Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until        USDL-16-0420
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, March 4, 2016

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- FEBRUARY 2016


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 242,000 in February, and the 
unemployment rate was unchanged at 4.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. Employment gains occurred in health care and social 
assistance, retail trade, food services and drinking places, and private 
educational services. Job losses continued in mining.

Household Survey Data

In February, the unemployment rate held at 4.9 percent, and the number of 
unemployed persons, at 7.8 million, was unchanged. Over the year, the 
unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 0.6 
percentage point and 831,000, respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.5 percent), 
adult women (4.5 percent), teenagers (15.6 percent), Whites (4.3 percent), 
Blacks (8.8 percent), Asians (3.8 percent), and Hispanics (5.4 percent) showed 
little or no change in February. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was 
essentially unchanged at 2.2 million in February and has shown little movement 
since June. In February, these individuals accounted for 27.7 percent of the 
unemployed. (See table A-12.)

The employment-population ratio edged up to 59.8 percent over the month, and 
the labor force participation rate edged up to 62.9 percent. Both measures 
have increased by 0.5 percentage point since September. (See table A-1.) 

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (also referred 
to as involuntary part-time workers) was unchanged in February at 6.0 million 
and has shown little movement since November. These individuals, who would 
have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours 
had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See 
table A-8.)

In February, 1.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, 
down by 356,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for 
work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not 
counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks 
preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 599,000 discouraged workers in 
February, down by 133,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work 
because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.2 million
persons marginally attached to the labor force in February had not searched 
for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 
(See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 242,000 in February. Job growth 
occurred in health care and social assistance, retail trade, food services 
and drinking places, and private educational services. Mining employment 
continued to decline. (See table B-1.)

Health care and social assistance added 57,000 jobs in February. Health care 
employment increased by 38,000 over the month, with job gains in ambulatory 
health care services (+24,000) and hospitals (+11,000). Over the past 12 
months, hospitals have added 181,000 jobs. In February, employment rose by 
19,000 in social assistance, mostly in individual and family services 
(+14,000).

Retail trade continued to add jobs in February (+55,000). Employment rose 
in food and beverage stores (+15,000) and other general merchandise stores 
(+13,000). Retail trade has added 339,000 jobs over the past 12 months.

Food services and drinking places added 40,000 jobs in February. Over the 
year, employment in the industry has grown by 359,000.

Employment in private educational services rose by 28,000 in February, 
after edging down by 20,000 in the prior month.

Construction employment continued to trend up in February (+19,000), with 
a gain of 14,000 in residential specialty trade contractors. Employment 
in construction was up by 253,000 over the past 12 months, with residential 
specialty trade contractors accounting for about half of the increase.

Employment in mining continued to decline in February (-19,000), with job 
losses in support activities for mining (-16,000) and coal mining (-2,000).
Since a recent peak in September 2014, mining has shed 171,000 jobs, with 
more than three-fourths of the loss in support activities for mining.

Employment in other major industries, including manufacturing, wholesale 
trade, transportation and warehousing, financial activities, professional 
and business services, and government, showed little change over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls declined 
by 0.2 hour to 34.4 hours in February. The manufacturing workweek was 
unchanged at 40.8 hours, and factory overtime was 3.3 hours for the third 
month in a row. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory 
employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged down by 0.1 hour to 33.7 hours. 
(See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In February, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm 
payrolls declined by 3 cents to $25.35, following an increase of 12 cents 
in January. Average hourly earnings have risen by 2.2 percent over the 
year. In February, average hourly earnings of private-sector production 
and nonsupervisory employees were unchanged at $21.32. (See tables B-3 
and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for December was revised 
from +262,000 to +271,000, and the change for January was revised from 
+151,000 to +172,000. With these revisions, employment gains in December 
and January combined were 30,000 more than previously reported. Over the 
past 3 months, job gains have averaged 228,000 per month.

_____________
The Employment Situation for March is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
April 1, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Change from:
Jan.
2016-
Feb.
2016

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

249,899 251,936 252,397 252,577 180

Civilian labor force

156,878 157,833 158,335 158,890 555

Participation rate

62.8 62.6 62.7 62.9 0.2

Employed

148,231 149,929 150,544 151,074 530

Employment-population ratio

59.3 59.5 59.6 59.8 0.2

Unemployed

8,646 7,904 7,791 7,815 24

Unemployment rate

5.5 5.0 4.9 4.9 0.0

Not in labor force

93,022 94,103 94,062 93,688 -374

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

5.5 5.0 4.9 4.9 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

5.2 4.7 4.5 4.5 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

4.9 4.4 4.5 4.5 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

17.0 16.1 16.0 15.6 -0.4

White

4.7 4.5 4.3 4.3 0.0

Black or African American

10.3 8.3 8.8 8.8 0.0

Asian

4.0 4.0 3.7 3.8 0.1

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

6.7 6.3 5.9 5.4 -0.5

Total, 25 years and over

4.5 4.0 4.0 4.1 0.1

Less than a high school diploma

8.4 6.7 7.4 7.3 -0.1

High school graduates, no college

5.4 5.6 5.3 5.3 0.0

Some college or associate degree

5.0 4.1 4.2 4.2 0.0

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5 0.0

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,177 3,796 3,664 3,749 85

Job leavers

880 821 766 760 -6

Reentrants

2,632 2,476 2,468 2,467 -1

New entrants

949 858 827 833 6

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,432 2,405 2,249 2,297 48

5 to 14 weeks

2,251 2,192 2,282 2,236 -46

15 to 26 weeks

1,317 1,235 1,135 1,132 -3

27 weeks and over

2,677 2,085 2,089 2,165 76

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

6,630 6,022 5,988 5,988 0

Slack work or business conditions

3,847 3,548 3,544 3,579 35

Could only find part-time work

2,395 2,172 2,134 2,104 -30

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,850 20,243 20,311 20,615 304

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,159 1,833 2,089 1,803 -

Discouraged workers

732 663 623 599 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

265 271 172 242

Total private

252 259 182 230

Goods-producing

16 44 29 -15

Mining and logging

-15 -10 -9 -18

Construction

27 48 15 19

Manufacturing

4 6 23 -16

Durable goods(1)

5 -2 16 -12

Motor vehicles and parts

2.2 0.1 4.4 2.0

Nondurable goods

-1 8 7 -4

Private service-providing

236 215 153 245

Wholesale trade

6.9 3.8 9.9 0.7

Retail trade

29.2 6.6 62.1 54.9

Transportation and warehousing

15.4 16.5 -19.5 -5.3

Utilities

0.2 0.9 0.3 2.0

Information

4 10 4 12

Financial activities

9 8 16 6

Professional and business services(1)

39 60 15 23

Temporary help services

-10.4 24.9 -21.7 -9.8

Education and health services(1)

59 63 24 86

Health care and social assistance

38.6 46.7 43.8 57.4

Leisure and hospitality

65 35 45 48

Other services

8 12 -4 17

Government

13 12 -10 12

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

259 282 241 228

Total private

248 281 240 224

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.3 49.4 49.4 49.5

Total private women employees

47.8 47.9 48.0 48.0

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.5 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.6 34.5 34.6 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$24.80 $25.26 $25.38 $25.35

Average weekly earnings

$858.08 $871.47 $878.15 $872.04

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

103.3 104.9 105.3 104.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.3 0.4 -0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

122.4 126.6 127.8 127.1

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.2 0.9 -0.5

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (262 industries)

64.1 62.0 59.5 59.4

Manufacturing (79 industries)

57.6 55.1 59.5 48.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 146,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 623,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 115,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-65,000 to +165,000 (50,000 +/- 115,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
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HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

249,899 252,397 252,577 249,899 251,541 251,747 251,936 252,397 252,577

Civilian labor force

156,213 157,347 158,279 156,878 157,096 157,367 157,833 158,335 158,890

Participation rate

62.5 62.3 62.7 62.8 62.5 62.5 62.6 62.7 62.9

Employed

147,118 149,037 150,060 148,231 149,197 149,444 149,929 150,544 151,074

Employment-population ratio

58.9 59.0 59.4 59.3 59.3 59.4 59.5 59.6 59.8

Unemployed

9,095 8,309 8,219 8,646 7,899 7,924 7,904 7,791 7,815

Unemployment rate

5.8 5.3 5.2 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9

Not in labor force

93,686 95,051 94,298 93,022 94,446 94,380 94,103 94,062 93,688

Persons who currently want a job

6,575 6,166 5,949 6,488 6,039 5,637 5,886 5,973 5,870

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

120,647 121,926 122,017 120,647 121,474 121,577 121,671 121,926 122,017

Civilian labor force

83,040 83,360 84,052 83,690 83,505 83,503 83,876 84,238 84,673

Participation rate

68.8 68.4 68.9 69.4 68.7 68.7 68.9 69.1 69.4

Employed

77,824 78,792 79,415 78,978 79,225 79,182 79,546 80,104 80,491

Employment-population ratio

64.5 64.6 65.1 65.5 65.2 65.1 65.4 65.7 66.0

Unemployed

5,216 4,569 4,637 4,712 4,279 4,321 4,330 4,134 4,181

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.1 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.9

Not in labor force

37,607 38,566 37,965 36,957 37,969 38,074 37,795 37,688 37,344

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

112,209 113,483 113,566 112,209 113,049 113,149 113,241 113,483 113,566

Civilian labor force

80,394 80,731 81,306 80,769 80,660 80,623 80,927 81,333 81,667

Participation rate

71.6 71.1 71.6 72.0 71.3 71.3 71.5 71.7 71.9

Employed

75,671 76,644 77,148 76,575 76,857 76,823 77,119 77,704 77,991

Employment-population ratio

67.4 67.5 67.9 68.2 68.0 67.9 68.1 68.5 68.7

Unemployed

4,723 4,087 4,158 4,194 3,803 3,800 3,808 3,629 3,677

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.1 5.1 5.2 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.5

