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17-100-PHI
Wednesday, January 18, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, Pittsburgh – Second Half 2016

Local prices up 1.7 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Pittsburgh area advanced 1.7 percent from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that this was due to a 2.5-percent rise in the all items less food and energy index. (See chart 1.) The energy index declined 3.1 percent since the second half of 2015, and the food index inched down 0.1 percent.

Food

Food prices inched down 0.1 percent since the second half of 2015. Food at home prices declined 1.8 percent, while those for food away from home increased 2.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, declined 3.1 percent from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016, due mainly to a 4.6-percent drop in gasoline prices. Prices for electricity and utility (piped) gas service also declined over the year, down 1.1 and 0.4 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.5 percent. The increase was led by higher prices for shelter, up 2.4 percent. Prices were also higher for several other categories including apparel (11.0 percent), other goods and services (5.6 percent), and medical care (2.6 percent).

The Consumer Price Index for the first half of 2017 is scheduled to be released on July 14, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Pittsburgh, Pa. metropolitan statistical area covered in this release is comprised of Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods, Pittsburgh, PA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
 
Historical
data
2nd Half
2015
1st Half
2016
2nd Half
2016
2nd Half
2015
1st Half
2016

All items

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SA0
241.972 (r)243.000 246.118 1.7 (r)1.3
 

Food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAF
255.464 255.160 255.191 -0.1 0.0

Food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAF1
255.130 254.871 254.791 -0.1 0.0

Food at home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAF11
251.806 250.246 247.271 -1.8 -1.2

Food away from home

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SEFV
261.828 263.318 267.783 2.3 1.7

Alcoholic beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAF116
260.287 259.706 261.312 0.4 0.6
 

Housing

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAH
243.792 244.927 248.010 1.7 1.3

Shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAH1
275.490 277.851 282.229 2.4 1.6

Rent of primary residence(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SEHA
235.923 237.223 240.441 1.9 1.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SEHC
275.216 277.946 281.849 2.4 1.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SEHC01
275.216 277.946 281.849 2.4 1.4

Fuels and utilities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAH2
243.616 240.785 245.032 0.6 1.8

Household energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAH21
219.047 212.755 215.799 -1.5 1.4

Energy services(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SEHF
216.115 211.488 213.895 -1.0 1.1

Electricity(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SEHF01
196.056 194.960 193.968 -1.1 -0.5

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SEHF02
192.543 181.312 191.719 -0.4 5.7

Household furnishings and operations

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAH3
149.972 148.720 146.495 -2.3 -1.5
 

Apparel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAA
159.920 172.414 177.586 11.0 3.0
 

Transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAT
182.238 178.814 181.111 -0.6 1.3

Private transportation

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAT1
178.326 174.178 177.381 -0.5 1.8

Motor fuel

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SETB
226.329 198.927 215.703 -4.7 8.4

Gasoline (all types)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SETB01
228.603 201.055 218.025 -4.6 8.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SS47014
223.693 195.387 212.438 -5.0 8.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SS47015
252.265 225.258 241.883 -4.1 7.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SS47016
229.687 207.408 224.040 -2.5 8.0
 

Medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAM
465.732 (r)471.654 477.752 2.6 (r)1.3
 

Recreation(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAR
120.344 121.731 123.636 2.7 1.6
 

Education and communication(5)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAE
147.618 148.032 149.734 1.4 1.1
 

Other goods and services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAG
441.639 446.185 466.271 5.6 4.5
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAC
201.552 (r)199.964 202.088 0.3 (r)1.1

Commodities less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SACL11
172.464 (r)170.271 173.250 0.5 (r)1.7

Nondurables less food and beverages

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SANL11
216.859 (r)214.436 223.682 3.1 (r)4.3

Durables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAD
123.942 122.302 120.291 -2.9 -1.6

Services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAS
284.038 287.150 291.193 2.5 1.4
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less medical care

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SA0L5
231.119 231.945 234.919 1.6 1.3

All items less shelter

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SA0L2
231.785 (r)232.240 234.895 1.3 (r)1.1

Commodities less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SACL1
175.738 (r)173.610 176.565 0.5 (r)1.7

Nondurables

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SAN
236.463 (r)235.082 239.813 1.4 (r)2.0

Nondurables less food

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SANL1
219.828 (r)217.583 226.392 3.0 (r)4.0

Services less rent of shelter(2)

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SASL2RS
299.669 303.461 307.132 2.5 1.2

Services less medical care services

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SASL5
270.267 272.957 276.828 2.4 1.4

Energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SA0E
229.216 213.303 222.225 -3.0 4.2

All items less energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SA0LE
244.675 (r)247.112 249.792 2.1 (r)1.1

All items less food and energy

Go to web page with historical data for series CUUSA104SA0L1E
243.803 (r)246.681 249.813 2.5 (r)1.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a geometric means estimator in January 1999.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(r) Revised

Note: Index applies to a 6-month period as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 18, 2017