Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed         	     USDL-11-1277
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, September 2, 2011

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- AUGUST 2011


Nonfarm payroll employment was unchanged (0) in August, and the unemployment 
rate held at 9.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
Employment in most major industries changed little over the month. Health 
care continued to add jobs, and a decline in information employment reflected 
a strike. Government employment continued to trend down, despite the return 
of workers from a partial government shutdown in Minnesota.

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons, at 14.0 million, was essentially unchanged 
in August, and the unemployment rate held at 9.1 percent. The rate has shown 
little change since April. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (8.9 
percent), adult women (8.0 percent), teenagers (25.4 percent), whites 
(8.0 percent), blacks (16.7 percent), and Hispanics (11.3 percent) showed 
little or no change in August. The jobless rate for Asians was 7.1 percent, 
not seasonally adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) was 
about unchanged at 6.0 million in August and accounted for 42.9 percent of the 
unemployed. (See table A-12.)

The labor force rose to 153.6 million in August. Both the civilian labor force 
participation rate, at 64.0 percent, and the employment-population ratio, at 
58.2 percent, were little changed. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes 
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) rose from 8.4 million to 8.8 
million in August. These individuals were working part time because their 
hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. 
(See table A-8.)

About 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force in 
August, up from 2.4 million a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were 
available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. 
They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work 
in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 977,000 discouraged workers in 
August, down by 133,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work 
because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.6 
million persons marginally attached to the labor force in August had not 
searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as 
school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment, at 131.1 million, was unchanged (0) in 
August. Employment changed little in most major private-sector industries.
(See table B-1.)

Health care employment rose by 30,000 in August. Ambulatory health care 
services and hospitals added 18,000 and 8,000 jobs, respectively. Over the 
past 12 months, health care employment has grown by 306,000.

Employment in mining continued to trend up in August (+6,000). Since reaching 
a trough in October 2009, employment in mining has risen by 144,000, with 
mining support activities accounting for most of the gain.

Within professional and business services, computer systems design and related 
services added 8,000 jobs in August. Employment in temporary help services 
changed little over the month (+5,000) and has shown little movement on net so 
far this year.

Employment in the information industry declined by 48,000 in August. About 
45,000 workers in the telecommunications industry were on strike and thus off 
company payrolls during the survey reference period.

Manufacturing employment was essentially unchanged in August (-3,000), 
following a gain of 36,000 in July. For the past 4 months, manufacturing has 
added an average of 14,000 jobs per month, compared with an average of 35,000 
jobs per month in the first 4 months of the year.

Elsewhere in the private sector, employment in construction; trade, 
transportation, and utilities; financial activities; and leisure and
hospitality changed little over the month. 

Government employment continued to trend down over the month (-17,000). 
Despite the return of about 22,000 workers from a partial government shutdown
in Minnesota, employment in state government changed little in August (+5,000).
Employment in local government continued to decline. Since employment peaked
in September 2008, local government has lost 550,000 jobs.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged 
down by 0.1 hour over the month to 34.2 hours. The manufacturing workweek 
was 40.3 hours for the third consecutive month; factory overtime increased 
by 0.1 hour over the month to 3.2 hours. The average workweek for production 
and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged down to 33.5 
hours in August, after holding at 33.6 hours for the prior 6 months. (See 
tables B-2 and B-7.)

In August, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm 
payrolls decreased by 3 cents, or 0.1 percent, to $23.09. This decline 
followed an 11-cent gain in July. Over the past 12 months, average hourly 
earnings have increased by 1.9 percent. In August, average hourly earnings 
of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees decreased by 
2 cents, or 0.1 percent, to $19.47. (See tables B-3 and B-8.) 

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for June was revised from 
+46,000 to +20,000, and the change for July was revised from +117,000 to
+85,000.

_____________
The Employment Situation for September is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
October 7, 2011, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).



    _________________________________________________________________   
   |                                                                 |
   |    2011 CES Preliminary Benchmark Revision to be released on    |    
   |                       September 29, 2011                        | 
   |                                                                 |
   |Each year, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey        |
   |estimates are benchmarked to comprehensive counts of employment  |
   |from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) for the |
   |month of March. These counts are derived from state unemployment |
   |insurance (UI) tax records that nearly all employers are         |
   |required to file. On September 29, 2011, at 8:30 a.m., the       |
   |Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) will release the preliminary    |
   |estimate of the upcoming annual benchmark revision to the        |
   |establishment survey employment series. This is the same day the |
   |First Quarter 2011 data from the QCEW will be issued. Preliminary|
   |benchmark revisions for all major industry sectors, as well as   |
   |total nonfarm and total private levels, will be available on the |
   |BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/ces/cesprelbmk.htm.                  |
   |                                                                 |
   |The final benchmark revision will be issued on February 3, 2012, |
   |with the publication of the January 2012 Employment Situation    |
   |news release.                                                    |
   |_________________________________________________________________|  
                                                                    
                                                                    
                                                                    

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Change from:
July
2011-
Aug.
2011

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

238,099 239,489 239,671 239,871 200

Civilian labor force

154,117 153,421 153,228 153,594 366

Participation rate

64.7 64.1 63.9 64.0 0.1

Employed

139,267 139,334 139,296 139,627 331

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.2 58.1 58.2 0.1

Unemployed

14,849 14,087 13,931 13,967 36

Unemployment rate

9.6 9.2 9.1 9.1 0.0

Not in labor force

83,983 86,069 86,443 86,278 -165

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.6 9.2 9.1 9.1 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

9.8 9.1 9.0 8.9 -0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

8.0 8.0 7.9 8.0 0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

26.2 24.5 25.0 25.4 0.4

White

8.7 8.1 8.1 8.0 -0.1

Black or African American

16.2 16.2 15.9 16.7 0.8

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

7.2 6.8 7.7 7.1 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

12.1 11.6 11.3 11.3 0.0

Total, 25 years and over

8.3 8.0 7.8 7.8 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

14.2 14.3 15.0 14.3 -0.7

High school graduates, no college

10.2 10.0 9.3 9.6 0.3

Some college or associate degree

8.7 8.4 8.3 8.2 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.6 4.4 4.3 4.3 0.0

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,285 8,261 8,215 8,203 -12

Job leavers

868 965 928 963 35

Reentrants

3,418 3,430 3,410 3,532 122

New entrants

1,260 1,222 1,270 1,241 -29

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,756 3,076 2,689 2,755 66

5 to 14 weeks

3,604 2,972 3,088 3,050 -38

15 to 26 weeks

2,210 1,836 1,965 2,239 274

27 weeks and over

6,261 6,289 6,185 6,034 -151

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,883 8,552 8,396 8,826 430

Slack work or business conditions

6,357 5,806 5,687 5,833 146

Could only find part-time work

2,379 2,401 2,517 2,736 219

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,566 18,470 18,258 18,208 -50

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,370 2,680 2,785 2,575 -

Discouraged workers

1,110 982 1,119 977 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

-59 20 85 0

Total private

110 75 156 17

Goods-producing

-1 16 52 -3

Mining and logging

8 9 9 5

Construction

20 -7 7 -5

Manufacturing

-29 14 36 -3

Durable goods(1)

-22 17 27 -3

Motor vehicles and parts

-20.2 1.2 11.0 -2.8

Nondurable goods

-7 -3 9 0

Private service-providing(1)

111 59 104 20

Wholesale trade

0.7 4.7 2.0 1.6

Retail trade

-6.7 11.5 26.4 -7.8

Transportation and warehousing

-0.7 9.2 -1.0 -2.4

Information

5 -2 -3 -48

Financial activities

-2 -16 -7 3

Professional and business services(1)

30 0 28 28

Temporary help services

16.9 -7.0 1.2 4.7

Education and health services(1)

41 18 46 34

Health care and social assistance

34.9 18.8 32.9 35.5

Leisure and hospitality

38 27 12 2

Other services

7 6 1 9

Government

-169 -55 -71 -17

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.7 49.5 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

48.2 48.0 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.2 34.3 34.3 34.2

Average hourly earnings

$22.67 $23.01 $23.12 $23.09

Average weekly earnings

$775.31 $789.24 $793.02 $789.68

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

92.1 93.7 93.8 93.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

99.6 102.8 103.4 103.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 -0.3 0.6 -0.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.5 33.6 33.6 33.5

Average hourly earnings

$19.13 $19.43 $19.49 $19.47

Average weekly earnings

$640.86 $652.85 $654.86 $652.25

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

99.1 100.8 101.0 100.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.3

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

126.7 130.9 131.5 131.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.1 0.5 -0.4

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

53.7 56.2 57.7 52.2

Manufacturing

44.4 57.4 56.8 42.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant
change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has
a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-
employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides
estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms
from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the
survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an
unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling
frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a
year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work
are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped
looking for work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact
on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for
paid time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other
time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always,
results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while
some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of
all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay
period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.


