Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                 USDL-12-0163
until 8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 3, 2012

Technical information:
 Household data:     (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data: (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces
 
Media contact:       (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


      (NOTE: Data published in this release for women employees in the
      Government and Total nonfarm industries are erroneous. Errors are
      found in Summary table B and table B-5. Additional information is
      available at www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_usps.htm.)


                THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JANUARY 2012


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 243,000 in January, and the
unemployment rate decreased to 8.3 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. Job growth was widespread in the private
sector, with large employment gains in professional and business
services, leisure and hospitality, and manufacturing. Government
employment changed little over the month.

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  |                                                                 |
  |            Changes to The Employment Situation Data             |
  |                                                                 |
  |Establishment survey data have been revised as a result of the   |
  |annual benchmarking process and the updating of seasonal         |
  |adjustment factors. Also, household survey data for January 2012 |
  |reflect updated population estimates. See the notes at the end of|
  |the news release for more information about these changes.       |
  |                                                                 |
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Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point in January to
8.3 percent; the rate has fallen by 0.8 point since August. (See table
A-1.) The number of unemployed persons declined to 12.8 million in
January. (See the note and tables B and C for information about annual
population adjustments to the household survey estimates.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men
(7.7 percent) and blacks (13.6 percent) declined in January. The
unemployment rates for adult women (7.7 percent), teenagers (23.2
percent), whites (7.4 percent), and Hispanics (10.5 percent) were
little changed. The jobless rate for Asians was 6.7 percent, not
seasonally adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In January, the number of job losers and persons who completed
temporary jobs fell to 7.3 million. The number of long-term unemployed
(those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little changed at 5.5 million
and accounted for 42.9 percent of the unemployed. (See tables A-11 and
A-12.)

After accounting for the annual adjustments to the population
controls, the employment-population ratio (58.5 percent) rose in
January, while the civilian labor force participation rate held at
63.7 percent. (See table A-1. For additional information about the
effects of the population adjustments, see table C.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons, at 8.2
million, changed little in January. These individuals were working
part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were
unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In January, 2.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor
force, essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not
seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force,
wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime
in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because
they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
(See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.1 million discouraged
workers in January, little different from a year earlier. (The data
are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not
currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available
for them. The remaining 1.7 million persons marginally attached to the
labor force in January had not searched for work in the 4 weeks
preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 243,000 in January. Private-
sector employment grew by 257,000, with the largest employment gains
in professional and business services, leisure and hospitality, and
manufacturing. Government employment was little changed over the
month. (See table B-1.)

Professional and business services continued to add jobs in January
(+70,000). About half of the increase occurred in employment services
(+33,000). Job gains also occurred in accounting and bookkeeping
(+13,000) and in architectural and engineering services (+7,000).

Over the month, employment in leisure and hospitality increased by
44,000, primarily in food services and drinking places (+33,000).
Since a recent low in February 2010, food services has added 487,000
jobs.

In January, health care employment continued to grow (+31,000). Within
the industry, hospitals and ambulatory care services each added 13,000
jobs.

Wholesale trade employment increased by 14,000 over the month. Since a
recent employment low in May 2010, wholesale trade has added 144,000
jobs.

Employment in retail trade continued to trend up in January. Job gains
in department stores (+19,000), health and personal care stores
(+7,000), and automobile dealers (+7,000) were partially offset by
losses in clothing and clothing accessory stores (-14,000). Since an
employment trough in December 2009, retail trade has added 390,000
jobs.

In January, employment in information declined by 13,000, including a
loss of 8,000 jobs in the motion picture and sound recording industry.

In the goods-producing sector, manufacturing added 50,000 jobs. Nearly
all of the increase occurred in durable goods manufacturing, with job
growth in fabricated metal products (+11,000), machinery (+11,000),
and motor vehicles and parts (+8,000). Durable goods manufacturing has
added 418,000 jobs over the past 2 years.

Employment in construction increased by 21,000 in January, following a
gain of 31,000 in the previous month. Over the past 2 months,
nonresidential specialty trade contractors added 30,000 jobs.

Mining added 10,000 jobs in January, with most of the gain in support
activities for mining (+8,000). Since a recent low in October 2009,
mining employment has expanded by 172,000.

Government employment changed little in January. Over the past 12
months, the sector has lost 276,000 jobs, with declines in local
government; state government, excluding education; and the U.S. Postal
Service.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was
unchanged in January. The manufacturing workweek increased by 0.3 hour
to 40.9 hours, and factory overtime increased by 0.1 hour to 3.4
hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory
employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by 0.1 hour to 33.8
hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In January, average hourly earnings for all employees on private
nonfarm payrolls rose by 4 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $23.29. Over the
past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 1.9 percent.
In January, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and
nonsupervisory employees edged up by 2 cents, or 0.1 percent, to
$19.62. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for November was
revised from +100,000 to +157,000, and the change for December was
revised from +200,000 to +203,000. Monthly revisions result from
additional sample reports and the monthly recalculation of seasonal
factors. The annual benchmark process also contributed to these
revisions.

____________
The Employment Situation for February is scheduled to be released on
Friday, March 9, 2012, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).



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  |                                                                 |
  |                 Changes to the Household Survey                 |
  |                                                                 |
  |Effective with the collection of household survey data for       |
  |January 2012, the questions on race and Hispanic or Latino       |
  |ethnicity were modified to incorporate minor wording changes.    |
  |                                                                 |
  |In January 2012, the Census Bureau, which conducts the household |
  |survey, began a year-long process of reorganizing its regional   |
  |office structure; for more information on these changes see      |
  |www.census.gov/newsroom/pdf/General_QAs_FINAL2.pdf. Both the     |
  |Census Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics will monitor    |
  |survey operations during the transition period. No impact on the |
  |employment and unemployment estimates from the survey is         |
  |anticipated from this organizational change.                     |
  |                                                                 |
   ----------------------------------------------------------------- 
                                   
  
  
                  Revisions to Establishment Survey Data
  
  In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data
  released today have been revised to reflect comprehensive counts of
  payroll jobs, or benchmarks. These counts are derived principally from
  unemployment insurance tax records for March 2011. In addition, the
  data were updated to the 2012 North American Industry Classification
  System (NAICS) from the 2007 NAICS. This update resulted in minor
  changes to several detailed industries. The benchmark process resulted
  in revisions to not seasonally adjusted data from April 2010 forward
  and to seasonally adjusted data from January 2007 forward. Some
  historical data predating the normal benchmark revision period also
  were revised due to the implementation of NAICS 2012 and other minor
  changes related to rounding and the recalculation of aggregate series.
  
  Table A presents revised total nonfarm employment data on a seasonally
  adjusted basis for January through December 2011. The revised data for
  April 2011 forward incorporate the effect of applying the rate of
  change measured by the sample to the new benchmark level, as well as
  updated net business birth/death model adjustments and new seasonal
  adjustment factors. The November and December 2011 data also reflect
  the routine incorporation of additional sample receipts into the
  November final and December second preliminary estimates. The total
  nonfarm employment level for March 2011 was revised upward by 165,000
  (162,000 on a not seasonally adjusted basis). The previously published
  level for December 2011 was revised upward by 266,000 (231,000 on a
  not seasonally adjusted basis).
  
  An article that discusses the benchmark and post-benchmark revisions,
  the change to NAICS 2012, and the other technical issues, as well as
  all revised historical Current Employment Statistics (CES) data, can
  be accessed through the CES homepage at www.bls.gov/ces/. Information
  on the revisions released today also may be obtained by calling (202)
  691-6555.
  
  
    Table A. Revisions in total nonfarm employment, January-December 2011,
    seasonally adjusted                                                    
                                                                           
    (Numbers in thousands)                                                         
    ___________________________________________________________________________________
                   |                                 |                     	       |
                   |              Level              |    Over-the-month change        |
                   |---------------------------------|---------------------------------|
     Year and month|    As    |          |           |    As    |          |           |
                   |previously|    As    | Difference|previously|    As    | Difference|
                   |published |  revised |           |published |  revised |           |
    _______________|__________|__________|___________|__________|__________|___________|
                   |          |          |           |          |          |           |
         2011      |          |          |           |          |          |           |
         	   |          |	         |	     |	        |	   |           |
    January........|  130,328 | 130,456  |   128     |    68    |   110    |    42     |
    February.......|  130,563 | 130,676  |   113     |   235    |   220    |   -15     |
    March..........|  130,757 | 130,922  |   165     |   194    |   246    |    52     |
    April..........|  130,974 | 131,173  |   199     |   217    |   251    |    34     |
    May............|  131,027 | 131,227  |   200     |    53    |    54    |     1     |
    June...........|  131,047 | 131,311  |   264     |    20    |    84    |    64     |
    July...........|  131,174 | 131,407  |   233     |   127    |    96    |   -31     |
    August.........|  131,278 | 131,492  |   214     |   104    |    85    |   -19     |
    September......|  131,488 | 131,694  |   206     |   210    |   202    |    -8     |
    October........|  131,600 | 131,806  |   206     |   112    |   112    |     0     |
    November.......|  131,700 | 131,963  |   263     |   100    |   157    |    57     |
    December (p)...|  131,900 | 132,166  |   266     |   200    |   203    |     3     |
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     p = preliminary.
     
  
        Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey
  
  Effective with data for January 2012, updated population estimates
  which reflect the results of Census 2010 have been used in the
  household survey. Population estimates for the household survey are
  developed by the U.S. Census Bureau. Each year, the Census Bureau
  updates the estimates to reflect new information and assumptions about
  the growth of the population during the decade. The change in
  population reflected in the new estimates results from the
  introduction of the Census 2010 count as the new population base, 
  adjustments for net international migration, updated vital statistics and
  other information, and some methodological changes in the estimation
  process. The vast majority of the population change, however, is due
  to the change in base population from Census 2000 to Census 2010.
  
  In accordance with usual practice, BLS will not revise the official
  household survey estimates for December 2011 and earlier months. To
  show the impact of the population adjustment, however, differences in
  selected December 2011 labor force series based on the old and new
  population estimates are shown in table B.
  
  The adjustment increased the estimated size of the civilian
  noninstitutional population in December by 1,510,000, the civilian
  labor force by 258,000, employment by 216,000, unemployment by 42,000,
  and persons not in the labor force by 1,252,000. Although the total
  unemployment rate was unaffected, the labor force participation rate
  and the employment-population ratio were each reduced by 0.3
  percentage point. This was because the population increase was
  primarily among persons 55 and older and, to a lesser degree, persons
  16 to 24 years of age. Both these age groups have lower levels of
  labor force participation than the general population.
  