Not in labor force

31,816 32,753 32,260 31,440 32,389 32,526 32,314 32,151 31,898

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

129,252 130,471 130,561 129,252 130,067 130,170 130,265 130,471 130,561

Civilian labor force

73,173 73,986 74,227 73,187 73,591 73,865 73,957 74,097 74,217

Participation rate

56.6 56.7 56.9 56.6 56.6 56.7 56.8 56.8 56.8

Employed

69,294 70,246 70,646 69,253 69,971 70,262 70,383 70,440 70,583

Employment-population ratio

53.6 53.8 54.1 53.6 53.8 54.0 54.0 54.0 54.1

Unemployed

3,879 3,741 3,582 3,934 3,620 3,603 3,574 3,657 3,634

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.1 4.8 5.4 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.9

Not in labor force

56,079 56,485 56,333 56,065 56,476 56,305 56,308 56,374 56,344

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,060 122,263 122,345 121,060 121,880 121,979 122,071 122,263 122,345

Civilian labor force

70,526 71,242 71,518 70,335 70,833 71,139 71,069 71,171 71,313

Participation rate

58.3 58.3 58.5 58.1 58.1 58.3 58.2 58.2 58.3

Employed

67,058 67,904 68,305 66,866 67,624 67,891 67,911 67,940 68,094

Employment-population ratio

55.4 55.5 55.8 55.2 55.5 55.7 55.6 55.6 55.7

Unemployed

3,468 3,338 3,213 3,469 3,209 3,249 3,157 3,231 3,219

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.7 4.5 4.9 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.5 4.5

Not in labor force

50,534 51,022 50,828 50,725 51,047 50,840 51,002 51,092 51,032

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,630 16,651 16,666 16,630 16,612 16,619 16,624 16,651 16,666

Civilian labor force

5,293 5,375 5,456 5,774 5,603 5,605 5,837 5,832 5,909

Participation rate

31.8 32.3 32.7 34.7 33.7 33.7 35.1 35.0 35.5

Employed

4,389 4,490 4,608 4,790 4,715 4,729 4,899 4,901 4,990

Employment-population ratio

26.4 27.0 27.6 28.8 28.4 28.5 29.5 29.4 29.9

Unemployed

904 885 848 984 887 875 938 931 920

Unemployment rate

17.1 16.5 15.5 17.0 15.8 15.6 16.1 16.0 15.6

Not in labor force

11,337 11,276 11,211 10,856 11,010 11,014 10,787 10,819 10,757

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

196,392 197,639 197,718 196,392 197,271 197,377 197,471 197,639 197,718

Civilian labor force

123,224 123,578 124,262 123,806 123,375 123,496 123,815 124,362 124,748

Participation rate

62.7 62.5 62.8 63.0 62.5 62.6 62.7 62.9 63.1

Employed

116,944 117,800 118,584 117,948 117,978 118,115 118,295 119,029 119,442

Employment-population ratio

59.5 59.6 60.0 60.1 59.8 59.8 59.9 60.2 60.4

Unemployed

6,279 5,779 5,678 5,858 5,396 5,381 5,520 5,333 5,306

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.3

Not in labor force

73,169 74,061 73,456 72,586 73,896 73,881 73,656 73,277 72,970

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,559 64,515 64,988 64,913 64,563 64,503 64,691 65,002 65,304

Participation rate

72.0 71.5 71.9 72.4 71.7 71.6 71.7 72.0 72.3

Employed

61,228 61,611 62,078 62,025 61,921 61,884 61,988 62,482 62,787

Employment-population ratio

68.3 68.2 68.7 69.2 68.7 68.7 68.7 69.2 69.5

Unemployed

3,330 2,904 2,910 2,888 2,642 2,619 2,702 2,520 2,517

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.1 4.1 4.2 3.9 3.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,499 54,811 54,984 54,358 54,431 54,638 54,521 54,753 54,803

Participation rate

57.7 57.7 57.8 57.6 57.4 57.6 57.4 57.6 57.6

Employed

52,186 52,570 52,830 52,059 52,284 52,466 52,391 52,603 52,659

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.3 55.6 55.1 55.1 55.3 55.2 55.4 55.4

Unemployed

2,312 2,242 2,153 2,298 2,147 2,172 2,130 2,150 2,144

Unemployment rate

4.2 4.1 3.9 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,166 4,252 4,290 4,536 4,381 4,355 4,603 4,607 4,641

Participation rate

33.8 34.5 34.8 36.8 35.6 35.4 37.4 37.4 37.7

Employed

3,529 3,619 3,676 3,864 3,773 3,765 3,916 3,944 3,995

Employment-population ratio

28.6 29.4 29.8 31.3 30.7 30.6 31.8 32.0 32.4

Unemployed

637 633 614 672 608 590 687 663 645

Unemployment rate

15.3 14.9 14.3 14.8 13.9 13.5 14.9 14.4 13.9

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,222 31,679 31,716 31,222 31,518 31,557 31,594 31,679 31,716

Civilian labor force

18,941 19,355 19,387 19,116 19,402 19,447 19,442 19,536 19,569

Participation rate

60.7 61.1 61.1 61.2 61.6 61.6 61.5 61.7 61.7

Employed

16,975 17,602 17,665 17,150 17,623 17,628 17,819 17,821 17,851

Employment-population ratio

54.4 55.6 55.7 54.9 55.9 55.9 56.4 56.3 56.3

Unemployed

1,966 1,753 1,721 1,966 1,779 1,819 1,623 1,716 1,718

Unemployment rate

10.4 9.1 8.9 10.3 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.8 8.8

Not in labor force

12,281 12,324 12,329 12,106 12,116 12,110 12,152 12,143 12,147

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,628 8,778 8,826 8,711 8,770 8,752 8,780 8,844 8,910

Participation rate

66.6 66.6 66.9 67.3 66.9 66.7 66.8 67.1 67.5

Employed

7,685 7,983 8,014 7,823 7,964 7,885 8,017 8,101 8,146

Employment-population ratio

59.4 60.6 60.7 60.4 60.8 60.1 61.0 61.5 61.7

Unemployed

943 795 812 889 806 867 763 743 764

Unemployment rate

10.9 9.1 9.2 10.2 9.2 9.9 8.7 8.4 8.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,656 9,927 9,897 9,681 9,956 10,009 9,928 9,970 9,938

Participation rate

61.2 62.0 61.8 61.4 62.5 62.8 62.2 62.3 62.0

Employed

8,820 9,134 9,129 8,820 9,154 9,218 9,241 9,179 9,152

Employment-population ratio

55.9 57.1 57.0 55.9 57.5 57.8 57.9 57.4 57.1

Unemployed

835 792 767 861 802 791 686 791 786

Unemployment rate

8.7 8.0 7.8 8.9 8.1 7.9 6.9 7.9 7.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

658 650 664 724 677 686 734 722 720

Participation rate

26.4 26.0 26.6 29.0 27.2 27.6 29.5 28.9 28.8

Employed

471 484 522 507 505 525 560 540 552

Employment-population ratio

18.8 19.4 20.9 20.3 20.3 21.1 22.5 21.7 22.1

Unemployed

188 166 142 216 172 161 174 182 168

Unemployment rate

28.5 25.5 21.4 29.9 25.4 23.5 23.7 25.2 23.3

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

14,291 14,816 14,974 14,291 14,440 14,476 14,553 14,816 14,974

Civilian labor force

9,042 9,189 9,483 9,031 8,955 9,132 9,168 9,192 9,426

Participation rate

63.3 62.0 63.3 63.2 62.0 63.1 63.0 62.0 62.9

Employed

8,672 8,846 9,115 8,674 8,637 8,778 8,805 8,856 9,070

Employment-population ratio

60.7 59.7 60.9 60.7 59.8 60.6 60.5 59.8 60.6

Unemployed

369 343 368 357 318 354 363 337 355

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.5 3.9 4.0 3.7 3.8

Not in labor force

5,249 5,627 5,491 5,260 5,485 5,344 5,385 5,623 5,548

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

39,244 40,215 40,302 39,244 39,916 40,005 40,090 40,215 40,302

Civilian labor force

25,850 26,353 26,528 25,977 26,200 26,225 26,270 26,451 26,642

Participation rate

65.9 65.5 65.8 66.2 65.6 65.6 65.5 65.8 66.1

Employed

23,975 24,605 24,967 24,239 24,535 24,543 24,614 24,893 25,193

Employment-population ratio

61.1 61.2 61.9 61.8 61.5 61.3 61.4 61.9 62.5

Unemployed

1,875 1,747 1,561 1,739 1,665 1,682 1,655 1,558 1,449

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.6 5.9 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.3 5.9 5.4

Not in labor force

13,395 13,862 13,774 13,267 13,716 13,780 13,821 13,764 13,660

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,388 14,532 14,639 14,461 14,464 14,377 14,454 14,590 14,705

Participation rate

81.4 80.2 80.6 81.8 80.4 79.7 79.9 80.5 80.9

Employed

13,397 13,658 13,834 13,599 13,723 13,601 13,659 13,878 14,018

Employment-population ratio

75.8 75.3 76.1 76.9 76.2 75.4 75.6 76.5 77.2

Unemployed

991 874 806 862 741 776 795 712 688

Unemployment rate

6.9 6.0 5.5 6.0 5.1 5.4 5.5 4.9 4.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,333 10,655 10,754 10,332 10,643 10,754 10,646 10,649 10,742

