Preliminary 2018 SOC definitions

Questions should be emailed to soc@bls.gov

Preliminary 2018 SOC definitions
Occupation Group Occupation Code Title Definition

major

11-0000 Management Occupations

minor

11-1000 Top Executives

broad

11-1010 Chief Executives

detailed

11-1011 Chief Executives Determine and formulate policies and provide overall direction of companies or private and public sector organizations within guidelines set up by a board of directors or similar governing body. Plan, direct, or coordinate operational activities at the highest level of management with the help of subordinate executives and staff managers.

broad

11-1020 General and Operations Managers

detailed

11-1021 General and Operations Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate the operations of public or private sector organizations, overseeing multiple departments or locations. Duties and responsibilities include formulating policies, managing daily operations, and planning the use of materials and human resources, but are too diverse and general in nature to be classified in any one functional area of management or administration, such as personnel, purchasing, or administrative services. Usually manage through subordinate supervisors. Excludes First-Line Supervisors.

broad

11-1030 Legislators

detailed

11-1031 Legislators Develop, introduce or enact laws and statutes at the local, tribal, State, or Federal level. Includes only workers in elected positions.

minor

11-2000 Advertising, Marketing, Promotions, Public Relations, and Sales Managers

broad

11-2010 Advertising and Promotions Managers

detailed

11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate advertising policies and programs or produce collateral materials, such as posters, contests, coupons, or give-aways, to create extra interest in the purchase of a product or service for a department, an entire organization, or on an account basis.

broad

11-2020 Marketing and Sales Managers

detailed

11-2021 Marketing Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate marketing policies and programs, such as determining the demand for products and services offered by a firm and its competitors, and identify potential customers. Develop pricing strategies with the goal of maximizing the firm's profits or share of the market while ensuring the firm's customers are satisfied. Oversee product development or monitor trends that indicate the need for new products and services.

detailed

11-2022 Sales Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate the actual distribution or movement of a product or service to the customer. Coordinate sales distribution by establishing sales territories, quotas, and goals and establish training programs for sales representatives. Analyze sales statistics gathered by staff to determine sales potential and inventory requirements and monitor the preferences of customers.

broad

11-2030 Public Relations and Fundraising Managers

detailed

11-2032 Public Relations Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate activities designed to create or maintain a favorable public image or raise issue awareness for their organization or client.

detailed

11-2033 Fundraising Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate activities to solicit and maintain funds for special projects or nonprofit organizations.

minor

11-3000 Operations Specialties Managers

broad

11-3010 Administrative Services and Facilities Managers

detailed

11-3012 Administrative Services Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate one or more administrative services of an organization, such as records and information management, mail distribution, and other office support services. Medical records administrators are included in "Medical and Health Services Managers" (11-9111). Excludes "Facilities Managers" (11-3012) and "Purchasing Managers" (11-3061).

detailed

11-3013 Facilities Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate operations and functionalities of facilities and buildings. May include surrounding grounds or multiple facilities of an organization"s campus. Excludes "Administrative Services managers" (11-3011), "Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers" (11-9141), "First-line Supervisors of Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Workers" (37-1010), "First-line Supervisors of Mechanics and Repairers" (49-1011), and "Maintenance and Repair Workers, General" (49-9071).

broad

11-3020 Computer and Information Systems Managers

detailed

11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as electronic data processing, information systems, systems analysis, and computer programming. Excludes "Computer Occupations" (15-1111 through 15-1199).

broad

11-3030 Financial Managers

detailed

11-3031 Financial Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate accounting, investing, banking, insurance, securities, and other financial activities of a branch, office, or department of an establishment. Excludes "Financial Risk Specialists" (13-2054).

broad

11-3050 Industrial Production Managers

detailed

11-3051 Industrial Production Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate the work activities and resources necessary for manufacturing products in accordance with cost, quality, and quantity specifications.

broad

11-3060 Purchasing Managers

detailed

11-3061 Purchasing Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate the activities of buyers, purchasing officers, and related workers involved in purchasing materials, products, and services. Includes wholesale or retail trade merchandising managers and procurement managers.

broad

11-3070 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers

detailed

11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate transportation, storage, or distribution activities in accordance with organizational policies and applicable government laws or regulations. Includes logistics managers.

broad

11-3110 Compensation and Benefits Managers

detailed

11-3111 Compensation and Benefits Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate compensation and benefits activities of an organization. Job analysis and position description managers are included in "Human Resource Managers" (11-3121).

broad

11-3120 Human Resources Managers

detailed

11-3121 Human Resources Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate human resources activities and staff of an organization. Excludes managers who primarily focus on compensation and benefits (11-3111) and training and development (11-3131).

broad

11-3130 Training and Development Managers

detailed

11-3131 Training and Development Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate the training and development activities and staff of an organization.

minor

11-9000 Other Management Occupations

broad

11-9010 Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers

detailed

11-9013 Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate the management or operation of farms, ranches, greenhouses, aquacultural operations, nurseries, timber tracts, or other agricultural establishments. May hire, train, and supervise farm workers or contract for services to carry out the day-to-day activities of the managed operation. May engage in or supervise planting, cultivating, harvesting, and financial and marketing activities. Excludes "First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers" (45-1011).

broad

11-9020 Construction Managers

detailed

11-9021 Construction Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate, usually through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities concerned with the construction and maintenance of structures, facilities, and systems. Participate in the conceptual development of a construction project and oversee its organization, scheduling, budgeting, and implementation. Includes managers in specialized construction fields, such as carpentry or plumbing.

broad

11-9030 Education and Childcare Administrators

detailed

11-9031 Education and Childcare Administrators, Preschool and Day Care Plan, direct, or coordinate academic or nonacademic activities of preschools or childcare centers and programs, including before- and after-school care. Excludes "Pre-kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education" (25-2011) and "Childcare Workers" (39-9011).

detailed

11-9032 Education Administrators, Kindergarten through Grade 12 Plan, direct, or coordinate the academic, administrative, or auxiliary activities of public or private kindergarten, elementary, or secondary level schools.

detailed

11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary Plan, direct, or coordinate instructional, student administration and services, and other research and educational activities at postsecondary institutions, including universities, colleges, and junior and community colleges.

detailed

11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other All education administrators not listed separately.

broad

11-9040 Architectural and Engineering Managers

detailed

11-9041 Architectural and Engineering Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as architecture and engineering or research and development in these fields. Excludes "Natural Sciences Managers" (11-9121).

broad

11-9050 Food Service Managers

detailed

11-9051 Food Service Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate activities of an organization or department that serves food and beverages. Excludes "Chefs and Head Cooks" (35-1011).

broad

11-9070 Entertainment and Recreation Managers

detailed

11-9071 Gambling Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate gambling operations in a casino. May formulate house rules.

detailed

11-9072 Entertainment and Recreation Managers, Except Gambling Plan, direct, or coordinate entertainment and recreational activities and operations of a recreational facility, including cruise ships and parks.

broad

11-9080 Lodging Managers

detailed

11-9081 Lodging Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate activities of an organization or department that provides lodging and other accommodations. Excludes "Food Service Managers" (11-9051) in lodging establishments.

broad

11-9110 Medical and Health Services Managers

detailed

11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate medical and health services in hospitals, clinics, managed care organizations, public health agencies, or similar organizations.

broad

11-9120 Natural Sciences Managers

detailed

11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as life sciences, physical sciences, mathematics, statistics, and research and development in these fields. Excludes "Architecture and Engineering Managers" (11-9041) and "Computer and Information Systems Managers" (11-3021).

broad

11-9130 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents

detailed

11-9131 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents Plan, direct, or coordinate operational, administrative, management, and supportive services of a U.S. post office; or coordinate activities of workers engaged in postal and related work in assigned post office.

broad

11-9140 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers

detailed

11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate the selling, buying, leasing, or governance activities of commercial, industrial, or residential real estate properties. Includes managers of homeowner and condominium associations, rented or leased housing units, buildings, or land (including rights-of-way).

broad

11-9150 Social and Community Service Managers

detailed

11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate the activities of a social service program or community outreach organization. Oversee the program or organization's budget and policies regarding participant involvement, program requirements, and benefits. Work may involve directing social workers, counselors, or probation officers.

broad

11-9160 Emergency Management Directors

detailed

11-9161 Emergency Management Directors Plan and direct disaster response or crisis management activities, provide disaster preparedness training, and prepare emergency plans and procedures for natural (e.g., hurricanes, floods, earthquakes), wartime, or technological (e.g., nuclear power plant emergencies or hazardous materials spills) disasters or hostage situations.

broad

11-9170 Personal Service Managers

detailed

11-9171 Funeral Home Managers Plan, direct, or coordinate the services or resources of funeral homes. Includes activities such as determining prices for services or merchandise and managing the facilities of funeral homes. Excludes "Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Arrangers" (39-4031).

detailed

11-9179 Personal Service Managers, All Other All personal service managers not listed separately. Excludes "Financial Specialists" (13-2000). Day Care Managers are included in Education and Childcare Administrators, Preschool and Day Care (11-9031).

broad

11-9190 Miscellaneous Managers

detailed

11-9199 Managers, All Other All managers not listed separately.

major

13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations

minor

13-1000 Business Operations Specialists

broad

13-1010 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes

detailed

13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes Represent and promote artists, performers, and athletes in dealings with current or prospective employers. May handle contract negotiation and other business matters for clients.

broad

13-1020 Buyers and Purchasing Agents

detailed

13-1021 Buyers and Purchasing Agents, Farm Products Purchase farm products either for further processing or resale. Includes tree farm contractors, grain brokers and market operators, grain buyers, and tobacco buyers. May negotiate contracts.

detailed

13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products Buy merchandise or commodities, other than farm products, for resale to consumers at the wholesale or retail level, including both durable and nondurable goods. Analyze past buying trends, sales records, price, and quality of merchandise to determine value and yield. Select, order, and authorize payment for merchandise according to contractual agreements. May conduct meetings with sales personnel and introduce new products. May negotiate contracts. Includes assistant wholesale and retail buyers of nonfarm products. Excludes "Procurement Clerks" (43-3061).

detailed

13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products Purchase machinery, equipment, tools, parts, supplies, or services necessary for the operation of an establishment. Purchase raw or semi-finished materials for manufacturing. May negotiate contracts. Excludes "Buyers and Purchasing Agents, Farm Products" (13-1021) and "Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products" (13-1022).

broad

13-1030 Claims Adjusters, Appraisers, Examiners, and Investigators

detailed

13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators Review settled claims to determine that payments and settlements are made in accordance with company practices and procedures. Confer with legal counsel on claims requiring litigation. May also settle insurance claims. Excludes "Fire Inspectors and Investigators" (33-2021).

detailed

13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage Appraise automobile or other vehicle damage to determine repair costs for insurance claim settlement. Prepare insurance forms to indicate repair cost or cost estimates and recommendations. May seek agreement with automotive repair shop on repair costs.

broad

13-1040 Compliance Officers

detailed

13-1041 Compliance Officers Examine, evaluate, and investigate eligibility for or conformity with laws and regulations governing contract compliance of licenses and permits, and perform other compliance and enforcement inspection and analysis activities not classified elsewhere. Excludes "Financial Examiners" (13-2061), "Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents" (13-2081), "Occupational Health and Safety Specialists" (29-9011), "Occupational Health and Safety Technicians" (29-9012), "Transportation Security Screeners" (33-9093), "Agricultural Inspectors" (45-2011), "Construction and Building Inspectors" (47-4011), and "Transportation Inspectors" (53-6051).

broad

13-1050 Cost Estimators

detailed

13-1051 Cost Estimators Prepare cost estimates for product manufacturing, construction projects, or services to aid management in bidding on or determining price of product or service. May specialize according to particular service performed or type of product manufactured.

broad

13-1070 Human Resources Workers

detailed

13-1071 Human Resources Specialists Recruit, screen, interview or place individuals within an organization. May perform other activities in multiple human resources areas. Excludes "Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists" (13-1141) and "Training and Development Specialists" (13-1151).

detailed

13-1074 Farm Labor Contractors Recruit and hire seasonal or temporary agricultural laborers. May transport, house, and provide meals for workers.

detailed

13-1075 Labor Relations Specialists Resolve disputes between workers and managers, negotiate collective bargaining agreements, or coordinate grievance procedures to handle employee complaints. Excludes equal employment opportunity (EEO) officers who are included in "Compliance Officers" (13-1041).

broad

13-1080 Logisticians and Project Management Specialists

detailed

13-1081 Logisticians Analyze and coordinate the ongoing logistical functions of a firm or organization. Responsible for the entire life cycle of a product, including acquisition, distribution, internal allocation, delivery, and final disposal of resources. Excludes "Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers" (11-3071) and "Project Management Specialists" (13-1082).

detailed

13-1082 Project Management Specialists Analyze and coordinate the schedule, timeline, procurement, staffing, and budget of a product or service on a per project basis. Excludes "Management Occupations" (11-0000), "Logisticians" (13-1081), and "Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners" (13-1121).

broad

13-1110 Management Analysts

detailed

13-1111 Management Analysts Conduct organizational studies and evaluations, design systems and procedures, conduct work simplification and measurement studies, and prepare operations and procedures manuals to assist management in operating more efficiently and effectively. Includes program analysts and management consultants. Excludes "Computer Systems Analysts" (15-1221) and "Operations Research Analysts" (15-2031).

broad

13-1120 Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners

detailed

13-1121 Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners Coordinate activities of staff, convention personnel, or clients to make arrangements for group meetings, events, or conventions.

broad

13-1130 Fundraisers

detailed

13-1131 Fundraisers Organize activities to raise funds or otherwise solicit and gather monetary donations or other gifts for an organization. May design and produce promotional materials. May also raise awareness of the organization"s work, goals, and financial needs.

broad

13-1140 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists

detailed

13-1141 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists Conduct programs of compensation and benefits and job analysis for employer. May specialize in specific areas, such as position classification and pension programs.

broad

13-1150 Training and Development Specialists

detailed

13-1151 Training and Development Specialists Design or conduct work-related training and development programs to improve individual skills or organizational performance. May analyze organizational training needs or evaluate training effectiveness. Excludes "Career/ Technical Education Teachers, Postsecondary" (25-1194) and "Other Teachers and Instructors" (25-3000). Flight instructors are included with "Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers" (53-2010).

broad

13-1160 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists

detailed

13-1161 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists Research conditions in local, regional, national, or online markets. Gather information to determine potential sales of a product or service, or plan a marketing or advertising campaign. May gather information on competitors, prices, sales, and methods of marketing and distribution. May employ search marketing tactics, analyze web metrics, and develop recommendations to increase search engine ranking and visibility to target markets. Excludes "Web or Digital Interface Designers" (15-1234), "Public relations Specialists" (27-3031), "Art Directors" (27-1011), and "Graphic Designers" (27-1024).

broad

13-1190 Miscellaneous Business Operations Specialists

detailed

13-1191 Sustainability Analysts Analyze the impacts of organizational processes and building(s) for environmental sustainability. Recommend ways to increase efficiency and reduce costs via environmental aspects such as waste stream management, building improvements, maintenance, and non-regulatory energy compliance. Excludes "Architecture and Engineering Occupations" (17-0000) and "Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations" (19-0000).

detailed

13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other All business operations specialists not listed separately.

minor

13-2000 Financial Specialists

broad

13-2010 Accountants and Auditors

detailed

13-2011 Accountants and Auditors Examine, analyze, and interpret accounting records to prepare financial statements, give advice, or audit and evaluate statements prepared by others. Install or advise on systems of recording costs or other financial and budgetary data. Excludes "Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents" (13-2081).

broad

13-2020 Property Appraisers and Assessors

detailed

13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate Appraise real estate, exclusively, and estimate its fair value. May assess taxes in accordance with prescribed schedules. Excludes "Appraisers of Personal and Business Property" (13-2022).

detailed

13-2022 Appraisers of Personal and Business Property Appraise and estimate the fair value of personal property or tangible business property, such as jewelry, art, antiques, collectibles, and equipment. Includes workers who appraise both personal and business property as well as real estate. May also appraise land. Excludes "Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators" (13-1031), "Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage" (13-1032), and "Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents (13-2081).

broad

13-2030 Budget Analysts

detailed

13-2031 Budget Analysts Examine budget estimates for completeness, accuracy, and conformance with procedures and regulations. Analyze budgeting and accounting reports. Excludes "Financial and Investment Analysts" (13-2051).

broad

13-2040 Credit Analysts

detailed

13-2041 Credit Analysts Analyze credit data and financial statements of individuals or firms to determine the degree of risk involved in extending credit or lending money. Prepare reports with credit information for use in decision making.

broad

13-2050 Financial Analysts and Advisors

detailed

13-2051 Financial and Investment Analysts Conduct quantitative analyses of information involving investment programs or financial data of public or private institutions, including valuation of businesses. Excludes "Budget Analysts" (13-2031) and "Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents" (41-3031).

detailed

13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors Advise clients on financial plans using knowledge of tax and investment strategies, securities, insurance, pension plans, and real estate. Duties include assessing clients' assets, liabilities, cash flow, insurance coverage, tax status, and financial objectives. May also buy and sell financial assets for clients. Excludes "Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents" (41-3031).

detailed

13-2053 Insurance Underwriters Review individual applications for insurance to evaluate degree of risk involved and determine acceptance of applications.

detailed

13-2054 Financial Risk Specialists Analyze and measure exposure to credit and market risk threatening the assets, earning capacity, or economic state of an organization. May make recommendations to limit risk.

broad

13-2060 Financial Examiners

detailed

13-2061 Financial Examiners Enforce or ensure compliance with laws and regulations governing financial and securities institutions and financial and real estate transactions. May examine, verify, or authenticate records.

broad

13-2070 Credit Counselors and Loan Officers

detailed

13-2071 Credit Counselors Advise and educate individuals or organizations on acquiring and managing debt. May provide guidance in determining the best type of loan and explaining loan requirements or restrictions. May help develop debt management plans or student financial aid packages. May advise on credit issues, or provide budget, mortgage, bankruptcy, or student financial aid counseling.

detailed

13-2072 Loan Officers Evaluate, authorize, or recommend approval of commercial, real estate, or credit loans. Advise borrowers on financial status and payment methods. Includes mortgage loan officers and agents, collection analysts, loan servicing officers, loan underwriters, and payday loan officers.

broad

13-2080 Tax Examiners, Collectors and Preparers, and Revenue Agents

detailed

13-2081 Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents Determine tax liability or collect taxes from individuals or business firms according to prescribed laws and regulations.

detailed

13-2082 Tax Preparers Prepare tax returns for individuals or small businesses. Excludes "Accountants and Auditors" (13-2011).

broad

13-2090 Miscellaneous Financial Specialists

detailed

13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other All financial specialists not listed separately.

major

15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations

minor

15-1200 Computer Occupations

broad

15-1210 Computer and Information Analysts

detailed

15-1211 Computer Systems Analysts Analyze science, engineering, business, and other data processing problems to develop and implement solutions to complex applications problems, system administration issues, or network concerns. Perform systems management and integration functions, improve existing computer systems, and review computer system capabilities, workflow, and schedule limitations. May analyze or recommend commercially available software.

detailed

15-1212 Information Security Analysts Plan, implement, upgrade, or monitor security measures for the protection of computer networks and information. Assess system vulnerabilities for security risks and propose and implement risk mitigation strategies. May ensure appropriate security controls are in place that will safeguard digital files and vital electronic infrastructure. May respond to computer security breaches and viruses. Excludes "Computer Network Architects" (15-1241).

broad

15-1220 Computer and Information Research Scientists

detailed

15-1221 Computer and Information Research Scientists Conduct research into fundamental computer and information science as theorists, designers, or inventors. Develop solutions to problems in the field of computer hardware and software.

broad

15-1230 Computer Support Specialists

detailed

15-1231 Computer Network Support Specialists Analyze, test, troubleshoot, and evaluate existing network systems, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), and data communications networks. Perform network maintenance to ensure networks operate correctly with minimal interruption. Excludes "Network and Computer Systems Administrators" (15-1244) and "Computer Network Architects" (15-1241).

detailed

15-1232 Computer User Support Specialists Provide technical assistance to computer users. Answer questions or resolve computer problems for clients in person, or via telephone or electronically. May provide assistance concerning the use of computer hardware and software, including printing, installation, word processing, electronic mail, and operating systems. Excludes "Network and Computer Systems Administrators" (15-1244).

broad

15-1240 Database and Network Administrators and Architects

detailed

15-1241 Computer Network Architects Design and implement computer and information networks, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), intranets, extranets, and other data communications networks. Perform network modeling, analysis, and planning, including analysis of capacity needs for network infrastructures. May also design network and computer security measures. May research and recommend network and data communications hardware and software. Excludes "Information Security Analysts" (15-1212), "Network and Computer Systems Administrators" (15-1244), and "Computer Network Support Specialists" (15-1231).

detailed

15-1242 Database Administrators Administer, test, and implement computer databases, applying knowledge of database management systems. Coordinate changes to computer databases. Identify, investigate, and resolve database performance issues, database capacity, and database scalability. May plan, coordinate, and implement security measures to safeguard computer databases. Excludes "Information Security Analysts" (15-1212) and "Database Integration Architects" (15-1243).

detailed

15-1243 Database Integration Architects Design strategies for enterprise databases, data warehouse systems, and multidimensional networks and set standards for database operations, programming, query processes, and security. Model, design, and construct large relational databases or data warehouses. Create and optimize data models for warehouse infrastructure and workflow. Integrate new systems with existing warehouse structure and refine system performance and functionality. Excludes "Database Administrators" (15-1242).

detailed

15-1244 Network and Computer Systems Administrators Install, configure, and maintain an organization's local area network (LAN), wide area network (WAN), data communications network, operating systems, and physical and virtual servers. Perform system monitoring and verify the integrity and availability of hardware, network, and server resources and systems. Review system and application logs and verify completion of scheduled jobs, including system backups. Analyze network and server resource consumption and control user access. Install and upgrade software and maintain software licenses. May assist in network modeling, analysis, planning, and coordination between network and data communications hardware and software. Excludes "Information Security Analysts"(15-1212), "Computer User Support Specialists" (15-1232), and "Computer Network Support Specialists" (15-1231).

broad

15-1250 Software and Web Developers, Programmers, and Testers

detailed

15-1251 Computer Programmers Create, modify, and test the code and scripts that allow computer applications to run. Work from specifications drawn up by software and web developers or other individuals. May develop and write computer programs to store, locate, and retrieve specific documents, data, and information.

detailed

15-1252 Software Developers Research, design, and develop computer and network software or specialized utility programs. Analyze user needs and develop software solutions, applying principles and techniques of computer science, engineering, and mathematical analysis. Update software or enhance existing software capabilities. May work with computer hardware engineers to integrate hardware and software systems, develop specifications, and performance requirements. May analyze and maintain databases within an application area, working individually or coordinating database development as part of a team.

detailed

15-1253 Software Quality Assurance Analysts and Testers Develop and execute software tests to identify software problems and their causes. Test system modifications to prepare for implementation. Document software and application defects using a bug tracking system and report defects to software or web developers. Create and maintain databases of known defects. May participate in software design reviews to provide input on functional requirements, operational characteristics, product designs, and schedules.

detailed

15-1254 Web Developers Develop and implement websites, web applications, application databases, and interactive web interfaces. Evaluate code to ensure that it is properly structured, meets industry standards, and is compatible with browsers and devices. Optimize website performance, scalability, and server-side code and processes. May develop website infrastructure and integrate websites with other computer applications. Excludes "Special Effects Artists and Animators" (27-1014).

detailed

15-1255 Web or Digital Interface Designers Design digital user interfaces or websites. Develop and test layouts, interfaces, functionality, and navigation menus to ensure compatibility and usability across browsers or devices. May use web framework applications as well as client-side code and processes. May evaluate web design following web and accessibility standards, and may analyze web use metrics and optimize websites for marketability and search engine ranking. May design and test interfaces that facilitate the human-computer interaction and maximize the usability of digital devices, websites, and software with a focus on aesthetics and design. May create graphics used in websites and manage website content and links. Excludes "Graphic Designers" (27-1024) and "Special Effects Artists and Animators" (27-1014).

broad

15-1290 Miscellaneous Computer Occupations

detailed

15-1299 Computer Occupations, All Other All computer occupations not listed separately. Excludes "Computer and Information Systems Managers" (11-3021), "Computer Hardware Engineers" (17-2061), "Electrical and Electronics Engineers" (17-2070), "Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary" (25-1021), "Special Effects Artists and Animators" (27-1014), "Graphic Designers" (27-1024), "Health Information Technology, Health Information Management, and Health Informatics Specialists and Analysts" (29-9021), and "Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers" (49-2011).

minor

15-2000 Mathematical Science Occupations

broad

15-2010 Actuaries

detailed

15-2011 Actuaries Analyze statistical data, such as mortality, accident, sickness, disability, and retirement rates and construct probability tables to forecast risk and liability for payment of future benefits. May ascertain insurance rates required and cash reserves necessary to ensure payment of future benefits.

broad

15-2020 Mathematicians

detailed

15-2021 Mathematicians Conduct research in fundamental mathematics or in application of mathematical techniques to science, management, and other fields. Solve problems in various fields using mathematical methods.

broad

15-2030 Operations Research Analysts

detailed

15-2031 Operations Research Analysts Formulate and apply mathematical modeling and other optimizing methods to develop and interpret information that assists management with decision making, policy formulation, or other managerial functions. May collect and analyze data and develop decision support software, service, or products. May develop and supply optimal time, cost, or logistics networks for program evaluation, review, or implementation.

broad

15-2040 Statisticians

detailed

15-2041 Statisticians Develop or apply mathematical or statistical theory and methods to collect, organize, interpret, and summarize numerical data to provide usable information. May specialize in fields such as bio-statistics, agricultural statistics, business statistics, or economic statistics. Includes mathematical and survey statisticians. Excludes "Survey Researchers" (19-3022).

broad

15-2050 Data Scientists

detailed

15-2051 Data Scientists Develop and implement a set of techniques or analytics applications to transform raw data into meaningful information using data-oriented programming languages and visualization software. Apply data mining, data modeling, natural language processing, and machine learning to extract and analyze information from large structured and unstructured datasets. Visualize, interpret, and report data findings. May create dynamic data reports. Excludes "Statisticians" (15-2041), "Cartographers and Photogrammetrists" (17-1021), and "Health Information Technology, Health Information Management, and Health Informatics Specialists and Analysts" (29-9021).

