Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                        USDL-11-1691
until 8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, December 2, 2011

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- NOVEMBER 2011


The unemployment rate fell by 0.4 percentage point to 8.6 percent in November, and
nonfarm payroll employment rose by 120,000, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Employment continued to trend up in retail trade, leisure and
hospitality, professional and business services, and health care. Government
employment continued to trend down.

Household Survey Data

In November, the unemployment rate declined by 0.4 percentage point to 8.6 percent.
From April through October, the rate held in a narrow range from 9.0 to 9.2 percent.
The number of unemployed persons, at 13.3 million, was down by 594,000 in November.
The labor force, which is the sum of the unemployed and employed, was down by a
little more than half that amount. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult men fell by 0.5
percentage point to 8.3 percent in November. The jobless rate for whites (7.6
percent) also declined, while the rates for adult women (7.8 percent), teenagers
(23.7 percent), blacks (15.5 percent), and Hispanics (11.4 percent) showed little
or no change. The jobless rate for Asians was 6.5 percent, not seasonally adjusted.
(See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In November, the number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs
declined by 432,000 to 7.6 million. The number of long-term unemployed (those
jobless for 27 weeks and over) was little changed at 5.7 million and accounted
for 43.0 percent of the unemployed. (See tables A-11 and A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to
64.0 percent. The employment-population ratio, at 58.5 percent, changed little.
(See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred
to as involuntary part-time workers) dropped by 378,000 over the month to 8.5
million. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been
cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In November, 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force,
about the same as a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and
had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.1 million discouraged workers in
November, a decrease of 186,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally
adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because
they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.5 million persons
marginally attached to the labor force in November had not searched for work in 
the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 120,000 in November, in line with the
average gain for the prior 12 months (+131,000). The private sector added 140,000
jobs, as employment rose in a number of service-providing industries. Government
employment continued to trend down. (See table B-1.)

Employment in retail trade rose by 50,000 in November, with much of the increase
occurring in clothing and clothing accessories stores (+27,000) and in electronics
and appliance stores (+5,000). Since reaching an employment trough in December 2009,
retailers have added an average of 14,000 jobs per month.

Employment in leisure and hospitality continued to trend up in November (+22,000).
Within the industry, food services and drinking places added 33,000 jobs. This gain
more than offset a loss of 12,000 jobs in the accommodation industry. In the last
12 months, leisure and hospitality added 253,000 jobs, largely driven by employment
increases in food services and drinking places.

Employment in professional and business services continued to trend up in November
(+33,000). Modest job gains continued in temporary help services.

Health care employment continued to rise in November (+17,000). Within the industry,
hospitals added 9,000 jobs. Over the past 12 months, health care has added an average
of 27,000 jobs per month.

Manufacturing employment changed little over the month and has remained essentially
unchanged since July. In November, fabricated metal products added 8,000 jobs, while
electronic instruments lost 2,000 jobs.

Construction employment showed little movement in November. Employment in the
industry has shown little change, on net, since early 2010.

Government employment continued to trend down in November, with a decline in the U.S.
Postal Service (-5,000). Employment in both state government and local government has
been trending down since the second half of 2008.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at
34.3 hours in November. The manufacturing workweek was down by 0.2 hour to 40.3
hours, offsetting a 0.2 hour gain in the previous month. Factory overtime remained
at 3.2 hours in November. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory
employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged down by 0.1 hour to 33.6 hours. (See
tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls decreased in
November by 2 cents, or 0.1 percent, to $23.18. This decline followed a gain of 7
cents in October. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by
1.8 percent. In November, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and
nonsupervisory employees increased by 2 cents, or 0.1 percent, to $19.54. (See
tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for September was revised from
+158,000 to +210,000, and the change for October was revised from +80,000 to 
+100,000.

_____________
The Employment Situation for December is scheduled to be released on Friday,
January 6, 2012, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


    _________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                         |
   |                    Upcoming changes to the Household Survey             |
   |                                                                         |
   | In accordance with usual practice, The Employment Situation release for |
   | December 2011, scheduled for January 6, 2012, will incorporate annual   |
   | revisions in seasonally adjusted unemployment and other labor force     |
   | series from the household survey. Seasonally adjusted data for the most |
   | recent 5 years are subject to revision.                                 |
   |                                                                         |
   | Effective with the release of The Employment Situation for January 2012,|
   | scheduled for February 3, 2012, population controls that reflect the    |
   | results of Census 2010 will be used in the monthly household survey     |
   | estimation process. Historical data will not be revised to incorporate  |
   | the new controls; consequently, household survey data for January 2012  |
   | will not be directly comparable with that for December 2011 or earlier  |
   | periods. A table showing the effects of the new controls on the major   |
   | labor force series will be included in the January 2012 release.        |
   |                                                                         |
   | Also effective with the release of The Employment Situation for January |
   | 2012, the questions on race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity in the     |
   | household survey will be modified. The minor wording changes in the     |
   | questions are not expected to affect the estimates.                     |
   |                                                                         |
   | In January 2012, the Census Bureau, which conducts the household survey,|
   | will begin a year-long process of reorganizing its regional office      |
   | structure. For more information on these Census Bureau changes, see     |
   | www.census.gov/newsroom/pdf/General_QAs_FINAL2.pdf. Both the Census     |
   | Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics will monitor survey opera-    |
   | tions during the transition period. No impact on the employment and     |
   | unemployment estimates from the survey is anticipated from this         |
   | organizational change.                                                  |
    _________________________________________________________________________


    _________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                         |
   |       Update to 2012 North American Industry Classification System      |
   |                                                                         |
   | With the release of January 2012 data on February 3, 2012, the Current  |
   | Employment Statistics (CES) survey will revise the basis for industry   |
   | classification from the 2007 North American Industry Classification     |
   | System (NAICS) to the 2012 NAICS. The conversion to 2012 NAICS will     |
   | result in minor revisions reflecting content changes within the Con-    |
   | struction, Manufacturing, and Retail trade sectors, as well as minor    |
   | coding changes within the Utilities and Leisure and hospitality sectors.|
   | Several industry titles and descriptions also will be updated. Approxi- |
   | mately 1 percent of employment will be reclassified into different      |
   | industries as a result of the revision. Details of new, discontinued,   |
   | and collapsed industries due to the 2012 NAICS update, as well as       |
   | changes due to the annual benchmarking process, will be available on    |
   | January 6, 2012.                                                        |
   |                                                                         |
   | For more information on the 2012 NAICS update, visit www.census.gov/    |
   | epcd/www/naics.html.                                                    |
    _________________________________________________________________________ 
   
   
   

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Change from:
Oct.
2011-
Nov.
2011

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

238,715 240,071 240,269 240,441 172

Civilian labor force

153,950 154,017 154,198 153,883 -315

Participation rate

64.5 64.2 64.2 64.0 -0.2

Employed

138,909 140,025 140,302 140,580 278

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.3 58.4 58.5 0.1

Unemployed

15,041 13,992 13,897 13,303 -594

Unemployment rate

9.8 9.1 9.0 8.6 -0.4

Not in labor force

84,765 86,054 86,071 86,558 487

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.8 9.1 9.0 8.6 -0.4

Adult men (20 years and over)

9.9 8.8 8.8 8.3 -0.5

Adult women (20 years and over)

8.3 8.1 8.0 7.8 -0.2

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

24.5 24.6 24.1 23.7 -0.4

White

8.9 8.0 8.0 7.6 -0.4

Black or African American

16.0 16.0 15.1 15.5 0.4

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

7.6 7.8 7.3 6.5 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

13.2 11.3 11.4 11.4 0.0

Total, 25 years and over

8.4 7.8 7.8 7.4 -0.4

Less than a high school diploma

15.7 14.0 13.8 13.2 -0.6

High school graduates, no college

10.0 9.7 9.6 8.8 -0.8

Some college or associate degree

8.7 8.4 8.3 7.6 -0.7

Bachelor's degree and higher

5.1 4.2 4.4 4.4 0.0

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,471 8,121 8,006 7,574 -432

Job leavers

864 967 1,072 1,007 -65

Reentrants

3,427 3,504 3,400 3,366 -34

New entrants

1,269 1,327 1,293 1,276 -17

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,824 2,772 2,694 2,519 -175

5 to 14 weeks

3,336 2,904 3,250 2,911 -339

15 to 26 weeks

2,515 2,086 2,048 2,111 63

27 weeks and over

6,328 6,242 5,876 5,691 -185

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,960 9,270 8,896 8,518 -378

Slack work or business conditions

6,025 5,963 5,901 5,605 -296

Could only find part-time work

2,557 2,852 2,631 2,526 -105

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,326 18,308 18,392 18,356 -36

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,531 2,511 2,555 2,591 -

Discouraged workers

1,282 1,037 967 1,096 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

93 210 100 120

Total private

128 220 117 140

Goods-producing

8 36 -4 -6

Mining and logging

1 6 5 4

Construction

-8 31 -15 -12

Manufacturing

15 -1 6 2

Durable goods(1)

16 6 13 10

Motor vehicles and parts

-1.9 2.3 6.8 1.2

Nondurable goods

-1 -7 -7 -8

Private service-providing(1)

120 184 121 146

Wholesale trade

8.3 -6.5 10.8 -1.7

Retail trade

-15.6 23.1 12.7 49.8

Transportation and warehousing

22.1 3.0 6.3 8.3

Information

2 32 -10 -4

Financial activities

-1 -2 8 8

Professional and business services(1)

85 54 39 33

Temporary help services

26.8 24.7 15.8 22.3

Education and health services(1)

37 52 37 27

Health care and social assistance

30.9 41.9 30.3 18.7

Leisure and hospitality

-15 24 24 22

Other services

-2 3 -6 2

Government

-35 -10 -17 -20

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.7 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

48.2 47.9 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.5 82.5 82.5

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.2 34.3 34.3 34.3

Average hourly earnings

$22.76 $23.13 $23.20 $23.18

Average weekly earnings

$778.39 $793.36 $795.76 $795.07

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

92.4 94.1 94.2 94.3

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.5 0.1 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

100.3 103.8 104.2 104.3

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.8 0.4 0.1

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.5 33.6 33.7 33.6

Average hourly earnings

$19.24 $19.49 $19.52 $19.54

Average weekly earnings

$644.54 $654.86 $657.82 $656.54

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

99.5 101.3 101.7 101.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.5 0.4 -0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

127.9 132.0 132.7 132.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.7 0.5 -0.1

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

57.7 58.4 59.6 54.7

Manufacturing

58.0 54.3 52.5 49.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant
change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has
a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-
employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides
estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms
from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the
survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an
unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling
frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a
year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work
are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped
looking for work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact
on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for
paid time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other
time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always,
results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while
some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of
all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay
period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.