Participation rate

57.8 58.1 58.5 57.8 58.5 59.0 58.2 58.0 58.4

Employed

9,667 9,993 10,163 9,690 9,961 10,031 9,978 10,022 10,167

Employment-population ratio

54.1 54.5 55.3 54.2 54.7 55.0 54.6 54.6 55.3

Unemployed

666 662 591 642 682 723 668 627 576

Unemployment rate

6.4 6.2 5.5 6.2 6.4 6.7 6.3 5.9 5.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,129 1,166 1,135 1,184 1,093 1,095 1,170 1,212 1,194

Participation rate

30.6 31.2 30.3 32.1 29.4 29.4 31.3 32.5 31.9

Employed

911 955 970 950 851 912 977 994 1,008

Employment-population ratio

24.7 25.6 25.9 25.7 22.9 24.5 26.2 26.6 26.9

Unemployed

218 211 165 234 242 183 193 218 186

Unemployment rate

19.3 18.1 14.5 19.8 22.1 16.7 16.5 18.0 15.6

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,867 11,030 10,386 11,106 10,729 10,958 10,847 11,037 10,648

Participation rate

45.2 46.0 45.0 46.2 45.7 45.7 45.4 46.0 46.2

Employed

9,842 10,079 9,530 10,169 9,946 10,210 10,125 10,221 9,871

Employment-population ratio

41.0 42.0 41.3 42.3 42.4 42.6 42.4 42.6 42.8

Unemployed

1,025 951 856 936 784 748 722 816 777

Unemployment rate

9.4 8.6 8.2 8.4 7.3 6.8 6.7 7.4 7.3

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,142 35,195 35,489 35,447 35,354 35,224 34,744 35,347 35,626

Participation rate

57.0 57.5 57.3 57.5 57.1 57.2 57.0 57.8 57.5

Employed

33,037 33,121 33,425 33,538 33,492 33,315 32,812 33,475 33,747

Employment-population ratio

53.6 54.1 54.0 54.4 54.1 54.1 53.8 54.7 54.5

Unemployed

2,106 2,073 2,063 1,908 1,861 1,910 1,933 1,872 1,878

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.9 5.8 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.3 5.3

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,457 37,952 38,156 37,423 37,464 37,610 37,869 38,098 38,106

Participation rate

66.7 66.2 66.8 66.7 66.2 66.7 66.5 66.5 66.7

Employed

35,441 36,220 36,412 35,544 35,838 35,957 36,304 36,493 36,496

Employment-population ratio

63.1 63.2 63.7 63.3 63.3 63.8 63.8 63.7 63.9

Unemployed

2,015 1,732 1,744 1,879 1,626 1,653 1,565 1,605 1,610

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.6 4.6 5.0 4.3 4.4 4.1 4.2 4.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

51,996 52,806 53,563 51,578 52,697 52,757 53,054 52,674 53,112

Participation rate

74.9 73.9 74.4 74.3 74.2 74.0 74.0 73.8 73.8

Employed

50,576 51,458 52,237 50,180 51,366 51,451 51,746 51,358 51,805

Employment-population ratio

72.9 72.1 72.6 72.3 72.3 72.1 72.2 71.9 72.0

Unemployed

1,421 1,348 1,326 1,398 1,331 1,306 1,307 1,316 1,307

Unemployment rate

2.7 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,326 21,007 19,335 18,999 1,991 2,008

Civilian labor force

10,903 10,657 9,577 9,412 1,326 1,245

Participation rate

51.1 50.7 49.5 49.5 66.6 62.0

Employed

10,325 10,221 9,076 9,029 1,250 1,193

Employment-population ratio

48.4 48.7 46.9 47.5 62.8 59.4

Unemployed

578 435 502 383 76 52

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.1 5.2 4.1 5.7 4.2

Not in labor force

10,423 10,350 9,758 9,587 665 763

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,421 3,752 2,838 3,125 584 627

Civilian labor force

2,825 3,063 2,404 2,593 421 470

Participation rate

82.6 81.6 84.7 83.0 72.2 75.0

Employed

2,635 2,918 2,230 2,465 405 453

Employment-population ratio

77.0 77.8 78.6 78.9 69.3 72.3

Unemployed

190 145 174 128 17 17

Unemployment rate

6.7 4.7 7.2 4.9 4.0 3.6

Not in labor force

596 689 434 533 163 157

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,533 3,417 2,965 2,859 567 558

Civilian labor force

2,885 2,774 2,450 2,364 435 410

Participation rate

81.7 81.2 82.6 82.7 76.6 73.5

Employed

2,777 2,690 2,378 2,289 400 401

Employment-population ratio

78.6 78.7 80.2 80.1 70.5 71.8

Unemployed

107 85 72 76 35 9

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.1 2.9 3.2 8.1 2.2

Not in labor force

648 643 515 495 132 148

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,057 8,639 8,735 8,330 322 309

Civilian labor force

2,419 2,205 2,293 2,134 127 70

Participation rate

26.7 25.5 26.2 25.6 39.4 22.7

Employed

2,293 2,105 2,177 2,042 116 63

Employment-population ratio

25.3 24.4 24.9 24.5 36.0 20.4

Unemployed

126 100 115 92 11 7

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.5 5.0 4.3 8.5 -

Not in labor force

6,638 6,434 6,442 6,196 195 239

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,315 5,199 4,797 4,685 518 514

Civilian labor force

2,774 2,615 2,431 2,320 343 294

Participation rate

52.2 50.3 50.7 49.5 66.2 57.2

Employed

2,620 2,508 2,290 2,233 330 276

Employment-population ratio

49.3 48.2 47.7 47.7 63.7 53.6

Unemployed

154 106 141 88 13 19

Unemployment rate

5.6 4.1 5.8 3.8 3.9 6.3

Not in labor force

2,541 2,584 2,366 2,365 175 220

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

219,793 222,623 96,888 98,561 122,906 124,062

Civilian labor force

143,572 145,746 72,636 73,736 70,936 72,010

Participation rate

65.3 65.5 75.0 74.8 57.7 58.0

Employed

135,360 138,309 68,082 69,685 67,278 68,624

Employment-population ratio

61.6 62.1 70.3 70.7 54.7 55.3

Unemployed

8,212 7,437 4,554 4,051 3,658 3,386

Unemployment rate

5.7 5.1 6.3 5.5 5.2 4.7

Not in labor force

76,222 76,877 24,252 24,825 51,970 52,052

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,316 28,915 220,584 223,662

Civilian labor force

5,806 5,643 150,407 152,636

Participation rate

19.8 19.5 68.2 68.2

Employed

5,153 4,936 141,965 145,125

Employment-population ratio

17.6 17.1 64.4 64.9

Unemployed

653 707 8,442 7,511

Unemployment rate

11.2 12.5 5.6 4.9

Not in labor force

23,510 23,272 70,177 71,026

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,637 2,487 75,718 76,563

Participation rate

34.3 33.2 81.8 82.0

Employed

2,321 2,122 71,047 72,490

Employment-population ratio

30.1 28.4 76.8 77.7

Unemployed

316 365 4,671 4,073

Unemployment rate

12.0 14.7 6.2 5.3

Not in labor force

5,061 4,998 16,820 16,782

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,201 2,128 66,993 67,999

Participation rate

28.0 27.3 69.9 70.4

Employed

1,925 1,853 63,564 64,825

Employment-population ratio

24.5 23.8 66.3 67.2

Unemployed

276 275 3,429 3,174

Unemployment rate

12.5 12.9 5.1 4.7

Not in labor force

5,647 5,664 28,886 28,533

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

967 1,028 7,696 8,075

Participation rate

7.0 7.5 23.9 23.9

Employed

907 961 7,354 7,810

Employment-population ratio

6.6 7.0 22.9 23.1

Unemployed

60 67 342 264

Unemployment rate

6.2 6.5 4.4 3.3

Not in labor force

12,802 12,610 24,471 25,712

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,300 40,960 19,540 19,976 20,760 20,984

Civilian labor force

26,276 26,602 15,233 15,402 11,043 11,200

Participation rate

65.2 64.9 78.0 77.1 53.2 53.4

Employed

24,741 25,391 14,326 14,743 10,414 10,648

Employment-population ratio

61.4 62.0 73.3 73.8 50.2 50.7

Unemployed

1,536 1,211 907 659 629 553

Unemployment rate

5.8 4.6 6.0 4.3 5.7 4.9

Not in labor force

14,023 14,358 4,306 4,574 9,717 9,784

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

209,600 211,618 101,108 102,041 108,492 109,577

Civilian labor force

129,937 131,677 67,807 68,650 62,130 63,027

Participation rate

62.0 62.2 67.1 67.3 57.3 57.5

Employed

122,378 124,670 63,497 64,672 58,880 59,998

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.9 62.8 63.4 54.3 54.8

Unemployed

7,559 7,007 4,309 3,978 3,250 3,029

Unemployment rate

5.8 5.3 6.4 5.8 5.2 4.8

Not in labor force

79,663 79,941 33,301 33,391 46,362 46,550

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,234 2,200 2,274 2,424 2,394 2,424 2,411 2,385 2,456

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,397 1,381 1,402 1,566 1,568 1,557 1,562 1,538 1,571

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

808 792 857 841 804 822 814 827 878

Unpaid family workers

29 27 15 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

144,884 146,838 147,787 145,801 146,864 147,110 147,587 148,115 148,620

Wage and salary workers(1)

136,577 138,298 139,112 137,351 138,182 138,478 139,054 139,371 139,815

Government

20,893 20,956 21,104 20,583 20,597 21,088 20,824 20,715 20,775

Private industries

115,683 117,342 118,008 116,782 117,509 117,368 118,193 118,690 119,024

Private households

817 714 685 - - - - - -

Other industries

114,866 116,628 117,322 115,934 116,711 116,626 117,432 118,025 118,332

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,238 8,500 8,606 8,400 8,639 8,593 8,551 8,699 8,735