  Data users are cautioned that these annual population adjustments
  affect the comparability of household data series over time. Table C
  shows the effect of the introduction of new population estimates on
  the comparison of selected labor force measures between December 2011 and
  January 2012. Additional information on the population adjustments and
  their effect on national labor force estimates is available at
  www.bls.gov/cps/cps12adj.pdf.
  
  
  Table B. Effect of the updated population controls on December 2011 estimates by sex, race, and
  Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally adjusted                                    
                                                                              
  (Numbers in thousands)                                                      
                                                                              
  _____________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                              |      |     |      |       |        |       |           
                                              |      |     |      |       |  Black |       |           
                                              |      |     |      |       |    or  |       |  Hispanic 
                  Category                    |Total | Men | Women| White | African| Asian | or Latino 
                                              |      |     |      |       |American|       | ethnicity 
                                              |      |     |      |       |        |       |           
  ____________________________________________|______|_____|______|_______|________|_______|___________
   					      |	     |	   |	  |	  |	   |	   |
  Civilian noninstitutional population........| 1,510| -116| 1,626| -1,181|     407|  1,161|   1,330
    Civilian labor force......................|   258| -413|   671| -1,385|     166|    731|     781
      Participation rate......................|   -.3|  -.3|   -.2|    -.3|     -.3|    -.2|     -.3
     Employed.................................|   216| -368|   584| -1,266|     165|    676|     675
      Employment-population ratio.............|   -.3|  -.3|   -.2|    -.3|     -.2|    -.2|     -.3
     Unemployed...............................|    42|  -45|    87|   -119|       2|     55|     106
      Unemployment rate.......................|    .0|   .0|    .0|     .0|     -.1|     .1|      .1
    Not in labor force........................| 1,252|  297|   955|    205|     240|    430|     550
  ____________________________________________|______|_____|______|_______|________|_______|___________
                                                                              
   NOTE:  Detail for men and women may not sum to totals because of rounding. Estimates for the above
 race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented
 for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.           
  
  
  Table C. December 2011-January 2012 changes in selected labor force        
  measures, with adjustments for population control effects                   
                                                                              
  (Numbers in thousands)                                                      
                                                                              
  ____________________________________________________________________________
                                       |           |            |             
                                       |           |            |  Dec.-Jan.  
                                       | Dec.-Jan. |    2012    |   change,   
                                       |  change,  | population |  after re-  
                Category               |    as     |   control  |  moving the 
                                       | published |   effect   |  population 
                                       |           |            |   control   
                                       |           |            |  effect(1) 
  _____________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                       |           |            |             
  Civilian noninstitutional population.|  1,685    |      1,510 |     175
    Civilian labor force...............|    508    |        258 |     250
      Participation rate...............|    -.3    |        -.3 |      .0
     Employed..........................|    847    |        216 |     631
      Employment-population ratio......|     .0    |        -.3 |      .3
     Unemployed........................|   -339    |         42 |    -381
      Unemployment rate................|    -.2    |         .0 |     -.2
    Not in labor force.................|  1,177    |       1,252|     -75    
  _____________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                                                              
    (1) This Dec.-Jan. change is calculated by subtracting the population 
  control effect from the over-the-month change in the published seasonally
  adjusted estimates.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Change from:
Dec.
2011-
Jan.
2012

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

238,704 240,441 240,584 242,269 -

Civilian labor force

153,250 153,937 153,887 154,395 -

Participation rate

64.2 64.0 64.0 63.7 -

Employed

139,330 140,614 140,790 141,637 -

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.5 58.5 58.5 -

Unemployed

13,919 13,323 13,097 12,758 -

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.7 8.5 8.3 -

Not in labor force

85,454 86,503 86,697 87,874 -

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.1 8.7 8.5 8.3 -

Adult men (20 years and over)

8.9 8.3 8.0 7.7 -

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.9 7.8 7.9 7.7 -

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

25.4 23.7 23.1 23.2 -

White

8.1 7.6 7.5 7.4 -

Black or African American

15.7 15.5 15.8 13.6 -

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.9 6.5 6.8 6.7 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

12.0 11.4 11.0 10.5 -

Total, 25 years and over

7.6 7.3 7.2 7.0 -

Less than a high school diploma

14.3 13.3 13.8 13.1 -

High school graduates, no college

9.4 8.8 8.7 8.4 -

Some college or associate degree

8.1 7.6 7.7 7.2 -

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.2 4.4 4.1 4.2 -

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,463 7,599 7,602 7,321 -

Job leavers

914 1,005 953 939 -

Reentrants

3,351 3,355 3,399 3,325 -

New entrants

1,337 1,276 1,280 1,253 -

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,659 2,510 2,669 2,486 -

5 to 14 weeks

3,012 2,896 2,858 2,884 -

15 to 26 weeks

2,253 2,087 2,039 1,980 -

27 weeks and over

6,205 5,680 5,588 5,518 -

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,449 8,469 8,098 8,230 -

Slack work or business conditions

5,772 5,578 5,305 5,372 -

Could only find part-time work

2,472 2,496 2,419 2,551 -

Part time for noneconomic reasons

17,923 18,363 18,372 18,636 -

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,800 2,591 2,540 2,809 -

Discouraged workers

993 1,096 945 1,059 -

- December - January changes in household data are not shown due to the introduction of updated population controls.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

110 157 203 243

Total private

119 178 220 257

Goods-producing

36 8 71 81

Mining and logging

5 4 8 10

Construction

-21 1 31 21

Manufacturing

52 3 32 50

Durable goods(1)

55 14 33 44

Motor vehicles and parts

16.0 1.4 8.2 7.9

Nondurable goods

-3 -11 -1 6

Private service-providing(1)

83 170 149 176

Wholesale trade

10.0 6.9 14.8 14.0

Retail trade

36.9 33.8 6.2 10.5

Transportation and warehousing

1.1 9.9 6.7 13.1

Information

-9 -2 1 -13

Financial activities

-3 11 4 -5

Professional and business services(1)

46 39 63 70

Temporary help services

16.1 19.7 8.3 20.1

Education and health services(1)

18 20 28 36

Health care and social assistance

4.6 6.2 22.0 29.7

Leisure and hospitality

-8 42 19 44

Other services

-7 8 5 7

Government

-9 -21 -17 -14

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.6 49.4 49.3 49.3

Total private women employees

48.1 47.9 47.8 47.8

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.5 82.5 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.3 34.4 34.5 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$22.86 $23.23 $23.25 $23.29

Average weekly earnings

$784.10 $799.11 $802.13 $803.51

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

93.0 94.8 95.3 95.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.2 0.5 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

101.4 105.0 105.6 106.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.2 0.6 0.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.4 33.7 33.7 33.8

Average hourly earnings

$19.33 $19.58 $19.60 $19.62

Average weekly earnings

$645.62 $659.85 $660.52 $663.16

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

99.5 102.2 102.4 103.0

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.2 0.2 0.6

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

128.5 133.7 134.1 135.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.3 0.3 0.7

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

61.8 55.6 62.4 64.1

Manufacturing (81 industries)

70.4 48.1 64.2 69.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant
change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has
a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-
employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides
estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms
from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the
survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an
unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling
frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a
year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work
are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped
looking for work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact
on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for
paid time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other
time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always,
results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while
some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of
all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay
period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.


In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full
time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested
statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment
Statistics survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 eligible households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business
establishments. Each month the CES program surveys about 141,000 businesses
and government agencies, representing approximately 486,000 individual worksites,
in order to provide detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of
workers on nonfarm payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third
of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week
or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which 
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed
if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be 
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of
the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is
the employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about
the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as 
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay 
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector
for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. 
Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and 
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction
workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-
providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make 
nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the 
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and 
recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revisions
to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence
interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to +150,000 
(50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample results
are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.
Since this range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month.
If, however, the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all
of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater
than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate
of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about 
+/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/-0.19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The precision
of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information
for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of 
respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of
the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these
estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only after two
successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey
is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by
new firms. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment
growth, an estimation procedure with two components is used to account
for business births. The first component excludes employment losses from
business deaths from sample-based estimation in order to offset the 
missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into
the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same employment
trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most
of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate
the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the 
imputation. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over
the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and
the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as
a rough proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions  for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent,
with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

238,704 240,584 242,269 238,704 240,071 240,269 240,441 240,584 242,269

Civilian labor force

152,536 153,373 153,485 153,250 154,004 154,057 153,937 153,887 154,395

Participation rate

63.9 63.8 63.4 64.2 64.1 64.1 64.0 64.0 63.7

Employed

137,599 140,681 139,944 139,330 140,107 140,297 140,614 140,790 141,637

Employment-population ratio

57.6 58.5 57.8 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.5 58.5 58.5

Unemployed

14,937 12,692 13,541 13,919 13,897 13,759 13,323 13,097 12,758

Unemployment rate

9.8 8.3 8.8 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.3

Not in labor force

86,168 87,212 88,784 85,454 86,067 86,213 86,503 86,697 87,874

Persons who currently want a job

6,643 6,135 6,495 6,412 6,240 6,407 6,595 6,385 6,319

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,828 116,832 116,808 115,828 116,559 116,664 116,755 116,832 116,808

Civilian labor force

81,103 82,019 81,298 81,604 82,142 82,199 82,341 82,373 82,070

Participation rate

70.0 70.2 69.6 70.5 70.5 70.5 70.5 70.5 70.3

Employed

72,307 74,837 73,772 73,785 74,435 74,492 74,975 75,235 75,288

Employment-population ratio

62.4 64.1 63.2 63.7 63.9 63.9 64.2 64.4 64.5

Unemployed

8,796 7,181 7,526 7,819 7,707 7,707 7,366 7,138 6,781

Unemployment rate

10.8 8.8 9.3 9.6 9.4 9.4 8.9 8.7 8.3

Not in labor force

34,725 34,813 35,510 34,224 34,417 34,465 34,414 34,459 34,739

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

107,203 108,290 108,087 107,203 107,994 108,104 108,203 108,290 108,087

Civilian labor force

78,346 79,288 78,710 78,594 79,241 79,291 79,440 79,436 79,234

Participation rate

73.1 73.2 72.8 73.3 73.4 73.3 73.4 73.4 73.3

Employed

70,360 72,812 71,892 71,593 72,340 72,379 72,846 73,080 73,170

Employment-population ratio

65.6 67.2 66.5 66.8 67.0 67.0 67.3 67.5 67.7

Unemployed

7,986 6,477 6,818 7,001 6,901 6,912 6,594 6,356 6,064

Unemployment rate

10.2 8.2 8.7 8.9 8.7 8.7 8.3 8.0 7.7

Not in labor force

28,857 29,001 29,377 28,609 28,753 28,813 28,763 28,854 28,853

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,876 123,753 125,461 122,876 123,512 123,605 123,686 123,753 125,461

