Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed            USDL-09-1331
until 8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, November 6, 2009

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- OCTOBER 2009


The unemployment rate rose from 9.8 to 10.2 percent in October, and nonfarm 
payroll employment continued to decline (-190,000), the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. The largest job losses over the month were in con-
struction, manufacturing, and retail trade.

Household Survey Data

In October, the number of unemployed persons increased by 558,000 to 15.7 
million. The unemployment rate rose by 0.4 percentage point to 10.2 percent, 
the highest rate since April 1983. Since the start of the recession in 
December 2007, the number of unemployed persons has risen by 8.2 million, 
and the unemployment rate has grown by 5.3 percentage points. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (10.7 per-
cent) and whites (9.5 percent) rose in October. The jobless rates for adult 
women (8.1 percent), teenagers (27.6 percent), blacks (15.7 percent), and
Hispanics (13.1 percent) were little changed over the month. The unemployment 
rate for Asians was 7.5 percent, not seasonally adjusted. (See tables A-1, 
A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) was 
little changed over the month at 5.6 million. In October, 35.6 percent of 
unemployed persons were jobless for 27 weeks or more. (See table A-9.)

The civilian labor force participation rate was little changed over the month 
at 65.1 percent. The employment-population ratio continued to decline in 
October, falling to 58.5 percent. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons working part time for economic reasons (sometimes refer-
red to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed in October at 9.3 
million. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been 
cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-5.)

About 2.4 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force in October, 
reflecting an increase of 736,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not sea-
sonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and 
were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. 
They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in 
the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-13.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 808,000 discouraged workers in October, 
up from 484,000 a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Dis-
couraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe 
no jobs are available for them. The other 1.6 million persons marginally attached 
to the labor force in October had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding 
the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment declined by 190,000 in October. In the most re-
cent 3 months, job losses have averaged 188,000 per month, compared with losses 
averaging 357,000 during the prior 3 months. In contrast, losses averaged 645,000 
per month from November 2008 to April 2009. Since December 2007, payroll employment 
has fallen by 7.3 million. (See table B-1.)

Construction employment decreased by 62,000 in October. Monthly job losses have 
averaged 67,000 during the most recent 6 months, compared with an average decline 
of 117,000 during the prior 6 months. October job losses were concentrated in 
nonresidential specialty trade contractors (-30,000) and in heavy construction 
(-14,000). Since December 2007, employment in construction has fallen by 1.6 mil-
lion.

Manufacturing continued to shed jobs (-61,000) in October, with losses in both 
durable and nondurable goods production. Over the past 4 months, job losses in 
manufacturing have averaged 51,000 per month, compared with an average monthly 
loss of 161,000 from October 2008 through June 2009. Manufacturing employment has 
fallen by 2.1 million since December 2007.

Retail trade lost 40,000 jobs in October. Employment declines were concentrated 
in sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores (-16,000) and in department 
stores (-11,000). Employment in transportation and warehousing decreased by 18,000 
in October.

Health care employment continued to increase in October (29,000). Since the start 
of the recession, health care has added 597,000 jobs.

Temporary help services has added 44,000 jobs since July, including 34,000 in 
October. From January 2008 through July 2009, temporary help services had lost 
an average of 44,000 jobs per month.

The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory workers on private nonfarm 
payrolls was unchanged at 33.0 hours in October. The manufacturing workweek rose 
by 0.1 hour to 40.0 hours, and factory overtime increased by 0.2 hour over the 
month. (See table B-2.)

In October, average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers on 
private nonfarm payrolls rose by 5 cents, or 0.3 percent, to $18.72. Over the past 
12 months, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.4 percent, while average weekly 
earnings have risen by only 0.9 percent due to declines in the average workweek. 
(See table B-3.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for August was revised from -201,000 
to -154,000, and the change for September was revised from -263,000 to -219,000.

_____________
The Employment Situation for November is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
December 4, 2009, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).
  
  
  
   
   
    ---------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                               |
   |   Upcoming Changes to The Employment Situation News Release   |
   |                                                               |
   |  Effective with the release of January 2010 data on February  |
   |  5, 2010, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics will introduce  |
   |  several changes to The Employment Situation news release     |
   |  text and tables. Two new summary tables--one for the house-  |
   |  hold survey and one for the establishment survey--will re-   |
   |  place the current table A. In addition, three new household  |
   |  data tables will provide information on the employment sta-  |
   |  tus of veterans, persons with a disability, and the foreign  |
   |  born. Also, the establishment data tables have been largely  |
   |  redesigned to include information on all employee hours and  |
   |  earnings, women workers, and production and nonsupervisory   |
   |  workers. The ordering and format of some tables also will    |
   |  change. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/  |
   |  bls/upcoming_empsit_changes.htm.                             |
   |                                                               |
    ---------------------------------------------------------------





Table A.  Major indicators of labor market activity, seasonally adjusted        
(Numbers in thousands)                                                          
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
                         |                 |                          |         
                         |    Quarterly    |                          |         
                         |     averages    |       Monthly data       | Sept.-  
        Category         |_________________|__________________________|  Oct.   
                         |        |        |        |        |        | change  
                         |   II   |  III   |  Aug.  |  Sept. |  Oct.  |         
                         |  2009  |  2009  |  2009  |  2009  |  2009  |         
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
     HOUSEHOLD DATA      |                 Labor force status                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Civilian labor force ....| 154,912| 154,362| 154,577| 154,006| 153,975|     -31 
  Employment ............| 140,591| 139,518| 139,649| 138,864| 138,275|    -589 
  Unemployment ..........|  14,321|  14,844|  14,928|  15,142|  15,700|     558 
Not in labor force ......|  80,547|  81,730|  81,509|  82,316|  82,575|     259 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                 Unemployment rates                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
All workers .............|     9.2|     9.6|     9.7|     9.8|    10.2|     0.4 
  Adult men .............|     9.7|    10.1|    10.1|    10.3|    10.7|      .4 
  Adult women ...........|     7.4|     7.7|     7.6|     7.8|     8.1|      .3 
  Teenagers .............|    22.7|    25.1|    25.5|    25.9|    27.6|     1.7 
  White .................|     8.4|     8.8|     8.9|     9.0|     9.5|      .5 
  Black or African       |        |        |        |        |        |         
    American ............|    14.9|    15.0|    15.1|    15.4|    15.7|      .3 
  Hispanic or Latino     |        |        |        |        |        |         
    ethnicity ...........|    12.0|    12.7|    13.0|    12.7|    13.1|      .4 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
  ESTABLISHMENT DATA     |                     Employment                       
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Nonfarm employment.......| 132,125|p131,235| 131,257|p131,038|p130,848|   p-190 
  Goods-producing (1)....|  19,041| p18,588|  18,583| p18,469| p18,340|   p-129 
    Construction ........|   6,303|  p6,095|   6,096|  p6,028|  p5,966|    p-62 
    Manufacturing .......|  12,008| p11,784|  11,781| p11,736| p11,675|    p-61 
  Service-providing (1)..| 113,084|p112,647| 112,674|p112,569|p112,508|    p-61 
      Retail trade (2)...|  14,814| p14,718|  14,726| p14,682| p14,642|    p-40 
    Professional and     |        |        |        |        |        |         
      business services .|  16,731| p16,621|  16,618| p16,621| p16,639|     p18 
    Education and health |        |        |        |        |        |         
      services ..........|  19,213| p19,301|  19,312| p19,329| p19,374|     p45 
    Leisure and          |        |        |        |        |        |         
      hospitality .......|  13,180| p13,167|  13,163| p13,161| p13,124|    p-37 
    Government ..........|  22,585| p22,470|  22,487| p22,447| p22,447|      p0 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                  Hours of work (3)                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|    33.1|   p33.1|    33.1|   p33.0|   p33.0|    p0.0 
  Manufacturing .........|    39.5|   p39.9|    39.9|   p39.9|   p40.0|     p.1 
    Overtime ............|     2.8|    p3.0|     3.0|    p3.0|    p3.2|     p.2 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |   Indexes of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)    
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|    99.7|   p98.9|    99.0|   p98.5|   p98.3|   p-0.2 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                     Earnings (3)                     
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
Average hourly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  $18.52| p$18.64|  $18.66| p$18.67| p$18.72|  p$0.05 
Average weekly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  612.50| p616.36|  617.65| p616.11| p617.76|   p1.65 
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                                                                                
   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.                           
   2 Quarterly averages and the over-the-month change are calculated using      
unrounded data.                                                                 
   3 Data relate to private production and nonsupervisory workers.              
   p = preliminary.                                                             




    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The
establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on
the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because
of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of
107,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey, while
the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household sur-
vey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive
scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

Neither the establishment nor household survey is designed to identify the
legal status of workers. Thus, while it is likely that both surveys include
at least some undocumented immigrants, it is not possible to determine how
many are counted in either survey. The household survey does include ques-
tions about whether respondents were born outside the United States. Data
from these questions show that foreign-born workers accounted for 15.6 per-
cent of the labor force in 2008.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at
the time of the initial publication of the estimates. The establishment
survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately suc-
ceeding 2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents
in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more informa-
tion on the monthly revisions, please visit www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revi-
sion that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available
from unemployment insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for
sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information on the
annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment
estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
  
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account 
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net 
jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of
the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sam-
pling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new
businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a
new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.
BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of house-
holds. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available
to work are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are in-
cluded even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or ques-
tion relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as
unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news release.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (establishment survey).  The household survey provides the informa-
tion on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the
A tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA.  It is a sample survey of about 60,000 house-
holds conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics
(BLS).

   The establishment survey provides the information on the employment,
hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls that appears in the 
B tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA.  This information is collected from
payroll records by BLS in cooperation with state agencies.  The sample 
includes about 160,000 businesses and government agencies covering ap-
proximately 400,000 individual worksites.  The active sample includes 
about one-third of all nonfarm payroll workers.  The sample is drawn 
from a sampling frame of unemployment insurance tax accounts.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month  relate to a particular week
or pay period.  In the household survey,  the reference week is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month.  In the establish-
ment survey, the reference  period is the pay period including the 12th,
which may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey.  The sample  is selected  to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population.  Based on responses to a series of
questions on work and job search activities, each person  16 years and over
in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the
labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, pro-
fession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours
in a family business or farm.  People are also counted as employed if they
were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad weather,
vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria:  They had no employment during the  reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week.  Persons laid off from  a job and expecting recall need not be
looking for work to be counted as unemployed.  The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and  unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor force.
The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the  labor
force.  The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a percent
of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the employed as a
percent of the population.
                                  
   Establishment survey.  The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities.  Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave.  Persons are counted in each job
they hold.  Hours and earnings data are for private businesses and relate
only to production workers in the goods-producing sector and nonsupervisory
workers in the service-providing sector.  Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Differences in employment estimates.  The numerous conceptual and method-
ological differences between the household and establishment surveys result
in important distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the sur-
veys.  Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, and private household workers among the employed.
These groups are excluded from the establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to  workers 16 years of age and older.
The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The  household survey has no duplication of individuals, because in-
dividuals  are counted only once, even if they hold more than one job. In
the establishment survey, employees working at more than one job  and thus
appearing on more than one payroll would be counted separately for each
appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the
levels of employment and unemployment undergo sharp fluctuations due to
such seasonal events as changes in weather, reduced or expanded production,
harvests, major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools.  The ef-
fect of such seasonal  variation can  be  very large; seasonal fluctua-
tions may account for as much as 95 percent of the month-to-month changes
in unemployment.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on statistical trends can be eliminated by ad-
justing the statistics from month to month.  These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in economic activity or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot.  For
example, the large number of youth entering the labor force each June is
likely to obscure any other changes that have taken place relative to May,
making it difficult to determine if the level of economic activity has risen
or declined.  However, because the effect of students finishing school in
previous years is known, the statistics for the current year can be adjusted
to allow for a comparable change.  Insofar as the seasonal adjustment is made
correctly, the adjusted figure provides a more useful tool with which to ana-
lyze changes in economic act

   Most seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the 
household and establishment surveys.  However, the adjusted series for many 
major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment in most super-
sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed by aggregating in-
dependently adjusted component series.  For example, total unemployment is 
derived by summing the adjusted series for four major age-sex components; 
this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be obtained by di-
rectly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or more 
detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated 
each month, using all relevant data, up to and including the data for the 
current month.  In the household survey, new seasonal factors are used to
adjust only the current month's data.  In the establishment survey, however, 
new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the three most recent 
monthly estimates.  In both surveys, revisions to historical data are made 
once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject
to both sampling and nonsampling error.  When a sample rather than the en-
tire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates
may differ from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample
selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the
estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 stand-
ard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling error.
BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total
employment from the household survey is on the order of plus or minus
430,000.  Suppose the estimate of total employment increases by 100,000
from one month to the next.  The 90-percent confidence interval on the
monthly change would range from -330,000 to 530,000 (100,000 +/- 430,000).
These figures do not mean that the sample results are off by these
magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent chance that the
"true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.  Since this range
includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
employment had, in fact, increased.  If, however, the reported employment
rise was half a million, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero.  In this case, it is likely
(at least a 90-percent chance) that an employment rise had, in fact, oc-
curred.  At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent con-
fidence interval for the monthly change in unemployment is about +/- 280,000, 
and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/- .19 
percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have
lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates
which are based on a small number of observations.  The precision of esti-
mates is also improved when the data are cumulated over time such as for
quarterly and annual averages.  The seasonal adjustment process can also im-
prove the stability of the monthly estimates.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling
error.  Nonsampling errors can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information for
all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to
provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
and errors made in the collection or processing of the data.
 
