News Release Information

17-382-DAL
Monday, May 15, 2017

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Louisiana – Third Quarter 2016

From June 2016 to September 2016 gross job gains in private sector establishments in Louisiana totaled 105,759, while gross job losses numbered 102,408, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,351, compared to the previous quarter when gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 16,328. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in Louisiana rose by more than 10,800 between June and September 2016 after falling by about 1,700 in the previous quarter. (See chart 1.) Louisiana’s gross job losses fell by more than 8,800 between June and September 2016, to the lowest level since September 2015. The gain of 3,351 jobs was the largest net increase since the September to December 2014 period.

With one exception, Louisiana’s rates of gross job gain equaled or exceeded the U.S. rates from December 2004 to June 2015. More recently, the national gross job gain rate has exceeded the state’s rate in three of the last five quarters, although in the quarter ended September 2016, gross job gains represented 6.6 percent of private sector employment in Louisiana, compared to 6.4 percent for the nation.(See chart 2.) Gross jobs losses in the state represented 6.5 percent of private sector employment in the latest period, above the national rate of 5.8 percent. Louisiana’s rates of gross job losses have exceeded the national averages since June 2009.

During the third quarter of 2016, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 6 of the 11 industry sectors in Louisiana. For example, within professional and business services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,972. While more than 16,300 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, more than 19,300 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the 3 months ended in September 2016. In education and health services, approximately 14,500 jobs were created in opening and expending establishments and nearly 11,700 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 2,794 jobs. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by more than 1,000 in one other sector, construction. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in five industry sectors in Louisiana. Within leisure and hospitality, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,362. Gross job losses also exceeded gross job gains by more than 1,000 in the manufacturing sector. Among the three other sectors with losses–retail trade, information, and transportation and warehousing–gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 1,000.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for Fourth Quarter 2016 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 26, 2017.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

 

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Louisiana, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

99,727 106,451 96,609 94,903 105,759 6.2 6.5 6.0 5.9 6.6

At expanding establishments

81,562 84,729 79,039 78,577 87,845 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.9 5.5

At opening establishments

18,165 21,722 17,570 16,326 17,914 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.1

Gross job losses

100,776 103,367 105,846 111,231 102,408 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.9 6.5

At contracting establishments

85,959 88,311 90,015 91,485 85,495 5.3 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.4

At closing establishments

14,817 15,056 15,831 19,746 16,913 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-1,049 3,084 -9,237 -16,328 3,351 0.0 0.1 -0.6 -1.0 0.1

Construction

 

Gross job gains

14,030 13,916 13,964 13,741 14,055 10.0 9.8 9.8 9.8 10.0

At expanding establishments

12,513 12,213 12,387 12,161 12,369 8.9 8.6 8.7 8.7 8.8

At opening establishments

1,517 1,703 1,577 1,580 1,686 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2

Gross job losses

10,925 14,331 14,165 14,124 12,965 7.8 10.1 10.0 10.1 9.2

At contracting establishments

9,705 12,649 12,247 12,104 11,223 6.9 8.9 8.6 8.7 8.0

At closing establishments

1,220 1,682 1,918 2,020 1,742 0.9 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.2

Net employment change (2)

3,105 -415 -201 -383 1,090 2.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 0.8

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

4,996 5,106 4,578 4,432 5,388 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.2 4.0

At expanding establishments

4,500 4,576 4,066 3,990 4,678 3.2 3.2 2.9 2.9 3.5

At opening establishments

496 530 512 442 710 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.5

Gross job losses

6,654 7,188 6,680 7,718 6,455 4.7 5.1 4.8 5.6 4.7

At contracting establishments

5,976 6,582 6,278 6,870 5,856 4.2 4.7 4.5 5.0 4.3

At closing establishments

678 606 402 848 599 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.4

Net employment change (2)

-1,658 -2,082 -2,102 -3,286 -1,067 -1.2 -1.5 -1.5 -2.4 -0.7

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

2,892 3,383 2,806 2,918 3,380 4.0 4.7 4.0 4.1 4.9

At expanding establishments

2,441 2,544 2,187 2,414 2,852 3.4 3.5 3.1 3.4 4.1

At opening establishments

451 839 619 504 528 0.6 1.2 0.9 0.7 0.8

Gross job losses

3,152 3,355 3,497 3,893 3,104 4.4 4.7 4.9 5.6 4.4

At contracting establishments

2,585 2,701 2,922 3,150 2,532 3.6 3.8 4.1 4.5 3.6

At closing establishments

567 654 575 743 572 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.1 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-260 28 -691 -975 276 -0.4 0.0 -0.9 -1.5 0.5

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

13,151 14,392 14,766 13,152 13,672 5.7 6.1 6.3 5.5 5.8

At expanding establishments

10,900 12,442 12,476 11,423 11,739 4.7 5.3 5.3 4.8 5.0

At opening establishments

2,251 1,950 2,290 1,729 1,933 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.8

Gross job losses

13,659 13,241 13,559 13,756 14,546 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.1

At contracting establishments

11,953 11,618 12,220 12,112 12,589 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.3

