 

White

60,30613.87.0429,85812.82.0530,44814.93.0385.9

Black or African American

11,17812.06.046,16311.70.105,01512.66.1392.4

Asian

3,69014.19.201,97513.80.261,71514.87.1392.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

15,80912.04.046,98411.08.068,82512.92.0785.8

Marital status

 

Never married

30,33211.02.0314,42510.34.0615,90811.83.0487.4

Married, spouse present

34,80415.58.0817,02314.62.1017,78216.99.0786.1

Other marital status

13,09614.13.068,05313.13.085,04215.38.1985.4

Divorced

8,28314.94.055,01914.03.093,26416.20.1886.6

Separated

3,27612.34.161,84411.72.201,43213.84.2084.7

Widowed

1,53613.06.171,19012.59.3034715.53.6981.1

Union affiliation(1)

 

Members of unions(2)

8,57018.97.143,45016.79.165,12020.13.0783.4

Represented by unions(3)

9,46918.72.203,89616.57.205,57320.04.0782.7

Not represented by a union

68,76312.92.0335,60412.16.0233,15913.86.0587.7

Educational attainment

 

Total, 25 years and older

62,67014.91.0231,71613.92.0430,95415.86.0587.8

Less than a high school diploma

6,96711.04.062,6769.98.034,29112.16.0682.1

High school graduates, no college

21,53614.00.049,83912.28.0711,69715.33.1380.1

Some college or associate's degree

20,73715.07.0311,25114.05.069,48616.59.1484.7

Bachelor's degree and higher

13,42919.72.157,95019.17.215,47919.93.0996.2

(1) Differences in earnings levels between workers with and without union affiliation reflect a variety of factors in addition to coverage by a collective bargaining agreement, including the distribution of workers by occupation, industry, and geographic region.

(2) Members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.

(3) Union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

(1) Differences in earnings levels between workers with and without union affiliation reflect a variety of factors in addition to coverage by a collective bargaining agreement, including the distribution of workers by occupation, industry, and geographic region.

(2) Members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.

(3) Union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 9. Distribution of wage and salary workers paid hourly rates, by hourly earnings and selected demographic characteristics, 2015 annual averages (in thousands)
Table 9. Distribution of wage and salary workers paid hourly rates, by hourly earnings and selected demographic characteristics, 2015 annual averages (in thousands)
CharacteristicTotal employedNumber of workers with hourly earnings of—
Under $6.00$6.00 to $7.99$8.00 to $9.99$10.00 to $11.99$12.00 to $14.99$15.00 to $19.99$20.00 or more
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Age

 

Total, 16 years and older

78,2321,2652,76613,20413,09513,58815,33918,975

16 to 24 years

15,5625021,4625,5343,6762,2801,473634

16 to 19 years

4,3551377802,10788327313242

20 to 24 years

11,2073656823,4272,7922,0071,342592

25 years and older

62,6707621,3037,6709,42011,30813,86518,341

25 to 34 years

18,3023534672,5943,1943,7654,0623,867

35 to 44 years

14,5301852701,6812,0462,5433,2244,582

45 to 54 years

14,9171242721,5862,0062,4653,3685,097

55 to 64 years

11,400851991,1911,4751,9422,5343,975

65 years and older

3,5201595618699594678821

Women, 16 years and older

39,5008211,6817,7747,0517,0337,2097,932

16 to 24 years

7,7843548292,9861,8211,033562198

16 to 19 years

2,231914431,110414116499

20 to 24 years

5,5532633861,8761,407917513189

25 years and older

31,7164678514,7885,2306,0006,6477,734

25 to 34 years

8,6132212581,4601,5231,8421,6701,639

35 to 44 years

7,2221141961,0821,1741,2541,5311,870

45 to 54 years

7,866731961,0681,2261,3921,7112,200

55 to 64 years

6,093501408129001,1671,3851,639

65 years and older

1,922961366406346350385

Men, 16 years and older

38,7324431,0855,4306,0446,5558,13011,044

16 to 24 years

7,7781486332,5481,8551,247911437

16 to 19 years

2,124463379974701578334

20 to 24 years

5,6541022961,5511,3851,090829403

25 years and older

30,9542964522,8824,1905,3087,21910,607

25 to 34 years

9,6891322081,1341,6711,9232,3932,228

35 to 44 years

7,30871745998711,2891,6932,711

45 to 54 years

7,05151765187791,0731,6562,896

55 to 64 years

5,30736593795747751,1492,336

65 years and older

1,598735252294248328436

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

 

