News Release Information

17-1569-KAN
Friday, December 29, 2017

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Missouri – First Quarter 2017

From December 2016 to March 2017, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Missouri totaled 138,174, while gross job losses numbered 116,324, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 21,850. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that during the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 860.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment.  (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job gains in Missouri increased by 4,107 from December 2016 to March 2017 and were at their highest level since December 2015. The number of gross job losses declined by 16,883 in the three months ended in March 2017 to their lowest level since December 2014. Gross job gains have exceeded gross job losses for 10 consecutive quarters. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 5.9 percent of private sector employment in Missouri in the quarter ended March 2017, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) Missouri’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 4.9 percent in the first quarter of 2017, lower than the national rate of 5.4 percent. Generally, the state’s rates of gross job gains and gross job losses have been equal to or below the U.S. rate in each quarter since the series began in 1992.

During the first quarter of 2017, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 10 of the 11 industry sectors in Missouri. For example, within leisure and hospitality, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 8,386. While 28,554 jobs in the industry were created by opening and expanding establishments, 20,168 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the three months ended in March 2017. In education and health services, 20,196 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments while 16,642 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, for a net gain of 3,554 jobs. Four additional industries had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses by more than 1,000: professional and business services; retail trade; financial activities; and wholesale trade. (See table 1.)

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2017 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 24, 2018 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Revisions to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW  records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Missouri, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

131,362 133,732 132,102 134,067 138,174 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.9

At expanding establishments

109,506 111,939 111,391 108,450 110,951 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.7

At opening establishments

21,856 21,793 20,711 25,617 27,223 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2

Gross job losses

125,523 127,768 125,330 133,207 116,324 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.6 4.9

At contracting establishments

105,732 108,124 107,747 108,933 100,207 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.2

At closing establishments

19,791 19,644 17,583 24,274 16,117 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.7

Net employment change (2)

5,839 5,964 6,772 860 21,850 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 1.0

Construction

 

Gross job gains

12,027 11,910 11,002 12,299 11,891 10.0 9.8 9.1 10.0 9.6

At expanding establishments

10,066 10,175 9,176 10,175 9,455 8.4 8.4 7.6 8.3 7.6

At opening establishments

1,961 1,735 1,826 2,124 2,436 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.7 2.0

Gross job losses

11,362 10,818 10,468 10,677 11,145 9.4 8.9 8.7 8.7 8.9

At contracting establishments

9,519 9,087 8,888 8,714 9,505 7.9 7.5 7.4 7.1 7.6

At closing establishments

1,843 1,731 1,580 1,963 1,640 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.3

Net employment change (2)

665 1,092 534 1,622 746 0.6 0.9 0.4 1.3 0.7

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

8,010 8,253 6,886 8,340 6,949 3.1 3.1 2.6 3.2 2.6

At expanding establishments

7,563 7,930 6,513 7,568 6,411 2.9 3.0 2.5 2.9 2.4

At opening establishments

447 323 373 772 538 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2

Gross job losses

7,439 7,420 6,876 7,870 6,957 2.8 2.9 2.6 3.0 2.6

At contracting establishments

6,807 6,747 6,507 6,652 6,316 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4

At closing establishments

632 673 369 1,218 641 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.5 0.2

Net employment change (2)

571 833 10 470 -8 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

5,163 5,539 4,865 5,578 5,585 4.3 4.6 4.1 4.7 4.6

At expanding establishments

4,270 4,697 4,059 4,411 4,564 3.6 3.9 3.4 3.7 3.8

At opening establishments

893 842 806 1,167 1,021 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.8

Gross job losses

4,988 4,943 5,202 5,235 4,431 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.3 3.6

At contracting establishments

3,969 4,134 4,444 4,387 3,534 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.6 2.9

At closing establishments

1,019 809 758 848 897 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

175 596 -337 343 1,154 0.2 0.5 -0.2 0.4 1.0

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

17,380 17,088 17,884 16,982 18,911 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.4 6.0

At expanding establishments

15,635 15,184 15,346 14,907 16,184 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.7 5.1

At opening establishments

1,745 1,904 2,538 2,075 2,727 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.9

Gross job losses

15,842 16,726 17,793 18,275 16,833 5.0 5.3 5.6 5.8 5.4

At contracting establishments

14,310 15,116 16,080 15,537 15,041 4.5 4.8 5.1 4.9 4.8

At closing establishments

1,532 1,610 1,713 2,738 1,792 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.6

Net employment change (2)

1,538 362 91 -1,293 2,078 0.6 0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,710 4,823 4,519 6,564 6,434 5.2 5.3 5.0 7.2 7.0