At closing establishments

1,706 1,623 1,339 1,644 1,957 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-508 1,151 1,207 -604 -874 -0.1 0.4 0.5 -0.3 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,356 4,538 3,273 3,204 4,278 5.8 6.1 4.5 4.5 6.1

At expanding establishments

3,684 3,974 2,629 2,695 3,581 4.9 5.3 3.6 3.8 5.1

At opening establishments

672 564 644 509 697 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.7 1.0

Gross job losses

4,598 5,098 5,544 5,600 4,328 6.0 6.8 7.5 7.8 6.1

At contracting establishments

3,963 4,433 4,795 4,852 3,743 5.2 5.9 6.5 6.8 5.3

At closing establishments

635 665 749 748 585 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-242 -560 -2,271 -2,396 -50 -0.2 -0.7 -3.0 -3.3 0.0

Information

 

Gross job gains

1,837 3,769 3,064 1,787 2,439 7.0 14.6 12.0 7.5 10.8

At expanding establishments

1,612 3,123 2,381 1,215 1,633 6.1 12.1 9.3 5.1 7.2

At opening establishments

225 646 683 572 806 0.9 2.5 2.7 2.4 3.6

Gross job losses

3,941 2,748 4,145 4,306 2,533 15.0 10.6 16.1 18.0 11.2

At contracting establishments

3,741 2,533 3,391 2,566 2,101 14.2 9.8 13.2 10.7 9.3

At closing establishments

200 215 754 1,740 432 0.8 0.8 2.9 7.3 1.9

Net employment change (2)

-2,104 1,021 -1,081 -2,519 -94 -8.0 4.0 -4.1 -10.5 -0.4

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

4,350 4,814 3,941 4,409 5,233 5.0 5.6 4.5 5.1 6.0

At expanding establishments

3,452 3,710 3,148 3,459 4,436 4.0 4.3 3.6 4.0 5.1

At opening establishments

898 1,104 793 950 797 1.0 1.3 0.9 1.1 0.9

Gross job losses

5,032 4,734 4,602 5,107 4,382 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.9 5.0

At contracting establishments

4,058 3,717 3,627 4,215 3,493 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.9 4.0

At closing establishments

974 1,017 975 892 889 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-682 80 -661 -698 851 -0.8 0.1 -0.8 -0.8 1.0

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

16,912 16,064 15,657 15,839 19,307 8.0 7.6 7.4 7.6 9.2

At expanding establishments

13,498 11,671 12,263 12,524 15,544 6.4 5.5 5.8 6.0 7.4

At opening establishments

3,414 4,393 3,394 3,315 3,763 1.6 2.1 1.6 1.6 1.8

Gross job losses

17,437 16,995 17,173 16,798 16,335 8.2 8.0 8.2 8.0 7.7

At contracting establishments

14,190 13,937 13,639 12,611 13,305 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.0 6.3

At closing establishments

3,247 3,058 3,534 4,187 3,030 1.5 1.4 1.7 2.0 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-525 -931 -1,516 -959 2,972 -0.2 -0.4 -0.8 -0.4 1.5

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

13,604 15,196 11,050 12,812 14,491 4.7 5.2 3.8 4.4 5.0

At expanding establishments

11,476 11,000 9,373 10,831 12,280 4.0 3.8 3.2 3.7 4.2

At opening establishments

2,128 4,196 1,677 1,981 2,211 0.7 1.4 0.6 0.7 0.8

Gross job losses

10,816 11,483 12,553 13,218 11,697 3.7 3.9 4.3 4.5 4.0

At contracting establishments

8,688 9,332 10,387 9,918 9,485 3.0 3.2 3.6 3.4 3.2

At closing establishments

2,128 2,151 2,166 3,300 2,212 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.8

Net employment change (2)

2,788 3,713 -1,503 -406 2,794 1.0 1.3 -0.5 -0.1 1.0

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

17,067 18,930 16,805 16,756 17,429 7.5 8.3 7.2 7.3 7.5

At expanding establishments

12,507 14,422 12,522 12,922 13,751 5.5 6.3 5.4 5.6 5.9

At opening establishments

4,560 4,508 4,283 3,834 3,678 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.6

Gross job losses

16,424 15,596 15,578 17,492 18,791 7.2 6.8 6.7 7.5 8.1

At contracting establishments

14,163 13,267 13,419 15,102 15,272 6.2 5.8 5.8 6.5 6.6

At closing establishments

2,261 2,329 2,159 2,390 3,519 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.5

Net employment change (2)

643 3,334 1,227 -736 -1,362 0.3 1.5 0.5 -0.2 -0.6

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

3,435 3,263 3,262 2,985 3,327 7.6 7.1 7.1 6.5 7.4

At expanding establishments

2,677 2,563 2,561 2,466 2,617 5.9 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.8

At opening establishments

758 700 701 519 710 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.1 1.6

Gross job losses

3,260 3,051 3,013 3,338 3,325 7.2 6.7 6.6 7.4 7.3

At contracting establishments

2,736 2,564 2,414 2,676 2,636 6.0 5.6 5.3 5.9 5.8

At closing establishments

524 487 599 662 689 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.5

Net employment change (2)