broad

15-2090 Miscellaneous Mathematical Science Occupations

detailed

15-2091 Mathematical Technicians Apply standardized mathematical formulas, principles, and methodology to technological problems in engineering and physical sciences in relation to specific industrial and research objectives, processes, equipment, and products.

detailed

15-2099 Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other All mathematical scientists not listed separately.

major

17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations

minor

17-1000 Architects, Surveyors, and Cartographers

broad

17-1010 Architects, Except Naval

detailed

17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval Plan and design structures, such as private residences, office buildings, theaters, factories, and other structural property. Excludes "Landscape Architects" (17-1012) and "Marine Engineers and Naval Architects" (17-2121).

detailed

17-1012 Landscape Architects Plan and design land areas for projects such as parks and other recreational facilities, airports, highways, hospitals, schools, land subdivisions, and commercial, industrial, and residential sites.

broad

17-1020 Surveyors, Cartographers, and Photogrammetrists

detailed

17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists Research, study, and prepare maps and other spatial data in digital or graphic form for one or more purposes, such as legal, social, political, educational, and design purposes. May work with Geographic Information Systems (GIS). May design and evaluate algorithms, data structures, and user interfaces for GIS and mapping systems. May collect, analyze, and interpret geographic information provided by geodetic surveys, aerial photographs, and satellite data.

detailed

17-1022 Surveyors Make exact measurements and determine property boundaries. Provide data relevant to the shape, contour, gravitation, location, elevation, or dimension of land or land features on or near the earth's surface for engineering, mapmaking, mining, land evaluation, construction, and other purposes.

minor

17-2000 Engineers

broad

17-2010 Aerospace Engineers

detailed

17-2011 Aerospace Engineers Perform engineering duties in designing, constructing, and testing aircraft, missiles, and spacecraft. May conduct basic and applied research to evaluate adaptability of materials and equipment to aircraft design and manufacture. May recommend improvements in testing equipment and techniques.

broad

17-2020 Agricultural Engineers

detailed

17-2021 Agricultural Engineers Apply knowledge of engineering technology and biological science to agricultural problems concerned with power and machinery, electrification, structures, soil and water conservation, and processing of agricultural products.

broad

17-2030 Biomedical Engineers

detailed

17-2031 Biomedical Engineers Apply knowledge of engineering, biology, and biomechanical principles to the design, development, and evaluation of biological and health systems and products, such as artificial organs, prostheses, instrumentation, medical information systems, and heath management and care delivery systems.

broad

17-2040 Chemical Engineers

detailed

17-2041 Chemical Engineers Design chemical plant equipment and devise processes for manufacturing chemicals and products, such as gasoline, synthetic rubber, plastics, detergents, cement, paper, and pulp, by applying principles and technology of chemistry, physics, and engineering.

broad

17-2050 Civil Engineers

detailed

17-2051 Civil Engineers Perform engineering duties in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of building structures, and facilities, such as roads, railroads, airports, bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines, power plants, and water and sewage systems. Includes architectural, structural, traffic, and geo-technical engineers. Excludes "Hydrologists" (19-2043).

broad

17-2060 Computer Hardware Engineers

detailed

17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers Research, design, develop, or test computer or computer-related equipment for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use. May supervise the manufacturing and installation of computer or computer-related equipment and components. Excludes "Software Developers" (15-1232) and "Web Developers" (15-1233).

broad

17-2070 Electrical and Electronics Engineers

detailed

17-2071 Electrical Engineers Research, design, develop, test, or supervise the manufacturing and installation of electrical equipment, components, or systems for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use. Excludes "Computer Hardware Engineers" (17-2061).

detailed

17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer Research, design, develop, or test electronic components and systems for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use employing knowledge of electronic theory and materials properties. Design electronic circuits and components for use in fields such as telecommunications, aerospace guidance and propulsion control, acoustics, or instruments and controls. Excludes "Computer Hardware Engineers" (17-2061).

broad

17-2080 Environmental Engineers

detailed

17-2081 Environmental Engineers Research, design, plan, or perform engineering duties in the prevention, control, and remediation of environmental hazards using various engineering disciplines. Work may include waste treatment, site remediation, or pollution control technology.

broad

17-2110 Industrial Engineers, Including Health and Safety

detailed

17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors Promote worksite or product safety by applying knowledge of industrial processes, mechanics, chemistry, psychology, and industrial health and safety laws. Includes industrial product safety engineers.

detailed

17-2112 Industrial Engineers Design, develop, test, and evaluate integrated systems for managing industrial production processes, including human work factors, quality control, inventory control, logistics and material flow, cost analysis, and production coordination. Excludes "Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors" (17-2111).

broad

17-2120 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects

detailed

17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects Design, develop, and evaluate the operation of marine vessels, ship machinery, and related equipment, such as power supply and propulsion systems.

broad

17-2130 Materials Engineers

detailed

17-2131 Materials Engineers Evaluate materials and develop machinery and processes to manufacture materials for use in products that must meet specialized design and performance specifications. Develop new uses for known materials. Includes those engineers working with composite materials or specializing in one type of material, such as graphite, metal and metal alloys, ceramics and glass, plastics and polymers, and naturally occurring materials. Includes metallurgists and metallurgical engineers, ceramic engineers, and welding engineers.

broad

17-2140 Mechanical Engineers

detailed

17-2141 Mechanical Engineers Perform engineering duties in planning and designing tools, engines, machines, and other mechanically functioning equipment. Oversee installation, operation, maintenance, and repair of equipment such as centralized heat, gas, water, and steam systems.

broad

17-2150 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers

detailed

17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers Conduct sub-surface surveys to identify the characteristics of potential land or mining development sites. May specify the ground support systems, processes and equipment for safe, economical, and environmentally sound extraction or underground construction activities. May inspect areas for unsafe geological conditions, equipment, and working conditions. May design, implement, and coordinate mine safety programs. Excludes "Petroleum Engineers" (17-2171).

broad

17-2160 Nuclear Engineers

detailed

17-2161 Nuclear Engineers Conduct research on nuclear engineering projects or apply principles and theory of nuclear science to problems concerned with release, control, and use of nuclear energy and nuclear waste disposal.

broad

17-2170 Petroleum Engineers

detailed

17-2171 Petroleum Engineers Devise methods to improve oil and gas extraction and production and determine the need for new or modified tool designs. Oversee drilling and offer technical advice.

broad

17-2190 Miscellaneous Engineers

detailed

17-2199 Engineers, All Other All engineers not listed separately. Excludes "Sales Engineers" (41-9031), "Locomotive Engineers" (53-4011), and "Ship Engineers" (53-5031).

minor

17-3000 Drafters, Engineering Technicians, and Mapping Technicians

broad

17-3010 Drafters

detailed

17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters Prepare detailed drawings of architectural and structural features of buildings or drawings and topographical relief maps used in civil engineering projects, such as highways, bridges, and public works. Use knowledge of building materials, engineering practices, and mathematics to complete drawings.

detailed

17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters Prepare wiring diagrams, circuit board assembly diagrams, and layout drawings used for the manufacture, installation, or repair of electrical equipment.

detailed

17-3013 Mechanical Drafters Prepare detailed working diagrams of machinery and mechanical devices, including dimensions, fastening methods, and other engineering information.

detailed

17-3019 Drafters, All Other All drafters not listed separately.

broad

17-3020 Engineering Technologists and Technicians, Except Drafters

detailed

17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technologists and Technicians Operate, install, adjust, and maintain integrated computer/communications systems, consoles, simulators, and other data acquisition, test, and measurement instruments and equipment, which are used to launch, track, position, and evaluate air and space vehicles. May record and interpret test data.

detailed

17-3022 Civil Engineering Technologists and Technicians Apply theory and principles of civil engineering in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of structures and facilities under the direction of engineering staff or physical scientists.

detailed

17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologists and Technicians Apply electrical and electronic theory and related knowledge, usually under the direction of engineering staff, to design, build, repair, adjust, and modify electrical components, circuitry, controls, and machinery for subsequent evaluation and use by engineering staff in making engineering design decisions. Excludes "Broadcast Technicians" (27-4012).

detailed

17-3024 Electro-Mechanical and Mechatronics Technologists and Technicians Operate, test, maintain, or adjust unmanned, automated, servo-mechanical, or electromechanical equipment. May operate unmanned submarines, aircraft, or other equipment to observe or record visual information at sites such as oil rigs, crop fields, buildings, or for similar infrastructure, deep ocean exploration, or hazardous waste removal. May assist engineers in testing and designing robotics equipment.

detailed

17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technologists and Technicians Apply theory and principles of environmental engineering to modify, test, and operate equipment and devices used in the prevention, control, and remediation of environmental problems, including waste treatment and site remediation, under the direction of engineering staff or scientist. May assist in the development of environmental remediation devices.

detailed

17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technologists and Technicians Apply engineering theory and principles to problems of industrial layout or manufacturing production, usually under the direction of engineering staff. May perform time and motion studies on worker operations in a variety of industries for purposes such as establishing standard production rates or improving efficiency.

detailed

17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technologists and Technicians Apply theory and principles of mechanical engineering to modify, develop, test, or adjust machinery and equipment under direction of engineering staff or physical scientists.

detailed

17-3028 Calibration Technologists and Technicians Create and execute procedures and techniques for calibrating measurement devices, by applying knowledge of measurement science, mathematics, physics, and electronics, sometimes under the direction of engineering staff. Authenticate calibration traceability of measurement devices. Determine measurement standard suitability for calibrating measurement devices. Adapt equipment, measurement standards, and procedures to accomplish unique measurements. May perform corrective actions to address identified calibration problems.

detailed

17-3029 Engineering Technologists and Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other All engineering technicians, except drafters, not listed separately.

broad

17-3030 Surveying and Mapping Technicians

detailed

17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians Perform surveying and mapping duties, usually under the direction of an engineer, surveyor, cartographer, or photogrammetrist to obtain data used for construction, mapmaking, boundary location, mining, or other purposes. May calculate mapmaking information and create maps from source data, such as surveying notes, aerial photography, satellite data, or other maps to show topographical features, political boundaries, and other features. May verify accuracy and completeness of maps. Excludes "Surveyors" (17-1022), "Cartographers and Photogrammetrists" (17-1021), and "Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers" (19-2042).

major

19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations

minor

19-1000 Life Scientists

broad

19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists

detailed

19-1011 Animal Scientists Conduct research in the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domestic farm animals.

detailed

19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists Use chemistry, microbiology, engineering, and other sciences to study the principles underlying the processing and deterioration of foods; analyze food content to determine levels of vitamins, fat, sugar, and protein; discover new food sources; research ways to make processed foods safe, palatable, and healthful; and apply food science knowledge to determine best ways to process, package, preserve, store, and distribute food.

detailed

19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants or trees, shrubs, and nursery stock, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.

broad

19-1020 Biological Scientists

detailed

19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists Study the chemical composition or physical principles of living cells and organisms, their electrical and mechanical energy, and related phenomena. May conduct research to further understanding of the complex chemical combinations and reactions involved in metabolism, reproduction, growth, and heredity. May determine the effects of foods, drugs, serums, hormones, and other substances on tissues and vital processes of living organisms.

detailed

19-1022 Microbiologists Investigate the growth, structure, development, and other characteristics of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Includes medical microbiologists who study the relationship between organisms and disease or the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.

detailed

19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists Study the origins, behavior, diseases, genetics, and life processes of animals and wildlife. May specialize in wildlife research and management. May collect and analyze biological data to determine the environmental effects of present and potential use of land and water habitats.

detailed

19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other All biological scientists not listed separately.

broad

19-1030 Conservation Scientists and Foresters

detailed

19-1031 Conservation Scientists Manage, improve, and protect natural resources to maximize their use without damaging the environment. May conduct soil surveys and develop plans to eliminate soil erosion or to protect rangelands. May instruct farmers, agricultural production managers, or ranchers in best ways to use crop rotation, contour plowing, or terracing to conserve soil and water; in the number and kind of livestock and forage plants best suited to particular ranges; and in range and farm improvements, such as fencing and reservoirs for stock watering. Excludes "Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists" (19-1023) and "Foresters" (19-1032).

detailed

19-1032 Foresters Manage public and private forested lands for economic, recreational, and conservation purposes. May inventory the type, amount, and location of standing timber, appraise the timber's worth, negotiate the purchase, and draw up contracts for procurement. May determine how to conserve wildlife habitats, creek beds, water quality, and soil stability, and how best to comply with environmental regulations. May devise plans for planting and growing new trees, monitor trees for healthy growth, and determine optimal harvesting schedules.

broad

19-1040 Medical Scientists

detailed

19-1041 Epidemiologists Investigate and describe the determinants and distribution of disease, disability, or health outcomes. May develop the means for prevention and control.

detailed

19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation, research and development, or other related activities. Includes physicians, dentists, public health specialists, pharmacologists, and medical pathologists who primarily conduct research. Practitioners who primarily provide medical or dental care or dispense drugs are included in "Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners" (29-1000).

broad

19-1090 Miscellaneous Life Scientists

detailed

19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other All life scientists not listed separately.

minor

19-2000 Physical Scientists

broad

19-2010 Astronomers and Physicists

detailed

19-2011 Astronomers Observe, research, and interpret astronomical phenomena to increase basic knowledge or apply such information to practical problems.

detailed

19-2012 Physicists Conduct research into physical phenomena, develop theories on the basis of observation and experiments, and devise methods to apply physical laws and theories. Excludes "Biochemists and Biophysicists" (19-1021).

broad

19-2020 Atmospheric and Space Scientists

detailed

19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists Investigate atmospheric phenomena and interpret meteorological data, gathered by surface and air stations, satellites, and radar to prepare reports and forecasts for public and other uses. Includes weather analysts and forecasters whose functions require the detailed knowledge of meteorology.

broad

19-2030 Chemists and Materials Scientists

detailed

19-2031 Chemists Conduct qualitative and quantitative chemical analyses or experiments in laboratories for quality or process control or to develop new products or knowledge. Excludes "Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers" (19-2042) and "Biochemists and Biophysicists" (19-1021).

detailed

19-2032 Materials Scientists Research and study the structures and chemical properties of various natural and synthetic or composite materials, including metals, alloys, rubber, ceramics, semiconductors, polymers, and glass. Determine ways to strengthen or combine materials or develop new materials with new or specific properties for use in a variety of products and applications. Includes glass scientists, ceramic scientists, metallurgical scientists, and polymer scientists.

broad

19-2040 Environmental Scientists and Geoscientists

detailed

19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health Conduct research or perform investigation for the purpose of identifying, abating, or eliminating sources of pollutants or hazards that affect either the environment or public health. Using knowledge of various scientific disciplines, may collect, synthesize, study, report, and recommend action based on data derived from measurements or observations of air, food, soil, water, and other sources. Excludes "Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists" (19-1023), "Conservation Scientists" (19-1031), "Forest and Conservation Technicians" (19-4071), "Occupational Health and Safety Specialists" (19-5011),"Fish and Game Wardens" (33-3031), and "Forest and Conservation Workers" (45-4011).

detailed

19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.

detailed

19-2043 Hydrologists Research the distribution, circulation, and physical properties of underground and surface waters; and study the form and intensity of precipitation, its rate of infiltration into the soil, movement through the earth, and its return to the ocean and atmosphere.

broad

19-2090 Miscellaneous Physical Scientists

detailed

19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other All physical scientists not listed separately.

minor

19-3000 Social Scientists and Related Workers

broad

19-3010 Economists

detailed

19-3011 Economists Conduct research, prepare reports, or formulate plans to address economic problems related to the production and distribution of goods and services or monetary and fiscal policy. May collect and process economic and statistical data using sampling techniques and econometric methods. Excludes "Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists" (13-1161).

broad

19-3020 Survey Researchers

detailed

19-3022 Survey Researchers Plan, develop, or conduct surveys. May analyze and interpret the meaning of survey data, determine survey objectives, or suggest or test question wording. Includes social scientists who primarily design questionnaires or supervise survey teams. Excludes "Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists" (13-1161) and "Statisticians" (15-2041).

broad

19-3030 Psychologists

detailed

19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists Apply principles of psychology to human resources, administration, management, sales, and marketing problems. Activities may include policy planning; employee testing and selection, training and development; and organizational development and analysis. May work with management to organize the work setting to improve worker productivity.

detailed

19-3033 Clinical and Counseling Psychologists Assess, diagnose, and treat mental and emotional disorders of individuals through observation, interview, and psychological tests. Help individuals with distress or maladjustment understand their problems through their knowledge of case history, interviews with patients, and theory. Provide individual or group counseling services to assist individuals in achieving more effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment. May design behavior modification programs and consult with medical personnel regarding the best treatment for patients. Excludes "Psychiatrists" (29-1223).

detailed

19-3034 School Psychologists Assess and diagnose educational and behavioral issues. Treat and investigate processes of learning and teaching and develop psychological principles and techniques applicable to educational and behavioral issues. May counsel students and consult with parents or school staff.

detailed

19-3039 Psychologists, All Other All psychologists not listed separately.

broad

19-3040 Sociologists

detailed

19-3041 Sociologists Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.

broad

19-3050 Urban and Regional Planners

detailed

19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners Develop comprehensive plans and programs for use of land and physical facilities of jurisdictions, such as towns, cities, counties, and metropolitan areas.

broad

19-3090 Miscellaneous Social Scientists and Related Workers

detailed

19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists Study the origin, development, and behavior of human beings. May study the way of life, language, or physical characteristics of people in various parts of the world. May engage in systematic recovery and examination of material evidence, such as tools or pottery remaining from past human cultures, in order to determine the history, customs, and living habits of earlier civilizations.

detailed

19-3092 Geographers Study the nature and use of areas of the Earth's surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants, and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.

detailed

19-3093 Historians Research, analyze, record, and interpret the past as recorded in sources, such as government and institutional records, newspapers and other periodicals, photographs, interviews, films, electronic media, and unpublished manuscripts, such as personal diaries and letters.

detailed

19-3094 Political Scientists Study the origin, development, and operation of political systems. May study topics, such as public opinion, political decision-making, and ideology. May analyze the structure and operation of governments, as well as various political entities. May conduct public opinion surveys, analyze election results, or analyze public documents. Excludes "Survey Researchers" (19-3022).

detailed

19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other All social scientists and related workers not listed separately.

minor

19-4000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians

broad

19-4010 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians

detailed

19-4012 Agricultural Technicians Work with agricultural scientists in plant, fiber and animal research or assist with animal breeding and nutrition. Set up or maintain laboratory equipment and collect samples from crops or animals. Prepare specimens or record data to assist scientists in biology or related life science experiments. Conduct tests and experiments to improve yield and quality of crops or to increase the resistance of plants and animals to disease or insects.

detailed

19-4013 Food Science Technicians Work with food scientists or technologists to perform standardized qualitative and quantitative tests to determine physical or chemical properties of food or beverage products. Includes technicians who assist in research and development of production technology, quality control, packaging, processing, and use of foods.

broad

19-4020 Biological Technicians

detailed

19-4021 Biological Technicians Assist biological and medical scientists. Set up, operate, and maintain laboratory instruments and equipment, monitor experiments, collect data and samples, make observations, and calculate and record results. May analyze organic substances, such as blood, food, and drugs.

broad

19-4030 Chemical Technicians

detailed

19-4031 Chemical Technicians Conduct chemical and physical laboratory tests to assist scientists in making qualitative and quantitative analyses of solids, liquids, and gaseous materials for research and development of new products or processes, quality control, maintenance of environmental standards, and other work involving experimental, theoretical, or practical application of chemistry and related sciences.

broad

19-4040 Geoscience and Environmental Science Technicians

detailed

19-4041 Geological Technicians, Except Hydrologic Technicians Assist scientists or engineers in the use of electronic, sonic, or nuclear measuring instruments in both laboratory and production activities to obtain data indicating potential resources such as metallic ore, minerals, gas, coal, or petroleum. Analyze mud and drill cuttings. Chart pressure, temperature, and other characteristics of wells or bore holes. Investigate and collect information leading to the possible discovery of new metallic ore, minerals, gas, coal, or petroleum deposits.

detailed

19-4042 Hydrologic Technicians Collect and organize data concerning the distribution, circulation of ground and surface water, as well data on its physical, chemical, and biological properties. They measure and report on flow rates, ground water levels, maintain field equipment, collect water samples, install and collect sampling equipment, and process samples for shipment to testing laboratories. May collect data on behalf of hydrologists, engineers, developers, government agencies, or agriculture. Excludes "Hydrologists" (19-2043).

detailed

19-4043 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health Perform laboratory and field tests to monitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution, including those that affect health, under the direction of an environmental scientist, engineer, or other specialist. May collect samples of gases, soil, water, and other materials for testing.

broad

19-4050 Nuclear Technicians

detailed

19-4051 Nuclear Technicians Assist nuclear physicists, nuclear engineers, or other scientists in laboratory, power generation, or electricity production activities. May operate, maintain, or provide quality control for nuclear testing and research equipment. May monitor radiation.

broad

19-4060 Social Science Research Assistants

detailed

19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants Assist social scientists in laboratory, survey, and other social science research. May help prepare findings for publication and assist in laboratory analysis, quality control, or data management. Excludes "Graduate Teaching Assistants" (25-1191).

broad

19-4070 Forest and Conservation Technicians

detailed

19-4071 Forest and Conservation Technicians Provide technical assistance regarding the conservation of soil, water, forests, or related natural resources. May compile data pertaining to size, content, condition, and other characteristics of forest tracts, under the direction of foresters; or train and lead forest workers in forest propagation, fire prevention and suppression. May assist conservation scientists in managing, improving, and protecting rangelands and wildlife habitats. Excludes "Conservation Scientists" (19-1031) and "Foresters" (19-1032).

broad

19-4090 Miscellaneous Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians

detailed

19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians Collect, identify, classify, and analyze physical evidence related to criminal investigations. Perform tests on weapons or substances, such as fiber, hair, and tissue to determine significance to investigation. May testify as expert witnesses on evidence or crime laboratory techniques. May serve as specialists in area of expertise, such as ballistics, fingerprinting, handwriting, or biochemistry.

detailed

19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other All life, physical, and social science technicians not listed separately.

minor

19-5000 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians

broad

19-5010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians

detailed

19-5011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists Review, evaluate, and analyze work environments and design programs and procedures to control, eliminate, and prevent disease or injury caused by chemical, physical, and biological agents or ergonomic factors. May conduct inspections and enforce adherence to laws and regulations governing the health and safety of individuals. May be employed in the public or private sector.

detailed

19-5012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians Collect data on work environments for analysis by occupational health and safety specialists. Implement and conduct evaluation of programs designed to limit chemical, physical, biological, and ergonomic risks to workers.

major

21-0000 Community and Social Service Occupations

minor

21-1000 Counselors, Social Workers, and Other Community and Social Service Specialists

broad

21-1010 Counselors

detailed

21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors Counsel and advise individuals with alcohol, tobacco, drug, or other problems, such as gambling and eating disorders. May counsel individuals, families, or groups or engage in prevention programs. Excludes "Social Workers" (21-1021 through 21-1029), "Psychologists" (19-3031 through 19-3039), and "Mental Health Counselors" (21-1014) providing these services.

detailed

21-1012 Educational, Guidance, and Career Counselors and Advisors Advise and assist students and provide educational and vocational guidance services.

detailed

21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists Diagnose and treat mental and emotional disorders, whether cognitive, affective, or behavioral, within the context of marriage and family systems. Apply psychotherapeutic and family systems theories and techniques in the delivery of services to individuals, couples, and families for the purpose of treating such diagnosed nervous and mental disorders. Excludes "Social Workers" (21-1021 through 21-1029) and "Psychologists" of all types (19-3031 through 19-3039).

detailed

21-1014 Mental Health Counselors Counsel with emphasis on prevention. Work with individuals and groups to promote optimum mental and emotional health. May help individuals deal with issues associated with addictions and substance abuse; family, parenting, and marital problems; stress management; self-esteem; and aging. Excludes "Social Workers" (21-1021 through 21-1029), "Psychiatrists" (29-1066), and "Psychologists" (19-3031 through 19-3039).

detailed

21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors Counsel individuals to maximize the independence and employability of persons coping with personal, social, and vocational difficulties that result from birth defects, illness, disease, accidents, ageing, or the stress of daily life. Coordinate activities for residents of care and treatment facilities. Assess client needs and design and implement rehabilitation programs that may include personal and vocational counseling, instruction, training, and job placement.

detailed

21-1019 Counselors, All Other All counselors not listed separately.

broad

21-1020 Social Workers

detailed

21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers Provide social services and assistance to improve the social and psychological functioning of children and their families and to maximize the family well-being and the academic functioning of children. May assist parents, arrange adoptions, and find foster homes for abandoned or abused children. In schools, they address such problems as teenage pregnancy, misbehavior, and truancy. May also advise teachers.

detailed

21-1022 Healthcare Social Workers Provide individuals, families, and groups with the psychosocial support needed to cope with chronic, acute, or terminal illnesses. Services include advising family care givers, providing patient education and counseling, and making referrals for other services. May also provide care and case management or interventions designed to promote health, prevent disease, and address barriers to access to healthcare.

detailed

21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers Assess and treat individuals with mental, emotional, or substance abuse problems, including abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and/or other drugs. Activities may include individual and group therapy, crisis intervention, case management, client advocacy, prevention, and education.

detailed

21-1029 Social Workers, All Other All social workers not listed separately.

broad

21-1090 Miscellaneous Community and Social Service Specialists

detailed

21-1091 Health Educators Provide and manage health education programs that help individuals, families, and their communities maximize and maintain healthy lifestyles. Collect and analyze data to identify community needs prior to planning, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating programs designed to encourage healthy lifestyles, policies, and environments. May serve as resource to assist individuals, other health professionals, or the community, and may administer fiscal resources for health education programs. Excludes "Community Health Workers" (21-1094).

