Highlights of women's earnings in 2017

August 2018 | Report 1075

In 2017, women who were full-time wage and salary workers had median usual weekly earnings that were 82 percent of those of male full-time wage and salary workers. In 1979, the first year for which comparable earnings data are available, women’s earnings were 62 percent of men’s. Most of the growth in women’s earnings relative to men’s occurred in the 1980s and 1990s. Since 2004, the women’s-to-men’s earnings ratio has remained in the 80 to 83 percent range. (See chart 1 and tables 1 and 12.)

This report presents earnings data from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a national monthly sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The weekly and hourly earnings estimates in this report reflect information collected from one-fourth of the households in the monthly survey and averaged for the calendar year. The data in this report are distinct from the annual earnings estimates for full-time, year-round workers collected separately in the Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) to the CPS and published by the U.S. Census Bureau. (See the BLS website for an explanation of the differences in these datasets.)

The earnings comparisons in this report are on a broad level and do not control for many factors that can be important in explaining earnings differences, such as job skills and responsibilities, work experience, and specialization. The earnings estimates referenced throughout this report are medians. The median is the mid-point in the earnings distribution, with half of workers having earnings above the median level and half having earnings below.

See the accompanying technical notes section for more information, including a description of the source of the data and an explanation of the concepts and definitions used in this report.

chart-1

Earnings of full-time workers

Below are data highlights for women and men who usually work full time (35 hours or more per week) in wage and salary jobs, with sections focusing on characteristics such as age, race and ethnicity, education, occupation, and more.

Earnings by age group

In 2017, median weekly earnings were $770 for all women age 16 and older. For men age 16 and older, median weekly earnings were $941. Women’s median weekly earnings were highest for those between the ages of 35 and 64, with essentially no difference in the earnings of 35- to 44-year-olds ($860), 45- to 54-year-olds ($855), and 55- to 64-year-olds ($856). For men, earnings were highest for 45- to 54-year-olds ($1,103) and 55- to 64-year-olds ($1,098). Young women and men age 16 to 24 had the lowest earnings ($499 and $547, respectively). (See chart 2 and table 1.)

chart-2

In 2017, women’s earnings ranged from 77 to 81 percent of men’s among workers age 35 and older. For those under age 35, the earnings differences between women and men were smaller, with women earning 88 to 91 percent of what men did. (See table 1.)

Women’s-to-men’s earnings ratios have grown substantially for most age groups since 1979. For young workers ages 16 to 24, the gains occurred primarily in the 1980s. For workers ages 25 to 64, the gains continued into the 2000s, but have tapered off in recent years. (See table 12.)

Earnings by race and ethnicity

Asian women and men earned more than their White, Black, and Hispanic counterparts in 2017. Among women, Whites ($795) earned 88 percent as much as Asians ($903); Blacks ($657) earned 73 percent; and Hispanics ($603) earned 67 percent. Among men, these earnings differences were even larger: White men ($971) earned 80 percent as much as Asian men ($1,207); Black men ($710) earned 59 percent as much; and Hispanic men ($690), 57 percent. (See chart 3 and table 1.)

chart-3

Earnings differences between women and men were largest among Asians and among Whites. Asian women earned 75 percent as much as Asian men in 2017, and White women earned 82 percent as much as their male counterparts. In comparison, Black women had median earnings that were 93 percent of Black men’s, and Hispanic women’s earnings were 87 percent of Hispanic men’s. (See table 1.)

Women’s earnings have increased considerably among the major race and Hispanic ethnicity groups since 1979 (the first year for which comparable data for Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics are available), with White women experiencing the greatest earnings growth. From 1979 to 2017, inflation-adjusted median weekly earnings (also called constant-dollar earnings) increased by 37 percent for White women, by 23 percent for Black women, and by 22 percent for Hispanic women. For White and Black women, gains tapered off around 2004. Since that time, White and Black women have seen little to no net growth in earnings. Hispanic women’s earnings, on the other hand, have remained on an upward trend, although substantial earnings growth for them did not begin until the late 1990s. (See table 18.)

The long-term trend in men’s earnings has been quite different than that for women. Inflation-adjusted earnings for White and Black men trended down from 1979 through the first part of the 1990s, followed by a period of growth that stalled in the early 2000s. For Hispanic men, earnings also declined through the mid-1990s, then began to trend up. Over the full period, 1979 through 2017, inflation-adjusted earnings for White, Black, and Hispanic men have shown little to no change on net. (See table 18.)

Data for Asians were not tabulated prior to 2000. Between 2000 and 2017, inflation-adjusted earnings grew by 16 percent for Asian women and by 24 percent for Asian men. (See table 18.)

Earnings by educational attainment

Median weekly earnings vary significantly by educational attainment. Among all workers age 25 and older, the weekly earnings of those without a high school diploma ($520) were 41 percent of those with a bachelor’s degree or higher ($1,279) in 2017. For workers with a high school diploma who had not attended college, median earnings ($712) were 56 percent of those with a bachelor’s degree or higher. Those with some college or an associate’s degree (median weekly earnings of $798) made 62 percent of what workers with a bachelor’s degree or more made. (See table 1.)

In each educational attainment category, the long-term trend in inflation-adjusted earnings has been more favorable for women than for men. Although both women and men without a high school diploma have experienced declines in inflation-adjusted earnings since 1979, the drop for women was much smaller than that for men: a 7-percent decrease for women, compared with a 27-percent decline for men. On an inflation-adjusted basis, earnings for women with a bachelor’s degree or higher have increased by 36 percent since 1979. Earnings for men with a bachelor’s degree or higher have risen by 19 percent. (Data refer to workers age 25 and older.) (See chart 4 and table 19.)

chart-4

Earnings by occupation

Women and men working full time in management, business, and financial operations occupations had higher median weekly earnings than workers in any other major occupational category in 2017 ($1,134 for women and $1,526 for men). Within this category, women and men who were chief executives had the highest median weekly earnings in 2017 ($1,920 and $2,415, respectively). (See table 2.)

The second-highest paying occupational category for women and men was professional and related occupations ($1,014 for women and $1,391 for men). This is a broad occupational category made up of several distinct job groupings for specialized fields such as computer science and math, architecture and engineering, law, education, and healthcare. Within this diverse category, women who were pharmacists ($1,834), nurse practitioners ($1,832), and physicians and surgeons ($1,759) had the highest earnings in 2017. For men, those who were physicians and surgeons ($2,277), pharmacists ($2,228), and lawyers ($2,105) earned the most. (See table 2.)

Occupational distributions of women and men

The occupational distributions of female and male full-time workers differ considerably. Compared with men, relatively few women work in construction, production, or transportation occupations, and women are far more concentrated in office and administrative support jobs. (See chart 5 and table 2.)

chart-5

Women also are more likely than men to work in professional and related occupations. In 2017, 31 percent of women worked in professional and related occupations, compared with 20 percent of men. Within the professional category, though, the proportion of women employed in the higher paying jobs is much smaller than the proportion of men employed in them. In 2017, 10 percent of women in professional and related occupations were employed in the relatively high-paying computer (median weekly earnings of $1,235 for women and $1,552 for men) and engineering ($1,307 for women and $1,518 for men) fields, compared with 46 percent of men. Women were more likely to work in education ($935 for women and $1,202 for men) and healthcare ($1,068 for women and $1,341 for men) jobs, which generally pay less than computer and engineering jobs. Sixty-seven percent of women in professional occupations worked in education and healthcare jobs in 2017, compared with 30 percent of men. (See table 2.)

Across all occupational categories, the three most common jobs for women were registered nurse ($1,143), elementary and middle school teacher ($987), and secretary or administrative assistant ($735). Each of these occupations employed more than 2 million women in 2017, collectively representing 13 percent of women in full-time wage and salary jobs.

Among men, the most common job by far was truck driver (driver/sales workers and truck drivers, $807). In 2017, 2.7 million, or 4 percent, of all male full-wage and salary workers were truck drivers. Although engineering jobs are shown separately by specialty (civil, mechanical, etc.) in this report, if combined, engineer would be the second most common job for men. In 2017, a total of 1.9 million men were employed full time in the 16 designated engineering specialties (median weekly earnings ranging from $1,520 to $1,891). Another 1.8 million men worked as miscellaneous managers (managers, all other, $1,629), the third most common job for men. (See table 2.)

Earnings for those with and without children under 18

In 2017, a little more than one-third of full-time wage and salary workers were parents of children under age 18. (As defined here, “children” includes sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children under age 18 who live in the household.) Median weekly earnings for mothers of children under age 18 ($777) were little different from the earnings for women without children under 18 ($767). Earnings for fathers of children under 18 were $1,059, compared with $887 for men without children under 18. (See table 7.)

Earnings by state of residence

Median weekly earnings and women’s-to-men’s earnings ratios vary by state of residence. (In this report, “state” refers to the 50 states and the District of Columbia.) The differences among the states reflect, in part, variation in the occupations and industries found in each state and differences in the demographic composition of each state’s labor force. Readers should note that sampling error for the state estimates is considerably larger than it is for the national estimates. (See the technical notes section for an explanation of sampling error.) Consequently, earnings comparisons between states should be made with caution. Readers also should note that the state estimates are based on workers’ state of residence; their reported earnings are not necessarily from a job located in the same state. (See table 3.)

Weekly work hours of full-time workers

Among full-time workers (that is, those usually working at a job 35 hours or more per week), men are more likely than women to work more than 40 hours per week. In 2017, 25 percent of men who usually work full time worked 41 or more hours per week, compared with 14 percent of women. Women were more likely than men to work 35 to 39 hours per week: 11 percent of women worked such hours in 2017, while 4 percent of men did. A majority of both male and female full-time workers had a 40-hour workweek. Among these workers, women earned 88 percent as much as men. (This analysis excludes people who usually work 35 or more hours per week but whose hours vary.) (See table 5.)

Earnings of part-time workers

Women are more likely than men to work part time—that is, less than 35 hours per week on a sole or main job. Women who worked part time made up 24 percent of all female wage and salary workers in 2017. In comparison, 12 percent of men in wage and salary jobs worked part time. (See tables 4 and 5.)

Median weekly earnings for female part-timers were $265 in 2017, slightly higher than the $250 median for men. (See table 4.)

Part-time workers are more likely to be under age 25 than full-time workers. Among part-timers, 30 percent of women and 44 percent of men were under age 25 in 2017. Among full-time workers, 9 percent of women and 9 percent of men were under age 25. (See tables 1 and 4.)

Earnings of workers paid by the hour

In 2017, 61 percent of women and 56 percent of men in wage and salary jobs were paid by the hour. Women who were paid hourly rates had median hourly earnings of $13.56 in 2017, which were 89 percent of the $15.20 median for men. (See tables 8 and 11.)

Among workers who were paid hourly rates in 2017, 3 percent of women and 2 percent of men had hourly earnings at or below the prevailing federal minimum wage of $7.25. (See tables 10 and 11.) See the technical notes section for information about BLS estimates of the number of minimum wage workers.