In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full
time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested
statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment
Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business
establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and government
agencies representing approximately 440,000 worksites and is drawn from a
sampling frame of roughly 9 million unemployment insurance tax accounts.
The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm payroll
employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week
or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which 
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed
if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be 
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of
the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is
the employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about
the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as 
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay 
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector
for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. 
Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and 
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction
workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-
providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make 
nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the 
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and 
recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revisions
to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence
interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to +150,000 
(50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample results
are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.
Since this range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month.
If, however, the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all
of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater
than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate
of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about 
+/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/-0.19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The precision
of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information
for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of 
respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of
the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these
estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only after two
successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey
is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by
new firms. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment
growth, an estimation procedure with two components is used to account
for business births. The first component excludes employment losses from
business deaths from sample-based estimation in order to offset the 
missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into
the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same employment
trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most
of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate
the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the 
imputation. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over
the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and
the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as
a rough proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions  for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent,
with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2010
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

238,715 240,269 240,441 238,715 239,671 239,871 240,071 240,269 240,441

Civilian labor force

153,698 154,088 153,683 153,950 153,228 153,594 154,017 154,198 153,883

Participation rate

64.4 64.1 63.9 64.5 63.9 64.0 64.2 64.2 64.0

Employed

139,415 140,987 141,070 138,909 139,296 139,627 140,025 140,302 140,580

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.7 58.7 58.2 58.1 58.2 58.3 58.4 58.5

Unemployed

14,282 13,102 12,613 15,041 13,931 13,967 13,992 13,897 13,303

Unemployment rate

9.3 8.5 8.2 9.8 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.0 8.6

Not in labor force

85,017 86,181 86,757 84,765 86,443 86,278 86,054 86,071 86,558

Persons who currently want a job

5,832 5,969 6,183 6,248 6,575 6,493 6,241 6,403 6,595

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,640 116,664 116,755 115,640 116,347 116,453 116,559 116,664 116,755

Civilian labor force

81,651 82,081 82,080 81,986 81,751 81,975 82,123 82,252 82,275

Participation rate

70.6 70.4 70.3 70.9 70.3 70.4 70.5 70.5 70.5

Employed

73,540 74,931 75,157 73,337 73,908 74,122 74,364 74,442 74,931

Employment-population ratio

63.6 64.2 64.4 63.4 63.5 63.6 63.8 63.8 64.2

Unemployed

8,111 7,151 6,923 8,649 7,844 7,853 7,758 7,809 7,344

Unemployment rate

9.9 8.7 8.4 10.5 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.5 8.9

Not in labor force

33,988 34,583 34,674 33,653 34,596 34,478 34,436 34,413 34,480

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

107,114 108,104 108,203 107,114 107,773 107,884 107,994 108,104 108,203

Civilian labor force

78,822 79,329 79,378 78,980 78,906 79,043 79,227 79,349 79,383

Participation rate

73.6 73.4 73.4 73.7 73.2 73.3 73.4 73.4 73.4

Employed

71,471 72,924 73,183 71,130 71,836 72,015 72,276 72,336 72,810

Employment-population ratio

66.7 67.5 67.6 66.4 66.7 66.8 66.9 66.9 67.3

Unemployed

7,352 6,405 6,195 7,849 7,070 7,028 6,952 7,013 6,574

Unemployment rate

9.3 8.1 7.8 9.9 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.8 8.3

Not in labor force

28,291 28,776 28,825 28,134 28,867 28,841 28,767 28,756 28,820

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

123,075 123,605 123,686 123,075 123,324 123,418 123,512 123,605 123,686

Civilian labor force

72,046 72,007 71,603 71,964 71,476 71,619 71,894 71,947 71,608

Participation rate

58.5 58.3 57.9 58.5 58.0 58.0 58.2 58.2 57.9

Employed

65,875 66,056 65,913 65,572 65,388 65,505 65,661 65,859 65,649

Employment-population ratio

53.5 53.4 53.3 53.3 53.0 53.1 53.2 53.3 53.1

Unemployed

6,171 5,951 5,690 6,392 6,088 6,114 6,233 6,087 5,959

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.3 7.9 8.9 8.5 8.5 8.7 8.5 8.3

Not in labor force

51,029 51,598 52,083 51,112 51,847 51,800 51,618 51,659 52,078

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,801 115,437 115,526 114,801 115,138 115,238 115,338 115,437 115,526

Civilian labor force

69,374 69,208 68,850 69,151 68,666 68,771 69,019 69,060 68,711

Participation rate

60.4 60.0 59.6 60.2 59.6 59.7 59.8 59.8 59.5

Employed

63,779 63,837 63,710 63,385 63,216 63,300 63,398 63,569 63,355

Employment-population ratio

55.6 55.3 55.1 55.2 54.9 54.9 55.0 55.1 54.8

Unemployed

5,595 5,371 5,140 5,766 5,450 5,472 5,622 5,491 5,356

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.8 7.5 8.3 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.0 7.8

Not in labor force

45,427 46,229 46,675 45,651 46,472 46,467 46,318 46,377 46,815

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,800 16,728 16,711 16,800 16,760 16,749 16,739 16,728 16,711

Civilian labor force

5,501 5,552 5,454 5,820 5,656 5,779 5,770 5,790 5,788

Participation rate

32.7 33.2 32.6 34.6 33.7 34.5 34.5 34.6 34.6

Employed

4,165 4,226 4,177 4,393 4,244 4,312 4,352 4,397 4,415

Employment-population ratio

24.8 25.3 25.0 26.2 25.3 25.7 26.0 26.3 26.4

Unemployed

1,335 1,326 1,277 1,426 1,412 1,467 1,418 1,393 1,373

Unemployment rate

24.3 23.9 23.4 24.5 25.0 25.4 24.6 24.1 23.7

Not in labor force

11,299 11,176 11,257 10,980 11,104 10,970 10,969 10,938 10,923

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2010
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

192,641 193,493 193,598 192,641 193,106 193,236 193,365 193,493 193,598

Civilian labor force

124,735 124,870 124,565 124,824 124,503 124,563 124,702 124,870 124,641

Participation rate

64.7 64.5 64.3 64.8 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.4

Employed

114,254 115,421 115,584 113,728 114,420 114,631 114,751 114,849 115,116

Employment-population ratio

59.3 59.7 59.7 59.0 59.3 59.3 59.3 59.4 59.5

Unemployed

10,481 9,449 8,981 11,096 10,083 9,932 9,951 10,021 9,525

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.6 7.2 8.9 8.1 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.6

Not in labor force

67,907 68,623 69,033 67,817 68,603 68,673 68,662 68,623 68,957

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,074 65,315 65,407 65,088 65,099 65,105 65,269 65,333 65,342

Participation rate

74.1 73.9 73.9 74.1 73.8 73.7 73.9 73.9 73.8

Employed

59,492 60,608 60,938 59,137 59,929 60,108 60,235 60,187 60,591

Employment-population ratio

67.7 68.5 68.9 67.3 67.9 68.1 68.2 68.1 68.5

Unemployed

5,583 4,707 4,469 5,951 5,170 4,997 5,034 5,146 4,751

Unemployment rate

8.6 7.2 6.8 9.1 7.9 7.7 7.7 7.9 7.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

55,155 54,952 54,659 54,953 54,696 54,655 54,706 54,727 54,528

Participation rate

60.0 59.6 59.2 59.7 59.4 59.3 59.3 59.3 59.1

Employed

51,195 51,217 51,091 50,817 50,866 50,826 50,795 50,899 50,774

Employment-population ratio

55.7 55.5 55.3 55.2 55.2 55.2 55.1 55.2 55.0

Unemployed

3,960 3,735 3,568 4,136 3,830 3,828 3,911 3,828 3,755

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.8 6.5 7.5 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.0 6.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,506 4,604 4,499 4,783 4,708 4,803 4,728 4,810 4,771

Participation rate

35.2 36.0 35.2 37.3 36.8 37.5 37.0 37.6 37.4

Employed

3,568 3,596 3,555 3,775 3,625 3,697 3,722 3,763 3,751

Employment-population ratio

27.9 28.1 27.8 29.5 28.3 28.9 29.1 29.4 29.4

Unemployed

938 1,008 944 1,008 1,083 1,106 1,006 1,047 1,019

Unemployment rate

20.8 21.9 21.0 21.1 23.0 23.0 21.3 21.8 21.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,865 29,228 29,259 28,865 29,123 29,158 29,193 29,228 29,259

Civilian labor force

17,979 18,047 17,900 18,020 17,582 17,930 18,103 18,052 17,915

Participation rate

62.3 61.7 61.2 62.4 60.4 61.5 62.0 61.8 61.2

Employed

15,206 15,471 15,236 15,142 14,786 14,941 15,209 15,332 15,139

Employment-population ratio

52.7 52.9 52.1 52.5 50.8 51.2 52.1 52.5 51.7

Unemployed

2,772 2,576 2,664 2,878 2,796 2,989 2,893 2,720 2,777

Unemployment rate

15.4 14.3 14.9 16.0 15.9 16.7 16.0 15.1 15.5

Not in labor force

10,886 11,181 11,359 10,845 11,541 11,229 11,091 11,176 11,344

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,084 8,182 8,185 8,099 8,044 8,151 8,146 8,176 8,186

