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17-974-DAL
Tuesday, July 11, 2017

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Occupational Employment and Wages in McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, May 2016

Workers in the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $16.79 in May 2016, about 30 percent below the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 19 of the 22 major occupational groups, including computer and mathematical; arts, design, entertainment, sports and media; and life, physical, and social science. One local group, community and social service, at $24.39 per hour, had wages that were significantly higher than the respective national average of $22.69.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, McAllen employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups including personal care and service; education, training, and library; and healthcare support. Conversely, 12 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including production; business and financial operations; and management. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United
States
McAllen-Edinburg-
Mission, TX
United
States
McAllen-Edinburg-
Mission, TX
Percent
difference(1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0   $23.86 $16.79 * -30

Management

5.1 2.4 * 56.74 45.67 * -20

Business and financial operations

5.2 2.3 * 36.09 29.31 * -19

Computer and mathematical

3.0 0.7 * 42.25 24.44 * -42

Architecture and engineering

1.8 0.4 * 40.53 28.22 * -30

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.4 * 35.06 22.58 * -36

Community and social service

1.4 1.0 * 22.69 24.39 * 7

Legal

0.8 0.5 * 50.95 (2)   -

Education, training, and library

6.2 10.4 * 26.21 22.68 * -13

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 0.6 * 28.07 18.06 * -36

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 6.5   38.06 33.20 * -13

Healthcare support

2.9 6.1 * 14.65 10.44 * -29

Protective service

2.4 2.8 * 22.03 21.71   -1

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 9.3   11.47 10.29 * -10

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 2.4 * 13.47 10.85 * -19

Personal care and service

3.2 9.7 * 12.74 9.03 * -29

Sales and related

10.4 11.8 * 19.50 14.39 * -26

Office and administrative support

15.7 16.7 * 17.91 13.52 * -25

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.4   13.37 9.74 * -27

Construction and extraction

4.0 2.2 * 23.51 16.02 * -32

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.3 * 22.45 16.33 * -27

Production

6.5 2.6 * 17.88 14.08 * -21

Transportation and material moving

6.9 7.5   17.34 13.08 * -25

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Estimates not released.

Note: * The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group – education, training, and library – was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. McAllen had 25,960 jobs in education, training, and library, accounting for 10.4 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.2-percent national share. However, the local wage for this occupational group was significantly below the U.S. average. At $22.68 an hour, the mean wage for McAllen education, training, and library workers was about 13 percent below the $26.21 national average.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the education, training, and library group included elementary school teachers, except special education (5,920), secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education (4,330), and middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education (3,260). Among the higher-paying jobs were instructional coordinators and postsecondary English language and literature teachers, with mean annual wages of $71,150 and $68,220, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were substitute teachers ($22,600 per year) and teacher assistants ($24,900). (Detailed occupational data for the education, training, and library group are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_32580.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the McAllen metropolitan area, above average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the education, training, and library group. For instance, middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education, were employed at 2.9 times the national rate in McAllen, and secondary school teachers, except special education and career/technical education, at 2.4 times the U.S. average. Both McAllen teacher location quotients were among the highest in all metropolitan areas for these particular occupations. On the other hand, preschool teachers, except special education, had a location quotient of 1.0 in McAllen, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Texas Workforce Commission.

Note

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,063 establishments with a response rate of 57 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The McAllen-Edinburg-Mission Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Hidalgo County in Texas.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/southwest. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2016
Occupation(1) Employment Mean wages
Level(2) Location
quotient(3)
Hourly Annual(4)

Education, training, and library occupations

25,960 1.7 $22.68 $47,170

Business teachers, postsecondary

60 0.4 (5) 73,110

Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary

90 1.0 (5) 65,740

Biological science teachers, postsecondary

60 0.7 (5) 64,290

Political science teachers, postsecondary

40 1.4 (5) 58,040

Psychology teachers, postsecondary

60 0.9 (5) 59,500

Health specialties teachers, postsecondary

70 0.2 (5) 65,660

Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary

30 0.3 (5) 66,870

Education teachers, postsecondary

80 0.8 (5) 54,750

Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary

90 0.5 (5) 49,530

Communications teachers, postsecondary

50 1.1 (5) 51,730

English language and literature teachers, postsecondary

310 2.5 (5) 68,220

Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary

50 1.0 (5) 44,880

History teachers, postsecondary

50 1.2 (5) 48,360

Vocational education teachers, postsecondary

420 2.1 20.93 43,520

Preschool teachers, except special education

680 1.0 17.81 37,050

Kindergarten teachers, except special education

530 2.0 (5) 55,410

Elementary school teachers, except special education

5,920 2.4 (5) 55,210

Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education

3,260 2.9 (5) 56,110

Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education

4,330 2.4 (5) 56,420

Career/technical education teachers, secondary school

360 2.6 (5) 54,450

Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school

270 0.8 (5) 54,910

Special education teachers, middle school

170 1.1 (5) 56,530

Special education teachers, secondary school

290 1.2 (5) 57,320

Adult basic & secondary education & literacy teachers & instructors

70 0.6 40.04 83,280

Self-enrichment education teachers

240 0.6 14.71 30,590

Teachers and instructors, all other, except substitute teachers

600 1.2 (5) 26,610

Substitute teachers

3,140 2.9 10.86 22,600

Librarians

380 1.6 29.99 62,390

Library technicians

110 0.7 12.94 26,920

Audio-visual and multimedia collections specialists

80 4.2 28.08 58,410

Instructional coordinators

540 2.0 34.20 71,150

Teacher assistants

2,870 1.3 (5) 24,900

Education, training, and library workers, all other

70 0.4 14.17 29,470

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_32580.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 11, 2017