   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 
2 months are based on substantially incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables.  It is only after
two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is
the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new
firms.  To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, 
an estimation procedure with two components is used to account for business
births.  The first component uses business deaths to impute employment for
business births.  This is incorporated into the sample-based link relative
estimate procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out of busi-
ness, but imputing to them the same trend as the other firms in the sample.
The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the 
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation.  
The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was de-
rived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and 
reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over the past five 
years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and the
March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a
rough proxy for total survey error.  The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries.  Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.2 percent,
with a range from 0.1 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Ser-
vice:  (800) 877-8339.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-1.  Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Oct.     Sept.      Oct.      Oct.      June      July      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.  
                                                   2008     2009       2009      2008      2009      2009      2009     2009       2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                      TOTAL                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  234,612   236,322   236,550   234,612   235,655   235,870   236,087   236,322   236,550 
    Civilian labor force.......................  155,012   153,617   153,635   154,878   154,926   154,504   154,577   154,006   153,975 
          Participation rate...................     66.1      65.0      64.9      66.0      65.7      65.5      65.5      65.2      65.1 
      Employed.................................  145,543   139,079   139,088   144,657   140,196   140,041   139,649   138,864   138,275 
          Employment-population ratio..........     62.0      58.9      58.8      61.7      59.5      59.4      59.2      58.8      58.5 
      Unemployed...............................    9,469    14,538    14,547    10,221    14,729    14,462    14,928    15,142    15,700 
          Unemployment rate....................      6.1       9.5       9.5       6.6       9.5       9.4       9.7       9.8      10.2 
    Not in labor force.........................   79,601    82,706    82,915    79,734    80,729    81,366    81,509    82,316    82,575 
      Persons who currently want a job.........    4,800     5,650     5,621     5,065     5,884     5,990     5,609     5,922     5,995 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 16 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  113,546   114,411   114,530   113,546   114,060   114,173   114,288   114,411   114,530 
    Civilian labor force.......................   82,772    81,769    81,823    82,892    82,529    82,310    82,526    82,268    82,275 
          Participation rate...................     72.9      71.5      71.4      73.0      72.4      72.1      72.2      71.9      71.8 
      Employed.................................   77,428    73,435    73,361    76,938    73,777    73,703    73,519    73,180    72,857 
          Employment-population ratio..........     68.2      64.2      64.1      67.8      64.7      64.6      64.3      64.0      63.6 
      Unemployed...............................    5,344     8,335     8,462     5,954     8,751     8,607     9,007     9,088     9,418 
          Unemployment rate....................      6.5      10.2      10.3       7.2      10.6      10.5      10.9      11.0      11.4 
    Not in labor force.........................   30,775    32,642    32,707    30,654    31,532    31,863    31,761    32,143    32,255 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  104,869   105,780   105,906   104,869   105,412   105,530   105,651   105,780   105,906 
    Civilian labor force.......................   79,462    78,661    78,857    79,380    79,291    79,045    79,231    79,018    79,108 
          Participation rate...................     75.8      74.4      74.5      75.7      75.2      74.9      75.0      74.7      74.7 
      Employed.................................   74,865    71,225    71,260    74,292    71,387    71,319    71,204    70,887    70,671 
          Employment-population ratio..........     71.4      67.3      67.3      70.8      67.7      67.6      67.4      67.0      66.7 
      Unemployed...............................    4,598     7,437     7,596     5,088     7,904     7,726     8,027     8,131     8,437 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.8       9.5       9.6       6.4      10.0       9.8      10.1      10.3      10.7 
    Not in labor force.........................   25,407    27,119    27,050    25,489    26,121    26,485    26,420    26,762    26,798 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 16 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  121,066   121,911   122,020   121,066   121,594   121,696   121,799   121,911   122,020 
    Civilian labor force.......................   72,240    71,848    71,812    71,986    72,397    72,194    72,051    71,738    71,700 
          Participation rate...................     59.7      58.9      58.9      59.5      59.5      59.3      59.2      58.8      58.8 
      Employed.................................   68,115    65,644    65,727    67,720    66,419    66,339    66,131    65,684    65,418 
          Employment-population ratio..........     56.3      53.8      53.9      55.9      54.6      54.5      54.3      53.9      53.6 
      Unemployed...............................    4,125     6,203     6,085     4,267     5,978     5,855     5,920     6,054     6,282 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.7       8.6       8.5       5.9       8.3       8.1       8.2       8.4       8.8 
    Not in labor force.........................   48,826    50,064    50,207    49,080    49,197    49,503    49,748    50,174    50,320 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  112,633   113,522   113,636   112,633   113,189   113,296   113,405   113,522   113,636 
    Civilian labor force.......................   69,059    68,947    68,946    68,700    69,060    68,985    68,923    68,703    68,714 
          Participation rate...................     61.3      60.7      60.7      61.0      61.0      60.9      60.8      60.5      60.5 
      Employed.................................   65,439    63,398    63,541    64,975    63,810    63,789    63,662    63,318    63,152 
          Employment-population ratio..........     58.1      55.8      55.9      57.7      56.4      56.3      56.1      55.8      55.6 
      Unemployed...............................    3,620     5,549     5,404     3,725     5,249     5,196     5,261     5,385     5,562 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.2       8.0       7.8       5.4       7.6       7.5       7.6       7.8       8.1 
    Not in labor force.........................   43,575    44,575    44,690    43,933    44,130    44,311    44,481    44,819    44,922 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   17,110    17,020    17,008    17,110    17,053    17,044    17,031    17,020    17,008 
    Civilian labor force.......................    6,490     6,008     5,833     6,799     6,575     6,474     6,423     6,285     6,152 
          Participation rate...................     37.9      35.3      34.3      39.7      38.6      38.0      37.7      36.9      36.2 
      Employed.................................    5,239     4,456     4,287     5,390     4,999     4,933     4,783     4,659     4,452 
          Employment-population ratio..........     30.6      26.2      25.2      31.5      29.3      28.9      28.1      27.4      26.2 
      Unemployed...............................    1,251     1,552     1,546     1,408     1,576     1,541     1,640     1,626     1,700 
          Unemployment rate....................     19.3      25.8      26.5      20.7      24.0      23.8      25.5      25.9      27.6 
    Not in labor force.........................   10,620    11,012    11,175    10,311    10,478    10,570    10,608    10,735    10,856 

     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-2.  Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
      Employment status, race, sex, and age                                                                                              
                                                   Oct.     Sept.      Oct.      Oct.      June      July      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.  
                                                   2008     2009       2009      2008      2009      2009      2009     2009       2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                     WHITE                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  190,085   191,244   191,394   190,085   190,801   190,944   191,086   191,244   191,394 
    Civilian labor force.......................  126,311   125,311   125,339   126,298   126,199   125,997   126,118   125,599   125,694 
        Participation rate.....................     66.4      65.5      65.5      66.4      66.1      66.0      66.0      65.7      65.7 
      Employed.................................  119,389   114,496   114,469   118,722   115,202   115,123   114,922   114,251   113,803 
        Employment-population ratio............     62.8      59.9      59.8      62.5      60.4      60.3      60.1      59.7      59.5 
      Unemployed...............................    6,923    10,815    10,870     7,577    10,997    10,874    11,197    11,349    11,891 
        Unemployment rate......................      5.5       8.6       8.7       6.0       8.7       8.6       8.9       9.0       9.5 
    Not in labor force.........................   63,774    65,933    66,056    63,787    64,601    64,947    64,968    65,645    65,700 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   65,785    65,286    65,313    65,792    65,732    65,643    65,674    65,609    65,634 
        Participation rate.....................     76.2      75.1      75.0      76.2      75.8      75.6      75.6      75.4      75.4 
      Employed.................................   62,411    59,578    59,555    61,972    59,656    59,701    59,576    59,329    59,109 
        Employment-population ratio............     72.3      68.5      68.4      71.8      68.8      68.8      68.6      68.2      67.9 
      Unemployed...............................    3,374     5,708     5,758     3,821     6,076     5,941     6,098     6,281     6,525 
        Unemployment rate......................      5.1       8.7       8.8       5.8       9.2       9.1       9.3       9.6       9.9 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................   55,204    55,006    55,217    54,891    55,068    54,987    55,045    54,770    54,947 
        Participation rate.....................     60.9      60.3      60.5      60.6      60.5      60.4      60.4      60.0      60.2 
      Employed.................................   52,595    51,055    51,288    52,178    51,304    51,245    51,250    50,914    50,875 
        Employment-population ratio............     58.0      56.0      56.2      57.6      56.4      56.3      56.2      55.8      55.7 
      Unemployed...............................    2,610     3,951     3,928     2,714     3,765     3,742     3,796     3,856     4,072 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.7       7.2       7.1       4.9       6.8       6.8       6.9       7.0       7.4 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    5,321     5,019     4,809     5,615     5,400     5,367     5,399     5,220     5,113 
        Participation rate.....................     40.6      38.6      37.0      42.9      41.4      41.2      41.5      40.1      39.3 
      Employed.................................    4,383     3,863     3,626     4,572     4,243     4,176     4,096     4,008     3,819 
        Employment-population ratio............     33.5      29.7      27.9      34.9      32.5      32.0      31.5      30.8      29.4 
      Unemployed...............................      939     1,156     1,183     1,043     1,156     1,191     1,303     1,212     1,294 
        Unemployment rate......................     17.6      23.0      24.6      18.6      21.4      22.2      24.1      23.2      25.3 
                                                                                                                                         
           BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   27,982    28,330    28,369    27,982    28,217    28,252    28,290    28,330    28,369 
    Civilian labor force.......................   17,799    17,436    17,491    17,768    17,700    17,684    17,584    17,442    17,509 
        Participation rate.....................     63.6      61.5      61.7      63.5      62.7      62.6      62.2      61.6      61.7 
      Employed.................................   15,847    14,771    14,816    15,762    15,103    15,111    14,929    14,755    14,760 
        Employment-population ratio............     56.6      52.1      52.2      56.3      53.5      53.5      52.8      52.1      52.0 
      Unemployed...............................    1,952     2,665     2,675     2,006     2,597     2,573     2,655     2,687     2,749 
        Unemployment rate......................     11.0      15.3      15.3      11.3      14.7      14.5      15.1      15.4      15.7 
    Not in labor force.........................   10,183    10,894    10,879    10,214    10,517    10,568    10,706    10,888    10,860 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,005     7,785     7,909     7,961     7,929     7,896     7,921     7,809     7,897 
        Participation rate.....................     71.1      68.1      69.1      70.7      69.8      69.4      69.5      68.3      69.0 
      Employed.................................    7,083     6,583     6,603     7,019     6,633     6,645     6,578     6,518     6,544 
        Employment-population ratio............     62.9      57.6      57.7      62.3      58.4      58.4      57.7      57.0      57.2 
      Unemployed...............................      923     1,203     1,306       942     1,297     1,251     1,343     1,291     1,353 
        Unemployment rate......................     11.5      15.5      16.5      11.8      16.4      15.8      17.0      16.5      17.1 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    9,021     9,029     8,904     9,016     9,042     9,045     8,955     8,942     8,912 
        Participation rate.....................     64.3      63.5      62.5      64.2      63.8      63.8      63.1      62.9      62.6 
      Employed.................................    8,231     7,820     7,803     8,213     8,018     7,988     7,889     7,828     7,806 
        Employment-population ratio............     58.6      55.0      54.8      58.5      56.6      56.3      55.5      55.0      54.8 
      Unemployed...............................      791     1,209     1,100       804     1,024     1,057     1,066     1,114     1,106 
        Unemployment rate......................      8.8      13.4      12.4       8.9      11.3      11.7      11.9      12.5      12.4 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................      772       622       678       790       729       744       708       691       700 
        Participation rate.....................     28.8      23.2      25.3      29.4      27.1      27.7      26.4      25.8      26.2 
      Employed.................................      533       369       409       531       453       479       462       409       411 
        Employment-population ratio............     19.9      13.8      15.3      19.8      16.9      17.8      17.2      15.3      15.4 
      Unemployed...............................      239       253       269       260       276       265       246       282       289 
        Unemployment rate......................     30.9      40.7      39.7      32.9      37.9      35.7      34.7      40.8      41.3 
                                                                                                                                         
                     ASIAN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   10,791    10,826    10,841     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,141     7,097     7,051     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     66.2      65.6      65.0     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................    6,870     6,570     6,520     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     63.7      60.7      60.1     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      271       527       531     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................      3.8       7.4       7.5     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Not in labor force.........................    3,650     3,729     3,790     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   

     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     2 Data not available.
     NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. 
  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-3.  Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                   Oct.     Sept.      Oct.      Oct.      June      July      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.  
                                                   2008     2009       2009      2008      2009      2009      2009     2009       2009  
                                                                                                                                         
          HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   32,465    33,110    33,202    32,465    32,839    32,926    33,017    33,110    33,202 
    Civilian labor force.......................   22,190    22,413    22,481    22,187    22,347    22,526    22,341    22,469    22,497 
        Participation rate.....................     68.4      67.7      67.7      68.3      68.1      68.4      67.7      67.9      67.8 
      Employed.................................   20,327    19,680    19,688    20,232    19,623    19,745    19,433    19,625    19,555 
        Employment-population ratio............     62.6      59.4      59.3      62.3      59.8      60.0      58.9      59.3      58.9 
      Unemployed...............................    1,863     2,733     2,792     1,955     2,724     2,781     2,908     2,844     2,942 
        Unemployment rate......................      8.4      12.2      12.4       8.8      12.2      12.3      13.0      12.7      13.1 
    Not in labor force.........................   10,275    10,697    10,721    10,278    10,491    10,400    10,675    10,641    10,705 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force.......................   12,787    12,809    12,863     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     84.6      83.1      83.2     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................   11,838    11,297    11,333     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     78.3      73.3      73.3     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      949     1,512     1,531     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................      7.4      11.8      11.9     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force.......................    8,332     8,571     8,628     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     58.4      58.9      59.1     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................    7,721     7,655     7,718     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     54.1      52.6      52.9     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      611       916       909     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................      7.3      10.7      10.5     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force.......................    1,071     1,033       990     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     34.8      32.9      31.4     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................      768       729       637     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     24.9      23.2      20.2     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      303       305       353     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................     28.3      29.5      35.6     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   

     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     2 Data not available.
     NOTE:  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.  Updated population controls are introduced
  annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-4.  Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
             Educational attainment                                                                                                      
                                                   Oct.     Sept.      Oct.      Oct.      June      July      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.  
                                                   2008     2009       2009      2008      2009      2009      2009     2009       2009  
                                                                                                                                         
         Less than a high school diploma                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   12,137    12,262    11,849    12,390    12,363    12,461    12,360    12,303    12,182 
      Participation rate.......................     47.4      47.1      46.0      48.3      46.3      48.5      47.5      47.3      47.3 
    Employed...................................   11,007    10,580    10,194    11,106    10,447    10,537    10,432    10,462    10,289 
      Employment-population ratio..............     42.9      40.6      39.6      43.3      39.2      41.0      40.1      40.2      40.0 
    Unemployed.................................    1,130     1,682     1,655     1,284     1,916     1,925     1,928     1,841     1,893 
      Unemployment rate........................      9.3      13.7      14.0      10.4      15.5      15.4      15.6      15.0      15.5 
                                                                                                                                         
      High school graduates, no college (1)                                                                                              
  Civilian labor force.........................   38,571    37,957    37,729    38,428    38,694    38,362    38,184    38,098    37,898 
      Participation rate.......................     62.8      61.9      61.5      62.6      63.2      62.5      62.0      62.1      61.8 
    Employed...................................   36,314    34,147    33,884    35,939    34,898    34,760    34,469    33,994    33,659 
      Employment-population ratio..............     59.1      55.7      55.3      58.5      57.0      56.7      56.0      55.4      54.9 
    Unemployed.................................    2,257     3,810     3,846     2,489     3,796     3,602     3,715     4,105     4,239 
      Unemployment rate........................      5.9      10.0      10.2       6.5       9.8       9.4       9.7      10.8      11.2 
                                                                                                                                         
        Some college or associate degree                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   37,065    36,693    37,047    36,820    36,646    36,564    36,601    36,665    36,890 
      Participation rate.......................     72.0      70.6      71.1      71.5      71.0      70.6      71.2      70.6      70.8 
    Employed...................................   35,208    33,704    33,909    34,867    33,713    33,679    33,608    33,539    33,588 
      Employment-population ratio..............     68.4      64.9      65.1      67.7      65.3      65.1      65.4      64.5      64.5 
    Unemployed.................................    1,857     2,989     3,138     1,954     2,933     2,885     2,993     3,126     3,303 
      Unemployment rate........................      5.0       8.1       8.5       5.3       8.0       7.9       8.2       8.5       9.0 
                                                                                                                                         
        Bachelor's degree and higher (2)                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   45,639    45,958    46,550    45,454    45,527    45,691    45,840    45,928    46,302 
      Participation rate.......................     78.0      77.4      77.8      77.7      77.7      76.8      77.0      77.4      77.4 
    Employed...................................   44,257    43,676    44,431    44,044    43,368    43,546    43,686    43,696    44,110 
      Employment-population ratio..............     75.6      73.6      74.3      75.3      74.1      73.2      73.4      73.6      73.7 
    Unemployed.................................    1,382     2,283     2,120     1,410     2,158     2,145     2,154     2,231     2,192 
      Unemployment rate........................      3.0       5.0       4.6       3.1       4.7       4.7       4.7       4.9       4.7 

    1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
    2 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees. 
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-5.  Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status

  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                    Category                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Oct.     Sept.      Oct.      Oct.      June      July      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.  
                                                   2008     2009       2009      2008      2009      2009      2009     2009       2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                 CLASS OF WORKER                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
  Agriculture and related industries...........    2,203     2,073     2,049     2,177     2,165     2,148     2,103     2,010     2,039 
    Wage and salary workers....................    1,328     1,256     1,281     1,313     1,232     1,230     1,247     1,179     1,249 
    Self-employed workers......................      853       805       748       827       896       876       830       808       738 
    Unpaid family workers......................       23        12        19     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries...................  143,340   137,006   137,039   142,566   137,812   137,675   137,358   136,795   136,245 
    Wage and salary workers....................  134,388   127,769   128,093   133,694   128,939   128,939   128,285   127,712   127,350 
      Government...............................   21,720    20,954    21,375    21,539    21,446    21,367    21,133    21,002    21,192 
      Private industries.......................  112,668   106,816   106,719   112,170   107,498   107,591   107,219   106,779   106,230 
        Private households.....................      840       790       702     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
        Other industries.......................  111,828   106,026   106,016   111,279   106,631   106,728   106,375   105,990   105,470 
    Self-employed workers......................    8,882     9,154     8,879     8,852     8,891     8,801     9,034     9,010     8,929 
    Unpaid family workers......................       69        83        67     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                         
          PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                         
  All industries:                                                                                                                        
    Part time for economic reasons.............    6,267     8,255     8,474     6,848     8,989     8,798     9,076     9,179     9,284 
      Slack work or business conditions........    4,548     6,101     6,309     4,953     6,783     6,849     6,941     6,960     7,013 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,466     1,918     1,955     1,514     1,980     1,835     2,044     2,025     2,042 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   19,541    18,898    19,135    19,083    18,718    19,018    18,814    18,621    18,714 
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries:                                                                                                            
    Part time for economic reasons.............    6,157     8,134     8,350     6,742     8,845     8,647     8,945     9,004     9,194 
      Slack work or business conditions........    4,460     5,998     6,203     4,889     6,699     6,733     6,844     6,734     6,907 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,457     1,910     1,947     1,499     1,969     1,776     2,020     2,021     2,022 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   19,197    18,574    18,819    18,808    18,358    18,621    18,436    18,285    18,393 

     1 Data not available.
     2 Persons at work excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs during the entire reference week for reasons such as
  vacation, illness, or industrial dispute.  Part time for noneconomic reasons excludes persons who usually work full time but worked
  only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as holidays, illness, and bad weather.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-6.  Selected employment indicators

  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Oct.     Sept.      Oct.      Oct.      June      July      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.  
                                                   2008     2009       2009      2008      2009      2009      2009     2009       2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................  145,543   139,079   139,088   144,657   140,196   140,041   139,649   138,864   138,275 
    16 to 19 years.............................    5,239     4,456     4,287     5,390     4,999     4,933     4,783     4,659     4,452 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,930     1,582     1,400     1,933     1,732     1,718     1,715     1,623     1,428 
      18 to 19 years...........................    3,309     2,874     2,887     3,469     3,251     3,225     3,057     3,075     3,044 
    20 years and over..........................  140,303   134,623   134,802   139,267   135,197   135,108   134,866   134,206   133,823 
      20 to 24 years...........................   13,517    12,516    12,385    13,528    12,774    12,790    12,749    12,669    12,431 
      25 years and over........................  126,786   122,106   122,417   125,833   122,539   122,455   122,148   121,629   121,444 
        25 to 54 years.........................   99,467    94,802    95,001    98,803    95,391    95,297    94,992    94,404    94,269 
          25 to 34 years.......................   31,369    29,921    30,072    31,122    30,018    30,079    29,970    29,796    29,802 
          35 to 44 years.......................   33,355    31,413    31,144    33,176    31,734    31,613    31,500    31,270    30,966 
          45 to 54 years.......................   34,743    33,468    33,784    34,505    33,639    33,606    33,522    33,338    33,501 
        55 years and over......................   27,319    27,305    27,416    27,029    27,147    27,158    27,156    27,225    27,175 
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................   77,428    73,435    73,361    76,938    73,777    73,703    73,519    73,180    72,857 
    16 to 19 years.............................    2,563     2,210     2,101     2,646     2,390     2,383     2,314     2,293     2,185 
      16 to 17 years...........................      881       775       671       895       821       826       838       792       689 
      18 to 19 years...........................    1,683     1,435     1,430     1,751     1,576     1,562     1,473     1,504     1,490 
    20 years and over..........................   74,865    71,225    71,260    74,292    71,387    71,319    71,204    70,887    70,671 
      20 to 24 years...........................    6,954     6,371     6,224     6,974     6,582     6,546     6,511     6,431     6,263 
      25 years and over........................   67,911    64,854    65,037    67,372    64,855    64,828    64,727    64,484    64,446 
        25 to 54 years.........................   53,470    50,506    50,689    53,090    50,640    50,600    50,544    50,215    50,222 
          25 to 34 years.......................   17,213    16,255    16,405    17,064    16,194    16,231    16,222    16,111    16,210 
          35 to 44 years.......................   18,073    16,863    16,763    17,962    16,926    16,898    16,839    16,764    16,634 
          45 to 54 years.......................   18,184    17,387    17,520    18,065    17,520    17,470    17,482    17,340    17,378 
        55 years and over......................   14,441    14,348    14,348    14,282    14,214    14,228    14,183    14,269    14,225 
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................   68,115    65,644    65,727    67,720    66,419    66,339    66,131    65,684    65,418 
    16 to 19 years.............................    2,676     2,246     2,186     2,744     2,609     2,550     2,468     2,366     2,266 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,050       807       729     1,038       911       892       877       830       739 
      18 to 19 years...........................    1,626     1,439     1,457     1,718     1,675     1,663     1,584     1,571     1,555 
    20 years and over..........................   65,439    63,398    63,541    64,975    63,810    63,789    63,662    63,318    63,152 
      20 to 24 years...........................    6,563     6,145     6,161     6,553     6,193     6,244     6,238     6,238     6,167 
      25 years and over........................   58,876    57,253    57,380    58,460    57,684    57,627    57,421    57,146    56,998 
        25 to 54 years.........................   45,998    44,295    44,312    45,713    44,751    44,697    44,448    44,189    44,047 
          25 to 34 years.......................   14,157    13,666    13,667    14,058    13,825    13,847    13,748    13,685    13,592 
          35 to 44 years.......................   15,281    14,549    14,381    15,215    14,808    14,714    14,661    14,506    14,332 
          45 to 54 years.......................   16,559    16,081    16,264    16,440    16,118    16,136    16,040    15,999    16,124 
        55 years and over......................   12,878    12,957    13,069    12,747    12,933    12,929    12,973    12,956    12,951 
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................   45,947    43,762    43,510    45,787    44,294    43,992    43,943    43,716    43,388 
  Married women, spouse present................   35,831    34,924    34,822    35,590    35,464    35,377    35,199    34,857    34,754 
  Women who maintain families..................    9,431     8,866     8,786     (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)   
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (2) .......................  120,020   111,991   111,599   119,304   112,942   112,598   112,262   111,448   110,852 
  Part-time workers (3) .......................   25,523    27,088    27,489    25,452    27,374    27,799    27,600    27,479    27,529 
                                                                                                                                         
               MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total multiple jobholders....................    7,817     7,098     7,224     7,551     7,160     7,284     7,099     7,060     7,027 
      Percent of total employed................      5.4       5.1       5.2       5.2       5.1       5.2       5.1       5.1       5.1 