Civilian labor force

71,433 71,354 72,187 71,646 71,862 71,858 71,596 71,514 72,326

Participation rate

58.1 57.7 57.5 58.3 58.2 58.1 57.9 57.8 57.6

Employed

65,292 65,843 66,172 65,546 65,672 65,805 65,639 65,555 66,349

Employment-population ratio

53.1 53.2 52.7 53.3 53.2 53.2 53.1 53.0 52.9

Unemployed

6,141 5,511 6,015 6,100 6,190 6,052 5,957 5,959 5,977

Unemployment rate

8.6 7.7 8.3 8.5 8.6 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.3

Not in labor force

51,443 52,398 53,274 51,230 51,650 51,748 52,090 52,238 53,135

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,637 115,602 117,082 114,637 115,338 115,437 115,526 115,602 117,082

Civilian labor force

68,842 68,746 69,513 68,843 68,989 68,981 68,711 68,748 69,449

Participation rate

60.1 59.5 59.4 60.1 59.8 59.8 59.5 59.5 59.3

Employed

63,300 63,676 64,062 63,403 63,406 63,520 63,352 63,323 64,078

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.1 54.7 55.3 55.0 55.0 54.8 54.8 54.7

Unemployed

5,542 5,070 5,451 5,440 5,584 5,461 5,359 5,425 5,370

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.4 7.8 7.9 8.1 7.9 7.8 7.9 7.7

Not in labor force

45,795 46,856 47,569 45,794 46,349 46,457 46,815 46,854 47,634

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,863 16,693 17,100 16,863 16,739 16,728 16,711 16,693 17,100

Civilian labor force

5,348 5,339 5,262 5,813 5,774 5,785 5,786 5,704 5,713

Participation rate

31.7 32.0 30.8 34.5 34.5 34.6 34.6 34.2 33.4

Employed

3,939 4,193 3,990 4,334 4,362 4,398 4,416 4,387 4,389

Employment-population ratio

23.4 25.1 23.3 25.7 26.1 26.3 26.4 26.3 25.7

Unemployed

1,409 1,146 1,272 1,479 1,412 1,386 1,370 1,316 1,324

Unemployment rate

26.3 21.5 24.2 25.4 24.5 24.0 23.7 23.1 23.2

Not in labor force

11,516 11,354 11,837 11,050 10,965 10,943 10,925 10,989 11,387

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

192,516 193,682 192,600 192,516 193,365 193,493 193,598 193,682 192,600

Civilian labor force

123,696 124,114 122,750 124,292 124,701 124,804 124,652 124,543 123,579

Participation rate

64.3 64.1 63.7 64.6 64.5 64.5 64.4 64.3 64.2

Employed

112,754 115,117 112,876 114,263 114,818 114,837 115,130 115,254 114,458

Employment-population ratio

58.6 59.4 58.6 59.4 59.4 59.3 59.5 59.5 59.4

Unemployed

10,942 8,998 9,874 10,029 9,883 9,967 9,522 9,288 9,121

Unemployment rate

8.8 7.2 8.0 8.1 7.9 8.0 7.6 7.5 7.4

Not in labor force

68,820 69,567 69,850 68,225 68,664 68,689 68,945 69,139 69,021

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,551 65,248 64,081 64,764 65,280 65,318 65,366 65,373 64,495

Participation rate

73.5 73.7 73.3 73.7 73.9 73.9 73.9 73.8 73.8

Employed

58,584 60,484 58,966 59,626 60,283 60,195 60,605 60,751 60,059

Employment-population ratio

66.7 68.3 67.5 67.9 68.2 68.1 68.5 68.6 68.7

Unemployed

5,968 4,764 5,115 5,138 4,998 5,123 4,761 4,623 4,436

Unemployment rate

9.2 7.3 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.8 7.3 7.1 6.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,728 54,516 54,422 54,713 54,691 54,685 54,520 54,481 54,434

Participation rate

59.6 59.0 58.9 59.6 59.3 59.3 59.1 59.0 58.9

Employed

50,791 51,080 50,602 50,909 50,807 50,880 50,774 50,768 50,729

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.3 54.7 55.5 55.1 55.1 55.0 55.0 54.9

Unemployed

3,937 3,435 3,820 3,804 3,884 3,805 3,746 3,713 3,705

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.3 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,417 4,350 4,247 4,815 4,730 4,801 4,766 4,688 4,650

Participation rate

34.3 34.1 33.3 37.4 37.0 37.6 37.3 36.8 36.5

Employed

3,380 3,552 3,308 3,728 3,728 3,761 3,751 3,736 3,670

Employment-population ratio

26.2 27.8 26.0 28.9 29.1 29.4 29.4 29.3 28.8

Unemployed

1,037 798 938 1,087 1,002 1,040 1,015 952 980

Unemployment rate

23.5 18.3 22.1 22.6 21.2 21.7 21.3 20.3 21.1

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,947 29,286 29,727 28,947 29,193 29,228 29,259 29,286 29,727

Civilian labor force

17,757 18,024 18,074 17,830 18,096 18,067 17,934 18,110 18,206

Participation rate

61.3 61.5 60.8 61.6 62.0 61.8 61.3 61.8 61.2

Employed

14,819 15,285 15,512 15,025 15,224 15,351 15,151 15,248 15,725

Employment-population ratio

51.2 52.2 52.2 51.9 52.1 52.5 51.8 52.1 52.9

Unemployed

2,938 2,739 2,561 2,804 2,872 2,716 2,783 2,862 2,482

Unemployment rate

16.5 15.2 14.2 15.7 15.9 15.0 15.5 15.8 13.6

Not in labor force

11,190 11,262 11,653 11,117 11,097 11,161 11,325 11,176 11,521

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,070 8,264 8,238 8,045 8,151 8,180 8,195 8,272 8,256

Participation rate

68.5 69.0 68.2 68.3 68.3 68.5 68.5 69.0 68.4

Employed

6,589 7,006 7,083 6,706 6,796 6,867 6,851 6,969 7,205

Employment-population ratio

55.9 58.5 58.7 56.9 57.0 57.5 57.3 58.2 59.7

Unemployed

1,481 1,258 1,155 1,339 1,355 1,313 1,344 1,302 1,052

Unemployment rate

18.4 15.2 14.0 16.6 16.6 16.0 16.4 15.7 12.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,086 9,113 9,230 9,124 9,277 9,262 9,095 9,160 9,287

Participation rate

62.5 61.8 61.7 62.7 63.2 63.0 61.8 62.2 62.0

Employed

7,911 7,886 8,068 7,955 8,051 8,093 7,911 7,885 8,113

Employment-population ratio

54.4 53.5 53.9 54.7 54.8 55.0 53.7 53.5 54.2

Unemployed

1,175 1,227 1,162 1,169 1,226 1,169 1,184 1,275 1,174

Unemployment rate

12.9 13.5 12.6 12.8 13.2 12.6 13.0 13.9 12.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

601 647 605 661 667 625 643 679 663

Participation rate

22.9 25.3 22.5 25.2 25.8 24.3 25.0 26.5 24.7

Employed

319 394 361 365 377 390 388 393 407

Employment-population ratio

12.2 15.4 13.4 13.9 14.6 15.2 15.1 15.3 15.2

Unemployed

282 254 244 296 291 234 255 286 255

Unemployment rate

46.9 39.2 40.3 44.8 43.6 37.5 39.6 42.1 38.5

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,351 11,580 12,735 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,354 7,505 8,158 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.8 64.8 64.1 - - - - - -

Employed

6,846 6,991 7,608 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.3 60.4 59.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

509 514 549 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.9 6.8 6.7 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,997 4,075 4,577 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

34,001 34,885 36,301 34,001 34,640 34,724 34,808 34,885 36,301

Civilian labor force

22,714 23,309 23,949 22,787 23,014 23,253 23,222 23,270 24,045

Participation rate

66.8 66.8 66.0 67.0 66.4 67.0 66.7 66.7 66.2

Employed

19,711 20,731 21,187 20,058 20,411 20,601 20,574 20,699 21,513

Employment-population ratio

58.0 59.4 58.4 59.0 58.9 59.3 59.1 59.3 59.3

Unemployed

3,003 2,579 2,762 2,729 2,603 2,652 2,648 2,571 2,532

Unemployment rate

13.2 11.1 11.5 12.0 11.3 11.4 11.4 11.0 10.5

Not in labor force

11,287 11,575 12,352 11,213 11,626 11,471 11,586 11,615 12,256

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,865 13,256 13,252 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.8 82.0 81.2 - - - - - -

Employed

11,196 11,868 11,832 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

71.2 73.4 72.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,669 1,387 1,421 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

13.0 10.5 10.7 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,892 9,082 9,703 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.7 59.4 59.4 - - - - - -

Employed

7,873 8,146 8,609 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.9 53.3 52.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,019 936 1,094 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.5 10.3 11.3 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

957 972 994 - - - - - -

Participation rate

28.3 28.3 27.2 - - - - - -

Employed

642 716 746 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

19.0 20.9 20.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

315 256 248 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

32.9 26.3 24.9 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,437 11,723 11,374 11,392 11,746 11,760 11,713 11,688 11,469

Participation rate

45.3 46.8 45.3 45.1 46.5 47.4 47.0 46.7 45.6

Employed

9,545 10,043 9,669 9,761 10,108 10,141 10,161 10,080 9,968

Employment-population ratio

37.8 40.1 38.5 38.6 40.0 40.8 40.8 40.3 39.7

Unemployed

1,892 1,680 1,705 1,631 1,638 1,619 1,552 1,608 1,501

Unemployment rate

16.5 14.3 15.0 14.3 13.9 13.8 13.3 13.8 13.1

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,747 37,114 37,002 37,495 37,290 37,368 37,089 36,902 36,850

Participation rate

60.7 60.1 59.8 60.2 60.5 60.5 60.3 59.8 59.6

Employed

33,724 33,876 33,494 33,958 33,711 33,828 33,807 33,684 33,737

Employment-population ratio

54.2 54.9 54.2 54.6 54.7 54.8 54.9 54.5 54.6

Unemployed

4,023 3,237 3,508 3,537 3,579 3,540 3,282 3,218 3,113

Unemployment rate

10.7 8.7 9.5 9.4 9.6 9.5 8.8 8.7 8.4

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,701 37,040 37,240 36,796 37,070 36,984 36,816 37,024 37,214

Participation rate

70.0 69.1 69.3 70.2 69.3 69.2 68.5 69.1 69.2

Employed

33,591 34,299 34,435 33,827 33,963 33,941 34,009 34,167 34,525

Employment-population ratio

64.0 64.0 64.0 64.5 63.5 63.5 63.3 63.7 64.2

Unemployed

3,109 2,740 2,804 2,969 3,106 3,043 2,807 2,857 2,689

Unemployment rate

8.5 7.4 7.5 8.1 8.4 8.2 7.6 7.7 7.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