Statistical Tables

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 1. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by selected characteristics, 2017 annual averages
Table 1. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by selected characteristics, 2017 annual averages
CharacteristicTotalWomenMenWomen's
earnings
as a
percentage
of men's
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Age

Total, 16 years and older

113,272$860$250,291$770$362,980$941$481.8

16 to 24 years

10,28151924,49049935,791547591.2

16 to 19 years

1,359424556640257934591087.6

20 to 24 years

8,92254043,92451434,998570590.2

25 years and older

102,991907245,801810357,190996381.3

25 to 34 years

28,196773312,381724415,815821588.2

35 to 44 years

25,662964511,173860614,4881,062881.0

45 to 54 years

25,650977511,609855714,0411,103977.5

55 to 64 years

19,15797468,756856710,4011,0981378.0

65 years and older

4,327909121,882782152,4451,0161877.0

Race and Hispanic or
Latino Ethnicity

White

87,730890237,727795350,003971481.9

Black or African American

14,52168247,59365756,928710692.5

Asian

7,3201,043163,306903154,0141,2072374.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

19,61565547,719603411,896690487.4

Marital Status

Never married

33,425684314,838649418,587711491.3

Married, spouse present(1)

61,943986325,364862436,5791,098678.5

Widowed, divorced, or separated(2)

17,904819510,09075957,814909883.5

Widowed

1,834797141,336763144989103283.8

Divorced

11,79286476,65380285,1409451084.9

Separated(2)

4,27772182,101639112,1768191878.0

Union Affiliation(3)

Members of unions(4)

13,3961,04175,70197097,6951,1021088.0

Represented by unions(5)

14,8121,02866,41995498,3931,094987.2

Not represented by a union

98,460829343,873746354,587914381.6

Educational Attainment

Total, 25 years and older

102,991907245,801810357,190996381.3

Less than a high school diploma

7,03852032,25744754,781584476.5

High school graduates, no college

26,011712310,031610315,980797476.5

Some college or associate degree

27,387798412,846700314,541917576.3

Bachelor's degree and higher

42,5551,279720,6681,131521,8871,481976.4

Footnotes
(1) Refers to people in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Separated includes people who are married, spouse absent.
(3) Differences in earnings levels between workers with and without union affiliation reflect a variety of factors in addition to coverage by a collective bargaining agreement, including the distribution of workers by occupation, industry, and geographic region.
(4) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(5) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Footnotes
(1) Refers to people in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Separated includes people who are married, spouse absent.
(3) Differences in earnings levels between workers with and without union affiliation reflect a variety of factors in addition to coverage by a collective bargaining agreement, including the distribution of workers by occupation, industry, and geographic region.
(4) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(5) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 2. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by detailed occupation, 2017 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Table 2. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by detailed occupation, 2017 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
OccupationTotalWomenMenWomen's
earnings
as a
percentage
of men's
Number of workersMedian weekly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workersMedian weekly earningsStandard error of medianNumber of workersMedian weekly earningsStandard error of median
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Total, full-time wage and salary workers

113,272$860$250,291$770$362,980$941$481.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

47,2071,224524,3931,052522,8151,442673.0

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

19,4141,32798,9991,134710,4151,5261274.3

Management occupations

13,1691,392115,6001,173127,5681,5731574.6

Chief executives

1,1362,296293131,920808232,4158979.5

General and operations managers

9201,328383211,134315981,4884976.2

Legislators

14--9--5---

Advertising and promotions managers

531,33030329--24---

Marketing and sales managers

9941,509474281,288685661,7474273.7

Public relations and fundraising managers

711,3188747--24---

Administrative services managers

1471,23368571,01335891,6295962.2

Computer and information systems managers

5941,843871651,6291044281,8971985.9

Financial managers

1,1111,412506111,222515001,7198071.1

Compensation and benefits managers

16--11--5---

Human resources managers

3041,448682111,28058921,7484873.2

Training and development managers

581,39618135--23---

Industrial production managers

2651,48659631,3121462021,5266086.0

Purchasing managers

1941,2711231041,13836901,42020280.1

Transportation, storage, and distribution managers

2741,0395449--2251,06157-

Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers

1211,0016021--100963146-

Construction managers

5821,42830561,243915261,4392786.4

Education administrators

8011,367324971,243273041,5614379.6

Architectural and engineering managers

1281,9995610--1192,02098-

Food service managers

81675323394674204218943475.4

Funeral service managers

9--5--4---

Gaming managers

23--6--17---

Lodging managers

1168821366284442549823985.9

Medical and health services managers

6101,319494331,177451771,4905779.0

Natural sciences managers

17--7--10---

Postmasters and mail superintendents

23--10--13---

Property, real estate, and community association managers

42195734241873291811,16311475.1

Social and community service managers

3371,136232361,052321011,28113782.1

Emergency management directors

10--7--4---

Managers, all other

3,0041,488241,1631,251221,8411,6293376.8

Business and financial operations occupations

6,2451,174133,3981,055132,8471,3901975.9

Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes

23--15--8---

Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products

10--4--6---

Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products

15488640878884367882167100.7

Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products

2401,13244961,0851191431,1444294.8

Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators

3461,00222218925411281,1084483.5

Compliance officers

2401,391561341,2961281061,5016586.3

Cost estimators

1131,1392613--1001,15725-

Human resources workers

6641,086374821,035391821,2369983.7

Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists

601,0429339--21---

Training and development specialists

1141,09912755937104591,2554274.7

Logisticians

1011,2305533--671,358307-

Management analysts

6061,499512551,315683511,65111079.6

Meeting, convention, and event planners

1021,080106891,0645814---

Fundraisers

721,15231551,1523417---

Market research analysts and marketing specialists

2581,1741081491,061661101,3575578.2

Business operations specialists, all other

2501,136381321,013471181,36111174.4

Accountants and auditors

1,5121,173248901,065246221,3893176.7

Appraisers and assessors of real estate

551,0746420--35---

Budget analysts

541,37710426--29---

Credit analysts

27--15--13---

Financial analysts

2641,530491081,3691871561,5906486.1

Personal financial advisors

3981,42556131979392671,66210858.9

Insurance underwriters

921,15345571,1155935---

Financial examiners

15--7--8---

Credit counselors and loan officers

3201,07074193958361271,33220571.9

Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents

621,07813733--28---

Tax preparers

567916039--18---

Financial specialists, all other

36--24--11---

Professional and related occupations

27,7941,160415,3941,014512,4001,391972.9

Computer and mathematical occupations

4,3501,465151,1101,235233,2401,5521679.6

Computer and information research scientists

23--9--13---

Computer systems analysts

5221,409352111,270733111,4952984.9

Information security analysts

941,72525420--741,773661-

Computer programmers

4231,48372891,363563331,5394988.6

Software developers, applications and systems software

1,4391,792412651,543621,1741,8632282.8

Web developers

1441,2357146--981,342425-

Computer support specialists

4431,06841124919493191,1342981.0

Database administrators

931,38117337--561,745137-

Network and computer systems administrators

1931,3954438--1551,39652-

Computer network architects

1001,636783--971,65977-

Computer occupations, all other

6271,194261421,059884841,2503284.7

Actuaries

23--7--16---

Mathematicians

2--0--2---

Operations research analysts

1461,39670741,20561711,5706176.8

Statisticians

771,4333441--36---

Miscellaneous mathematical science occupations

2--1--1---

Architecture and engineering occupations

2,9361,478194421,307542,4941,5182086.1

Architects, except naval

1961,4539146--1501,65081-

Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists

30--5--25---

Aerospace engineers

1371,892699--1281,89166-

Agricultural engineers

3--0--3---

Biomedical engineers

16--4--11---

Chemical engineers

781,62611912--661,631487-

Civil engineers

3931,49455611,343983321,5244388.1

Computer hardware engineers

731,77113013--601,793169-

Electrical and electronics engineers

2761,8039930--2451,772123-

Environmental engineers

32--11--21---

Industrial engineers, including health and safety

2131,4967146--1681,52082-

Marine engineers and naval architects

7--0--7---

Materials engineers

32--5--28---

Mechanical engineers

3371,5344126--3111,53340-

Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers

12--1--10---

Nuclear engineers

7--0--7---

Petroleum engineers

23--6--17---

Engineers, all other

5461,56126731,4361224731,5713591.4

Drafters

1221,1265121--1001,14960-

Engineering technicians, except drafters

3391,0535270884512691,1023780.2

Surveying and mapping technicians

631,109382--611,11437-

Life, physical, and social science occupations

1,2381,286515641,183396741,3613086.9

Agricultural and food scientists

25--10--14---

Biological scientists

821,1406341--41---

Conservation scientists and foresters

26--11--15---

Medical scientists

1621,37854801,270373821,3834391.8

Life scientists, all other

4--3--1---

Astronomers and physicists

16--1--15---

Atmospheric and space scientists

6--2--4---

Chemists and materials scientists

981,4255041--561,45145-

Environmental scientists and geoscientists

801,63926030--511,74662-

Physical scientists, all other

2701,529731221,409581471,5655990.0

Economists

29--12--18---

Survey researchers

2--1--1---

Psychologists

1061,45464711,4375035---

Sociologists

2--0--2---

Urban and regional planners

34--16--18---

Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers

27--9--18---

Agricultural and food science technicians

30--10--20---

Biological technicians

23--15--8---

Chemical technicians

621,0132816--45---

Geological and petroleum technicians

13--4--9---

Nuclear technicians

6--2--4---

Social science research assistants

4--4--0---

Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians

132826436376658709704279.0

Community and social service occupations

2,165900141,418857137479762887.8

Counselors

65089720472894281789012599.2

Social workers

71490626591900271229354896.3

Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists

9088189558584236---

Social and human service assistants

189739341417013348---

Miscellaneous community and social service specialists, including health educators and community health workers

