Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed	                        USDL-13-2035
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, October 22, 2013

Technical information: 
 Household data:	(202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:	(202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


		THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- SEPTEMBER 2013


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 148,000 in September, and the unemployment rate
was little changed at 7.2 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Employment increased in construction, wholesale trade, and transportation and warehousing.

Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate, at 7.2 percent, changed little in September but has declined by
0.4 percentage point since June. The number of unemployed persons, at 11.3 million, was
also little changed over the month; however, unemployment has decreased by 522,000 since
June. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (7.1 percent), adult
women (6.2 percent), teenagers (21.4 percent), whites (6.3 percent), blacks (12.9 percent),
and Hispanics (9.0 percent) showed little or no change in September. The jobless rate for
Asians was 5.3 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier. 
(See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In September, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more)
was little changed at 4.1 million. These individuals accounted for 36.9 percent of the
unemployed. The number of long-term unemployed has declined by 725,000 over the past
year. (See table A-12.)

Both the civilian labor force participation rate, at 63.2 percent, and the employment-
population ratio at 58.6 percent, were unchanged in September. Over the year, the labor
force participation rate has declined by 0.4 percentage point, while the employment-
population ratio has changed little. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to
as involuntary part-time workers) was unchanged at 7.9 million in September. These
individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they
were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In September, 2.3 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down from
2.5 million a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals
were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a
job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they
had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 852,000 discouraged workers in September,
essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe
no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.5 million persons marginally attached
to the labor force in September had not searched for work for reasons such as school
attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 148,000 in September, with gains in
construction, wholesale trade, and transportation and warehousing. Over the prior
12 months, employment growth averaged 185,000 per month. (See table B-1.)

Employment in construction rose by 20,000 in September, after showing little change
over the prior 6 months.

Employment in wholesale trade rose by 16,000 in September. Over the prior 12 months,
this industry added an average of 7,000 jobs per month.  

Transportation and warehousing added 23,000 jobs in September. Most of the increase
occurred in transit and ground passenger transportation (+18,000).

In September, employment in professional and business services continued to expand
(+32,000). Over the prior 12 months, employment growth in this industry averaged
52,000 per month.  Employment in temporary help services continued to trend up in
September (+20,000).

Within retail trade, job gains occurred in building material and garden supply stores
(+5,000) and in automobile dealers (+4,000). In the financial activities industry,
employment in credit intermediation and related activities declined by 8,000 in
September.

Employment in health care changed little (+7,000) in September. Thus far in 2013,
health care has added an average of 19,000 jobs per month, compared with an average
monthly increase of 27,000 in 2012. 

Within leisure and hospitality, employment in food services and drinking places was
essentially unchanged over the month (-7,000). Job growth in this industry averaged
28,000 per month over the prior 12 months. 

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, manufacturing,
information, and government, showed little change in September. 

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged in
September at 34.5 hours. In manufacturing, the workweek was 40.8 hours, the same as
in August, and overtime was unchanged at 3.4 hours. The average workweek for
production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged
at 33.7 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In September, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
rose by 3 cents to $24.09. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 49
cents, or 2.1 percent. In September, average hourly earnings of private-sector
production and nonsupervisory employees rose by 4 cents to $20.24. 
(See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for July was revised from +104,000 to
+89,000, and the change for August was revised from +169,000 to +193,000. With these
revisions, employment gains in July and August combined were 9,000 more than previously
reported.

_____________
The Employment Situation for October is scheduled to be released on Friday,
November 8, 2013, at 8:30 a.m. (EST). This release was originally scheduled
for Friday, November 1, 2013, but was rescheduled because of the recent partial
Federal government shutdown.

   ________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                |
  |                           Federal Government Shutdown                          |
  |                                                                                |
  | The release of these data occurs about 2 weeks later than originally scheduled |
  | because of the recent partial Federal government shutdown. Data collection for |
  | the estimates in this release had been completed prior to the shutdown in      |
  | accordance with our normal schedule. However, the processing of some estimates |
  | and the production of the Employment Situation news release were delayed due   |
  | to the shutdown.                                                               |
  |________________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Change from:
Aug.
2013-
Sept.
2013

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

243,772 245,756 245,959 246,168 209

Civilian labor force

155,056 155,798 155,486 155,559 73

Participation rate

63.6 63.4 63.2 63.2 0.0

Employed

142,974 144,285 144,170 144,303 133

Employment-population ratio

58.7 58.7 58.6 58.6 0.0

Unemployed

12,082 11,514 11,316 11,255 -61

Unemployment rate

7.8 7.4 7.3 7.2 -0.1

Not in labor force

88,716 89,957 90,473 90,609 136

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

7.8 7.4 7.3 7.2 -0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.3 7.0 7.1 7.1 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.0 6.5 6.3 6.2 -0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

23.7 23.7 22.7 21.4 -1.3

White

7.0 6.6 6.4 6.3 -0.1

Black or African American

13.4 12.6 13.0 12.9 -0.1

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

4.8 5.7 5.1 5.3 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

9.9 9.4 9.3 9.0 -0.3

Total, 25 years and over

6.6 6.1 6.0 6.0 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

11.2 11.0 11.3 10.3 -1.0

High school graduates, no college

8.6 7.6 7.6 7.6 0.0

Some college or associate degree

6.5 6.0 6.1 6.0 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.0 3.8 3.5 3.7 0.2

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,489 5,921 5,970 5,844 -126

Job leavers

962 979 893 989 96

Reentrants

3,313 3,258 3,129 3,181 52

New entrants

1,253 1,254 1,299 1,222 -77

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,535 2,563 2,563 2,596 33

5 to 14 weeks

2,825 2,869 2,766 2,703 -63

15 to 26 weeks

1,866 1,788 1,694 1,804 110

27 weeks and over

4,871 4,246 4,290 4,146 -144

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,607 8,245 7,911 7,926 15

Slack work or business conditions

5,567 5,177 4,808 4,960 152

Could only find part-time work

2,587 2,665 2,719 2,557 -162

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,728 19,128 19,339 18,967 -372

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,517 2,414 2,342 2,302 -

Discouraged workers

802 988 866 852 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

138 89 193 148

Total private

118 100 161 126

Goods-producing

-17 -12 18 26

Mining and logging

-2 2 3 4

Construction

3 3 2 20

Manufacturing

-18 -17 13 2

Durable goods(1)

-17 -13 23 9

Motor vehicles and parts

-3.0 -10.7 16.0 -0.2

Nondurable goods

-1 -4 -10 -7

Private service-providing(1)

135 112 143 100

Wholesale trade

-1.0 14.1 9.1 16.1

Retail trade

26.1 41.0 31.9 20.8

Transportation and warehousing

4.3 -13.6 6.3 23.4

Information

-12 12 -17 4

Financial activities

11 14 -3 -2

Professional and business services(1)

15 35 30 32

Temporary help services

-12.6 13.4 21.2 20.2

Education and health services(1)

49 16 61 14

Health care and social assistance

40.7 7.3 51.4 13.7

Leisure and hospitality

30 -3 21 -13

Other services

12 -2 4 5

Government

20 -11 32 22

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.9 47.9 48.0 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.7 82.6 82.6 82.5

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.4 34.5 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$23.60 $23.99 $24.06 $24.09

Average weekly earnings

$814.20 $825.26 $830.07 $831.11

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

96.9 98.3 98.8 98.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 -0.2 0.5 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

109.0 112.5 113.3 113.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.6 -0.3 0.7 0.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.7 33.6 33.7 33.7

Average hourly earnings

$19.80 $20.16 $20.20 $20.24

Average weekly earnings

$667.26 $677.38 $680.74 $682.09

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

104.2 105.7 106.1 106.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 -0.2 0.4 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

137.8 142.3 143.2 143.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.6 -0.1 0.6 0.2

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

55.6 56.2 59.2 58.1

Manufacturing (81 industries)

42.0 49.4 48.8 51.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of   employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a   smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change   than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

   In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more
   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
   of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. Current and historical
   data are available on the  household survey's most requested statistics page at
   http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 145,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 557,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

243,772 245,959 246,168 243,772 245,363 245,552 245,756 245,959 246,168

Civilian labor force

155,075 155,971 155,536 155,056 155,658 155,835 155,798 155,486 155,559

Participation rate

63.6 63.4 63.2 63.6 63.4 63.5 63.4 63.2 63.2

Employed

143,333 144,509 144,651 142,974 143,898 144,058 144,285 144,170 144,303

Employment-population ratio

58.8 58.8 58.8 58.7 58.6 58.7 58.7 58.6 58.6

Unemployed

11,742 11,462 10,885 12,082 11,760 11,777 11,514 11,316 11,255

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.3 7.0 7.8 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.3 7.2

Not in labor force

88,697 89,988 90,632 88,716 89,705 89,717 89,957 90,473 90,609

Persons who currently want a job

6,427 6,291 5,775 6,718 6,712 6,580 6,619 6,285 6,163

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,600 118,700 118,807 117,600 118,393 118,490 118,595 118,700 118,807

Civilian labor force

82,341 83,110 82,759 82,396 82,862 82,898 82,852 82,513 82,854

Participation rate

70.0 70.0 69.7 70.1 70.0 70.0 69.9 69.5 69.7

Employed

76,119 76,962 76,750 75,769 76,299 76,447 76,466 76,164 76,452

Employment-population ratio

64.7 64.8 64.6 64.4 64.4 64.5 64.5 64.2 64.4

Unemployed

6,221 6,148 6,009 6,627 6,564 6,451 6,387 6,349 6,401

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.4 7.3 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.7

