Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed             USDL-14-0354
until 8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, March 7, 2014

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                 THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- FEBRUARY 2014


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 175,000 in February, and the 
unemployment rate was little changed at 6.7 percent, the U.S. Bureau of 
Labor Statistics reported today. Employment increased in professional and 
business services and in wholesale trade but declined in information. 



   ------------------------------------------------------------------
  |                                                                  |
  |         Effect of Winter Storms on Employment Estimates          |
  |                                                                  |
  | Severe winter weather occurred in much of the country during the |
  | February reference periods for the establishment and household   |
  | surveys. For information on how weather can affect employment    |
  | and hours data, see Question 8 in the Frequently Asked Questions |
  | section of this release.                                         |
   ------------------------------------------------------------------



Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons (10.5 million) and the unemployment 
rate (6.7 percent) changed little in February. The jobless rate has shown 
little movement since December. Over the year, the number of unemployed 
persons and the unemployment rate were down by 1.6 million and 1.0 
percentage point, respectively. (See table A-1.) 

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (6.4 
percent), adult women (5.9 percent), teenagers (21.4 percent), whites (5.8 
percent), blacks (12.0 percent), and Hispanics (8.1 percent) showed little 
or no change in February. The jobless rate for Asians was 6.0 percent (not 
seasonally adjusted), about unchanged over the year. (See tables A-1, A-2, 
and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) 
increased by 203,000 in February to 3.8 million; these individuals accounted 
for 37.0 percent of the unemployed. The number of long-term unemployed 
was down by 901,000 over the year. (See table A-12.)

Both the civilian labor force participation rate (63.0 percent) and the 
employment-population ratio (58.8 percent) were unchanged in February. The 
labor force participation rate was down 0.5 percentage point from a year 
ago, while the employment-population ratio was little changed over the 
year. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes 
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed at 7.2 
million in February. These individuals were working part time because their 
hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find full-time work. 
(See table A-8.)

In February, 2.3 million persons were marginally attached to the labor 
force, a decline of 285,000 over the year. (The data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were 
available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 
months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched 
for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 755,000 discouraged workers in 
February, down by 130,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work 
because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.5 
million persons marginally attached to the labor force in February had not 
searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family 
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 175,000 in February. Job growth 
averaged 189,000 per month over the prior 12 months. In February, job 
gains occurred in professional and business services and in wholesale 
trade, while information lost jobs. (See table B-1.)

Employment in professional and business services increased by 79,000 in 
February. Accounting and bookkeeping services added 16,000 jobs. Employment 
continued to trend up in temporary help services (+24,000) and in services 
to buildings and dwellings (+11,000). Over the prior 12 months, professional 
and business services added an average of 56,000 jobs per month.

In February, wholesale trade added 15,000 jobs, with nearly all of the 
increase occurring in durable goods (+12,000). Over the prior 12 months, 
the employment gain in wholesale trade averaged 9,000 per month. 

Employment in food services and drinking places continued to trend up in 
February (+21,000). Over the prior 12 months, this industry added an 
average of 27,000 jobs per month. 

In February, employment in construction changed little (+15,000). Over the 
past year, construction has added 152,000 jobs. Within the industry, 
employment in heavy and civil engineering construction rose by 12,000 in 
February. 

Employment in health care changed little in February (+10,000). This marks 
the third consecutive month of little employment change in this industry. 
Offices of physicians added 8,000 jobs in February. Employment in hospitals 
changed little over the month but is down by 10,000 over the past 3 months.

Retail trade employment changed little in February (-4,000). Among the 
component industries, a job gain in food and beverage stores (+12,000) was 
more than offset by declines in electronics and appliance stores (-12,000); 
sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores (-9,000); and department 
stores (-7,000). Over the year, retail trade has added 282,000 jobs.

Information lost 16,000 jobs in February. Most of the decline occurred in 
motion picture and sound recording (-14,000); employment in this industry 
can be volatile from month to month. 

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, 
manufacturing, transportation and warehousing, financial activities, and 
government, changed little over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged 
down by 0.1 hour to 34.2 hours in February. The manufacturing workweek was 
unchanged at 40.7 hours, and factory overtime edged down by 0.1 hour to 3.3 
hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees 
on private nonfarm payrolls declined by 0.2 hour to 33.3 hours. For 
production workers, the manufacturing workweek has declined by 0.6 hour 
over the past 3 months. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In February, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm 
payrolls rose by 9 cents to $24.31. Over the year, average hourly earnings 
have risen by 52 cents, or 2.2 percent. In February, average hourly 
earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased 
by 9 cents to $20.50. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for December was revised 
from +75,000 to +84,000, and the change for January was revised from 
+113,000 to +129,000. With these revisions, employment gains in December 
and January were 25,000 higher than previously reported. 

_____________
The Employment Situation for March is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
April 4, 2014, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Change from:
Jan.
2014-
Feb.
2014

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

244,828 246,745 246,915 247,085 170

Civilian labor force

155,511 154,937 155,460 155,724 264

Participation rate

63.5 62.8 63.0 63.0 0.0

Employed

143,464 144,586 145,224 145,266 42

Employment-population ratio

58.6 58.6 58.8 58.8 0.0

Unemployed

12,047 10,351 10,236 10,459 223

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.7 6.6 6.7 0.1

Not in labor force

89,317 91,808 91,455 91,361 -94

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

7.7 6.7 6.6 6.7 0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.2 6.3 6.2 6.4 0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

25.2 20.2 20.7 21.4 0.7

White

6.8 5.9 5.7 5.8 0.1

Black or African American

13.8 11.9 12.1 12.0 -0.1

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.1 4.1 4.8 6.0 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

9.5 8.3 8.4 8.1 -0.3

Total, 25 years and over

6.3 5.6 5.4 5.5 0.1

Less than a high school diploma

11.2 9.8 9.6 9.8 0.2

High school graduates, no college

7.9 7.1 6.5 6.4 -0.1

Some college or associate degree

6.7 6.1 6.0 6.2 0.2

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.9 3.3 3.2 3.4 0.2

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,495 5,366 5,407 5,448 41

Job leavers

952 862 818 823 5

Reentrants

3,330 3,036 2,937 2,997 60

New entrants

1,276 1,201 1,184 1,229 45

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,677 2,255 2,434 2,373 -61

5 to 14 weeks

2,788 2,506 2,429 2,568 139

15 to 26 weeks

1,735 1,651 1,689 1,615 -74

27 weeks and over

4,750 3,878 3,646 3,849 203

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,991 7,771 7,257 7,186 -71

Slack work or business conditions

5,116 4,884 4,405 4,251 -154

Could only find part-time work

2,583 2,592 2,571 2,692 121

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,925 18,731 19,165 19,027 -138

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,588 2,427 2,592 2,303 -

Discouraged workers

885 917 837 755 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

280 84 129 175

Total private

263 86 145 162

Goods-producing

72 -13 61 22

Mining and logging

4 0 5 1

Construction

46 -20 50 15

Manufacturing

22 7 6 6

Durable goods(1)

13 0 -3 6

Motor vehicles and parts

5.6 0.1 -8.6 3.4

Nondurable goods

9 7 9 0

Private service-providing(1)

191 99 84 140

Wholesale trade

2.1 11.0 20.5 14.8

Retail trade

9.6 52.0 -22.6 -4.1

Transportation and warehousing

-11.5 4.5 17.2 -3.6

Information

19 -15 -8 -16

Financial activities

12 2 -2 9

Professional and business services(1)

85 16 42 79

Temporary help services

21.5 32.2 2.1 24.4

Education and health services(1)

27 5 10 33

Health care and social assistance

35.5 2.6 11.4 14.7

Leisure and hospitality

50 18 22 25

Other services

-2 7 6 3

Government

17 -2 -16 13

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.5 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.9 48.0 47.9 48.0

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.6 82.6 82.7

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.3 34.3 34.2

Average hourly earnings

$23.79 $24.17 $24.22 $24.31

Average weekly earnings

$820.76 $829.03 $830.75 $831.40

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

98.0 99.1 99.2 99.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 -0.5 0.1 -0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

111.3 114.3 114.7 114.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.7 -0.4 0.3 0.2

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.8 33.5 33.5 33.3

Average hourly earnings

$20.00 $20.35 $20.41 $20.50

Average weekly earnings

$676.00 $681.73 $683.74 $682.65

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

105.8 106.6 106.7 106.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.9 -0.5 0.1 -0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

141.4 144.9 145.5 145.6

Over-the-month percent change

1.1 -0.3 0.4 0.1

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (264 industries)

62.7 57.2 60.6 59.3

Manufacturing (81 industries)

57.4 57.4 52.5 51.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of   employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a   smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change   than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

   In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more
   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
   of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the  household survey's most
   requested statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 144,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 554,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

244,828 246,915 247,085 244,828 246,381 246,567 246,745 246,915 247,085

Civilian labor force

154,727 154,381 155,027 155,511 154,625 155,284 154,937 155,460 155,724

Participation rate

63.2 62.5 62.7 63.5 62.8 63.0 62.8 63.0 63.0

Employed

142,228 143,526 144,134 143,464 143,485 144,443 144,586 145,224 145,266

Employment-population ratio

58.1 58.1 58.3 58.6 58.2 58.6 58.6 58.8 58.8

Unemployed

12,500 10,855 10,893 12,047 11,140 10,841 10,351 10,236 10,459

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.0 7.0 7.7 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.7