6882938517915417---

Clergy

3421,0582946--2971,07397-

Directors, religious activities and education

618445525--36---

Religious workers, all other

5083115837--13---

Legal occupations

1,3791,443258111,192465681,8962362.9

Lawyers

7811,901173371,753264442,1054283.3

Judicial law clerks

13--6--7---

Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers

591,74234317--42---

Paralegals and legal assistants

370945253219342849---

Miscellaneous legal support workers

156957451309046526---

Education, training, and library occupations

6,9781,00285,03993581,9391,2022477.8

Postsecondary teachers

9851,312554341,208285511,4143885.4

Preschool and kindergarten teachers

530657245186542412---

Elementary and middle school teachers

2,8381,023112,224987126141,1391886.7

Secondary school teachers

9171,139195241,091313921,2263489.0

Special education teachers

3861,024293321,01733541,0515796.8

Other teachers and instructors

41989734265820291551,12815172.7

Archivists, curators, and museum technicians

42--24--18---

Librarians

1351,009431049724731---

Library technicians

16--14--2---

Teacher assistants

59055016523537186764210783.6

Other education, training, and library workers

1201,04973779566644---

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

1,7781,06624765943181,0131,1611581.2

Artists and related workers

701,20917427--43---

Designers

6001,01231273857203271,1724973.1

Actors

17--6--11---

Producers and directors

1311,4895743--891,70897-

Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers

1498984345--1041,031101-

Dancers and choreographers

9--5--4---

Musicians, singers, and related workers

41--12--29---

Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other

24--13--10---

Announcers

24--7--18---

News analysts, reporters and correspondents

729457842--30---

Public relations specialists

921,33939571,20310335---

Editors

1241,0845968992169561,1235388.3

Technical writers

671,2228637--30---

Writers and authors

1061,13727571,04552501,1713589.2

Miscellaneous media and communication workers

538098528--25---

Broadcast and sound engineering technicians and radio operators

811,1504410--711,16041-

Photographers

669318025--40---

Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors

46--8--38---

Media and communication equipment workers, all other

5--2--3---

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

6,9701,12485,2461,068101,7241,3412179.6

Chiropractors

11--2--9---

Dentists

41--25--16---

Dietitians and nutritionists

889914680996428---

Optometrists

19--13--6---

Pharmacists

2541,9231231471,8341771072,22821782.3

Physicians and surgeons

8151,918863521,7592044632,2778277.3

Physician assistants

971,74762661,6407131---

Podiatrists

7--4--3---

Audiologists

13--12--1---

Occupational therapists

741,30189621,27310712---

Physical therapists

1821,317511181,29764641,3414996.7

Radiation therapists

11--8--3---

Recreational therapists

5--3--1---

Respiratory therapists

8396128569042727---

Speech-language pathologists

1061,213511021,214484---

Exercise physiologists

5--3--1---

Therapists, all other

142983341149473929---

Veterinarians

601,8408840--20---

Registered nurses

2,5361,150102,2531,14392831,2606990.7

Nurse anesthetists

30--17--13---

Nurse midwives

5--5--0---

Nurse practitioners

1411,841571291,8325912---

Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other

15--12--3---

Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians

2978903820384538941,0617779.6

Dental hygienists

781,03358731,028845---

Diagnostic related technologists and technicians

2711,162441861,04150851,4045674.1

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

2039845058733681451,1197765.5

Health practitioner support technologists and technicians

4697101737167817988582579.0

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

5018152343881425628175099.6

Medical records and health information technicians

151763271407612911---

Opticians, dispensing

43--30--13---

Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians

14381133957464648---

Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

771,1837028--49---

Service occupations

16,04454448,05950127,985608482.4

Healthcare support occupations

2,50054272,18053373205971989.3

Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides

1,38750051,22349351645832184.6

Occupational therapy assistants and aides

13--11--1---

Physical therapist assistants and aides

47--33--15---

Massage therapists

516323436--15---

Dental assistants

215608132036021212---

Medical assistants

457594124185971139---

Medical transcriptionists

21--18--3---

Pharmacy aides

25--14--11---

Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers

37--33--4---

Phlebotomists

9763511826391116---

Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations, including medical equipment preparers

150587301106033240---

Protective service occupations

2,73985216535690262,2048941577.2

First-line supervisors of correctional officers

508999412--38---

First-line supervisors of police and detectives

941,3487813--811,34772-

First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers

43--2--42---

First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other

699535911--5893854-

Firefighters

2721,123458--2641,13653-

Fire inspectors

22--0--22---

Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers

39077122106669222848254681.1

Detectives and criminal investigators

1421,2564632--1101,29191-

Fish and game wardens

5--0--5---

Parking enforcement workers

4--2--2---

Police and sheriff's patrol officers

6881,0153194985425951,0244496.2

Transit and railroad police

6--2--4---

Animal control workers

12--4--8---

Private detectives and investigators

869636144--42---

Security guards and gaming surveillance officers

74059612170548255706161689.0

Crossing guards

23--6--17---

Transportation security screeners

43--11--32---

Lifeguards and other recreational, and all other protective service workers

49--19--30---

Food preparation and serving related occupations

4,46548432,10645962,359502591.4

Chefs and head cooks

3826341872514153106551878.5

First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

42753719227500152006132281.6

Cooks

1,365466850643612859481790.6

Food preparation workers

5104251026941082424491391.3

Bartenders

2105544011251512986002685.8

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

175407910040111754151596.6

Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop

654602936--29---

Waiters and waitresses

9114939592475103195332789.1

Food servers, nonrestaurant

8847323594682428---

Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers

1344582055481167944422108.3

Dishwashers

1314011219--11140812-

Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop

674012158400239---

Food preparation and serving related workers, all other

1--1--1---

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

3,64152241,26846372,373573780.8

First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers

1906613677515161137493368.8

First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers

111723409--10276066-

Janitors and building cleaners

1,595539845948191,136574983.8

Maids and housekeeping cleaners

815450968743991285081986.4

Pest control workers

94616275--8961726-

Grounds maintenance workers

8375251031--80552610-

Personal care and service occupations

2,69952041,97150347286121282.2

First-line supervisors of gaming workers

126797395376330738374391.2

First-line supervisors of personal service workers

766193745--31---

Animal trainers

23--7--16---

Nonfarm animal caretakers

9950619785041921---

Gaming services workers

666924628--37---

Motion picture projectionists

0--0--0---

Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers

8--2--6---

Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers

745171836--39---

Embalmers and funeral attendants

15--7--8---

Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors

22--3--19---

Barbers

54590288--47---

Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists

324528263025211722---

Miscellaneous personal appearance workers

235567311875382948---

Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges

705475014--5654348-

Tour and travel guides

21--6--14---

Childcare workers

44848284134741135---

Personal care aides

735486860847981275202092.1

Recreation and fitness workers

2006163011856534827267877.8

Residential advisors

27--17--10---

Personal care and service workers, all other

765703740--37---

Sales and office occupations

23,686718314,20567239,481834980.6

Sales and related occupations

9,95376374,35560965,598934965.2

First-line supervisors of retail sales workers

2,388764121,013639121,3768911671.7

First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers

8151,06227274965285411,1513783.8

Cashiers

1,360438998242253784931485.6

Counter and rental clerks

786074331--48---

Parts salespersons

115786567--10880056-

Retail salespersons

1,8966156736523121,1607042574.3

Advertising sales agents

1938873010688233878955598.5

Insurance sales agents

44089737242795461981,0584975.1

Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents

2311,332117779111241541,4164264.3

Travel agents

576652447--10---

Sales representatives, services, all other

4581,14740120902493391,3326967.7

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing

1,1051,15724308956477961,2223678.2

Models, demonstrators, and product promoters

16--12--4---

Real estate brokers and sales agents

48895323269818642191,1593770.6

Sales engineers

39--3--36---

Telemarketers

37--27--11---

Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers

41--15--27---

Sales and related workers, all other

1959719689799771071,1473269.7

Office and administrative support occupations

13,73370139,85069133,884735794.0

First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers

1,26186715854819174089873283.0

Switchboard operators, including answering service

16--12--3---

Telephone operators

35--27--9---

Communications equipment operators, all other

5--2--4---

Bill and account collectors

13067432926552638---

Billing and posting clerks

4056961534769116587183496.2

Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks

7187191362571612927433796.4

Gaming cage workers

11--11--0---

Payroll and timekeeping clerks

10376528897672813---

Procurement clerks

29--15--14---

Tellers

209572141845621525---

Financial clerks, all other

749024048--26---

Brokerage clerks

5--3--2---

Correspondence clerks

6--5--0---

Court, municipal, and license clerks

7973858627183617---

Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks

508077731--20---

Customer service representatives

1,88165491,234637106467122989.5

Eligibility interviewers, government programs

6684955507795016---

File clerks

135704361097063126---

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

844861849--35---

Interviewers, except eligibility and loan

10667132896833416---

Library assistants, clerical

45--37--8---

Loan interviewers and clerks

11474223957252219---

New accounts clerks

36--28--8---

Order clerks

806293142--38---

Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping

45--37--8---

Receptionists and information clerks

89260278265997666522591.9

Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks

9973938566915843---

Information and record clerks, all other

9269132746833219---

Cargo and freight agents

14--4--10---

Couriers and messengers

1557254524--13175149-

Dispatchers

25571019145691181107533491.8

Meter readers, utilities

14--2--12---

Postal service clerks

10494090569257248---

Postal service mail carriers

26694433108856351589652988.7

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

49--23--26---

Production, planning, and expediting clerks

23891135120798391181,0434776.5

Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks

54461110165596203796161196.8

Stock clerks and order fillers

98255912339538186435711494.2

Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping

43--21--22---

Secretaries and administrative assistants

2,16573982,046735811985214886.3

Computer operators

638096735--27---

Data entry keyers

224650171766401848---

Word processors and typists

806832972667248---

Desktop publishers

1--1--0---

Insurance claims and policy processing clerks

223714161897111734---

Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service

46--16--30---

Office clerks, general

9356821179367091427803785.9

Office machine operators, except computer

27--17--10---

Proofreaders and copy markers

6--4--2---

Statistical assistants

17--10--7---

Office and administrative support workers, all other

47375821352756211227685698.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

11,50980145155791510,994809571.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

96253917206471147565851180.5

First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers

51711374--47---

Agricultural inspectors

14--4--10---

Animal breeders

3--0--3---

Graders and sorters, agricultural products

9950029674873432---

Miscellaneous agricultural workers

7015178127453195745533181.9

Fishers and related fishing workers

21--0--21---

Hunters and trappers

2--1--0---

Forest and conservation workers

25--2--23---

Logging workers

47--1--46---

Construction and extraction occupations

6,1477966160802265,9877966100.8

First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

5201,1583614--5061,16636-

Boilermakers

15--0--15---

Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons

121787350--12178735-

Carpenters

8707891219--85178912-

Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers

115631481--11462845-

Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers

47--2--45---

Construction laborers

1,4436701143--1,40066711-

Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators

12--0--12---

Pile-driver operators

2--0--2---

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

324868276--31886829-

Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers

114634541--11262843-

Electricians

7269792615--71197426-

Glaziers

39--0--39---

Insulation workers

52768273--49---

Painters, construction and maintenance

3476831720--32868917-

Paperhangers

1--0--1---

Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

497866358--48986536-

Plasterers and stucco masons

24--0--24---

Reinforcing iron and rebar workers

13--0--13---

Roofers

174621210--17462121-

Sheet metal workers

136865493--13286648-

Structural iron and steel workers

43--2--41---

Solar photovoltaic installers

7--0--7---

Helpers, construction trades

57621274--5362748-

Construction and building inspectors

639741494--601,068230-

Elevator installers and repairers

38--0--38---

Fence erectors

26--1--25---

Hazardous materials removal workers

27--6--20---

Highway maintenance workers

91761294--8877030-

Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators

10--0--10---

Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners

6--0--6---

Miscellaneous construction and related workers

15--1--14---

Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining

27--0--27---

Earth drillers, except oil and gas

17--0--17---

Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters

12--0--12---

Mining machine operators

49--0--49---

Roof bolters, mining

2--0--2---

Roustabouts, oil and gas

4--0--4---

Helpers--extraction workers

5--1--5---

Other extraction workers

54900462--5290745-

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,4008789149736474,251883883.4