175 212 249 -353 2 0.4 0.4 0.5 -0.9 0.1

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016

United States(1)

6.3 6.6 5.8 6.2 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.8

Alabama

5.8 6.2 5.8 5.8 6.2 5.5 5.3 5.4 5.8 5.7

Alaska

9.1 9.6 9.4 10.3 9.0 10.3 10.5 9.7 11.9 11.1

Arizona

6.8 6.9 6.0 6.1 7.1 5.4 5.4 5.7 6.1 5.2

Arkansas

6.1 6.3 5.4 5.4 6.2 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.8 5.4

California

6.9 7.6 6.5 6.8 6.9 5.9 6.7 6.3 6.7 6.1

Colorado

7.0 7.0 6.6 6.9 7.1 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.5 6.2

Connecticut

5.1 5.5 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.9 4.9 5.0 5.3 5.3

Delaware

6.1 7.3 6.5 6.7 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.5

District of Columbia

6.1 6.2 5.2 5.8 6.2 5.4 4.6 5.6 6.1 5.7

Florida

6.9 7.2 6.1 6.4 7.4 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.7

Georgia

6.5 6.9 6.1 7.0 6.7 5.9 5.7 5.6 6.6 5.9

Hawaii

5.1 5.8 4.9 5.4 5.8 4.6 4.4 4.9 6.0 5.0

Idaho

7.8 7.9 8.2 7.1 7.9 7.0 6.9 6.3 7.1 7.1

Illinois

5.4 6.4 5.3 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.9 5.7

Indiana

5.5 6.2 5.5 5.2 5.8 5.3 4.9 5.3 5.2 5.1

Iowa

5.7 6.0 6.0 5.6 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.3 6.1 5.8

Kansas

5.7 6.2 5.8 5.6 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.9 6.3 5.6

Kentucky

6.1 6.7 5.7 6.2 6.7 5.7 5.4 5.8 5.8 6.2

Louisiana

6.2 6.5 6.0 5.9 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.9 6.5

Maine

6.6 8.6 8.0 7.7 6.7 7.1 7.1 6.9 6.7 7.4

Maryland

6.5 6.8 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.2 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.0

Massachusetts

5.4 5.9 5.2 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.5

Michigan

5.4 6.1 5.4 5.9 5.6 5.6 5.3 4.9 5.3 5.6

Minnesota

5.4 6.1 5.4 5.9 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.2 5.6 5.6

Mississippi

6.2 7.1 5.7 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.4 6.1 6.5 5.6

Missouri

5.7 6.3 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.4

Montana

7.6 8.5 7.8 7.9 7.6 7.7 7.3 7.2 8.6 7.8

Nebraska

6.0 6.1 5.8 5.7 6.4 5.6 5.5 5.5 6.0 5.9

Nevada

6.2 6.8 6.3 6.5 6.7 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.6 5.5

New Hampshire

6.1 6.7 6.0 6.5 6.4 6.4 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.3

New Jersey

6.3 6.7 5.9 6.5 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8

New Mexico

6.5 7.0 6.2 6.5 6.8 6.6 6.9 6.3 6.7 6.2

New York

6.3 6.4 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.9

North Carolina

6.3 6.7 6.0 6.3 6.1 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.8 5.8

North Dakota

7.1 6.7 6.6 6.8 8.1 8.5 8.1 8.9 9.0 7.1

Ohio

5.5 6.0 5.4 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.1 5.1 5.6 5.6

Oklahoma

6.1 6.3 5.7 5.8 6.3 6.1 6.5 6.4 6.8 6.0

Oregon

7.0 7.0 7.0 6.7 6.9 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.5 6.4

Pennsylvania

5.3 5.7 5.4 5.3 5.7 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.1

Rhode Island

5.8 6.6 5.8 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.2 6.0

South Carolina

6.1 7.1 6.1 6.3 6.3 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.8 5.7

South Dakota

5.9 6.7 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.2

Tennessee

5.8 6.3 5.2 5.7 5.9 5.1 4.8 5.1 5.3 5.2

Texas

5.9 6.1 4.7 6.3 6.2 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4

Utah

7.0 7.2 7.3 6.7 7.4 6.0 6.0 5.9 6.4 6.5

Vermont

6.9 7.2 6.6 7.4 7.2 7.7 6.5 6.9 7.2 7.4

Virginia

7.1 6.4 5.9 6.4 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.9 6.0 6.1

Washington

6.7 6.8 7.1 7.2 6.7 6.8 6.2 5.6 5.8 6.4

West Virginia

5.8 6.6 5.9 5.8 6.6 6.7 6.3 6.9 6.9 6.6

Wisconsin

5.6 6.0 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.2 5.2 5.7 5.5

Wyoming

8.5 9.0 7.9 7.7 8.3 9.2 9.3 9.4 10.4 8.9

Puerto Rico

5.9 6.3 5.7 5.6 5.8 6.3 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.7

Virgin Islands

6.0 7.3 5.7 6.3 6.2 7.3 5.3 5.4 5.8 6.5

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, May 15, 2017