detailed

21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists Provide social services to assist in rehabilitation of law offenders in custody or on probation or parole. Make recommendations for actions involving formulation of rehabilitation plan and treatment of offender, including conditional release and education and employment stipulations.

detailed

21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants Assist in providing client services in a wide variety of fields, such as psychology, rehabilitation, or social work, including support for families. May assist clients in identifying and obtaining available benefits and social and community services. May assist social workers with developing, organizing, and conducting programs to prevent and resolve problems relevant to substance abuse, human relationships, rehabilitation, or dependent care. Excludes "Rehabilitation Counselors" (21-1015), "Psychiatric Technicians" (29-2053), "Personal Care Aides" (39-9021), and "Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs" (43-4061).

detailed

21-1094 Community Health Workers Promotes health within a community by assisting individuals to adopt healthy behaviors. Serves as an advocate for the health needs of individuals by assisting community residents in effectively communicating with healthcare providers or social service agencies. Conducts outreach and implements programs that promote, maintain, and improve individual and overall community health. May deliver health related preventative services such as blood pressure, glaucoma, and hearing screenings. May also collect data to help identify community health needs. Excludes "Health Educators" (21-1091).

detailed

21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other All community and social service specialists not listed separately.

minor

21-2000 Religious Workers

broad

21-2010 Clergy

detailed

21-2011 Clergy Conduct religious worship and perform other spiritual functions associated with beliefs and practices of religious faith or denomination. Provide spiritual and moral guidance and assistance to members.

broad

21-2020 Directors, Religious Activities and Education

detailed

21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education Coordinate or design programs and conduct outreach to promote the religious education or activities of a denominational group. May provide counseling, guidance, and leadership relative to marital, health, financial, and religious problems.

broad

21-2090 Miscellaneous Religious Workers

detailed

21-2099 Religious Workers, All Other All religious workers not listed separately.

major

23-0000 Legal Occupations

minor

23-1000 Lawyers, Judges, and Related Workers

broad

23-1010 Lawyers and Judicial Law Clerks

detailed

23-1011 Lawyers Represent clients in criminal and civil litigation and other legal proceedings, draw up legal documents, or manage or advise clients on legal transactions. May specialize in a single area or may practice broadly in many areas of law.

detailed

23-1012 Judicial Law Clerks Assist judges in court or by conducting research or preparing legal documents. Excludes "Lawyers" (23-1011) and "Paralegals and Legal Assistants" (23-2011).

broad

23-1020 Judges, Magistrates, and Other Judicial Workers

detailed

23-1021 Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers Conduct hearings to recommend or make decisions on claims concerning government programs or other government-related matters. Determine liability, sanctions, or penalties, or recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims or settlements. Excludes "Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators" (23-1022).

detailed

23-1022 Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators Facilitate negotiation and conflict resolution through dialogue. Resolve conflicts outside of the court system by mutual consent of parties involved.

detailed

23-1023 Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates Arbitrate, advise, adjudicate, or administer justice in a court of law. May sentence defendant in criminal cases according to government statutes or sentencing guidelines. May determine liability of defendant in civil cases. May perform wedding ceremonies.

minor

23-2000 Legal Support Workers

broad

23-2010 Paralegals and Legal Assistants

detailed

23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants Assist lawyers by investigating facts, preparing legal documents, or researching legal precedent. Conduct research to support a legal proceeding, to formulate a defense, or to initiate legal action. Excludes "Legal Secretaries" (43-6012).

broad

23-2090 Miscellaneous Legal Support Workers

detailed

23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers Search real estate records, examine titles, or summarize pertinent legal or insurance documents or details for a variety of purposes. May compile lists of mortgages, contracts, and other instruments pertaining to titles by searching public and private records for law firms, real estate agencies, or title insurance companies. Excludes "Loan officers" (13-2072).

detailed

23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other All legal support workers not listed separately.

major

25-0000 Educational Instruction and Library Occupations

minor

25-1000 Postsecondary Teachers

broad

25-1010 Business Teachers, Postsecondary

detailed

25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in business administration and management, such as accounting, finance, human resources, labor and industrial relations, marketing, and operations research. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

broad

25-1020 Math and Computer Teachers, Postsecondary

detailed

25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in computer science. May specialize in a field of computer science, such as the design and function of computers or operations and research analysis. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to mathematical concepts, statistics, and actuarial science and to the application of original and standardized mathematical techniques in solving specific problems and situations. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

broad

25-1030 Engineering and Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary

detailed

25-1031 Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in architecture and architectural design, such as architectural environmental design, interior architecture/design, and landscape architecture. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1032 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to the application of physical laws and principles of engineering for the development of machines, materials, instruments, processes, and services. Includes teachers of subjects such as chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, mechanical, mineral, and petroleum engineering. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research. Excludes "Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary" (25-1021).

broad

25-1040 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary

detailed

25-1041 Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in the agricultural sciences. Includes teachers of agronomy, dairy sciences, fisheries management, horticultural sciences, poultry sciences, range management, and agricultural soil conservation. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research. Excludes "Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary" (25-1043).

detailed

25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in biological sciences. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1043 Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in forestry and conservation science. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research. Excludes "Agricultural Science Teachers, Postsecondary" (25-1041) and "Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary" (25-1053).

broad

25-1050 Physical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary

detailed

25-1051 Atmospheric, Earth, Marine, and Space Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in the physical sciences, except chemistry and physics. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching, and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to the chemical and physical properties and compositional changes of substances. Work may include instruction in the methods of qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching, and those who do a combination of teaching and research. Excludes "Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary" (25-1042) who teach biochemistry.

detailed

25-1053 Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in environmental science. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1054 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to the laws of matter and energy. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

broad

25-1060 Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary

detailed

25-1061 Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in anthropology or archeology. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1062 Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to the culture and development of an area, an ethnic group, or any other group, such as Latin American studies, women"s studies, or urban affairs. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1063 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in economics. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1064 Geography Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in geography. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1065 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in political science, international affairs, and international relations. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1066 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in psychology, such as child, clinical, and developmental psychology, and psychological counseling. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1067 Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in sociology. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1069 Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary, All Other All postsecondary social sciences teachers not listed separately.

broad

25-1070 Health Teachers, Postsecondary

detailed

25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in health specialties, in fields such as dentistry, laboratory technology, medicine, pharmacy, public health, therapy, and veterinary medicine. Excludes "Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary" (25-1072) and "Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary" (25-1042) who teach medical science.

detailed

25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary Demonstrate and teach patient care in classroom and clinical units to nursing students. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

broad

25-1080 Education and Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary

detailed

25-1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to education, such as counseling, curriculum, guidance, instruction, teacher education, and teaching English as a second language. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1082 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in library science. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

broad

25-1110 Law, Criminal Justice, and Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary

detailed

25-1111 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in criminal justice, corrections, and law enforcement administration. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1112 Law Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in law. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1113 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in social work. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

broad

25-1120 Communications, History, and Humanities Teachers, Postsecondary

detailed

25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in drama, music, and the arts including fine and applied art, such as painting and sculpture, or design and crafts. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1122 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in communications, such as organizational communications, public relations, radio/television broadcasting, and journalism. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in English language and literature, including linguistics and comparative literature. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1124 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary Teach languages and literature courses in languages other than English. Includes teachers of American Sign Language (ASL). Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1125 History Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in human history and historiography. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in philosophy, religion, and theology. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

broad

25-1190 Miscellaneous Postsecondary Teachers

detailed

25-1192 Family and Consumer Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses in childcare, family relations, finance, nutrition, and related subjects pertaining to home management. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1193 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary Teach courses pertaining to recreation, leisure, and fitness studies, including exercise physiology and facilities management. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.

detailed

25-1194 Career/Technical Education Teachers, Postsecondary Teach vocational courses intended to provide occupational training below the baccalaureate level primarily to students who have graduated from or left high school in subjects such as construction, mechanics/repair, manufacturing, transportation, or cosmetology. Teaching takes place in public or private schools whose primary business is academic or vocational education. Excludes "Training and Development Specialists" (13-1151)", "Adult Basic, Adult Secondary and English as a Second Language Instructors" (25-3011) and postsecondary teachers classified elsewhere in the 25-1000 series. Flight Instructors are included with "Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers" (53-2010).

detailed

25-1199 Postsecondary Teachers, All Other All postsecondary teachers not listed separately.

minor

25-2000 Pre-kindergarten, Kindergarten, Grade 1-12, and Special Education Teachers

broad

25-2010 Pre-kindergarten and Kindergarten Teachers

detailed

25-2011 Pre-kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education Instruct pre-school aged students in activities designed to promote social, physical, and intellectual growth needed for primary school. Instruction takes place in public or private schools or center-based facilities, such as a preschool or day-care center. May be required to hold State certification. Includes long-term substitute teachers. Excludes "Special Education Teachers, Pre-Kindergarten" (25-2051), "Substitute Teachers, Short-Term" (25-3031), and "Childcare Workers" (39-9011).

detailed

25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education Teach Kindergarten students a range of basic academic, social, and other formative skills in public or private schools or center-based facilities, such as a preschool. May be required to hold State certification. Includes long-term substitute teachers. Excludes "Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten" (25-2055) and "Substitute Teachers, Short-Term" (25-3031).

broad

25-2020 Grade 1-8 Teachers

detailed

25-2024 Grade 1-8 Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education Teach grade 1-8 students in one or more subjects, in public or private schools. May be required to hold State certification. Includes long-term substitute teachers. Excludes "Career/Technical Education Teachers, Grade 1-8" (25-2025), "Special Education Teachers, Grade 1-8" (25-2056), and "Substitute Teachers, Short-Term" (25-3031).

detailed

25-2025 Career/Technical Education Teachers, Grade 1-8 Teach occupational, vocational, career, or technical subjects to grade 1-8 students in public or private schools. May be required to hold state certification. Includes long-term substitute teachers. Excludes "Substitute Teachers, Short-Term" (25-3031).

broad

25-2030 Grade 9-12 Teachers

detailed

25-2031 Grade 9-12 Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education Teach grade 9-12 students in one or more subjects, in public or private schools. May be required to hold State certification. Includes long-term substitute teachers. Excludes "Career/Technical Education Teachers, Grade 9-12" (25-2032), "Special Education Teachers, Grade 9-12" (25-2057), and "Substitute Teachers, Short-Term" (25-3031).

detailed

25-2032 Career/Technical Education Teachers, Grade 9-12 Teach occupational, vocational, career, or technical subjects to grade 9-12 students in public or private schools. May be required to hold state certification. Includes long-term substitute teachers. Excludes "Substitute Teachers, Short-Term" (25-3031).

broad

25-2050 Special Education Teachers

detailed

25-2051 Special Education Teachers, Pre-Kindergarten Teach academic, career, and life skills to pre-school aged students with learning, emotional, or physical disabilities. Includes teachers who specialize and work with students who are blind or have visual impairments; students who are deaf or have hearing impairments; and students with intellectual disabilities.

detailed

25-2055 Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten Teach academic, career, and life skills to kindergarten students with learning, emotional, or physical disabilities. Includes teachers who specialize and work with students who are blind or have visual impairments; students who are deaf or have hearing impairments; and students with intellectual disabilities.

detailed

25-2056 Special Education Teachers, Grade 1-8 Teach academic, career, and life skills to grade 1-8 students with learning, emotional, or physical disabilities. Includes teachers who specialize and work with students who are blind or have visual impairments; students who are deaf or have hearing impairments; and students with intellectual disabilities.

detailed

25-2057 Special Education Teachers, Grade 9-12 Teach academic, career, and life skills to grade 9-12 students with learning, emotional, or physical disabilities. Includes teachers who specialize and work with students who are blind or have visual impairments; students who are deaf or have hearing impairments; and students with intellectual disabilities.

detailed

25-2059 Special Education Teachers, All Other All special education teachers not listed separately.

minor

25-3000 Other Teachers and Instructors

broad

25-3010 Adult Basic, Adult Secondary, and English as a Second Language Instructors

detailed

25-3011 Adult Basic, Adult Secondary, and English as a Second Language Instructors Teach or instruct out-of-school youths and adults in basic education, literacy, or English as a Second Language classes, or in classes for earning a high school equivalency. Teaching may or may not take place in a traditional educational institution.

broad

25-3020 Self-Enrichment Teachers

detailed

25-3021 Self-Enrichment Teachers Teach or instruct groups or individuals for the primary purpose of promoting self-enrichment or recreation, rather than for an occupational objective or degree, competition, or fitness. Teaching may or may not take place in a traditional educational institution. Excludes "Coaches and Scouts" (27-2022), "Exercise Trainers and Group Fitness Instructors" (39-9031), and "Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers" (53-2010).

broad

25-3030 Substitute Teachers, Short-Term

detailed

25-3031 Substitute Teachers, Short-Term Teach students in one or more subjects on a short-term basis as a temporary replacement for a regular classroom teacher. Excludes long-term substitute teachers who replace regular classroom teachers for an extended period of time (as defined by the local or state education agency) and who perform the duties of a regular teacher, such as lesson planning and assignment of course grades; these teachers are coded within the 25-1000 or 25-2000 minor groups.

broad

25-3040 Tutors

detailed

25-3041 Tutors Instruct individual or small groups of students in academic subjects to support formal class instruction or to prepare for standardized or admissions tests. Instruction may or may not take place in a traditional educational institution. Instructs students enrolled in or preparing to enroll in public or private preschool, primary, secondary, or postsecondary schools. Excludes "Postsecondary Teachers" (25-1000), "Pre-kindergarten, Kindergarten, Grade 1-12, and Special Education School Teachers" (25-2000), "Adult Basic, Adult Secondary, and English as a Second Language Instructors" (25-3011), and "Self-Enrichment Teachers" (25-3021).

broad

25-3090 Miscellaneous Teachers and Instructors

detailed

25-3099 Teachers and Instructors, All Other All teachers and instructors not listed separately.

minor

25-4000 Librarians, Curators, and Archivists

broad

25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians

detailed

25-4011 Archivists Appraise, edit, and direct safekeeping of permanent records and historically valuable documents. Participate in research activities based on archival materials.

detailed

25-4012 Curators Administer collections, such as artwork, collectibles, historic items, or scientific specimens of museums or other institutions. May conduct instructional, research, or public service activities of institution.

detailed

25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators Restore, maintain, or prepare objects in museum collections for storage, research, or exhibit. May work with specimens such as fossils, skeletal parts, or botanicals; or artifacts, textiles, or art. May identify and record objects or install and arrange them in exhibits. Includes book or document conservators.

broad

25-4020 Librarians and Media Collections Specialists

detailed

25-4022 Librarians and Media Collections Specialists Administer and maintain libraries, or collections of information, for public or private access through reference or borrowing. Work in a variety of settings, such as educational institutions, museums, and corporations, and with various types of informational materials, such as books, periodicals, recordings, films, and databases. Tasks may include acquiring, cataloguing, and circulating library materials, and user services such as synthesizing information, instruction on how to access information, and setting up and operating a library's media equipment.

broad

25-4030 Library Technicians

detailed

25-4031 Library Technicians Assist librarians by helping readers in the use of library catalogs, databases, and indexes to locate books and other materials; and by answering questions that require only brief consultation of standard reference. Compile records; sort and shelve books or other media; remove or repair damaged books or other media; register patrons; and check materials in and out of the circulation process. Replace materials in shelving area (stacks) or files. Includes bookmobile drivers who assist with providing services in mobile libraries.

minor

25-9000 Other Educational Instruction and Library Occupations

broad

25-9020 Farm and Home Management Educators

detailed

25-9021 Farm and Home Management Educators Instruct and advise individuals and families engaged in agriculture, agricultural-related processes, or home economics activities. Demonstrate procedures and apply research findings to advance agricultural and home management activities. May develop educational outreach programs. May instruct on either agricultural issues such as agricultural processes and techniques, pest management, and food safety, or on home management issues such as budgeting, nutrition, and child development. Excludes "Dietitians and Nutritionists" (29-1031).

broad

25-9030 Instructional Coordinators

detailed

25-9031 Instructional Coordinators Develop instructional material, coordinate educational content, and incorporate current technology in specialized fields that provide guidelines to educators and instructors for developing curricula and conducting courses. May train and coach teachers. Includes educational consultants and specialists, and instructional material directors.

broad

25-9040 Teaching Assistants

detailed

25-9042 Teaching Assistants, Preschool through Grade 12 Assist a preschool or grade K-12 teacher with instructional duties.

detailed

25-9043 Teaching Assistants, Postsecondary Assist faculty or other instructional staff in postsecondary institutions by performing instructional support activities, such as developing teaching materials, preparing and giving examinations, and grading examinations or papers. Graduate students who teach one or more full courses should be classified in the 25-1000 series.

detailed

25-9049 Teaching Assistants, All Other All teaching assistants not listed separately.

broad

25-9090 Miscellaneous Educational Instruction and Library Workers

detailed

25-9099 Educational Instruction and Library Workers, All Other All educational instruction and library workers not listed separately.

major

27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations

minor

27-1000 Art and Design Workers

broad

27-1010 Artists and Related Workers

detailed

27-1011 Art Directors Formulate design concepts and presentation approaches for visual communications and advertising media, such as print, broadcasting, video, and film. Direct workers engaged in art work or layout design.

detailed

27-1012 Craft Artists Create or reproduce hand-made objects for sale and exhibition using a variety of techniques, such as welding, weaving, pottery, and needlecraft.

detailed

27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators Create original artwork using any of a wide variety of media and techniques.

detailed

27-1014 Special Effects Artists and Animators Create special effects or animations using film, video, computers, or other electronic tools and media for use in products or creations, such as computer games, movies, music videos, and commercials.

detailed

27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other All artists and related workers not listed separately.

broad

27-1020 Designers

detailed

27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers Develop and design manufactured products, such as cars, home appliances, and children's toys. Combine artistic talent with research on product use, marketing, and materials to create the most functional and appealing product design.

detailed

27-1022 Fashion Designers Design clothing and accessories. Create original designs or adapt fashion trends.

detailed

27-1023 Floral Designers Design, cut, and arrange live, dried, or artificial flowers and foliage.

detailed

27-1024 Graphic Designers Design or create graphics to meet specific commercial or promotional needs, such as packaging, displays, or logos. May use a variety of mediums to achieve artistic or decorative effects. Excludes "Web or Digital Interface Designers" (15-1234).

detailed

27-1025 Interior Designers Plan, design, and furnish the internal space of buildings. Create physical layouts for internal spaces, formulate interior design which is practical, aesthetic, and conducive to intended purpose. May specialize in a particular field, style, or phase of interior design. Excludes "Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers" (27-1026).

detailed

27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers Plan and erect commercial displays, such as those in windows and interiors of retail stores and at trade exhibitions.

detailed

27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers Design special exhibits and movie, television, and theater sets. May study scripts, confer with directors, and conduct research to determine appropriate architectural styles.

detailed

27-1029 Designers, All Other All designers not listed separately.

minor

27-2000 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers

broad

27-2010 Actors, Producers, and Directors

detailed

27-2011 Actors Play parts in stage, television, radio, video, motion picture productions, or other settings for entertainment, information, or instruction. Interpret serious or comic role by speech, gesture, and body movement to entertain or inform audience. May dance and sing.

detailed

27-2012 Producers and Directors Produce or direct stage, television, radio, video, or motion picture productions for entertainment, information, or instruction. Responsible for creative decisions, such as interpretation of script, choice of actors or guests, set design, sound, special effects, and choreography.

broad

27-2020 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers

detailed

27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors Compete in athletic events.

detailed

27-2022 Coaches and Scouts Instruct or coach groups or individuals in the fundamentals of sports for the primary purpose of competition. Demonstrate techniques and methods of participation. May evaluate athletes' strengths and weaknesses as possible recruits or to improve the athletes' technique to prepare them for competition. Those required to hold teaching degrees should be reported in the appropriate teaching category. Excludes "Athletic Trainers" (29-9091).

detailed

27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. Includes all sporting officials, referees, and competition judges.

broad

27-2030 Dancers and Choreographers

detailed

27-2031 Dancers Perform dances. May perform on stage, for on-air broadcasting, or for video recording

detailed

27-2032 Choreographers Create new dance routines. Rehearse performance of routines. May direct and stage presentations.

broad

27-2040 Musicians, Singers, and Related Workers

detailed

27-2041 Music Directors and Composers Conduct, direct, plan, and lead instrumental or vocal performances by musical artists or groups, such as orchestras, bands, choirs, and glee clubs. Includes arrangers, composers, choral directors, and orchestrators.

detailed

27-2042 Musicians and Singers Play one or more musical instruments or sing. May perform on stage, for on-air broadcasting, or for sound or video recording.

broad

27-2090 Miscellaneous Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers

detailed

27-2091 Disc Jockeys, Except Radio Disc Jockeys Play pre-recorded music for live audiences at venues or events such as clubs, parties, or wedding receptions. May use techniques such as mixing, cutting, or sampling to manipulate recordings. May also perform as emcee (master of ceremonies). Radio disc jockeys are included in "Radio and Television Announcers" (27-3011). Excludes "Musicians and Singers" (27-2042), "Audio and Video Technicians" (27-4011), and "Sound Engineering Technicians" (27-4014).

detailed

27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other All entertainers and performers, sports and related workers not listed separately.

minor

27-3000 Media and Communication Workers

broad

27-3010 Broadcast Announcers

detailed

27-3011 Broadcast Announcers Speak or read from scripted materials, such as news reports or commercial messages, on radio, television, internet, or other broadcast media. May announce artist or title of performance, identify station, or interview guests. Excludes "Broadcast News Analysts and Broadcast Reporters" (27-3021).

broad

27-3020 Broadcast News Analysts and Broadcast Reporters

detailed

27-3023 Broadcast News Analysts and Broadcast Reporters Analyze, interpret, and narrate news received from various sources. May interview sources for broadcast. Excludes "Writers, Authors, and Journalists" (27-3044).

broad

27-3030 Public Relations Specialists

detailed

27-3031 Public Relations Specialists Engage in promoting or creating an intended public image for individuals, groups, or organizations. May write or select material for release to various communications media. May specialize in using social media.

broad

27-3040 Editors, Writers, Authors, and Journalists

detailed

27-3041 Editors Plan, coordinate, revise, or edit written material. May review proposals and drafts for possible publication.

detailed

27-3042 Technical Writers Write technical materials, such as equipment manuals, appendices, or operating and maintenance instructions. May assist in layout work.

detailed

27-3044 Writers, Authors, and Journalists Originate and prepare written material, such as scripts, stories, grants, advertisements, and news reports, for publication or reporting in books, newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and other communications media. May collect and analyze facts by interview, investigation, or observation. Excludes "Broadcast News Analysts and Broadcast Reporters" (27-3023), "Public Relations Specialists" (27-3031), and "Technical Writers" (27-3042).

broad

27-3090 Miscellaneous Media and Communication Workers

detailed

27-3091 Interpreters and Translators Interpret oral or sign language, or translate written text from one language into another.

detailed

27-3092 Court Reporters and Simultaneous Captioners Use verbatim methods and equipment to capture, store, retrieve, and transcribe pretrial and trial proceedings or other information. Includes stenocaptioners who operate computerized stenographic captioning equipment to provide captions of live or prerecorded broadcasts for hearing-impaired viewers.

detailed

27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other All media and communication workers not listed separately.

minor

27-4000 Media and Communication Equipment Workers

broad

27-4010 Broadcast and Sound Engineering Technicians

detailed

27-4011 Audio and Video Technicians Set up, maintain, and dismantle audio and video equipment, such as microphones, sound speakers, connecting wires and cables, sound and mixing boards, video cameras, video monitors and servers, and related electronic equipment for live or recorded events, such as concerts, sports, meetings, conventions, presentations, and news conferences. Excludes "Sound Engineering Technicians" (27-4014) and "Lighting Technicians" (27-4022).

detailed

27-4012 Broadcast Technicians Set up, operate, and maintain the electronic equipment used to acquire, edit, and transmit audio and video for radio or television programs. Control and adjust incoming and outgoing broadcast signals to regulate sound volume, signal strength, and signal quality. Operate satellite, microwave, or other transmitter equipment to broadcast radio or television programs.

detailed

27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians Assemble and operate equipment to record, synchronize, mix, edit, or reproduce sound, including music, voices, or sound effects, for theater, film, television, sporting events, and other productions. Excludes "Audio and Video Technicians" (27-4011).

broad

27-4020 Photographers and Lighting Technicians

detailed

27-4021 Photographers Photograph people, landscapes, merchandise, or other subjects. May use lighting equipment to enhance a subject's appearance. May use photo editing software to produce finished images or prints. Includes commercial and industrial photographers, scientific photographers, and photojournalists. Excludes "Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture" (27-4031).

detailed

27-4022 Lighting Technicians Set up, maintain, and dismantle light fixtures, lighting control devices, and the associated lighting electrical and rigging equipment used for photography, television, film, video, and stage productions and other venues. May focus or operate light fixtures, or attach color filters or other lighting accessories.

broad

27-4030 Television, Video, and Motion Picture Camera Operators and Editors

detailed

27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture Operate television, video, or motion picture camera to record images or scenes for various purposes, such as TV and internet broadcasts, or commercial, video, or film production.

detailed

27-4032 Film and Video Editors Edit moving images on film, video, or other media. May work with a producer or director to organize images for final production. May edit or synchronize soundtracks with images. Excludes "Sound Engineering Technicians" (27-4014).

broad

27-4090 Miscellaneous Media and Communication Equipment Workers

detailed

27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other All media and communication equipment workers not listed separately.

major

29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations

minor

29-1000 Healthcare Diagnosing or Treating Practitioners

broad

29-1010 Chiropractors

detailed

29-1011 Chiropractors Assess, treat, and care for patients by manipulation of spine and musculoskeletal system. May provide spinal adjustment or address sacral or pelvic misalignment.

broad

29-1020 Dentists

detailed

29-1021 Dentists, General Examine, diagnose, and treat diseases, injuries, and malformations of teeth and gums. May treat diseases of nerve, pulp, and other dental tissues affecting oral hygiene and retention of teeth. May fit dental appliances or provide preventive care. Excludes "Prosthodontists" (29-1024), "Orthodontists" (29-1023), "Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons" (29-1022) and "Dentists, All Other Specialists" (29-1029).