In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full
time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested
statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment
Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business
establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and government
agencies representing approximately 440,000 worksites and is drawn from a
sampling frame of roughly 9 million unemployment insurance tax accounts.
The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm payroll
employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week
or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which 
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed
if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be 
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of
the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is
the employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about
the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as 
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay 
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector
for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. 
Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and 
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction
workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-
providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make 
nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the 
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and 
recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revisions
to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence
interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to +150,000 
(50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample results
are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.
Since this range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month.
If, however, the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all
of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater
than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate
of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about 
+/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/-0.19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The precision
of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information
for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of 
respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of
the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these
estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only after two
successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey
is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by
new firms. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment
growth, an estimation procedure with two components is used to account
for business births. The first component excludes employment losses from
business deaths from sample-based estimation in order to offset the 
missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into
the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same employment
trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most
of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate
the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the 
imputation. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over
the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and
the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as
a rough proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions  for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent,
with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

238,099 239,671 239,871 238,099 239,146 239,313 239,489 239,671 239,871

Civilian labor force

154,678 154,812 154,344 154,117 153,421 153,693 153,421 153,228 153,594

Participation rate

65.0 64.6 64.3 64.7 64.2 64.2 64.1 63.9 64.0

Employed

139,919 140,384 140,335 139,267 139,674 139,779 139,334 139,296 139,627

Employment-population ratio

58.8 58.6 58.5 58.5 58.4 58.4 58.2 58.1 58.2

Unemployed

14,759 14,428 14,008 14,849 13,747 13,914 14,087 13,931 13,967

Unemployment rate

9.5 9.3 9.1 9.6 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.1 9.1

Not in labor force

83,421 84,859 85,528 83,983 85,725 85,620 86,069 86,443 86,278

Persons who currently want a job

6,083 6,810 6,493 6,039 6,539 6,227 6,537 6,575 6,493

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,317 116,347 116,453 115,317 116,067 116,156 116,250 116,347 116,453

Civilian labor force

82,685 82,871 82,612 82,266 81,684 81,989 81,966 81,751 81,975

Participation rate

71.7 71.2 70.9 71.3 70.4 70.6 70.5 70.3 70.4

Employed

74,592 75,208 75,190 73,600 73,973 74,177 74,014 73,908 74,122

Employment-population ratio

64.7 64.6 64.6 63.8 63.7 63.9 63.7 63.5 63.6

Unemployed

8,093 7,664 7,422 8,666 7,712 7,811 7,952 7,844 7,853

Unemployment rate

9.8 9.2 9.0 10.5 9.4 9.5 9.7 9.6 9.6

Not in labor force

32,632 33,476 33,842 33,051 34,382 34,168 34,284 34,596 34,478

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

106,761 107,773 107,884 106,761 107,469 107,566 107,668 107,773 107,884

Civilian labor force

79,426 79,322 79,362 79,295 78,856 79,193 79,104 78,906 79,043

Participation rate

74.4 73.6 73.6 74.3 73.4 73.6 73.5 73.2 73.3

Employed

72,215 72,588 72,795 71,505 71,939 72,137 71,937 71,836 72,015

Employment-population ratio

67.6 67.4 67.5 67.0 66.9 67.1 66.8 66.7 66.8

Unemployed

7,211 6,734 6,567 7,789 6,917 7,056 7,167 7,070 7,028

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.5 8.3 9.8 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.0 8.9

Not in labor force

27,335 28,451 28,522 27,467 28,612 28,373 28,564 28,867 28,841

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,783 123,324 123,418 122,783 123,079 123,157 123,239 123,324 123,418

Civilian labor force

71,993 71,941 71,732 71,851 71,737 71,704 71,455 71,476 71,619

Participation rate

58.6 58.3 58.1 58.5 58.3 58.2 58.0 58.0 58.0

Employed

65,327 65,176 65,145 65,667 65,702 65,602 65,320 65,388 65,505

Employment-population ratio

53.2 52.8 52.8 53.5 53.4 53.3 53.0 53.0 53.1

Unemployed

6,666 6,764 6,587 6,183 6,035 6,102 6,134 6,088 6,114

Unemployment rate

9.3 9.4 9.2 8.6 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.5 8.5

Not in labor force

50,789 51,383 51,686 50,932 51,342 51,453 51,784 51,847 51,800

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,481 115,138 115,238 114,481 114,868 114,954 115,045 115,138 115,238

Civilian labor force

68,766 68,512 68,617 68,883 68,896 68,908 68,618 68,666 68,771

Participation rate

60.1 59.5 59.5 60.2 60.0 59.9 59.6 59.6 59.7

Employed

62,845 62,603 62,746 63,379 63,479 63,402 63,098 63,216 63,300

Employment-population ratio

54.9 54.4 54.4 55.4 55.3 55.2 54.8 54.9 54.9

Unemployed

5,921 5,909 5,870 5,504 5,417 5,505 5,520 5,450 5,472

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.6 8.6 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.9 8.0

Not in labor force

45,715 46,626 46,622 45,598 45,972 46,047 46,427 46,472 46,467

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,857 16,760 16,749 16,857 16,809 16,792 16,776 16,760 16,749

Civilian labor force

6,486 6,978 6,365 5,939 5,669 5,592 5,698 5,656 5,779

Participation rate

38.5 41.6 38.0 35.2 33.7 33.3 34.0 33.7 34.5

Employed

4,859 5,193 4,794 4,383 4,255 4,240 4,299 4,244 4,312

Employment-population ratio

28.8 31.0 28.6 26.0 25.3 25.2 25.6 25.3 25.7

Unemployed

1,627 1,785 1,571 1,556 1,413 1,352 1,399 1,412 1,467

Unemployment rate

25.1 25.6 24.7 26.2 24.9 24.2 24.5 25.0 25.4

Not in labor force

10,371 9,782 10,384 10,918 11,140 11,201 11,078 11,104 10,970

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

192,245 193,106 193,236 192,245 192,771 192,877 192,989 193,106 193,236

Civilian labor force

125,710 125,659 125,146 125,358 124,650 124,811 124,493 124,503 124,563

Participation rate

65.4 65.1 64.8 65.2 64.7 64.7 64.5 64.5 64.5

Employed

114,941 115,350 115,268 114,457 114,652 114,785 114,358 114,420 114,631

Employment-population ratio

59.8 59.7 59.7 59.5 59.5 59.5 59.3 59.3 59.3

Unemployed

10,769 10,309 9,878 10,901 9,998 10,026 10,135 10,083 9,932

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.2 7.9 8.7 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.0

Not in labor force

66,535 67,448 68,090 66,887 68,122 68,066 68,496 68,603 68,673

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,602 65,396 65,335 65,571 65,032 65,335 65,203 65,099 65,105

Participation rate

74.9 74.1 74.0 74.8 73.9 74.2 74.0 73.8 73.7

Employed

60,221 60,555 60,714 59,720 59,903 60,168 59,943 59,929 60,108

Employment-population ratio

68.7 68.6 68.8 68.2 68.1 68.3 68.0 67.9 68.1

Unemployed

5,381 4,841 4,622 5,850 5,129 5,167 5,261 5,170 4,997

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.4 7.1 8.9 7.9 7.9 8.1 7.9 7.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,751 54,464 54,525 54,878 54,971 54,912 54,633 54,696 54,655

Participation rate

59.7 59.1 59.2 59.8 59.8 59.7 59.4 59.4 59.3

Employed

50,548 50,345 50,405 50,989 51,138 50,999 50,775 50,866 50,826

Employment-population ratio

55.1 54.7 54.7 55.6 55.6 55.5 55.2 55.2 55.2

Unemployed

4,203 4,119 4,119 3,889 3,833 3,914 3,858 3,830 3,828

Unemployment rate

7.7 7.6 7.6 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,357 5,798 5,286 4,910 4,646 4,563 4,657 4,708 4,803

Participation rate

41.7 45.3 41.3 38.2 36.2 35.6 36.3 36.8 37.5

Employed

4,173 4,450 4,149 3,747 3,610 3,619 3,640 3,625 3,697

Employment-population ratio

32.5 34.7 32.4 29.2 28.1 28.2 28.4 28.3 28.9

Unemployed

1,184 1,348 1,137 1,162 1,036 945 1,017 1,083 1,106

Unemployment rate

22.1 23.3 21.5 23.7 22.3 20.7 21.8 23.0 23.0

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,755 29,123 29,158 28,755 29,035 29,063 29,093 29,123 29,158

Civilian labor force

17,991 17,895 18,083 17,876 17,849 17,750 17,733 17,582 17,930

Participation rate

62.6 61.4 62.0 62.2 61.5 61.1 61.0 60.4 61.5

Employed

15,052 14,890 15,011 14,972 14,966 14,870 14,855 14,786 14,941

Employment-population ratio

52.3 51.1 51.5 52.1 51.5 51.2 51.1 50.8 51.2

Unemployed

2,939 3,004 3,072 2,904 2,882 2,880 2,877 2,796 2,989

Unemployment rate

16.3 16.8 17.0 16.2 16.1 16.2 16.2 15.9 16.7

Not in labor force

10,764 11,229 11,075 10,879 11,186 11,313 11,360 11,541 11,229

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,131 8,105 8,207 8,080 8,113 8,056 8,111 8,044 8,151

Participation rate

69.8 68.2 68.9 69.3 68.6 68.0 68.3 67.7 68.4

Employed

6,813 6,748 6,790 6,691 6,731 6,645 6,736 6,680 6,682

Employment-population ratio

58.5 56.8 57.0 57.4 56.9 56.1 56.7 56.2 56.1

Unemployed

1,318 1,357 1,417 1,389 1,382 1,411 1,375 1,364 1,469

Unemployment rate

16.2 16.7 17.3 17.2 17.0 17.5 17.0 17.0 18.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,123 9,050 9,189 9,114 9,054 9,056 8,953 8,945 9,153

Participation rate

63.1 61.8 62.7 63.1 62.0 62.0 61.2 61.1 62.4

Employed

7,835 7,709 7,858 7,911 7,836 7,847 7,718 7,745 7,923

Employment-population ratio

54.2 52.6 53.6 54.7 53.7 53.7 52.8 52.9 54.0

Unemployed

1,288 1,341 1,331 1,203 1,217 1,210 1,235 1,200 1,230

Unemployment rate

14.1 14.8 14.5 13.2 13.4 13.4 13.8 13.4 13.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