Not in labor force

35,260 35,590 36,048 35,205 35,531 35,592 35,743 36,186 35,953

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

108,973 110,172 110,292 108,973 109,839 109,943 110,054 110,172 110,292

Civilian labor force

79,516 79,902 79,824 79,436 79,878 79,883 79,909 79,639 79,797

Participation rate

73.0 72.5 72.4 72.9 72.7 72.7 72.6 72.3 72.4

Employed

74,060 74,522 74,527 73,612 74,124 74,276 74,328 74,010 74,143

Employment-population ratio

68.0 67.6 67.6 67.6 67.5 67.6 67.5 67.2 67.2

Unemployed

5,455 5,381 5,297 5,825 5,754 5,607 5,581 5,629 5,654

Unemployment rate

6.9 6.7 6.6 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1

Not in labor force

29,457 30,269 30,468 29,536 29,961 30,060 30,145 30,533 30,495

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,172 127,260 127,361 126,172 126,970 127,062 127,161 127,260 127,361

Civilian labor force

72,734 72,861 72,776 72,661 72,796 72,938 72,946 72,973 72,705

Participation rate

57.6 57.3 57.1 57.6 57.3 57.4 57.4 57.3 57.1

Employed

67,214 67,547 67,901 67,206 67,599 67,612 67,819 68,005 67,851

Employment-population ratio

53.3 53.1 53.3 53.3 53.2 53.2 53.3 53.4 53.3

Unemployed

5,520 5,314 4,875 5,455 5,197 5,326 5,127 4,968 4,854

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.3 6.7 7.5 7.1 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.7

Not in labor force

53,437 54,398 54,585 53,511 54,174 54,124 54,215 54,287 54,657

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,869 119,018 119,131 117,869 118,708 118,804 118,907 119,018 119,131

Civilian labor force

70,026 69,821 70,153 69,813 69,895 70,075 70,033 70,140 69,936

Participation rate

59.4 58.7 58.9 59.2 58.9 59.0 58.9 58.9 58.7

Employed

65,058 65,129 65,748 64,934 65,329 65,314 65,489 65,750 65,582

Employment-population ratio

55.2 54.7 55.2 55.1 55.0 55.0 55.1 55.2 55.1

Unemployed

4,968 4,692 4,405 4,879 4,566 4,761 4,544 4,390 4,354

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.7 6.3 7.0 6.5 6.8 6.5 6.3 6.2

Not in labor force

47,842 49,197 48,978 48,056 48,813 48,730 48,875 48,878 49,195

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,931 16,770 16,745 16,931 16,816 16,805 16,795 16,770 16,745

Civilian labor force

5,533 6,248 5,559 5,807 5,886 5,878 5,857 5,707 5,825

Participation rate

32.7 37.3 33.2 34.3 35.0 35.0 34.9 34.0 34.8

Employed

4,215 4,859 4,376 4,429 4,445 4,469 4,469 4,410 4,578

Employment-population ratio

24.9 29.0 26.1 26.2 26.4 26.6 26.6 26.3 27.3

Unemployed

1,318 1,389 1,183 1,378 1,441 1,409 1,388 1,297 1,248

Unemployment rate

23.8 22.2 21.3 23.7 24.5 24.0 23.7 22.7 21.4

Not in labor force

11,398 10,522 11,186 11,124 10,930 10,927 10,938 11,062 10,920

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

193,503 194,489 194,610 193,503 194,147 194,254 194,373 194,489 194,610

Civilian labor force

123,922 123,786 123,362 123,637 123,844 123,766 123,719 123,378 123,179

Participation rate

64.0 63.6 63.4 63.9 63.8 63.7 63.7 63.4 63.3

Employed

115,547 115,884 115,862 115,002 115,557 115,563 115,552 115,464 115,388

Employment-population ratio

59.7 59.6 59.5 59.4 59.5 59.5 59.4 59.4 59.3

Unemployed

8,374 7,903 7,500 8,635 8,287 8,204 8,167 7,913 7,791

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.4 6.1 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.4 6.3

Not in labor force

69,581 70,703 71,248 69,866 70,303 70,488 70,654 71,112 71,431

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,710 64,653 64,463 64,540 64,680 64,625 64,595 64,433 64,323

Participation rate

73.6 73.0 72.7 73.4 73.2 73.1 73.0 72.8 72.6

Employed

60,718 60,873 60,796 60,292 60,545 60,620 60,528 60,416 60,408

Employment-population ratio

69.0 68.7 68.6 68.5 68.5 68.6 68.4 68.2 68.1

Unemployed

3,992 3,781 3,667 4,248 4,135 4,005 4,067 4,017 3,915

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.8 5.7 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,797 54,261 54,506 54,500 54,447 54,469 54,501 54,474 54,279

Participation rate

59.0 58.1 58.3 58.7 58.4 58.4 58.4 58.3 58.1

Employed

51,333 51,083 51,488 51,085 51,311 51,222 51,339 51,494 51,285

Employment-population ratio

55.2 54.7 55.1 55.0 55.0 54.9 55.0 55.1 54.8

Unemployed

3,464 3,178 3,018 3,415 3,136 3,247 3,162 2,980 2,994

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.9 5.5 6.3 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,414 4,873 4,392 4,598 4,717 4,672 4,623 4,470 4,577

Participation rate

35.0 39.0 35.2 36.4 37.7 37.3 37.0 35.8 36.7

Employed

3,496 3,929 3,578 3,625 3,700 3,721 3,685 3,555 3,695

Employment-population ratio

27.7 31.5 28.7 28.7 29.6 29.7 29.5 28.5 29.6

Unemployed

918 944 815 972 1,017 951 938 916 882

Unemployment rate

20.8 19.4 18.5 21.1 21.6 20.4 20.3 20.5 19.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,991 30,426 30,462 29,991 30,322 30,355 30,390 30,426 30,462

Civilian labor force

18,245 18,578 18,559 18,346 18,723 18,636 18,671 18,511 18,670

Participation rate

60.8 61.1 60.9 61.2 61.7 61.4 61.4 60.8 61.3

Employed

15,796 16,071 16,168 15,891 16,202 16,090 16,318 16,108 16,269

Employment-population ratio

52.7 52.8 53.1 53.0 53.4 53.0 53.7 52.9 53.4

Unemployed

2,449 2,507 2,391 2,456 2,521 2,546 2,353 2,403 2,402

Unemployment rate

13.4 13.5 12.9 13.4 13.5 13.7 12.6 13.0 12.9

Not in labor force

11,746 11,847 11,903 11,645 11,599 11,719 11,719 11,914 11,792

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,152 8,337 8,450 8,214 8,441 8,358 8,434 8,324 8,499

Participation rate

66.6 66.7 67.5 67.1 67.9 67.1 67.6 66.6 67.9

Employed

7,050 7,224 7,289 7,052 7,301 7,270 7,382 7,204 7,307

Employment-population ratio

57.6 57.8 58.2 57.6 58.7 58.4 59.2 57.6 58.3

Unemployed

1,103 1,113 1,160 1,162 1,140 1,088 1,052 1,120 1,192

Unemployment rate

13.5 13.3 13.7 14.1 13.5 13.0 12.5 13.5 14.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,412 9,444 9,424 9,377 9,562 9,556 9,508 9,450 9,421

Participation rate

62.2 61.4 61.2 62.0 62.5 62.3 62.0 61.5 61.2

Employed

8,325 8,355 8,439 8,363 8,487 8,413 8,510 8,449 8,475

Employment-population ratio

55.0 54.4 54.8 55.3 55.4 54.9 55.5 55.0 55.1

Unemployed

1,087 1,088 985 1,014 1,074 1,143 998 1,001 946

Unemployment rate

11.5 11.5 10.5 10.8 11.2 12.0 10.5 10.6 10.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

681 797 685 756 720 722 729 738 750

Participation rate

26.0 31.2 26.9 28.8 28.0 28.1 28.4 28.9 29.4

Employed

421 491 440 475 413 407 426 456 487

Employment-population ratio

16.1 19.2 17.3 18.1 16.1 15.8 16.6 17.8 19.1

Unemployed

259 306 245 280 307 315 303 282 263

Unemployment rate

38.1 38.4 35.8 37.1 42.6 43.6 41.6 38.2 35.1

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

12,885 13,241 13,330 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,204 8,574 8,675 - - - - - -

Participation rate

63.7 64.8 65.1 - - - - - -

Employed

7,810 8,133 8,218 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.6 61.4 61.6 - - - - - -

Unemployed

394 441 458 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

4.8 5.1 5.3 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,681 4,667 4,655 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Sept.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,969 37,630 37,713 36,969 37,395 37,471 37,548 37,630 37,713

Civilian labor force

24,465 24,964 24,802 24,465 24,848 24,869 25,040 24,942 24,826

Participation rate

66.2 66.3 65.8 66.2 66.4 66.4 66.7 66.3 65.8

Employed

22,164 22,656 22,690 22,042 22,583 22,601 22,675 22,612 22,598

Employment-population ratio

60.0 60.2 60.2 59.6 60.4 60.3 60.4 60.1 59.9

Unemployed

2,301 2,308 2,112 2,422 2,265 2,267 2,366 2,330 2,228

Unemployment rate

9.4 9.2 8.5 9.9 9.1 9.1 9.4 9.3 9.0

Not in labor force

12,504 12,666 12,911 12,505 12,547 12,602 12,508 12,688 12,887

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,462 13,895 13,782 - - - - - -