Participation rate

69.0 68.5 68.4 69.1 67.7 68.4 68.3 68.4 68.4

Employed

6,815 6,960 6,917 6,753 6,680 6,682 6,774 6,855 6,837

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.3 57.8 57.6 56.2 56.1 56.8 57.4 57.1

Unemployed

1,269 1,221 1,268 1,346 1,364 1,469 1,372 1,321 1,349

Unemployment rate

15.7 14.9 15.5 16.6 17.0 18.0 16.8 16.2 16.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,238 9,254 9,106 9,228 8,945 9,153 9,291 9,252 9,088

Participation rate

63.6 62.9 61.9 63.6 61.1 62.4 63.3 62.9 61.7

Employed

8,035 8,116 7,948 8,017 7,745 7,923 8,064 8,089 7,915

Employment-population ratio

55.4 55.2 54.0 55.2 52.9 54.0 54.9 55.0 53.8

Unemployed

1,203 1,138 1,158 1,211 1,200 1,230 1,227 1,164 1,173

Unemployment rate

13.0 12.3 12.7 13.1 13.4 13.4 13.2 12.6 12.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

657 611 608 693 594 626 665 624 641

Participation rate

24.9 23.7 23.7 26.3 22.9 24.2 25.8 24.2 24.9

Employed

356 394 370 372 361 335 371 388 387

Employment-population ratio

13.5 15.3 14.4 14.1 13.9 13.0 14.4 15.1 15.0

Unemployed

301 216 238 321 233 291 294 236 254

Unemployment rate

45.8 35.4 39.1 46.3 39.2 46.5 44.2 37.8 39.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,376 11,614 11,589 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,335 7,462 7,419 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.5 64.3 64.0 - - - - - -

Employed

6,780 6,916 6,939 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

59.6 59.6 59.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

555 546 480 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.6 7.3 6.5 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,041 4,151 4,170 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2010
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

34,102 34,724 34,808 34,102 34,470 34,555 34,640 34,724 34,808

Civilian labor force

22,958 23,313 23,255 22,915 22,741 22,917 22,993 23,259 23,205

Participation rate

67.3 67.1 66.8 67.2 66.0 66.3 66.4 67.0 66.7

Employed

20,042 20,757 20,684 19,899 20,171 20,332 20,389 20,600 20,555

Employment-population ratio

58.8 59.8 59.4 58.4 58.5 58.8 58.9 59.3 59.1

Unemployed

2,916 2,555 2,571 3,016 2,570 2,585 2,604 2,660 2,651

Unemployment rate

12.7 11.0 11.1 13.2 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.4 11.4

Not in labor force

11,145 11,412 11,553 11,188 11,728 11,638 11,647 11,465 11,602

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,000 13,182 13,169 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.8 82.0 81.7 - - - - - -

Employed

11,454 11,891 11,884 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

72.1 73.9 73.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,546 1,291 1,285 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.9 9.8 9.8 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,999 9,141 9,085 - - - - - -

Participation rate

60.2 60.1 59.6 - - - - - -

Employed

7,916 8,183 8,118 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

52.9 53.8 53.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,083 958 967 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

12.0 10.5 10.6 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

959 990 1,000 - - - - - -

Participation rate

29.4 28.9 29.2 - - - - - -

Employed

672 683 682 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

20.6 19.9 19.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

288 307 319 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

30.0 31.0 31.8 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2010
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,730 11,570 11,673 11,803 11,704 11,664 11,738 11,768 11,720

Participation rate

46.3 46.6 46.8 46.6 46.9 46.7 46.5 47.4 47.0

Employed

9,943 10,105 10,190 9,955 9,952 10,002 10,092 10,141 10,173

Employment-population ratio

39.3 40.7 40.9 39.3 39.9 40.0 40.0 40.8 40.8

Unemployed

1,788 1,465 1,483 1,848 1,752 1,663 1,646 1,628 1,547

Unemployment rate

15.2 12.7 12.7 15.7 15.0 14.3 14.0 13.8 13.2

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,794 37,140 37,089 37,824 37,505 36,956 37,319 37,437 37,135

Participation rate

61.0 60.1 60.3 61.1 60.6 60.0 60.5 60.6 60.3

Employed

34,178 33,882 33,970 34,035 34,006 33,425 33,686 33,841 33,848

Employment-population ratio

55.2 54.8 55.2 55.0 54.9 54.3 54.7 54.8 55.0

Unemployed

3,616 3,258 3,119 3,789 3,499 3,531 3,632 3,596 3,286

Unemployment rate

9.6 8.8 8.4 10.0 9.3 9.6 9.7 9.6 8.8

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,337 37,114 37,086 37,037 36,686 37,013 37,164 36,895 36,733

Participation rate

70.4 69.4 69.0 69.8 68.9 69.2 69.5 69.0 68.4

Employed

34,247 34,119 34,347 33,832 33,657 33,975 34,031 33,826 33,950

Employment-population ratio

64.6 63.8 63.9 63.8 63.2 63.5 63.7 63.3 63.2

Unemployed

3,090 2,995 2,739 3,205 3,028 3,038 3,133 3,069 2,783

Unemployment rate

8.3 8.1 7.4 8.7 8.3 8.2 8.4 8.3 7.6

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

46,330 47,346 47,147 46,322 46,680 46,813 46,915 47,008 47,130

Participation rate

76.6 76.4 76.0 76.6 76.1 76.0 76.2 75.8 76.0

Employed

44,101 45,348 45,161 43,952 44,677 44,808 44,931 44,951 45,045

Employment-population ratio

72.9 73.1 72.8 72.7 72.9 72.7 73.0 72.5 72.6

Unemployed

2,228 1,998 1,985 2,370 2,003 2,005 1,985 2,058 2,085

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.2 4.2 5.1 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,865 21,463 20,072 19,657 1,793 1,806

Civilian labor force

11,572 11,181 10,468 10,055 1,104 1,126

Participation rate

52.9 52.1 52.2 51.2 61.6 62.3

Employed

10,573 10,350 9,543 9,303 1,030 1,047

Employment-population ratio

48.4 48.2 47.5 47.3 57.4 58.0

Unemployed

999 832 924 753 75 79

Unemployment rate

8.6 7.4 8.8 7.5 6.8 7.0

Not in labor force

10,293 10,282 9,604 9,602 689 680

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,266 2,400 1,915 2,053 352 347

Civilian labor force

1,893 1,994 1,648 1,741 245 253

Participation rate

83.5 83.1 86.1 84.8 69.8 72.9

Employed

1,704 1,773 1,476 1,567 228 206

Employment-population ratio

75.2 73.9 77.1 76.3 64.8 59.3

Unemployed

189 221 171 174 18 47

Unemployment rate

10.0 11.1 10.4 10.0 7.2 18.7

Not in labor force

373 406 267 312 106 94

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,844 2,922 2,418 2,444 426 479

Civilian labor force

2,488 2,446 2,155 2,104 332 341

Participation rate

87.5 83.7 89.1 86.1 78.1 71.3

Employed

2,304 2,320 2,003 1,987 301 333

Employment-population ratio

81.0 79.4 82.8 81.3 70.8 69.6

Unemployed

183 126 152 118 31 8

Unemployment rate

7.4 5.2 7.1 5.6 9.3 2.4

Not in labor force

356 477 263 339 93 137

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,872 10,224 10,515 9,905 357 319

Civilian labor force

3,865 3,326 3,747 3,226 118 101

Participation rate

35.5 32.5 35.6 32.6 33.1 31.5

Employed

3,501 3,099 3,391 2,998 110 101

Employment-population ratio

32.2 30.3 32.2 30.3 30.8 31.5

Unemployed

364 227 356 227 8 0

Unemployment rate

9.4 6.8 9.5 7.0 7.0 0.0

Not in labor force

7,007 6,898 6,768 6,679 239 219

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,883 5,917 5,225 5,256 659 661

Civilian labor force

3,326 3,416 2,918 2,985 408 431

Participation rate

56.5 57.7 55.8 56.8 62.0 65.2

Employed

3,064 3,158 2,673 2,751 391 408

Employment-population ratio

52.1 53.4 51.2 52.3 59.3 61.7

Unemployed

262 257 245 234 18 23

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.5 8.4 7.8 4.3 5.4

Not in labor force

2,557 2,501 2,307 2,271 251 230

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

207,753 210,130 90,989 92,624 116,764 117,506

Civilian labor force

140,294 140,734 70,296 71,217 69,998 69,517

Participation rate

67.5 67.0 77.3 76.9 59.9 59.2

Employed

127,474 129,352 63,370 65,260 64,103 64,092

Employment-population ratio

61.4 61.6 69.6 70.5 54.9 54.5

Unemployed

12,820 11,382 6,926 5,957 5,894 5,425

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.1 9.9 8.4 8.4 7.8

Not in labor force

67,459 69,396 20,693 21,407 46,766 47,989

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

26,886 27,331 211,829 213,110

Civilian labor force

5,784 5,676 147,914 148,007

Participation rate

21.5 20.8 69.8 69.5

Employed

4,945 4,938 134,470 136,132

Employment-population ratio

18.4 18.1 63.5 63.9

Unemployed

839 738 13,443 11,875

Unemployment rate

14.5 13.0 9.1 8.0

Not in labor force

21,102 21,655 63,916 65,103

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,641 2,617 75,268 75,366

Participation rate

35.9 34.5 82.4 82.4

Employed

2,226 2,223 67,834 69,099

Employment-population ratio

30.2 29.3 74.2 75.6

Unemployed

415 394 7,434 6,267

Unemployment rate

15.7 15.1 9.9 8.3

Not in labor force

4,718 4,973 16,104 16,084

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,338 2,173 66,617 66,205

Participation rate

31.2 29.6 71.2 70.5

Employed

1,976 1,893 61,013 61,025

Employment-population ratio

26.4 25.8 65.2 65.0

Unemployed

362 279 5,604 5,180

Unemployment rate

15.5 12.9 8.4 7.8

Not in labor force

5,157 5,161 26,899 27,654

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

805 886 6,029 6,436

Participation rate

6.7 7.1 22.4 23.2

Employed

743 821 5,623 6,009

Employment-population ratio

6.2 6.6 20.9 21.6

Unemployed

62 64 406 427

Unemployment rate

7.7 7.3 6.7 6.6

Not in labor force

11,227 11,521 20,912 21,365

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,350 36,705 18,035 18,196 18,315 18,509