737 740 687 682 682 638 669 594 626

Participation rate

27.8 28.5 26.6 25.7 26.2 24.5 25.8 22.9 24.2

Employed

404 433 363 370 398 378 402 361 335

Employment-population ratio

15.3 16.7 14.0 14.0 15.3 14.5 15.5 13.9 13.0

Unemployed

332 306 324 312 284 260 267 233 291

Unemployment rate

45.1 41.4 47.2 45.7 41.6 40.7 39.9 39.2 46.5

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,265 11,410 11,454 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,311 7,405 7,305 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.9 64.9 63.8 - - - - - -

Employed

6,783 6,838 6,788 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.2 59.9 59.3 - - - - - -

Unemployed

528 568 517 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.2 7.7 7.1 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,955 4,004 4,149 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Aug.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,836 34,470 34,555 33,836 34,233 34,311 34,391 34,470 34,555

Civilian labor force

22,832 22,920 23,045 22,733 22,798 22,739 22,816 22,741 22,917

Participation rate

67.5 66.5 66.7 67.2 66.6 66.3 66.3 66.0 66.3

Employed

20,116 20,325 20,484 19,991 20,110 20,025 20,164 20,171 20,332

Employment-population ratio

59.5 59.0 59.3 59.1 58.7 58.4 58.6 58.5 58.8

Unemployed

2,716 2,596 2,562 2,742 2,688 2,715 2,653 2,570 2,585

Unemployment rate

11.9 11.3 11.1 12.1 11.8 11.9 11.6 11.3 11.3

Not in labor force

11,004 11,549 11,510 11,102 11,435 11,571 11,574 11,728 11,638

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,049 13,088 13,118 - - - - - -

Participation rate

82.8 82.0 82.0 - - - - - -

Employed

11,694 11,882 11,949 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

74.2 74.5 74.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,355 1,206 1,169 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.4 9.2 8.9 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,718 8,722 8,919 - - - - - -

Participation rate

58.8 57.8 58.9 - - - - - -

Employed

7,708 7,735 7,903 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.0 51.2 52.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,010 987 1,015 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.6 11.3 11.4 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,065 1,110 1,009 - - - - - -

Participation rate

32.8 32.6 29.6 - - - - - -

Employed

714 708 631 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

22.0 20.8 18.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

351 402 378 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

33.0 36.2 37.4 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,750 11,629 11,662 11,815 11,567 11,442 11,392 11,704 11,664

Participation rate

46.1 46.6 46.7 46.4 45.5 45.1 45.0 46.9 46.7

Employed

10,189 9,988 10,115 10,143 9,876 9,757 9,768 9,952 10,002

Employment-population ratio

40.0 40.0 40.5 39.8 38.9 38.5 38.6 39.9 40.0

Unemployed

1,562 1,641 1,547 1,673 1,691 1,685 1,624 1,752 1,663

Unemployment rate

13.3 14.1 13.3 14.2 14.6 14.7 14.3 15.0 14.3

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

38,156 37,113 36,862 38,266 37,506 37,653 37,612 37,505 36,956

Participation rate

61.7 59.9 59.9 61.9 60.4 60.4 60.6 60.6 60.0

Employed

34,458 33,750 33,536 34,352 33,881 34,072 33,836 34,006 33,425

Employment-population ratio

55.7 54.5 54.5 55.5 54.6 54.6 54.5 54.9 54.3

Unemployed

3,698 3,364 3,327 3,915 3,626 3,581 3,775 3,499 3,531

Unemployment rate

9.7 9.1 9.0 10.2 9.7 9.5 10.0 9.3 9.6

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,074 36,706 37,132 37,065 36,637 36,780 36,786 36,686 37,013

Participation rate

70.5 68.9 69.4 70.5 69.7 69.7 69.8 68.9 69.2

Employed

33,751 33,579 33,969 33,850 33,907 33,852 33,708 33,657 33,975

Employment-population ratio

64.2 63.0 63.5 64.4 64.5 64.1 63.9 63.2 63.5

Unemployed

3,323 3,128 3,163 3,215 2,730 2,928 3,079 3,028 3,038

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.5 8.5 8.7 7.5 8.0 8.4 8.3 8.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

45,733 46,621 46,800 45,677 46,897 46,925 46,963 46,680 46,813

Participation rate

75.9 76.0 76.0 75.8 77.0 77.5 76.8 76.1 76.0

Employed

43,460 44,435 44,648 43,574 44,789 44,807 44,894 44,677 44,808

Employment-population ratio

72.1 72.5 72.5 72.3 73.5 74.0 73.4 72.9 72.7

Unemployed

2,273 2,186 2,152 2,103 2,109 2,118 2,069 2,003 2,005

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,965 21,562 20,176 19,759 1,789 1,803

Civilian labor force

11,910 11,374 10,783 10,291 1,127 1,083

Participation rate

54.2 52.7 53.4 52.1 63.0 60.1

Employed

10,871 10,497 9,828 9,524 1,043 974

Employment-population ratio

49.5 48.7 48.7 48.2 58.3 54.0

Unemployed

1,039 877 955 767 84 109

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.7 8.9 7.5 7.4 10.1

Not in labor force

10,055 10,188 9,393 9,468 662 720

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,181 2,394 1,780 1,981 401 412

Civilian labor force

1,854 1,951 1,576 1,655 278 296

Participation rate

85.0 81.5 88.5 83.5 69.4 71.9

Employed

1,679 1,759 1,428 1,512 252 247

Employment-population ratio

77.0 73.5 80.2 76.3 62.8 59.9

Unemployed

175 192 149 143 26 49

Unemployment rate

9.4 9.8 9.4 8.6 9.4 16.6

Not in labor force

327 443 204 327 123 116

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,954 3,006 2,515 2,561 439 445

Civilian labor force

2,518 2,494 2,194 2,175 323 319

Participation rate

85.2 83.0 87.2 84.9 73.7 71.7

Employed

2,333 2,312 2,031 2,012 302 300

Employment-population ratio

79.0 76.9 80.7 78.6 68.9 67.5

Unemployed

185 182 164 163 21 19

Unemployment rate

7.3 7.3 7.5 7.5 6.5 5.9

Not in labor force

437 512 321 386 116 126

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,923 10,383 10,558 10,048 364 336

Civilian labor force

3,986 3,577 3,889 3,499 97 78

Participation rate

36.5 34.5 36.8 34.8 26.5 23.3

Employed

3,593 3,332 3,502 3,261 91 71

Employment-population ratio

32.9 32.1 33.2 32.5 24.9 21.1

Unemployed

393 245 387 238 6 7

Unemployment rate

9.9 6.9 10.0 6.8 6.1 9.3

Not in labor force

6,937 6,806 6,669 6,549 268 257

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,907 5,780 5,322 5,169 585 610

Civilian labor force

3,552 3,352 3,123 2,963 429 389

Participation rate

60.1 58.0 58.7 57.3 73.3 63.8

Employed

3,266 3,094 2,868 2,739 398 356

Employment-population ratio

55.3 53.5 53.9 53.0 68.1 58.3

Unemployed

286 258 255 224 31 34

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.7 8.2 7.6 7.1 8.7

Not in labor force

2,355 2,428 2,199 2,207 156 221

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

207,255 209,844 90,634 92,331 116,621 117,513

Civilian labor force

140,472 140,818 70,744 71,295 69,728 69,523

Participation rate

67.8 67.1 78.1 77.2 59.8 59.2

Employed

127,411 128,265 63,956 64,906 63,455 63,359

Employment-population ratio

61.5 61.1 70.6 70.3 54.4 53.9

Unemployed

13,061 12,553 6,788 6,389 6,273 6,164

Unemployment rate

9.3 8.9 9.6 9.0 9.0 8.9

Not in labor force

66,783 69,026 19,890 21,036 46,892 47,989

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

26,045 27,431 212,054 212,441

Civilian labor force

5,738 5,774 148,940 148,570

Participation rate

22.0 21.0 70.2 69.9

Employed

4,841 4,842 135,078 135,493

Employment-population ratio

18.6 17.7 63.7 63.8

Unemployed

897 932 13,863 13,076

Unemployment rate

15.6 16.1 9.3 8.8

Not in labor force

20,307 21,657 63,114 63,871

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,682 2,697 76,245 75,940

Participation rate

37.6 35.5 83.4 83.1

Employed

2,243 2,253 68,885 69,215

Employment-population ratio

31.4 29.7 75.4 75.8

Unemployed

439 443 7,360 6,725

Unemployment rate

16.4 16.4 9.7 8.9

Not in labor force

4,456 4,894 15,134 15,406

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,225 2,216 66,775 66,511

Participation rate

30.7 29.3 71.4 71.1

Employed

1,844 1,821 60,687 60,546

Employment-population ratio

25.4 24.1 64.9 64.7

Unemployed

381 395 6,088 5,965

Unemployment rate

17.1 17.8 9.1 9.0

Not in labor force

5,029 5,351 26,762 27,079

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

831 862 5,920 6,118

Participation rate

7.1 7.0 21.8 22.2

Employed

754 768 5,506 5,731

Employment-population ratio

6.5 6.3 20.3 20.8

Unemployed

77 94 415 386

Unemployment rate

9.3 10.9 7.0 6.3

Not in labor force

10,823 11,412 21,217 21,387

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,347 36,531 18,237 18,198 18,110 18,334

Civilian labor force

24,644 24,377 14,616 14,410 10,028 9,967

Participation rate

67.8 66.7 80.1 79.2 55.4 54.4

Employed

22,415 22,292 13,360 13,285 9,055 9,007

Employment-population ratio

61.7 61.0 73.3 73.0 50.0 49.1

Unemployed

2,229 2,085 1,256 1,125 974 960

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.6 8.6 7.8 9.7 9.6

Not in labor force

11,703 12,154 3,621 3,787 8,082 8,367

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,752 203,340 97,080 98,256 104,672 105,084

