Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed            USDL-10-0886
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, July 2, 2010

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                 THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2010


Total nonfarm payroll employment declined by 125,000 in June, and the
unemployment rate edged down to 9.5 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. The decline in payroll employment reflected 
a decrease (-225,000) in the number of temporary employees working on 
Census 2010. Private-sector payroll employment edged up by 83,000.

Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons, at 14.6 million, and the unem-
ployment rate, at 9.5 percent, edged down in June. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult women
(7.8 percent) declined, while the rates for adult men (9.9 percent),
teenagers (25.7 percent), whites (8.6 percent), blacks (15.4 percent),
and Hispanics (12.4 percent) showed little or no change. The jobless
rate for Asians was 7.7 percent, not seasonally adjusted. (See tables
A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In June, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27
weeks and over) was unchanged at 6.8 million. These individuals made
up 45.5 percent of unemployed persons. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate fell by 0.3 percentage
point in June to 64.7 percent. The employment-population ratio, at
58.5 percent, edged down over the month. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (some-
times referred to as involuntary part-time workers), at 8.6 million, 
was little changed over the month but was down by 525,000 over the 
past 2 months. These individuals were working part time because their 
hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-
time job. (See table A-8.)

In June, about 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the
labor force, an increase of 415,000 from a year earlier. (The data 
are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor
force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job
sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed
because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.2 million discouraged
workers in June, up by 414,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not
seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently
looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them.
The remaining 1.4 million persons marginally attached to the labor
force had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey
for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 
(See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment decreased by 125,000 in June, re-
flecting the departure of 225,000 temporary Census 2010 workers from
federal government payrolls. Total private employment edged up over
the month (+83,000) due to modest increases in several industries.
So far this year, private-sector employment has increased by 593,000 
but in June was 7.9 million below its December 2007 level. (See 
table B-1.)

Within leisure and hospitality, employment rose over the month by
28,000 in amusements, gambling, and recreation.

Within professional and business services, employment continued to
increase in temporary help services (+21,000). Employment in tem-
porary help has risen by 379,000 since a recent low in September
2009. Elsewhere in professional and business services, management 
and technical consulting (+11,000) and business support services 
(+7,000) also added jobs over the month.

In June, transportation and warehousing added 15,000 jobs. Since a
recent low in February, this industry has added 44,000 jobs.

Health care employment edged up in June (+9,000). Over the past 12
months, the industry has gained 217,000 jobs.

Mining employment continued to trend up in June (+6,000); the indus-
try has gained 56,000 jobs since October 2009. Within mining, sup-
port activities added 7,000 jobs in June.

Manufacturing employment continued to trend up over the month (+9,000).  
The industry has added 136,000 jobs since December 2009.

Construction employment decreased by 22,000 in June, with the largest
decline in nonresidential specialty trade contracting. On net, con-
struction employment has shown little change over the last 4 months.

Employment in other private-sector industries, including wholesale 
trade, retail trade, information, and financial activities showed 
little change in June.

Government employment fell by 208,000 in June, driven by the loss of
225,000 temporary workers hired for Census 2010. Employment in both 
state and local governments was little changed over the month.

In June, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm pay-
rolls decreased by 0.1 hour to 34.1 hours. The manufacturing workweek 
for all employees decreased by 0.5 hour to 40.0 hours; this followed an 
increase of 0.4 hour in May. The average workweek for production and 
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 
33.4 hours in June. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings of all employees in the private nonfarm sector
decreased by 2 cents, or 0.1 percent, to $22.53 in June. Over the past
12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 1.7 percent. In
June, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and non-
supervisory employees were unchanged at $19.00. (See tables B-3 and 
B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised
from +290,000 to +313,000, and the change for May was revised from
+431,000 to +433,000.

____________
The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
August 6, 2010, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010
Change from:
May
2010-
June
2010

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

235,655 237,329 237,499 237,690 191

Civilian labor force

154,759 154,715 154,393 153,741 -652

Participation rate

65.7 65.2 65.0 64.7 -0.3

Employed

140,038 139,455 139,420 139,119 -301

Employment-population ratio

59.4 58.8 58.7 58.5 -0.2

Unemployed

14,721 15,260 14,973 14,623 -350

Unemployment rate

9.5 9.9 9.7 9.5 -0.2

Not in labor force

80,895 82,614 83,107 83,949 842

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.5 9.9 9.7 9.5 -0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

10.0 10.1 9.8 9.9 0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.6 8.2 8.1 7.8 -0.3

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

24.3 25.4 26.4 25.7 -0.7

White

8.7 9.0 8.8 8.6 -0.2

Black or African American

14.8 16.5 15.5 15.4 -0.1

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

8.2 6.8 7.5 7.7 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

12.3 12.5 12.4 12.4 0.0

Total, 25 years and over

8.2 8.3 8.4 8.2 -0.2

Less than a high school diploma

15.4 14.7 15.0 14.1 -0.9

High school graduates, no college

9.8 10.6 10.9 10.8 -0.1

Some college or associate degree

8.0 8.3 8.3 8.2 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.7 4.9 4.7 4.4 -0.3

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,562 9,246 9,223 9,114 -109

Job leavers

822 938 969 900 -69

Reentrants

3,322 3,739 3,453 3,308 -145

New entrants

969 1,231 1,206 1,140 -66

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

3,152 2,682 2,752 2,769 17

5 to 14 weeks

3,994 2,991 3,019 3,121 102

15 to 26 weeks

3,404 2,253 2,161 2,208 47

27 weeks and over

4,440 6,716 6,763 6,751 -12

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,962 9,152 8,809 8,627 -182

Slack work or business conditions

6,779 6,268 6,143 6,165 22

Could only find part-time work

1,970 2,489 2,326 2,101 -225

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,715 18,140 17,929 17,870 -59

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,176 2,432 2,223 2,591 -

Discouraged workers

793 1,197 1,083 1,207 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

-515 313 433 -125

Total private

-452 241 33 83

Goods-producing

-228 67 13 -8

Mining and logging

-8 7 11 5

Construction

-91 22 -30 -22

Manufacturing

-129 38 32 9

Durable goods(1)

-104 28 30 13

Motor vehicles and parts

-21.8 4.1 6.2 -2.6

Nondurable goods

-25 10 2 -4

Private service-providing(1)

-224 174 20 91

Wholesale trade

-13.2 5.4 -2.3 1.0

Retail trade

-24.4 14.4 -10.9 -6.6

Transportation and warehousing

-16.7 7.4 9.2 14.6

Information

-15 -1 -4 -8

Financial activities

-31 2 -12 -15

Professional and business services(1)

-132 70 25 46

Temporary help services

-34.3 23.3 31.1 20.5

Education and health services(1)

28 28 20 22

Health care and social assistance

17.9 25.4 16.0 16.8

Leisure and hospitality

-21 36 -8 37

Other services

1 12 3 2

Government

-63 72 400 -208

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.9 49.8 49.8 49.8

Total private women employees

48.4 48.3 48.3 48.2

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.3 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.8 34.1 34.2 34.1

Average hourly earnings

$22.16 $22.50 $22.55 $22.53

Average weekly earnings

$749.01 $767.25 $771.21 $768.27

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

91.5 91.9 92.2 92.0

Over-the-month percent change

-0.8 0.4 0.3 -0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

96.7 98.6 99.2 98.9

Over-the-month percent change

-0.6 0.6 0.6 -0.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.0 33.4 33.4 33.4

Average hourly earnings

$18.57 $18.95 $19.00 $19.00

Average weekly earnings

$612.81 $632.93 $634.60 $634.60

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

98.1 99.0 99.0 99.1

Over-the-month percent change

-0.8 0.5 0.0 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

121.7 125.3 125.7 125.8

Over-the-month percent change

-0.7 0.8 0.3 0.1

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

23.0 68.0 54.8 52.2

Manufacturing

11.0 67.1 62.2 52.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The
establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on
the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because
of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of
about 100,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey,
while the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household
survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive
scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants.
However, neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to
identify the legal status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to de-
termine how many are counted in either survey. The establishment survey does
not collect data on the legal status of workers. The household survey does
include questions which identify the foreign and native born, but it does not
include questions about the legal status of the foreign born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at
the time of the initial publication of the estimates. The establishment
survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately suc-
ceeding 2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents
in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more informa-
tion on the monthly revisions, please visit www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revi-
sion that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available
from unemployment insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for
sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information on the
annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment
estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
  
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account 
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net 
jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of
the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sam-
pling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new
businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a
new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.
BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of house-
holds. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available
to work are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are in-
cluded even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or ques-
tion relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as
unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news release.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employ-
ment Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey 
provides information on the labor force, employment, and unemploy-
ment that appears in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a 
sample survey of about 60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Cen-
sus Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural busi-
ness establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and 
government agencies representing approximately 410,000 worksites and is 
drawn from a sampling frame of roughly 8.9 million unemployment  in-
surance tax accounts. The active sample includes approximately one-
third of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular 
week or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is 
generally the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. 
In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period 
including the 12th, which may or may not correspond directly to the 
calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as
paid employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employ-
ed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, 
bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the follow-
ing criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they 
were available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts 
to find employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the 
reference week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need 
not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment 
data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eli-
gibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed per-
sons. Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the
labor force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the
labor force as a percent of the population, and the employment-popula-
tion ratio is the employed as a percent of the population. Additional 
information about the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/
cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as
well as from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees
on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the
reference pay period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are
counted in each job they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced
for the private sector for all employees and for production and nonsu-
pervisory employees. Production and nonsupervisory employees are defin-
ed as production and related employees in manufacturing and mining and 
logging, construction workers in construction, and nonsupervisory em-
ployees in private service-providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s princi-
pal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American 
Industry Classification System. Additional information about the estab-
lishment survey can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the es-
tablishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and re-
calculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revi-
sions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,0001. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confi-
dence interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to 
+150,000 (50,000 +/- 100,0002). These figures do not mean that the
sample results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is
about a 90-percent chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies
within this interval. Since this range includes values of less than
zero, we could not say with confidence that nonfarm employment had, in
fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported nonfarm employ-
ment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent 
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is 
likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in 
fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, 
the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly change in unemploy-
ment as measured by the household survey is about +/- 280,000, and for 
the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/-0.19 per-
centage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The pre-
cision of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over 
time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the
failure to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain
information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwill-
ingness of respondents to provide correct information on a timely 
basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collec-
tion or processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only
after two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly 
all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is consi-
dered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment
survey is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment
generated by new firms. To correct for this systematic underestima-
tion of employment growth, an estimation procedure with two compo-
nents is used to account for business births. The first component 
excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based 
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from 
business births. This is incorporated into the sample-based esti-
mation procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out 
of business, but imputing to them the same employment trend as the 
other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most of the 
net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to
estimate the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for 
by the imputation. The historical time series used to create and 
test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance 
universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual residual net 
of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are ad-
justed once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll
employment obtained from administrative records of the unemployment
insurance program. The difference between the March sample-based em-
ployment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a bench-
mark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error. 
The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of 
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions  for 
total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from 
-0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory im-
paired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal 
Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2009
May
2010
June
2010
June
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