Civilian labor force

24,788 24,696 14,403 14,468 10,385 10,228

Participation rate

68.2 67.3 79.9 79.5 56.7 55.3

Employed

22,387 22,631 13,012 13,328 9,375 9,303

Employment-population ratio

61.6 61.7 72.1 73.2 51.2 50.3

Unemployed

2,401 2,065 1,391 1,140 1,010 925

Unemployment rate

9.7 8.4 9.7 7.9 9.7 9.0

Not in labor force

11,562 12,009 3,632 3,728 7,930 8,282

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

202,365 203,735 97,605 98,559 104,760 105,176

Civilian labor force

128,909 128,987 67,249 67,612 61,661 61,375

Participation rate

63.7 63.3 68.9 68.6 58.9 58.4

Employed

117,029 118,439 60,528 61,829 56,500 56,610

Employment-population ratio

57.8 58.1 62.0 62.7 53.9 53.8

Unemployed

11,881 10,548 6,720 5,783 5,161 4,765

Unemployment rate

9.2 8.2 10.0 8.6 8.4 7.8

Not in labor force

73,455 74,748 30,356 30,947 43,099 43,801

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2010
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,127 2,246 2,176 2,185 2,245 2,355 2,267 2,250 2,254

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,347 1,339 1,319 1,385 1,419 1,475 1,380 1,325 1,349

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

749 873 824 771 810 843 839 862 840

Unpaid family workers

30 34 33 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

137,289 138,740 138,894 136,752 136,837 137,146 137,840 138,137 138,367

Wage and salary workers(1)

128,468 130,189 130,261 127,728 128,393 128,552 129,606 129,565 129,619

Government

20,745 20,682 20,525 20,600 20,302 20,286 20,568 20,519 20,404

Private industries

107,723 109,507 109,736 107,146 108,070 108,275 108,742 108,980 109,196

Private households

650 771 674 - - - - - -

Other industries

107,073 108,736 109,062 106,516 107,319 107,556 107,992 108,160 108,527

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,727 8,501 8,576 8,832 8,525 8,551 8,334 8,521 8,631

Unpaid family workers

93 50 57 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,670 8,258 8,271 8,960 8,396 8,826 9,270 8,896 8,518

Slack work or business conditions

5,897 5,518 5,499 6,025 5,687 5,833 5,963 5,901 5,605

Could only find part-time work

2,487 2,488 2,492 2,557 2,517 2,736 2,852 2,631 2,526

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,290 18,941 19,355 18,326 18,258 18,208 18,308 18,392 18,356

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,526 8,151 8,161 8,822 8,218 8,670 9,112 8,784 8,407

Slack work or business conditions

5,805 5,444 5,422 5,941 5,569 5,732 5,864 5,829 5,533

Could only find part-time work

2,468 2,472 2,473 2,555 2,466 2,720 2,868 2,613 2,546

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,928 18,543 18,950 17,929 17,880 17,813 17,877 17,985 17,926

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2010
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

139,415 140,987 141,070 138,909 139,296 139,627 140,025 140,302 140,580

16 to 19 years

4,165 4,226 4,177 4,393 4,244 4,312 4,352 4,397 4,415

16 to 17 years

1,369 1,447 1,368 1,440 1,343 1,341 1,414 1,442 1,426

18 to 19 years

2,796 2,779 2,809 2,961 2,890 2,981 2,944 2,961 2,984

20 years and over

135,250 136,761 136,893 134,515 135,052 135,315 135,673 135,905 136,164

20 to 24 years

12,781 13,306 13,225 12,774 12,860 12,895 13,072 13,357 13,212

25 years and over

122,469 123,454 123,668 121,744 122,228 122,447 122,610 122,496 122,900

25 to 54 years

94,347 94,108 94,322 93,723 93,550 93,568 93,460 93,338 93,642

25 to 34 years

30,458 30,806 30,992 30,214 30,322 30,635 30,587 30,557 30,729

35 to 44 years

30,715 30,295 30,423 30,527 30,249 30,017 30,053 30,043 30,201

45 to 54 years

33,175 33,007 32,907 32,982 32,979 32,916 32,819 32,738 32,712

55 years and over

28,122 29,346 29,346 28,021 28,677 28,880 29,150 29,158 29,258

Men, 16 years and over

73,540 74,931 75,157 73,337 73,908 74,122 74,364 74,442 74,931

16 to 19 years

2,069 2,007 1,974 2,206 2,072 2,107 2,089 2,106 2,121

16 to 17 years

627 626 594 688 652 629 674 666 658

18 to 19 years

1,443 1,381 1,380 1,524 1,429 1,492 1,418 1,443 1,457

20 years and over

71,471 72,924 73,183 71,130 71,836 72,015 72,276 72,336 72,810

20 to 24 years

6,473 7,017 6,967 6,502 6,711 6,747 6,858 7,084 6,985

25 years and over

64,998 65,907 66,216 64,617 65,163 65,289 65,429 65,262 65,785

25 to 54 years

50,304 50,406 50,701 49,970 50,018 50,019 50,022 49,844 50,308

25 to 34 years

16,491 16,884 17,080 16,331 16,481 16,674 16,686 16,658 16,888

35 to 44 years

16,652 16,360 16,497 16,543 16,371 16,226 16,277 16,201 16,352

45 to 54 years

17,162 17,162 17,124 17,096 17,167 17,118 17,059 16,986 17,068

55 years and over

14,693 15,501 15,515 14,648 15,146 15,271 15,407 15,418 15,477

Women, 16 years and over

65,875 66,056 65,913 65,572 65,388 65,505 65,661 65,859 65,649

16 to 19 years

2,096 2,219 2,203 2,187 2,172 2,205 2,263 2,290 2,294

16 to 17 years

742 821 774 752 691 712 740 777 769

18 to 19 years

1,354 1,398 1,429 1,437 1,461 1,489 1,525 1,518 1,527

20 years and over

63,779 63,837 63,710 63,385 63,216 63,300 63,398 63,569 63,355

20 to 24 years

6,308 6,290 6,258 6,272 6,149 6,148 6,214 6,273 6,227

25 years and over

57,471 57,547 57,452 57,127 57,064 57,158 57,181 57,233 57,115

25 to 54 years

44,042 43,703 43,622 43,753 43,533 43,549 43,438 43,494 43,334

25 to 34 years

13,967 13,923 13,912 13,883 13,841 13,960 13,901 13,899 13,842

35 to 44 years

14,063 13,935 13,926 13,983 13,879 13,790 13,776 13,843 13,849

45 to 54 years

16,013 15,844 15,783 15,887 15,813 15,798 15,760 15,752 15,644

55 years and over

13,429 13,845 13,830 13,374 13,532 13,609 13,744 13,740 13,780

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,296 43,940 44,159 43,130 43,145 43,184 43,637 43,632 43,910

Married women, spouse present

34,725 34,401 34,705 34,543 33,734 33,845 34,052 34,239 34,433

Women who maintain families

8,817 9,101 8,723 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

111,348 113,456 113,138 111,187 111,859 112,330 112,357 112,778 113,101

Part-time workers(2)

28,068 27,530 27,932 27,594 27,606 27,407 27,704 27,514 27,423

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,816 6,989 7,083 6,734 6,741 6,927 6,964 6,887 6,996

Percent of total employed

4.9 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.8 5.0 5.0 4.9 5.0

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,037 5,030 5,060 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,477 9,374 9,400 9,603 9,335 9,394 9,173 9,383 9,471

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Nov.
2010
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

15,041 13,897 13,303 9.8 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.0 8.6

16 to 19 years

1,426 1,393 1,373 24.5 25.0 25.4 24.6 24.1 23.7

16 to 17 years

476 488 427 24.9 28.7 29.6 26.5 25.3 23.0

18 to 19 years

947 898 923 24.2 23.1 24.5 23.3 23.3 23.6

20 years and over

13,615 12,504 11,930 9.2 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.4 8.1

20 to 24 years

2,418 2,176 2,190 15.9 14.6 14.8 14.7 14.0 14.2

25 years and over

11,188 10,342 9,762 8.4 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.8 7.4

25 to 54 years

8,983 8,147 7,731 8.7 8.0 8.1 8.1 8.0 7.6

25 to 34 years

3,513 3,313 3,106 10.4 9.7 9.5 9.7 9.8 9.2

35 to 44 years

2,558 2,339 2,273 7.7 7.1 7.7 7.5 7.2 7.0

45 to 54 years

2,912 2,495 2,352 8.1 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.1 6.7

55 years and over

2,184 2,187 2,004 7.2 6.9 6.6 6.7 7.0 6.4

Men, 16 years and over

8,649 7,809 7,344 10.5 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.5 8.9