Civilian labor force

130,034 129,966 68,069 68,201 61,965 61,765

Participation rate

64.5 63.9 70.1 69.4 59.2 58.8

Employed

117,504 118,043 61,232 61,905 56,272 56,138

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.1 63.1 63.0 53.8 53.4

Unemployed

12,530 11,923 6,837 6,297 5,693 5,627

Unemployment rate

9.6 9.2 10.0 9.2 9.2 9.1

Not in labor force

71,718 73,374 29,011 30,055 42,708 43,319

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,327 2,484 2,531 2,187 2,087 2,243 2,217 2,245 2,355

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,409 1,596 1,606 1,306 1,245 1,391 1,383 1,419 1,475

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

886 867 879 852 818 822 829 810 843

Unpaid family workers

31 21 46 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

137,592 137,900 137,804 136,957 137,595 137,551 137,035 136,837 137,146

Wage and salary workers(1)

128,656 129,200 129,042 128,215 128,840 128,803 128,437 128,393 128,552

Government

20,062 19,661 19,709 20,564 20,726 20,309 20,318 20,302 20,286

Private industries

108,595 109,538 109,333 107,709 108,186 108,505 108,209 108,070 108,275

Private households

678 822 769 - - - - - -

Other industries

107,916 108,716 108,564 107,057 107,510 107,727 107,511 107,319 107,556

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,884 8,618 8,695 8,715 8,650 8,655 8,543 8,525 8,551

Unpaid family workers

52 82 66 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,628 8,514 8,604 8,883 8,600 8,548 8,552 8,396 8,826

Slack work or business conditions

6,031 5,542 5,593 6,357 5,689 5,834 5,806 5,687 5,833

Could only find part-time work

2,183 2,555 2,579 2,379 2,480 2,473 2,401 2,517 2,736

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

16,888 16,680 16,535 18,566 18,282 18,468 18,470 18,258 18,208

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,509 8,372 8,463 8,752 8,475 8,400 8,400 8,218 8,670

Slack work or business conditions

5,953 5,438 5,492 6,276 5,581 5,731 5,704 5,569 5,732

Could only find part-time work

2,159 2,536 2,554 2,347 2,457 2,444 2,341 2,466 2,720

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

16,546 16,283 16,153 18,175 17,967 18,126 18,151 17,880 17,813

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

139,919 140,384 140,335 139,267 139,674 139,779 139,334 139,296 139,627

16 to 19 years

4,859 5,193 4,794 4,383 4,255 4,240 4,299 4,244 4,312

16 to 17 years

1,637 1,714 1,573 1,413 1,247 1,249 1,358 1,343 1,341

18 to 19 years

3,223 3,478 3,222 2,979 2,989 2,982 2,945 2,890 2,981

20 years and over

135,060 135,191 135,541 134,885 135,419 135,539 135,035 135,052 135,315

20 to 24 years

13,202 13,440 13,273 12,838 12,978 12,970 12,911 12,860 12,895

25 years and over

121,858 121,751 122,268 122,110 122,423 122,641 122,175 122,228 122,447

25 to 54 years

94,027 93,333 93,608 94,060 93,690 93,919 93,505 93,550 93,568

25 to 34 years

30,429 30,431 30,789 30,341 30,354 30,627 30,416 30,322 30,635

35 to 44 years

30,612 30,157 30,021 30,598 30,441 30,302 30,197 30,249 30,017

45 to 54 years

32,986 32,745 32,798 33,120 32,895 32,989 32,892 32,979 32,916

55 years and over

27,831 28,418 28,660 28,051 28,733 28,722 28,670 28,677 28,880

Men, 16 years and over

74,592 75,208 75,190 73,600 73,973 74,177 74,014 73,908 74,122

16 to 19 years

2,377 2,619 2,395 2,095 2,033 2,040 2,077 2,072 2,107

16 to 17 years

808 888 760 671 582 594 646 652 629

18 to 19 years

1,569 1,731 1,635 1,437 1,441 1,446 1,451 1,429 1,492

20 years and over

72,215 72,588 72,795 71,505 71,939 72,137 71,937 71,836 72,015

20 to 24 years

6,857 7,127 7,053 6,573 6,712 6,756 6,754 6,711 6,747

25 years and over

65,358 65,461 65,742 64,976 65,193 65,448 65,193 65,163 65,289

25 to 54 years

50,750 50,329 50,480 50,345 50,107 50,358 50,096 50,018 50,019

25 to 34 years

16,689 16,665 16,917 16,495 16,557 16,747 16,607 16,481 16,674

35 to 44 years

16,725 16,447 16,342 16,603 16,428 16,421 16,365 16,371 16,226

45 to 54 years

17,336 17,217 17,221 17,247 17,123 17,189 17,124 17,167 17,118

55 years and over

14,608 15,133 15,261 14,630 15,087 15,090 15,097 15,146 15,271

Women, 16 years and over

65,327 65,176 65,145 65,667 65,702 65,602 65,320 65,388 65,505

16 to 19 years

2,482 2,573 2,399 2,288 2,222 2,200 2,222 2,172 2,205

16 to 17 years

829 826 812 742 665 654 713 691 712

18 to 19 years

1,654 1,747 1,587 1,542 1,548 1,537 1,494 1,461 1,489

20 years and over

62,845 62,603 62,746 63,379 63,479 63,402 63,098 63,216 63,300

20 to 24 years

6,345 6,313 6,220 6,265 6,266 6,214 6,157 6,149 6,148

25 years and over

56,500 56,290 56,526 57,135 57,230 57,193 56,982 57,064 57,158

25 to 54 years

43,277 43,004 43,127 43,714 43,584 43,561 43,409 43,533 43,549

25 to 34 years

13,740 13,767 13,871 13,846 13,798 13,880 13,809 13,841 13,960

35 to 44 years

13,887 13,710 13,679 13,995 14,014 13,881 13,833 13,879 13,790

45 to 54 years

15,650 15,528 15,577 15,873 15,772 15,800 15,768 15,813 15,798

55 years and over

13,223 13,285 13,399 13,420 13,646 13,631 13,573 13,532 13,609

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,512 43,213 43,362 43,418 42,987 42,998 43,004 43,145 43,184

Married women, spouse present

33,721 33,243 33,321 34,271 34,062 33,826 33,676 33,734 33,845

Women who maintain families

8,714 9,224 9,278 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

113,508 113,759 114,286 111,805 112,484 112,342 111,907 111,859 112,330

Part-time workers(2)

26,411 26,624 26,050 27,711 27,088 27,418 27,631 27,606 27,407

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,515 6,724 6,649 6,805 6,775 6,939 6,880 6,741 6,927

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.8 5.0

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

4,995 5,170 5,101 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,770 9,485 9,575 9,567 9,468 9,477 9,372 9,335 9,394

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Aug.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

14,849 13,931 13,967 9.6 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.1 9.1

16 to 19 years

1,556 1,412 1,467 26.2 24.9 24.2 24.5 25.0 25.4

16 to 17 years

641 540 564 31.2 31.4 29.4 28.2 28.7 29.6

18 to 19 years

932 870 966 23.8 22.2 21.9 22.8 23.1 24.5

20 years and over

13,293 12,519 12,500 9.0 8.3 8.5 8.6 8.5 8.5

20 to 24 years

2,253 2,192 2,231 14.9 14.9 14.7 14.5 14.6 14.8

25 years and over

11,071 10,314 10,297 8.3 7.6 7.8 8.0 7.8 7.8

25 to 54 years

8,825 8,157 8,226 8.6 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.0 8.1

25 to 34 years

3,304 3,257 3,210 9.8 9.5 9.3 9.6 9.7 9.5

35 to 44 years

2,576 2,319 2,498 7.8 7.3 7.7 7.8 7.1 7.7

45 to 54 years

2,945 2,581 2,519 8.2 7.1 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.1

55 years and over

2,205 2,123 2,053 7.3 6.5 6.8 7.0 6.9 6.6

Men, 16 years and over

8,666 7,844 7,853 10.5 9.4 9.5 9.7 9.6 9.6

16 to 19 years

876 774 825 29.5 28.1 27.0 27.4 27.2 28.1

16 to 17 years

328 278 252 32.8 32.7 31.3 30.7 29.9 28.6

18 to 19 years

553 491 607 27.8 26.4 25.2 25.7 25.6 28.9

20 years and over

7,789 7,070 7,028 9.8 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.0 8.9

20 to 24 years

1,374 1,254 1,329 17.3 16.1 15.7 15.5 15.7 16.5

25 years and over

6,481 5,821 5,761 9.1 7.9 8.1 8.4 8.2 8.1

25 to 54 years

5,123 4,608 4,618 9.2 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.4 8.5

25 to 34 years

1,926 1,866 1,816 10.5 9.9 9.7 10.0 10.2 9.8

35 to 44 years

1,485 1,318 1,428 8.2 7.2 7.5 8.1 7.5 8.1

45 to 54 years

1,711 1,423 1,374 9.0 7.7 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.4

55 years and over

1,358 1,213 1,144 8.5 6.9 7.0 7.9 7.4 7.0

Women, 16 years and over

6,183 6,088 6,114 8.6 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.5 8.5

16 to 19 years

680 638 642 22.9 21.8 21.3 21.6 22.7 22.6

16 to 17 years

313 262 312 29.6 30.1 27.5 25.9 27.5 30.5

18 to 19 years

379 379 359 19.7 17.9 18.6 19.7 20.6 19.4

20 years and over

5,504 5,450 5,472 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.9 8.0

20 to 24 years

880 938 902 12.3 13.7 13.6 13.4 13.2 12.8

25 years and over

4,590 4,493 4,536 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.4

25 to 54 years

3,703 3,549 3,608 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.5 7.7

25 to 34 years

1,378 1,390 1,394 9.1 9.1 8.8 9.1 9.1 9.1

35 to 44 years

1,090 1,001 1,070 7.2 7.5 7.8 7.4 6.7 7.2

45 to 54 years

1,234 1,158 1,144 7.2 6.5 6.5 6.9 6.8 6.8

55 years and over(1)

