Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                 USDL-12-1332
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, July 6, 2012

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2012


Nonfarm payroll employment continued to edge up in June (+80,000), and the 
unemployment rate was unchanged at 8.2 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. Professional and business services added jobs, 
and employment in other major industries changed little over the month.

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons (12.7 million) was essentially unchanged 
in June, and the unemployment rate held at 8.2 percent. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for blacks (14.4 percent)
edged up over the month, while the rates for adult men (7.8 percent), 
adult women (7.4 percent), teenagers (23.7 percent), whites (7.4 percent),
and Hispanics (11.0 percent) showed little or no change. The jobless rate
for Asians was 6.3 percent in June (not seasonally adjusted), little changed
from a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In June, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks 
and over) was essentially unchanged at 5.4 million. These individuals 
accounted for 41.9 percent of the unemployed. (See table A-12.)

Both the civilian labor force participation rate and the employment-
population ratio were unchanged in June at 63.8 and 58.6 percent,
respectively. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes 
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged at 
8.2 million. These individuals were working part time because their hours 
had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 
(See table A-8.)

In June, 2.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, 
down from 2.7 million a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were 
available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 
months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched 
for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 821,000 discouraged workers 
in June, a decline of 161,000 from a year earlier. (These data are not
seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently
looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them.
The remaining 1.7 million persons marginally attached to the labor
force in June had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. 
(See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment continued to edge up in June (+80,000). 
In the second quarter, employment growth averaged 75,000 per month, 
compared with an average monthly gain of 226,000 for the first quarter of 
the year. Slower job growth in the second quarter occurred in most major 
industries. (See table B-1.)

Professional and business services added 47,000 jobs in June, with temporary 
help services accounting for 25,000 of the increase. Employment also rose 
in management and technical consulting services (+9,000) and in computer 
systems design and related services (+7,000). Employment in professional 
and business services has grown by 1.5 million since its most recent low
point in September 2009.

Employment in manufacturing continued to edge up in June (+11,000).
Growth in the second quarter averaged 10,000 per month, compared with
an average of 41,000 per month during the first quarter. In June,
employment increased in motor vehicles and parts (+7,000) and in
fabricated metal products (+5,000).

Employment continued to trend up in health care (+13,000) and wholesale 
trade (+9,000) in June.

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging,
construction, retail trade, transportation and warehousing, financial
activities, leisure and hospitality, and government, showed little or
no change.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
edged up by 0.1 hour to 34.5 hours in June. The manufacturing workweek 
edged up by 0.1 hour to 40.7 hours, and factory overtime was 3.3 hours 
for the fifth consecutive month. The average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by 0.1
hour to 33.8 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm
payrolls increased by 6 cents to $23.50. Over the year, average hourly
earnings have increased by 2.0 percent. In June, average hourly earnings 
of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 
5 cents to $19.74. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised
from +77,000 to +68,000, and the change for May was revised from
+69,000 to +77,000.

____________
The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on
Friday, August 3, 2012, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


   ________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                |
  |    Corrections to Establishment Survey Data for Book Stores    |
  |          and News Dealers and for Electronics Stores           |
  |                                                                |
  | BLS corrected some historical estimates from the Establishment |
  | Survey for book stores and news dealers and for electronics    |
  | stores. Errors were made during the reconstruction of the data |
  | for these two industries to fit the NAICS 2012 industry        |
  | definitions. The corrected series in these industries include  |
  | women employees, nonsupervisory employees, hours and earnings  |
  | for all employees, hours and earnings for nonsupervisory       |
  | employees, and any series derived from them. Estimates of all  |
  | employees were unaffected. The correction of the series also   |
  | resulted in minor corrections at higher industry levels.       |
  |                                                                |
  | For more information, see                                      |
  | www.bls.gov/bls/cesbook_stores_correction.htm.                 |
  |________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012
Change from:
May
2012-
June
2012

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

239,489 242,784 242,966 243,155 189

Civilian labor force

153,409 154,365 155,007 155,163 156

Participation rate

64.1 63.6 63.8 63.8 0.0

Employed

139,385 141,865 142,287 142,415 128

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.4 58.6 58.6 0.0

Unemployed

14,024 12,500 12,720 12,749 29

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.1 8.2 8.2 0.0

Not in labor force

86,080 88,419 87,958 87,992 34

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.1 8.1 8.2 8.2 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

9.0 7.5 7.8 7.8 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

8.0 7.4 7.4 7.4 0.0

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

24.6 24.9 24.6 23.7 -0.9

White

8.1 7.4 7.4 7.4 0.0

Black or African American

16.2 13.0 13.6 14.4 0.8

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.8 5.2 5.2 6.3 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

11.6 10.3 11.0 11.0 0.0

Total, 25 years and over

7.9 6.8 6.9 6.9 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

14.2 12.5 13.0 12.6 -0.4

High school graduates, no college

10.0 7.9 8.1 8.4 0.3

Some college or associate degree

8.4 7.6 7.9 7.5 -0.4

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.4 4.0 3.9 4.1 0.2

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,233 6,852 6,989 7,207 218

Job leavers

971 997 891 936 45

Reentrants

3,431 3,341 3,439 3,227 -212

New entrants

1,227 1,384 1,367 1,331 -36

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

3,068 2,543 2,580 2,810 230

5 to 14 weeks

2,976 2,814 3,002 2,826 -176

15 to 26 weeks

1,874 1,884 1,662 1,811 149

27 weeks and over

6,263 5,101 5,411 5,370 -41

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,545 7,853 8,098 8,210 112

Slack work or business conditions

5,807 5,187 5,147 5,446 299

Could only find part-time work

2,474 2,367 2,649 2,514 -135

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,461 18,832 19,393 18,829 -564

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,680 2,363 2,423 2,483 -

Discouraged workers

982 968 830 821 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

84 68 77 80

Total private

102 85 105 84

Goods-producing

18 4 -21 13

Mining and logging

9 1 5 0

Construction

-3 -7 -35 2

Manufacturing

12 10 9 11

Durable goods(1)

17 11 11 14

Motor vehicles and parts

1.8 1.2 4.4 6.7

Nondurable goods

-5 -1 -2 -3

Private service-providing(1)

84 81 126 71

Wholesale trade

5.8 13.1 14.5 8.8

Retail trade

15.8 24.2 2.1 -5.4

Transportation and warehousing

11.5 -18.3 32.3 -2.2

Information

-2 1 4 -8

Financial activities

-13 6 9 5

Professional and business services(1)

5 45 24 47

Temporary help services

-7.7 20.7 18.6 25.2

Education and health services(1)

25 15 44 2

Health care and social assistance

25.7 18.0 36.5 11.4

Leisure and hospitality

35 -4 -7 13

Other services

0 -1 3 9

Government

-18 -17 -28 -4

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.5 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private women employees

47.9 47.8 47.8 47.8

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.5 34.4 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$23.05 $23.40 $23.44 $23.50

Average weekly earnings

$792.92 $807.30 $806.34 $810.75

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

94.1 95.9 95.7 96.1

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.4

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

103.5 107.0 107.0 107.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.2 0.0 0.7

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.8

Average hourly earnings

$19.45 $19.71 $19.69 $19.74

Average weekly earnings

$655.47 $664.23 $663.55 $667.21

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

101.4 103.2 103.3 103.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

131.7 135.9 135.9 136.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.3 0.0 0.6

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

57.0 58.1 59.8 57.9

Manufacturing (81 industries)

57.4 55.6 53.7 51.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data in this table have been corrected. For more information see http://www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_usps_correction.htm.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant
change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has
a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-
employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides
estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms
from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the
survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an
unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling
frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a
year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work
are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped
looking for work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact
on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for
paid time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other
time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always,
results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while
some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of
all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay
period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.


In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full
time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested
statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment
Statistics survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 eligible households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business
establishments. Each month the CES program surveys about 141,000 businesses
and government agencies, representing approximately 486,000 individual worksites,
in order to provide detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of
workers on nonfarm payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third
of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week
or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which 
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed
if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be 
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of
the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is
the employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about
the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as 
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay 
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector
for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. 
Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and 
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction
workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-
providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make 
nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the 
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and 
recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revisions
to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence
interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to +150,000 
(50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample results
are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.
Since this range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month.
If, however, the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all
of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater
than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate
of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about 
+/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/-0.19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The precision
of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information
for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of 
respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of
the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these
estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only after two
successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey
is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by
new firms. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment
growth, an estimation procedure with two components is used to account
for business births. The first component excludes employment losses from
business deaths from sample-based estimation in order to offset the 
missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into
the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same employment
trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most
of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate
the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the 
imputation. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over
the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and
the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as
a rough proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions  for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent,
with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2011
May
2012
June
2012
June
2011
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

239,489 242,966 243,155 239,489 242,435 242,604 242,784 242,966 243,155

Civilian labor force

154,538 154,998 156,385 153,409 154,871 154,707 154,365 155,007 155,163

Participation rate

64.5 63.8 64.3 64.1 63.9 63.8 63.6 63.8 63.8

Employed

140,129 142,727 143,202 139,385 142,065 142,034 141,865 142,287 142,415

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.7 58.9 58.2 58.6 58.5 58.4 58.6 58.6