Participation rate

80.8 81.8 80.9 - - - - - -

Employed

12,445 12,799 12,756 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

74.7 75.4 74.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,017 1,096 1,026 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.9 7.4 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,879 9,786 9,900 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.3 57.6 58.1 - - - - - -

Employed

8,907 8,938 9,102 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.5 52.6 53.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

972 847 798 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.8 8.7 8.1 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,124 1,284 1,120 - - - - - -

Participation rate

30.7 35.1 30.6 - - - - - -

Employed

811 919 831 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

22.2 25.2 22.8 - - - - - -

Unemployed

312 364 289 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

27.8 28.4 25.8 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,337 10,901 10,995 11,183 11,237 11,161 10,889 10,939 10,860

Participation rate

45.6 45.2 45.0 45.0 45.0 44.5 45.4 45.4 44.5

Employed

10,155 9,753 9,967 9,930 9,993 9,969 9,692 9,700 9,743

Employment-population ratio

40.9 40.5 40.8 40.0 40.0 39.8 40.4 40.2 39.9

Unemployed

1,182 1,148 1,027 1,253 1,243 1,192 1,197 1,239 1,117

Unemployment rate

10.4 10.5 9.3 11.2 11.1 10.7 11.0 11.3 10.3

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,513 36,336 36,559 36,642 36,236 36,320 36,741 36,592 36,610

Participation rate

59.4 58.6 58.9 59.6 58.9 59.1 59.0 59.0 59.0

Employed

33,513 33,680 33,891 33,504 33,572 33,562 33,950 33,826 33,828

Employment-population ratio

54.5 54.3 54.6 54.5 54.6 54.6 54.5 54.5 54.5

Unemployed

3,000 2,656 2,668 3,138 2,664 2,757 2,791 2,766 2,782

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.3 7.3 8.6 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.6

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,788 37,701 37,658 37,512 37,470 37,297 37,341 37,496 37,338

Participation rate

69.1 67.5 67.8 68.6 68.5 68.1 67.3 67.2 67.2

Employed

35,346 35,343 35,413 35,076 35,036 34,925 35,105 35,216 35,080

Employment-population ratio

64.6 63.3 63.8 64.1 64.0 63.7 63.2 63.1 63.2

Unemployed

2,443 2,358 2,245 2,436 2,435 2,372 2,237 2,281 2,257

Unemployment rate

6.5 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.0 6.1 6.0

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

48,576 48,944 49,140 48,508 49,473 49,466 49,173 49,141 49,174

Participation rate

76.0 75.1 75.2 75.9 75.8 75.6 75.5 75.4 75.3

Employed

46,633 47,097 47,336 46,549 47,581 47,537 47,281 47,400 47,354

Employment-population ratio

73.0 72.3 72.5 72.8 72.9 72.7 72.6 72.8 72.5

Unemployed

1,943 1,847 1,804 1,959 1,892 1,929 1,891 1,740 1,820

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.8 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,102 21,331 19,285 19,102 1,817 2,229

Civilian labor force

11,044 10,933 9,943 9,500 1,102 1,432

Participation rate

52.3 51.3 51.6 49.7 60.6 64.3

Employed

10,309 10,225 9,353 8,900 956 1,325

Employment-population ratio

48.9 47.9 48.5 46.6 52.6 59.4

Unemployed

735 708 590 600 145 108

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.5 5.9 6.3 13.2 7.5

Not in labor force

10,058 10,398 9,342 9,602 715 797

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,547 3,024 2,123 2,388 424 637

Civilian labor force

2,092 2,419 1,793 1,961 299 458

Participation rate

82.1 80.0 84.5 82.1 70.5 72.0

Employed

1,890 2,175 1,651 1,770 239 405

Employment-population ratio

74.2 71.9 77.7 74.1 56.5 63.6

Unemployed

202 244 143 191 60 53

Unemployment rate

9.7 10.1 8.0 9.7 19.9 11.6

Not in labor force

455 605 330 427 125 178

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,034 3,040 2,578 2,535 457 505

Civilian labor force

2,527 2,584 2,180 2,192 347 393

Participation rate

83.3 85.0 84.6 86.5 75.9 77.7

Employed

2,361 2,442 2,069 2,067 292 376

Employment-population ratio

77.8 80.3 80.3 81.5 63.8 74.3

Unemployed

166 142 111 125 55 17

Unemployment rate

6.6 5.5 5.1 5.7 15.9 4.3

Not in labor force

507 456 397 343 110 113

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,761 9,717 9,448 9,347 313 370

Civilian labor force

3,136 2,836 3,049 2,725 87 111

Participation rate

32.1 29.2 32.3 29.2 27.9 29.9

Employed

2,972 2,680 2,888 2,576 83 105

Employment-population ratio

30.4 27.6 30.6 27.6 26.5 28.3

Unemployed

165 155 160 149 4 6

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.5 5.3 5.5 5.0 5.5

Not in labor force

6,624 6,881 6,399 6,622 226 259

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,760 5,550 5,137 4,833 623 717

Civilian labor force

3,289 3,094 2,920 2,623 369 471

Participation rate

57.1 55.8 56.8 54.3 59.2 65.7

Employed

3,087 2,928 2,745 2,488 342 440

Employment-population ratio

53.6 52.8 53.4 51.5 54.9 61.3

Unemployed

202 166 175 135 26 31

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.4 6.0 5.1 7.2 6.6

Not in labor force

2,471 2,456 2,217 2,209 255 246

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

213,730 215,886 93,715 95,202 120,015 120,685

Civilian labor force

142,110 142,644 71,474 72,266 70,635 70,378

Participation rate

66.5 66.1 76.3 75.9 58.9 58.3

Employed

131,553 132,907 66,101 67,109 65,452 65,798

Employment-population ratio

61.6 61.6 70.5 70.5 54.5 54.5

Unemployed

10,557 9,738 5,373 5,157 5,184 4,581

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.8 7.5 7.1 7.3 6.5

Not in labor force

71,620 73,242 22,240 22,936 49,380 50,306

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2013, estimates for veterans incorporate population controls derived from the updated Department of Veterans Affairs' population model.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,776 28,701 214,996 217,467

Civilian labor force

6,060 6,005 149,015 149,531

Participation rate

21.1 20.9 69.3 68.8

Employed

5,241 5,218 138,093 139,432

Employment-population ratio

18.2 18.2 64.2 64.1

Unemployed

819 786 10,922 10,098

Unemployment rate

13.5 13.1 7.3 6.8

Not in labor force

22,717 22,696 65,981 67,936

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,717 2,720 75,186 75,531

Participation rate

35.4 35.3 82.3 82.3

Employed

2,327 2,330 69,632 70,135

Employment-population ratio

30.3 30.2 76.3 76.4

Unemployed

389 390 5,554 5,396

Unemployment rate

14.3 14.4 7.4 7.1

Not in labor force

4,959 4,989 16,120 16,231

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,330 2,349 66,965 66,738

Participation rate

29.7 29.7 70.7 70.2

Employed

1,973 2,012 61,997 62,395

Employment-population ratio

25.1 25.5 65.5 65.6

Unemployed

356 337 4,968 4,343

Unemployment rate

15.3 14.4 7.4 6.5

Not in labor force

5,523 5,551 27,695 28,349

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,014 936 6,864 7,261

Participation rate

7.7 7.1 23.6 23.7

Employed

940 877 6,464 6,902

Employment-population ratio

7.1 6.7 22.3 22.5

Unemployed

74 59 400 359

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.3 5.8 4.9

Not in labor force

12,234 12,156 22,166 23,357

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,103 38,854 18,447 18,816 19,655 20,039

Civilian labor force

25,116 25,713 14,414 14,769 10,703 10,944

Participation rate

65.9 66.2 78.1 78.5 54.5 54.6

Employed

23,201 24,041 13,453 13,897 9,748 10,144

Employment-population ratio

60.9 61.9 72.9 73.9 49.6 50.6

Unemployed

1,915 1,671 961 872 954 799

Unemployment rate

7.6 6.5 6.7 5.9 8.9 7.3

Not in labor force

12,986 13,142 4,034 4,047 8,953 9,095

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

205,670 207,314 99,153 99,991 106,517 107,323

Civilian labor force

129,958 129,823 67,927 67,990 62,032 61,833

Participation rate

63.2 62.6 68.5 68.0 58.2 57.6

Employed

120,132 120,610 62,667 62,852 57,466 57,757

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.2 63.2 62.9 53.9 53.8

Unemployed

9,826 9,213 5,260 5,138 4,566 4,076

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.1 7.7 7.6 7.4 6.6

Not in labor force

75,711 77,491 31,226 32,001 44,485 45,490

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,233 2,398 2,271 2,198 2,059 2,067 2,159 2,204 2,209

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,447 1,509 1,477 1,402 1,263 1,268 1,303 1,367 1,397

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

755 855 762 759 793 790 842 820 772

Unpaid family workers

31 34 32 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

141,101 142,111 142,380 140,767 141,890 142,004 142,165 141,947 142,095

Wage and salary workers(1)