977 1,042 1,018 6.9 5.4 6.0 6.3 7.3 7.1

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

3,172 2,819 2,710 6.8 6.0 5.9 6.2 6.1 5.9

Married women, spouse present

2,146 2,019 2,072 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.8

Women who maintain families(1)

1,346 1,270 1,257 13.4 11.7 12.7 12.8 12.1 11.9

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

12,869 12,132 12,077 10.3 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.8 9.7

Part-time workers(3)

2,005 1,781 1,904 6.7 6.4 6.3 6.7 6.1 6.5

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,894 8,107 7,897 9,285 8,144 8,274 8,261 8,215 8,203

On temporary layoff

1,359 1,294 1,136 1,505 1,251 1,214 1,251 1,268 1,247

Not on temporary layoff

7,535 6,813 6,762 7,780 6,894 7,060 7,010 6,947 6,956

Permanent job losers

6,214 5,509 5,399 6,411 5,480 5,653 5,606 5,567 5,545

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,321 1,305 1,362 1,368 1,414 1,407 1,405 1,380 1,411

Job leavers

943 973 1,056 868 942 908 965 928 963

Reentrants

3,492 3,603 3,644 3,418 3,375 3,433 3,430 3,410 3,532

New entrants

1,430 1,745 1,411 1,260 1,346 1,231 1,222 1,270 1,241

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

60.3 56.2 56.4 62.6 59.0 59.8 59.5 59.4 58.8

On temporary layoff

9.2 9.0 8.1 10.1 9.1 8.8 9.0 9.2 8.9

Not on temporary layoff

51.1 47.2 48.3 52.5 49.9 51.0 50.5 50.3 49.9

Job leavers

6.4 6.7 7.5 5.9 6.8 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.9

Reentrants

23.7 25.0 26.0 23.0 24.4 24.8 24.7 24.7 25.3

New entrants

9.7 12.1 10.1 8.5 9.8 8.9 8.8 9.2 8.9

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.7 5.2 5.1 6.0 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.3

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3

New entrants

0.9 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,632 2,952 2,635 2,756 2,691 2,664 3,076 2,689 2,755

5 to 14 weeks

3,939 3,496 3,377 3,604 2,907 2,892 2,972 3,088 3,050

15 weeks and over

8,189 7,980 7,997 8,471 7,845 8,184 8,125 8,150 8,273

15 to 26 weeks

1,916 1,762 1,958 2,210 2,006 1,984 1,836 1,965 2,239

27 weeks and over

6,273 6,218 6,038 6,261 5,839 6,200 6,289 6,185 6,034

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

33.1 39.0 39.7 33.5 38.3 39.7 39.9 40.4 40.3

Median duration, in weeks

19.6 19.7 20.6 20.6 20.7 22.0 22.5 21.2 21.8

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

17.8 20.5 18.8 18.6 20.0 19.4 21.7 19.3 19.6

5 to 14 weeks

26.7 24.2 24.1 24.3 21.6 21.0 21.0 22.2 21.7

15 weeks and over

55.5 55.3 57.1 57.1 58.4 59.6 57.3 58.5 58.8

15 to 26 weeks

13.0 12.2 14.0 14.9 14.9 14.4 13.0 14.1 15.9

27 weeks and over

42.5 43.1 43.1 42.2 43.4 45.1 44.4 44.4 42.9

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

139,919 140,335 14,759 14,008 9.5 9.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

50,879 51,997 2,762 2,671 5.1 4.9

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

20,741 21,632 1,067 1,037 4.9 4.6

Professional and related occupations

30,138 30,365 1,695 1,634 5.3 5.1

Service occupations

25,228 25,396 2,998 2,924 10.6 10.3

Sales and office occupations

33,429 33,023 3,345 3,182 9.1 8.8

Sales and related occupations

15,367 15,193 1,519 1,424 9.0 8.6

Office and administrative support occupations

18,062 17,831 1,826 1,757 9.2 9.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,743 13,454 2,136 1,718 13.5 11.3

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,092 1,190 117 145 9.6 10.9

Construction and extraction occupations

7,665 7,420 1,498 1,126 16.3 13.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,985 4,844 522 447 9.5 8.4

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,640 16,464 2,046 2,077 10.9 11.2

Production occupations

8,243 8,130 1,078 984 11.6 10.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,397 8,334 968 1,093 10.3 11.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2011 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2011 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

14,759 14,008 9.5 9.1

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

11,285 10,524 9.4 8.8

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

93 53 10.9 5.8

Construction

1,483 1,154 17.0 13.5

Manufacturing

1,463 1,365 9.5 8.9

Durable goods

984 876 10.0 9.1

Nondurable goods

479 489 8.6 8.6

Wholesale and retail trade

1,909 1,851 9.3 9.1

Transportation and utilities

440 537 7.3 8.7

Information

302 204 9.7 6.9

Financial activities

606 565 6.7 6.2

Professional and business services

1,524 1,440 10.5 9.5

Education and health services

1,430 1,371 6.7 6.3

Leisure and hospitality

1,507 1,399 10.8 10.5

Other services

530 585 8.3 9.0

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

114 135 7.9 8.0

Government workers

1,292 1,271 6.0 6.0

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

638 668 6.1 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011
Aug.
2011

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.3 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.4

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.7 5.2 5.1 6.0 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.3

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.5 9.3 9.1 9.6 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.1 9.1

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

10.2 10.0 9.6 10.3 9.5 9.5 9.8 9.8 9.7

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.9 10.9 10.6 11.0 10.4 10.3 10.7 10.7 10.6

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.4 16.3 16.1 16.7 15.9 15.8 16.2 16.1 16.2

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011
Aug.
2010
Aug.
2011

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

83,421 85,528 32,632 33,842 50,789 51,686

Persons who currently want a job

6,083 6,493 2,785 2,946 3,298 3,547

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,370 2,575 1,292 1,333 1,078 1,242

Discouraged workers(2)

1,110 977 704 570 405 407

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,260 1,598 587 763 673 835

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,515 6,649 3,226 3,344 3,289 3,305

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.7 4.3 4.4 5.0 5.1

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,431 3,599 1,855 1,956 1,576 1,643

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,617 1,692 586 661 1,031 1,032

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

267 241 173 149 94 92

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,167 1,061 603 557 563 504

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)
Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)
Change from:
July2011 - Aug.2011(p)

Total nonfarm

129,624 132,144 130,788 130,906 129,873 131,047 131,132 131,132 0

Total private

108,396 110,064 110,055 110,140 107,461 108,997 109,153 109,170 17

Goods-producing

18,204 18,325 18,424 18,520 17,790 18,035 18,087 18,084 -3

Mining and logging

729 798 812 817 719 789 798 803 5

Logging

52.8 46.7 49.4 49.5 50.7 46.9 47.7 47.2 -0.5

Mining

676.2 750.8 762.8 767.7 668.3 742.2 749.9 755.4 5.5

Oil and gas extraction

160.9 175.9 177.9 178.9 159.8 173.6 175.4 177.1 1.7

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

210.8 220.3 220.0 223.0 204.3 214.0 213.3 215.2 1.9

Coal mining

81.2 87.3 85.9 87.3 81.1 86.8 85.7 87.0 1.3

Support activities for mining

304.5 354.6 364.9 365.8 304.2 354.6 361.2 363.1 1.9

Construction

5,829 5,731 5,805 5,846 5,520 5,522 5,529 5,524 -5

Construction of buildings

1,277.6 1,255.3 1,264.9 1,274.5 1,221.5 1,219.9 1,220.6 1,218.0 -2.6

Residential building

591.9 582.0 582.6 580.8 564.3 559.2 558.3 554.7 -3.6

Nonresidential building

685.7 673.3 682.3 693.7 657.2 660.7 662.3 663.3 1.0

Heavy and civil engineering construction

906.1 897.4 903.6 912.5 837.3 845.7 843.0 841.4 -1.6

Specialty trade contractors

3,645.0 3,578.7 3,636.6 3,659.0 3,461.1 3,456.5 3,465.7 3,464.1 -1.6

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,531.4 1,519.1 1,538.4 1,547.5 1,449.3 1,457.0 1,457.0 1,463.8 6.8

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,113.6 2,059.6 2,098.2 2,111.5 2,011.8 1,999.5 2,008.7 2,000.3 -8.4

Manufacturing

11,646 11,796 11,807 11,857 11,551 11,724 11,760 11,757 -3

Durable goods

7,133 7,333 7,324 7,357 7,092 7,288 7,315 7,312 -3

Wood products

350.0 340.2 335.5 338.9 340.0 332.8 327.9 329.8 1.9

Nonmetallic mineral products

381.6 382.8 383.4 381.4 370.7 372.0 371.9 370.4 -1.5

Primary metals

365.1 386.3 385.9 387.1 365.0 384.8 386.5 386.0 -0.5

Fabricated metal products

1,304.7 1,365.3 1,369.6 1,372.7 1,296.1 1,360.8 1,366.3 1,360.9 -5.4

Machinery

999.0 1,050.7 1,053.1 1,054.8 997.6 1,046.1 1,048.6 1,052.5 3.9

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,106.2 1,129.4 1,131.8 1,132.5 1,103.0 1,125.6 1,128.9 1,130.0 1.1