Unemployed

14,409 12,271 13,184 14,024 12,806 12,673 12,500 12,720 12,749

Unemployment rate

9.3 7.9 8.4 9.1 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2

Not in labor force

84,951 87,968 86,770 86,080 87,564 87,897 88,419 87,958 87,992

Persons who currently want a job

7,124 6,835 7,157 6,531 6,378 6,299 6,366 6,291 6,520

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

116,250 117,177 117,277 116,250 116,896 116,986 117,081 117,177 117,277

Civilian labor force

82,757 82,409 83,369 81,992 82,165 82,179 81,983 82,350 82,450

Participation rate

71.2 70.3 71.1 70.5 70.3 70.2 70.0 70.3 70.3

Employed

74,848 75,712 76,338 74,068 75,318 75,369 75,256 75,401 75,486

Employment-population ratio

64.4 64.6 65.1 63.7 64.4 64.4 64.3 64.3 64.4

Unemployed

7,910 6,697 7,030 7,923 6,846 6,810 6,727 6,949 6,964

Unemployment rate

9.6 8.1 8.4 9.7 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.4 8.4

Not in labor force

33,493 34,768 33,909 34,259 34,732 34,807 35,098 34,827 34,827

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

107,668 108,503 108,613 107,668 108,188 108,289 108,396 108,503 108,613

Civilian labor force

79,324 79,511 79,733 79,116 79,317 79,337 79,050 79,382 79,425

Participation rate

73.7 73.3 73.4 73.5 73.3 73.3 72.9 73.2 73.1

Employed

72,427 73,567 73,735 71,981 73,240 73,286 73,119 73,229 73,259

Employment-population ratio

67.3 67.8 67.9 66.9 67.7 67.7 67.5 67.5 67.4

Unemployed

6,897 5,945 5,998 7,135 6,077 6,051 5,930 6,153 6,166

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.5 7.5 9.0 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.8 7.8

Not in labor force

28,344 28,991 28,879 28,553 28,870 28,952 29,346 29,121 29,188

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

123,239 125,788 125,878 123,239 125,539 125,619 125,703 125,788 125,878

Civilian labor force

71,781 72,589 73,017 71,417 72,706 72,529 72,382 72,657 72,713

Participation rate

58.2 57.7 58.0 58.0 57.9 57.7 57.6 57.8 57.8

Employed

65,282 67,015 66,863 65,316 66,747 66,665 66,609 66,886 66,929

Employment-population ratio

53.0 53.3 53.1 53.0 53.2 53.1 53.0 53.2 53.2

Unemployed

6,499 5,574 6,153 6,101 5,960 5,863 5,773 5,771 5,785

Unemployment rate

9.1 7.7 8.4 8.5 8.2 8.1 8.0 7.9 8.0

Not in labor force

51,458 53,200 52,862 51,822 52,833 53,090 53,321 53,131 53,165

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,045 117,448 117,546 115,045 117,170 117,260 117,353 117,448 117,546

Civilian labor force

68,459 69,775 69,610 68,570 69,815 69,589 69,562 69,807 69,803

Participation rate

59.5 59.4 59.2 59.6 59.6 59.3 59.3 59.4 59.4

Employed

62,811 64,840 64,288 63,088 64,454 64,413 64,425 64,671 64,628

Employment-population ratio

54.6 55.2 54.7 54.8 55.0 54.9 54.9 55.1 55.0

Unemployed

5,648 4,936 5,322 5,482 5,361 5,176 5,137 5,136 5,175

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.1 7.6 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4

Not in labor force

46,586 47,672 47,936 46,475 47,355 47,671 47,791 47,641 47,743

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,776 17,015 16,997 16,776 17,078 17,056 17,034 17,015 16,997

Civilian labor force

6,755 5,711 7,042 5,724 5,739 5,781 5,753 5,819 5,936

Participation rate

40.3 33.6 41.4 34.1 33.6 33.9 33.8 34.2 34.9

Employed

4,891 4,320 5,178 4,316 4,371 4,335 4,321 4,388 4,528

Employment-population ratio

29.2 25.4 30.5 25.7 25.6 25.4 25.4 25.8 26.6

Unemployed

1,864 1,391 1,864 1,408 1,367 1,447 1,432 1,431 1,408

Unemployment rate

27.6 24.4 26.5 24.6 23.8 25.0 24.9 24.6 23.7

Not in labor force

10,021 11,304 9,955 11,052 11,339 11,274 11,282 11,197 11,061

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2011
May
2012
June
2012
June
2011
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

192,989 193,004 193,120 192,989 192,691 192,788 192,893 193,004 193,120

Civilian labor force

125,335 123,897 124,624 124,526 123,848 123,713 123,499 123,989 123,783

Participation rate

64.9 64.2 64.5 64.5 64.3 64.2 64.0 64.2 64.1

Employed

114,995 115,015 115,280 114,428 114,754 114,697 114,355 114,767 114,674

Employment-population ratio

59.6 59.6 59.7 59.3 59.6 59.5 59.3 59.5 59.4

Unemployed

10,340 8,882 9,344 10,098 9,094 9,016 9,144 9,222 9,109

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.2 7.5 8.1 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.4

Not in labor force

67,654 69,107 68,496 68,463 68,843 69,076 69,394 69,015 69,337

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,360 64,680 64,730 65,213 64,642 64,552 64,410 64,591 64,527

Participation rate

74.2 73.8 73.8 74.0 73.9 73.8 73.5 73.7 73.6

Employed

60,355 60,349 60,374 59,982 60,245 60,192 60,046 60,072 60,001

Employment-population ratio

68.5 68.8 68.8 68.0 68.9 68.8 68.6 68.5 68.4

Unemployed

5,005 4,331 4,356 5,231 4,397 4,360 4,364 4,519 4,526

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.7 6.7 8.0 6.8 6.8 6.8 7.0 7.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,429 54,620 54,265 54,634 54,609 54,473 54,435 54,717 54,506

Participation rate

59.1 58.9 58.5 59.4 59.0 58.9 58.8 59.0 58.8

Employed

50,471 51,087 50,598 50,787 50,890 50,873 50,719 51,045 50,918

Employment-population ratio

54.8 55.1 54.6 55.2 55.0 55.0 54.8 55.1 54.9

Unemployed

3,958 3,533 3,667 3,847 3,719 3,600 3,716 3,672 3,588

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.5 6.8 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.8 6.7 6.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,546 4,597 5,629 4,679 4,596 4,688 4,654 4,681 4,750

Participation rate

43.3 36.3 44.4 36.5 36.1 36.9 36.7 36.9 37.5

Employed

4,168 3,579 4,308 3,660 3,619 3,632 3,591 3,649 3,755

Employment-population ratio

32.5 28.2 34.0 28.6 28.4 28.6 28.3 28.8 29.7

Unemployed

1,377 1,018 1,321 1,019 977 1,056 1,063 1,031 995

Unemployment rate

24.8 22.1 23.5 21.8 21.3 22.5 22.8 22.0 20.9

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,093 29,854 29,885 29,093 29,760 29,792 29,824 29,854 29,885

Civilian labor force

17,966 18,275 18,758 17,740 18,363 18,427 18,274 18,290 18,541

Participation rate

61.8 61.2 62.8 61.0 61.7 61.9 61.3 61.3 62.0

Employed

14,993 15,837 15,978 14,875 15,769 15,843 15,891 15,807 15,872

Employment-population ratio

51.5 53.0 53.5 51.1 53.0 53.2 53.3 52.9 53.1

Unemployed

2,972 2,438 2,780 2,865 2,593 2,584 2,383 2,484 2,668

Unemployment rate

16.5 13.3 14.8 16.2 14.1 14.0 13.0 13.6 14.4

Not in labor force

11,127 11,579 11,128 11,353 11,398 11,365 11,550 11,564 11,345

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,155 8,270 8,376 8,107 8,239 8,283 8,162 8,281 8,324

Participation rate

68.7 68.0 68.8 68.3 68.1 68.4 67.3 68.1 68.4

Employed

6,793 7,082 7,204 6,740 7,064 7,137 7,054 7,102 7,146

Employment-population ratio

57.2 58.3 59.2 56.8 58.4 58.9 58.1 58.4 58.7

Unemployed

1,362 1,188 1,172 1,368 1,175 1,147 1,108 1,179 1,178

Unemployment rate

16.7 14.4 14.0 16.9 14.3 13.8 13.6 14.2 14.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,011 9,327 9,471 8,967 9,410 9,473 9,443 9,346 9,482

Participation rate

61.6 62.0 62.9 61.3 62.8 63.1 62.8 62.1 63.0

Employed

7,760 8,317 8,266 7,735 8,240 8,307 8,423 8,284 8,281

Employment-population ratio

53.1 55.3 54.9 52.9 55.0 55.4 56.1 55.1 55.0

Unemployed

1,251 1,011 1,205 1,232 1,171 1,166 1,019 1,062 1,202

Unemployment rate

13.9 10.8 12.7 13.7 12.4 12.3 10.8 11.4 12.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

799 678 910 666 713 671 669 664 735

Participation rate

30.8 25.5 34.4 25.6 26.6 25.1 25.1 25.0 27.8

Employed

440 439 508 401 466 399 413 421 446

Employment-population ratio

16.9 16.5 19.2 15.4 17.4 14.9 15.5 15.9 16.8

Unemployed

360 239 402 265 247 272 256 242 289

Unemployment rate

45.0 35.2 44.2 39.8 34.7 40.5 38.2 36.5 39.3

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,379 12,749 12,695 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,384 8,080 8,202 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.9 63.4 64.6 - - - - - -

Employed

6,881 7,656 7,682 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.5 60.0 60.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

504 424 519 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.2 6.3 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,995 4,669 4,493 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2011
May
2012
June
2012
June
2011
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