Not in labor force

90,100 92,534 92,058 89,317 91,756 91,283 91,808 91,455 91,361

Persons who currently want a job

6,842 6,508 6,091 6,790 6,100 5,779 6,111 6,348 6,060

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,117 119,218 119,306 118,117 118,916 119,011 119,103 119,218 119,306

Civilian labor force

82,180 81,804 81,954 82,826 82,186 82,554 82,323 82,662 82,597

Participation rate

69.6 68.6 68.7 70.1 69.1 69.4 69.1 69.3 69.2

Employed

75,160 75,652 75,687 76,314 76,014 76,560 76,723 77,060 76,808

Employment-population ratio

63.6 63.5 63.4 64.6 63.9 64.3 64.4 64.6 64.4

Unemployed

7,020 6,153 6,267 6,512 6,171 5,993 5,599 5,602 5,789

Unemployment rate

8.5 7.5 7.6 7.9 7.5 7.3 6.8 6.8 7.0

Not in labor force

35,937 37,414 37,352 35,292 36,730 36,458 36,780 36,556 36,709

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

109,541 110,746 110,838 109,541 110,414 110,515 110,613 110,746 110,838

Civilian labor force

79,511 79,310 79,528 79,897 79,267 79,700 79,464 79,892 79,917

Participation rate

72.6 71.6 71.8 72.9 71.8 72.1 71.8 72.1 72.1

Employed

73,248 73,748 73,882 74,183 73,808 74,373 74,467 74,916 74,780

Employment-population ratio

66.9 66.6 66.7 67.7 66.8 67.3 67.3 67.6 67.5

Unemployed

6,262 5,562 5,645 5,714 5,459 5,328 4,997 4,975 5,137

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.0 7.1 7.2 6.9 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.4

Not in labor force

30,030 31,436 31,310 29,644 31,147 30,815 31,149 30,855 30,921

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,710 127,696 127,779 126,710 127,465 127,555 127,642 127,696 127,779

Civilian labor force

72,547 72,576 73,073 72,685 72,439 72,730 72,614 72,797 73,128

Participation rate

57.3 56.8 57.2 57.4 56.8 57.0 56.9 57.0 57.2

Employed

67,068 67,874 68,446 67,150 67,471 67,882 67,862 68,163 68,458

Employment-population ratio

52.9 53.2 53.6 53.0 52.9 53.2 53.2 53.4 53.6

Unemployed

5,479 4,702 4,626 5,535 4,969 4,848 4,752 4,634 4,670

Unemployment rate

7.6 6.5 6.3 7.6 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.4

Not in labor force

54,163 55,120 54,707 54,025 55,026 54,825 55,028 54,899 54,652

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,433 119,497 119,583 118,433 119,246 119,341 119,433 119,497 119,583

Civilian labor force

69,865 70,003 70,493 69,770 69,652 69,871 69,831 70,023 70,331

Participation rate

59.0 58.6 58.9 58.9 58.4 58.5 58.5 58.6 58.8

Employed

64,973 65,775 66,319 64,911 65,229 65,547 65,617 65,909 66,183

Employment-population ratio

54.9 55.0 55.5 54.8 54.7 54.9 54.9 55.2 55.3

Unemployed

4,891 4,228 4,175 4,859 4,423 4,323 4,214 4,114 4,148

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.0 5.9 7.0 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.9

Not in labor force

48,568 49,495 49,089 48,663 49,593 49,470 49,602 49,475 49,252

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,854 16,671 16,664 16,854 16,721 16,710 16,700 16,671 16,664

Civilian labor force

5,352 5,068 5,006 5,844 5,706 5,713 5,642 5,545 5,476

Participation rate

31.8 30.4 30.0 34.7 34.1 34.2 33.8 33.3 32.9

Employed

4,006 4,003 3,933 4,370 4,448 4,523 4,502 4,399 4,303

Employment-population ratio

23.8 24.0 23.6 25.9 26.6 27.1 27.0 26.4 25.8

Unemployed

1,346 1,065 1,073 1,474 1,258 1,190 1,140 1,147 1,173

Unemployment rate

25.1 21.0 21.4 25.2 22.0 20.8 20.2 20.7 21.4

Not in labor force

11,502 11,603 11,658 11,009 11,015 10,997 11,058 11,125 11,188

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

193,859 194,944 195,029 193,859 194,734 194,833 194,927 194,944 195,029

Civilian labor force

122,922 122,492 122,928 123,654 122,621 123,050 122,879 123,500 123,641

Participation rate

63.4 62.8 63.0 63.8 63.0 63.2 63.0 63.4 63.4

Employed

114,036 114,915 115,312 115,267 114,901 115,514 115,623 116,409 116,447

Employment-population ratio

58.8 58.9 59.1 59.5 59.0 59.3 59.3 59.7 59.7

Unemployed

8,887 7,576 7,616 8,387 7,719 7,536 7,256 7,091 7,193

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.2 6.2 6.8 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.8

Not in labor force

70,937 72,452 72,101 70,205 72,113 71,783 72,048 71,444 71,388

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,336 64,040 64,185 64,722 64,000 64,287 64,221 64,551 64,594

Participation rate

72.9 72.1 72.2 73.4 72.1 72.4 72.3 72.6 72.6

Employed

59,741 60,082 60,178 60,627 60,107 60,480 60,637 61,048 61,020

Employment-population ratio

67.7 67.6 67.7 68.7 67.8 68.1 68.3 68.7 68.6

Unemployed

4,595 3,959 4,008 4,095 3,893 3,806 3,584 3,503 3,574

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,291 54,393 54,709 54,257 54,044 54,181 54,173 54,505 54,635

Participation rate

58.3 58.1 58.4 58.3 57.8 57.9 57.8 58.2 58.3

Employed

50,980 51,497 51,866 50,993 51,100 51,307 51,308 51,695 51,822

Employment-population ratio

54.7 55.0 55.4 54.8 54.6 54.8 54.8 55.2 55.3

Unemployed

3,311 2,896 2,843 3,264 2,944 2,874 2,866 2,810 2,813

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.3 5.2 6.0 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,295 4,058 4,033 4,675 4,577 4,582 4,485 4,444 4,412

Participation rate

34.2 32.7 32.5 37.3 36.8 36.8 36.1 35.8 35.6

Employed

3,315 3,337 3,268 3,647 3,694 3,727 3,678 3,666 3,606

Employment-population ratio

26.4 26.9 26.3 29.1 29.7 30.0 29.6 29.5 29.1

Unemployed

981 722 765 1,028 883 855 806 777 807

Unemployment rate

22.8 17.8 19.0 22.0 19.3 18.7 18.0 17.5 18.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,223 30,651 30,685 30,223 30,500 30,535 30,569 30,651 30,685

Civilian labor force

18,531 18,483 18,591 18,637 18,541 18,482 18,401 18,558 18,654

Participation rate

61.3 60.3 60.6 61.7 60.8 60.5 60.2 60.5 60.8

Employed

15,969 16,161 16,351 16,063 16,133 16,188 16,215 16,310 16,416

Employment-population ratio

52.8 52.7 53.3 53.1 52.9 53.0 53.0 53.2 53.5

Unemployed

2,562 2,322 2,240 2,573 2,408 2,295 2,186 2,249 2,237

Unemployment rate

13.8 12.6 12.0 13.8 13.0 12.4 11.9 12.1 12.0

Not in labor force

11,691 12,168 12,094 11,586 11,959 12,053 12,168 12,093 12,031

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,386 8,378 8,417 8,433 8,354 8,334 8,255 8,367 8,430

Participation rate

67.7 66.3 66.5 68.1 66.6 66.3 65.6 66.2 66.6

Employed

7,258 7,287 7,279 7,345 7,287 7,327 7,302 7,359 7,345

Employment-population ratio

58.6 57.6 57.5 59.3 58.1 58.3 58.0 58.2 58.0

Unemployed

1,128 1,091 1,138 1,089 1,067 1,007 953 1,008 1,085

Unemployment rate

13.4 13.0 13.5 12.9 12.8 12.1 11.5 12.0 12.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,490 9,505 9,611 9,486 9,496 9,475 9,451 9,525 9,594

Participation rate

62.2 61.4 62.0 62.2 61.6 61.4 61.2 61.5 61.9

Employed

8,339 8,508 8,687 8,311 8,403 8,428 8,466 8,537 8,646

Employment-population ratio

54.7 55.0 56.0 54.5 54.5 54.6 54.8 55.1 55.8

Unemployed

1,151 997 925 1,175 1,093 1,047 986 988 948

Unemployment rate

12.1 10.5 9.6 12.4 11.5 11.1 10.4 10.4 9.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

656 600 562 717 691 673 694 666 630

Participation rate

25.3 23.7 22.3 27.7 27.2 26.5 27.4 26.4 24.9

Employed

373 366 385 407 442 433 448 413 425

Employment-population ratio

14.4 14.5 15.3 15.7 17.4 17.1 17.7 16.4 16.9

Unemployed

284 234 177 309 248 240 246 253 204

Unemployment rate

43.2 39.0 31.5 43.2 36.0 35.7 35.5 38.0 32.4

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,185 13,636 13,738 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,566 8,693 8,797 - - - - - -

Participation rate

65.0 63.7 64.0 - - - - - -

Employed

8,040 8,271 8,270 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

61.0 60.7 60.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

526 421 528 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.1 4.8 6.0 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,619 4,943 4,941 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,169 37,976 38,053 37,169 37,796 37,876 37,955 37,976 38,053