235,655 237,499 237,690 235,655 236,998 237,159 237,329 237,499 237,690

Civilian labor force

155,921 153,866 154,767 154,759 153,512 153,910 154,715 154,393 153,741

Participation rate

66.2 64.8 65.1 65.7 64.8 64.9 65.2 65.0 64.7

Employed

140,826 139,497 139,882 140,038 138,641 138,905 139,455 139,420 139,119

Employment-population ratio

59.8 58.7 58.9 59.4 58.5 58.6 58.8 58.7 58.5

Unemployed

15,095 14,369 14,885 14,721 14,871 15,005 15,260 14,973 14,623

Unemployment rate

9.7 9.3 9.6 9.5 9.7 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.5

Not in labor force

79,734 83,633 82,923 80,895 83,487 83,249 82,614 83,107 83,949

Persons who currently want a job

6,454 6,381 6,461 5,883 6,170 6,044 5,951 5,734 5,895

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,060 115,001 115,102 114,060 114,735 114,821 114,910 115,001 115,102

Civilian labor force

83,141 82,028 82,669 82,476 81,496 81,895 82,453 82,245 82,017

Participation rate

72.9 71.3 71.8 72.3 71.0 71.3 71.8 71.5 71.3

Employed

74,494 73,776 74,148 73,727 72,813 73,092 73,548 73,639 73,375

Employment-population ratio

65.3 64.2 64.4 64.6 63.5 63.7 64.0 64.0 63.7

Unemployed

8,647 8,252 8,521 8,749 8,683 8,803 8,905 8,606 8,642

Unemployment rate

10.4 10.1 10.3 10.6 10.7 10.7 10.8 10.5 10.5

Not in labor force

30,919 32,973 32,432 31,584 33,239 32,926 32,457 32,756 33,084

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

105,412 106,407 106,522 105,412 106,100 106,198 106,301 106,407 106,522

Civilian labor force

79,245 79,088 79,201 79,246 78,471 78,796 79,356 79,237 79,110

Participation rate

75.2 74.3 74.4 75.2 74.0 74.2 74.7 74.5 74.3

Employed

71,738 71,655 71,773 71,354 70,623 70,913 71,358 71,477 71,316

Employment-population ratio

68.1 67.3 67.4 67.7 66.6 66.8 67.1 67.2 66.9

Unemployed

7,507 7,433 7,428 7,892 7,848 7,882 7,998 7,760 7,793

Unemployment rate

9.5 9.4 9.4 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.1 9.8 9.9

Not in labor force

26,167 27,319 27,321 26,166 27,628 27,403 26,945 27,170 27,412

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,594 122,499 122,589 121,594 122,263 122,339 122,419 122,499 122,589

Civilian labor force

72,780 71,838 72,098 72,283 72,015 72,015 72,262 72,148 71,724

Participation rate

59.9 58.6 58.8 59.4 58.9 58.9 59.0 58.9 58.5

Employed

66,332 65,721 65,735 66,311 65,828 65,813 65,907 65,781 65,743

Employment-population ratio

54.6 53.7 53.6 54.5 53.8 53.8 53.8 53.7 53.6

Unemployed

6,448 6,117 6,363 5,972 6,187 6,203 6,355 6,367 5,981

Unemployment rate

8.9 8.5 8.8 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.8 8.3

Not in labor force

48,815 50,661 50,491 49,311 50,247 50,323 50,157 50,350 50,865

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,189 114,160 114,264 113,189 113,886 113,974 114,066 114,160 114,264

Civilian labor force

68,906 68,859 68,761 68,984 69,069 69,027 69,265 69,128 68,859

Participation rate

60.9 60.3 60.2 60.9 60.6 60.6 60.7 60.6 60.3

Employed

63,480 63,506 63,277 63,741 63,538 63,495 63,552 63,505 63,516

Employment-population ratio

56.1 55.6 55.4 56.3 55.8 55.7 55.7 55.6 55.6

Unemployed

5,426 5,352 5,484 5,243 5,531 5,532 5,712 5,623 5,343

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.8 8.0 7.6 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.1 7.8

Not in labor force

44,284 45,302 45,504 44,205 44,818 44,947 44,801 45,032 45,405

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,053 16,932 16,904 17,053 17,012 16,987 16,962 16,932 16,904

Civilian labor force

7,770 5,920 6,806 6,529 5,972 6,087 6,094 6,028 5,772

Participation rate

45.6 35.0 40.3 38.3 35.1 35.8 35.9 35.6 34.1

Employed

5,608 4,336 4,833 4,943 4,480 4,496 4,544 4,438 4,286

Employment-population ratio

32.9 25.6 28.6 29.0 26.3 26.5 26.8 26.2 25.4

Unemployed

2,162 1,584 1,973 1,586 1,491 1,591 1,550 1,590 1,486

Unemployment rate

27.8 26.8 29.0 24.3 25.0 26.1 25.4 26.4 25.7

Not in labor force

9,284 11,012 10,098 10,525 11,041 10,899 10,867 10,905 11,132

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2009
May
2010
June
2010
June
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

190,801 191,856 191,979 190,801 191,552 191,648 191,749 191,856 191,979

Civilian labor force

126,986 125,017 125,761 126,088 124,847 125,054 125,779 125,429 124,959

Participation rate

66.6 65.2 65.5 66.1 65.2 65.3 65.6 65.4 65.1

Employed

115,772 114,438 114,782 115,102 113,865 114,108 114,484 114,359 114,163

Employment-population ratio

60.7 59.6 59.8 60.3 59.4 59.5 59.7 59.6 59.5

Unemployed

11,214 10,579 10,979 10,986 10,982 10,945 11,295 11,070 10,797

Unemployment rate

8.8 8.5 8.7 8.7 8.8 8.8 9.0 8.8 8.6

Not in labor force

63,815 66,840 66,218 64,713 66,705 66,594 65,970 66,427 67,019

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,662 65,352 65,412 65,698 64,889 64,973 65,556 65,419 65,349

Participation rate

75.7 74.8 74.8 75.7 74.4 74.5 75.1 74.9 74.7

Employed

59,963 59,848 59,941 59,640 59,021 59,208 59,504 59,639 59,561

Employment-population ratio

69.1 68.5 68.5 68.8 67.7 67.9 68.2 68.3 68.1

Unemployed

5,699 5,504 5,471 6,058 5,868 5,765 6,052 5,780 5,788

Unemployment rate

8.7 8.4 8.4 9.2 9.0 8.9 9.2 8.8 8.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,900 54,786 54,721 55,022 55,061 55,104 55,184 55,062 54,883

Participation rate

60.3 59.8 59.7 60.4 60.2 60.3 60.3 60.1 59.9

Employed

50,990 50,934 50,700 51,257 51,048 51,103 51,123 50,981 50,971

Employment-population ratio

56.0 55.6 55.3 56.3 55.8 55.9 55.9 55.7 55.6

Unemployed

3,910 3,852 4,022 3,764 4,014 4,000 4,061 4,081 3,911

Unemployment rate

7.1 7.0 7.3 6.8 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

6,424 4,879 5,628 5,368 4,897 4,977 5,040 4,948 4,728

Participation rate

49.3 37.8 43.6 41.2 37.7 38.4 38.9 38.3 36.7

Employed

4,819 3,656 4,141 4,205 3,797 3,797 3,857 3,739 3,630

Employment-population ratio

36.9 28.3 32.1 32.2 29.2 29.3 29.8 28.9 28.2

Unemployed

1,605 1,223 1,486 1,163 1,100 1,180 1,183 1,209 1,097

Unemployment rate

25.0 25.1 26.4 21.7 22.5 23.7 23.5 24.4 23.2

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,217 28,653 28,685 28,217 28,559 28,591 28,624 28,653 28,685

Civilian labor force

17,911 17,926 17,960 17,665 17,748 17,871 17,951 17,983 17,768

Participation rate

63.5 62.6 62.6 62.6 62.1 62.5 62.7 62.8 61.9

Employed

15,174 15,188 15,157 15,048 14,936 14,920 14,985 15,189 15,036

Employment-population ratio

53.8 53.0 52.8 53.3 52.3 52.2 52.4 53.0 52.4

Unemployed

2,737 2,738 2,803 2,617 2,812 2,951 2,966 2,794 2,732

Unemployment rate

15.3 15.3 15.6 14.8 15.8 16.5 16.5 15.5 15.4

Not in labor force

10,306 10,727 10,725 10,552 10,811 10,720 10,673 10,670 10,917

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

7,956 8,137 8,107 7,902 7,985 8,134 8,130 8,184 8,062

Participation rate

70.0 70.2 69.8 69.5 69.2 70.4 70.2 70.6 69.4

Employed

6,672 6,758 6,717 6,608 6,561 6,592 6,668 6,782 6,656

Employment-population ratio

58.7 58.3 57.8 58.1 56.9 57.0 57.6 58.5 57.3

Unemployed

1,284 1,380 1,390 1,294 1,424 1,542 1,462 1,402 1,406

Unemployment rate

16.1 17.0 17.1 16.4 17.8 19.0 18.0 17.1 17.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,076 9,097 9,098 9,035 9,074 9,021 9,146 9,106 9,070