     1 Data not available.
     2 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
     3 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-7.  Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                          Number of                                                                      
                                                      unemployed persons                         Unemployment rates (1)                  
                                                        (in thousands)                                                                   
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Oct.     Sept.      Oct.      Oct.      June      July      Aug.     Sept.      Oct.  
                                                   2008     2009       2009      2008      2009      2009      2009     2009       2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................   10,221    15,142    15,700      6.6       9.5       9.4       9.7       9.8      10.2  
    16 to 19 years.............................    1,408     1,626     1,700     20.7      24.0      23.8      25.5      25.9      27.6  
      16 to 17 years...........................      582       619       613     23.1      25.1      25.4      26.4      27.6      30.0  
      18 to 19 years...........................      782       984     1,048     18.4      23.7      23.0      25.0      24.2      25.6  
    20 years and over..........................    8,813    13,516    14,000      6.0       8.9       8.7       9.0       9.1       9.5  
      20 to 24 years...........................    1,612     2,215     2,298     10.6      15.2      15.3      15.1      14.9      15.6  
      25 years and over........................    7,092    11,402    11,612      5.3       8.2       8.1       8.3       8.6       8.7  
        25 to 54 years.........................    5,795     9,467     9,528      5.5       8.5       8.4       8.7       9.1       9.2  
          25 to 34 years.......................    2,245     3,522     3,597      6.7      10.1      10.0      10.4      10.6      10.8  
          35 to 44 years.......................    1,887     3,033     3,075      5.4       8.1       7.9       8.1       8.8       9.0  
          45 to 54 years.......................    1,662     2,913     2,856      4.6       7.3       7.4       7.7       8.0       7.9  
        55 years and over......................    1,290     1,992     2,055      4.6       7.0       6.7       6.8       6.8       7.0  
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................    5,954     9,088     9,418      7.2      10.6      10.5      10.9      11.0      11.4  
    16 to 19 years.............................      866       957       981     24.7      26.2      27.0      29.8      29.5      31.0  
      16 to 17 years...........................      336       349       347     27.3      25.8      27.7      29.8      30.6      33.5  
      18 to 19 years...........................      486       592       602     21.7      26.9      27.0      29.8      28.3      28.8  
    20 years and over..........................    5,088     8,131     8,437      6.4      10.0       9.8      10.1      10.3      10.7  
      20 to 24 years...........................    1,037     1,307     1,432     12.9      17.2      17.1      16.8      16.9      18.6  
      25 years and over........................    3,972     6,930     6,946      5.6       9.2       9.0       9.5       9.7       9.7  
        25 to 54 years.........................    3,264     5,813     5,749      5.8       9.5       9.5      10.0      10.4      10.3  
          25 to 34 years.......................    1,295     2,212     2,110      7.1      11.4      11.1      11.5      12.1      11.5  
          35 to 44 years.......................    1,057     1,796     1,878      5.6       8.9       8.9       9.5       9.7      10.1  
          45 to 54 years.......................      913     1,805     1,761      4.8       8.5       8.5       9.0       9.4       9.2  
        55 years and over......................      708     1,117     1,197      4.7       7.7       7.4       7.5       7.3       7.8  
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................    4,267     6,054     6,282      5.9       8.3       8.1       8.2       8.4       8.8  
    16 to 19 years.............................      542       669       719     16.5      21.8      20.5      21.1      22.0      24.1  
      16 to 17 years...........................      247       269       265     19.2      24.4      23.2      22.9      24.5      26.4  
      18 to 19 years...........................      296       392       446     14.7      20.4      18.8      19.9      20.0      22.3  
    20 years and over..........................    3,725     5,385     5,562      5.4       7.6       7.5       7.6       7.8       8.1  
      20 to 24 years...........................      575       908       866      8.1      12.8      13.3      13.2      12.7      12.3  
      25 years and over........................    3,120     4,472     4,666      5.1       7.0       6.9       7.0       7.3       7.6  
        25 to 54 years.........................    2,530     3,654     3,779      5.2       7.2       7.1       7.2       7.6       7.9  
          25 to 34 years.......................      951     1,310     1,488      6.3       8.5       8.7       9.1       8.7       9.9  
          35 to 44 years.......................      831     1,237     1,197      5.2       7.2       6.7       6.5       7.9       7.7  
          45 to 54 years.......................      749     1,108     1,095      4.4       6.0       6.0       6.3       6.5       6.4  
        55 years and over (2) .................      579       876       853      4.3       6.4       7.1       6.7       6.3       6.1  
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................    1,970     3,474     3,565      4.1       6.9       6.9       7.1       7.4       7.6  
  Married women, spouse present................    1,545     2,131     2,196      4.2       5.6       5.5       5.4       5.8       5.9  
  Women who maintain families (2) ..............     906     1,166     1,299      8.8      11.7      12.6      12.2      11.6      12.9  
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (3) .......................    8,659    13,338    13,901      6.8      10.3      10.1      10.5      10.7      11.1  
  Part-time workers (4) .......................    1,534     1,879     1,798      5.7       5.9       6.0       6.3       6.4       6.1  

     1 Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force.
     2 Not seasonally adjusted.
     3 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff
  from full-time jobs.
     4 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on
  layoff from part-time jobs.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-8.  Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                     Reason                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Oct.      Sept.     Oct.      Oct.      June      July      Aug.      Sept.     Oct.  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
              NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                   
   temporary jobs..............................    5,138     9,170     9,176     5,811     9,649     9,560     9,818    10,421    10,550 
    On temporary layoff........................      938     1,283     1,177     1,367     1,762     1,680     1,718     1,916     1,737 
    Not on temporary layoff....................    4,199     7,887     7,999     4,443     7,886     7,880     8,100     8,506     8,812 
      Permanent job losers.....................    3,243     6,474     6,564      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
      Persons who completed temporary jobs.....      956     1,413     1,435      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
  Job leavers..................................      965       955       938       946       822       885       829       864       906 
  Reentrants...................................    2,582     3,285     3,376     2,650     3,335     3,312     3,307     3,255     3,433 
  New entrants.................................      783     1,127     1,058       825       947       967     1,085     1,112     1,090 
                                                                                                                                         
              PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total unemployed.............................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................     54.3      63.1      63.1      56.8      65.4      64.9      65.3      66.6      66.0 
     On temporary layoff.......................      9.9       8.8       8.1      13.4      11.9      11.4      11.4      12.2      10.9 
     Not on temporary layoff...................     44.3      54.3      55.0      43.4      53.5      53.5      53.9      54.3      55.1 
   Job leavers.................................     10.2       6.6       6.4       9.2       5.6       6.0       5.5       5.5       5.7 
   Reentrants..................................     27.3      22.6      23.2      25.9      22.6      22.5      22.0      20.8      21.5 
   New entrants................................      8.3       7.8       7.3       8.1       6.4       6.6       7.2       7.1       6.8 
                                                                                                                                         
         UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE                                                                                                  
                 CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................      3.3       6.0       6.0       3.8       6.2       6.2       6.4       6.8       6.9 
   Job leavers.................................       .6        .6        .6        .6        .5        .6        .5        .6        .6 
   Reentrants..................................      1.7       2.1       2.2       1.7       2.2       2.1       2.1       2.1       2.2 
   New entrants................................       .5        .7        .7        .5        .6        .6        .7        .7        .7 

    1 Data not available.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-9.  Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Duration                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Oct.      Sept.     Oct.      Oct.      June      July      Aug.      Sept.     Oct.  
                                                             2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                                   
                   NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Less than 5 weeks......................................    2,924     2,847     2,956     3,108     3,204     3,233     3,026     2,966     3,147 
  5 to 14 weeks..........................................    2,708     3,558     3,183     3,055     4,066     3,557     4,120     3,910     3,717 
  15 weeks and over......................................    3,837     8,133     8,408     4,109     7,833     7,880     7,816     8,380     8,834 
     15 to 26 weeks......................................    1,606     2,671     2,883     1,834     3,452     2,916     2,828     2,942     3,240 
     27 weeks and over...................................    2,230     5,462     5,526     2,275     4,381     4,965     4,988     5,438     5,594 
                                                                                                                                                   
  Average (mean) duration, in weeks......................     20.4      27.2      28.1      19.8      24.5      25.1      24.9      26.2      26.9 
  Median duration, in weeks..............................     10.6      18.1      19.3      10.6      17.9      15.7      15.4      17.3      18.7 
                                                                                                                                                   
                   PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total unemployed.......................................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
    Less than 5 weeks....................................     30.9      19.6      20.3      30.3      21.2      22.0      20.2      19.4      20.0 
    5 to 14 weeks........................................     28.6      24.5      21.9      29.7      26.9      24.2      27.5      25.6      23.7 
    15 weeks and over....................................     40.5      55.9      57.8      40.0      51.9      53.7      52.2      54.9      56.3 
      15 to 26 weeks.....................................     17.0      18.4      19.8      17.9      22.9      19.9      18.9      19.3      20.6 
      27 weeks and over..................................     23.6      37.6      38.0      22.1      29.0      33.8      33.3      35.6      35.6 

    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-10.  Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                               Unemployment        
                                                                     Employed                     Unemployed                      rates            
                                                                                                                                                   
                        Occupation                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Oct.           Oct.            Oct.           Oct.            Oct.           Oct.   
                                                               2008           2009            2008           2009            2008           2009   
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total, 16 years and over (1)......................     145,543        139,088          9,469         14,547            6.1            9.5   
  Management, professional, and related occupations......      53,485         52,981          1,647          2,593            3.0            4.7   
    Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                                 
     occupations.........................................      22,422         21,398            695          1,219            3.0            5.4   
    Professional and related occupations.................      31,063         31,583            952          1,374            3.0            4.2   
  Service occupations....................................      24,697         24,323          1,812          2,705            6.8           10.0   
  Sales and office occupations...........................      35,369         33,043          2,205          3,415            5.9            9.4   
    Sales and related occupations........................      16,380         15,294          1,056          1,608            6.1            9.5   
    Office and administrative support occupations........      18,990         17,748          1,149          1,806            5.7            9.2   
  Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                                 
   occupations...........................................      14,861         13,133          1,421          2,400            8.7           15.5   
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...........         976            936            102            144            9.5           13.3   
    Construction and extraction occupations..............       8,644          7,604          1,037          1,797           10.7           19.1   
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations....       5,240          4,593            282            459            5.1            9.1   
  Production, transportation, and material moving                                                                                                  
   occupations...........................................      17,131         15,610          1,566          2,337            8.4           13.0   
    Production occupations...............................       8,661          7,486            844          1,269            8.9           14.5   
    Transportation and material moving occupations.......       8,470          8,124            722          1,068            7.9           11.6   

    1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
    NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
 



  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                   HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-11.  Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                           Number of                                                             
                                                                           unemployed                                 Unemployment               
                                                                            persons                                      rates                   
               Industry and class of worker                              (in thousands)                                                          
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                   Oct.                  Oct.                   Oct.                  Oct.       
                                                                   2008                  2009                   2008                  2009       
                                                                                                                                                 
         Total, 16 years and over (1) ...................          9,469                14,547                   6.1                   9.5       
  Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers........          7,641                11,929                   6.4                  10.1       
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction........             15                    84                   1.7                  10.8       
    Construction.........................................          1,078                 1,744                  10.8                  18.7       
    Manufacturing........................................          1,007                 1,884                   6.2                  12.2       
      Durable goods......................................            616                 1,265                   5.9                  12.9       
      Nondurable goods...................................            390                   618                   6.7                  10.9       
    Wholesale and retail trade...........................          1,313                 1,919                   6.3                   9.6       
    Transportation and utilities.........................            316                   480                   5.7                   8.6       
    Information..........................................            168                   261                   5.0                   8.2       
    Financial activities.................................            434                   646                   4.5                   7.0       
    Professional and business services...................          1,052                 1,488                   7.5                  10.3       
    Education and health services........................            797                 1,280                   3.9                   6.0       
    Leisure and hospitality..............................          1,126                 1,604                   8.9                  12.4       
    Other services.......................................            334                   541                   5.3                   8.5       
  Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers             97                   166                   7.1                  11.8       
  Government workers.....................................            552                   785                   2.5                   3.5       
  Self employed and unpaid family workers................            396                   610                   3.9                   5.9       

     1 Persons with no previous work experience are included in the unemployed total.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.  Effective with January 2009 data, industries
  reflect the introduction of the 2007 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey.  This industry classification
  system is derived from the 2007 North American Industry Classification System.  No historical data have been revised.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                            HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-12.  Alternative measures of labor underutilization

  (Percent)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Not seasonally adjusted                   Seasonally adjusted                 
                                                                                                                                          
                          Measure                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Oct.     Sept.    Oct.     Oct.     June     July     Aug.     Sept.    Oct.  
                                                            2008     2009     2009     2008     2009     2009     2009     2009     2009  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent                                                                                 
       of the civilian labor force.......................    2.5      5.3      5.5      2.7      5.1      5.1      5.1      5.4      5.7  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary                                                                                      
       jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force....    3.3      6.0      6.0      3.8      6.2      6.2      6.4      6.8      6.9  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                      
       labor force (official unemployment rate)..........    6.1      9.5      9.5      6.6      9.5      9.4      9.7      9.8     10.2  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a                                                                                     
       percent of the civilian labor force plus                                                                                           
       discouraged workers...............................    6.4      9.9      9.9      6.9     10.0      9.8     10.1     10.2     10.7  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus                                                                                    
       all other marginally attached workers, as a                                                                                        
       percent of the civilian labor force plus all                                                                                       
       marginally attached workers.......................    7.1     10.8     10.8      7.6     10.8     10.7     11.0     11.1     11.6  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-6 Total unemployed, plus all marginally attached                                                                                      
       workers, plus total employed part time for                                                                                         
       economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                     
       labor force plus all marginally attached workers..   11.1     16.1     16.3     12.0     16.5     16.3     16.8     17.0     17.5  

     NOTE:  Marginally attached workers are persons who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and
  are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the recent past.  Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached,
  have given a job-market related reason for not looking currently for a job.  Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those
  who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule.  For more information, see "BLS
  introduces new range of alternative unemployment measures," in the October 1995 issue of the Monthly Labor Review.  Updated population
  controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-13.  Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted

  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                      Total                         Men                          Women             
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Category                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Oct.           Oct.           Oct.           Oct.           Oct.           Oct.     
                                                               2008           2009           2008           2009           2008           2009     
                                                                                                                                                   