34,391 36,626 36,708 34,391 36,384 36,463 36,546 36,626 36,708

Civilian labor force

22,884 24,534 24,679 22,832 24,206 24,128 24,253 24,567 24,588

Participation rate

66.5 67.0 67.2 66.4 66.5 66.2 66.4 67.1 67.0

Employed

20,241 21,984 21,962 20,189 21,628 21,638 21,755 21,867 21,885

Employment-population ratio

58.9 60.0 59.8 58.7 59.4 59.3 59.5 59.7 59.6

Unemployed

2,643 2,550 2,718 2,643 2,579 2,491 2,498 2,700 2,703

Unemployment rate

11.5 10.4 11.0 11.6 10.7 10.3 10.3 11.0 11.0

Not in labor force

11,507 12,092 12,029 11,558 12,178 12,335 12,293 12,059 12,120

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,004 13,486 13,425 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.7 81.8 81.2 - - - - - -

Employed

11,731 12,195 12,147 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.7 74.0 73.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,273 1,291 1,277 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.8 9.6 9.5 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,861 9,904 9,909 - - - - - -

Participation rate

58.8 60.1 60.0 - - - - - -

Employed

7,852 8,993 8,886 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.1 54.5 53.8 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,010 911 1,022 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.4 9.2 10.3 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,018 1,144 1,346 - - - - - -

Participation rate

29.9 31.3 36.8 - - - - - -

Employed

658 796 928 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

19.3 21.8 25.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

360 348 418 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

35.4 30.4 31.0 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2011
May
2012
June
2012
June
2011
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,672 11,670 11,623 11,445 11,488 11,493 11,366 11,451 11,384

Participation rate

46.1 45.8 45.9 45.2 46.6 46.3 45.2 44.9 45.0

Employed

10,141 10,242 10,291 9,817 10,006 10,044 9,947 9,960 9,952

Employment-population ratio

40.0 40.2 40.6 38.8 40.6 40.4 39.6 39.1 39.3

Unemployed

1,531 1,428 1,332 1,628 1,483 1,449 1,419 1,491 1,431

Unemployment rate

13.1 12.2 11.5 14.2 12.9 12.6 12.5 13.0 12.6

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,351 37,119 36,851 37,596 36,799 36,475 36,718 36,924 36,984

Participation rate

60.2 59.8 59.8 60.5 59.0 59.0 59.2 59.5 60.0

Employed

33,813 34,239 33,884 33,822 33,761 33,573 33,834 33,928 33,869

Employment-population ratio

54.5 55.2 55.0 54.5 54.1 54.3 54.5 54.7 55.0

Unemployed

3,538 2,880 2,967 3,774 3,039 2,902 2,884 2,996 3,116

Unemployment rate

9.5 7.8 8.1 10.0 8.3 8.0 7.9 8.1 8.4

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,454 36,899 37,194 36,849 37,282 37,405 37,168 37,079 37,451

Participation rate

69.2 68.5 68.4 69.9 69.1 69.3 69.0 68.8 68.9

Employed

33,406 34,157 34,446 33,745 34,571 34,613 34,344 34,155 34,639

Employment-population ratio

63.4 63.4 63.4 64.0 64.1 64.2 63.7 63.4 63.7

Unemployed

3,048 2,741 2,748 3,104 2,711 2,793 2,824 2,924 2,812

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.4 7.4 8.4 7.3 7.5 7.6 7.9 7.5

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

46,633 48,191 47,631 46,910 47,890 48,191 47,977 48,232 47,923

Participation rate

76.2 76.7 75.5 76.7 76.4 76.2 76.2 76.8 76.0

Employed

44,590 46,408 45,674 44,854 45,875 46,189 46,062 46,355 45,949

Employment-population ratio

72.9 73.9 72.4 73.3 73.1 73.1 73.2 73.8 72.9

Unemployed

2,044 1,783 1,957 2,055 2,015 2,002 1,915 1,877 1,973

Unemployment rate

4.4 3.7 4.1 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.0 3.9 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
June
2011
June
2012
June
2011
June
2012
June
2011
June
2012

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,628 21,193 19,828 19,380 1,800 1,813

Civilian labor force

11,438 10,958 10,366 9,853 1,072 1,104

Participation rate

52.9 51.7 52.3 50.8 59.5 60.9

Employed

10,430 10,151 9,468 9,144 962 1,007

Employment-population ratio

48.2 47.9 47.8 47.2 53.5 55.5

Unemployed

1,007 806 898 709 109 97

Unemployment rate

8.8 7.4 8.7 7.2 10.2 8.8

Not in labor force

10,190 10,235 9,462 9,527 728 709

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,387 2,597 1,980 2,168 407 429

Civilian labor force

1,955 2,061 1,683 1,767 272 294

Participation rate

81.9 79.4 85.0 81.5 66.7 68.4

Employed

1,695 1,865 1,456 1,602 239 264

Employment-population ratio

71.0 71.8 73.5 73.9 58.6 61.4

Unemployed

260 196 227 166 33 30

Unemployment rate

13.3 9.5 13.5 9.4 12.1 10.1

Not in labor force

432 536 296 401 136 136

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,934 3,053 2,469 2,590 466 464

Civilian labor force

2,437 2,541 2,115 2,181 322 359

Participation rate

83.0 83.2 85.7 84.2 69.2 77.5

Employed

2,263 2,377 1,964 2,055 299 322

Employment-population ratio

77.1 77.9 79.5 79.4 64.3 69.4

Unemployed

174 163 151 126 23 37

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.4 7.2 5.8 7.1 10.4

Not in labor force

497 513 354 408 144 105

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,461 9,897 10,122 9,583 339 314

Civilian labor force

3,648 3,234 3,539 3,136 109 98

Participation rate

34.9 32.7 35.0 32.7 32.0 31.2

Employed

3,364 3,005 3,264 2,909 100 96

Employment-population ratio

32.2 30.4 32.2 30.4 29.4 30.5

Unemployed

283 229 275 227 9 2

Unemployment rate

7.8 7.1 7.8 7.2 8.0 2.1

Not in labor force

6,814 6,663 6,583 6,447 231 216

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,845 5,646 5,258 5,040 588 606

Civilian labor force

3,398 3,122 3,029 2,769 369 353

Participation rate

58.1 55.3 57.6 54.9 62.9 58.3

Employed

3,108 2,903 2,784 2,578 324 325

Employment-population ratio

53.2 51.4 53.0 51.2 55.2 53.7

Unemployed

290 219 244 191 45 28

Unemployment rate

8.5 7.0 8.1 6.9 12.3 7.9

Not in labor force

2,447 2,523 2,229 2,271 218 253

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

209,273 213,167 91,992 93,488 117,281 119,679

Civilian labor force

140,742 142,908 71,192 72,282 69,550 70,625

Participation rate

67.3 67.0 77.4 77.3 59.3 59.0

Employed

128,145 131,356 64,605 66,415 63,540 64,942

Employment-population ratio

61.2 61.6 70.2 71.0 54.2 54.3

Unemployed

12,597 11,551 6,587 5,868 6,010 5,684

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.1 9.3 8.1 8.6 8.0

Not in labor force

68,531 70,259 20,800 21,206 47,731 49,053

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
June
2011
June
2012
June
2011
June
2012

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,665 28,097 211,825 215,058

Civilian labor force

5,903 5,755 148,635 150,630

Participation rate

21.3 20.5 70.2 70.0

Employed

4,903 4,987 135,226 138,214

Employment-population ratio

17.7 17.7 63.8 64.3

Unemployed

1,000 768 13,409 12,416

Unemployment rate

16.9 13.3 9.0 8.2

Not in labor force

21,762 22,342 63,189 64,428

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,758 2,546 75,997 76,457

Participation rate

36.2 34.2 83.3 83.6

Employed

2,252 2,215 68,873 70,073

Employment-population ratio

29.6 29.8 75.5 76.6

Unemployed

507 332 7,124 6,385

Unemployment rate

18.4 13.0 9.4 8.4

Not in labor force

4,852 4,893 15,231 15,016

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,262 2,281 66,556 67,429

Participation rate

29.4 29.7 71.3 71.1

Employed

1,838 1,929 60,647 61,863

Employment-population ratio

23.9 25.1 64.9 65.2

Unemployed

425 352 5,909 5,566

Unemployment rate

18.8 15.4 8.9 8.3

Not in labor force

5,436 5,391 26,822 27,390

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

882 927 6,083 6,744

Participation rate

7.1 7.1 22.3 23.4

Employed

814 843 5,707 6,279

Employment-population ratio

6.6 6.5 21.0 21.8

Unemployed

69 84 376 465

Unemployment rate

7.8 9.1 6.2 6.9

Not in labor force

11,474 12,058 21,136 22,022

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
June
2011
June
2012
June
2011
June
2012
June
2011
June
2012

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,323 37,315 18,132 18,294 18,191 19,021

Civilian labor force

24,294 25,009 14,495 14,588 9,799 10,420

Participation rate

66.9 67.0 79.9 79.7 53.9 54.8

Employed

22,260 22,985 13,345 13,502 8,916 9,483

Employment-population ratio

61.3 61.6 73.6 73.8 49.0 49.9

Unemployed

2,034 2,024 1,150 1,086 884 938

Unemployment rate

8.4 8.1 7.9 7.4 9.0 9.0

Not in labor force

12,029 12,306 3,637 3,705 8,392 8,601

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

203,166 205,840 98,119 98,984 105,048 106,857

Civilian labor force

130,244 131,377 68,262 68,781 61,982 62,596

Participation rate

64.1 63.8 69.6 69.5 59.0 58.6

Employed

117,869 120,217 61,503 62,836 56,366 57,380

Employment-population ratio

58.0 58.4 62.7 63.5 53.7 53.7

Unemployed

12,375 11,160 6,759 5,944 5,616 5,216

Unemployment rate

9.5 8.5 9.9 8.6 9.1 8.3

Not in labor force

72,922 74,464 29,856 30,203 43,066 44,261

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2011
May
2012
June
2012
June
2011
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,419 2,371 2,377 2,224 2,185 2,218 2,150 2,274 2,206