Participation rate

64.1 63.2 63.1 63.8 63.3 62.8 63.6 63.3 62.9

Employed

8,018 8,004 8,035 7,992 7,975 7,907 7,894 7,977 7,998

Employment-population ratio

56.6 55.6 55.7 56.4 55.6 55.1 54.9 55.4 55.5

Unemployed

1,058 1,093 1,063 1,043 1,099 1,115 1,252 1,128 1,072

Unemployment rate

11.7 12.0 11.7 11.5 12.1 12.4 13.7 12.4 11.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

879 692 756 728 689 716 675 694 636

Participation rate

32.7 26.0 28.4 27.1 25.7 26.7 25.3 26.0 23.9

Employed

484 426 405 448 399 421 423 430 382

Employment-population ratio

18.0 16.0 15.2 16.7 14.9 15.7 15.8 16.2 14.4

Unemployed

395 266 351 280 290 294 252 263 254

Unemployment rate

45.0 38.4 46.4 38.5 42.0 41.1 37.3 38.0 39.9

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,897 11,166 11,210 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,322 7,236 7,315 - - - - - -

Participation rate

67.2 64.8 65.3 - - - - - -

Employed

6,719 6,692 6,749 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

61.7 59.9 60.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

603 544 566 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.5 7.7 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,575 3,930 3,895 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2009
May
2010
June
2010
June
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,839 33,578 33,662 32,839 33,335 33,414 33,498 33,578 33,662

Civilian labor force

22,403 22,633 22,724 22,348 22,648 22,707 22,684 22,789 22,674

Participation rate

68.2 67.4 67.5 68.1 67.9 68.0 67.7 67.9 67.4

Employed

19,685 20,033 19,922 19,609 19,848 19,848 19,850 19,953 19,854

Employment-population ratio

59.9 59.7 59.2 59.7 59.5 59.4 59.3 59.4 59.0

Unemployed

2,718 2,600 2,802 2,739 2,800 2,859 2,834 2,836 2,820

Unemployment rate

12.1 11.5 12.3 12.3 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.4

Not in labor force

10,436 10,945 10,938 10,491 10,687 10,706 10,814 10,789 10,989

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,642 12,887 12,965 - - - - - -

Participation rate

82.7 82.5 82.7 - - - - - -

Employed

11,290 11,469 11,500 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.9 73.4 73.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,352 1,417 1,466 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.7 11.0 11.3 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,527 8,752 8,700 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.1 59.5 59.0 - - - - - -

Employed

7,542 7,853 7,741 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.2 53.4 52.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

985 898 958 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.5 10.3 11.0 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,234 995 1,059 - - - - - -

Participation rate

39.6 30.7 32.7 - - - - - -

Employed

854 710 681 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

27.4 21.9 21.0 - - - - - -

Unemployed

381 285 378 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

30.8 28.6 35.7 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2009
May
2010
June
2010
June
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

12,545 12,338 12,330 12,351 11,518 11,775 12,122 12,133 12,095

Participation rate

47.0 46.6 46.3 46.3 46.2 46.1 46.4 45.8 45.4

Employed

10,744 10,655 10,727 10,449 9,722 10,067 10,335 10,319 10,391

Employment-population ratio

40.3 40.2 40.3 39.2 39.0 39.4 39.5 39.0 39.0

Unemployed

1,802 1,683 1,603 1,902 1,795 1,708 1,787 1,814 1,704

Unemployment rate

14.4 13.6 13.0 15.4 15.6 14.5 14.7 15.0 14.1

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

38,208 38,354 37,742 38,509 38,801 38,855 38,849 38,433 38,107

Participation rate

62.4 61.8 61.4 62.9 61.9 62.0 62.4 62.0 62.0

Employed

34,695 34,409 33,957 34,719 34,737 34,654 34,728 34,251 33,993

Employment-population ratio

56.7 55.5 55.2 56.7 55.4 55.3 55.8 55.2 55.3

Unemployed

3,514 3,945 3,786 3,790 4,064 4,201 4,120 4,182 4,114

Unemployment rate

9.2 10.3 10.0 9.8 10.5 10.8 10.6 10.9 10.8

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,546 36,707 36,383 36,735 36,575 36,582 36,552 36,832 36,586

Participation rate

70.8 70.8 70.3 71.2 70.2 70.8 70.8 71.0 70.7

Employed

33,614 33,833 33,411 33,786 33,660 33,586 33,535 33,780 33,579

Employment-population ratio

65.1 65.2 64.5 65.4 64.6 65.0 65.0 65.1 64.9

Unemployed

2,932 2,874 2,972 2,949 2,915 2,996 3,017 3,052 3,007

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.8 8.2 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

45,242 45,573 45,911 45,525 45,694 45,800 45,879 45,718 46,246

Participation rate

77.3 77.0 76.7 77.7 77.0 77.2 77.3 77.3 77.3

Employed

43,048 43,561 43,868 43,367 43,418 43,549 43,642 43,581 44,200

Employment-population ratio

73.5 73.6 73.3 74.1 73.1 73.4 73.5 73.6 73.8

Unemployed

2,194 2,012 2,043 2,158 2,276 2,251 2,237 2,136 2,046

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.4 4.5 4.7 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
June
2009
June
2010
June
2009
June
2010
June
2009
June
2010

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

22,196 22,027 20,440 20,241 1,756 1,786

Civilian labor force

12,169 11,777 11,052 10,637 1,118 1,141

Participation rate

54.8 53.5 54.1 52.5 63.7 63.9

Employed

11,224 10,836 10,193 9,777 1,032 1,059

Employment-population ratio

50.6 49.2 49.9 48.3 58.7 59.3

Unemployed

945 941 859 860 86 81

Unemployment rate

7.8 8.0 7.8 8.1 7.7 7.1

Not in labor force

10,027 10,250 9,388 9,604 638 645

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,950 2,124 1,553 1,764 396 360

Civilian labor force

1,622 1,744 1,344 1,490 277 254

Participation rate

83.2 82.1 86.5 84.5 70.0 70.6

Employed

1,471 1,544 1,226 1,330 244 214

Employment-population ratio

75.4 72.7 79.0 75.4 61.7 59.6

Unemployed

151 200 118 161 33 39

Unemployment rate

9.3 11.5 8.8 10.8 11.9 15.5

Not in labor force

328 380 209 274 119 106

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,875 2,941 2,414 2,455 461 486

Civilian labor force

2,526 2,530 2,157 2,148 369 381

Participation rate

87.9 86.0 89.4 87.5 80.0 78.4

Employed

2,336 2,337 1,989 1,974 348 364

Employment-population ratio

81.3 79.5 82.4 80.4 75.4 74.8

Unemployed

190 193 169 175 21 18

Unemployment rate

7.5 7.6 7.8 8.1 5.7 4.7

Not in labor force

349 411 257 306 92 105

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,432 11,042 11,047 10,663 385 379

Civilian labor force

4,419 3,985 4,290 3,875 129 110

Participation rate

38.7 36.1 38.8 36.3 33.6 29.0

Employed

4,090 3,712 3,967 3,607 122 104

Employment-population ratio

35.8 33.6 35.9 33.8 31.8 27.6

Unemployed

329 274 322 268 7 6

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.9 7.5 6.9 5.3 5.0

Not in labor force

7,014 7,057 6,758 6,788 256 269

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,939 5,920 5,425 5,359 513 561

Civilian labor force

3,603 3,518 3,261 3,123 342 396

Participation rate

60.7 59.4 60.1 58.3 66.7 70.4

Employed

3,328 3,243 3,011 2,866 317 377

Employment-population ratio

56.0 54.8 55.5 53.5 61.7 67.1

Unemployed

275 275 250 256 25 19

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.8 7.7 8.2 7.4 4.7

Not in labor force

2,336 2,402 2,165 2,236 171 166

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

204,510 206,801 89,069 90,295 115,441 116,505

Civilian labor force

140,895 140,570 70,663 70,824 70,232 69,746

Participation rate

68.9 68.0 79.3 78.4 60.8 59.9

Employed

127,661 127,492 63,325 63,623 64,336 63,870

Employment-population ratio

62.4 61.6 71.1 70.5 55.7 54.8

Unemployed

13,233 13,078 7,338 7,201 5,895 5,877

Unemployment rate

9.4 9.3 10.4 10.2 8.4 8.4

Not in labor force

63,615 66,231 18,406 19,471 45,209 46,759

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
June
2009
June
2010
June
2009
June
2010

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,256 26,330 208,399 211,361

Civilian labor force

6,172 5,713 149,749 149,055

Participation rate

22.6 21.7 71.9 70.5

Employed

5,290 4,889 135,536 134,993

Employment-population ratio

19.4 18.6 65.0 63.9

Unemployed

882 823 14,212 14,061

Unemployment rate

14.3 14.4 9.5 9.4

Not in labor force

21,084 20,617 58,650 62,306

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,764 2,646 76,863 76,396

Participation rate

38.8 36.7 84.9 83.8

Employed

2,357 2,218 68,856 68,508

Employment-population ratio

33.1 30.8 76.1 75.2

Unemployed

407 428 8,007 7,888

Unemployment rate

14.7 16.2 10.4 10.3

Not in labor force

4,363 4,559 13,671 14,753

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,612 2,291 67,315 66,892

Participation rate

33.5 30.8 73.0 71.7

Employed

2,188 1,951 61,488 61,030

Employment-population ratio

28.0 26.3 66.7 65.5

Unemployed

424 340 5,827 5,862

Unemployment rate

16.2 14.8 8.7 8.8

Not in labor force

5,189 5,140 24,911 26,346

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

796 776 5,571 5,766

Participation rate

6.5 6.6 21.7 21.4

Employed

745 720 5,192 5,455

Employment-population ratio

6.0 6.2 20.3 20.2

Unemployed

51 55 379 312

Unemployment rate

6.5 7.1 6.8 5.4

Not in labor force

11,531 10,918 20,069 21,207

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
June
2009
June
2010
June
2009
June
2010
June
2009
June
2010

