Multifactor Productivity (MFP) relates output to a combined set of inputs. Two BLS programs produce Multifactor Productivity measures for sectors of the U.S. economy.

The Major Sector Productivity program publishes annual measures of output per unit of combined inputs for the private business, private nonfarm business, and manufacturing sectors and for 18 NAICS 3-digit manufacturing industries.

The Industry Productivity program publishes annual measures of output per unit of combined inputs for 86 4-digit NAICS manufacturing industries, the air transportation industry, and the line-haul railroad industry.

For Your Information

Multifactor productivity tables are now available that present KLEMS multifactor industry measures for nonmanufacturing sectors and nonmanufacturing industries through 2012. For additional information concerning data sources and methods of measuring nonmanufacturing KLEMS multifactor productivity see "Nonmanufacturing industry contributions to multifactor productivity, 1987-2006 (PDF)

Multifactor productivity data for the private business and private nonfarm business sectors were corrected August 21, 2014. For more information, see http://www.bls.gov/bls/errata/2012_ mfp_correction.htm.

Detailed intellectual property capital measures are now available that represent capital measures for research and development, software, and artistic originals through 2012.

Total economy production account tables are now available that present total economy measures through 2012. Additionally, non-profit, owner-occupied and government detailed capital measures are now available through 2012 by NIPA-level industry. For additional information concerning data sources and methods of measuring the total economy see "Integrated GDP-Productivity Accounts," (PDF)

Multifactor productivity and related data for the air transportation industry and the line-haul railroads industry are now available through 2012. For the 86 4-digit NAICS manufacturing industries, these data are available through 2011.

MFP News Releases

Multifactor Productivity Trends in Manufacturing

August 21, 2014
In 2012 multifactor productivity in manufacturing increased 0.6 percent, durable manufacturing 1.4 percent, and nondurable manufacturing was unchanged. Multifactor productivity in manufacturing grew faster than in 2011. More...
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Preliminary Multifactor Productivity Trends, 2013

July 09, 2014
In 2013 multifactor productivity grew at a 0.3 percent annual rate in the private nonfarm business sector and 0.7 percent in the private business sector. In both sectors, multifactor productivity grew considerably slower than in 2012. More...
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Multifactor Productivity Trends for Detailed Industries

September 25, 2013
Multifactor productivity rose in 55 of the 86 detailed manufacturing industries in 2011, compared to 63 of the industries in 2010. Among transportation industries, multifactor productivity increased in air transportation and declined in line-haul railroads. More...
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MFP Tables and Charts

Major Sector and 3-Digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries

IMPORTANT Download standard multifactor data tables:

Analytic Tables and Charts

  • Contributions of Manufacturing Industries to private nonfarm business multifactor productivity (PDF)
  • Sources of growth in Real Output in the private nonfarm business sector (PDF)
  • Contribution of Research and Development to Private Nonfarm Business Multifactor Productivity including Research and Development stocks (PDF)
  • Research and Development Contributions and Stocks in the Total Economy (PDF)
  • Sources of growth in Real Output in the private business sector (PDF)
  • Contributions of Nonmanufacturing Industries to private nonfarm business multifactor productivity (PDF)

Four-Digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries, Air Transportation, and Line-Haul Railroads

  • Multifactor Productivity and Related Data - May 21, 2014 (XLSX)

MFP Technical Documentation

Major Sector Productivity Program

Industry Productivity Program

MFP Publications

Major Sector Productivity Program

  • NEW Integrated Industry-Level Production Account for the United States: Intellectual Property Products and the 2007 NAICS. May 2014 (PDF). Tables (XLXS)
  • A Prototype BEA/BLS Industry-Level Production Account for the United States. November 2012. (PDF 1.7MB). Tables (XLS)
  • Nonmanufacturing Industry Contributions to Multifactor Productivity, 1987–2006. June 2010. (PDF 1MB)
  • Effects of Imported Intermediate Inputs on Productivity. June 2010. (PDF 2MB)
  • Integrated GDP-Productivity Accounts. December 2008. (PDF)
  • Preliminary Estimate of Multifactor Productivity Growth. June 2005. (PDF)

Industry Productivity Program

  • Multifactor Productivity Change in the Air Transportation Industry. March 2005. (PDF)

Archive of Articles on Multifactor Productivity »

MFP FAQs

MFP Special Notices

Contact MFP

Multifactor Productivity for Major Sectors (Annual Measures)
  General Information and Help
    Major Sector Productivity staff (202) 691-5606 Staff
  Analysis and methodology
    Steve Rosenthal (202) 691-5609 Rosenthal.Steve@bls.gov
  Data
    Randy Kinoshita (202) 691-5610 Kinoshita.Randal@bls.gov
    Ryan Forshay (202) 691-5617 Forshay.Ryan@bls.gov
 
Multifactor Productivity for Manufacturing and 3-digit NAICS Industries (KLEMS Annual Measures)
  Analysis and methodology
    Steve Rosenthal (202) 691-5609 Rosenthal.Steve@bls.gov
  Data
    Randy Kinoshita (202) 691-5610 Kinoshita.Randal@bls.gov
 
Multifactor Productivity for 4-digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries, Air Transportation, and Line-Haul Railroad Transportation
  Analysis and methodology
    Chris Kask (202) 691-5647 Kask.Chris@bls.gov
    Victor Torres (202) 691-5626 Torres.Victor@bls.gov
  Capital Data
    Victor Torres (202) 691-5626 Torres.Victor@bls.gov
  Intermediate Purchases Data
    Chris Kask (202) 691-5647 Kask.Chris@bls.gov
 
Capital Measurement for Major Sector and 3-digit NAICS Industries
  Analysis and methodology
    Steve Rosenthal (202) 691-5609 Rosenthal.Steve@bls.gov
  Data
    Randy Kinoshita (202) 691-5610 Kinoshita.Randal@bls.gov
    Ryan Forshay (202) 691-5617 Forshay.Ryan@bls.gov
 
Labor Composition
  Analysis and methodology
    Cindy Zoghi (202) 691-5680 Zoghi.Cindy@bls.gov
  Data
    Ryan Forshay (202) 691-5617 Forshay.Ryan@bls.gov
 
Hours at Work Ratio
  Shawn Sprague (202) 691-5612 Sprague.Shawn@bls.gov
 
Research and Development
  Analysis and methodology
    Leo Sveikauskas (202) 691-5677 Sveikauskas.Leo@bls.gov
  Data
    Bhavani Khandrika (202) 691-5620 Khandrika.Bhavani@bls.gov

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