News Release Information

17-1084-DAL
Wednesday, August 02, 2017

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Oklahoma – Fourth Quarter 2016

From September 2016 to December 2016, gross job gains in Oklahoma totaled 79,388, while gross job losses numbered 76,784, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. As a result, gross job gains exceeded gross losses by 2,604. (See chart 1.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that in the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,794.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in Oklahoma rose by more than 900 during the fourth quarter of 2016 after climbing by nearly 6,800 in the previous quarter. (See chart 1.) Gross job losses rose by more than 2,100 in the three months ended in December 2016, after dropping by nearly 9,700 in the previous quarter.

Gross job gains represented 6.3 percent of private sector employment in Oklahoma in the quarter ended December 2016; nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.2 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) With few exceptions, the rate of gross job gains in Oklahoma has mirrored the national rate during the past five years. Oklahoma’s rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment was 6.1 percent compared to the national rate of 5.8 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016. Oklahoma’s rate of gross job losses has exceeded the U.S. rate since March 2015.

During the fourth quarter of 2016, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 6 of the 11 industry sectors in Oklahoma. For example, within transportation and warehousing, opening and expanding establishments added more than 4,400 jobs, while closing and contracting establishments lost more than 2,150 jobs. The resulting net gain of 2,259 jobs in the transportation and warehousing sector was the largest of any sector in Oklahoma in the fourth quarter of 2016. In leisure and hospitality, about 14,850 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and about 12,850 were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 2,006, the second largest among the state’s sectors. (See table 1.)

Five industry sectors in Oklahoma registered net job losses during the latest quarter. Construction saw a net loss of 1,477 jobs, as more than 8,350 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments, while only about 6,850 jobs were gained at opening and expanding establishments. Retail trade had a net loss of 1,465 jobs, as the gross job gains of more than 10,350 were offset by the gross job losses of nearly 11,850.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED website at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for First Quarter 2017 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 8, 2017.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Oklahoma, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

79,854 72,627 71,683 78,448 79,388 6.3 5.7 5.8 6.3 6.3

At expanding establishments

64,117 58,279 57,231 61,958 62,882 5.1 4.6 4.6 5.0 5.0

At opening establishments

15,737 14,348 14,452 16,490 16,506 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3

Gross job losses

81,960 80,611 84,340 74,654 76,784 6.5 6.4 6.8 6.0 6.1

At contracting establishments

65,810 67,178 68,622 61,925 61,230 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.0 4.9

At closing establishments

16,150 13,433 15,718 12,729 15,554 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-2,106 -7,984 -12,657 3,794 2,604 -0.2 -0.7 -1.0 0.3 0.2

Construction

 

Gross job gains

7,506 7,101 7,010 8,520 6,881 9.6 9.2 9.2 11.0 8.9

At expanding establishments

5,770 5,636 5,558 6,927 5,415 7.4 7.3 7.3 8.9 7.0

At opening establishments

1,736 1,465 1,452 1,593 1,466 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.1 1.9

Gross job losses

7,595 7,840 7,704 6,382 8,358 9.7 10.1 10.0 8.3 10.8

At contracting establishments

6,101 6,145 5,835 5,152 6,813 7.8 7.9 7.6 6.7 8.8

At closing establishments

1,494 1,695 1,869 1,230 1,545 1.9 2.2 2.4 1.6 2.0

Net employment change (2)

-89 -739 -694 2,138 -1,477 -0.1 -0.9 -0.8 2.7 -1.9

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

3,828 3,749 3,992 4,227 4,274 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.3

At expanding establishments

3,339 3,376 3,375 3,816 3,845 2.5 2.6 2.6 3.0 3.0

At opening establishments

489 373 617 411 429 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3

Gross job losses

6,471 5,955 6,795 5,329 4,453 4.9 4.5 5.3 4.1 3.5

At contracting establishments

5,690 5,369 6,186 4,655 3,745 4.3 4.1 4.8 3.6 2.9

At closing establishments

781 586 609 674 708 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6

Net employment change (2)

-2,643 -2,206 -2,803 -1,102 -179 -2.0 -1.6 -2.2 -0.8 -0.2

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

3,326 2,914 2,769 3,378 2,815 5.6 4.9 4.8 5.8 4.8

At expanding establishments

2,637 2,238 2,093 2,481 2,282 4.4 3.8 3.6 4.3 3.9

At opening establishments

689 676 676 897 533 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.5 0.9

Gross job losses

3,704 3,404 3,221 3,088 3,154 6.2 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.5

At contracting establishments

2,975 2,624 2,617 2,437 2,415 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.2

At closing establishments

729 780 604 651 739 1.2 1.3 1.0 1.1 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-378 -490 -452 290 -339 -0.6 -0.9 -0.7 0.5 -0.7

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

11,179 12,021 10,587 10,502 10,373 6.1 6.5 5.7 5.7 5.7

At expanding establishments

9,679 10,680 8,926 8,815 9,113 5.3 5.8 4.8 4.8 5.0

At opening establishments

1,500 1,341 1,661 1,687 1,260 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.7