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

35,258 36,155 17,608 18,165 17,650 17,991

Civilian labor force

24,135 24,688 14,328 14,689 9,807 9,999

Participation rate

68.5 68.3 81.4 80.9 55.6 55.6

Employed

21,787 22,541 12,927 13,404 8,860 9,136

Employment-population ratio

61.8 62.3 73.4 73.8 50.2 50.8

Unemployed

2,348 2,148 1,401 1,285 948 863

Unemployment rate

9.7 8.7 9.8 8.7 9.7 8.6

Not in labor force

11,123 11,467 3,280 3,475 7,842 7,992

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

200,397 201,535 96,452 96,937 103,945 104,598

Civilian labor force

131,786 130,079 68,813 67,980 62,972 62,099

Participation rate

65.8 64.5 71.3 70.1 60.6 59.4

Employed

119,039 117,342 61,567 60,743 57,472 56,599

Employment-population ratio

59.4 58.2 63.8 62.7 55.3 54.1

Unemployed

12,747 12,737 7,247 7,237 5,500 5,500

Unemployment rate

9.7 9.8 10.5 10.6 8.7 8.9

Not in labor force

68,611 71,456 27,639 28,957 40,972 42,499

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2009
May
2010
June
2010
June
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,351 2,272 2,311 2,154 2,313 2,217 2,254 2,228 2,120

Wage and salary workers

1,366 1,384 1,401 1,234 1,362 1,374 1,397 1,363 1,289

Self-employed workers

941 848 854 888 908 851 823 821 808

Unpaid family workers

43 39 56 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

138,475 137,225 137,572 137,825 136,398 136,715 137,199 137,207 136,857

Wage and salary workers

129,255 128,053 128,339 128,866 127,261 127,712 128,183 128,197 127,900

Government

21,260 21,642 21,026 21,474 21,292 21,281 21,440 21,270 21,242

Private industries

107,995 106,412 107,312 107,419 105,942 106,447 106,706 106,906 106,740

Private households

908 698 697 - - - - - -

Other industries

107,087 105,714 106,616 106,563 105,243 105,682 105,977 106,204 106,065

Self-employed workers

9,138 9,087 9,123 8,898 9,029 8,949 8,910 8,952 8,889

Unpaid family workers

83 85 110 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(1)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

9,301 8,513 8,867 8,962 8,791 9,054 9,152 8,809 8,627

Slack work or business conditions

6,616 5,957 6,004 6,779 6,185 6,177 6,268 6,143 6,165

Could only find part-time work

2,263 2,250 2,380 1,970 2,212 2,388 2,489 2,326 2,101

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

17,712 18,088 16,847 18,715 18,360 18,379 18,140 17,929 17,870

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

9,190 8,392 8,734 8,825 8,651 8,946 9,049 8,661 8,472

Slack work or business conditions

6,537 5,864 5,924 6,685 6,079 6,099 6,213 6,041 6,074

Could only find part-time work

2,245 2,243 2,355 1,964 2,199 2,406 2,486 2,306 2,086

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

17,327 17,783 16,504 18,358 18,043 18,066 17,798 17,627 17,580

Footnotes
(1) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(3) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2009
May
2010
June
2010
June
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

140,826 139,497 139,882 140,038 138,641 138,905 139,455 139,420 139,119

16 to 19 years

5,608 4,336 4,833 4,943 4,480 4,496 4,544 4,438 4,286

16 to 17 years

1,940 1,376 1,554 1,715 1,456 1,402 1,453 1,429 1,380

18 to 19 years

3,667 2,960 3,279 3,226 3,043 3,093 3,073 2,992 2,899

20 years and over

135,218 135,161 135,049 135,095 134,161 134,409 134,911 134,982 134,833

20 to 24 years

13,118 12,704 13,087 12,745 12,539 12,601 12,509 12,818 12,698

25 years and over

122,100 122,458 121,962 122,432 121,471 121,731 122,352 122,203 122,263

25 to 54 years

95,156 94,353 94,137 95,313 94,001 94,053 94,487 94,227 94,270

25 to 34 years

30,054 30,180 30,232 29,996 30,123 30,080 30,208 30,162 30,157

35 to 44 years

31,634 30,933 30,714 31,706 30,560 30,730 30,874 30,844 30,772

45 to 54 years

33,468 33,240 33,192 33,611 33,318 33,244 33,405 33,221 33,341

55 years and over

26,944 28,104 27,825 27,119 27,470 27,678 27,865 27,976 27,993

Men, 16 years and over

74,494 73,776 74,148 73,727 72,813 73,092 73,548 73,639 73,375

16 to 19 years

2,755 2,121 2,375 2,373 2,190 2,179 2,189 2,162 2,059

16 to 17 years

976 664 748 815 686 689 698 679 631

18 to 19 years

1,779 1,458 1,627 1,564 1,496 1,492 1,500 1,479 1,434

20 years and over

71,738 71,655 71,773 71,354 70,623 70,913 71,358 71,477 71,316

20 to 24 years

6,808 6,555 6,747 6,562 6,282 6,410 6,357 6,565 6,473

25 years and over

64,930 65,100 65,026 64,805 64,267 64,503 64,945 64,922 64,862

25 to 54 years

50,727 50,431 50,425 50,603 49,868 50,003 50,363 50,317 50,264

25 to 34 years

16,257 16,270 16,358 16,185 16,281 16,261 16,370 16,272 16,274

35 to 44 years

16,925 16,727 16,664 16,920 16,404 16,593 16,661 16,686 16,649

45 to 54 years

17,545 17,434 17,404 17,498 17,183 17,149 17,332 17,359 17,341

55 years and over

14,202 14,668 14,600 14,202 14,399 14,500 14,582 14,605 14,598

Women, 16 years and over

66,332 65,721 65,735 66,311 65,828 65,813 65,907 65,781 65,743

16 to 19 years

2,852 2,214 2,458 2,570 2,290 2,317 2,355 2,275 2,227

16 to 17 years

964 712 806 900 770 713 755 750 749

18 to 19 years

1,888 1,502 1,652 1,662 1,546 1,601 1,573 1,513 1,466

20 years and over

63,480 63,506 63,277 63,741 63,538 63,495 63,552 63,505 63,516

20 to 24 years

6,310 6,148 6,340 6,183 6,258 6,191 6,152 6,253 6,225

25 years and over

57,170 57,358 56,937 57,628 57,204 57,229 57,407 57,282 57,401

25 to 54 years

44,429 43,922 43,712 44,710 44,134 44,050 44,124 43,910 44,006

25 to 34 years

13,796 13,909 13,874 13,810 13,843 13,819 13,837 13,890 13,882

35 to 44 years

14,709 14,206 14,049 14,786 14,156 14,137 14,213 14,158 14,123

45 to 54 years

15,923 15,807 15,788 16,113 16,135 16,094 16,073 15,862 16,000

55 years and over

12,742 13,436 13,225 12,917 13,071 13,179 13,283 13,371 13,396

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,263 43,454 43,397 44,242 43,168 43,083 43,205 43,322 43,333

Married women, spouse present

35,274 34,409 34,211 35,402 35,248 34,887 34,643 34,238 34,332

Women who maintain families

8,853 9,030 8,929 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

114,014 112,809 113,856 112,903 110,840 111,256 112,091 112,716 112,646

Part-time workers(2)

26,811 26,688 26,026 27,404 27,596 27,549 27,167 26,750 26,755

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,067 7,261 6,899 7,174 7,060 6,959 7,029 7,239 7,002

Percent of total employed

5.0 5.2 4.9 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.0

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
June
2009
May
2010
June
2010
June
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

14,721 14,973 14,623 9.5 9.7 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.5

16 to 19 years

1,586 1,590 1,486 24.3 25.0 26.1 25.4 26.4 25.7

16 to 17 years

588 608 568 25.5 28.2 29.6 29.2 29.8 29.2

18 to 19 years

1,005 977 915 23.8 23.7 24.4 24.1 24.6 24.0

20 years and over

13,135 13,383 13,137 8.9 9.1 9.1 9.2 9.0 8.9

20 to 24 years

2,278 2,214 2,300 15.2 16.0 15.8 17.2 14.7 15.3

25 years and over

10,908 11,177 10,896 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.4 8.2

25 to 54 years

8,846 9,019 8,802 8.5 8.6 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.5

25 to 34 years

3,365 3,550 3,464 10.1 9.8 10.0 10.2 10.5 10.3

35 to 44 years

2,806 2,706 2,621 8.1 8.8 8.6 8.1 8.1 7.8

45 to 54 years

2,675 2,763 2,717 7.4 7.4 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.5

55 years and over

2,032 2,143 2,073 7.0 7.1 6.9 7.0 7.1 6.9

Men, 16 years and over

8,749 8,606 8,642 10.6 10.7 10.7 10.8 10.5 10.5

16 to 19 years

857 846 849 26.5 27.6 29.7 29.3 28.1 29.2

16 to 17 years

293 325 308 26.5 30.4 30.9 32.2 32.4 32.8

18 to 19 years

582 529 540 27.1 27.3 29.1 27.8 26.3 27.4

20 years and over

7,892 7,760 7,793 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.1 9.8 9.9

20 to 24 years

1,363 1,263 1,404 17.2 18.7 18.4 19.9 16.1 17.8

25 years and over

6,562 6,469 6,432 9.2 9.1 9.0 8.9 9.1 9.0

25 to 54 years

5,363 5,263 5,241 9.6 9.5 9.5 9.3 9.5 9.4

25 to 34 years

2,073 2,099 2,110 11.4 10.8 11.2 10.9 11.4 11.5

35 to 44 years

1,659 1,567 1,499 8.9 9.4 8.8 8.5 8.6 8.3

45 to 54 years

1,631 1,598 1,631 8.5 8.2 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.6