Civilian labor force

24,519 24,919 25,019 24,549 24,783 25,124 24,863 25,053 25,061

Participation rate

66.0 65.6 65.7 66.0 65.6 66.3 65.5 66.0 65.9

Employed

21,999 22,647 22,836 22,210 22,543 22,949 22,805 22,961 23,021

Employment-population ratio

59.2 59.6 60.0 59.8 59.6 60.6 60.1 60.5 60.5

Unemployed

2,519 2,271 2,183 2,339 2,240 2,175 2,058 2,092 2,040

Unemployment rate

10.3 9.1 8.7 9.5 9.0 8.7 8.3 8.4 8.1

Not in labor force

12,650 13,058 13,033 12,620 13,013 12,753 13,092 12,923 12,992

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,534 13,811 13,821 - - - - - -

Participation rate

80.8 80.5 80.4 - - - - - -

Employed

12,304 12,678 12,806 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.4 73.9 74.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,230 1,133 1,015 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.2 7.3 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,975 10,108 10,196 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.5 58.9 59.3 - - - - - -

Employed

8,980 9,216 9,301 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.5 53.7 54.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

995 892 895 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.0 8.8 8.8 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,010 1,000 1,002 - - - - - -

Participation rate

27.7 27.4 27.5 - - - - - -

Employed

716 753 729 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

19.6 20.7 20.0 - - - - - -

Unemployed

294 246 274 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

29.1 24.6 27.3 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,842 10,821 10,804 11,240 10,721 10,898 10,748 11,004 11,154

Participation rate

45.4 43.8 44.8 47.1 44.6 44.5 43.7 44.5 46.2

Employed

9,463 9,618 9,602 9,978 9,563 9,741 9,699 9,953 10,056

Employment-population ratio

39.7 38.9 39.8 41.8 39.8 39.7 39.4 40.2 41.7

Unemployed

1,378 1,203 1,203 1,263 1,158 1,157 1,049 1,051 1,098

Unemployment rate

12.7 11.1 11.1 11.2 10.8 10.6 9.8 9.6 9.8

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,212 35,973 36,050 36,193 36,311 35,895 36,242 35,924 36,108

Participation rate

58.3 58.2 58.4 58.2 58.4 58.2 58.0 58.1 58.5

Employed

33,026 33,359 33,482 33,345 33,665 33,277 33,677 33,593 33,792

Employment-population ratio

53.1 54.0 54.2 53.6 54.2 53.9 53.9 54.3 54.7

Unemployed

3,186 2,614 2,568 2,848 2,646 2,618 2,565 2,331 2,316

Unemployment rate

8.8 7.3 7.1 7.9 7.3 7.3 7.1 6.5 6.4

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,478 36,759 37,261 37,337 37,201 37,244 37,021 36,992 37,169

Participation rate

68.4 66.9 67.1 68.1 66.8 67.5 67.6 67.3 66.9

Employed

34,914 34,448 34,898 34,849 34,852 34,872 34,750 34,758 34,876

Employment-population ratio

63.7 62.7 62.8 63.6 62.6 63.2 63.4 63.3 62.8

Unemployed

2,564 2,310 2,363 2,488 2,350 2,372 2,272 2,234 2,293

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.3 6.3 6.7 6.3 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

49,489 50,404 50,522 49,330 49,329 49,929 49,759 50,427 50,240

Participation rate

76.0 75.6 75.6 75.7 75.0 75.2 75.3 75.7 75.2

Employed

47,567 48,729 48,796 47,428 47,467 48,246 48,134 48,797 48,543

Employment-population ratio

73.0 73.1 73.0 72.8 72.2 72.7 72.8 73.2 72.6

Unemployed

1,922 1,676 1,726 1,902 1,863 1,683 1,625 1,629 1,697

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.3 3.4 3.9 3.8 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,520 21,298 19,304 19,054 2,216 2,244

Civilian labor force

11,114 10,833 9,728 9,389 1,387 1,445

Participation rate

51.6 50.9 50.4 49.3 62.6 64.4

Employed

10,342 10,149 9,058 8,781 1,284 1,368

Employment-population ratio

48.1 47.7 46.9 46.1 57.9 61.0

Unemployed

772 684 669 608 103 76

Unemployment rate

6.9 6.3 6.9 6.5 7.4 5.3

Not in labor force

10,406 10,465 9,576 9,665 829 799

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,694 2,995 2,147 2,415 547 581

Civilian labor force

2,161 2,430 1,807 2,020 353 410

Participation rate

80.2 81.1 84.2 83.7 64.6 70.6

Employed

1,958 2,207 1,645 1,838 313 370

Employment-population ratio

72.7 73.7 76.6 76.1 57.1 63.7

Unemployed

203 223 162 183 41 40

Unemployment rate

9.4 9.2 9.0 9.0 11.6 9.9

Not in labor force

533 565 339 394 194 171

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,324 3,412 2,674 2,707 650 704

Civilian labor force

2,806 2,787 2,331 2,284 475 503

Participation rate

84.4 81.7 87.2 84.3 73.0 71.4

Employed

2,637 2,658 2,184 2,177 452 481

Employment-population ratio

79.3 77.9 81.7 80.4 69.6 68.3

Unemployed

169 128 147 107 22 22

Unemployment rate

6.0 4.6 6.3 4.7 4.7 4.3

Not in labor force

519 625 343 424 175 201

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,008 9,554 9,630 9,195 378 359

Civilian labor force

3,080 2,817 2,956 2,718 124 99

Participation rate

30.8 29.5 30.7 29.6 32.8 27.6

Employed

2,852 2,633 2,736 2,539 116 95

Employment-population ratio

28.5 27.6 28.4 27.6 30.7 26.4

Unemployed

228 184 220 179 8 4

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.5 7.4 6.6 6.4 4.4

Not in labor force

6,928 6,737 6,674 6,477 254 260

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,494 5,337 4,853 4,737 640 600

Civilian labor force

3,068 2,799 2,633 2,367 434 432

Participation rate

55.8 52.4 54.3 50.0 67.8 72.0

Employed

2,895 2,650 2,493 2,227 403 422

Employment-population ratio

52.7 49.6 51.4 47.0 62.9 70.4

Unemployed

172 149 140 140 32 10

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.3 5.3 5.9 7.3 2.2

Not in labor force

2,426 2,538 2,220 2,370 206 168

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

214,160 216,827 94,137 95,685 120,024 121,142

Civilian labor force

141,754 142,531 71,520 71,799 70,234 70,732

Participation rate

66.2 65.7 76.0 75.0 58.5 58.4

Employed

130,558 132,676 65,485 66,338 65,073 66,338

Employment-population ratio

61.0 61.2 69.6 69.3 54.2 54.8

Unemployed

11,196 9,854 6,035 5,460 5,161 4,394

Unemployment rate

7.9 6.9 8.4 7.6 7.3 6.2

Not in labor force

72,407 74,296 22,617 23,887 49,790 50,410

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2014, estimates for veterans incorporate updated weighting procedures.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,655 28,970 216,173 218,116

Civilian labor force

5,929 5,537 148,798 149,490

Participation rate

20.7 19.1 68.8 68.5

Employed

5,198 4,746 137,030 139,388

Employment-population ratio

18.1 16.4 63.4 63.9

Unemployed

732 792 11,768 10,102

Unemployment rate

12.3 14.3 7.9 6.8

Not in labor force

22,726 23,433 67,374 68,626

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,746 2,454 74,959 74,918

Participation rate

35.1 32.2 82.0 81.4

Employed

2,365 2,042 68,591 69,248

Employment-population ratio

30.2 26.8 75.1 75.3

Unemployed

382 412 6,368 5,670

Unemployment rate

13.9 16.8 8.5 7.6

Not in labor force

5,077 5,173 16,400 17,082

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,190 2,097 66,795 67,167

Participation rate

28.5 26.8 70.2 70.5

Employed

1,910 1,762 61,793 63,048

Employment-population ratio

24.8 22.6 65.0 66.2

Unemployed

280 334 5,002 4,119

Unemployment rate

12.8 15.9 7.5 6.1

Not in labor force

5,504 5,719 28,305 28,074

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

993 986 7,044 7,405

Participation rate

7.6 7.3 23.7 24.0

Employed

923 941 6,646 7,092

Employment-population ratio

7.0 7.0 22.4 23.0

Unemployed

70 45 398 313

Unemployment rate

7.1 4.6 5.7 4.2

Not in labor force

12,145 12,541 22,669 23,470

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,858 38,188 18,408 18,429 19,451 19,759

Civilian labor force

25,242 25,421 14,478 14,612 10,764 10,809

Participation rate

66.7 66.6 78.7 79.3 55.3 54.7

Employed

23,163 23,658 13,347 13,693 9,816 9,964

Employment-population ratio

61.2 61.9 72.5 74.3 50.5 50.4

Unemployed

2,079 1,763 1,131 919 947 845

Unemployment rate

8.2 6.9 7.8 6.3 8.8 7.8

Not in labor force

12,617 12,768 3,930 3,817 8,687 8,951

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

206,969 208,897 99,710 100,877 107,260 108,020

Civilian labor force

129,486 129,606 67,702 67,342 61,784 62,264

Participation rate

62.6 62.0 67.9 66.8 57.6 57.6

Employed

119,065 120,476 61,813 61,994 57,252 58,482

Employment-population ratio

57.5 57.7 62.0 61.5 53.4 54.1

Unemployed

10,421 9,130 5,889 5,348 4,532 3,782

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.0 8.7 7.9 7.3 6.1

Not in labor force

77,483 79,291 32,007 33,535 45,476 45,756

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

1,914 1,999 1,973 2,070 2,208 2,139 2,229 2,183 2,150

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,132 1,252 1,225 1,264 1,348 1,310 1,377 1,391 1,373