16 to 19 years

800 796 770 26.6 27.2 28.1 27.9 27.4 26.6

16 to 17 years

274 249 238 28.5 29.9 28.6 27.6 27.2 26.6

18 to 19 years

523 551 534 25.5 25.6 28.9 27.3 27.6 26.8

20 years and over

7,849 7,013 6,574 9.9 9.0 8.9 8.8 8.8 8.3

20 to 24 years

1,440 1,222 1,294 18.1 15.7 16.5 15.8 14.7 15.6

25 years and over

6,417 5,808 5,325 9.0 8.2 8.1 8.0 8.2 7.5

25 to 54 years

5,145 4,605 4,202 9.3 8.4 8.5 8.4 8.5 7.7

25 to 34 years

2,002 1,895 1,706 10.9 10.2 9.8 9.8 10.2 9.2

35 to 44 years

1,417 1,324 1,243 7.9 7.5 8.1 7.7 7.6 7.1

45 to 54 years

1,726 1,386 1,253 9.2 7.7 7.4 7.6 7.5 6.8

55 years and over

1,272 1,203 1,123 8.0 7.4 7.0 6.9 7.2 6.8

Women, 16 years and over

6,392 6,087 5,959 8.9 8.5 8.5 8.7 8.5 8.3

16 to 19 years

626 597 603 22.3 22.7 22.6 21.3 20.7 20.8

16 to 17 years

202 239 189 21.2 27.5 30.5 25.5 23.6 19.7

18 to 19 years

425 347 388 22.8 20.6 19.4 19.1 18.6 20.3

20 years and over

5,766 5,491 5,356 8.3 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.0 7.8

20 to 24 years

978 954 896 13.5 13.2 12.8 13.4 13.2 12.6

25 years and over

4,771 4,533 4,437 7.7 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.2

25 to 54 years

3,838 3,542 3,529 8.1 7.5 7.7 7.9 7.5 7.5

25 to 34 years

1,511 1,418 1,400 9.8 9.1 9.1 9.6 9.3 9.2

35 to 44 years

1,141 1,015 1,030 7.5 6.7 7.2 7.3 6.8 6.9

45 to 54 years

1,186 1,110 1,099 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.6

55 years and over(1)

887 970 847 6.2 7.3 7.1 6.6 6.5 5.8

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

3,214 2,707 2,486 6.9 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.4

Married women, spouse present

2,118 2,092 1,926 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.3

Women who maintain families(1)

1,317 1,275 1,230 13.0 12.1 11.9 12.4 12.3 12.4

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

13,298 11,998 11,494 10.7 9.8 9.7 9.8 9.6 9.2

Part-time workers(3)

1,690 1,892 1,757 5.8 6.1 6.5 6.0 6.4 6.0

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2010
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,926 7,390 7,201 9,471 8,215 8,203 8,121 8,006 7,574

On temporary layoff

1,172 861 955 1,430 1,268 1,247 1,196 1,236 1,152

Not on temporary layoff

7,754 6,528 6,246 8,042 6,947 6,956 6,925 6,770 6,422

Permanent job losers

6,183 5,170 4,878 6,425 5,567 5,545 5,500 5,362 5,022

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,571 1,359 1,367 1,617 1,380 1,411 1,426 1,409 1,401

Job leavers

852 1,103 1,000 864 928 963 967 1,072 1,007

Reentrants

3,348 3,368 3,248 3,427 3,410 3,532 3,504 3,400 3,366

New entrants

1,156 1,242 1,164 1,269 1,270 1,241 1,327 1,293 1,276

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

62.5 56.4 57.1 63.0 59.4 58.8 58.3 58.1 57.3

On temporary layoff

8.2 6.6 7.6 9.5 9.2 8.9 8.6 9.0 8.7

Not on temporary layoff

54.3 49.8 49.5 53.5 50.3 49.9 49.8 49.2 48.6

Job leavers

6.0 8.4 7.9 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.9 7.8 7.6

Reentrants

23.4 25.7 25.8 22.8 24.7 25.3 25.2 24.7 25.5

New entrants

8.1 9.5 9.2 8.4 9.2 8.9 9.5 9.4 9.7

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.8 4.8 4.7 6.2 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 4.9

Job leavers

0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7

Reentrants

2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2

New entrants

0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2010
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,639 2,443 2,297 2,824 2,689 2,755 2,772 2,694 2,519

5 to 14 weeks

3,152 2,985 2,766 3,336 3,088 3,050 2,904 3,250 2,911

15 weeks and over

8,491 7,674 7,551 8,843 8,150 8,273 8,328 7,924 7,801

15 to 26 weeks

2,233 1,936 1,933 2,515 1,965 2,239 2,086 2,048 2,111

27 weeks and over

6,258 5,738 5,618 6,328 6,185 6,034 6,242 5,876 5,691

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

34.5 39.8 41.1 33.9 40.4 40.3 40.5 39.4 40.9

Median duration, in weeks

21.7 21.1 21.8 21.7 21.2 21.8 22.2 20.8 21.6

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

18.5 18.6 18.2 18.8 19.3 19.6 19.8 19.4 19.0

5 to 14 weeks

22.1 22.8 21.9 22.2 22.2 21.7 20.7 23.4 22.0

15 weeks and over

59.5 58.6 59.9 58.9 58.5 58.8 59.5 57.1 59.0

15 to 26 weeks

15.6 14.8 15.3 16.8 14.1 15.9 14.9 14.8 16.0

27 weeks and over

43.8 43.8 44.5 42.2 44.4 42.9 44.6 42.4 43.0

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

139,415 141,070 14,282 12,613 9.3 8.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

51,532 52,787 2,525 2,336 4.7 4.2

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

20,420 21,776 1,191 1,060 5.5 4.6

Professional and related occupations

31,111 31,011 1,334 1,277 4.1 4.0

Service occupations

24,641 24,783 2,810 2,610 10.2 9.5

Sales and office occupations

33,525 33,294 3,232 2,965 8.8 8.2

Sales and related occupations

15,732 15,607 1,515 1,323 8.8 7.8

Office and administrative support occupations

17,793 17,687 1,717 1,641 8.8 8.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,768 13,422 2,274 1,662 15.1 11.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

956 1,011 194 189 16.9 15.8

Construction and extraction occupations

6,896 7,440 1,619 1,151 19.0 13.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,916 4,970 461 321 8.6 6.1

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,949 16,785 2,263 1,823 11.8 9.8

Production occupations

8,390 8,310 1,169 872 12.2 9.5

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,560 8,475 1,094 951 11.3 10.1

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2011 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2011 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

14,282 12,613 9.3 8.2

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

11,363 9,740 9.5 8.2

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

68 76 8.5 8.3

Construction

1,596 1,100 18.8 13.1

Manufacturing

1,526 1,176 9.9 7.7

Durable goods

991 749 10.4 7.9

Nondurable goods

535 427 9.1 7.3

Wholesale and retail trade

1,883 1,726 9.0 8.4

Transportation and utilities

434 423 7.6 7.2

Information

268 225 8.8 7.4

Financial activities

590 557 6.7 6.1

Professional and business services

1,521 1,340 10.6 9.0

Education and health services

1,298 1,132 5.9 5.2

Leisure and hospitality

1,634 1,451 12.4 11.1

Other services

545 535 8.6 8.4

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

223 222 14.5 14.9

Government workers

949 964 4.4 4.5

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

591 523 5.8 5.2

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2010
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
July
2011
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.5 5.0 4.9 5.7 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.8 4.8 4.7 6.2 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 4.9

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.3 8.5 8.2 9.8 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.0 8.6

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

10.0 9.1 8.9 10.5 9.8 9.7 9.7 9.6 9.3

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.8 10.0 9.7 11.2 10.7 10.6 10.5 10.5 10.2

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.3 15.3 15.0 17.0 16.1 16.2 16.5 16.2 15.6

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2011

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

85,017 86,757 33,988 34,674 51,029 52,083

Persons who currently want a job

5,832 6,183 2,823 2,915 3,010 3,268

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,531 2,591 1,399 1,355 1,131 1,236

Discouraged workers(2)

1,282 1,096 830 679 452 416

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,249 1,495 570 676 679 819

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,816 7,083 3,202 3,505 3,614 3,578

Percent of total employed

4.9 5.0 4.4 4.7 5.5 5.4

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,573 3,712 1,855 2,105 1,718 1,607

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,891 1,854 629 573 1,262 1,281

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

206 219 135 137 71 82

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,113 1,262 564 671 549 591

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)
Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)
Change from:
Oct.2011 - Nov.2011(p)

Total nonfarm

131,371 131,746 132,620 132,959 130,108 131,488 131,588 131,708 120

Total private

108,623 109,900 110,248 110,482 107,841 109,462 109,579 109,719 140

Goods-producing

17,992 18,450 18,427 18,283 17,793 18,111 18,107 18,101 -6

Mining and logging

743 819 824 823 735 806 811 815 4

Logging

49.1 49.3 48.3 49.6 47.8 47.3 46.2 48.1 1.9

Mining

694.0 769.5 776.1 773.7 686.8 758.9 765.1 767.3 2.2

Oil and gas extraction

161.5 180.2 182.7 183.6 161.2 180.4 183.2 183.6 0.4

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

209.7 219.8 219.8 216.4 206.1 213.7 214.4 213.5 -0.9

Coal mining

83.0 87.1 86.6 86.9 82.6 86.8 86.7 86.7 0.0

Support activities for mining

322.8 369.5 373.6 373.7 319.5 364.8 367.5 370.2 2.7

Construction

5,645 5,796 5,777 5,657 5,504 5,549 5,534 5,522 -12

Construction of buildings

1,242.0 1,272.7 1,272.9 1,251.9 1,219.0 1,231.8 1,232.7 1,228.5 -4.2

Residential building

570.6 576.0 581.9 569.7 560.2 557.8 562.8 559.8 -3.0

Nonresidential building

671.4 696.7 691.0 682.2 658.8 674.0 669.9 668.7 -1.2

Heavy and civil engineering construction

883.6 912.7 916.1 877.8 845.7 845.5 849.8 842.8 -7.0

Specialty trade contractors

3,519.0 3,610.9 3,587.5 3,527.7 3,439.7 3,471.3 3,451.1 3,450.6 -0.5

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,469.4 1,523.2 1,520.6 1,489.4 1,442.2 1,456.3 1,460.0 1,463.0 3.0

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,049.6 2,087.7 2,066.9 2,038.3 1,997.5 2,015.0 1,991.1 1,987.6 -3.5

