Impact of the Events of September 11, 2001, on the Mass Layoff Statistics Data Series
- The events of September 11, 2001 resulted in a tragic loss of life,
together with significant disruptions to the affected local economies
and secondary disruptions to economies outside of the directly impacted
areas. The labor market impacts of these events began to register in the
Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program with the reporting of data for the
month of September.
- The impact of the disasters on published MLS data are registered
where the layoff events occur (the locations of the establishments).
- In the 18 weeks following the September 11 attacks (the weeks ending
September 15 through January 12), employers reported 430 events involving
125,637 workers separated as a direct or indirect effect of the attacks.
A majority of the layoff events took place in the weeks immediately following
the attacks, and the number of new events has tapered off since then.
Thirty-three states reported extended mass layoff activity related to the
September 11 incidents. However, 55 percent of these events and 61
percent of the associated separations occurred in just six states—California, Nevada,
Illinois, New York, Texas. Among the workers laid off because of the
terrorist attacks, 36 percent, or 44,861 workers, had been employed in the
scheduled passenger air transportation industry. An additional 26 percent, or 32,803
workers had been employed in hotels and motels. Thirty-two percent of the
employers reporting extended mass layoffs related to the attacks indicated
they anticipated some type of recall. (See Mass Layoffs in January 2002,
issued February 28).
- The data on "extended mass layoffs" involve 50 or more workers who
lose their jobs for more than 30 days and are reported to BLS and
published quarterly in the Extended Mass Layoffs release.
Approximately 30 days after a mass layoff triggers at an establishment,
the employer is contacted for information on whether the layoff lasted
for more than 30 days, the actual number of people laid off, the reason
for the layoff, and the possible recall of workers. After the events of
September 11, BLS added a new code for reason for the layoff,
"non-natural disaster," which allows for identification of workers
separated from companies as a direct or indirect effect of situations
such as the September 11 attacks. In addition, BLS instituted interim
reporting to provide a more timely and complete picture of extended
layoff events associated with the September 11 attacks.
Last Modified Date: March 01, 2002