detailed

29-1022 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons Perform surgery and related procedures on the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial regions to treat diseases, injuries, or defects. May diagnose problems of the oral and maxillofacial regions. May perform surgery to improve function or appearance.

detailed

29-1023 Orthodontists Examine, diagnose, and treat dental malocclusions and oral cavity anomalies. Design and fabricate appliances to realign teeth and jaws to produce and maintain normal function and to improve appearance.

detailed

29-1024 Prosthodontists Diagnose, treat, rehabilitate, and design prosthesis that maintain the oral function, health, and appearance of patients with clinical conditions associated with missing or deficient teeth and/or oral and maxillofacial tissues. Construct and fit oral prosthesis to replace missing teeth and other oral structures, for example to correct natural and acquired deformation of mouth and jaws.

detailed

29-1029 Dentists, All Other Specialists All dentists not listed separately.

broad

29-1030 Dietitians and Nutritionists

detailed

29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists Plan and conduct food service or nutritional programs to assist in the promotion of health and control of disease. May supervise activities of a department providing quantity food services, counsel individuals, or conduct nutritional research.

broad

29-1040 Optometrists

detailed

29-1041 Optometrists Diagnose, manage, and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. Examine eyes and visual system, diagnose problems or impairments, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide treatment. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions. Ophthalmologists are included in "Physicians and Surgeons, All Other" (29-1069).

broad

29-1050 Pharmacists

detailed

29-1051 Pharmacists Dispense drugs prescribed by physicians and other health practitioners and provide information to patients about medications and their use. May advise physicians and other health practitioners on the selection, dosage, interactions, and side effects of medications.

broad

29-1070 Physician Assistants

detailed

29-1071 Physician Assistants Provide healthcare services typically performed by a physician, under the supervision of a physician. Conduct complete physicals, provide treatment, and counsel patients. May, in some cases, prescribe medication. Must graduate from an accredited educational program for physician assistants. Excludes "Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics" (29-2041), "Medical Assistants" (31-9092), "Registered Nurses" (29-1141), "Nurse Anesthetists" (29-1151), "Nurse Midwives" (29-1161), "Nurse Practitioners" (29-1171), and "Surgical Assistants" (29-9093).

broad

29-1080 Podiatrists

detailed

29-1081 Podiatrists Diagnose and treat diseases and deformities of the human foot.

broad

29-1120 Therapists

detailed

29-1122 Occupational Therapists Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that help build or restore vocational, homemaking, and daily living skills, as well as general independence, to persons with disabilities or developmental delays.

detailed

29-1123 Physical Therapists Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that improve mobility, relieve pain, increase strength, and improve or correct disabling conditions resulting from disease or injury.

detailed

29-1124 Radiation Therapists Provide radiation therapy to patients as prescribed by a radiologist according to established practices and standards. Duties may include reviewing prescription and diagnosis; acting as liaison with physician and supportive care personnel; preparing equipment, such as immobilization, treatment, and protection devices; and maintaining records, reports, and files. May assist in dosimetry procedures and tumor localization.

detailed

29-1125 Recreational Therapists Plan, direct, or coordinate medically-approved recreation programs for patients in hospitals, nursing homes, or other institutions. Activities include sports, trips, dramatics, social activities, and crafts. May assess a patient condition and recommend appropriate recreational activity. Excludes "Recreation Workers" (39-9032).

detailed

29-1126 Respiratory Therapists Assess, treat, and care for patients with breathing disorders. Assume primary responsibility for all respiratory care modalities, including the supervision of respiratory therapy technicians. Initiate and conduct therapeutic procedures; maintain patient records; and select, assemble, check, and operate equipment.

detailed

29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists Assess and treat persons with speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders. May select alternative communication systems and teach their use. May perform research related to speech and language problems.

detailed

29-1128 Exercise Physiologists Assess, plan, or implement fitness programs that include exercise or physical activities such as those designed to improve cardiorespiratory function, body composition, muscular strength, muscular endurance, or flexibility. Excludes "Physical Therapists" (29-1123), "Athletic Trainers" (29-9091), and "Fitness Trainers and Aerobic Instructors" (39-9031).

detailed

29-1129 Therapists, All Other All therapists not listed separately.

broad

29-1130 Veterinarians

detailed

29-1131 Veterinarians Diagnose, treat, or research diseases and injuries of animals. Includes veterinarians who conduct research and development, inspect livestock, or care for pets and companion animals.

broad

29-1140 Registered Nurses

detailed

29-1141 Registered Nurses Assess patient health problems and needs, develop and implement nursing care plans, and maintain medical records. Administer nursing care to ill, injured, convalescent, or disabled patients. May advise patients on health maintenance and disease prevention or provide case management. Licensing or registration required. Includes Clinical Nurse Specialists. Excludes "Nurse Anesthetists" (29-1151), "Nurse Midwives" (29-1161), and "Nurse Practitioners" (29-1171).

broad

29-1150 Nurse Anesthetists

detailed

29-1151 Nurse Anesthetists Administer anesthesia, monitor patient"s vital signs, and oversee patient recovery from anesthesia. May assist anesthesiologists, surgeons, other physicians, or dentists. Must be registered nurses who have specialized graduate education.

broad

29-1160 Nurse Midwives

detailed

29-1161 Nurse Midwives Diagnose and coordinate all aspects of the birthing process, either independently or as part of a healthcare team. May provide well-woman gynecological care. Must have specialized, graduate nursing education.

broad

29-1170 Nurse Practitioners

detailed

29-1171 Nurse Practitioners Diagnose and treat acute, episodic, or chronic illness, independently or as part of a healthcare team. May focus on health promotion and disease prevention. May order, perform, or interpret diagnostic tests such as lab work and x rays. May prescribe medication. Must be registered nurses who have specialized graduate education.

broad

29-1180 Audiologists

detailed

29-1181 Audiologists Assess and treat persons with hearing and related disorders. May fit hearing aids and provide auditory training. May perform research related to hearing problems.

broad

29-1210 Physicians

detailed

29-1211 Anesthesiologists Physicians who administer anesthetics and analgesics prior to, during, or after surgery, or manage pain in addition to practicing critical care.

detailed

29-1212 Cardiologists Physicians who diagnose, treat, manage and/or prevent diseases or conditions of the cardiovascular system. May further subspecialize in interventional procedures (e.g. balloon angioplasty and stent placement), echocardiography, or electrophysiology.

detailed

29-1213 Dermatologists Physicians who diagnose and treat diseases relating to the skin, hair, and nails. May perform both medical and dermatological surgery functions.

detailed

29-1214 Emergency Medicine Physicians Physicians who are tasked with immediate decision making and action to prevent death or any further disability in a pre-hospital setting and directing emergency medical staff and in an emergency department. Provide immediate recognition, evaluation, care, stabilization, and disposition of patients.

detailed

29-1215 Family Medicine Physicians Physicians who diagnose, treat and provide preventative care to individuals and families across the lifespan. May refer patients to specialists when needed for further diagnosis or treatment. Excludes "General Internal Medicine Physicians" (29-1216) and "Pediatricians, General" (29-1221).

detailed

29-1216 General Internal Medicine Physicians Physicians who diagnose and provide non-surgical treatment for a wide range of diseases and injuries of internal organ systems. Provide care mainly for adults and adolescents, and are based primarily in an outpatient care setting. Excludes "Family Medicine Physicians" (29-1215) and "Pediatricians, General" (29-1221).

detailed

29-1217 Neurologists Physicians who diagnose, manage, and treat disorders and diseases of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves, with a primarily non-surgical focus.

detailed

29-1218 Obstetricians and Gynecologists Physicians who provide medical care related to pregnancy or childbirth and those who diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases of women, particularly those affecting the reproductive system. May also provide general care to women. May perform both medical and gynecological surgery functions.

detailed

29-1221 Pediatricians, General Physicians who diagnose, treat and help prevent diseases and injuries that commonly occur in children. May refer patients to specialists when needed for further diagnosis or treatment. Excludes "Family Medicine Physicians" (29-1215) and "General Internal Medicine Physicians" (29-1216).

detailed

29-1222 Physicians, Pathologists Physicians who diagnose diseases and conduct lab tests using organs, body tissues and fluids. Includes medical examiners.

detailed

29-1223 Psychiatrists Physicians who diagnose, treat, and help prevent mental disorders. Excludes "Clinical and Counseling Psychologists" (19-3033) and "School Psychologists" (19-3034).

detailed

29-1224 Radiologists Physicians who diagnose and treat diseases and injuries using medical imaging techniques, such as x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, and ultrasounds. May perform medical and minimally invasive procedures and tests.

detailed

29-1229 Physicians, All Other All physicians not listed separately.

broad

29-1240 Surgeons

detailed

29-1241 Ophthalmologists Physicians who diagnose, manage, treat, and help prevent disorders, conditions and diseases of the eye and visual system. May perform both medical and surgery functions on the eye and visual system. May also provide vision services (glasses and contacts) for treatment. Excludes "Optometrist" (29-1041).

detailed

29-1242 Orthopaedic Surgeons Physicians who diagnose, treat and prevent rheumatic and other diseases in the musculoskeletal system, with a primary surgical focus.

detailed

29-1243 Surgeons, Pediatric All pediatric surgical specialties and subspecialties.

detailed

29-1249 Surgeons, All Other All surgeons not listed separately. Excludes "Surgeons, Pediatric" (29-1243).

broad

29-1290 Miscellaneous Healthcare Diagnosing or Treating Practitioners

detailed

29-1291 Acupuncturists Provide treatment of symptoms and disorders by stimulating specific acupuncture points on the body using thin needles. May also use cups, nutritional supplements, therapeutic massage, acupressure and other alternative health therapies. Excludes "Chiropractors" (29-1011).

detailed

29-1292 Dental Hygienists Administer oral hygiene care to patients. Assess patient oral hygiene problems or needs and maintain medical records. Advise patients on oral health maintenance and disease prevention. May provide advanced care such as providing fluoride treatment or administering topical anesthesia.

detailed

29-1299 Healthcare Diagnosing or Treating Practitioners, All Other All health diagnosing and treating practitioners not listed separately.

minor

29-2000 Health Technologists and Technicians

broad

29-2010 Clinical Laboratory Technologists and Technicians

detailed

29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists Perform complex medical laboratory tests for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May train or supervise staff.

detailed

29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians Perform routine medical laboratory tests for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May work under the supervision of a medical technologist.

broad

29-2030 Diagnostic Related Technologists and Technicians

detailed

29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians Conduct tests on pulmonary or cardiovascular systems of patients for diagnostic purposes. May conduct or assist in electrocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, pulmonary functions, lung capacity, and similar tests.

detailed

29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers Produce ultrasonic recordings of internal organs for use by physicians. Includes vascular technologists. Excludes "Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians" (29-2031).

detailed

29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists Prepare, administer, and measure radioactive isotopes in therapeutic, diagnostic, and tracer studies using a variety of radioisotope equipment. Prepare stock solutions of radioactive materials and calculate doses to be administered by radiologists. Subject patients to radiation. Execute blood volume, red cell survival, and fat absorption studies following standard laboratory techniques.

detailed

29-2034 Radiologic Technologists Take x rays and CAT scans or administer nonradioactive materials into patient's blood stream for diagnostic purposes. Includes technologists who specialize in other scanning modalities. Excludes "Diagnostic Medical Sonographers" (29-2032) and "Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologists" (29-2035).

detailed

29-2035 Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologists Operate Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanners. Monitor patient safety and comfort, and view images of area being scanned to ensure quality of pictures. May administer gadolinium contrast dosage intravenously. May interview patient, explain MRI procedures, and position patient on examining table. May enter into the computer data such as patient history, anatomical area to be scanned, orientation specified, and position of entry.

detailed

29-2036 Medical Dosimetrists Generate treatment plans, develop dose calculations, communicate and supervise the treatment plan implementation, consult with members of radiation oncology team.

broad

29-2040 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics

detailed

29-2042 Emergency Medical Technicians Assess injuries and illnesses, extricate trapped individuals, and administer basic emergency medical care. Transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities onboard ambulances. Excludes "Paramedics" (29-2043), "Firefighters" (33-2011), and "Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians" (53-3011).

detailed

29-2043 Paramedics Administer basic or advanced emergency medical care, assess injuries and illnesses, and extricate trapped individuals. Paramedics function under medical oversight. May administer medication orally or intravenously, use equipment such as EKGs, or administer advanced life support to sick or injured individuals. Excludes "Emergency Medical Technicians" (29-2042) and "Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians" (53-3011).

broad

29-2050 Health Practitioner Support Technologists and Technicians

detailed

29-2051 Dietetic Technicians Assist in the provision of food service and nutritional programs, under the supervision of a dietitian. May plan and produce meals based on established guidelines, teach principles of food and nutrition, or counsel individuals.

detailed

29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians Prepare medications under the direction of a pharmacist. May measure, mix, count out, label, and record amounts and dosages of medications according to prescription orders.

detailed

29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians Care for individuals with mental or emotional conditions or disabilities, following the instructions of physicians or other health practitioners. Monitor patients' physical and emotional well-being and report to medical staff. May participate in rehabilitation and treatment programs, help with personal hygiene, and administer oral or injectable medications.

detailed

29-2055 Surgical Technologists Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons, registered nurses, or other surgical personnel. May help set up operating room, prepare and transport patients for surgery, adjust lights and equipment, pass instruments and other supplies to surgeons and surgeon's assistants, hold retractors, cut sutures, and help count sponges, needles, supplies, and instruments. Excludes "Surgical Assistants" (29-9093).

detailed

29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians Perform medical tests in a laboratory environment for use in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases in animals. Prepare vaccines and serums for prevention of diseases. Prepare tissue samples, take blood samples, and execute laboratory tests, such as urinalysis and blood counts. Clean and sterilize instruments and materials and maintain equipment and machines. May assist a veterinarian during surgery.

detailed

29-2057 Ophthalmic Medical Technicians Assist ophthalmologists by performing ophthalmic clinical functions. May administer eye exams, administer eye medications, and instruct the patient in care and use of corrective lenses.

broad

29-2060 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

detailed

29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses Care for ill, injured, or convalescing patients or persons with disabilities in hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, private homes, group homes, and similar institutions. May work under the supervision of a registered nurse. Licensing required.

broad

29-2070 Medical Registrar and Records Specialists

detailed

29-2071 Medical Registrar and Records Specialists Compile, process, and maintain medical records of hospital and clinic patients in a manner consistent with medical, administrative, ethical, legal, and regulatory requirements of the health care system. Process, maintain, compile, and report patient information for health requirements and standards in a manner consistent with the healthcare industry"s numerical coding system. Includes medical coders. Excludes "File Clerks" (43-4071).

broad

29-2080 Opticians, Dispensing

detailed

29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing Design, measure, fit, and adapt lenses and frames for client according to written optical prescription or specification. Assist client with inserting, removing, and caring for contact lenses. Assist client with selecting frames. Measure customer for size of eyeglasses and coordinate frames with facial and eye measurements and optical prescription. Prepare work order for optical laboratory containing instructions for grinding and mounting lenses in frames. Verify exactness of finished lens spectacles. Adjust frame and lens position to fit client. May shape or reshape frames. Includes contact lens opticians.

broad

29-2090 Miscellaneous Health Technologists and Technicians

detailed

29-2091 Orthotists and Prosthetists Design, measure, fit, and adapt orthopedic braces, appliances or prostheses, such as limbs or facial parts for patients with disabling conditions.

detailed

29-2092 Hearing Aid Specialists Select and fit hearing aids for customers. Administer and interpret tests of hearing. Assess hearing instrument efficacy. Take ear impressions and prepare, design, and modify ear molds. Excludes "Audiologists" (29-1181).

detailed

29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other All health technologists and technicians not listed separately.

minor

29-9000 Other Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations

broad

29-9020 Health Information Technology, Health Information Management, and Health Informatics Specialists and Analysts

detailed

29-9021 Health Information Technology, Health Information Management, and Health Informatics Specialists and Analysts Apply knowledge of healthcare and information systems to assist in the design, development, and continued modification of computerized health care systems. Design, develop, select, test, implement, and evaluate new or modified informatics solutions, data structures, and decision-support mechanisms to support patients, health care professionals, and their information management and human-computer and human-technology interactions within health care contexts. May educate staff and assist in problem solving to promote the implementation of the health care information system.

broad

29-9090 Miscellaneous Health Practitioners and Technical Workers

detailed

29-9091 Athletic Trainers Evaluate and advise individuals to assist recovery from or avoid athletic-related injuries or illnesses, or maintain peak physical fitness. May provide first aid or emergency care.

detailed

29-9092 Genetic Counselors Assess individual or family risk for a variety of inherited conditions, such as genetic disorders and birth defects. Provide information to other healthcare providers or to individuals and families concerned with the risk of inherited conditions. Advise individuals and families to support informed decision making and coping methods for those at risk. May help conduct research related to genetic conditions or genetic counseling.

detailed

29-9093 Surgical Assistants Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons. May, in accordance with State laws, help surgeons to make incisions and close surgical sites, manipulate or remove tissues, implant surgical devices or drains, suction the surgical site, place catheters, clamp or cauterize vessels or tissue, and apply dressings to surgical site. Excludes "Registered Nurses" (29-1141) and "Surgical Technologists" (29-2055).

detailed

29-9099 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other All healthcare practitioners and technical workers not listed separately.

major

31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations

minor

31-1000 Home Health and Psychiatric Aides, Nursing Assistants, and Orderlies

broad

31-1010 Home Health and Psychiatric Aides, Nursing Assistants, and Orderlies

detailed

31-1011 Home Health Aides Monitor the health status of an individual with disabilities and/or illness, and address their health-related needs (such as changing bandages, dressing wounds, or administering medication). Work is performed under the direction of off-site or intermittent on-site licensed nursing staff. Provide assistance with routine health care tasks or activities of daily living (such as feeding, bathing, toileting or ambulation). May also help with tasks such as preparing meals, doing light housekeeping and doing laundry depending on the patient"s abilities.

detailed

31-1013 Psychiatric Aides Assist mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed patients, working under direction of nursing and medical staff. May assist with daily living activities, lead patients in educational and recreational activities, or accompany patients to and from examinations and treatments. May restrain violent patients. Includes psychiatric orderlies.

detailed

31-1014 Nursing Assistants Provide or assist with basic care or support under the direction of on- site licensed nursing staff. Perform duties such as monitoring of health status, feeding, bathing, dressing, grooming, toileting, or ambulation of patients in a health or nursing facility. May include medication administration and other health-related tasks. Includes nursing care attendants, nursing aides, and nursing attendants. Excludes "Home Health Aides" (31-1011), "Personal Care Aides" (39-9021), "Psychiatric Aides" (31-1013), and "Orderlies" (31-1015).

detailed

31-1015 Orderlies Transport patients to areas such as operating rooms or x-ray rooms using wheelchairs, stretchers, or moveable beds. May maintain stocks of supplies or clean and transport equipment. Psychiatric orderlies are included in "Psychiatric Aides" (31-1013). Excludes "Nursing Assistants" (31-1014).

minor

31-2000 Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapist Assistants and Aides

broad

31-2010 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides

detailed

31-2011 Occupational Therapy Assistants Assist occupational therapists in providing occupational therapy treatments and procedures. May, in accordance with State laws, assist in development of treatment plans, carry out routine functions, direct activity programs, and document the progress of treatments. Generally requires formal training.

detailed

31-2012 Occupational Therapy Aides Under close supervision of an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant, perform only delegated, selected, or routine tasks in specific situations. These duties include preparing patient and treatment room.

broad

31-2020 Physical Therapist Assistants and Aides

detailed

31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants Assist physical therapists in providing physical therapy treatments and procedures. May, in accordance with State laws, assist in the development of treatment plans, carry out routine functions, document the progress of treatment, and modify specific treatments in accordance with patient status and within the scope of treatment plans established by a physical therapist. Generally requires formal training.

detailed

31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides Under close supervision of a physical therapist or physical therapy assistant, perform only delegated, selected, or routine tasks in specific situations. These duties include preparing the patient and the treatment area.

minor

31-9000 Other Healthcare Support Occupations

broad

31-9010 Massage Therapists

detailed

31-9011 Massage Therapists Perform therapeutic massages of soft tissues and joints. May assist in the assessment of range of motion and muscle strength, or propose client therapy plans.

broad

31-9090 Miscellaneous Healthcare Support Occupations

detailed

31-9091 Dental Assistants Perform limited clinical duties under the direction of a dentist. Clinical duties may include equipment preparation and sterilization, preparing patients for treatment, assisting the dentist during treatment, and providing patients with instructions for oral healthcare procedures. May perform administrative duties such as scheduling appointments, maintaining medical records, billing, and coding information for insurance purposes.

detailed

31-9092 Medical Assistants Perform administrative and certain clinical duties under the direction of a physician. Administrative duties may include scheduling appointments, maintaining medical records, billing, and coding information for insurance purposes. Clinical duties may include taking and recording vital signs and medical histories, preparing patients for examination, drawing blood, and administering medications as directed by physician. Excludes "Physician Assistants" (29-1071).

detailed

31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers Prepare, sterilize, install, or clean laboratory or healthcare equipment. May perform routine laboratory tasks and operate or inspect equipment.

detailed

31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists Transcribe medical reports recorded by physicians and other healthcare practitioners using various electronic devices, covering office visits, emergency room visits, diagnostic imaging studies, operations, chart reviews, and final summaries. Transcribe dictated reports and translate abbreviations into fully understandable form. Edit as necessary and return reports in either printed or electronic form for review and signature, or correction.

detailed

31-9095 Pharmacy Aides Record drugs delivered to the pharmacy, store incoming merchandise, and inform the supervisor of stock needs. May operate cash register and accept prescriptions for filling.

detailed

31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers Feed, water, and examine pets and other nonfarm animals for signs of illness, disease, or injury in laboratories and animal hospitals and clinics. Clean and disinfect cages and work areas, and sterilize laboratory and surgical equipment. May provide routine post-operative care, administer medication orally or topically, or prepare samples for laboratory examination under the supervision of veterinary or laboratory animal technologists or technicians, veterinarians, or scientists. Excludes "Nonfarm Animal Caretakers" (39-2021).

detailed

31-9097 Phlebotomists Draw blood for tests, transfusions, donations, or research. May explain the procedure to patients and assist in the recovery of patients with adverse reactions.

detailed

31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other All healthcare support workers not listed separately

major

33-0000 Protective Service Occupations

minor

33-1000 Supervisors of Protective Service Workers

broad

33-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Law Enforcement Workers

detailed

33-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Correctional Officers Directly supervise and coordinate activities of correctional officers and jailers.

detailed

33-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Police and Detectives Directly supervise and coordinate activities of members of police force.

broad

33-1020 First-Line Supervisors of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers

detailed

33-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers Directly supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in fire fighting and fire prevention and control.

broad

33-1090 Miscellaneous First-Line Supervisors, Protective Service Workers

detailed

33-1091 First-Line Supervisors of Security Workers Directly supervise and coordinate activities of security workers and security guards.

detailed

33-1099 First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers, All Other All protective service supervisors not listed separately above.

minor

33-2000 Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers

broad

33-2010 Firefighters

detailed

33-2011 Firefighters Control and extinguish fires or respond to emergency situations where life, property, or the environment is at risk. Duties may include fire prevention, emergency medical service, hazardous material response, search and rescue, and disaster assistance.

broad

33-2020 Fire Inspectors

detailed

33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators Inspect buildings to detect fire hazards and enforce local ordinances and State laws, or investigate and gather facts to determine cause of fires and explosions.

detailed

33-2022 Forest Fire Inspectors and Prevention Specialists Enforce fire regulations, inspect forest for fire hazards and recommend forest fire prevention or control measures. May report forest fires and weather conditions.

minor

33-3000 Law Enforcement Workers

broad

33-3010 Bailiffs, Correctional Officers, and Jailers

detailed

33-3011 Bailiffs Maintain order in courts of law.

detailed

33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers Guard inmates in penal or rehabilitative institutions in accordance with established regulations and procedures. May guard prisoners in transit between jail, courtroom, prison, or other point. Includes deputy sheriffs and police who spend the majority of their time guarding prisoners in correctional institutions.

broad

33-3020 Detectives and Criminal Investigators

detailed

33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators Conduct investigations related to suspected violations of Federal, State, or local laws to prevent or solve crimes. Excludes "Private Detectives and Investigators" (33-9021).

broad

33-3030 Fish and Game Wardens

detailed

33-3031 Fish and Game Wardens Patrol assigned area to prevent fish and game law violations. Investigate reports of damage to crops or property by wildlife. Compile biological data.

broad

33-3040 Parking Enforcement Workers

detailed

33-3041 Parking Enforcement Workers Patrol assigned area, such as public parking lot or city streets to issue tickets to overtime parking violators and illegally parked vehicles.

broad

33-3050 Police Officers

detailed

33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers Maintain order and protect life and property by enforcing local, tribal, State, or Federal laws and ordinances. Perform a combination of the following duties: patrol a specific area; direct traffic; issue traffic summonses; investigate accidents; apprehend and arrest suspects, or serve legal processes of courts. Includes police officers working at educational institutions.

detailed

33-3052 Transit and Railroad Police Protect and police railroad and transit property, employees, or passengers.

minor

33-9000 Other Protective Service Workers

broad

33-9010 Animal Control Workers

detailed

33-9011 Animal Control Workers Handle animals for the purpose of investigations of mistreatment, or control of abandoned, dangerous, or unattended animals.

broad

33-9020 Private Detectives and Investigators

detailed

33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators Gather, analyze, compile and report information regarding individuals or organizations to clients, or detect occurrences of unlawful acts or infractions of rules in private establishment.

broad

33-9030 Security Guards and Gambling Surveillance Officers

detailed

33-9031 Gambling Surveillance Officers and Gambling Investigators Act as oversight and security agent for management and customers. Observe casino or casino hotel operation for irregular activities such as cheating or theft by either employees or patrons. May use one-way mirrors above the casino floor, cashier's cage, and from desk. Use of audio/video equipment is also common to observe operation of the business. Usually required to provide verbal and written reports of all violations and suspicious behavior to supervisor.