At expanding establishments

3,956 4,341 3,968 5,890 5,813 4.4 4.8 4.4 6.5 6.3

At opening establishments

754 482 551 674 621 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7

Gross job losses

5,656 5,206 4,948 4,182 5,653 6.3 5.7 5.5 4.6 6.2

At contracting establishments

5,037 4,550 4,063 3,534 5,207 5.6 5.0 4.5 3.9 5.7

At closing establishments

619 656 885 648 446 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-946 -383 -429 2,382 781 -1.1 -0.4 -0.5 2.6 0.8

Information

 

Gross job gains

2,074 1,999 2,027 2,211 2,500 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.5 5.2

At expanding establishments

1,792 1,774 1,706 1,720 1,941 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 4.0

At opening establishments

282 225 321 491 559 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.0 1.2

Gross job losses

1,960 2,304 2,305 3,232 1,712 3.9 4.7 4.7 6.6 3.5

At contracting establishments

1,694 2,069 1,959 2,802 1,420 3.4 4.2 4.0 5.7 2.9

At closing establishments

266 235 346 430 292 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.6

Net employment change (2)

114 -305 -278 -1,021 788 0.3 -0.6 -0.6 -2.1 1.7

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

6,732 6,804 7,411 7,548 7,222 4.3 4.2 4.6 4.7 4.5

At expanding establishments

5,335 5,788 6,097 6,038 5,814 3.4 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.6

At opening establishments

1,397 1,016 1,314 1,510 1,408 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

5,989 6,178 6,669 6,849 5,651 3.7 3.9 4.1 4.3 3.5

At contracting establishments

4,665 4,858 5,490 5,386 4,678 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.4 2.9

At closing establishments

1,324 1,320 1,179 1,463 973 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.6

Net employment change (2)

743 626 742 699 1,571 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.4 1.0

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

23,745 24,849 26,319 22,778 23,066 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.0 6.1

At expanding establishments

19,238 20,695 22,212 17,261 18,285 5.1 5.5 5.9 4.5 4.8

At opening establishments

4,507 4,154 4,107 5,517 4,781 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.3

Gross job losses

25,694 23,658 22,161 25,830 20,985 6.8 6.2 5.8 6.8 5.5

At contracting establishments

21,059 19,016 18,763 20,652 17,829 5.6 5.0 4.9 5.4 4.7

At closing establishments

4,635 4,642 3,398 5,178 3,156 1.2 1.2 0.9 1.4 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-1,949 1,191 4,158 -3,052 2,081 -0.5 0.4 1.2 -0.8 0.6

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

19,145 19,403 21,233 20,172 20,196 4.4 4.5 4.9 4.6 4.5

At expanding establishments

14,375 13,495 16,947 14,916 13,812 3.3 3.1 3.9 3.4 3.1

At opening establishments

4,770 5,908 4,286 5,256 6,384 1.1 1.4 1.0 1.2 1.4

Gross job losses

17,190 18,310 15,741 18,507 16,642 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.2 3.8

At contracting establishments

13,206 14,200 12,125 13,544 13,658 3.0 3.3 2.8 3.1 3.1

At closing establishments

3,984 4,110 3,616 4,963 2,984 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.1 0.7

Net employment change (2)

1,955 1,093 5,492 1,665 3,554 0.5 0.3 1.3 0.4 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

25,956 26,189 23,373 25,128 28,554 8.6 8.7 7.8 8.4 9.3

At expanding establishments

21,949 22,029 19,941 20,577 23,238 7.3 7.3 6.7 6.9 7.6

At opening establishments

4,007 4,160 3,432 4,551 5,316 1.3 1.4 1.1 1.5 1.7

Gross job losses

23,174 26,094 26,308 25,432 20,168 7.7 8.6 8.7 8.5 6.6

At contracting establishments

20,180 23,237 23,518 21,936 17,980 6.7 7.7 7.8 7.3 5.9

At closing establishments

2,994 2,857 2,790 3,496 2,188 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.2 0.7

Net employment change (2)

2,782 95 -2,935 -304 8,386 0.9 0.1 -0.9 -0.1 2.7

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

4,801 5,227 4,955 4,751 5,047 6.5 7.1 6.7 6.5 7.0

At expanding establishments

3,964 4,411 4,048 3,524 3,897 5.4 6.0 5.5 4.8 5.4

At opening establishments

837 816 907 1,227 1,150 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.7 1.6