132,078 133,254 133,612 131,743 133,201 133,273 133,224 133,277 133,319

Government

20,725 19,729 20,309 20,647 20,361 20,157 20,041 20,365 20,233

Private industries

111,353 113,526 113,303 111,080 112,865 113,167 113,164 112,886 113,099

Private households

811 680 694 - - - - - -

Other industries

110,541 112,846 112,610 110,289 112,274 112,552 112,535 112,244 112,434

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,947 8,782 8,723 8,863 8,597 8,643 8,831 8,678 8,634

Unpaid family workers

76 74 44 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,110 7,690 7,522 8,607 7,904 8,226 8,245 7,911 7,926

Slack work or business conditions

5,309 4,632 4,763 5,567 4,841 5,193 5,177 4,808 4,960

Could only find part-time work

2,589 2,616 2,532 2,587 2,721 2,652 2,665 2,719 2,557

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,970 17,701 19,151 18,728 18,934 19,044 19,128 19,339 18,967

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,003 7,567 7,437 8,552 7,797 8,111 8,101 7,785 7,860

Slack work or business conditions

5,238 4,566 4,715 5,468 4,778 5,120 5,106 4,747 4,896

Could only find part-time work

2,566 2,598 2,517 2,604 2,686 2,632 2,665 2,714 2,556

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,605 17,376 18,848 18,399 18,511 18,696 18,779 18,935 18,696

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

143,333 144,509 144,651 142,974 143,898 144,058 144,285 144,170 144,303

16 to 19 years

4,215 4,859 4,376 4,429 4,445 4,469 4,469 4,410 4,578

16 to 17 years

1,471 1,622 1,519 1,428 1,505 1,451 1,460 1,412 1,465

18 to 19 years

2,744 3,238 2,857 2,986 2,937 3,027 3,034 3,014 3,089

20 years and over

139,118 139,650 140,275 138,545 139,453 139,589 139,816 139,760 139,726

20 to 24 years

13,472 13,777 13,667 13,503 13,412 13,605 13,654 13,543 13,676

25 years and over

125,646 125,873 126,608 125,027 126,057 125,978 126,087 126,205 126,009

25 to 54 years

94,814 94,379 94,997 94,340 94,569 94,461 94,476 94,424 94,512

25 to 34 years

30,947 31,171 31,440 30,805 31,292 31,217 31,176 31,143 31,272

35 to 44 years

30,794 30,737 30,906 30,658 30,691 30,570 30,686 30,779 30,770

45 to 54 years

33,074 32,471 32,651 32,877 32,586 32,675 32,613 32,502 32,470

55 years and over

30,832 31,494 31,611 30,688 31,488 31,517 31,612 31,781 31,498

Men, 16 years and over

76,119 76,962 76,750 75,769 76,299 76,447 76,466 76,164 76,452

16 to 19 years

2,059 2,441 2,223 2,157 2,175 2,171 2,138 2,155 2,309

16 to 17 years

665 784 740 651 686 696 679 670 714

18 to 19 years

1,394 1,657 1,483 1,497 1,485 1,495 1,457 1,508 1,576

20 years and over

74,060 74,522 74,527 73,612 74,124 74,276 74,328 74,010 74,143

20 to 24 years

6,975 7,154 7,035 6,989 6,917 6,952 7,037 6,956 7,041

25 years and over

67,085 67,368 67,491 66,636 67,192 67,331 67,270 67,122 67,098

25 to 54 years

50,669 50,670 50,725 50,352 50,613 50,672 50,592 50,388 50,439

25 to 34 years

16,748 16,936 17,037 16,608 16,961 16,944 16,849 16,791 16,898

35 to 44 years

16,656 16,634 16,628 16,552 16,660 16,602 16,597 16,571 16,544

45 to 54 years

17,264 17,100 17,060 17,193 16,992 17,125 17,146 17,026 16,998

55 years and over

16,416 16,698 16,766 16,284 16,578 16,659 16,678 16,733 16,658

Women, 16 years and over

67,214 67,547 67,901 67,206 67,599 67,612 67,819 68,005 67,851

16 to 19 years

2,156 2,418 2,153 2,272 2,271 2,298 2,330 2,255 2,268

16 to 17 years

806 838 779 777 819 755 781 741 751

18 to 19 years

1,350 1,581 1,374 1,490 1,452 1,532 1,577 1,506 1,513

20 years and over

65,058 65,129 65,748 64,934 65,329 65,314 65,489 65,750 65,582

20 to 24 years

6,497 6,624 6,632 6,514 6,495 6,653 6,617 6,588 6,635

25 years and over

58,561 58,505 59,116 58,391 58,866 58,647 58,817 59,084 58,912

25 to 54 years

44,146 43,709 44,272 43,987 43,955 43,790 43,884 44,036 44,072

25 to 34 years

14,199 14,235 14,403 14,197 14,330 14,272 14,327 14,353 14,374

35 to 44 years

14,138 14,103 14,278 14,106 14,030 13,968 14,089 14,208 14,226

45 to 54 years

15,809 15,371 15,591 15,684 15,595 15,550 15,467 15,476 15,472

55 years and over

14,415 14,796 14,845 14,404 14,910 14,857 14,934 15,048 14,840

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,383 44,112 44,130 43,980 44,176 43,963 43,914 43,988 43,744

Married women, spouse present

34,871 34,198 34,638 34,804 34,716 34,672 34,622 34,755 34,564

Women who maintain families

9,233 9,224 9,337 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

115,678 117,868 117,308 115,259 116,238 115,998 116,090 116,208 116,899

Part-time workers(2)

27,655 26,641 27,343 27,692 27,699 28,059 28,233 27,999 27,405

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,818 6,776 6,952 6,882 6,918 7,065 7,036 7,065 7,030

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,263 5,318 5,310 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,702 9,638 9,486 9,622 9,390 9,432 9,673 9,498 9,406

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Sept.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

12,082 11,316 11,255 7.8 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.3 7.2

16 to 19 years

1,378 1,297 1,248 23.7 24.5 24.0 23.7 22.7 21.4

16 to 17 years

490 504 508 25.5 27.5 26.5 29.1 26.3 25.8

18 to 19 years

879 836 765 22.7 22.4 22.6 19.9 21.7 19.9

20 years and over

10,704 10,019 10,008 7.2 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.7

20 to 24 years

1,913 2,020 2,021 12.4 13.2 13.5 12.6 13.0 12.9

25 years and over

8,802 8,056 7,986 6.6 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0

25 to 54 years

6,871 6,366 6,233 6.8 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2

25 to 34 years

2,706 2,645 2,502 8.1 7.2 7.6 7.5 7.8 7.4

35 to 44 years

2,049 1,843 1,826 6.3 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.6

45 to 54 years

2,115 1,877 1,905 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.5

55 years and over

1,936 1,693 1,763 5.9 5.3 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.3

Men, 16 years and over

6,627 6,349 6,401 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.7

16 to 19 years

802 720 748 27.1 27.1 28.0 27.4 25.0 24.5

16 to 17 years

279 243 285 30.0 31.6 30.8 32.5 26.6 28.5

18 to 19 years

518 508 470 25.7 24.0 25.8 24.0 25.2 23.0

20 years and over

5,825 5,629 5,654 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1

20 to 24 years

1,114 1,172 1,220 13.7 14.6 15.0 14.1 14.4 14.8

25 years and over

4,745 4,504 4,451 6.6 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.2

25 to 54 years

3,639 3,552 3,473 6.7 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.6 6.4

25 to 34 years

1,439 1,555 1,435 8.0 7.3 7.4 7.7 8.5 7.8

35 to 44 years

1,081 983 1,001 6.1 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.7

45 to 54 years

1,119 1,014 1,037 6.1 6.2 5.8 5.5 5.6 5.7

55 years and over

1,106 952 978 6.4 5.8 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.5

Women, 16 years and over

5,455 4,968 4,854 7.5 7.1 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.7

16 to 19 years

575 578 500 20.2 21.7 19.7 20.0 20.4 18.1

16 to 17 years

211 261 224 21.4 23.6 22.0 25.8 26.0 22.9

18 to 19 years

361 327 295 19.5 20.6 19.1 15.8 17.9 16.3

20 years and over

4,879 4,390 4,354 7.0 6.5 6.8 6.5 6.3 6.2

20 to 24 years

799 848 802 10.9 11.8 11.9 10.8 11.4 10.8

25 years and over

4,057 3,552 3,535 6.5 5.9 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.7

25 to 54 years

3,232 2,814 2,760 6.8 6.3 6.5 6.5 6.0 5.9

25 to 34 years

1,268 1,090 1,067 8.2 7.1 7.9 7.4 7.1 6.9

35 to 44 years

968 860 824 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.2 5.7 5.5

45 to 54 years

996 863 868 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.3 5.3

55 years and over(1)

849 813 804 5.6 4.3 5.4 4.9 5.2 5.1

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,157 1,982 2,031 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.4

Married women, spouse present

1,828 1,531 1,588 5.0 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.2 4.4

Women who maintain families(1)

1,181 1,137 896 11.3 9.9 10.7 10.5 11.0 8.8

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

10,421 9,604 9,594 8.3 7.9 7.9 7.6 7.6 7.6

Part-time workers(3)

1,689 1,676 1,693 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.2 5.6 5.8