Manufacturing

11,604 11,835 11,826 11,803 11,554 11,756 11,762 11,764 2

Durable goods

7,143 7,346 7,354 7,359 7,113 7,314 7,327 7,337 10

Wood products

338.8 336.3 333.8 334.2 337.7 331.6 332.4 333.1 0.7

Nonmetallic mineral products

376.4 377.7 376.6 373.6 370.6 368.7 368.5 368.2 -0.3

Primary metals

367.5 390.8 392.9 393.0 366.6 389.3 391.5 392.5 1.0

Fabricated metal products

1,311.9 1,369.6 1,369.3 1,372.8 1,305.7 1,361.8 1,362.0 1,370.3 8.3

Machinery

1,010.6 1,055.6 1,062.1 1,066.5 1,007.3 1,057.0 1,060.2 1,064.0 3.8

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,108.3 1,129.0 1,128.0 1,126.3 1,106.7 1,129.2 1,128.5 1,125.1 -3.4

Computer and peripheral equipment

166.0 172.9 173.7 174.9 164.9 173.1 174.0 174.0 0.0

Communication equipment

119.2 116.6 115.2 113.5 119.6 116.1 114.6 113.7 -0.9

Semiconductors and electronic components

373.2 389.5 389.2 390.3 372.9 389.2 389.6 390.1 0.5

Electronic instruments

405.4 401.8 401.7 400.0 405.5 402.3 402.1 399.9 -2.2

Electrical equipment and appliances

365.8 371.9 372.0 371.0 365.2 371.0 371.1 370.3 -0.8

Transportation equipment(1)

1,338.9 1,384.2 1,393.5 1,400.0 1,332.7 1,378.7 1,390.3 1,395.5 5.2

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

681.8 710.0 714.5 716.7 676.3 704.5 711.3 712.5 1.2

Furniture and related products

350.2 354.1 349.6 346.7 351.4 350.6 348.5 347.7 -0.8

Miscellaneous manufacturing

574.6 576.9 576.4 574.6 569.5 575.8 573.6 570.6 -3.0

Nondurable goods

4,461 4,489 4,472 4,444 4,441 4,442 4,435 4,427 -8

Food manufacturing

1,454.0 1,471.8 1,463.9 1,446.5 1,442.1 1,441.2 1,440.8 1,437.5 -3.3

Beverages and tobacco products

184.5 193.7 192.1 190.9 183.8 188.2 187.9 189.7 1.8

Textile mills

119.5 121.4 120.2 119.7 119.0 121.2 120.2 119.5 -0.7

Textile product mills

116.8 113.1 113.7 114.2 115.8 113.7 113.1 113.8 0.7

Apparel

155.7 157.4 156.6 153.4 157.1 155.1 155.9 154.2 -1.7

Leather and allied products

28.9 30.2 30.4 30.9 28.7 29.9 30.1 30.6 0.5

Paper and paper products

396.9 400.3 399.7 400.1 396.2 399.3 399.1 399.1 0.0

Printing and related support activities

484.5 465.1 464.3 461.0 480.9 463.5 461.6 458.4 -3.2

Petroleum and coal products

114.9 114.0 116.7 114.7 113.2 112.0 113.4 113.1 -0.3

Chemicals

778.4 785.5 782.2 782.8 777.8 785.5 783.3 781.9 -1.4

Plastics and rubber products

626.4 636.0 631.7 629.4 626.4 632.1 629.7 628.8 -0.9

Private service-providing

90,631 91,450 91,821 92,199 90,048 91,351 91,472 91,618 146

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,112 24,899 25,058 25,505 24,684 24,978 25,007 25,065 58

Wholesale trade

5,499.1 5,548.3 5,573.4 5,571.4 5,475.7 5,541.3 5,552.1 5,550.4 -1.7

Durable goods

2,742.0 2,774.6 2,785.6 2,786.3 2,733.7 2,773.7 2,778.8 2,780.4 1.6

Nondurable goods

1,945.0 1,955.1 1,965.0 1,958.9 1,932.7 1,950.9 1,953.0 1,946.7 -6.3

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

812.1 818.6 822.8 826.2 809.3 816.7 820.3 823.3 3.0

Retail trade

14,788.5 14,480.8 14,604.5 15,028.0 14,441.0 14,604.7 14,617.4 14,667.2 49.8

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,641.8 1,692.1 1,692.4 1,689.5 1,643.1 1,681.1 1,686.3 1,690.5 4.2

Automobile dealers

1,018.8 1,051.3 1,052.9 1,053.8 1,018.7 1,046.0 1,050.1 1,053.6 3.5

Furniture and home furnishings stores

450.7 431.7 446.8 455.7 435.8 437.7 439.8 440.2 0.4

Electronics and appliance stores

529.5 477.0 484.8 508.5 508.6 485.7 484.0 489.2 5.2

Building material and garden supply stores

1,088.1 1,107.6 1,102.7 1,096.4 1,112.0 1,119.6 1,120.3 1,121.5 1.2

Food and beverage stores

2,834.3 2,839.6 2,849.8 2,867.5 2,810.9 2,845.5 2,844.9 2,845.6 0.7

Health and personal care stores

985.4 974.0 978.2 988.2 976.4 979.7 979.5 979.0 -0.5

Gasoline stations

814.2 822.7 819.5 820.8 815.3 816.9 818.7 821.5 2.8

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,487.3 1,412.0 1,447.6 1,585.4 1,404.4 1,456.7 1,463.4 1,490.1 26.7

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

635.1 596.4 589.4 627.2 600.4 598.2 591.0 593.3 2.3

General merchandise stores(1)

3,112.9 2,941.2 2,989.8 3,159.3 2,968.2 2,997.1 3,004.1 3,009.9 5.8

Department stores

1,591.2 1,460.9 1,491.6 1,613.1 1,484.3 1,501.6 1,504.7 1,504.3 -0.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

771.3 768.0 772.8 778.6 754.9 768.0 765.0 763.8 -1.2

Nonstore retailers

437.9 418.5 430.7 450.9 411.0 418.5 420.4 422.6 2.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,275.3 4,316.1 4,326.6 4,350.3 4,218.3 4,277.5 4,283.8 4,292.1 8.3

Air transportation

465.4 477.1 475.7 471.8 466.9 475.9 475.6 473.8 -1.8

Rail transportation

219.8 227.1 227.1 227.4 219.0 225.9 226.4 226.3 -0.1

Water transportation

63.6 65.0 65.5 64.7 64.2 64.2 64.9 65.1 0.2

Truck transportation

1,270.4 1,304.9 1,305.2 1,303.5 1,256.0 1,283.6 1,286.2 1,289.8 3.6

Transit and ground passenger transportation

462.9 455.5 460.6 457.1 444.3 442.9 442.4 440.1 -2.3

Pipeline transportation

42.2 43.2 43.4 43.6 41.9 43.3 43.3 43.4 0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

23.7 34.0 31.0 22.7 27.1 28.1 29.3 26.7 -2.6

Support activities for transportation

542.0 557.6 565.0 568.7 540.6 558.2 562.3 567.4 5.1

Couriers and messengers

542.5 517.1 515.6 543.6 527.3 523.3 522.5 525.2 2.7

Warehousing and storage

642.8 634.6 637.5 647.2 631.0 632.1 630.9 634.3 3.4

Utilities

548.7 553.7 553.5 554.9 549.3 554.3 554.0 555.3 1.3

Information

2,709 2,651 2,644 2,656 2,699 2,659 2,649 2,645 -4

Publishing industries, except Internet

760.5 753.1 755.6 753.5 757.2 753.5 754.5 750.5 -4.0

Motion picture and sound recording industries

374.0 358.3 349.3 362.1 373.4 361.3 354.6 359.5 4.9

Broadcasting, except Internet

298.8 294.0 295.2 295.0 296.3 294.2 293.7 292.6 -1.1

Telecommunications

889.8 846.3 842.0 844.8 886.0 849.5 843.9 841.3 -2.6

Data processing, hosting and related services

240.8 237.0 238.3 237.7 240.4 238.4 238.5 237.6 -0.9

Other information services

145.4 162.4 163.9 163.2 145.3 162.3 163.5 163.3 -0.2

Financial activities

7,610 7,609 7,617 7,622 7,616 7,610 7,618 7,626 8

Finance and insurance

5,687.4 5,654.6 5,664.4 5,679.2 5,685.3 5,668.2 5,669.5 5,675.1 5.6

Monetary authorities - central bank

21.0 21.8 21.9 22.0 21.1 21.7 21.9 22.0 0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,551.0 2,537.4 2,540.7 2,553.5 2,552.1 2,545.8 2,545.8 2,552.4 6.6

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,740.0 1,753.1 1,753.0 1,757.6 1,740.9 1,758.1 1,757.1 1,758.8 1.7

Commercial banking

1,312.9 1,322.5 1,322.5 1,325.6 1,314.4 1,325.7 1,324.8 1,327.2 2.4

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

801.8 806.1 807.1 807.4 801.2 808.5 807.4 807.5 0.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,226.7 2,204.0 2,208.9 2,211.5 2,224.0 2,206.6 2,208.9 2,208.2 -0.7

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

86.9 85.3 85.8 84.8 86.9 85.6 85.5 85.0 -0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,922.6 1,954.4 1,952.9 1,942.8 1,930.6 1,941.3 1,948.3 1,951.3 3.0

Real estate

1,385.9 1,403.1 1,408.3 1,401.5 1,388.0 1,396.8 1,403.4 1,405.0 1.6

Rental and leasing services

511.5 525.5 518.6 515.3 517.3 518.6 518.9 520.3 1.4

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

25.2 25.8 26.0 26.0 25.3 25.9 26.0 26.0 0.0

Professional and business services

17,012 17,360 17,501 17,531 16,844 17,293 17,332 17,365 33

Professional and technical services(1)