46,288 47,102 47,510 46,296 46,923 47,006 47,117 47,131 47,481

Participation rate

76.4 76.0 75.7 76.4 76.3 75.8 75.9 76.0 75.6

Employed

44,226 45,228 45,402 44,344 44,936 44,960 45,058 45,201 45,492

Employment-population ratio

73.0 73.0 72.3 73.2 73.0 72.5 72.6 72.9 72.4

Unemployed

2,062 1,873 2,108 1,952 1,986 2,046 2,059 1,930 1,989

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.4 4.1 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,797 21,347 20,003 19,538 1,794 1,809

Civilian labor force

11,429 10,914 10,228 9,784 1,201 1,131

Participation rate

52.4 51.1 51.1 50.1 66.9 62.5

Employed

10,294 10,100 9,206 9,076 1,088 1,024

Employment-population ratio

47.2 47.3 46.0 46.5 60.7 56.6

Unemployed

1,135 815 1,022 708 112 107

Unemployment rate

9.9 7.5 10.0 7.2 9.4 9.4

Not in labor force

10,368 10,433 9,775 9,754 593 678

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,285 2,436 1,896 2,033 389 403

Civilian labor force

1,835 1,955 1,550 1,665 286 290

Participation rate

80.3 80.2 81.7 81.9 73.4 72.0

Employed

1,557 1,777 1,310 1,537 247 240

Employment-population ratio

68.1 72.9 69.1 75.6 63.5 59.6

Unemployed

278 178 240 128 39 50

Unemployment rate

15.2 9.1 15.5 7.7 13.5 17.3

Not in labor force

450 481 346 369 103 113

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,915 3,048 2,447 2,540 468 509

Civilian labor force

2,479 2,550 2,095 2,158 384 391

Participation rate

85.0 83.6 85.6 85.0 82.0 76.9

Employed

2,287 2,386 1,924 2,031 363 355

Employment-population ratio

78.4 78.3 78.6 80.0 77.6 69.8

Unemployed

192 164 171 128 21 36

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.4 8.2 5.9 5.4 9.2

Not in labor force

437 498 352 381 84 117

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,726 10,079 10,380 9,759 346 319

Civilian labor force

3,796 3,156 3,664 3,053 132 103

Participation rate

35.4 31.3 35.3 31.3 38.2 32.3

Employed

3,433 2,928 3,314 2,828 119 100

Employment-population ratio

32.0 29.0 31.9 29.0 34.4 31.2

Unemployed

364 229 351 225 13 4

Unemployment rate

9.6 7.2 9.6 7.4 9.8 3.4

Not in labor force

6,930 6,922 6,716 6,706 214 216

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,870 5,784 5,280 5,206 590 578

Civilian labor force

3,318 3,253 2,919 2,907 399 346

Participation rate

56.5 56.2 55.3 55.9 67.6 59.8

Employed

3,017 3,009 2,658 2,680 359 329

Employment-population ratio

51.4 52.0 50.3 51.5 60.8 56.9

Unemployed

301 244 261 227 40 17

Unemployment rate

9.1 7.5 8.9 7.8 10.1 4.8

Not in labor force

2,552 2,531 2,361 2,298 191 233

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

207,979 212,092 91,225 92,726 116,755 119,365

Civilian labor force

139,440 140,958 70,029 70,742 69,411 70,217

Participation rate

67.0 66.5 76.8 76.3 59.5 58.8

Employed

126,079 128,685 62,493 64,173 63,586 64,512

Employment-population ratio

60.6 60.7 68.5 69.2 54.5 54.0

Unemployed

13,361 12,274 7,536 6,569 5,825 5,705

Unemployment rate

9.6 8.7 10.8 9.3 8.4 8.1

Not in labor force

68,539 71,133 21,196 21,985 47,344 49,149

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

26,885 27,482 211,819 214,788

Civilian labor force

5,406 5,502 147,130 147,983

Participation rate

20.1 20.0 69.5 68.9

Employed

4,669 4,792 132,930 135,152

Employment-population ratio

17.4 17.4 62.8 62.9

Unemployed

737 710 14,201 12,831

Unemployment rate

13.6 12.9 9.7 8.7

Not in labor force

21,479 21,979 64,689 66,805

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,457 2,479 74,840 74,694

Participation rate

33.8 33.7 82.0 81.7

Employed

2,106 2,103 66,669 67,803

Employment-population ratio

29.0 28.6 73.0 74.2

Unemployed

351 376 8,171 6,891

Unemployment rate

14.3 15.2 10.9 9.2

Not in labor force

4,805 4,875 16,448 16,729

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,178 2,189 66,162 66,727

Participation rate

29.4 28.6 70.9 70.4

Employed

1,839 1,903 60,565 61,198

Employment-population ratio

24.8 24.9 64.9 64.6

Unemployed

339 285 5,597 5,529

Unemployment rate

15.6 13.0 8.5 8.3

Not in labor force

5,233 5,468 27,198 28,023

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

771 834 6,128 6,562

Participation rate

6.3 6.7 22.6 22.9

Employed

724 785 5,696 6,151

Employment-population ratio

5.9 6.3 21.0 21.5

Unemployed

47 49 432 411

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.8 7.1 6.3

Not in labor force

11,441 11,636 21,042 22,052

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,294 37,593 17,884 18,289 18,410 19,305

Civilian labor force

24,517 25,156 14,256 14,418 10,261 10,738

Participation rate

67.6 66.9 79.7 78.8 55.7 55.6

Employed

21,928 22,803 12,677 13,069 9,251 9,734

Employment-population ratio

60.4 60.7 70.9 71.5 50.3 50.4

Unemployed

2,589 2,353 1,579 1,350 1,010 1,003

Unemployment rate

10.6 9.4 11.1 9.4 9.8 9.3

Not in labor force

11,777 12,437 3,628 3,871 8,148 8,567

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

202,410 204,676 97,944 98,519 104,466 106,157

Civilian labor force

128,019 128,329 66,847 66,880 61,172 61,450

Participation rate

63.2 62.7 68.3 67.9 58.6 57.9

Employed

115,671 117,141 59,630 60,703 56,041 56,438

Employment-population ratio

57.1 57.2 60.9 61.6 53.6 53.2

Unemployed

12,348 11,188 7,217 6,176 5,131 5,012

Unemployment rate

9.6 8.7 10.8 9.2 8.4 8.2

Not in labor force

74,391 76,347 31,097 31,640 43,294 44,707

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,100 2,196 2,042 2,252 2,268 2,257 2,262 2,349 2,208

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,263 1,358 1,259 1,378 1,379 1,317 1,359 1,429 1,376

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

819 823 765 846 843 864 849 874 800

Unpaid family workers

18 15 18 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

135,499 138,485 137,902 137,156 137,932 138,167 138,304 138,411 139,491

Wage and salary workers(1)

126,882 129,966 129,299 128,197 129,595 129,531 129,604 129,662 130,569

Government

20,626 20,652 20,519 20,719 20,568 20,516 20,434 20,616 20,583

Private industries

106,255 109,314 108,780 107,485 108,774 108,977 109,159 109,064 109,966

Private households

610 640 569 - - - - - -

Other industries

105,645 108,674 108,211 106,845 108,026 108,177 108,485 108,407 109,353

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,526 8,428 8,491 8,818 8,336 8,553 8,628 8,587 8,769

Unpaid family workers

91 91 112 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

9,187 8,428 8,918 8,449 9,270 8,790 8,469 8,098 8,230

Slack work or business conditions

6,513 5,650 6,025 5,772 5,900 5,839 5,578 5,305 5,372

Could only find part-time work

2,373 2,408 2,479 2,472 2,844 2,538 2,496 2,419 2,551

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,048 19,048 18,958 17,923 18,329 18,401 18,363 18,372 18,636

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

9,027 8,259 8,747 8,315 9,115 8,664 8,358 7,952 8,083

Slack work or business conditions

6,415 5,534 5,922 5,685 5,803 5,762 5,502 5,199 5,278

Could only find part-time work

2,358 2,381 2,464 2,488 2,869 2,566 2,518 2,423 2,563

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,675 18,641 18,596 17,588 17,915 18,003 17,941 17,969 18,298