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,161 5,856 5,470 6,489 6,147 6,119 5,921 5,970 5,844

On temporary layoff

787 986 732 1,153 997 1,199 1,221 1,062 1,087

Not on temporary layoff

5,374 4,870 4,738 5,335 5,151 4,920 4,700 4,908 4,758

Permanent job losers

4,296 3,707 3,536 4,279 3,822 3,700 3,589 3,714 3,569

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,078 1,163 1,201 1,056 1,329 1,220 1,111 1,194 1,188

Job leavers

1,041 950 1,068 962 944 1,030 979 893 989

Reentrants

3,339 3,217 3,206 3,313 3,333 3,291 3,258 3,129 3,181

New entrants

1,200 1,439 1,140 1,253 1,268 1,259 1,254 1,299 1,222

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

52.5 51.1 50.3 54.0 52.6 52.3 51.9 52.9 52.0

On temporary layoff

6.7 8.6 6.7 9.6 8.5 10.2 10.7 9.4 9.7

Not on temporary layoff

45.8 42.5 43.5 44.4 44.1 42.1 41.2 43.5 42.3

Job leavers

8.9 8.3 9.8 8.0 8.1 8.8 8.6 7.9 8.8

Reentrants

28.4 28.1 29.5 27.6 28.5 28.1 28.5 27.7 28.3

New entrants

10.2 12.6 10.5 10.4 10.8 10.8 11.0 11.5 10.9

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4.0 3.8 3.5 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8

Job leavers

0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0

New entrants

0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,539 2,523 2,588 2,535 2,706 2,692 2,563 2,563 2,596

5 to 14 weeks

2,660 3,116 2,527 2,825 2,669 2,864 2,869 2,766 2,703

15 weeks and over

6,542 5,822 5,770 6,736 6,306 6,225 6,034 5,984 5,950

15 to 26 weeks

1,708 1,525 1,683 1,866 1,950 1,896 1,788 1,694 1,804

27 weeks and over

4,835 4,297 4,087 4,871 4,357 4,328 4,246 4,290 4,146

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

40.2 36.6 37.6 39.6 36.9 35.6 36.6 37.0 36.9

Median duration, in weeks

18.9 15.2 16.6 18.7 17.3 16.3 15.7 16.4 16.3

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

21.6 22.0 23.8 21.0 23.2 22.9 22.4 22.7 23.1

5 to 14 weeks

22.7 27.2 23.2 23.4 22.8 24.3 25.0 24.4 24.0

15 weeks and over

55.7 50.8 53.0 55.7 54.0 52.8 52.6 52.9 52.9

15 to 26 weeks

14.5 13.3 15.5 15.4 16.7 16.1 15.6 15.0 16.0

27 weeks and over

41.2 37.5 37.6 40.3 37.3 36.7 37.0 37.9 36.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

143,333 144,651 11,742 10,885 7.6 7.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

54,655 55,013 2,245 1,978 3.9 3.5

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,944 22,822 828 790 3.5 3.3

Professional and related occupations

31,711 32,192 1,417 1,188 4.3 3.6

Service occupations

25,517 26,116 2,372 2,281 8.5 8.0

Sales and office occupations

33,271 33,077 2,714 2,597 7.5 7.3

Sales and related occupations

15,616 15,521 1,336 1,261 7.9 7.5

Office and administrative support occupations

17,655 17,556 1,378 1,336 7.2 7.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,979 13,221 1,523 1,181 10.5 8.2

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,089 1,041 114 119 9.5 10.3

Construction and extraction occupations

7,015 7,258 1,071 815 13.2 10.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,875 4,922 338 246 6.5 4.8

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,912 17,224 1,640 1,636 8.8 8.7

Production occupations

8,428 8,346 769 868 8.4 9.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,484 8,878 871 768 9.3 8.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

11,742 10,885 7.6 7.0

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

8,935 8,216 7.4 6.8

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

48 52 4.9 4.7

Construction

954 697 11.9 8.5

Manufacturing

1,032 1,093 6.7 6.9

Durable goods

668 630 6.8 6.3

Nondurable goods

364 463 6.6 7.9

Wholesale and retail trade

1,651 1,462 8.0 7.3

Transportation and utilities

372 369 6.3 6.0

Information

205 189 7.3 6.6

Financial activities

432 365 4.8 3.9

Professional and business services

1,253 1,167 8.2 7.5

Education and health services

1,204 1,174 5.5 5.2

Leisure and hospitality

1,312 1,236 9.7 9.0

Other services

473 413 7.1 6.4

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

153 147 10.0 9.4

Government workers

943 827 4.3 3.9

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

510 554 4.9 5.5

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2012
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
May
2013
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.2 3.7 3.7 4.3 4.1 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.0 3.8 3.5 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

7.6 7.3 7.0 7.8 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.3 7.2

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

8.0 7.9 7.5 8.3 8.0 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.7

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.0 8.7 8.4 9.3 8.8 9.1 8.8 8.7 8.6

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

14.2 13.6 13.1 14.7 13.8 14.3 14.0 13.7 13.6

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2012
Sept.
2013

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

88,697 90,632 35,260 36,048 53,437 54,585

Persons who currently want a job

6,427 5,775 2,953 2,556 3,474 3,219

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,517 2,302 1,281 1,124 1,236 1,178

Discouraged workers(2)

802 852 489 462 313 391

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,715 1,450 792 663 924 787

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,818 6,952 3,481 3,559 3,337 3,393

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.8 4.6 4.6 5.0 5.0

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,674 3,774 2,061 2,166 1,613 1,608

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,712 1,889 630 671 1,082 1,218

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

237 214 148 136 90 79

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,148 1,035 611 558 538 477

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)
Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)
Change from:
Aug.2013 - Sept.2013(p)

Total nonfarm

134,374 135,577 135,988 136,600 134,065 135,949 136,142 136,290 148

Total private

112,581 115,046 115,233 114,829 112,120 114,123 114,284 114,410 126

Goods-producing

18,744 18,961 19,041 18,988 18,405 18,625 18,643 18,669 26

Mining and logging

861 888 895 892 847 873 876 880 4

Logging

53.7 51.9 53.5 54.7 50.8 50.2 50.9 51.5 0.6

Mining

807.7 836.4 841.5 837.4 796.1 822.9 824.7 828.1 3.4

Oil and gas extraction

188.4 197.5 199.1 197.5 188.0 195.0 196.3 197.1 0.8

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

226.9 228.1 227.9 226.0 220.7 221.6 220.4 220.8 0.4

Coal mining

84.7 85.8 86.0 85.6 84.5 85.5 85.7 85.7 0.0

Support activities for mining

392.4 410.8 414.5 413.9 387.4 406.3 408.0 410.2 2.2

Construction

5,875 6,060 6,087 6,061 5,633 5,804 5,806 5,826 20

Construction of buildings

1,266.4 1,306.0 1,305.6 1,303.5 1,232.0 1,266.6 1,263.7 1,270.1 6.4

Residential building

590.7 607.4 609.3 604.6 571.9 584.7 585.4 586.6 1.2

Nonresidential building

675.7 698.6 696.3 698.9 660.1 681.9 678.3 683.5 5.2

Heavy and civil engineering construction

945.6 948.8 961.2 964.5 877.3 891.2 893.4 895.9 2.5

Specialty trade contractors

3,663.3 3,805.5 3,820.2 3,793.3 3,523.2 3,646.2 3,648.9 3,659.8 10.9

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,537.8 1,633.8 1,640.7 1,625.0 1,476.1 1,557.1 1,560.6 1,564.7 4.1

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,125.5 2,171.7 2,179.5 2,168.3 2,047.1 2,089.1 2,088.3 2,095.1 6.8

Manufacturing

12,008 12,013 12,059 12,035 11,925 11,948 11,961 11,963 2

Durable goods

7,487 7,518 7,556 7,544 7,465 7,497 7,520 7,529 9

Wood products

338.8 352.9 353.1 352.6 335.8 346.7 348.0 349.0 1.0

Nonmetallic mineral products

366.3 378.1 379.2 377.6 359.8 368.7 370.2 370.7 0.5

Primary metals

401.9 391.6 394.6 394.0 401.0 391.8 393.2 393.1 -0.1

Fabricated metal products

1,422.2 1,441.2 1,443.2 1,445.6 1,416.8 1,435.3 1,436.9 1,443.2 6.3

Machinery

1,097.9 1,106.1 1,104.3 1,105.3 1,099.6 1,102.6 1,103.5 1,108.4 4.9

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,085.6 1,088.3 1,087.6 1,081.9 1,086.3 1,083.4 1,083.4 1,083.4 0.0

Computer and peripheral equipment

158.0 165.0 165.0 164.4 158.3 163.5 164.4 164.7 0.3

Communications equipment

108.5 106.5 106.3 105.0 108.4 106.5 106.3 105.2 -1.1

Semiconductors and electronic components

382.2 380.5 381.0 379.0 382.2 378.8 379.1 379.2 0.1

Electronic instruments

396.8 396.9 396.2 393.8 397.1 395.2 394.6 394.6 0.0

Electrical equipment and appliances

369.9 365.6 363.9 364.5 369.7 363.7 363.4 364.0 0.6

Transportation equipment(1)