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

754 720 732 790 796 780 812 760 768

Unpaid family workers

27 27 16 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

140,314 141,527 142,160 141,393 141,449 142,317 142,337 142,970 143,132

Wage and salary workers(1)

131,742 133,132 133,551 132,689 132,859 133,694 133,858 134,384 134,428

Government

20,802 20,564 20,517 20,489 19,706 20,086 20,063 20,383 20,192

Private industries

110,941 112,568 113,033 112,137 113,184 113,610 113,818 114,001 114,177

Private households

676 806 822 - - - - - -

Other industries

110,265 111,762 112,211 111,432 112,370 112,760 112,918 113,164 113,317

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,496 8,321 8,529 8,680 8,528 8,547 8,506 8,569 8,697

Unpaid family workers

76 73 81 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,298 7,771 7,397 7,991 8,016 7,723 7,771 7,257 7,186

Slack work or business conditions

5,457 4,924 4,506 5,116 5,025 4,869 4,884 4,405 4,251

Could only find part-time work

2,474 2,483 2,598 2,583 2,585 2,499 2,592 2,571 2,692

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,500 19,473 19,651 18,925 18,755 18,858 18,731 19,165 19,027

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,163 7,617 7,269 7,870 7,921 7,619 7,650 7,130 7,071

Slack work or business conditions

5,354 4,834 4,449 5,029 4,967 4,807 4,801 4,327 4,208

Could only find part-time work

2,468 2,468 2,565 2,556 2,593 2,484 2,586 2,550 2,653

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,201 19,118 19,290 18,583 18,438 18,593 18,436 18,856 18,672

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

142,228 143,526 144,134 143,464 143,485 144,443 144,586 145,224 145,266

16 to 19 years

4,006 4,003 3,933 4,370 4,448 4,523 4,502 4,399 4,303

16 to 17 years

1,327 1,412 1,309 1,529 1,512 1,555 1,530 1,608 1,512

18 to 19 years

2,679 2,591 2,624 2,875 2,943 2,917 2,943 2,776 2,830

20 years and over

138,222 139,523 140,201 139,094 139,037 139,920 140,083 140,825 140,963

20 to 24 years

13,251 13,369 13,424 13,500 13,685 13,733 13,875 13,761 13,704

25 years and over

124,970 126,154 126,777 125,603 125,519 126,232 126,289 126,992 127,260

25 to 54 years

93,736 94,512 94,666 94,407 94,014 94,562 94,660 95,212 95,241

25 to 34 years

30,885 31,485 31,673 31,145 31,206 31,430 31,546 31,776 31,883

35 to 44 years

30,327 30,866 30,840 30,530 30,579 30,682 30,741 31,059 31,007

45 to 54 years

32,524 32,161 32,154 32,731 32,228 32,450 32,372 32,377 32,351

55 years and over

31,234 31,642 32,111 31,197 31,505 31,670 31,629 31,780 32,019

Men, 16 years and over

75,160 75,652 75,687 76,314 76,014 76,560 76,723 77,060 76,808

16 to 19 years

1,912 1,903 1,805 2,131 2,206 2,188 2,257 2,144 2,028

16 to 17 years

616 649 568 719 737 752 743 762 673

18 to 19 years

1,296 1,254 1,237 1,420 1,477 1,421 1,489 1,369 1,375

20 years and over

73,248 73,748 73,882 74,183 73,808 74,373 74,467 74,916 74,780

20 to 24 years

6,844 6,781 6,791 7,040 6,998 7,045 7,097 7,032 7,005

25 years and over

66,404 66,967 67,092 67,109 66,927 67,345 67,400 67,769 67,731

25 to 54 years

49,945 50,284 50,232 50,573 50,252 50,591 50,626 50,926 50,810

25 to 34 years

16,676 16,861 17,004 16,928 16,820 16,953 17,007 17,123 17,218

35 to 44 years

16,419 16,587 16,455 16,586 16,552 16,563 16,610 16,760 16,613

45 to 54 years

16,851 16,837 16,773 17,058 16,879 17,075 17,009 17,043 16,980

55 years and over

16,459 16,683 16,860 16,536 16,676 16,755 16,774 16,843 16,921

Women, 16 years and over

67,068 67,874 68,446 67,150 67,471 67,882 67,862 68,163 68,458

16 to 19 years

2,094 2,099 2,128 2,240 2,242 2,335 2,246 2,255 2,275

16 to 17 years

711 763 740 810 775 803 787 845 839

18 to 19 years

1,383 1,336 1,388 1,455 1,466 1,497 1,454 1,407 1,455

20 years and over

64,973 65,775 66,319 64,911 65,229 65,547 65,617 65,909 66,183

20 to 24 years

6,408 6,588 6,633 6,460 6,687 6,688 6,778 6,729 6,700

25 years and over

58,566 59,187 59,685 58,495 58,591 58,887 58,888 59,223 59,529

25 to 54 years

43,791 44,228 44,435 43,834 43,762 43,971 44,034 44,286 44,431

25 to 34 years

14,208 14,625 14,669 14,217 14,386 14,477 14,539 14,653 14,665

35 to 44 years

13,909 14,279 14,385 13,944 14,027 14,118 14,131 14,299 14,395

45 to 54 years

15,674 15,324 15,381 15,673 15,349 15,376 15,363 15,334 15,371

55 years and over

14,775 14,959 15,251 14,661 14,829 14,916 14,855 14,937 15,098

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,521 43,812 43,889 43,942 43,832 44,162 43,939 44,187 44,292

Married women, spouse present

34,656 34,628 34,874 34,428 34,333 34,366 34,404 34,448 34,619

Women who maintain families

9,082 9,340 9,333 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

114,191 115,774 116,323 115,785 116,306 116,951 117,278 117,656 117,819

Part-time workers(2)

28,037 27,752 27,810 27,561 27,211 27,461 27,372 27,540 27,330

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,435 6,685 7,163 7,268 6,948 6,880 6,877 6,849 6,960

Percent of total employed

5.2 4.7 5.0 5.1 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,246 5,452 5,385 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,250 9,042 9,261 9,470 9,323 9,327 9,317 9,329 9,465

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

12,047 10,236 10,459 7.7 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.7

16 to 19 years

1,474 1,147 1,173 25.2 22.0 20.8 20.2 20.7 21.4

16 to 17 years

588 451 422 27.8 23.8 23.6 23.8 21.9 21.8

18 to 19 years

867 686 751 23.2 21.1 19.4 18.3 19.8 21.0

20 years and over

10,573 9,089 9,285 7.1 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.2

20 to 24 years

2,036 1,862 1,856 13.1 12.2 11.6 11.1 11.9 11.9

25 years and over

8,481 7,203 7,380 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.5

25 to 54 years

6,553 5,685 5,821 6.5 6.3 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.8

25 to 34 years

2,605 2,312 2,413 7.7 7.2 7.4 6.9 6.8 7.0

35 to 44 years

2,018 1,639 1,666 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.0 5.1

45 to 54 years

1,930 1,733 1,742 5.6 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.1

55 years and over

1,920 1,498 1,553 5.8 5.4 4.9 5.1 4.5 4.6

Men, 16 years and over

6,512 5,602 5,789 7.9 7.5 7.3 6.8 6.8 7.0

16 to 19 years

798 627 652 27.2 24.4 23.3 21.1 22.6 24.3

16 to 17 years

325 228 224 31.1 23.3 24.7 24.6 23.0 25.0

18 to 19 years

455 386 440 24.3 25.3 22.7 18.9 22.0 24.2

20 years and over

5,714 4,975 5,137 7.2 6.9 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.4

20 to 24 years

1,107 1,038 1,087 13.6 13.7 12.3 11.8 12.9 13.4

25 years and over

4,530 3,907 3,984 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.5 5.6

25 to 54 years

3,487 3,091 3,151 6.4 6.4 6.3 5.8 5.7 5.8

25 to 34 years

1,403 1,277 1,286 7.7 7.5 7.5 7.0 6.9 7.0

35 to 44 years

1,035 877 906 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.3 5.0 5.2

45 to 54 years

1,049 938 958 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.0 5.2 5.3

55 years and over

1,044 816 833 5.9 5.6 5.2 5.3 4.6 4.7

Women, 16 years and over

5,535 4,634 4,670 7.6 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.4

16 to 19 years

676 520 522 23.2 19.6 18.3 19.3 18.7 18.7

16 to 17 years

263 223 198 24.5 24.2 22.5 23.0 20.9 19.1

18 to 19 years

412 300 311 22.1 16.4 16.0 17.6 17.6 17.6

20 years and over

4,859 4,114 4,148 7.0 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.9

20 to 24 years

929 824 769 12.6 10.7 10.9 10.4 10.9 10.3

25 years and over

3,950 3,296 3,396 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.4

25 to 54 years

3,066 2,593 2,670 6.5 6.1 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.7

25 to 34 years

1,202 1,035 1,126 7.8 6.9 7.3 6.7 6.6 7.1

35 to 44 years

983 763 760 6.6 5.8 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.0

45 to 54 years

881 796 784 5.3 5.7 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.9

55 years and over

848 726 705 5.5 5.0 4.7 4.9 4.6 4.5

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,085 1,735 1,772 4.5 4.5 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.8