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

137,599 140,681 139,944 139,330 140,107 140,297 140,614 140,790 141,637

16 to 19 years

3,939 4,193 3,990 4,334 4,362 4,398 4,416 4,387 4,389

16 to 17 years

1,225 1,247 1,160 1,400 1,417 1,436 1,413 1,304 1,333

18 to 19 years

2,713 2,946 2,830 2,946 2,952 2,970 2,995 3,060 3,064

20 years and over

133,660 136,488 135,954 134,996 135,745 135,899 136,198 136,403 137,248

20 to 24 years

12,573 13,041 12,953 12,977 13,090 13,346 13,200 13,195 13,335

25 years and over

121,087 123,447 123,000 122,067 122,659 122,521 122,973 123,234 123,901

25 to 54 years

92,980 94,069 93,271 93,761 93,506 93,356 93,708 93,882 93,991

25 to 34 years

30,065 30,800 29,995 30,443 30,607 30,562 30,743 30,771 30,367

35 to 44 years

30,107 30,350 30,394 30,375 30,092 30,094 30,222 30,271 30,614

45 to 54 years

32,807 32,919 32,883 32,942 32,807 32,700 32,743 32,841 33,009

55 years and over

28,106 29,378 29,729 28,307 29,152 29,165 29,264 29,352 29,910

Men, 16 years and over

72,307 74,837 73,772 73,785 74,435 74,492 74,975 75,235 75,288

16 to 19 years

1,947 2,026 1,880 2,192 2,095 2,113 2,129 2,155 2,118

16 to 17 years

608 576 524 709 672 662 654 635 620

18 to 19 years

1,339 1,450 1,357 1,470 1,425 1,449 1,465 1,501 1,487

20 years and over

70,360 72,812 71,892 71,593 72,340 72,379 72,846 73,080 73,170

20 to 24 years

6,484 6,836 6,685 6,791 6,875 7,081 6,980 6,998 7,003

25 years and over

63,876 65,976 65,207 64,835 65,489 65,331 65,853 66,084 66,169

25 to 54 years

49,251 50,461 49,592 50,022 50,080 49,901 50,368 50,528 50,358

25 to 34 years

16,254 16,877 16,120 16,562 16,712 16,668 16,895 16,885 16,440

35 to 44 years

16,148 16,432 16,357 16,382 16,298 16,240 16,370 16,422 16,573

45 to 54 years

16,849 17,152 17,116 17,078 17,069 16,992 17,102 17,221 17,346

55 years and over

14,625 15,515 15,615 14,813 15,409 15,430 15,485 15,556 15,811

Women, 16 years and over

65,292 65,843 66,172 65,546 65,672 65,805 65,639 65,555 66,349

16 to 19 years

1,992 2,167 2,110 2,142 2,266 2,286 2,287 2,232 2,270

16 to 17 years

617 672 636 691 745 773 759 669 713

18 to 19 years

1,374 1,495 1,474 1,476 1,527 1,521 1,530 1,559 1,577

20 years and over

63,300 63,676 64,062 63,403 63,406 63,520 63,352 63,323 64,078

20 to 24 years

6,090 6,205 6,268 6,186 6,215 6,265 6,220 6,198 6,332

25 years and over

57,210 57,471 57,794 57,233 57,170 57,190 57,119 57,150 57,732

25 to 54 years

43,729 43,608 43,679 43,739 43,427 43,455 43,340 43,354 43,633

25 to 34 years

13,811 13,923 13,875 13,881 13,895 13,894 13,848 13,886 13,928

35 to 44 years

13,959 13,918 14,037 13,993 13,794 13,854 13,852 13,849 14,041

45 to 54 years

15,959 15,767 15,767 15,865 15,737 15,708 15,641 15,620 15,664

55 years and over

13,481 13,863 14,115 13,494 13,743 13,735 13,779 13,796 14,099

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

42,492 43,786 43,191 42,931 43,640 43,661 43,933 43,709 43,658

Married women, spouse present

34,615 34,516 34,672 34,461 34,091 34,225 34,442 34,177 34,445

Women who maintain families

8,686 8,807 9,075 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

110,373 113,050 111,879 112,284 112,479 112,841 113,212 113,765 113,845

Part-time workers(2)

27,226 27,630 28,065 26,924 27,640 27,463 27,378 27,040 27,739

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,621 7,030 6,830 6,835 6,970 6,903 7,004 7,013 7,038

Percent of total employed

4.8 5.0 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.0

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,208 5,199 5,191 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,345 9,252 9,256 9,663 9,179 9,417 9,478 9,461 9,569

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

13,919 13,097 12,758 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.3

16 to 19 years

1,479 1,316 1,324 25.4 24.5 24.0 23.7 23.1 23.2

16 to 17 years

538 501 539 27.8 26.3 25.2 23.3 27.8 28.8

18 to 19 years

937 826 788 24.1 23.2 23.2 23.4 21.3 20.5

20 years and over

12,441 11,781 11,434 8.4 8.4 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7

20 to 24 years

2,305 2,221 2,050 15.1 14.6 13.9 14.2 14.4 13.3

25 years and over

10,094 9,593 9,353 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.3 7.2 7.0

25 to 54 years

8,070 7,681 7,492 7.9 8.1 8.0 7.6 7.6 7.4

25 to 34 years

3,110 3,191 3,001 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.2 9.4 9.0

35 to 44 years

2,422 2,220 2,250 7.4 7.4 7.2 7.0 6.8 6.8

45 to 54 years

2,538 2,271 2,241 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.7 6.5 6.4

55 years and over

2,020 1,929 1,867 6.7 6.7 7.0 6.4 6.2 5.9

Men, 16 years and over

7,819 7,138 6,781 9.6 9.4 9.4 8.9 8.7 8.3

16 to 19 years

818 782 717 27.2 27.8 27.3 26.6 26.6 25.3

16 to 17 years

288 278 291 28.9 27.6 27.4 26.7 30.5 32.0

18 to 19 years

529 504 427 26.4 27.1 27.4 26.7 25.1 22.3

20 years and over

7,001 6,356 6,064 8.9 8.7 8.7 8.3 8.0 7.7

20 to 24 years

1,277 1,262 1,159 15.8 15.7 14.6 15.6 15.3 14.2

25 years and over

5,695 5,112 4,886 8.1 8.0 8.1 7.4 7.2 6.9

25 to 54 years

4,552 4,099 3,887 8.3 8.3 8.4 7.7 7.5 7.2

25 to 34 years

1,792 1,764 1,617 9.8 9.8 10.1 9.2 9.5 9.0

35 to 44 years

1,350 1,179 1,129 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.0 6.7 6.4

45 to 54 years

1,410 1,155 1,141 7.6 7.5 7.5 6.8 6.3 6.2

55 years and over

1,142 1,013 999 7.2 6.9 7.2 6.7 6.1 5.9

Women, 16 years and over

6,100 5,959 5,977 8.5 8.6 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.3

16 to 19 years

661 535 607 23.6 21.1 20.6 20.7 19.3 21.1

16 to 17 years

251 223 249 26.6 25.1 23.2 20.0 25.0 25.8

18 to 19 years

408 322 361 21.7 19.0 18.6 20.1 17.1 18.6

20 years and over

5,440 5,425 5,370 7.9 8.1 7.9 7.8 7.9 7.7

20 to 24 years

1,028 959 891 14.2 13.4 13.1 12.6 13.4 12.3

25 years and over

4,400 4,481 4,467 7.1 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.2

25 to 54 years

3,518 3,583 3,604 7.4 7.8 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.6

25 to 34 years

1,318 1,427 1,383 8.7 9.5 9.2 9.2 9.3 9.0

35 to 44 years

1,072 1,040 1,121 7.1 7.3 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.4

45 to 54 years

1,128 1,115 1,100 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.7 6.6

55 years and over(1)

906 832 890 6.3 6.6 6.5 5.8 5.7 5.9

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,699 2,328 2,347 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.1

Married women, spouse present

2,048 1,950 2,033 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.6

Women who maintain families(1)

1,268 1,308 1,236 12.7 12.4 12.3 12.4 12.9 12.0

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

12,123 11,286 10,982 9.7 9.8 9.5 9.2 9.0 8.8

Part-time workers(3)

1,794 1,825 1,746 6.2 6.0 6.4 6.0 6.3 5.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,520 7,691 8,234 8,463 8,028 7,924 7,599 7,602 7,321

On temporary layoff

1,825 1,385 1,892 1,241 1,195 1,226 1,181 1,216 1,284

Not on temporary layoff

7,695 6,306 6,342 7,222 6,833 6,699 6,418 6,386 6,037

Permanent job losers

6,097 5,000 4,948 5,840 5,416 5,308 5,033 5,089 4,807

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,599 1,306 1,395 1,382 1,417 1,391 1,385 1,296 1,230

Job leavers

935 894 957 914 972 1,068 1,005 953 939

Reentrants

3,332 3,018 3,276 3,351 3,484 3,387 3,355 3,399 3,325

New entrants

1,150 1,090 1,074 1,337 1,323 1,291 1,276 1,280 1,253

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

63.7 60.6 60.8 60.2 58.1 58.0 57.4 57.4 57.0

On temporary layoff

12.2 10.9 14.0 8.8 8.7 9.0 8.9 9.2 10.0

Not on temporary layoff

51.5 49.7 46.8 51.3 49.5 49.0 48.5 48.3 47.0

Job leavers

6.3 7.0 7.1 6.5 7.0 7.8 7.6 7.2 7.3

Reentrants

22.3 23.8 24.2 23.8 25.2 24.8 25.3 25.7 25.9

New entrants

7.7 8.6 7.9 9.5 9.6 9.4 9.6 9.7 9.8

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6.2 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.7

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.2 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2

New entrants

0.8 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,181 2,640 2,923 2,659 2,743 2,676 2,510 2,669 2,486

5 to 14 weeks

3,267 2,735 3,106 3,012 2,902 3,285 2,896 2,858 2,884

15 weeks and over

8,489 7,317 7,512 8,458 8,227 7,869 7,766 7,628 7,498

15 to 26 weeks

2,182 1,906 1,915 2,253 2,029 2,029 2,087 2,039 1,980

27 weeks and over

6,307 5,411 5,597 6,205 6,197 5,839 5,680 5,588 5,518

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

35.5 39.7 38.2 37.1 40.4 39.2 40.9 40.8 40.1

Median duration, in weeks

19.9 21.0 19.2 21.7 21.8 20.8 21.5 21.0 21.1

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

21.3 20.8 21.6 18.8 19.8 19.4 19.1 20.3 19.3

5 to 14 weeks

21.9 21.5 22.9 21.3 20.9 23.8 22.0 21.7 22.4

15 weeks and over

56.8 57.7 55.5 59.9 59.3 56.9 59.0 58.0 58.3

15 to 26 weeks

14.6 15.0 14.1 15.9 14.6 14.7 15.8 15.5 15.4

27 weeks and over

42.2 42.6 41.3 43.9 44.7 42.2 43.1 42.5 42.9

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

137,599 139,944 14,937 13,541 9.8 8.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

51,866 53,152 2,557 2,410 4.7 4.3

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,139 22,255 1,177 1,044 5.3 4.5

Professional and related occupations

30,727 30,897 1,380 1,366 4.3 4.2

Service occupations

23,819 24,334 2,773 2,876 10.4 10.6

Sales and office occupations

33,497 33,305 3,364 2,972 9.1 8.2

Sales and related occupations

15,268 15,585 1,574 1,398 9.3 8.2

Office and administrative support occupations

18,229 17,721 1,790 1,574 8.9 8.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,205 12,561 2,623 2,152 17.7 14.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

893 845 233 243 20.7 22.3

Construction and extraction occupations

6,587 6,887 1,960 1,557 22.9 18.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,725 4,828 430 353 8.3 6.8

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,211 16,592 2,411 2,016 12.9 10.8

Production occupations

8,032 8,274 1,122 959 12.3 10.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,180 8,318 1,289 1,057 13.6 11.3

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

14,937 13,541 9.8 8.8

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

11,778 10,736 10.0 9.0

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

66 78 8.5 9.4

Construction

1,879 1,479 22.5 17.7

Manufacturing

1,519 1,283 9.9 8.4

Durable goods

955 796 9.9 8.3

Nondurable goods

564 487 9.9 8.6

Wholesale and retail trade

1,866 1,906 9.1 9.3

Transportation and utilities

498 400 8.8 7.0

Information

228 227 7.3 7.9

Financial activities

647 462 7.2 4.9

Professional and business services

1,511 1,441 10.2 9.5

Education and health services

1,264 1,214 5.8 5.5

Leisure and hospitality

1,788 1,647 13.8 12.6

Other services

513 601 8.8 9.3

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

236 259 16.0 17.6

Government workers

1,088 890 5.0 4.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

685 582 6.8 5.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.6 4.8 4.9 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.9

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

6.2 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.7

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.8 8.3 8.8 9.1 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.3

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

10.4 8.8 9.4 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.1 8.9

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

11.4 9.8 10.5 10.7 10.5 10.4 10.2 10.0 9.9

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

17.3 15.2 16.2 16.1 16.4 16.0 15.6 15.2 15.1

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012
Jan.
2011
Jan.
2012

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

86,168 88,784 34,725 35,510 51,443 53,274

Persons who currently want a job

6,643 6,495 3,237 3,073 3,406 3,422

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,800 2,809 1,454 1,452 1,346 1,356