Unpaid family workers

69 39 69 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,772 6,406 6,106 6,630 5,761 6,085 6,022 5,988 5,988

Slack work or business conditions

4,011 3,941 3,726 3,847 3,289 3,536 3,548 3,544 3,579

Could only find part-time work

2,355 2,054 2,062 2,395 2,189 2,221 2,172 2,134 2,104

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,437 20,554 21,347 19,850 20,179 20,171 20,243 20,311 20,615

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,669 6,234 6,005 6,542 5,702 5,970 5,910 5,851 5,897

Slack work or business conditions

3,941 3,851 3,654 3,794 3,264 3,469 3,482 3,467 3,519

Could only find part-time work

2,345 2,038 2,053 2,394 2,176 2,208 2,161 2,116 2,099

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,079 20,265 20,991 19,502 19,817 19,783 19,932 19,973 20,238

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

147,118 149,037 150,060 148,231 149,197 149,444 149,929 150,544 151,074

16 to 19 years

4,389 4,490 4,608 4,790 4,715 4,729 4,899 4,901 4,990

16 to 17 years

1,433 1,515 1,530 1,638 1,577 1,559 1,648 1,669 1,731

18 to 19 years

2,956 2,975 3,078 3,188 3,130 3,142 3,232 3,222 3,279

20 years and over

142,729 144,547 145,453 143,441 144,481 144,714 145,030 145,644 146,085

20 to 24 years

13,833 13,669 13,848 14,121 14,034 13,920 14,061 14,056 14,109

25 years and over

128,896 130,878 131,605 129,357 130,518 130,837 130,995 131,597 131,922

25 to 54 years

96,086 97,047 97,380 96,572 96,721 96,960 96,976 97,583 97,736

25 to 34 years

32,559 33,096 33,322 32,679 32,793 32,814 32,891 33,320 33,370

35 to 44 years

30,909 31,366 31,370 31,093 31,360 31,361 31,466 31,511 31,548

45 to 54 years

32,618 32,584 32,688 32,800 32,568 32,785 32,620 32,752 32,818

55 years and over

32,810 33,832 34,225 32,786 33,796 33,877 34,019 34,014 34,186

Men, 16 years and over

77,824 78,792 79,415 78,978 79,225 79,182 79,546 80,104 80,491

16 to 19 years

2,153 2,148 2,267 2,403 2,368 2,358 2,427 2,400 2,501

16 to 17 years

666 713 701 795 778 781 780 813 830

18 to 19 years

1,487 1,435 1,565 1,637 1,595 1,571 1,631 1,587 1,681

20 years and over

75,671 76,644 77,148 76,575 76,857 76,823 77,119 77,704 77,991

20 to 24 years

7,102 6,915 7,107 7,331 7,151 7,026 7,173 7,191 7,293

25 years and over

68,569 69,728 70,041 69,234 69,766 69,767 69,945 70,500 70,637

25 to 54 years

51,312 51,865 52,013 51,880 51,836 51,862 51,935 52,436 52,513

25 to 34 years

17,560 17,823 17,905 17,742 17,730 17,732 17,785 18,069 18,056

35 to 44 years

16,595 16,853 16,895 16,784 16,914 16,829 16,933 17,010 17,075

45 to 54 years

17,157 17,189 17,213 17,355 17,192 17,302 17,217 17,357 17,382

55 years and over

17,256 17,864 18,027 17,353 17,931 17,905 18,010 18,064 18,125

Women, 16 years and over

69,294 70,246 70,646 69,253 69,971 70,262 70,383 70,440 70,583

16 to 19 years

2,236 2,342 2,341 2,387 2,347 2,371 2,472 2,501 2,489

16 to 17 years

767 801 829 843 799 778 868 856 901

18 to 19 years

1,470 1,540 1,512 1,551 1,535 1,571 1,601 1,635 1,598

20 years and over

67,058 67,904 68,305 66,866 67,624 67,891 67,911 67,940 68,094

20 to 24 years

6,731 6,754 6,741 6,789 6,883 6,894 6,888 6,865 6,817

25 years and over

60,328 61,150 61,564 60,124 60,752 61,070 61,051 61,096 61,285

25 to 54 years

44,774 45,182 45,367 44,691 44,886 45,098 45,042 45,147 45,224

25 to 34 years

14,999 15,273 15,417 14,937 15,064 15,082 15,106 15,250 15,315

35 to 44 years

14,314 14,514 14,475 14,309 14,445 14,533 14,533 14,501 14,474

45 to 54 years

15,461 15,396 15,475 15,445 15,377 15,483 15,403 15,395 15,435

55 years and over

15,553 15,968 16,197 15,432 15,866 15,972 16,009 15,950 16,061

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,575 44,942 44,874 44,904 44,858 44,816 45,187 45,231 45,175

Married women, spouse present

35,146 35,046 35,344 34,908 35,146 35,185 35,080 34,997 35,100

Women who maintain families

9,137 9,753 9,638 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

119,313 121,411 121,757 120,788 122,054 122,099 122,603 123,141 123,206

Part-time workers(2)

27,805 27,627 28,303 27,415 27,209 27,332 27,359 27,364 27,853

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,221 7,314 7,454 7,062 7,452 7,414 7,738 7,504 7,339

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.9 5.0 4.8 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.0 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,425 5,796 5,793 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,047 9,291 9,463 9,241 9,443 9,415 9,364 9,526 9,613

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

8,646 7,791 7,815 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9

16 to 19 years

984 931 920 17.0 15.8 15.6 16.1 16.0 15.6

16 to 17 years

366 364 401 18.3 18.0 17.1 17.4 17.9 18.8

18 to 19 years

617 566 525 16.2 14.8 15.2 15.2 14.9 13.8

20 years and over

7,663 6,860 6,895 5.1 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5

20 to 24 years

1,558 1,252 1,328 9.9 9.4 9.6 9.4 8.2 8.6

25 years and over

6,109 5,554 5,571 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.1

25 to 54 years

4,628 4,287 4,229 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1

25 to 34 years

1,865 1,783 1,775 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.1

35 to 44 years

1,451 1,301 1,257 4.5 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.8

45 to 54 years

1,312 1,203 1,196 3.8 3.6 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.5

55 years and over

1,474 1,290 1,344 4.3 3.5 3.7 3.2 3.7 3.8

Men, 16 years and over

4,712 4,134 4,181 5.6 5.1 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.9

16 to 19 years

518 505 504 17.7 16.7 18.1 17.7 17.4 16.8

16 to 17 years

183 200 226 18.7 20.2 19.1 20.6 19.8 21.4

18 to 19 years

339 305 285 17.2 15.1 17.8 15.8 16.1 14.5

20 years and over

4,194 3,629 3,677 5.2 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.5

20 to 24 years

888 712 745 10.8 10.6 11.2 10.3 9.0 9.3

25 years and over

3,304 2,881 2,938 4.6 4.1 4.0 4.1 3.9 4.0

25 to 54 years

2,482 2,181 2,182 4.6 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.0

25 to 34 years

1,041 945 959 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.0 5.0

35 to 44 years

747 639 637 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.9 3.6 3.6

45 to 54 years

694 597 586 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.3

55 years and over

822 700 756 4.5 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.7 4.0

Women, 16 years and over

3,934 3,657 3,634 5.4 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.9

16 to 19 years

465 425 415 16.3 14.9 13.0 14.4 14.5 14.3

16 to 17 years

183 164 176 17.9 15.8 15.1 14.2 16.1 16.3

18 to 19 years

278 261 240 15.2 14.4 12.5 14.7 13.8 13.1

20 years and over

3,469 3,231 3,219 4.9 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.5 4.5

20 to 24 years

670 540 583 9.0 8.1 7.9 8.5 7.3 7.9

25 years and over

2,804 2,672 2,632 4.5 4.1 4.2 4.0 4.2 4.1

25 to 54 years

2,146 2,106 2,047 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.3

25 to 34 years

824 838 817 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.0 5.2 5.1

35 to 44 years

704 662 619 4.7 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.1

45 to 54 years

617 606 610 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.8 3.8 3.8

55 years and over

640 580 577 4.0 3.4 3.6 3.1 3.5 3.5

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,408 1,219 1,182 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6

Married women, spouse present

1,168 1,081 1,077 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0

Women who maintain families(1)

760 744 729 7.7 7.5 6.9 5.8 7.1 7.0

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

7,250 6,340 6,380 5.7 5.1 5.1 5.1 4.9 4.9

Part-time workers(3)

1,402 1,444 1,430 4.9 4.6 4.9 4.6 5.0 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,721 4,287 4,244 4,177 3,944 3,873 3,796 3,664 3,749

On temporary layoff

1,349 1,314 1,282 1,027 936 939 937 923 960

Not on temporary layoff

3,372 2,974 2,962 3,150 3,007 2,934 2,859 2,741 2,790

Permanent job losers

2,316 1,986 2,049 2,206 2,115 2,112 2,044 1,876 1,969

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,056 988 912 944 893 822 815 865 821

Job leavers

894 774 766 880 790 800 821 766 760

Reentrants

2,635 2,537 2,467 2,632 2,435 2,449 2,476 2,468 2,467

New entrants

845 711 742 949 812 847 858 827 833

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

51.9 51.6 51.6 48.4 49.4 48.6 47.7 47.4 48.0

On temporary layoff

14.8 15.8 15.6 11.9 11.7 11.8 11.8 11.9 12.3

Not on temporary layoff

37.1 35.8 36.0 36.5 37.7 36.8 36.0 35.5 35.7

Job leavers

9.8 9.3 9.3 10.2 9.9 10.0 10.3 9.9 9.7

Reentrants

29.0 30.5 30.0 30.5 30.5 30.7 31.1 31.9 31.6

New entrants

9.3 8.6 9.0 11.0 10.2 10.6 10.8 10.7 10.7

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.0 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.4