7,457.0 7,599.1 7,665.2 7,703.6 7,455.1 7,685.3 7,695.6 7,704.4 8.8

Legal services

1,116.4 1,108.8 1,113.7 1,114.5 1,116.1 1,112.5 1,112.9 1,113.0 0.1

Accounting and bookkeeping services

850.3 851.2 864.9 890.7 893.3 930.8 935.0 937.0 2.0

Architectural and engineering services

1,281.4 1,310.0 1,313.4 1,307.7 1,273.9 1,304.8 1,303.4 1,301.4 -2.0

Computer systems design and related services

1,469.6 1,517.2 1,526.0 1,534.6 1,459.6 1,519.2 1,519.5 1,524.6 5.1

Management and technical consulting services

1,012.8 1,051.5 1,070.9 1,079.7 1,000.3 1,057.1 1,062.4 1,066.9 4.5

Management of companies and enterprises

1,871.1 1,892.3 1,895.9 1,901.6 1,870.8 1,892.0 1,895.7 1,899.1 3.4

Administrative and waste services

7,684.0 7,868.1 7,939.5 7,925.6 7,517.9 7,716.1 7,740.8 7,761.7 20.9

Administrative and support services(1)

7,323.3 7,494.6 7,568.3 7,557.5 7,159.1 7,347.9 7,372.7 7,394.6 21.9

Employment services(1)

2,939.6 3,037.7 3,097.3 3,116.9 2,808.0 2,960.6 2,970.7 2,988.6 17.9

Temporary help services

2,278.2 2,355.4 2,422.1 2,444.3 2,164.1 2,295.0 2,310.8 2,333.1 22.3

Business support services

824.9 795.1 811.0 816.6 808.8 803.6 802.3 800.7 -1.6

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,764.3 1,831.8 1,824.8 1,791.2 1,754.5 1,767.7 1,777.3 1,778.3 1.0

Waste management and remediation services

360.7 373.5 371.2 368.1 358.8 368.2 368.1 367.1 -1.0

Education and health services

19,974 20,012 20,301 20,390 19,732 20,088 20,125 20,152 27

Educational services

3,364.8 3,188.3 3,390.6 3,434.6 3,176.9 3,235.9 3,242.5 3,250.7 8.2

Health care and social assistance

16,609.2 16,823.2 16,910.0 16,955.2 16,555.3 16,852.4 16,882.7 16,901.4 18.7

Health care(3)

13,926.1 14,159.2 14,214.9 14,248.0 13,894.8 14,174.8 14,200.3 14,217.5 17.2

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,056.0 6,189.9 6,231.7 6,240.2 6,039.7 6,201.4 6,218.4 6,223.1 4.7

Offices of physicians

2,330.7 2,377.8 2,396.2 2,400.9 2,324.5 2,383.0 2,391.0 2,393.7 2.7

Outpatient care centers

608.1 625.4 631.4 634.8 607.2 627.1 630.4 633.1 2.7

Home health care services

1,104.8 1,140.6 1,143.5 1,143.8 1,099.6 1,140.4 1,140.5 1,138.7 -1.8

Hospitals

4,709.2 4,772.5 4,783.9 4,798.8 4,701.5 4,774.5 4,782.5 4,791.2 8.7

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,160.9 3,196.8 3,199.3 3,209.0 3,153.6 3,198.9 3,199.4 3,203.2 3.8

Nursing care facilities

1,679.9 1,683.0 1,682.6 1,687.0 1,674.1 1,683.2 1,683.0 1,681.8 -1.2

Social assistance(1)

2,683.1 2,664.0 2,695.1 2,707.2 2,660.5 2,677.6 2,682.4 2,683.9 1.5

Child day care services

875.0 849.6 861.1 863.9 858.4 852.3 851.0 848.4 -2.6

Leisure and hospitality

12,811 13,473 13,249 13,053 13,057 13,264 13,288 13,310 22

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,748.5 1,980.8 1,863.0 1,751.6 1,895.0 1,895.9 1,898.0 1,899.6 1.6

Performing arts and spectator sports

395.6 434.0 414.7 396.4 410.6 408.3 408.0 411.4 3.4

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

122.0 132.9 132.2 127.7 126.6 130.8 132.2 132.7 0.5

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,230.9 1,413.9 1,316.1 1,227.5 1,357.8 1,356.8 1,357.8 1,355.5 -2.3

Accommodation and food services

11,062.0 11,492.0 11,386.4 11,301.0 11,162.0 11,367.8 11,389.8 11,410.7 20.9

Accommodation

1,709.9 1,846.8 1,801.1 1,742.2 1,759.3 1,806.8 1,809.9 1,798.1 -11.8

Food services and drinking places

9,352.1 9,645.2 9,585.3 9,558.8 9,402.7 9,561.0 9,579.9 9,612.6 32.7

Other services

5,403 5,446 5,451 5,442 5,416 5,459 5,453 5,455 2

Repair and maintenance

1,139.7 1,157.5 1,158.0 1,156.3 1,144.7 1,156.2 1,157.5 1,160.0 2.5

Personal and laundry services

1,268.4 1,289.5 1,282.7 1,277.6 1,269.9 1,290.9 1,285.4 1,280.9 -4.5

Membership associations and organizations

2,995.2 2,998.7 3,009.8 3,007.6 3,001.4 3,011.7 3,010.5 3,013.8 3.3

Government

22,748 21,846 22,372 22,477 22,267 22,026 22,009 21,989 -20

Federal

2,839.0 2,825.0 2,821.0 2,807.0 2,844.0 2,817.0 2,821.0 2,817.0 -4.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,195.3 2,214.7 2,199.0 2,195.0 2,200.4 2,202.7 2,203.3 2,204.8 1.5

U.S. Postal Service

643.4 610.7 622.0 611.9 643.1 614.6 617.5 612.4 -5.1

State government

5,322.0 5,114.0 5,231.0 5,255.0 5,144.0 5,094.0 5,078.0 5,073.0 -5.0

State government education

2,581.5 2,425.9 2,565.2 2,595.6 2,392.9 2,408.1 2,404.4 2,406.3 1.9

State government, excluding education

2,740.7 2,688.5 2,666.2 2,659.0 2,751.4 2,686.0 2,673.5 2,667.1 -6.4

Local government

14,587.0 13,907.0 14,320.0 14,415.0 14,279.0 14,115.0 14,110.0 14,099.0 -11.0

Local government education

8,307.5 7,648.8 8,105.5 8,213.3 7,961.9 7,862.0 7,860.9 7,854.9 -6.0

Local government, excluding education

6,279.6 6,258.2 6,214.2 6,201.6 6,316.6 6,252.7 6,248.9 6,244.2 -4.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.2 34.3 34.3 34.3

Goods-producing

39.8 39.9 40.0 40.0

Mining and logging

43.3 44.4 45.2 44.8

Construction

38.1 38.5 38.2 38.4

Manufacturing

40.4 40.3 40.5 40.3

Durable goods

40.7 40.6 40.9 40.7

Nondurable goods

39.9 39.6 40.0 39.7

Private service-providing

33.1 33.2 33.2 33.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.3 34.5 34.4 34.4

Wholesale trade

38.3 38.8 38.8 38.7

Retail trade

31.2 31.4 31.3 31.4

Transportation and warehousing

38.5 38.3 38.5 38.4

Utilities

41.5 42.3 42.4 41.9

Information

36.6 36.6 36.7 36.5

Financial activities

37.1 37.4 37.3 37.4

Professional and business services

35.5 35.8 35.8 35.6

Education and health services

32.8 32.7 32.7 32.7

Leisure and hospitality

25.9 25.9 25.9 26.0

Other services

31.6 31.5 31.5 31.4

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2

Durable goods

3.0 3.2 3.2 3.2

Nondurable goods

3.2 3.1 3.2 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)
Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)

Total private

$22.76 $23.13 $23.20 $23.18 $778.39 $793.36 $795.76 $795.07

Goods-producing

24.18 24.50 24.58 24.51 962.36 977.55 983.20 980.40

Mining and logging

27.62 28.26 28.33 28.41 1,195.95 1,254.74 1,280.52 1,272.77

Construction

25.32 25.48 25.46 25.46 964.69 980.98 972.57 977.66

Manufacturing

23.43 23.77 23.89 23.78 946.57 957.93 967.55 958.33

Durable goods

24.94 25.30 25.46 25.30 1,015.06 1,027.18 1,041.31 1,029.71

Nondurable goods

20.97 21.18 21.25 21.21 836.70 838.73 850.00 842.04

Private service-providing

22.43 22.80 22.88 22.87 742.43 756.96 759.62 759.28

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.77 20.08 20.15 20.17 678.11 692.76 693.16 693.85

Wholesale trade

26.20 26.34 26.49 26.51 1,003.46 1,021.99 1,027.81 1,025.94

Retail trade

15.61 15.80 15.86 15.92 487.03 496.12 496.42 499.89

Transportation and warehousing

21.23 21.83 21.80 21.85 817.36 836.09 839.30 839.04

Utilities

32.50 33.98 33.97 33.82 1,348.75 1,437.35 1,440.33 1,417.06

Information

31.05 31.38 31.45 31.59 1,136.43 1,148.51 1,154.22 1,153.04

Financial activities

27.37 27.95 28.03 28.08 1,015.43 1,045.33 1,045.52 1,050.19

Professional and business services

27.40 27.89 27.98 27.96 972.70 998.46 1,001.68 995.38

Education and health services

23.21 23.66 23.74 23.69 761.29 773.68 776.30 774.66

Leisure and hospitality

13.11 13.27 13.32 13.30 339.55 343.69 344.99 345.80

Other services

20.48 20.53 20.57 20.63 647.17 646.70 647.96 647.78

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2011 - Nov.
2011(p)
Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2011 - Nov.
2011(p)