Discouraged workers(2)

993 1,059 588 638 406 421

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,807 1,749 866 814 941 936

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,621 6,830 3,178 3,372 3,443 3,459

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.9 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.2

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,510 3,441 1,869 1,985 1,641 1,456

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,728 1,878 603 603 1,125 1,275

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

182 259 107 124 76 135

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,167 1,216 585 650 581 566

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Change from:
Dec.2011 - Jan.2012(p)

Total nonfarm

128,327 133,172 132,952 130,263 130,456 131,963 132,166 132,409 243

Total private

106,199 110,692 110,614 108,403 108,207 109,959 110,179 110,436 257

Goods-producing

17,291 18,271 18,075 17,726 17,821 18,114 18,185 18,266 81

Mining and logging

721 820 818 812 738 814 822 832 10

Logging

47.5 49.7 48.9 48.9 48.4 48.7 49.1 49.6 0.5

Mining

673.7 769.9 769.0 763.1 689.9 764.9 772.7 782.2 9.5

Oil and gas extraction

162.0 183.2 185.5 184.6 162.9 183.2 185.4 186.1 0.7

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

199.5 221.6 216.4 209.3 210.5 219.1 220.6 221.0 0.4

Coal mining

83.7 87.1 86.9 86.5 83.7 86.9 86.6 86.7 0.1

Support activities for mining

312.2 365.1 367.1 369.2 316.5 362.6 366.7 375.1 8.4

Construction

5,046 5,644 5,441 5,160 5,456 5,520 5,551 5,572 21

Construction of buildings

1,152.8 1,247.5 1,223.9 1,178.4 1,212.3 1,226.9 1,228.4 1,237.3 8.9

Residential building

528.9 577.6 571.2 543.1 561.8 568.5 572.8 575.3 2.5

Nonresidential building

623.9 669.9 652.7 635.3 650.5 658.4 655.6 662.0 6.4

Heavy and civil engineering construction

710.4 867.1 799.6 731.7 818.8 834.2 841.5 840.1 -1.4

Specialty trade contractors

3,183.2 3,529.8 3,417.0 3,250.3 3,424.7 3,458.5 3,480.6 3,494.6 14.0

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,327.8 1,479.2 1,424.7 1,353.4 1,431.8 1,453.4 1,455.1 1,459.4 4.3

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

1,855.4 2,050.6 1,992.3 1,896.9 1,992.9 2,005.1 2,025.5 2,035.2 9.7

Manufacturing

11,524 11,807 11,816 11,754 11,627 11,780 11,812 11,862 50

Durable goods

7,124 7,344 7,365 7,355 7,174 7,331 7,364 7,408 44

Wood products

332.6 331.7 329.0 327.2 340.3 331.4 331.8 334.9 3.1

Nonmetallic mineral products

348.4 368.9 360.9 350.4 366.5 364.2 366.0 368.3 2.3

Primary metals

372.8 400.1 400.9 401.5 373.5 399.6 400.7 402.4 1.7

Fabricated metal products

1,310.2 1,361.0 1,366.6 1,370.2 1,316.8 1,359.4 1,367.9 1,378.8 10.9

Machinery

1,025.2 1,075.9 1,086.0 1,091.9 1,027.1 1,076.0 1,085.5 1,096.0 10.5

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,099.4 1,108.7 1,110.6 1,104.0 1,100.6 1,107.1 1,107.5 1,105.6 -1.9

Computer and peripheral equipment

156.7 161.8 162.7 162.4 156.8 161.1 162.2 162.4 0.2

Communications equipment

117.8 113.2 112.9 111.5 117.5 113.1 112.5 111.3 -1.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

376.5 387.4 387.0 385.6 376.6 387.0 386.3 386.4 0.1

Electronic instruments

406.1 401.3 402.6 399.4 406.8 401.1 401.5 400.2 -1.3

Electrical equipment and appliances

365.1 367.7 368.0 368.3 365.7 367.3 367.9 368.8 0.9

Transportation equipment(1)

1,352.1 1,408.3 1,421.4 1,423.3 1,355.6 1,405.1 1,415.0 1,425.3 10.3

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

698.7 732.8 743.5 744.9 702.4 730.2 738.4 746.3 7.9

Furniture and related products

348.4 347.9 346.1 344.1 353.8 349.8 348.2 349.7 1.5

Miscellaneous manufacturing

569.5 573.7 575.6 574.1 573.8 571.0 573.3 578.6 5.3

Nondurable goods

4,400 4,463 4,451 4,399 4,453 4,449 4,448 4,454 6

Food manufacturing

1,434.7 1,454.9 1,447.7 1,418.2 1,457.2 1,446.0 1,442.3 1,442.3 0.0

Beverages and tobacco products

175.5 192.4 189.6 187.2 181.4 191.7 192.0 193.3 1.3

Textile mills

118.1 119.1 118.9 119.0 119.4 119.2 119.6 120.3 0.7

Textile product mills

116.0 115.7 114.5 113.1 117.0 115.2 114.4 114.1 -0.3

Apparel

151.6 150.9 148.5 146.5 154.8 151.2 149.7 149.8 0.1

Leather and allied products

27.6 30.4 30.4 30.6 28.0 30.3 30.4 30.9 0.5

Paper and paper products

390.6 392.1 393.6 391.3 390.7 391.4 392.3 391.5 -0.8

Printing and related support activities

473.5 462.6 460.9 457.4 477.6 460.7 459.8 461.5 1.7

Petroleum and coal products

105.0 114.4 111.8 109.8 111.3 113.5 114.3 115.4 1.1

Chemicals

778.3 791.4 796.3 793.2 780.9 791.0 794.0 796.2 2.2

Plastics and rubber products

628.8 638.7 638.3 632.9 634.6 638.6 639.6 638.6 -1.0

Private service-providing

88,908 92,421 92,539 90,677 90,386 91,845 91,994 92,170 176

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,619 25,591 25,804 25,016 24,821 25,154 25,183 25,220 37

Wholesale trade

5,430.0 5,573.9 5,580.7 5,528.8 5,483.4 5,554.1 5,568.9 5,582.9 14.0

Durable goods

2,709.6 2,767.2 2,774.8 2,757.9 2,729.3 2,761.9 2,771.3 2,778.3 7.0

Nondurable goods

1,902.9 1,960.3 1,957.9 1,929.5 1,930.7 1,948.9 1,952.7 1,957.0 4.3

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

817.5 846.4 848.0 841.4 823.4 843.3 844.9 847.6 2.7

Retail trade

14,443.1 15,083.5 15,225.8 14,633.7 14,550.1 14,724.7 14,730.9 14,741.4 10.5

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,633.8 1,704.1 1,698.3 1,682.1 1,664.8 1,705.6 1,708.7 1,713.4 4.7

Automobile dealers

1,024.5 1,068.3 1,067.4 1,065.6 1,037.4 1,069.0 1,071.3 1,078.7 7.4

Furniture and home furnishings stores

444.1 463.1 467.0 452.2 439.5 446.8 446.2 447.7 1.5

Electronics and appliance stores

533.9 539.6 541.7 514.8 530.2 515.8 514.2 511.9 -2.3

Building material and garden supply stores

1,077.1 1,118.2 1,108.1 1,087.1 1,133.2 1,142.8 1,141.2 1,142.6 1.4

Food and beverage stores

2,794.8 2,861.6 2,873.2 2,821.2 2,811.1 2,839.1 2,844.2 2,838.9 -5.3

Health and personal care stores

976.7 996.7 999.9 991.9 976.8 987.0 983.9 991.3 7.4

Gasoline stations

811.2 832.6 827.3 818.3 822.2 833.3 830.9 829.6 -1.3

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,349.7 1,469.6 1,523.7 1,368.0 1,350.9 1,375.2 1,381.6 1,368.0 -13.6

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

591.3 600.4 604.6 562.6 577.6 565.1 556.7 554.2 -2.5

General merchandise stores(1)

3,055.2 3,261.0 3,337.1 3,146.8 3,054.9 3,118.3 3,126.6 3,141.6 15.0

Department stores

1,551.3 1,671.1 1,734.6 1,618.9 1,534.0 1,570.1 1,575.7 1,595.1 19.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

746.5 774.7 778.1 748.7 760.8 760.6 761.2 763.7 2.5

Nonstore retailers

428.8 461.9 466.8 440.0 428.1 435.1 435.5 438.5 3.0

Transportation and warehousing

4,196.3 4,375.9 4,439.5 4,294.8 4,236.3 4,316.7 4,323.4 4,336.5 13.1

Air transportation

450.8 454.7 454.8 451.9 453.2 455.8 455.3 454.3 -1.0

Rail transportation

221.3 232.0 231.4 229.5 222.7 231.2 231.5 231.2 -0.3

Water transportation

61.6 62.2 63.0 64.4 63.3 63.1 63.3 66.0 2.7

Truck transportation

1,244.7 1,324.0 1,316.1 1,296.6 1,271.8 1,311.1 1,318.0 1,323.3 5.3

Transit and ground passenger transportation

446.6 449.0 449.7 447.8 436.4 431.4 434.1 437.4 3.3

Pipeline transportation

42.4 43.3 43.5 43.8 42.1 43.2 43.4 43.5 0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

19.3 25.9 24.4 22.9 26.4 29.7 29.6 30.8 1.2

Support activities for transportation

547.7 576.8 575.8 572.9 552.4 574.5 574.6 577.5 2.9

Couriers and messengers

525.5 547.4 618.3 517.4 525.5 528.3 521.1 519.6 -1.5

Warehousing and storage

636.4 660.6 662.5 647.6 642.5 648.4 652.5 652.9 0.4

Utilities

549.5 557.4 558.0 558.2 551.2 558.2 559.5 559.6 0.1

Information

2,653 2,656 2,658 2,606 2,678 2,644 2,645 2,632 -13

Publishing industries, except Internet

748.4 748.7 749.4 741.4 751.1 745.8 746.0 744.2 -1.8

Motion picture and sound recording industries

347.2 364.0 365.3 335.5 365.4 359.5 362.3 354.4 -7.9

Broadcasting, except Internet

284.0 281.4 281.1 278.5 284.7 279.0 279.7 279.0 -0.7

Telecommunications

885.6 852.0 851.9 846.8 886.7 850.3 847.7 847.4 -0.3

Data processing, hosting and related services

240.5 244.6 243.7 238.8 242.7 244.1 242.4 241.1 -1.3

Other information services

147.1 165.1 166.5 165.1 147.8 165.1 166.8 166.2 -0.6

Financial activities

7,618 7,690 7,709 7,644 7,666 7,691 7,695 7,690 -5

Finance and insurance

5,737.7 5,757.4 5,772.3 5,739.4 5,750.5 5,750.7 5,756.4 5,748.9 -7.5

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.9 19.2 18.8 18.8 19.0 19.2 18.9 18.9 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,556.5 2,566.5 2,577.9 2,563.1 2,559.5 2,563.4 2,568.8 2,563.6 -5.2