55 years and over

1,199 1,206 1,191 7.8 7.8 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.5

Women, 16 years and over

5,972 6,367 5,981 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.8 8.3

16 to 19 years

729 744 637 22.1 22.3 22.4 21.4 24.6 22.3

16 to 17 years

294 283 260 24.6 26.2 28.3 26.2 27.4 25.8

18 to 19 years

423 448 374 20.3 19.9 19.5 20.2 22.9 20.3

20 years and over

5,243 5,623 5,343 7.6 8.0 8.0 8.2 8.1 7.8

20 to 24 years

915 951 896 12.9 13.1 13.0 14.3 13.2 12.6

25 years and over

4,346 4,708 4,464 7.0 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.6 7.2

25 to 54 years

3,483 3,756 3,561 7.2 7.7 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.5

25 to 34 years

1,292 1,451 1,353 8.6 8.6 8.6 9.4 9.5 8.9

35 to 44 years

1,147 1,139 1,122 7.2 8.0 8.4 7.6 7.4 7.4

45 to 54 years

1,044 1,166 1,086 6.1 6.5 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.4

55 years and over(1)

874 850 912 6.4 6.5 6.0 5.7 5.9 6.5

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

3,260 3,086 3,168 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.8

Married women, spouse present

2,102 2,312 2,133 5.6 6.1 6.0 6.3 6.3 5.9

Women who maintain families(1)

1,173 1,181 1,228 11.7 11.6 11.3 11.0 11.6 12.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

12,908 13,138 12,727 10.3 10.5 10.5 10.6 10.4 10.2

Part-time workers(3)

1,735 1,915 1,836 6.0 6.2 6.7 6.5 6.7 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2009
May
2010
June
2010
June
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,194 8,812 8,769 9,562 9,550 9,354 9,246 9,223 9,114

On temporary layoff

1,503 1,192 1,213 1,741 1,558 1,595 1,359 1,478 1,424

Not on temporary layoff

7,691 7,620 7,556 7,821 7,992 7,758 7,887 7,746 7,690

Permanent job losers

6,294 6,360 6,297 6,344 6,666 6,393 6,494 6,410 6,404

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,397 1,261 1,258 1,399 1,326 1,366 1,393 1,336 1,287

Job leavers

778 922 847 822 866 894 938 969 900

Reentrants

3,697 3,455 3,628 3,322 3,451 3,544 3,739 3,453 3,308

New entrants

1,425 1,180 1,642 969 1,238 1,197 1,231 1,206 1,140

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

60.9 61.3 58.9 65.2 63.2 62.4 61.0 62.1 63.0

On temporary layoff

10.0 8.3 8.1 11.9 10.3 10.6 9.0 9.9 9.8

Not on temporary layoff

51.0 53.0 50.8 53.3 52.9 51.8 52.0 52.2 53.2

Job leavers

5.2 6.4 5.7 5.6 5.7 6.0 6.2 6.5 6.2

Reentrants

24.5 24.0 24.4 22.6 22.8 23.6 24.7 23.3 22.9

New entrants

9.4 8.2 11.0 6.6 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.1 7.9

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.9 5.7 5.7 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9

Job leavers

0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.4 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.2

New entrants

0.9 0.8 1.1 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2009
May
2010
June
2010
June
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,899 2,743 3,409 3,152 2,748 2,646 2,682 2,752 2,769

5 to 14 weeks

3,648 2,526 2,848 3,994 3,412 3,228 2,991 3,019 3,121

15 weeks and over

7,548 9,100 8,627 7,844 8,829 8,983 8,969 8,924 8,959

15 to 26 weeks

3,329 2,459 2,207 3,404 2,696 2,436 2,253 2,161 2,208

27 weeks and over

4,218 6,641 6,420 4,440 6,133 6,547 6,716 6,763 6,751

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

22.5 35.1 32.8 24.4 29.7 31.2 33.0 34.4 35.2

Median duration, in weeks

14.5 24.2 21.6 18.2 19.4 20.0 21.6 23.2 25.5

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

25.8 19.1 22.9 21.0 18.3 17.8 18.3 18.7 18.6

5 to 14 weeks

24.2 17.6 19.1 26.6 22.8 21.7 20.4 20.5 21.0

15 weeks and over

50.0 63.3 58.0 52.3 58.9 60.5 61.3 60.7 60.3

15 to 26 weeks

22.1 17.1 14.8 22.7 18.0 16.4 15.4 14.7 14.9

27 weeks and over

27.9 46.2 43.1 29.6 40.9 44.1 45.9 46.0 45.5

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
June
2009
June
2010
June
2009
June
2010
June
2009
June
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

140,826 139,882 15,095 14,885 9.7 9.6

Management, professional, and related occupations

51,776 51,414 2,720 2,644 5.0 4.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,510 20,940 1,093 1,055 4.8 4.8

Professional and related occupations

30,266 30,475 1,627 1,589 5.1 5.0

Service occupations

25,330 25,024 2,866 2,653 10.2 9.6

Sales and office occupations

34,125 33,754 3,228 3,325 8.6 9.0

Sales and related occupations

15,894 15,623 1,597 1,620 9.1 9.4

Office and administrative support occupations

18,231 18,131 1,632 1,704 8.2 8.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,702 13,508 2,265 2,391 14.2 15.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,053 1,091 161 180 13.2 14.2

Construction and extraction occupations

7,520 7,556 1,632 1,676 17.8 18.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5,129 4,861 472 534 8.4 9.9

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

15,892 16,182 2,566 2,201 13.9 12.0

Production occupations

7,634 8,138 1,487 1,122 16.3 12.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,258 8,044 1,078 1,079 11.6 11.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
June
2009
June
2010
June
2009
June
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

15,095 14,885 9.7 9.6

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

12,024 11,568 10.0 9.7

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

100 64 13.6 8.2

Construction

1,601 1,785 17.4 20.1

Manufacturing

2,010 1,519 12.6 9.9

Durable goods

1,377 1,002 13.9 10.4

Nondurable goods

632 517 10.5 9.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,863 1,900 9.1 9.3

Transportation and utilities

499 434 8.4 7.2

Information

347 291 11.1 8.8

Financial activities

513 631 5.5 6.9

Professional and business services

1,580 1,465 11.3 10.3

Education and health services

1,267 1,339 6.1 6.2

Leisure and hospitality

1,688 1,609 12.1 12.3

Other services

557 532 8.4 8.5

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

182 176 12.3 11.7

Government workers

991 966 4.4 4.4

Self-employed and unpaid family workers

472 534 4.4 5.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2009
May
2010
June
2010
June
2009
Feb.
2010
Mar.
2010
Apr.
2010
May
2010
June
2010

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.8 5.9 5.6 5.1 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.9 5.7 5.7 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.9

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.7 9.3 9.6 9.5 9.7 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.5

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

10.1 10.0 10.3 10.0 10.4 10.3 10.6 10.3 10.2

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.9 10.6 11.1 10.8 11.1 11.1 11.3 11.0 11.0

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.8 16.1 16.7 16.5 16.8 16.9 17.1 16.6 16.5

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
June
2009
June
2010
June
2009
June
2010
June
2009
June
2010

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

79,734 82,923 30,919 32,432 48,815 50,491

Persons who currently want a job

6,454 6,461 3,031 3,069 3,422 3,392

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,176 2,591 1,151 1,406 1,025 1,185

Discouraged workers(2)

793 1,207 466 793 327 414

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,383 1,384 685 613 698 771

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,067 6,899 3,474 3,477 3,593 3,422

Percent of total employed

5.0 4.9 4.7 4.7 5.4 5.2

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,735 3,406 1,987 1,895 1,748 1,512

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,722 1,810 563 614 1,159 1,196

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

273 301 168 219 105 82

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,284 1,331 722 728 562 604

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.






	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)
June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)
Change from:
May2010 - June2010(p)

Total nonfarm

131,525 130,116 131,209 131,456 130,640 130,162 130,595 130,470 -125

Total private

108,968 107,131 107,830 108,693 108,075 107,584 107,617 107,700 83

Goods-producing

18,735 17,739 17,984 18,248 18,503 17,972 17,985 17,977 -8

Mining and logging

697 698 718 732 692 709 720 725 5

Logging

48.9 45.2 47.1 48.0 49.3 48.9 48.7 48.0 -0.7

Mining

648.3 652.8 670.8 684.1 642.7 659.8 670.8 676.5 5.7

Oil and gas extraction

163.4 162.2 165.7 166.3 161.6 164.1 165.8 164.2 -1.6

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

216.5 209.9 215.9 219.8 210.0 212.4 213.0 212.9 -0.1

Coal mining

81.7 81.2 82.5 82.6 82.0 81.5 82.7 82.7 0.0

Support activities for mining

268.4 280.7 289.2 298.0 271.1 283.3 292.0 299.4 7.4

Construction

6,218 5,498 5,648 5,786 6,029 5,634 5,604 5,582 -22

Construction of buildings

1,390.9 1,243.8 1,268.4 1,299.3 1,362.8 1,278.3 1,272.6 1,266.8 -5.8

Residential building

653.7 566.6 583.0 604.2 636.3 588.6 586.7 585.2 -1.5

Nonresidential building

737.2 677.2 685.4 695.1 726.5 689.7 685.9 681.6 -4.3

Heavy and civil engineering construction

888.0 790.4 826.3 853.0 841.3 810.8 801.8 803.1 1.3

Specialty trade contractors

3,939.3 3,464.0 3,552.9 3,633.3 3,824.9 3,544.4 3,529.7 3,512.1 -17.6

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,677.1 1,505.9 1,551.9 1,597.6 1,615.6 1,543.4 1,541.6 1,537.0 -4.6

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,262.2 1,958.1 2,001.0 2,035.7 2,209.3 2,001.0 1,988.1 1,975.1 -13.0