Computer and peripheral equipment

162.6 171.7 172.9 172.6 162.4 172.0 172.5 172.5 0.0

Communication equipment

119.4 119.0 117.3 117.1 119.2 117.9 117.4 116.8 -0.6

Semiconductors and electronic components

374.8 385.4 387.9 390.6 373.2 384.3 387.3 389.7 2.4

Electronic instruments

405.6 404.9 404.8 403.9 404.3 403.4 403.4 402.7 -0.7

Electrical equipment and appliances

364.1 371.9 373.8 373.0 362.3 370.8 371.7 370.9 -0.8

Transportation equipment(1)

1,334.7 1,373.1 1,355.4 1,379.0 1,334.5 1,365.2 1,378.8 1,379.7 0.9

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

676.2 703.0 686.0 705.7 675.7 698.7 709.7 706.9 -2.8

Furniture and related products

361.4 354.4 357.2 356.7 356.9 351.1 354.6 352.0 -2.6

Miscellaneous manufacturing

566.2 578.8 578.0 580.9 566.0 579.2 579.8 580.1 0.3

Nondurable goods

4,513 4,463 4,483 4,500 4,459 4,436 4,445 4,445 0

Food manufacturing

1,486.7 1,447.5 1,469.4 1,478.0 1,449.2 1,443.0 1,447.3 1,442.1 -5.2

Beverages and tobacco products

185.1 189.8 191.3 195.0 181.4 185.8 186.5 189.6 3.1

Textile mills

119.0 122.9 122.7 122.4 118.8 122.2 123.0 122.1 -0.9

Textile product mills

118.3 117.5 116.6 115.5 118.8 116.5 116.0 115.6 -0.4

Apparel

157.6 156.5 153.4 156.1 155.8 155.2 153.3 154.4 1.1

Leather and allied products

28.4 29.5 28.9 28.1 28.1 29.1 29.4 28.0 -1.4

Paper and paper products

398.1 399.6 400.5 402.0 396.7 397.9 398.5 400.1 1.6

Printing and related support activities

486.5 470.2 467.6 469.8 485.8 468.9 468.1 468.9 0.8

Petroleum and coal products

117.4 115.1 115.7 114.1 114.1 111.8 111.3 110.7 -0.6

Chemicals

783.8 782.6 784.2 782.9 782.6 778.3 779.7 780.8 1.1

Plastics and rubber products

632.3 631.4 633.0 636.1 627.8 626.9 631.8 632.5 0.7

Private service-providing

90,192 91,739 91,631 91,620 89,671 90,962 91,066 91,086 20

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,608 24,995 24,970 24,943 24,601 24,919 24,946 24,938 -8

Wholesale trade

5,478.2 5,577.8 5,576.6 5,571.1 5,454.5 5,542.7 5,544.7 5,546.3 1.6

Durable goods

2,731.8 2,790.9 2,791.4 2,794.2 2,718.5 2,777.4 2,776.6 2,780.5 3.9

Nondurable goods

1,938.3 1,964.6 1,963.6 1,957.0 1,930.5 1,947.0 1,949.5 1,948.5 -1.0

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

808.1 822.3 821.6 819.9 805.5 818.3 818.6 817.3 -1.3

Retail trade

14,422.6 14,570.2 14,604.4 14,582.2 14,412.6 14,550.6 14,577.0 14,569.2 -7.8

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,642.0 1,687.6 1,696.4 1,696.4 1,622.9 1,670.0 1,676.5 1,677.3 0.8

Automobile dealers

1,012.6 1,045.0 1,049.6 1,051.0 1,004.5 1,039.5 1,041.9 1,042.9 1.0

Furniture and home furnishings stores

427.0 428.9 431.9 430.5 432.8 435.7 436.8 436.1 -0.7

Electronics and appliance stores

489.2 493.8 493.7 484.7 497.5 500.4 501.6 493.7 -7.9

Building material and garden supply stores

1,128.7 1,178.6 1,148.4 1,129.5 1,118.9 1,121.6 1,119.7 1,121.1 1.4

Food and beverage stores

2,824.8 2,857.4 2,858.5 2,854.7 2,811.1 2,835.1 2,835.7 2,839.0 3.3

Health and personal care stores

975.6 971.2 975.1 974.5 976.3 969.4 976.7 974.7 -2.0

Gasoline stations

830.4 831.3 832.7 838.2 816.6 822.6 820.9 823.2 2.3

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,380.1 1,410.3 1,429.0 1,435.2 1,377.7 1,431.5 1,433.6 1,438.5 4.9

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

595.7 578.5 583.4 591.5 599.0 596.9 598.8 595.5 -3.3

General merchandise stores(1)

2,958.9 2,958.2 2,971.5 2,964.8 2,983.6 2,984.4 2,987.5 2,985.4 -2.1

Department stores

1,474.8 1,465.7 1,479.6 1,477.3 1,496.9 1,494.6 1,499.2 1,496.8 -2.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

762.0 770.2 778.4 772.1 757.9 766.3 772.0 766.8 -5.2

Nonstore retailers

408.2 404.2 405.4 410.1 418.3 416.7 417.2 417.9 0.7

Transportation and warehousing

4,154.6 4,291.6 4,233.1 4,234.9 4,184.1 4,273.6 4,272.6 4,270.2 -2.4

Air transportation

467.0 479.5 481.2 479.9 462.8 476.9 478.5 474.9 -3.6

Rail transportation

216.7 225.8 225.2 224.7 217.1 225.7 224.6 224.7 0.1

Water transportation

65.2 64.9 65.0 65.9 62.8 63.2 63.1 63.5 0.4

Truck transportation

1,272.0 1,298.7 1,300.2 1,305.7 1,248.4 1,282.2 1,283.2 1,282.3 -0.9

Transit and ground passenger transportation

367.4 445.3 384.1 378.4 433.7 447.0 444.8 446.7 1.9

Pipeline transportation

42.6 43.5 43.6 42.9 42.3 43.4 43.2 42.8 -0.4

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

35.5 36.4 37.8 37.2 27.5 29.6 28.6 28.8 0.2

Support activities for transportation

545.2 557.9 556.9 555.3 543.2 554.9 554.4 552.7 -1.7

Couriers and messengers

515.4 515.4 510.1 515.0 518.9 522.5 522.4 523.8 1.4

Warehousing and storage

627.6 624.2 629.0 629.9 627.4 628.2 629.8 630.0 0.2

Utilities

552.4 555.4 555.4 554.6 550.2 552.1 551.7 552.2 0.5

Information

2,717 2,696 2,681 2,638 2,711 2,682 2,679 2,631 -48

Publishing industries, except Internet

762.9 757.0 758.7 756.4 761.3 755.5 756.2 755.1 -1.1

Motion picture and sound recording industries

384.4 376.1 368.7 372.6 378.2 365.7 366.4 365.8 -0.6

Broadcasting, except Internet

295.0 295.0 294.3 292.2 295.7 294.9 294.3 293.1 -1.2

Telecommunications

892.1 866.0 857.4 814.6 892.0 867.5 862.1 814.8 -47.3

Data processing, hosting and related services

238.5 240.7 238.7 238.1 240.4 239.6 239.7 239.8 0.1

Other information services

143.6 160.9 162.7 163.6 143.0 158.6 160.6 162.0 1.4

Financial activities

7,658 7,656 7,667 7,651 7,616 7,609 7,602 7,605 3

Finance and insurance

5,688.9 5,683.6 5,682.4 5,668.9 5,684.0 5,668.5 5,660.9 5,660.9 0.0

Monetary authorities - central bank

20.8 21.3 21.7 22.0 20.6 21.2 21.5 21.8 0.3

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,543.4 2,547.7 2,552.5 2,545.3 2,542.6 2,542.7 2,542.8 2,541.9 -0.9

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,737.1 1,759.4 1,766.3 1,764.2 1,733.0 1,756.2 1,757.1 1,758.6 1.5

Commercial banking

1,311.5 1,326.8 1,331.8 1,329.7 1,308.8 1,324.5 1,325.5 1,326.2 0.7

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

801.9 812.4 806.9 803.3 801.2 809.9 804.3 802.2 -2.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,235.6 2,215.9 2,213.0 2,211.0 2,232.6 2,208.6 2,204.5 2,207.9 3.4

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

87.2 86.3 88.3 87.3 87.0 86.1 87.8 87.1 -0.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,969.3 1,972.2 1,984.6 1,982.5 1,931.5 1,940.5 1,940.9 1,944.5 3.6

Real estate

1,410.1 1,419.2 1,428.3 1,426.5 1,389.5 1,403.4 1,404.3 1,405.6 1.3

Rental and leasing services

534.2 527.3 530.5 530.1 517.2 511.4 511.1 513.2 2.1

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

25.0 25.7 25.8 25.9 24.8 25.7 25.5 25.7 0.2

Professional and business services

16,849 17,297 17,250 17,351 16,711 17,155 17,183 17,211 28

Professional and technical services(1)

7,391.0 7,607.2 7,616.4 7,623.7 7,430.6 7,628.1 7,640.7 7,656.8 16.1

Legal services

1,117.8 1,121.6 1,124.7 1,118.7 1,113.8 1,109.7 1,113.8 1,113.9 0.1

Accounting and bookkeeping services

815.8 866.2 850.0 852.5 887.6 928.0 923.2 922.4 -0.8

Architectural and engineering services

1,292.7 1,310.9 1,317.2 1,318.6 1,276.4 1,295.8 1,297.4 1,300.9 3.5

Computer systems design and related services

1,450.3 1,503.8 1,513.3 1,523.2 1,445.9 1,505.6 1,510.6 1,518.3 7.7

Management and technical consulting services

990.5 1,043.1 1,050.3 1,053.4 989.6 1,040.2 1,045.1 1,051.1 6.0

Management of companies and enterprises

1,875.4 1,894.0 1,894.9 1,895.6 1,864.9 1,882.5 1,884.8 1,884.1 -0.7

Administrative and waste services

7,582.1 7,795.6 7,738.6 7,831.8 7,415.8 7,644.2 7,657.3 7,670.3 13.0

Administrative and support services(1)