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,507 1,482 1,514 1,390 1,353 1,394 1,342 1,423 1,399

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

875 843 826 832 814 811 793 815 786

Unpaid family workers

36 46 37 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

137,711 140,356 140,824 137,125 139,945 139,984 139,749 140,037 140,205

Wage and salary workers(1)

128,883 131,493 131,694 128,529 131,365 131,370 131,136 131,322 131,308

Government

20,139 20,322 19,679 20,320 20,617 20,338 19,896 20,059 19,938

Private industries

108,744 111,172 112,015 108,259 110,778 111,114 111,249 111,421 111,433

Private households

766 834 832 - - - - - -

Other industries

107,977 110,337 111,183 107,548 110,138 110,469 110,527 110,613 110,671

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,752 8,784 9,049 8,550 8,477 8,514 8,512 8,598 8,787

Unpaid family workers

76 78 82 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,738 7,837 8,394 8,545 8,119 7,672 7,853 8,098 8,210

Slack work or business conditions

5,660 4,961 5,378 5,807 5,446 5,081 5,187 5,147 5,446

Could only find part-time work

2,570 2,620 2,599 2,474 2,404 2,341 2,367 2,649 2,514

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,355 19,694 17,654 18,461 18,827 18,523 18,832 19,393 18,829

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,600 7,736 8,268 8,400 7,988 7,584 7,737 7,982 8,075

Slack work or business conditions

5,570 4,901 5,294 5,704 5,356 5,000 5,086 5,078 5,355

Could only find part-time work

2,537 2,588 2,587 2,308 2,365 2,295 2,324 2,616 2,493

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

16,983 19,319 17,285 18,093 18,399 18,100 18,418 18,930 18,438

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2011
May
2012
June
2012
June
2011
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

140,129 142,727 143,202 139,385 142,065 142,034 141,865 142,287 142,415

16 to 19 years

4,891 4,320 5,178 4,316 4,371 4,335 4,321 4,388 4,528

16 to 17 years

1,554 1,347 1,694 1,366 1,337 1,395 1,421 1,418 1,471

18 to 19 years

3,337 2,974 3,484 2,946 3,050 2,955 2,875 2,968 3,069

20 years and over

135,238 138,407 138,024 135,069 137,694 137,699 137,544 137,899 137,887

20 to 24 years

13,289 13,360 13,729 12,922 13,395 13,371 13,329 13,429 13,361

25 years and over

121,949 125,046 124,295 122,224 124,243 124,407 124,166 124,472 124,506

25 to 54 years

93,441 94,520 94,005 93,542 94,056 94,267 94,128 94,205 94,069

25 to 34 years

30,463 30,748 30,656 30,442 30,483 30,568 30,724 30,714 30,650

35 to 44 years

30,170 30,656 30,431 30,206 30,638 30,672 30,539 30,519 30,450

45 to 54 years

32,808 33,116 32,917 32,893 32,935 33,027 32,866 32,971 32,969

55 years and over

28,509 30,527 30,290 28,682 30,187 30,140 30,038 30,268 30,437

Men, 16 years and over

74,848 75,712 76,338 74,068 75,318 75,369 75,256 75,401 75,486

16 to 19 years

2,421 2,145 2,603 2,088 2,079 2,083 2,136 2,173 2,227

16 to 17 years

775 628 779 649 650 656 685 655 654

18 to 19 years

1,646 1,518 1,823 1,452 1,424 1,424 1,461 1,513 1,598

20 years and over

72,427 73,567 73,735 71,981 73,240 73,286 73,119 73,229 73,259

20 to 24 years

7,051 6,909 7,130 6,762 6,851 6,927 6,863 6,898 6,849

25 years and over

65,376 66,658 66,606 65,225 66,376 66,327 66,156 66,308 66,420

25 to 54 years

50,269 50,525 50,538 50,111 50,382 50,393 50,329 50,304 50,357

25 to 34 years

16,666 16,648 16,664 16,626 16,498 16,538 16,624 16,654 16,633

35 to 44 years

16,386 16,500 16,431 16,363 16,564 16,470 16,425 16,421 16,401

45 to 54 years

17,217 17,377 17,442 17,122 17,319 17,385 17,280 17,229 17,323

55 years and over

15,108 16,133 16,068 15,114 15,994 15,934 15,827 16,004 16,064

Women, 16 years and over

65,282 67,015 66,863 65,316 66,747 66,665 66,609 66,886 66,929

16 to 19 years

2,471 2,175 2,575 2,228 2,293 2,252 2,184 2,215 2,301

16 to 17 years

779 719 915 717 687 739 736 762 817

18 to 19 years

1,691 1,456 1,660 1,494 1,625 1,531 1,414 1,454 1,471

20 years and over

62,811 64,840 64,288 63,088 64,454 64,413 64,425 64,671 64,628

20 to 24 years

6,238 6,451 6,599 6,160 6,544 6,444 6,467 6,531 6,512

25 years and over

56,573 58,389 57,689 56,999 57,867 58,079 58,010 58,165 58,086

25 to 54 years

43,172 43,995 43,467 43,431 43,674 43,873 43,800 43,901 43,712

25 to 34 years

13,797 14,101 13,992 13,816 13,985 14,030 14,099 14,060 14,016

35 to 44 years

13,784 14,156 14,000 13,843 14,074 14,202 14,114 14,098 14,050

45 to 54 years

15,591 15,738 15,475 15,771 15,615 15,642 15,586 15,742 15,646

55 years and over

13,401 14,394 14,222 13,568 14,193 14,206 14,211 14,264 14,373

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,096 43,903 43,740 43,075 43,556 43,635 43,582 43,798 43,712

Married women, spouse present

33,449 34,673 34,177 33,723 34,341 34,325 34,207 34,620 34,526

Women who maintain families

9,038 9,516 9,264 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

113,255 114,634 116,024 111,965 114,408 115,290 114,478 114,212 114,573

Part-time workers(2)

26,875 28,092 27,178 27,624 27,576 26,912 27,420 28,038 27,894

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,861 7,174 6,707 6,884 6,999 6,985 6,870 6,959 6,769

Percent of total employed

4.9 5.0 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,155 5,419 5,206 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,627 9,627 9,875 9,382 9,291 9,325 9,305 9,413 9,572

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
June
2011
May
2012
June
2012
June
2011
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

14,024 12,720 12,749 9.1 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2

16 to 19 years

1,408 1,431 1,408 24.6 23.8 25.0 24.9 24.6 23.7

16 to 17 years

529 512 539 27.9 29.9 28.8 26.4 26.5 26.8

18 to 19 years

871 914 864 22.8 20.8 22.9 24.5 23.5 22.0

20 years and over

12,617 11,289 11,341 8.5 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.6 7.6

20 to 24 years

2,191 1,989 2,119 14.5 13.8 13.2 13.2 12.9 13.7

25 years and over

10,497 9,297 9,268 7.9 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.9

25 to 54 years

8,360 7,196 7,245 8.2 7.3 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.2

25 to 34 years

3,233 2,727 2,739 9.6 8.7 8.6 8.1 8.2 8.2

35 to 44 years

2,537 2,231 2,289 7.7 6.8 6.4 6.5 6.8 7.0

45 to 54 years

2,590 2,238 2,217 7.3 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.3

55 years and over

2,128 2,096 1,998 6.9 5.9 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.2

Men, 16 years and over

7,923 6,949 6,964 9.7 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.4 8.4

16 to 19 years

788 796 798 27.4 27.0 26.7 27.2 26.8 26.4

16 to 17 years

281 267 294 30.2 33.5 30.1 28.9 28.9 31.0

18 to 19 years

504 523 497 25.8 23.9 25.1 26.3 25.7 23.7

20 years and over

7,135 6,153 6,166 9.0 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.8 7.8

20 to 24 years

1,245 1,130 1,244 15.6 15.6 14.1 14.1 14.1 15.4

25 years and over

5,964 5,006 4,963 8.4 6.7 6.8 6.7 7.0 7.0

25 to 54 years

4,690 3,808 3,806 8.6 7.1 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.0

25 to 34 years

1,838 1,435 1,405 10.0 8.6 8.6 8.1 7.9 7.8

35 to 44 years

1,439 1,166 1,231 8.1 6.4 6.5 6.4 6.6 7.0

45 to 54 years

1,412 1,207 1,171 7.6 6.2 6.0 6.1 6.5 6.3

55 years and over

1,274 1,197 1,157 7.8 5.7 6.3 6.3 7.0 6.7

Women, 16 years and over

6,101 5,771 5,785 8.5 8.2 8.1 8.0 7.9 8.0

16 to 19 years

619 635 610 21.7 20.7 23.4 22.5 22.3 21.0

16 to 17 years

249 246 245 25.8 26.1 27.6 23.8 24.4 23.1

18 to 19 years

367 390 367 19.7 17.8 20.7 22.7 21.2 20.0

20 years and over

5,482 5,136 5,175 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4

20 to 24 years

946 859 875 13.3 11.7 12.2 12.3 11.6 11.8

25 years and over

4,533 4,291 4,304 7.4 7.2 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.9

25 to 54 years

3,670 3,388 3,439 7.8 7.6 7.2 7.0 7.2 7.3

25 to 34 years

1,394 1,292 1,334 9.2 8.8 8.6 8.2 8.4 8.7

35 to 44 years

1,098 1,065 1,059 7.3 7.3 6.4 6.7 7.0 7.0

45 to 54 years

1,178 1,031 1,046 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.3

55 years and over(1)