Manufacturing

11,820 11,543 11,618 11,730 11,782 11,629 11,661 11,670 9

Durable goods

7,237 7,087 7,132 7,198 7,222 7,123 7,153 7,166 13

Wood products

359.6 347.8 353.3 360.6 355.1 352.9 354.6 356.1 1.5

Nonmetallic mineral products

402.6 382.2 388.0 393.4 394.1 383.4 385.4 383.9 -1.5

Primary metals

352.5 364.0 367.6 371.4 355.2 366.7 370.2 372.7 2.5

Fabricated metal products

1,302.6 1,279.4 1,288.8 1,305.9 1,305.0 1,290.1 1,298.7 1,305.3 6.6

Machinery

1,016.3 984.2 988.8 998.2 1,022.7 991.0 996.5 1,000.0 3.5

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,131.3 1,089.2 1,093.2 1,098.8 1,131.0 1,093.1 1,096.1 1,097.2 1.1

Computer and peripheral equipment

163.4 157.5 158.8 158.6 163.7 158.1 158.6 158.4 -0.2

Communication equipment

121.1 119.0 120.7 121.7 121.0 119.5 120.9 121.5 0.6

Semiconductors and electronic components

373.6 362.6 363.0 367.1 374.2 364.1 365.2 367.1 1.9

Electronic instruments

423.1 403.7 404.5 405.1 421.8 404.6 404.5 403.8 -0.7

Electrical equipment and appliances

375.4 366.1 368.4 371.1 374.4 368.2 369.4 369.2 -0.2

Transportation equipment(1)

1,321.0 1,340.4 1,349.4 1,357.5 1,313.0 1,342.4 1,347.3 1,346.9 -0.4

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

632.4 677.4 686.6 688.9 626.1 677.3 683.5 680.9 -2.6

Furniture and related products

386.7 359.3 360.9 365.2 382.6 360.5 360.0 360.7 0.7

Miscellaneous manufacturing

588.5 574.2 573.1 575.5 588.4 575.1 574.8 573.9 -0.9

Nondurable goods

4,583 4,456 4,486 4,532 4,560 4,506 4,508 4,504 -4

Food manufacturing

1,461.3 1,426.5 1,438.9 1,459.3 1,459.9 1,459.7 1,459.4 1,457.2 -2.2

Beverages and tobacco products

191.1 179.7 182.0 185.1 187.6 183.9 182.9 181.6 -1.3

Textile mills

124.8 123.0 124.4 124.6 124.6 123.6 123.6 123.6 0.0

Textile product mills

125.4 121.5 122.7 123.7 125.8 122.5 123.2 123.2 0.0

Apparel

168.4 164.8 164.9 169.0 165.6 165.8 165.2 165.3 0.1

Leather and allied products

29.5 27.7 28.5 29.0 29.4 27.7 28.3 28.7 0.4

Paper and paper products

408.1 396.7 398.3 401.2 406.2 399.0 399.2 399.0 -0.2

Printing and related support activities

523.9 493.4 496.4 496.8 522.6 497.2 497.0 494.9 -2.1

Petroleum and coal products

119.1 114.0 115.0 117.1 115.8 114.8 113.7 113.6 -0.1

Chemicals

806.9 779.0 780.7 785.0 801.5 781.7 781.6 779.9 -1.7

Plastics and rubber products

624.3 630.0 634.0 640.8 620.7 630.4 633.8 636.5 2.7

Private service-providing

90,233 89,392 89,846 90,445 89,572 89,612 89,632 89,723 91

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,987 24,519 24,679 24,825 24,943 24,741 24,737 24,744 7

Wholesale trade

5,641.5 5,557.6 5,579.1 5,608.4 5,612.7 5,576.2 5,573.9 5,574.9 1.0

Durable goods

2,830.4 2,755.7 2,768.9 2,780.9 2,819.6 2,768.1 2,770.8 2,766.5 -4.3

Nondurable goods

1,992.4 1,974.2 1,978.7 1,989.4 1,977.3 1,978.8 1,971.6 1,974.1 2.5

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

818.7 827.7 831.5 838.1 815.8 829.3 831.5 834.3 2.8

Retail trade

14,541.8 14,278.4 14,380.7 14,457.3 14,545.8 14,453.3 14,442.4 14,435.8 -6.6

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,648.1 1,629.4 1,642.0 1,647.7 1,630.7 1,631.0 1,633.5 1,628.6 -4.9

Automobile dealers

1,019.4 1,014.5 1,015.7 1,021.6 1,013.1 1,016.9 1,014.8 1,014.6 -0.2

Furniture and home furnishings stores

439.6 433.4 433.4 436.5 447.1 441.4 441.6 442.8 1.2

Electronics and appliance stores

476.2 473.5 471.6 471.9 484.5 479.5 479.9 479.6 -0.3

Building material and garden supply stores

1,216.3 1,198.5 1,225.4 1,230.8 1,163.3 1,173.4 1,169.8 1,174.9 5.1

Food and beverage stores

2,862.0 2,780.4 2,805.2 2,824.7 2,839.8 2,809.8 2,806.6 2,800.5 -6.1

Health and personal care stores

989.5 968.6 974.3 975.8 986.1 974.7 976.2 972.7 -3.5

Gasoline stations

835.2 815.5 824.6 829.0 825.9 821.3 822.7 819.5 -3.2

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,341.5 1,347.2 1,346.9 1,363.7 1,369.7 1,393.0 1,387.0 1,386.9 -0.1

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

598.5 590.9 589.7 590.6 619.1 611.5 608.1 609.1 1.0

General merchandise stores(1)

2,938.7 2,871.1 2,888.0 2,909.1 2,970.8 2,925.9 2,927.4 2,933.5 6.1

Department stores

1,438.1 1,436.1 1,439.9 1,448.9 1,473.3 1,479.3 1,478.3 1,481.8 3.5

Miscellaneous store retailers

788.7 760.0 770.6 768.3 786.1 770.9 768.1 764.7 -3.4

Nonstore retailers

407.5 409.9 409.0 409.2 422.7 420.9 421.5 423.0 1.5

Transportation and warehousing

4,238.7 4,127.3 4,162.0 4,199.8 4,223.2 4,153.6 4,162.8 4,177.4 14.6

Air transportation

460.0 452.9 454.8 458.7 457.8 453.3 454.8 456.0 1.2

Rail transportation

216.4 215.9 216.1 218.6 217.3 215.6 216.4 218.8 2.4

Water transportation

64.2 61.7 63.9 65.9 62.6 62.9 63.8 64.0 0.2

Truck transportation

1,274.8 1,211.9 1,229.0 1,251.7 1,260.0 1,231.3 1,235.0 1,236.0 1.0

Transit and ground passenger transportation

428.3 431.2 433.7 416.7 427.8 414.8 413.9 415.9 2.0

Pipeline transportation

41.4 39.5 38.8 39.4 41.3 39.7 39.1 39.4 0.3

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

33.4 25.5 30.4 36.6 27.9 28.8 29.3 30.2 0.9

Support activities for transportation

542.8 537.3 540.1 545.6 543.3 540.7 543.0 544.7 1.7

Couriers and messengers

540.3 513.8 516.1 520.7 543.1 522.3 521.5 523.1 1.6

Warehousing and storage

637.1 637.6 639.1 645.9 642.1 644.2 646.0 649.3 3.3

Utilities

565.2 555.3 557.4 559.9 561.2 557.7 557.5 556.1 -1.4

Information

2,812 2,724 2,728 2,732 2,797 2,727 2,723 2,715 -8

Publishing industries, except Internet

794.3 760.5 759.3 760.8 794.5 762.9 762.6 760.6 -2.0

Motion picture and sound recording industries

357.5 352.0 362.8 368.5 345.7 349.2 354.2 353.2 -1.0

Broadcasting, except Internet

300.2 294.5 293.3 294.3 300.4 295.9 294.7 294.2 -0.5

Telecommunications

973.1 929.4 925.3 925.0 972.4 933.9 927.6 925.3 -2.3

Data processing, hosting and related services

250.6 250.4 248.4 245.2 249.5 247.4 246.2 244.7 -1.5

Other information services

136.0 137.3 138.5 138.4 134.9 137.3 138.0 137.2 -0.8

Financial activities

7,788 7,580 7,587 7,631 7,742 7,611 7,599 7,584 -15

Finance and insurance

5,768.6 5,646.9 5,643.8 5,659.0 5,756.8 5,656.6 5,652.0 5,645.6 -6.4

Monetary authorities - central bank

21.0 21.2 21.3 21.2 20.9 21.2 21.2 21.2 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,595.9 2,559.4 2,559.6 2,568.0 2,592.0 2,563.2 2,562.7 2,562.3 -0.4

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,760.4 1,748.8 1,749.2 1,758.3 1,758.0 1,752.4 1,752.8 1,754.9 2.1

Commercial banking

1,319.1 1,310.4 1,309.6 1,315.8 1,316.3 1,312.4 1,312.3 1,312.7 0.4

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

807.4 794.3 792.9 799.8 805.4 797.1 796.4 797.2 0.8

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,256.1 2,187.3 2,185.2 2,184.5 2,250.1 2,190.0 2,186.3 2,179.4 -6.9

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

88.2 84.7 84.8 85.5 88.4 85.1 85.4 85.5 0.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,019.7 1,932.7 1,943.5 1,971.5 1,984.8 1,954.4 1,946.7 1,938.2 -8.5

Real estate

1,426.8 1,380.5 1,383.6 1,398.4 1,406.2 1,393.5 1,387.5 1,381.0 -6.5

Rental and leasing services

566.3 527.9 535.7 548.9 552.3 536.5 534.9 533.2 -1.7

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

26.6 24.3 24.2 24.2 26.3 24.4 24.3 24.0 -0.3

Professional and business services

16,537 16,612 16,619 16,792 16,453 16,638 16,663 16,709 46

Professional and technical services(1)