Married women, spouse present

1,737 1,398 1,519 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.5 3.9 4.2

Women who maintain families(1)

1,126 934 935 11.0 9.5 9.7 8.7 9.1 9.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

10,236 8,746 8,866 8.1 7.6 7.3 6.8 6.9 7.0

Part-time workers(3)

1,818 1,492 1,610 6.2 5.5 5.6 5.9 5.1 5.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,130 6,152 6,024 6,495 6,162 5,731 5,366 5,407 5,448

On temporary layoff

1,425 1,493 1,341 1,091 1,507 1,128 997 986 1,036

Not on temporary layoff

5,705 4,660 4,682 5,404 4,655 4,603 4,369 4,421 4,412

Permanent job losers

4,276 3,460 3,366 4,095 3,496 3,428 3,219 3,341 3,230

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,429 1,199 1,316 1,309 1,159 1,174 1,150 1,080 1,182

Job leavers

950 825 813 952 842 890 862 818 823

Reentrants

3,308 2,869 2,974 3,330 3,104 3,065 3,036 2,937 2,997

New entrants

1,111 1,008 1,083 1,276 1,217 1,169 1,201 1,184 1,229

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

57.0 56.7 55.3 53.9 54.4 52.8 51.3 52.3 51.9

On temporary layoff

11.4 13.8 12.3 9.1 13.3 10.4 9.5 9.5 9.9

Not on temporary layoff

45.6 42.9 43.0 44.8 41.1 42.4 41.8 42.7 42.0

Job leavers

7.6 7.6 7.5 7.9 7.4 8.2 8.2 7.9 7.8

Reentrants

26.5 26.4 27.3 27.6 27.4 28.2 29.0 28.4 28.5

New entrants

8.9 9.3 9.9 10.6 10.7 10.8 11.5 11.4 11.7

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4.6 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.5

Job leavers

0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

2.1 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9

New entrants

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,440 2,876 2,145 2,677 2,794 2,439 2,255 2,434 2,373

5 to 14 weeks

3,366 2,587 3,091 2,788 2,636 2,585 2,506 2,429 2,568

15 weeks and over

6,694 5,392 5,657 6,485 5,824 5,786 5,530 5,336 5,464

15 to 26 weeks

1,903 1,702 1,771 1,735 1,777 1,742 1,651 1,689 1,615

27 weeks and over

4,791 3,690 3,886 4,750 4,047 4,044 3,878 3,646 3,849

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

36.0 33.3 36.3 36.9 36.0 37.1 37.1 35.4 37.1

Median duration, in weeks

17.1 14.3 16.0 17.7 16.5 17.0 17.1 16.0 16.4

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

19.5 26.5 19.7 22.4 24.8 22.6 21.9 23.9 22.8

5 to 14 weeks

26.9 23.8 28.4 23.3 23.4 23.9 24.4 23.8 24.7

15 weeks and over

53.6 49.7 51.9 54.3 51.7 53.5 53.7 52.3 52.5

15 to 26 weeks

15.2 15.7 16.3 14.5 15.8 16.1 16.0 16.6 15.5

27 weeks and over

38.3 34.0 35.7 39.7 36.0 37.4 37.7 35.8 37.0

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

142,228 144,134 12,500 10,893 8.1 7.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

54,563 55,501 2,164 1,845 3.8 3.2

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,758 22,664 916 838 3.9 3.6

Professional and related occupations

31,805 32,838 1,248 1,007 3.8 3.0

Service occupations

25,136 25,007 2,740 2,249 9.8 8.3

Sales and office occupations

33,456 33,667 2,876 2,522 7.9 7.0

Sales and related occupations

14,990 15,799 1,348 1,322 8.2 7.7

Office and administrative support occupations

18,466 17,868 1,528 1,200 7.6 6.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,602 13,148 1,750 1,487 12.2 10.2

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

839 905 160 115 16.1 11.3

Construction and extraction occupations

6,825 7,409 1,276 1,114 15.8 13.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,938 4,833 314 257 6.0 5.0

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,472 16,811 1,826 1,671 10.0 9.0

Production occupations

8,095 8,198 806 692 9.1 7.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,377 8,613 1,020 978 10.9 10.2

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

12,500 10,893 8.1 7.0

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

9,826 8,479 8.1 7.0

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

53 98 4.8 8.0

Construction

1,291 1,098 15.7 12.8

Manufacturing

1,108 843 7.2 5.5

Durable goods

693 454 7.2 4.6

Nondurable goods

415 389 7.3 6.9

Wholesale and retail trade

1,680 1,571 8.3 7.6

Transportation and utilities

468 412 7.5 6.6

Information

143 145 5.2 4.8

Financial activities

428 400 4.5 4.2

Professional and business services

1,480 1,324 9.6 8.6

Education and health services

1,176 893 5.3 4.0

Leisure and hospitality

1,506 1,336 11.2 10.3

Other services

494 359 7.8 5.9

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

175 153 13.6 11.4

Government workers

828 683 3.8 3.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

559 496 5.6 5.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.3 3.5 3.6 4.2 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.5

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.6 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.5

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

8.1 7.0 7.0 7.7 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.7

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

8.6 7.5 7.5 8.3 7.7 7.4 7.2 7.1 7.2

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.6 8.6 8.4 9.3 8.6 8.2 8.1 8.1 8.1

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

14.9 13.5 13.1 14.3 13.7 13.1 13.1 12.7 12.6

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Feb.
2014

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

90,100 92,058 35,937 37,352 54,163 54,707

Persons who currently want a job

6,842 6,091 3,131 2,984 3,712 3,107

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,588 2,303 1,344 1,295 1,244 1,008

Discouraged workers(2)

885 755 527 466 358 289

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,704 1,548 817 829 886 719

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,435 7,163 3,680 3,466 3,755 3,697

Percent of total employed

5.2 5.0 4.9 4.6 5.6 5.4

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,988 3,702 2,185 1,974 1,802 1,728

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

2,043 1,973 671 680 1,371 1,293

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

236 275 142 166 94 109

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,123 1,154 665 619 458 535

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)
Change from:
Jan.2014 - Feb.2014(p)

Total nonfarm

134,112 138,269 135,433 136,183 135,541 137,395 137,524 137,699 175

Total private

111,895 116,061 113,721 114,021 113,658 115,541 115,686 115,848 162

Goods-producing

18,131 18,703 18,354 18,363 18,651 18,811 18,872 18,894 22

Mining and logging

844 879 873 873 858 882 887 888 1

Logging

49.5 54.8 53.8 52.5 51.5 54.3 53.9 53.8 -0.1

Mining

794.7 824.0 819.5 820.6 806.9 828.0 833.3 834.4 1.1

Oil and gas extraction

193.0 204.3 206.2 206.8 194.8 204.3 206.1 207.8 1.7

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

206.2 206.4 202.6 202.8 215.6 210.1 212.0 211.8 -0.2

Coal mining

79.3 79.9 79.0 78.5 79.2 79.9 79.5 78.6 -0.9

Support activities for mining

395.5 413.3 410.7 411.0 396.5 413.6 415.2 414.8 -0.4

Construction

5,386 5,774 5,533 5,526 5,789 5,876 5,926 5,941 15

Construction of buildings

1,212.6 1,312.7 1,275.3 1,269.9 1,271.0 1,314.7 1,334.2 1,334.3 0.1

Residential building

567.5 632.9 612.0 614.0 598.2 632.8 644.8 648.2 3.4

Nonresidential building

645.1 679.8 663.3 655.9 672.8 681.9 689.4 686.1 -3.3

Heavy and civil engineering construction

783.8 840.2 785.5 794.2 889.8 880.0 889.6 901.9 12.3

Specialty trade contractors

3,389.9 3,620.6 3,472.6 3,462.1 3,628.1 3,681.1 3,702.5 3,704.5 2.0

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,418.1 1,544.3 1,475.7 1,469.9 1,527.7 1,578.3 1,580.6 1,578.9 -1.7

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

1,971.8 2,076.3 1,996.9 1,992.2 2,100.4 2,102.8 2,121.9 2,125.6 3.7

Manufacturing

11,901 12,050 11,948 11,964 12,004 12,053 12,059 12,065 6

Durable goods

7,479 7,585 7,524 7,538 7,527 7,581 7,578 7,584 6

Wood products

341.3 356.9 354.5 356.3 348.6 357.9 362.0 362.6 0.6

Nonmetallic mineral products

356.5 374.3 365.3 363.1 371.9 378.3 379.1 377.2 -1.9

Primary metals

395.3 396.3 395.4 396.1 397.9 397.8 396.3 397.6 1.3

Fabricated metal products

1,415.6 1,444.7 1,434.5 1,435.8 1,424.4 1,445.2 1,446.3 1,446.1 -0.2

Machinery

1,100.1 1,106.9 1,106.8 1,110.7 1,103.2 1,105.0 1,110.8 1,112.4 1.6

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,069.0 1,060.9 1,054.6 1,051.8 1,071.5 1,059.8 1,057.5 1,056.5 -1.0

Computer and peripheral equipment

155.4 160.9 160.8 161.3 156.4 161.0 160.3 161.7 1.4

Communications equipment

104.0 100.1 99.7 98.2 104.2 99.6 99.4 98.5 -0.9

Semiconductors and electronic components

376.2 372.7 370.0 369.5 376.9 372.3 372.0 371.0 -1.0

Electronic instruments

394.7 388.9 386.3 384.6 394.7 388.8 387.7 386.6 -1.1

Electrical equipment and appliances

372.2 377.8 374.4 374.6 373.9 376.5 374.9 375.3 0.4

Transportation equipment(1)

