October 12, 2005
Both the number of unemployed persons, 7.7 million, and the unemployment rate, 5.1 percent, rose in September. They had been trending down in recent months and remain lower than a year earlier.
The unemployment rates for most major worker groups—adult men (4.5 percent), adult women (4.6 percent), whites (4.5 percent), and Hispanics or Latinos (6.5 percent)—rose in September. The jobless rate for teenagers (15.8 percent) and blacks (9.4 percent) showed little change.
In September, the number of persons unemployed due to job loss rose by 234,000 to 3.7 million. The number of newly unemployed—those who were unemployed less than 5 weeks—grew by 193,000 to 2.7 million. Both of these numbers had been trending down in recent months.
Note: Data for September 2005 are the first to reflect the impact of Hurricane Katrina. Hurricane Rita made landfall during the September data collection period. As a result, response rates were lower than normal in some areas. However, because the survey reference period occurred before Hurricane Rita struck, the impact of this storm on measures of unemployment was negligible.