1,470.5 1,458.2 1,491.2 1,489.7 1,466.1 1,473.6 1,490.1 1,487.7 -2.4

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

782.2 780.3 813.0 814.3 778.5 796.7 812.7 812.5 -0.2

Furniture and related products

352.2 357.9 360.6 354.6 349.0 353.6 353.7 351.8 -1.9

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

581.4 578.2 578.7 578.3 580.7 577.9 577.2 578.0 0.8

Nondurable goods

4,521 4,495 4,503 4,491 4,460 4,451 4,441 4,434 -7

Food manufacturing

1,516.4 1,489.6 1,503.6 1,501.1 1,477.1 1,464.5 1,463.2 1,462.7 -0.5

Textile mills

118.6 114.8 114.6 114.3 117.8 114.4 114.2 113.6 -0.6

Textile product mills

116.2 114.0 115.3 114.2 116.2 113.8 114.3 114.1 -0.2

Apparel

148.0 140.3 140.7 141.8 146.6 141.3 141.0 140.7 -0.3

Paper and paper products

378.1 379.2 377.1 374.8 377.6 376.9 376.1 374.5 -1.6

Printing and related support activities

459.4 449.8 446.9 443.9 457.6 448.1 445.0 442.9 -2.1

Petroleum and coal products

115.2 117.4 117.5 117.1 113.2 114.8 115.3 115.2 -0.1

Chemicals

786.4 800.6 796.6 792.0 785.1 796.0 793.2 791.5 -1.7

Plastics and rubber products

651.8 661.1 660.0 658.6 646.4 657.5 653.7 653.7 0.0

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

230.4 228.3 231.1 233.4 222.4 223.6 224.6 225.2 0.6

Private service-providing

93,837 96,085 96,192 95,841 93,715 95,498 95,641 95,741 100

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,495 25,960 26,003 26,007 25,550 25,968 26,015 26,075 60

Wholesale trade

5,688.7 5,802.5 5,798.3 5,792.6 5,691.2 5,768.8 5,777.9 5,794.0 16.1

Durable goods

2,838.6 2,884.8 2,884.5 2,878.3 2,838.2 2,867.1 2,872.6 2,878.3 5.7

Nondurable goods

1,974.6 2,019.5 2,014.0 2,016.5 1,976.7 2,007.8 2,009.0 2,017.7 8.7

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

875.5 898.2 899.8 897.8 876.3 893.9 896.3 898.0 1.7

Retail trade

14,786.5 15,192.4 15,227.7 15,147.0 14,876.2 15,190.8 15,222.7 15,243.5 20.8

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,747.9 1,795.1 1,797.2 1,798.2 1,735.4 1,776.3 1,780.9 1,785.0 4.1

Automobile dealers

1,102.0 1,130.4 1,133.6 1,137.7 1,096.8 1,123.7 1,127.3 1,131.5 4.2

Furniture and home furnishings stores

436.1 445.8 443.3 442.0 441.2 451.4 449.2 448.5 -0.7

Electronics and appliance stores

495.1 498.1 502.6 506.1 502.6 507.2 511.7 513.9 2.2

Building material and garden supply stores

1,154.5 1,228.6 1,207.7 1,189.1 1,167.6 1,194.1 1,196.4 1,201.3 4.9

Food and beverage stores

2,861.7 2,948.9 2,958.3 2,944.8 2,865.9 2,927.7 2,940.4 2,948.1 7.7

Health and personal care stores

1,001.4 1,025.4 1,029.4 1,030.0 1,005.3 1,028.8 1,032.2 1,035.4 3.2

Gasoline stations

846.6 875.4 873.9 867.6 840.5 861.3 860.1 861.6 1.5

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,389.9 1,437.1 1,462.6 1,420.5 1,412.7 1,455.6 1,458.1 1,450.9 -7.2

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

580.9 570.4 584.6 586.2 579.7 581.6 581.8 584.1 2.3

General merchandise stores(1)

3,018.0 3,108.4 3,107.9 3,099.2 3,072.8 3,140.5 3,146.3 3,153.1 6.8

Department stores

1,440.2 1,465.9 1,463.4 1,453.7 1,481.2 1,494.7 1,494.1 1,494.6 0.5

Miscellaneous store retailers

814.0 820.8 817.1 812.3 809.5 816.0 814.3 808.4 -5.9

Nonstore retailers

440.4 438.4 443.1 451.0 443.0 450.3 451.3 453.2 1.9

Transportation and warehousing

4,463.4 4,403.5 4,419.0 4,512.5 4,425.1 4,451.8 4,458.1 4,481.5 23.4

Air transportation

457.6 449.3 447.9 446.1 456.6 445.1 444.2 444.8 0.6

Rail transportation

228.2 231.1 230.3 230.3 228.2 230.8 229.3 230.8 1.5

Water transportation

64.4 65.0 64.6 63.2 63.2 62.7 62.1 62.0 -0.1

Truck transportation

1,378.2 1,401.6 1,409.5 1,405.0 1,356.1 1,383.1 1,383.1 1,384.1 1.0

Transit and ground passenger transportation

466.9 380.9 379.4 475.0 454.5 444.4 446.8 464.7 17.9

Pipeline transportation

44.3 45.6 45.4 45.1 44.2 45.2 45.2 45.0 -0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

32.1 33.9 33.2 31.2 27.3 25.8 25.9 26.3 0.4

Support activities for transportation

577.9 589.9 592.7 591.9 579.9 590.2 593.2 593.3 0.1

Couriers and messengers

523.2 517.0 523.1 525.4 527.5 533.2 535.1 534.8 -0.3

Warehousing and storage

690.6 689.2 692.9 699.3 687.6 691.3 693.2 695.7 2.5

Utilities

556.1 561.1 558.2 555.0 557.1 556.9 556.2 556.0 -0.2

Information

2,662 2,713 2,689 2,671 2,670 2,700 2,683 2,687 4

Publishing industries, except Internet

738.8 730.6 730.0 727.0 738.1 727.5 726.4 725.7 -0.7

Motion picture and sound recording industries

364.7 398.7 368.8 360.0 369.5 388.3 366.0 372.8 6.8

Broadcasting, except Internet

285.0 284.9 284.9 286.5 283.9 285.5 285.9 285.7 -0.2

Telecommunications

850.5 858.8 862.4 857.1 853.9 859.9 863.0 860.3 -2.7

Data processing, hosting and related services

248.3 254.9 255.2 254.3 249.4 255.3 255.5 255.7 0.2

Other information services

174.8 184.9 187.8 186.4 175.4 183.2 186.1 186.6 0.5

Financial activities

7,810 7,971 7,955 7,904 7,806 7,905 7,902 7,900 -2

Finance and insurance

5,838.6 5,930.0 5,918.2 5,892.7 5,848.0 5,909.6 5,906.6 5,902.2 -4.4

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.2 17.0 17.0 16.8 17.1 16.8 16.7 16.7 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,585.5 2,621.7 2,614.7 2,597.3 2,589.7 2,612.8 2,609.0 2,601.3 -7.7

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,733.8 1,739.5 1,734.3 1,721.8 1,738.3 1,731.8 1,729.8 1,727.3 -2.5

Commercial banking

1,314.0 1,306.5 1,300.6 1,291.6 1,317.9 1,301.1 1,297.6 1,295.9 -1.7

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

811.6 837.4 834.3 830.1 814.2 833.0 832.5 833.3 0.8

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,338.1 2,366.8 2,365.4 2,362.9 2,340.6 2,360.6 2,362.1 2,364.9 2.8

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

86.2 87.1 86.8 85.6 86.4 86.4 86.3 86.0 -0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,970.9 2,041.4 2,036.7 2,011.3 1,958.1 1,995.8 1,995.4 1,997.9 2.5

Real estate

1,426.8 1,479.1 1,476.6 1,458.3 1,419.3 1,451.2 1,450.0 1,451.0 1.0

Rental and leasing services

520.1 539.0 536.8 530.1 514.8 521.5 522.2 524.1 1.9

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.0 23.3 23.3 22.9 24.0 23.1 23.2 22.8 -0.4

Professional and business services

18,082 18,692 18,760 18,729 18,009 18,588 18,618 18,650 32

Professional and technical services(1)

7,859.1 8,116.1 8,107.3 8,065.1 7,941.3 8,133.2 8,142.1 8,148.4 6.3

Legal services

1,116.7 1,136.8 1,130.3 1,123.8 1,123.7 1,126.1 1,129.2 1,130.3 1.1

Accounting and bookkeeping services

839.7 873.2 873.6 870.4 916.5 943.9 945.6 946.3 0.7

Architectural and engineering services

1,335.4 1,373.9 1,371.4 1,361.6 1,327.5 1,354.0 1,353.5 1,354.3 0.8

Computer systems design and related services

1,634.9 1,705.2 1,706.5 1,703.0 1,638.3 1,698.4 1,702.8 1,707.3 4.5

Management and technical consulting services

1,132.3 1,197.0 1,196.1 1,191.1 1,133.5 1,191.4 1,191.3 1,192.8 1.5

Management of companies and enterprises

2,015.9 2,065.1 2,057.8 2,050.1 2,016.5 2,051.0 2,049.7 2,050.4 0.7

Administrative and waste services

8,206.9 8,510.9 8,595.3 8,613.7 8,051.1 8,403.7 8,426.5 8,450.8 24.3

Administrative and support services(1)

7,831.4 8,121.4 8,208.7 8,231.6 7,679.0 8,024.1 8,047.2 8,071.4 24.2

Employment services(1)