White

60,3061,0231,8379,6939,85010,34012,24415,321

Women

29,8586851,1135,6815,2345,3225,6306,194

Men

30,4483387234,0114,6165,0186,6149,128

Black or African American

11,1781407162,2882,1172,0891,8831,945

Women

6,163694431,3891,2321,098989942

Men

5,015712738998859918941,003

Asian

3,69053995985656036861,086

Women

1,9753960341294344361536

Men

1,7151440257270258326550

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

15,8092085303,3693,2713,0082,8982,526

Women

6,9841263101,8531,5401,2651,102788

Men

8,825812191,5161,7311,7421,7961,738

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 10. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing federal minimum wage, by selected demographic characteristics, 2015 annual averages
Table 10. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing federal minimum wage, by selected demographic characteristics, 2015 annual averages
CharacteristicWorkers paid hourly rates
Total
(thousands)
Below prevailing federal minimum wage
(thousands)
At prevailing federal minimum wage
(thousands)
Total at or below prevailing federal minimum wage
Number
(thousands)
Percentage of workers paid hourly rates
 
 
 
 
 
 

Age

 

Total, 16 years and older

78,2321,6918702,5613.3

16 to 24 years

15,5626784751,1537.4

16 to 19 years

4,35522925848711.2

20 to 24 years

11,2074492176665.9

25 years and older

62,6701,0133951,4082.2

25 to 34 years

18,3024391575963.3

35 to 44 years

14,530243733162.2

45 to 54 years

14,917197632601.7

55 to 64 years

11,400106811861.6

65 years and older

3,5202822501.4

Women, 16 years and older

39,5001,0625401,6024.1

16 to 24 years

7,7844542827369.5

16 to 19 years

2,23114315029313.1

20 to 24 years

5,5533111324438.0

25 years and older

31,7166082588662.7

25 to 34 years

8,613258903484.0

35 to 44 years

7,222152502022.8

45 to 54 years

7,866121481692.2

55 to 64 years

6,09363531161.9

65 years and older

1,9221416301.6

Men, 16 years and older

38,7326293309592.5

16 to 24 years

7,7782241934175.4

16 to 19 years

2,124871071949.1

20 to 24 years

5,654138852233.9

25 years and older

30,9544041375421.8

25 to 34 years

9,689181672482.6

35 to 44 years

7,30891231131.6

45 to 54 years

7,0517615901.3

55 to 64 years

5,3074228701.3

65 years and older

1,598146201.3

Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

 

White

60,3061,3115611,8723.1

Women

29,8588623431,2054.0

Men

30,4484502186672.2

Black or African American

11,1782342474814.3

Women

6,1631081622704.4

Men

5,015127852124.2

Asian

3,69078321093.0

Women

1,9755520743.8

Men

1,7152312352.0

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

15,8093001594592.9

Women

6,984179922723.9

Men

8,825121671882.1

Full- and part-time status(1)

 

Full-time workers

57,8097872881,0751.9

Women

26,1464361706062.3

Men

31,6623511184691.5

Part-time workers

20,2858985791,4777.3

Women

13,2966243679917.5

Men

6,9892742124867.0

(1) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data do not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders.

Note: See the technical notes section for information about the federal minimum wage level and estimating the number of minimum wage workers. Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

(1) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data do not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders.

Note: See the technical notes section for information about the federal minimum wage level and estimating the number of minimum wage workers. Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 11. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing federal minimum wage, 1979–2015 annual averages
Table 11. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing federal minimum wage, 1979–2015 annual averages
YearTotal wage and salary workers (thousands)Workers paid hourly rates
Total
(thousands)
Percentage of total wage and salary workersBelow prevailing federal minimum wage
(thousands)(1)
At prevailing federal minimum wage
thousands)(1)
Total at or below prevailing federal minimum wage
Number
(thousands)
Percentage of workers paid hourly rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Total

 

1979

87,52951,72159.12,9163,9976,91213.4

1980

87,64451,33558.63,0874,6867,77315.1

1981

88,51651,86958.63,5134,3117,82415.1

1982

87,36850,84658.22,3484,1486,49612.8