Gross job losses

10,689 10,656 11,034 11,553 11,838 5.8 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.5

At contracting establishments

9,510 9,386 9,744 10,226 9,833 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.5 5.4

At closing establishments

1,179 1,270 1,290 1,327 2,005 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.1

Net employment change (2)

490 1,365 -447 -1,051 -1,465 0.3 0.7 -0.3 -0.5 -0.8

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

5,643 2,074 2,145 3,018 4,423 11.0 4.1 4.3 6.0 8.5

At expanding establishments

5,070 1,672 1,789 2,594 4,144 9.9 3.3 3.6 5.2 8.0

At opening establishments

573 402 356 424 279 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.5

Gross job losses

2,818 4,285 2,208 1,954 2,164 5.5 8.4 4.5 3.9 4.2

At contracting establishments

2,038 3,758 1,818 1,671 1,587 4.0 7.4 3.7 3.3 3.1

At closing establishments

780 527 390 283 577 1.5 1.0 0.8 0.6 1.1

Net employment change (2)

2,825 -2,211 -63 1,064 2,259 5.5 -4.3 -0.2 2.1 4.3

Information

 

Gross job gains

1,093 916 899 771 1,061 5.2 4.3 4.2 3.6 5.1

At expanding establishments

877 570 795 618 922 4.2 2.7 3.7 2.9 4.4

At opening establishments

216 346 104 153 139 1.0 1.6 0.5 0.7 0.7

Gross job losses

902 1,100 1,021 1,060 987 4.3 5.2 4.8 5.1 4.8

At contracting establishments

647 910 711 857 829 3.1 4.3 3.3 4.1 4.0

At closing establishments

255 190 310 203 158 1.2 0.9 1.5 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

191 -184 -122 -289 74 0.9 -0.9 -0.6 -1.5 0.3

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

3,824 3,202 3,440 3,962 4,097 5.0 4.2 4.5 5.2 5.4

At expanding establishments

2,918 2,582 2,619 3,019 3,056 3.8 3.4 3.4 4.0 4.0

At opening establishments

906 620 821 943 1,041 1.2 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.4

Gross job losses

3,728 3,746 4,097 3,548 3,754 4.9 4.8 5.4 4.7 4.8

At contracting establishments

2,913 3,019 2,979 2,793 2,801 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.6

At closing establishments

815 727 1,118 755 953 1.1 0.9 1.5 1.0 1.2

Net employment change (2)

96 -544 -657 414 343 0.1 -0.6 -0.9 0.5 0.6

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

14,939 12,656 13,870 14,664 13,688 8.1 6.9 7.6 8.1 7.6

At expanding establishments

11,568 9,700 11,139 11,570 10,089 6.3 5.3 6.1 6.4 5.6

At opening establishments

3,371 2,956 2,731 3,094 3,599 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.7 2.0

Gross job losses

13,496 14,586 14,676 13,922 13,545 7.4 8.0 8.1 7.7 7.5

At contracting establishments

10,434 11,881 11,767 11,068 10,699 5.7 6.5 6.5 6.1 5.9

At closing establishments

3,062 2,705 2,909 2,854 2,846 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6

Net employment change (2)

1,443 -1,930 -806 742 143 0.7 -1.1 -0.5 0.4 0.1

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

9,307 10,136 8,827 10,093 10,050 4.5 4.8 4.3 4.9 4.8

At expanding establishments

7,380 7,958 7,054 8,040 8,104 3.6 3.8 3.4 3.9 3.9

At opening establishments

1,927 2,178 1,773 2,053 1,946 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9

Gross job losses

9,787 9,184 10,088 8,544 9,700 4.7 4.4 4.9 4.1 4.7

At contracting establishments

7,255 7,637 8,180 6,703 7,300 3.5 3.7 4.0 3.2 3.5

At closing establishments

2,532 1,547 1,908 1,841 2,400 1.2 0.7 0.9 0.9 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-480 952 -1,261 1,549 350 -0.2 0.4 -0.6 0.8 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

14,136 12,820 12,596 13,418 14,837 8.7 7.8 7.7 8.2 8.9

At expanding establishments

10,884 10,083 9,544 9,318 10,324 6.7 6.1 5.8 5.7 6.2

At opening establishments

3,252 2,737 3,052 4,100 4,513 2.0 1.7 1.9 2.5 2.7

Gross job losses

13,078 12,239 14,578 12,921 12,831 8.0 7.4 8.9 7.9 7.8

At contracting establishments

10,279 10,114 11,532 11,244 10,757 6.3 6.1 7.0 6.9 6.5

At closing establishments

2,799 2,125 3,046 1,677 2,074 1.7 1.3 1.9 1.0 1.3

Net employment change (2)

1,058 581 -1,982 497 2,006 0.7 0.4 -1.2 0.3 1.1

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

2,351 2,575 2,563 2,555 2,458 6.9 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.2

At expanding establishments

1,905 1,855 1,847 2,030 1,972 5.6 5.4 5.5 6.0 5.8

At opening establishments

446 720 716 525 486 1.3 2.1 2.1 1.6 1.4

Gross job losses

2,848 2,578 2,926 2,433 2,764 8.3 7.5 8.6 7.2 8.2

At contracting establishments

2,187 2,016 2,340 1,970 1,963 6.4 5.9 6.9 5.8 5.8

At closing establishments

661 562 586 463 801 1.9 1.6 1.7 1.4 2.4

Net employment change (2)

-497 -3 -363 122 -306 -1.4 0.0 -1.0 0.4 -1.0

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.


Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016

United States(1)

6.6 5.8 6.2 6.4 6.2 5.8 5.7 6.0 5.8 5.8

Alabama

6.2 5.8 5.8 6.2 5.8 5.3 5.4 5.8 5.7 5.7

Alaska

9.6 9.4 10.3 9.0 9.6 10.5 9.7 11.9 11.1 10.0

Arizona

6.9 6.0 6.1 7.1 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.1 5.2 5.5

Arkansas

6.3 5.4 5.4 6.2 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.8 5.4 5.2

California

7.6 6.5 6.8 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.3 6.7 6.1 6.3

Colorado

7.0 6.6 6.9 7.1 6.6 6.4 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.6

Connecticut

5.5 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.3 5.3 5.1

Delaware

7.3 6.5 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.5 6.2

District of Columbia

6.2 5.2 5.8 6.2 5.5 4.6 5.6 6.1 5.7 5.6

Florida

7.2 6.1 6.4 7.4 6.7 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.1

Georgia

6.9 6.1 7.0 6.7 6.5 5.7 5.6 6.6 5.9 5.8

Hawaii

5.8 4.9 5.4 5.8 5.2 4.4 4.9 6.0 5.0 5.1

Idaho

7.9 8.2 7.1 7.9 7.6 6.9 6.3 7.1 7.1 6.6

Illinois

6.4 5.3 5.9 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.4 5.9 5.7 5.7

Indiana

6.2 5.5 5.2 5.8 5.4 4.9 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.2

Iowa

6.0 6.0 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.3 6.1 5.8 5.9

Kansas

6.2 5.8 5.6 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.9 6.3 5.6 5.7

Kentucky

6.7 5.7 6.2 6.7 6.0 5.4 5.8 5.8 6.2 5.6

Louisiana

6.5 6.0 5.9 6.6 5.9 6.4 6.6 6.9 6.5 6.6

Maine

8.6 8.0 7.7 6.7 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.7 7.4 7.1

Maryland

6.8 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.6 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.0 6.3

Massachusetts

5.9 5.2 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.4

Michigan

6.1 5.4 5.9 5.6 5.6 5.3 4.9 5.3 5.6 5.4

Minnesota

6.1 5.4 5.9 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.2 5.6 5.6 5.8

Mississippi

7.1 5.7 5.7 6.3 6.3 5.4 6.1 6.5 5.6 5.7

Missouri

6.3 5.7 5.7 5.7 7.7 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.4 8.0

Montana

8.5 7.8 7.9 7.6 7.8 7.3 7.2 8.6 7.8 7.5

Nebraska

6.1 5.8 5.7 6.4 5.7 5.5 5.5 6.0 5.9 6.2

Nevada

6.8 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.7 5.3 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.6

New Hampshire

6.7 6.0 6.5 6.4 6.3 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.3 5.9

New Jersey

6.7 5.9 6.5 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.8

New Mexico

7.0 6.2 6.5 6.8 6.6 6.9 6.3 6.7 6.2 6.5

New York

6.4 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.9

North Carolina

6.7 6.0 6.3 6.1 6.3 5.5 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.6

North Dakota

6.7 6.6 6.8 8.1 6.7 8.1 8.9 9.0 7.1 7.8

Ohio

6.0 5.4 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.1 5.6 5.6 5.3

Oklahoma

6.3 5.7 5.8 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.4 6.8 6.0 6.1

Oregon

7.0 7.0 6.7 6.9 6.6 6.2 5.8 6.5 6.4 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.7 5.4 5.3 5.7 5.4 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.1 5.1

Rhode Island

6.6 5.8 6.2 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.9 6.2 6.0 5.8

South Carolina

7.1 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.6 5.3 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.4

South Dakota

6.7 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.0 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.1

Tennessee

6.3 5.2 5.7 5.9 5.7 4.8 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.0

Texas

6.1 4.7 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.4

Utah

7.2 7.3 6.7 7.4 6.7 6.0 5.9 6.4 6.5 6.3

Vermont

7.2 6.6 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.5 6.9 7.2 7.4 7.0

Virginia

6.4 5.9 6.4 6.0 6.2 5.6 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9

Washington

6.8 7.1 7.2 6.7 7.2 6.2 5.6 5.8 6.4 6.7

West Virginia

6.6 5.9 5.8 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.9 6.9 6.6 6.2

Wisconsin

6.0 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.7 5.5 5.3

Wyoming

9.0 7.9 7.7 8.3 8.8 9.3 9.4 10.4 8.9 8.7

Puerto Rico

6.3 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.7 5.3

Virgin Islands

7.3 5.7 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.3 5.4 5.8 6.5 6.1

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, August 02, 2017