Labor Force Characteristics by Race and Ethnicity, 2008

Table 13. Persons in the labor force and not in the labor force by selected characteristics, 2008 annual averages (Numbers in thousands)
Race, age, sex,
and Hispanic origin
Civilian
labor
force (1)
Not in the labor force
Total Want a job Do not
want job
now
Total (2) Searched for work
in the prior year
Total Available for work now (3)
Total Discouraged
workers (4)
Other
Total

Total, 16 years and over

154,287 79,501 4,983 2,157 1,614 462 1,152 74,519

16 to 24 years

22,032 15,452 1,733 819 568 145 422 13,719

25 to 54 years

104,396 21,255 2,168 1,023 780 226 554 19,087

55 years and over

27,858 42,794 1,082 314 266 90 176 41,712

Men, 16 years and over

82,520 30,593 2,228 1,041 827 282 545 28,365

16 to 24 years

11,538 7,372 885 437 314 93 221 6,487

25 to 54 years

56,202 5,876 850 449 376 138 238 5,027

55 years and over

14,780 17,345 494 156 137 51 86 16,851

Women, 16 years and over

71,767 48,908 2,755 1,115 787 180 607 46,154

16 to 24 years

10,494 8,080 848 383 254 52 201 7,233

25 to 54 years

48,195 15,379 1,319 574 404 88 315 14,060

55 years and over

13,078 25,449 588 158 129 39 90 24,861
White

Total, 16 years and over

125,635 63,905 3,596 1,501 1,097 293 804 60,309

16 to 24 years

17,786 11,212 1,216 559 370 84 285 9,996

25 to 54 years

83,922 16,346 1,531 701 525 143 382 14,815

55 years and over

23,927 36,347 850 241 203 66 137 35,497

Men, 16 years and over

68,351 24,374 1,594 720 559 176 383 22,780

16 to 24 years

9,394 5,347 621 298 203 53 150 4,726

25 to 54 years

46,056 4,258 580 300 248 85 163 3,678

55 years and over

12,901 14,769 393 122 108 38 70 14,376

Women, 16 years and over

57,284 39,531 2,002 781 538 117 421 37,529

16 to 24 years

8,392 5,865 595 261 166 31 135 5,270

25 to 54 years

37,866 12,088 951 401 277 58 219 11,137

55 years and over

11,026 21,578 457 119 95 28 67 21,121
Black or African American

Total, 16 years and over

17,740 10,103 964 466 382 129 253 9,139

16 to 24 years

2,767 2,822 369 192 153 51 102 2,453

25 to 54 years

12,589 3,054 427 223 184 61 123 2,627

55 years and over

2,384 4,227 168 50 45 16 28 4,059

Men, 16 years and over

8,347 4,169 438 225 195 81 114 3,731

16 to 24 years

1,369 1,337 180 99 83 34 49 1,157

25 to 54 years

5,901 1,146 188 104 92 40 53 958

55 years and over

1,077 1,686 70 22 20 8 12 1,616

Women, 16 years and over

9,393 5,934 526 241 187 48 139 5,408

16 to 24 years

1,399 1,485 189 94 71 18 53 1,296

25 to 54 years

6,688 1,909 239 119 92 22 70 1,670

55 years and over

1,307 2,540 98 29 25 9 16 2,443
Asians

Total, 16 years and over

7,202 3,549 213 91 66 21 45 3,336

16 to 24 years

683 819 54 24 15 4 11 765

25 to 54 years

5,408 1,207 116 51 38 11 27 1,091

55 years and over

1,110 1,523 43 16 13 6 7 1,480

Men, 16 years and over

3,852 1,260 102 50 38 13 25 1,158

16 to 24 years

353 400 32 14 10 3 7 368

25 to 54 years

2,921 268 48 27 21 7 14 220

55 years and over

578 592 22 9 7 4 3 570

Women, 16 years and over

3,350 2,289 111 41 28 7 20 2,178

16 to 24 years

330 419 22 9 5 1 4 397

25 to 54 years

2,488 938 68 25 16 4 12 870

55 years and over

532 932 21 7 6 2 4 911
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total, 16 years and over

22,024 10,116 831 339 258 77 181 9,286

16 to 24 years

3,789 2,873 334 151 115 31 84 2,539

25 to 54 years

16,117 3,913 394 158 118 40 78 3,519

55 years and over

2,118 3,331 103 29 26 7 19 3,228

Men, 16 years and over

13,255 3,270 315 145 118 41 77 2,954

16 to 24 years

2,220 1,224 148 71 55 18 38 1,075

25 to 54 years

9,813 781 124 59 49 20 29 658

55 years and over

1,222 1,264 43 15 14 4 11 1,221

Women, 16 years and over

8,769 6,847 516 193 140 36 104 6,331

16 to 24 years

1,569 1,649 186 80 59 13 47 1,463

25 to 54 years

6,304 3,131 270 99 69 20 49 2,862

55 years and over

896 2,066 60 14 12 4 8 2,006

Footnotes:
(1) The sum of the employed plus the unemployed.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a small number for whom reason for was not determined.
(3) Refers to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months (but not the prior 4 weeks) and were available to take a job during the reference week, also are referred to as "marginally attached to the labor force."
(4) Includes the following reasons for not actively looking for work in the prior 4 weeks: Thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.

 

SOURCE: Current Population Survey, U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Last Modified Date: December 4, 2009