3,239.9 3,370.6 3,452.9 3,503.8 3,160.3 3,384.0 3,397.4 3,417.1 19.7

Temporary help services

2,590.1 2,685.5 2,759.3 2,823.5 2,521.4 2,707.9 2,729.1 2,749.3 20.2

Business support services

826.5 839.9 843.4 851.5 832.2 852.6 852.9 854.8 1.9

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,894.0 2,002.6 1,991.5 1,952.1 1,829.6 1,886.5 1,890.4 1,887.5 -2.9

Waste management and remediation services

375.5 389.5 386.6 382.1 372.1 379.6 379.3 379.4 0.1

Education and health services

20,326 20,344 20,422 20,678 20,412 20,685 20,746 20,760 14

Educational services

3,309.8 3,082.3 3,086.8 3,333.4 3,371.8 3,377.6 3,387.0 3,387.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance

17,016.1 17,261.3 17,335.4 17,344.1 17,040.4 17,307.5 17,358.9 17,372.6 13.7

Health care(3)

14,348.0 14,589.6 14,635.7 14,604.0 14,359.5 14,570.9 14,613.7 14,620.5 6.8

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,354.0 6,526.2 6,558.8 6,554.8 6,358.2 6,527.6 6,554.3 6,562.4 8.1

Offices of physicians

2,398.3 2,437.9 2,446.6 2,445.6 2,402.1 2,439.0 2,446.2 2,449.0 2.8

Outpatient care centers

656.9 694.4 698.0 700.6 660.3 694.7 698.5 703.2 4.7

Home health care services

1,213.8 1,281.9 1,293.1 1,294.6 1,211.1 1,284.7 1,293.7 1,294.7 1.0

Hospitals

4,799.3 4,836.6 4,835.9 4,827.0 4,803.3 4,826.7 4,831.7 4,832.0 0.3

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,194.7 3,226.8 3,241.0 3,222.2 3,198.0 3,216.6 3,227.7 3,226.1 -1.6

Nursing care facilities

1,663.5 1,660.6 1,670.7 1,661.0 1,663.2 1,656.4 1,665.4 1,661.1 -4.3

Social assistance(1)

2,668.1 2,671.7 2,699.7 2,740.1 2,680.9 2,736.6 2,745.2 2,752.1 6.9

Child day care services

860.2 781.9 808.6 854.5 859.2 848.9 852.7 852.5 -0.2

Leisure and hospitality

14,018 14,856 14,836 14,368 13,818 14,169 14,190 14,177 -13

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,032.4 2,334.9 2,292.3 2,080.1 1,970.0 2,023.7 2,023.7 2,021.4 -2.3

Performing arts and spectator sports

423.0 440.5 451.2 434.0 406.2 415.1 421.3 419.0 -2.3

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

137.9 148.4 144.7 139.6 135.7 134.7 134.4 137.6 3.2

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,471.5 1,746.0 1,696.4 1,506.5 1,428.1 1,473.9 1,468.0 1,464.8 -3.2

Accommodation and food services

11,986.0 12,521.0 12,543.4 12,287.6 11,848.3 12,145.7 12,165.9 12,155.1 -10.8

Accommodation

1,859.1 1,978.3 1,972.2 1,869.6 1,815.3 1,828.0 1,831.1 1,827.4 -3.7

Food services and drinking places

10,126.9 10,542.7 10,571.2 10,418.0 10,033.0 10,317.7 10,334.8 10,327.7 -7.1

Other services

5,444 5,549 5,527 5,484 5,450 5,483 5,487 5,492 5

Repair and maintenance

1,195.7 1,201.3 1,201.8 1,206.1 1,191.7 1,196.3 1,198.8 1,201.7 2.9

Personal and laundry services

1,316.8 1,346.0 1,345.4 1,343.4 1,316.3 1,337.5 1,338.7 1,342.9 4.2

Membership associations and organizations

2,931.4 3,002.1 2,979.5 2,934.8 2,941.9 2,949.4 2,949.6 2,947.5 -2.1

Government

21,793 20,531 20,755 21,771 21,945 21,826 21,858 21,880 22

Federal

2,816.0 2,753.0 2,741.0 2,729.0 2,810.0 2,736.0 2,729.0 2,723.0 -6.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,214.8 2,162.1 2,150.7 2,138.5 2,203.1 2,145.9 2,137.5 2,130.2 -7.3

U.S. Postal Service

601.6 591.0 590.3 590.1 607.2 590.2 591.4 592.8 1.4

State government

5,092.0 4,704.0 4,754.0 5,084.0 5,072.0 5,018.0 5,029.0 5,051.0 22.0

State government education

2,432.7 2,033.9 2,084.2 2,430.8 2,411.2 2,364.5 2,375.7 2,395.5 19.8

State government, excluding education

2,659.3 2,670.5 2,669.7 2,653.0 2,661.2 2,653.6 2,653.6 2,655.5 1.9

Local government

13,885.0 13,074.0 13,260.0 13,958.0 14,063.0 14,072.0 14,100.0 14,106.0 6.0

Local government education

7,618.4 6,553.6 6,800.1 7,682.7 7,796.1 7,786.4 7,818.2 7,827.7 9.5

Local government, excluding education

6,267.0 6,520.0 6,460.2 6,275.3 6,267.2 6,285.4 6,281.8 6,278.4 -3.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.4 34.5 34.5

Goods-producing

40.2 40.3 40.5 40.5

Mining and logging

43.5 44.0 44.0 44.2

Construction

38.9 38.8 39.1 39.2

Manufacturing

40.6 40.7 40.8 40.8

Durable goods

40.9 41.1 41.2 41.2

Nondurable goods

40.2 40.1 40.3 40.2

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.5 34.6 34.4

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.7 38.9 38.6

Retail trade

31.5 31.5 31.4 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.6 38.7 38.7

Utilities

41.8 42.2 42.4 42.5

Information

36.5 36.7 36.7 36.8

Financial activities

37.3 37.0 37.2 37.2

Professional and business services

36.1 36.0 36.1 36.1

Education and health services

32.9 32.8 32.8 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.0 25.9 26.0 26.0

Other services

31.5 31.6 31.7 31.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.2 3.4 3.4

Durable goods

3.1 3.2 3.4 3.4

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.3 3.4 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)
Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)

Total private

$23.60 $23.99 $24.06 $24.09 $814.20 $825.26 $830.07 $831.11

Goods-producing

24.77 25.19 25.27 25.33 995.75 1,015.16 1,023.44 1,025.87

Mining and logging

28.88 29.44 29.82 30.02 1,256.28 1,295.36 1,312.08 1,326.88

Construction

25.84 26.21 26.23 26.21 1,005.18 1,016.95 1,025.59 1,027.43

Manufacturing

23.97 24.38 24.46 24.54 973.18 992.27 997.97 1,001.23

Durable goods

25.38 25.80 25.85 25.93 1,038.04 1,060.38 1,065.02 1,068.32

Nondurable goods

21.57 21.94 22.07 22.12 867.11 879.79 889.42 889.22

Private service-providing

23.32 23.70 23.77 23.80 776.56 789.21 791.54 792.54

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.57 20.95 21.04 21.04 709.67 722.78 727.98 723.78

Wholesale trade

26.93 27.73 27.73 27.83 1,039.50 1,073.15 1,078.70 1,074.24

Retail trade

16.39 16.59 16.69 16.64 516.29 522.59 524.07 520.83

Transportation and warehousing

21.97 22.33 22.44 22.42 841.45 861.94 868.43 867.65

Utilities

34.50 35.21 35.18 35.31 1,442.10 1,485.86 1,491.63 1,500.68

Information

31.77 32.69 32.78 33.11 1,159.61 1,199.72 1,203.03 1,218.45

Financial activities

29.44 30.38 30.48 30.52 1,098.11 1,124.06 1,133.86 1,135.34

Professional and business services

28.14 28.43 28.49 28.49 1,015.85 1,023.48 1,028.49 1,028.49

Education and health services

24.31 24.62 24.70 24.68 799.80 807.54 810.16 811.97

Leisure and hospitality

13.40 13.50 13.54 13.56 348.40 349.65 352.04 352.56

Other services

20.98 21.29 21.34 21.43 660.87 672.76 676.48 675.05

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2013 - Sept.
2013(p)
Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2013 - Sept.
2013(p)

Total private

96.9 98.3 98.8 98.9 0.1 109.0 112.5 113.3 113.6 0.3

Goods-producing

84.3 85.5 86.0 86.1 0.1 94.4 97.4 98.2 98.6 0.4

Mining and logging

115.8 120.7 121.1 122.2 0.9 134.2 142.7 145.0 147.3 1.6

Construction

75.5 77.6 78.3 78.7 0.5 84.8 88.4 89.2 89.7 0.6

Manufacturing

87.1 87.5 87.8 87.8 0.0 97.1 99.2 99.9 100.2 0.3

Durable goods

86.0 86.8 87.2 87.3 0.1 96.9 99.4 100.1 100.6 0.5

Nondurable goods

89.5 89.1 89.3 89.0 -0.3 97.9 99.2 100.0 99.8 -0.2

Private service-providing

100.2 102.1 102.2 102.3 0.1 113.2 117.2 117.7 118.0 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