897 847 879 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.6 5.8

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,813 2,440 2,251 6.1 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 4.9

Married women, spouse present

2,004 1,799 1,957 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.3 4.9 5.4

Women who maintain families(1)

1,325 1,168 1,237 12.8 11.7 10.8 10.2 10.9 11.8

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

12,085 10,858 10,890 9.7 8.8 8.6 8.5 8.7 8.7

Part-time workers(3)

1,971 1,826 1,877 6.7 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.3

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2011
May
2012
June
2012
June
2011
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,940 6,607 6,927 8,233 7,209 7,020 6,852 6,989 7,207

On temporary layoff

1,097 909 1,188 1,253 1,135 1,120 1,083 1,106 1,331

Not on temporary layoff

6,843 5,699 5,739 6,980 6,075 5,900 5,768 5,883 5,875

Permanent job losers

5,500 4,458 4,490 5,573 4,755 4,632 4,529 4,553 4,560

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,343 1,240 1,249 1,407 1,320 1,268 1,239 1,330 1,315

Job leavers

923 849 879 971 1,031 1,117 997 891 936

Reentrants

3,836 3,513 3,556 3,431 3,361 3,269 3,341 3,439 3,227

New entrants

1,710 1,302 1,822 1,227 1,392 1,433 1,384 1,367 1,331

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

55.1 53.8 52.5 59.4 55.5 54.7 54.5 55.1 56.7

On temporary layoff

7.6 7.4 9.0 9.0 8.7 8.7 8.6 8.7 10.5

Not on temporary layoff

47.5 46.4 43.5 50.4 46.7 46.0 45.9 46.4 46.3

Job leavers

6.4 6.9 6.7 7.0 7.9 8.7 7.9 7.0 7.4

Reentrants

26.6 28.6 27.0 24.8 25.9 25.5 26.6 27.1 25.4

New entrants

11.9 10.6 13.8 8.9 10.7 11.2 11.0 10.8 10.5

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.1 4.3 4.4 5.4 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.6

Job leavers

0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.5 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1

New entrants

1.1 0.8 1.2 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2011
May
2012
June
2012
June
2011
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,808 2,572 3,627 3,068 2,541 2,572 2,543 2,580 2,810

5 to 14 weeks

2,698 2,442 2,546 2,976 2,807 2,754 2,814 3,002 2,826

15 weeks and over

7,903 7,257 7,010 8,137 7,397 7,175 6,984 7,073 7,182

15 to 26 weeks

1,845 1,852 1,793 1,874 1,971 1,867 1,884 1,662 1,811

27 weeks and over

6,058 5,405 5,217 6,263 5,426 5,308 5,101 5,411 5,370

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

38.0 41.4 38.2 39.8 40.0 39.4 39.1 39.7 39.9

Median duration, in weeks

19.3 22.0 17.4 22.1 20.3 19.9 19.4 20.1 19.8

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

26.4 21.0 27.5 21.6 19.9 20.6 20.6 20.4 21.9

5 to 14 weeks

18.7 19.9 19.3 21.0 22.0 22.0 22.8 23.7 22.0

15 weeks and over

54.8 59.1 53.2 57.4 58.0 57.4 56.6 55.9 56.0

15 to 26 weeks

12.8 15.1 13.6 13.2 15.5 14.9 15.3 13.1 14.1

27 weeks and over

42.0 44.0 39.6 44.2 42.6 42.5 41.3 42.8 41.9

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
June
2011
June
2012
June
2011
June
2012
June
2011
June
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

140,129 143,202 14,409 13,184 9.3 8.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

52,120 53,846 2,598 2,472 4.7 4.4

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,605 23,068 1,037 921 4.6 3.8

Professional and related occupations

30,515 30,778 1,561 1,551 4.9 4.8

Service occupations

25,432 26,476 2,710 2,634 9.6 9.0

Sales and office occupations

32,874 32,642 3,340 2,887 9.2 8.1

Sales and related occupations

15,322 15,322 1,639 1,397 9.7 8.4

Office and administrative support occupations

17,552 17,320 1,701 1,490 8.8 7.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,068 12,978 1,872 1,447 12.5 10.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,092 1,144 139 132 11.3 10.3

Construction and extraction occupations

7,194 7,020 1,312 1,046 15.4 13.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,782 4,815 422 269 8.1 5.3

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,635 17,259 2,136 1,883 11.4 9.8

Production occupations

8,023 8,419 1,096 871 12.0 9.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,612 8,840 1,040 1,012 10.8 10.3

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
June
2011
June
2012
June
2011
June
2012

Total, 16 years and over(1)

14,409 13,184 9.3 8.4

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

10,733 9,626 9.0 7.9

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

46 52 5.2 4.8

Construction

1,317 1,039 15.6 12.8

Manufacturing

1,405 1,056 9.2 6.9

Durable goods

952 654 9.7 6.8

Nondurable goods

453 402 8.3 7.0

Wholesale and retail trade

1,995 1,709 9.7 8.3

Transportation and utilities

504 437 8.2 7.2

Information

245 201 7.9 7.1

Financial activities

607 510 6.8 5.6

Professional and business services

1,349 1,356 9.1 8.9

Education and health services

1,228 1,368 5.8 6.2

Leisure and hospitality

1,483 1,407 10.9 9.8

Other services

553 492 8.7 7.5

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

144 133 9.0 8.4

Government workers

1,232 1,079 5.8 5.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

589 524 5.7 5.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2011
May
2012
June
2012
June
2011
Feb.
2012
Mar.
2012
Apr.
2012
May
2012
June
2012

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.1 4.7 4.5 5.3 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.6

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.1 4.3 4.4 5.4 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.6

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.3 7.9 8.4 9.1 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.2 8.2

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

9.9 8.4 8.9 9.7 8.9 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.9 9.3 9.9 10.7 9.8 9.6 9.5 9.6 9.7

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.4 14.3 15.1 16.2 14.9 14.5 14.5 14.8 14.9

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
June
2011
June
2012
June
2011
June
2012
June
2011
June
2012

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

84,951 86,770 33,493 33,909 51,458 52,862

Persons who currently want a job

7,124 7,157 3,333 3,212 3,791 3,945

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,680 2,483 1,391 1,226 1,289 1,256

Discouraged workers(2)

982 821 549 511 432 310

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,698 1,662 841 716 857 946

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,861 6,707 3,400 3,293 3,461 3,414

Percent of total employed

4.9 4.7 4.5 4.3 5.3 5.1

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,584 3,489 1,976 1,898 1,608 1,590

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,781 1,812 625 640 1,156 1,173

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

291 259 160 163 131 96

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,154 1,114 619 579 534 535

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)
June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)
Change from:
May2012 - June2012(p)

Total nonfarm

132,340 132,945 133,725 134,116 131,311 132,931 133,008 133,088 80

Total private

110,231 110,540 111,365 112,180 109,199 110,956 111,061 111,145 84

Goods-producing

18,304 18,089 18,322 18,607 18,019 18,322 18,301 18,314 13

Mining and logging

794 827 841 852 786 838 843 843 0

Logging

47.4 44.4 48.4 49.9 47.9 47.8 50.1 50.1 0.0

Mining

746.9 782.9 792.4 802.1 738.2 789.7 792.4 792.9 0.5

Oil and gas extraction

175.4 191.7 193.7 198.1 173.4 193.4 193.8 195.4 1.6

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

225.4 216.7 222.4 222.6 218.7 219.2 218.9 216.2 -2.7

Coal mining

87.8 85.0 85.3 84.1 87.5 85.1 85.1 83.9 -1.2

Support activities for mining

346.1 374.5 376.3 381.4 346.1 377.1 379.7 381.3 1.6

Construction

5,704 5,389 5,550 5,717 5,495 5,542 5,507 5,509 2

Construction of buildings

1,249.6 1,187.3 1,218.4 1,249.1 1,214.4 1,223.5 1,220.4 1,213.5 -6.9

Residential building

583.0 545.5 561.8 577.6 561.2 564.7 561.9 556.0 -5.9

Nonresidential building

666.6 641.8 656.6 671.5 653.2 658.8 658.5 657.5 -1.0

Heavy and civil engineering construction

879.0 816.1 851.0 876.8 827.7 840.2 827.9 825.9 -2.0

Specialty trade contractors

3,574.9 3,385.1 3,481.0 3,591.0 3,453.2 3,477.9 3,459.1 3,469.1 10.0

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,508.4 1,425.0 1,469.9 1,521.4 1,448.5 1,465.2 1,455.0 1,462.6 7.6

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,066.5 1,960.1 2,011.1 2,069.6 2,004.7 2,012.7 2,004.1 2,006.5 2.4

Manufacturing

11,806 11,873 11,931 12,038 11,738 11,942 11,951 11,962 11

Durable goods

7,323 7,440 7,474 7,538 7,281 7,466 7,477 7,491 14

Wood products

340.5 329.0 331.9 335.8 333.3 331.5 329.9 328.8 -1.1

Nonmetallic mineral products

378.4 363.7 368.1 372.2 367.4 367.8 364.1 361.6 -2.5

Primary metals

391.5 405.8 408.7 410.9 390.7 406.0 409.0 409.8 0.8

Fabricated metal products

1,355.3 1,389.7 1,399.1 1,413.0 1,350.0 1,396.1 1,401.5 1,406.3 4.8

Machinery

1,061.2 1,098.9 1,103.3 1,114.0 1,056.8 1,102.3 1,105.6 1,109.0 3.4

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,110.9 1,105.9 1,109.1 1,116.7 1,107.4 1,109.9 1,112.0 1,112.0 0.0