7,212.5 7,426.2 7,363.7 7,456.7 7,054.2 7,280.9 7,292.3 7,304.3 12.0

Employment services(1)

2,774.2 2,926.8 2,869.7 2,966.4 2,719.6 2,900.2 2,907.6 2,919.5 11.9

Temporary help services

2,128.9 2,252.7 2,202.0 2,271.4 2,090.2 2,234.2 2,235.4 2,240.1 4.7

Business support services

797.8 795.7 790.9 794.2 809.1 804.8 803.9 804.0 0.1

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,849.7 1,877.9 1,880.0 1,870.7 1,747.3 1,762.3 1,764.9 1,768.0 3.1

Waste management and remediation services

369.6 369.4 374.9 375.1 361.6 363.3 365.0 366.0 1.0

Education and health services

19,275 19,762 19,664 19,688 19,612 19,944 19,990 20,024 34

Educational services

2,846.7 3,002.9 2,925.2 2,899.7 3,160.3 3,203.5 3,216.7 3,215.1 -1.6

Health care and social assistance

16,428.1 16,759.0 16,738.4 16,788.0 16,451.2 16,740.8 16,773.7 16,809.2 35.5

Health care(3)

13,848.9 14,095.2 14,127.0 14,158.5 13,821.6 14,068.0 14,097.8 14,127.5 29.7

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,002.0 6,143.6 6,157.7 6,180.8 5,996.1 6,135.6 6,152.8 6,170.9 18.1

Offices of physicians

2,320.3 2,358.6 2,366.5 2,373.3 2,318.8 2,356.5 2,364.0 2,369.6 5.6

Outpatient care centers

604.6 620.1 618.8 621.0 603.5 619.1 618.9 620.3 1.4

Home health care services

1,083.7 1,123.4 1,126.3 1,133.7 1,084.4 1,123.0 1,127.3 1,133.6 6.3

Hospitals

4,697.3 4,751.8 4,768.8 4,771.7 4,686.5 4,741.9 4,752.9 4,760.6 7.7

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,149.6 3,199.8 3,200.5 3,206.0 3,139.0 3,190.5 3,192.1 3,196.0 3.9

Nursing care facilities

1,668.7 1,690.1 1,688.1 1,689.5 1,663.4 1,686.3 1,685.2 1,685.2 0.0

Social assistance(1)

2,579.2 2,663.8 2,611.4 2,629.5 2,629.6 2,672.8 2,675.9 2,681.7 5.8

Child day care services

803.8 834.7 789.6 803.7 851.5 850.8 853.3 853.5 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

13,673 13,815 13,881 13,843 13,051 13,202 13,214 13,216 2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,184.5 2,148.4 2,203.4 2,148.7 1,925.2 1,891.9 1,896.3 1,887.4 -8.9

Performing arts and spectator sports

452.6 426.7 430.7 423.5 423.2 402.4 399.9 395.0 -4.9

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

138.7 143.8 146.5 143.4 127.0 130.5 130.9 131.2 0.3

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,593.2 1,577.9 1,626.2 1,581.8 1,375.0 1,359.0 1,365.5 1,361.2 -4.3

Accommodation and food services

11,488.4 11,666.8 11,677.6 11,694.0 11,125.3 11,310.1 11,317.2 11,328.7 11.5

Accommodation

1,916.8 1,899.0 1,963.1 1,956.3 1,781.4 1,806.2 1,811.7 1,813.9 2.2

Food services and drinking places

9,571.6 9,767.8 9,714.5 9,737.7 9,343.9 9,503.9 9,505.5 9,514.8 9.3

Other services

5,412 5,518 5,518 5,506 5,369 5,451 5,452 5,461 9

Repair and maintenance

1,146.5 1,166.0 1,160.5 1,160.3 1,139.6 1,152.8 1,152.8 1,152.8 0.0

Personal and laundry services

1,263.8 1,300.1 1,294.0 1,295.3 1,258.2 1,284.1 1,286.8 1,288.5 1.7

Membership associations and organizations

3,001.4 3,051.4 3,063.5 3,050.0 2,970.8 3,013.7 3,012.6 3,019.9 7.3

Government

21,228 22,080 20,733 20,766 22,412 22,050 21,979 21,962 -17

Federal

2,949.0 2,846.0 2,854.0 2,839.0 2,927.0 2,829.0 2,824.0 2,822.0 -2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,300.0 2,224.1 2,223.3 2,221.7 2,275.7 2,202.2 2,198.1 2,201.2 3.1

U.S. Postal Service

648.9 622.3 630.6 617.1 651.7 626.6 625.4 620.7 -4.7

State government

4,856.0 4,869.0 4,770.0 4,798.0 5,132.0 5,091.0 5,074.0 5,079.0 5.0

State government education

2,080.0 2,143.9 2,076.9 2,087.1 2,378.1 2,387.0 2,389.3 2,387.9 -1.4

State government, excluding education

2,775.6 2,725.0 2,692.9 2,711.3 2,754.0 2,704.0 2,685.1 2,690.9 5.8

Local government

13,423.0 14,365.0 13,109.0 13,129.0 14,353.0 14,130.0 14,081.0 14,061.0 -20.0

Local government education

6,890.6 7,933.6 6,627.7 6,694.4 8,004.1 7,866.6 7,823.8 7,810.1 -13.7

Local government, excluding education

6,532.2 6,431.6 6,481.1 6,434.8 6,349.2 6,263.2 6,257.3 6,251.0 -6.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.2 34.3 34.3 34.2

Goods-producing

39.7 39.9 39.8 39.8

Mining and logging

43.9 44.6 44.2 44.1

Construction

38.0 38.3 38.2 38.2

Manufacturing

40.2 40.3 40.3 40.3

Durable goods

40.5 40.6 40.7 40.6

Nondurable goods

39.9 39.8 39.7 39.8

Private service-providing

33.1 33.2 33.3 33.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.3 34.5 34.4 34.4

Wholesale trade

38.3 38.6 38.5 38.5

Retail trade

31.4 31.4 31.4 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 38.6 38.5 38.5

Utilities

41.4 41.6 41.6 41.5

Information

36.7 36.6 36.5 36.4

Financial activities

37.0 37.1 37.4 37.1

Professional and business services

35.5 35.7 35.8 35.7

Education and health services

32.8 32.8 32.9 32.7

Leisure and hospitality

25.9 25.8 25.9 25.8

Other services

31.9 31.7 31.7 31.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.0 3.1 3.1 3.2

Durable goods

2.8 3.1 3.1 3.1

Nondurable goods

3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)
Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)

Total private

$22.67 $23.01 $23.12 $23.09 $775.31 $789.24 $793.02 $789.68

Goods-producing

24.14 24.39 24.46 24.46 958.36 973.16 973.51 973.51

Mining and logging

27.60 27.94 27.93 27.98 1,211.64 1,246.12 1,234.51 1,233.92

Construction

25.20 25.39 25.40 25.50 957.60 972.44 970.28 974.10

Manufacturing

23.43 23.67 23.78 23.73 941.89 953.90 958.33 956.32

Durable goods

24.91 25.21 25.32 25.28 1,008.86 1,023.53 1,030.52 1,026.37

Nondurable goods

21.04 21.10 21.18 21.13 839.50 839.78 840.85 840.97

Private service-providing

22.32 22.69 22.81 22.76 738.79 753.31 759.57 753.36

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.72 20.01 20.11 20.04 676.40 690.35 691.78 689.38

Wholesale trade

26.21 26.23 26.40 26.18 1,003.84 1,012.48 1,016.40 1,007.93

Retail trade

15.60 15.78 15.92 15.80 489.84 495.49 499.89 494.54

Transportation and warehousing

21.02 21.71 21.74 21.94 807.17 838.01 836.99 844.69

Utilities

32.73 33.83 33.62 33.73 1,355.02 1,407.33 1,398.59 1,399.80

Information

30.66 31.49 31.40 31.52 1,125.22 1,152.53 1,146.10 1,147.33

Financial activities

27.28 27.73 27.67 27.77 1,009.36 1,028.78 1,034.86 1,030.27

Professional and business services

27.37 27.73 27.98 27.86 971.64 989.96 1,001.68 994.60

Education and health services

23.06 23.52 23.69 23.62 756.37 771.46 779.40 772.37

Leisure and hospitality

13.10 13.20 13.23 13.23 339.29 340.56 342.66 341.33

Other services

20.14 20.45 20.51 20.55 642.47 648.27 650.17 647.33

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
July
2011 - Aug.
2011(p)
Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
July
2011 - Aug.
2011(p)

Total private

92.1 93.7 93.8 93.6 -0.2 99.6 102.8 103.4 103.0 -0.4

Goods-producing

80.5 82.0 82.0 82.0 0.0 87.8 90.4 90.7 90.6 -0.1

Mining and logging

99.2 110.6 110.8 111.3 0.5 109.9 124.0 124.3 125.0 0.6

Construction

72.3 72.9 72.8 72.7 -0.1 79.2 80.4 80.3 80.6 0.4

Manufacturing

83.5 85.0 85.3 85.2 -0.1 91.0 93.6 94.3 94.1 -0.2

Durable goods

80.9 83.3 83.8 83.6 -0.2 89.5 93.3 94.3 93.8 -0.5

Nondurable goods

88.8 88.1 88.1 88.3 0.2 94.8 94.3 94.7 94.7 0.0

Private service-providing

95.3 97.0 97.4 96.8 -0.6 103.1 106.6 107.6 106.8 -0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

