Bureau of Labor Statistics

National Hispanic Heritage Month

October 01, 2014

National Hispanic Heritage Month, which occurs each year from September 15 to October 15, celebrates the cultures, histories, and accomplishments of Americans of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. In 2013, there were more than 54 million Hispanics and Latinos in the United States, constituting 17 percent of the nation’s total population, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

The Hispanic labor force has grown significantly in recent decades — increasing from 10.7 million in 1990 to 24.8 million in 2013. Among detailed Hispanic or Latino ethnic groups identified in the BLS Current Population Survey, Mexican Americans comprised 62 percent of the total Hispanic labor force in 2013.

View Chart Data

Civilian labor force levels for persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity age 16 and older, by detailed ethnic group, 1990–2013 annual averages
Year Total Hispanic or Latino Mexican American Puerto Rican Cuban Other Hispanic or Latino

1990

10,720,000 6,707,000 960,000 603,000 2,450,000

1991

10,920,000 6,712,000 1,041,000 593,000 2,574,000

1992

11,338,000 7,091,000 1,048,000 577,000 2,622,000

1993

11,610,000 7,281,000 1,073,000 604,000 2,652,000

1994

11,975,000 7,567,000 1,026,000 604,000 2,778,000

1995

12,267,000 7,765,000 1,098,000 613,000 2,791,000

1996

12,774,000 7,943,000 1,170,000 637,000 3,024,000

1997

13,796,000 8,546,000 1,293,000 646,000 3,311,000

1998

14,317,000 9,096,000 1,249,000 651,000 3,321,000

1999

14,665,000 9,267,000 1,269,000 714,000 3,415,000

2000

16,689,000 10,783,000 1,411,000 740,000 3,755,000

2001

17,328,000 11,218,000 1,454,000 671,000 3,985,000

2002

17,943,000 11,542,000 1,546,000 635,000 4,220,000

2003

18,813,000 12,081,000 1,649,000 679,000 4,404,000

2004

19,272,000 12,340,000 1,610,000 769,000 4,553,000

2005

19,824,000 12,671,000 1,619,000 755,000 4,779,000

2006

20,694,000 13,158,000 1,599,000 807,000 5,130,000

2007

21,602,000 13,672,000 1,684,000 898,000 5,348,000

2008

22,024,000 14,009,000 1,822,000 897,000 5,296,000

2009

22,352,000 14,210,000 1,850,000 877,000 5,415,000

2010

22,748,000 14,403,000 1,906,000 970,000 5,469,000

2011

22,898,000 14,360,000 1,893,000 976,000 5,669,000

2012

24,391,000 15,128,000 2,090,000 1,102,000 6,071,000

2013

24,771,000 15,366,000 2,066,000 1,043,000 6,296,000

In New Mexico, Hispanics or Latinos represented 43.9 percent of the total labor force in 2013, the highest share of all states and the District of Columbia. California had the highest number of Hispanics or Latinos in the labor force, at 6,786,000, followed by Texas at 4,934,000.

Hispanic or Latino labor force as a percent of total, by state, annual averages, 2013


20 and higher
 
15 to 19.9
 
10 to 14.9
 
5 to 9.9
 
Lower than 5
 
Hover over a state to see data.
Hover over legend items to see states in a category.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

View Chart Data

Hispanic or Latino labor force as a percent of total, by state, annual averages, 2013
State Hispanic or Latino labor force as a percent of total Total civilian labor force Hispanic or Latino labor force

New Mexico

43.9 918,000 403,000

Texas

38.4 12,833,000 4,934,000

California

36.4 18,656,000 6,786,000

Arizona

30.8 3,007,000 927,000

Nevada

25.8 1,383,000 357,000

Florida

22.9 9,435,000 2,156,000

New Jersey

19.8 4,530,000 898,000

Colorado

18.2 2,754,000 501,000

New York

16.0 9,666,000 1,546,000

Illinois

14.4 6,560,000 945,000

Rhode Island

12.1 554,000 67,000

Idaho

11.8 771,000 91,000

Utah

11.8 1,421,000 167,000

Connecticut

11.0 1,856,000 204,000

Oregon

10.7 1,895,000 202,000

Nebraska

10.3 1,031,000 106,000

District of Columbia

10.2 371,000 38,000

Maryland

10.0 3,129,000 312,000

Washington

9.9 3,460,000 341,000

North Carolina

9.0 4,663,000 418,000

Oklahoma

9.0 1,815,000 163,000

Delaware

8.7 439,000 38,000

Hawaii

8.5 649,000 55,000

Massachusetts

8.4 3,481,000 294,000

Wyoming

8.1 309,000 25,000

Kansas

8.0 1,493,000 120,000

Alaska

7.4 367,000 27,000

Georgia

7.2 4,744,000 343,000

Virginia

7.1 4,230,000 302,000

Arkansas

6.8 1,308,000 89,000

Indiana

5.5 3,189,000 174,000

Iowa

5.2 1,680,000 88,000

Wisconsin

5.2 3,093,000 162,000

Pennsylvania

5.0 6,474,000 325,000

Louisiana

4.8 2,095,000 101,000

Tennessee

4.8 3,068,000 146,000

Minnesota

4.4 2,958,000 129,000

South Carolina

4.0 2,181,000 87,000

Michigan

3.9 4,727,000 185,000

Alabama

3.8 2,186,000 84,000

Kentucky

3.6 2,063,000 75,000

New Hampshire

3.2 743,000 24,000

Ohio

3.0 5,699,000 172,000

South Dakota

2.9 447,000 13,000

Missouri

2.7 3,015,000 81,000

Mississippi

2.5 1,260,000 32,000

Montana

2.5 511,000 13,000

Maine

0.8 710,000 6,000

These data are from the Current Population Survey and the Local Area Unemployment Statistics programs. State data are preliminary. For more data relating to persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, see Labor Force Characteristics by Race and Ethnicity, 2013 and Monthly Labor Review: Archives By Subject articles about Hispanic or Latino workers.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, National Hispanic Heritage Month at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2014/ted_20141001.htm (visited August 01, 2021).

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