Computer and peripheral equipment

158.7 164.0 163.9 165.9 159.2 164.4 164.7 165.7 1.0

Communications equipment

116.8 109.0 109.1 109.7 115.9 109.6 109.4 108.8 -0.6

Semiconductors and electronic components

383.9 386.4 387.6 389.9 382.8 387.1 389.0 388.4 -0.6

Electronic instruments

405.9 401.8 403.1 406.2 404.4 403.4 403.6 404.4 0.8

Electrical equipment and appliances

368.1 371.5 373.2 375.6 367.2 373.5 374.0 374.3 0.3

Transportation equipment(1)

1,383.2 1,448.1 1,450.3 1,463.1 1,377.9 1,447.7 1,451.3 1,458.4 7.1

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

717.4 765.8 769.0 779.3 712.5 763.5 767.9 774.6 6.7

Furniture and related products

357.1 350.8 352.0 352.1 354.0 352.2 349.7 348.3 -1.4

Miscellaneous manufacturing

576.4 576.3 578.0 584.4 576.1 579.3 580.3 582.9 2.6

Nondurable goods

4,483 4,433 4,457 4,500 4,457 4,476 4,474 4,471 -3

Food manufacturing

1,459.3 1,428.0 1,441.1 1,464.6 1,455.9 1,457.7 1,458.6 1,459.0 0.4

Beverages and tobacco products

193.5 192.6 197.2 201.6 189.1 196.8 197.8 196.9 -0.9

Textile mills

122.2 119.9 119.9 120.0 121.2 119.8 119.2 119.1 -0.1

Textile product mills

119.7 114.1 114.6 115.6 118.3 114.3 114.1 114.0 -0.1

Apparel

153.0 150.6 150.7 148.6 151.9 150.0 149.6 147.3 -2.3

Leather and allied products

29.3 30.2 29.7 29.6 29.2 30.2 29.8 29.6 -0.2

Paper and paper products

392.5 390.7 391.5 394.8 390.9 393.1 392.8 393.0 0.2

Printing and related support activities

471.7 455.7 457.6 458.8 469.4 457.5 457.4 456.2 -1.2

Petroleum and coal products

115.0 113.7 114.9 115.2 111.8 114.2 113.6 112.6 -1.0

Chemicals

790.7 795.4 795.3 801.9 787.0 797.6 797.0 797.9 0.9

Plastics and rubber products

636.2 642.4 644.5 649.0 632.3 644.7 643.8 644.9 1.1

Private service-providing

91,927 92,451 93,043 93,573 91,180 92,634 92,760 92,831 71

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,098 25,060 25,271 25,383 25,027 25,262 25,311 25,314 3

Wholesale trade

5,567.7 5,592.9 5,633.0 5,668.6 5,531.0 5,608.7 5,623.2 5,632.0 8.8

Durable goods

2,772.8 2,772.3 2,790.7 2,811.8 2,757.4 2,783.4 2,790.9 2,796.6 5.7

Nondurable goods

1,953.8 1,966.9 1,985.0 1,993.0 1,936.8 1,969.4 1,975.6 1,976.1 0.5

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

841.1 853.7 857.3 863.8 836.8 855.9 856.7 859.3 2.6

Retail trade

14,656.2 14,592.7 14,701.7 14,755.6 14,641.9 14,750.5 14,752.6 14,747.2 -5.4

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,702.6 1,717.3 1,723.5 1,732.8 1,685.3 1,716.7 1,716.5 1,716.8 0.3

Automobile dealers

1,060.6 1,079.4 1,083.6 1,088.7 1,055.5 1,080.3 1,082.8 1,083.7 0.9

Furniture and home furnishings stores

434.3 441.1 443.8 443.2 441.3 448.8 451.0 450.7 -0.3

Electronics and appliance stores

525.3 503.1 496.3 495.1 531.5 509.1 504.7 501.7 -3.0

Building material and garden supply stores

1,199.6 1,205.0 1,224.9 1,212.1 1,142.1 1,159.4 1,153.2 1,153.0 -0.2

Food and beverage stores

2,850.5 2,837.7 2,873.3 2,898.2 2,828.6 2,863.8 2,872.6 2,875.2 2.6

Health and personal care stores

977.0 989.1 991.4 998.0 975.7 997.3 993.0 996.6 3.6

Gasoline stations

840.6 824.8 833.1 839.4 831.9 830.5 830.0 830.3 0.3

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,329.4 1,321.0 1,327.1 1,345.9 1,351.5 1,363.5 1,368.8 1,369.8 1.0

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

558.5 551.6 559.7 565.8 577.1 572.1 576.2 579.6 3.4

General merchandise stores(1)

3,046.3 3,021.4 3,023.9 3,019.4 3,075.7 3,081.0 3,072.3 3,060.8 -11.5

Department stores

1,511.0 1,497.9 1,492.8 1,480.5 1,541.6 1,541.0 1,533.9 1,521.0 -12.9

Miscellaneous store retailers

773.1 758.4 780.9 779.5 768.6 771.5 777.3 773.5 -3.8

Nonstore retailers

419.0 422.2 423.8 426.2 432.6 436.8 437.0 439.2 2.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,316.1 4,313.2 4,373.8 4,392.2 4,298.5 4,341.0 4,373.3 4,371.1 -2.2

Air transportation

460.3 456.9 458.2 461.6 457.5 458.8 457.9 458.5 0.6

Rail transportation

230.8 234.5 234.9 234.6 230.3 234.4 235.0 234.0 -1.0

Water transportation

63.2 65.2 66.1 68.3 61.6 66.3 66.0 66.6 0.6

Truck transportation

1,319.5 1,316.1 1,337.0 1,360.7 1,302.4 1,334.2 1,340.7 1,342.7 2.0

Transit and ground passenger transportation

437.8 429.4 451.2 423.4 439.5 416.2 433.6 426.2 -7.4

Pipeline transportation

43.1 43.6 43.7 44.3 43.1 43.9 43.9 44.2 0.3

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

36.4 29.2 32.7 39.0 29.6 32.4 30.6 31.7 1.1

Support activities for transportation

565.4 581.7 583.5 586.3 563.5 581.6 584.3 583.9 -0.4

Couriers and messengers

518.8 510.7 516.1 520.9 525.8 520.9 525.8 526.8 1.0

Warehousing and storage

640.8 645.9 650.4 653.1 645.2 652.3 655.5 656.5 1.0

Utilities

558.4 561.1 562.0 566.8 555.6 561.8 561.6 563.5 1.9

Information

2,684 2,626 2,644 2,645 2,669 2,632 2,636 2,628 -8

Publishing industries, except Internet

750.4 737.9 735.6 739.5 749.2 740.0 739.1 738.2 -0.9

Motion picture and sound recording industries

370.2 364.7 390.4 384.2 359.7 367.3 377.0 372.8 -4.2

Broadcasting, except Internet

281.8 281.8 281.3 281.5 281.8 282.0 282.7 281.2 -1.5

Telecommunications

875.9 833.5 826.6 827.5 876.3 834.6 829.2 827.1 -2.1

Data processing, hosting and related services

244.1 242.6 243.2 242.8 242.5 241.0 241.3 241.3 0.0

Other information services

161.7 165.8 167.0 169.5 159.3 166.7 167.1 167.3 0.2

Financial activities

7,725 7,694 7,723 7,785 7,680 7,723 7,732 7,737 5

Finance and insurance

5,767.3 5,756.2 5,758.8 5,789.6 5,754.6 5,768.7 5,769.7 5,774.8 5.1

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.8 18.9 17.8 18.0 18.8 18.8 17.9 18.1 0.2

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,563.1 2,576.9 2,574.6 2,590.0 2,559.8 2,581.6 2,580.6 2,585.3 4.7

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,743.5 1,747.4 1,745.9 1,750.6 1,740.2 1,749.9 1,748.1 1,746.9 -1.2

Commercial banking

1,317.8 1,320.1 1,317.8 1,319.2 1,315.4 1,321.6 1,319.8 1,316.9 -2.9

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

811.4 797.9 797.7 807.0 810.0 801.2 801.8 805.5 3.7

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,288.8 2,278.2 2,284.2 2,289.7 2,281.0 2,282.2 2,284.7 2,281.2 -3.5

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

85.2 84.3 84.5 84.9 85.0 84.9 84.7 84.7 0.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,958.0 1,937.4 1,964.3 1,995.8 1,925.7 1,954.2 1,962.0 1,961.8 -0.2

Real estate

1,419.9 1,409.7 1,420.9 1,440.6 1,403.8 1,418.1 1,420.4 1,423.0 2.6

Rental and leasing services

514.1 504.3 520.0 531.8 497.9 512.6 518.1 515.3 -2.8

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.0 23.4 23.4 23.4 24.0 23.5 23.5 23.5 0.0

Professional and business services

17,437 17,794 17,840 18,031 17,303 17,824 17,848 17,895 47

Professional and technical services(1)

7,674.5 7,988.2 7,850.2 7,916.0 7,698.1 7,914.9 7,922.2 7,940.4 18.2

Legal services

1,123.7 1,113.9 1,115.9 1,132.3 1,111.2 1,119.0 1,119.5 1,119.7 0.2

Accounting and bookkeeping services

869.9 1,074.4 903.8 888.2 931.0 967.2 959.0 954.8 -4.2

Architectural and engineering services

1,306.8 1,312.5 1,321.8 1,340.2 1,292.8 1,323.3 1,323.7 1,325.2 1.5

Computer systems design and related services

1,528.6 1,578.6 1,584.1 1,594.1 1,530.1 1,581.0 1,588.2 1,594.8 6.6

Management and technical consulting services

1,070.4 1,119.3 1,124.2 1,140.0 1,070.2 1,125.7 1,129.4 1,138.3 8.9

Management of companies and enterprises

1,924.9 1,932.5 1,939.8 1,960.0 1,914.5 1,942.3 1,944.3 1,948.9 4.6

Administrative and waste services

7,837.4 7,873.7 8,049.6 8,155.1 7,690.7 7,967.1 7,981.5 8,005.9 24.4

Administrative and support services(1)