1,497.8 1,523.4 1,505.1 1,513.0 1,498.6 1,517.1 1,509.4 1,513.1 3.7

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

805.9 844.1 826.7 833.8 805.2 838.5 829.9 833.3 3.4

Furniture and related products

352.6 362.3 358.5 359.5 356.5 363.8 364.2 363.8 -0.4

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

578.4 581.4 574.8 576.9 580.8 579.2 577.9 579.0 1.1

Nondurable goods

4,422 4,465 4,424 4,426 4,477 4,472 4,481 4,481 0

Food manufacturing

1,442.6 1,483.5 1,458.2 1,457.8 1,474.5 1,484.8 1,491.0 1,489.1 -1.9

Textile mills

116.5 117.7 115.7 116.6 117.3 118.0 116.4 117.5 1.1

Textile product mills

114.6 112.5 109.8 109.7 115.7 111.8 111.0 110.7 -0.3

Apparel

148.2 138.9 137.5 136.6 148.1 138.7 137.6 136.7 -0.9

Paper and paper products

379.0 378.1 376.8 375.3 380.0 377.7 377.6 376.9 -0.7

Printing and related support activities

451.8 445.0 441.3 440.5 455.5 443.5 443.0 442.6 -0.4

Petroleum and coal products

108.7 109.0 108.2 108.4 112.3 111.2 112.7 112.4 -0.3

Chemicals

789.2 794.2 793.9 795.3 792.3 794.9 796.0 796.2 0.2

Plastics and rubber products

650.1 658.1 656.9 659.2 654.0 660.2 662.9 664.3 1.4

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

221.1 228.0 225.7 226.5 227.4 231.2 232.3 234.1 1.8

Private service-providing

93,764 97,358 95,367 95,658 95,007 96,730 96,814 96,954 140

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,297 26,884 26,013 25,781 25,691 26,156 26,170 26,177 7

Wholesale trade

5,664.9 5,805.0 5,765.8 5,778.5 5,716.5 5,796.8 5,817.3 5,832.1 14.8

Durable goods

2,841.4 2,898.1 2,892.0 2,901.6 2,860.9 2,897.2 2,908.4 2,919.9 11.5

Nondurable goods

1,954.5 1,996.4 1,977.8 1,982.3 1,979.0 1,993.8 2,005.6 2,009.2 3.6

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

869.0 910.5 896.0 894.6 876.6 905.8 903.3 903.0 -0.3

Retail trade

14,666.3 15,828.8 15,161.1 14,948.6 14,953.1 15,261.7 15,239.1 15,235.0 -4.1

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,745.1 1,812.4 1,801.6 1,808.5 1,770.7 1,823.2 1,829.7 1,832.9 3.2

Automobile dealers

1,110.7 1,152.2 1,149.5 1,153.1 1,121.2 1,157.0 1,160.4 1,162.0 1.6

Furniture and home furnishings stores

440.1 474.1 451.7 444.2 443.7 448.4 448.1 449.4 1.3

Electronics and appliance stores

497.9 545.4 532.0 501.2 497.3 514.0 515.7 503.7 -12.0

Building material and garden supply stores

1,144.7 1,186.8 1,159.9 1,172.5 1,192.6 1,223.3 1,222.2 1,225.2 3.0

Food and beverage stores

2,872.5 3,006.5 2,964.2 2,956.1 2,903.3 2,977.3 2,974.9 2,986.9 12.0

Health and personal care stores

1,002.8 1,042.3 1,021.3 1,012.5 1,008.8 1,023.3 1,019.8 1,017.8 -2.0

Gasoline stations

843.2 869.6 861.3 856.6 856.9 871.7 873.3 872.7 -0.6

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,341.4 1,578.5 1,407.6 1,348.5 1,401.5 1,404.5 1,395.9 1,400.2 4.3

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

580.1 671.4 599.2 572.0 589.7 616.9 596.0 587.4 -8.6

General merchandise stores(1)

2,961.5 3,328.8 3,115.8 3,032.1 3,033.0 3,099.2 3,100.3 3,094.9 -5.4

Department stores

1,312.4 1,505.4 1,367.5 1,307.8 1,346.9 1,344.4 1,342.8 1,336.2 -6.6

Miscellaneous store retailers

785.7 804.6 773.8 781.4 798.9 790.3 792.5 793.4 0.9

Nonstore retailers

451.3 508.4 472.7 463.0 456.7 469.6 470.7 470.5 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,416.8 4,699.9 4,537.9 4,507.0 4,469.9 4,546.6 4,563.8 4,560.2 -3.6

Air transportation

444.8 452.5 450.9 450.6 449.2 453.4 453.3 453.0 -0.3

Rail transportation

230.6 232.5 231.8 232.3 232.5 233.1 232.6 233.5 0.9

Water transportation

62.7 65.5 64.9 65.7 64.7 66.4 66.6 67.7 1.1

Truck transportation

1,342.0 1,384.6 1,357.8 1,356.0 1,374.1 1,386.9 1,389.5 1,389.5 0.0

Transit and ground passenger transportation

455.5 471.1 464.0 466.7 442.2 453.5 450.7 452.7 2.0

Pipeline transportation

43.4 44.8 45.0 45.1 43.4 44.7 45.0 45.1 0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

21.9 24.8 22.4 22.9 28.8 29.2 29.7 29.5 -0.2

Support activities for transportation

592.1 600.9 600.6 599.3 593.4 596.6 601.3 600.5 -0.8

Couriers and messengers

529.6 680.3 582.8 547.5 539.2 557.8 571.5 559.6 -11.9

Warehousing and storage

694.2 742.9 717.7 720.9 702.4 725.0 723.6 729.1 5.5

Utilities

549.3 550.3 548.2 547.3 551.9 551.3 549.8 549.9 0.1

Information

2,699 2,682 2,629 2,632 2,692 2,674 2,666 2,650 -16

Publishing industries, except Internet

731.0 735.2 728.0 724.3 733.6 731.0 730.4 727.9 -2.5

Motion picture and sound recording industries

377.6 326.1 293.6 299.1 368.2 329.9 325.7 311.6 -14.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

285.0 287.0 285.8 286.9 285.0 286.1 286.7 287.3 0.6

Telecommunications

853.4 862.2 851.1 852.8 850.6 858.1 850.4 851.2 0.8

Data processing, hosting and related services

264.3 271.0 267.7 267.1 265.1 269.3 270.0 269.1 -0.9

Other information services

187.8 200.6 202.3 202.0 189.1 199.3 203.2 203.3 0.1

Financial activities

7,799 7,911 7,846 7,861 7,847 7,901 7,899 7,908 9

Finance and insurance

5,855.8 5,897.8 5,863.8 5,875.7 5,863.1 5,883.1 5,875.8 5,883.6 7.8

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.5 18.0 18.0 18.1 17.8 18.1 18.2 18.3 0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,616.3 2,601.7 2,583.3 2,579.6 2,616.7 2,595.5 2,586.7 2,583.2 -3.5

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,739.3 1,716.2 1,712.1 1,709.8 1,740.3 1,714.4 1,712.1 1,711.9 -0.2

Commercial banking

1,319.0 1,290.8 1,288.1 1,285.0 1,320.0 1,289.7 1,287.2 1,285.3 -1.9

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

858.5 869.8 866.3 869.0 859.4 868.5 869.3 870.6 1.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,363.5 2,408.3 2,396.2 2,409.0 2,369.2 2,401.0 2,401.6 2,411.5 9.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,943.6 2,013.3 1,982.1 1,985.1 1,983.9 2,018.3 2,023.5 2,024.5 1.0

Real estate

1,419.4 1,472.1 1,448.8 1,448.6 1,444.0 1,469.0 1,472.8 1,471.2 -1.6

Rental and leasing services

500.7 518.3 511.4 514.4 516.2 526.7 528.4 531.0 2.6

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.5 22.9 21.9 22.1 23.7 22.6 22.3 22.3 0.0

Professional and business services

18,025 18,906 18,552 18,694 18,295 18,842 18,884 18,963 79

Professional and technical services(1)

8,103.4 8,235.7 8,230.8 8,321.8 8,028.8 8,200.8 8,219.3 8,254.7 35.4

Legal services

1,123.1 1,138.8 1,129.5 1,128.9 1,129.9 1,135.1 1,136.6 1,136.3 -0.3

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,046.7 918.8 999.1 1,062.1 911.4 915.2 917.2 932.9 15.7

Architectural and engineering services

1,318.4 1,374.3 1,362.2 1,362.8 1,337.3 1,374.1 1,378.8 1,382.0 3.2

Computer systems design and related services

1,672.8 1,728.4 1,725.2 1,731.1 1,676.4 1,724.5 1,731.0 1,736.0 5.0

Management and technical consulting services

1,141.8 1,213.4 1,186.4 1,195.1 1,151.4 1,201.1 1,200.4 1,205.7 5.3

Management of companies and enterprises

2,062.4 2,113.7 2,107.1 2,101.8 2,074.6 2,109.3 2,112.4 2,113.9 1.5

Administrative and waste services

7,859.0 8,556.6 8,214.4 8,270.5 8,191.2 8,531.5 8,552.3 8,594.0 41.7

Administrative and support services(1)