detailed

33-9032 Security Guards Guard, patrol, or monitor premises to prevent theft, violence, or infractions of rules. May operate x-ray and metal detector equipment. Excludes "Police Officers" (33-3050) and "Transportation Security Screeners" (33-9093).

broad

33-9090 Miscellaneous Protective Service Workers

detailed

33-9091 Crossing Guards and Flaggers Guide or control vehicular or pedestrian traffic at such places as streets, schools, railroad crossings, or construction sites.

detailed

33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers Monitor recreational areas, such as pools, beaches, or ski slopes to provide assistance and protection to participants.

detailed

33-9093 Transportation Security Screeners Conduct screening of passengers, baggage, or cargo to ensure compliance with Transportation Security Administration (TSA) regulations. May operate basic security equipment such as x-ray machines and hand wands at screening checkpoints.

detailed

33-9094 School Bus Monitors Maintain order among students on a school bus. Duties include helping students safely board and exit and communicating behavioral problems. May perform pre-trip and post-trip inspections and prepare for and assist in emergency evacuations.

detailed

33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other All protective service workers not listed separately.

major

35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations

minor

35-1000 Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers

broad

35-1010 Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers

detailed

35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks Direct and may participate in the preparation, seasoning, and cooking of salads, soups, fish, meats, vegetables, desserts, or other foods. May plan and price menu items, order supplies, and keep records and accounts.

detailed

35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers Directly supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in preparing and serving food.

minor

35-2000 Cooks and Food Preparation Workers

broad

35-2010 Cooks

detailed

35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food Prepare and cook food in a fast food restaurant with a limited menu. Duties of these cooks are limited to preparation of a few basic items and normally involve operating large-volume single-purpose cooking equipment.

detailed

35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria Prepare and cook large quantities of food for institutions, such as schools, hospitals, or cafeterias.

detailed

35-2013 Cooks, Private Household Prepare meals in private homes. Includes personal chefs.

detailed

35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant Prepare, season, and cook dishes such as soups, meats, vegetables, or desserts in restaurants. May order supplies, keep records and accounts, price items on menu, or plan menu.

detailed

35-2015 Cooks, Short Order Prepare and cook to order a variety of foods that require only a short preparation time. May take orders from customers and serve patrons at counters or tables. Excludes "Fast Food Cooks" (35-2011).

detailed

35-2019 Cooks, All Other All cooks not listed separately.

broad

35-2020 Food Preparation Workers

detailed

35-2021 Food Preparation Workers Perform a variety of food preparation duties other than cooking, such as preparing cold foods and shellfish, slicing meat, and brewing coffee or tea.

minor

35-3000 Food and Beverage Serving Workers

broad

35-3010 Bartenders

detailed

35-3011 Bartenders Mix and serve drinks to patrons, directly or through waitstaff.

broad

35-3020 Fast Food and Counter Workers

detailed

35-3023 Fast Food and Counter Workers Perform duties such as taking orders and serving food and beverages. Serve customers at counter or from a steam table. May take payment. May prepare food and beverages. Counter attendants who also wait tables are included in "Waiters and Waitresses" (35-3031)

broad

35-3030 Waiters and Waitresses

detailed

35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses Take orders and serve food and beverages to patrons at tables in dining establishment. Excludes "Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop" (35-3022).

broad

35-3040 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant

detailed

35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant Serve food to individuals outside of a restaurant environment, such as in hotel rooms, hospital rooms, residential care facilities, or cars. Excludes "Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers" (41-9091) and "Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop" (35-3022).

minor

35-9000 Other Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers

broad

35-9010 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers

detailed

35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers Facilitate food service. Clean tables, remove dirty dishes, replace soiled table linens; set tables; replenish supply of clean linens, silverware, glassware, and dishes; supply service bar with food; and serve items such as water, condiments, and coffee to patrons.

broad

35-9020 Dishwashers

detailed

35-9021 Dishwashers Clean dishes, kitchen, food preparation equipment, or utensils.

broad

35-9030 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop

detailed

35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop Welcome patrons, seat them at tables or in lounge, and help ensure quality of facilities and service.

broad

35-9090 Miscellaneous Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers

detailed

35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other All food preparation and serving related workers not listed separately.

major

37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations

minor

37-1000 Supervisors of Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Workers

broad

37-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Workers

detailed

37-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers Directly supervise and coordinate work activities of cleaning personnel in hotels, hospitals, offices, and other establishments.

detailed

37-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers Directly supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in landscaping or groundskeeping activities. Work may involve reviewing contracts to ascertain service, machine, and workforce requirements; answering inquiries from potential customers regarding methods, material, and price ranges; and preparing estimates according to labor, material, and machine costs.

minor

37-2000 Building Cleaning and Pest Control Workers

broad

37-2010 Building Cleaning Workers

detailed

37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners Keep buildings in clean and orderly condition. Perform heavy cleaning duties, such as cleaning floors, shampooing rugs, washing walls and glass, and removing rubbish. Duties may include tending furnace and boiler, performing routine maintenance activities, notifying management of need for repairs, and cleaning snow or debris from sidewalk.

detailed

37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners Perform any combination of light cleaning duties to maintain private households or commercial establishments, such as hotels and hospitals, in a clean and orderly manner. Duties may include making beds, replenishing linens, cleaning rooms and halls, and vacuuming.

detailed

37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other All building cleaning workers not listed separately.

broad

37-2020 Pest Control Workers

detailed

37-2021 Pest Control Workers Apply or release chemical solutions or toxic gases and set traps to kill or remove pests and vermin that infest buildings and surrounding areas.

minor

37-3000 Grounds Maintenance Workers

broad

37-3010 Grounds Maintenance Workers

detailed

37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers Landscape or maintain grounds of property using hand or power tools or equipment. Workers typically perform a variety of tasks, which may include any combination of the following: sod laying, mowing, trimming, planting, watering, fertilizing, digging, raking, sprinkler installation, and installation of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units. Excludes "Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse" (45-2092).

detailed

37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation Mix or apply pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, or insecticides through sprays, dusts, vapors, soil incorporation, or chemical application on trees, shrubs, lawns, or crops. Usually requires specific training and State or Federal certification. Crop dusters are included in "Commercial Pilots" (53-2012).

detailed

37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners Using sophisticated climbing and rigging techniques, cut away dead or excess branches from trees or shrubs to maintain right-of-way for roads, sidewalks, or utilities, or to improve appearance, health, and value of tree. Prune or treat trees or shrubs using handsaws, hand pruners, clippers, and power pruners. Works off the ground in the tree canopy and may use truck-mounted lifts. Excludes workers who primarily perform duties of "Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation" (37-3012) and "Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers" (37-3011).

detailed

37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other All grounds maintenance workers not listed separately.

major

39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations

minor

39-1000 Supervisors of Personal Care and Service Workers

broad

39-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Entertainment and Recreation Workers

detailed

39-1013 First-line Supervisors of Gambling Services Workers Directly supervise and coordinate activities of workers in assigned gambling areas. May circulate among tables and observe operations and ensure that stations and games are covered for each shift. May verify and pay off jackpots. May reset slot machines after payoffs and make repairs or adjustments to slot machines or recommend removal of slot machines for repair. May plan and organize activities and services for guests in hotels/casinos.

detailed

39-1014 First-line Supervisors of Entertainment and Recreation Workers, Except Gambling Services Directly supervise and coordinate activities of entertainment and recreation related workers.

broad

39-1020 First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers

detailed

39-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers Supervise and coordinate activities of personal service workers.

minor

39-2000 Animal Care and Service Workers

broad

39-2010 Animal Trainers

detailed

39-2011 Animal Trainers Train animals for riding, harness, security, performance, or obedience, or assisting persons with disabilities. Accustom animals to human voice and contact; and condition animals to respond to commands. Train animals according to prescribed standards for show or competition. May train animals to carry pack loads or work as part of pack team.

broad

39-2020 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers

detailed

39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers Feed, water, groom, bathe, exercise, or otherwise care for pets and other nonfarm animals, such as dogs, cats, ornamental fish or birds, zoo animals, and mice. Work in settings such as kennels, animal shelters, zoos, circuses, and aquariums. May keep records of feedings, treatments, and animals received or discharged. May clean, disinfect, and repair cages, pens, or fish tanks. Excludes "Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers" (31-9096).

minor

39-3000 Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers

broad

39-3010 Gambling Services Workers

detailed

39-3011 Gambling Dealers Operate table games. Stand or sit behind table and operate games of chance by dispensing the appropriate number of cards or blocks to players, or operating other gambling equipment. Distribute winnings or collect players' money or chips. May compare the house's hand against players' hands.

detailed

39-3012 Gambling and Sports Book Writers and Runners Post information enabling patrons to wager on various races and sporting events. Assist in the operation of games such as keno and bingo. May operate random number generating equipment and announce the numbers for patrons. Receive, verify, and record patrons' wagers. Scan and process winning tickets presented by patrons and payout winnings for those wagers.

detailed

39-3019 Gambling Service Workers, All Other All gambling service workers not listed separately.

broad

39-3020 Motion Picture Projectionists

detailed

39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists Set up and operate motion picture projection and related sound reproduction equipment.

broad

39-3030 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers

detailed

39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers Assist patrons at entertainment events by performing duties, such as collecting admission tickets and passes from patrons, assisting in finding seats, searching for lost articles, and locating such facilities as rest rooms and telephones.

broad

39-3090 Miscellaneous Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers

detailed

39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants Perform a variety of attending duties at amusement or recreation facility. May schedule use of recreation facilities, maintain and provide equipment to participants of sporting events or recreational pursuits, or operate amusement concessions and rides.

detailed

39-3092 Costume Attendants Select, fit, and take care of costumes for cast members, and aid entertainers. May assist with multiple costume changes during performances.

detailed

39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants Provide personal items to patrons or customers in locker rooms, dressing rooms, or coatrooms.

detailed

39-3099 Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers, All Other All entertainment attendants and related workers not listed separately.

minor

39-4000 Funeral Service Workers

broad

39-4010 Embalmers and Crematory Operators

detailed

39-4011 Embalmers Prepare bodies for interment in conformity with legal requirements.

detailed

39-4012 Crematory Operators Operate crematory equipment to reduce human or animal remains to bone fragments in accordance with state and local regulations. Duties may include preparing the body for cremation and performing general maintenance on crematory equipment. May use traditional flame-based cremation, calcination, or alkaline hydrolysis.

broad

39-4020 Funeral Attendants

detailed

39-4021 Funeral Attendants Perform a variety of tasks during funeral, such as placing casket in parlor or chapel prior to service; arranging floral offerings or lights around casket; directing or escorting mourners; closing casket; and issuing and storing funeral equipment.

broad

39-4030 Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Arrangers

detailed

39-4031 Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Arrangers Perform various tasks to arrange and direct individual funeral services, such as coordinating transportation of body to mortuary, interviewing family or other authorized person to arrange details, selecting pallbearers, aiding with the selection of officials for religious rites, and providing transportation for mourners. Excludes "Funeral Home Managers" (11-9061).

minor

39-5000 Personal Appearance Workers

broad

39-5010 Barbers, Hairdressers, Hairstylists and Cosmetologists

detailed

39-5011 Barbers Provide barbering services, such as cutting, trimming, shampooing, and styling hair, trimming beards, or giving shaves.

detailed

39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists Provide beauty services, such as shampooing, cutting, coloring, and styling hair, and massaging and treating scalp. May apply makeup, dress wigs, perform hair removal, and provide nail and skin care services. Excludes "Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance (39-5091), "Manicurists and Pedicurists" (39-5092), and "Skincare Specialists" (39-5094).

broad

39-5090 Miscellaneous Personal Appearance Workers

detailed

39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance Apply makeup to performers to reflect period, setting, and situation of their role.

detailed

39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists Clean and shape customers' fingernails and toenails. May polish or decorate nails.

detailed

39-5093 Shampooers Shampoo and rinse customers' hair.

detailed

39-5094 Skincare Specialists Provide skincare treatments to face and body to enhance an individual"s appearance. Includes electrologists and laser hair removal specialists.

minor

39-6000 Baggage Porters, Bellhops, and Concierges

broad

39-6010 Baggage Porters, Bellhops, and Concierges

detailed

39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops Handle baggage for travelers at transportation terminals or for guests at hotels or similar establishments.

detailed

39-6012 Concierges Assist patrons at hotel, apartment, or office building with personal services. May take messages, arrange or give advice on transportation, business services or entertainment, or monitor guest requests for housekeeping and maintenance.

minor

39-7000 Tour and Travel Guides

broad

39-7010 Tour and Travel Guides

detailed

39-7011 Tour Guides and Escorts Escort individuals or groups on sightseeing tours or through places of interest, such as industrial establishments, public buildings, and art galleries.

detailed

39-7012 Travel Guides Plan, organize, and conduct long distance travel, tours, and expeditions for individuals and groups.

minor

39-9000 Other Personal Care and Service Workers

broad

39-9010 Childcare Workers

detailed

39-9011 Childcare Workers Attend to children at schools, businesses, private households, and childcare institutions. Perform a variety of tasks, such as dressing, feeding, bathing, and overseeing play. Excludes "Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education" (25-2011) and "Teacher Assistants" (25-9041).

broad

39-9020 Personal Care Aides

detailed

39-9021 Personal Care Aides Provide personalized assistance to individuals with disabilities and/or illness who require help with personal care and activities of daily living support (e.g. feeding, bathing, dressing, grooming, toileting and ambulation). May also provide help with tasks such as preparing meals, doing light housekeeping and doing laundry. Work is performed in various settings depending on the needs of the care recipient and may include locations such as their home, place of work, out in the community, or at a daytime non-residential facility.

broad

39-9030 Recreation and Fitness Workers

detailed

39-9031 Exercise Trainers and Group Fitness Instructors Instruct or coach groups or individuals in exercise activities for the primary purpose of personal fitness. Demonstrate techniques and form, observe participants, and explain to them corrective measures necessary to improve their skills. Develop and implement individualized approaches to exercise. Excluded teachers classified in 25-0000 Educational Instruction, Training, and Library Occupations. Excludes "Coaches and Scouts" (27-2022) and "Athletic Trainers" (29-9091).

detailed

39-9032 Recreation Workers Conduct recreation activities with groups in public, private, or volunteer agencies or recreation facilities. Organize and promote activities, such as arts and crafts, sports, games, music, dramatics, social recreation, camping, and hobbies, taking into account the needs and interests of individual members.

broad

39-9040 Residential Advisors

detailed

39-9041 Residential Advisors Coordinate activities in resident facilities in secondary and college dormitories, group homes, or similar establishments. Order supplies and determine need for maintenance, repairs, and furnishings. May maintain household records and assign rooms. May assist residents with problem solving or refer them to counseling resources.

broad

39-9090 Miscellaneous Personal Care and Service Workers

detailed

39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other All personal care and service workers not listed separately.

major

41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations

minor

41-1000 Supervisors of Sales Workers

broad

41-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Sales Workers

detailed

41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers Directly supervise and coordinate activities of retail sales workers in an establishment or department. Duties may include management functions, such as purchasing, budgeting, accounting, and personnel work, in addition to supervisory duties.

detailed

41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers Directly supervise and coordinate activities of sales workers other than retail sales workers. May perform duties, such as budgeting, accounting, and personnel work, in addition to supervisory duties.

minor

41-2000 Retail Sales Workers

broad

41-2010 Cashiers

detailed

41-2011 Cashiers Receive and disburse money in establishments other than financial institutions. May use electronic scanners, cash registers, or related equipment. May process credit or debit card transactions and validate checks. Excludes "Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers" (41-2012).

detailed

41-2012 Gambling Change Persons and Booth Cashiers Exchange coins, tokens and chips for patrons' money. May issue payoffs and obtain customer's signature on receipt. May operate a booth in the slot machine area and furnish change persons with money bank at the start of the shift, or count and audit money in drawers. Excludes "Cashiers" (41-2011).

broad

41-2020 Counter and Rental Clerks and Parts Salespersons

detailed

41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks Receive orders, generally in person, for repairs, rentals, and services. May describe available options, compute cost, and accept payment. Excludes "Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop" (35-3022), "Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks" (43-4081), "Order Clerks" (43-4151), and "Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks" (43-4181).

detailed

41-2022 Parts Salespersons Sell spare and replacement parts and equipment in repair shop or parts store.

broad

41-2030 Retail Salespersons

detailed

41-2031 Retail Salespersons Sell merchandise, such as furniture, motor vehicles, appliances, or apparel to consumers. Excludes "Cashiers" (41-2011).

minor

41-3000 Sales Representatives, Services

broad

41-3010 Advertising Sales Agents

detailed

41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents Sell or solicit advertising space, time, or media in publications, signage, TV, radio, or Internet establishments or public spaces.

broad

41-3020 Insurance Sales Agents

detailed

41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents Sell life, property, casualty, health, automotive, or other types of insurance. May refer clients to independent brokers, work as an independent broker, or be employed by an insurance company.

broad

41-3030 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents

detailed

41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents Buy and sell securities or commodities in investment and trading firms, or provide financial services to businesses and individuals. May advise customers about stocks, bonds, mutual funds, commodities, and market conditions.

broad

41-3040 Travel Agents

detailed

41-3041 Travel Agents Plan and sell transportation and accommodations for customers. Determine destination, modes of transportation, travel dates, costs, and accommodations required. May also describe, plan, and arrange itineraries and sell tour packages. May assist in resolving clients" travel problems.

broad

41-3090 Miscellaneous Sales Representatives, Services

detailed

41-3091 Sales Representatives of Services, Except Advertising, Insurance, Travel, and Financial Services Sell services to individuals or businesses. May describe options or resolve client problems. Excludes "Telemarketers" (41-9041).

detailed

41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other All services sales representatives not listed separately.

minor

41-4000 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing

broad

41-4010 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing

detailed

41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products Sell goods for wholesalers or manufacturers where technical or scientific knowledge is required in such areas as biology, engineering, chemistry, and electronics, normally obtained from at least 2 years of post-secondary education. Excludes "Sales Engineers" (41-9031).

detailed

41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products Sell goods for wholesalers or manufacturers to businesses or groups of individuals. Work requires substantial knowledge of items sold.

minor

41-9000 Other Sales and Related Workers

broad

41-9010 Models, Demonstrators, and Product Promoters

detailed

41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters Demonstrate merchandise and answer questions for the purpose of creating public interest in buying the product. May sell demonstrated merchandise.

detailed

41-9012 Models Model garments or other apparel and accessories for prospective buyers at fashion shows, private showings, or retail establishments. May pose for photos to be used in magazines or advertisements. May pose as subject for paintings, sculptures, and other types of artistic expression.

broad

41-9020 Real Estate Brokers and Sales Agents

detailed

41-9021 Real Estate Brokers Operate real estate office, or work for commercial real estate firm, overseeing real estate transactions. Other duties usually include selling real estate or renting properties and arranging loans.

detailed

41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents Rent, buy, or sell property for clients. Perform duties, such as study property listings, interview prospective clients, accompany clients to property site, discuss conditions of sale, and draw up real estate contracts. Includes agents who represent buyer.

broad

41-9030 Sales Engineers

detailed

41-9031 Sales Engineers Sell business goods or services, the selling of which requires a technical background equivalent to a baccalaureate degree in engineering. Excludes "Engineers" (17-2011 through 17-2199) whose primary function is not marketing or sales.

broad

41-9040 Telemarketers

detailed

41-9041 Telemarketers Solicit donations or orders for goods or services over the telephone.

broad

41-9090 Miscellaneous Sales and Related Workers

detailed

41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers Sell goods or services door-to-door or on the street.

detailed

41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other All sales and related workers not listed separately.

major

43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations

minor

43-1000 Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers

broad

43-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers

detailed

43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of clerical and administrative support workers.

minor

43-2000 Communications Equipment Operators

broad

43-2010 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service

detailed

43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service Operate telephone business systems equipment or switchboards to relay incoming, outgoing, and interoffice calls. May supply information to callers and record messages.

broad

43-2020 Telephone Operators

detailed

43-2021 Telephone Operators Provide information by accessing alphabetical, geographical, or other directories. Assist customers with special billing requests, such as charges to a third party and credits or refunds for incorrectly dialed numbers or bad connections. May handle emergency calls and assist children or people with physical disabilities to make telephone calls.

broad

43-2090 Miscellaneous Communications Equipment Operators

detailed

43-2099 Communications Equipment Operators, All Other All communications equipment operators not listed separately.

minor

43-3000 Financial Clerks

broad

43-3010 Bill and Account Collectors

detailed

43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors Locate and notify customers of delinquent accounts by mail, telephone, or personal visit to solicit payment. Duties include receiving payment and posting amount to customer's account; preparing statements to credit department if customer fails to respond; initiating repossession proceedings or service disconnection; and keeping records of collection and status of accounts.

broad

43-3020 Billing and Posting Clerks

detailed

43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks Compile, compute, and record billing, accounting, statistical, and other numerical data for billing purposes. Prepare billing invoices for services rendered or for delivery or shipment of goods. Excludes "Medical Registrar and Records Specialists" (29-2071).

broad

43-3030 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks

detailed

43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks Compute, classify, and record numerical data to keep financial records complete. Perform any combination of routine calculating, posting, and verifying duties to obtain primary financial data for use in maintaining accounting records. May also check the accuracy of figures, calculations, and postings pertaining to business transactions recorded by other workers. Excludes "Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks" (43-3051).

broad

43-3040 Gambling Cage Workers

detailed

43-3041 Gambling Cage Workers In a gambling establishment, conduct financial transactions for patrons. May reconcile daily summaries of transactions to balance books. Accept patron's credit application and verify credit references to provide check-cashing authorization or to establish house credit accounts. May sell gambling chips, tokens, or tickets to patrons, or to other workers for resale to patrons. May convert gambling chips, tokens, or tickets to currency upon patron's request. May use a cash register or computer to record transaction.

broad

43-3050 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks

detailed

43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks Compile and record employee time and payroll data. May compute employees' time worked, production, and commission. May compute and post wages and deductions, or prepare paychecks. Excludes "Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks" (43-3031).

broad

43-3060 Procurement Clerks

detailed

43-3061 Procurement Clerks Compile information and records to draw up purchase orders for procurement of materials and services. Excludes "Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products" (13-1022).

broad

43-3070 Tellers

detailed

43-3071 Tellers Receive and pay out money. Keep records of money and negotiable instruments involved in a financial institution's various transactions.

broad

43-3090 Miscellaneous Financial Clerks

detailed

43-3099 Financial Clerks, All Other All financial clerks not listed separately.

minor

43-4000 Information and Record Clerks

broad

43-4010 Brokerage Clerks

detailed

43-4011 Brokerage Clerks Perform duties related to the purchase, sale or holding of securities. Duties include writing orders for stock purchases or sales, computing transfer taxes, verifying stock transactions, accepting and delivering securities, tracking stock price fluctuations, computing equity, distributing dividends, and keeping records of daily transactions and holdings.

broad

43-4020 Correspondence Clerks

detailed

43-4021 Correspondence Clerks Compose letters or electronic correspondence in reply to requests for merchandise, damage claims, credit and other information, delinquent accounts, incorrect billings, or unsatisfactory services. Duties may include gathering data to formulate reply and preparing correspondence.

broad

43-4030 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks

detailed

43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks Perform clerical duties for courts of law, municipalities, or governmental licensing agencies and bureaus. May prepare docket of cases to be called; secure information for judges and court; prepare draft agendas or bylaws for town or city council; answer official correspondence; keep fiscal records and accounts; issue licenses or permits; and record data, administer tests, or collect fees. Clerks of Court are classified in "Managers, All Other" (11-9199).

broad

43-4040 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks

detailed

43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks Authorize credit charges against customers' accounts. Investigate history and credit standing of individuals or business establishments applying for credit. May interview applicants to obtain personal and financial data; determine credit worthiness; process applications; and notify customers of acceptance or rejection of credit.

broad

43-4050 Customer Service Representatives

detailed

43-4051 Customer Service Representatives Interact with customers to provide basic or scripted information in response to routine inquiries about products and services. May handle and resolve general complaints. Excludes individuals whose duties are primarily installation, sales, repair, and technical support.

broad

43-4060 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs

detailed

43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs Determine eligibility of persons applying to receive assistance from government programs and agency resources, such as welfare, unemployment benefits, social security, and public housing.

broad

43-4070 File Clerks

detailed

43-4071 File Clerks File correspondence, cards, invoices, receipts, and other records in alphabetical or numerical order or according to the filing system used. Locate and remove material from file when requested.

broad

43-4080 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks

detailed

43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks Accommodate hotel, motel, and resort patrons by registering and assigning rooms to guests, issuing room keys or cards, transmitting and receiving messages, keeping records of occupied rooms and guests' accounts, making and confirming reservations, and presenting statements to and collecting payments from departing guests.

broad

43-4110 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan

detailed

43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan Interview persons by telephone, mail, in person, or by other means for the purpose of completing forms, applications, or questionnaires. Ask specific questions, record answers, and assist persons with completing form. May sort, classify, and file forms.

broad

43-4120 Library Assistants, Clerical

detailed

43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical Compile records, sort, shelve, issue, and receive library materials such as books, electronic media, pictures, cards, slides and microfilm. Locate library materials for loan and replace material in shelving area, stacks, or files according to identification number and title. Register patrons to permit them to borrow books, periodicals, and other library materials. Excludes "Library Technicians" (25-4031).

broad

43-4130 Loan Interviewers and Clerks

detailed

43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks Interview loan applicants to elicit information; investigate applicants' backgrounds and verify references; prepare loan request papers; and forward findings, reports, and documents to appraisal department. Review loan papers to ensure completeness, and complete transactions between loan establishment, borrowers, and sellers upon approval of loan.

broad

43-4140 New Accounts Clerks

detailed

43-4141 New Accounts Clerks Interview persons desiring to open accounts in financial institutions. Explain account services available to prospective customers and assist them in preparing applications.

broad

43-4150 Order Clerks

detailed

43-4151 Order Clerks Receive and process incoming orders for materials, merchandise, classified ads, or services such as repairs, installations, or rental of facilities. Generally receives orders via mail, phone, fax, or other electronic means. Duties include informing customers of receipt, prices, shipping dates, and delays; preparing contracts; and handling complaints. Excludes "Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance" (43-5032) who both dispatch and take orders for services.