Job leavers

0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.7 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

New entrants

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,185 2,574 2,057 2,432 2,339 2,412 2,405 2,249 2,297

5 to 14 weeks

2,662 2,438 2,636 2,251 2,295 2,253 2,192 2,282 2,236

15 weeks and over

4,248 3,297 3,525 3,993 3,359 3,324 3,320 3,224 3,297

15 to 26 weeks

1,485 1,144 1,277 1,317 1,227 1,270 1,235 1,135 1,132

27 weeks and over

2,763 2,153 2,248 2,677 2,132 2,054 2,085 2,089 2,165

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

31.1 27.6 29.0 31.4 28.0 27.9 27.6 28.9 29.0

Median duration, in weeks

13.1 10.5 11.7 13.0 11.1 10.7 10.5 10.9 11.2

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

24.0 31.0 25.0 28.0 29.3 30.2 30.4 29.0 29.3

5 to 14 weeks

29.3 29.3 32.1 25.9 28.7 28.2 27.7 29.4 28.6

15 weeks and over

46.7 39.7 42.9 46.0 42.0 41.6 41.9 41.6 42.1

15 to 26 weeks

16.3 13.8 15.5 15.2 15.4 15.9 15.6 14.6 14.5

27 weeks and over

30.4 25.9 27.4 30.8 26.7 25.7 26.3 26.9 27.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016

Total, 16 years and over(1)

147,118 150,060 9,095 8,219 5.8 5.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

57,596 59,583 1,601 1,456 2.7 2.4

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

23,630 24,769 674 672 2.8 2.6

Professional and related occupations

33,966 34,815 927 784 2.7 2.2

Service occupations

24,802 25,678 1,971 1,792 7.4 6.5

Sales and office occupations

34,054 33,766 1,821 1,769 5.1 5.0

Sales and related occupations

15,838 16,146 868 751 5.2 4.4

Office and administrative support occupations

18,216 17,619 953 1,018 5.0 5.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,258 13,351 1,454 1,227 9.9 8.4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

966 978 170 146 15.0 13.0

Construction and extraction occupations

7,323 7,595 959 834 11.6 9.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,968 4,778 325 247 6.1 4.9

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,409 17,683 1,380 1,193 7.3 6.3

Production occupations

8,481 8,472 639 546 7.0 6.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,928 9,211 741 647 7.7 6.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016

Total, 16 years and over(1)

9,095 8,219 5.8 5.2

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

7,046 6,295 5.7 5.1

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

90 85 8.6 9.2

Construction

906 749 10.6 8.7

Manufacturing

814 729 5.2 4.7

Durable goods

456 454 4.7 4.7

Nondurable goods

357 275 6.2 4.8

Wholesale and retail trade

1,193 1,086 5.7 5.3

Transportation and utilities

308 297 5.0 4.4

Information

130 103 4.5 3.7

Financial activities

292 349 3.1 3.6

Professional and business services

911 932 5.8 5.8

Education and health services

794 692 3.5 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

1,165 965 8.8 7.1

Other services

443 307 6.7 4.7

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

196 164 12.7 10.8

Government workers

513 596 2.4 2.7

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

495 422 5.1 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.7 2.1 2.2 2.5 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.0 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.4

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

5.8 5.3 5.2 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

6.3 5.7 5.6 6.0 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.1 6.5 6.3 6.8 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.0

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

11.4 10.5 10.1 11.0 9.8 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.7

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2016

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

93,686 94,298 37,607 37,965 56,079 56,333

Persons who currently want a job

6,575 5,949 3,054 2,759 3,521 3,189

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,159 1,803 1,108 943 1,052 860

Discouraged workers(2)

732 599 430 363 302 236

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,428 1,204 678 580 750 624

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,221 7,454 3,585 3,592 3,636 3,862

Percent of total employed

4.9 5.0 4.6 4.5 5.2 5.5

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,824 3,891 2,105 2,092 1,720 1,799

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,983 2,146 687 734 1,296 1,412

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

231 255 143 164 88 91

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,132 1,107 621 570 511 537

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)
Change from:
Jan.2016 - Feb.2016(p)

Total nonfarm

139,343 144,116 141,155 142,005 140,888 143,146 143,318 143,560 242

Total private

117,084 121,710 119,271 119,678 118,921 121,106 121,288 121,518 230

Goods-producing

19,042 19,595 19,198 19,171 19,568 19,678 19,707 19,692 -15

Mining and logging

861 765 741 717 875 761 752 734 -18

Logging

50.9 51.1 49.4 49.8 52.9 50.8 50.4 51.5 1.1

Mining

809.8 714.0 691.8 667.5 822.4 710.3 701.2 682.0 -19.2

Oil and gas extraction

196.2 184.3 181.8 178.8 197.2 182.9 181.6 179.8 -1.8

Mining, except oil and gas

196.0 188.6 182.2 180.8 204.7 191.3 190.6 189.1 -1.5

Coal mining

68.2 60.7 58.9 57.0 68.5 60.6 59.4 57.7 -1.7

Metal ore mining

42.9 39.8 39.1 38.9 43.3 39.8 39.3 39.2 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

84.9 88.1 84.2 84.9 93.0 91.0 91.9 92.2 0.3

Support activities for mining

417.6 341.1 327.8 307.9 420.5 336.1 329.0 313.1 -15.9

Construction

5,962 6,507 6,210 6,215 6,378 6,597 6,612 6,631 19

Construction of buildings

1,346.3 1,433.8 1,393.5 1,392.6 1,411.6 1,438.8 1,451.5 1,457.9 6.4

Residential building

648.4 706.0 682.2 679.6 683.3 707.6 713.4 715.5 2.1

Nonresidential building

697.9 727.8 711.3 713.0 728.3 731.2 738.1 742.4 4.3

Heavy and civil engineering construction

826.6 908.4 831.1 834.3 930.4 943.7 937.6 938.3 0.7

Specialty trade contractors

3,788.7 4,164.4 3,985.3 3,988.1 4,035.7 4,214.0 4,222.6 4,234.9 12.3

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,629.9 1,812.7 1,738.8 1,750.9 1,745.8 1,843.0 1,854.9 1,868.7 13.8

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,158.8 2,351.7 2,246.5 2,237.2 2,289.9 2,371.0 2,367.7 2,366.2 -1.5

Manufacturing

12,219 12,323 12,247 12,239 12,315 12,320 12,343 12,327 -16

Durable goods

7,721 7,735 7,698 7,691 7,769 7,731 7,747 7,735 -12

Wood products

372.7 385.2 377.8 377.7 377.8 385.6 383.6 383.0 -0.6

Nonmetallic mineral products

376.8 397.4 387.2 386.4 392.6 400.7 401.6 402.6 1.0

Primary metals

399.6 384.8 383.3 380.2 401.0 383.9 382.8 381.2 -1.6

Fabricated metal products

1,463.7 1,442.7 1,438.3 1,430.1 1,472.2 1,440.0 1,445.5 1,436.0 -9.5

Machinery

1,135.8 1,103.5 1,098.7 1,097.6 1,137.6 1,102.3 1,100.5 1,098.8 -1.7

Computer and electronic products

1,050.1 1,041.4 1,043.4 1,042.0 1,054.9 1,042.3 1,046.3 1,045.9 -0.4

Computer and peripheral equipment

158.9 156.2 161.5 161.6 160.0 157.2 161.0 162.1 1.1

Communications equipment

89.3 86.1 85.5 84.6 89.7 85.8 85.5 84.9 -0.6

Semiconductors and electronic components

368.6 365.5 365.0 364.9 369.4 365.5 366.2 365.7 -0.5

Electronic instruments

397.2 398.3 396.8 396.0 399.3 398.8 398.7 398.0 -0.7

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

36.1 35.3 34.6 34.9 36.5 35.0 34.8 35.2 0.4

Electrical equipment and appliances

382.1 384.9 384.9 385.1 382.5 384.3 385.7 385.4 -0.3

Transportation equipment(1)

1,588.2 1,608.1 1,602.6 1,607.6 1,588.7 1,605.4 1,610.1 1,608.9 -1.2

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

896.2 919.6 917.5 921.9 897.2 918.1 922.5 924.5 2.0

Furniture and related products

371.9 386.3 385.1 387.6 376.7 387.2 390.2 392.7 2.5

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

580.5 600.3 596.7 596.6 584.8 598.8 600.4 600.8 0.4

Nondurable goods

4,498 4,588 4,549 4,548 4,546 4,589 4,596 4,592 -4

Food manufacturing

1,478.4 1,511.8 1,498.6 1,495.7 1,503.4 1,512.2 1,522.3 1,517.5 -4.8

Textile mills

117.0 115.2 115.0 114.7 117.6 115.2 116.3 115.1 -1.2

Textile product mills

114.5 117.3 116.3 116.8 115.9 116.9 118.0 118.2 0.2

Apparel

137.6 136.9 134.5 135.2 137.2 136.1 134.4 134.9 0.5

Paper and paper products

370.1 373.6 372.3 370.5 372.0 373.1 373.0 372.3 -0.7

Printing and related support activities

448.6 451.4 446.3 443.6 450.5 448.5 447.7 445.7 -2.0

Petroleum and coal products

105.3 114.8 111.5 111.2 109.3 116.7 115.9 115.5 -0.4

Chemicals

805.9 815.1 813.2 815.4 807.8 814.5 815.3 816.8 1.5

Plastics and rubber products

680.9 689.3 686.5 687.4 684.2 690.5 690.3 690.1 -0.2

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

239.3 262.5 254.6 257.1 248.0 265.6 262.6 265.8 3.2

Private service-providing

98,042 102,115 100,073 100,507 99,353 101,428 101,581 101,826 245

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,344 27,867 27,000 26,814 26,750 27,114 27,167 27,220 53