7,442.9 7,493.2 7,321.4 7,368.4 7,481.6 7,418.8 7,405.2 7,409.2 4.0

Legal services

1,136.7 1,100.6 1,101.9 1,114.6 1,121.8 1,104.1 1,103.5 1,099.6 -3.9

Accounting and bookkeeping services

849.6 1,013.4 835.2 821.1 918.8 908.8 898.2 894.3 -3.9

Architectural and engineering services

1,328.0 1,269.7 1,274.3 1,288.9 1,318.9 1,280.0 1,278.4 1,278.0 -0.4

Computer systems design and related services

1,414.5 1,441.5 1,441.5 1,441.5 1,417.7 1,443.7 1,445.7 1,445.4 -0.3

Management and technical consulting services

987.8 975.6 974.0 989.8 988.5 984.4 980.7 991.2 10.5

Management of companies and enterprises

1,859.0 1,816.0 1,820.0 1,834.1 1,854.5 1,824.0 1,825.3 1,826.2 0.9

Administrative and waste services

7,234.7 7,303.0 7,477.5 7,589.3 7,116.5 7,395.2 7,432.7 7,473.8 41.1

Administrative and support services(1)

6,881.5 6,958.0 7,124.5 7,231.0 6,767.3 7,046.1 7,080.0 7,120.3 40.3

Employment services(1)

2,424.0 2,656.3 2,752.0 2,805.2 2,421.7 2,730.6 2,770.2 2,806.0 35.8

Temporary help services

1,759.8 1,991.4 2,072.4 2,102.0 1,758.1 2,051.7 2,082.8 2,103.3 20.5

Business support services

798.2 791.1 786.4 789.7 808.7 794.7 793.7 800.4 6.7

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,858.1 1,726.2 1,796.0 1,833.6 1,743.3 1,726.5 1,724.8 1,719.1 -5.7

Waste management and remediation services

353.2 345.0 353.0 358.3 349.2 349.1 352.7 353.5 0.8

Education and health services

18,994 19,641 19,566 19,347 19,165 19,477 19,497 19,519 22

Educational services

2,903.0 3,293.9 3,182.4 2,955.1 3,091.7 3,133.6 3,137.6 3,142.7 5.1

Health care and social assistance

16,091.2 16,346.9 16,383.2 16,392.2 16,073.4 16,343.8 16,359.8 16,376.6 16.8

Health care(3)

13,546.6 13,694.2 13,716.3 13,760.8 13,519.8 13,716.6 13,727.9 13,737.2 9.3

Ambulatory health care services(1)

5,783.2 5,888.0 5,902.5 5,921.4 5,769.9 5,892.8 5,902.7 5,910.1 7.4

Offices of physicians

2,274.4 2,306.7 2,309.7 2,312.0 2,273.5 2,312.5 2,314.2 2,313.3 -0.9

Outpatient care centers

545.5 551.2 550.9 552.4 545.0 551.2 551.2 551.9 0.7

Home health care services

1,028.5 1,065.3 1,066.6 1,069.7 1,023.8 1,063.4 1,063.8 1,065.9 2.1

Hospitals

4,678.2 4,698.6 4,698.3 4,710.8 4,672.1 4,710.3 4,707.9 4,705.7 -2.2

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,085.2 3,107.6 3,115.5 3,128.6 3,077.8 3,113.5 3,117.3 3,121.4 4.1

Nursing care facilities

1,647.5 1,649.5 1,653.4 1,659.0 1,644.4 1,653.0 1,654.1 1,655.5 1.4

Social assistance(1)

2,544.6 2,652.7 2,666.9 2,631.4 2,553.6 2,627.2 2,631.9 2,639.4 7.5

Child day care services

837.7 887.0 888.9 861.3 851.3 867.6 865.6 873.1 7.5

Leisure and hospitality

13,675 12,986 13,307 13,703 13,105 13,085 13,077 13,114 37

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,139.9 1,857.1 1,972.4 2,174.2 1,896.4 1,905.0 1,893.6 1,923.6 30.0

Performing arts and spectator sports

419.8 406.7 433.8 439.7 396.1 404.6 410.1 411.6 1.5

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

142.1 127.0 134.1 141.8 130.1 129.2 128.7 129.5 0.8

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,578.0 1,323.4 1,404.5 1,592.7 1,370.2 1,371.2 1,354.8 1,382.5 27.7

Accommodation and food services

11,535.0 11,128.8 11,334.4 11,529.0 11,208.7 11,180.0 11,183.7 11,190.0 6.3

Accommodation

1,836.3 1,694.6 1,741.6 1,837.3 1,759.0 1,740.3 1,747.1 1,754.7 7.6

Food services and drinking places

9,698.7 9,434.2 9,592.8 9,691.7 9,449.7 9,439.7 9,436.6 9,435.3 -1.3

Other services

5,440 5,330 5,360 5,415 5,367 5,333 5,336 5,338 2

Repair and maintenance

1,162.5 1,151.2 1,159.8 1,160.8 1,150.4 1,146.1 1,150.2 1,147.4 -2.8

Personal and laundry services

1,299.5 1,276.4 1,286.8 1,291.9 1,282.3 1,273.1 1,273.3 1,274.2 0.9

Membership associations and organizations

2,977.8 2,902.6 2,913.3 2,962.5 2,934.5 2,914.1 2,912.3 2,916.5 4.2

Government

22,557 22,985 23,379 22,763 22,565 22,578 22,978 22,770 -208

Federal

2,827.0 2,981.0 3,400.0 3,227.0 2,810.0 2,988.0 3,406.0 3,208.0 -198.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,126.1 2,317.9 2,744.9 2,574.5 2,106.3 2,326.8 2,748.0 2,552.7 -195.3

U.S. Postal Service

700.7 663.1 654.6 652.5 703.9 661.1 658.4 654.9 -3.5

State government

4,970.0 5,317.0 5,206.0 4,950.0 5,177.0 5,169.0 5,161.0 5,159.0 -2.0

State government education

2,136.0 2,544.6 2,431.8 2,151.8 2,366.1 2,392.0 2,389.4 2,385.4 -4.0

State government, excluding education

2,834.2 2,772.5 2,773.7 2,797.9 2,810.7 2,777.3 2,771.2 2,773.9 2.7

Local government

14,760.0 14,687.0 14,773.0 14,586.0 14,578.0 14,421.0 14,411.0 14,403.0 -8.0

Local government education

8,110.1 8,356.7 8,383.3 8,031.3 8,094.1 8,009.2 8,008.9 8,008.4 -0.5

Local government, excluding education

6,649.8 6,330.3 6,389.9 6,555.0 6,483.6 6,411.7 6,402.2 6,394.4 -7.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.8 34.1 34.2 34.1

Goods-producing

38.3 39.5 39.6 39.3

Mining and logging

41.7 43.0 43.8 43.1

Construction

37.2 37.7 37.4 37.4

Manufacturing

38.7 40.1 40.5 40.0

Durable goods

38.8 40.4 40.7 40.2

Nondurable goods

38.6 39.7 40.0 39.6

Private service-providing

32.9 33.1 33.1 33.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.1 34.1 34.2 34.2

Wholesale trade

37.8 38.1 38.1 38.1

Retail trade

31.2 31.2 31.2 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.1 38.1 38.5 38.3

Utilities

40.5 40.9 41.4 41.3

Information

36.4 36.7 36.7 36.6

Financial activities

36.4 37.0 37.0 37.1

Professional and business services

35.0 35.3 35.3 35.2

Education and health services

32.9 33.0 33.0 33.0

Leisure and hospitality

25.5 25.7 25.7 25.6

Other services

31.5 31.9 31.9 31.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

2.2 3.0 3.0 2.9

Durable goods

2.0 2.9 3.0 2.9

Nondurable goods

2.5 3.1 3.1 3.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)
June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)

Total private

$22.16 $22.50 $22.55 $22.53 $749.01 $767.25 $771.21 $768.27

Goods-producing

23.77 23.90 24.02 23.95 910.39 944.05 951.19 941.24

Mining and logging

27.42 27.16 27.59 27.40 1,143.41 1,167.88 1,208.44 1,180.94

Construction

24.83 25.15 25.17 25.17 923.68 948.16 941.36 941.36

Manufacturing

23.02 23.12 23.27 23.17 890.87 927.11 942.44 926.80

Durable goods

24.51 24.58 24.74 24.63 950.99 993.03 1,006.92 990.13

Nondurable goods

20.64 20.78 20.89 20.82 796.70 824.97 835.60 824.47

Private service-providing

21.77 22.16 22.19 22.19 716.23 733.50 734.49 734.49

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.29 19.75 19.74 19.68 657.79 673.48 675.11 673.06

Wholesale trade

25.32 26.22 26.23 26.20 957.10 998.98 999.36 998.22

Retail trade

15.39 15.64 15.58 15.49 480.17 487.97 486.10 484.84

Transportation and warehousing

20.39 20.89 20.89 20.92 776.86 795.91 804.27 801.24

Utilities

32.93 32.72 33.38 33.14 1,333.67 1,338.25 1,381.93 1,368.68

Information

29.30 30.35 30.64 30.77 1,066.52 1,113.85 1,124.49 1,126.18

Financial activities

26.43 27.11 27.13 27.10 962.05 1,003.07 1,003.81 1,005.41

Professional and business services

27.00 27.11 27.15 27.20 945.00 956.98 958.40 957.44

Education and health services

22.36 22.74 22.81 22.81 735.64 750.42 752.73 752.73

Leisure and hospitality

12.91 13.06 13.06 13.05 329.21 335.64 335.64 334.08

Other services

19.50 19.81 19.81 19.87 614.25 631.94 631.94 631.87

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary






	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)
Percent change from:
May
2010 - June
2010(p)
June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)
Percent change from:
May
2010 - June
2010(p)

Total private

91.5 91.9 92.2 92.0 -0.2 96.7 98.6 99.2 98.9 -0.3

Goods-producing

80.7 80.9 81.1 80.5 -0.7 86.7 87.4 88.1 87.1 -1.1

Mining and logging

90.7 95.8 99.1 98.2 -0.9 99.8 104.5 109.8 108.0 -1.6

Construction

77.3 73.2 72.2 71.9 -0.4 83.4 80.0 79.0 78.7 -0.4

Manufacturing

82.0 83.9 85.0 84.0 -1.2 87.8 90.2 91.9 90.5 -1.5

Durable goods

78.9 81.0 82.0 81.1 -1.1 85.9 88.4 90.1 88.7 -1.6

Nondurable goods

87.9 89.3 90.0 89.0 -1.1 92.0 94.1 95.4 94.0 -1.5

Private service-providing

94.6 95.3 95.3 95.4 0.1 99.8 102.3 102.4 102.5 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