broad

43-4160 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping

detailed

43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping Compile and keep personnel records. Record data for each employee, such as address, weekly earnings, absences, amount of sales or production, supervisory reports, and date of and reason for termination. May prepare reports for employment records, file employment records, or search employee files and furnish information to authorized persons.

broad

43-4170 Receptionists and Information Clerks

detailed

43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks Answer inquiries and provide information to the general public, customers, visitors, and other interested parties regarding activities conducted at establishment and location of departments, offices, and employees within the organization. Excludes "Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service" (43-2011).

broad

43-4180 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks

detailed

43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks Make and confirm reservations for transportation or lodging, or sell transportation tickets. May check baggage and direct passengers to designated concourse, pier, or track; deliver tickets, contact individuals and groups to inform them of package tours; or provide tourists with travel or transportation information. Excludes "Travel Agents" (41-3041), "Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks" (43-4081), and "Cashiers" (41-2011) who sell tickets for local transportation.

broad

43-4190 Miscellaneous Information and Record Clerks

detailed

43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other All information and record clerks not listed separately.

minor

43-5000 Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Workers

broad

43-5010 Cargo and Freight Agents

detailed

43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents Expedite and route movement of incoming and outgoing cargo and freight shipments in airline, train, and trucking terminals, and shipping docks. Take orders from customers and arrange pickup of freight and cargo for delivery to loading platform. Prepare and examine bills of lading to determine shipping charges and tariffs.

broad

43-5020 Couriers and Messengers

detailed

43-5021 Couriers and Messengers Pick up and deliver messages, documents, packages, and other items between offices or departments within an establishment or directly to other business concerns, traveling by foot, bicycle, motorcycle, automobile, or public conveyance. Excludes "Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers" (53-3033).

broad

43-5030 Dispatchers

detailed

43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers Operate radio, telephone, or computer equipment at emergency response centers. Receive reports from the public of crimes, disturbances, fires, and medical or police emergencies. Relay information to law enforcement and emergency response personnel. May maintain contact with caller until responders arrive.

detailed

43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance Schedule and dispatch workers, work crews, equipment, or service vehicles for conveyance of materials, freight, or passengers, or for normal installation, service, or emergency repairs rendered outside the place of business. Duties may include using radio, telephone, or computer to transmit assignments and compiling statistics and reports on work progress.

broad

43-5040 Meter Readers, Utilities

detailed

43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities Read meter and record consumption of electricity, gas, water, or steam.

broad

43-5050 Postal Service Workers

detailed

43-5051 Postal Service Clerks Perform any combination of tasks in a United States Postal Service (USPS) post office, such as receive letters and parcels; sell postage and revenue stamps, postal cards, and stamped envelopes; fill out and sell money orders; place mail in pigeon holes of mail rack or in bags; and examine mail for correct postage. Includes postal service clerks employed by USPS contractors.

detailed

43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers Sort and deliver mail for the United States Postal Service (USPS). Deliver mail on established route by vehicle or on foot. Includes postal service mail carriers employed by USPS contractors.

detailed

43-5053 Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators Prepare incoming and outgoing mail for distribution for the United States Postal Service (USPS). Examine, sort, and route mail. Load, operate, and occasionally adjust and repair mail processing, sorting, and canceling machinery. Keep records of shipments, pouches, and sacks; and other duties related to mail handling within the postal service. Includes postal service mail sorters and processors employed by USPS contractors. Excludes "Postal Service Clerks" (43-5051) and "Postal Service Mail Carriers" (43-5052).

broad

43-5060 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks

detailed

43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks Coordinate and expedite the flow of work and materials within or between departments of an establishment according to production schedule. Duties include reviewing and distributing production, work, and shipment schedules; conferring with department supervisors to determine progress of work and completion dates; and compiling reports on progress of work, inventory levels, costs, and production problems. Excludes "Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping" (43-5111).

broad

43-5070 Shipping, Receiving, and Inventory Clerks

detailed

43-5072 Shipping, Receiving, and Inventory Clerks Verify and maintain records on incoming and outgoing shipments involving inventory. Duties include verifying and recording incoming merchandise or material; and arranging for the transportation of products. May prepare items for shipment. Excludes "Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping" (43-5111), "Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, except Postal Service" (43-9051), and "Stockers and Order Fillers" (53-7065).

broad

43-5110 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping

detailed

43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping Weigh, measure, and check materials, supplies, and equipment for the purpose of keeping relevant records. Duties are primarily clerical by nature. Includes workers who collect and keep record of samples of products or materials. Excludes "Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers" (51-9061).

minor

43-6000 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants

broad

43-6010 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants

detailed

43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants Provide high-level administrative support by conducting research, preparing statistical reports and handling information requests, as well as performing routine administrative functions such as preparing correspondence, receiving visitors, arranging conference calls, and scheduling meetings. May also train and supervise lower-level clerical staff. Excludes "Secretaries" (43-6012 through 43-6014).

detailed

43-6012 Legal Secretaries and Administrative Assistants Perform secretarial duties using legal terminology, procedures, and documents. Prepare legal papers and correspondence, such as summonses, complaints, motions, and subpoenas. May also assist with legal research.

detailed

43-6013 Medical Secretaries and Administrative Assistants Perform secretarial duties using specific knowledge of medical terminology and hospital, clinic, or laboratory procedures. Duties may include scheduling appointments, billing patients, and compiling and recording medical charts, reports, and correspondence.

detailed

43-6014 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive Perform routine administrative functions such as drafting correspondence, scheduling appointments, organizing and maintaining paper and electronic files, or providing information to callers. Excludes legal, medical, and executive secretaries (43-6011 through 43-6013).

minor

43-9000 Other Office and Administrative Support Workers

broad

43-9020 Data Entry and Information Processing Workers

detailed

43-9021 Data Entry Keyers Operate data entry device, such as keyboard or photo composing perforator. Duties may include verifying data and preparing materials for printing. Excludes "Word Processors and Typists" (43-9022).

detailed

43-9022 Word Processors and Typists Use word processor, computer or typewriter to type letters, reports, forms, or other material from rough draft, corrected copy, or voice recording. May perform other clerical duties as assigned. Excludes "Data Entry Keyers" (43-9021), "Secretaries and Administrative Assistants" (43-6011 through 43-6014), "Court Reporters" (23-2091), and "Medical Transcriptionists" (31-9094).

broad

43-9030 Desktop Publishers

detailed

43-9031 Desktop Publishers Format typescript and graphic elements using computer software to produce publication-ready material.

broad

43-9040 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks

detailed

43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks Process new insurance policies, modifications to existing policies, and claims forms. Obtain information from policyholders to verify the accuracy and completeness of information on claims forms, applications and related documents, and company records. Update existing policies and company records to reflect changes requested by policyholders and insurance company representatives. Excludes "Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators" (13-1031).

broad

43-9050 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service

detailed

43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service Prepare incoming and outgoing mail for distribution. Use hand or mail handling machines to time stamp, open, read, sort, and route incoming mail; and address, seal, stamp, fold, stuff, and affix postage to outgoing mail or packages. Duties may also include keeping necessary records and completed forms.

broad

43-9060 Office Clerks, General

detailed

43-9061 Office Clerks, General Perform duties too varied and diverse to be classified in any specific office clerical occupation, requiring knowledge of office systems and procedures. Clerical duties may be assigned in accordance with the office procedures of individual establishments and may include a combination of answering telephones, bookkeeping, typing or word processing, office machine operation, and filing.

broad

43-9070 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer

detailed

43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer Operate one or more of a variety of office machines, such as photocopying, photographic, and duplicating machines, or other office machines. Excludes "Computer Operators" (43-9011), "Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service" (43-9051) and "Billing and Posting Clerks" (43-3021).

broad

43-9080 Proofreaders and Copy Markers

detailed

43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers Read transcript or proof type setup to detect and mark for correction any grammatical, typographical, or compositional errors. Excludes workers whose primary duty is editing copy. Includes proofreaders of Braille.

broad

43-9110 Statistical Assistants

detailed

43-9111 Statistical Assistants Compile and compute data according to statistical formulas for use in statistical studies. May perform actuarial computations and compile charts and graphs for use by actuaries. Includes actuarial clerks.

broad

43-9190 Miscellaneous Office and Administrative Support Workers

detailed

43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other All office and administrative support workers not listed separately.

major

45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations

minor

45-1000 Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers

broad

45-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers

detailed

45-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of agricultural, forestry, aquacultural, and related workers. Excludes "First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers" (37-1012).

minor

45-2000 Agricultural Workers

broad

45-2010 Agricultural Inspectors

detailed

45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors Inspect agricultural commodities, processing equipment, and facilities, and fish and logging operations, to ensure compliance with regulations and laws governing health, quality, and safety.

broad

45-2020 Animal Breeders

detailed

45-2021 Animal Breeders Select and breed animals according to their genealogy, characteristics, and offspring. May require knowledge of artificial insemination techniques and equipment use. May involve keeping records on heats, birth intervals, or pedigree. Excludes "Nonfarm Animal Caretakers" (39-2021) who may occasionally breed animals as part of their other caretaking duties. Excludes "Animal Scientists" (19-1011) whose primary function is research.

broad

45-2040 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products

detailed

45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products Grade, sort, or classify unprocessed food and other agricultural products by size, weight, color, or condition. Excludes "Agricultural Inspectors" (45-2011).

broad

45-2090 Miscellaneous Agricultural Workers

detailed

45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators Drive and control equipment to support agricultural activities such as tilling soil, planting, cultivating, and harvesting crops, feeding and herding livestock, or removing animal waste. May perform tasks, such as crop baling or hay bucking. May operate stationary equipment to perform post-harvest tasks, such as husking, shelling, threshing, and ginning.

detailed

45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts, horticultural specialties, and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; or cleaning, grading, sorting, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities. Excludes "Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation" (37-3012), "Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products" (45-2041) and "Forest, Conservation, and Logging Workers" (45-4011 through 45-4029).

detailed

45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals Attend to live farm, ranch, open range or aquacultural animals that may include cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses and other equines, poultry, rabbits, finfish, shellfish, and bees. Duties may include feeding, watering, herding, grazing, milking, castrating, branding, de-beaking, weighing, catching, and loading animals. May maintain records on animals; examine animals to detect diseases and injuries; assist in birth deliveries; and administer medications, vaccinations, or insecticides as appropriate. May clean and maintain animal housing areas. Includes workers who shear wool from sheep, and collect eggs in hatcheries.

detailed

45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other All agricultural workers not listed separately.

minor

45-3000 Fishing and Hunting Workers

broad

45-3010 Fishers and Related Fishing Workers

detailed

45-3011 Fishers and Related Fishing Workers Use nets, fishing rods, traps, or other equipment to catch and gather aquatic animals or aquatic plants from rivers, lakes, or oceans. May haul catch onto ship. Aquacultural laborers who work on fish farms are included in "Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals" (45-2093).

detailed

45-3021 Hunters and Trappers Hunt and trap wild animals for human consumption, fur, feed, bait, or other purposes.

minor

45-4000 Forest, Conservation, and Logging Workers

broad

45-4010 Forest and Conservation Workers

detailed

45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers Under supervision, perform manual labor necessary to develop, maintain, or protect areas such as forests, forested areas, woodlands, wetlands, and rangelands through such activities as raising and transporting seedlings; combating insects, pests, and diseases harmful to plant life; and building structures to control water, erosion, and leaching of soil. Includes forester aides, seedling pullers, tree planters, and gatherers of non-timber forestry products such as pine straw.

broad

45-4020 Logging Workers

detailed

45-4021 Fallers Use axes or chainsaws to fell trees using knowledge of tree characteristics and cutting techniques to control direction of fall and minimize tree damage.

detailed

45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators Drive logging tractor or wheeled vehicle equipped with one or more accessories, such as bulldozer blade, frontal shear, grapple, logging arch, cable winches, hoisting rack, or crane boom, to fell tree; to skid, load, unload, or stack logs; or to pull stumps or clear brush. Includes operating stand-alone logging machines, such as log chippers. Logging truck drivers are included in "Heavy and Tractor Trailer Truck Drivers" (53-3032).

detailed

45-4023 Log Graders and Scalers Grade logs or estimate the marketable content or value of logs or pulpwood in sorting yards, millpond, log deck, or similar locations. Inspect logs for defects or measure logs to determine volume. Excludes "Buyers and Purchasing Agents, Farm Products" (13-1021).

detailed

45-4029 Logging Workers, All Other All logging workers not listed separately.

major

47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations

minor

47-1000 Supervisors of Construction and Extraction Workers

broad

47-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers

detailed

47-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers Directly supervise and coordinate activities of construction or extraction workers.

minor

47-2000 Construction Trades Workers

broad

47-2010 Boilermakers

detailed

47-2011 Boilermakers Construct, assemble, maintain, and repair stationary steam boilers and boiler house auxiliaries. Align structures or plate sections to assemble boiler frame tanks or vats, following blueprints. Work involves use of hand and power tools, plumb bobs, levels, wedges, dogs, or turnbuckles. Assist in testing assembled vessels. Direct cleaning of boilers and boiler furnaces. Inspect and repair boiler fittings, such as safety valves, regulators, automatic-control mechanisms, water columns, and auxiliary machines.

broad

47-2020 Brickmasons, Blockmasons, and Stonemasons

detailed

47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons Lay and bind building materials, such as brick, structural tile, concrete block, cinder block, glass block, and terra-cotta block, with mortar and other substances to construct or repair walls, partitions, arches, sewers, and other structures. Excludes "Stonemasons" (47-2022). Installers of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units are classified in "Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers" (37-3011).

detailed

47-2022 Stonemasons Build stone structures, such as piers, walls, and abutments. Lay walks, curbstones, or special types of masonry for vats, tanks, and floors.

broad

47-2030 Carpenters

detailed

47-2031 Carpenters Construct, erect, install, or repair structures and fixtures made of wood and comparable materials, such as concrete forms; building frameworks, including partitions, joists, studding, and rafters; and wood stairways, window and door frames, and hardwood floors. May also install cabinets, siding, drywall and batt or roll insulation. Includes brattice builders who build doors or brattices (ventilation walls or partitions) in underground passageways.

broad

47-2040 Carpet, Floor, and Tile Installers and Finishers

detailed

47-2041 Carpet Installers Lay and install carpet from rolls or blocks on floors. Install padding and trim flooring materials. Excludes "Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles" (47-2042).

detailed

47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles Apply blocks, strips, or sheets of shock-absorbing, sound-deadening, or decorative coverings to floors.

detailed

47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers Scrape and sand wooden floors to smooth surfaces using floor scraper and floor sanding machine, and apply coats of finish.

detailed

47-2044 Tile and Stone Setters Apply hard tile, stone, and comparable materials to walls, floors, ceilings, countertops, and roof decks.

broad

47-2050 Cement Masons, Concrete Finishers, and Terrazzo Workers

detailed

47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers Smooth and finish surfaces of poured concrete, such as floors, walks, sidewalks, roads, or curbs using a variety of hand and power tools. Align forms for sidewalks, curbs, or gutters; patch voids; and use saws to cut expansion joints. Installers of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units are classified in "Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers" (37- 3011).

detailed

47-2053 Terrazzo Workers and Finishers Apply a mixture of cement, sand, pigment, or marble chips to floors, stairways, and cabinet fixtures to fashion durable and decorative surfaces.

broad

47-2060 Construction Laborers

detailed

47-2061 Construction Laborers Perform tasks involving physical labor at construction sites. May operate hand and power tools of all types: air hammers, earth tampers, cement mixers, small mechanical hoists, surveying and measuring equipment, and a variety of other equipment and instruments. May clean and prepare sites, dig trenches, set braces to support the sides of excavations, erect scaffolding, and clean up rubble, debris and other waste materials. May assist other craft workers. Construction laborers who primarily assist a particular craft worker are classified under "Helpers, Construction Trades" (47-3010). Excludes "Hazardous Materials Removal Workers" (47-4041).

broad

47-2070 Construction Equipment Operators

detailed

47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators Operate equipment used for applying concrete, asphalt, or other materials to road beds, parking lots, or airport runways and taxiways, or equipment used for tamping gravel, dirt, or other materials. Includes concrete and asphalt paving machine operators, form tampers, tamping machine operators, and stone spreader operators.

detailed

47-2072 Pile-Driver Operators Operate pile drivers mounted on skids, barges, crawler treads, or locomotive cranes to drive pilings for retaining walls, bulkheads, and foundations of structures, such as buildings, bridges, and piers.

detailed

47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators Operate one or several types of power construction equipment, such as motor graders, bulldozers, scrapers, compressors, pumps, derricks, shovels, tractors, or front-end loaders to excavate, move, and grade earth, erect structures, or pour concrete or other hard surface pavement. May repair and maintain equipment in addition to other duties. Excludes "Crane and Tower Operators" (53-7021) and "Extraction Workers" (47-5000).

broad

47-2080 Drywall Installers, Ceiling Tile Installers, and Tapers

detailed

47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers Apply plasterboard or other wallboard to ceilings or interior walls of buildings. Apply or mount acoustical tiles or blocks, strips, or sheets of shock-absorbing materials to ceilings and walls of buildings to reduce or reflect sound. Materials may be of decorative quality. Includes lathers who fasten wooden, metal, or rockboard lath to walls, ceilings or partitions of buildings to provide support base for plaster, fire-proofing, or acoustical material. Excludes "Carpet Installers" (47-2041), "Carpenters" (47-2031), and "Tile and Marble Setters" (47-2044).

detailed

47-2082 Tapers Seal joints between plasterboard or other wallboard to prepare wall surface for painting or papering.

broad

47-2110 Electricians

detailed

47-2111 Electricians Install, maintain, and repair electrical wiring, equipment, and fixtures. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes. May install or service street lights, intercom systems, or electrical control systems. Excludes "Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers" (49-2098).

broad

47-2120 Glaziers

detailed

47-2121 Glaziers Install glass in windows, skylights, store fronts, and display cases, or on surfaces, such as building fronts, interior walls, ceilings, and tabletops.

broad

47-2130 Insulation Workers

detailed

47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall Line and cover structures with insulating materials. May work with batt, roll, or blown insulation materials.

detailed

47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical Apply insulating materials to pipes or ductwork, or other mechanical systems in order to help control and maintain temperature.

broad

47-2140 Painters and Paperhangers

detailed

47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance Paint walls, equipment, buildings, bridges, and other structural surfaces, using brushes, rollers, and spray guns. May remove old paint to prepare surface prior to painting. May mix colors or oils to obtain desired color or consistency. Excludes "Paperhangers" (47-2142).

detailed

47-2142 Paperhangers Cover interior walls or ceilings of rooms with decorative wallpaper or fabric, or attach advertising posters on surfaces such as walls and billboards. May remove old materials or prepare surfaces to be papered.

broad

47-2150 Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters

detailed

47-2151 Pipelayers Lay pipe for storm or sanitation sewers, drains, and water mains. Perform any combination of the following tasks: grade trenches or culverts, position pipe, or seal joints. Excludes "Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers" (51-4121).

detailed

47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters Assemble, install, alter, and repair pipelines or pipe systems that carry water, steam, air, or other liquids or gases. May install heating and cooling equipment and mechanical control systems. Includes sprinkler fitters.

broad

47-2160 Plasterers and Stucco Masons

detailed

47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons Apply interior or exterior plaster, cement, stucco, or similar materials. May also set ornamental plaster.

broad

47-2170 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers

detailed

47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers Position and secure steel bars or mesh in concrete forms in order to reinforce concrete. Use a variety of fasteners, rod-bending machines, blowtorches, and hand tools. Includes rod busters.

broad

47-2180 Roofers

detailed

47-2181 Roofers Cover roofs of structures with shingles, slate, asphalt, aluminum, wood, or related materials. May spray roofs, sidings, and walls with material to bind, seal, insulate, or soundproof sections of structures.

broad

47-2210 Sheet Metal Workers

detailed

47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers Fabricate, assemble, install, and repair sheet metal products and equipment, such as ducts, control boxes, drainpipes, and furnace casings. Work may involve any of the following: setting up and operating fabricating machines to cut, bend, and straighten sheet metal; shaping metal over anvils, blocks, or forms using hammer; operating soldering and welding equipment to join sheet metal parts; or inspecting, assembling, and smoothing seams and joints of burred surfaces. Includes sheet metal duct installers who install prefabricated sheet metal ducts used for heating, air conditioning, or other purposes.

broad

47-2220 Structural Iron and Steel Workers

detailed

47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers Raise, place, and unite iron or steel girders, columns, and other structural members to form completed structures or structural frameworks. May erect metal storage tanks and assemble prefabricated metal buildings. Excludes "Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers" (47-2171).

broad

47-2230 Solar Photovoltaic Installers

detailed

47-2231 Solar Photovoltaic Installers Assemble, install, or maintain solar photovoltaic (PV) systems on roofs or other structures in compliance with site assessment and schematics. May include measuring, cutting, assembling, and bolting structural framing and solar modules. May perform minor electrical work such as current checks. Excludes solar thermal installers who are included in "Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters" (47-2152). Excludes solar PV electricians who are included in "Electricians" (47-2111).

minor

47-3000 Helpers, Construction Trades

broad

47-3010 Helpers, Construction Trades

detailed

47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters Help brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, or tile and marble setters by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Construction laborers who do not primarily assist brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons or tile and marble setters are classified under "Construction Laborers" (47-2061). Apprentice workers are classified with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2231).

detailed

47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters Help carpenters by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Construction laborers who do not primarily assist carpenters are classified under "Construction Laborers" (47-2061). Apprentice workers are classified with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2231).

detailed

47-3013 Helpers--Electricians Help electricians by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Construction laborers who do not primarily assist electricians are classified under "Construction Laborers" (47-2061). Apprentice workers are classified with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2231).

detailed

47-3014 Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons Help painters, paperhangers, plasterers, or stucco masons by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Construction laborers who do not primarily assist painters, paperhangers, plasterers, or stucco masons are classified under "Construction Laborers" (47-2061). Apprentice workers are classified with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2231).

detailed

47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters Help plumbers, pipefitters, steamfitters, or pipelayers by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Construction laborers who do not primarily assist plumbers, pipefitters, steamfitters, or pipelayers are classified under "Construction Laborers" (47-2061). Apprentice workers are classified with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2231).

detailed

47-3016 Helpers--Roofers Help roofers by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Construction laborers who do not primarily assist roofers are classified under "Construction Laborers" (47-2061). Apprentice workers are classified with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2231).

detailed

47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other All construction trades helpers not listed separately.

minor

47-4000 Other Construction and Related Workers

broad

47-4010 Construction and Building Inspectors

detailed

47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors Inspect structures using engineering skills to determine structural soundness and compliance with specifications, building codes, and other regulations. Inspections may be general in nature or may be limited to a specific area, such as electrical systems or plumbing.

broad

47-4020 Elevator Installers and Repairers

detailed

47-4021 Elevator Installers and Repairers Assemble, install, repair, or maintain electric or hydraulic freight or passenger elevators, escalators, or dumbwaiters.

broad

47-4030 Fence Erectors

detailed

47-4031 Fence Erectors Erect and repair fences and fence gates, using hand and power tools.

broad

47-4040 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers

detailed

47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers Identify, remove, pack, transport, or dispose of hazardous materials, including asbestos, lead-based paint, waste oil, fuel, transmission fluid, radioactive materials, or contaminated soil. Specialized training and certification in hazardous materials handling or a confined entry permit are generally required. May operate earth-moving equipment or trucks.

broad

47-4050 Highway Maintenance Workers

detailed

47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers Maintain highways, municipal and rural roads, airport runways, and rights-of-way. Duties include patching broken or eroded pavement, repairing guard rails, highway markers, and snow fences. May also mow or clear brush from along road or plow snow from roadway. Excludes "Tree Trimmers and Pruners" (37-3013).

broad

47-4060 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators

detailed

47-4061 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators Lay, repair, and maintain track for standard or narrow-gauge railroad equipment used in regular railroad service or in plant yards, quarries, sand and gravel pits, and mines. Includes ballast cleaning machine operators and railroad bed tamping machine operators.

broad

47-4070 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners

detailed

47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners Clean and repair septic tanks, sewer lines, or drains. May patch walls and partitions of tank, replace damaged drain tile, or repair breaks in underground piping.

broad

47-4090 Miscellaneous Construction and Related Workers

detailed

47-4091 Segmental Pavers Lay out, cut, and place segmental paving units. Includes installers of bedding and restraining materials for the paving units.

detailed

47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other All construction and related workers not listed separately.

minor

47-5000 Extraction Workers

broad

47-5010 Derrick, Rotary Drill, and Service Unit Operators, Oil and Gas

detailed

47-5011 Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas Rig derrick equipment and operate pumps to circulate mud or fluid through drill hole.

detailed

47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas Set up or operate a variety of drills to remove underground oil and gas, or remove core samples for testing during oil and gas exploration. Excludes "Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas" (47-5021).

detailed

47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil and Gas Operate equipment to increase oil flow from producing wells or to remove stuck pipe, casing, tools, or other obstructions from drilling wells. Includes fishing-tool technicians.

broad

47-5020 Surface Mining Machine Operators

detailed

47-5021 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas Operate a variety of drills such as rotary, churn, and pneumatic to tap sub-surface water and salt deposits, to remove core samples during mineral exploration or soil testing, and to facilitate the use of explosives in mining or construction. Includes horizontal and earth boring machine operators.

detailed

47-5022 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators, Surface Mining Operate or tend machinery at surface mining site, equipped with scoops, shovels or buckets to excavate and load loose materials.

broad

47-5030 Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters

detailed

47-5031 Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters Place and detonate explosives to demolish structures or to loosen, remove, or displace earth, rock, or other materials. May perform specialized handling, storage, and accounting procedures.

broad

47-5040 Underground Mining Machine Operators

detailed

47-5041 Continuous Mining Machine Operators Operate self-propelled mining machines that rip coal, metal and nonmetal ores, rock, stone, or sand from the mine face and load it onto conveyors, shuttle cars, or trucks in a continuous operation.