Wholesale trade

5,815.5 5,907.7 5,863.0 5,867.4 5,860.0 5,901.1 5,911.0 5,911.7 0.7

Durable goods

2,915.9 2,948.3 2,933.2 2,935.4 2,929.8 2,945.6 2,948.2 2,949.2 1.0

Nondurable goods

1,999.8 2,049.8 2,027.4 2,028.8 2,024.5 2,050.3 2,053.2 2,053.5 0.3

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

899.8 909.6 902.4 903.2 905.7 905.2 909.6 909.0 -0.6

Retail trade

15,238.9 16,303.2 15,725.4 15,583.0 15,539.2 15,760.8 15,822.9 15,877.8 54.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,886.8 1,963.8 1,957.1 1,962.6 1,910.0 1,973.9 1,982.1 1,984.7 2.6

Automobile dealers

1,214.0 1,268.7 1,264.8 1,268.5 1,222.0 1,271.2 1,273.6 1,275.9 2.3

Other motor vehicle dealers

134.1 143.1 141.7 143.1 143.0 150.7 152.4 152.2 -0.2

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

538.7 552.0 550.6 551.0 545.0 552.0 556.1 556.6 0.5

Furniture and home furnishings stores

463.1 490.1 476.6 472.1 469.1 467.4 474.5 477.4 2.9

Electronics and appliance stores

511.7 553.7 547.3 525.4 514.8 524.5 527.9 528.8 0.9

Building material and garden supply stores

1,185.9 1,221.0 1,198.5 1,221.9 1,234.2 1,258.4 1,262.7 1,268.6 5.9

Food and beverage stores

3,025.1 3,089.8 3,051.9 3,054.7 3,057.2 3,067.5 3,071.3 3,086.4 15.1

Health and personal care stores

1,029.0 1,051.5 1,038.0 1,035.5 1,033.4 1,033.2 1,035.5 1,038.7 3.2

Gasoline stations

880.7 912.6 905.7 901.9 897.4 915.4 917.2 918.4 1.2

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,301.2 1,517.5 1,386.8 1,338.5 1,354.0 1,359.1 1,378.8 1,389.9 11.1

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

610.9 692.0 631.3 623.4 629.2 628.4 631.3 638.0 6.7

General merchandise stores

3,042.9 3,387.1 3,182.1 3,108.6 3,112.4 3,164.4 3,172.6 3,180.9 8.3

Department stores

1,308.5 1,466.9 1,341.3 1,281.0 1,339.6 1,313.1 1,316.9 1,312.8 -4.1

Other general merchandise stores

1,734.4 1,920.2 1,840.8 1,827.6 1,772.8 1,851.3 1,855.6 1,868.1 12.5

Miscellaneous store retailers

806.0 863.6 821.1 816.9 821.9 844.3 839.1 834.0 -5.1

Nonstore retailers

495.6 560.5 529.0 521.5 505.6 524.3 529.9 532.0 2.1

Transportation and warehousing

4,738.2 5,093.4 4,849.0 4,800.4 4,796.0 4,888.8 4,869.3 4,864.0 -5.3

Air transportation

447.6 460.9 460.4 459.8 450.5 462.0 462.8 462.7 -0.1

Rail transportation

245.7 228.9 222.9 219.9 246.8 229.1 223.7 220.8 -2.9

Water transportation

65.0 60.8 59.8 59.0 66.6 61.5 61.5 60.8 -0.7

Truck transportation

1,417.4 1,462.5 1,436.9 1,431.8 1,451.6 1,463.8 1,466.3 1,465.7 -0.6

Transit and ground passenger transportation

484.5 490.9 484.1 485.1 472.7 473.8 472.3 473.4 1.1

Pipeline transportation

47.9 50.3 50.3 49.4 48.1 50.2 50.3 49.5 -0.8

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

24.5 24.4 20.9 21.3 31.4 29.5 28.7 28.8 0.1

Support activities for transportation

632.1 658.1 648.1 648.1 637.1 654.5 653.0 653.2 0.2

Couriers and messengers

589.6 792.3 631.9 591.2 599.0 623.7 610.0 606.0 -4.0

Warehousing and storage

783.9 864.3 833.7 834.8 792.2 840.7 840.7 843.1 2.4

Utilities

551.6 563.1 562.1 563.5 554.8 563.7 564.0 566.0 2.0

Information

2,729 2,768 2,730 2,773 2,738 2,763 2,767 2,779 12

Publishing industries, except Internet

723.3 727.0 723.7 724.9 726.6 724.0 726.3 727.9 1.6

Motion picture and sound recording industries

390.7 401.5 376.5 414.7 393.1 406.2 406.5 413.6 7.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

278.4 281.3 277.6 278.4 279.4 279.7 278.9 279.3 0.4

Telecommunications

811.3 807.5 803.3 801.4 811.3 804.0 804.1 801.9 -2.2

Data processing, hosting and related services

290.8 300.0 296.2 297.7 291.9 298.9 298.4 299.3 0.9

Other information services

234.4 250.2 252.3 256.3 235.4 249.7 252.3 257.0 4.7

Financial activities

8,016 8,201 8,154 8,159 8,070 8,190 8,206 8,212 6

Finance and insurance

5,983.8 6,101.2 6,085.0 6,092.1 5,995.6 6,084.7 6,094.6 6,102.9 8.3

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.8 17.9 17.8 17.8 18.0 17.9 17.9 17.9 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,555.8 2,579.1 2,577.6 2,574.8 2,561.1 2,572.7 2,579.1 2,579.3 0.2

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,682.0 1,677.8 1,677.4 1,674.6 1,683.9 1,676.2 1,676.1 1,676.0 -0.1

Commercial banking

1,279.7 1,265.0 1,263.7 1,260.8 1,280.4 1,264.0 1,262.2 1,261.0 -1.2

Nondepository credit intermediation

584.1 602.0 600.9 601.0 586.9 599.1 602.5 603.5 1.0

Activities related to credit intermediation

289.7 299.3 299.3 299.2 290.3 297.4 300.5 299.7 -0.8

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

897.0 922.9 916.6 917.4 899.1 920.7 919.3 919.5 0.2

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,513.2 2,581.3 2,573.0 2,582.1 2,517.4 2,573.4 2,578.3 2,586.2 7.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,031.7 2,099.5 2,068.7 2,066.5 2,074.5 2,104.8 2,111.2 2,108.7 -2.5

Real estate

1,480.6 1,540.9 1,517.0 1,516.6 1,505.2 1,537.7 1,541.0 1,541.2 0.2

Rental and leasing services

527.9 534.7 528.7 526.7 545.7 543.5 546.6 543.9 -2.7

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.2 23.9 23.0 23.2 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.6 0.0

Professional and business services

19,137 20,079 19,669 19,742 19,409 19,981 19,996 20,019 23

Professional and technical services

8,568.4 8,787.6 8,795.2 8,865.1 8,507.9 8,756.5 8,788.0 8,805.6 17.6

Legal services

1,112.0 1,130.0 1,115.1 1,114.8 1,118.3 1,124.2 1,123.1 1,121.6 -1.5

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,090.3 1,000.8 1,088.6 1,136.0 963.4 1,004.1 1,009.8 1,009.9 0.1

Architectural and engineering services

1,373.9 1,423.3 1,414.5 1,415.7 1,395.1 1,425.3 1,432.1 1,437.6 5.5

Specialized design services

129.1 141.9 136.9 137.3 130.8 139.6 140.0 139.4 -0.6

Computer systems design and related services

1,863.8 1,953.8 1,949.9 1,954.0 1,868.7 1,950.8 1,955.4 1,959.8 4.4

Management and technical consulting services

1,244.8 1,314.4 1,289.1 1,296.9 1,255.8 1,299.7 1,304.2 1,307.6 3.4

Scientific research and development services

644.3 662.2 657.3 657.5 649.4 662.1 663.4 662.5 -0.9

Advertising and related services

475.3 493.5 489.8 490.6 478.4 490.9 493.9 493.5 -0.4

Other professional and technical services

634.9 667.7 654.0 662.3 648.0 659.7 666.1 673.9 7.8

Management of companies and enterprises

2,179.5 2,251.1 2,243.8 2,245.8 2,192.0 2,246.8 2,251.1 2,257.9 6.8

Administrative and waste services

8,388.6 9,039.9 8,629.8 8,630.9 8,709.1 8,977.6 8,956.4 8,955.7 -0.7

Administrative and support services

8,003.6 8,639.6 8,235.6 8,237.3 8,315.5 8,573.8 8,554.3 8,553.0 -1.3

Office administrative services

463.1 482.0 480.3 483.0 466.8 482.3 483.5 485.5 2.0

Facilities support services

137.4 143.5 141.1 142.9 137.0 143.9 142.7 143.0 0.3

Employment services(1)

3,338.8 3,744.3 3,458.7 3,451.0 3,474.7 3,619.5 3,596.6 3,589.0 -7.6

Temporary help services

2,708.8 3,057.3 2,805.3 2,793.6 2,826.6 2,944.1 2,922.4 2,912.6 -9.8

Business support services

893.8 921.9 903.9 898.8 890.7 897.3 900.3 896.5 -3.8

Travel arrangement and reservation services

196.0 201.0 195.6 198.6 199.7 202.4 200.5 202.4 1.9

Investigation and security services

860.6 887.6 876.9 880.6 869.1 882.6 884.0 887.8 3.8

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,812.0 1,948.9 1,865.0 1,865.7 1,972.7 2,029.7 2,029.4 2,029.8 0.4