First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers

2441,0924319--2251,08949-

Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers

1738193617--15683347-

Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers

1211,010478--1131,06999-

Avionics technicians

7--0--7---

Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers

30--0--30---

Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment

1--0--1---

Electrical and electronics repairers, industrial and utility

14--0--14---

Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles

11--0--11---

Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers

38--0--38---

Security and fire alarm systems installers

71945673--6894366-

Aircraft mechanics and service technicians

1531,169626--1461,17565-

Automotive body and related repairers

1248211031--122832124-

Automotive glass installers and repairers

21--0--21---

Automotive service technicians and mechanics

7527611515--73776415-

Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists

367887254--36288725-

Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics

177993434--1731,00542-

Small engine mechanics

26--0--26---

Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

64613380--6461338-

Control and valve installers and repairers

25--0--25---

Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers

376830467--36983247-

Home appliance repairers

26--0--26---

Industrial and refractory machinery mechanics

3959232916--37993241-

Maintenance and repair workers, general

5118282620--49083429-

Maintenance workers, machinery

25--0--25---

Millwrights

40--1--39---

Electrical power-line installers and repairers

1321,191370--1321,19137-

Telecommunications line installers and repairers

187879415--18187645-

Precision instrument and equipment repairers

44--10--34---

Wind turbine service technicians

6--0--6---

Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers

24--1--23---

Commercial divers

0--0--0---

Locksmiths and safe repairers

20--2--18---

Manufactured building and mobile home installers

3--0--3---

Riggers

13--0--13---

Signal and track switch repairers

11--0--11---

Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers

15--2--14---

Other installation, maintenance, and repair workers

156774356--15077239-

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

14,82569233,119545611,705736574.0

Production occupations

7,58970142,04456475,545769773.3

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

72296624133716535881,0071971.1

Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers

1--1--0---

Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers

123624295058728736826786.1

Engine and other machine assemblers

14--2--11---

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

25--1--24---

Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators

95763015362559125957001879.9

Bakers

135472136846423674886895.1

Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers

2595871663487161966211978.4

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

7--3--4---

Food batchmakers

705752938--32---

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

8--5--3---

Food processing workers, all other

17167625525451351197012277.7

Computer control programmers and operators

1008683012--8891250-

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

18--1--17---

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

9--1--8---

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

9--2--6---

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

84665359--7468848-

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

7--0--7---

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

40--4--35---

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

14--1--13---

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

5--2--3---

Machinists

3438312616--32683428-

Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters

23--3--20---

Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic

3--3--1---

Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

43--5--38---

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

5--1--4---

Tool and die makers

591,007363--561,021211-

Welding, soldering, and brazing workers

5418121724--51782118-

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2--1--1---

Layout workers, metal and plastic

11--0--11---

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

16--2--14---

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

7--0--7---

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

3816541878574293036791984.5

Prepress technicians and workers

13--4--8---

Printing press operators

1517584326--12678924-

Print binding and finishing workers

8--4--4---

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

10645022794432227---

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

19--9--10---

Sewing machine operators

157519211085212349---

Shoe and leather workers and repairers

1--1--0---

Shoe machine operators and tenders

3--1--2---

Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers

31--21--10---

Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders

0--0--0---

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

6--4--2---

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

17--9--8---

Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders

12--8--4---

Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers

0--0--0---

Fabric and apparel patternmakers

1--1--0---

Upholsterers

22--4--18---

Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other

19--9--10---

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

38--2--36---

Furniture finishers

8--1--7---

Model makers and patternmakers, wood

1--0--1---

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

26--0--26---

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

16--4--12---

Woodworkers, all other

19--4--15---

Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers

47--2--45---

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

761,0883044--721,14299-

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

107907335--10291033-

Miscellaneous plant and system operators

41--6--34---

Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders

58877723--5587965-

Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers

70771258--6279539-

Cutting workers

515211612--40---

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

13--3--10---

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

5--0--5---

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

71776526275637194438534874.7

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

24--5--20---

Medical, dental, and ophthalmic laboratory technicians

575987440--16---

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

27555320147516141285981786.3

Painting workers

1316932814--11770533-

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

23--7--16---

Semiconductor processors

2--2--0---

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

4--0--4---

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

10--2--8---

Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders

2--1--1---

Etchers and engravers

5--2--3---

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

25--4--21---

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

28--5--23---

Tire builders

10--0--10---

Helpers--production workers

30--11--19---

Production workers, all other

89066316238570206537161579.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

7,23668151,07551466,160710572.4

Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers

19288112331--16091975-

Aircraft pilots and flight engineers

1121,7362007--1051,750119-

Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists

16--5--11---

Flight attendants

7186096518738220---

Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians

8--1--7---

Bus drivers

35660516148517282096712777.0

Driver/sales workers and truck drivers

2,8287978139589282,689807973.0

Taxi drivers and chauffeurs

3626041854453303086232472.7

Motor vehicle operators, all other

33--5--28---

Locomotive engineers and operators

43--7--36---

Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators

5--0--5---

Railroad conductors and yardmasters

42--2--39---

Subway, streetcar, and other rail transportation workers

9--2--7---

Sailors and marine oilers

19--0--19---

Ship and boat captains and operators

29--0--29---

Ship engineers

3--0--3---

Bridge and lock tenders

5--2--3---

Parking lot attendants

655604516--49---

Automotive and watercraft service attendants

80514437--7353545-

Transportation inspectors

41--8--33---

Transportation attendants, except flight attendants

21--10--11---

Other transportation workers

20--1--19---

Conveyor operators and tenders

1--0--1---

Crane and tower operators

52902541--5189853-

Dredge, excavating, and loading machine operators

29--1--28---

Hoist and winch operators

6--0--6---

Industrial truck and tractor operators

5846241446--53863219-

Cleaners of vehicles and equipment

2375302540--19753137-

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

1,4505787254500101,196595784.0

Machine feeders and offbearers

29--15--14---

Packers and packagers, hand

3684808210462141585001392.4

Pumping station operators

19--0--19---

Refuse and recyclable material collectors

56522687--49---

Mine shuttle car operators

0--0--0---

Tank car, truck, and ship loaders

6--0--6---

Material moving workers, all other

41--6--34---

Note: Median earnings are not shown where employment is less than 50,000. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's are not shown where employment for either women or men is less than 50,000. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: Median earnings are not shown where employment is less than 50,000. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's are not shown where employment for either women or men is less than 50,000. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 3. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by state, 2017 annual averages
Table 3. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by state, 2017 annual averages
StateTotalWomenMenWomen's
earnings
as a
percentage
of men's
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

United States

113,272$860$250,291$770$362,980$941$481.8

Alabama

1,59375314712656178818452577.6

Alaska

25397918117883271361,0904381.0

Arizona

2,28383017970749171,3129162681.8

Arkansas

1,02372213496665155277992383.2

California

13,14591385,620827117,5259921183.4

Colorado

2,04991814854838201,1959862085.0

Connecticut

1,2901,01119577938407131,1024785.1

Delaware

34984022160785191899052686.7

District of Columbia

3111,273301581,191451531,3855086.0

Florida

7,09276873,31272693,7808261487.9

Georgia

3,717775121,736720171,9818662983.1

Hawaii

49782118234734232639182880.0

Idaho

56879416230695133388931777.8

Illinois

4,426918121,965791162,4601,0171777.8

Indiana

2,425805141,075708191,3509032878.4

Iowa

1,16782515522738176459072081.4

Kansas

1,04082318459749205819162181.8

Kentucky

1,47777415676673208018343080.7

Louisiana

1,49877315673686208258862677.4

Maine

44584524201760232449112283.4

Maryland

2,2951,036281,041959371,2541,1314184.8

Massachusetts

2,5971,078211,157971181,4401,2043280.6

Michigan

3,405853161,455765121,9509281782.4

Minnesota

2,12895520937844261,1911,0262482.3

Mississippi

94472313454643184907942581.0

Missouri

2,166826171,006733201,1609252779.2

Montana

32180019135713151858832280.7

Nebraska

69681416311760233858712887.3

Nevada

1,07174612451675146218081683.5

New Hampshire

51291820225838212871,0032583.5

New Jersey

3,2411,016131,486929171,7551,1382381.6

New Mexico

62273713268701163547712290.9

New York

7,12091893,303850153,8179841386.4

North Carolina

3,574810101,655754131,9198741986.3

North Dakota

29185718128740181649521877.7

Ohio

4,021832121,801743132,2209081581.8

Oklahoma

1,30876611554685167548592579.7

Oregon

1,41387323604770248109452281.5

Pennsylvania

4,448869131,985768112,4639711779.1

Rhode Island

39189714178833242139563287.1

South Carolina

1,67379914753696169208982077.5

South Dakota

30876913141679151688581979.1

Tennessee

2,291780151,034704171,2578742380.5

Texas

9,91881394,24373495,6758941182.1

Utah

1,04482715394692146509521872.7

Vermont

22787419103816241249182188.9

Virginia

3,134937181,414844201,7201,0433380.9

Washington

2,538961201,066825221,4721,0932775.5

West Virginia

56974712253670203168302280.7

Wisconsin

2,15986013926777181,2339362183.0

Wyoming

1978752182720171151,0062171.6

Note: In general, the sampling error for the state estimates is considerably larger than it is for the national estimates; thus, comparisons of state estimates should be made with caution. Data shown are based on workers' state of residence; workers' reported earnings, however, may or may not be from a job located in the same state.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: In general, the sampling error for the state estimates is considerably larger than it is for the national estimates; thus, comparisons of state estimates should be made with caution. Data shown are based on workers' state of residence; workers' reported earnings, however, may or may not be from a job located in the same state.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 4. Median usual weekly earnings of part-time wage and salary workers, by selected demographic characteristics, 2017 annual averages
Table 4. Median usual weekly earnings of part-time wage and salary workers, by selected demographic characteristics, 2017 annual averages
CharacteristicTotalWomenMenWomen's
earnings
as a
percentage
of men's
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Age

Total, 16 years and older

24,433$260$116,054$265$28,378$250$2106.0

16 to 24 years

8,45320024,77119923,683201299.0

16 to 19 years

3,60516021,98115931,625162398.1

20 to 24 years

4,84823222,79022932,058237496.6

25 years and older

15,980301211,28430224,6963013100.3

25 to 34 years

4,17830032,81230041,3673005100.0

35 to 44 years

3,02831942,32231847063221098.8

45 to 54 years

2,97031942,33731846333241098.1

55 to 64 years

3,19530242,29530459002948103.4

65 years and older

2,60925851,51824961,091273891.2

Race and Hispanic or
Latino Ethnicity

White

19,235264212,78126926,4542533106.3

Black or African American

2,95324331,85824741,0952375104.2

Asian

1,2372756798276743927511100.4

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

4,02426232,58826031,436265598.1

Marital Status

Never married

11,97222116,76922025,203222299.1

Married, spouse present(1)