detailed

47-5043 Roof Bolters, Mining Operate machinery to install roof support bolts in underground mine.

detailed

47-5044 Loading and Moving Machine Operators, Underground Mining Operate underground loading or moving machine to load or move core, ore, or rock using shuttle or mine car or conveyors. Equipment may include power shovels, hoisting engines equipped with cable-drawn scraper or scoop, or machines equipped with gathering arms and conveyor.

detailed

47-5049 Underground Mining Machine Operators, All Other All underground mining machine operators not listed separately.

broad

47-5050 Rock Splitters, Quarry

detailed

47-5051 Rock Splitters, Quarry Separate blocks of rough dimension stone from quarry mass using jackhammers, wedges, or chop saws.

broad

47-5070 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas

detailed

47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas Assemble or repair oil field equipment using hand and power tools. Perform other tasks as needed.

broad

47-5080 Helpers--Extraction Workers

detailed

47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers Help extraction craft workers, such as earth drillers, blasters and explosives workers, derrick operators, and mining machine operators, by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include supplying equipment or cleaning work area. Apprentice workers are classified with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2231).

broad

47-5090 Miscellaneous Extraction Workers

detailed

47-5099 Extraction Workers, All Other All extraction workers not listed separately.

major

49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations

minor

49-1000 Supervisors of Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers

broad

49-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers

detailed

49-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of mechanics, installers, and repairers. May also advise customers on recommended services. Excludes team or work leaders.

minor

49-2000 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers

broad

49-2010 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers

detailed

49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers Repair, maintain, or install computers, word processing systems, automated teller machines, and electronic office machines, such as duplicating and fax machines.

broad

49-2020 Radio and Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers

detailed

49-2021 Radio, Cellular, and Tower Equipment Installers and Repairers Repair, install or maintain mobile or stationary radio transmitting, broadcasting, and receiving equipment, and two-way radio communications systems used in cellular telecommunications, mobile broadband, ship-to-shore, aircraft-to-ground communications, and radio equipment in service and emergency vehicles. May test and analyze network coverage.

detailed

49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers Install, set-up, rearrange, or remove switching, distribution, routing, and dialing equipment used in central offices or headends. Service or repair telephone, cable television, Internet, and other communications equipment on customers' property. May install communications equipment or communications wiring in buildings. Excludes "Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers" (49-9052).

broad

49-2090 Miscellaneous Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers

detailed

49-2091 Avionics Technicians Install, inspect, test, adjust, or repair avionics equipment, such as radar, radio, navigation, and missile control systems in aircraft or space vehicles.

detailed

49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers Repair, maintain, or install electric motors, wiring, or switches.

detailed

49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment Install, adjust, or maintain mobile electronics communication equipment, including sound, sonar, security, navigation, and surveillance systems on trains, watercraft, or other mobile equipment. Excludes "Avionics Technicians" (49-2091) and "Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles" (49-2096).

detailed

49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment Repair, test, adjust, or install electronic equipment, such as industrial controls, transmitters, and antennas. Excludes "Avionics Technicians" (49-2091), "Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles" (49-2096), and "Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment" (49-2093).

detailed

49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay Inspect, test, repair, or maintain electrical equipment in generating stations, substations, and in-service relays.

detailed

49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles Install, diagnose, or repair communications, sound, security, or navigation equipment in motor vehicles.

detailed

49-2097 Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers Repair, adjust, or install audio or television receivers, stereo systems, camcorders, video systems, or other electronic home entertainment equipment.

detailed

49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers Install, program, maintain, and repair security and fire alarm wiring and equipment. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes. Excludes "Electricians" (47-2111) who do a broad range of electrical wiring.

minor

49-3000 Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers

broad

49-3010 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians

detailed

49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul aircraft engines and assemblies, such as hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Excludes "Avionics Technician" (49-2091).

broad

49-3020 Automotive Technicians and Repairers

detailed

49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers Repair and refinish automotive vehicle bodies and straighten vehicle frames. Excludes "Painters, Transportation Equipment" (51-9122) and "Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers" (49-3022).

detailed

49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers Replace or repair broken windshields and window glass in motor vehicles.

detailed

49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul automotive vehicles. Excludes "Automotive Body and Related Repairers" (49-3021), "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (49-3031), and "Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles" (49-2096).

broad

49-3030 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists

detailed

49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul buses and trucks, or maintain and repair any type of diesel engines. Includes mechanics working primarily with automobile or marine diesel engines.

broad

49-3040 Heavy Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Service Technicians and Mechanics

detailed

49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics and Service Technicians Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul farm machinery and vehicles, such as tractors, harvesters, dairy equipment, and irrigation systems. Excludes "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (49-3031).

detailed

49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul mobile mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic equipment, such as cranes, bulldozers, graders, and conveyors, used in construction, logging, and mining. Excludes "Rail Car Repairers" (49-3043) and "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (49-3031).

detailed

49-3043 Rail Car Repairers Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul railroad rolling stock, mine cars, or mass transit rail cars. Excludes "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (49-3031).

broad

49-3050 Small Engine Mechanics

detailed

49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics and Service Technicians Repair and adjust electrical and mechanical equipment of inboard or inboard-outboard boat engines. Excludes "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (49-3031).

detailed

49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul motorcycles, scooters, mopeds, dirt bikes, or similar motorized vehicles.

detailed

49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul small engines used to power lawn mowers, chain saws, recreational sporting equipment and related equipment.

broad

49-3090 Miscellaneous Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers

detailed

49-3091 Bicycle Repairers Repair and service bicycles.

detailed

49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians Diagnose, inspect, adjust, repair, or overhaul recreational vehicles including travel trailers. May specialize in maintaining gas, electrical, hydraulic, plumbing, or chassis/towing systems as well as repairing generators, appliances, and interior components. Includes workers who perform customized van conversions. Excludes "Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics" (49-3023) and "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (49-3031) who also work on recreation vehicles.

detailed

49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers Repair and replace tires.

minor

49-9000 Other Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations

broad

49-9010 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers

detailed

49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers Install, service, or repair automatic door mechanisms and hydraulic doors. Includes garage door mechanics.

detailed

49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door Install, repair, and maintain mechanical regulating and controlling devices, such as electric meters, gas regulators, thermostats, safety and flow valves, and other mechanical governors.

broad

49-9020 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers

detailed

49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers Install or repair heating, central air conditioning, or refrigeration systems, including oil burners, hot-air furnaces, and heating stoves.

broad

49-9030 Home Appliance Repairers

detailed

49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers Repair, adjust, or install all types of electric or gas household appliances, such as refrigerators, washers, dryers, and ovens.

broad

49-9040 Industrial Machinery Installation, Repair, and Maintenance Workers

detailed

49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery Lubricate machinery, change parts, or perform other routine machinery maintenance. Excludes "Maintenance and Repair Workers, General" (49-9071).

detailed

49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons Build or repair equipment such as furnaces, kilns, cupolas, boilers, converters, ladles, soaking pits and ovens, using refractory materials.

detailed

49-9046 Industrial Machinery Mechanics and Millwrights Repair, install, adjust, or maintain industrial production and processing machinery or refinery and pipeline distribution systems. May also install, dismantle, or move machinery and heavy equipment according to plans. Excludes "Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines" (49-3042), and "Maintenance Workers, Machinery" (49-9043).

broad

49-9050 Line Installers and Repairers

detailed

49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers Install or repair cables or wires used in electrical power or distribution systems. May erect poles and light or heavy duty transmission towers. Excludes "Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay" (49-2095).

detailed

49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers Install and repair telecommunications cable, including fiber optics.

broad

49-9060 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers

detailed

49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers Repair and adjust cameras and photographic equipment, including commercial video and motion picture camera equipment.

detailed

49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers Test, adjust, or repair biomedical or electromedical equipment.

detailed

49-9063 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners Repair percussion, stringed, reed, or wind instruments. May specialize in one area, such as piano tuning. Excludes "Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers" (49-2097) who repair electrical and electronic musical instruments.

detailed

49-9064 Watch Repairers Repair, clean, and adjust mechanisms of timing instruments, such as watches and clocks. Includes watchmakers, watch technicians, and mechanical timepiece repairers.

detailed

49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other All precision instrument and equipment repairers not listed separately.

broad

49-9070 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General

detailed

49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General Perform work involving the skills of two or more maintenance or craft occupations to keep machines, mechanical equipment, or the structure of a building in repair. Duties may involve pipe fitting; HVAC maintenance; insulating; welding; machining; carpentry; repairing electrical or mechanical equipment; installing, aligning, and balancing new equipment; and repairing buildings, floors, or stairs. Excludes "Facilities Managers" (11-3012) and "Maintenance Workers, Machinery" (49-9043).

broad

49-9080 Wind Turbine Service Technicians

detailed

49-9081 Wind Turbine Service Technicians Inspect, diagnose, adjust, or repair wind turbines. Perform maintenance on wind turbine equipment including resolving electrical, mechanical, and hydraulic malfunctions.

broad

49-9090 Miscellaneous Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers

detailed

49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers Install, service, adjust, or repair coin, vending, or amusement machines including video games, juke boxes, pinball machines, or slot machines.

detailed

49-9092 Commercial Divers Work below surface of water, using scuba gear to inspect, repair, remove, or install equipment and structures. May use a variety of power and hand tools, such as drills, sledgehammers, torches, and welding equipment. May conduct tests or experiments, rig explosives, or photograph structures or marine life. Excludes "Fishers and Related Fishing Workers" (45-3011), "Athletes and Sports Competitors" (27-2021), and "Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers" (33-3051).

detailed

49-9093 Fabric Menders, Except Garment Repair tears, holes, and other defects in fabrics, such as draperies, linens, parachutes, and tents.

detailed

49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers Repair and open locks; make keys; change locks and safe combinations; and install and repair safes.

detailed

49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers Move or install mobile homes or prefabricated buildings.

detailed

49-9096 Riggers Set up or repair rigging for construction projects, manufacturing plants, logging yards, ships and shipyards, or for the entertainment industry.

detailed

49-9097 Signal and Track Switch Repairers Install, inspect, test, maintain, or repair electric gate crossings, signals, signal equipment, track switches, section lines, or intercommunications systems within a railroad system.

detailed

49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers Help installation, maintenance, and repair workers in maintenance, parts replacement, and repair of vehicles, industrial machinery, and electrical and electronic equipment. Perform duties such as furnishing tools, materials, and supplies to other workers; cleaning work area, machines, and tools; and holding materials or tools for other workers.

detailed

49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other All, installation, maintenance, and repair workers not listed separately.

major

51-0000 Production Occupations

minor

51-1000 Supervisors of Production Workers

broad

51-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers

detailed

51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of production and operating workers, such as inspectors, precision workers, machine setters and operators, assemblers, fabricators, and plant and system operators. Excludes team or work leaders.

minor

51-2000 Assemblers and Fabricators

broad

51-2010 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers

detailed

51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers Assemble, fit, fasten, and install parts of airplanes, space vehicles, or missiles, such as tails, wings, fuselage, bulkheads, stabilizers, landing gear, rigging and control equipment, or heating and ventilating systems.

broad

51-2020 Electrical, Electronics, and Electromechanical Assemblers

detailed

51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers Wind wire coils used in electrical components, such as resistors and transformers, and in electrical equipment and instruments, such as field cores, bobbins, armature cores, electrical motors, generators, and control equipment.

detailed

51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers Assemble or modify electrical or electronic equipment, such as computers, test equipment telemetering systems, electric motors, and batteries.

detailed

51-2023 Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers Assemble or modify electromechanical equipment or devices, such as servomechanisms, gyros, dynamometers, magnetic drums, tape drives, brakes, control linkage, actuators, and appliances.

broad

51-2030 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers

detailed

51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers Construct, assemble, or rebuild machines, such as engines, turbines, and similar equipment used in such industries as construction, extraction, textiles, and paper manufacturing.

broad

51-2040 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters

detailed

51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters Fabricate, position, align, and fit parts of structural metal products. Shipfitters are included in "Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic" (51-4192).

broad

51-2090 Miscellaneous Assemblers and Fabricators

detailed

51-2091 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators Laminate layers of fiberglass on molds to form boat decks and hulls, bodies for golf carts, automobiles, or other products.

detailed

51-2092 Team Assemblers Work as part of a team having responsibility for assembling an entire product or component of a product. Team assemblers can perform all tasks conducted by the team in the assembly process and rotate through all or most of them rather than being assigned to a specific task on a permanent basis. May participate in making management decisions affecting the work. Includes team leaders who work as part of the team. Assemblers who continuously perform the same task are classified elsewhere in 51-2000.

detailed

51-2093 Timing Device Assemblers and Adjusters Perform precision assembling, adjusting, or calibrating, within narrow tolerances, of timing devices such as digital clocks or timing devices with electrical or electronic components. Excludes watchmakers, which are included in "Watch Repairers" (49-9064).

detailed

51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other All assemblers and fabricators not listed separately.

minor

51-3000 Food Processing Workers

broad

51-3010 Bakers

detailed

51-3011 Bakers Mix and bake ingredients to produce breads, rolls, cookies, cakes, pies, pastries, or other baked goods. Pastry chefs in restaurants and hotels are included with "Chefs and Head Cooks" (35-1011).

broad

51-3020 Butchers and Other Meat, Poultry, and Fish Processing Workers

detailed

51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters Cut, trim, or prepare consumer-sized portions of meat for use or sale in retail establishments.

detailed

51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers Use hand or hand tools to perform routine cutting and trimming of meat, poultry, and seafood.

detailed

51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers Work in slaughtering, meat packing, or wholesale establishments performing precision functions involving the preparation of meat. Work may include specialized slaughtering tasks, cutting standard or premium cuts of meat for marketing, making sausage, or wrapping meats. Excludes "Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers" (51-3022) who perform routine meat cutting.

broad

51-3090 Miscellaneous Food Processing Workers

detailed

51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders Operate or tend food or tobacco roasting, baking, or drying equipment, including hearth ovens, kiln driers, roasters, char kilns, and vacuum drying equipment.

detailed

51-3092 Food Batchmakers Set up and operate equipment that mixes or blends ingredients used in the manufacturing of food products. Includes candy makers and cheese makers.

detailed

51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders Operate or tend cooking equipment, such as steam cooking vats, deep fry cookers, pressure cookers, kettles, and boilers, to prepare food products. Excludes "Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders" (51-3091).

detailed

51-3099 Food Processing Workers, All Other All food processing workers not listed separately

minor

51-4000 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers

broad

51-4020 Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

detailed

51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Set up, operate, or tend machines to extrude or draw thermoplastic or metal materials into tubes, rods, hoses, wire, bars, or structural shapes.

detailed

51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Set up, operate, or tend forging machines to taper, shape, or form metal or plastic parts.

detailed

51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Set up, operate, or tend machines to roll steel or plastic forming bends, beads, knurls, rolls, or plate or to flatten, temper, or reduce gauge of material.

broad

51-4030 Machine Tool Cutting Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

detailed

51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Set up, operate, or tend machines to saw, cut, shear, slit, punch, crimp, notch, bend, or straighten metal or plastic material.

detailed

51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Set up, operate, or tend drilling machines to drill, bore, ream, mill, or countersink metal or plastic work pieces.

detailed

51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Set up, operate, or tend grinding and related tools that remove excess material or burrs from surfaces, sharpen edges or corners, or buff, hone, or polish metal or plastic work pieces.

detailed

51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Set up, operate, or tend lathe and turning machines to turn, bore, thread, form, or face metal or plastic materials, such as wire, rod, or bar stock.

detailed

51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Set up, operate, or tend milling or planing machines to mill, plane, shape, groove, or profile metal or plastic work pieces.

broad

51-4040 Machinists

detailed

51-4041 Machinists Set up and operate a variety of machine tools to produce precision parts and instruments out of metal. Includes precision instrument makers who fabricate, modify, or repair mechanical instruments. May also fabricate and modify parts to make or repair machine tools or maintain industrial machines, applying knowledge of mechanics, mathematics, metal properties, layout, and machining procedures. Machinists who primarily program or operate computer numerically controlled (CNC) equipment are classified in "Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Programmers and Operators" (51-9160).

broad

51-4050 Metal Furnace Operators, Tenders, Pourers, and Casters

detailed

51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel. Excludes "Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (51-4191).

detailed

51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal Operate hand-controlled mechanisms to pour and regulate the flow of molten metal into molds to produce castings or ingots.

broad

51-4060 Model Makers and Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic

detailed

51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic Set up and operate machines, such as lathes, milling and engraving machines, and jig borers to make working models of metal or plastic objects. Includes template makers.

detailed

51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic Lay out, machine, fit, and assemble castings and parts to metal or plastic foundry patterns, core boxes, or match plates.

broad

51-4070 Molders and Molding Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

detailed

51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers Make or form wax or sand cores or molds used in the production of metal castings in foundries. Excludes "Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (51-4072) and "Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic" (51-9195).

detailed

51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Set up, operate, or tend metal or plastic molding, casting, or coremaking machines to mold or cast metal or thermoplastic parts or products.

broad

51-4080 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic

detailed

51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Set up, operate, or tend more than one type of cutting or forming machine tool or robot.

broad

51-4110 Tool and Die Makers

detailed

51-4111 Tool and Die Makers Analyze specifications, lay out metal stock, set up and operate machine tools, and fit and assemble parts to make and repair dies, cutting tools, jigs, fixtures, gauges, and machinists' hand tools.

broad

51-4120 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Workers

detailed

51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers Use hand-welding, flame-cutting, hand soldering, or brazing equipment to weld or join metal components or to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products.

detailed

51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Set up, operate, or tend welding, soldering, or brazing machines or robots that weld, braze, solder, or heat treat metal products, components, or assemblies. Includes workers who operate laser cutters or laser-beam machines.

broad

51-4190 Miscellaneous Metal Workers and Plastic Workers

detailed

51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Set up, operate, or tend heating equipment, such as heat-treating furnaces, flame-hardening machines, induction machines, soaking pits, or vacuum equipment to temper, harden, anneal, or heat-treat metal or plastic objects.

detailed

51-4192 Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic Lay out reference points and dimensions on metal or plastic stock or workpieces, such as sheets, plates, tubes, structural shapes, castings, or machine parts, for further processing. Includes shipfitters.

detailed

51-4193 Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic Set up, operate, or tend plating or coating machines to coat metal or plastic products with chromium, zinc, copper, cadmium, nickel, or other metal to protect or decorate surfaces. Includes electrolytic processes.

detailed

51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners Perform precision smoothing, sharpening, polishing, or grinding of metal objects.

detailed

51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other All metal workers and plastic workers not listed separately.

minor

51-5100 Printing Workers

broad

51-5110 Printing Workers

detailed

51-5111 Prepress Technicians and Workers Format and proof text and images submitted by designers and clients into finished pages that can be printed. Includes digital and photo typesetting. May produce printing plates.

detailed

51-5112 Printing Press Operators Set up and operate digital, letterpress, lithographic, flexographic, gravure, or other printing machines. Includes short-run offset printing presses.

detailed

51-5113 Print Binding and Finishing Workers Bind books and other publications or finish printed products by hand or machine. May set up binding and finishing machines.

minor

51-6000 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers

broad

51-6010 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers

detailed

51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers Operate or tend washing or dry-cleaning machines to wash or dry-clean industrial or household articles, such as cloth garments, suede, leather, furs, blankets, draperies, linens, rugs, and carpets. Includes spotters and dyers of these articles.

broad

51-6020 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials

detailed

51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials Press or shape articles by hand or machine.

broad

51-6030 Sewing Machine Operators

detailed

51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators Operate or tend sewing machines to join, reinforce, decorate, or perform related sewing operations in the manufacture of garment or nongarment products.

broad

51-6040 Shoe and Leather Workers

detailed

51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers Construct, decorate, or repair leather and leather-like products, such as luggage, shoes, and saddles.

detailed

51-6042 Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders Operate or tend a variety of machines to join, decorate, reinforce, or finish shoes and shoe parts.

broad

51-6050 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Sewers

detailed

51-6051 Sewers, Hand Sew, join, reinforce, or finish, usually with needle and thread, a variety of manufactured items. Includes weavers and stitchers. Excludes "Fabric Menders, Except Garment" (49-9093).

detailed

51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers Design, make, alter, repair, or fit garments.

broad

51-6060 Textile Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

detailed

51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders Operate or tend machines to bleach, shrink, wash, dye, or finish textiles or synthetic or glass fibers.

detailed

51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Set up, operate, or tend machines that cut textiles.

detailed

51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Set up, operate, or tend machines that knit, loop, weave, or draw in textiles. Excludes "Sewing Machine Operators" (51-6031).

detailed

51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Set up, operate, or tend machines that wind or twist textiles; or draw out and combine sliver, such as wool, hemp, or synthetic fibers. Includes slubber machine and drawing frame operators.

broad

51-6090 Miscellaneous Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers

detailed

51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers Set up, operate, or tend machines that extrude and form continuous filaments from synthetic materials, such as liquid polymer, rayon, and fiberglass.

detailed

51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers Draw and construct sets of precision master fabric patterns or layouts. May also mark and cut fabrics and apparel.

detailed

51-6093 Upholsterers Make, repair, or replace upholstery for household furniture or transportation vehicles.

detailed

51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other All textile, apparel, and furnishings workers not listed separately.

minor

51-7000 Woodworkers

broad

51-7010 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters

detailed

51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters Cut, shape, and assemble wooden articles or set up and operate a variety of woodworking machines, such as power saws, jointers, and mortisers to surface, cut, or shape lumber or to fabricate parts for wood products. Excludes "Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders" (51-7040).

broad

51-7020 Furniture Finishers

detailed

51-7021 Furniture Finishers Shape, finish, and refinish damaged, worn, or used furniture or new high-grade furniture to specified color or finish.

broad

51-7030 Model Makers and Patternmakers, Wood

detailed

51-7031 Model Makers, Wood Construct full-size and scale wooden precision models of products. Includes wood jig builders and loft workers.

detailed

51-7032 Patternmakers, Wood Plan, lay out, and construct wooden unit or sectional patterns used in forming sand molds for castings.

broad

51-7040 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

detailed

51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood Set up, operate, or tend wood sawing machines. May operate computer numerically controlled (CNC) equipment. Includes lead sawyers. Workers who primarily program or operate CNC equipment are classified in "Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Programmers and Operators" (51-9160).

detailed

51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing Set up, operate, or tend woodworking machines, such as drill presses, lathes, shapers, routers, sanders, planers, and wood nailing machines. May operate computer numerically controlled (CNC) equipment. Workers who primarily program or operate CNC equipment are classified in "Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Programmers and Operators" (51-9160).

broad

51-7090 Miscellaneous Woodworkers

detailed

51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other All woodworkers not listed separately.

minor

51-8000 Plant and System Operators

broad

51-8010 Power Plant Operators, Distributors, and Dispatchers

detailed

51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators Operate or control nuclear reactors. Move control rods, start and stop equipment, monitor and adjust controls, and record data in logs. Implement emergency procedures when needed. May respond to abnormalities, determine cause, and recommend corrective action.

detailed

51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers Coordinate, regulate, or distribute electricity or steam.

detailed

51-8013 Power Plant Operators Control, operate, or maintain machinery to generate electric power. Includes auxiliary equipment operators. Excludes "Nuclear Power Reactor Operators" (51-8011).

broad

51-8020 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators

detailed

51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators Operate or maintain stationary engines, boilers, or other mechanical equipment to provide utilities for buildings or industrial processes. Operate equipment, such as steam engines, generators, motors, turbines, and steam boilers.

broad

51-8030 Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators

detailed

51-8031 Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators Operate or control an entire process or system of machines, often through the use of control boards, to transfer or treat water or wastewater.

broad

51-8090 Miscellaneous Plant and System Operators

detailed

51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators Control or operate entire chemical processes or system of machines.

detailed

51-8092 Gas Plant Operators Distribute or process gas for utility companies and others by controlling compressors to maintain specified pressures on main pipelines.

detailed

51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers Operate or control petroleum refining or processing units. May specialize in controlling manifold and pumping systems, gauging or testing oil in storage tanks, or regulating the flow of oil into pipelines.

detailed

51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other All plant and system operators not listed separately.

minor

51-9000 Other Production Occupations

broad

51-9010 Chemical Processing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

detailed

51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders Operate or tend equipment to control chemical changes or reactions in the processing of industrial or consumer products. Equipment used includes devulcanizers, steam-jacketed kettles, and reactor vessels. Excludes "Chemical Plant and System Operators" (51-8091).

detailed

51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Set up, operate, or tend continuous flow or vat-type equipment; filter presses; shaker screens; centrifuges; condenser tubes; precipitating, fermenting, or evaporating tanks; scrubbing towers; or batch stills. These machines extract, sort, or separate liquids, gases, or solids from other materials to recover a refined product. Includes dairy processing equipment operators. Excludes "Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders" (51-9011).

broad

51-9020 Crushing, Grinding, Polishing, Mixing, and Blending Workers

detailed

51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Set up, operate, or tend machines to crush, grind, or polish materials, such as coal, glass, grain, stone, food, or rubber.

detailed

51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand Grind, sand, or polish, using hand tools or hand-held power tools, a variety of metal, wood, stone, clay, plastic, or glass objects. Includes chippers, buffers, and finishers.

detailed

51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Set up, operate, or tend machines to mix or blend materials, such as chemicals, tobacco, liquids, color pigments, or explosive ingredients. Excludes "Food Batchmakers" (51-3092).

broad

51-9030 Cutting Workers

detailed

51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand Use hand tools or hand-held power tools to cut and trim a variety of manufactured items, such as carpet, fabric, stone, glass, or rubber.

detailed

51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Set up, operate, or tend machines that cut or slice materials, such as glass, stone, cork, rubber, tobacco, food, paper, or insulating material. Excludes "Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders" (51-7040), "Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (51-4031), and "Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders" (51-6062).

broad

51-9040 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

detailed

51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Set up, operate, or tend machines, such as glass forming machines, plodder machines, and tuber machines, to shape and form products, such as glassware, food, rubber, soap, brick, tile, clay, wax, tobacco, or cosmetics. Excludes "Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders" (51-9196) and "Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders" (51-6042).

