Women in the Labor Force: A Databook (2009 Edition)

Table 26. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by selected characteristics, 2008 annual averages (Numbers in thousands)
Characteristic Workers paid hourly rates
Total Total at or below prevailing Federal minimum wage
Total Percent of
hourly paid
workers
At prevailing
Federal minimum wage
Below prevailing
Federal minimum wage
Age and sex

Total, 16 years and over

75,305 2,226 3.0 286 1,940

16 to 24 years

15,680 1,122 7.2 161 961

25 years and over

59,626 1,104 1.9 125 979

Women, 16 years and over

37,972 1,498 3.9 196 1,302

16 to 24 years

7,701 738 9.6 103 635

25 years and over

30,270 759 2.5 93 666

Men, 16 years and over

37,334 728 1.9 90 638

16 to 24 years

7,978 384 4.8 58 326

25 years and over

29,356 345 1.2 32 313
Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

White

60,464 1,783 2.9 215 1,568

Women

29,931 1,224 4.1 151 1,073

Men

30,533 560 1.8 65 495

Black or African American

9,866 308 3.1 49 259

Women

5,457 186 3.4 32 154

Men

4,408 122 2.8 17 105

Asian

2,844 69 2.4 11 58

Women

1,543 42 2.7 8 34

Men

1,301 27 2.1 3 24

Hispanic or Latino

13,070 324 2.5 39 285

Women

5,313 191 3.6 23 168

Men

7,756 132 1.7 15 117
Full- and part-time status (1)

Full-time workers

56,837 873 1.5 95 778

Women

25,474 532 2.1 68 464

Men

31,363 340 1.1 27 313

Part-time workers

18,334 1,353 7.4 191 1,162

Women

12,431 965 7.8 128 837

Men

5,903 388 6.6 63 325

Footnotes:
(1) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage rose from $5.85 to $6.55 an hour on July 24, 2008. Data in this table reflect the average number of workers who earned $5.85 or less from January 2008 through July 2008 and those who earned $6.55 or less from August 2008 through the end of the year. Data are for wage and salary workers, excluding the incorporated self-employed. They refer to a person's earnings on his or her sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other nonhourly workers are not included. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.

 

SOURCE: Current Population Survey, U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.