9,17831326,79531232,383314599.4

Widowed, divorced, or separated(2)

3,28328542,4912854792286799.7

Widowed

7202547605255811525021102.0

Divorced

1,84629751,36429664833001098.7

Separated(2)

7172856522289719527214106.2

Footnotes
(1) Refers to people in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Separated includes people who are married, spouse absent.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Footnotes
(1) Refers to people in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Separated includes people who are married, spouse absent.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 5. Median usual weekly earnings of wage and salary workers, by hours usually worked, 2017 annual averages
Table 5. Median usual weekly earnings of wage and salary workers, by hours usually worked, 2017 annual averages
Hours of workTotalWomenMenWomen's
earnings
as a
percentage
of men's
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Total, 16 years and older

137,890$740$266,421$641$271,469$852$475.2

0 to 34 hours

22,410263114,76726827,6442532105.9

0 to 4 hours

53062334962318163598.4

5 to 9 hours

1,19589278488341291496.7

10 to 14 hours

2,02512211,33112326941182104.2

15 to 19 hours

2,70417421,79918439051642112.2

20 to 24 hours

6,57523824,34824522,2272243109.4

25 to 29 hours

3,36929722,20230131,1672913103.4

30 to 34 hours

6,01337833,95339042,0603604108.3

35 hours and over

108,270865248,321776359,949945482.1

35 to 39 hours

7,84953765,24955062,6015147107.0

40 hours

78,506801236,175752342,331853488.2

41 hours and over

21,9151,27686,8971,1731115,0181,343887.3

41 to 44 hours

1,22194922518877287031,0103186.8

45 to 48 hours

6,1611,14992,1571,113194,0041,1721595.0

49 to 59 hours

9,8731,377113,0321,273196,8421,4141390.0

60 hours and over

4,6601,452151,1911,261243,4691,4991884.1

Hours vary

7,21051983,33439763,8766661759.6

Usually less than 35 hours

2,02222651,28823167352197105.5

Usually 35 or more hours

5,002722131,971576173,0318641866.7

Note: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full-time and part-time workers. Estimates for the "hours vary" groups do not sum to totals because data are not presented for a small number of multiple jobholders whose usual number of hours on the principal job is not identifiable.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full-time and part-time workers. Estimates for the "hours vary" groups do not sum to totals because data are not presented for a small number of multiple jobholders whose usual number of hours on the principal job is not identifiable.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 6. Distribution of full-time wage and salary workers, by usual weekly earnings and selected demographic characteristics, 2017 annual averages [In thousands]
Table 6. Distribution of full-time wage and salary workers, by usual weekly earnings and selected demographic characteristics, 2017 annual averages [In thousands]
CharacteristicTotal
employed
Number of workers by usual weekly earnings
Under
$350.00
$350.00
to
$499.99
$500.00
to
$599.99
$600.00
to
$749.99
$750.00
to
$999.99
$1,000.00
to
$1,199.99
$1,200.00
to
$1,999.99
$2,000.00
or
more
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Age

Total, 16 years and older

113,2725,13215,12810,22115,87619,57411,94522,85912,537

16 to 24 years

10,2811,2883,3401,5561,6571,33048253693

16 to 19 years

1,3593315831731357917356

20 to 24 years

8,9229572,7581,3831,5221,25146550186

25 years and older

102,9913,84411,7888,66614,21918,24411,46322,32312,444

25 to 34 years

28,1961,2784,1042,9384,7955,4813,0234,8341,743

35 to 44 years

25,6628782,7201,9513,2834,3082,9326,1293,460

45 to 54 years

25,6508672,5521,9123,1744,4402,9575,9963,751

55 to 64 years

19,1575681,9011,4512,4393,3562,1044,5122,826

65 years and older

4,327253511414529658447851664

Women, 16 years and older

50,2912,8857,9085,2197,6849,1275,1828,6163,671

16 to 24 years

4,4906711,56469866452916916926

16 to 19 years

5661692686128274100

20 to 24 years

3,9245021,29663863650216616026

25 years and older

45,8012,2146,3444,5217,0208,5985,0128,4463,645

25 to 34 years

12,3816642,0011,4872,2392,4651,2661,733526

35 to 44 years

11,1735371,4539831,5652,0491,2662,326994

45 to 54 years

11,6095601,4681,0331,6652,1391,3172,3091,118

55 to 64 years

8,7563241,1587961,2861,6149701,785823

65 years and older

1,882130264222265331193293184

Men, 16 years and older

62,9802,2467,2205,0038,19210,4486,76314,2438,866

16 to 24 years

5,7916171,77685899380131236767

16 to 19 years

7931623151121075213256

20 to 24 years

4,9984541,46174688674929934261

25 years and older

57,1901,6305,4444,1457,1999,6466,45113,8768,799

25 to 34 years

15,8156142,1031,4502,5563,0161,7573,1021,217

35 to 44 years

14,4883411,2679681,7182,2601,6673,8032,466

45 to 54 years

14,0413071,0848791,5092,3011,6403,6872,633

55 to 64 years

10,4012447436561,1531,7421,1342,7272,003

65 years and older

2,445123247192264328254558480

Race and Hispanic or
Latino Ethnicity

White

87,7303,56710,8367,53112,12915,3959,58318,47810,212

Women

37,7271,9505,5713,7415,7637,0364,0366,7422,888

Men

50,0031,6175,2653,7906,3668,3595,54711,7367,323

Black or African American

14,5211,0482,9211,7442,3452,4611,3071,947749

Women

7,5936321,6129571,2251,273676904313

Men

6,9284161,3097871,1201,1886301,042436

Asian

7,3202897475207801,0667321,8671,320

Women

3,306170405304405541332747401

Men

4,0141193412153755254001,121920

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

19,6151,3814,4612,3293,3373,1851,5782,364981

Women

7,7197352,0409661,1931,209549767259

Men

11,8966462,4211,3622,1441,9751,0291,596722

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 7. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by marital status and presence and age of own children under 18 years old, 2017 annual averages
Table 7. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers, by marital status and presence and age of own children under 18 years old, 2017 annual averages
CharacteristicNumber of workers (in thousands)Median weekly earningsStandard error of median
 
 
 
 

Women

Total, all marital statuses

50,291$770$3

With children under 18 years old

17,3017775

With children 6 to 17, none younger

10,6198027

With children under 6 years old

6,6827437

With no children under 18 years old

32,9907673

Total, married, spouse present(1)

25,3648624

With children under 18 years old

11,3578876

With children 6 to 17, none younger

6,9198788

With children under 6 years old

4,43790210

With no children under 18 years old

14,0078425

Total, other marital statuses(2)

24,9286943

With children under 18 years old

5,9456285

With children 6 to 17, none younger

3,7006968

With children under 6 years old

2,24555510

With no children under 18 years old

18,9837174

Men

Total, all marital statuses

62,9809414

With children under 18 years old

21,8681,0598

With children 6 to 17, none younger

11,9601,1298

With children under 6 years old

9,9099888

With no children under 18 years old

41,1128874

Total, married, spouse present(1)

36,5791,0986

With children under 18 years old

19,1391,1207

With children 6 to 17, none younger

10,5711,1597

With children under 6 years old

8,5681,04911

With no children under 18 years old

17,4401,0768

Total, other marital statuses(2)

26,4017614

With children under 18 years old

2,72976210

With children 6 to 17, none younger

1,38988023

With children under 6 years old

1,34168814

With no children under 18 years old

23,6727614

Footnotes
(1) Refers to people in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Includes people who are never married; widowed; divorced; separated; and married, spouse absent.

Note: Children refer to "own" children and include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Excluded are other related children such as grandchildren, nieces, nephews, and cousins, as well as unrelated children.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Footnotes
(1) Refers to people in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Includes people who are never married; widowed; divorced; separated; and married, spouse absent.

Note: Children refer to "own" children and include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Excluded are other related children such as grandchildren, nieces, nephews, and cousins, as well as unrelated children.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 8. Median hourly earnings of wage and salary workers paid hourly rates, by selected characteristics, 2017 annual averages
Table 8. Median hourly earnings of wage and salary workers paid hourly rates, by selected characteristics, 2017 annual averages
CharacteristicTotalWomenMenWomen's
earnings
as a
percentage
of men's
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
hourly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
hourly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
Number
of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
hourly
earnings
Standard
error
of
median
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Age

Total, 16 years and older

80,439$14.63$0.0540,658$13.56$0.0639,781$15.20$0.0489.2

16 to 24 years

15,97410.680.047,96510.280.048,00910.990.0493.5

16 to 19 years

4,6609.790.022,4099.590.102,2529.880.0397.1

20 to 24 years

11,31411.350.085,55711.000.045,75711.880.0492.6

25 years and older

64,46515.650.0532,69314.830.0231,77217.000.0587.2

25 to 34 years

19,26914.830.039,35014.000.069,91915.150.0492.4

35 to 44 years

14,62016.100.067,18814.920.057,43217.890.0783.4

45 to 54 years

14,79316.720.117,64115.160.057,15218.740.2280.9

55 to 64 years

11,86516.820.116,36115.210.105,50418.600.2181.8

65 years and older

3,91814.320.212,15313.880.171,76614.930.1193.0

Race and Hispanic or
Latino Ethnicity

White

61,25814.890.0230,39813.870.0430,86115.790.0787.8

Black or African American

11,82912.900.066,44512.550.105,38513.340.1494.1

Asian

4,00115.060.082,16014.230.301,84116.650.4385.5

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

16,60413.160.067,47312.090.049,13114.370.1884.1

Marital Status

Never married

32,14912.150.0215,53811.850.0316,61212.770.0792.8

Married, spouse present(1)

35,31716.640.0817,21215.130.0318,10618.160.0783.3

Widowed, divorced, or separated(2)

12,97314.970.047,90914.140.085,06416.220.1887.2

Widowed

1,62714.110.191,25513.760.2637215.250.5290.2

Divorced

8,16515.550.154,87314.880.063,29217.200.2286.5

Separated(2)

3,18213.520.231,78112.590.181,40015.010.1083.9

Union Affiliation(3)

Members of unions(4)

8,61420.110.063,31517.790.195,29922.120.1980.4

Represented by unions(5)