7,492.5 8,184.6 7,846.4 7,903.0 7,815.9 8,156.3 8,178.0 8,218.4 40.4

Employment services(1)

3,082.7 3,550.1 3,322.9 3,360.3 3,229.3 3,458.8 3,468.4 3,489.9 21.5

Temporary help services

2,442.3 2,855.1 2,650.5 2,685.5 2,572.6 2,773.8 2,775.9 2,800.3 24.4

Business support services

841.4 881.1 860.7 862.4 839.0 859.5 860.3 862.0 1.7

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,700.1 1,828.8 1,748.9 1,760.5 1,858.5 1,907.4 1,913.8 1,925.2 11.4

Waste management and remediation services

366.5 372.0 368.0 367.5 375.3 375.2 374.3 375.6 1.3

Education and health services

21,070 21,419 21,127 21,391 20,948 21,242 21,252 21,285 33

Educational services

3,464.7 3,472.2 3,272.4 3,524.8 3,320.6 3,365.0 3,363.6 3,381.8 18.2

Health care and social assistance

17,605.7 17,947.2 17,854.5 17,866.0 17,627.6 17,876.7 17,888.1 17,902.8 14.7

Health care(3)

14,393.6 14,649.8 14,571.1 14,571.9 14,429.2 14,604.5 14,610.6 14,620.1 9.5

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,405.2 6,592.8 6,562.8 6,568.4 6,422.3 6,567.3 6,580.7 6,589.1 8.4

Offices of physicians

2,414.3 2,477.2 2,460.7 2,466.5 2,420.6 2,461.2 2,463.5 2,471.7 8.2

Outpatient care centers

667.8 702.6 701.0 703.5 667.7 700.8 702.3 703.8 1.5

Home health care services

1,210.0 1,268.1 1,259.9 1,254.1 1,213.8 1,263.0 1,264.9 1,261.1 -3.8

Hospitals

4,786.3 4,804.6 4,782.7 4,778.9 4,790.7 4,792.7 4,789.1 4,787.9 -1.2

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,202.1 3,252.4 3,225.6 3,224.6 3,216.2 3,244.5 3,240.8 3,243.1 2.3

Nursing care facilities

1,650.2 1,652.0 1,640.2 1,637.5 1,658.3 1,647.8 1,647.3 1,648.4 1.1

Social assistance(1)

3,212.1 3,297.4 3,283.4 3,294.1 3,198.4 3,272.2 3,277.5 3,282.7 5.2

Child day care services

862.0 864.1 860.6 868.4 846.3 850.3 851.4 851.7 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

13,470 14,095 13,782 13,861 14,078 14,435 14,457 14,482 25

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,797.8 1,916.0 1,860.0 1,882.6 2,010.9 2,082.1 2,089.2 2,094.3 5.1

Performing arts and spectator sports

382.4 412.5 390.0 405.3 413.9 430.6 432.6 435.5 2.9

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

128.1 134.3 129.2 130.1 139.7 141.2 141.6 141.8 0.2

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,287.3 1,369.2 1,340.8 1,347.2 1,457.3 1,510.3 1,515.0 1,517.0 2.0

Accommodation and food services

11,671.7 12,178.8 11,922.0 11,978.0 12,067.2 12,353.3 12,368.0 12,388.1 20.1

Accommodation

1,759.3 1,800.4 1,767.0 1,778.5 1,850.5 1,866.2 1,867.9 1,866.8 -1.1

Food services and drinking places

9,912.4 10,378.4 10,155.0 10,199.5 10,216.7 10,487.1 10,500.1 10,521.3 21.2

Other services

5,404 5,461 5,418 5,438 5,456 5,480 5,486 5,489 3

Repair and maintenance

1,200.3 1,203.8 1,194.7 1,200.4 1,210.5 1,211.1 1,209.3 1,211.0 1.7

Personal and laundry services

1,315.8 1,349.8 1,336.6 1,340.3 1,331.2 1,349.3 1,355.5 1,356.0 0.5

Membership associations and organizations

2,888.0 2,907.4 2,886.5 2,897.6 2,913.9 2,919.3 2,920.9 2,921.8 0.9

Government

22,217 22,208 21,712 22,162 21,883 21,854 21,838 21,851 13

Federal

2,792.0 2,741.0 2,710.0 2,705.0 2,810.0 2,736.0 2,723.0 2,717.0 -6.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,186.9 2,137.5 2,119.5 2,117.9 2,203.6 2,141.3 2,137.5 2,130.7 -6.8

U.S. Postal Service

605.2 603.3 590.2 586.6 606.1 594.3 585.7 586.7 1.0

State government

5,180.0 5,169.0 4,969.0 5,198.0 5,049.0 5,064.0 5,065.0 5,076.0 11.0

State government education

2,532.3 2,527.3 2,323.6 2,551.6 2,392.2 2,410.3 2,408.9 2,418.9 10.0

State government, excluding education

2,647.3 2,641.6 2,645.2 2,646.8 2,656.8 2,653.3 2,655.7 2,657.4 1.7

Local government

14,245.0 14,298.0 14,033.0 14,259.0 14,024.0 14,054.0 14,050.0 14,058.0 8.0

Local government education

8,103.1 8,093.3 7,880.2 8,092.9 7,764.0 7,773.3 7,771.4 7,774.2 2.8

Local government, excluding education

6,141.4 6,204.2 6,152.6 6,165.6 6,260.1 6,280.5 6,278.7 6,283.4 4.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.3 34.3 34.2

Goods-producing

40.5 40.4 40.1 40.1

Mining and logging

43.4 44.8 44.1 45.1

Construction

39.2 38.7 38.4 38.0

Manufacturing

40.9 40.9 40.7 40.7

Durable goods

41.2 41.4 41.1 41.2

Nondurable goods

40.3 40.2 39.9 39.9

Private service-providing

33.3 33.1 33.2 33.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.4 34.3 34.2

Wholesale trade

38.7 38.6 38.7 38.5

Retail trade

31.6 31.3 31.1 31.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.6 38.7 38.7 38.6

Utilities

42.5 42.0 42.2 42.2

Information

36.4 36.9 36.8 36.9

Financial activities

37.2 37.0 37.1 37.1

Professional and business services

36.1 36.0 36.1 36.0

Education and health services

32.8 32.6 32.6 32.4

Leisure and hospitality

26.1 25.7 26.0 25.7

Other services

31.7 31.6 31.7 31.4

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.5 3.4 3.3

Durable goods

3.3 3.5 3.4 3.4

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)

Total private

$23.79 $24.17 $24.22 $24.31 $820.76 $829.03 $830.75 $831.40

Goods-producing

24.92 25.44 25.48 25.60 1,009.26 1,027.78 1,021.75 1,026.56

Mining and logging

28.81 30.59 30.59 30.79 1,250.35 1,370.43 1,349.02 1,388.63

Construction

26.00 26.35 26.39 26.58 1,019.20 1,019.75 1,013.38 1,010.04

Manufacturing

24.13 24.60 24.65 24.72 986.92 1,006.14 1,003.26 1,006.10

Durable goods

25.51 26.01 26.05 26.12 1,051.01 1,076.81 1,070.66 1,076.14

Nondurable goods

21.77 22.15 22.20 22.28 877.33 890.43 885.78 888.97

Private service-providing

23.52 23.87 23.92 24.01 783.22 790.10 794.14 792.33

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.77 21.11 21.22 21.29 718.64 726.18 727.85 728.12

Wholesale trade

27.30 27.87 27.96 27.99 1,056.51 1,075.78 1,082.05 1,077.62

Retail trade

16.54 16.66 16.75 16.81 522.66 521.46 520.93 521.11

Transportation and warehousing

22.04 22.71 22.72 22.83 850.74 878.88 879.26 881.24

Utilities

35.05 35.51 35.53 35.81 1,489.63 1,491.42 1,499.37 1,511.18

Information

32.47 33.43 33.41 33.55 1,181.91 1,233.57 1,229.49 1,238.00

Financial activities

29.97 30.37 30.43 30.52 1,114.88 1,123.69 1,128.95 1,132.29

Professional and business services

28.40 28.78 28.85 28.93 1,025.24 1,036.08 1,041.49 1,041.48

Education and health services

24.39 24.55 24.57 24.57 799.99 800.33 800.98 796.07

Leisure and hospitality

13.39 13.65 13.69 13.76 349.48 350.81 355.94 353.63

Other services

21.19 21.72 21.83 22.09 671.72 686.35 692.01 693.63

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2014 - Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2014 - Feb.
2014(p)

Total private

98.0 99.1 99.2 99.0 -0.2 111.3 114.3 114.7 114.9 0.2

Goods-producing

86.1 86.6 86.2 86.3 0.1 96.9 99.6 99.3 99.9 0.6

Mining and logging

117.0 124.2 122.9 125.8 2.4 135.3 152.5 151.0 155.6 3.0

Construction

78.2 78.4 78.4 77.8 -0.8 88.4 89.7 89.9 89.9 0.0

Manufacturing

88.3 88.7 88.3 88.3 0.0 99.1 101.5 101.2 101.6 0.4

Durable goods

87.3 88.4 87.7 88.0 0.3 98.9 102.1 101.5 102.1 0.6

Nondurable goods

90.0 89.7 89.2 89.2 0.0 99.5 100.8 100.5 100.9 0.4

Private service-providing

101.2 102.5 102.9 102.4 -0.5 115.5 118.6 119.3 119.2 -0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