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,731.6 1,741.6 1,748.0 1,741.7 1,733.3 1,742.0 1,744.8 1,742.1 -2.7

Commercial banking

1,309.7 1,316.0 1,321.0 1,316.5 1,310.2 1,316.9 1,318.7 1,316.7 -2.0

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

801.3 806.3 804.3 797.4 803.7 805.1 802.6 799.7 -2.9

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,274.5 2,281.4 2,286.7 2,276.2 2,281.7 2,278.9 2,281.6 2,282.7 1.1

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

86.5 84.0 84.6 83.9 86.6 84.1 84.5 84.0 -0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,880.1 1,933.0 1,936.4 1,904.9 1,915.2 1,940.6 1,939.0 1,940.6 1.6

Real estate

1,369.1 1,405.2 1,410.3 1,390.4 1,391.6 1,408.9 1,409.6 1,413.1 3.5

Rental and leasing services

487.0 503.5 501.7 490.7 499.4 507.4 505.2 503.6 -1.6

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.0 24.3 24.4 23.8 24.2 24.3 24.2 23.9 -0.3

Professional and business services

16,706 17,676 17,691 17,314 17,055 17,521 17,584 17,654 70

Professional and technical services(1)

7,559.4 7,777.6 7,859.3 7,879.1 7,534.6 7,787.1 7,816.2 7,846.5 30.3

Legal services

1,108.5 1,117.9 1,119.2 1,109.1 1,116.5 1,116.7 1,115.6 1,116.6 1.0

Accounting and bookkeeping services

972.7 890.0 966.3 1,077.5 877.7 943.6 960.9 973.4 12.5

Architectural and engineering services

1,258.9 1,307.3 1,302.7 1,289.4 1,277.8 1,301.9 1,302.4 1,309.3 6.9

Computer systems design and related services

1,487.2 1,563.4 1,564.6 1,553.5 1,493.0 1,553.1 1,557.6 1,559.3 1.7

Management and technical consulting services

1,021.3 1,105.3 1,113.5 1,088.3 1,033.9 1,092.7 1,098.6 1,101.6 3.0

Management of companies and enterprises

1,886.9 1,929.1 1,939.2 1,928.9 1,894.3 1,928.3 1,933.1 1,936.2 3.1

Administrative and waste services

7,259.8 7,969.5 7,892.3 7,505.8 7,625.8 7,806.0 7,835.0 7,871.7 36.7

Administrative and support services(1)

6,904.9 7,601.7 7,527.0 7,141.6 7,264.4 7,439.1 7,467.2 7,500.9 33.7

Employment services(1)

2,708.6 3,137.6 3,157.7 2,901.5 2,878.2 3,014.1 3,035.9 3,069.1 33.2

Temporary help services

2,105.5 2,491.2 2,505.3 2,268.9 2,245.5 2,377.6 2,385.9 2,406.0 20.1

Business support services

810.4 830.6 838.5 820.5 811.1 814.4 820.1 820.0 -0.1

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,612.0 1,798.5 1,702.5 1,619.5 1,777.3 1,784.1 1,781.5 1,785.5 4.0

Waste management and remediation services

354.9 367.8 365.3 364.2 361.4 366.9 367.8 370.8 3.0

Education and health services

19,580 20,290 20,233 19,986 19,696 20,046 20,074 20,110 36

Educational services

3,128.0 3,460.5 3,394.3 3,209.6 3,207.1 3,275.3 3,281.6 3,287.2 5.6

Health care and social assistance

16,451.5 16,829.1 16,838.3 16,776.8 16,488.9 16,770.8 16,792.8 16,822.5 29.7

Health care(3)

13,858.8 14,195.0 14,203.8 14,164.5 13,898.2 14,162.2 14,179.8 14,210.7 30.9

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,028.0 6,243.7 6,245.5 6,214.7 6,051.5 6,222.8 6,230.3 6,243.2 12.9

Offices of physicians

2,320.5 2,395.5 2,400.2 2,384.1 2,324.7 2,386.6 2,386.9 2,389.6 2.7

Outpatient care centers

611.0 637.5 639.4 640.9 612.2 635.8 637.4 641.9 4.5

Home health care services

1,108.6 1,159.8 1,159.3 1,151.2 1,115.0 1,154.3 1,157.7 1,159.6 1.9

Hospitals

4,687.3 4,770.8 4,779.4 4,783.1 4,693.1 4,765.2 4,776.0 4,788.7 12.7

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,143.5 3,180.5 3,178.9 3,166.7 3,153.6 3,174.2 3,173.5 3,178.8 5.3

Nursing care facilities

1,665.3 1,666.0 1,663.7 1,658.6 1,669.5 1,661.0 1,660.7 1,663.4 2.7

Social assistance(1)

2,592.7 2,634.1 2,634.5 2,612.3 2,590.7 2,608.6 2,613.0 2,611.8 -1.2

Child day care services

858.4 857.0 854.8 844.3 849.1 839.5 840.7 835.9 -4.8

Leisure and hospitality

12,477 13,179 13,110 12,821 13,138 13,436 13,455 13,499 44

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,665.2 1,761.6 1,745.8 1,696.9 1,891.3 1,910.7 1,908.9 1,923.8 14.9

Performing arts and spectator sports

349.9 382.7 372.4 356.4 394.2 397.9 391.6 399.6 8.0

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

116.5 129.0 128.0 122.9 128.9 134.3 135.4 135.6 0.2

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,198.8 1,249.9 1,245.4 1,217.6 1,368.2 1,378.5 1,381.9 1,388.6 6.7

Accommodation and food services

10,811.4 11,417.4 11,364.0 11,123.9 11,246.2 11,525.4 11,546.3 11,575.2 28.9

Accommodation

1,679.3 1,745.7 1,735.2 1,701.0 1,771.1 1,799.9 1,800.7 1,796.8 -3.9

Food services and drinking places

9,132.1 9,671.7 9,628.8 9,422.9 9,475.1 9,725.5 9,745.6 9,778.4 32.8

Other services

5,255 5,339 5,334 5,290 5,332 5,353 5,358 5,365 7

Repair and maintenance

1,135.3 1,162.0 1,156.3 1,148.4 1,153.9 1,166.0 1,165.8 1,167.1 1.3

Personal and laundry services

1,249.5 1,284.5 1,288.7 1,268.4 1,270.0 1,288.6 1,291.0 1,289.3 -1.7

Membership associations and organizations

2,870.0 2,892.9 2,889.0 2,872.8 2,907.9 2,898.7 2,901.4 2,908.2 6.8

Government

22,128 22,480 22,338 21,860 22,249 22,004 21,987 21,973 -14

Federal

2,851.0 2,830.0 2,834.0 2,809.0 2,873.0 2,839.0 2,835.0 2,829.0 -6.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,206.1 2,211.0 2,211.7 2,190.6 2,227.5 2,218.3 2,216.6 2,210.4 -6.2

U.S. Postal Service

644.4 618.5 622.1 618.6 645.1 620.3 618.7 618.1 -0.6

State government

5,037.0 5,233.0 5,159.0 4,968.0 5,125.0 5,056.0 5,051.0 5,054.0 3.0

State government education

2,311.2 2,570.9 2,494.1 2,303.9 2,387.2 2,383.0 2,378.1 2,381.1 3.0

State government, excluding education

2,726.2 2,662.1 2,664.4 2,663.8 2,737.4 2,673.2 2,672.8 2,672.7 -0.1

Local government

14,240.0 14,417.0 14,345.0 14,083.0 14,251.0 14,109.0 14,101.0 14,090.0 -11.0

Local government education

8,055.3 8,210.7 8,176.0 7,953.5 7,948.8 7,858.1 7,853.0 7,843.4 -9.6

Local government, excluding education

6,184.4 6,206.0 6,169.2 6,129.3 6,302.5 6,251.2 6,247.6 6,246.1 -1.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.3 34.4 34.5 34.5

Goods-producing

39.8 39.9 40.2 40.4

Mining and logging

44.9 44.3 45.2 45.7

Construction

37.7 38.1 38.4 38.5

Manufacturing

40.4 40.4 40.6 40.9

Durable goods

40.7 40.8 41.0 41.3

Nondurable goods

40.0 39.9 40.0 40.2

Private service-providing

33.2 33.3 33.4 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.6 34.7 34.7

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.8 38.8 38.8

Retail trade

31.6 31.7 31.9 31.8

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 38.4 38.4 38.6

Utilities

41.7 41.7 41.1 41.5

Information

36.6 36.8 36.7 36.7

Financial activities

37.1 37.4 37.4 37.5

Professional and business services

35.7 35.8 35.8 35.8

Education and health services

32.7 32.8 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

25.8 26.1 26.1 26.1

Other services

31.6 31.7 31.6 31.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4

Durable goods

3.1 3.3 3.3 3.4

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.2 3.2 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)

Total private

$22.86 $23.23 $23.25 $23.29 $784.10 $799.11 $802.13 $803.51

Goods-producing

24.34 24.48 24.57 24.56 968.73 976.75 987.71 992.22

Mining and logging

27.89 28.24 28.38 28.20 1,252.26 1,251.03 1,282.78 1,288.74

Construction

25.39 25.43 25.44 25.42 957.20 968.88 976.90 978.67

Manufacturing

23.63 23.78 23.89 23.90 954.65 960.71 969.93 977.51

Durable goods

25.19 25.26 25.30 25.30 1,025.23 1,030.61 1,037.30 1,044.89

Nondurable goods

21.08 21.28 21.49 21.50 843.20 849.07 859.60 864.30

Private service-providing

22.51 22.93 22.94 22.98 747.33 763.57 766.20 767.53

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.82 20.21 20.22 20.23 685.77 699.27 701.63 701.98

Wholesale trade

26.24 26.53 26.50 26.47 1,010.24 1,029.36 1,028.20 1,027.04

Retail trade

15.71 16.02 16.03 16.06 496.44 507.83 511.36 510.71

Transportation and warehousing

21.22 21.89 22.03 21.96 823.34 840.58 845.95 847.66

Utilities

33.21 33.74 33.73 33.69 1,384.86 1,406.96 1,386.30 1,398.14

Information

31.34 31.53 31.64 31.55 1,147.04 1,160.30 1,161.19 1,157.89

Financial activities

27.56 28.27 28.30 28.46 1,022.48 1,057.30 1,058.42 1,067.25

Professional and business services

27.44 27.95 27.90 27.90 979.61 1,000.61 998.82 998.82

Education and health services

23.34 23.89 23.90 24.04 763.22 783.59 783.92 788.51

Leisure and hospitality

13.17 13.31 13.32 13.29 339.79 347.39 347.65 346.87

Other services

20.36 20.61 20.65 20.65 643.38 653.34 652.54 652.54

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2011 - Jan.
2012(p)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2011 - Jan.
2012(p)