Other support services

301.9 310.4 314.1 316.7 304.7 316.0 317.3 319.0 1.7

Waste management and remediation services

385.0 400.3 394.2 393.6 393.6 403.8 402.1 402.7 0.6

Education and health services

21,887 22,559 22,257 22,588 21,790 22,378 22,402 22,488 86

Educational services

3,591.1 3,614.2 3,382.2 3,658.4 3,447.7 3,501.8 3,482.3 3,510.5 28.2

Health care and social assistance

18,296.0 18,945.0 18,874.6 18,929.5 18,342.7 18,876.0 18,919.8 18,977.2 57.4

Health care(3)

14,847.4 15,354.5 15,296.0 15,327.0 14,897.4 15,302.5 15,340.2 15,378.3 38.1

Ambulatory health care services

6,745.3 7,020.4 6,983.3 7,007.4 6,770.3 6,991.9 7,007.2 7,030.8 23.6

Offices of physicians

2,497.5 2,582.9 2,569.7 2,576.9 2,503.2 2,568.7 2,574.2 2,581.7 7.5

Offices of dentists

895.2 927.6 923.4 926.2 899.6 926.4 926.1 928.9 2.8

Offices of other health practitioners

799.5 829.7 829.1 834.7 802.4 827.3 832.7 836.7 4.0

Outpatient care centers

730.4 763.0 759.0 760.9 731.9 760.8 760.7 762.7 2.0

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

255.2 260.8 256.2 256.3 255.1 259.7 257.1 256.8 -0.3

Home health care services

1,287.1 1,363.2 1,356.2 1,361.9 1,295.6 1,355.5 1,363.4 1,370.5 7.1

Other ambulatory health care services

280.4 293.2 289.7 290.5 282.5 293.5 293.0 293.5 0.5

Hospitals

4,838.7 5,009.3 5,011.9 5,018.0 4,846.8 4,998.5 5,017.4 5,028.0 10.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,263.4 3,324.8 3,300.8 3,301.6 3,280.3 3,312.1 3,315.6 3,319.5 3.9

Nursing care facilities

1,641.8 1,664.8 1,650.6 1,647.9 1,650.8 1,659.7 1,657.8 1,657.6 -0.2

Residential mental health facilities

602.3 609.8 607.7 608.8 605.7 608.8 610.5 611.9 1.4

Community care facilities for the elderly

858.5 887.1 882.2 883.8 861.0 880.9 885.0 887.2 2.2

Other residential care facilities

160.8 163.1 160.3 161.1 162.9 162.7 162.3 162.9 0.6

Social assistance

3,448.6 3,590.5 3,578.6 3,602.5 3,445.3 3,573.5 3,579.6 3,598.9 19.3

Individual and family services

2,087.5 2,198.6 2,187.7 2,201.6 2,090.1 2,193.2 2,191.8 2,205.7 13.9

Emergency and other relief services

151.7 157.0 156.6 156.7 153.0 155.7 157.2 157.7 0.5

Vocational rehabilitation services

331.1 334.7 331.6 333.6 336.3 335.7 336.3 338.6 2.3

Child day care services

878.3 900.2 902.7 910.6 865.8 888.9 894.2 896.9 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

14,374 15,000 14,675 14,808 14,989 15,342 15,387 15,435 48

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,916.4 2,029.7 1,950.4 1,981.6 2,128.3 2,195.5 2,196.6 2,202.2 5.6

Performing arts and spectator sports

406.0 446.7 411.1 426.7 439.5 464.3 462.7 463.7 1.0

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

137.9 145.6 141.7 140.4 149.1 152.5 153.3 152.2 -1.1

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,372.5 1,437.4 1,397.6 1,414.5 1,539.7 1,578.7 1,580.6 1,586.3 5.7

Accommodation and food services

12,457.6 12,969.8 12,724.5 12,825.9 12,860.2 13,146.4 13,190.4 13,232.8 42.4

Accommodation

1,831.9 1,859.2 1,831.3 1,846.6 1,917.6 1,926.4 1,928.6 1,930.8 2.2

Food services and drinking places

10,625.7 11,110.6 10,893.2 10,979.3 10,942.6 11,220.0 11,261.8 11,302.0 40.2

Other services

5,555 5,641 5,588 5,623 5,607 5,660 5,656 5,673 17

Repair and maintenance

1,260.8 1,283.3 1,270.9 1,284.4 1,271.4 1,290.9 1,286.2 1,295.0 8.8

Personal and laundry services

1,369.0 1,417.4 1,395.2 1,402.7 1,385.5 1,417.2 1,413.6 1,419.7 6.1

Membership associations and organizations

2,925.0 2,940.6 2,921.7 2,935.9 2,949.7 2,952.3 2,956.2 2,958.6 2.4

Government

22,259 22,406 21,884 22,327 21,967 22,040 22,030 22,042 12

Federal

2,730.0 2,785.0 2,748.0 2,754.0 2,747.0 2,768.0 2,764.0 2,769.0 5.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,136.5 2,163.2 2,152.6 2,152.4 2,151.2 2,164.3 2,166.0 2,166.3 0.3

U.S. Postal Service

593.1 621.6 595.4 602.0 595.5 603.6 597.5 602.5 5.0

State government

5,227.0 5,231.0 4,987.0 5,205.0 5,096.0 5,108.0 5,087.0 5,082.0 -5.0

State government education

2,565.3 2,568.6 2,329.0 2,550.0 2,423.0 2,435.2 2,416.4 2,413.6 -2.8

State government, excluding education

2,661.2 2,662.6 2,657.8 2,655.1 2,672.6 2,672.5 2,670.4 2,668.1 -2.3

Local government

14,302.0 14,390.0 14,149.0 14,368.0 14,124.0 14,164.0 14,179.0 14,191.0 12.0

Local government education

8,129.6 8,123.6 7,921.2 8,121.4 7,825.1 7,813.5 7,816.5 7,817.5 1.0

Local government, excluding education

6,172.5 6,265.9 6,228.2 6,246.9 6,298.6 6,350.3 6,362.7 6,373.0 10.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.6 34.5 34.6 34.4

Goods-producing

40.5 40.4 40.4 40.2

Mining and logging

44.5 44.0 43.5 42.9

Construction

39.0 39.6 39.3 38.9

Manufacturing

40.9 40.6 40.8 40.8

Durable goods

41.3 41.0 41.2 41.3

Nondurable goods

40.3 39.8 40.0 39.9

Private service-providing

33.4 33.4 33.4 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.6 34.7 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.9 39.0 39.0

Retail trade

31.4 31.3 31.4 31.2

Transportation and warehousing

39.0 39.1 39.1 38.9

Utilities

42.4 42.4 42.5 41.5

Information

36.4 36.0 36.2 36.0

Financial activities

37.4 37.7 37.7 37.6

Professional and business services

36.2 36.2 36.3 36.1

Education and health services

32.8 32.9 32.9 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

26.4 26.2 26.2 26.1

Other services

31.9 31.9 31.9 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)

Total private

$24.80 $25.26 $25.38 $25.35 $858.08 $871.47 $878.15 $872.04

Goods-producing

25.94 26.44 26.51 26.51 1,050.57 1,068.18 1,071.00 1,065.70

Mining and logging

30.88 31.30 31.70 31.51 1,374.16 1,377.20 1,378.95 1,351.78

Construction

27.04 27.60 27.62 27.69 1,054.56 1,092.96 1,085.47 1,077.14

Manufacturing

25.02 25.51 25.60 25.58 1,023.32 1,035.71 1,044.48 1,043.66

Durable goods

26.37 26.83 26.93 26.89 1,089.08 1,100.03 1,109.52 1,110.56

Nondurable goods

22.64 23.21 23.29 23.32 912.39 923.76 931.60 930.47

Private service-providing

24.52 24.99 25.11 25.08 818.97 834.67 838.67 835.16

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.67 22.03 22.09 22.10 749.78 762.24 766.52 762.45

Wholesale trade

28.37 28.80 28.99 28.99 1,103.59 1,120.32 1,130.61 1,130.61

Retail trade

17.35 17.73 17.73 17.74 544.79 554.95 556.72 553.49

Transportation and warehousing

22.89 23.06 23.14 23.20 892.71 901.65 904.77 902.48

Utilities

36.59 37.66 37.75 37.55 1,551.42 1,596.78 1,604.38 1,558.33

Information

34.65 35.90 36.06 36.25 1,261.26 1,292.40 1,305.37 1,305.00

Financial activities

31.23 31.87 32.12 31.98 1,168.00 1,201.50 1,210.92 1,202.45

Professional and business services

29.79 30.26 30.47 30.36 1,078.40 1,095.41 1,106.06 1,096.00

Education and health services

25.07 25.51 25.58 25.59 822.30 839.28 841.58 839.35

Leisure and hospitality

14.21 14.49 14.61 14.59 375.14 379.64 382.78 380.80

Other services

22.29 22.70 22.82 22.80 711.05 724.13 727.96 727.32

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2016 - Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2016 - Feb.
2016(p)

Total private

103.3 104.9 105.3 104.9 -0.4 122.4 126.6 127.8 127.1 -0.5

Goods-producing

90.3 90.6 90.7 90.2 -0.6 105.9 108.2 108.7 108.1 -0.6

Mining and logging

122.4 105.2 102.8 98.9 -3.8 151.7 132.2 130.8 125.2 -4.3

Construction

85.7 90.1 89.6 88.9 -0.8 100.7 108.0 107.5 107.0 -0.5

Manufacturing

90.6 90.0 90.6 90.5 -0.1 105.4 106.8 107.9 107.6 -0.3

Durable goods

90.3 89.2 89.9 89.9 0.0 105.8 106.3 107.5 107.4 -0.1

Nondurable goods

91.4 91.1 91.7 91.4 -0.3 105.0 107.3 108.4 108.2 -0.2

Private service-providing

106.8 109.0 109.2 109.1 -0.1 127.2 132.4 133.2 133.0 -0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