9,49319.940.063,77517.420.245,71921.860.2179.7

Not represented by a union

70,94613.980.0336,88413.120.0334,06214.870.0288.2

Educational Attainment

Total, 25 years and older

64,46515.650.0532,69314.830.0231,77217.000.0587.2

Less than a high school diploma

6,68912.020.042,68710.780.064,00113.220.1381.5

High school graduates, no college

21,80914.940.039,74913.130.0512,06016.660.1378.8

Some college or associate degree

21,36515.920.0511,47214.920.049,89317.850.0983.6

Bachelor's degree and higher

14,60219.980.058,78519.780.145,81720.520.2796.4

Footnotes
(1) Refers to people in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Separated includes people who are married, spouse absent.
(3) Differences in earnings levels between workers with and without union affiliation reflect a variety of factors in addition to coverage by a collective bargaining agreement, including the distribution of workers by occupation, industry, and geographic region.
(4) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(5) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Footnotes
(1) Refers to people in opposite-sex married couples only.
(2) Separated includes people who are married, spouse absent.
(3) Differences in earnings levels between workers with and without union affiliation reflect a variety of factors in addition to coverage by a collective bargaining agreement, including the distribution of workers by occupation, industry, and geographic region.
(4) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(5) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 9. Distribution of wage and salary workers paid hourly rates, by hourly earnings and selected demographic characteristics, 2017 annual averages [In thousands]
Table 9. Distribution of wage and salary workers paid hourly rates, by hourly earnings and selected demographic characteristics, 2017 annual averages [In thousands]
CharacteristicTotal
employed
Number of workers by hourly earnings
Under
$6.00
$6.00
to
$7.99
$8.00
to
$9.99
$10.00
to
$11.99
$12.00
to
$14.99
$15.00
to
$19.99
$20.00
or
more
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Age

Total, 16 years and older

80,4399901,6248,34014,68615,22317,70821,869

16 to 24 years

15,9744309123,6844,7393,3192,003886

16 to 19 years

4,6601315191,6891,49858518950

20 to 24 years

11,3142993941,9953,2412,7351,814836

25 years and older

64,4655607114,6569,94611,90415,70520,983

25 to 34 years

19,2692822381,5633,2754,1695,0534,689

35 to 44 years

14,6201231601,0012,1342,5203,5135,169

45 to 54 years

14,793971319162,0742,4643,5405,572

55 to 64 years

11,865521067381,6802,0302,7824,476

65 years and older

3,9187774377837218171,077

Women, 16 years and older

40,6586639435,1408,1138,1538,6159,031

16 to 24 years

7,9652845202,0372,3781,594808345

16 to 19 years

2,409772959337572805115

20 to 24 years

5,5572072251,1031,6211,314756330

25 years and older

32,6933794233,1035,7356,5597,8088,686

25 to 34 years

9,3501901299671,6922,1232,3421,907

35 to 44 years

7,18885976871,2421,3871,6482,041

45 to 54 years

7,64165906641,3081,3961,8522,266

55 to 64 years

6,36134615121,0721,2241,4951,964

65 years and older

2,153546272420429471509

Men, 16 years and older

39,7813276813,2006,5737,0709,09312,838

16 to 24 years

8,0091463921,6472,3621,7251,196541

16 to 19 years

2,2525422375674130513835

20 to 24 years

5,757911698921,6201,4211,058506

25 years and older

31,7721812891,5534,2115,3457,89712,297

25 to 34 years

9,919921085961,5832,0472,7112,782

35 to 44 years

7,43238633148921,1321,8653,129

45 to 54 years

7,15232402527661,0671,6893,306

55 to 64 years

5,50418452266088061,2872,512

65 years and older

1,766131165363292346568

Race and Hispanic or
Latino Ethnicity

White

61,2588111,1145,88310,66911,37113,72617,685

Women

30,3985606383,6295,9086,0176,5067,140

Men

30,8612514762,2534,7615,3557,22010,545

Black or African American

11,829933921,7662,4852,4872,4692,137

Women

6,445482361,0811,3471,3891,3361,007

Men

5,385461556841,1381,0981,1331,130

Asian

4,00141563057497257661,359

Women

2,1602835189453412411632

Men

1,8411421116296313355727

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

16,6041483111,7093,9533,5783,6493,255

Women

7,473941801,0582,0431,6411,4151,041

Men

9,131551316511,9101,9362,2352,214

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 10. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing federal minimum wage, by selected demographic characteristics, 2017 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Table 10. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing federal minimum wage, by selected demographic characteristics, 2017 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
CharacteristicWorkers paid hourly rates
TotalBelow
prevailing
federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below
prevailing federal
minimum wage
NumberPercentage of
workers
paid hourly
rates
 
 
 
 
 
 

Age

Total, 16 years and older

80,4391,2825421,8242.3

16 to 24 years

15,9745693218915.6

16 to 19 years

4,6602151723888.3

20 to 24 years

11,3143541495034.4

25 years and older

64,4657122219331.4

25 to 34 years

19,269338764152.2

35 to 44 years

14,620162472101.4

45 to 54 years

14,793121381581.1

55 to 64 years

11,86562421050.9

65 years and older

3,9182918461.2

Women, 16 years and older

40,6588293161,1462.8

16 to 24 years

7,9653711905627.1

16 to 19 years

2,40913410724110.0

20 to 24 years

5,557237833205.8

25 years and older

32,6934581265841.8

25 to 34 years

9,350222382602.8

35 to 44 years

7,188104291331.9

45 to 54 years

7,64177251021.3

55 to 64 years

6,3614222651.0

65 years and older

2,1531312251.1

Men, 16 years and older

39,7814522266781.7

16 to 24 years

8,0091981313294.1

16 to 19 years

2,25281651466.5

20 to 24 years

5,757117651833.2

25 years and older

31,772254953491.1

25 to 34 years

9,919117381551.6

35 to 44 years

7,4325918771.0

45 to 54 years

7,1524313560.8

55 to 64 years

5,5042020400.7

65 years and older

1,766166211.2

Race and Hispanic or
Latino Ethnicity

White

61,2581,0163591,3752.2

Women

30,3986802058852.9

Men

30,8613361544901.6

Black or African American

11,8291551463012.5

Women

6,44579881662.6

Men

5,38576581352.5

Asian

4,0015614701.7

Women

2,1603710472.2

Men

1,841194231.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

16,6042001013011.8

Women

7,473123531762.4

Men

9,13177481241.4

Full- and Part-time Status(1)

Full-time workers

60,2055101306401.1

Women

27,397303713751.4

Men

32,808207592650.8

Part-time workers

20,1397694121,1815.9

Women

13,2195242457695.8

Men

6,9212451674125.9

Footnotes
(1) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data do not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders.

Note: See the technical notes section for information about the federal minimum wage level and estimating the number of minimum wage workers. Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Footnotes
(1) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data do not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders.

Note: See the technical notes section for information about the federal minimum wage level and estimating the number of minimum wage workers. Estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all race groups. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 11. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing federal minimum wage, 1979–2017 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Table 11. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing federal minimum wage, 1979–2017 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
YearTotal
wage
and
salary
workers
Workers paid hourly rates
TotalPercentage
of total
wage
and
salary
workers
Below
prevailing
federal
minimum
wage(1)
At
prevailing
federal
minimum
wage(1)
Total at or below
prevailing federal
minimum wage
NumberPercentage of
workers
paid hourly
rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Total