Gross job losses

4,627 4,360 5,315 5,309 4,658 6.3 6.0 7.2 7.2 6.4

At contracting establishments

3,872 3,591 4,490 4,181 3,726 5.3 4.9 6.1 5.7 5.1

At closing establishments

755 769 825 1,128 932 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.3

Net employment change (2)

174 867 -360 -558 389 0.2 1.1 -0.5 -0.7 0.6

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017

United States(1)

6.0 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.4

Alabama

5.9 5.8 6.2 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.2

Alaska

9.6 10.4 9.1 9.8 9.4 9.6 11.2 11.2 10.0 9.8

Arizona

5.9 6.2 7.2 6.0 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.2 5.5 5.4

Arkansas

5.5 5.4 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.0

California

6.6 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.3 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.0

Colorado

6.6 7.0 7.1 6.6 6.8 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.5 6.2

Connecticut

5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.5 5.0 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.1

Delaware

6.6 6.8 6.3 6.2 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.6 6.2 5.9

District of Columbia

5.3 5.9 6.2 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.6 4.7

Florida

6.2 6.5 7.4 6.7 6.1 5.8 5.9 5.8 6.1 5.5

Georgia

6.2 6.9 6.7 6.6 6.3 5.8 6.4 5.9 5.8 5.8

Hawaii

5.2 5.4 6.0 5.0 5.1 5.0 5.8 4.8 5.0 4.8

Idaho

8.2 7.2 7.9 7.5 7.9 6.5 7.0 7.3 6.7 6.3

Illinois

5.6 6.0 5.7 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.4

Indiana

5.5 5.4 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.1

Iowa

6.1 5.7 6.1 5.7 6.1 5.4 6.2 5.8 5.9 5.5

Kansas

5.8 5.7 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.3 5.6 5.7 5.6

Kentucky

5.9 6.2 6.8 6.1 5.7 6.0 6.0 6.3 5.8 5.4

Louisiana

6.0 6.0 6.8 5.9 6.4 6.7 6.9 6.5 6.5 5.9

Maine

7.2 7.7 6.7 7.4 7.2 6.9 6.8 7.4 7.1 6.4

Maryland

6.2 6.4 6.6 6.6 6.1 6.0 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.9

Massachusetts

5.4 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.1

Michigan

5.3 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.6 4.9 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.0

Minnesota

5.5 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.8 5.2 5.5 5.5 5.7 4.7

Mississippi

5.9 5.7 6.3 6.3 5.7 6.2 6.5 5.5 5.6 5.9

Missouri

5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.6 4.9

Montana

7.9 7.9 7.6 7.8 8.1 7.3 8.6 7.7 7.5 7.1

Nebraska

5.9 5.7 6.4 5.7 5.9 5.5 5.9 5.9 6.2 5.2

Nevada

6.4 6.5 6.8 6.2 6.6 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.6 5.2

New Hampshire

6.0 6.5 6.4 6.3 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.3 5.9 5.6

New Jersey

5.8 6.4 6.3 6.4 5.5 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.9 5.8

New Mexico

6.4 6.4 7.0 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.7 6.2 6.5 6.2

New York

6.2 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 5.7

North Carolina

6.1 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.5

North Dakota

6.7 6.8 8.2 6.7 7.6 8.9 8.9 7.1 7.7 6.7

Ohio

5.5 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.2 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.1

Oklahoma

5.7 5.8 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.8 6.0 6.3 6.5

Oregon

7.1 6.8 6.9 6.6 6.9 5.8 6.6 6.4 6.3 5.7

Pennsylvania

5.4 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.0

Rhode Island

5.8 6.1 5.6 5.7 6.3 5.9 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.9

South Carolina

6.0 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.6

South Dakota

6.2 6.4 6.4 6.0 6.4 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.9

Tennessee

5.4 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.1 4.9

Texas

5.4 5.8 6.2 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.2

Utah

7.3 6.7 7.4 6.8 7.7 6.0 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.1

Vermont

6.7 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.6 6.9 7.2 7.4 7.0 6.8

Virginia

5.9 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.6

Washington

7.1 7.3 6.7 7.1 6.8 6.0 6.0 6.6 6.7 5.6

West Virginia

5.9 5.8 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.9 6.9 6.4 6.2 6.4

Wisconsin

5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.2 5.7 5.6 5.3 4.8

Wyoming

8.1 7.7 8.5 8.8 8.8 9.4 10.6 8.8 8.7 8.1

Puerto Rico

5.7 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.1 6.0 5.5 5.7 5.4 5.7

Virgin Islands

6.0 6.5 6.2 6.0 5.3 5.8 5.7 6.8 6.0 5.5

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, December 29, 2017