                  NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total not in the labor force...........................     79,601         82,915         30,775         32,707         48,826         50,207    
   Persons who currently want a job......................      4,800          5,621          2,146          2,711          2,655          2,910    
     Marginally attached to the labor force (1) .........      1,637          2,373            872          1,287            765          1,086    
       Reason not currently looking:                                                                                                               
         Discouragement over job prospects (2) ..........        484            808            323            500            161            309    
         Reasons other than discouragement (3) ..........      1,153          1,565            550            787            603            778    
                                                                                                                                                   
                    MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total multiple jobholders (4) .........................      7,817          7,224          3,957          3,579          3,859          3,645    
      Percent of total employed..........................        5.4            5.2            5.1            4.9            5.7            5.5    
                                                                                                                                                   
      Primary job full time, secondary job part time.....      4,281          3,931          2,376          2,147          1,905          1,784    
      Primary and secondary jobs both part time..........      1,923          1,804            659            624          1,264          1,180    
      Primary and secondary jobs both full time..........        288            240            193            155             95             85    
      Hours vary on primary or secondary job.............      1,269          1,217            698            640            572            577    

     1 Data refer to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available to take a job during the reference week.
     2 Includes thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of
  discrimination.
     3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and
  transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
     4 Includes persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-1.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail

(In thousands)


                                         Not seasonally adjusted                    Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                           Change
           Industry                Oct.     Aug.    Sept.    Oct.      Oct.     June     July     Aug.    Sept.    Oct.     from:
                                   2008     2009    2009p    2009p     2008     2009     2009     2009    2009p    2009p  Sept. 2009-
                                                                                                                          Oct. 2009p

          Total nonfarm......... 137,492  131,046  131,399  132,040  136,352  131,715  131,411  131,257  131,038  130,848     -190

        Total private........... 114,573  109,735  109,143  109,223  113,813  109,182  108,936  108,770  108,591  108,401     -190

    Goods-producing.............  21,375   18,991   18,842   18,698   21,063   18,829   18,713   18,583   18,469   18,340     -129

Mining and logging..............     805      717      716      708      794      721      715      706      705      699       -6
   Logging......................    59.8     52.9     54.1     53.2     56.6     51.4     51.1     51.2     51.4     50.3     -1.1
 Mining.........................   745.0    664.0    662.3    654.8    737.7    669.3    663.8    655.1    653.5    648.2     -5.3
  Oil and gas extraction........   166.6    166.7    166.5    164.7    166.5    166.9    165.5    165.2    165.9    164.9     -1.0
  Mining, except oil and gas (1)   236.5    221.8    220.2    216.2    230.5    217.4    215.6    214.3    214.1    210.9     -3.2
   Coal mining..................    83.9     79.2     78.5     77.2     83.1     80.3     79.0     78.9     78.6     76.9     -1.7
  Support activities for mining.   341.9    275.5    275.6    273.9    340.7    285.0    282.7    275.6    273.5    272.4     -1.1

Construction....................   7,307    6,401    6,280    6,215    7,066    6,231    6,162    6,096    6,028    5,966      -62
  Construction of buildings..... 1,654.9  1,460.0  1,425.5  1,421.4  1,609.9  1,433.4  1,415.1  1,406.1  1,387.5  1,378.7     -8.8
   Residential building.........   820.1    715.2    701.8    698.0    795.6    699.6    689.6    685.4    677.9    672.3     -5.6
   Nonresidential building......   834.8    744.8    723.7    723.4    814.3    733.8    725.5    720.7    709.6    706.4     -3.2
  Heavy and civil engineering
   construction................. 1,014.1    913.6    903.2    884.1    952.6    862.1    854.4    849.2    836.9    823.2    -13.7
  Specialty trade contractors... 4,638.2  4,027.6  3,951.0  3,909.8  4,503.9  3,935.9  3,892.4  3,840.2  3,803.6  3,764.0    -39.6
   Residential specialty trade
    contractors................. 2,033.5  1,774.3  1,748.6  1,737.2  1,975.5  1,716.7  1,706.9  1,691.4  1,686.0  1,676.6     -9.4
   Nonresidential specialty
    trade contractors........... 2,604.7  2,253.3  2,202.4  2,172.6  2,528.4  2,219.2  2,185.5  2,148.8  2,117.6  2,087.4    -30.2

Manufacturing...................  13,263   11,873   11,846   11,775   13,203   11,877   11,836   11,781   11,736   11,675      -61
   Production workers...........   9,484    8,342    8,338    8,279    9,425    8,316    8,301    8,265    8,240    8,193      -47

 Durable goods..................   8,325    7,241    7,214    7,175    8,300    7,271    7,248    7,204    7,165    7,121      -44
   Production workers...........   5,829    4,954    4,944    4,906    5,805    4,957    4,957    4,924    4,903    4,866      -37

  Wood products.................   443.2    373.0    371.2    367.0    438.8    367.1    364.3    362.2    361.4    359.6     -1.8
  Nonmetallic mineral products..   467.2    414.8    411.8    403.1    458.2    406.1    405.5    402.6    400.8    392.8     -8.0
  Primary metals................   439.1    359.4    359.1    359.3    438.6    360.3    358.8    359.3    357.2    356.5      -.7
  Fabricated metal products..... 1,512.7  1,293.2  1,287.4  1,286.0  1,505.0  1,308.8  1,295.1  1,288.3  1,280.8  1,275.9     -4.9
  Machinery..................... 1,178.8    997.9    989.7    983.9  1,179.3  1,016.3  1,003.2    997.5    988.4    978.0    -10.4
  Computer and electronic
   products (1) ................ 1,239.4  1,127.5  1,119.8  1,113.3  1,239.8  1,142.4  1,134.5  1,125.6  1,120.0  1,113.7     -6.3
   Computer and peripheral
    equipment...................   182.3    160.6    160.2    158.6    182.4    162.7    162.4    160.5    160.3    158.5     -1.8
   Communications equipment.....   130.0    125.4    125.6    125.3    128.6    126.5    126.3    125.7    126.1    125.0     -1.1
   Semiconductors and electronic
    components..................   426.9    368.1    365.1    361.7    428.4    375.6    371.0    367.6    364.8    362.3     -2.5
   Electronic instruments.......   439.3    421.5    417.6    415.5    440.2    424.4    422.2    420.0    417.5    416.3     -1.2
  Electrical equipment and
   appliances...................   422.5    373.5    372.9    370.9    421.3    377.0    374.0    372.3    371.9    369.0     -2.9
  Transportation equipment (1) . 1,528.3  1,330.8  1,338.1  1,333.1  1,531.3  1,309.6  1,339.0  1,330.0  1,325.8  1,324.2     -1.6
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)    825.7    663.5    672.1    673.2    829.7    633.3    665.1    661.6    659.1    663.7      4.6
  Furniture and related products   459.8    382.4    376.6    370.7    458.8    388.1    382.7    378.2    373.8    369.2     -4.6
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...   633.7    588.6    587.3    587.6    628.5    595.1    590.9    587.7    585.0    581.6     -3.4

 Nondurable goods...............   4,938    4,632    4,632    4,600    4,903    4,606    4,588    4,577    4,571    4,554      -17
   Production workers...........   3,655    3,388    3,394    3,373    3,620    3,359    3,344    3,341    3,337    3,327      -10

  Food manufacturing............ 1,508.1  1,512.4  1,514.4  1,499.2  1,484.7  1,473.8  1,473.9  1,476.4  1,476.8  1,474.0     -2.8
  Beverages and tobacco products   201.6    194.6    195.9    195.1    197.2    190.0    189.4    189.8    189.9    190.3       .4
  Textile mills.................   146.4    123.0    122.8    121.4    145.6    124.5    122.5    122.3    121.3    120.0     -1.3
  Textile product mills.........   144.8    124.7    126.6    125.8    144.5    126.7    125.9    125.5    126.0    124.7     -1.3
  Apparel.......................   193.4    168.7    168.0    166.2    192.8    165.8    166.7    165.4    164.3    163.7      -.6
  Leather and allied products...    34.0     30.8     30.7     30.5     33.9     30.8     31.3     30.6     30.2     30.2       .0
  Paper and paper products......   439.7    407.5    405.7    403.3    439.7    409.1    407.2    405.7    404.9    402.0     -2.9
  Printing and related support
   activities...................   584.2    514.3    513.7    508.8    582.3    522.8    518.4    513.7    511.1    505.3     -5.8
  Petroleum and coal products...   118.7    117.7    117.0    115.2    117.8    114.5    114.3    114.0    114.3    113.8      -.5
  Chemicals.....................   842.0    804.9    801.9    800.2    843.4    811.0    807.4    803.4    802.3    801.1     -1.2
  Plastics and rubber products..   725.3    633.1    635.2    634.3    721.1    637.1    631.3    630.4    629.6    628.7      -.9

    Service-providing........... 116,117  112,055  112,557  113,342  115,289  112,886  112,698  112,674  112,569  112,508      -61

     Private service-providing..  93,198   90,744   90,301   90,525   92,750   90,353   90,223   90,187   90,122   90,061      -61

Trade, transportation, and
 utilities......................  26,274   25,165   25,068   25,130   26,157   25,258   25,174   25,146   25,080   25,014      -66

 Wholesale trade................ 5,936.3  5,685.7  5,666.0  5,670.3  5,920.1  5,680.3  5,666.8  5,661.0  5,656.4  5,648.0     -8.4
  Durable goods................. 3,032.3  2,841.2  2,825.2  2,823.7  3,026.1  2,848.1  2,836.8  2,828.3  2,822.1  2,814.7     -7.4
  Nondurable goods.............. 2,050.9  2,000.8  1,995.8  2,001.2  2,040.5  1,994.0  1,992.2  1,991.6  1,989.8  1,988.6     -1.2
  Electronic markets and agents
   and brokers..................   853.1    843.7    845.0    845.4    853.5    838.2    837.8    841.1    844.5    844.7       .2

 Retail trade...................15,269.5 14,748.8 14,621.3 14,684.8 15,216.8 14,791.5 14,747.0 14,726.1 14,681.9 14,642.1    -39.8
  Motor vehicle and parts
   dealers (1) ................. 1,805.1  1,694.9  1,687.1  1,679.5  1,792.7  1,673.9  1,669.9  1,674.7  1,667.6  1,665.9     -1.7
   Automobile dealers........... 1,149.3  1,055.0  1,051.2  1,048.1  1,141.7  1,042.6  1,040.4  1,045.6  1,040.3  1,039.9      -.4
  Furniture and home furnishings
   stores.......................   538.0    475.8    475.3    486.5    532.4    484.7    483.9    479.6    478.6    479.1       .5
  Electronics and appliance
   stores.......................   550.4    507.4    506.8    509.3    545.1    515.7    513.1    513.0    511.1    505.9     -5.2
  Building material and garden
   supply stores................ 1,239.9  1,184.0  1,165.3  1,158.7  1,245.9  1,181.1  1,175.3  1,169.7  1,166.3  1,160.5     -5.8
  Food and beverage stores...... 2,846.0  2,833.0  2,805.7  2,805.3  2,851.9  2,828.8  2,823.5  2,821.4  2,814.0  2,812.3     -1.7
  Health and personal care
   stores.......................   996.2    981.3    973.3    980.4    995.9    984.3    984.1    982.2    976.8    978.9      2.1
  Gasoline stations.............   835.9    846.9    835.3    831.2    836.1    829.9    830.3    834.4    830.8    831.8      1.0
  Clothing and clothing
   accessories stores........... 1,482.3  1,421.7  1,394.0  1,429.1  1,471.5  1,420.1  1,414.4  1,410.9  1,413.2  1,415.9      2.7
  Sporting goods, hobby, book,
   and music stores.............   650.5    598.9    608.2    590.8    641.2    605.1    605.4    601.8    602.7    586.9    -15.8
  General merchandise stores (1) 3,023.1  2,997.1  2,963.6  2,985.4  3,025.5  3,045.1  3,032.8  3,025.7  3,016.2  3,002.9    -13.3
   Department stores............ 1,527.7  1,500.5  1,487.3  1,506.3  1,523.9  1,528.6  1,523.3  1,524.2  1,521.0  1,509.9    -11.1
  Miscellaneous store retailers.   858.2    803.1    793.8    803.7    845.0    804.8    797.6    797.5    790.8    790.4      -.4
  Nonstore retailers............   443.9    404.7    412.9    424.9    433.6    418.0    416.7    415.2    413.8    411.6     -2.2

 Transportation and warehousing. 4,505.9  4,161.7  4,215.5  4,207.8  4,456.9  4,218.4  4,193.9  4,192.3  4,174.6  4,156.2    -18.4
  Air transportation............   480.5    467.1    465.0    459.2    482.1    463.9    462.9    463.5    462.2    460.9     -1.3
  Rail transportation...........   229.9    212.4    211.5    211.4    229.5    212.2    212.2    213.0    211.3    209.9     -1.4
  Water transportation..........    65.6     58.9     58.7     57.6     63.9     56.5     55.7     56.3     56.6     56.0      -.6
  Truck transportation.......... 1,390.3  1,283.7  1,279.4  1,270.7  1,370.3  1,269.5  1,264.6  1,261.2  1,257.3  1,249.8     -7.5
  Transit and ground passenger
   transportation...............   428.7    341.1    408.4    414.5    413.8    413.0    407.0    405.4    400.5    400.2      -.3
  Pipeline transportation.......    42.8     42.5     43.1     43.0     43.3     42.3     41.8     42.4     43.2     43.3       .1
  Scenic and sightseeing
   transportation...............    28.5     36.1     33.9     28.8     27.1     27.7     28.7     28.1     28.7     27.8      -.9
  Support activities for
   transportation...............   594.3    535.1    532.9    535.8    588.0    537.8    532.5    533.0    532.2    529.7     -2.5
  Couriers and messengers.......   568.3    543.0    541.9    544.7    570.5    551.5    547.8    549.0    545.8    546.8      1.0
  Warehousing and storage.......   677.0    641.8    640.7    642.1    668.4    644.0    640.7    640.4    636.8    631.8     -5.0

