HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
44. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by selected characteristics
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2012
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

75,276 1,984 1,566 3,550 4.7

16 to 24 years

14,909 935 862 1,796 12.0

25 years and over

60,367 1,049 704 1,754 2.9

Men, 16 years and over

37,113 696 567 1,264 3.4

16 to 24 years

7,454 340 333 673 9.0

25 years and over

29,659 356 235 591 2.0

Women, 16 years and over

38,163 1,288 999 2,286 6.0

16 to 24 years

7,455 595 529 1,123 15.1

25 years and over

30,708 693 470 1,163 3.8

RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

White

59,180 1,575 1,185 2,760 4.7

Men

29,691 540 444 984 3.3

Women

29,490 1,035 741 1,776 6.0

Black or African American

10,049 256 277 533 5.3

Men

4,522 98 85 183 4.1

Women

5,527 157 193 350 6.3

Asian

3,403 69 48 117 3.4

Men

1,568 23 16 38 2.5

Women

1,835 46 32 79 4.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

14,404 381 337 717 5.0

Men

8,114 168 127 295 3.6

Women

6,290 213 210 423 6.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(1)

Full-time workers

54,745 760 501 1,261 2.3

Men

30,052 294 197 491 1.6

Women

24,693 466 304 770 3.1

Part-time workers

20,411 1,223 1,063 2,286 11.2

Men

6,998 402 370 772 11.0

Women

13,413 820 693 1,513 11.3

Footnotes
(1) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2012. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other nonhourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: February 5, 2013