96.7 97.9 97.6 97.4 -0.2 108.1 111.2 111.5 111.6 0.1

Wholesale trade

96.5 97.6 98.2 98.0 -0.2 110.0 113.5 114.6 114.4 -0.2

Retail trade

96.0 97.0 96.3 95.9 -0.4 105.0 106.9 106.6 106.6 0.0

Transportation and warehousing

98.7 100.7 101.1 100.7 -0.4 110.4 116.1 116.5 116.7 0.2

Utilities

101.5 100.2 100.4 100.4 0.0 117.5 117.5 117.8 118.8 0.8

Information

89.5 90.1 89.6 89.3 -0.3 103.5 107.3 106.6 106.7 0.1

Financial activities

95.6 95.7 96.0 96.1 0.1 111.8 113.4 113.9 114.4 0.4

Professional and business services

103.9 106.7 107.2 107.4 0.2 119.5 124.4 125.3 125.8 0.4

Education and health services

110.3 111.1 111.2 110.7 -0.4 126.7 128.5 128.7 128.1 -0.5

Leisure and hospitality

104.8 105.9 107.2 106.2 -0.9 113.3 116.6 118.5 117.9 -0.5

Other services

95.8 95.9 96.4 95.5 -0.9 115.2 118.3 119.4 119.7 0.3

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)

Total nonfarm

66,963 67,961 67,937 68,036 49.4 49.5 49.4 49.4

Total private

54,491 55,479 55,470 55,558 47.9 48.0 47.9 48.0

Goods-producing

4,115 4,133 4,139 4,144 22.1 22.0 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

115 117 118 119 13.4 13.3 13.3 13.4

Construction

737 746 751 753 12.7 12.7 12.7 12.7

Manufacturing

3,263 3,270 3,270 3,272 27.2 27.1 27.1 27.1

Durable goods

1,738 1,749 1,746 1,746 23.1 23.1 23.0 23.0

Nondurable goods

1,525 1,521 1,524 1,526 34.1 34.0 34.0 34.1

Private service-providing

50,376 51,346 51,331 51,414 53.0 53.1 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,340 10,629 10,613 10,597 40.2 40.6 40.6 40.5

Wholesale trade

1,694.9 1,721.3 1,724.7 1,723.1 29.6 29.7 29.6 29.5

Retail trade

7,467.3 7,698.7 7,682.3 7,672.3 49.9 50.4 50.4 50.4

Transportation and warehousing

1,039.7 1,074.2 1,071.2 1,067.6 23.3 23.6 23.5 23.4

Utilities

137.6 134.9 134.3 134.2 24.9 24.5 24.4 24.4

Information

1,074 1,073 1,067 1,063 39.9 40.1 40.0 40.1

Financial activities

4,537 4,537 4,534 4,546 57.8 57.4 57.4 57.5

Professional and business services

8,121 8,406 8,405 8,460 44.4 44.6 44.5 44.6

Education and health services

16,102 16,311 16,319 16,343 76.9 76.8 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,337 7,517 7,518 7,532 52.1 52.1 52.0 52.0

Other services

2,865 2,873 2,875 2,873 52.5 52.4 52.4 52.3

Government

12,472 12,482 12,467 12,478 57.0 57.1 57.1 57.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)

Total private

93,903 95,471 95,577 95,757

Goods-producing

13,436 13,537 13,595 13,615

Mining and logging

635 649 652 654

Construction

4,372 4,444 4,486 4,498

Manufacturing

8,429 8,444 8,457 8,463

Durable goods

5,179 5,203 5,205 5,212

Nondurable goods

3,250 3,241 3,252 3,251

Private service-providing

80,467 81,934 81,982 82,142

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,759 22,109 22,113 22,120

Wholesale trade

4,605.6 4,676.1 4,692.8 4,706.6

Retail trade

12,841.3 13,056.4 13,026.9 13,028.7

Transportation and warehousing

3,868.2 3,930.8 3,948.1 3,939.9

Utilities

444.2 445.9 444.7 444.6

Information

2,177 2,165 2,157 2,141

Financial activities

6,033 6,087 6,081 6,096

Professional and business services

15,123 15,611 15,635 15,737

Education and health services

18,389 18,649 18,659 18,692

Leisure and hospitality

12,429 12,746 12,768 12,785

Other services

4,557 4,567 4,569 4,571

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.8 33.5 33.5 33.3

Goods-producing

41.3 41.2 40.9 40.6

Mining and logging

45.6 46.9 46.2 47.1

Construction

39.6 39.0 38.9 38.3

Manufacturing

41.9 41.9 41.5 41.4

Durable goods

42.3 42.3 41.9 41.8

Nondurable goods

41.3 41.2 41.0 40.8

Private service-providing

32.5 32.3 32.3 32.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.8 33.5 33.4 33.2

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.6 38.5 38.5

Retail trade

30.3 30.0 29.7 29.6

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 38.4 38.5 37.9

Utilities

42.1 41.7 42.0 42.1

Information

35.8 36.1 36.0 36.3

Financial activities

36.7 36.6 36.6 36.6

Professional and business services

35.4 35.2 35.3 35.2

Education and health services

32.3 31.9 32.0 31.8

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 24.8 24.9 24.7

Other services

30.8 30.6 30.6 30.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.3 4.5 4.3 4.2

Durable goods

4.3 4.6 4.3 4.3

Nondurable goods

4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)

Total private

$20.00 $20.35 $20.41 $20.50 $676.00 $681.73 $683.74 $682.65

Goods-producing

21.13 21.38 21.39 21.44 872.67 880.86 874.85 870.46

Mining and logging

26.34 26.87 26.84 26.83 1,201.10 1,260.20 1,240.01 1,263.69

Construction

24.17 24.35 24.40 24.57 957.13 949.65 949.16 941.03

Manufacturing

19.22 19.45 19.43 19.43 805.32 814.96 806.35 804.40

Durable goods

20.21 20.50 20.48 20.47 854.88 867.15 858.11 855.65

Nondurable goods

17.59 17.72 17.72 17.73 726.47 730.06 726.52 723.38

Private service-providing

19.76 20.13 20.20 20.30 642.20 650.20 652.46 651.63

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.59 17.94 18.04 18.15 594.54 600.99 602.54 602.58

Wholesale trade

22.38 22.84 23.05 23.31 868.34 881.62 887.43 897.44

Retail trade

13.93 14.14 14.18 14.22 422.08 424.20 421.15 420.91

Transportation and warehousing

19.58 20.13 20.11 20.19 751.87 772.99 774.24 765.20

Utilities

32.07 32.78 32.77 32.90 1,350.15 1,366.93 1,376.34 1,385.09

Information

27.85 28.35 28.48 28.77 997.03 1,023.44 1,025.28 1,044.35

Financial activities

23.52 24.24 24.31 24.46 863.18 887.18 889.75 895.24

Professional and business services

23.60 23.93 24.03 24.13 835.44 842.34 848.26 849.38

Education and health services

21.20 21.52 21.57 21.60 684.76 686.49 690.24 686.88

Leisure and hospitality

11.71 11.92 11.89 11.96 292.75 295.62 296.06 295.41

Other services

17.88 18.27 18.34 18.45 550.70 559.06 561.20 562.73

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2014 - Feb.
2014(p)
Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014(p)
Feb.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Jan.
2014 - Feb.
2014(p)

Total private

105.8 106.6 106.7 106.3 -0.4 141.4 144.9 145.5 145.6 0.1

Goods-producing

84.8 85.2 85.0 84.5 -0.6 109.7 111.6 111.3 110.9 -0.4

Mining and logging

153.9 161.7 160.1 163.7 2.2 235.7 252.8 249.9 255.4 2.2

Construction

86.7 86.8 87.4 86.3 -1.3 113.1 114.1 115.1 114.4 -0.6

Manufacturing

81.1 81.2 80.6 80.4 -0.2 101.9 103.3 102.4 102.2 -0.2

Durable goods

82.3 82.7 81.9 81.9 0.0 103.9 105.8 104.8 104.6 -0.2

Nondurable goods

79.1 78.7 78.6 78.2 -0.5 98.3 98.5 98.4 97.9 -0.5

Private service-providing

111.4 112.7 112.8 112.3 -0.4 150.9 155.6 156.2 156.4 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

102.5 103.3 103.0 102.4 -0.6 128.7 132.1 132.5 132.6 0.1

Wholesale trade

105.2 106.3 106.4 106.7 0.3 138.7 143.0 144.5 146.5 1.4

Retail trade

98.5 99.1 97.9 97.6 -0.3 117.6 120.2 119.0 119.0 0.0

Transportation and warehousing

111.8 113.6 114.4 112.4 -1.7 138.9 145.1 146.0 144.0 -1.4

Utilities

95.6 95.1 95.5 95.7 0.2 128.0 130.1 130.6 131.5 0.7

Information

89.0 89.2 88.6 88.7 0.1 122.6 125.2 125.0 126.3 1.0

Financial activities

104.2 104.9 104.8 105.0 0.2 150.8 156.4 156.7 158.1 0.9

Professional and business services

120.0 123.2 123.7 124.1 0.3 168.5 175.4 176.9 178.3 0.8

Education and health services

126.8 127.0 127.4 126.9 -0.4 177.3 180.3 181.4 180.8 -0.3

Leisure and hospitality

113.8 115.8 116.5 115.7 -0.7 151.4 156.7 157.2 157.1 -0.1

Other services

98.4 98.0 98.1 97.8 -0.3 128.2 130.5 131.0 131.4 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: March 07, 2014