Total private

93.0 94.8 95.3 95.5 0.2 101.4 105.0 105.6 106.0 0.4

Goods-producing

80.8 82.3 83.3 84.1 1.0 88.9 91.1 92.5 93.3 0.9

Mining and logging

104.1 113.3 116.7 119.5 2.4 116.6 128.5 133.0 135.3 1.7

Construction

70.9 72.5 73.5 73.9 0.5 78.2 80.1 81.2 81.7 0.6

Manufacturing

84.5 85.6 86.3 87.3 1.2 92.9 94.7 95.9 97.0 1.1

Durable goods

82.2 84.2 85.0 86.1 1.3 92.0 94.5 95.5 96.8 1.4

Nondurable goods

88.9 88.6 88.8 89.4 0.7 95.1 95.7 96.8 97.5 0.7

Private service-providing

96.4 98.2 98.7 98.9 0.2 105.1 109.1 109.7 110.1 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

93.4 94.7 95.0 95.2 0.2 99.6 103.0 103.4 103.6 0.2

Wholesale trade

92.1 94.0 94.3 94.5 0.2 100.9 104.1 104.3 104.4 0.1

Retail trade

93.4 94.8 95.5 95.2 -0.3 97.0 100.4 101.2 101.1 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing

94.1 94.9 95.0 95.8 0.8 101.3 105.4 106.2 106.8 0.6

Utilities

99.4 100.7 99.5 100.5 1.0 109.1 112.3 110.9 111.8 0.8

Information

89.5 88.9 88.7 88.2 -0.6 99.9 99.8 99.9 99.1 -0.8

Financial activities

93.7 94.8 94.8 95.0 0.2 100.8 104.6 104.8 105.6 0.8

Professional and business services

95.8 98.7 99.0 99.4 0.4 106.5 111.7 111.9 112.4 0.4

Education and health services

104.9 107.0 107.2 107.4 0.2 114.6 119.8 120.0 120.9 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

96.7 100.1 100.2 100.5 0.3 102.8 107.4 107.7 107.8 0.1

Other services

93.4 94.0 93.8 93.9 0.1 107.9 110.0 109.9 110.1 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)

Total nonfarm

64,681 65,138 65,210 65,305 49.6 49.4 49.3 49.3

Total private

52,056 52,626 52,708 52,810 48.1 47.9 47.8 47.8

Goods-producing

4,065 4,045 4,048 4,065 22.8 22.3 22.3 22.3

Mining and logging

101 108 110 112 13.7 13.3 13.4 13.5

Construction

709 707 710 710 13.0 12.8 12.8 12.7

Manufacturing

3,255 3,230 3,228 3,243 28.0 27.4 27.3 27.3

Durable goods

1,720 1,709 1,715 1,722 24.0 23.3 23.3 23.2

Nondurable goods

1,535 1,521 1,513 1,521 34.5 34.2 34.0 34.1

Private service-providing

47,991 48,581 48,660 48,745 53.1 52.9 52.9 52.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,007 10,038 10,047 10,065 40.3 39.9 39.9 39.9

Wholesale trade

1,646.6 1,674.3 1,678.5 1,680.3 30.0 30.1 30.1 30.1

Retail trade

7,225.1 7,220.1 7,223.5 7,234.2 49.7 49.0 49.0 49.1

Transportation and warehousing

1,000.7 1,007.4 1,007.3 1,011.8 23.6 23.3 23.3 23.3

Utilities

134.9 136.0 137.4 138.3 24.5 24.4 24.6 24.7

Information

1,088 1,071 1,068 1,065 40.6 40.5 40.4 40.5

Financial activities

4,490 4,473 4,481 4,477 58.6 58.2 58.2 58.2

Professional and business services

7,565 7,784 7,814 7,840 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.4

Education and health services

15,164 15,383 15,402 15,420 77.0 76.7 76.7 76.7

Leisure and hospitality

6,861 7,013 7,024 7,052 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.2

Other services

2,816 2,819 2,824 2,826 52.8 52.7 52.7 52.7

Government

12,625 12,512 12,502 12,495 56.7 56.9 56.9 56.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)

Total private

89,179 90,742 90,929 91,174

Goods-producing

12,826 13,047 13,117 13,188

Mining and logging

553 614 621 630

Construction

4,134 4,165 4,198 4,224

Manufacturing

8,139 8,268 8,298 8,334

Durable goods

4,902 5,035 5,060 5,093

Nondurable goods

3,237 3,233 3,238 3,241

Private service-providing

76,353 77,695 77,812 77,986

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,002 21,340 21,364 21,393

Wholesale trade

4,391.2 4,459.0 4,477.2 4,494.7

Retail trade

12,525.3 12,712.1 12,714.3 12,717.5

Transportation and warehousing

3,647.2 3,724.4 3,726.5 3,735.6

Utilities

438.6 444.7 445.5 445.3

Information

2,153 2,124 2,126 2,116

Financial activities

5,885 5,896 5,903 5,906

Professional and business services

14,003 14,421 14,470 14,533

Education and health services

17,262 17,569 17,594 17,629

Leisure and hospitality

11,578 11,857 11,864 11,912

Other services

4,470 4,488 4,491 4,497

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.4 33.7 33.7 33.8

Goods-producing

40.2 40.9 41.2 41.3

Mining and logging

46.1 47.0 48.1 48.3

Construction

37.7 38.9 39.2 39.1

Manufacturing

41.1 41.5 41.6 41.9

Durable goods

41.5 41.9 42.1 42.3

Nondurable goods

40.4 40.8 40.9 41.2

Private service-providing

32.3 32.5 32.5 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.5 33.8 33.8 33.9

Wholesale trade

38.3 38.6 38.7 38.6

Retail trade

30.4 30.7 30.7 30.8

Transportation and warehousing

37.5 37.8 37.7 37.8

Utilities

42.4 41.7 40.5 41.2

Information

36.4 36.2 36.0 36.1

Financial activities

36.4 36.5 36.6 36.7

Professional and business services

35.2 35.2 35.2 35.2

Education and health services

32.1 32.4 32.4 32.4

Leisure and hospitality

24.7 24.8 24.9 24.9

Other services

30.7 30.7 30.8 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3

Durable goods

4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4

Nondurable goods

4.0 4.0 3.9 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)

Total private

$19.33 $19.58 $19.60 $19.62 $645.62 $659.85 $660.52 $663.16

Goods-producing

20.53 20.73 20.80 20.80 825.31 847.86 856.96 859.04

Mining and logging

24.09 24.87 24.82 24.82 1,110.55 1,168.89 1,193.84 1,198.81

Construction

23.49 23.68 23.73 23.69 885.57 921.15 930.22 926.28

Manufacturing

18.88 18.98 19.06 19.08 775.97 787.67 792.90 799.45

Durable goods

20.10 20.15 20.13 20.15 834.15 844.29 847.47 852.35

Nondurable goods

16.99 17.11 17.34 17.35 686.40 698.09 709.21 714.82

Private service-providing

19.07 19.34 19.34 19.37 615.96 628.55 628.55 629.53

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.05 17.26 17.25 17.30 571.18 583.39 583.05 586.47

Wholesale trade

21.92 22.00 21.98 22.06 839.54 849.20 850.63 851.52

Retail trade

13.40 13.69 13.67 13.70 407.36 420.28 419.67 421.96

Transportation and warehousing

19.43 19.55 19.62 19.67 728.63 738.99 739.67 743.53

Utilities

30.25 31.15 31.02 31.07 1,282.60 1,298.96 1,256.31 1,280.08

Information

26.35 26.76 26.83 26.78 959.14 968.71 965.88 966.76

Financial activities

21.79 22.20 22.28 22.34 793.16 810.30 815.45 819.88

Professional and business services

23.03 23.21 23.14 23.18 810.66 816.99 814.53 815.94

Education and health services

20.50 20.98 20.99 21.03 658.05 679.75 680.08 681.37

Leisure and hospitality

11.33 11.48 11.49 11.47 279.85 284.70 286.10 285.60

Other services

17.23 17.39 17.42 17.43 528.96 533.87 536.54 536.84

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2011 - Jan.
2012(p)
Jan.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011(p)
Jan.
2012(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2011 - Jan.
2012(p)

Total private

99.5 102.2 102.4 103.0 0.6 128.5 133.7 134.1 135.0 0.7

Goods-producing

78.8 81.5 82.6 83.2 0.7 99.1 103.5 105.2 106.0 0.8

Mining and logging

135.5 153.4 158.7 161.7 1.9 189.8 221.8 229.1 233.4 1.9

Construction

78.0 81.1 82.4 82.7 0.4 99.0 103.7 105.6 105.8 0.2

Manufacturing

76.8 78.8 79.2 80.2 1.3 94.8 97.8 98.8 100.0 1.2

Durable goods

76.5 79.3 80.1 81.0 1.1 95.9 99.7 100.6 101.9 1.3

Nondurable goods

77.1 77.7 78.0 78.7 0.9 92.5 94.0 95.6 96.5 0.9

Private service-providing

105.5 108.0 108.1 108.4 0.3 137.9 143.2 143.4 143.9 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

98.1 100.6 100.7 101.1 0.4 119.3 123.8 123.9 124.8 0.7

Wholesale trade

99.0 101.4 102.0 102.2 0.2 127.9 131.4 132.1 132.8 0.5

Retail trade

96.4 98.8 98.8 99.1 0.3 110.7 115.9 115.8 116.4 0.5

Transportation and warehousing

103.0 106.0 105.8 106.3 0.5 126.9 131.4 131.6 132.6 0.8

Utilities

95.1 94.8 92.3 93.8 1.6 120.1 123.3 119.5 121.7 1.8

Information

89.4 87.8 87.4 87.2 -0.2 116.7 116.3 116.0 115.6 -0.3

Financial activities

102.5 103.0 103.4 103.7 0.3 138.1 141.4 142.4 143.3 0.6

Professional and business services

110.5 113.8 114.2 114.6 0.4 151.4 157.1 157.2 158.1 0.6

Education and health services

119.5 122.8 123.0 123.2 0.2 161.1 169.4 169.7 170.3 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

104.8 107.7 108.2 108.6 0.4 134.8 140.4 141.2 141.5 0.2

Other services

96.2 96.6 97.0 97.1 0.1 120.8 122.4 123.1 123.4 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2011 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: May 14, 2012