Total private

92.4 94.1 94.2 94.3 0.1 100.3 103.8 104.2 104.3 0.1

Goods-producing

80.7 82.3 82.5 82.5 0.0 88.2 91.2 91.7 91.4 -0.3

Mining and logging

100.0 112.4 115.2 114.7 -0.4 110.9 127.6 131.0 130.9 -0.1

Construction

72.3 73.6 72.9 73.1 0.3 79.5 81.5 80.6 80.8 0.2

Manufacturing

84.0 85.2 85.7 85.3 -0.5 91.5 94.2 95.2 94.3 -0.9

Durable goods

81.5 83.6 84.4 84.1 -0.4 90.3 93.9 95.4 94.5 -0.9

Nondurable goods

88.4 87.8 88.5 87.7 -0.9 94.1 94.4 95.5 94.4 -1.2

Private service-providing

95.7 97.4 97.5 97.7 0.2 104.0 107.6 108.1 108.2 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

92.0 93.7 93.5 93.7 0.2 97.9 101.2 101.4 101.7 0.3

Wholesale trade

91.5 93.8 94.0 93.7 -0.3 100.1 103.1 103.9 103.7 -0.2

Retail trade

91.5 93.1 92.9 93.5 0.6 94.4 97.3 97.4 98.4 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

92.9 93.8 94.4 94.3 -0.1 100.1 103.9 104.4 104.6 0.2

Utilities

98.6 101.4 101.6 100.6 -1.0 105.9 113.9 114.0 112.5 -1.3

Information

90.2 88.9 88.8 88.2 -0.7 99.7 99.3 99.4 99.2 -0.2

Financial activities

93.1 93.8 93.6 94.0 0.4 99.5 102.3 102.4 103.0 0.6

Professional and business services

94.0 97.4 97.6 97.2 -0.4 104.4 110.0 110.6 110.1 -0.5

Education and health services

105.3 106.9 107.1 107.3 0.2 114.5 118.5 119.1 119.0 -0.1

Leisure and hospitality

96.5 98.0 98.2 98.7 0.5 102.1 104.9 105.5 106.0 0.5

Other services

94.8 95.3 95.2 94.9 -0.3 110.2 111.0 111.1 111.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)
Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)

Total nonfarm

64,615 64,972 65,024 65,089 49.7 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

51,967 52,444 52,497 52,567 48.2 47.9 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,062 4,047 4,048 4,035 22.8 22.3 22.4 22.3

Mining and logging

100 106 108 110 13.6 13.2 13.3 13.5

Construction

712 710 710 708 12.9 12.8 12.8 12.8

Manufacturing

3,250 3,231 3,230 3,217 28.1 27.5 27.5 27.3

Durable goods

1,718 1,714 1,713 1,709 24.2 23.4 23.4 23.3

Nondurable goods

1,532 1,517 1,517 1,508 34.5 34.2 34.2 34.1

Private service-providing

47,905 48,397 48,449 48,532 53.2 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

9,970 9,994 9,986 10,007 40.4 40.0 39.9 39.9

Wholesale trade

1,643.9 1,670.2 1,670.8 1,668.7 30.0 30.1 30.1 30.1

Retail trade

7,187.2 7,188.0 7,178.2 7,196.5 49.8 49.2 49.1 49.1

Transportation and warehousing

1,003.2 1,001.0 1,002.1 1,006.2 23.8 23.4 23.4 23.4

Utilities

135.6 134.7 134.4 135.4 24.7 24.3 24.3 24.4

Information

1,102 1,080 1,076 1,077 40.8 40.6 40.6 40.7

Financial activities

4,463 4,428 4,424 4,431 58.6 58.2 58.1 58.1

Professional and business services

7,492 7,674 7,706 7,723 44.5 44.4 44.5 44.5

Education and health services

15,201 15,415 15,436 15,456 77.0 76.7 76.7 76.7

Leisure and hospitality

6,810 6,925 6,942 6,957 52.2 52.2 52.2 52.3

Other services

2,867 2,881 2,879 2,881 52.9 52.8 52.8 52.8

Government

12,648 12,528 12,527 12,522 56.8 56.9 56.9 56.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)

Total private

88,870 90,258 90,367 90,494

Goods-producing

12,804 13,054 13,055 13,042

Mining and logging

550 606 611 611

Construction

4,174 4,198 4,185 4,169

Manufacturing

8,080 8,250 8,259 8,262

Durable goods

4,854 5,014 5,027 5,042

Nondurable goods

3,226 3,236 3,232 3,220

Private service-providing

76,066 77,204 77,312 77,452

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20,878 21,153 21,188 21,244

Wholesale trade

4,377.9 4,440.7 4,446.9 4,443.6

Retail trade

12,426.6 12,585.5 12,608.1 12,663.5

Transportation and warehousing

3,634.6 3,685.0 3,692.0 3,695.5

Utilities

438.7 441.6 440.8 441.3

Information

2,170 2,135 2,128 2,125

Financial activities

5,845 5,823 5,831 5,838

Professional and business services

13,813 14,223 14,251 14,271

Education and health services

17,320 17,596 17,624 17,659

Leisure and hospitality

11,507 11,707 11,721 11,744

Other services

4,533 4,567 4,569 4,571

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.5 33.6 33.7 33.6

Goods-producing

40.5 40.9 40.9 40.9

Mining and logging

44.7 46.9 47.9 47.7

Construction

38.7 39.1 38.9 39.2

Manufacturing

41.2 41.3 41.5 41.3

Durable goods

41.6 41.8 41.8 41.7

Nondurable goods

40.6 40.7 40.9 40.8

Private service-providing

32.3 32.4 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.5 33.6 33.7 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.1 38.6 38.6 38.6

Retail trade

30.3 30.4 30.5 30.4

Transportation and warehousing

37.6 37.6 37.8 37.8

Utilities

42.3 42.2 41.9 41.1

Information

36.4 36.0 36.2 36.0

Financial activities

36.2 36.5 36.5 36.4

Professional and business services

35.2 35.2 35.2 35.2

Education and health services

32.1 32.3 32.3 32.3

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 24.7 24.8 24.7

Other services

30.6 30.7 30.8 30.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1

Durable goods

4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1

Nondurable goods

3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)
Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)

Total private

$19.24 $19.49 $19.52 $19.54 $644.54 $654.86 $657.82 $656.54

Goods-producing

20.45 20.69 20.76 20.76 828.23 846.22 849.08 849.08

Mining and logging

24.02 24.69 24.89 24.94 1,073.69 1,157.96 1,192.23 1,189.64

Construction

23.42 23.73 23.71 23.70 906.35 927.84 922.32 929.04

Manufacturing

18.75 18.89 19.00 18.99 772.50 780.16 788.50 784.29

Durable goods

19.94 20.06 20.19 20.19 829.50 838.51 843.94 841.92

Nondurable goods

16.91 17.04 17.10 17.07 686.55 693.53 699.39 696.46

Private service-providing

18.98 19.24 19.25 19.28 613.05 623.38 623.70 624.67

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.96 17.19 17.23 17.22 568.16 577.58 580.65 578.59

Wholesale trade

21.73 21.99 22.06 22.05 827.91 848.81 851.52 851.13

Retail trade

13.37 13.47 13.55 13.58 405.11 409.49 413.28 412.83

Transportation and warehousing

19.22 19.62 19.60 19.49 722.67 737.71 740.88 736.72

Utilities

30.26 31.18 30.97 31.23 1,280.00 1,315.80 1,297.64 1,283.55

Information

26.13 26.63 26.69 26.62 951.13 958.68 966.18 958.32

Financial activities

21.69 21.87 21.93 22.04 785.18 798.26 800.45 802.26

Professional and business services

22.96 23.12 23.18 23.24 808.19 813.82 815.94 818.05

Education and health services

20.37 20.84 20.87 20.86 653.88 673.13 674.10 673.78

Leisure and hospitality

11.30 11.45 11.32 11.36 281.37 282.82 280.74 280.59

Other services

17.26 17.27 17.28 17.29 528.16 530.19 532.22 530.80

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2011 - Nov.
2011(p)
Nov.
2010
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011(p)
Nov.
2011(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2011 - Nov.
2011(p)

Total private

99.5 101.3 101.7 101.6 -0.1 127.9 132.0 132.7 132.6 -0.1

Goods-producing

79.2 81.6 81.6 81.5 -0.1 99.2 103.4 103.7 103.6 -0.1

Mining and logging

130.6 151.0 155.5 154.9 -0.4 182.5 216.9 225.1 224.6 -0.2

Construction

80.9 82.2 81.5 81.8 0.4 102.3 105.3 104.4 104.7 0.3

Manufacturing

76.4 78.2 78.7 78.3 -0.5 93.7 96.6 97.7 97.3 -0.4

Durable goods

75.9 78.7 78.9 79.0 0.1 94.4 98.6 99.5 99.6 0.1

Nondurable goods

77.2 77.6 77.9 77.4 -0.6 92.2 93.4 94.1 93.4 -0.7

Private service-providing

105.1 107.0 107.1 107.3 0.2 136.7 141.1 141.4 141.8 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.5 99.1 99.5 99.5 0.0 118.0 121.5 122.3 122.2 -0.1

Wholesale trade

98.2 100.9 101.1 101.0 -0.1 125.7 130.8 131.4 131.2 -0.2

Retail trade

95.3 96.8 97.3 97.4 0.1 109.2 111.8 113.1 113.4 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

102.9 104.3 105.1 105.2 0.1 125.4 129.8 130.6 130.0 -0.5

Utilities

94.9 95.3 94.5 92.8 -1.8 119.9 124.1 122.1 120.9 -1.0

Information

90.2 87.7 87.9 87.3 -0.7 116.6 115.7 116.2 115.1 -0.9

Financial activities

101.3 101.7 101.9 101.7 -0.2 135.8 137.5 138.1 138.6 0.4

Professional and business services

109.0 112.2 112.4 112.6 0.2 148.9 154.4 155.1 155.7 0.4

Education and health services

119.9 122.6 122.8 123.0 0.2 160.6 168.0 168.5 168.7 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

105.0 106.0 106.5 106.3 -0.2 134.8 137.8 137.0 137.2 0.1

Other services

97.3 98.4 98.7 98.4 -0.3 122.4 123.8 124.3 124.0 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: December 02, 2011