7,468.3 7,505.4 7,678.9 7,776.5 7,326.9 7,595.1 7,610.3 7,632.9 22.6

Employment services(1)

2,946.1 3,074.1 3,169.1 3,214.2 2,922.9 3,150.2 3,166.0 3,188.5 22.5

Temporary help services

2,302.5 2,424.3 2,509.3 2,549.2 2,288.2 2,489.8 2,508.4 2,533.6 25.2

Business support services

802.5 809.2 809.2 809.7 812.2 813.7 817.8 819.2 1.4

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,889.7 1,796.5 1,863.3 1,897.4 1,772.5 1,797.7 1,788.5 1,782.2 -6.3

Waste management and remediation services

369.1 368.3 370.7 378.6 363.8 372.0 371.2 373.0 1.8

Education and health services

19,655 20,415 20,359 20,089 19,848 20,247 20,291 20,293 2

Educational services

3,020.6 3,481.3 3,371.1 3,101.8 3,225.8 3,315.2 3,323.1 3,313.5 -9.6

Health care and social assistance

16,634.0 16,934.0 16,987.8 16,987.3 16,622.4 16,931.4 16,967.9 16,979.3 11.4

Health care(3)

14,051.1 14,285.9 14,326.0 14,376.3 14,029.8 14,308.0 14,341.3 14,354.3 13.0

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,137.9 6,300.0 6,331.1 6,342.2 6,134.7 6,308.1 6,333.7 6,338.5 4.8

Offices of physicians

2,348.9 2,407.0 2,423.2 2,425.5 2,348.4 2,415.3 2,428.5 2,425.1 -3.4

Outpatient care centers

621.3 653.2 656.5 661.1 621.2 652.1 656.3 660.3 4.0

Home health care services

1,136.3 1,181.6 1,189.2 1,191.1 1,136.7 1,181.0 1,186.9 1,190.5 3.6

Hospitals

4,730.6 4,799.4 4,803.0 4,825.3 4,720.4 4,809.4 4,812.1 4,815.8 3.7

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,182.6 3,186.5 3,191.9 3,208.8 3,174.7 3,190.5 3,195.5 3,200.0 4.5

Nursing care facilities

1,678.3 1,658.4 1,659.3 1,666.4 1,674.3 1,661.3 1,661.0 1,662.3 1.3

Social assistance(1)

2,582.9 2,648.1 2,661.8 2,611.0 2,592.6 2,623.4 2,626.6 2,625.0 -1.6

Child day care services

823.8 860.0 866.2 811.6 840.8 836.7 839.5 831.7 -7.8

Leisure and hospitality

13,921 13,509 13,824 14,198 13,315 13,587 13,580 13,593 13

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,163.7 1,878.9 1,983.7 2,158.9 1,910.9 1,925.8 1,912.7 1,911.3 -1.4

Performing arts and spectator sports

413.5 413.7 425.0 419.3 391.8 406.2 403.2 399.1 -4.1

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

145.1 131.4 137.1 148.0 131.6 134.3 132.5 134.4 1.9

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,605.1 1,333.8 1,421.6 1,591.6 1,387.5 1,385.3 1,377.0 1,377.8 0.8

Accommodation and food services

11,756.8 11,630.0 11,840.3 12,038.6 11,404.1 11,661.2 11,667.1 11,681.3 14.2

Accommodation

1,899.7 1,761.7 1,814.6 1,910.8 1,807.6 1,814.4 1,816.1 1,815.2 -0.9

Food services and drinking places

9,857.1 9,868.3 10,025.7 10,127.8 9,596.5 9,846.8 9,851.0 9,866.1 15.1

Other services

5,407 5,353 5,382 5,442 5,338 5,359 5,362 5,371 9

Repair and maintenance

1,173.1 1,160.7 1,166.3 1,169.8 1,158.9 1,157.2 1,157.1 1,156.1 -1.0

Personal and laundry services

1,301.5 1,295.7 1,302.7 1,312.3 1,285.4 1,292.3 1,289.2 1,295.4 6.2

Membership associations and organizations

2,932.3 2,896.6 2,912.9 2,960.0 2,894.0 2,909.8 2,915.7 2,919.2 3.5

Government

22,109 22,405 22,360 21,936 22,112 21,975 21,947 21,943 -4

Federal

2,874.0 2,823.0 2,818.0 2,820.0 2,858.0 2,821.0 2,813.0 2,806.0 -7.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,244.5 2,201.3 2,205.4 2,209.0 2,224.9 2,202.9 2,197.4 2,191.2 -6.2

U.S. Postal Service

629.0 622.1 612.2 610.8 633.0 618.2 615.2 614.3 -0.9

State government

4,854.0 5,225.0 5,095.0 4,833.0 5,081.0 5,076.0 5,061.0 5,060.0 -1.0

State government education

2,129.5 2,570.4 2,437.3 2,159.4 2,377.1 2,418.9 2,408.2 2,408.2 0.0

State government, excluding education

2,724.0 2,654.9 2,657.7 2,673.1 2,704.2 2,657.0 2,652.8 2,652.0 -0.8

Local government

14,381.0 14,357.0 14,447.0 14,283.0 14,173.0 14,078.0 14,073.0 14,077.0 4.0

Local government education

7,942.9 8,187.9 8,204.0 7,836.0 7,903.1 7,825.1 7,815.2 7,801.0 -14.2

Local government, excluding education

6,437.6 6,168.9 6,242.5 6,447.4 6,270.2 6,252.9 6,257.8 6,275.9 18.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.5 34.4 34.5

Goods-producing

39.9 40.3 40.1 40.2

Mining and logging

44.6 44.0 43.7 44.0

Construction

38.1 38.8 38.5 38.5

Manufacturing

40.4 40.8 40.6 40.7

Durable goods

40.7 41.2 41.0 41.1

Nondurable goods

39.8 40.2 40.0 40.1

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.6 34.5 34.6

Wholesale trade

38.7 38.7 38.7 38.8

Retail trade

31.6 31.7 31.6 31.7

Transportation and warehousing

38.7 38.2 38.2 38.2

Utilities

41.8 41.8 41.6 41.6

Information

36.6 36.6 36.5 36.5

Financial activities

37.2 37.2 37.2 37.1

Professional and business services

35.7 35.9 35.8 36.0

Education and health services

32.9 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

25.9 26.1 26.1 26.1

Other services

31.9 31.7 31.6 31.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)
June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)

Total private

$23.05 $23.40 $23.44 $23.50 $792.92 $807.30 $806.34 $810.75

Goods-producing

24.39 24.68 24.65 24.71 973.16 994.60 988.47 993.34

Mining and logging

27.80 28.75 28.73 28.76 1,239.88 1,265.00 1,255.50 1,265.44

Construction

25.39 25.67 25.72 25.75 967.36 996.00 990.22 991.38

Manufacturing

23.69 23.93 23.87 23.95 957.08 976.34 969.12 974.77

Durable goods

25.22 25.32 25.22 25.30 1,026.45 1,043.18 1,034.02 1,039.83

Nondurable goods

21.13 21.56 21.55 21.62 840.97 866.71 862.00 866.96

Private service-providing

22.73 23.10 23.15 23.21 756.91 769.23 770.90 772.89

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.04 20.35 20.40 20.48 693.38 704.11 703.80 708.61

Wholesale trade

26.39 26.67 26.75 26.86 1,021.29 1,032.13 1,035.23 1,042.17

Retail trade

15.84 16.16 16.18 16.27 500.54 512.27 511.29 515.76

Transportation and warehousing

21.63 21.99 22.02 22.01 837.08 840.02 841.16 840.78

Utilities

33.83 33.85 33.84 33.94 1,414.09 1,414.93 1,407.74 1,411.90

Information

31.52 31.72 31.72 31.74 1,153.63 1,160.95 1,157.78 1,158.51

Financial activities

27.80 28.85 29.03 29.11 1,034.16 1,073.22 1,079.92 1,079.98

Professional and business services

27.75 28.00 28.07 28.08 990.68 1,005.20 1,004.91 1,010.88

Education and health services

23.64 24.11 24.15 24.22 777.76 793.22 794.54 796.84

Leisure and hospitality

13.23 13.35 13.32 13.37 342.66 348.44 347.65 348.96

Other services

20.47 20.54 20.60 20.64 652.99 651.12 650.96 652.22

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)
Percent change from:
May
2012 - June
2012(p)
June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)
Percent change from:
May
2012 - June
2012(p)

Total private

94.1 95.9 95.7 96.1 0.4 103.5 107.0 107.0 107.7 0.7

Goods-producing

81.9 84.1 83.6 83.9 0.4 90.3 93.8 93.2 93.7 0.5

Mining and logging

110.2 115.9 115.8 116.6 0.7 123.0 133.7 133.5 134.6 0.8

Construction

72.2 74.1 73.1 73.1 0.0 79.6 82.7 81.7 81.8 0.1

Manufacturing

85.3 87.7 87.3 87.6 0.3 94.0 97.5 96.9 97.6 0.7

Durable goods

83.4 86.6 86.3 86.7 0.5 93.5 97.4 96.7 97.4 0.7

Nondurable goods

88.5 89.8 89.3 89.5 0.2 94.9 98.3 97.7 98.2 0.5

Private service-providing

97.5 99.1 99.2 99.3 0.1 107.4 110.9 111.3 111.6 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