100.7 102.0 102.5 102.1 -0.4 117.4 121.0 121.9 121.5 -0.3

Wholesale trade

99.5 100.2 100.6 100.6 0.0 117.8 120.4 121.7 121.7 0.0

Retail trade

99.1 100.2 100.9 100.6 -0.3 113.7 117.5 118.3 118.0 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

107.1 109.4 109.0 108.3 -0.6 124.4 128.0 128.0 127.5 -0.4

Utilities

101.8 103.4 103.7 101.6 -2.0 123.0 128.7 129.4 126.1 -2.6

Information

91.0 90.8 91.5 91.4 -0.1 112.3 116.1 117.5 117.9 0.3

Financial activities

98.8 101.1 101.3 101.1 -0.2 120.4 125.7 126.9 126.1 -0.6

Professional and business services

110.5 113.8 114.2 113.7 -0.4 133.4 139.5 140.9 139.8 -0.8

Education and health services

116.7 120.2 120.3 120.4 0.1 140.7 147.5 148.0 148.2 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

112.9 114.7 115.0 114.9 -0.1 129.4 134.1 135.6 135.3 -0.2

Other services

103.1 104.1 104.0 104.3 0.3 126.0 129.5 130.1 130.4 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)

Total nonfarm

69,464 70,682 70,826 70,993 49.3 49.4 49.4 49.5

Total private

56,902 58,060 58,214 58,365 47.8 47.9 48.0 48.0

Goods-producing

4,273 4,281 4,296 4,297 21.8 21.8 21.8 21.8

Mining and logging

120 108 107 106 13.7 14.2 14.2 14.4

Construction

804 815 824 827 12.6 12.4 12.5 12.5

Manufacturing

3,349 3,358 3,365 3,364 27.2 27.3 27.3 27.3

Durable goods

1,798 1,798 1,802 1,801 23.1 23.3 23.3 23.3

Nondurable goods

1,551 1,560 1,563 1,563 34.1 34.0 34.0 34.0

Private service-providing

52,629 53,779 53,918 54,068 53.0 53.0 53.1 53.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,822 10,972 11,023 11,047 40.5 40.5 40.6 40.6

Wholesale trade

1,721.9 1,735.2 1,738.8 1,740.5 29.4 29.4 29.4 29.4

Retail trade

7,828.1 7,928.8 7,995.6 8,015.1 50.4 50.3 50.5 50.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,139.3 1,172.9 1,153.3 1,156.8 23.8 24.0 23.7 23.8

Utilities

133.1 135.1 135.2 135.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 23.9

Information

1,101 1,106 1,108 1,114 40.2 40.0 40.0 40.1

Financial activities

4,610 4,672 4,685 4,687 57.1 57.0 57.1 57.1

Professional and business services

8,618 8,912 8,929 8,940 44.4 44.6 44.7 44.7

Education and health services

16,763 17,229 17,257 17,319 76.9 77.0 77.0 77.0

Leisure and hospitality

7,789 7,936 7,960 7,996 52.0 51.7 51.7 51.8

Other services

2,926 2,952 2,956 2,965 52.2 52.2 52.3 52.3

Government

12,562 12,622 12,612 12,628 57.2 57.3 57.2 57.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)

Total private

98,091 99,812 99,927 100,117

Goods-producing

14,102 14,212 14,209 14,200

Mining and logging

641 554 543 527

Construction

4,791 4,990 4,976 4,994

Manufacturing

8,670 8,668 8,690 8,679

Durable goods

5,349 5,330 5,339 5,338

Nondurable goods

3,321 3,338 3,351 3,341

Private service-providing

83,989 85,600 85,718 85,917

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,552 22,812 22,840 22,897

Wholesale trade

4,725.8 4,730.5 4,736.6 4,738.1

Retail trade

13,224.7 13,384.7 13,447.3 13,496.0

Transportation and warehousing

4,154.5 4,244.1 4,204.4 4,209.7

Utilities

446.8 452.5 452.0 453.2

Information

2,217 2,234 2,231 2,246

Financial activities

6,228 6,335 6,348 6,356

Professional and business services

16,005 16,385 16,420 16,421

Education and health services

19,125 19,636 19,659 19,731

Leisure and hospitality

13,197 13,489 13,518 13,553

Other services

4,665 4,709 4,702 4,713

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.8 33.8 33.8 33.7

Goods-producing

41.6 41.3 41.3 41.3

Mining and logging

46.3 45.8 45.7 44.7

Construction

40.3 40.2 39.8 40.0

Manufacturing

42.0 41.7 41.9 41.9

Durable goods

42.2 42.2 42.3 42.3

Nondurable goods

41.5 41.0 41.2 41.2

Private service-providing

32.4 32.5 32.5 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.6 38.6 38.6

Retail trade

30.0 30.0 30.0 29.9

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 39.2 39.0 39.0

Utilities

42.4 42.5 42.9 41.7

Information

35.9 35.5 35.7 35.5

Financial activities

36.9 37.2 37.1 37.1

Professional and business services

35.5 35.6 35.6 35.4

Education and health services

32.0 32.2 32.3 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

25.2 25.1 25.0 24.9

Other services

30.7 30.8 30.6 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.4 4.2 4.3 4.3

Durable goods

4.4 4.3 4.3 4.4

Nondurable goods

4.3 4.1 4.2 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)

Total private

$20.83 $21.26 $21.32 $21.32 $704.05 $718.59 $720.62 $718.48

Goods-producing

21.70 22.21 22.19 22.22 902.72 917.27 916.45 917.69

Mining and logging

26.47 26.55 26.77 26.77 1,225.56 1,215.99 1,223.39 1,196.62

Construction

24.69 25.43 25.39 25.41 995.01 1,022.29 1,010.52 1,016.40

Manufacturing

19.72 20.12 20.13 20.17 828.24 839.00 843.45 845.12

Durable goods

20.81 21.16 21.17 21.23 878.18 892.95 895.49 898.03

Nondurable goods

17.92 18.41 18.43 18.41 743.68 754.81 759.32 758.49

Private service-providing

20.65 21.06 21.13 21.13 669.06 684.45 686.73 684.61

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.51 18.84 18.88 18.87 623.79 634.91 636.26 634.03

Wholesale trade

23.40 23.85 23.97 23.96 903.24 920.61 925.24 924.86

Retail trade

14.65 14.96 14.97 14.95 439.50 448.80 449.10 447.01

Transportation and warehousing

20.70 20.88 20.99 21.00 803.16 818.50 818.61 819.00

Utilities

33.46 34.58 34.57 34.62 1,418.70 1,469.65 1,483.05 1,443.65

Information

28.75 29.62 29.62 29.79 1,032.13 1,051.51 1,057.43 1,057.55

Financial activities

25.11 25.65 25.91 25.90 926.56 954.18 961.26 960.89

Professional and business services

24.50 25.02 25.09 25.05 869.75 890.71 893.20 886.77

Education and health services

21.94 22.31 22.33 22.40 702.08 718.38 721.26 721.28

Leisure and hospitality

12.33 12.57 12.66 12.64 310.72 315.51 316.50 314.74

Other services

18.85 19.18 19.21 19.19 578.70 590.74 587.83 589.13

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2016 - Feb.
2016(p)
Feb.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Feb.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2016 - Feb.
2016(p)

Total private

110.5 112.4 112.5 112.4 -0.1 153.8 159.7 160.3 160.2 -0.1

Goods-producing

89.6 89.7 89.7 89.6 -0.1 119.1 122.0 121.8 121.9 0.1

Mining and logging

157.7 134.8 131.9 125.2 -5.1 242.8 208.2 205.3 194.9 -5.1

Construction

96.7 100.4 99.2 100.0 0.8 128.9 137.9 135.9 137.2 1.0

Manufacturing

83.6 83.0 83.6 83.5 -0.1 107.8 109.2 110.0 110.1 0.1

Durable goods

84.8 84.5 84.9 84.8 -0.1 110.2 111.6 112.2 112.5 0.3

Nondurable goods

81.2 80.6 81.3 81.1 -0.2 102.8 104.9 105.9 105.5 -0.4

Private service-providing

115.9 118.5 118.6 118.6 0.0 164.1 171.1 171.9 171.8 -0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

106.0 107.2 107.3 107.3 0.0 139.9 144.0 144.5 144.4 -0.1

Wholesale trade

107.4 107.5 107.7 107.7 0.0 148.1 151.1 152.0 152.0 0.0

Retail trade

100.4 101.6 102.1 102.1 0.0 126.1 130.3 131.0 130.9 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing

121.3 125.2 123.4 123.6 0.2 159.3 165.9 164.3 164.6 0.2

Utilities

96.9 98.3 99.2 96.6 -2.6 135.3 142.0 143.1 139.7 -2.4

Information

90.8 90.5 90.9 91.0 0.1 129.3 132.7 133.3 134.2 0.7

Financial activities

108.2 110.9 110.9 111.0 0.1 167.1 175.1 176.7 176.9 0.1

Professional and business services

127.3 130.7 131.0 130.3 -0.5 185.7 194.6 195.6 194.2 -0.7

Education and health services

130.5 134.8 135.4 135.4 0.0 188.9 198.5 199.5 200.2 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

121.8 124.0 123.8 123.6 -0.2 170.6 177.0 178.0 177.4 -0.3

Other services

100.4 101.7 100.9 101.5 0.6 137.9 142.1 141.2 141.9 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: March 04, 2016