1979

87,52951,72159.12,9163,9976,91213.4

1980

87,64451,33558.63,0874,6867,77315.1

1981

88,51651,86958.63,5134,3117,82415.1

1982

87,36850,84658.22,3484,1486,49612.8

1983

88,29051,82058.72,0774,2616,33812.2

1984

92,19454,14358.71,8384,1255,96311.0

1985

94,52155,76259.01,6393,8995,5389.9

1986

96,90357,52959.41,5993,4615,0608.8

1987

99,30359,55260.01,4683,2294,6987.9

1988

101,40760,87860.01,3192,6083,9276.5

1989

103,48062,38960.31,3721,7903,1625.1

1990

104,87663,17260.22,1321,0963,2285.1

1991

103,72362,62760.42,3772,9065,2838.4

1992

104,66863,61060.81,9392,9824,9217.7

1993

106,10164,27460.61,7072,6254,3326.7

1994

107,98966,54961.61,9952,1324,1286.2

1995

110,03868,35462.11,6991,9563,6565.3

1996

111,96069,25561.91,8631,8613,7245.4

1997

114,53370,73561.82,9901,7644,7546.7

1998

116,73071,44061.22,8341,5934,4276.2

1999

118,96372,30660.82,1941,1463,3404.6

2000

122,08973,49660.21,7528982,6503.6

2001

122,22973,39260.01,5186562,1743.0

2002

121,82672,50859.51,5795672,1463.0

2003

122,35872,94659.61,5555452,1002.9

2004

123,55473,93959.81,4835202,0032.7

2005

125,88975,60960.11,4034791,8822.5

2006

128,23776,51459.71,2834091,6922.2

2007

129,76775,87358.51,4622671,7292.3

2008

129,37775,30558.21,9402862,2263.0

2009

124,49072,61158.32,5929803,5724.9

2010

124,07372,90258.82,5411,8204,3616.0

2011

125,18773,92659.12,1521,6773,8295.2

2012

127,57775,27659.01,9841,5663,5504.7

2013

129,11075,94858.81,7681,5323,3014.3

2014

131,43177,20758.71,7371,2552,9923.9

2015

133,74378,23258.51,6918702,5613.3

2016

136,10179,88358.71,4517012,1532.7

2017

137,89080,43958.31,2825421,8242.3

Women

1979

38,12923,32961.22,0702,6444,71420.2

1980

38,94423,62660.72,1042,9905,09521.6

1981

39,67224,29461.22,3942,7785,17221.3

1982

39,77724,36561.31,6512,5614,21217.3

1983

40,43324,98961.81,4922,6034,09516.4

1984

42,17226,00361.71,3482,4993,84714.8

1985

43,50626,86961.81,1982,3563,55413.2

1986

44,96127,86362.01,1922,1253,31711.9

1987

46,36529,07862.71,1051,9463,05110.5

1988

47,49529,82062.81,0081,5422,5508.6

1989

48,69130,70263.19941,0562,0506.7

1990

49,32331,06963.01,4207112,1316.9

1991

49,10530,98863.11,5821,7923,37410.9

1992

49,84231,45463.11,2861,7513,0369.7

1993

50,62631,93763.11,1331,5342,6678.4

1994

51,41933,02164.21,3221,2412,5637.8

1995

52,36933,93464.81,1571,1612,3186.8

1996

53,48834,41864.31,2441,1062,3506.8

1997

54,70835,21464.41,8431,0922,9358.3

1998

55,75735,68064.01,7949652,7607.7

1999

57,05036,23363.51,4267002,1265.9

2000

58,42736,77762.91,1705791,7494.8

2001

58,58236,84862.91,0214091,4303.9

2002

58,55536,50862.39973501,3473.7

2003

59,12237,09362.71,0623321,3943.8

2004

59,40837,13362.51,0133101,3233.6

2005

60,42337,95762.89442901,2343.3

2006

61,42638,32162.48612631,1242.9

2007

62,29938,08261.11,0021811,1833.1

2008

62,53237,97260.71,3021961,4983.9

2009

60,95137,42661.41,6036122,2155.9

2010

60,54237,40461.81,5981,1512,7497.3

2011

60,50237,46961.91,3661,0292,3956.4

2012

61,67938,16361.91,2889992,2876.0

2013

62,31638,40461.61,1489102,0585.4

2014

63,38338,80261.21,1397391,8784.8

2015

64,44539,50061.31,0625401,6024.1

2016

65,51240,31561.59524321,3843.4

2017

66,42140,65861.28293161,1462.8

Men

1979

49,40028,39257.58461,3532,1997.7

1980

48,70027,70956.99831,6962,6789.7

1981

48,84427,57656.51,1191,5332,6529.6

1982

47,59126,48155.66971,5872,2848.6

1983

47,85626,83156.15851,6582,2438.4

1984

50,02228,14056.34901,6262,1167.5

1985

51,01528,89356.64401,5441,9846.9

1986

51,94229,66657.14081,3361,7435.9

1987

52,93830,47457.63641,2831,6475.4

1988

53,91231,05857.63111,0661,3774.4

1989

54,78931,68757.83797331,1123.5

1990

55,55332,10457.87123851,0973.4

1991

54,61831,63957.97951,1141,9096.0

1992

54,82632,15558.66531,2311,8855.9

1993

55,47532,33758.35731,0911,6645.1

1994

56,57033,52859.36748911,5654.7

1995

57,66934,42059.75427961,3383.9

1996

58,47334,83859.66197551,3743.9

1997

59,82535,52159.41,1476731,8205.1

1998

60,97335,76158.71,0396281,6674.7

1999

61,91436,07358.37684461,2143.4

2000

63,66236,72057.75823199012.5

2001

63,64736,54457.44972477442.0

2002

63,27236,00056.95822177992.2

2003

63,23635,85356.74932137062.0

2004

64,14536,80657.44702106801.8

2005

65,46637,65257.54591896481.7

2006

66,81138,19357.24221465681.5

2007

67,46837,79056.0460865461.4

2008

66,84637,33455.9638907281.9

2009

63,53935,18555.49903681,3583.9

2010

63,53135,49855.99436691,6124.5

2011

64,68636,45756.47856481,4333.9

2012

65,89837,11356.36965671,2633.4

2013

66,79437,54456.26216221,2433.3

2014

68,04838,40556.45985161,1142.9

2015

69,29838,73255.96293309592.5

2016

70,58939,56856.14992707691.9

2017

71,46939,78155.74522266781.7

Footnotes
(1) Data for 1990-91, 1996-97, and 2007-09 reflect changes in the minimum wage that took place in those years.

Note: The comparability of historical labor force data has been affected at various times by methodological and other changes in the Current Population Survey (CPS). Information about historical comparability is online at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#comp. See the technical notes section for information about the federal minimum wage level and estimating the number of minimum wage workers.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Footnotes
(1) Data for 1990-91, 1996-97, and 2007-09 reflect changes in the minimum wage that took place in those years.

Note: The comparability of historical labor force data has been affected at various times by methodological and other changes in the Current Population Survey (CPS). Information about historical comparability is online at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#comp. See the technical notes section for information about the federal minimum wage level and estimating the number of minimum wage workers.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 12. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's, by age, for full-time wage and salary workers, 1979–2017
Table 12. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's, by age, for full-time wage and salary workers, 1979–2017
YearTotal,
16 years
and older
16 to 24 years25 years and older
Total16 to 19
years
20 to 24
years
Total25 to 34
years
35 to 44
years
45 to 54
years
55 to 64
years
65 years
and older
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

1979

62.378.685.276.362.167.558.356.860.677.6

1980

64.280.389.578.162.869.458.356.959.476.4

1981

64.482.691.780.662.670.359.956.858.971.1

1982

65.785.392.982.464.972.161.160.161.470.3

1983

66.588.894.085.565.873.361.559.561.868.8

1984

67.687.993.185.267.174.662.059.461.566.8

1985

68.187.690.785.766.875.163.059.761.065.9

1986

69.589.091.487.566.576.163.960.961.271.5

1987

69.888.387.888.067.376.766.162.362.268.7

1988

70.289.789.890.068.877.768.561.762.370.9

1989

70.190.894.389.770.278.368.362.763.974.3

1990

71.990.190.890.372.179.369.663.863.774.4

1991

74.293.393.693.374.081.070.765.064.568.3

1992

75.894.094.094.374.682.071.965.864.977.9

1993

77.194.892.895.474.883.073.067.467.474.3

1994

76.493.992.594.573.182.972.667.166.076.2

1995

75.590.888.192.472.882.272.667.764.780.0

1996

75.092.588.892.874.183.273.368.965.370.0

1997

74.492.191.690.575.182.974.069.464.777.0

1998

76.391.388.689.475.982.973.670.568.172.6

1999

76.591.091.490.574.481.571.770.067.978.7

2000

76.991.792.592.774.582.471.673.269.175.1

2001

76.490.390.391.975.483.072.573.570.569.0

2002

77.993.994.693.977.684.575.274.671.673.8

2003

79.493.293.193.978.586.976.173.072.771.1

2004

80.493.892.193.878.687.875.672.973.074.6

2005

81.093.292.193.879.489.075.575.574.776.4

2006

80.894.587.694.978.788.277.273.572.977.5

2007

80.292.389.190.378.586.976.574.572.877.8

2008

79.991.187.392.578.288.574.574.975.474.8

2009

80.292.690.792.978.788.777.473.675.376.1

2010

81.295.394.693.880.590.879.976.575.275.7

2011

82.292.588.693.281.092.378.576.075.180.9

2012

80.988.988.589.079.990.278.175.176.277.6

2013

82.188.389.789.881.189.480.276.677.173.7

2014

82.591.591.192.381.689.981.077.276.478.6

2015

81.188.289.489.780.489.681.876.873.773.8

2016

81.994.992.695.680.988.883.377.873.775.5

2017

81.891.287.690.281.388.281.077.578.077.0

Note: The comparability of historical labor force data has been affected at various times by methodological and other changes in the Current Population Survey (CPS). Information about historical comparability is online at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#comp. The women's-to-men's earnings ratios shown here are calculated from the current-dollar median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers in table 22.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: The comparability of historical labor force data has been affected at various times by methodological and other changes in the Current Population Survey (CPS). Information about historical comparability is online at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#comp. The women's-to-men's earnings ratios shown here are calculated from the current-dollar median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers in table 22.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 13. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's, by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, for full-time wage and salary workers, 1979–2017
Table 13. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's, by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, for full-time wage and salary workers, 1979–2017
YearTotal,
16 years
and older
WhiteBlack or
African
American
AsianHispanic
or
Latino ethnicity
 
 
 
 
 
 

1979

62.361.774.4-71.7

1980

64.263.475.8-73.5

1981

64.463.176.9-75.7

1982

65.764.578.1-75.5

1983

66.565.678.9-78.5

1984

67.666.879.5-77.7

1985

68.167.282.6-77.7

1986

69.567.982.8-80.6

1987

69.868.284.4-82.0

1988

70.268.482.8-84.4

1989

70.169.386.5-85.4

1990

71.971.585.3-87.4

1991

74.273.786.1-90.4

1992

75.875.388.2-89.1

1993

77.176.588.8-90.5

1994

76.474.686.5-88.9

1995

75.573.386.4-87.1

1996

75.073.887.9-88.8

1997

74.474.686.8-85.7

1998

76.376.185.5-86.4

1999

76.575.783.8-85.7

2000

76.975.884.179.987.8

2001

76.475.885.876.988.2

2002

77.977.990.374.988.0

2003

79.479.388.577.588.4

2004

80.479.888.876.487.3

2005

81.080.289.380.687.7

2006

80.880.087.879.387.1

2007

80.279.488.878.191.0

2008

79.979.389.478.089.6

2009

80.279.293.781.889.5

2010

81.280.593.582.690.7

2011

82.282.191.177.490.7

2012

80.980.890.173.088.0

2013

82.181.791.377.391.1

2014

82.581.889.977.989.0

2015

81.180.890.477.789.7

2016

81.981.389.378.488.4

2017

81.881.992.574.887.4

Note: The comparability of historical labor force data has been affected at various times by methodological and other changes in the Current Population Survey (CPS). Information about historical comparability is online at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#comp. The women's-to-men's earnings ratios shown here are calculated from the current-dollar median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers in table 23. As of 2003, estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) include people who selected that race group only; people who selected more than one race group are not included. Prior to 2003, people who reported more than one race were included in the group they identified as the main race. Asian data for 2000-2002 are for Asians and Pacific Islanders. As of 2003, Asians constitute a separate category. Data for Asians were not tabulated prior to 2000. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics. Dash indicates data not available.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: The comparability of historical labor force data has been affected at various times by methodological and other changes in the Current Population Survey (CPS). Information about historical comparability is online at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#comp. The women's-to-men's earnings ratios shown here are calculated from the current-dollar median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers in table 23. As of 2003, estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) include people who selected that race group only; people who selected more than one race group are not included. Prior to 2003, people who reported more than one race were included in the group they identified as the main race. Asian data for 2000-2002 are for Asians and Pacific Islanders. As of 2003, Asians constitute a separate category. Data for Asians were not tabulated prior to 2000. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics. Dash indicates data not available.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 14. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's, by educational attainment, for full-time wage and salary workers 25 years and older, 1979–2017
Table 14. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's, by educational attainment, for full-time wage and salary workers 25 years and older, 1979–2017
YearTotal, 25 years and olderLess than a high school diplomaHigh school graduates, no collegeSome college or associate degreeBachelor's degree and higher
 
 
 
 
 
 