94.2 95.1 95.0 95.3 0.3 101.6 104.1 104.3 105.0 0.7

Wholesale trade

93.4 94.7 94.9 95.3 0.4 102.9 105.4 106.0 106.9 0.8

Retail trade

94.0 95.0 94.7 95.0 0.3 98.4 101.5 101.3 102.1 0.8

Transportation and warehousing

95.2 94.9 95.6 95.6 0.0 104.5 105.9 106.8 106.7 -0.1

Utilities

100.5 101.6 101.1 101.4 0.3 112.3 113.6 113.0 113.7 0.6

Information

89.2 88.0 87.9 87.6 -0.3 100.1 99.4 99.2 99.0 -0.2

Financial activities

94.1 94.7 94.8 94.6 -0.2 102.2 106.6 107.4 107.5 0.1

Professional and business services

97.2 100.6 100.5 101.3 0.8 109.2 114.2 114.3 115.3 0.9

Education and health services

106.3 108.4 108.7 108.7 0.0 117.7 122.5 123.0 123.3 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

98.4 101.2 101.1 101.2 0.1 105.0 109.0 108.7 109.2 0.5

Other services

94.3 94.1 93.9 94.0 0.1 109.6 109.7 109.8 110.2 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)
June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)

Total nonfarm

64,965 65,589 65,634 65,666 49.5 49.3 49.3 49.3

Total private

52,340 53,033 53,104 53,153 47.9 47.8 47.8 47.8

Goods-producing

4,060 4,086 4,086 4,098 22.5 22.3 22.3 22.4

Mining and logging

105 113 112 114 13.4 13.5 13.3 13.5

Construction

705 708 706 709 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.9

Manufacturing

3,250 3,265 3,268 3,275 27.7 27.3 27.3 27.4

Durable goods

1,721 1,733 1,734 1,737 23.6 23.2 23.2 23.2

Nondurable goods

1,529 1,532 1,534 1,538 34.3 34.2 34.3 34.4

Private service-providing

48,280 48,947 49,018 49,055 53.0 52.8 52.8 52.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,035 10,041 10,053 10,044 40.1 39.7 39.7 39.7

Wholesale trade

1,661.3 1,687.9 1,690.9 1,696.9 30.0 30.1 30.1 30.1

Retail trade

7,226.2 7,205.7 7,206.9 7,195.0 49.4 48.9 48.9 48.8

Transportation and warehousing

1,011.9 1,007.2 1,014.7 1,010.9 23.5 23.2 23.2 23.1

Utilities

135.8 140.0 140.1 141.0 24.4 24.9 24.9 25.0

Information

1,083 1,066 1,065 1,068 40.6 40.5 40.4 40.6

Financial activities

4,489 4,478 4,479 4,482 58.5 58.0 57.9 57.9

Professional and business services

7,685 7,902 7,913 7,941 44.4 44.3 44.3 44.4

Education and health services

15,243 15,533 15,569 15,571 76.8 76.7 76.7 76.7

Leisure and hospitality

6,933 7,101 7,107 7,117 52.1 52.3 52.3 52.4

Other services

2,812 2,826 2,832 2,832 52.7 52.7 52.8 52.7

Government

12,625 12,556 12,530 12,513 57.1 57.1 57.1 57.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data in this table have been corrected. For more information see http://www.bls.gov/bls/ceswomen_usps_correction.htm.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)

Total private

90,023 91,675 91,737 91,770

Goods-producing

12,975 13,231 13,194 13,180

Mining and logging

591 636 637 636

Construction

4,154 4,181 4,138 4,124

Manufacturing

8,230 8,414 8,419 8,420

Durable goods

4,984 5,151 5,158 5,161

Nondurable goods

3,246 3,263 3,261 3,259

Private service-providing

77,048 78,444 78,543 78,590

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,206 21,449 21,492 21,479

Wholesale trade

4,432.3 4,511.7 4,525.0 4,523.2

Retail trade

12,631.3 12,735.7 12,738.6 12,730.5

Transportation and warehousing

3,697.8 3,753.4 3,782.6 3,777.5

Utilities

444.1 448.0 445.9 448.0

Information

2,144 2,122 2,125 2,125

Financial activities

5,882 5,931 5,942 5,953

Professional and business services

14,227 14,703 14,727 14,769

Education and health services

17,380 17,757 17,793 17,794

Leisure and hospitality

11,742 11,998 11,981 11,979

Other services

4,467 4,484 4,483 4,491

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.8

Goods-producing

40.8 41.2 41.0 41.1

Mining and logging

47.2 47.3 46.5 46.7

Construction

38.9 39.3 39.0 39.0

Manufacturing

41.4 41.7 41.6 41.7

Durable goods

41.8 42.2 42.0 42.1

Nondurable goods

40.7 41.0 40.9 41.0

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.5 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.8 33.8 33.8

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.6 38.6 38.7

Retail trade

30.5 30.6 30.7 30.6

Transportation and warehousing

37.9 37.8 37.9 38.0

Utilities

42.0 41.0 41.2 40.8

Information

36.3 35.9 35.8 35.9

Financial activities

36.4 36.6 36.6 36.8

Professional and business services

35.3 35.2 35.2 35.3

Education and health services

32.3 32.3 32.3 32.4

Leisure and hospitality

24.8 24.9 25.0 25.1

Other services

30.9 30.6 30.5 30.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.0 4.2 4.2 4.3

Durable goods

4.2 4.4 4.4 4.5

Nondurable goods

3.8 3.9 3.9 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)
June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)

Total private

$19.45 $19.71 $19.69 $19.74 $655.47 $664.23 $663.55 $667.21

Goods-producing

20.63 20.94 20.90 20.94 841.70 862.73 856.90 860.63

Mining and logging

24.43 25.90 25.76 25.85 1,153.10 1,225.07 1,197.84 1,207.20

Construction

23.58 23.89 23.94 23.94 917.26 938.88 933.66 933.66

Manufacturing

18.92 19.13 19.08 19.14 783.29 797.72 793.73 798.14

Durable goods

20.10 20.22 20.17 20.24 840.18 853.28 847.14 852.10

Nondurable goods

17.06 17.37 17.32 17.36 694.34 712.17 708.39 711.76

Private service-providing

19.20 19.45 19.44 19.49 622.08 630.18 631.80 633.43

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.13 17.39 17.39 17.47 577.28 587.78 587.78 590.49

Wholesale trade

22.00 22.16 22.15 22.24 849.20 855.38 854.99 860.69

Retail trade

13.46 13.77 13.81 13.87 410.53 421.36 423.97 424.42

Transportation and warehousing

19.47 19.66 19.56 19.63 737.91 743.15 741.32 745.94

Utilities

30.87 31.53 31.48 31.60 1,296.54 1,292.73 1,296.98 1,289.28

Information

26.42 26.92 26.76 26.74 959.05 966.43 958.01 959.97

Financial activities

21.76 22.55 22.61 22.69 792.06 825.33 827.53 834.99

Professional and business services

23.17 23.24 23.22 23.25 817.90 818.05 817.34 820.73

Education and health services

20.76 21.04 21.01 21.06 670.55 679.59 678.62 682.34

Leisure and hospitality

11.47 11.62 11.60 11.61 284.46 289.34 290.00 291.41

Other services

17.34 17.38 17.40 17.42 535.81 531.83 530.70 531.31

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)
Percent change from:
May
2012 - June
2012(p)
June
2011
Apr.
2012
May
2012(p)
June
2012(p)
Percent change from:
May
2012 - June
2012(p)

Total private

101.4 103.2 103.3 103.6 0.3 131.7 135.9 135.9 136.7 0.6

Goods-producing

80.9 83.3 82.7 82.8 0.1 102.2 106.8 105.8 106.2 0.4

Mining and logging

148.2 159.9 157.4 157.8 0.3 210.6 240.8 235.8 237.3 0.6

Construction

80.9 82.3 80.8 80.5 -0.4 103.0 106.1 104.5 104.1 -0.4

Manufacturing

78.2 80.5 80.4 80.6 0.2 96.8 100.8 100.3 100.9 0.6

Durable goods

78.3 81.7 81.4 81.7 0.4 98.3 103.1 102.5 103.2 0.7

Nondurable goods

77.8 78.8 78.6 78.7 0.1 93.8 96.8 96.2 96.6 0.4

Private service-providing

106.7 108.7 109.1 109.2 0.1 140.5 144.9 145.5 145.9 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

99.6 101.1 101.3 101.2 -0.1 121.7 125.4 125.6 126.1 0.4

Wholesale trade

100.8 102.6 102.9 103.1 0.2 130.6 133.9 134.2 135.1 0.7

Retail trade

97.5 98.6 99.0 98.6 -0.4 112.5 116.4 117.2 117.2 0.0

Transportation and warehousing

105.5 106.8 107.9 108.1 0.2 130.3 133.2 133.9 134.6 0.5

Utilities

95.4 93.9 94.0 93.5 -0.5 122.9 123.6 123.4 123.3 -0.1

Information

88.8 86.9 86.8 87.1 0.3 116.2 115.9 115.0 115.3 0.3

Financial activities

102.5 103.9 104.1 104.8 0.7 137.8 144.8 145.5 147.1 1.1

Professional and business services

112.6 116.0 116.2 116.8 0.5 155.2 160.4 160.5 161.7 0.7

Education and health services

121.1 123.7 124.0 124.4 0.3 165.3 171.1 171.2 172.2 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

106.7 109.4 109.7 110.1 0.4 138.9 144.4 144.5 145.2 0.5

Other services

96.8 96.2 95.9 96.1 0.2 122.3 121.9 121.6 121.9 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: July 06, 2012