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17-948-BOS
Tuesday, July 11, 2017

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County Employment and Wages in Connecticut — Fourth Quarter 2016

Three of the four large counties in Connecticut reported employment increases from December 2015 to December 2016, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with employment of 75,000 or more as measured by 2015 annual average employment.) Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that New London County had the largest rate of employment growth, up 0.8 percent. New Haven and Hartford Counties reported employment gains of 0.4 percent and 0.3 percent, respectively. Connecticut’s remaining large county, Fairfield, recorded an over-the-year employment decrease of 0.9 percent.

Nationally, employment increased 1.2 percent from December 2015 to December 2016, as 280 of the 344 largest counties registered increases. Williamson, Tenn., had the largest percentage increase with a gain of 5.1 percent over the year. Lafayette, La., had the largest over-the year percentage decrease in employment among the largest counties in the U.S., with a loss of 5.1 percent.

Among the four largest counties in Connecticut, employment was highest in Hartford (512,300), followed by Fairfield (426,800). The four large counties accounted for 84.9 percent of the state’s total employment in December 2016. Nationwide, the 344 largest counties accounted for 72.8 percent of total U.S. employment

All four of Connecticut’s large counties recorded decreases in average weekly wages from the fourth quarter of 2015 to the fourth quarter of 2016, with the largest decreases in Fairfield (-3.8 percent) and New London (-3.3 percent). Fairfield County had the highest average weekly wage in the state at $1,676 and ranked eighth among the nation’s 344 largest counties.(See table 1.) Nationally, the average weekly wage declined 1.5 percent over the year to $1,067 in the fourth quarter of 2016. This was one of only eight declines for the nation in the history of the series, which dates back to 1978.

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the four counties in Connecticut with employment below 75,000. Average weekly wages in three of these smaller counties were below the national average. (See table 2.)

Large County Wage Changes

Over the year, wage decreases in all four large counties in Connecticut exceeded the national decrease of 1.5 percent. Fairfield County’s 3.8-percent decline ranked 306th among the 344 largest U.S. counties. (See table 1.) The wage decreases in New London (-3.3 percent), Hartford (-3.2 percent), and New Haven (-2.8 percent) ranked 286th, 282nd, and 266th, respectively.

Nationwide, 290 of the 344 largest counties had over-the-year decreases in average weekly wages from the fourth quarter of 2015. McLean, Ill., had the largest wage decrease among the largest U.S. counties, down 9.2 percent.

Of the 344 largest counties, 48 experienced over-the year increases in average weekly wages. Clayton, Ga., had the largest percentage decrease in average weekly wages (11.3 percent).

Large County Average Weekly Wages

As noted, average weekly wages in Fairfield County placed eighth among the 344 largest U.S. counties in the fourth quarter of 2016. Hartford ($1,264, 37th) and New Haven ($1,094, 78th) also had average weekly wages above the U.S. average of $1,067, placing them in the top quarter of the nationwide ranking. The average weekly wage in the state’s remaining large county, New London ($1,023), was below the national average, but still ranked in the top half nationwide at 128th.

Nationwide, 243 of the 344 large counties had an average weekly wage below the U.S. average in the fourth quarter 2016. Cameron, Texas ($640) reported the lowest wage nationwide, followed by Hidalgo, Texas ($648), and Horry, S.C. ($654).

Among the 100 large counties with an average weekly wage above the U.S. average, Santa Clara, Calif., held the top position at $2,365. New York, N.Y., was second with an average weekly wage of $2,212, followed by San Mateo, Calif. ($2,098), and San Francisco, Calif. ($2,068).

Average Weekly Wages in Connecticut’s Smaller Counties

Three of the four counties in Connecticut with employment below 75,000—Litchfield, Tolland, and Windham—had average weekly wages lower than the national average of $1,067. Middlesex County had an average weekly wage of $1,088. (See table 2.)

When considering all eight counties in Connecticut, four had an average weekly wage above the national average of $1,067. New London had an average weekly wage of $1,023, while wages in the remaining counties were all below $1,000 per week.(See chart 1.)

Additional Statistics and other Information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online, features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2015 edition of this publication, which was published in September 2016, contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2015 version of the national news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online 2015 are now available online at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn15.htm. The 2016 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online will be available in September 2017. 

The County Employment and Wages release for first quarter 2017 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, September 6, 2017.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The 9.9 million employer reports cover 143.7 million full- and part-time workers. The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons—some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States and the 4 largest counties in Connecticut, fourth quarter 2016
Area Employment Average weekly wage (1)
December 2016 (thousands) Percent change, December 2015-16 (2) National ranking by percent change (3) Average weekly wage National ranking by level (3) Percent change, fourth quarter 2015-16 (2) National ranking by percent change (3)

United States (4)

143,749.90 1.2 -- $1,067 -- -1.5 --

Connecticut

1,685.50 0.0 -- 1,289 4 -3.4 46

Fairfield, Conn.