1979

62.160.360.164.166.7

1980

62.861.461.564.567.9

1981

62.661.261.065.666.9

1982

64.962.863.166.768.8

1983

65.864.863.468.271.2

1984

67.164.964.968.469.4

1985

66.864.365.867.270.2

1986

66.564.866.668.070.6

1987

67.366.068.169.871.4

1988

68.866.668.271.671.4

1989

70.266.867.673.371.9

1990

72.168.868.672.972.2

1991

74.071.669.872.673.6

1992

74.672.970.473.375.1

1993

74.873.971.373.875.8

1994

73.175.170.872.176.8

1995

72.875.570.271.676.2

1996

74.175.170.773.275.2

1997

75.175.370.773.975.0

1998

75.973.970.874.075.3

1999

74.473.469.873.475.7

2000

74.574.971.173.174.1

2001

75.475.472.771.973.7

2002

77.677.274.274.374.2

2003

78.576.775.575.773.6

2004

78.674.975.775.875.2

2005

79.474.975.676.675.7

2006

78.776.373.775.675.1

2007

78.576.774.375.275.0

2008

78.276.173.375.774.3

2009

78.776.475.775.473.1

2010

80.579.876.575.574.1

2011

81.080.976.976.874.9

2012

79.976.076.376.973.0

2013

81.180.078.376.674.8

2014

81.679.177.075.875.7

2015

80.480.477.275.274.9

2016

80.976.877.976.875.2

2017

81.376.576.576.376.4

Note: The comparability of historical labor force data has been affected at various times by methodological and other changes in the Current Population Survey (CPS). Information about historical comparability is online at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#comp. The women's-to-men's earnings ratios shown here are calculated from the current-dollar median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers 25 years and older in table 24.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: The comparability of historical labor force data has been affected at various times by methodological and other changes in the Current Population Survey (CPS). Information about historical comparability is online at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#comp. The women's-to-men's earnings ratios shown here are calculated from the current-dollar median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers 25 years and older in table 24.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 15. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's, by age, for wage and salary workers paid hourly rates, 1979–2017
Table 15. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's, by age, for wage and salary workers paid hourly rates, 1979–2017
YearTotal,
16 years
and
older
16 to 24 years25 years and older
Total16 to 19
years
20 to 24
years
Total25 to 34
years
35 to 44
years
45 to 54
years
55 to 64
years
65 years
and
older
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

1979

64.181.895.075.958.363.355.854.156.987.6

1980

64.884.193.277.058.764.154.954.456.489.2

1981

65.186.196.780.060.366.757.554.156.288.1

1982

67.386.397.081.862.167.757.155.759.088.1

1983

69.487.296.784.462.970.357.656.758.087.6

1984

69.886.096.584.563.771.159.056.959.589.0

1985

70.085.796.387.264.772.460.357.860.488.8

1986

70.285.895.586.766.074.161.459.060.391.3

1987

72.185.993.986.167.274.362.961.362.091.2

1988

73.889.194.487.268.775.666.161.662.492.8

1989

75.490.793.486.969.878.067.063.463.887.1

1990

77.991.093.890.171.879.468.764.366.289.6

1991

78.691.097.991.773.580.470.465.068.992.6

1992

80.391.397.792.576.082.673.166.169.392.6

1993

80.491.797.194.277.383.673.167.369.092.1

1994

80.690.597.091.278.285.573.469.970.794.0

1995

80.890.996.189.376.183.772.670.871.494.2

1996

81.292.197.089.678.283.174.672.172.491.6

1997

80.892.296.691.278.882.775.772.370.598.1

1998

81.890.396.789.177.986.177.475.072.493.2

1999

83.892.796.889.979.483.976.972.776.495.4

2000

83.891.793.893.080.888.376.373.276.894.7

2001

85.290.595.889.779.285.875.076.180.290.4

2002

85.092.596.991.382.185.178.777.680.889.3

2003

84.893.297.691.083.187.579.179.078.490.3

2004

84.693.995.991.781.788.378.479.179.692.5

2005

84.892.696.092.483.289.279.680.280.297.8

2006

84.090.995.790.583.287.680.076.480.693.0

2007

84.889.395.490.481.787.481.579.679.292.2

2008

85.491.296.691.683.087.080.578.281.891.6

2009

85.593.197.192.084.790.680.777.084.592.6

2010

86.093.697.891.785.691.982.979.983.293.8

2011

86.894.697.592.586.792.083.881.582.291.5

2012

86.493.097.992.086.891.583.981.283.190.9

2013

86.692.396.794.087.591.184.981.284.194.9

2014

84.692.496.196.385.787.084.681.281.389.2

2015

85.695.197.593.587.891.085.784.382.189.5

2016

87.097.795.791.987.688.285.883.083.788.1

2017

89.293.597.192.687.292.483.480.981.893.0

Note: The comparability of historical labor force data has been affected at various times by methodological and other changes in the Current Population Survey (CPS). Information on historical comparability is online at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#comp. The women's-to-men's earnings ratios shown here are calculated from the current-dollar median hourly earnings of workers paid hourly rates in table 25.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: The comparability of historical labor force data has been affected at various times by methodological and other changes in the Current Population Survey (CPS). Information on historical comparability is online at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#comp. The women's-to-men's earnings ratios shown here are calculated from the current-dollar median hourly earnings of workers paid hourly rates in table 25.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 16. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's, by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, for wage and salary workers paid hourly rates, 1979–2017
Table 16. Women's earnings as a percentage of men's, by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, for wage and salary workers paid hourly rates, 1979–2017
YearTotal,
16 years
and
older
WhiteBlack or African AmericanAsianHispanic or Latino ethnicity
 
 
 
 
 
 

1979

64.162.572.6-71.8

1980

64.863.674.9-75.1

1981

65.163.872.1-76.4

1982

67.366.075.2-75.6

1983

69.468.079.2-76.1

1984

69.868.679.1-77.0

1985

70.067.882.0-79.4

1986

70.268.878.7-80.8

1987

72.170.980.1-80.2

1988

73.872.780.8-81.1

1989

75.474.083.2-83.0

1990

77.975.684.5-86.1

1991

78.676.686.5-86.9

1992

80.378.687.1-88.3

1993

80.478.989.6-88.6

1994

80.679.787.5-89.3

1995

80.878.487.3-90.9

1996

81.279.688.0-88.8

1997

80.880.387.5-86.3

1998

81.881.886.9-87.6

1999

83.882.383.2-86.6

2000

83.883.088.890.587.3

2001

85.283.889.985.185.6

2002

85.083.892.391.786.1

2003

84.884.091.789.888.5

2004

84.684.091.388.890.2

2005

84.884.291.191.390.1

2006

84.083.688.590.787.6

2007

84.883.790.389.588.5

2008

85.484.589.987.385.1

2009

85.584.889.790.484.6

2010

86.085.092.188.086.2

2011

86.885.993.589.886.8

2012

86.485.392.090.185.4

2013

86.685.794.991.687.5

2014

84.683.394.890.286.6

2015

85.685.992.492.885.8

2016

87.087.292.693.685.2

2017

89.287.894.185.584.1

Note: The comparability of historical labor force data has been affected at various times by methodological and other changes in the Current Population Survey (CPS). Information about historical comparability is online at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#comp. The women's-to-men's earnings ratios shown here are calculated from the current-dollar median hourly earnings of wage and salary workers paid hourly rates in table 26. As of 2003, estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) include people who selected that race group only; people who selected more than one race group are not included. Prior to 2003, people who reported more than one race were included in the group they identified as the main race. Asian data for 2000-2002 are for Asians and Pacific Islanders. As of 2003, Asians constitute a separate category. Data for Asians were not tabulated prior to 2000. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics. Dash indicates data not available.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: The comparability of historical labor force data has been affected at various times by methodological and other changes in the Current Population Survey (CPS). Information about historical comparability is online at https://www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#comp. The women's-to-men's earnings ratios shown here are calculated from the current-dollar median hourly earnings of wage and salary workers paid hourly rates in table 26. As of 2003, estimates for the race groups shown (White, Black or African American, and Asian) include people who selected that race group only; people who selected more than one race group are not included. Prior to 2003, people who reported more than one race were included in the group they identified as the main race. Asian data for 2000-2002 are for Asians and Pacific Islanders. As of 2003, Asians constitute a separate category. Data for Asians were not tabulated prior to 2000. People of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race; estimates for the race groups include Hispanics. Dash indicates data not available.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

See footnotes at end of table.
Table 17. Inflation-adjusted median usual weekly earnings, by age, for full-time wage and salary workers, 1979–2017 annual averages [In constant 2017 dollars]
Table 17. Inflation-adjusted median usual weekly earnings, by age, for full-time wage and salary workers, 1979–2017 annual averages [In constant 2017 dollars]
YearTotal, 16 years and older16 to 24 years25 years and older
Total16 to 19 years20 to 24 yearsTotal25 to 34 years35 to 44 years45 to 54 years55 to 64 years65 years and older
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Total

1979

$760$543$454$587$836$804$883$871$826$625

1980

744531438568812784858847810577

1981

738519418553800769847831803577

1982

738509401538800760866844795619

1983

735495385523805754869862812613

1984

734489381520815755876867824613

1985

749488379523826760885871830647

1986

769497381531837771897891850638

1987

774503385536834772901888839642

1988

768497391531826764898904836645

1989

764496391529818755904904826640

1990

752491381520819743887892834626

1991

750488375512822731877893826671

1992

756474364498823725864897830649

1993

769472358497822730866908824658

1994

767470363493821721882929823631

1995

768468370490817723881933824623

1996

764465374487811722872927835599

1997

768467385490824734884927852600

1998

789481404511863757900935893611

1999

810503414535873764901962891596

2000

822515424546869783892954884660

2001

828521424547875800912962886678

2002

831520417545883807913964921686

2003

829517416537885794918967947690

2004

830507402528888785927966943728

2005

819499400517875767919941933716

2006

818499395516876757912943933711

2007

823502399533874762911936951717

2008

824506398533869760918938942735

2009

847506394532887777936960963784

2010

841486391511881768928950968770

2011

825480384499870757914945962810

2012

821475381496872756918939959810

2013

818478393497871746921930953844

2014

820494392509869752913932944854

2015

837504403519890761932955960904

2016

850512414524904767954975972885

2017

860519424540907773964977974909

Women

1979

$574$486$416$508$615$628$618$606$596$536

1980

571474412497605619608594582497

1981

569468400496605621618584577491

1982

584469386491623631631616599516

1983

592465371486629638638620603498

1984

597457365480637642658628608493

1985

603460362481645645669636621527

1986

623469364495660655683660634548

1987

627470356501665654698671638540

1988

629469367501669653707677633559

1989

628471377498672651709684638559

1990

631464361491673650712688635547

1991

644468361493681653717701639562

1992

653459352481687656718716646564

1993

658457343484695662729737662561

1994

655453346476691652736739654552

1995

651441345466686646726744646566

1996

652443348465693647722750655521

1997

658446366467705652736756661531

1998

688460376481732680751778718528

1999

698478392506733693742788726546

2000

703491404522736703743805725559

2001

711490400521754711760815744542

2002

723501403526776724780822784587

2003

738496400517781730789814803582

2004

745488381508779730791813800622

2005

736479382498770721781810804619

2006

732482372504765711787804802622

2007

727485377505765707791802805633

2008

728479368508765711779807812643

2009

753486370510787726812816833690

2010

753475378494793730823822829677

2011

747460358478784723801812818725

2012

739445353459778712799798819713

2013

744446369466780701808802821728

2014

745467370485779704809808808767

2015

752466377484788714832827812766

2016

765496396511801720857854829765

2017

770499402514810724860855856782

Men

1979

$921$618$489$666$991$931$1,060$1,066$984$691

1980

8895914606369638921,0431,043980651

1981

8835664366169668831,0311,029979691

1982

8905504165979618751,0321,024976733

1983

8905233945689558711,0381,042<