Bureau of Labor Statistics

Private employer costs for pay and benefits were $42.06 in New England in September 2018

January 28, 2019

Employer costs for employee compensation for private industry workers averaged $34.53 per hour worked in September 2018. Employer costs were highest in New England ($42.06), the Middle Atlantic states ($41.95), and the Pacific states ($39.42).

View Chart Data

Employer costs per hour worked for employee compensation, private industry workers by census division, September 2018
Census division Total compensation Wages and salaries Benefits

United States

$34.53 $24.06 $10.48

New England

42.06 28.84 13.22

Middle Atlantic

41.95 27.60 14.35


39.42 27.74 11.68


33.06 23.79 9.27

West South Central

32.94 23.65 9.29

East North Central

31.45 21.76 9.69

South Atlantic

31.27 22.18 9.09

West North Central

30.52 21.48 9.04

East South Central

26.87 18.89 7.98

Nationally in September 2018, wages and salaries accounted for 70 percent of total compensation costs, and benefits accounted for 30 percent. In the Mountain and West South Central states, wages and salaries accounted for 72 percent of total compensation costs, compared with 66 percent in the Middle Atlantic states.

These data are from the Employment Cost Trends program. To learn more, see “Employer Costs for Employee Compensation – September 2018.” We also have more charts on employer costs for employee compensation.

The states (including the District of Columbia) that compose the census divisions are:

New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont
Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania
South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia
East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee
West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas
East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin
West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota
Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming
Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Private employer costs for pay and benefits were $42.06 in New England in September 2018 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2019/private-employer-costs-for-pay-and-benefits-were-42-point-06-in-new-england-in-september-2018.htm (visited May 26, 2020).

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