92.4 91.7 91.9 92.0 0.1 96.0 97.5 97.7 97.4 -0.3

Wholesale trade

92.6 92.7 92.7 92.7 0.0 97.8 101.4 101.4 101.3 -0.1

Retail trade

92.2 91.6 91.5 91.8 0.3 93.8 94.7 94.3 94.0 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

92.1 90.6 91.7 91.6 -0.1 95.3 96.0 97.2 97.2 0.0

Utilities

98.3 98.7 99.8 99.3 -0.5 107.0 106.7 110.1 108.8 -1.2

Information

93.0 91.4 91.3 90.8 -0.5 97.0 98.8 99.6 99.4 -0.2

Financial activities

92.9 92.8 92.6 92.7 0.1 95.8 98.2 98.1 98.1 0.0

Professional and business services

90.6 92.4 92.5 92.5 0.0 99.1 101.5 101.8 101.9 0.1

Education and health services

102.6 104.6 104.7 104.8 0.1 107.5 111.4 111.9 112.0 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

95.4 96.0 95.9 95.8 -0.1 99.3 101.1 101.0 100.9 -0.1

Other services

93.7 94.3 94.3 94.1 -0.2 103.7 106.0 106.0 106.1 0.1

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)
June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)

Total nonfarm

65,168 64,811 64,990 64,910 49.9 49.8 49.8 49.8

Total private

52,264 51,958 51,938 51,950 48.4 48.3 48.3 48.2

Goods-producing

4,274 4,146 4,152 4,138 23.1 23.1 23.1 23.0

Mining and logging

98 101 100 101 14.2 14.2 13.9 13.9

Construction

804 740 739 737 13.3 13.1 13.2 13.2

Manufacturing

3,372 3,305 3,313 3,300 28.6 28.4 28.4 28.3

Durable goods

1,788 1,744 1,750 1,738 24.8 24.5 24.5 24.3

Nondurable goods

1,584 1,561 1,563 1,562 34.7 34.6 34.7 34.7

Private service-providing

47,990 47,812 47,786 47,812 53.6 53.4 53.3 53.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,256 10,064 10,045 10,040 41.1 40.7 40.6 40.6

Wholesale trade

1,713.1 1,679.4 1,676.2 1,672.2 30.5 30.1 30.1 30.0

Retail trade

7,374.5 7,250.5 7,233.2 7,228.7 50.7 50.2 50.1 50.1

Transportation and warehousing

1,026.0 997.8 999.9 1,003.6 24.3 24.0 24.0 24.0

Utilities

142.1 136.2 135.6 135.1 25.3 24.4 24.3 24.3

Information

1,170 1,114 1,112 1,107 41.8 40.9 40.8 40.8

Financial activities

4,591 4,485 4,477 4,468 59.3 58.9 58.9 58.9

Professional and business services

7,426 7,421 7,423 7,447 45.1 44.6 44.5 44.6

Education and health services

14,826 15,047 15,060 15,072 77.4 77.3 77.2 77.2

Leisure and hospitality

6,880 6,871 6,862 6,860 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.3

Other services

2,841 2,810 2,807 2,818 52.9 52.7 52.6 52.8

Government

12,904 12,853 13,052 12,960 57.2 56.9 56.8 56.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)

Total private

88,984 88,687 88,701 88,772

Goods-producing

13,317 12,957 12,946 12,946

Mining and logging

510 524 536 541

Construction

4,563 4,274 4,227 4,211

Manufacturing

8,244 8,159 8,183 8,194

Durable goods

4,921 4,872 4,896 4,910

Nondurable goods

3,323 3,287 3,287 3,284

Private service-providing

75,667 75,730 75,755 75,826

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,147 20,966 20,959 20,977

Wholesale trade

4,525.8 4,485.5 4,481.6 4,484.0

Retail trade

12,493.0 12,430.0 12,425.8 12,429.0

Transportation and warehousing

3,677.8 3,606.9 3,608.1 3,621.4

Utilities

450.8 443.3 443.4 442.1

Information

2,237 2,185 2,183 2,180

Financial activities

5,982 5,879 5,869 5,843

Professional and business services

13,406 13,626 13,651 13,698

Education and health services

16,817 17,067 17,083 17,100

Leisure and hospitality

11,587 11,544 11,545 11,565

Other services

4,491 4,463 4,465 4,463

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.0 33.4 33.4 33.4

Goods-producing

39.0 40.5 40.5 40.2

Mining and logging

43.2 44.7 45.3 45.0

Construction

37.5 38.7 38.1 38.2

Manufacturing

39.5 41.2 41.5 41.0

Durable goods

39.5 41.4 41.7 41.2

Nondurable goods

39.6 40.9 41.2 40.6

Private service-providing

31.9 32.2 32.2 32.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

32.8 33.2 33.3 33.3

Wholesale trade

37.6 37.9 38.0 38.0

Retail trade

29.8 30.1 30.2 30.2

Transportation and warehousing

35.8 37.1 37.1 37.3

Utilities

41.9 41.8 42.0 42.0

Information

36.5 36.5 36.6 36.5

Financial activities

35.9 36.2 36.2 36.2

Professional and business services

34.6 35.0 35.0 35.0

Education and health services

32.2 32.2 32.2 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

24.7 24.9 24.8 24.7

Other services

30.4 30.8 30.8 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

2.8 3.8 4.0 3.8

Durable goods

2.6 3.8 3.9 3.9

Nondurable goods

3.2 3.9 4.1 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)
June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)

Total private

$18.57 $18.95 $19.00 $19.00 $612.81 $632.93 $634.60 $634.60

Goods-producing

19.86 20.17 20.20 20.23 774.54 816.89 818.10 813.25

Mining and logging

23.33 23.83 23.83 23.92 1,007.86 1,065.20 1,079.50 1,076.40

Construction

22.62 23.09 23.10 23.18 848.25 893.58 880.11 885.48

Manufacturing

18.17 18.48 18.56 18.54 717.72 761.38 770.24 760.14

Durable goods

19.27 19.66 19.74 19.70 761.17 813.92 823.16 811.64

Nondurable goods

16.55 16.72 16.79 16.79 655.38 683.85 691.75 681.67

Private service-providing

18.29 18.69 18.74 18.74 583.45 601.82 603.43 603.43

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.41 16.83 16.86 16.85 538.25 558.76 561.44 561.11

Wholesale trade

20.78 21.48 21.51 21.56 781.33 814.09 817.38 819.28

Retail trade

12.96 13.22 13.22 13.23 386.21 397.92 399.24 399.55

Transportation and warehousing

18.67 19.18 19.29 19.15 668.39 711.58 715.66 714.30

Utilities

29.38 30.04 30.21 30.25 1,231.02 1,255.67 1,268.82 1,270.50

Information

25.48 25.62 25.77 25.66 930.02 935.13 943.18 936.59

Financial activities

20.83 21.36 21.37 21.32 747.80 773.23 773.59 771.78

Professional and business services

22.30 22.67 22.75 22.75 771.58 793.45 796.25 796.25

Education and health services

19.45 19.88 19.92 19.96 626.29 640.14 641.42 642.71

Leisure and hospitality

11.07 11.31 11.34 11.30 273.43 281.62 281.23 279.11

Other services

16.51 16.81 16.85 16.90 501.90 517.75 518.98 520.52

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary






	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)
Percent change from:
May
2010 - June
2010(p)
June
2009
Apr.
2010
May
2010(p)
June
2010(p)
Percent change from:
May
2010 - June
2010(p)

Total private

98.1 99.0 99.0 99.1 0.1 121.7 125.3 125.7 125.8 0.1

Goods-producing

79.4 80.2 80.1 79.5 -0.7 96.5 99.0 99.1 98.5 -0.6

Mining and logging

117.1 124.5 129.0 129.4 0.3 158.9 172.5 178.8 180.0 0.7

Construction

85.7 82.8 80.6 80.5 -0.1 104.6 103.3 100.6 100.8 0.2

Manufacturing

74.7 77.1 77.9 77.1 -1.0 88.8 93.2 94.6 93.5 -1.2

Durable goods

73.0 75.8 76.7 76.0 -0.9 87.9 93.0 94.5 93.5 -1.1

Nondurable goods

77.5 79.2 79.8 78.6 -1.5 90.7 93.6 94.7 93.2 -1.6

Private service-providing

103.2 104.3 104.3 104.4 0.1 129.4 133.6 134.0 134.1 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

96.7 97.0 97.3 97.4 0.1 113.2 116.5 117.0 117.1 0.1

Wholesale trade

100.2 100.1 100.3 100.3 0.0 122.7 126.7 127.1 127.4 0.2

Retail trade

94.2 94.7 95.0 95.0 0.0 104.7 107.3 107.6 107.7 0.1

Transportation and warehousing

99.1 100.7 100.8 101.7 0.9 117.4 122.6 123.3 123.5 0.2

Utilities

96.6 94.8 95.3 95.0 -0.3 118.5 118.8 120.1 119.9 -0.2

Information

93.2 91.0 91.2 90.8 -0.4 117.6 115.5 116.4 115.4 -0.9

Financial activities

102.8 101.8 101.7 101.2 -0.5 132.4 134.5 134.3 133.4 -0.7

Professional and business services

104.0 106.9 107.1 107.4 0.3 137.9 144.2 145.0 145.5 0.3

Education and health services

116.8 118.5 118.7 118.8 0.1 149.4 154.9 155.4 155.9 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

104.9 105.4 104.9 104.7 -0.2 131.9 135.3 135.1 134.4 -0.5

Other services

95.8 96.4 96.5 96.4 -0.1 115.2 118.1 118.4 118.7 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: July 02, 2010