broad

51-9050 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

detailed

51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders Operate or tend heating equipment other than basic metal, plastic, or food processing equipment. Includes activities, such as annealing glass, drying lumber, curing rubber, removing moisture from materials, or boiling soap.

broad

51-9060 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers

detailed

51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers Inspect, test, sort, sample, or weigh nonagricultural raw materials or processed, machined, fabricated, or assembled parts or products for defects, wear, and deviations from specifications. May use precision measuring instruments and complex test equipment.

broad

51-9070 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers

detailed

51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers Design, fabricate, adjust, repair, or appraise jewelry, gold, silver, other precious metals, or gems. Includes diamond polishers and gem cutters, and persons who perform precision casting and modeling of molds, casting metal in molds, or setting precious and semi-precious stones for jewelry and related products.

broad

51-9080 Dental and Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians and Medical Appliance Technicians

detailed

51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians Construct and repair full or partial dentures or dental appliances. Excludes "Dental Assistants" (31-9091).

detailed

51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians Construct, fit, maintain, or repair medical supportive devices, such as braces, orthotics and prosthetic devices, joints, arch supports, and other surgical and medical appliances.

detailed

51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians Cut, grind, and polish eyeglasses, contact lenses, or other precision optical elements. Assemble and mount lenses into frames or process other optical elements. Includes precision lens polishers or grinders, centerer-edgers, and lens mounters. Excludes "Opticians, Dispensing" (29-2081).

broad

51-9110 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders

detailed

51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders Operate or tend machines to prepare industrial or consumer products for storage or shipment. Includes cannery workers who pack food products.

broad

51-9120 Painting Workers

detailed

51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Set up, operate, or tend machines to coat or paint any of a wide variety of products including, glassware, cloth, ceramics, metal, plastic, paper, or wood, with lacquer, silver, copper, rubber, varnish, glaze, enamel, oil, or rust-proofing materials. Excludes "Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (51-4193) and "Painters, Transportation Equipment" (51-9122).

detailed

51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment Operate or tend painting machines to paint surfaces of transportation equipment, such as automobiles, buses, trucks, trains, boats, and airplanes. Includes painters in auto body repair facilities.

detailed

51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers Paint, coat, or decorate articles, such as furniture, glass, plateware, pottery, jewelry, toys, books, or leather. Excludes "Artists and Related Workers" (27-1010), "Designers" (27-1020), "Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators" (51-9151), and "Etchers and Engravers" (51-9194).

broad

51-9140 Semiconductor Processors

detailed

51-9141 Semiconductor Processing Technicians Perform any or all of the following functions in the manufacture of electronic semiconductors: load semiconductor material into furnace; saw formed ingots into segments; load individual segment into crystal growing chamber and monitor controls; locate crystal axis in ingot using x-ray equipment and saw ingots into wafers; and clean, polish, and load wafers into series of special purpose furnaces, chemical baths, and equipment used to form circuitry and change conductive properties.

broad

51-9150 Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators

detailed

51-9151 Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators Perform work involved in developing and processing photographic images from film or digital media. May perform precision tasks such as editing photographic negatives and prints.

broad

51-9160 Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Programmers and Operators

detailed

51-9161 Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Operators Operate computer-controlled tools, machines, or robots to machine or process parts, tools, or other work pieces made of metal, plastic, wood, stone, or other materials. May also set up and maintain equipment.

detailed

51-9162 Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Programmers Develop programs to control machining or processing of materials by automatic machine tools, equipment, or systems. May also set up, operate, or maintain equipment.

broad

51-9190 Miscellaneous Production Workers

detailed

51-9191 Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders Operate or tend bonding machines that use adhesives to join items for further processing or to form a completed product. Processes include joining veneer sheets into plywood; gluing paper; or joining rubber and rubberized fabric parts, plastic, simulated leather, or other materials. Excludes "Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders" (51-6042).

detailed

51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders Operate or tend machines to wash or clean products, such as barrels or kegs, glass items, tin plate, food, pulp, coal, plastic, or rubber, to remove impurities.

detailed

51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders Operate or tend equipment, such as cooling and freezing units, refrigerators, batch freezers, and freezing tunnels, to cool or freeze products, food, blood plasma, and chemicals.

detailed

51-9194 Etchers and Engravers Engrave or etch metal, wood, rubber, or other materials. Includes such workers as etcher-circuit processors, pantograph engravers, and silk screen etchers. Photoengravers are included in "Prepress Technicians and Workers" (51-5111).

detailed

51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic Mold, shape, form, cast, or carve products such as food products, figurines, tile, pipes, and candles consisting of clay, glass, plaster, concrete, stone, or combinations of materials.

detailed

51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders Set up, operate, or tend paper goods machines that perform a variety of functions, such as converting, sawing, corrugating, banding, wrapping, boxing, stitching, forming, or sealing paper or paperboard sheets into products.

detailed

51-9197 Tire Builders Operate machines to build tires.

detailed

51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers Help production workers by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Apprentice workers are classified in the appropriate production occupations (51-0000).

detailed

51-9199 Production Workers, All Other All production workers not listed separately. Excludes "Packers and Packagers, Hand" (53-7064).

major

53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations

minor

53-1000 Supervisors of Transportation and Material Moving Workers

broad

53-1040 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Workers

detailed

53-1041 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors Supervise and coordinate the activities of ground crew in the loading, unloading, securing, and staging of aircraft cargo or baggage. May determine the quantity and orientation of cargo and compute aircraft center of gravity. May accompany aircraft as member of flight crew and monitor and handle cargo in flight, and assist and brief passengers on safety and emergency procedures. Includes loadmasters.

detailed

53-1042 First-Line Supervisors of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of helpers, laborers, or material movers, hand.

detailed

53-1043 First-Line Supervisors of Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators Directly supervise and coordinate activities of material-moving machine and vehicle operators and helpers.

detailed

53-1044 First Line Supervisors of Transportation Passenger Attendants Supervise and coordinate activities of transportation passenger attendants.

detailed

53-1049 First Line Supervisors of Transportation Workers, All Other All first-line supervisors of transportation workers not listed separately.

minor

53-2000 Air Transportation Workers

broad

53-2010 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers

detailed

53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers Pilot and navigate the flight of fixed-wing aircraft, usually on scheduled air carrier routes, for the transport of passengers and cargo. Requires Federal Air Transport certificate and rating for specific aircraft type used. Includes regional, National, and international airline pilots and flight instructors of airline pilots. Excludes "Electro-Mechanical Technicians" (17-3024).

detailed

53-2012 Commercial Pilots Pilot and navigate the flight of fixed-wing aircraft on nonscheduled air carrier routes, or helicopters. Requires Commercial Pilot certificate. Includes charter pilots with similar certification, and air ambulance and air tour pilots. Excludes regional, National, and international airline pilots. Excludes "Electro-Mechanical Technicians" (17-3024).

broad

53-2020 Air Traffic Controllers and Airfield Operations Specialists

detailed

53-2021 Air Traffic Controllers Control air traffic on and within vicinity of airport and movement of air traffic between altitude sectors and control centers according to established procedures and policies. Authorize, regulate, and control commercial airline flights according to government or company regulations to expedite and ensure flight safety.

detailed

53-2022 Airfield Operations Specialists Ensure the safe takeoff and landing of commercial and military aircraft. Duties include coordination between air-traffic control and maintenance personnel; dispatching; using airfield landing and navigational aids; implementing airfield safety procedures; monitoring and maintaining flight records; and applying knowledge of weather information.

broad

53-2030 Flight Attendants

detailed

53-2031 Flight Attendants Monitor safety of the aircraft cabin. Provide services to airline passengers, explain safety information, serve food and beverages, and respond to emergency incidents.

minor

53-3000 Motor Vehicle Operators

broad

53-3010 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians

detailed

53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians Drive ambulance or assist ambulance driver in transporting sick, injured, or convalescent persons. Assist in lifting patients.

broad

53-3030 Driver/Sales Workers and Truck Drivers

detailed

53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers Drive truck or other vehicle over established routes or within an established territory and sell or deliver goods, such as food products, including restaurant take-out items, or pick up or deliver items such as commercial laundry. May also take orders, collect payment, or stock merchandise at point of delivery. Excludes "Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers" (49-9091) and "Light Truck Drivers" (53-3033).

detailed

53-3032 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers Drive a tractor-trailer combination or a truck with a capacity of at least 26,001 pounds Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW). May be required to unload truck. Requires commercial drivers' license. Includes tow truck drivers. Excludes "Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors" (53-7081).

detailed

53-3033 Light Truck Drivers Drive a light vehicle, such as a truck or van, with a capacity of less than 26,001 pounds Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW), primarily to pick up merchandise or packages from a distribution center and deliver. May load and unload vehicle. Excludes "Couriers and Messengers" (43-5021) and "Driver/Sales Workers" (53-3031).

broad

53-3050 Passenger Vehicle Drivers

detailed

53-3051 Bus Drivers, School Drive a school bus to transport students. Ensure adherence to safety rules. May assist students in boarding or exiting.

detailed

53-3052 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity Drive bus or motor coach, including regular route operations, charters, and private carriage. May assist passengers with baggage. May collect fares or tickets.

detailed

53-3053 Shuttle Drivers and Chauffeurs Drive a motor vehicle to transport passengers on a planned or scheduled basis. May collect a fare. Includes nonemergency medical transporters and hearse drivers. Excludes "Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians" (53-3011) and "Taxi Drivers" (53-3023).

detailed

53-3054 Taxi Drivers Drive a motor vehicle to transport passengers on an unplanned basis and charge a fare, usually based on a meter. Excludes "Shuttle Drivers and Chauffeurs" (53-3024).

broad

53-3090 Miscellaneous Motor Vehicle Operators

detailed

53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other All motor vehicle operators not listed separately.

minor

53-4000 Rail Transportation Workers

broad

53-4010 Locomotive Engineers and Operators

detailed

53-4011 Locomotive Engineers Drive electric, diesel-electric, steam, or gas-turbine-electric locomotives to transport passengers or freight. Interpret train orders, electronic or manual signals, and railroad rules and regulations. Excludes "Engineers" (17-2011 through 17-2199).

detailed

53-4013 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers Drive switching or other locomotive or dinkey engines within railroad yard, industrial plant, quarry, construction project, or similar location.

broad

53-4020 Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators and Locomotive Firers

detailed

53-4022 Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators and Locomotive Firers Operate or monitor railroad track switches or locomotive instruments. May couple or uncouple rolling stock to make up or break up trains. Watch for and relay traffic signals. May inspect couplings, air hoses, journal boxes, and hand brakes. May watch for dragging equipment or obstacles on rights-of-way.

broad

53-4030 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters

detailed

53-4031 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters Coordinate activities of switch-engine crew within railroad yard, industrial plant, or similar location. Conductors coordinate activities of train crew on passenger or freight trains. Yardmasters review train schedules and switching orders and coordinate activities of workers engaged in railroad traffic operations, such as the makeup or breakup of trains and yard switching.

broad

53-4040 Subway and Streetcar Operators

detailed

53-4041 Subway and Streetcar Operators Operate subway or elevated suburban trains with no separate locomotive, or electric-powered streetcar, to transport passengers. May handle fares.

broad

53-4090 Miscellaneous Rail Transportation Workers

detailed

53-4099 Rail Transportation Workers, All Other All rail transportation workers not listed separately.

minor

53-5000 Water Transportation Workers

broad

53-5010 Sailors and Marine Oilers

detailed

53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers Stand watch to look for obstructions in path of vessel, measure water depth, turn wheel on bridge, or use emergency equipment as directed by captain, mate, or pilot. Break out, rig, overhaul, and store cargo-handling gear, stationary rigging, and running gear. Perform a variety of maintenance tasks to preserve the painted surface of the ship and to maintain line and ship equipment. Must hold government-issued certification and tankerman certification when working aboard liquid-carrying vessels. Includes able seamen and ordinary seamen.

broad

53-5020 Ship and Boat Captains and Operators

detailed

53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels Command or supervise operations of ships and water vessels, such as tugboats and ferryboats. Required to hold license issued by U.S. Coast Guard. Excludes "Motorboat Operators" (53-5022).

detailed

53-5022 Motorboat Operators Operate small motor-driven boats. May assist in navigational activities.

broad

53-5030 Ship Engineers

detailed

53-5031 Ship Engineers Supervise and coordinate activities of crew engaged in operating and maintaining engines, boilers, deck machinery, and electrical, sanitary, and refrigeration equipment aboard ship. Excludes "Engineers" (17-2011 through 17-2199).

minor

53-6000 Other Transportation Workers

broad

53-6010 Bridge and Lock Tenders

detailed

53-6011 Bridge and Lock Tenders Operate and tend bridges, canal locks, and lighthouses to permit marine passage on inland waterways, near shores, and at danger points in waterway passages. May supervise such operations. Includes drawbridge operators, lock operators, and slip bridge operators.

broad

53-6020 Parking Attendants

detailed

53-6021 Parking Attendants Park vehicles or issue tickets for customers in a parking lot or garage. May park or tend vehicles in similar environments such as a car dealership or rental car facility. May collect fee.

broad

53-6030 Transportation Service Attendants

detailed

53-6031 Automotive and Watercraft Service Attendants Service automobiles, buses, trucks, boats, and other automotive or marine vehicles with fuel, lubricants, and accessories. Collect payment for services and supplies. May lubricate vehicle, change motor oil, install antifreeze, or replace lights or other accessories, such as windshield wiper blades or fan belts. May repair or replace tires. Excludes "Cashiers" (41-2011).

detailed

53-6032 Aircraft Service Attendants Service aircraft with fuel. May de-ice aircraft, refill water and cooling agents, empty sewage tanks, service air and oxygen systems, or clean and polish exterior.

broad

53-6040 Traffic Technicians

detailed

53-6041 Traffic Technicians Conduct field studies to determine traffic volume, speed, effectiveness of signals, adequacy of lighting, and other factors influencing traffic conditions, under direction of traffic engineer.

broad

53-6050 Transportation Inspectors

detailed

53-6051 Transportation Inspectors Inspect equipment or goods in connection with the safe transport of cargo or people. Includes rail transportation inspectors, such as freight inspectors; rail inspectors; and other inspectors of transportation vehicles, not elsewhere classified. Excludes "Transportation Security Screeners" (33-9093).

broad

53-6060 Transportation Passenger Attendants

detailed

53-6061 Transportation Passenger Attendants Provide services to ensure the safety of passengers aboard ships, buses, trains, or within the station or terminal. Perform duties such as explaining the use of safety equipment, serving meals or beverages, or answering questions related to travel. Excludes "Baggage Porters and Bellhops" (39-6011) and "Flight Attendants" (53-2031) .

broad

53-6090 Miscellaneous Transportation Workers

detailed

53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other All transportation workers not listed separately.

minor

53-7000 Material Moving Workers

broad

53-7010 Conveyor Operators and Tenders

detailed

53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders Control or tend conveyors or conveyor systems that move materials or products to and from stockpiles, processing stations, departments, or vehicles. May control speed and routing of materials or products.

broad

53-7020 Crane and Tower Operators

detailed

53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators Operate mechanical boom and cable or tower and cable equipment to lift and move materials, machines, or products in many directions. Excludes "Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators" (53-7032).

broad

53-7030 Dredge Operators

detailed

53-7031 Dredge Operators Operate dredge to remove sand, gravel, or other materials in order to excavate and maintain navigable channels in waterways.

broad

53-7040 Hoist and Winch Operators

detailed

53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators Operate or tend hoists or winches to lift and pull loads using power-operated cable equipment. Excludes "Crane and Tower Operators" (53-7021).

broad

53-7050 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators

detailed

53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators Operate industrial trucks or tractors equipped to move materials around a warehouse, storage yard, factory, construction site, or similar location. Excludes "Logging Equipment Operators" (45-4022).

broad

53-7060 Laborers and Material Movers

detailed

53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment Wash or otherwise clean vehicles, machinery, and other equipment. Use such materials as water, cleaning agents, brushes, cloths, and hoses. Excludes "Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners" (37-2011).

detailed

53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand Manually move freight, stock, luggage, or other materials or perform other general labor. Includes all manual laborers not elsewhere classified. Excludes "Material Moving Workers" (53-7011 through 53-7199) who use power equipment. Excludes "Construction Laborers" (47-2061) and "Helpers, Construction Trades (47-3011 through 47-3019).

detailed

53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers Feed materials into or remove materials from machines or equipment that is automatic or tended by other workers.

detailed

53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand Pack or package by hand a wide variety of products and materials.

detailed

53-7065 Stockers and Order Fillers Receive, store, and issue merchandise, materials, equipment, and other items from stockroom, warehouse, or storage yard to fill shelves, racks, tables, or customers' orders. May operate power equipment to fill orders. May mark prices on merchandise and set up sales displays. Excludes "Shipping, Receiving, and Inventory Clerks" (43-5071), "Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand" (53-7062), and "Packers and Packagers, Hand" (53-7064).

broad

53-7070 Pumping Station Operators

detailed

53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators Operate steam, gas, electric motor, or internal combustion engine driven compressors. Transmit, compress, or recover gases, such as butane, nitrogen, hydrogen, and natural gas.

detailed

53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers Tend, control, or operate power-driven, stationary, or portable pumps and manifold systems to transfer gases, oil, other liquids, slurries, or powdered materials to and from various vessels and processes.

detailed

53-7073 Wellhead Pumpers Operate power pumps and auxiliary equipment to produce flow of oil or gas from wells in oil field.

broad

53-7080 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors

detailed

53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors Collect and dump refuse or recyclable materials from containers into truck. May drive truck.

broad

53-7120 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders

detailed

53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders Load and unload chemicals and bulk solids, such as coal, sand, and grain into or from tank cars, trucks, or ships using material moving equipment. May perform a variety of other tasks relating to shipment of products. May gauge or sample shipping tanks and test them for leaks.

broad

53-7190 Miscellaneous Material Moving Workers

detailed

53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other All material moving workers not listed separately.

major

55-0000 Military Specific Occupations

minor

55-1000 Military Officer Special and Tactical Operations Leaders

broad

55-1010 Military Officer Special and Tactical Operations Leaders

detailed

55-1011 Air Crew Officers Perform and direct in-flight duties to ensure the successful completion of combat, reconnaissance, transport, and search and rescue missions. Duties include operating aircraft communications and radar equipment, such as establishing satellite linkages and jamming enemy communications capabilities; operating aircraft weapons and defensive systems; conducting pre-flight, in-flight, and post-flight inspections of onboard equipment; and directing cargo and personnel drops.

detailed

55-1012 Aircraft Launch and Recovery Officers Plan and direct the operation and maintenance of catapults, arresting gear, and associated mechanical, hydraulic, and control systems involved primarily in aircraft carrier takeoff and landing operations. Duties include supervision of readiness and safety of arresting gear, launching equipment, barricades, and visual landing aid systems; planning and coordinating the design, development, and testing of launch and recovery systems; preparing specifications for catapult and arresting gear installations; evaluating design proposals; determining handling equipment needed for new aircraft; preparing technical data and instructions for operation of landing aids; and training personnel in carrier takeoff and landing procedures.

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55-1013 Armored Assault Vehicle Officers Direct the operation of tanks, light armor, and amphibious assault vehicle units during combat situations on land or in aquatic environments. Duties include directing crew members in the operation of targeting and firing systems; coordinating the operation of advanced onboard communications and navigation equipment; directing the transport of personnel and equipment during combat; formulating and implementing battle plans, including the tactical employment of armored vehicle units; and coordinating with infantry, artillery, and air support units.

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55-1014 Artillery and Missile Officers Manage personnel and weapons operations to destroy enemy positions, aircraft, and vessels. Duties include planning, targeting, and coordinating the tactical deployment of field artillery and air defense artillery missile systems units; directing the establishment and operation of fire control communications systems; targeting and launching intercontinental ballistic missiles; directing the storage and handling of nuclear munitions and components; overseeing security of weapons storage and launch facilities; and managing maintenance of weapons systems.

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55-1015 Command and Control Center Officers Manage the operation of communications, detection, and weapons systems essential for controlling air, ground, and naval operations. Duties include managing critical communication links between air, naval, and ground forces; formulating and implementing emergency plans for natural and wartime disasters; coordinating emergency response teams and agencies; evaluating command center information and need for high-level military and government reporting; managing the operation of surveillance and detection systems; providing technical information and advice on capabilities and operational readiness; and directing operation of weapons targeting, firing, and launch computer systems.

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55-1016 Infantry Officers Direct, train, and lead infantry units in ground combat operations. Duties include directing deployment of infantry weapons, vehicles, and equipment; directing location, construction, and camouflage of infantry positions and equipment; managing field communications operations; coordinating with armor, artillery, and air support units; performing strategic and tactical planning, including battle plan development; and leading basic reconnaissance operations.

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55-1017 Special Forces Officers Lead elite teams that implement unconventional operations by air, land, or sea during combat or peacetime. These activities include offensive raids, demolitions, reconnaissance, search and rescue, and counterterrorism. In addition to their combat training, special forces officers often have specialized training in swimming, diving, parachuting, survival, emergency medicine, and foreign languages. Duties include directing advanced reconnaissance operations and evaluating intelligence information; recruiting, training, and equipping friendly forces; leading raids and invasions on enemy territories; training personnel to implement individual missions and contingency plans; performing strategic and tactical planning for politically sensitive missions; and operating sophisticated communications equipment.

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55-1019 Military Officer Special and Tactical Operations Leaders, All Other All military officer special and tactical operations leaders not listed separately.

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55-2000 First-Line Enlisted Military Supervisors

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55-2010 First-Line Enlisted Military Supervisors

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55-2011 First-Line Supervisors of Air Crew Members Supervise and coordinate the activities of air crew members. Supervisors may also perform the same activities as the workers they supervise.

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55-2012 First-Line Supervisors of Weapons Specialists/Crew Members Supervise and coordinate the activities of weapons specialists/crew members. Supervisors may also perform the same activities as the workers they supervise.

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55-2013 First-Line Supervisors of All Other Tactical Operations Specialists Supervise and coordinate the activities of all other tactical operations specialists not classified separately above. Supervisors may also perform the same activities as the workers they supervise.

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55-3000 Military Enlisted Tactical Operations and Air/Weapons Specialists and Crew Member

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55-3010 Military Enlisted Tactical Operations and Air/Weapons Specialists and Crew Member

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55-3011 Air Crew Members Perform in-flight duties to ensure the successful completion of combat, reconnaissance, transport, and search and rescue missions. Duties include operating aircraft communications and detection equipment, including establishing satellite linkages and jamming enemy communications capabilities; conducting pre-flight, in-flight, and post-flight inspections of onboard equipment; operating and maintaining aircraft weapons and defensive systems; operating and maintaining aircraft in-flight refueling systems; executing aircraft safety and emergency procedures; computing and verifying passenger, cargo, fuel, and emergency and special equipment weight and balance data; and conducting cargo and personnel drops.

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55-3012 Aircraft Launch and Recovery Specialists Operate and maintain catapults, arresting gear, and associated mechanical, hydraulic, and control systems involved primarily in aircraft carrier takeoff and landing operations. Duties include installing and maintaining visual landing aids; testing and maintaining launch and recovery equipment using electric and mechanical test equipment and hand tools; activating airfield arresting systems, such as crash barriers and cables, during emergency landing situations; directing aircraft launch and recovery operations using hand or light signals; and maintaining logs of airplane launches, recoveries, and equipment maintenance.

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55-3013 Armored Assault Vehicle Crew Members Operate tanks, light armor, and amphibious assault vehicles during combat situations on land or in aquatic environments. Duties include driving armored vehicles which require specialized training; operating and maintaining targeting and firing systems; operating and maintaining advanced onboard communications and navigation equipment; transporting personnel and equipment in a combat environment; and operating and maintaining auxiliary weapons, including machine guns and grenade launchers.

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55-3014 Artillery and Missile Crew Members Target, fire, and maintain weapons used to destroy enemy positions, aircraft, and vessels. Field artillery crew members predominantly use guns, cannons, and howitzers in ground combat operations, while air defense artillery crew members predominantly use missiles and rockets. Naval artillery crew members predominantly use torpedoes and missiles launched from a ship or submarine. Duties include testing, inspecting, and storing ammunition, missiles, and torpedoes; conducting preventive and routine maintenance on weapons and related equipment; establishing and maintaining radio and wire communications; and operating weapons targeting, firing, and launch computer systems.

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55-3015 Command and Control Center Specialists Operate and monitor communications, detection, and weapons systems essential for controlling air, ground, and naval operations. Duties include maintaining and relaying critical communications between air, naval, and ground forces; implementing emergency plans for natural and wartime disasters; relaying command center information to high-level military and government decision makers; monitoring surveillance and detection systems, such as air defense; interpreting and evaluating tactical situations and making recommendations to superiors; and operating weapons targeting, firing, and launch computer systems.

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55-3016 Infantry Operate weapons and equipment in ground combat operations. Duties include operating and maintaining weapons, such as rifles, machine guns, mortars, and hand grenades; locating, constructing, and camouflaging infantry positions and equipment; evaluating terrain and recording topographical information; operating and maintaining field communications equipment; assessing need for and directing supporting fire; placing explosives and performing minesweeping activities on land; and participating in basic reconnaissance operations.

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55-3018 Special Forces Implement unconventional operations by air, land, or sea during combat or peacetime as members of elite teams. These activities include offensive raids, demolitions, reconnaissance, search and rescue, and counterterrorism. In addition to their combat training, special forces members often have specialized training in swimming, diving, parachuting, survival, emergency medicine, and foreign languages. Duties include conducting advanced reconnaissance operations and collecting intelligence information; recruiting, training, and equipping friendly forces; conducting raids and invasions on enemy territories; laying and detonating explosives for demolition targets; locating, identifying, defusing, and disposing of ordnance; and operating and maintaining sophisticated communications equipment.

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55-3019 Military Enlisted Tactical Operations and Air/Weapons Specialists and Crew Members, All Other All military enlisted tactical operations and air/weapons specialists and crewmembers not listed separately.

 

Last Modified Date: August 8, 2016