426.8 -0.9 322 1,676 8 -3.8 306

Hartford, Conn.

512.3 0.3 257 1,264 37 -3.2 282

New Haven, Conn.

368.5 0.4 250 1,094 78 -2.8 266

New London, Conn.

123.3 0.8 211 1,023 128 -3.3 286

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(3) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
 

Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Connecticut, 4th quarter 2016
Area Employment December 2016 Average Weekly Wage(1)

United States(2)

143,749,910 $1,067

Connecticut

1,685,461 1,289

Fairfield

426,765 1,676

Hartford

512,310 1,264

Litchfield

61,119 921

Middlesex

68,967 1,088

New Haven

368,536 1,094

New London

123,261 1,023

Tolland

40,767 946

Windham

39,111 850

Footnotes
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

NOTE: Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs. Data are preliminary.
 

Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, fourth quarter 2016
State Employment Average weekly wage (1)
December 2016 (thousands) Percent change, December 2015-16 Average weekly wage National ranking by level Percent change, fourth quarter 2015-16 National ranking by percent change

United States (2)

143,749.9 1.2 1067 -- -1.5 --

Alabama

1,932.6 0.7 901 35 -1.3 21

Alaska

310.0 -1.9 1038 17 -5.2 51

Arizona

2,760.1 2.1 945 25 -2.2 34

Arkansas

1,205.4 0.4 827 47 -1.4 22

California

16,923.3 1.9 1271 5 -0.3 4

Colorado

2,588.6 2.0 1086 12 -1.5 24

Connecticut

1,685.5 0.0 1289 4 -3.4 46

Delaware

441.2 -0.1 1055 15 -2.9 44

District of Columbia

760.9 0.5 1763 1 0.6 2

Florida

8,538.9 2.7 942 27 -1.8 28

Georgia

4,349.3 2.4 993 20 -0.9 14

Hawaii

658.3 0.7 954 24 -0.3 4

Idaho

691.6 3.2 800 50 -0.4 8

Illinois

5,947.6 0.4 1122 9 -2 31

Indiana

3,021.7 0.9 883 38 -0.9 14

Iowa

1,542.0 0.1 911 33 -1 16

Kansas

1,384.5 0.1 877 39 -2.2 34

Kentucky

1,894.2 0.6 874 41 -1.4 22

Louisiana

1,907.4 -1.6 914 32 -2.9 44

Maine

602.6 0.8 855 43 -2.1 33

Maryland

2,666.7 1.0 1169 7 -0.4 8

Massachusetts

3,530.4 1.3 1352 2 -2.4 39

Michigan

4,283.0 1.5 1026 19 -1.6 25

Minnesota

2,839.7 1.2 1062 14 -1.1 18

Mississippi

1,134.0 0.0 756 51 -1.8 28

Missouri

2,783.2 0.9 918 31 -1.7 27

Montana

456.5 0.7 822 48 0.5 3

Nebraska

972.4 0.0 876 40 -0.5 10

Nevada

1,307.8 2.7 924 29 -1.2 20

New Hampshire

656.9 1.3 1092 10 -4.1 48

New Jersey

4,042.1 1.4 1239 6 -1.9 30

New Mexico

811.4 0.0 844 45 -2.5 41

New York

9,332.5 1.2 1342 3 -2.3 36

North Carolina

4,326.3 1.8 932 28 -0.7 13

North Dakota

414.4 -3.2 978 21 -4.2 49

Ohio

5,365.6 0.7 943 26 -2.3 36

Oklahoma

1,587.7 -1.2 864 42 -3.5 47

Oregon

1,860.7 2.4 970 22 -1 16

Pennsylvania

5,799.8 0.7 1039 16 -2.3 36

Rhode Island

478.3 0.0 1027 18 -1.6 25

South Carolina

2,024.3 1.8 855 43 -0.6 12

South Dakota

419.9 0.5 828 46 -0.5 10

Tennessee

2,947.5 1.8 970 22 -1.1 18

Texas

11,974.7 1.2 1072 13 -2.5 41

Utah

1,415.1 2.9 910 34 -0.3 4

Vermont

312.6 0.1 897 36 -2.4 39

Virginia

3,831.6 0.6 1091 11 -0.3 4

Washington

3,227.9 2.8 1150 8 1.7 1

West Virginia

693.1 -1.6 809 49 -2.5 41

Wisconsin

2,842.4 0.5 924 29 -2 31

Wyoming

265.8 -3.9 894 37 -4.7 50

Puerto Rico

928.2 -0.3 555 (3) -1.9 (3)

Virgin Islands

38.5 0.2 769 (3) -1.8 (3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.
 

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 11, 2017