 Utilities......................   562.5    569.1    565.5    567.4    562.8    567.8    566.1    566.5    567.4    567.8       .4

Information.....................   2,970    2,832    2,820    2,824    2,982    2,845    2,834    2,829    2,832    2,831       -1
  Publishing industries, except
   Internet.....................   873.6    789.5    786.7    782.5    872.6    801.8    795.6    788.5    787.1    780.6     -6.5
  Motion picture and sound
   recording industries.........   378.5    387.5    380.5    384.1    388.7    379.3    380.3    384.3    386.6    391.0      4.4
  Broadcasting, except Internet.   313.9    287.9    289.5    290.5    312.9    291.9    290.2    288.7    289.2    289.3       .1
  Telecommunications............ 1,011.3    976.8    973.2    974.3  1,014.5    981.6    978.2    976.7    976.8    977.1       .3
  Data processing, hosting and
   related services.............   258.4    255.7    255.7    255.0    258.9    254.4    254.8    256.9    256.1    255.2      -.9
  Other information services....   134.4    134.5    134.3    137.8    134.1    135.5    135.3    134.3    135.8    138.0      2.2

Financial activities............   8,082    7,762    7,707    7,703    8,088    7,751    7,737    7,714    7,705    7,697       -8
 Finance and insurance.......... 5,969.5  5,738.9  5,711.3  5,711.9  5,978.7  5,760.5  5,748.0  5,729.8  5,722.8  5,716.6     -6.2
  Monetary authorities - central
   bank.........................    21.4     20.5     20.4     20.3     22.1     20.3     20.2     20.3     20.4     20.8       .4
  Credit intermediation and
   related activities (1) ...... 2,701.5  2,599.6  2,582.8  2,582.3  2,706.4  2,604.0  2,602.1  2,594.4  2,589.0  2,585.0     -4.0
   Depository credit
    intermediation (1) ......... 1,810.5  1,774.2  1,761.0  1,763.2  1,811.1  1,772.7  1,770.0  1,767.4  1,765.1  1,763.5     -1.6
    Commercial banking.......... 1,355.3  1,324.5  1,316.6  1,318.5  1,356.0  1,324.2  1,323.5  1,320.8  1,319.3  1,318.7      -.6
  Securities, commodity
   contracts, investments.......   846.3    780.7    777.3    779.7    847.8    786.4    782.3    780.5    779.4    779.9       .5
  Insurance carriers and related
   activities................... 2,309.3  2,251.0  2,244.0  2,242.5  2,311.0  2,261.9  2,256.5  2,247.6  2,247.3  2,243.9     -3.4
  Funds, trusts, and other
   financial vehicles...........    91.0     87.1     86.8     87.1     91.4     87.9     86.9     87.0     86.7     87.0       .3
 Real estate and rental and
  leasing....................... 2,112.4  2,023.0  1,996.1  1,991.3  2,109.0  1,990.6  1,988.6  1,984.3  1,982.5  1,980.3     -2.2
  Real estate................... 1,474.4  1,417.9  1,406.9  1,409.2  1,471.2  1,396.3  1,396.4  1,394.9  1,398.5  1,398.7       .2
  Rental and leasing services...   610.0    577.3    561.7    554.8    609.7    566.5    564.6    562.1    556.6    554.1     -2.5
  Lessors of nonfinancial
   intangible assets............    28.0     27.8     27.5     27.3     28.1     27.8     27.6     27.3     27.4     27.5       .1

Professional and business
 services.......................  17,825   16,761   16,732   16,854   17,612   16,655   16,624   16,618   16,621   16,639       18
 Professional and technical
  services (1) ................. 7,822.5  7,550.2  7,512.2  7,559.3  7,844.0  7,615.6  7,598.9  7,587.8  7,589.0  7,578.0    -11.0
   Legal services............... 1,160.5  1,131.4  1,118.1  1,119.6  1,160.2  1,131.7  1,128.2  1,127.2  1,125.2  1,119.4     -5.8
   Accounting and bookkeeping
    services....................   881.1    864.2    860.5    876.1    946.4    936.8    934.8    938.0    933.9    937.7      3.8
   Architectural and engineering
    services.................... 1,447.7  1,338.0  1,327.2  1,325.6  1,437.1  1,335.9  1,324.5  1,320.9  1,321.0  1,313.3     -7.7
   Computer systems design and
    related services............ 1,473.9  1,466.5  1,460.9  1,477.4  1,466.1  1,456.0  1,462.6  1,461.3  1,464.7  1,469.2      4.5
   Management and technical
    consulting services......... 1,030.2  1,019.0  1,016.4  1,029.5  1,022.9  1,015.7  1,014.9  1,015.3  1,015.7  1,023.0      7.3
 Management of companies and
  enterprises................... 1,888.9  1,828.2  1,808.8  1,805.5  1,882.8  1,823.8  1,819.7  1,816.4  1,809.8  1,803.3     -6.5
 Administrative and waste
  services...................... 8,113.5  7,382.4  7,410.5  7,488.9  7,884.8  7,215.2  7,205.8  7,214.1  7,222.1  7,257.3     35.2
  Administrative and support
   services (1) ................ 7,748.2  7,013.9  7,043.7  7,121.6  7,522.0  6,854.3  6,843.7  6,851.6  6,857.6  6,893.0     35.4
   Employment services (1) ..... 3,145.1  2,524.1  2,585.7  2,664.3  2,987.7  2,470.3  2,459.5  2,465.6  2,475.7  2,511.7     36.0
    Temporary help services..... 2,349.9  1,793.0  1,850.2  1,915.2  2,218.9  1,750.9  1,745.2  1,748.4  1,755.6  1,789.3     33.7
   Business support services....   825.6    772.7    778.3    792.7    820.8    783.8    783.9    784.5    786.0    786.0       .0
   Services to buildings and
    dwellings................... 1,886.4  1,867.1  1,830.9  1,811.7  1,837.4  1,771.2  1,769.8  1,765.3  1,761.4  1,760.6      -.8
  Waste management and
   remediation services.........   365.3    368.5    366.8    367.3    362.8    360.9    362.1    362.5    364.5    364.3      -.2

Education and health services...  19,170   18,988   19,234   19,554   18,981   19,248   19,262   19,312   19,329   19,374       45
 Educational services........... 3,209.0  2,769.8  2,996.5  3,224.8  3,047.3  3,082.0  3,072.2  3,077.7  3,061.1  3,071.8     10.7
 Health care and social
  assistance....................15,961.4 16,217.7 16,237.4 16,329.2 15,934.1 16,166.1 16,190.2 16,233.8 16,267.5 16,301.9     34.4
  Health care (3) ..............13,423.8 13,685.1 13,666.8 13,728.4 13,401.2 13,605.8 13,629.1 13,653.3 13,681.0 13,709.5     28.5
   Ambulatory health care
    services (1) ............... 5,724.1  5,865.3  5,869.1  5,902.9  5,706.1  5,830.6  5,842.0  5,855.8  5,874.8  5,887.3     12.5
    Offices of physicians....... 2,291.8  2,338.1  2,339.4  2,354.7  2,283.3  2,321.9  2,329.8  2,335.3  2,341.1  2,345.9      4.8
    Outpatient care centers.....   536.0    543.8    542.1    549.8    536.6    543.5    542.0    543.8    545.1    549.2      4.1
    Home health care services...   972.5  1,024.2  1,029.7  1,038.3    968.6  1,016.7  1,018.2  1,022.6  1,029.3  1,034.4      5.1
   Hospitals.................... 4,686.6  4,736.1  4,728.2  4,745.1  4,681.9  4,718.9  4,722.4  4,723.9  4,731.2  4,741.2     10.0
   Nursing and residential care
    facilities (1) ............. 3,013.1  3,083.7  3,069.5  3,080.4  3,013.2  3,056.3  3,064.7  3,073.6  3,075.0  3,081.0      6.0
    Nursing care facilities..... 1,611.7  1,640.7  1,634.7  1,637.0  1,611.0  1,628.9  1,631.4  1,634.9  1,635.4  1,636.9      1.5
  Social assistance (1) ........ 2,537.6  2,532.6  2,570.6  2,600.8  2,532.9  2,560.3  2,561.1  2,580.5  2,586.5  2,592.4      5.9
   Child day care services......   872.9    808.8    854.9    863.1    862.3    854.3    845.9    856.3    856.5    853.4     -3.1

Leisure and hospitality.........  13,342   13,785   13,350   13,078   13,395   13,176   13,177   13,163   13,161   13,124      -37
 Arts, entertainment, and
  recreation.................... 1,909.9  2,148.3  1,970.7  1,845.5  1,952.0  1,885.5  1,897.8  1,893.2  1,910.9  1,889.0    -21.9
  Performing arts and spectator
   sports.......................   400.0    421.1    409.5    388.8    402.5    393.8    400.0    395.2    397.4    393.1     -4.3
  Museums, historical sites,
   zoos, and parks..............   130.2    142.2    133.6    131.9    129.6    130.8    130.5    131.0    131.6    131.5      -.1
  Amusements, gambling, and
   recreation................... 1,379.7  1,585.0  1,427.6  1,324.8  1,419.9  1,360.9  1,367.3  1,367.0  1,381.9  1,364.4    -17.5
 Accommodation and food services11,432.2 11,636.2 11,379.1 11,232.5 11,442.7 11,290.0 11,278.8 11,269.5 11,249.7 11,234.7    -15.0
  Accommodation................. 1,825.8  1,840.5  1,744.0  1,691.1  1,827.9  1,721.0  1,715.5  1,714.4  1,703.2  1,694.6     -8.6
  Food services and drinking
   places....................... 9,606.4  9,795.7  9,635.1  9,541.4  9,614.8  9,569.0  9,563.3  9,555.1  9,546.5  9,540.1     -6.4

Other services..................   5,535    5,451    5,390    5,382    5,535    5,420    5,415    5,405    5,394    5,382      -12
  Repair and maintenance........ 1,219.2  1,161.0  1,155.7  1,152.0  1,216.4  1,157.8  1,155.1  1,154.3  1,149.1  1,147.4     -1.7
  Personal and laundry services. 1,330.3  1,301.3  1,294.2  1,288.1  1,330.1  1,298.4  1,296.1  1,293.4  1,290.9  1,287.4     -3.5
  Membership associations and
   organizations................ 2,985.7  2,988.6  2,940.2  2,942.0  2,988.3  2,963.9  2,963.4  2,956.8  2,954.4  2,947.1     -7.3

Government......................  22,919   21,311   22,256   22,817   22,539   22,533   22,475   22,487   22,447   22,447        0
 Federal........................   2,789    2,841    2,830    2,853    2,775    2,817    2,826    2,825    2,827    2,843       16
  Federal, except U.S. Postal
   Service...................... 2,043.7  2,150.8  2,142.2  2,157.4  2,043.5  2,111.1  2,120.9  2,129.3  2,136.3  2,154.5     18.2
  U.S. Postal Service...........   744.8    690.6    687.8    695.7    731.9    705.9    705.4    695.8    690.5    688.2     -2.3
 State government...............   5,339    4,906    5,172    5,316    5,194    5,174    5,149    5,172    5,168    5,168        0
  State government education.... 2,531.3  2,088.4  2,377.2  2,533.4  2,372.8  2,377.9  2,357.2  2,377.3  2,370.1  2,375.3      5.2
  State government, excluding
   education.................... 2,807.2  2,817.5  2,794.3  2,782.8  2,820.7  2,796.3  2,791.4  2,794.3  2,798.0  2,792.6     -5.4
 Local government...............  14,791   13,564   14,254   14,648   14,570   14,542   14,500   14,490   14,452   14,436      -16
  Local government education.... 8,334.5  6,908.2  7,793.8  8,254.2  8,071.6  8,070.2  8,015.6  8,007.8  7,993.6  7,998.8      5.2
  Local government, excluding
   education.................... 6,456.7  6,656.1  6,460.3  6,393.8  6,498.3  6,471.3  6,484.6  6,481.7  6,458.7  6,437.5    -21.2


   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
   p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-2.  Average weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector
and selected industry detail


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Change
                  Industry                       Oct.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.    Oct.   June   July   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.     from:
                                                 2008   2009   2009p  2009p   2008   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2009p  Sept. 2009-
                                                                                                                        Oct. 2009p


        Total private.........................   33.6   33.6   32.9   33.1    33.5   33.0   33.1   33.1   33.0   33.0       0.0

    Goods-producing...........................   40.2   39.9   38.9   39.4    39.8   39.0   39.3   39.4   39.2   39.1       -.1

Mining and logging............................   45.2   44.0   43.1   43.5    44.7   43.3   42.9   43.3   43.2   43.0       -.2

Construction..................................   38.9   38.9   36.6   37.3    38.3   37.6   37.8   37.9   37.4   36.9       -.5