91.7 93.4 93.3 93.2 -0.1 97.3 100.6 100.9 100.6 -0.3

Wholesale trade

91.1 93.3 93.1 93.2 0.1 99.7 102.2 102.6 101.8 -0.8

Retail trade

91.9 92.8 93.0 92.6 -0.4 94.8 96.8 97.8 96.7 -1.1

Transportation and warehousing

92.0 94.4 94.1 94.1 0.0 98.1 104.0 103.9 104.8 0.9

Utilities

98.5 99.3 99.3 99.1 -0.2 106.5 111.0 110.3 110.5 0.2

Information

90.9 89.6 89.3 87.5 -2.0 99.2 100.5 99.8 98.2 -1.6

Financial activities

92.9 93.0 93.7 93.0 -0.7 98.9 100.7 101.2 100.8 -0.4

Professional and business services

93.3 96.3 96.8 96.6 -0.2 103.5 108.2 109.7 109.1 -0.5

Education and health services

104.7 106.5 107.0 106.6 -0.4 113.1 117.3 118.8 117.9 -0.8

Leisure and hospitality

96.4 97.2 97.7 97.3 -0.4 101.9 103.5 104.2 103.8 -0.4

Other services

94.9 95.7 95.8 95.3 -0.5 108.5 111.1 111.5 111.2 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)
Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)

Total nonfarm

64,610 64,839 64,790 64,790 49.7 49.5 49.4 49.4

Total private

51,840 52,278 52,315 52,324 48.2 48.0 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,085 4,062 4,062 4,054 23.0 22.5 22.5 22.4

Mining and logging

99 105 106 108 13.8 13.3 13.3 13.4

Construction

717 708 712 714 13.0 12.8 12.9 12.9

Manufacturing

3,269 3,249 3,244 3,232 28.3 27.7 27.6 27.5

Durable goods

1,730 1,724 1,721 1,714 24.4 23.7 23.5 23.4

Nondurable goods

1,539 1,525 1,523 1,518 34.5 34.4 34.3 34.2

Private service-providing

47,755 48,216 48,253 48,270 53.3 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

9,987 10,001 10,002 9,996 40.6 40.1 40.1 40.1

Wholesale trade

1,637.2 1,665.2 1,669.9 1,671.0 30.0 30.0 30.1 30.1

Retail trade

7,208.4 7,192.8 7,193.2 7,189.7 50.0 49.4 49.3 49.3

Transportation and warehousing

1,003.5 1,008.2 1,004.5 1,001.3 24.0 23.6 23.5 23.4

Utilities

137.6 134.9 134.4 133.9 25.0 24.4 24.4 24.2

Information

1,104 1,087 1,088 1,076 40.7 40.5 40.6 40.9

Financial activities

4,481 4,444 4,439 4,433 58.8 58.4 58.4 58.3

Professional and business services

7,416 7,626 7,627 7,639 44.4 44.5 44.4 44.4

Education and health services

15,119 15,308 15,341 15,366 77.1 76.8 76.7 76.7

Leisure and hospitality

6,808 6,874 6,879 6,876 52.2 52.1 52.1 52.0

Other services

2,840 2,876 2,877 2,884 52.9 52.8 52.8 52.8

Government

12,770 12,561 12,475 12,466 57.0 57.0 56.8 56.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)

Total private

88,554 89,825 89,955 89,988

Goods-producing

12,793 12,994 13,035 13,036

Mining and logging

538 593 599 602

Construction

4,161 4,176 4,183 4,175

Manufacturing

8,094 8,225 8,253 8,259

Durable goods

4,851 4,992 5,016 5,023

Nondurable goods

3,243 3,233 3,237 3,236

Private service-providing

75,761 76,831 76,920 76,952

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20,841 21,086 21,102 21,111

Wholesale trade

4,372.8 4,443.2 4,444.7 4,448.7

Retail trade

12,406.9 12,528.3 12,544.5 12,546.5

Transportation and warehousing

3,620.4 3,673.5 3,672.1 3,675.3

Utilities

441.0 441.1 440.4 440.0

Information

2,174 2,156 2,153 2,107

Financial activities

5,870 5,819 5,818 5,814

Professional and business services

13,682 14,104 14,133 14,165

Education and health services

17,193 17,468 17,516 17,540

Leisure and hospitality

11,507 11,644 11,641 11,652

Other services

4,494 4,554 4,557 4,563

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.5 33.6 33.6 33.5

Goods-producing

40.5 40.9 40.9 40.8

Mining and logging

45.5 47.3 46.5 46.6

Construction

38.6 39.0 39.1 39.0

Manufacturing

41.1 41.4 41.4 41.3

Durable goods

41.3 41.8 41.8 41.8

Nondurable goods

40.9 40.7 40.8 40.6

Private service-providing

32.3 32.4 32.4 32.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.4 33.7 33.7 33.5

Wholesale trade

38.1 38.5 38.5 38.3

Retail trade

30.3 30.4 30.5 30.3

Transportation and warehousing

37.3 37.9 37.7 37.7

Utilities

42.3 42.0 41.8 41.7

Information

36.4 36.3 36.2 35.9

Financial activities

36.4 36.3 36.3 36.2

Professional and business services

35.1 35.2 35.1 35.1

Education and health services

32.2 32.3 32.4 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 24.7 24.8 24.7

Other services

30.8 30.8 30.7 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.8 4.0 4.1 4.1

Durable goods

3.8 4.2 4.2 4.2

Nondurable goods

3.9 3.8 4.0 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)
Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)

Total private

$19.13 $19.43 $19.49 $19.47 $640.86 $652.85 $654.86 $652.25

Goods-producing

20.33 20.63 20.71 20.74 823.37 843.77 847.04 846.19

Mining and logging

23.87 24.42 24.59 24.58 1,086.09 1,155.07 1,143.44 1,145.43

Construction

23.30 23.57 23.67 23.79 899.38 919.23 925.50 927.81

Manufacturing

18.63 18.91 18.98 18.96 765.69 782.87 785.77 783.05

Durable goods

19.79 20.08 20.17 20.13 817.33 839.34 843.11 841.43

Nondurable goods

16.88 17.06 17.09 17.10 690.39 694.34 697.27 694.26

Private service-providing

18.87 19.17 19.23 19.20 609.50 621.11 623.05 620.16

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.84 17.14 17.18 17.16 562.46 577.62 578.97 574.86

Wholesale trade

21.55 21.99 22.12 22.02 821.06 846.62 851.62 843.37

Retail trade

13.25 13.44 13.46 13.44 401.48 408.58 410.53 407.23

Transportation and warehousing

19.19 19.46 19.54 19.57 715.79 737.53 736.66 737.79

Utilities

30.27 30.80 30.94 30.95 1,280.42 1,293.60 1,293.29 1,290.62

Information

25.91 26.33 26.38 26.31 943.12 955.78 954.96 944.53

Financial activities

21.57 21.67 21.75 21.68 785.15 786.62 789.53 784.82

Professional and business services

22.93 23.18 23.23 23.21 804.84 815.94 815.37 814.67

Education and health services

20.20 20.68 20.78 20.77 650.44 667.96 673.27 668.79

Leisure and hospitality

11.35 11.47 11.50 11.49 282.62 283.31 285.20 283.80

Other services

17.08 17.23 17.27 17.27 526.06 530.68 530.19 531.92

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
July
2011 - Aug.
2011(p)
Aug.
2010
June
2011
July
2011(p)
Aug.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
July
2011 - Aug.
2011(p)

Total private

99.1 100.8 101.0 100.7 -0.3 126.7 130.9 131.5 131.0 -0.4

Goods-producing

79.2 81.2 81.5 81.3 -0.2 98.6 102.6 103.3 103.2 -0.1

Mining and logging

130.1 149.1 148.0 149.1 0.7 180.6 211.7 211.7 213.1 0.7

Construction

80.4 81.5 81.9 81.5 -0.5 101.2 103.8 104.7 104.7 0.0

Manufacturing

76.3 78.2 78.4 78.3 -0.1 93.0 96.6 97.3 97.1 -0.2

Durable goods

75.3 78.4 78.8 78.9 0.1 93.0 98.3 99.2 99.1 -0.1

Nondurable goods

78.1 77.5 77.8 77.4 -0.5 93.2 93.5 94.0 93.5 -0.5

Private service-providing

104.6 106.4 106.6 106.3 -0.3 135.4 139.9 140.5 139.9 -0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.0 99.1 99.1 98.6 -0.5 116.6 121.1 121.5 120.7 -0.7

Wholesale trade

98.1 100.7 100.8 100.3 -0.5 124.6 130.5 131.3 130.2 -0.8

Retail trade

95.2 96.4 96.8 96.2 -0.6 108.1 111.1 111.7 110.9 -0.7

Transportation and warehousing

101.7 104.8 104.2 104.3 0.1 123.7 129.4 129.2 129.5 0.2

Utilities

95.4 94.8 94.2 93.9 -0.3 120.6 121.8 121.6 121.2 -0.3

Information

90.3 89.3 89.0 86.4 -2.9 115.9 116.5 116.2 112.5 -3.2

Financial activities

102.3 101.1 101.1 100.7 -0.4 136.4 135.4 135.9 135.0 -0.7

Professional and business services

107.6 111.3 111.2 111.4 0.2 146.8 153.5 153.7 153.9 0.1

Education and health services

119.4 121.7 122.4 121.8 -0.5 158.6 165.5 167.2 166.4 -0.5

Leisure and hospitality

105.0 105.4 105.8 105.5 -0.3 135.4 137.3 138.2 137.6 -0.4

Other services

97.1 98.4 98.1 98.6 0.5 120.8 123.5 123.5 124.1 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: September 02, 2011