95.9 97.4 97.9 97.6 -0.3 106.1 109.9 110.9 110.5 -0.4

Wholesale trade

95.8 97.4 98.1 97.6 -0.5 107.7 112.7 113.5 113.3 -0.2

Retail trade

95.2 97.2 97.1 96.9 -0.2 103.1 106.6 107.1 106.6 -0.5

Transportation and warehousing

97.0 98.3 98.7 99.3 0.6 108.1 111.4 112.4 112.9 0.4

Utilities

100.8 101.7 102.0 102.2 0.2 114.8 118.3 118.6 119.3 0.6

Information

89.0 90.5 89.9 90.3 0.4 100.7 105.3 105.0 106.5 1.4

Financial activities

95.4 95.8 96.3 96.2 -0.1 109.5 113.5 114.5 114.6 0.1

Professional and business services

102.3 105.2 105.7 105.9 0.2 116.6 121.2 122.0 122.2 0.2

Education and health services

109.3 110.5 110.8 111.2 0.4 124.5 127.4 128.2 128.6 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

102.5 104.7 105.3 105.2 -0.1 110.8 114.0 115.0 115.1 0.1

Other services

95.1 96.0 96.4 95.9 -0.5 113.3 116.0 116.7 116.6 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)
Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)

Total nonfarm

66,211 67,154 67,302 67,378 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

53,716 54,696 54,816 54,844 47.9 47.9 48.0 47.9

Goods-producing

4,097 4,100 4,100 4,105 22.3 22.0 22.0 22.0

Mining and logging

113 116 117 117 13.3 13.3 13.4 13.3

Construction

729 742 744 747 12.9 12.8 12.8 12.8

Manufacturing

3,255 3,242 3,239 3,241 27.3 27.1 27.1 27.1

Durable goods

1,727 1,732 1,732 1,734 23.1 23.1 23.0 23.0

Nondurable goods

1,528 1,510 1,507 1,507 34.3 33.9 33.9 34.0

Private service-providing

49,619 50,596 50,716 50,739 52.9 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,314 10,561 10,595 10,619 40.4 40.7 40.7 40.7

Wholesale trade

1,706.2 1,714.9 1,721.7 1,729.5 30.0 29.7 29.8 29.8

Retail trade

7,437.1 7,661.2 7,689.1 7,696.1 50.0 50.4 50.5 50.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,031.9 1,047.0 1,047.1 1,055.3 23.3 23.5 23.5 23.5

Utilities

138.6 138.1 137.3 137.7 24.9 24.8 24.7 24.8

Information

1,070 1,073 1,070 1,070 40.1 39.7 39.9 39.8

Financial activities

4,536 4,550 4,543 4,542 58.1 57.6 57.5 57.5

Professional and business services

7,968 8,297 8,317 8,336 44.2 44.6 44.7 44.7

Education and health services

15,664 15,857 15,916 15,921 76.7 76.7 76.7 76.7

Leisure and hospitality

7,202 7,372 7,387 7,365 52.1 52.0 52.1 52.0

Other services

2,865 2,886 2,888 2,886 52.6 52.6 52.6 52.5

Government

12,495 12,458 12,486 12,534 56.9 57.1 57.1 57.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)

Total private

92,680 94,246 94,370 94,399

Goods-producing

13,250 13,373 13,388 13,405

Mining and logging

641 643 645 648

Construction

4,217 4,377 4,380 4,396

Manufacturing

8,392 8,353 8,363 8,361

Durable goods

5,143 5,140 5,157 5,159

Nondurable goods

3,249 3,213 3,206 3,202

Private service-providing

79,430 80,873 80,982 80,994

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,693 21,978 22,010 22,051

Wholesale trade

4,584.8 4,649.8 4,657.1 4,669.4

Retail trade

12,824.0 13,026.8 13,049.4 13,061.7

Transportation and warehousing

3,839.1 3,851.7 3,854.1 3,871.4

Utilities

444.8 449.8 449.5 448.5

Information

2,164 2,191 2,179 2,182

Financial activities

6,015 6,087 6,084 6,080

Professional and business services

14,907 15,383 15,415 15,426

Education and health services

17,894 18,136 18,185 18,192

Leisure and hospitality

12,203 12,526 12,534 12,488

Other services

4,554 4,572 4,575 4,575

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.6 33.7 33.7

Goods-producing

41.1 41.2 41.3 41.4

Mining and logging

46.0 46.0 46.0 46.4

Construction

39.4 39.5 39.6 39.8

Manufacturing

41.5 41.7 41.9 41.8

Durable goods

41.8 42.1 42.3 42.2

Nondurable goods

41.0 41.1 41.3 41.1

Private service-providing

32.4 32.3 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.6 33.6 33.7 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.6 38.7 38.5

Retail trade

30.3 30.1 30.3 30.1

Transportation and warehousing

38.0 38.4 38.5 38.7

Utilities

41.1 41.7 41.8 42.5

Information

35.7 35.8 35.9 35.9

Financial activities

36.7 36.5 36.6 36.7

Professional and business services

35.3 35.2 35.3 35.4

Education and health services

32.3 32.1 32.1 32.1

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 24.8 25.0 24.9

Other services

30.6 30.6 30.7 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.2 4.3 4.4 4.3

Durable goods

4.2 4.3 4.4 4.4

Nondurable goods

4.1 4.2 4.3 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)
Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)

Total private

$19.80 $20.16 $20.20 $20.24 $667.26 $677.38 $680.74 $682.09

Goods-producing

20.94 21.24 21.27 21.27 860.63 875.09 878.45 880.58

Mining and logging

25.74 26.67 26.85 27.04 1,184.04 1,226.82 1,235.10 1,254.66

Construction

24.01 24.26 24.18 24.14 945.99 958.27 957.53 960.77

Manufacturing

19.07 19.28 19.35 19.34 791.41 803.98 810.77 808.41

Durable goods

20.18 20.35 20.41 20.38 843.52 856.74 863.34 860.04

Nondurable goods

17.28 17.53 17.61 17.60 708.48 720.48 727.29 723.36

Private service-providing

19.56 19.94 19.97 20.02 633.74 644.06 647.03 648.65

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.45 17.72 17.77 17.82 586.32 595.39 598.85 598.75

Wholesale trade

22.23 22.64 22.66 22.72 858.08 873.90 876.94 874.72

Retail trade

13.83 14.00 14.03 14.09 419.05 421.40 425.11 424.11

Transportation and warehousing

19.49 19.78 19.98 19.89 740.62 759.55 769.23 769.74

Utilities

31.83 32.20 32.15 32.30 1,308.21 1,342.74 1,343.87 1,372.75

Information

27.16 27.70 27.88 27.90 969.61 991.66 1,000.89 1,001.61

Financial activities

22.96 24.09 24.17 24.23 842.63 879.29 884.62 889.24

Professional and business services

23.29 23.69 23.71 23.76 822.14 833.89 836.96 841.10

Education and health services

21.14 21.47 21.50 21.52 682.82 689.19 690.15 690.79

Leisure and hospitality

11.64 11.78 11.81 11.81 289.84 292.14 295.25 294.07

Other services

17.66 17.91 17.97 18.02 540.40 548.05 551.68 553.21

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2013 - Sept.
2013(p)
Sept.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013(p)
Sept.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Aug.
2013 - Sept.
2013(p)

Total private

104.2 105.7 106.1 106.2 0.1 137.8 142.3 143.2 143.5 0.2

Goods-producing

83.2 84.2 84.5 84.8 0.4 106.7 109.5 110.1 110.5 0.4

Mining and logging

156.7 157.2 157.7 159.8 1.3 234.6 243.8 246.2 251.3 2.1

Construction

83.2 86.6 86.8 87.6 0.9 107.9 113.4 113.4 114.2 0.7

Manufacturing

79.9 80.0 80.4 80.2 -0.2 99.7 100.8 101.8 101.5 -0.3

Durable goods

80.8 81.3 82.0 81.8 -0.2 101.8 103.3 104.4 104.1 -0.3

Nondurable goods

78.5 77.8 78.0 77.5 -0.6 95.8 96.4 97.1 96.4 -0.7

Private service-providing

109.8 111.5 112.0 112.0 0.0 147.2 152.3 153.3 153.7 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.6 102.9 103.4 103.3 -0.1 126.5 130.1 131.1 131.3 0.2

Wholesale trade

104.2 105.7 106.1 105.9 -0.2 136.5 141.0 141.7 141.7 0.0

Retail trade

98.4 99.3 100.1 99.5 -0.6 116.6 119.1 120.4 120.2 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing

109.8 111.3 111.7 112.8 1.0 135.8 139.7 141.6 142.3 0.5

Utilities

93.5 95.9 96.1 97.5 1.5 124.2 128.9 128.9 131.4 1.9

Information

88.2 89.5 89.3 89.4 0.1 118.6 122.8 123.2 123.5 0.2

Financial activities

103.9 104.6 104.8 105.0 0.2 146.8 155.0 155.9 156.6 0.4

Professional and business services

117.9 121.4 122.0 122.4 0.3 163.5 171.1 172.1 173.0 0.5

Education and health services

124.7 125.6 125.9 126.0 0.1 173.3 177.3 178.0 178.2 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

111.3 113.8 114.8 113.9 -0.8 147.1 152.2 153.9 152.8 -0.7

Other services

97.7 98.1 98.5 98.5 0.0 125.8 128.0 129.0 129.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: October 22, 2013