Manufacturing.................................   40.7   40.2   40.0   40.4    40.4   39.5   39.9   39.9   39.9   40.0        .1
   Overtime hours.............................    3.6    3.1    3.0    3.5     3.5    2.8    2.9    3.0    3.0    3.2        .2

 Durable goods................................   40.8   40.2   40.0   40.5    40.6   39.4   39.9   39.9   40.0   40.1        .1
   Overtime hours.............................    3.5    2.9    2.8    3.3     3.4    2.6    2.7    2.8    2.8    3.0        .2

  Wood products...............................   38.2   38.6   38.1   38.1    38.1   37.4   37.7   37.7   37.8   37.7       -.1
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   42.5   42.7   42.1   41.7    41.8   40.8   41.5   41.3   40.9   40.8       -.1
  Primary metals..............................   41.6   41.1   40.6   40.5    41.4   39.7   40.1   40.7   40.4   40.3       -.1
  Fabricated metal products...................   41.2   39.7   39.3   40.0    40.8   39.3   39.4   39.5   39.4   39.5        .1
  Machinery...................................   42.0   39.6   39.3   40.5    41.8   39.8   39.9   39.9   39.9   40.1        .2
  Computer and electronic products............   40.9   40.3   40.2   40.9    40.8   40.0   40.2   40.5   40.4   40.6        .2
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   40.8   39.0   39.3   39.9    40.4   38.8   38.9   39.1   39.3   39.4        .1
  Transportation equipment....................   41.6   42.0   42.2   42.8    41.3   40.4   41.9   41.6   42.0   42.2        .2
   Motor vehicles and parts (2) ..............   40.8   41.2   41.7   42.5    40.6   39.0   40.6   40.8   41.2   41.8        .6
  Furniture and related products..............   37.3   38.1   37.5   37.7    37.4   37.8   37.9   37.5   37.9   37.9        .0
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   38.7   39.2   38.4   38.7    38.9   37.9   38.3   38.6   38.6   38.6        .0

 Nondurable goods.............................   40.4   40.0   40.0   40.2    40.2   39.6   39.8   39.9   39.9   39.9        .0
   Overtime hours.............................    3.8    3.4    3.5    3.8     3.6    3.2    3.3    3.3    3.3    3.5        .2

  Food manufacturing..........................   40.8   40.3   40.1   40.4    40.3   39.9   39.6   40.1   39.8   39.9        .1
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   37.6   35.8   36.0   36.4    38.1   35.3   35.0   35.4   35.8   36.5        .7
  Textile mills...............................   38.3   38.1   37.9   39.3    38.4   37.8   37.6   37.9   37.9   38.8        .9
  Textile product mills.......................   37.7   38.4   38.5   37.7    37.9   38.0   38.4   38.1   38.3   38.0       -.3
  Apparel.....................................   36.2   35.7   35.2   36.4    36.3   35.6   36.2   35.6   36.0   36.2        .2
  Leather and allied products.................   36.9   34.0   32.6   35.5    36.9   32.0   33.3   33.7   33.6   34.4        .8
  Paper and paper products....................   42.5   41.9   42.8   42.4    42.2   41.8   42.2   42.0   42.3   42.2       -.1
  Printing and related support activities.....   38.8   38.6   38.5   38.8    38.3   38.1   38.5   38.7   38.3   38.2       -.1
  Petroleum and coal products.................   46.1   44.2   43.4   43.5    45.2   43.4   43.2   44.1   43.2   42.7       -.5
  Chemicals...................................   41.4   41.4   41.6   41.3    41.5   41.2   41.6   41.4   41.4   41.3       -.1
  Plastics and rubber products................   40.7   40.4   40.7   40.8    40.6   39.8   40.4   40.3   40.6   40.6        .0

     Private service-providing................   32.2   32.5   31.9   31.9    32.3   31.9   32.0   32.0   32.0   32.0        .0

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........   33.0   33.3   33.0   32.9    33.1   32.8   32.8   32.8   32.8   32.8        .0

 Wholesale trade..............................   38.2   37.9   37.1   37.4    38.2   37.6   37.4   37.5   37.3   37.4        .1

 Retail trade.................................   29.8   30.3   30.1   29.8    29.9   29.8   29.8   29.8   29.8   29.8        .0

 Transportation and warehousing...............   36.2   36.8   36.5   36.6    36.3   35.8   36.3   36.1   36.5   36.5        .0

 Utilities....................................   42.7   41.9   41.7   41.8    42.5   41.9   41.9   41.9   41.5   41.7        .2

Information...................................   36.9   36.9   36.4   36.4    36.9   36.4   36.4   36.4   36.3   36.4        .1

Financial activities..........................   35.7   36.7   35.6   35.7    35.9   35.9   35.9   36.1   35.9   36.0        .1

Professional and business services............   35.0   35.3   34.3   34.7    34.9   34.6   34.6   34.7   34.7   34.6       -.1

Education and health services.................   32.4   32.5   32.2   32.2    32.5   32.2   32.2   32.2   32.2   32.3        .1

Leisure and hospitality.......................   25.0   25.6   24.4   24.4    25.1   24.7   24.7   24.6   24.6   24.5       -.1

Other services................................   30.7   30.9   30.4   30.5    30.7   30.3   30.4   30.5   30.5   30.5        .0


   1 Data relate to production workers in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory workers in the service-providing industries.  These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the
total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-3.  Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail


                                                       Average hourly earnings                  Average weekly earnings

                  Industry                         Oct.      Aug.     Sept.     Oct.       Oct.      Aug.     Sept.     Oct.
                                                   2008      2009     2009p     2009p      2008      2009     2009p     2009p

        Total private........................... $18.27    $18.60    $18.68    $18.72    $613.87   $624.96   $614.57   $619.63
         Seasonally adjusted....................  18.28     18.66     18.67     18.72     612.38    617.65    616.11    617.76

    Goods-producing.............................  19.61     20.00     20.01     20.06     788.32    798.00    778.39    790.36

Mining and logging..............................  22.98     23.07     23.17     23.19    1038.70   1015.08    998.63   1008.77

Construction....................................  22.28     22.73     22.67     22.98     866.69    884.20    829.72    857.15

Manufacturing...................................  17.86     18.23     18.40     18.30     726.90    732.85    736.00    739.32

 Durable goods..................................  18.81     19.39     19.54     19.49     767.45    779.48    781.60    789.35
  Wood products.................................  14.44     15.11     15.11     15.20     551.61    583.25    575.69    579.12
  Nonmetallic mineral products..................  16.92     17.45     17.48     17.38     719.10    745.12    735.91    724.75
  Primary metals................................  20.01     20.24     20.51     20.55     832.42    831.86    832.71    832.28
  Fabricated metal products.....................  17.18     17.50     17.60     17.54     707.82    694.75    691.68    701.60
  Machinery.....................................  18.11     18.37     18.63     18.61     760.62    727.45    732.16    753.71
  Computer and electronic products..............  21.42     22.07     22.00     22.02     876.08    889.42    884.40    900.62
  Electrical equipment and appliances...........  15.83     16.58     16.62     16.43     645.86    646.62    653.17    655.56
  Transportation equipment......................  24.10     24.83     25.07     24.88    1002.56   1042.86   1057.95   1064.86
  Furniture and related products................  14.55     15.13     15.25     15.18     542.72    576.45    571.88    572.29
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...................  15.33     16.18     16.12     16.08     593.27    634.26    619.01    622.30

 Nondurable goods...............................  16.32     16.53     16.72     16.57     659.33    661.20    668.80    666.11
  Food manufacturing............................  14.10     14.43     14.65     14.47     575.28    581.53    587.47    584.59
  Beverages and tobacco products................  19.41     20.27     20.27     20.41     729.82    725.67    729.72    742.92
  Textile mills.................................  13.71     13.77     13.76     13.63     525.09    524.64    521.50    535.66
  Textile product mills.........................  11.62     11.34     11.29     11.45     438.07    435.46    434.67    431.67
  Apparel.......................................  11.38     11.30     11.49     11.22     411.96    403.41    404.45    408.41
  Leather and allied products...................  13.14     13.59     13.44     13.82     484.87    462.06    438.14    490.61
  Paper and paper products......................  19.11     19.09     19.48     19.32     812.18    799.87    833.74    819.17
  Printing and related support activities.......  16.99     16.76     16.88     16.70     659.21    646.94    649.88    647.96
  Petroleum and coal products...................  28.69     29.60     29.92     30.59    1322.61   1308.32   1298.53   1330.67
  Chemicals.....................................  19.67     20.37     20.57     20.45     814.34    843.32    855.71    844.59
  Plastics and rubber products..................  16.03     15.90     16.05     15.76     652.42    642.36    653.24    643.01

     Private service-providing..................  17.94     18.29     18.39     18.43     577.67    594.43    586.64    587.92

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  16.24     16.55     16.59     16.56     535.92    551.12    547.47    544.82

 Wholesale trade................................  20.21     21.02     21.01     21.05     772.02    796.66    779.47    787.27

 Retail trade...................................  12.89     13.12     13.21     13.07     384.12    397.54    397.62    389.49

 Transportation and warehousing.................  18.55     18.73     18.64     18.72     671.51    689.26    680.36    685.15

 Utilities......................................  29.00     29.51     29.78     29.87    1238.30   1236.47   1241.83   1248.57

Information.....................................  25.06     25.68     25.54     25.73     924.71    947.59    929.66    936.57

Financial activities............................  20.41     20.87     20.89     20.96     728.64    765.93    743.68    748.27

Professional and business services..............  21.45     22.41     22.40     22.34     750.75    791.07    768.32    775.20

Education and health services...................  19.04     19.43     19.59     19.57     616.90    631.48    630.80    630.15

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.93     11.02     11.10     11.14     273.25    282.11    270.84    271.82

Other services..................................  16.17     16.31     16.43     16.43     496.42    503.98    499.47    501.12


   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                             ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-4.  Average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail, seasonally adjusted


                                                                                                       Percent
                  Industry                         Oct.     June     July     Aug.    Sept.    Oct.  change from:
                                                   2008     2009     2009     2009    2009p    2009p  Sept.2009-
                                                                                                      Oct. 2009p
        Total private:
         Current dollars........................ $18.28   $18.54   $18.59   $18.66   $18.67   $18.72      0.3
         Constant (1982) dollars (2) ...........   8.33     8.57     8.59     8.58     8.57     N.A.     (3)

    Goods-producing.............................  19.56    19.85    19.92    19.92    19.90    20.00       .5

Mining and logging..............................  23.03    23.28    23.23    23.21    23.21    23.34       .6

Construction....................................  22.17    22.58    22.60    22.63    22.48    22.82      1.5

Manufacturing...................................  17.89    18.13    18.27    18.27    18.35    18.35       .0
   Excluding overtime (4) ......................  17.15    17.51    17.63    17.61    17.69    17.64      -.3

 Durable goods..................................  18.84    19.22    19.44    19.41    19.48    19.53       .3

 Nondurable goods...............................  16.35    16.54    16.54    16.60    16.69    16.62      -.4

     Private service-providing..................  17.97    18.25    18.30    18.39    18.41    18.45       .2

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  16.23    16.38    16.41    16.54    16.53    16.56       .2

 Wholesale trade................................  20.22    20.79    20.86    20.99    21.03    21.09       .3

 Retail trade...................................  12.89    12.96    12.98    13.10    13.09    13.07      -.2

 Transportation and warehousing.................  18.58    18.54    18.58    18.67    18.64    18.74       .5

 Utilities......................................  28.91    29.44    29.48    29.79    29.70    29.77       .2

Information.....................................  24.99    25.45    25.42    25.61    25.45    25.64       .7

Financial activities............................  20.43    20.78    20.75    20.85    20.89    20.97       .4

Professional and business services..............  21.63    22.32    22.42    22.48    22.55    22.53      -.1

Education and health services...................  19.08    19.39    19.45    19.49    19.54    19.60       .3

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.92    11.05    11.07    11.12    11.12    11.13       .1

Other services..................................  16.24    16.24    16.29    16.37    16.40    16.46       .4


   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is used to deflate this series.
   3 Change was -.1 percent from Aug. 2009 to Sept. 2009, the latest month available.
   4 Derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the rate of time and one-half.
   N.A. = not available.
   p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-5.  Indexes of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Oct.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.    Oct.   June   July   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   change from:
                                                2008   2009   2009p  2009p   2008   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2009p   Sept. 2009-
                                                                                                                        Oct. 2009p

        Total private.........................  106.2  101.6   98.9   99.5   105.0   99.1   99.2   99.0   98.5   98.3      -0.2

    Goods-producing...........................   96.8   83.9   81.2   81.5    93.9   80.8   80.9   80.5   79.6   78.7      -1.1

Mining and logging............................  145.6  122.3  120.0  119.1   140.6  122.0  119.5  117.8  117.3  115.2      -1.8

Construction..................................  110.3   95.5   87.8   88.4   104.1   88.7   88.0   87.2   85.0   82.8      -2.6

Manufacturing.................................   88.6   77.0   76.5   76.8    87.4   75.4   76.0   75.7   75.5   75.2       -.4

 Durable goods................................   89.3   74.8   74.3   74.6    88.5   73.4   74.3   73.8   73.7   73.3       -.5
  Wood products...............................   73.8   62.1   61.0   60.4    72.7   59.2   59.1   58.6   58.8   58.6       -.3
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   93.4   81.5   79.5   76.7    89.6   75.3   76.8   76.0   74.9   72.9      -2.7
  Primary metals..............................   85.4   65.6   65.1   65.0    84.7   63.4   64.0   65.1   64.3   63.9       -.6
  Fabricated metal products...................   99.5   80.4   79.2   80.7    98.1   80.5   79.8   79.7   79.1   79.1        .0
  Machinery...................................  100.2   76.5   75.3   76.7    99.6   78.9   77.7   77.2   76.3   75.5      -1.0
  Computer and electronic products............   99.6   88.5   88.1   88.6    99.3   88.6   88.9   88.9   88.5   88.0       -.6
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   88.4   73.6   73.9   74.1    87.3   74.2   73.3   73.6   73.7   72.8      -1.2
  Transportation equipment....................   81.4   70.5   71.7   72.3    81.0   65.9   71.1   69.8   70.6   71.0        .6
   Motor vehicles and parts (2) ..............   66.2   52.9   54.5   55.5    66.3   46.7   52.7   52.2   52.7   54.0       2.5
  Furniture and related products..............   69.8   57.5   55.5   54.7    69.7   58.2   57.4   55.9   55.6   54.6      -1.8
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   89.3   83.0   81.3   82.3    89.0   81.3   81.6   81.7   81.4   81.1       -.4

 Nondurable goods.............................   87.0   79.8   80.0   79.9    85.7   78.4   78.4   78.5   78.4   78.2       -.3
  Food manufacturing..........................  103.6  102.4  102.2  102.0   100.4   98.5   97.6   99.2   98.5   98.7        .2
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   93.6   89.4   92.4   96.3    91.4   83.5   83.1   85.9   88.2   91.9       4.2
  Textile mills...............................   45.7   37.6   37.6   38.7    45.3   37.9   37.2   37.2   37.1   37.6       1.3
  Textile product mills.......................   68.0   58.8   60.2   58.8    68.3   58.7   59.3   58.9   59.5   58.8      -1.2
  Apparel.....................................   55.2   45.1   43.7   44.4    54.9   44.3   45.0   43.8   43.5   43.4       -.2
  Leather and allied products.................   70.2   57.2   55.1   58.5    69.3   53.6   57.6   56.3   55.2   55.8       1.1
  Paper and paper products....................   82.1   74.6   75.7   74.8    81.5   74.5   74.8   74.2   74.6   74.2       -.5
  Printing and related support activities.....   85.5   74.3   74.0   73.9    83.9   74.6   74.7   74.4   73.2   72.2      -1.4
  Petroleum and coal products.................  106.6   95.8   93.8   92.5   102.8   89.0   89.0   91.3   89.3   88.3      -1.1
  Chemicals...................................   93.5   88.2   88.4   87.5    94.0   88.3   88.8   88.2   88.1   87.7       -.5
  Plastics and rubber products................   85.8   72.1   73.0   72.8    85.1   71.9   71.9   71.6   72.1   71.5       -.8

    Private service-providing.................  108.5  106.7  104.0  104.2   108.2  104.1  104.3  104.2  104.1  103.9       -.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  102.7   99.0   97.6   97.5   102.4   97.9   97.5   97.4   97.1   96.7       -.4

 Wholesale trade..............................  108.4  102.4   99.8  100.5   108.0  101.4  100.6  100.7  100.0  100.0        .0

 Retail trade.................................   98.9   97.1   95.4   94.9    98.9   95.8   95.5   95.3   95.0   94.6       -.4

 Transportation and warehousing...............  107.3  100.2  100.8  100.9   106.1   99.0   99.8   99.2   99.8   99.3       -.5

 Utilities....................................   99.3   97.7   96.1   96.7    98.8   97.8   97.2   97.2   96.0   96.6        .6

Information...................................  100.2   95.1   93.2   93.2   100.8   94.4   94.1   93.8   93.5   93.7        .2

Financial activities..........................  106.7  105.6  101.5  101.8   107.4  102.9  102.8  103.0  102.3  102.5        .2

Professional and business services............  115.1  108.3  105.0  107.0   112.9  105.3  105.1  105.3  105.1  104.8       -.3

Education and health services.................  117.3  116.9  117.2  119.2   116.5  117.3  117.4  117.7  117.8  118.5        .6

Leisure and hospitality.......................  108.1  114.8  105.6  103.2   109.0  105.5  105.5  104.9  105.0  104.1       -.9

Other services................................   99.7   99.0   96.1   96.2    99.7   96.4   96.7   96.7   96.4   96.1       -.3


   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours
by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average
weekly hours and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-6.  Indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)


                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Oct.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.    Oct.   June   July   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   change from:
                                                2008   2009   2009p  2009p   2008   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2009p   Sept. 2009-
                                                                                                                        Oct. 2009p

        Total private.........................  129.6  126.3  123.4  124.4   128.3  122.8  123.2  123.4  122.9  122.9       0.0

    Goods-producing...........................  116.2  102.8   99.4  100.1   112.5   98.2   98.7   98.2   97.0   96.4       -.6

Mining and logging............................  194.5  164.1  161.7  160.6   188.3  165.1  161.4  159.0  158.3  156.3      -1.3

Construction..................................  132.7  117.2  107.5  109.7   124.7  108.2  107.4  106.5  103.2  102.0      -1.2

Manufacturing.................................  103.5   91.8   92.1   91.9   102.2   89.4   90.8   90.4   90.6   90.3       -.3

 Durable goods................................  104.9   90.6   90.6   90.8   104.1   88.0   90.2   89.4   89.6   89.4       -.2

 Nondurable goods.............................  100.3   93.3   94.5   93.6    99.1   91.6   91.7   92.1   92.5   91.9       -.6

    Private service-providing.................  133.5  133.8  131.2  131.7   133.4  130.3  130.8  131.4  131.4  131.5        .1

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  119.0  116.9  115.5  115.2   118.6  114.4  114.2  114.9  114.5  114.2       -.3

 Wholesale trade..............................  129.0  126.8  123.5  124.7   128.6  124.1  123.6  124.5  123.9  124.2        .2

 Retail trade.................................  109.3  109.2  108.1  106.3   109.2  106.4  106.2  107.0  106.5  106.0       -.5

 Transportation and warehousing...............  126.2  119.1  119.2  119.8   125.1  116.4  117.7  117.5  118.0  118.1        .1

 Utilities....................................  120.2  120.3  119.4  120.5   119.3  120.1  119.6  120.8  119.0  120.0        .8

Information...................................  124.3  120.9  117.9  118.7   124.7  119.0  118.4  119.0  117.8  118.9        .9

Financial activities..........................  134.7  136.3  131.1  131.9   135.6  132.2  131.8  132.8  132.2  132.9        .5

Professional and business services............  146.9  144.4  140.0  142.3   145.3  139.8  140.2  140.8  141.0  140.5       -.4

Education and health services.................  146.8  149.3  151.0  153.3   146.2  149.5  150.1  150.8  151.3  152.7        .9

Leisure and hospitality.......................  134.2  143.6  133.2  130.5   135.2  132.4  132.6  132.5  132.5  131.5       -.8

Other services................................  117.5  117.7  115.1  115.1   117.9  114.0  114.7  115.3  115.2  115.2        .0


  1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate
payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate payroll estimates are the product of estimates of
average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-7.  Diffusion indexes of employment change

(Percent)


       Time span           Jan.     Feb.     Mar.     Apr.      May     June     July     Aug.    Sept.     Oct.     Nov.     Dec.

                                                        Private nonfarm payrolls, 271 industries (1)


Over 1-month span:
     2005 ..............   52.6     60.1     54.1     58.1     56.8     58.3     58.5     59.2     54.2     55.9     62.7     57.6
     2006 ..............   64.9     62.2     63.8     59.8     49.1     51.8     59.2     55.4     55.7     56.3     59.4     60.7
     2007 ..............   53.5     55.5     52.4     49.4     55.9     48.3     50.7     46.5     55.9     57.2     59.4     57.9
     2008 ..............   42.1     40.6     44.1     41.1     42.6     36.9     37.6     39.1     34.7     33.0     27.1     20.5
     2009 ..............   22.1     20.8     19.6     21.8     29.3     25.8     30.3     36.7    p37.5    p33.8


Over 3-month span:
     2005 ..............   51.7     57.2     59.0     59.8     57.9     62.0     60.5     62.9     60.3     55.5     56.3     62.7
     2006 ..............   67.7     68.6     65.1     65.1     60.5     58.9     55.5     57.0     55.0     54.4     59.0     64.2
     2007 ..............   62.5     54.8     54.2     54.8     54.1     50.4     52.8     48.7     53.3     53.9     58.3     62.5
     2008 ..............   57.7     44.8     40.2     39.7     37.3     33.6     33.6     32.8     34.9     33.2     26.9     20.8
     2009 ..............   18.6     14.2     15.1     15.3     20.3     22.0     22.0     24.5    p32.3    p31.0


Over 6-month span:
     2005 ..............   55.4     57.9     58.1     57.0     58.3     60.9     63.1     63.3     61.6     59.6     61.4     62.5
     2006 ..............   64.6     63.8     67.5     66.2     65.5     66.6     60.3     61.1     57.9     57.9     62.4     59.0
     2007 ..............   60.3     57.2     60.5     58.3     55.5     56.5     52.8     52.4     56.6     54.4     56.8     59.0
     2008 ..............   56.6     53.0     50.7     47.4     40.2     33.4     31.0     33.4     30.6     29.0     26.0     24.4
     2009 ..............   21.6     17.2     15.1     15.3     15.9     16.6     15.9     20.7    p20.8    p23.2


Over 12-month span:
     2005 ..............   60.9     60.9     60.0     59.2     58.3     60.3     61.3     63.3     60.7     59.2     59.8     61.8
     2006 ..............   67.2     65.5     65.9     62.9     65.5     66.8     64.8     64.4     66.6     65.9     64.9     66.2
     2007 ..............   63.3     59.4     61.1     59.6     59.2     58.3     56.8     57.2     59.4     58.9     58.1     59.6
     2008 ..............   54.4     56.1     52.6     49.1     50.2     47.8     43.7     42.3     38.0     37.8     32.3     28.2
     2009 ..............   24.0     22.0     19.9     18.1     17.5     17.2     16.2     15.3    p16.1    p14.9

                                                        Manufacturing payrolls, 83 industries (1)


Over 1-month span:
     2005 ..............   36.7     46.4     42.2     46.4     40.4     33.7     41.0     43.4     45.8     47.6     44.6     47.0
     2006 ..............   57.8     49.4     53.6     47.0     37.3     50.6     49.4     42.2     40.4     42.8     41.0     44.0
     2007 ..............   44.6     41.0     30.7     24.7     38.0     32.5     43.4     30.7     39.2     42.8     60.8     48.2
     2008 ..............   30.7     28.9     37.3     32.5     40.4     25.3     25.9     27.7     22.9     18.7     15.1     10.2
     2009 ..............    6.0      9.6     10.8     16.3     11.4     12.0     24.1     25.9    p22.9    p18.1


Over 3-month span:
     2005 ..............   36.7     43.4     41.0     41.6     35.5     36.1     34.9     36.7     42.2     44.0     38.6     48.8
     2006 ..............   56.6     57.2     48.2     48.2     44.6     50.0     43.4     45.2     36.7     33.1     35.5     39.2
     2007 ..............   40.4     33.1     33.1     28.9     29.5     30.1     31.9     28.9     30.7     30.7     39.2     51.2
     2008 ..............   48.8     33.7     28.3     29.5     26.5     22.9     19.9     16.9     22.3     21.1     15.1     11.4
     2009 ..............    6.0      3.6      3.6      7.8      8.4     12.0      8.4     13.9    p19.3    p19.9


Over 6-month span:
     2005 ..............   33.7     39.8     38.0     36.1     35.5     34.9     39.8     36.1     36.1     38.0     36.7     39.8
     2006 ..............   45.2     45.2     50.6     48.8     50.6     50.0     45.2     47.0     43.4     42.2     39.8     34.3
     2007 ..............   37.3     33.1     29.5     28.9     30.7     34.9     28.9     26.5     29.5     28.3     33.7     38.0
     2008 ..............   34.3     30.1     37.3     35.5     25.3     20.5     17.5     18.1     16.9     13.3     11.4      9.6
     2009 ..............    9.0      4.8      4.8      6.0      4.8      4.8      7.2      7.8     p7.8     p9.0


Over 12-month span:
     2005 ..............   45.2     44.0     42.2     41.0     36.7     35.5     32.5     34.3     33.1     33.7     33.7     38.0
     2006 ..............   44.0     41.0     41.0     39.8     39.8     45.2     42.2     42.8     47.0     48.8     45.8     44.6
     2007 ..............   39.8     36.7     37.3     30.7     28.9     29.5     30.7     28.9     33.1     28.9     34.3     35.5
     2008 ..............   27.7     28.9     25.9     25.3     30.7     27.1     24.7     19.3     21.7     21.7     16.9     15.1
     2009 ..............    8.4      4.8      4.8      4.8      6.0      6.0      6.6      4.8     p4.8     p3.6


   1 Based on seasonally adjusted data for 1-, 3-, 6-month spans and unadjusted data for the 12-month span.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with
unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing
employment.




Last Modified Date: November 06, 2009